BIOLOGY LOOKING TO DESIGN Identifying a particular behaviour, characteristic or function in an organism or ecosystem and translating that into human designs, referred to as biology influencing design. It is a solution driven approach. When biological knowledge influences human design, the collaborative design process is initially dependant on prior knowledge of relevant biological or ecological systems.
The lotus flowerâ€™s ability to emerge clean from swampy waters, which led to a number of design innovations, including Stoâ€™s Lotusan paint which enables buildings to be self cleaning. (Pederson Zari 2007) Such an approach - using biological tactics - may influence designers in ways that reach beyond a predetermined design problem or brief. Potentially resulting in previously unthoughtof technologies or systems or even aproaches to design. Fig. 035
This is where the true potential lies with Biomimetic Design. It could lead to the pervasive shift needed in to enter the Ecological Age. (Vincent et al., 2005). The disadvantage from a design point of view with this approach is that biological knowledge must be first identified as relevant to a design context, and collated in such a way that designers can easily access and understand the information. AskNature.com set up by the Biomimetic Intitute provides the beginnings of such an Encyclopaedia.
Biomimetic Design for Landscape Architecture