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JUNE / JULY 2015


celebrates rural life

Lamb Rustlers Strike Again

Spring in Yarker

Newburgh Academy

Ryan Smith

Wild Plants

Here’s The Scoop SCOOP The

Celebrates rural life Founded in 2005 by Richard Saxe

PUBLISHER & AD SALES Karen Nordrum stonemills.scoop@gmail.com

GUEST EDITOR Terry Sprague tsprague@kos.net

CONTRIBUTORS Jerry Ackerman, Jordan Balson, Terry Berry, Leah Birmingham, Sally Bowen, Lillian Bufton, Catherine Coles, Mary Jo Field, Mel Galliford, Glen R. Goodhand, Alyce Gorter, Jessica Green, Mac Hembre, J. Huntress, Blair McDonald, Gray Merriam, Steven Moore, Susan Moore, Grace Smith, Terry Sprague


By Terry Sprague


une and July. The beginning of the summer months. Who wouldn’t like hearing those words after this past winter? Well, me, for many years. You can chalk it up to far too many mid-July days stacking bales of hay at the top of a haymow next to an unforgiving metal roof! It has been more than 40 years since those days, and I have mellowed. I have learned how to relax and enjoy what summer offers. June brings the delicate flowers of both Yellow and Showy Lady’s-slipper, unexpected sprigs of Blue-eyed Grasses, and meadows of hawkweeds, their compressed flowers adding a wave of soft yellows that seem to wave with every breeze. July sees Ox-eye Daisy, cinquefoils, milkweeds, and mustards – weeds, my father trained me to believe. He failed to see their beauty or their inner characteristics – their ability to survive through summer droughts when other

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Warm temperatures bring on the dragonflies. Nesting birds are raising second families. As the days become warmer, and birds cease their singing, the interrogations of the Red-eyed Vireo continue unabated from the tree canopy as though welcoming the heat that quiets most other bird species. The fluty notes of Wood Thrushes still echo from the forest and invisible Gray Tree-frogs vocalize from hidden crevices.

always seeking to offer more to its readers. We already have an incredible team of writers, photographers, editors, and publishers. Here is our latest new offering: guest editorials by some of our contributors, or by new friends of The Scoop. Editorials are an important part of newspapers, magazines, and other publications. Providing a fresh perspective on topics covered by The Scoop is a great way to set the tone for an issue, open a debate, or share timely thoughts. Distinguished author, wildlife specialist, and well-known nature guide Terry Sprague is the first of what promises to be an exciting list of guest editorials. We hope you enjoy them!

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Roslyn McCheyne, holding Wee Lassie the lamb, with her sister Regan at Topsy Farms on Amherst Island. Photo by Nancy McCheyne.

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THE SCOOP • June / July 2015

Publisher’s note: The Scoop is

I know – summer also brings deer flies and mosquitoes, but what a small price to pay for the elements of summer when the mysterious sounds of other insects add such a pleasant backdrop to a summer day. Swimming, camping, canoeing, kayaking, soaking up the sun’s rays, and basking in the ever changing scene of nature. It’s a good season. I know that now.



Enjoy this season and this issue of The Scoop, brought to you by the contributors who know best how to enjoy summer!

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613.379.5369 stonemills.scoop@gmail.com thescoop.ca facebook.com/thescoop.ca Please write to us at: Stone Mills Scoop 482 Adair Road Tamworth, ON K0K 3G0 THE SCOOP is published six times a year. We mail The Scoop for free to more than 6600 households in the communities of Tamworth, Centreville, Enterprise, Erinsville, Camden East, Newburgh, Colebrook, Yarker, Verona, Hartington, Sydenham, Roblin, Selby, Parham, Kaladar, Stella, Godfrey, & Marlbank. We also arrange with local retailers to display 1000 additional issues of The Scoop in Napanee, Cloyne, Flinton, Kaladar, & many other locations.

less hardy species would surely starve. Today, I see all of them as wildflowers.

June 13th June 27th July 11th July 25th Aug. 8th Aug. 22nd Sept. 5th Sept. 19th Oct. 3rd Oct.17th

Riverfront Festival Picasso in training – Kid’s Painting Cool Treats to Beat the Heat Wacky Water Games for Kids National Yard Sale Day Beading Bonanza - Kid’s Beading Antique Day Apple Appreciation Day Animal Day/ BIA Scarecrow Festival Celebrating the Season

Letters to the Editor Responses to Steven Moore’s “Power to the People” article (April/May 2015): Has Steven Moore ever tried to store enough DC electricity of any kind to run a single house? It would take a full garage of lead-acid deepdischarge batteries, plus some major inverters to convert the DC back to AC, which is what all home appliances us. Not many people want to invest the money and time to learn to operate this equipment, and maintain the batteries. The batteries have a limited lifespan, maybe 5 years, and then need to be replaced at a major expense.

Steven Moore claims that “there are many potential locations for community power that are unused, abandoned, or already degraded that won’t interfere with anyone’s privacy or view.” Really? Where exactly are these desolate places, outside of the dark side of the moon? And even if people don’t live nearby, what happens to the wildlife that had previously occupied the land now appropriated for these generators? Ironically, in the same issue of The Scoop, there is an article on the fight to save Ostrander Point from wind turbine development exactly to protect the loss of habitat there.

‘Community’ renewable energy is not really what the current solar and wind generator technology offers. Since none of it is stored locally, or used locally, it just serves as a source for Hydro Ontario. If there is a power outage, you cannot use any of the solar or wind power being generated locally! Once Hydro power is lost, all this equipment shuts down since it cannot synchronize to the network, and the power has nowhere to go. So much for community power!

We really need to ask several fundamental questions before going down this road. Why are human demands always expected to trump the needs of other species? And why is it that we country dwellers are called on to give up our countryside for the never-ending power demands that largely come from growth in cities? Can we not put more energy and effort into devising methods to reduce consumption, rather than just blindly opting to build more and more generators? As an old Sierra Club poster once proclaimed, “Wild should wild remain.” Amen to that, since there’s not a lot of it left.

– Milan Konecny

– Stephen Dukoff

The Scoop does a spectacular job of promoting our volunteer community events and programs, and this support really makes a difference. Many of our groups have great ideas and valuable programs, but little budget for advertising. In most cases, if we had to spend our precious funds on advertising our events, we couldn’t afford to hold them! Because of the generosity and community support of The Scoop, our volunteer groups have an effective channel to a wide audience. You have assisted many local groups such as the Friends of the Salmon River, the Ontario Woodlot Association, the Stewardship Councils of Lennox & Addington, Hastings, and Frontenac, and the TamworthErinsville GrassRoots Growers. The posters, photos, and articles printed in The Scoop help us do our good work in the community. “The Tamworth Erinsville Community Development Committee wishes to thank The Scoop for all the support and assistance they have provided to our organization and community over the years.” Mark Oliver It is encouraging to know we can rely on you for promotional help with our community programs. Our hats are off to you! Thank you for your willing cooperation and support. Sincerely, Susan Moore, on behalf of our community organizations

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The Old Newburgh Academy By J. Huntress “Teaching in the Old Academy in its latter days naturally had its mix of charm and drawbacks.” – R.E. Fluke, 1977


he Newburgh Academy is associated with early education in Ontario and the wave of educational expansion that followed early amendments to the first School Act of Upper Canada. The idea to establish a school of high academic standing in Newburgh was promoted by Dr. Isaac Brock Aylesworth, George Eakins, and Robert Hope, and grew out of the dissatisfaction that the first School Act allotted only one grammar school within each of Upper Canada’s nine districts. In 1839, the School Act was amended to allow for the establishment of supplementary grammar schools, and by the end of the same year, the Napanee Grammar School, the Bath Academy, and the Newburgh Academy had all been founded. By the mid1840s, the Newburgh Academy enjoyed a reputation as one of the leading schools in Canada West and attracted the brightest students from the surrounding townships and abroad. Two books about the old Newburgh Academy recently were loaned to SCOOP staff—one was Cora Reid’s Story of the Old Newburgh Academy from 1839 to 1965, written by R.E. Fluke in 1977, and the other was Marion Coulter’s Voices: Student

Memories of the Academy, edited by Norman Bell in 1995. From the 1940s to 1965, over five hundred students attended the Academy, and it is the SCOOP’s hope that some of them and you, the reader, will enjoy these anecdotes. Founded in 1839 and functioning by 1843, Newburgh Academy was one of the first six grammar schools in Upper Canada, initially teaching the male children of the well-to-do until girls were admitted. It had an excellent reputation for hiring excellent teachers and its ability to produce lawyers, doctors, nurses, politicians, scientists, teachers, and “progressive farmers”. When a new Academy building was constructed in 1853, “Better living through education” and “Labour omni vincit” were its mottoes. Some students attended by train originating from Tweed, others commuted by horse and buggy, and others boarded in town until a family member brought them home on weekends. In the 1900s, students began to commute by bus. Marion Fenwick Coulter attended Newburgh Academy in the mid1940s. Her family had a farm near Enterprise, and going there was more convenient than going to Tamworth’s Continuation School. She could either catch a school bus at the farm or take a Wagar Coach. The Wagar Buses ran twice daily from Tweed to

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Newburgh Academy’s graduating class of 1899. Photo courtesy Lennox & Addington County Museum & Archives (LAHS Collection, N-00741). Newburgh, Napanee, and Kingston. Sometimes the snow would be so deep in January that the students did not go to the Academy—instead, the bus would drop them off in town and they would go to a central cafe combined with barbershop to play the jukebox and dance. Marion tells of one Latin teacher who had a short temper and sometimes threw blackboard chalks across the classroom. A young, beginning teacher from Toronto was shocked at this “rural behaviour”, but within a year she was let go for “seeing a man”, let alone marrying him. It was a surprise when, in 1965, the remaining grammar school students marched without objection to the new public school the citizens of Newburgh had built. As social activism began in predepression years, students of Newburgh and elsewhere began to picket and march to demand rights. Students of the Old Academy had heard a rumour that one of their favourite teachers, Charlotte McSherry, might be replaced by a new, young teacher. They made cardboard placards demanding the Board of the Academy keep Miss McSherry, and marched with these placards to downtown Newburgh to the front of M. Vandervoort’s General Store, as he was Chairman of the Academy School Board. He and the other Board Members were so impressed by the student march that they retained Miss McSherry as a teacher despite her years. Class loads at the old Newburgh Academy were horrendous. When it had 80-90 students a year and four teachers (including one who was

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THE SCOOP • June / July 2015

There will be a Celebration of Life for Sheila Greenley held at the Tamworth Legion from 2-4 p.m. on June 20, 2015.

also Headmaster) for grammar and high school, three large classrooms upstairs were used for high school, and downstairs’ rooms were mixed with grammar students. Miss Elizabeth Langman called teaching in the 1940s an “awesome responsibility”. She was paid annually $1800 and taught French (to five grades), Latin (two grades), English (one grade) and a Grade 9 art class once a week. Her daily load was nine classes a day until the days of the Centreville Agricultural Fair when the Academy closed. Everyone went! Female teachers were restricted in their personal lives outside the school. In 1923, a teacher called Lottie Jones published in a Senior’s Newsletter the following “Restrictions” to teachers’ personal lives— she had been asked to sign a contract and obey these discriminatory and puritanical rules. Whether or not these rules really existed is still being argued by alumnae today:

• There shall be no marriage. • You are NOT to keep company with

• • • • •

men, nor to ride in carriages with them. Be home by 8 p.m. every night. No loitering in the Ice Cream Parlour. Do not leave Newburgh without permission of the School Board. No Smoking. Dresses should not be in bright colours and you cannot wear face powder nor lipstick.

The sacrifices that these schoolteachers made in their classrooms should be remembered. Every pupil owes thanks to these men and women who taught them their ideals of education. Good teachers of Camden Township, your legacy continues today.

Our Native Land By Mary Jo Field


t the most basic level, human life depends on resources that are generated by healthy ecosystems. Despite miraculous advances in medical treatment and cell phones, we all still need water, air and energy from food; this is unlikely to change any time soon. And most of us prefer clean water, clean air and healthy food. What does this have to do with “Our Native Land”? In short, it is all about balance. Native insects need native plants to survive; imported ornamentals do not match their nutritional needs and often do not leaf out, bloom, or set seed at the appropriate time in the insects’ life cycle. In turn, insects feed birds and mammals and pollinate our edible plants, which feed us. Native plants need less (if any) irrigation, no pesticides, and no mowing, contributing to a cleaner environment. Add in the fact that indigenous plants are beautiful, and we have a perfect storm of reasons to add some native species to our properties. Over the past six years, the Tamworth-Erinsville GrassRoots Growers has hosted numerous events focused on the growing of good things. Sometimes it was about local and organic food, with various evenings devoted to garlic, sweet potatoes, and perennial food crops, or the storing, canning and preserving of our home-grown produce. Other times there was emphasis on the more decorative aspects of gardening. In February, an evening was dedicated to learning about building up healthy soil. Most recently, on April 7, Peter Fuller, owner of Fuller Native and Rare Plants in Belleville, spoke to a large crowd about the importance of sustaining our local landscape using native plants. He follows four general principles:

1. Get to know your local plants, habitats and ecosystems.

2. Choose plants suited to the site. 3. Propagate from seed to encourage genetic diversity.

4.Do what you can to sustain the entire ecosystem including soil and pollinators.

Peter talked about a wide variety of plants for different locations, whether you have a sunny perennial garden, a shady woodland area, or a wet and boggy site. Rather than repeat the list, I encourage you to check his website at www. fullerplants.com for specifics. Instead, I will tell you what he said about attracting, and more importantly sustaining, birds and pollinators because it was a bit of an “Aha!” moment for me. How many of us have bird feeders? Or have talked or read about planting certain flowers to attract butterflies, hummingbirds, honeybees, and other pollinators? I know I have. But I can honestly say I have not thought much about providing the environment needed to sustain insect pollinators through all phases of their life cycle. Pollinators need nesting sites in which to lay their eggs, larval feeding plants, hunting sites, adult forage plants that supply pollen and nectar, a water source, and overwintering sites – usually for larvae and pupae. So, in addition to bird feeders and colourful flowers, have buffer zones of wild, uncultivated areas at the borders of your gardens. Plant a variety of native species including grasses; a healthy diversity of creatures requires a diversity of shapes, heights, and colours across the seasons. Plant in large groups, rather than having individual specimens, so pollinators can find them more easily. Did you know honeybees are blind to the colour red? Plant yellows, blues and whites. And did you know there are around 400 species of native bees in Ontario, most of which are important pollinators? Remember that every native plant helps; you do not need to tear out your entire perennial garden and start over. Consider reducing the size of your mown lawn, and plant a mixture of native shrubs and wildflowers. Let an area of your lawn or meadow remain uncut to provide winter protection for insects

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Peter Fuller, speaking on the importance of sustaining our local landscape using native plants. Photo by David Field. and birds. Sustain our ecosystem to sustain life. Our thanks go to Peter Fuller for his informative and entertaining talk. Thanks also to St. Patrick’s School in Erinsville for the use of their auditorium for this event, to everyone who helped with set up and clean up, and to Marilyn McGrath for preparing the cookies and snacks. Big thanks go to everyone who made a donation at the door to help cover the costs of our ongoing activities. Tamworth/Erinsville GrassRoots Growers is a community-based group. Our mission is to encourage interest in local and organic gardening for both the home garden and the market garden; to raise awareness of issues surrounding food production; to improve our practical knowledge of all aspects of plant life; and to provide networking opportunities for gardeners. We welcome new members. For upcoming events, visit our website at te-grassrootsgrowers. weebly.com for news and updates.

Notice to Township of Stone Mills Residents… As part of our commitment as a fire department to provide Fire Prevention and Community Safety, Stone Mills Fire Fighters will be visiting homes within the township over the spring/summer months to conduct a “Fire Safety Check” to ensure there are working smoke alarms on every storey of the home as well as a

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working Carbon Monoxide alarm. If you have any other fire safety concerns these may be addressed during the visit or please feel free to contact the fire department at the municipal office at 613-378-2475 or fireprevention@stonemills.com. June / July 2015 • THE SCOOP


Do You Remember...

The Old Swimmin’ Hole? By Glen R. Goodhand


ong before in-ground, backyard pools, purified with great gobs of chlorine to satisfy the local health inspector, and before the daily morning shower was part of modern civilization’s culture, a place to swim was wherever you found it! Families flocked to the local lakeshore to cool off after a hard day’s labour. But for kids of every age, the old swimmin’ hole represented the genuine “pause that refreshes”!

But the lost joys is past! Let your tears in sorrow roll Like the rain that ust to dapple up the old swimmin’-hole. On hot summer days (or those rare occasions when spring offered a preview of the coming season), its cool (or freezing cold) waters beckoned many a youngster to a welcome respite from the discomfort of oppressive temperatures!

There was usually a stream flowing somewhere nearby. It was probably shallow, so swan dives were not recommended. But as long as it was deep enough to get submerged, the purpose was realized.

Oh! the old swimmin’-hole! In the long, lazy days When the humdrum of school made so many run-a-ways, How plesant was the jurney down the old dusty lane, Whare the tracks of our bare feet was all printed so plane You could tell by the dent of the heel and the sole They was lots o’ fun on hands at the old swimmin’-hole.

The location of these bodies of H2O varied—depending a lot on convenience. Young lads, and even teenagers, seldom had the good fortune to be chauffeured to this liquid luxury; so they had to either hoof it, or ride their bicycle. On a steaming hot July afternoon, to travel very far would only defeat the whole purpose of cooling off—the return trip would see to that.

A river, as long as it was not extremely fast flowing, was ideal. The depth would be ideal for a refreshing plunge—either foot first, or in the conventional dive format. Often a familiar shout would accompany the launch into space: “GERONIMO!” was the favourite! But another option, in the form of a dare, was: “Last one in’s a rotten egg!”

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Some who splashed in these natural pools had the benefit of a bonus—a heavy rope enabling them to imitate Tarzan – swinging from the bank out over the middle, where they let go and dropped like a bomb into the deepest part of the water. There was a seventy-five percent chance that the temperature of that aquatic body would initially take the diver’s breath away. The likelihood of that being true increased if those daring lads decided to take an early-season dip! Perhaps the most ironic scenario featured a small pond. Generally, especially as the summer progressed, a swim there might contribute to becoming dirtier rather than cleaner. Not only that, but the likely presence of tadpoles, or fully-grown frogs, took away some of the attraction which other locales held. Mud squishing

between one’s toes in the return to the bank was equally probable. Garb was optional. The least likely attire would be a conventional bathing suit. Often these dips were the result of a whim, not a longrange plan. So going home to gather swim trunks would be a bother. Occasionally guys jumped in wearing their jeans. But the most common scenario, if there was reasonable privacy (blush), was to take the plunge in one’s birthday suit! There have even been several songs written and sung about that latter approach to taking the plunge—one, believe it or not—sung by Bobby Bare. The promise of cooling off was always appealing—but the joy of camaraderie alone was enough to prompt returning frequently!

THE CLOYNE AND DISTRICT HISTORICAL SOCIETY Saturday June 13: Cloyne Pioneer Museum & Archives will participate in “Doors Open Ontario” in celebration of “Frontenac County 150”. 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Free admission. Saturday June 20: Cloyne Pioneer Museum & Archives invite you to our Season Opening BBQ with entertainment by the Pickled Chicken String Band. BBQ 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. Museum open 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., seven days a week, all summer. Admission by donation. Sunday June 28: C&DHS Members’ Annual Bus Trip. Guests welcome. This time we are going to the Tamworth/Erinsville Irish Festival. Call Carolyn 613.336.6858 for more details. Visit the museum from June to Labour Day. Special tours can be arranged off season. Our archives are growing and museum staff will help with searches for certificates, photos, letters, artifacts, etc. Copies can be made in most cases. Featured this season is an expanded Bon Echo display as well as many new items. 613.336.8011 pioneerinfo@mazinaw.on.ca


THE SCOOP • June / July 2015

Newburgh’s Art Among the Ruins th Celebrates 10 Anniversary By Lillian Bufton


rom the humble beginnings of a handful of artists, to this year’s event featuring over 65 artists and which might draw a crowd tripling the population of Newburgh, Art Among the Ruins is celebrating its 10th anniversary on Saturday, June 20. A large outdoor art show and sale at 27 Earl Street in Newburgh, Art Among the Ruins is situated on the historical property of the Thomson Paper Mill, with extensive gardens and next to the rushing waterfalls of the Napanee River. Stone ruins of the mill sit amid the mature trees and greenery. The property is home to Viola Kalinowski and David Anderson, who spend many months preparing for the one-day annual event that is open from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. With over 65 artists participating this year, there will be paintings, fabric, mosaic tile, wood, jewelry, pottery, sculpture, photography, and many more art mediums on display and for sale. There will be many returning artists as well as new talent, and always something unique to see. Art Among the Ruins began a decade ago when Viola and David’s daughter, Stacey Anderson, a mosaic artist who also lives in the village, convinced them to open their historic property to showcase the talents of artists from the local region and beyond. Stacey has been the creative inspiration for the show from the beginning, and continues to be the principal organizer. Each year, the event grows in size and popularity, with little sign of slowing down.

“One of the advantages to this show is the venue,” explains Anderson, “Whether one is an art lover, a history buff, a gardener, or music lover, Art Among the Ruins appeals to a variety of people. Our goal in offering this show is to bring visitors together to enjoy, and buy art in a beautiful setting. We appreciate that people take time out of their busy lives to visit the event, and we do everything we can to make their experience truly pleasurable.” They are succeeding, as long-time Stone Mills township resident Rob Fenwick attests to. “With many generations of my family having called this area home,” explains Fenwick, “it has been with great despair that we have witnessed the gradual decline of rural Ontario. Events such as Art Among the Ruins are the perfect way for all of us to share with the world our sense of creation, culture and community, which are alive and well here. Although I am not an artist myself, I fully enjoy and appreciate Art Among the Ruins in ways that I never expected, and I encourage families and people of all ages to attend and discover for yourselves. What a magical place and a wonderful experience! “ Artists enjoy participating and sharing their talents with people who sometimes travel many hours to visit the show. As glassblower and Odessa-resident Mark Parkinson explains, “The garden setting by the river with the ruins of the old mill showcasing artists among the history of Newburgh is perfect and stress-free. The layout of the booths has been well thought out so as not to crowd the sellers and gives lots of room for people to take their time to

Visitors milling around the Art Among the Ruins art show and sale last year. Contributed photo.

explore. Even if I never made a sale at this show it would be the only show I wouldn’t want to miss.” At this year’s event, Parkinson will be demonstrating his lampwork by showing how he forms glass into beads and sculptures using flame and gravity. Other artists will be demonstrating papermaking, woodturning, painting, weaving, and more. In many cases, visitors will be able to participate in the process. If visitors prefer a hands-off approach, they can just relax and experience the peaceful surroundings. They can sit and listen to soothing live music or buy a bar-

b-q lunch from the local Lions Club. All proceeds from the Lions Club food sales will be going directly to local community activities. The show will be open rain-or-shine. There is ample parking in the village only a short walk to the site. Since the show’s inception, admission remains free. For more information about the event, or if you have special needs, please contact Stacey Anderson at info@artamongtheruins.com. You can visit www.artamongtheruins. com to get directions, additional information, or to see samples of work by all participating artists.

From Spring to Summer By Lena Koch


arch 20th is the first day of spring. But this year, the deep freeze just wouldn’t let up and lasted right until April 24, when the season seemed to change overnight from winter to spring. Strolling around Yarker, it’s a pleasure to hear the noise of returning Canada geese overhead, and the chirping of robins. The marshland is filled with the wonderful high-pitched singing of red-winged blackbirds. Goslings are swimming down the river, but aren’t yet old enough to fly over the waterfall. Once it starts to get warm, nasty black flies appear. But the heat also brings out the lush grass, and the leaves on the trees, which are in every shade of green imaginable. All kinds of lovely flowers start to grow, and their wonderful fragrances fill the air. Hummingbirds return around the second day of May. Lilacs appear almost from one day to another. The sweltering heat we had for a few

days made all the fruit trees blossom suddenly. By the third week of May, it turns colder, and that helps to lower the swarms of black flies. However, now the annoying mosquitoes are out. They’re no good for humans and dogs because they can transfer diseases, but they play an important role in the food chains of other animals, especially our lovely and fragile swallows. By late May, it’s time to get out the rattling lawn mowers and to start planting gardens. Wild strawberries are almost ready to provide food for the orioles, who love to sit in the flowering fruit trees and sing their sweet songs. Grosbeaks join in, and together with robins, blue jays, and cardinals, form nature’s orchestra. Summer will arrive soon in Yarker. Let’s hope that it will be a good and prosperous one for everyone in the area.

Trees in bloom in Yarker. Photo by Lena Koch.

June / July 2015 • THE SCOOP


Lessons Learned

Travelling and Rural Life

By Blair McDonald

By Jordan Balson, Grade 12, Napanee District Secondary School


ne of the most remarkable statements of British historian Kenneth Clark’s landmark work Civilisation comes on the very first page. Clark poses an obvious and necessary question: “What is civilisation?” And, in the next sentence, after decades of research on the subject, he confesses to his readers: “I don’t know.” Should we laugh or scratch our heads in confusion? My first thought: You did just write a 400-page book called Civilisation didn’t you? Eventually, he does say something. After all, he did write a book about the subject. Clark reminds us of the insightful claim made by 19th century art historian, John Ruskin: “Great nations write their autobiographies in three manuscripts: the book of their deeds, the book of their words, and the books of their art. Not one of these books can be understood unless we read the two others, but of the three the only trustworthy one is the last.” This is not to say that the history of civilization is the history of art. Clark makes this clear. A sense of history requires a sense of its moving parts. The artifacts that remain reveal (regardless of how difficult they are to interpret) the character and spirit of a past civilization –its hopes and dreams, as much as its laws and systems of authority. In today’s technologically-driven society, the question remains as

to which art will stand the test of time. Notable Canadian scholar, Northrop Frye once asked, given our technological advancements (and this was in 1963!) whether the imaginative arts would eventually be outgrown by a scientific civilization like ours. In other words, would technological progress extinguish the artistic imagination? His answer was similar to Clark’s…he didn’t know. This is not say that I know but, I wonder if he assumes that art is merely a metaphor for our dreams, while forgetting the emotional and spiritual conflicts that compel the artist (unconsciously or not) to create in the first place. The archetype of the unhappy artist is real; not because of a lack in technological know-how, but because life has presented him or her with very real hardships. Regardless, Frye reminds us that for all of our anxiety about what is to come, the present is never as clear as we may think. “In ordinary experience we’re all in the position of a dog in a library, surrounded by a world of meaning in plain sight that we don’t even know is there.” It is the present itself which stands before us and is the most difficult to see. We are but dogs sniffing, circling (and barking) about the artifacts of history. In this sense, I guess Kenneth Clark is right. “I don’t know” isn’t completely off the mark.

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THE SCOOP • June / July 2015


hat keeps coming up in every conversation I’ve been having with my friends lately is what they’re doing next year, and more often than not, where that will be. Where you go for your post-secondary education can become more than just where you’ll live for the next four years – it can even become where you spend the rest of your life. Location, location, location—it’s a big deal. I have some friends that are choosing their post-secondary school because it’s far away from home. They could never fathom living so close to home like I will next year at Queen’s University. I have one very brave friend who’s taking the year off to travel, work, and decide what she really wants to do. For her and other youth, travelling can be one of the best educations out there.

nowhere; but I think the middle of nowhere is a pretty amazing place to be. After all of my family’s travels, it’s where we’ve ended up. There’s something about rural life that can’t quite be matched; the slow, warm summer days, the wildlife, the nature, and everyone’s general attitude. I consider myself lucky to have experienced rural life, and even more so now that I’ll be going to Queen’s, knowing I won’t be too far from my country home. So yes, everyone should travel, learn, and grow, but it’s just as important to never forget the “middle of nowhere”. It’s beautiful out here, and I know I’ll always cherish my rural roots.

I’ve lived in a lot of places – from here to British Columbia, Alberta, and Florida – ten houses in total. I know many people think it’s traumatic to have to keep restarting your life with a new school and new friends, but I think that the experience of travelling is worth it. There’s only so much you can learn living in the same place until you have to really get out there and experience the world. Geography suddenly becomes so much more interesting when you walk the trails of the national parks and visit the province’s capitals. Languages seem more valuable when you visit a French-speaking area of Canada and suddenly have a reason to use it. Travelling makes the world more interesting Tel: 613-379-5874 Email: soscsvcs@gmail.com and everything Web: www.s-o-s-computers.com around us suddenly Wm. (Bill) Greenley become more Kim Read relevant. It opens Network and Internet Security Specialists our minds and Wired, Wireless, Network Design and Implementation hearts, and I think Computer repairs and sales that everyone New or reconditioned should do it sometime in their life. That isn’t to say that the simplicity of country life should be overlooked. I have a few friends who are going to school in Toronto just because they want to get out of the middle of

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Are you a community-minded person who loves to write or take photos? Well then join our team and have fun making The Scoop the best little news magazine in the area! Contact Karen Nordrum: stonemills.scoop@gmail.com

Harmony (and Dissonance!) By Alyce Gorter


his was to be a story about a horse named Harmony. And it is. Eventually. It is also a story about a girl’s passion for horses and her family’s selfless support of her passion.

and tie Honey to Annie and with Mom watching front and back, giving instructions to ‘Slow down’ or ‘Speed up’ and making sure no one drowned, they managed to get the parade safely to dry land.

Annie McKinnon loves horses. Her Mom – Kathy Lowery King – shares that passion. So, when she was 5 years old, Annie began taking riding lessons with Mom patiently providing transportation to the stable and a watchful eye during the lesson. As Annie grew, so did her desire to own her own horse. Not even a broken nose, two broken fingers, a broken arm, and a broken pelvis could dampen the longing. So, in August 2002, Honey, Annie’s first horse, came to live in Parham. Two weeks after her arrival, she disappeared from her locked paddock. The hunt was on!

Horses are a herd animal and Annie (and her mother) were not keen on repeating the ‘lost’ horse experience. It was decided that Honey might be more content if she had a companion. Enter Harmony.

Word got around that a horse was missing and in a short time, Honey was located. Her trail showed that she had encountered a bear and, probably from fear and the lack of any herd protection, she had swum to a small island in Eagle Lake 200 to 300 feet from shore. But, whether from a fear of water, memories of a wild flight from a bear or some other horse reason, she refused to let Annie ride her back to the main land. She also “freaked out” over a motor boat. The solution? Tie a canoe to the motorboat, tie Annie to the canoe,

Harmony, is a bay, quarter horse/ Arab cross mare who came to live at the King Ranch in 2002 as a companion for Honey. Kathy rode her one time only and Annie’s boyfriend rode her once – which curbed his desire to ride again. In 2006, Annie left home to pursue higher education. Now, this is when it is common to see the ad, “Horse for sale. Daughter in University/College. Etc.”. But no, Kathy and her husband Dave took over the care and keeping of Annie’s two four-legged friends. Dave King, who has always had a healthy respect/fear of horses, was the one Harmony chose as her preferred caregiver. So Dave was the one who provided the hay, grain, supplements, brushing, and assorted treats to Harmony. How does a horse like Harmony repay such kindness? She bit him. And Dave, in relaying the story, takes responsibility for

inciting such an act! But, you say, there is nothing in this story that is highly unusual (other than the ‘rescue’) episode. True, except that Harmony is nearly 50 years old! She was “over 30” when The Kings brought her home. “Ha!” said veterinarian Mark Rutherford, “closer to 40 than 30!” That was 13 years ago.

Annie McKinnon, with her horse Harmony. Photo by Ken Gorter.

The modern domestic horse has a life expectancy of 25 to 30 years. The oldest living horse, an Irish Draught named Shayne, is 51 years old and lives in England. The oldest verifiable record was for “Old Billy” who lived to be 62. (At what point

Hurling Down the Pine Submitted by The Pioneer Museum, Cloyne and District Historical Society


imbering opened up the northern part of Lennox and Addington County. According to the local history book The Oxen and The Axe, “there was squared timber cut in Anglesea Township on the west side of Cloyne as early as the 1820s.” Competition for limits, or areas to be cut, was fierce, with crews following the spotters who scoured the limit for the tallest, straightest white pines in the forest. The destination for the timber was England only, as the colonies were not allowed trade with any other country. Using water routes from the Madawaska to the Mazinaw, the Skootamatta to the Moira, timber crews cut trees all winter, piling them by the waterways in time for the spring floods, when giant log booms travelled the routes, eventually ending up in Ottawa or Trenton for sale and shipment. Competing companies would sometimes find themselves at the same place on a river at the same time, and fights would break out among the men. This was not an occupation for the weak at heart! By the late 1800s however, much of the best timber had been cut and the big companies pulled out, leaving behind a trail of destruction, slash and fire. By the 1920s and 30s some of the forest had rejuvenated and lumbering again became more viable.

Originally from Michigan, the Sawyer-Stoll Lumber Company set up business north and west of Lake Mazinaw in 1939, providing employment and housing for many many workers in the area. Managed by Wallace Johnson, it proved to be a very successful operation, even after the mill was shut down. The business was moved to Kaladar to take advantage of the readily available trains, and then to Tweed after train travel was discontinued in the 1970s. Many small companies currently operate in the same trade today, although their equipment and techniques would seem very strange to that of first generation of cutters in our forests.

did they refer to him as OLD Billy?!). So, Harmony, who is probably somewhere between 44 to 49 years of age, has earned some recognition for herself and those who have fondly cared for her these many years.


Keep those vehicles shining... Fred Scott from the Vennachar area. He played bagpipes and wrote poetry, and is said to have entered a log rolling contest on Benny’s Lake playing the bagpipes the entire time. This photo shows him with a pike pole working for the Sawyer-Stoll Lumber Company,in the early 1940s. Photo courtesy of the Cloyne Pioneer Museum’s archives.



Compassion Fatigue: What Doesn’t Bend, Breaks By Leah Birmingham


henever I discuss what I do for a living with people, they always comment on how lucky I am to work with wildlife, and spend my time doing something so rewarding. They’re right, and I wouldn’t for a moment argue with them. There is however a darker side, that most of us in my field never discuss. I recently read a Facebook post regarding compassion fatigue in the animal care giving community. The post was trying to bring awareness to the issue because suicide rates in this group of professionals continue to rise. For veterinarians and vet techs working in animal hospitals, and for staff at shelters and other rescue organizations, the constant ups and downs of caring for animals can be both a blessing and a burden. As a vet tech working in wildlife rehabilitation, I have had my own battles with compassion fatigue. In fact, I face it every spring when the numbers of wildlife in need for help drastically rise, pushing everyone in this line of work to the extreme. It can be very difficult to balance home life, personal health, and sanity with the strong desire to help animals that have been through unbelievable trauma. I liken the work we do to battlefield medicine – the patients arrive in waves, and there will be a rush of admittances and then a lull. Just when you’re getting back on your feet, boom, another rush of incoming patients need to be triaged, treated for initial trauma, and given a calm quite cage to recover in. On really busy days, I’ll be assessing and treating a patient while several other new admissions wait in cages to be assessed. This on top of the daily treatments, feeding, and cleaning of the 100+ patients already in care, training volunteers, handling incoming phone calls about patients that need transportation or rescuing, and giving advice on wildlife related issues.

to become happier and continue to do the work I love, I was going to need to make some changes. Firstly, I had to realize what my family doctor had been suggesting for a while – I couldn’t keep this schedule up for much longer. I had to retrain the perfectionist in me that didn’t want to leave work until everything was perfect. It was unrealistic as SPWC became increasingly busier over the years. Our admission numbers had doubled, and I needed to accept that in order to help more animals, this perfect standard of care in my head was going to have to be altered I also had to change how much time I spent when I was home working on other work projects (fundraising, scheduling, researching, work emails, etc.), because that was severely limiting the time I had for my own family. I still put in a crazy amount of volunteer hours on top of my work hours especially in the spring, but I don’t do it every day any more. By doing this I have allowed my brain (and soul for that matter), to heal from the sadness and despair we are exposed to everyday. I can move forward from disappointing losses more easily and focus on helping those I can. Now, I get along better with everyone and have fewer conflicts. I’ve accepted my own limitations, which has made it easier for me to accept other people’s as well. I laugh more, and take others and myself less seriously. I have embraced the lyrics of one of my favourite Ani DiFranco songs “Buildings and bridges are made to bend in the wind, to withstand the world that’s what it takes...what doesn’t bend breaks.” You may wonder why I felt the need to share my story, certainly there must be more upbeat topics to write about in regards to wildlife rehabilitation. My hope is to convey

The last time I experienced burnout, I became pretty short-tempered and my passion for helping wildlife made me super focused and edgy. I started to have more conflicts with the people around me, and I couldn’t understand why everyone around me didn’t see the need to push themselves hard every minute of the day. I had put all my compassion and sensitivity into the animals I cared for, and had nothing left to give to the people around me, at work or at home. I rarely socialized or spent time with family, because by the end of the day or work week, I was too drained of energy and withdrawn to spend time with anyone. What had been a joy had become a burden. It was through the support of my family and friends, as well as guidance from my colleagues in the veterinary field, that I finally realized my problem wasn’t with other people, it was me. No one was forcing me to take on this burden. If I wanted


THE SCOOP • June / July 2015

to everyone who feels that they were treated rudely, or misunderstood when they required the help of people working in animal rescue, the level of stress that person may be working under. Please don’t judge an organization that is working tremendously hard to help as many animals as possible on an interaction that wasn’t pleasant. Instead, take a step back and realize the staff and volunteers are working hard to help others, often while facing some disturbing side effects of humanity’s mistreatment of animals. Offer them kindness, and forgive their rudeness as a symptom of compassion fatigue. Leah Birmingham is the Assistant Director at SPWC. You can contact Sandy Pines at info@ sandypineswildlife. org and visit their website at sandypineswildlife. org.

Board at Sandy Pines Wildlife Centre informing visitors of how many animals are in care. Photo by Leah Birmingham.

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Highland Cattle Adventures By Terry Berry [Editor’s note: The following is a piece of correspondence between Terry Berry and Alyce Gorter. Alyce has a herd of highland cows and was instrumental in Terry and his wife Carole acquiring their first four cows in 2012. In his three years of farming in Stone Mills, Terry and Alyce have communicated back and forth, sharing stories of their experiences with this breed and farming in general. We think Scoop readers will find interest and perhaps humor in his trials as a new farmer.]


ust wanted to touch base and to let you know that our four girls survived the winter without complaint. Not bothered by the amount of snow or frigid temperatures, they could be found huddled together on top of what was left of their round bale(s) until the many storms this season had passed. On the windier days, they would just move to the lea side of the chicken coop where they would lounge around picking through the snow or use the board and batten to scratch themselves. With the current warm weather this Easter weekend, we decided to let the chickens free-range in the field with the cows. It would be the first each group had been able to mingle without a metal barrier between them. All four girls were standing beside and behind me at the entrance of the chicken run in anticipation of something happening. As the door was opened, there was a feathered stampede through to the great outdoors. The 33 hens & lone rooster (named Little Eagle) quickly spied remnants of fed out round bales and curious brown saucers strewn about the field. They eagerly began pecking, scratching and spreading both as the fury girls moved in for a closer look. It was but one sniff from Isla (the matriarch of the herd) that irritated a couple of the hens. Their instinctive reaction to a perceived threat sent them to flight toward her. Startled at the hen’s reaction, Isla quickly lumbered away from the flock at highland breakneck speed with the other three in tow. Heads with horns were shacking and hind feet were kicking as they headed far and away from these little feathered invaders. After an hour or so, the hens widened their range, venturing farther afield toward the still unsettled herd. Curiosity got the better of Tearlag (the instigator) the youngest of

the herd. She was soon wandering through the sea of feathers sniffing the ground around these little creatures. Curiosity gave way to hunger and she went back to feeding with the rest of her herd. As the day progressed, both groups enjoyed the sunshine quietly mingling together as though they were now one big herd. Isla has become very wide, waddling as she makes her way from round bale to water trough to scratching post. She seems to show more bag than Morag (the princess) the 2nd oldest who was also exposed to the herd sire from whence they came. Morag, though wide, has not started to bag at all. We are still hoping that she is also with child and not just getting fat. Time will tell. Fiona (the little blonde) made a break for the back yard last evening. As I have always done in the past, I left the fence gate opened, walking through to the coop in the middle of the field to feed & water the flock. Thankfully, Carole saw Fiona wandering at the back of the house and came out in hopes of getting her to go back to where she belonged. Fiona took Carole’s actions as playtime and gleefully danced around her going everywhere but through the gate, grazing on the grass while waiting for Carole to get close again. Once the chicken chores were done, I looked back up toward the house to see the shenanigans. Carole, all five foot three of her, took a wide stance waving her arms while Fiona ignored her motions grazing on the uncut grass. Instinctively I banged the empty water pails I had in my hand. This is normally the signal to the girls that grain (The Big Treat) is coming. Not only did Fiona take notice of my gesture and find her way back through the gate as fast as she could, but the other three

Terry’s highland cows and chickens grazing. Photo by Terry Berry. herd members stopped what they were doing and followed her on the gallop to my position. Having four girls running at you would make any man freeze and I did! Thankfully, they stopped short of shoving me through the coop. Once they settled, giving me a good once over with their snouts, realizing it was a false alarm (and I checked myself) they casually walked me out of the field. Moments later, I came back with grain to show my appreciation for their gentleness. I don’t think they understood why I came back. They just appreciated the grain.

I hope I haven’t bored you with my tales. I just can’t wait to get home at the end of the work day to see all our girls (and boy – Little Eagle the rooster). I trust your herd is doing well. Would like to hear how you’re making out. Once Isla and hopefully Morag freshen, I will talk to you about the use of one of your boys. Feel free to swing by any time. We would love to sit down and chat. Talk soon, Terry

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June / July 2015 • THE SCOOP


How You Can Benefit from Community Power By Steven Moore


he first part of this series (Power to the People) in the last issue of The SCOOP set the stage for community power with a list of 12 Ontario communities that are generating their own power. This is just the beginning. The energy game-changer will probably be the spectacular advances in energy storage. Deutsche Bank caused a stir earlier this year when it suggested that energy storage technologies – specifically, lithium-ion batteries – are likely to become cheap enough within five years to deploy on a massive scale. “We believe 20 to 30 per cent yearly cost reduction is likely,” said the bank. That pace of cost reduction, it said, creates “mass adoption potential before 2020” – starting with utility and commercial use. When Elon Musk, chief executive of Tesla Motors unveiled the Tesla PowerWall in May, a sleek-looking battery for home use designed for backup during power outages, it unleashed so many orders in one week that filling them all will take well into 2016. Assuming all those orders get completed, they will bring in $800 million in new business for Tesla. Cheap storage means that we don’t have to rely on huge power plants, or the gigantic electrical towers and high-voltage lines of the traditional grid. A community can generate its own electricity from solar and wind and store it locally for use later. There are other storage technologies, too. Pumped storage of water, compressed air, flywheels, hydrogen, magnetic, thermal, and the batteries of a million electric cars are all ways to store energy. Cheap storage will change the game, and will make generating your own power as common as heating your own home. There are many ways you can be involved in this energy revolution. One of the easiest is to invest in solar bonds. These bonds, sold by many companies, usually pay about 5% per year. The money collected is used to build solar and wind installations. SolarShare is one of the most popular. You get paid for helping to reduce our CO2 emissions.

least a dozen over that time. The microFIT Program provides homeowners and other eligible participants with the opportunity to develop a small or “micro” renewable electricity generation project (10 kilowatts or less in size) on their property. You are paid a guaranteed price over a 20-year term for all the electricity you produce and deliver to the province’s electricity grid. The payment is designed to give you about a 10% return on your investment in your solar modules every year for 20 years, and you are unlikely to find a legal investment as good as that. Once again, you get paid for helping to reduce our CO2 emissions. This is the route Stone Mills Township took. They installed 560 solar modules on two roofs and have earned $100,000 each year for 2012, 2013, and 2014, saving tax dollars for everyone living in Stone Mills. For the truly far-sighted, there is Community Power, a class of sustainable energy projects that are owned, developed, and controlled fully or partly (50 per cent or more) by residents of the community in which the project is located. Under the Ontario Sustainable Energy Association definition, Community Power proponents include local residents, farmer collaboratives, co-operatives, First Nations, municipalities, and other institutions working to develop local sustainable energy projects. Community sustainable energy developments help keep energy dollars in the community, create economic development, empower residents, cut pollution, reduce greenhouse gases, and address energy security concerns. AGRIS Solar Co-operative was formed in March of 2010 and this is a general description of their Solar Co-operative: • Each member owns a common share in the co-operative. • Each member makes a preferred equity investment in the cooperative. • Each solar microFIT project is sited on a property belonging to an eligible member of the cooperative. • The member is paid a license fee

Putting solar modules on your house is a way to become more energy independent. You can use the energy yourself or sell it to the province through the microFIT Program. We raised two children and farmed sheep, chickens, pigs, cattle, and an unspecified number of cats for 11 years off the grid just north of Tamworth. There was a learning curve and some anxiety in the beginning about being responsible for our own power, but we never had a blackout while Tamworth had at


THE SCOOP • June / July 2015

for the use of the land where a solar project is sited. • The cooperative arranges the debt financing and owns the solar projects. • Members Tesla Powerwall home battery mounted outside. earn a Contributed photo. return on their investments via profits from the communities and municipalities) to sale of power generated by the bring their projects to life. The REFO projects. can connect anyone interested with the appropriate resources at the The AMBER Energy Co-op was proper Ontario partner ministries, incorporated in May 2012 with the agencies, and governments. intention of building communityowned renewable energy projects Don’t let everyone else have all the in the Aylmer, Malahide, Bayham, fun – talk to friends, neighbours, and Elgin regions (hence the name and add in some unlike-minded AMBER). people, too. You might come up with something really interesting. The Ottawa Renewable Energy Co-op (OREC) was incorporated At the very least, you will know in September 2010 as a for-profit that you are taking charge of your renewable energy co-operative. community (pun intended), instead OREC is focusing on solar projects in of letting others decide who has the the City of Ottawa. To date, the copower. op has six operational solar rooftop projects all funded through member Steven Moore teaches Sustainability, investments. Environmental Policy, and Ecological Economics at Queen’s University. Ontario’s Green Energy Act is making it easier for people and organizations to develop renewable energy projects. New processes and programs are helping Ontario become a North American leader in attracting clean energy projects and green jobs.

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A Natural View New Plants, New Experiences By Terry Sprague


ne of the reasons I gave up smoking over 25 years ago was due to the embarrassment of asking school kids on a hike to pull me up the last 20 metres on Macaulay Mountain. Today and approaching 71, I can almost jog all the way up the 75-metre trail on Macaulay Mountain. I recall the days when two lookouts up there in this Picton conservation area provided incredible views of Picton Bay and the picnic area and pond below. Today, those memorable panoramas have surrendered to aging trees and bushes and it’s more difficult to capture those scenes, although they are still present if you look hard enough. It is a far different environment up there, certainly drier than the oftenmuddy trails on the lowland below. Trees are different, wildflowers are different, and often the make-up of wildlife. We can still hear the resonating voices of ovenbirds below and the fluted songs of wood thrushes. Now and again, we hear the penetrating screeches of a great crested flycatcher or the hurried phrases of a rose-breasted grosbeak. And at this time of year, the interrogations of red-eyed vireos are not far away. But they are all below us, along the escarpment in a thick corridor of mixed deciduous trees – beeches, maples and a curious hummock of hemlocks where barred owls are often found. On the summit, however, there are field sparrows, most of them distant, as this almost bare plateau of Prince Edward County limestone and the scattered cedars and scrub bushes are more to their liking. But the most noticeable differences are the trees. There aren’t many shagbark hickory on the face of the escarpment – they

are all up here, their grey, shaggy wafers of bark hanging loosely from the trunks. Most are quite small as conditions up here are tough and the sparse soil contains few nutrients, preventing them from becoming the giants we often see in richer woods. Ironwoods are here too, this year a few of them producing the hoplike cones of seed that gives them their formal name, hop hornbeam. Most of us are content to call them ironwoods, but if you wander some distance from eastern Ontario, “ironwood” means something else. In the Maritimes, blue beech is called ironwood. There is blue beech on Macaulay Mountain too, but it is a separate species. And it’s not really a beech – it’s a birch family member. Tree identity can get very complex at times. However, up here, it’s the wildflowers that interest me the most. Here, you can find yarrow fighting for existence in places where other plants would not dare to survive, and brave patches of early saxifrage. There is even Asclipias quadrifolia – four leaf milkweed, a rare species that grows in only one other location in Prince Edward County, and reputably, the only two locations where this milkweed species grows anywhere in Ontario. I owe my interest in plants to my late father. He was not particularly interested in plants himself though, and he viewed any new species he saw with suspicion, as they were potential threats on our farm. However, aware of my developing interest in plants, even before I paid much attention to birds, he left the task of identification up to me. When I was 17, there weren’t many references to consult. I wasn’t aware of any wildflower guides, and there was certainly no Internet. A 115-page Department of Agriculture publication called Ontario Weeds became my only reference. It is still in my library, sub-titled Publication 505. Everything on the farm back then, if it wasn’t a cultivated

crop, was considered a “weed”. Wildflowers grew only in the woods and in cultivated places. That bothered me, as I felt there should be no dividing line in nature between wildflowers and weeds. Someone cautioned that a weed was only a plant growing out of place. Another more forward thinking person some years later said a weed was simply a plant Ostrich fern, tasty when added to salads, or when boiled. that we hadn’t Photo by Terry Sprague. yet found a use for. I soon convinced myself that all plants are presence, as do the leaf-miner moth wildflowers. They all had purpose. caterpillars. As a budding naturalist, I was curious beyond a species’ name. Why was it there? How did it fit in with the natural scheme of things? I remember arguing once with the weed inspector that the plant growing in our pasture field which he erroneously identified as tansy was, in fact, wormwood. It turned out I was correct. Because I was only 17 or 18 years old, my identification was dismissed by a government employee who had degrees, and curtly reminded me of this. But I always knew. In the end, my father chose to believe me instead, for I had become the authority, not from a climate-controlled office, but from experience in the field. I was learning. I started adding grasses to my growing list of plants. My first exposure to bottle-brush grass was on Main Duck Island in Lake Ontario some years later. Until then, I hadn’t paid much attention to grasses of any kind, but this one with its distinctive inflorescence appearance stood out, and I researched it thoroughly. I discovered that it grows in almost all wooded habitats, sometimes in dense mats, other times in isolated sprigs. As a native species, it has its fans – the caterpillars of northern pearly eye butterflies enjoy its

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Wormwood grew in one field on our farm, but was erroneously identified by a Department of Agriculture specialist as “tansy”. I set him straight. Photo by Terry Sprague.

All plants, I soon found, had uses. There are birds that feed on the seeds of plants as well as exploiting the plant for spent material for nest building – seed fluff, dead leaves, even root fibres. Monarch butterfly larvae feed on the milkweeds. Indeed, the majority of plants are fed upon by something. Insect galls are no strangers to any plant, and there probably isn’t a plant on this earth that doesn’t play host to some species of unique insect gall. There are hundreds, perhaps thousands of them. We see them on oak trees, poplars, even spindle galls on silver maples. Goldenrod galls have become legendary for their fascinating story of insect survival. Some plants have medicinal properties, and others, I find, are just plain good to eat. I am not a forager by any stretch of the imagination, but I have experimented with a few, like cattails, rock tripe, mayapple (when ripe), ostrich fern (fiddleheads) and wild leeks. One of my favourites is ox-eye daisy leaves, which taste like fresh radishes. I am glad that my father insisted that I pursue the life histories of ox-eye daisy, yellow hawkweed, and others that he referred to unapologetically as “weeds”. They broadened my interest in nature and provided me with a career in nature interpretation for well over 50 years. And I’m not done learning yet! For more information on birding and nature and guided hikes, check out the NatureStuff website at www. naturestuff.net. Terry Sprague lives in Prince Edward County and is self-employed as a professional interpretive naturalist.

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June / July 2015 • THE SCOOP


Direct Marketing Farm Products By Sally Bowen


t takes different skills, and sometimes different personalities, to raise a crop or product and to sell it. Farmers wanting to sell directly to the public, rather than wholesale through an agency, are developing a new wide range of approaches. The vegetable stand is making a small comeback, but it is rare that a farm’s location is ideal for that. Farmer’s Markets make this more efficient, but still it takes hours to pick a product in the early dawn, package it safely, travel, and set up a market stall usually by 8 a.m. The list of chores at home aren’t getting done while the farmer sells and chats, and the amount of unsold produce to bring back home can be discouraging. Pick your own produce is increasingly popular, as people flock to get fresh fruits, saving money (and saving the farmer some labour costs). The downside of this is the inefficiency of the public as they pick, leaving the not-quite-perfect fruit, and sometimes being hard on the plants. These products tend to have short seasons too. Making value-added products like cider or jams helps lots. Some local fine examples of this are Piercy’s Farm Market, PaulRidge Berry Farm,or BerryBlue Farm. Community supported agriculture, or CSA marketing, is rapidly growing in effectiveness, where members purchase a seasonal share of whatever product is ready for that week’s delivery. Sunflower Farm CSA in Tamworth is a good example of this, and Allen Farm is just starting on Amherst Island. The farmer does more labour, but once memberships are sold, they have guaranteed consumers for the crop as the season evolves. This approach enables the rhythm of the seasons and the product to dictate what is sold and when, rather than the demands of a supermarket.

packages of the meat they produce directly to the buyer. This often requires increased computer and networking skills. Some producers like Seed to Sausage have effectively opened their own butcher store to sell their product. Topsy Farms sells directly to a list of potentially 300 customers, but it takes a lot of time to get each order accurate. Our close relationship with a great butcher shop like Pig and Olive is vital for the success of this approach. Value Added thinking helps. Local Family Farms in Verona is one thriving example of the initial motivation to sell the farm’s beef. Making pies and ready-to-eat meals from the beef and other local meats greatly adds value and appeal. Another creative approach is used by MacKinnon Brother’s Brewery outside of Bath. Their several generation farm, specializing in grains, aims to eventually produce all the ingredients of their beer. Their own barley and their training are resulting in a thriving business. That same philosophy caused Topsy Farms to take our wool, initially an expensive health cost to shear, and to turn it into an asset, with valueadded yarn and blankets available on-line and at the farm’s Wool Shed. Farmgate Events are increasingly effective and popular, as people seek family outings to introduce children to something ‘real’ and not packaged, and to have an inexpensive activity that’s fun and not plastic-wrapped. This only works if the farmer has athome products to sell, so that there’s something in it for all. Spring outings like invitations to shearing or to nurture foster lambs at Topsy work well, as they draw people to discover a lovely shop on a dead-end dirt road on an island. Fall pumpkin carving and corn mazes help farmers sell fall

Meat producers are exploring alternatives to selling live weight on the market too. Aided by information networks that support farm sales, such as the Frontenac Arch Biosphere, Farm Credit Canada and OMAFRA, farmers sell various

produce, avoiding time and effort of hauling to unknown markets. A great website that has information on local agriculture is through the County of Lennox & Addington at www. lennoxaddington. on.ca/ la-countyharvest. But in the end, there is no guarantee of paying the bills for farmers. The recent social trend of valuing ‘homegrown’ and ‘real’ products Nadine, holding Fuzzy the lamb, both happy at a farmgate that are event at Topsy Farms. Contributed photo. healthy, the philosophy of the 100-mile diet, the concern consumer and producer. Word of for animals mass-raised for mass mouth advertising, and pleased markets, and the desire to leave consumers telling friends, makes us smaller carbon footprints on our all partners. world is key to the success of all these efforts. Ideally, it becomes For more information contact Topsy a partnership, in which the value Farms at 613.389.3444 or 888.287.3157 added to the product is the or visit their website at topsyfarms. relationship developed between com.

TOPSY FARMS Lamb and The Wool Shed on Amherst Island 613 389-3444 888 287-3157

Email: info@topsyfarms.com Web: www.topsyfarms.com topsyfarms.wordpress.com

A F R . M V . R







THE SCOOP • June / July 2015

TO PLACE AN ORDER CELL: 613-484-2595 HOME: 613-354-1452 EMAIL: rvfarmers@kos.net

Check our website for our opening date in mid-June!

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Meet... Ryan Smith By Mel Galliford


n April, the Niagara IceDogs selected forward Ryan Smith in the fifth round of the OHL Priority Selection. Smith, who turns 16 this month, is from Stone Mills and played for the Quinte Red Devils this season, where he posted 35 points in 32 games. Congratulations on being drafted, Ryan!

When did you first get interested in hockey? I began to skate and play hockey at the young age of two. Growing up, our home was always a hockey house with my father and older brother both playing. Like any other typical household in Canada, Saturday night is Hockey Night in Canada and that is something I remember from a young age, watching every week with my family.

Who are your sports heroes and what do you admire most about them? The players I admire the most are Mike Fisher of the Nashville Predators and Corey Perry of the Anaheim Ducks, for their extraordinary work ethic shift in shift out and at every game or practice. I also respect their abilities to contribute to all aspects of the game, whether it is scoring the game

winning goal, or blocking a shot on the penalty kill.

Describe an especially memorable game. Two years ago, we were playing at the International Silver Stick major bantam AAA hockey tournament in Port Huron, Michigan. Having won the tournament the year before, we wanted to defend our title with what was a stronger team. The round robin went as planned, winning all four games and then winning the quarter final game to move into the semifinals the next morning. We were set to play the Toronto Marlies, and let’s just say there wasn’t a lot of respect between the two clubs. They were the top team in the GTHL and we were the top team in the OMHA. We knew we were in tough and that it was going to be a close game. Playing in front of a large crowd, we battled with them for all three

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Ryan, relaxing on the Smith family farm. Photo by Kim Dillon. periods solving nothing, being all tied up at one apiece. The intensity to the game is something I will never forget and was arguably one of the most physical hockey games I have played. Heading into overtime, neither team was really giving the other an inch, and at that point it is all about defensive hockey. The first three 15-minute overtime periods solved nothing, and as we headed into the fourth overtime period, I remember not even feeling tired, because you have so much adrenaline pumping through your body. It was just unbelievably fun. Unfortunately, they forced a turnover in our own zone and capitalized on their opportunity half way through the period. The game could have gone either way, but unfortunately, we lost the coin flip. That was the end of the tournament for us, but the experience is something I will never forget.

What are your future aspirations? My future aspirations are to play at the highest level possible in hockey and to follow my dream. I would also like to attend school for business and run the family farm with my brothers.

Have you had any serious injuries? I’ve been very lucky so far playing hockey to not have had any major injuries – so far I’ve only broken both sides of my clavicle, dislocated both shoulders, and cracked ribs. Dealing with injuries is something that no player wants to do, as you have to sit out of practices and games while you let your body heal. But having a small injury and then going to play through it can just make it worse and nag you for twice as long.

If you want it, you have to be willing to make the necessary sacrifices. Work harder than everyone else, and never let anyone tell you that you can’t, or that you aren’t good enough. Enjoy every minute of your hockey career! These friendships will last a lifetime. To all my sponsors, coaches, trainers, friends, and family, thank you for all your support, I would not be where I am today without all of you!

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Without the support of my parents, I would simply not be where I am now, and none of this would be possible. For that, I’m very grateful. Also, I have the best brothers anyone could ask for, we all support each other and have different dreams but our parents teach us to dream big, work hard, and to always believe in yourself.

What words of advice or encouragement do you have to share with younger hockey players?

VERY PRIVATE FARM at the end of a dead end road. 100 acres with 35 good workland, some pasture, balance mixed woods, stream, pond. Trails for riding. Wonderful 40 x 80 barn with hydro has two 15 ft overhead doors, and open inside. Separate small pony barn and walk-in, riding ring in the making. 3 bdrms, 1.5 baths, mudroom entry and lots of pine finishing. $399,900 MLS 15602979 BUILDING LOTS AND LAND 100 acres, Donahue Rd, 2000 ft. road front, wooded, pasture, good hunting, $99,900. 50 acres, paved road 2 sides, all wooded, hardwood & softwood, south Napanee, $99,900. Building lots, 1 acre Cedarstone Rd, good well, $21,500. Youngs Rd, 1 acre, $18,900.

What has been the role of your parents?

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June / July 2015 • THE SCOOP


Creating Life-Long Readers

Breakfast Analysis

By Catherine Coles

By Jerry Ackerman


t’s that time of year again when the County of Lennox & Addington Libraries launches the ever-popular TD Summer Reading Club. The purpose of this nation-wide program is threefold: to encourage early literacy, to stave off “summer learning loss”, and perhaps most importantly, to celebrate the role recreational reading plays in lifelong learning. It goes without saying that engagement with books is important to a child’s development. Not only can reading expand a child’s cognitive abilities, but it can also spur their emotional, moral, and spiritual development, critical thinking skills, and imagination. The tricky part is finding books that do engage. Like with adult readers, a child’s reading enjoyment is often motivated by one (or perhaps more) of what librarians call “appeal factors”. The four primary appeal factors are: characterization, setting, language and story. If a reader connects to a book’s characters and wants to delve into a narrator’s mind, then they are likely a characterdriven reader. The same goes for atmosphere, illustrations, physical surroundings, place and time (setting-driven); descriptive prose, poetry and rhyme (language-driven); and books with page-turning, action filled plots (story-driven). Even at a very young age, these connections can be made.

minutes each night – it is entirely up to the individual! What is important is that the child is stretching their “reading muscles”.

I lived next to the Red River my western Manitoba farm grew some rye and some flax. Other farms would have supplied the wheat to the mill in Winnipeg.

Another aspect of the TD Summer Reading Club is the lineup of special programs we run throughout the summer. We’ll start with two kick-off parties at the Amherstview Branch (Thursday June 18 at 6 p.m.) and Napanee Branch (Saturday June 20 at 10:30 a.m.) where you can stop by to enjoy some treats, games, and pick up your TD Summer Reading registration kit. From then on, we will have twice-weekly programs at these two branches throughout the summer with special guests like The Ontario Planetarium, Science Quest, Silly Sally the Clown and more! We will also be offering special events at some of our smaller branches: Royal Tea Party (Bath Branch, Wednesday July 8 at 3 p.m.), Teddy Bear’s Picnic (Tamworth Branch, Wednesday July 15 at 3 p.m.), A Pirate Adventure (Yarker Branch, Wednesday July 22 at 3 p.m.) and Library Camping (Camden East Branch, Wednesday July 29 at 3 p.m.).

I pick up the box of Shredded Wheat. Good stuff – just whole grain. The box says it’s original – well, so am I!

We hope to see you out at our TD Summer Reading Club programs and events throughout the next couple of months. It is an excellent opportunity for your child to start making positive associations with reading and have fun doing while it.

But, this isn’t what I want to know. I’m wondering about the wheat itself. Is it GMO wheat? Has RoundUp been sprayed on the crop to hasten harvesting? I’ll have to write to Post Foods Canada at their box number in Niagara Falls.

The bread I’m eating this morning is Swedish Style Light Rye. The ingredient list: wheat and rye flour, spring water and yeast. (okay, so far just like Mum’s) but there’s also bacterial culture, sea salt, calcium phosphate, skim milk powder, buttermilk powder, cultured whey powder, sodium steroyl-2uctylate, ascorbic acid.

For full program details, visit our website at www.countylibrary.ca.

Maybe I should switch to Muffets. They’re made from whole wheat, not much difference in protein, fibre, iron. That smiling Quaker face reassures me. Wonder if he can answer my GMO questions. His address is Peterborough, and his name is PepsiCo Canada ULC.

So, I’ve made a breakfast plan, and I’ll implement it. Tomorrow I’ll cook up some rolled oats, add some butter and local maple syrup. Maybe add some Hemp Hearts from that guy out in Manitoba. Nutritious and Delicious! I’ll get to Nova Scotia as soon as I can for the bread and jam.

Take juvenile-fiction classic Nancy Drew, for example. What is it about this series that has appealed to young readers for decades? Is it the “who-dun-it” aspect, the spooky atmosphere that crops up, the way the book is written…or is it the likeability and familiarity of Nancy herself that draws in the reader? If you read Nancy Drew as a child, you are likely to have an opinion on this and, chances are, it has informed your adulthood preferences. While books like Nancy Drew or Harry Potter have wide-appeal, other books are often stronger in one appeal factor over another. This is why it is sometimes a challenge to find the right book for the right child, or adult for that matter. It often requires trying many different books and, in the meanwhile, you have the added challenge of keeping up a child’s motivation. This is where projects like the TD Summer Reading Club come into play – it’s all about getting kids motivated to read lots and lots so they can discover what kinds of books they truly enjoy. In past years, TD Summer Reading Club participants were required to read a certain number of books to win prizes and ultimately “graduate” with a certificate at the end of the summer. This year, we are doing it a bit differently. Realizing that every child reads at their own pace (and some will opt for longer, more challenging books), we have decided to let the participants set their own goals for the summer. One kid may set out to read ten books, another may challenge herself to read twenty



’m hungry. I’ll just find something quick and easy: some dry cereal, some cream, a banana, a dab of honey.

THE SCOOP • June / July 2015


Saturday, July 4


Sunday, July 12

NEW ZEALAND STRING QUARTET with JAMES CAMPBELL, clarinet (Plus a special one-hour presentation of the BRAHMS CLARINET QUINTET at 3:15 p.m. Admission $20 for non-sponsors, free to sponsors)

Sunday, July 26


Tuesday, August 4


Sunday, August 16

JONATHAN CROW, violin and PHILIP CHIU, piano Location: St. Paul’s Presbyterian Church (Ferry leaves Millhaven at half-past the hour; Stella on the hour.) Regular Concert Time: 7:15 p.m. Ticket price: $35 (incl. HST) To order, call (613) 384-2153. Please check www.watersidemusic.ca for more information.

We look forward to seeing you!

On the farm when I was growing up, I used milk – fresh, unpasteurized as cream was to be churned for butter. We didn’t have bananas, just the fruit that we found in the woods in the summer. Honey? No, only if we had happened to come across a wild bee colony. There wasn’t money for anything beyond flour, salt and sugar. A special treat was Bee Hive golden corn syrup. So let’s read the box and see what has changed. 10 % protein and a list of minerals: fibre is 24 % of daily value , and iron is 10 %. No trans fats, no sodium, and no sugar. Oh, I can get a magazine of recipes complete with a pot holder for when I’m cooking the shredded wheat. $10 value but I need the Internet to get it. There’s a pin number inside the box.

I don’t remember if we ever had corn flakes back when I was a kid, but now that I’ve learned that most of the corn grown in North America is genetically modified, I’m not inclined to buy any. I feel empathy for that history teacher up in Timmins. When he opened the new box of Kellogg’s corn flakes, he found an epitaph from three long term employees saying that his box was the last one to be produced in Ontario, as the company was quitting and going back to Michigan. When his story hit the media London Free Press and Facebook, an Economic History professor at York University weighed in to explain that this action by Kellogg’s was perfectly acceptable behaviour for any business manager with a modern mindset. “I’m an Adam Smith economist,” he says. “Think about your comparative advantage – that’s where you should go.” I assume the professor wasn’t talking to the thousands of ready and willing workers that won’t be following Kellogg’s and Hershey and Heinz as they retreat from the Canadian economy, keeping the market but impoverishing Ontario communities. Back to my breakfast analysis: Whatever happened to Red River cereal? The three basic ingredients were wheat, rye, and flax. When

Now, when I examine the box, I find that it’s “The Original Red River Cereal, high in fibre, natural, without additives and contains five grams of flax per serving.” Sounds familiar except that now it’s a “product of USA” and is imported by Smucker Foods of Canada, Markham, Ontario. Will the professor explain how this change came about? What gave the American farmers an advantage? What advantage does the US manufacturer of fruitless jams and jellies have over the cherry jam I’m eating now that was grown in Nova Scotia and made by my neighbour every year. Bread is better there, too. The baker uses just three ingredients – flour, water and yeast. That’s what my mother used to do, twice a week for as long as I remember.





Amherst Island’s Waterside Summer Series By Mac Hembre


s it possible that some people in our larger community have never heard of a small local classical music series that has attracted audiences and internationally renowned talent to tiny Amherst Island for the past 21 years? If you are one of those people, here’s what you’ve been missing! The Waterside Summer Series began in 1994 as a fund-raising effort for St. Alban’s Anglican Church on Amherst Island. Since its inception, the fiveconcert series has evolved into a first rate classical music series fully independent and no longer affiliated with any church. However, because of its larger capacity (up to 150 patrons), all concerts now take place in the Island’s beautiful and historic St. Paul’s Presbyterian Church. Over its 21-year history, Waterside has presented such luminaries as Russell Braun, Isabel Bayrakdarian, Janina Fialkowska, The Gryphon Trio, The New Zealand String Quartet, Quartetto Gelato, even Michael Kaeshammer(!) and many others in an intimate Island setting. The success of Waterside can be attributed to the generous support of private sponsors that allows tickets to be reasonably priced (currently $35 per concert), the assistance of

many volunteers, and the leadership and musical expertise of past and present Artistic Directors. Waterside has had only three Artistic Directors since its beginning: Diane Hieatt, Inka Brockhausen, and, since 2005, Beverley Harris. When Beverley’s husband, Bill, became involved in the fund-raising aspect of the festival, he established the current “Owl” sponsorship categories – Amherst Island is known internationally for its “Owl Woods” which attract keen birders throughout the winter hoping to catch sight of the beautiful Snowy Owls and other species that winter there. This sponsorship has been a vital component of Waterside’s success. It was also Bill’s suggestion that the organizers try to attract one “name” performer to establish Waterside as a very worthwhile and “important” classical series. With the essential help of then CBC Radio Two personality, Eric Friesen, the celebrated Anton Kuerti came in the summer of 2005, played to a sold-out house, and the rest, as they say, is history. How can such a small festival continue to attract such high caliber talent to a rural island in Lake Ontario? Artistic Director Beverley

Harris says, “We find that the artists enjoy the experience of performing here as much as our patrons love the concerts. The beauty of the Island and the warmth of the welcome here often inspire them to ask to return. For example, the New Zealand String Quartet will be making its fourth appearance at Waterside on Sunday, July 12th. The performers also appreciate the wonderful acoustics of St. Paul’s and the rapt and attentive audiences. Of course, the great Amherst Island hospitality in the form of delicious food and drink and comfortable accommodations could also be incentives for them to return, in some cases again and again.”

The New Zealand String Quartet will perform The 22nd Waterside again on Amherst Island, as part of this year’s Summer Series begins on Waterside concert series. Contributed photo. Saturday, July 4th, with the renowned Vienna Piano Trio. Check the ad in this edition of As Beverley Harris says, “Come to the The Scoop for the full 2015 line-up WATERSIDE SUMMER SERIES 2015! and how to buy tickets. You can find It just might be the highlight of your out more at www.watersidemusic.ca. summer.”

L & A SOS Home and Garden Tour Bigger and Better


riverside townhouse. Victorian style homes. A log home. Homes new and old, large and small, and beautiful gardens. Visitors on this year’s Home & Garden Tour hosted by the L & A Seniors Outreach Services (SOS) being held on Saturday, June 6 will be in awe. “We have expanded our tour to include seven homes and gardens and three additional gardens,” says Ruth Graham, who is co-ordinating the project for the fundraising committee of the SOS. “This is one of the highlights of the year for us, and one of our best fundraisers.” The self-guided tour includes properties in Napanee, Croydon, Wilton, Newburgh, and Odessa. Tour participants are welcome to start and stop wherever they wish. To allow lots of time to visit the properties, lunch will be the responsibility of the visitors. The SOS facility will be closed. A map is included in the $25 passport, which highlights the area of each property that will also be marked with signs and balloons. The fee for children between 6 and 12 years old is just $12, and free for children under 5. The passport must be shown at each property for admittance. Volunteers will be able to answer questions about the

property and will guide visitors through the home and/or garden. Properties will be open from 10 a.m. until 4 p.m. “We are reminding people to be courteous at each home, removing your shoes before entering the house, and only going in the garden if that is all that is accessible,” says Graham. “To be respectful to the owners, no pets are allowed on the tour, we ask that children be well supervised at all times, and no smoking is allowed.” “We owe a special thank you to the generous home and garden owners who make this successful fundraiser possible by opening their beautiful homes and gardens for our viewing pleasure,” says SOS executive director Wendy McDonald on behalf of the Board of Directors. “Thank you as well to our sponsors and hardworking committees.” Passports for the event are already available at the SOS office at 310 Bridge Street West and at Gray’s IDA Drug Store on Dundas Street in Napanee. All proceeds from this event will be going to support the expenses for the SOS office relocation to the new LACGH Westdale Complex in July 2015. For more information about the annual Home & Garden Tour being held Saturday, June 6 from

10 a.m. to 4 p.m. please contact Ruth Graham, Fund Development & Diners Coordinator at the SOS, 613.354.6668, ext. 104, or ruth@lasos. ca.

Sharbot Lake Farmers Market The Sharbot Lake Farmers Market runs 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. every Saturday, May 16 – October 10 at the Sharbot Lake (Oso) Beach. Fresh farm produce, fair trade organic coffee, breakfast and lunch items, homemade baked goods, preserves, frozen meats, local crafts, shiatsu massage, a full park with playground, swimming, and friendly conversation all at our picturesque beach setting. facebook.com/ sharbotlakefarmersmarket and www. sharbotlakefarmersmarket.ca Saturday, June 20: PUPPET SHOW – on the stage and sponsored by the Kingston Frontenac Public Library Saturday, July 11: POULTRY DAY Saturday, July 25: STORY WALK – for children and families, sponsored by the Kingston Frontenac Public Library Saturday, August 1: MAPLE DAY Saturday, August 15: MARKET HERITAGE EVENT, Tomahawk and knife throwing, vendors and throwers in heritage costume Saturday, September 5: BUTTER TART CHALLENGE Saturday, October 10: TASTE FEST

The Stone Mills Summer Fest Committee would like to thank everyone for their recent support of our Spring Fling fundraising dance held on May 9. It was a huge success thanks to everyone who participated. In particular, we would like to thank the following: • Weese Landscaping • Amped Up Electric • Rogers Signs • TCO Agromart • Hayes Printing • Stone Mills Massage Therapy • Diane Giberson, Royal Lepage • Devon Cafe & Five Corner Craft • Storring Septic • Vanness Automotive • Kathleen Williams Accounting Services • Robert Storring, Century 21 Lanthorn • Molson Coors • Stone Mills Construction • CIBC Tamworth • Hartin’s Pumping • Ranlyn Transport • Bob Jacob • Wemp & Smith • Stone Mills Township • The Scoop • Napanee Beaver • Country 93.5 • MyFM Napanee • Tamworth Village Video • Stone Mills Family Market • Lakeview Tavern • The River Bakery • McCormick’s Country Store • Karen & Kevin Huffman THANK YOU!

June / July 2015 • THE SCOOP


What You Can Learn Education and the from Teaching Working World By Grace Smith

By Jessica Green , Grade 12, Sydenham High School


hen it comes to learning, one is never done. I say this from personal experience. In April, I finished my third year of university and was glad to be done. No more reading, papers, learning, or thinking, for at least the next four months. Or so I thought. However, I’d forgotten one important aspect of my upcoming schedule: I had arranged to continue volunteering at my local high school until the end of their school year. I plan on attending teachers’ college after I finish my undergraduate degree next year, so volunteering at the school made sense to me on many levels. I didn’t realize how much I would truly learn from this experience. I volunteer in a variety of ways. I work with students one on one, I sometimes lead exercises in class (when I’m lucky), I assist in classrooms, I help with paperwork and marking, and I make pages of photocopies. I also work with a variety of topics. I volunteer in a couple of English classes, as well as a science class. I’ve even started to volunteer in a history class more recently.

machine, beginning to learn how to mark, and how to write legibly on the chalkboard. Perhaps the most important things I’ve learned from volunteering are my weaknesses and how to improve on them. Because this is my first time in a classroom in a position where students look to me, I’ve had a genuine opportunity to discover what I’m good at and what I’m not so good at. Best of all, I’ve also learned that I have the tools to tackle these weaknesses. The teachers I’m working with have been great; they offer advice and guidance. The more challenging situations I encounter, the more comfortable and stronger I become. All learning opportunities are valuable, because you just might learn more than you were expecting.



We’re hand-making the finest hot and cold-smoked wild BC salmon, Albacore tuna, Sablefish and wild Atlantic shellfish... with natural, organic ingredients. Lynne Campbell, a university Frozen salmon portions, and shellfish available. graduate and Ontario resident, chose fillets When it comes to advice for future historyOur as her careermaple path, with the are available university students, helps smoked almonds as gifts to shipitby mail.to goal of becoming an archaeologist. research the labour market to find “I came from a university family, much as you can about the Buy Wholesaleout andassave!


people who went into law or medicine. It was what really influenced me to choose university.” Leaving high school in Nova Scotia with an entrance scholarship to St. Mary’s University, she was able to pay tuition with a part-time job. While attending school, she gained new and interesting friends, and developed her skills in writing.

skills and training you will need for the work you want to do. With high tuition costs, developments in technology, and changing job requirements, it is harder to find positions today than in the past. Many students will be entering university or college this fall, so it is important to acknowledge and appreciate the opportunities and challenges of your chosen career path.


Years later, after receiving her degree in history, Campbell faced an issue

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I’ve also learned some more practical aspects of teaching through my volunteering. Of the most crucial skills I’ve picked up so far are how to master the copy

that many students encounter today – she realized that she had limited career opportunities, and she now had the difficult task of finding a job outside of her field. Lynne states, “I had a lot of freedom to make new choices after I got my degree”. Lynne spent the next years moving around, from Nova Scotia to Ontario and various places across Canada, something she recommends to young adults to gain a more rounded outlook on life. She eventually landed a job working with injured workers, which is not what she had ever planned. But Lynne does not regret the new line of work she found herself in, involving government and social services.

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As an arts student, science is a little outside my comfort zone, so I have to work extra hard to keep up with the curriculum so that I can help students. This has been much harder than the English or history classes, which come more easily to me. But it’s in the science class where I’m learning the most. And not just because I didn’t know much about the curriculum beforehand, but because it makes me uncomfortable, and pushes me harder. It keeps me on my toes, which keeps me at my best.



t is no secret that tuition rates and workforce expectations have drastically changed over the last 20 to 30 years. In the past, a Grade 12 education was often enough to enter a rewarding field of work, but now we live in a world where a Bachelor of Arts is just a stepping-stone to the higher education needed to obtain a career. The way the world has changed, it is no longer just a question of whether you want to pursue a post-secondary education. Teaching, which was a reliable career choice in the past, now can mean a long and difficult struggle to find work, sometimes with years of waiting.

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CENTREVILLE 613-378-2583 wiseacres.macdade.ca


L&A County Library Programs & Events JUNE PROGRAMS

Maker Club – Thu @ 6:30 p.m.


Yarker Maker Club – Tue @ 6:30 p.m.

Amherstview Puppy Tales – Wed @ 10:30 a.m. Maker Club – Sat @ 10:30 a.m. Tech Talks – Mon – Thu by appt 613.389.6006) Bath Maker Club – Wed @ 6:30 p.m. Storytime – Fri @ 11:00 a.m. Napanee Puppy Tales – Wed @ 10:30 a.m. Maker Club – Sat @ 10:30 a.m. Tech Talks – Mon – Thu by appt 613.354.4883)

KIDS & PARENTS Caption Contest Winner The Scoop wants to thank everyone who sent in captions for the photograph below taken by Brett Smith of Croydon, which appeared in the last issue. Congratulations to Stephanie Pete for her winning caption: “Easter Bunny under investigation by OPP in relation to the disappearance of local hero: The Tortoise. The two have a competitive history.”

TD Summer Reading Club Special Events Royal Tea Party Bath – Wed July 8 @ 3 p.m. Teddy Bear’s Picnic Tamworth – Wed July 15 @ 3 p.m. A Pirate Adventure Yarker – Wed July 22 @ 3 p.m. Library Camping Camden East – Wed July 29 @ 3 p.m.

South Fredericksburgh Maker Club – Thu @ 6:30 p.m. Yarker Maker Club – Tue @ 6:30 p.m.

Tour de South Frontenac Cycle Fest A family friendly day highlighting the joys of safe cycling in South Frontenac

Special Events National Film Board Screening – Trick or Treaty? Alanis Obomsawin’s documentary follows the journey of Indigenous leaders in their quest for justice since the signing of Treaty No. 9. Napanee – Wed June 10 @ 10:30 a.m. & 6:30 p.m. TD Summer Reading Kick-Off Party Stop by and enjoy some treats and games, and pick up your Summer Reading registration kit. Amherstview – Thu June 18 @ 6 p.m. Napanee – Sat June 20 @ 10:30 a.m. Discover Geocaching – Do you want to learn more about this growing pastime? Learn from local geocaching expert Joe Tisdale at one of the following seminars: Amherstview – Mon June 22 @ 6:30 p.m. Tamworth – Thu June 25 @ 2:00 p.m. Napanee – Sat June 27 @ 11:00 a.m.


Sunday, June 7 10:00 a.m. – 3:00 p.m. Originates at Loughborough Public School There will be an obstacle course for kids and guided and self-guided cycling along 4 new routes that have been developed by the newly formed South Frontenac Rides Committee. All events and a BBQ at noon are free of charge!

Tamworth Elementary School is having a...

FUN FAIR Friday June 19, 5-8 p.m. Lots of fun games, BBQ and bake sale, Lile Ray’s Reptile Zoo is coming, Slip ‘N’ Slide hosted by the Tamworth Fire Department. All fundraising proceeds will go towards the Gr. 8 graduation costs and agendas for next year

Weekly Amherstview TD Summer Reading Club Special Visitors – Tue @ 10:30 a.m. TD Summer Reading Club Theme Program – Thu @ 3 p.m. Puppy Tales – Wed @ 10:30 a.m. Maker Club – Sat @ 10:30 a.m. Tech Talks – Mon – Thu by appt 613.389.6006)

he T h c u o T Trucks!

Date: Saturday June 6, 2015 Time: 8:00 a.m.—1:00 p.m.

e 13, 2015 Date: Sat. Jun 0 pm

Bath Maker Club – Wed @ 6:30 p.m. Storytime – Fri @ 11:00 a.m. Napanee TD Summer Reading Club Special Visitors – Tue @ 3 p.m. TD Summer Reading Club Theme Program – Thu @ 10:30 a.m. Puppy Tales – Wed @ 10:30 a.m. Maker Club – Sat @ 10:30 a.m. Tech Talks – Mon – Thu by appt 613.354.4883)

Proceeds go to LARC Programs, Toys & Equipment

m—12:0 Time: 10:00 a Rec. Centre Place: FlintonDRINK PER PERSON OG & atly 1 FREE HOTD le food items gre non-perishab Donations of al food bank loc the for appreciated

LARC’s Early Years Centre & Flinton Recreation Club

Place: 465 Advance Avenue Napanee—LARC’s New Building (Move in date is yet to be determined. In case of rain it will be held indoors)

Community Members may purchase space for $10 to sell their own previously enjoyed items .

Toys, Storybooks, Play equipment, & More! All LARC items on sale 1/2 price at noon. For More Information or To Book Your Space Contact

For More Information Call: 613-336-8934 ext. 257

Trish at 613 354-6318 ext. 34

South Fredericksburgh

June / July 2015 • THE SCOOP


The your Scoop’s TLC for Shoreline


aw, ness nt to


By Susan Moore and Gray Merriam

Call us today to reserve your space: 379-1128


reserving the health of a river This way, the roots remain begins with care of the land in the soil to hold the bank throughout the watershed. together and you have a The shoreline is one important part nice view of the river. JUST 39The BUCKS FOR A BIZCARD of that care. vegetation near the AD. $110 FOR 3 “Hope, Purpose & Belonging in Long Term Care” shores provides mostYOU of that careBEAT THAT! Balance a desire for river ISSUES. CAN’T without our intervention. We can views and reasonable simply let it do its work. access to the water with the natural processes that The Friends of the Salmon River maintain the health of the recognizes the Ribbon of Life river. standard: the first 30 metres or 100 feet back from the water’s edge When cutting wood, keep should be left in a natural state as in mind that branches much as possible. or trees left to float in the water can be very Roots of vegetation near the dangerous for paddlers shores mechanically stabilize the and boaters on the river, so banks. Incorporated into the soil, these should be removed. the organic matter produced by Habitat piles for wildlife shoreline plants helps bind soil on your land are a good particles together into aggregates use for leftover brush. that resist flowing into the river. The 47 Dundas St. E • Napanee Chartered Accountant leaf litter under shoreline trees and If you wish to plant 613.354.6601 Salmon River with healthy shoreline. Contributed photo. Wheeler shrubs becomes infi6661 ltrated by the Street, on the shoreline, see www.napaneechamber.ca mycelial mass ofTamworth, fungi and much friendsofsalmonriver.ca ONofK0K 3G0 practice is so harmful. the nutrient-enriched runoff from river can all be satisfied and the river 613-379-1069 for a native species list. Perhaps our ancestors washed their your land is absorbed by these fungal can be cared for if we can all act as VEHICLES IN THE RIVER horses in the river, which was fine. strands and kept out of the river. All good stewards. Vehicles in the together, the natural vegetation and When water levels are low in the river are not. Our its litter will do a good job of keeping Salmon River, ATVs and trucks children learn from the river ecologically healthy and sometimes seen driving right our actions, and beautiful. Solidare Gold Organic in the riverbed, and even being surely, we want Petwashed Food.there. 100% This is damaging them to grow up If there are large trees between No Chemical in many ways: gas, oil, grease, and with a respect your home and the river, cutting organic! other chemicals from vehicles for our rivers and them down to improve your view Preservatives! Beef, contaminate the waterway. Driving waterways. damages the beauty you are trying Lamb and Fish/ steven@moorepartners.ca on and trampling the vegetation on to see. A smarter method is to prune susan@moorepartners.ca Vegetarian Formulas. the shore leaves it open to erosion, The desires of the the bottom half or two-thirds of the Pick-up orcan delivery which diminish water quality people on the land branches. Most healthy trees can call and fiPlease sh/wildlife habitat. www.moorepartners.ca This and visitors on the withstand this intensity of pruning.available. 613 • 379 • 5958


Napanee & District Chamber of Commerce

John McClellan

Networking • Business Seminars Programs That Can Save Businesses $$ Ask Us About Membership


06 3G0

d -

for more information and catalogue. Call the Regal Beagle: 613-379-1101

Bring your family and friends to Frontenac’s 150th Showcase on August 28-30 in Centennial


Park, Harrowsmith. If you’re

Design Maintain New Beds aorBlanket Old! Drive. We The Stoneand Mills Fire Department is holding Flowers, and More are looking forShrubs, blankets toPlanters, use at emergency calls. If you have any blankets you would to donate drop them off at the Free Estimates Call like Colleen atplease 613-379-5959 Township of Stone Mills municipal office. Thank you, www.ColleensGardeningService.com Stone Mills Fire Department Answers to the crossword on the Puzzle Page (page 21):

st Church Tamworth invites u to a YULETIDE LUNCHEON and BAKE SALE at the amworth Library Tuesday, cember 14 from 11:30 a.m. 30 p.m. A homemade lunch l served with loving hands there might even be some entertainment for your enjoyment and pleasure. o come on down bring a riend to help kick off this festive season.



interested in being a vendor at the event, visit www.

42nd Annual ODESSA 2015 Car Show, Flea Market & Craft Sale Sat. & Sun. June 13-14 8 a.m. to 5 p.m Odessa Fairgrounds

Antique cars, crafts, flea market, antiques, & more! Pedal cars – our second year Proud supporter of local children’s charities

frontenaccounty.ca/150 to download an application. If you’d like to volunteer for the weekend, contact Pam: moreyp@kos.net, Dan: bellwindowsiding@gmail. com, or Alison: avandervelde@ frontenaccounty.ca

book s hFREE o pCLASSIFIEDS Quality Second Hand Books

Free to private individuals or not-for-profit community groups. www.tamworthbookshop.com To place an ad, phone 613.379.5369 or email stonemills.scoop@gmail.com.

Bridge Street East at Peel, Tamworth

www.tamworth.ca 20 THE SCOOP • June / July 2015 for an up-to-date list of

WANTED: Poets to share their poems. Call me at 613.375.8256 or email me at jerry.ackerman31@ gmail.com FOR SALE:‘You Pick’ Blueberry Operation in Tweed area. Well

established blueberry bushes, business and large customer base, land with view of lake. Realize your dream of owning a local food business with immediate income in a fantastic location. 613.478.5070.

PUZZLE PAGE New York Times Crossword Janice M. Putney / Will Shortz ©New York Times 1










21 24











48 54













Down 1 Quick weight loss option, informally 2 Leave out 3 Recent arrival 4 Ghana's capital 5 Opposite of NNW 6 Co. that oversees the 21-Across 7 Rub out 8 Couches 9 Dogs whose tails curl up the back 10 Rainy 11 Actor Willem 12 Doolittle of "Pygmalion"

13 18 22 24 25 26 27 28 32 34 35 37 38 39 41 42




70 How china may be sold 71 Possible response to a grabby boyfriend










26 30





















Streamlined Chart-toppers Highly decorative Addams who created "The Addams Family" Muscular fellow Knocks on the noggin Large iron hook Medley Not quite 100 is average for them Soft leather Cause of goose bumps, perhaps Pricey seating section Gem with colored bands Carvey who used to say "Well, isn't that special?" Environmental sci.


47 49 51 52 53 54 55 56 60 61 63 64 65

Father’s Day Word Search

Gov't securities Papa's partner Boston N.H.L.'er Window or middle alternative Raise a glass to Justice Kagan Senior, junior and sophomore Rice wines Cuba, por ejemplo "Rush!," on an order ___ Na Na Soapmaker's need Fast jet, for short

Can you find the word for “father” in all of these different languages?






Dad (English)

Babbo (Italian)

Vater (German)

Walidy (Arabic) Pere (French) Pai (Portuguese)

Buwa (Nepali)

Bà ba (Chinese)

Pater (Latin)

Tata (Quechua)

Appa (Korean)


5 9 3

6 8 1 4


3 2 4


Otec (Czech)

Vader (Afrikaans) Papá (Spanish)

8 1

Otosan (Japanese) Abba (Hebrew)

4 5 8 1

Daily Sudoku: Sat 30-May-2015

5 9 6 5 1 4 3

(c) Daily Sudoku Ltd 2015. All rights reserved.

Across 1 Name repeated in the lyric "Whatever ___ wants, ___ gets" 5 Teeter-totter 11 ___ Moines 14 Apple computer 15 Hitting of a golf ball 16 Nothing's opposite 17 Shows petulant anger 19 "Fee, ___, foe, fum" 20 Cheri formerly of "S.N.L." 21 Exam for H.S. seniors 22 Seep 23 Gets lucky 27 Hot tar, e.g. 29 "Here ___ comes, Miss America" 30 Heir, but not an heiress 31 ___ mater 33 "Lucky Jim" author Kingsley 36 Painter Picasso 40 Doesn't stonewall, say 43 Pro ___ (perfunctory) 44 Tiny time unit: Abbr. 45 Like an omelet 46 Toronto's prov. 48 ___ Pérignon 50 Lone Star State nickname 51 Reacts slightly 57 Run amok 58 Cheer for a matador 59 "Ave ___" (Latin prayer) 62 Fourth of July celebration inits. 63 Shows affection unexpectedly 66 They, in Marseille 67 Eight English kings 68 Fitzgerald known as the First Lady of Song 69 Volleyball court divider

Canada Day Word Search


June / July 2015 • THE SCOOP

8 21

Womb Wisdom By Lillian Bufton


aureen Walton, owner of Wyldwood Sojourn, began her mural business in Toronto in 1999. She reclaimed her studio/home, in Hastings County, Lonsdale (Marysville) in 2004. Since then, she has worked with the Hastings, Tyendinaga, and Frontenac school boards to create murals in their schools. She mentors children and loves to include them in her process. In 2008, Maureen bought a 12’ diameter Mongolian yurt to host moon lodge gatherings for women. In Native American culture, moon lodges were isolated locations for women to use as sites for meditation and retreat during menstruation. This tradition was instituted to enhance the mental, spiritual, and physical health of women and the community, or in some cases to isolate women during what was considered a sacred or contaminated period. She connected to the Red Tent movement, and slowly, a local community gathered. The Red Tent (1997) is a novel by Anita Diamant that retells the biblical rape story of Dinah. In the bible, the story was recounted not by Dinah, but by her brothers. Diamant provided a fictional feminist retelling of the tale, giving Dinah her own voice. She also gave the women a menstrual hut, a form of women’s community. While the original function of the biblical Red Tent in Diamant’s book

had to do with women gathering following pregnancy and during menstruation, the contemporary practice of creating a separate space is a spiritual practice, a sacred woman’s place, and part of a women’s movement. Maureen asked her mother to name her new venture, and she offered the name Wyldwood Sojourn. In 2013, Maureen was asked to paint a visual interpretation of the epic story of the Peacemakers, the founders of the Six Nations Confederacy, in the Tyendinaga Mohawk federal school. She recounts that while working on this mural, another level of the hidden feminine path was revealed to her, in the story’s telling of the life of the grandmother, daughter, and son. It was at that time that she connected with Marguerite Rigoglioso of the Seven Sisters Mystery School in San Francisco. Marguerite has a PhD in parthenogenesis (virgin birth) and has been invited by Maureen to come this July to Wyldwood and to the home of the Peacemakers of Turtle Island. Together, they have organized a collaborative weekend workshop where they will visit the school and the actual birthplace, listen to the telling by a Mohawk storyteller, and then return to Wyldwood for further discussion and experiential work. They have decided to open this to

a group of twelve interested people. As a small, informal retreat, Maureen offers an intimate magical setting in her studio home, hidden in two wooded acres. Communal lodging and camping are offered, and elegant vegetarian meals are served. Maureen invites anyone interested Detail of the Peacemakers mural at Tyendinaga Mohawk to “join school, by Maureen Walton. Contributed photo. in our discoveries and to dive deeply to reclaim with currently know, if we are open to us, our unique path as women and to receive it.” honour on a deeper level, this sacred feminine principal that lives within To learn more about the retreat and all of us, both men and women. This to register, please email Maureen at journey may reveal many levels of mwm@kos.net or visit her website: mystery more powerful than we www.maureenwalton.com.

LANE Veterinary Services

Since 1983

Serving Pets & Farm Animals Mon, Tues, Thurs: 8:30am-5pm 211 McQuay St. off Cty. Rd. #6 Wed: 8:30am-7pm (between Colebrook & Moscow) Fri: 8:30am-4pm RR#3 Yarker, ON K0K 3N0 Sat: 10am-1pm Emergency Service By Appointment

www.lanevetservices.ca www.lanevetservices.ca info@lanevetservices.ca

(613) 358-2833 or 1-888-832-1904 “Prevention is the Best Medicine”

CHALK WELL DRILLING LTD. Established since 1922

370 Main St., Deseronto Phone: 613- 396-2874 Cell: 613-539-0491

facebook.com/ComeAndSeeTrishasCloset 22

THE SCOOP • June / July 2015

Wells for home, farm & industry Rotary & cable tool drilling • • • •

Prompt service Free estimates Pump installations & service Wells decommissioned & abandoned

ALL MAJOR CREDIT CARDS ACCEPTED Licensed by the Ministry of the Environment

RR 6 Napanee

1-800-850-2881 chalkwel@kos.net

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That’s a monthly savings of $1,222! Now decide how to use that $1,222. You can put it into your mortgage payment to reduce your amortization or invest in RRSP’s and reap some tax benefits. *Rates subject to change. Some conditions may apply. OAC, E&OE. Brokerage #10428. HO: 1.877.667.5483.




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Volunteering with Girl Guides is a very rewarding and hands-on way to help girls and young women develop the best in themselves. Through Guiding, you can also develop skills that are highly valued in the workplace, such as communications, program delivery and so much more.

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June / July 2015 • THE SCOOP



THE SCOOP • June / July 2015

Profile for The SCOOP

The Scoop // June / July 2015  

The Scoop is a quality magazine that has been celebrating rural life in the Ontario communities north of the 401 and south of Hwy 7, since 2...

The Scoop // June / July 2015  

The Scoop is a quality magazine that has been celebrating rural life in the Ontario communities north of the 401 and south of Hwy 7, since 2...