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F A L L 2 0 11 • IS S U E 6

LANDSCAPING » New for 2011...additions to the STIHL Air Force: BR 350 & BR 430 » Maple leaf mulch as organic herbicide? » Checklist for Sustainable Landscapes » “Tip & Trick” and “Did you know?”

TRAINING & SPECIAL INTEREST STORIES » Company Training is Key » Hats Off to our Canadian Forces in Afghanistan! » The 3rd Annual Canadian Carv-a-palooza » Slave Lake Forest Fires

1515 Sise Road P.O. Box 5666 London, ON N6A 4L6

ARBORIST » In a Class of their Own: MS 201 & MS 201 T » The 5-15-90 Rule ~ The Escape Route



Special thanks to our Canadian customers. Canadian professionals and homeowners trust their independent STIHL Dealer every day for product demonstrations, straight talk and expert advice. Over 1,000 STIHL Dealers coast to coast are committed to fast on-site service and to stand behind every STIHL product. Not at The Home Depot速 - Not at Canadian Tire速. Thanks to your support of the servicing dealer, STIHL is the Number 1 Selling Brand in Canada.

* #1 Selling Brand in Canada is based on an independent market share analysis of imported gasoline powered handheld outdoor power equipment for the year 2011. The Home Depot速 and Canadian Tire速 are registered trademarks of their respective companies.

Sales & Service

STIHL LIMITED…STILL GOING STRONG. From the very beginning Andreas Stihl, born 1896, pursued the idea of taking the saw to the tree. His perseverance and dedication paid off when in 1926 he introduced the first cross-cutting chain saw with an electric motor. Three short years later he was able to fulfill his vision of a chain saw that operated independent of an electric power supply. The gas chain saw was born. This story marks the start of STIHL’s extraordinary success. STIHL has become the number one selling brand in Canada and in the world. This year marks the 85th year of the STIHL brand. Throughout this time, the STIHL family has shown unwavering support of the independent servicing dealer. It is only with the collective efforts of the 1,000 independent dealers working together that STIHL has become the number one selling brand in Canada. The Canadian subsidiary, STIHL Limited, was formed in 1981. In order to celebrate this 30th year milestone, and the 85th year of STIHL, we hosted six Anniversary Gala & Dealer Meetings for 1,600 attendees from various STIHL dealerships across Canada. Hockey Hall of Fame star Mike Bossy was the guest speaker and spoke about the importance of ‘teamwork’ in the New York Islanders dynasty of the early 1980s. Celebrating with dealer partners, exchanging best practices, sharing insightful business information, and enjoying a delicious formal dinner all helped make this a fantastic event. It has been an incredible 85 year journey and many people have played a role in STIHL’s success, including you, the professional customer. STIHL has a very supportive global network of manufacturing and engineering locations that build the best products in the industry. We have a talented and hardworking team that is customer-focused and who believe in the fundamental STIHL values. In addition, the Canadian dealer network is there to help you with product support and on-site STIHL trained technicians. Thank you for your continued support of the STIHL brand. STIHL will continue to develop the best outdoor power equipment in the industry, so that you can count on us to get the job done.

Thank you for your business.

Best Regards, STIHL Limited

Greg J. Quigg, CA

President, STIHL Limited



NEW for 2011...additions to the


BR 430

The wind swirls around you at 60 km/h. Blow back with a mighty 270 km/h.

The top performer for top performers.

You’re a hard worker, but that doesn’t mean your work should be hard too. The STIHL BR 350 will give you an extra boost to make light work of dead leaves, garden cuttings and debris. From the school yard to sprawling company grounds – this value-priced blower will give you the performance you need to efficiently and effortlessly power through every job. Proven STIHL quality means you’ll enjoy the benefits of a reliable, low-maintenance tool that makes cleaning up easy. So let the leaves fall – they’ll be quickly sent on their way by the BR 350.



The people who work long days beautifying our landscapes deserve the best possible blower. The new STIHL BR 430 is an impressive combination of power and comfort. It delivers powerful performance with optimal handling and comes with a comfortable backpack carrying system. Whether clearing grass cuttings from paths, leaves from yards or refuse from fairgrounds, the STIHL BR 430 allows you to get the job done quickly, efficiently and easily. Your back will thank you, as will your boss. There’s no doubt about it: innovative STIHL quality and trouble-free maintenance make the STIHL BR 430 just as reliable as you are.



MSRP $429.95



MSRP $499.95

• Powerful and efficient: Both blowers feature an innovative 2-stroke, stratified charge engine, providing outstanding performance, plenty of power, a 20% reduction in fuel consumption and up to 70% fewer exhaust emissions • Simple starting: The automatic starting position and automatic choke reset make these blowers very user-friendly

Displacement Power Weight Air Velocity Air Volume Sound Level

63.3 cc (3.9 cu. in.) 2.1 kW (2.8 bhp) 10.0 kg (22.0 lb) 75 m/s (168 mph) 750 m³/h (441 cfm) 74 dB(A)

Displacement Power Weight Air Velocity Air Volume Sound Level

63.3 cc (3.9 cu. in.) 2.9 kW (3.9 bhp) 10.1 kg (22.2 lb) 82 m/s (183 mph) 850 m³/h (500 cfm) 76 dB(A)

• Low vibration: The professional anti-vibration system makes for comfortable operation • Comfortable, reliable and user-friendly


Research studies suggest it’s worth considering, especially if conventional herbicides have been outlawed in your area.


In 1991, under the direction of Dr. Thomas Nikolai, at the University of Michigan, research on maple leaf mulch began in response to a local ordinance banning fallen leaves from going to landfills. In March of this year, Alexander Kowalewski, assistant professor of environmental horticulture at Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College in Tifton, GA spoke about the progress that has been made over the past 20 years to learn why maple leaf mulch, especially that of the sugar maple, has proven effective in weed control.

Results of the study showed that, in low-maintenance situations, increased leaf applications on Kentucky bluegrass produced better spring green-up. Increased leaf quantities also showed better dandelion control. The maple, and especially the higher sugar content sugar maple, provided the best dandelion control.

Questions still remained about why maple leaf mulch worked to prevent weed growth: • Is it because the leaves have a significant amount of nitrogen and act as a fertilizer?

The objective of Kowalewski’s work was to quantify the effectiveness of maple leaf mulch as an organic broadleaf weed control method.

• Are the leaves stimulating microbial activity in the soil, with the microbes eating the leaves and eating the weed seeds in the soil as well?

The research was conducted on well-established Kentucky bluegrass on native Michigan soil at the MSU campus. Data was collected over two years and during which no further herbicides were used. The leaf mulch was applied in November.

• Are the leaves just blocking out light, shading the weeds and preventing them from germinating, or are they smothering the weeds, making it difficult for them to respire, germinate and grow? • It is allelopathy? Meaning, are the leaves making chemicals that are inhibiting the dandelions, preventing them from germinating?

A turf physiologist at MSU continued with the research, using growth chamber studies with the use of maple leaf extracts. Maple leaves were crushed into tiny pieces, were mixed with water, left to sit awhile and then the crushed leaves were filtered from the water. This allowed irrigation to be done using water with chemicals from the leaves. Growth chamber studies done without soil prevented soil microbial interaction from taking place. It was further deduced that weed control wasn’t the result of blocked light or smothering because leaves weren’t being put down on the dandelion seeds. Instead, a solution with maple leaf extract was being used. The irrigation slurry made from maple leaf extract provided a much higher rate of dandelion germination control than that of just regular water, making a statement that allelopathy is the likely reason for control. Likely, a chemical exists in the leaves that inhibits the growth of dandelions, Kowalewski said. In conclusion, for home lawns or municipal green spaces, mulching sugar maple leaves will provide increased spring green-up and reduced dandelion populations Information was provided by Turf and Rec. For more information please go to

CHECKLIST Millions of dollars are spent each year designing, installing and maintaining urban landscapes. Unfortunately, failures occur when these processes are not done correctly. Many problems can be avoided or reduced by using a combination of sustainable landscape practices and qualified professionals with the right materials and equipment. A landscape developed with sustainable practices will improve the environment by conserving resources and reducing costs. It will become established more quickly, look fabulous sooner and last longer. The science and art of designing, building and maintaining landscapes that are pleasing to look at, functional and longlasting require a toolkit of resources. Here is a checklist:

1. Use the services of Certified Landscape Professional

designers and technicians: across Canada landscape industry professionals who are serious about the quality of their work get this nationally recognized designation. Make Landscape Industry Certified part of your bid requirements.

DESIGN IT 2. The key to creating a sustainable landscape begins with the design process. A qualified designer makes recommendations based on location, soil, rainfall, property use, local bylaws, water restriction, hardiness zones, budget and maintenance parameters.

3. Plants should be selected for more than just beauty. Using native plants and others that will thrive in your “hardiness zone” will save money and help ensure that

your investment thrives. In other words, choose the right plant for the right place.

4. Think green; and not just trees and turf. What

combination of hardscape and softscape do you want? Incorporate energy efficient plantings by selecting the best location for turf, perennials, shrubs and trees. This will reduce water use, erosion and weeds.

BUILD IT 5. Correctly designed and installed irrigation systems reduce total water use, save time and labour and help ensure the living landscape elements become established and thrive.

6. Is the contractor using safe installation practices? Did they use a locator service so that a water, gas or communication line is not damaged? Were untreated products used around play or edible garden areas? 7. If time is important to you, does the contractor have the

equipment needed to do the job? In tight side-by-side residential areas, small-scale power equipment can be more efficient, reduce overall site damage and reduce the likelihood of accidents.

MAINTAIN IT 8. Establish a pro-active regular maintenance program to

prevent problems. This includes building healthy soil, irrigating efficiently, proper timing of soil amendments and fertilizers, selective pruning and reusing and recycling green garden waste.

9. Proper mulching helps protect plants during hot and cold periods and reduces water use and weed growth.

10. The right equipment properly used and maintained by trained people saves time and money for everyone concerned. This article was provided by BCLNA (British Columbia Landscape Nursery Association). For more information please go to


Western Canada’s Premier Landscape & Nursery Trade Show September 28 & 29, 2011; Vancouver Convention Centre

CANWEST EQUIPMENT DEMO DAY September 30, Tradex Convention & Exhibition Centre, Abbotsford



MOW FALLEN LEAVES FOR HEALTHIER SOIL One of the biggest chores in lawn care is tree leaf removal. People will do whatever it takes to get fallen leaves off of their lawns, including raking, blowing and vacuuming. Lawn care companies can remind their residential customers that leaves should not be left to sit atop their grass. Not only do the leaves block sunlight from getting to the grass, the area beneath the leaves remains damp and is an ideal breeding ground for fungus which can damage the turf. The major problem with leaf removal is disposal. Some homeowners and municipalities compost leaves and yard waste which can later be used as an amendment to flower beds or spread out over lawns. Composting is ideal for this organic matter. Far too often, however, raked leaves find their way into landfills which is not an environmentallysound practice. The best method for weed control is mowing the leaves with a mulching mower and letting them fall to the soil, right where they are. Studies at Purdue University show that mulching leaves into the turf can actually be beneficial to the soil and grass. Soils with mulched leaves showed increased microbial activity and better water infiltration. A Michigan State University study showed that when leaves were mulched into established turf, the grass greened up quicker in the spring and also had fewer dandelions in the spring. It was also found that the mulched leaves will break down quicker if a fall fertilizer application is applied. Mulching leaves also has some hidden benefits. The repeated mowing needed to mulch the leaves actually thickens the grass by encouraging it to grow laterally. It was often thought that mulching leaves into the yard would thin out a lawn, but now it has been repeatedly proven that mulching leaves into the grass will build a healthier lawn in the next year. Professionals can save themselves time and increase the homeowners’ lawn health by keeping the rake in storage and mulching leaves with their mowers. This Tip and Trick was provided by Turf & Rec. For more information please go to


Sundried roma tomatoes can be enjoyed all year long. Cut tomatoes into thin slices and then lay them out on a cookie sheet. Salt and pepper the slices to your taste and place the tray in the sun. Once dried, place the tomatoes in airtight bags and put them into your freezer.





COMPANY TRAINING IS KEY Coming off a Canada Day weekend baseball tournament, I am asking myself the age-old sports question: “What went wrong?” We have a decent team with okay pitching, and most of our 11 & 12-year-old girls can hit the ball. After opening big with a close victory over a good smalltown team, we won our second game, then lost 3 straight, ending the weekend deflated and sunburned. I think a few things beat us: talent, preparation and the heat. It was almost 40ºC on the field. When one of the opposing coaches saw the toll the heat was taking on his players, he produced a bucket of ice water and a sponge, and kept his girls cool for the 2 games that they beat us (diabolical!). One of the other teams even had shorts for uniforms (not allowed at this level in the City?!). So, after a dramatic start, we literally burned out and exploded like an overcooked sausage on the BBQ. Country teams are just better. While we city folk variously ascribe their success to: a) lack of shopping malls in small town Ontario (so they practice more!), b) poor internet reception (so they practice more!) c) corn (growth hormones or something - we haven’t thought this through!!). The truth, of course, is that small-town Melbourne, Hickson and Alvinston’s coaches and their girls are just well-practiced and wellprepared. We might even say that they have more talent, but this term implies you’re born with talent, that you didn’t earn it or develop it. And that’s not true.

So what can managers do to improve their operations?


The city teams seem to suffer the modern malady of an embarrassment of technical riches and affluence: videos, internet, texting, chatting and trash talking on our cell phones; busy parents and missed practices. I was incensed when I overheard one of our parents say we lost our 4th game because of a poor call by the ump at first base in the second inning. What this city-slicker fool missed was that 4 of our 9 girls went


0-for-4 at the plate, including his own daughter. Stunned by the heat and pressure to perform, they didn’t even go down swinging, they went down looking. Tough to watch! We still managed to have fun all weekend, and a post-tournament pool party back in the city washed away our sorrows. I got some valuable lessons from my better-prepared competitors. Which brings me back to Monday morning and my day job: helping our 500 clients improve their landscape and groundscare operations with a formal training system. For business lessons I look around at some of our industry partners and marvel at their success. How can STIHL possibly sell a concrete saw for the same price they did 10 years ago? Toro’s 48” walk-behind mowers are cheaper now than they were 25 years ago when I got into landscaping. And how is it possible that Toyota can sell their flagship Corolla for the same price now, as they did 10 years ago. It’s easy to say China, but the better answer is that they are constantly improving their processes.

...good training of new hires is central to managing employee waste and rework. Everyone is being asked to do more with less, and to do it better. The golf business has suffered overcapacity, the HST and the cost pressure is relentless; parks budgets are under siege (in London, ON we have a 4-year municipal tax freeze). In southwestern Ontario, landscapers are constantly battling new competition, feckless competitors and this winter, the toughest weather in 30 years. So what can managers do to improve their operations? The naysayers tell us that grounds care is completely different than manufacturing, being so labour-intensive with wages constantly rising with the rate of inflation. But STIHL and Toro have seen rising wages. STIHL is a good example of industrial success (I’m not shilling for my patrons at STIHL here; it’s obvious to all of us that they do things pretty well.). Many German companies do things that seem to defy logic: high wages, lots of mandatory vacation, yet high productivity and the strongest economy in Europe, driven by exports.


TO OUR CANADIAN FORCES IN AFGHANISTAN! Our troops in Afghanistan recently received 1,200 STIHL hats via T&C Small Engine Repair Inc. (Hampton, ON) and a reservist who made sure they were sent in their regulation packages from Trenton. As you can see from the accompanying picture, the men and women there enjoyed receiving these. We received a lovely thank you note from senior officers. They truly appreciate all of our support and any gift from home can make a huge difference in their day to day lives.

Don’t you think that STIHL, Toro and Toyota haven’t gone through every one of their operations and processes and streamlined and trimmed the excess and waste from every operation? Check out “Six Sigma and Lean Manufacturing” on the web, and you’ll see that process-improvement is the hallmark of modern industrial success. We can apply it to landscaping too. Everything from morning preparation of the equipment and crews, to where and how they refill their fuel, holds the promise of benefitting us and reducing costs. Ask any seasoned mechanic: most small equipment damage occurs in transit - not when it’s been used, but when it’s stored or going from site to site. Better engineered trailers and storage solutions will save you money. Most seasonal businesses typically have lots of employee turnover and many young workers. Therefore, good training of new hires is central to managing employee waste and rework. But new employees are paid the least, you say? Fine. But they also produce the lowest productivity (measured in output per dollar paid, less damages and rework). In my 25 years as a contractor I observed that a well trained veteran employee will do 2-3 times as much output hourly throughout the first month as a new hire making a third less money. Chart that out: the new guy should be making about $6-9 an hour, if your top guys make $18. Surely you can’t pay less than $12, so you have no choice but to hire someone good and train them well and fast. We need to train new hires how to do everything, from wearing their seatbelts to packing the right lunch. Then we need to show them the technical skills on the equipment. We simply have the most to gain by doing this and the most to lose by not. So I guess what I have for my fellow Canadian landscapers and ground managers is this: what’s true in baseball is true in life. With commitment, practice and innovation, you will be better. Batter up! Jay Murray, CLP, is President of LS Training System. He is a Certified Horticulturist and former landscape contractor. LS Training System is a system with 23 online videos covering most landscape maintenance, construction, and golf course equipment, from STIHL Cutquiks®, trimmers, blowers, edgers and hedge trimmers that STIHL manufactures, to greens mowers, fairway mowers, skid steer loaders, tractors and winter equipment. Also WHMIS & MSDS training. Build your own system or consider using theirs.


Highgate, ON ~ April 6-10, 2011 Chain saw artists of varying ages, gender and skill came out to The Third Annual Canadian Carv-a-Palooza in Highgate, Ontario to show off their unique talent. Each year, the art showcased at this event advances in both complexity and creativity and returning artists have refined their craft over the passing year. In addition, over the five day event, educational seminars were conducted for carvers allowing them to further their skill set and learn the hidden secrets of this trade. The buzzing sound from busy carvers could be heard from miles away. Crowds of attendees, drawn to this exciting noise, gathered to check out all that was being created. The artists sculpted chunks of fallen trees into beautiful pieces of art while attendees enjoyed meeting the competitors when they took brief breaks from the challenge. Thirty three carvers from various countries such as Japan, Australia, Germany,

Sweden, Italy, Slovenia, United Kingdom, Canada and the United States were intensely observed as they cut, sawed and sculpted their works of art. Three speed carving events were held during the event. These thirty minute rapid transformations tested the carvers’ skill and inventive insight. When the starting bell rang, carvers selected their wood and sent wood chips flying. The audience cheered as the short thirty minutes slipped by and the grainy blocks took life. When the clock clicked zero, chain saw engines choked to a stop as the dust settled atop the freshly formed works of art. This international event of learning and sharing made for an unforgettable experience for everyone that took part. On the last day, a public auction was held to share these masterpieces with the world. The money raised in the auction helps offset the costs of this free event, promote the passion to future wood carvers and support the dedicated artists so that they can continue sharing their inspirational visions.


In May, the devastating fires in Slave Lake, AB caused widespread destruction. The wind reached speeds greater than 100 km/h. Government branches, the Canadian Red Cross and many businesses united to help with the needs of the evacuees and the rebuilding of Slave Lake. The STIHL dealership in Slave Lake, Slave Lake Yamaha, was one of the businesses that was destroyed by the fires. Here are some pictures of the charred remains of the dealership and surrounding area. Slave Lake Yamaha is planning on rebuilding and reopening the dealership in the coming months.

WE LOOK FORWARD TO AN EVEN MORE EXCITING EVENT IN 2012! For more information, you can contact Robbin and Laura Wenzoski from Robbins Amazing Art Do you have an event that you would like featured? Submit it at


Many thanks to the volunteers and the business sponsors: STIHL Limited, Carter Home Hardware, McNaugton’s Home Hardware, Sikkens Canada, Howard Johnson, Ridgetown Foodland, Ridgetown Tim Hortons, Sykes Sand & Gravel and McTavish Tree Removal.




MS 201 & MS 201 T

In the treetops, different rules apply. Up there, every gram counts. There’s no margin for error and you need a chain saw that’s quick and easy to start. That’s why STIHL developed the new MS 201 and MS 201 T chain saws. They were built like the professionals who use them…tough, precise and powerful. They are tools for highperformance people who expect the same of their tools, day in and day out. These professional arborist saws can be guided accurately to deliver precise cuts and are reliable when cutting branches, removing dead wood and performing specialist felling jobs. Work in the treetops is less demanding with the compact design construction, low weight and optimal maneuverability of these chain saws. The new MS 201 and MS 201 T are lightweight power packs for professional arborists. They are real professionals, just like you.





1. 2-stroke, stratified charge engine, providing outstanding cutting performance, plenty of torque; 20% reduction in fuel consumption and up to 70% fewer exhaust emissions 2. Extremely smooth anti-vibration system 3. NEW STIHL exclusive: low-vibration, low-kickback 3/8” Picco Super 3 (PS3) chisel saw chain 4. Stainless steel muffler 5. Diecast magnesium engine casing 6. The filter service life is twice as long as that of current models 7. Equipped with digital ignition system, ensuring a smooth start every time 8. Master Control Lever™ with integrated choke 9. MS 201 T has a top handle design for in-tree work with built-in retractable carry ring 10. Patented captive bar nuts on the chain spocket cover to prevent loss 11. Side-mounted chain tensioning 12. Tooless gas and oil caps 13. STIHL Ematic™ chain lubrication system

MS 201 & MS 201 T



STIHL’s lightest professional chain saws; compact, super light powerhouses. The chain saws professional arborists, maintenance services, tree care and landscaping companies have been waiting for.


35.2 cc (2.15 cu. in.) 1.8 kW (2.4 bhp) MS 201 - 3.9 kg (8.6 lb) MS 201 T - 3.7 kg (8.1 lb) 30-40 cm (12-16 in.) STIHL ROLLOMATIC®



11 13

MS 201 Chain Saw

$699 95


with 16” bar

MS 201 T Chain Saw


$659 95


with 16” bar

ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT ASPECTS OF TREE FELLING IS THE ‘ESCAPE ROUTE’. It could be argued that the most important aspect of tree felling is the ‘escape route’. An escape route is simply a predetermined path of exit or retreat away from a falling tree. Preparations are made to clear the escape route by moving or cutting obstacles and brush that would cause the cutter to trip or stumble, or in any way obstruct or block the escape path. Studies have revealed that 90% of all fatalities or injuries that occur to people when falling trees are within 5 feet of the stump or trunk (this occurs during the back-cut process). Further investigation shows that of these fatalities and injuries, they occur during the first 15 seconds from when the tree begins to fall.

...90% of all fatalities or injuries that occur to people when falling trees are within 5 feet of the stump or trunk... The lesson to take from this study is the sooner and further a feller can distance themselves from the falling tree the better. In fact, the sooner a feller is more than 5 feet from the stump or trunk the chances of being killed or hurt is reduced by 90%. This is a very significant statistic and provides ample justification for selecting, preparing and using an escape route whenever falling trees. This information is the basis for the ‘5-15-90 Rule’. By taking these statistics into account, or in other words, by learning from others’ mistakes, we can improve our safety when felling trees. IMAGE #1

Escape routes should be at an angle away from the direction of the fall. (Image #1) Due to reactive forces created as the tree begins to fall, limbs dead tops or a section of the trunk typically land right beside or behind the trunk or stump. Forces of gravity also play a role on the tree and its parts, as it tips and begins to fall.

Escape routes should be at an angle approximately 135 degrees from the direction of fall or 45 degrees opposite the direction of fall. (Image #2) While the specific angles are simply guidelines and rules of thumb, not specific measurements, they should still be considered when selecting and preparing your escape route. Downhill escape routes should be avoided, as logs and trees


can roll. Also, whenever


Tree Climbing, Fall Protection & Work Positioning – October 18 & 19

possible, get behind a strong IMAGE #2

barrier such as another tree. Select and walk the escape route prior to cutting, or in other words, do a practice run to ensure that it is free and clear of any obstructions.

Another important consideration is to ensure that any bystanders are well clear of the drop zone. The best place for everyone else to be during the felling process is two tree lengths away. This distance is derived from evidence that shows that tree parts that fall from a falling tree or that are explosively released upon impact can travel great distances. This is also why the feller should not stop retreating down the escape route after only 5 feet. It is safest to keep on making as much distance as fast as possible between you and the falling tree.

The best place for everyone else to be during the felling process is two tree lengths away. Remember to always plan, prepare and practice your escape route when felling a tree and you will improve your safety by 90%. My office recently received an e-mail from a past student, telling us that a family member was killed tragically while felling a tree. The student is an arborist who has attended our training, and indicated that the main reason for the tragedy was that the 5-15-90 Rule was not considered, and no escape route was planned or prepared by the casualty. It is wise to learn from others’ mistakes, as we do not have enough time or lives to make them all ourselves. In sharing this information, it is my intention to educate people on the dangers and realities of felling trees in order to provide ways to help you avoid making serious mistakes or suffer tragic accidents. This article was provided by Dwayne Neustaeter, Arboriculture Canada Training and Education Ltd.

Technical Tree Falling & Cutting – October 20 & 21 Tree Dynamics & Integrated Risk Assessment – October 25 & 26 Emergency Readiness & High Angle Rescue – October 27 & 28 Chain Saw Safety & Cutting Techniques – November 7 Production Tree Removal & Rigging – November 8 - 10

CALGARY, AB Hazard & Danger Tree Cutting & Falling – November 21 & 22 Production Tree Removal & Rigging – November 23 - 25 Tree Dynamics & Integrated Risk Assessment – December 1 & 2

CAMBRIDGE, ON Tree Climbing, Fall Protection & Work Positioning – October 11 & 12 Technical Tree Falling & Cutting – October 13 & 14 Chain Saw Safety & Cutting Techniques – October 25 Production Tree Removal & Rigging – October 26 - 28 Hazard & Danger Tree Cutting & Falling – November 14 & 15


THE 5-15-90 RULE

Arborist Technical Rigging – November 16 - 18

To register, please call 1-877-268-8733, e-mail: or go to


STIHL CUTTING WHEELS TOP-NOTCH QUALITY AND OUTSTANDING CUTTING PERFORMANCE The performance of a cut-off saw is highly dependent on the quality of its cutting wheel. Fully aware of this correlation, STIHL can provide you with everything you need to achieve professional results. STIHL’s cut-off saws and high-grade cutting wheels are manufactured according to the most stringent quality standards and guarantee excellent cutting performance and precision. The STIHL range includes diamond cutting wheels for concrete, asphalt and natural stone, as well as, resin-bonded cutting wheels for steel, asphalt and stone.


Premium Grade, Performance Class 80 This extremely fast cutting diamond wheel can be used on all sorts of construction materials. This diamond wheel is perfect for cutting heavily reinforced concrete and hard natural stone.


Diamond wheels consist of four components: diamond crystals, a bonding system, a segment and a metal core.

Diamond Crystals


Metal Powder


Diamond Segment/Rim



Steel Core

Diamond Saw Wheel

1. Raw Material ~ The diamond crystals in the wheels are synthetic (man-made) rather

than natural. This provides the wheels a consistency that can be relied upon during the enormous stresses they encounter while grinding. The main performance factors in diamond wheels are the size, shape, quality and concentration of these diamond crystals.



metal powders. This bonding matrix is crucial to the overall performance of the diamond wheels.

3. Mould Filling & Sintering ~ The diamond crystals and bonding matrix are heated at

high temperature with high pressure and shaped into segments. These segments are wider than the core of the wheel to which they will be attached, and provide the clearance to promote material discharge and discourage wheel binding. The segments are designed to wear down at a rate appropriate to the material being cut.

4. Laser Welding, Sharpening and Tensioning ~ The diamond wheel cores are made from

high alloy heat-treated steel. Depending on the type of wheel selected, the steel cores are built to support the appropriate segment. The various segments are affixed through a laser welding process to the outside side edge of the steel core. An arbor hole is bored in the center and the entire core is tensioned to prevent wobbling at high speeds.


Diamond wheels do not really cut, instead they grind material through an action of friction with the synthetic diamond-bonding matrix. The diamond crystals, often visible at the leading edge and sides of the segment, remove material by scratching out particles of hard, dense materials or by knocking out larger particles of loosely bonded abrasive material. This process eventually cracks or fractures the diamond particle, breaking it down into smaller pieces. As a result, a diamond wheel for cutting soft, abrasive material must have a hard metal matrix composition to resist this erosion long enough for the exposed diamonds to be properly utilized. Conversely, a wheel for cutting a hard, non-abrasive material must have a soft bond to ensure that it will erode and expose the diamonds embedded in the matrix.

Part # 0000 670 6000

Thanks to the newly designed 10 litre pressurized water tank, there is flexible water supply on the building site. It was designed and built with a recessed grip and contains a stable base to prevent it from tipping. There is excellent water flow that is produced by pressurizing the tank by hand. It also includes a large filling funnel with cover.





Note: Compatible with all STIHL Cutquik® saws.




2. Mixing ~ Diamond crystals are held in place by a sintering process of specially blended




Receive a STIHL B10-12" diamond wheel with the purchase of a TS 410, a STIHL B10-14" diamond wheel with the purchase of a TS 420 or TS 700, or a B10-16" diamond wheel with the purchase of a TS 800.





For a chain saw capable of unleashing its full cutting potential, you need not only a high-performance engine but also wearresistant and durable cutting attachments that deliver excellent cutting performance and that will never let you down. STIHL is the only chain saw manufacturer in the world that develops and produces its own saw chain and guide bars. This level of vertical integration sets new standards for the industry as a whole. STIHL’s saw chain stands for Swiss precision, the ultimate in STIHL quality and an outstanding performance. It can be displayed with pride.


QUALITY STIHL DEVELOPMENT: STIHL is the only chain saw manufacturer in the world that also develops its own saw chains and guide bars. QUALITY STIHL PRODUCTION: All our saw chains are manufactured with Swiss precision in our STIHL factory in Wil, Switzerland. They are made using special machines that have also been developed and produced by STIHL. SUPER CUTTING PERFORMANCE: STIHL saw chains not only provide outstanding cutting performance on STIHL chain saws, they are also excellent on chain saws from various other manufacturers.


EVERYTHING IN POSITION Special machines are used to assemble the individual components into finished saw chains.

To ensure that users can fully concentrate on the cutting job at hand, we leave nothing to chance when manufacturing STIHL saw chains. Impeccable manufacturing quality is the hallmark of our saw chains. An array of stringent checks continuously monitors the quality of components. The outcome: Swiss precision that will never cease to astound you, day in and day out, as you use your STIHL chain saw.

A BATH FOR THE TOUGHEST OF THE TOUGH A galvanic bath guarantees state-of-the-art resistance to wear. The top plate of the cutters is chrome-coated. PERFECT GRINDING The cutters are sharpened on our special machines prior to assembly to prevent shavings from harming the chain during first use. MINIMUM ELONGATION The final production step for every STIHL saw chain involves exposing it to a high and uniform tensile load. This ‘stretching‘ reduces to an absolute minimum any subsequent elongation of the chain when used for the first time. This means that the saw chain wears down much less and is a lot more durable.

EVERYTHING IN CHECK All saw chain components are subjected to stringent checks both prior to and during the manufacturing process.




63PS3 • 20% more cutting capacity than regular Picco chain

• Smooth cutting

• Excellent plunge cutting characteristics

• Comes standard on new MS 201 and MS 201 T chain saw models

ACCESSORIES STIHL HAND TOOLS TO MANAGE YOUR PRUNING NEEDS STIHL Professional By-Pass Hand Pruner Part # 0000 881 3638 • Replaceable steel blade • Integrally moulded plastic handles STIHL Pruning Shears Part # 0000 881 3670 • 24” / 60 cm aluminum handles • 2” / 5 cm cutting capacity STIHL PH80 Hedge Shears Part # 0000 882 0709 • 30” / 75 cm length • Corrosion-resistant blades • Extremely lightweight

With Fall comes time to tidy up those gardens before winter strikes back. Various types of trees, such as deciduous trees, crab apples and other pest-prone species, need to be trimmed back. All dead, damaged or hazardous limbs must be removed. Any branches that cross or rub each other should be pruned. Late Fall is the perfect time to prune your garden, as the plants are visible, there are fewer insects and plant diseases have minimized.



STIHL ‘A’ Helmet System Part # 0000 884 0165 • Noise rating of 24NRR • Nylon mesh visor • Made by Peltor STIHL cUL/BNQ and WCB/BC “Urban” Safety Pants Part # 7002 883 2700-03 cUL/BNQ Part # 7002 884 6508-11 WCB/BC • Designed specially for arborists and municipal forestry workers • Certified to either cUL/BNQ or WCB/BC standards • CSA 2, Level 2, reflective striping on each leg • Poly cotton outer material, zippered lower pant legs • Polyester/Kevlar protective pads for greater protection and lightweight

STIHL PP900 Pole Pruner Set Part # 7002 882 0709 • Extended, fiberglass poles with 12’ (3.5 m) reach • Very lightweight and durable • Handles the most demanding jobs with ease

STIHL Rubber Safety Boots Part # 7002 884 4420-26 Part # 7002 884 3308-14 Spiked • Steel plate for protection against punctures (except spiked) • CSA Class 1 cut protection, CSA Grade 1 toe cap, dialectric (except spiked) and nylon/rubber front protection

Telescopic Pole Saw † Part # 0000 881 4113 • Lightweight and durable aluminum construction • Up to 15’ (4 m) reach • To be used with Super Turbo Cut saw blade† Super Turbo Cut Saw Blade Part # 0000 881 4141 • Hard chrome blade for cutting all types of wood • Extremely fast and clean cutting characteristics Note: STIHL hand tools carry a limited lifetime warranty. † Sold separately



• Low vibration




The World of STIHL Saw Chain By Darrell Martin | STIHL Limited’s National Manager, Technical Services



STIHL manufactures many different types of saw chain for a variety of uses and purposes. While saw chain may look very similar, there are differences. It is important to understand what the differences are in order to answer “which chain should I choose when selecting chain for my application?”.

Sharpening a chain is a simple task, but it does require practice and the user must follow some general simple guidelines. Each size and type of chain requires a specific size of round file to sharpen the cutters. Look at the chart on the back of the box that the chain came in. It has all the file sizes and angles listed there, or contact your local STIHL Dealer for assistance.

STIHL makes a series of chain that is referred to as SUPER chain. Sometimes this chain type is referred to as “full chisel” chain. The upper corner of the cutter is square.


This “square” corner allows for faster cutting speeds when working in clean timber. However, it does tend to dull more quickly when encountering debris in the wood.


A Micro chain sometimes referred to as “semi chisel” chain has a rounded upper corner. This rounded corner does slow the cutting speed, but it does withstand more debris in the wood. It is also more forgiving when sharpening, if the user makes slight errors with sharpening angles.

All STIHL “C” series or comfort chain has an innovative design that keeps the heel or back of each cutter raised off the guide bar when the cutter is not cutting in wood. Notice the “C” below the STIHL in the picture above. When the cutter is cutting, the cutter rocks rearward and sits squarely on the guide bar. The benefit to this type of chain is in reduced vibration, extended guide bar and chain life, and it requires less power to run the chain, leading to increased cutting speeds.




All STIHL chain is pre-stretched at manufacturing, which reduces the need for adjusting the chain as often when new. All STIHL chain is OILOMATIC®. This feature, which is exclusive to STIHL chain, has an oil way or groove designed into each drive link which directs the lubricating oil to the rivet area, the highest load point and wear point on a chain.



When sharpening a chain, the top of the cutter should be sharpened at a 30° angle for most applications. Hold the file guide at this angle and always file only away from you, never towards yourself. Count the number of strokes you make on each cutter and then use the same number of strokes on each cutter on the loop of chain. Keeping the cutter length equal is important to ensure a chain that cuts straight.

Start sharpening on the side of the chain that feels most “uncomfortable” for you since this will help keep the tooth length equal. When sharpening a chain, you must remove enough material so the top of the cutter is the same colour over its entirety. The used part of the chain appears lusterless and grey. Remove ALL this dull grey colour back to the chrome, as the chroming helps the cutter retain its edge. After the cutters have been sharpened, you must adjust the depth gauges (sometimes known as rackers or drags). This is done with a flat file and a depth gauge tool designed for your specific chain. Place the depth gauge tool over at least 2 cutters and the depth gauge will protrude through the slot if it needs to be lowered. File the depth gauge to the level of the tool. Never lower the depth gauges more than recommended, as this will cause excessive vibration, overload the chain and may cause it to break while in operation and increases the risk of kickback. Following some simple guidelines and with practice, you can develop your skills as a saw chain sharpener. As always, your STIHL Dealer has a full line of sharpening tools and chain and can offer expertise and advice on the best way to maintain your saw chain, and which type of chain to use, ensuring that it cuts well and remains safe while operating your saw.



At STIHL, we’ve invested considerable resources in producing long lasting, energy-efficient products that minimize our impact on the environment. Now, as part of this green initiative, we are now providing our readers with a paperless version of the STIHL PROLINE publication. We listened to our readers’ feedback. The convenience of reading an electronic version meets many busy lifestyles. Visit and enter your Postal Code and ID (found on the back of this issue of PROLINE, where your address information is located) to create your account. Let’s all do our part and help the environment. Make a difference today!




Let us know what you think of STIHL PROLINE at Tell us the types of product information or resources you have found most helpful or would like to see more of. Do you have a tech question? Send it to us and we will get it answered by one of our tech experts in the next edition of STIHL PROLINE.

Riddle: How do you get close to a squirrel? Answer: Climb in a tree and act like a nut.


Otherwise normal and rational folk (a.k.a. skiers and snowboarders) fasten their feet to some variety of plank and rocket down steep hills in an insane quest to tear their medial collateral ligaments. Those people like winter even if they apparently hate the important stretchy things that keep their knees from falling apart. They don’t like summer so much because that’s when they schedule their knee surgeries. Beer league hockey players also like winter, although I’m not sure why they don’t just skip the sweaty, skating, hitting each other part and just go directly to the beer. But for guys who like to build stuff, winter is horrible. You just kind of stand at the window staring outside hoping for it to snow again so you can at least kill half an hour shovelling the driveway.

It was a beautiful deck. It had curves where straight lines would do and a couple of staircases and built-in planters and a mini-gazebo, a wet-bar and built in benches. It was the ultimate deck. The only thing that would have improved that deck was if it were magically transported to Maui to the beach where they shoot the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Edition. The next summer he helped me with mine. Then he tore down his perfectly good existing deck and rebuilt it - he told his wife they had termites. She pretended to buy his story only because when he’s outside building stuff, he’s out of her hair. Needless to say, people like us really enjoyed the latest outdoor construction/yard work season. Only thing that gets me back indoors is I’ve got to write about 500 letters. Gotta get rid of all those #$@%! stamps I collected last winter.

Winter’s when you take up and abandon hobbies, like beermaking, stamp collecting, model airplane construction and yoga. Beermaking’s a non-starter because no matter how good you get at it, the folks at Molson’s are better. Stamp collecting has to go because it’s not easy to pronounce “philately” and when you manage to say it right, you realize it sounds like something prohibited in the Canadian Criminal Code. Filling the house with airplane glue fumes degrades your thought processes sufficiently that you actually sign up for yoga, which reminds you your back is now as inflexible as your political views. When you find yourself looking forward to the next gripping episode of Grey’s Anatomy…well. You leap off the couch and do the best you can. By February, every hinge inside the house is oiled and you’ve gone through four cans of WD-40. New baseboards everywhere. House reeks of fresh paint. Marriages survive argument over whether bathroom should be beige or zodiac buckskin. (Note to readers: Not making up the colour “zodiac buckskin.” Unfortunately. It’s like beige only…not.) Replaced all the light fixtures in the house. Swapped out the environmentally friendly, low-flow shower heads for ones that actually get you clean. Replumbed basement toilet. Installed ceiling fans…everywhere. Argued with significant other over whether a wall-mounted ceiling fan would be awesome, like being able to stand in front of an airplane, or if it would just be the last, stupid straw that breaks the back of our marriage. Note to unmarried men who plan on getting married some day: Don’t even try it. Unless you want out of the marriage, in which case adapting a ceiling fan to work while mounted on a wall is a lot more effort than needed. For most guys, you want out, just let her “accidentally” get a look at your internet history. And if she finds it and still wants to stay with you? Never, ever let her go. Just saying. I know one guy built a backyard deck every summer for the last three summers. He built his the first summer.

STIHL WORD SEARCH n n u e m s n o i s s i m e m l w

i m y l i y p i c b a n x c l d b

o a e i o e e g a e r c a r e m r

• chainsaw • trimmer • acreage • tough • tapaction • cutquik • timber • pioneer

t r a t s o t y s a e h e c y e u

i l e a s p a y a l t i n g m d s

m u d s t y a d l h c a o m a o h

b f i r i a s e g o l l i y k t e

e r a e h d n i m a o r t t i r y

• lightweight • powerful • kombisystem • magnum • autocut • diamond • landscape • technology

r e m v l c e m b n t i c l u m t

i w o n e w e n h m l o a a q a h

c o n s t r u c t i o n p l t g r

o p d h c e e t b i d k a n u n l

c e g i r t a a a s a u t o c u t

• brush • commercial • versatile • blower • superior • emissions • construction

* All product weights are without fuel and cutting attachment. All prices will remain in effect until November 30, 2011. The goal of STIHL Limited is to produce truthful and accurate advertising materials. In the unlikely event of a printing error, the local STIHL Dealer has the final authority to set product pricing. Pricing valid at participating Dealers only.

l i a e t t r e c i m l t s t m a

l l s m o u w a s n i a h c e a t

l d e i d c p i o n e e r a p l g

n t s u p e r i o r e w o l b e d

• cutter • residential • stihl • easytostart • durability • balanced • excellence


Winter is good for some people.

By: Ian Robinson