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LOCALISM  AND  THE  BIG  SOCIETY: OPPORTUNITIES  AND  CHALLENGES   FOR  TENANT  AND  RESIDENT   Angus  McCabe Third  Sector  Research  Centre North  West  Tenants  and  Residents  Assembly 7th  December  2011

Thursday, 8 December 2011


A  STARTING  POINT • Cameron’s  Big  Society  “A  mystery  to  most”   (Harris  InteracEve  Survey  April:  2011) • “Big  Society:  it’s  the  only  game  in  town”   (Development  Agency  Interview)   • “Bo8om-­‐up  and  community-­‐led  ac=vi=es  which  so  o?en   bubble  along  under  the  radar  are  receiving  new  public   recogni=on.  This  is  in  part  because  we  are  on  the  threshold  of   poli=cal  change  and  deep  economic  restraint…”  (Oppenheim   et  al.,  2010:  2).   • Tenants  and  Resident’s  OrganisaEons  –  below  or  ‘under’  the   radar? Thursday, 8 December 2011


DEFINING  BELOW  THE  RADAR • Unregistered  groups  (unincorporated   associaNons  not  on  charity  of  other  regulatory   registers) • Income  thresholds:  under  £10k  (NCVO),  under   £25k  (Thompson)  under  £35k  (CEFET) • Below  other  ‘radars’:  local  directories,  web,   policy,  funders  etc • Issue  of  ‘fuzzy’  boundaries  and  definiNons • Below  the  radar  is  not  a  deficit  model   Thursday, 8 December 2011


POLICY  CONTEXT  QUIZ  1 • “It  is  my  belief,  a?er  a  century  in  which  to   tackle  social  injus=ce  the  state  has  had  to  take   power  to  ensure  social  progress,  that  to  tackle   the  social  injus=ces  that  s=ll  remain  the  state   will  have  to  give  away  power.” • Who  said  this? • And  for  a  bonus  point:  When?

Thursday, 8 December 2011


POLICY  QUIZ  2 • This  is  not  just  devolu=on  that  takes  power   from  central  government  and  gives  it  to  local   government,  but  power  that  goes  from  local   government  down  to  local  people,  providing  a   cri=cal  role  for  individuals  and   neighbourhoods,  o?en  through  the  voluntary   sector.” • Who  said  this? • Which  one?  (a  clue) Thursday, 8 December 2011


‘CIVIL  SOCIETY’  POLICY;   CHANGE  OR  CONTINUITY:  1? • Key  service  provider • Big  Society,  localism  –  double  devoluEon  and   ‘CommuniEes  in  Control’  (2008) • ParEcipatory  budget  seXng • Asset  transfer  –  The  Quirk  Review  (2007) • NaEonal  CiEzen  Service  –  Building  Britain’s  Future   (2009) • PromoEon  of  social  enterprise • Social  Investment  Bank  –  Big  Society  Bank • CommuniEes  as  ‘change  agents’ Thursday, 8 December 2011


‘CIVIL  SOCIETY’  POLICY;   CHANGE  OR  CONTINUITY:  2? • ConNnuity  with  a  ‘new  language’?  From   pathfinders  to  vanguards  and  kick-­‐starts  etc • ‘Freedoms’  rather  than  targets • De-­‐regulaNon • Speed  of  cuts/deficit  reducNon  strategy • Change  of  ‘tone’  –  from  ‘nudge’  to  ‘push’? • From  community  development  to  social   acNon,  but……… Thursday, 8 December 2011


RESPONDING  TO  THE  NEW   POLICY  ENVIRONMENT • • • • • • •

No  single  ‘sector’  response: Enthusiasts PragmaNsts ‘Bi-­‐polar’:  depending  on  role/posiNoning Reluctant  followers Opponents The  two  ‘O’s:  opportunity  versus  opposiNon

Thursday, 8 December 2011


THE  OPPORTUNITIES  FOR • Localism  Act o Right  to  challenge o Right  to  buy o Right  to  manage

• BUT o Placing  localism  within  the  welfare  reform   agenda…….

Thursday, 8 December 2011


BE  CAREFUL  WHAT  YOU   WISH  FOR? • Voluntary  sector:  larger  role  in  delivery  of   public  services  –  funding  assumpNons? • Community  sector:  voice  and  influence  –  but   management  and  responsibility? • Government:  a  ‘big  society’  and  social  acNon:   what  kind  of  acNon? • Tenants  and  Resident  OrganisaNons…….?

Thursday, 8 December 2011


THE  IMPACT  OF  CHANGE  1: THE  FORMAL  ‘THIRD  SECTOR’ “Policy  rich:  resource  poor” TescoisaNon?  Centralised  stock  transfer? LidlisaNon:  public  services  ‘on  the  cheap’ Mergers  and  consorNa  or  the  end  of   solidarity?  “Now  I  know  my  enemies.” • Advocacy  or  service  delivery? • Rights  versus  responsibiliNes?  As  tenants  –  as   residents….. • • • •

Thursday, 8 December 2011


THE  IMPACT  OF  CHANGE  2:   BELOW  THE  RADAR • Too  early  to  tell  –  but  early  indicaNons: • For  many  below  the  radar  groups:  no  impact:   receive  no  funding/not  linked  to   governmental  policy  agendas • Loss  of  small  grants/pro  bono  support  for   groups  with  wellbeing  agendas  (pensioner   groups,  mental  health  support  groups  etc.) • The  ‘compound  effect’? • And  for  Tenant  and  Resident  OrganisaNons…? Thursday, 8 December 2011


THE  CHALLENGES  OF   DELIVERING  THE  NEW  AGENDA  1 • Engagement  of  whom  –  and  for  what?  CommuniEes   or  the  formal  voluntary  sector? • Outcome  funding:  payment  on  results • What  is  the  payback? • The  tendering  process:  from  PQQ  to  ITT • Social  return  on  investment  (SROI) • Skills  base:  levels  of  complexity:  a  new  model  of   capacity  building? • From  grants  to  contracts  to  loans  and  venture  capital Thursday, 8 December 2011


THE  CHALLENGES  OF   DELIVERING  THE  NEW  AGENDA  2 • Rates  of  community  acNon;  staNc  over  last   decade;  concepts  of  a  ‘civic  core’ • Understanding  moNvaNons:  good  ciNzens,   social  ciNzens  or  angry  ciNzens? • Public  percepNons  of  policy  shihs • Change  in  role  at  a  community  level:   – From  acEve  ciEzen  to  big  ciEzen – From  influence  to  management  and  responsibility

Thursday, 8 December 2011


THE  CHALLENGES  OF   DELIVERING  THE  NEW  AGENDA  3 • AspiraNons  or  assumpNons  around   philanthropic  or  corporate  support  for  the   delivery  of  public  services • Social  acNon  versus  individual  rights:   consumerism  or  ciNzenship?   • The  need  for  a  ‘new  public/civil  servant’:  from   manager  to  ‘storyteller,  architect  or  bricoleur’ • Local  freedoms  versus  ‘central  influence/ control’ Thursday, 8 December 2011


THE  CHALLENGES  OF   DELIVERING  THE  NEW  AGENDA  4 • ‘Scaling  up’  or  ‘replicaEon’? • The  nature  of  contracEng:  fewer  and  bigger? • Trickle  down? • Risk  averse  commissioning • ‘Barrier  busEng’  but  barriers  to  community  acEvity   beyond  government  influence? • Funding  and  the  ‘funding  gap’  between  ‘old’  and   ‘new’  money • The  private  sector  role:  not  bio-­‐diversity? • Other????? Thursday, 8 December 2011


FUTURE  GAZING • New  alliances?  TRO’s,  youth,  Trade  Unions,  others • Thriving  community  acEvity  ‘beyond  the  state’:  s%ll  below     the  radar • Struggling  groups  offering  services  to  the  public  but  not   (statutory)  public  services • Increasing  gap  between  have’s  and  have  not’s   • Public  percepEon  of  government,  local  government  and  the   formal  voluntary  sector  –  social  housing? • Freedoms  versus  ‘checks  and  balances’ • Equali%es……the  impact  of  changes  to  Local  Housing   Allowance Thursday, 8 December 2011


FURTHER  INTO  THE  FUTURE? • “I  don’t  want  to  predict  what  the  future,  say  in   five  years,  will  look  like  for  voluntary  never   mind  community  groups.  There  may  be  a   leaner  but  more  efficient  and  effec=ve  sector,   a  more  entrepreneurial  and  business  like   sector  –  or  just  a  leaner  one.  What  we  will  see   played  out  in  some  form  is  a  profound  change   in  the  rela=onships  between  people,   government  and  the  sector.”  (Development   Agency  Interview) Thursday, 8 December 2011


THE  FINAL  QUIZ • What  might  be  wrong  with  the  Commission  on   Big  Society  statement: • Powerful  People,  Responsible  Society • SuggesNons  please………

Thursday, 8 December 2011


THE  ROLE  OF  TENANT  AND   RESIDENT  ORGANISATIONS  IN…. • Places   • Spaces • Faces • Time

Thursday, 8 December 2011


CONTACT

Thursday, 8 December 2011

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