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PRELUDE ANNUAL DESIGN SHOW DESIGN AT NID CURATORIAL NOTE INQUIRIES ABOUT SELF INQUIRIES ABOUT PRACTICE INQUIRIES ABOUT SUBJECT INQUIRIES ABOUT SYSTEM MAKING OF THE EXHIBITORS ENDNOTES

CONTENTS


There are many emerging challenges in the twentyfirst century that need urgent addressing. This includes slowing down of ecological crisis, redefining economy to make business sustainable and value oriented, shaping future cities and better public service, negotiating the binaries of global and local, managing ethical impact of technology on society, and creating a resilient society.

I believe design has an important role to play in visualising alternative future narratives that provoke, question and seek collective action to realign socio-technical systems for transition to the future. While design education has been addressing issues at tactical and creative levels, however it is imperative for design students, educators and practitioners in the twenty-first century to explore design approaches which address some of these challenges.

PRELUDE

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The context of this world is changing, and these changing societal trends are creating new innovation spaces. Over time, designers may have to adapt to transitional practices to explore expanded notions of design and its fields of practice, giving designers newer opportunities and multiple roles to play. It would also mean that design needs to adapt to change to remain relevant to the changing world. Design would need to evolve in terms of its characteristics. Orientation of design may need to change from objects and ‘things’ to relationships, interaction and experiences for and within a social complex system. Design has to move from an activity often undertaken by an individual professional designer to a highly collaborative, co-design activity that involves a variety of actors, including experts from other fields and disciplines and users as cocreators, where solutions would be emergent. This brings opportunities and challenges for design education and practice, where we will need:

Shift from discipline centric mindset to challenge centric mindset

Constantly build new Narrative for multiple audiences and stakeholders

To re-imagine pedagogical and evaluation frameworks

Transitional framework across disciplines

More substantial body of work in transitional design futures

To move from problem solving to problem framing approaches and mindsets.

Transdisciplinary Skill sets.

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PRELUDE


Lines of Inquiry attempts to bring together work emerging from different disciplines under the same theme or addressing similar issues, breaching disciplinary boundaries and silos in an attempt to build transdisciplinary narrative of design. These projects are situated in a wide bandwidth of outcomes from moderate interventions in Products, Service, Communications, Environments, Infrastructure to significant and radical change in terms of Social Innovation, Community, Revitalisation, Interaction, Experience, Organisational and Social as well as Cultural Transformations. It also allows development of processes, tools and methods, and new narratives as some of the outcomes. In NID’s education and practice framework we hope that this exhibition will lead to dialogues and conversations within and outside the community that align with NID’s emergent vision by leading in design research for business, social, and cultural innovation.

Praveen Nahar DIRECTOR

LINES OF INQUIRY

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The Annual Design Show is a showcase of the work produced in NID Ahmedabad and its extension campuses in Gandhinagar and Bengaluru, over the course of an academic year. It presents work undertaken by students and faculty in degree projects, workshops, studio courses, electives, and international exchanges. The exhibition seeks to highlight transformational processes and moments where learners engage in the process of framing and reframing questions that drive their creative work and projects.

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ANNUAL DESIGN SHOW


Nestled on the banks of the river Sabarmati in Ahmedabad, where it was set up in 1961, the National Institute of Design is India’s leading Institution in design. Widely known for its innovations in pedagogy, curricula and syllabi, the NID continues to serve as a benchmark for creative learnercentric models of design education. As part of its public service mandate, the Institute has continuously responded to changing contexts over time, especially through its innovative educational programmes that have opened up new fields of inquiry and practice within the country, thus enriching its economy. Its contribution to the crafts sector and livelihood is not only well documented, but also palpably visible on the ground.

DESIGN AT NID

In pursuit of its continued commitment to design research, NID started a PhD in Design programme. It aims to promote deep reflection, inquiry, and rigour in the development and dissemination of new ideas, expressions and skills in the field of design and allied fields and shall lead to their meaningful manifestations in the form of new design collections, objects, communication, services, strategies, etc. The work shall contribute new theories and knowledge to design, design education and design practice.

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Lines of Inquiry is about the questions, probes, interrogations and investigations that we pursue as designers. It explores the importance of framing and re-framing inquiries driving our design and creative practice; making them meaningful not only for ourselves, but also for our communities, as well as our planet. It pursues a journey to discover the inward and outward quests of academic inquiries by learners and teachers in the classroom and outside it, over the past one year.

“A line of inquiry is a set of questions that you are trying to answer through reading and research design and creative practice. They are questions that you might already have a partial answer to but that you would like to pursue further.�

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CURATORIAL NOTE


Some of the key questions about design, designers, and design education that the curators seek to pose and reflect on.

How can we move from making statements to asking big questions? How can inquiry feed into design practice/ making practice? How can we develop pedagogical tools to empower problem framing?

How might we use design as a medium to ask questions that we feel are important? How do our personal curiosities find their way into our practice?

LINES OF INQUIRY

In the four sections we explore inquiries about self, about practice, about the subject, and about the system. The projects in each section illustrate the multiple directions taken by these inquiries as they move across disciplinary boundaries and allow us to explore new perspectives through thinking historically and contextually about the territories of design and its practice. These crossings become spaces for reflection on the nature of design and creative inquiries, especially through active engagement with the possible impacts that these may produce.

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Can I just put out what's in my head unabashedly?

Who all have contributed to your life?

Self

Can I be serendipitous ?

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What are the various ways I confront my own mental health?

Would i have reacted in a different manner if periods were introduced differently to me as a kid?

SELF


How can we 'be present' in the 'here and now'?

How an individual's past shapes their emotional intelligence?

How will I talk to children about sensitive issues?

How am I related to the Brahmaputra valley?

Could I, an outsider, understand their traditions by studying them? Can I do something about my own city slowly drowning?

Why I should feel embarrassed about being a Dalit?

Is my self worth getting affected by the products I own?

How does one merge and become insignificant enough to not become the central character of the project?

LINES OF INQUIRY

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SELF


The Self Inquiry is about locating and centering the self. This section looks at how all inquiries in some capacity arise from the self. The ‘Self’ is an introspective nature of questioning that the designer engages in. These are questions that stem from the very unique combination of experiences and conditioning that a designer goes through. Ranging from existential to reflective questions, these feed into the practice and the design. From asking ‘how do I learn?’ to asking ‘how does my privilege define my actions?’, the importance of engaging with these questions lies at the heart of developing a reflexive practice which can produce transformational learning. The more critically aware learners become, the more they are able to transform society and subsequently their own reality.

LINES OF INQUIRY

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Where do I belong? The connections that we form with a place, community, history, beliefs etc. form the basis of our sense of identity.

Selected by Partha Mahanta My project is a short animation film about the relationship between me and my elder brother. I realised how much he has contributed in shaping my life. When I discussed this with my friends, I realised that elder siblings often shape up personalities, likes and dislikes, behaviours of the younger ones in some way

or the other. They act as a guide for the younger sibling in situations where they can’t share everything with their parents. I believe their roles are very important and needed to be shared with the audience. This story, being very close to me is also a ‘thank you’ note from me to my brother.

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SELF


Sumit Baruah by Sumit Through the project I explored the Brahmaputra valley by remembering the stories and folklore that I heard from my grandfather as a child. My personal relation with the river comes from my grandfather himself as he ended his life by drowning himself in the mighty river. I visited all the places

during different seasons and tried to look at the changing landscapes, rituals and cultures, to gain a richer experience of both the beauty and the wrath of the river that I had heard stories of, and in doing so, as an artist, understand and reflect upon the relationship with the river itself.

The extremely personal experience of feeling connected to a bigger wholea place or a thing - the inquirers have explored the idea of belonging which is innate to human nature.

In ‘Burha Luit’, Sumit looks at his intangible relationship with the inanimate - Brahmaputra river. Having spent his childhood here, his photographs reflect various aspects of what gives this river life, which is a direct relation to him exploring his connection with the river.

In ‘Selected’, Partha asks his viewers “Who all have contributed to your life?” The film illustrates the relation he and his brother share. The detailing in this short-animated film brings to light the reflective process of the animator where he wants to acknowledge ‘every small help’ that has contributed to his life.

LINES OF INQUIRY

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What moulds me? Our conditioning, experiences and memories shape us.

Death of a Catfish by Sudarshan Devadoss The students were divided into pairs and both the members of the pair told stories from their own past. This act led to an inquiry and brought out contemplative narratives which gave insights into the other person’s contextual and emotional undertones that shaped them. The story that I chose to take up

was from the childhood of my story pal. It tells about how, as a child, he was affected when his cranky caretaker at home, Ba, killed a catfish right in front of him, with her hands without spilling a drop of blood. The fish acted as a metaphor for his feeling of empathy that died along with the fish.

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SELF


Packed and Prepared by Shagun Bajpai The project aims to destigmatize the discussion about periods/ menstruation between a child and parent. Why do girls find it very difficult to talk to their parents about periods as kids? Why are girls not prepared for their first period?

How come in a culture like ours where first periods were celebrated, this became a topic of taboo? What actually triggered me to talk about periods with my parents openly? Can that be the case with other girls?

The search for the experiences and memories which have shaped the Inquirer become important for an Inward inquiry about the self.

Meanwhile, Shagun wonders why she felt shy talking about their periods growing up and Would she have reacted in a different manner if periods were introduced differently to them as a kid? as she designs packaging for menstrual hygiene kits.

In ‘Death of a Catfish’ Sudarshan asks - ‘how does an individual’s past shape their emotional intelligence?’ exploring through his comic how him and his friends’ present-day emotions were shaped by their growing up.

LINES OF INQUIRY

These introspections about our experiences become an important building block of our personality and identity which reflects in our Inquiries and how we connect to them.

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Who am I? Our identity and the sense of self guide our inquiries, practice, outlook and our agency.

रैगर आंदोलन (Reghar Movement) by Ishita Abha Dhuria The project is about the history of my caste known as ‘Reghar’, the community that was forced into the leather industry and then converted into Arya Samajis by the upper caste. Over a period of time their history got destroyed, never recorded formally. I started my inquiry through my grandfather’s journal

and came across an event ‘Akhil Bhartiya Reghar Mahasamelan (held in Dausa, Rajasthan in 1944)’. The community had gathered thinking it was a satsang, but they were chanting songs about reforms. I have created multiple leather (cow & goat) panels that are inscribed with information about the event.

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SELF


The Transgender Project Sungandaram (Freedom) by Jyotsna Ramesh It is an animated documentary about the Transgender Experience in South India, among trans women of impoverished backgrounds. I was unaware of my inherited and internalised fear of Trans people; much like a lot of people in Indian society. This realisation that personal contact and understanding a person’s life story brings up empathy; made me want to dig deeper and make a film that helped non-trans people view trans people as REAL people, and empathise with them. The White Lines Collective by Abhirami Suresh The White Lines Collective is an inquiry into how conversation about mental health in educational institutions can be provoked through creative practices. It was born from the need to better understand my own mental health and that of my peers, and the various ways in which we turn to arts as a form of expression. My aim was to foster the outlook that an individual is not alone in his/her struggle, many of their peers feel the same, and there are others in their community they can turn to in times of need.

“Who am I?” is arguably the most human question to ask, a sense of Identity forms the central pillar of the self, through ages scholars have tried to make sense of what Identity really means. The Inquiries here represent this search of personal and social identity and where the Inquirer situates themselves.

form or another in my everyday life’ through her animated documentary on Transgendender Identity in South India. While these projects situate their social identity, Abhirami’s ‘White Lines Collective’ is about looking within and coming face to face with our own self as she tries to confront her own mental health?

Through the study of the Reghar Movement, Ishita has to discern her caste identity asking “Why should I feel embarrassed about being a Dalit?” On a similar note, Jyotsana taking her self Identity as Queer is looking at the concept of ‘others’, due to personally being ‘othered’ in some

This understanding of our Identity allows us to express ourselves, make decisions about our practice and be aware of what Inquiries we take up and why.

LINES OF INQUIRY

I think, therefore, I am.

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How can I express? We express ourselves through the agency of design.

Unattended by Shafali Jain The project started out with an inquiry into the Absurd. After looking at absurdity through different lenses of literature, theatre, philosophy and science, I started to understand that we can’t draw a line where rationality turns into irrationality or absurd.

The project became about what meaning I want to give to my life. I started questioning where my horizon is going to lie. I wanted to push my limits of logic. I experimented with sound because we hear silence when we question the void. I turned inwards to find answers to questions.

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SELF


Pulse by Amrita Barua Pulse is a literary play, where I perform as the fictional publisher Backlogbook. It is an exploration in world making and extending the fiction into tangible forms, web and virtual spaces. This time, it is a book in the form of a satirical fictional magazine in a thrivingdeveloping-spotless-five star city heavily based on, but not limited to, Ahmedabad.

Self-Expression is how we exercise our identity, It is the manifestation of the agency. Often our Inward inquiries are about trying to understand how our inner self interacts with the world around us. Through Craft Future, Yatharth asks if they can be ‘Serendipitious’ trying to chart on an Inquiry which doesnt have any set methodology or goal. Meanwhile Amrita asks if they can “just put out what’s in my head unabashedly?” as their Inquiry ‘Pulse’ explores a fictional world in which Amrita perfoms as a publisher of

LINES OF INQUIRY

The 7th volume of Pulse is set in a parallel muddled Now, conceived both by past and future. This volume is to initiate readers into the world of Pulse and it is also an invitation to participate in the play to create more.

Literary play/comic. By situating themselves as a character in this world they explore their Ideas and stories through medium of a design Inquiry. Nupur’s Inquiry informs from their attempts at meditation and she channels it through her Installation ‘Enso’ asking “How can we ‘be present’ in the ‘here and now’?” In inquiries, expression becomes the tool to bring the self in our practice, design or otherwise.

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What are my ethical responsibilities? The ethical and moral questions, principals and dilemmas that guide and shape us as designers.

Titli by Shubhangi Singh Project “Titli� aimed to curb the ills of child sexual abuse by raising awareness, especially in rural India. The project consisted of intensive primary research in parts of western Uttar Pradesh. The outcome of this research pointed towards a severe lack of communication between the parent and the child. Identifying a dire need to bridge this gap, various workshops

were conducted. Adopting the method of behaviour change communication, an exhibition was set up to encourage the much needed conversations.

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SELF


Lad: A way of life by Dipti Nair This project explores repair and regeneration in a state of timelessness. One tries to rejoin and repair, rather than abandoning, moving on and procure new things from scratch. Things heal themselves and can be repaired if needed with the flow of time and this has been percieved as a way of life in Meghalaya.

In the duration of 6-7 months (December 2018 - June 2019), working with weavers and spinners in Iapngar, one tried to join, repair and to create textiles as a livelihood activity.

Dilemmas are inseparable from the self. Our expression and practice are always toiling with our morals and ethical positions. These positions become important when our design practice starts involving stakeholders who necessarily don’t speak the language of design.

acknowledges her outsiderness to the traditions she is designing in her Inquiry ‘Fabric of Life’. Echoing a similar self-awareness, Dipti Nair questions what position she should take as she extends her engagement with a weaving community in remote Meghalaya, “How does one merge and become insignificant enough to not become the central character of the project?”.

Shubangi’s inquiry ‘Titli’ deals with awareness around Child Sexual Abuse in western Uttar Pradesh, Given the sensitivity of the subject, It becomes important to reflect on your approach, she asks “How will I talk to children about such a sensitive issue?”. Sulagana, while working with craftspersons in Assam,

LINES OF INQUIRY

This critical reflection on our own ethical dilemmas and morals allow us to mindfully and sensitively engage with our inquiries without unintentionally taking center stage.

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Practice 22

How to have a life where I can peacefully without inflicting a lot of damage into others and the environment?

How can textile art have a political or social function?

Can a new culture of playing video games save the world?

Is railway station environment is stakeholder friendly?

Are we creating more problems while solving insignificant problems that are not even an actual problem?

SELF


Should I learn to design something intangible?

Is apparel design only restricted to fashion and clothing?

Should I still take photos if I am questioning its abundance?

Is Clay only a material to make products with?

Can AI uplift the Customer service industry ?

Can a device evolve, enhance, adapt with the user and vice-verse ?

How can we work together with local communities to make an impact?

How design can help society? When to stop?

Can design topple governments?

LINES OF INQUIRY

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The Practice Inquiry is about the tool or vehicle which the designer uses to design. This inquiry is about the questions that address the past, the present, or the future of ‘Design’ and ‘Creative’ practice. These questions attempt to map the possibilities and boundaries of a discipline and test if they can be expanded. They begin from the reflection on their role as designers, their time at NID, and their design practice, in addition to exposure and introduction to new methodologies and outlook at design during their projects. These questions can be of the nature of ‘What is design?’, ‘How does it interact with politics and society?’, ‘Where is design is heading, do we even need design?’, ‘What is the role of a designer?.’ It is also nuanced by the ethical questions related to practice which allow us to question the impact of our design actions on society and the planet.

LINES OF INQUIRY

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Can design Improve? From incremental to innovative changes, design attempts to find and solve problems around us and improve everyday life.

Exec: A Smart Wearable Ecosystem by Pankaj Yadav The project aims to Re-look at the existing perception and use cases of a smart wearable and projects the future of wearable. The first phase of the project was to come up with a brand stand for Titan, After the research phase it got centred around introducing information management and delivery. Information delivery and management based on context, tangible

interactions and Internal triggers of the body. The initial product ideas were further refined resulting in an ecosystem around the wearable. The second part was to establish system and services which help the product be relevant longer questioning the current perception of smart-wearable being short lived.

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PRACTICE


Redefining Customer Service Experience With Artificial Intelligence by Rishabh Singh The project aims to look into the demands of an empowered customer to identify and deal with uncertainty and inconsistent conditions so as to deliver a more intuitive and personalized experience. The goal was to design an interactive system that

will seek to leverage natural human capabilities to communicate via speech, gesture, touch, tonal expression, and other modalities, bringing a more sophisticated pattern recognition only after the consent of the use and classification methods to Customer Service Industry respecting the terms and conditions.

These inquiries engage with investigations on improving ideas that target and solve challenges of our relationship and experiences with the spaces and artefacts in the built environment supported by technologies and products. From iterative changes to groundbreaking shifts and innovation life cycles, design attempts to find and solve problems around us.

Pankaj Yadav while designing a smart wearable asks, “Can a device evolve, enhance, adapt with the user and vice-versa?”

Working on designing materials for reduction of noise levels on Indian railway stations Shivam Suthar asks, “Is railway station environment stakeholder friendly?”

LINES OF INQUIRY

Rishabh Singh in redefining customer experience with artificial intelligence (AI) asks, “Can AI uplift the Customer service industry?” These inquiries aim to look into the demands of an empowered consumer, improving the reliability of the product and personalising experiences.

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What is ‘design practice’? The critical questions that arise from and are about the practice of design.

Humanising Creativity by Vikramaditya Raju Kalidindi Wanted to discover why we ignore ourselves for the sake of our work. Used my practice of lab-driven rapid prototyping to explore how technology can be implemented in creative tools to improve human quality of life. And if large corporations had a role to play in this.

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PRACTICE


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PLANNING AND ANALYSIS

WORKSHOPS

ORPHANS

RESEARCH

Danika - Design for Social Cause by Aditi Lunia

ACTIVITIES

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SELF-POTRAIT

- Developing skills of self-expression and improving their self-esteem

MERI SOCH

-Learning about the child’s mental state through engaging them in self-exploration

SAWAL JAWAB

- Learning and Sharing: thoughts, emotions, knowledge

WHO?

Adandoned child Runaways Diseased child Disabled child Kids with dead parents

FUTURE ISSUES

Citizenship Identity Rehabilitation Social re-integration Education

1 to understand child’s (orphans) social and The idea was emotional state, their level of awareness about the society, create opportunities for confidence-building and help them develop their interpersonal skills. I conducted various workshops in Child Care Institutions for kids of age group 13-18 years to learn about the same.

CHALO BANAYE

KHEL

Mental state conduct problems peer problems hyperactivity low prosoacial behaviour mental abuse

Emotional state depression anxiety social marginalisation verbal abuse inferiority neglect

Physical state abuse disabled diseased sexual abuse malnutrition

HEALTH

Child Psychologist - Dr. Iti Shukla

Sultan Ahmed Yatimkhana Sultan Ahmed Yatimkhana- Zanana Observation Home Vikas Gruh

- Improving interpersonal skills by engaging them in conversation with their peers

District Child Protection Unit - Mr. Dilip Mer [DCPO] - Dr. Pooja [Counsellor]

CCI’s- Child Care Institutions

-To open them up, by building confidence and trust

STAKEHOLDERS

DISCOVER

GOAL To build a sustainable future for orphans by creating awareness and provide them with appropriate tools to become agents of change in their local communities

IMPACT Make orphans self-dependent and confident - A better quality of life in the future such as education, psychological support and economic self-sufficiency - Orphans become productive and valued members of their community

FUTURE SCOPE

DANIKA

ABOUT

These inquiries are about questioning A foundation for children where every child is respected for who they are and opportunities to learn and grow as a citizen are created design practice and demonstrate the capacity for reflexivity. From SERVICES asking ‘do we need a design Creative Workshops Counselling and therapy practice?’ to querying the necessity Educational and learning activities Trainings for children and care-givers Interactive sessions of having a design process this line 4 of questioning allows us to question our training and in doing that find Safe to express identity new avenues and ways of extending Inclusivity practice.. In his project ‘Humanising creativity’ Vikramaditya Kalidindi asks ‘What are the problems that bring people together and how might I be a part of enabling dialogue?’

LINES OF INQUIRY

NETWORKING

Aditi Lunia in her inquiry ‘DanikaCommunity level Talks Design Streetfor plays Social Cause’ asks a Competitions Cultural events pertinent question, “How can design Exhibitions help society? When to stop?” Institution level Workshops Trainings

How do we design, is part of what they learned in design school. Therefore, this inquiry is really aboutIDENTITY challenging the status quo, D AN I K A discovering your own process and always questioning the validity of the process and your own role in shaping it and being shaped by it. FOUNDATION

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Can design be ‘disciplined’? Pushing boundaries, operating at the fringes of what we understand as design disciplines today.

I Travel Therefore I am by Vamika Jain The project wants to question the meaning of taking photographs today when millions of photographs are constantly being taken and uploaded on social media. It also inquires about the templatised pattern of tourist behaviour and how visual media is affecting popular culture in tourism

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PRACTICE


Designing Tools/Sessions for Clay Therapy Modules by Yash Makwana The project was about indulging with clay as a form of therapy. Majorly two approaches were looked at, a curative and a developmental approach. It was a conquest of reimagining clay as a material for therapeutic purposes.

The project was of a collaborative nature. Through clinical research and interacting with the participants and experts first hand a framework was developed through which one can develop modules for practically any application.

The inquiries that were encountered in ‘Can design be ‘disciplined?’ have shown much maturity and have adopted a critical lens to push boundaries of their own disciplines.

He questions if “clay is only a material to make products with?”. Through his inquiry, he has explored how clay as a material can be used in therapy.

As a response to her project, I Travel Therefore I Am’, Vamika asks, “Should I still be taking photos if I am questioning its abundance?”. While, in ‘Designing Tools/Sessions for Clay Therapy Modules’, Yash asks why his role as a ceramic designer should be limited by the stereotypical understanding of his discipline.

LINES OF INQUIRY

These are all responses to the paradigm shift design is going through today. From subverting stereotypes to pushing boundaries, all inquirers tread into the fringe boundaries of design. Does design pedagogy have the space for what is beyond?

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What lies beyond the boundaries of design? The new territories that lie outside the current boundaries of design application.

The Jumbo Problem: Non-Anthropocentric Design Research To Address Elephant-Train Collisions by Tejaswini Nagesh This was an attempt to look at how design could be approached from a non-anthropocentric perspective where we are not just considering humans but other species and factors while trying to address an issue. While design is mostly

centered around humans and their wellbeing it is time we start considering our impact on the rest of our environment to ensure the survival of both humans and other species as well. This project was a small step in that direction.

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PRACTICE


Co-creating Speculative Futures by Supreetha Krishnan Can Speculative Design serve as a Design Research tool? What value does collaboration with experts bring to the Design process? How do we design settings and scenarios for others to express their creativity? How can I combine my interest in storytelling with Product Design? How can this project provocate the discipline to expand its boundaries and accommodate new ideas?

These inquires were guided by looking for action areas and approaches with perspectives beyond the human-centric and the terra centric design. These projects are creating alternatives to the anthropocentric world that we act and think in, thus breaking the boundaries of what design can be and do. Tejaswini questioned the entire approach of design through finding methods and approaches which draw from a non-anthropocentric perspective while working on resolving Animal-Human conflict on forest edges.

LINES OF INQUIRY

Supreetha incorporates not just values of critical design but also approaches of speculative design in creating creative futures. Neel challenges human-centric design approach through exploring the context of design for the space industry, opening discourse for beyond terra-centric design.

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Why do we make? From making for the sake of making to making as a way to acquire skill. The practice of making has different motivations.

Luban Folding Stool For Children by Dhivyesh Dhivyesh Venkatakrishnan the stool is not an original idea. A friend shared a video of an old Chinese woodworker crafting a folding stool from a single block of wood without nails or glue. The joineries required great skill, patience and understanding to create. I watched the video to recreate it and thus learn the process by doing.

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PRACTICE


Life of Action by Yashil Nagda The project aimed at promoting ‘Making’ and ‘Doing’ as an activity. The outcome was a hand-stitched personalized garment and the experience taught me how to be patient and how making things can make one look beyond the obvious and become more nuanced..

Through making practice we materialize our ideas and beliefs. At the time the research and Inquiry happens through hands-on and active making, knowledge is not textual but tacit. Dhivyesh is inspired by a video of a traditional Chinese woodworker, making the stool led him to introspect about his role as an individual and a woodworker as he asks “How to have a life where I can exist peacefully, without inflicting a lot of damage into others and the environment?”

LINES OF INQUIRY

Yashil’s engagement with hand stitching, in his words, made him more patient and made him consider ‘Making’ as an activity important even in today’s time”. Allwin asks the question “Maybe we can make sounds without any physical objects.” as he experiments with creating music through gestures. Making as a design practice need not be driven by direct problems or end goals, rather the act of making lends to new learning, discoveries, and explorations for the maker. It is reflective and reflexive.

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How might we facilitate Communities? When design becomes a facilitator and the stakeholders become their own designer.

A Wave by Gouthami MG Thira is an attempt to trigger thoughts, facilitate discussions and initiate actions to protect marine life from pollution. Through a participatory and bottom-up approach, it creates awareness about how humans are affecting life below water. Local community members played a vital role, making the

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project raw and unique in its own way. The project helped in building relationships between different levels of society. Utilizing local skills, knowledge, resources we co-created a space that facilitated open expression about the issue. The experience empowered Mukkuvars to voice their opinions and share their indigenous local knowledge. Think global, act local.

PRACTICE


A Living Heritage Project in Kwa-Thema, South Africa by Jessica Rosalie Jones How can a community use their own stories of their daily life to start a culture of heritage archiving and collection? I wanted to create a system for a community to tell their own stories. Should I have had a larger understanding of broader South

African History? Can a project like this really make a difference to a community in need that the government has abandoned? Maybe as a designer we should be teaching the community and not execute projects at all?

Within these inquiries, design takes a back seat, and seeks context to co-create, co-design and facilitate communities. When stakeholders become active participants of the design process, the designer seeks to become a facilitator/observer/ participant and the stakeholders become their own designer.

In ‘A Wave’ Gouthami explores the boundaries of her ‘role’ and the usefuleness of her design skills in facilitating the coastal community of Mukkuvars to voice their opinions and share their indigenous local knowledge about the ocean. She seeks her role in being a catalyst for ‘Think global, act Local’. In such a situation, and in giving up the expert’s position, the designer may pose the question “how important is the design process?”

LINES OF INQUIRY

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What is the politics of design? Design operates in a larger social and political framework. It reacts also to and at the times of challenges.

Adding Value to Pre-Primary Education System by Abhishek Mankotia My project intends to discover design opportunities within the pre-primary education system, particularly in the context of Anganwadis in Ahmedabad. Through research, I identified various disparities along the lines of gender, urban-rural location and other dimensions within the education system. I established how stereotypical gender narratives in textbooks

create impressions which are passed on in the formative years of children and how they eventually lead to hackneyed constructs in an adult’s ways of thought and being. Through participatory workshops and active engagement with the major stakeholders, I eventually conceived meaningful design artefacts.

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PRACTICE


Chandrayatra by Tamojit Bardhan How does cinema work as a medium to realise fantasy? How does cinema represent non-existent phenomena or things? What is the language of sci-fi in Indian Context? Why do we try to represent the future? Why is a dystopian future attractive to us? Why does Indian cinema try to achieve what Hollywood is doing? Why do we look for Western validation of our cinema?

Design is political. These Inquires provoke and engage us to probe why we design the way we do. The historical situation of design practice in Western geographies reveals processes of colonization deeply embedded in practice. Abhishek Mankotia in ‘ Ikigai: The Japanese Secret to a Long and Happy Life’ asks, ‘How can we make design more democratic?’ and in doing so acknowledges the deep division in society of wants and needs. Shrishti Sharma in ‘Archiving Performance’ probes the relationship between archives and power and in doing so

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starts questioning the history which is being written through the hands of an archivist. Their inquiries may lead us to wonder, “are creative professionals really aware of the political meaning and impact of their work in today’s network society?” Tamojit Bardhan in ‘Chandrayatra’ questions the aspiration to produce Hollywoodlike imagery of Sci-Fi worlds in the regional science fiction cinema of India. These inquiries engage us with probing and thinking about how we can recognize all culturally important forms of making by decolonizing design.

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Subject 40

What does inspiration do to us?

Ar re to

As a mother what are the things you have to do for your daughter during her periods?

W in to

How our relationship with light change if we shift to a different light system?

Ho

What is the need of design in this sector? Should we design solutions or maybe we only need infrastructure?

Ho th in In

Will people actually understand how important it is to talk about drug abuse in children?

Ho b

SELF


re restrooms eally restrooms o visually impaired?

Why is the space ndustry esoteric o the public?

ow to listen?

Is there a link between disability, economy, politics, education, religion, etc.?

Can we explain complex science through simple visuals?

How to give purpose to elderly living in homes?

ow can I imagine he future trends n the logistics ndustry?

Can there be one super font that does it all?

ow can something become a learning tool?

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The Subject Inquiry is about the destination and scope of the probe. This section looks at inquiries around the subject area of the project, which may include substantive areas like learning, healthcare, technology, urbanisation, among many others. Each inquirer considers the nuances of the subject, and the perspectives about the subject they choose to focus on. These questions can be of varying degrees of depth into the subject of the project and usually arise from the context in which the project has shaped itself and how the designer has engaged with it. The designer may have tried various methods to understand the subject area and tried to inquire about it. From asking ‘Can food be immersive?” to asking ‘Why are gender stereotypes harmful?’, the framing of these questions could help in the design process, brief setting, as well as research for and into the subject.

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What are the changing perceptions on Teaching & Learning? The way we look at education is changing. Alternate approaches of teaching and new ways of learning are emerging as a response to the challenges and upcoming opportunities of the 21st century.

Learning Spaces for Agastya by Sunaina Desai, Devansh Khajanchi, Khushboo Mehrotra, We tried to make the learning experience for student at the Agastya Foundation more fun and innovative so as to get the students to engage in activities more than they already do. The students and faculty responded well to the change we brought about.

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SUBJECT


Decisions Actions MAKE Assumptions Knowledge Experience Beliefs

DO SAY

Reflection Learning in the process of doing, sharing and thinking. Snippets of the deliverable of the “Light and Sight” thematic learning project done as a part of the client brief

Thematic Spaces Through Discovery Learning Approach by Komal Jain

*A project reflection and analysis map done with fellow friend Aditi Pandit (EDUG17) relooking at Dharohar’s approach towards volunteering and learning.

This project explores repair and regeneration in a state of Doing the project was an outcome of a thought I have for many years- “How do we learn?” Further on, throughout the project, I wanted to be able to take big decisions which impact the execution, further on its success and failure- I order to understand where I am, where I need to go and where to improve. Interestingly, the course of the project

saw myself also, focusing on learning in the setting of a Corporate social responsibility and volunteering. This was significant because within my own process of designing, I started understanding both of these would impact each other, what are the gaps and challenges and how do I overcome those in six months within the client provided brief.

‘How do we learn?’ is not a question that we often introspect on, simply because there are seemingly many ready answers to this.

education paradigm in Indian schools, Komal Jain in her project to design a thematic space asks, ‘how can something become a learning tool?’ while, Shravani Agarkar in ‘MemoRise’ asks, “Do school students know how to learn?”

Noora Yasmin working on ‘FlowerMetry A Gamified Learning Experience’ asks “Should learning be more than doing what the teacher teaches?” As designers engage in the design of education they find themselves faced with these fundamental questions linked to our survival as a species. Faced with the quandaries of the

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This leads both to consider new perspectives like community building and peer to peer learning that engage with building new mindsets and empowering learners. Imparting 21st-century learning skills through play and gamification becomes a pathway to building resilience in our societies.

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How can we understand wellbeing? Wellbeing is foundational to our being which includes our physical, mental and social health. Exploring different dimensions allows us to form a broader understanding of how we look at wellbeing.

Psoriasis Care by Kavya D. Psoriasis is an autoimmune skin disease with red, thick and silvery scaly skin. It affects at least 100 million people worldwide. Psoriasis has an unpredictable course of symptoms, physiological, emotional and financial burdens devastating individuals and their families. Psoriasis closely associated with body image affects patients emotions and feelings during

different phases of the condition. Designing for appropriateness was the key to not make them feel identified just by heir disease. The final solution Psoriasis care, is an ecosystem of interfaces: mobile application, mobile accessory and planner book to support the patients in care and collaborative management

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SUBJECT


Where did Childhood Disappear? by Gajesh Mithkari Substance abuse among children has received attention only recently in India and much work needs to be done to address the issue. My design project was initiated so as to make parents more aware regarding the issue. The final deliverable is a small handbook, a guidebook to help parents understand the problem and react appropriately.

Wellbeing is a complex combination, beyond physical heath factors, strongly linked to happiness and life satisfaction. Azba Khan, while developing menstrual hygiene solutions for women living in slums asks, “Is the availability of menstruation products really the issue?” clearly linking health to the status of women in Indian society. Kavya D, working with Psoriasis, an autoimmune skin disease, probes the roles people play in caregiving by asking, “How can we enable and empower the individual in care and management of a chronic illness?”

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Gajesh Mitkari looking at substance abuse among children in ‘where has childhood gone?’ asks ‘why do children fall for this?’ showing links to mental health issues and poor social outcomes. These Ideas of dignity, empowerment and questioning the role of medical experts and social norms open up new inquiries in a subject that has long been seen as a domain of super-specialized experts.

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Can we make the world for people of all abilities? Empathy is recognised as an essential attitude for a designer to create impactful change. However, the market still asks us to design for categories that are exclusive.

Indian Toilet Extensions for Special Needs by Nandita Saha project inquires about persons with disabilities who face physical, social and economic challenges in India. I have tried to learn more about ‘disability’ through a nine year old boy named Saaqib, who is a student at Prabhat Education Foundation, Ahd.

The study the ground realities of people with disabilities. I wanted to find a common ground between the disabled and not so disabled. Can disability be treated just as a difference, similar to other differences between all individuals, and not as an isolated section?.

An average Indian’s delivery point must be measured with the legs apart – in which case, it will come to around 65 cm, consequently the urinal must be lower at 60 cm from floor to lip or rim

1828 (6 feet)

600mm (or 24 inches as per Indian Standard)

900

480

Person walking to the urinal with or without cane

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Sensor based sound system makes a buzz and flushes the urinal at 800mm (32 inches) (the range could go from 8 to 48 inches)

Person gets the idea of position of the urinal and can use the grab rail to get near until the sound output is enough close

Person does the activity

SUBJECT

Person leaves the area and the flush activates at the standard distance


Understanding Menstruation In The Context Of Disability by Pallavi Mambillil The project looked at the domains of menstruation and disability, and further into the interaction of the two. It also took to a more macro POV by studying adjacent topics such as sustainability, human rights, equality in development and more and how all of these are affected by menstruation and disability. Should I be less/more sensitive about when I talk to them? Am I allowed to talk about their disability? If so how do I word it? What do I focus on the - the product or the process?

How do we ensure inclusion? Can we design for people different from us? If so, how do we empathize and ensure inclusion which is truly meaningful? Nandita Saha in her work on Indian toilet extensions is faced with the plight of a nine year old child. Wanting to relieve the stress on his caregiver she asks ‘Is there a link between disability, economy, politics, education?’

Pallavi Mambillil faced with the stigmas and oppression surrounding menstruation, the rights of women, and the dilemmas of disability ask ‘Is menstrual suppression a humane solution?’ These inquiries provoke us to question positions of privilege and think about who gets left out.

Hitesh Suthar designing a urinal for people with visual impairment asks, ‘Are restrooms really restrooms to the visually impaired?’

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How can we make science more accessible? Science is complex and can be intimidating. Making it easy to understand can make it more accessible which can open up doors for our curiosities, experimentation and imagination.

Cosmically Grounded by Ajay Sapkale, Anushree Joshi, Ebrahim Vasi `The context of this project is set around the Indian Space Program. Curiosity and spirit for exploration have driven the space program and humanity this far, but awareness of this

fact does not necessarily lead to support from the public. For our nation with its diverse priorities, the Indian Space Program needs to be more relatable to people starting from the grassroots level.

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SUBJECT


Information Graphics on Air Pollution on North India during winter Season by Prasanta Dutta

NOVA - A Light Affair by Samriti Gosain

In this project, Reuters Graphics investigates the causes behind the air quality crisis in northern India every winter and its extent, using data collected from air quality monitors, satellite imagery from NASA and photographic evidence. The data-driven interactive visual narratives inform the audience about the critical nature of the situation and create awareness or at least start conversations in the right direction that can drive active measures and policy changes.

Nova is a night lamp designed on the principles of Bioluminescence (light emit by living organisms), It opens up the doors to build a new relationship with light, which is more personal and dynamic. For a long time our association with light has just been seeing it as a product, switching it on and off. This project is an attempt to create an experience of how our interaction with light will be in our day to day life , how it will change and create new meanings if we depend on a different light system? a cold light system.

Science is to see, explore and Imagine but It is not always welcoming. As we grow science leaves our school science fairs, tv shows and our classroom and becomes more and more walled off with unapproachable academic writing, terminology and equations. These Inquiries try to open the doors of science by opening it up with accessible communication and experimentation.

Taking their own fascination with space as a starting point, Ajay, Anushree and Ebrahim question, “At what point space Industry became too esoteric for the public to understand?” as they try to foster a space enthusiastic culture and encourage people to take up a career in space.

Prasanta asks if they can “explain complex science through simple visuals?” as they try to communicate scientific data about Delhi’s pollution and its impact to the everyday citizen.

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With another approach Samriti goes on to experimentation with bioluminecesence to look at “How our relationship with light changes?” in different light systems. Her questions and her experiments go hand in hand much like a scientific process, equal parts imagination with equal parts systemic experimentation.

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What are the concerns around data privacy? In the digital age, the conversations around our data, its privacy and our security are more crucial now than ever.

Are You Your Data? An Immersive VR Experience by Vaibhav Solanki The project started with the idea of investigating the concept of privacy. Privacy is experienced in day to day life of people. Concept of privacy is linked to autonomy and freedom. Therefore, protection of privacy is protection of fundamental freedom. In current context of privacy, personal information is digital data. Most of the time people are not aware of how the data is being collected, processed and stored. Even though data sharing has become an integral part of day to day life, the unawareness persist.a catfish right in front of him, with her hands without spilling a drop of blood. The fish acted as a metaphor for his feeling of empathy that died along with the fish.

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SUBJECT


Data Trap by Stuti Sukhani How is privacy and security linked? Why should my personal data be private? I am not a public/important figure, then why would someone want my data? How I can educate people about privacy and data protection? How can I make them understand the potential scale of this problem?

Children today have little knowledge about privacy and data protection. It is important that the relationship between privacy and security be explained to children aged 8-13, as they begin to use the internet unsupervised.

The concerns around privacy have seen a major shift in the past year. With data security becoming more elusive than it was before, anxiety around collecting, storing and using this data is growing. Here, the inquirers have engaged in questioning various aspects of the subject and how the understanding of the same can help people.

In ‘Are You Your Data? An Immersive VR Experience’ Vaibhav investigates into the concept of privacy. He understood how the meaning of privacy has changed over the years and poses, “What will be the future of privacy?” Through this project he dives into the inquiry with different lenses.

With all its complexity and the trajectory of current events that In ‘Data Trap’, a board game for surround the subject - it’s important children that aims to make the player for designer to engage in such a understand privacy and its importance subject, to design for it with empathy through gameplay, Stuti seeks to make and ethical consideration. people more conscious and poses a significant question “Why should my personal data be private?”

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How might we ______ in the future? The future inspires, cautions and informs our present with its possibilities.

AEROCOM - Freight Truck For India 2030 by Gurbaz Singh The future of Indian Logistic Scenario will be highly impacted by the upcoming technologies and user aspirations, The project assimilates the ecosystem containing the users, the drivers and the logistics service providers.

Deriving from these scopes the trucks would go through some basic fundamental evolution. The project imagines the product in the aforementioned ecosystem, also explains the driver’s lifestyle and how it will change with the trucks.

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SUBJECT


Font Futures by Ved Uttam The intent was to intervene the current type design process to make these typefaces smarter and providing non-designers a platform to build their own personalized font. As the outcome, I used Times New Roman and few glyphs of Frutiger to build a parameterizable type system. with them.

Nowhereland by Vishwa Patel It is an attempt to understand how immersive storytelling and world building can be experienced through food. An inquiry into the role of food in storytelling and evoking emotions, memories and feelings that are unique and memorable. It looks into our food habits, trends and questions the basic psychology around food.

The future is an exciting yet unfamiliar space full of possibilities and with potential warn and inform us. In ‘AEROCOM - Freight Truck For India 2030‘ Gurbaz has taken an extremely research oriented approach to futuring asking “How can I imagine future trends in the logistics industry?” His speculation aims to comfort, enable and improve the stakeholders of the trucking industry. In ‘Font Futures’, Ved’s wild curiosity asks “Can there be one superfont that does it all?” He explores ways of designing a ‘parametric’ font in this inquiry as a proof of concept.

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While Vishwa in ‘Nowhereland’ explores what the future of immersive food experiences can be. Her project wants to provoke and engage the viewer into eating food that talks about pertinent issues like coral bleaching. These are both speculative and grounded at the same time. Much like the future which stems from the now. These inquiries into possible, plausible and probable futures can help us imagine a better future for our planet.

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System

What makes the oppressed, oppress?

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How can we create a sustainable balance between the environment and the economy?

How does nature optimise its resource use?

Can people be inspired by positive empathy instead of negative empathy ?

How is the work-life balance in Indian working class is comparably less than rest of the world?

SELF


What does it mean to be a girl in the Indian Society?

How does a certain kind of projection of women in products or imagery affect people's perceptions of them?

Do we really need our want?

How can we make ‘doing more and better with less’ the new normal?

Can culture be designed or it forms?

What does development mean to villagers?

How would one define the relationship is intimate or not?

Is Development for Everyone?

What if technology helped us sustain our planet in a better manner?

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SYSTEM


The System Inquiry is about the fundamental questions which can reframe all other verticals. This inquiry is about the macro, addressing the larger whole in which design inquiries exist - the self, the practice and the subject are located within it. The system inquiry addresses the larger context, beyond the designed, beyond design, and beyond the designer. These questions do not have single answers and cannot be inquired by a single person, requiring collaboration. These complex questions, also termed as ‘wicked problems’ by theorists, are about the environment, society, and culture. This line of questioning requires designers to develop an ability to explore problem-framing from multiple lenses and perspectives, while fundamentally understanding how power operates in any system. They lead us to contemplate and visualise a web of connections. The systemic/macro questions encompass everything and therefore require time for systemic and structural level of reframing.

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How may we leverage technology? Our relationship with technology has been of tools through which we seek control of our experiences, interactions and environments. To understand this tool is to be mindful of how me may use it. Chalo by Amarthya Palreddy the project started was about looking at growing urbanization, a very major phenomenon to address and evolve our systems in adaptation with the contextually relevant appropriate technology unique to Indian life and culture, and also an effort

to address the atomizing society as a cost of automation, primarily delved into Urban Transport and last mile connectivity with Auto’s playing a major role and yet being out of the urban planning picture.

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SYSTEM


About Time : Exploring New Narratives Of Timekeeping by Abhishek MR Time is a familiar concept and so is Timekeeping. However, dedicated timekeeping devices are being replaced by smartwatches, making time-telling just another function on our digital displays. Is there a change in the way we understand,

experience and practice Time? Does time mean the same in an industrial workplace and a post-industrial tech-enabled workplace? The project intended to redefine the concept of time and timekeeping for an overly connected world.

Human history is the history of technology and how it allowed us to control the world around us. From the fire to the humble wheel to the jacquard loom and now artificial intelligence, the possibilities and reservation of the seismic shift technology can bring has been an ongoing discourse.

He asks “What if technology helped us sustain our planet in a better manner?” looking at circular economy, storytelling, community building all while trying to identify her moral position as a designer. Abhishek MR asks the question of “how technology is changing our experience of time?” as he introspects on how our perception and experience of time has changed Building on the promise of banking from the sun to the digital watch to an changed how we look at financial trust overly connected world governed by and ascribed it to the abstract entity of timers for food, for a taxi, for labor and money, Amarthya asks “Can we create almost everything. Relations based on trust through tech?” exploring relations between India’s Inquiries around technology become urbanization, the gig economy and Inquiries about society, nature, mobility solution like Ola/Uber and how perception, and humans themself. to decentralize them through trust.

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Can we break our consumption paradigms? With climate change, hyperconsumption and depleting resources, we must be equipped with alternative models, materials and behaviours to tackle needs of now and of the future.

Earth Tatva by Shahank Nimkar The inquiry is about understanding the current scenario of ceramic industrial production that caters to the consumerist society. More importantly, investigating waste generated after the firing process in ceramic production and how can we convert this production line into a closed-loop manufacturing process through a design approach which adheres to the

principles of circular economy. Asking vital questions as to how can we reduce mining for natural resources yet catering to the needs of consumers through developing value-added products. The approach involved extensive interaction with various stakeholders and even more elaborate experimentation with the material.

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SYSTEM


Things My Mother Used to Do by Khushboo Mehrotra, Noora Yasmin Strongly rooted in our culture, our frugal habits have never been aspirational, but a way of living. Making the most of everything was the standard. With the upsurge in disposable incomes, rising consumption trends of use and throw culture, we want to remind that there is nothing as prudent as those values amma taught us.

Through this museum-like experience, we want the audience to remember and reminiscence the habits we once had. How we should cherish, preserve and conserve these practices, by doing. create textiles as a livelihood activity.

The inquiries curated here raise inquires on the consumer and produce cultures of the current globalised world. Through diverse examples from ceramics to textiles to everyday Indian cultural habits of reuse and recycle, these inquiries show the many ways in which sustainability and circularity can be explored and used to deal with the issue of overconsumption as well as to create responsible production, that may lead to a more sustainable living.

Shashank’s and Aman’s project explores responsible production in ceramic and textile industrial production into closed-loop manufacturing through adhering principles of a circular economy. Ishita explored similar manufacturing using waste of fish, in East Africa, while Aavrati and Ashwariya question the values of consumption in fast fashion and digital overload in children.

These projects think beyond the current Lastly, Noora and Kushboo, explore making of a product but use systemic values of reuse and recycle through a thinking to envision the larger and long- curated speculative experience. term impacts as well as the afterlife of all that one is creating and consuming.

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Can we understand Nature? The environment and nature are highly complex systems that we are dependent on. We must therefore, learn from and about them.

Resource Management in Flood Relief Camps by Sakshi Gaggar, Nawara Shannon, Sandipana Das To understand how nature has devised strategies in its existing social groups (ants, bees, moulds etc), to take decisions in decentralised systems. Could we emulate this system to solve

for resource/ relief management in flood-hit areas, at the time when the system is falling apart and critical decisions need to be taken regarding the management, availability and distribution of the resources

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SYSTEM


Azure by Chirantan Khastgir How much interaction does an average person have with both direct and indirect (industrial and such) discard they produce in their lives with respect to their surrounding water bodies?

If there was one, when was that point of no return crossed with the lakes I worked in? Should calamities only be counted short term, both natural and man-made?

Shaping our understanding of the relationship of humans with their environment, the nature- culture dichotomy, a product of traditional western ideas, is today being challenged by the foregrounding of indigenous knowledge systems that see this as a false divide. These inquiries try to develop an understanding of the interconnected forces of nature that we do not have control over and try learning from and about them.

Working at Science Gallery Bengaluru, Chirantan Khastgir investigates water as one of the primary ingredients responsible for the world as we see it today. He asks, “Should calamities only be counted as short term?”

Nawara Shanoon, Sandipana Das and Sakshi Gaggar ask, “How does nature optimise its resource use?”

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These inquiries challenge how nature is viewed as a bundle of material resources and stocks of energy. Has the acceptance of this false dichotomy, led us to this point where we ask “Does development only occur at such dastardly costs?”

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What does it mean to be a woman in a deeply patriarchal society? We live in a society which has it roots deeply embedded in patriarchy. Even in the ‘modern age’ it has managed to disguise itself in pseudo equality.

Exploring Themes Of Gender Roles, Chastity And Isolation In Grimm’s Rapunzel by Ritika Jathar Most of the Grimm’s fairytales are known for their dark or sinister undertones, but I was particularly taken by the story of Rapunzel. The themes of isolation, chastity and the woman being an object kept for protection were interesting to me, an Indian girl . The evolution of these fairy tales through the years has been

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dramatic and the female protagonist has undoubtedly found a sturdy place in popular culture but I wonder how far we have really come. My project aimed to question gender roles in present society by providing a juxtaposition of time through the text, yet placing them in a very recognisable modern imagery.

SYSTEM


Jhat aai Basant (An Early Spring) by Pramati Anand “I wanted to explore a very important trait that I had seen all around me. How women - the ‘victims’ of patriarchy become the gatekeepers of the same? Probing this question through the very interpersonal relationship between mothers and daughters and how it takes place in different strata of society became the crux of the film.

Conversations with different women, from different age groups and socio-economic backgrounds made me realize the different shapes it takes. Sometimes, it takes the shape of a mother trying to make sure the daughter sticks to the society’s code of conduct, yet other times it takes the shape of the mother vehemently wanting the daughter to do what she couldn’t.”

Gender discrimination is a stark reality of our society that plays out in our public spaces, on our TV screens, on social media, and in our private lives.

Ritika Jathar deconstructing fairytales asks, “How does a certain kind of projection of women in products or imagery affect people’s perceptions of them?” and in an age of social media “Are people aware of the social, political effects of the content they consume?”

Pramati Anand explores a very important trait that she sees all around her, “How do women - the ‘victims’ of patriarchy become the gatekeepers of the same?” Probing this question through the interpersonal relationship between mothers and daughters and how it takes place in different strata of society became the crux of her inquiry. Similarly, exploring a story that highlights the irony that the most insidious forms of patriarchy are passed down through the female members, Nainisha Dedhia asks, “What does it really mean to have a voice in a deeply patriarchal ‘advanced’ society?”.

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Sonali Chandrakar explores dimensions of this through her own relationship with her parent asking, “what does freedom mean for a girl in India?” These inquiries reveal gender roles and discrimination as the essential form of patriarchy that seeks to maintain a power imbalance by co-opting even those who are oppressed. `

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How does society shape us? As social beings we are moulded by the norms, relations, identities and cultures we are part of. An attempt to look at the whole becomes an attempt to look at who we are, together and as Individuals.

Main Bhoomi by Avneesh Murgai It enquires into the relationship of wrestlers with that of ‘mitti’ (the earth) and also amongst their own group. It questions the idea of communal relations and also talks about the intimacy of the sport at the same time.

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SYSTEM


Kitchen Museum for Skyurbuchan by Kunal Lokhande, Aijin Shaji, Shruti Chakke TThe project was built on heritage conservation work done by achi association in skurbuchan village. As a team of designers our agency was to propose a framework for Kitchen museum and Agriculture museum.The museum acts as a bridge between old and young generation of the village. The process involved immersing ourselves in the village for a month and understand multiple local factors such as History, Ecology, Agriculture, Food traditions, Religious context etc. create textiles as a livelihood activity.

As humans beings, we have a fundamental need to form groups that believe in things that exist purely in our own imagination, such as gods, states, money and human rights. Our relationships are moulded by these ideas through the social norms we follow. Exploring these norms Avneesh Murgai probes our personal inter-relationships by asking, “What is our idea of intimacy?” and in our contemporary social milieu “How would one define a relationship as intimate?” Srinivas Harivanam probes into the social norms around the value of work and labour by asking, “Why is the work-life

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Speculative Stories from Shahpur Jat by Aarushi Bapna Is Development for everyone? How will the current context be extrapolated with respect to living, climate and human interrelationship? The project studies a marginalised settlement in Delhi and extrpoaltes a possible future.

balance for Indian working class so poor?” Zooming out, while working in a remote Himalayan village with a fast-disappearing Buddhist way of life, Kunal Lokhande, Aijin Shaji, Urja Jhaveri, and Shruti Chakke ask “What does development mean to villagers?”. Similarly, trying to probe into the lives of urban poor and thinking around the issues of social development Aarushi Bapna inquires into questions of equity by asking the simple question, “Is Development for Everyone?” These inquiries are about how social norms shape our understanding of identities, development and the production of culture.

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What is the design of politics? The dynamics of power and its structure is fundamental to our lives. Therefore, it is inevitible that we try to find our place in it, question the status quo, and reframe the system.

Museum of Dissent by Kunal Lokhande Museum of Dissent attempts to highlight importance of dissent in democracy and creates a safe space for discourse about public policies and promotes active participation in governance. Dissent by it’s very nature cannot be objective and always represents political opinion/ inclination.

The challenge in the process was to make this institution as approachable as possible without making it seem authoritative and biased. The outcome was a framework and narrative episodes each highlighting different aspects of dissent.

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SYSTEM


The Uneven Circle by Dipti Nair The act of making and designing is an act of hope that can be used to discuss or solve larger issues of the society. Politics is not just about governance and parties having power it is more about how an individual reflects to a situation or statement with his/her point of view. It is very personal and starts from within. Every object here

conveys a deeper meaning of the world around us. The subjects chosen for the objects have an emotional connect with the current scenario of climate change and gender issues. The message is delivered using satire, irony and humour with social media as a source of inspiration to infuse or twist everyday objects in a political way.

These inquiries are about challenging the understanding of design as mainly an activity that produces neutral artefacts of use and revealing how the design of these artefacts is a political decision about how people should live, communicate or behave.

Shipra Barot re-looks the idea of everyday objects to probe, “How can we understand the political identity of everyday objects?” Adrik Ghosh engaging with post-truth media environments wonders “If all media is biased, then what is truth?” The dynamics of power and its structure is fundamental to our lives.

Kunal Lokhande in his institutional critique of the museum and its ability to represent ideas asks, “Can dissent be institutionalized?” Arjunvir Singh probing into religious conflict asks, “Does this religious intolerance make sense to anyone?”

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Therefore, it is inevitable that in trying to find our place in it, we question the status quo, and continuously engage in re-framing our perspective on the political system we produce.

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MAKING OF

The journey of this exhibition began with framing questions about our ideas of design and making practice which went out through an ‘Open Call’ to the entire student community urging them to come forward and apply to this exhibition. The responses to the open call are catalogued in this publication.

Ideas on the value of engaging in self reflection and reflection on practice that came about in discussions between the curators, as well as conversations with Praveen Nahar and the Altplusyd team, are what drove the curation process. The quest for collecting projects that could illuminate some of these values was driven by the question, ‘How can we urge people to reflect and see their projects as inquiries?’

What is the idea behind the exhibition?

Inquiries which are small Inquiries which are big

Inquiries about the mundane Inquiries about the exciting

Inquires which question the familiar Inquiries which chart into the unfamiliar

Inquiries which are personal Inquiries which are professional

What were we looking for?


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EXHIBITORS

Why do we make?

PRACTICE

How to have a life where I can life peacefully without inflicting a lot of damage into others and the environment? DHIVYESH VENKATAKRISHNAN Furniture Design

Luban folding stool for children The stool is not an original idea. A friend shared a video of an old Chinese woodworker crafting a folding stool from a single block of wood without nails or glue. The joineries required great skill, patience and understanding to create. I watched the video to recreate it and thus learn the process by doing. I’ve come to think that by being a wood carver or woodworker I can live a simple life that will make me relatively less guilty than many other paths in life that are visible to me.

Maybe we can make sounds without any physical objects.

ALLWIN WILLIAMS SAMUVEL

Interaction Design

ACTunes (AppSense)

Do you know that every one of your actions, even the tiniest, have a consequence? Are you listening to those events which are a result of your actions? Now you can hear the sounds generated by the movement of your hand over the space. All you need to do is to take your phone, install the app and move your hands. Tunes are generated from the readings of accelerometer and gyroscope.

The project aimed at promoting ‘Making’ and ‘Doing’ as an activity. The outcome was a hand-stitched personalized garment and the experience taught me how to be patient and how making things can make one look beyond the obvious and become more nuanced.

Life of Action

Textile Design

YASHIL NAGDA

Why is ‘Making’ as an activity even important in today’s time?


LINES OF INQUIRY

75

Can design be ‘disciplined’?

PRACTICE

Should I learn to design something intangible?

MANAN PAHWA Furniture Design

Design for Masses The inquiry was to find a suitable position on the matrix of Pro/Against Mass Production and Pro/Against Mass Consumption as a designer. In the 21st century, would you design for IKEA to be consumed by masses or would you provoke the audience with a photography series against the effects of Mass Consumption?

Am I stuck to the textile bit of design or is textile a facilitator for something more versatile?

ASTHA AVINASH

Textile Design

Loopers

As a textile student, this was the first time I was working with designing for people with disabilities. The project revolved around making play and learn a simultaneous process for the child. The children were partially blind with additional disabilities like autism and mental retardation. This in-fact was the most challenging part, as the user was not be able to tell me the impact of the product, the impact can merely be observed by a course of time. This project has made me realise how versatile textiles can be. The joy of having to make something for a cause has been very wholesome and satisfying.

The project revolves around making sensory wearables for children suffering from Autism Spectrum Disorder. The project was done in collaboration with the Textile Technology department at IIT-Delhi. A user-centric approach combined with the learnings of system design and textile technology are key drivers of the design process. The process involves in-depth user interaction at different stages. The outcome of the project was sound filtering textiles integrated into headwear to tackle sound sensitivities in autistic children. It involves explorations of new textile materials and their possibilities. Innovative solutions developed by a smart amalgamation of technology and design.

Tingle: sound filtering wearables for autistic children

Apparel Design

SANYA DONALD

Is apparel design only restricted to fashion and clothing?


76

EXHIBITORS

Should I still take photos if I am questioning its abundance?

VAMIKA JAIN

Photography Design

I Travel Therefore I am

The project wants to question the meaning of taking photographs today when millions of photographs are constantly being taken and uploaded on social media. It also inquires about the templatised pattern of tourist behaviour and how visual media is affecting popular culture in tourism

How can textile art have a political or social function?

SHREYA PARASRAMPURIA

Textile Design

ECHOES

The project aimed to celebrate the now less valued aesthetic of the old city of Ahmedabad through a range of textiles for the people living in the urban, contemporary setting. With increasing issues of migration and loss of the “Pol Culture� in Ahmedabad these textile panels shed light on the way the urban population of Ahmedabad sees a part of their city, and twist it, making the audience question themselves and their own way of thinking. Here, art has a political or social function. I wished to use textiles to convey this visual, tactile or other sensorial appeal through its materiality, form, colour and composition to its users.

The project was about indulging with clay as a form of therapy. Majorly two approaches were adopted, a curative approach and a developmental approach. Clay has helped me immensely with my bouts of depression and anxiety an I wondered how I could bring this benefit to a wider audience? It was a conquest of reimagining clay as a material for therapeutic purposes. Overall the project was of a collaborative nature. Through clinical research and interacting with the participants and experts first hand a framework was developed through which one can develop modules for practically any application.

Designing Tools/Sessions for Clay Therapy Modules

Ceramic and Glass Design

YASH MAKWANA

Is Clay only a material to make products with?

Everyone likes stories. The human mind is designed in a way to look for patterns in anything it processes. Stories, by their default nature of being narrative, appeal to human cognition. Video games by their default nature of interactivity are great tools to tell immersive stories to engage, enlight and inspire people. In my GP I designed a narrative and environment for a probable/ potential digital gamified experience.

Muna

Exhibition Design

BRITTO N

Can a new culture of playing video games save the world?


LINES OF INQUIRY

77

Can design Improve?

PRACTICE

New Media Design

Redefining customer service experience with Artificial Intelligence

Product Design

Exec: a smart wearable ecosystem

The project aims to look into the demands of an empowered customer to identify and deal with uncertainty and inconsistent conditions, so as to deliver a more intuitive and personalized experience. The goal was to design an interactive system that will seek to leverage natural human capabilities to communicate via speech, gesture, touch, tonal expression, and other modalities, to bring a more sophisticated pattern recognition only after the consent of the use and classification methods to Customer Service Industry, respecting the terms and conditions.

RISHABH SINGH

PANKAJ YADAV

The project aims to Re-look at the existing perception and use cases of a smart wearable and projects the future of wearables. The first phase of the project was to come up with a brand stand for Titan, the research phase centred it around introducing information management and delivery. This was based context, tangible interactions and Internal triggers of the body. The initial product ideas were further refined resulting in an ecosystem around the wearable. The second part was to establish system and services which help the product stay relevant and question the current perception of short lived smart-wearables.

Can AI uplift the Customer service industry?

Can a device evolve, enhance, adapt with the user and viceverse?

Noise is basically an unwanted sound. Exposure to prolonged or sudden noise causes a range of health problems like stress, communication difficulties and sleeplessness, tinnitus and hearing loss. The environment at Indian railway stations are chaotic. Recently, a new class of ceramic foams with porosity levels up to 90% has been developed which has excellent sound absorbing property comparing to PU foams. We can utilize the absorbing capability of the ceramic foam at Indian railway stations in order to maintain its acoustics. Ceramic foam is an eco friendly, weather resistant, easy to maintain, and sustainable product which might contributes in environmental acoustics.

Cellular ceramics as sound absorber

Ceramic and Glass Design

SHIVAM RAJANIKANT SUTHAR

Is the railway station environment is stakeholder friendly?


78

EXHIBITORS

How might we design with Communities?

PRACTICE

The project contains personal research in the realm of human preferences, behaviors, and actions. We look into what is humane, what motivates humans and what possibilities exist today that might help in motivating people to contribute or shift towards a humane goal.

A Living Heritage Project in Kwa-Thema, South Africa How can a community use their own stories of their daily life to start a culture of heritage, archiving and collection?

A Wave

Thira is an attempt to trigger thoughts, facilitate discussions and initiate actions to protect marine life from pollution. Through a participatory and bottom-up approach, it creates awareness about how humans are affecting life below water. Local community members played a vital role, making the project raw and unique in its own way. The project helped in building relationships between different levels of society. Utilizing local skills, knowledge, resources we cocreated a space that facilitated open expression about the issue. The experience empowered Mukkuvars to voice their opinions and share their indigenous local knowledge. Think global, act local.

Conception of Ministry of Design

Exhibition Design

Exhibition Design

Graphic Design

KUSHAGRA SINGH

JESSICA ROSALIE JONES

GOUTHAMI M G

Can a system be created on the basis of community based regulations & self discipline?

How do we train communities to take on their own heritage for their own exhibitions?

How can we work together with local communities to make an impact?


What is ‘design practice’?

District Child Protection Unit - Mr. Dilip Mer [DCPO] - Dr. Pooja [Counsellor]

STAKEHOLDERS

LINES OF INQUIRY FUTURE SCOPE

PLANNING AND ANALYSIS

IMPACT

CCI’s- Child Care Institutions Sultan Ahmed Yatimkhana Sultan Ahmed Yatimkhana- Zanana Observation Home Vikas Gruh

ACTIVITIES -Learning about the child’s mental state through engaging them in self-exploration

- Learning and Sharing: thoughts, emotions, knowledge

SAWAL JAWAB

RESEARCH

Adandoned child Runaways Diseased child Disabled child Kids with dead parents

WHO?

Citizenship Identity Rehabilitation Social re-integration Education

FUTURE ISSUES NETWORKING

DANIKA

D ANIK A

FOUNDATION

3

Creative Workshops Counselling and therapy Educational and learning activities Trainings for children and care-givers Interactive sessions

Institution level Workshops Trainings

The idea was to understand child’s (orphans) social and emotional state, their level of awareness about the4 society, create opportunities for confidence-building and Safe to express identity IDENTITY help them developInclusivity their interpersonal skills. I conducted various workshops in Child Care Institutions for kids of age group 13-18 years to learn about the same.

Community level Talks Street plays Competitions Cultural events Exhibitions

MERI SOCH

SERVICES

A foundation for children where every child is respected for who they are and opportunities to learn and grow as a citizen are created

ABOUT

Danika- Design for Social Cause

HEALTH

Child Psychologist - Dr. Iti Shukla

ORPHANS

Physical state abuse disabled diseased sexual abuse malnutrition

1

Emotional state depression anxiety social marginalisation verbal abuse inferiority neglect

Exhibition Design

ADITI LUNIA

Mental state conduct problems peer problems hyperactivity low prosoacial behaviour mental abuse

Make orphans self-dependent and confident - A better quality of life in the future such as education, psychological support and economic self-sufficiency - Orphans become productive and valued members of their community

KHEL

To build a sustainable future for orphans by creating awareness and provide them with appropriate tools to become agents of change in their local communities

-To open them up, by building confidence and trust

2

WORKSHOPS

GOAL

How can design help society? When to stop?

- Improving interpersonal skills by engaging them in conversation with their peers

PRACTICE

CHALO BANAYE

DISCOVER - Developing skills of self-expression and improving their self-esteem

SELF-POTRAIT

79

Textile Design

Interaction Design

As technology becomes more pervasive than ever, as people became more wary of the online world, I put forth a simple question. Do you trust your everyday experiences on the internet? It takes us less than a second to buy an item we don’t need, agree to ‘Terms & Conditions’ we don’t read and even lesser to mindlessly click a button, sharing our personal info. As I click on an ad on Facebook, I wondered to myself, `Why does an online seller need access to my microphone’. I seem to come across such questions every now and then from myself and others.

I looked around me to find more manmade remainings of genius creations. The project aims at creating utility to any kind of discarded materials or potential byproducts from production processes in making daily-use products and interior solutions using simple hand techniques or otherwise. Focus is on the optimum use of available raw materials rather than producing raw materials for the making of the product. The techniques used and utility of the product varies with the properties of the raw material used.

Bricolage 2.0

DEVI MOHAN

CHANCHAL PRAJAPATI

Are we designing for evil? - The unethical face of technology.

Are we creating more problems while solving insignificant problems that are not even an actual problem?

Are we designing for evil?


80

EXHIBITORS

What is creativity? Can you induce creativity? How do you measure creativity?

SIDDHI PATIL, DHYANI PAREKH, NUTI MODY, AMRTA SUPATE”

Product Design

Create.witty

Creativity is a concept utilised in different contexts. We decoded and demystified the basic meaning of creativity and understood the process of having new ideas and acceptance of new thoughts through different lenses. This synthesis was then applied to societal conditions that influence humans and related to the context of an organization. We worked closely with socially relevant organisations to apply creativity as a tool to increase the impact.

Is Design process necessary?

KUNAL LOKHANDE, AIJIN SHAJI, AIMAN VERMA

Exhibition Design

Curious Findings

The project aims to create an alternative learning system for Sensorium which facilitates learning about sensory organs and perceptions for children between 9 - 14 age group. The project set up a ground to explore how constructivist model of learning can be applied through games, sculpture and space. The process of the projects was informed and shaped by the ecology of the place and collaborators (teachers, students, fine artists). The outcome of the project was a framework for a ‘sensory treasure hunt game’. The game makes the children construct their own learning about sensory perceptions.

The project required me to discover why we ignore ourselves for the sake of our work. I attempted to use my practice of lab-driven rapid prototyping to explore how technology can be implemented in creative tools to improve human quality of life, and if large corporations had a role to play in the same. I was able to see how can my practice look at more human issues?

Humanising Creativity

Product Design

VIKRAMADITYA RAJU KALIDINDI

Why is it so easy to isolate ourselves within a creative community?

What is the Politics of Design?

PRACTICE


LINES OF INQUIRY

81

What objects/things are archivable and who has the power to archive them? There are two major inquiries done in the project; the process of archiving becomes much more complicated when one starts questioning the history which is being written through the hands of an archivist. Seeing the subjectivity involved in this objective process of archiving and how it affects histories. Objects are physical and hence are archievable things. Performance which cannot be archived, can be documented and preserved in another form. Archiving a live experience/ performance involves ensuring unbiased and inclusive documentation with a conscious understanding of filtration occurring in the process.

Enuf

Societies, communities, states, countries. We, as a civilization are on the brink of civil breakdown with extreme autocracies, aristocracies, and various other abuse of power, freedom and rights. The cruel dystopic reality in which we were supposed to be progressing towards ideologies and beliefs of a global monocuclture, blessed by hyper-consumption of information, digital structures to aid functioning and governing, a utopian dream depicted by books, movies. Chile. India. Hongkong. Lebanon. Brazil. China. Myanmmar. We are burning. We don’t care much, do we? We don’t want to stand up, a voice, even a digital projection of a voice. Do we? We need a revolution, an uprising.

Adding Value to Pre-Primary Education System

My project intends to discover design opportunities within the pre-primary education system, particularly in the context of Anganwadis in Ahmedabad. Through research, I identified various disparities along the lines of gender, urban-rural location and other dimensions within the education system. I established how stereotypical gender narratives in textbooks create impressions that are passed on in the formative years of children and how they eventually lead to hackneyed constructs in an adult’s ways of thought and being. The project also questioned whether I communicate ideas in a language that I’m not familiar with. Through participatory workshops and active engagement with the major stakeholders, I eventually conceived meaningful design artifacts.

Archiving Performance

Graphic Design

Graphic Design

Exhibition Design

SHRISTI SHARMA

PALASH BARUA

ABHISHEK MANKOTIA

I wanted to understand what is the politics of design as a designer?

Can design topple governments?

Is it even important to question existing norms in the chosen context?

This project looks at the representation of Sci-Fi world in the regional science fiction cinema of India, their aspiration to produce Hollywood like imagery, nationalistic and heroic approach, and how all these work or do not work. The project does not try to answer any questions. It is rather an approach to start conversations about cinema as a medium, representation in cinema, sci-fi as a genre, etc. The form of this project is a video installation, which is made out of appropriated visuals from various films.

Chandrayatra

Photography Design

TAMOJIT BARDHAN

Why do we look for Western validation of our cinema?


82

EXHIBITORS

What lies beyond boundaries of design?

PRACTICE

Product Design

Human Spaceflight and Design: A Voyage into New Frontiers

Product Design

Design in Indian Army

Exploring new and unknown territory through the lens of design

NEEL SUDHANSHU MEHTA

KRITI KHADIA, ATHARVA MANDHARE, SAKSHI PATIL, VISWAK RAJA, YASH CHAWARE

Indian Army being the world’s second largest force in arms and strength, imports most of its arms, technology and innovation strategies. We based our project on exploring different ways of co-creating opportunities, with a system design approach for the Indian Army. We looked at how design thinking approaches can facilitate better decision making and planning for the future. Our vision is to include design thinking processes and human centric approach along with technological development, to enhance the outcomes and broaden the spectrum of design in the Indian Army.

How can we incorporate Human-centered design in Space Industry?

Can there be a post for a ‘designer’ in Indian Army?

It was my first task undertaken as an independent designer. The people I worked with and the brief I was given allowed for an experimental approach. I was able to combine my love for storytelling and making with my interests in Design Research to create something new and of value. It was truly satisfying to see how people of different backgrounds engaged with what I’d made.

Co-Designing Humanitarian Futures

Product Design

SUPREETHA KRISHNAN

Can Speculative Design serve as a Design Research tool?


LINES OF INQUIRY

83

This was an attempt to look at how design could be approached from a nonanthropocentric perspective where we are not just considering humans but other species and factors while trying to address an issue. While design is mostly centered around humans and their wellbeing it is time we start considering our impact on the rest of our environment to ensure the survival of both humans and other species as well. This project was a small step in that direction.

The Jumbo Problem: Nonanthropocentric design research to address elephanttrain collisions

How do I express?

Enso We are distracted by ruminations of the past or worries about the future and forget to be in the present. We restrict ourselves and over time, our fears, inhibitions, and beliefs crystallize. Being in the moment means that we are mindful of what is happening at this very moment. This installation is an attempt to help us be in flow. The project is close to my heart because of my attempts at practicing meditation and ‘being’ in the moment. The installation is the result of meditative rituals of freezing water and then suspending it mid-air. One can be in its presence and focus on the drops of water dripping.

Pulse is a literary play, where I perform as the fictional publisher Backlogbook. It is an exploration in world-making and extending the fiction into tangible forms, web and virtual spaces. This time, it is a book in the form of a satirical fictional magazine in a thriving-developing-spotless-five star city heavily based on, but not limited to, Ahmedabad .The 7th volume of Pulse is set in a parallel muddled Now, conceived both by past and future. This volume is to initiate readers into the world of Pulse and it is also an invitation to participate in the play to create more.

New Media Design

NUPUR CHAUHAN

How can we ‘be present’ in the ‘here and now’?

Pulse

Animation and Film Design

Product Design

Can I just put out what’s in my head unabashedly?

AMRITA BARUA

SELF

TEJASWINI NAGESH

How can we design for other beings?


84

EXHIBITORS

Can I be serendipitous?

YATHARTH

Exhibition Design

Craft Future

The Inquiry was an exploration into developing an Anti Disciplinary practice for myself which is not bound by the words like design, science, art, crafts or technology, I wanted to find my own place beyond the words. Through Creative Practice and Critical Inquiry I tried to understand relationships between Crafts Practices, Technological mediums and Future Speculations; Studying their frameworks through lit-review and researching into histories, contemporaries and future possibilities.I hypothesized and experimented with Generative Design, AI and 3D Printing, to expand the definition of Digital Craft. Issues of ownership, power and accessibility of technology are analysed by an effort at locally crafting Amazon Alexa.

What meaning I want to give to my life ?

SHAFALI JAIN

New Media Design

Unattended

The project started out with an inquiry into the Absurd. After looking at absurdity through different lenses of literature, theatre, philosophy, and science, I started to understand that we can’t draw a line where rationality turns into irrationality or absurd. The scientific lens led me to the principle of uncertainty. With this installation, I wanted to create a universe of possibilities. I preferred possibility to fact and paradox to the truth, yes and no to yes or no. The representations I arrived at were those of an Aleph (auditory locus) and Mirage (visually).

What are my ethical responsibilities?

SELF

This project explores repair and regeneration in a state of timelessness. One tries to rejoin and repair, rather than abandoning, moving on and procure new things from scratch. Things heal themselves and can be repaired if needed with the flow of time and this has been percieved as a way of life in Meghalaya. In the duration of 6-7 months (December 2018 - June 2019), working with weavers and spinners in Iapngar, I tried to join, repair and create textiles as a livelihood activity.

Lad: A way of life

Textile Design

DIPTI NAIR

How does one merge and become insignificant enough to not become the central character of the project?


LINES OF INQUIRY

85

Could I, an outsider, understand their traditions by studying them?

SULAGNA SEN

Textile Design

Fabric of life

Weaving is a way of life in Assam-women weave their hopes and dreams in those fabrics. My project explored how that came to be; why weaving is not just a profession but a beautiful tradition passed on as a priceless heirloom, and how this unique feature can be utilised to boost their entrepreneurship to a higher level which can elevate their life.

How will I talk to children about sensitive issues?

SHUBHANGI SINGH

Exhibition Design

Titli

Project “Titli� aimed to curb the ills of child sexual abuse by raising awareness, especially in rural India. The project consisted of intensive primary research in parts of western Uttar Pradesh. The outcome of this research pointed towards a severe lack of communication between the parent and the child. Identifying a dire need to bridge this gap, various workshops were conducted. Adopting the method of behaviour change communication, an exhibition was set up to encourage the much needed conversations.

What moulds me?

SELF

The inquiry aims to destigmatize the discussion about periods between a child and parent, the impact is the most exciting part.

Packed and prepared

Lifestyle Accessory Design

SHAGUN BAJPAI

Would i have reacted in a different manner if periods were introduced differently to me as a kid?


86

EXHIBITORS

Selected My project is a short animation film about the relationship between me and my elder brother. I realised how much he has contributed in shaping my life. When I discussed this with my friends, I realised that elder siblings often shape up personalities, likes and dislikes and behaviour of the younger ones in some way or the other. They act as a guide for the younger sibling in situations where they can’t share with their parents. I believe their roles are very important and needed to be shared with the audience. This story, being very close to me is also a ‘thank you’ note from me to my brother.

Death of a Catfish

Death of a Catfish is a 4-page outcome of a sequential narratives workshop with Amruta Patil. The students, divided into pairs, told stories from their own past leading to an inquiry & brought out contemplative narratives which gave insights into the other person’s contextual and emotional undertones that shaped them. I took up a story from the childhood of my story pal. It tells about how, as a child, he was affected when his cranky caretaker at home, Ba, killed a catfish right in front of him, with her hands without spilling a drop of blood. The fish acted as a metaphor for his feeling of empathy that died along with the fish.

Where do I belong?

Animation and Film Design

Animation and Film Design

Who all have contributed to your life?

PARTHA MAHANTA

SELF

SUDARSHAN DEVADOSS

How does an individual’s past shapes their emotional intelligence?

Through the project, I explored the Brahmaputra valley by remembering the stories and folklore that I heard from my grandfather as a child. My personal relationship with the river comes from my grandfather himself as he ended his life by drowning himself in the mighty river. I visited all the places during different seasons and tried to look at the changing landscapes, rituals, and cultures, to gain a richer experience of both the beauty and the wrath of the river that I had heard stories of, and in doing so, as an artist, understand and reflect upon the relationship with the river itself.

Burha Luit

Photography Design

SUMIT BARUAH

How am I related to the Brahmaputra valley?


LINES OF INQUIRY

87

The effects of anthropogenic climate change are imminent, and the world at large is witnessing inaction from those with most authority. This is the premise for the project which raises more questions than it answers. The project explores the driving factors of climate change, the ones at greater risk of consequences, and how to mitigate them not by fighting against nature, but merely adapting to the circumstances.

Turning the Tide: Amphibious Cities of Tomorrow

Who am I?

Reghar Movement The project is about the history of my caste known as ‘Reghar’, which was the community that was forced into the leather industry and then converted into Arya Samajis by the upper caste. Over a period of time their history got destroyed. I started my inquiry through my grandfather’s journal and came across the name of an event ‘Akhil Bhartiya Reghar Mahasamelan (held in Dausa, Rajasthan in 1944)’. The community had gathered thinking it was a satsang, but at the event, they were chanting songs about reforms (as told by my grandfather’s friend). I have created multiple leather (cow & goat) panels that are inscribed with information about the event.

The White Lines Collective is an inquiry into how a conversation about mental health in educational institutions can be provoked through creative practices. It was born from the need to better understand my own mental health and that of my peers, and the various ways in which we turn to arts as a form of expression. My aim was to foster the outlook that an individual is not alone in his/ her struggle. The Collective brought together the NID student community to converse about their mental health in various ways; celebrating World Mental Health Day, a blindfolded-conversation experience

Photography Design

ISHITA ABHA DHURIYA

Why I should feel embarrassed about being a Dalit?

White Lines Collective

Exhibition Design

Information Design

What are the various ways I confront my own mental health? ABHIRAMI SURESH

SELF

SYAMANTAK GUPTA

Can I do something about my own city slowly drowning?


88

EXHIBITORS

Disability is the thing which makes a person limited in his activities, senses, and movements. However, there are people who fight against these conditions and do some outstanding things in their lives. I wanted to photograph the story of these para-athletes who are under training for Paralympics sports at Netaji Shubhash, Western Center Gandhinagar.

Using visual appropriation to inquire and raise questions about the current state of affairs we as a society have arrived at, and take for granted, under the umbrella of “Late Capitalism”.

It is an animated documentary about the Transgender Experience in South India, among trans women of impoverished backgrounds. It seeks to examine what Socio-cultural-economic-political & geographical aspects play roles in their lives & transgender identities; what points of divergence do they have from mainstream Indian society vs what aspects of their identity are universally relate-able; what are the contradictions in their everyday life regarding their Transgender Identity(both self-imposed & that imposed by society) & how that affects their individual & collective identities. By asking these questions and exploring these themes it aims to humanize & de-other them to a non-trans audience.

Persistent Spirits

Take me with you

The Transgender ProjectSungandaram (Freedom)

Can the world be an accessible place?

Photography Design

Animation and Film Design

Photography Design

DHEERAJ KAILAS BIRARI

SANKALP SINGH

What does inspiration do to us?

JYOTSNA RAMESH

SUBJECT

Is my self worth getting affected by the products I own?

I have always been fascinated by the concept of ‘others’, due to personally being ‘othered’.


LINES OF INQUIRY

89

The project looked at the domains of menstruation and disability, and further into the interaction of the two. Through the project, I was able to see and experience the challenges and oppression due to stigmatized topics such as these. The project probed people into talking openly about menstruation and their disability, while also observing what social constraints exist around the same. It also took to a more macro POV by studying adjacent topics such as sustainability, human rights, equality in development and more.

Indian Toilet Extensions for Special Needs

My degree project inquires about people with disabilities who face physical, social and economic challenges in India. I tried to learn more about ‘disability’ through a nine year old boy named Saaqib, a student at Prabhat Education Foundation, Ahmedabad. Observing him at school and knowing more about him through his family, neighbours, teachers and friends built bridges between me, a design student and Saaqib. The first bridge is the outcome of my project - Indian Toilet Extensions for Special Needs. The toilet extensions’ aim is to make relieving oneself more comfortable and reducing the stress on the caregiver.

A urinal for visually impaired

37 million people across the globe suffer from some kind of visual impairment, out of which, 15 million people are from India. In India, some public spaces are equipped with the system that would aid them but only to some extent. While doing my project, I found visually impaired people are not able to interact with the products inside these spaces. The experience is full of struggles. My project revolves around urinals that would be easily accessible to these people. The activity of urination involves use of sense of touch which is followed by hearing and smell.

Understanding menstruation in the context of disability.

Lifestyle Accessory Design

Ceramic and Glass Design

Product Design

PALLAVI MAMBILLIL

NANDITA SAHA

HITESH KUMAR SUTHAR

As a mother what are the things you have to do for your daughter during her periods?

Is there a link between disability, economy, politics, education, religion, etc.?

Are restrooms really restrooms to visually impaired?

How can we make science more accessible?

SUBJECT


90

EXHIBITORS

Information Design

Information Graphics on Air Pollution on North India during winter Season

Product Design

Cosmically Grounded

In this project, Reuters Graphics investigates the causes behind the air quality crisis in northern India every winter and its extent, using data collected from air quality monitors, satellite imagery from NASA and photographic evidence. The data-driven interactive visual narratives inform the audience about the critical nature of the situation and create awareness or at least start conversations in the right direction that can drive active measures and policy changes.

PRASANTA KUMAR DUTTA

AJAY SAPKALE, EBRAHIM VASI, ANUSHREE JOSHI

The context of this project is set around the Indian Space Program. Curiosity and spirit for exploration have driven the space program and humanity this far, but awareness of this fact does not necessarily lead to support from the public. For our nation with its diverse priorities, the Indian Space Program needs to be more relatable to people starting from the grassroots level. Our vision for “Cosmically Grounded� is to see people from every kind of socioeconomic background being able to reach out to the moon, stars and beyond. Demystification and bettering the projection of the Indian Space Program to both national and international audiences.

Can we explain complex science through simple visuals?

Why is the space industry esoteric to the public?

For a long time our association with light has just been seeing it as a product, switching it on and off. This project is an attempt to create an experience of how our interaction with light will be in our day to day life , how it will change and create new meanings if we depend on a different light system, a cold light system. Nova is a night lamp designed on the principles of Bioluminescence (light emit by living organisms); It opens up the doors to build a new relationship with light, which is more personal and dynamic.

NOVA - A light affair

New Media Design

SAMRITI GOSAIN

How will our relationship with light change if we shift to a different light system?

How can/ might we look at wellbeing?

SUBJECT


LINES OF INQUIRY

91

Graphic Design

Where did childhood disappear?

Lifestyle Accessory Design

Developing Menstrual Hygiene solutions for women in Indian slums

I wanted to learn about the key challenges faced by women during menstruation, especially Indian women living in deprived facilities and environments, where toilets, personal space, period products, etc are not available. The outcome is a deep set of insights and journeys of indian women. I have also attempted to raise questions and find design-led directions to tackle some of the issues.

GAJESH MAHADEO MITKARI

AZBA KHAN

Substance abuse among children has received attention only recently in India and much work needs to be done to address the issue. Coming from a family of school teachers, I noticed an increase in the number of children falling to drug abuse. My design project was initiated so as to make parents more aware regarding the issue. The final deliverable is a small handbook/ guidebook to help parents understand the problem and react appropriately.

Will people actually understand how important it is to talk about drug abuse in children?

What is the need of design in this sector? Should we design solutions or maybe we only need in frastructure?

Psoriasis is an autoimmune skin disease with red, thick and silvery scaly skin. It affects at least 100 million people worldwide. Psoriasis has an unpredictable course of physiological and emotional symptoms, and financial burdens that devastate individuals and their families. Closely associated with body image, this disease affects patients’ emotions and feelings during different phases of the condition. Designing for relevance was the key to not make them feel identified just by their disease. The final solution was Psoriasis care, an ecosystem of interfaces- mobile applications, mobile accessories and planner books to support the patients in care and collaborative management.

Psoriasis Care

New Media Design

KAVYA D

How can we enable and empower the individual in care and management of a chronic illness?

In order to improve the life of elderly living in their homes of city of Bologna, Italy, we worked with Ideasquare, CERN, Geneva and made a meal sharing service between university students and the elderly. We started with designing some aids for giving them physical comfort but during our research we realized that loneliness is the root cause for everything. With our service, university students can request for a home cooked lunch at an elderly’s place and if elderly confirms he/she gets a company over meal and also a purpose to do something. In the long run, the service will help in creating relations

Improving the life of elderly in their home

Furniture Design

PAMALJEET SINGH SIDHU, ALICE CAPORALEAURELIA NEGRO, FRENCESCO TOURONELUCA, REGGAZIVALENTINA RODA

How can we give purpose to elderly living in homes?


92

EXHIBITORS

As part of open elective 2020, we were introduced to the true nature of listening. Throughout the course we were exposed to the difference between just hearing and listening, pushing us to probe, why was this crucial for us! The idea of listening is the most powerful form of acknowledgement. It is a way of saying “You are important”. listening creates acceptance. Listening conveys the message “I am not judging you”.

Are You Listening?

How might we ____ in the future?

The future of Indian Logistic Scenario will be highly impacted by the upcoming technologies and user aspirations. The project assimilates the ecosystem containing the users, drivers and the logistics service providers. Deriving from these scopes, the trucks would go through some basic fundamental evolution. The project imagines the product in the aforementioned ecosystem, and explains the driver’s lifestyle and how it will change with the trucks as well.

AEROCOM - Freight Truck For India 2030

Transportation and Automobile Design

Animation and Film Design

How can I imagine the future trends in the logistics Industry?

GURBAZ SINGH

SUBJECT

SIDHARTHA PRATIMDAS

How to listen?

The role of design and aesthetics in the arena of development of armored vehicles is something that has been rarely explored before. Understanding the role of aesthetics and the impact that they could have in very critical situations was worth giving more than a thought. The concept of aesthetics being the first line of defense was a key driver for the project.

Creek and Marshland Transportation for the Indian Armed Forces

Transportation and Automobile Design

JAYDEV PATWARDHAN

Can a mobility platform be a solution for the future of a region and its tranquility?


LINES OF INQUIRY

93

What will be the future of food?

VISHWA PATEL

Exhibition Design

Nowhereland

My project was an attempt to understand how immersive storytelling and world building can be experienced through food. An inquiry into the role of food in storytelling and evoking emotions, memories and feelings that are unique and memorable. It looks into our food habits, trends and questions the basic psychology around food.

Can there be one super font that does it all?

VED UTTAM

Graphic Design

Font Futures

I intended to explore what typefaces can do if they are made smarter. The intent was to intervene in the current type design process to make these typefaces smarter and providing non-designers a platform to build their own personalized font. As the outcome, I used Times New Roman and a few glyphs of Frutiger to build a parameterizable type system. The initial approach was to build a proof of concept with monolinear block characters. The second prototype was used to demonstrate the use of round characters using the Bezier curve theory.

This project is an opportunity for autonomous vehicle technology in India. This project starts small, from a campus, but can be implemented at various places which are regulated. HANS places like hospitals ,college campus, smart cities, etc can implement it. This project also helps the people who are not capable of doing day to day commute easily.

Autonomous vehicle for India

Transportation and Automobile Design

AMAN VERMA

How can autonomous vehicle technology be part of our daily life?

What are the changing perceptions on Teaching & Learning?

SUBJECT


94

EXHIBITORS

Graphic Design

Designing an Art based DIY kit for children of 8

Product Design

Sparks’ for 21st Century Skills

The project was based on reconstructing the validity and functionality of DIY kits for young audiences. In spite of a boost in production of DIY Educational toys in the market in the recent few years, they don’t seem to be functional, or age appropriate- Most of them seem to fail to deliver on the points they claim. They fail to completely engage children on their own or capture their play mindset. The idea was to incorporate values and ideas that are very basic to play, and making the product more open to help the child collaborate with their own imagination in the process, without having to follow strict rigid instructions.

AMRITA SINGH ROY

AISHWARYA S NARVEKAR

Sparks’ for 21st Century Skills is generative research driven project that explores how design process can be used as a tool to frame meaningful learning experiences for developing 21st century skills in children through informal learning environments. The project aims to explore how designerly ways of thinking and seeing the world can contribute towards a holistic learning focusing on the 4Cs – Creativity, Collaboration, Critical Thinking and Communication. The methodology of the project was research intensive and involved a series of participatory workshops with children over a period of time to test for engagement and learning value through different tools and methods.

How do children look and perceive, interpret and interact?

How can designerly way of thinking be introduced to children through different tools and methods?

The inquiry began as a personal uncertainty of what it means to be a Graphic Designer. What is the best use for the tools at my disposal, that Graphic Design Education at NID provided? Is it possible to empower others with these tools, in their endeavors? The collaborative investigation involved a cyclic and iterative process of designing educational material, that was used to conduct workshops with learners and educators. The observations and assessments from the responses, whether curiosity or confusion, aided in the development of the final outcome. “But what has Design got to do with Mathematics?”

Fearless Mathematics: Design and Development of Educational Material

Graphic Design

JYOTHI SYAM

Can learners be empowered to be visual designers, to construct their own learning for Mathematics?

Doing the project was an outcome of a thought I have for many years- “How do we learn?” The project is an attempt to understand social platforms in the realm of informal learning. It lead to an understanding of how built spaces with permanent physical structures within an already existing framework can be repurposed to provide a thematic learning experience. Further on, throughout the project, I wanted to be able to take big decisions that impact the execution. I saw myself focusing on learning in the setting of a Corporate social responsibility and volunteering

Thematic spaces through discovery learning approach

Exhibition Design

KOMAL JAIN

How can something become a learning tool?


MemoRise is a platform built to help students during their exam time. The aim was to speed-up the learning and revision process by using memorization techniques, thereby reducing exam anxiety. I got the idea from my cousin who was trying to mug-up all the formulas one day before his exam and ended up going blank in the exam hall.

Flower-metry was a gamified learning forward if the number on the experience intervention for aMove classroom atball is equal to the number of petals on any of the next flowers. In the bag,International there are colored balls, numbered Foundation, Agastya Kuppam. from 3 to 8. The numbers corresponds to follow the leaf path directly in front the number of petals on the flowers. Our aim was to identify and Only carry out how of you. on the flower, say aloud the name spaceOn the could beleaves made moreWhen lively and spark floor, the pathway are of of the shape. two colors; the light green for the left foot e.g. “HEXAGON!” and the dark for the right foot. curiosity togreenlearn. As a space where the If you do not get the number to move youngest visitors of the institute learned, it foward to the next flower, clap three times. leg was a Left space that would in some way lay the The one who reaches the blue flower first, wins the game. leg foundation for Right their future learning.

Pol Khol is a simple game designed to generate and initiate interaction between the kids of Katakiavad (old city, Ahmedabad) and the grandparents, other members of the pol and the hidden and forgotten built elements while engaging the kids in various outdoor physical activities in order to get them to move away from mobile games. It also imbibes values of cleanliness and helpful nature in the kids. The game is a set of activities, derived from the daily routine of individuals living in the pol, each transforming the chowk in some way. Each kid has to finish all the activities and the one to finish the activities first, wins.

Many great discoveries are a result of observation & wonder at what a person saw in the world around him. Apart from being a great contribution to science, these discoveries created a sense of ‘Aw’ , a ‘Eureka’ moment for the scientist ...... Current system of education is drill oriented & boring. What if students can be taught these theories & phenomena not through formulae & exam drills ... but by creating in them a sense of wonder…. by making them ask questions; by allowing them to explore & experiment with their environment?

MemoRise

Flower-metry

Pol-Khol The objective of the game is to be the first one to reach the finish line : the large blue flower in the middle of the room.

Start at the Bee. Shake the bag and pick a numbered ball from it.

The flowers and leaves outside have come into the classroom, eager to learn more about themselves and the children around them. They want to help you learn about the world around you; the colors, the different shapes, and the geometry of the flowers you see every day.

Flower -metry

Information Design

PhysicsHunt : An exploration of AR based participatory approach to learn physics gameplay

Exhibition Design

Textile Design

Interaction Design

SHRAVANI DILIP AGARKAR

NOORA YASMIN, ABHIRAMI SURESH, ADITI LUNIA, NOORA YASMIN, SHRUTI CHAKKE

NEHA VINAY BHIDE

LAKSHMI T V

Do school students know how to learn?

Should learning be more than doing what the teacher teaches?

How can the kids of the pol interact with their surroundings?

How can we make children observe, ask questions & learn from what they see? How can they enjoy this process of inquiry?

game rules

LINES OF INQUIRY

95


96

EXHIBITORS

Can we Gamify learning objectives with the help of Narratives?

MD AASIF ANWAR

Toy and Game Design

Pictoplot

Pictoplot is a board game where building maps is fun. We are young city planners on a mission to build the most beautiful city with all the basic facilities required in a real-life scenario. We draw the most relevant city, earn badges on the accomplishment of tasks.

At what point do different ways of teaching become a distraction?

SUNAINA DESAI, DEVANSH KHAJANCHI, KHUSHBOO MEHROTRA

Exhibition Design

Learning Spaces for Agastya

We tried to make the learning experience for students at the Agastya Foundation more fun and innovative so as to get the students engage more in activities. The students and faculty responded well to the change we brought about.

What are the concerns around data privacy?

SUBJECT

This project is an inquiry into the design of new media and its implications through the context of Aadhaar. The outcome is a Game, where the player designs and implements Aadhaar in the virtual simulated world. The game aims at providing agency of choice and freedom to experiment. The game poses moral dilemmas and conflict through perspectives to create empathy for people who are powerless and the ones being controlled. It is a tool for policy-makers and students to learn systems-thinking. For others, this game tries to make them informed of various perspectives to decide - Is Aadhaar Just?

The Game of Identities

New Media Design

SHREEYASH SALUNKE

Does convenience exist only at the cost of privacy?


LINES OF INQUIRY

97

New Media Design

Are you your data? An immersive VR Experience

Graphic Design

Data Trap

The project started with the idea of investigating the concept of privacy. I wanted to understand what do we talk about when we talk about privacy. Means of achieving privacy and concepts of privacy vary according to various factors such as culture, geography, economy, and technology available. But the fundamental concept remains. The concept of privacy is linked to autonomy and freedom. Therefore, the protection of privacy is the protection of fundamental freedom. In the current context of privacy, personal information is digital data. Most of the time people are not aware of how the data is being collected, processed and stored. Even though data sharing has become an integral part of day to day life, the unawareness persists.

VAIBHAV SOLANKI

STUTI SUKHANI

The past year saw a significant shift in public consciousness when it comes to personal data privacy. From large scale data privacy scandals, to small scale scams directed towards unassuming and uneducated people, data has been severely misused. The generation of digital natives need to immediately be addressed regarding this increasing concern. Children today have little knowledge about privacy and data protection. It is important that the relationship between privacy and security be explained to children aged 8-13, as they begin to use the internet unsupervised.

What would be the future of privacy?

Why should my personal data be private?

What does it mean to be a woman in a deeply patriarchal society?

SYSTEM

I wanted to explore a very important trait that I had seen all around me. How women - the ‘victims’ of patriarchy become the gatekeepers of the same? Probing this question through the very interpersonal relationship between mothers and daughters and how it takes place in different strata of society became the crux of the film. Conversations with different women, from different age groups and socio-economic backgrounds made me realize the different shapes it takes. Sometimes, it takes the shape of a mother trying to make sure the daughter sticks to the society’s code of conduct, yet other times it takes the shape of the mother vehemently wanting the daughter to do what she couldn’t.

An Early Spring (Jhat Aayi Basant)

Film and Video Communication

PRAMATI ANAND

What makes the oppressed, oppress?


Most of the Grimm’s fairytales are known for their dark or sinister undertones, but I was particularly taken by the story of Rapunzel. The themes of isolation, chastity and the woman being an object kept for protection were interesting to me, an Indian girl. The evolution of these fairy tales through the years has been dramatic and the female protagonist has found a sturdy place in popular culture. I wonder how far we have really come. My project aimed to question gender roles in present society by providing a juxtaposition of time through the text, yet placing them in a very recognizable modern imagery.

Exhibit design-Exploring themes of gender roles, chastity and isolation in Grimm’s Rapunzel

He was my inspiration, my role model

Koi dekh raha hai

I behind mom

How will he react

Koi mujhe samajhne ki koshish hi nahi karta

Pardah

Fear

My project was an enquiry to understand the gap in relationship between me and my dad. The project was discourse around finding the possible reasons for the gap and how to possibly address those gaps in relationship. Exploring the idea of ‘freedom in boundaries’, the final design is a comment on the expectations of the Indian societal boundaries.

Discussing the Undiscussable - Design for a dialogue

cannot break everything, its all constructed

cannot break everything, its all constructed

Fear

He was my inspiration, my role model

New Media Design

Exhibition Design

Koi dekh raha hai

I behind mom

Bandhi hui thi

SONALI CHANDRAKAR

RITIKA JATHAR

Bandhi hui thi

What does it mean to be a girl in the Indian Society?

Pardah

How will he react

How does a certain kind of projection of women in products or imagery affect people’s perceptions of them?

Koi mujhe samajhne ki koshish hi nahi karta

98

EXHIBITORS

Can we break our consumption paradigms?

SYSTEM

Initially, this project started on the basis of curiosity to know the working system of an export house and to create products as per clients’ demands. After knowing ‘the industry work. It helped with informing the research which came as a result of provoked questions and realizations. These realizations raised questions like: How does one assess good design? Can sustainability become a part of the on-going textile industry?Are trends really important?In addition to this, questioning the existing working system of export houses in India? Their role and how their existence is affecting our environment and the future. As a result, this project led to the speculation of how the existing world.

Intangible to Tangible

Textile Design

AAVRATI KUSHWAHA

Is it right to keep massproducing in the name of consumerism and capitalism without even thinking of the future?


Apparel Design

Recycling textile waste

Product Design

Curiosity Carnival: An Interactive Digital Student Experience

The project had to engage school children and be an educative experience. It was important to find the intersection of their interest and the intent of the schools. The challenge in this brief was also to engage 10-15 year old children, which is when many children lose interest in academic and formal education. Thus, the aim of the project was to present to the children visiting the exhibition a story which would place them in the shoes of superheroes and apply their creativity to vanquish the evil that pervaded their planet. A combination of digital and physical media helped bring out the extravagance of the situation.

AMAN MAHESHWARI

AISHWARYA PRASHANT RANE

It hurts to know that the cotton t-shirt I am wearing took more than 2000 L of fresh water in its entire life cycle. The polyester shorts I am wearing is a big cause of water pollution. To help Textile industry, the 2nd most polluting industry in the world, I chose this project. It wasn’t just recycling the waste, it was becoming something new that had its own application in market and would help in decreasing demand load on fresh material. The new material was self selling, thus was cheaper than existing competitor products; everything used in making it is biodegradable, even the polyester used- Hence a win-win for everybody

To what extent would we like to go for decreasing the pollution caused by our purchase, in terms of money and effort?

Is an eco-friendly life the only way to live responsibly or do we as humans need to balance out needs, wants and desires in a more efficient way?

Moving to India for my design education sculpted my passion for sustainability and African textiles which directed me to my original roots. I was introduced to fish leather in East Africa, which had the potential to eliminate cruel methods that caused harm to the environment. Through this project, I took the opportunity to understand the leather making process and product development. I appreciate how the locals have taken an initiative to protect their environment and animals by adapting to sustainable methods, simultaneously holding on to their traditions.

Sustainable Scales- Nile Perch Leather

Textile Design

macrosocioeconomic [ Physical ]

How has human wants and needs changed over the years?

Consumption Production

Can the growth of a country be measured using another system? Economic growth

Types of economies

Economy

15. The design in the developing world must be committed to a search for local answers to local needs, utilizing ingenious skills, materials and traditions while absorbing the extraordinary power that science and technology can make available to it,

Khushboo Mehrotra & Noora Yasmin | Semester 7

DEVELOPMENT

DESIGN FOR SOCIAL

Sustainable development goals Ahmadabad deceleration

Production waste and after-life waste of products and services majorly contributes to environment impact.

16. That designers in every part of the world must work to evolve new value system which dissolves the disastrous divisions between the worlds of waste and want, preserves the identity of people and attends the priority areas of need for the vast majority of mankind,

NECESSARIES NEEDS

Types of consumption WANTS

“The luxuries of yesterday have become the conventional necessaries of today.”

Pleasure

Basic necessaries Saves labor

[ Physical ]

Efficiency improving

Do we really need our wants? [ Physical + mental wellbeing ]

[ Physical ]

Relative to PERSON, TIME & PLACE [ Physical ]

[ Socio-cultural ]

[ Physical ]

Does the race for economic growth fuel consumption?

An increase in the amount of goods and services produced per head of the population over a period of time.

State of a country in terms of PRODUCTION + CONSUMPTION of goods and services

Can environment impact be reduced with decreased or ethical consumption?

// Stockholm resilience center

Can we empower the consumer to be more ethical in terms of consumption? 08. Recognizing that through design relevant cultural traditions can be preserved and utilized to current advantage,

06. Aware that few countries have the organizational, financial and personnel recourses which can enable industrial design to assume its proper role,

Diving into the shifting consumption trends in India and understanding its adverse effects on the environment and society, we vividly remembered what was, realised what is and what will be. Strongly rooted in our culture, our frugal habits have never been aspirational, but a way of living. With the upsurge in disposable incomes, rising consumption trends of use and throw culture, we want to remind that there is nothing as prudent as those values amma taught us. Through this museum-like experience, we want the audience to remember and reminiscence the habits we once had. How we should cherish, preserve and conserve these practices, by doing.

Things My Mother Used to Do

DIFFERENT MEANINGS AND CONTEXTS

Exhibition Design

“Locks “ users into a deceptive dependence that cannot be easily ESCAPED Collaborative, political movement to protect consumers and their interest from predatory retailors

NOORA YASMIN, KHUSHBOO MEHROTRA

How can we break or escape our deceptive dependency of convenience? As an approach to economic policy that emphasized the benefits of manufacturing more consumer goods as a means of generating prosperity

ISHITA KARELIA

WASTE MAKING

SINGLE USE // Somebody else’s problem, Robert Crocker

Do we really need our want?

Consumer culture A wasteful excess in consumption, a cycle of shopping, accumulation and discard, stimulated by media.

How can we create a sustainable balance between the environment and the economy?

Conventional necessaries LUXURIES

Acceptance / prestige

COMFORTS Satisfying / comforting

LINES OF INQUIRY

99

CONVENIENCE

USE + THROW Replacing seemingly ‘old ‘ things with NEW

Consumerism

What can be done to revive the positive context and meaning of consumerism?


100

EXHIBITORS

SONIKA PULLURU

Lifestyle Accessory Design

SHASHANK NIMKAR

Ceramic and Glass Design

Ubli Hui Chai patti

As part of material surface and structure module we got to work with waste where we should come up with new material made out of any kind of waste. I chose to work with tea waste, initially started with exploring composites and then exploring material properties with forms and structural forming.

Earth Tatva

The inquiry was about understanding the current scenario of ceramic industrial production that caters to the consumerist society. But more importantly, investigating waste generated after the firing process in ceramic production and how we can convert the production line into a closed-loop manufacturing process through a design approach that adheres to the principles of circular economy. The project demanded vital inquiries as to how can we reduce mining for natural resources yet continue catering to the needs of consumers through developing value-added products. The approach involved extensive interaction with various stakeholders and even more elaborate experimentation with the material.

Course mentor Amresh Panigrahi

Sonika Pulluru LAD’19

Exploring Materials Structure and Surfaces

How can we understand the poltical identity of everyday objects?

How can we make ‘doing more and better with less’ the new normal?

Can we understand Nature?

SYSTEM

If not the most vital resource, water is one of the primary ingredients responsible for the world as we see it today. Owing to this more than often overlooked fact, I incorporated the alternative process of cyanotypes into my practice in creating a body of work revolving around the numerous lakes dotting the scapes of Bengaluru. I started with photographing aerial shots around prominent water bodies, consequently exposing and washing the prints in that very same body. The resulting pieces varied in a number of visual features owing to the salinity, acidity and mineral content of the water.

Azure

Photography Design

CHIRANTAN KHASTGIR

Should calamities only be counted short term, both natural and man-made?


LINES OF INQUIRY

101

To understand how nature has devised strategies in its existing social groups (ants, bees, moulds etc), to take decisions in decentralised systems. Could we emulate this system to solve for resource/ relief management in flood-hit areas, at the time when the system is falling apart and critical decisions need to be taken regarding the management, availability and distribution of the resources.

Resource Management in flood relief camps

How does society shape us? Main Bhoomi

It enquires into the relationship of wrestlers with that of ‘mitti’ (the earth) and also amongst their own group. It questions the idea of communal relations and also talks about the intimacy of the sport at the same time.

Throughout the project, I never had meta inquiries about the project, nor was I following any design process. Instead, I was solving the immediate challenges that were coming across such as identifying the problem and deciding upon a target audience. Very late into the project, I started asking questions like why someone needs to design for someone else- Why can’t I make a scenario where the user becomes the designer? Why do we force maturity into ourselves when all we want is to have a good time, or be a child who enjoys the most basic of things? Why is this commercial project not letting me enjoy the design process?

Photography Design

AVNEESH MURGAI

What is the idea of intimacy? How would one define a relationship as intimate or not?

The Pidilite Project

Exhibition Design

Strategic Design Management

Can culture be designed or does it form?

ANIRUDDH VERMA

SYSTEM

SAKSHI GAGGAR, NAWARA SHANOON, SANDIPANA DAS

How does nature optimise its resource use?


102

EXHIBITORS

The work is an extension of deep queries and confusion which I held in my previous work environment. The project enabled me to inquire the cause of the precariousness present in urban working class in India. The project tries to showcase nuances of the work culture that are otherwise taken for granted. The installation constructs and unfolds the existence of this unseen reality. By taking elements in a corporate working culture as ‘modes’ and by highlighting and tweaking them, a narration is allowed to emerge. Space allows the formation of a disjunction that oscillates between the real appearances and of the absurdity present in reality.

COPE

COPE is a service that aims to increase empathy during times of disaster. It enables people across India to come together at the time of need and judicially help the victims of disaster with money, material and volunteer effort. The idea was inspired by the moving lights seen from a plane while it is crosses a city. The lights in COPE denote the help pouring in from across the nation to a disaster affected area.

Kitchen Museum for Skyurbuchan

The project was built on heritage conservation work done by Achi association in skurbuchan village. As a team of designers our agency was to propose a framework for Kitchen museum and Agriculture museum. The museum acts as a bridge between old and young generation of the village. The process involved immersing ourselves in the village for a month and understand multiple local factors such as history, ecology, agriculture, food traditions, religious context etc. The project required us to make sense of the existing kitchen and agricultural artifacts and create narratives.

INDEFINITE CLICKS

Universal Design

Exhibition Design

New Media Design

SRINIVAS HARIVANAM

NEHA BHARATI, SHRAVANI AGARKAR, NIRMAL TANDEL

KUNAL LOKHANDEAIJIN SHAJIURJA JHAVERISHRUTI CHAKKE

Why is the work-life balance in Indian working class people comparably less than rest of the world?

Can people be inspired by positive empathy instead of negative empathy (for victim photos, distress videos)?

What does development mean to villagers?

The project is an ongoing inquiry into understanding the ‘Notions of Development’ in India. A critical lense was adopted to understand these notions through an ethnographic study of a fringe-settlement Delhi. In the research, I explored how design may contribute to the transitions of the future. The inquiry is transdisciplinary in its aim, approach and output. A future scenario was extrapolated from the study using Speculative Design as a design research tool. The focus was human relationships across socio-economic structures. The understanding contributed to future world building - illustrated through a video about ‘News from the Future’. I also imagined how we might consume news in the future.

Speculative Stories from Shahpur Jat

Graphic Design

AARUSHI BAPNA

Is Development for Everyone?


LINES OF INQUIRY

103

How may we leverage technology?

SYSTEM

New Media Design

Chalo

Product Design

About Time : Exploring new narratives of timekeeping

the project started was about looking at growing urbanization, a very major phenomenon to address and evolve our systems in adaptation with the contextually relevant appropriate technology unique to Indian life and culture, and also an effort to address the atomizing society as a cost of automation, primarily delved into Urban Transport and last-mile connectivity with Auto’s playing a major role and yet being out of the urban planning picture. Ola and Uber being big successes in India and also into the global platform, have only addressed 1/10th of the Indian population, here it strongly felt the need to create an alternative.

AMARTHYA PALREDDY

ABHISHEK MR

Time is a familiar concept and so is Timekeeping. Dedicated timekeeping devices are being replaced by smartwatches, making time-telling a function on our digital displays. When limited bus services were available we were concerned whether the bus was at 9 or 9:30, but today when there is a bus every five minutes, we are more worried about whether the Uber is 5 min or 3 min away. Is there a change in the way we understand, experience and practice Time? Does time mean the same in an industrial workplace and a post-industrial tech-enabled workplace? The project intended to redefine the concept of time and timekeeping for an overly connected world.

Can we create Relations based on trust through tech?

How is technology changing our experience of Time?

This project is about creating empathy for nature, a symbolic relationship that we don’t really realize. We want to give it more value; apart from oxygen, it means way more for you. Just like people have developed this dependable relationship with Wi-Fi nowadays. By associating data networks with biological processes, it is an attempt to create an empathetic relation and value creation with nature.

Powerplant: A Speculative Service

Product Design

DHYANI PAREKHKELA VAN DER DIJK PATRICK HAUWERTTIRZA MARYHANNAH STERKE

What if technology helped us sustain our planet in a better manner?


104

EXHIBITORS

What is the Design of Politics?

SYSTEM

Socho’ was a project I undertook as a part of my Space Design course. It revolves around the subject of ‘religious conflicts’ in the old city of Ahmedabad. I wanted to address this entire Hindu-Muslim issue because it has been something that has always bothered me, be it the Partition of 1947 or the 2002 Gujarat riots. With this project I wanted to question this religious intolerance. The aim was to make people think about it, hence, the title. Moreover, I wanted to see how, through textiles, can I address this issue.

The ‘Pavilion of Truth’ is a space of free speech and expression. The idea was to curate and project information on an on-going issue based on their cognitive biases using machine learning. We are a data-hungry generation with fake news and half-truths having a major impact on our worldviews. The project attempts to promote the idea of ‘absolute certainty’ or result of free opinion(Habermas hypothesis, 1989). We do not wish to decide what is the truth for the audience but to present all available information and leave it on them to decide.

Textile Design

Textile Design

Socho

ARJUNVIR SINGH

ADRIK GHOSH, PARAM WALVEKAR

Pavilion of Truth

Does this religious intolerance make any sense to anyone?

If all media is biased then what is truth?

It was only when Saira & Salim revisited that the walls crumbled, ached and longed. Seventeen years ago, 2002 communal riots in India took an ugly shape and a family was forced to abandon their burning house. The event meant to be buried under the debris unfolds when they share memories and conversations from a place they once called ‘home’.

Memoirs of Saira & Salim

Film and Video Communication

ESHWARYA GROVER

Can religion be larger than humanity?


LINES OF INQUIRY

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How can we understand the poltical identity of everyday objects?

SHIPRA BAROT

Ceramic and Glass Design

The Uneven Circle

The act of making and designing is an act of hope that can be used to discuss or solve larger issues of society. Every object here conveys a deeper meaning of the world around us. The subjects chosen for the objects have an emotional connect with the current scenario of climate change and gender issues. The message is delivered using satire, irony, and humor with social media as a source of inspiration to infuse or twist everyday objects in a political way.

Can we encourage safe political discourse?

KUNAL LOKHANDE

Exhibition Design

Museum of Dissent

Museum of Dissent attempts to highlight importance of dissent in democracy and creates a safe space for discourse about public policies and promotes active participation in governance. The project was an eye opener in understanding how complex and layered a concept like dissent is. Dissent by it’s very nature cannot be objective and always represents political opinion/ inclination. The challenge in the process was to make sure that this institution is as approachable as possible without making it seem authoritative and biased. The outcome was a framework and narrative episodes each highlighting different aspects of dissent. The project lead me to readings and films which confused me a lot.

Aarya Sharad Gaidhani Aashish Jakhmola Aayush Chandrawanshi abhilasha singh Abhimanyu Chauhan Aditi Murthy Agraja Pandey Ajay Sapkale Amogha GS and Jainee Shah Ankita Raj Archee Gupta Arya Sajad Ashis Ray Ashish Dubey Asmita kumar Athul Dinesh Ayushi Johari Ayushi Rastogi Chirantan Khastgir Deepa Kulkarni Dhyani Parekh Dipika Sharma DURGESH PAWAR Eemon Roy Eesha Prasad Mahatme Eippsita Mahato

Gauri Sharma Harshit Doodwal Ishani A Kamat Jitesh Chowdhury Joel Fernando R Jyoti Tyagi Khushboo Kriti Khadia Kritika Rathore Kshipra Shekhar Dhavle KUSH KUKREJA Lamha Bijili Malavika Byju Mayur Shivaji Hajare Nawara Shanoon Neha Bharati NIKITHA S Nirmal Tandel Omprakash kumar nirala Poojitha D Pournima Shinde Pushpendra Anand Rohan Kanungo Sabhyata Jain Sahiba Singh Saksham Panda SAKSHI GAGGAR Salonee Pathak

Sanskriti Deshmukh Sarwesh Shah Saurav Suman Shaik Tauqeer Ahmed Shashirekha Shikha Prasad & Srishti Shrabani Panigrahiu Shravan Sreejith Shravani Joshi Shreya Parasrampuria Siddhi Patil Sidharth Suman Srangi Simran Bahmania Somil Singh Srishti Mehrotra Sunaina Desai Sushmita joshi Vaibhav Vivek Vaishnavi Khadatare, Yashil Nagda, Joy Valathuparambil Vasundhra Vijay Kumar Vinay B Nandargi

We’d also like to thank all those who participated in our open call and helped us enrich and frame the exhbition and vision. Every response was valuable in our process.


A heartfelt thanks to all those who responded to the call for projects in the short time available, the Altplusyd team of Harshali Paralikar and Ajitesh Lokhande for giving us timely advice on the curation, Praveen Nahar who encouraged taking a critical stance, Tarun Deep Girdher for scaffolding this publication, and everyone who supported us throughout with their unstinting belief in our abilities. Lines of Inquiry Š 2020 National Institute of Design, Ahmedabad

Printed and bound in India.

Writing Aarushi Bapna Yatharth Tanishka Kachru Sucharita Beniwal

Editing Aditi Pandit Asif Moideen Pallavi Mambillil

Design Aarushi Bapna

Production advice Tarun Deep Girdher Yogesh Patil

Design Support Chandik C Prajjwal Chandra Rahul Girish Yatharth

Printers Print Vision Pvt. Ltd., Ahmedabad

Images NID Archives and contributing students

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or by any information storage or retrieval system without permission in writing from the copyright holder.

First published in March 2020 by National Institute of Design, Ahmedabad

It has been the endeavour of the National Institute of Design, Ahmedabad to ascertain that all the information presented in this publication is of an authentic nature. However, the views expressed by the author are entirely their own and the institute has no role in influencing them whatsoever.

Printed on Storaenso Classic 70gsm

106

Typeset in Poppins by Indian Type Foundry + Syne by Bonjour Monde

linesofinquiry.nid.edu

ENDNOTES


LINES OF INQUIRY PUBLISHED MARCH 2020

Profile for Yatharth Ipsum

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https://strangerobot.design/Lines-of-Inquiry

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https://strangerobot.design/Lines-of-Inquiry

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