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Tea For Two(hundred) Buckingham Palace

BENV GA08 Design Realisation Year 4, Bartlett School of Architecure Unit 10 - CJ Lim, Bernd Felsinger, Simon Dickens

STEVEN McCLOY


INTRODUCTION This project has been designed to create an environment that is stimulating for children’s imagination and makes reference to the fictional worlds found in children’s literature. Key texts included Roald Dahl’s Charlie and the Chocolate Factory and BFG, Mary Norton’s The Borrowers, Lewis Carol’s Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, and Frances Hodgson Burnett’s The Secret Garden, as well as references to nursery rhymes such as Hansel & Gretel and Jack & the Beanstalk. Common themes of the literature were change in scale, palaces & Queens, and chocolate and cakes. These themes form a design language for an architectural proposal at Buckingham Palace, London. HM The Queen Invites about 8000 people every year to large tea parties in the palace gardens, this existing narrative of a giant tea party is retold through the architectural composition. TEA FOR TWO(hundred) has dual function; in the winter months it stands as a folly in Buckingham Palace Gardens, and in the summer months it transforms into a summer school; playing host to two hundred hand picked British Child Prodigies. The guests spend the whole summer at the Palace; Sleeping, Eating, Washing, Studying, and Playing in the new building which is designed to look like a setting for a giant Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip to have Tea for Two. A vast table accommodates a Kitchen and Dining room with a rooftop terrace, and forks and spoons below hoist up hanging bunk beds. A huge feather-filled table cloth unfolds at night to insulate the sleeping quarters. A Glass bottomed Swimming Pool acts as a roof for a huge bathroom where the ceremony of bathing is celebrated, the steamy atmosphere is exaggerated with a bespoke ventilation strategy. Outside there are mobile changing rooms and a mini-amphitheatre, which are shaded by two colossal deck chair canopies. The canopies have small pockets, in which the children can study privately. Vegetables and flowers are grown on the canopies, and there is also a system of hose pipes to heat water using heat from the sun, the pipes weave in stripes just like the pattern on a deck chair. All the beds in the design are also multifunctional as lifts, there are some fireman style sliding poles, and slings draped from the shading canopy. These details intend to provoke an imaginative interaction between the children and the architecture so that they will have more fun during their stay and soak up some creative atmosphere for their summer studies.

The focus area of this report will be - Section 2 Building Construction, fabrication and Materials All the investigations take into account the important client HM Queen Elizabeth II, who would wish to be a champion of the best British Craft, and all design & materials should be fit for royalty. The Building will be prefabricated and assembled as quickly as possible in Buckingham Palace Gardens so as not to disturb the Royal Family.

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Section 01 - Building Form, Systems, Planning and Context Introduction to building forms and systems from conceptual studies and design development to general arrangement plans and sections. Taking into account building height restrictions, protected view corridors, masterplanning, circulation routes and fire escape strategy.


Conceptual Studies

Delightful Assemblages The formal language of the architecture is derived from assemblages of everyday objects: colourful and suggestive they distort scale and provoke a re-imagining of their function and inhabitation and relate to themes of children’s fiction.

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Design Development

Just ignore the Puddle, it’s never too wet for a picnic in England! Design development played with the idea of giant scale elements, they would be composed to the effect of a Tea for Two, where the two Royal Thrones are substituted for the quintessentially British deck chair (from the London Royal Parks) a service of tea, Cake and Liquorice Allsorts. Of course no British summer picnic would be complete without some rain or a big wet puddle! The Elements of the compostition are interpretted as expressive programmatic elements, arbitary “objects” are eliminated.


Masterplan

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Her Majesty’s view of home from her private helicopter : Masterplan 1. Buckingham Palace 2. Palace Gardens 3. Green Park 4. St James’ Park 5. The Royal Mew’s 6. Queen’s Gallery 7. Tea for Two(hundred); Children’s accomodation, dining and bathing. 8. Phase 2: Prodigy Ark

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Masterplan 4

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1. Buckingham Palace 2. Palace Gardens 3. Green Park 4. St James’ Park 5. The Royal Mew’s 6. Queen’s Gallery 7. Tea for Two(hundred); Children’s accomodation, dining and bathing. 8. Phase 2: Prodigy Ark


Building Height Study

188m 180m

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26m

Buckingham Palace East Facade

Tea For Two(hundred)

Initial Proposal Height

BT Tower The Gherkin

London Eye

Big Ben

St Pauls Cathedral

Millenium Dome

Nelson’s Column City Hall 30m

26m

24m

Tea For Two(hundred)

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Buckingham Palace East Facade

Revised Proposal Height

Playing with scale to create an urban landmark, but the Palace is more important and it should be taller The height of the structure in a comparison with popular landmarks of Central London. A revision is made so that Tea for Two(hundred) is not taller than the main East facade of Buckingham Palace at 24 metres. Building height information: http://www.aviewoncities.com/buildings/london.htm

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Planning & View Corridors

One should not get in the way Top: Two protected view corridors affect buckingham palace gardens; in Orange is a view from the Serpentine Bridge to the Palace of Westminster, and in Blue the view of Buckingham Palace from the top of The Mall (this restriction also limits changes to backgroud skylines. Middle: Overview of London’s protected view corridors, www.london.gov.uk/priorities/planning Botttom: An accepable view of the proposal side by side with existing landmark Wellington Arch. 9


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1. Sliding poles 2. Thrones 3. Dressing-up 4. Bathroom 5. Performance area 6. Plant room

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1. Bed landing pads 2. Swimming pool 3. Sunken landscaping 4. Transparent pool floor 5. Performance area 6. Changing Carts

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1. Bed Gantry 2. Post box 3. Sliding poles 4. Verticle garden 5. Solar water heater pipe 6. Study pocket

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1. Bed winch mechanism on giant cutlery

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1. Fire escape (slide down chair leg) 2. Children’s kitchen 3. Dining room 4. Balcony

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1. Roof top access stair 2. Lift lobby 3. Allsorts: tables, chairs & rooflights 4. Tea cup light well 5. Teapot recipe library 6. Saftey ball pit 7. Hydrponic rose garden

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1. Roof top access stair 2. Lift lobby 3. Allsorts: tables, chairs & rooflights 4. Tea cup light well 5. Teapot recipe library 6. Saftey ball pit 7. Hydrponic rose garden

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Playful Circulation Systems

Getting around - The Fun Way! All the beds in the design are also multifunctional as lifts, there are some fireman style sliding poles, and slings draped from the shading canopy. These details intend to provoke an imaginative interaction between the children and the architecture so that they will have more fun during their stay and soak up some creative atmosphere for their summer studies.

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FIre Saftey Escape Routes

Fire Escape distances Rooftop areas which only have one permanent access are augmented with inflateable evacuation slides.

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02

Section 02 - Building Construction, Fabrication & Materials Investigation and analysis of building components, structural and construction principles of each component experiments with physical model making and 3D CAD design. Conceptual approach to materials, structure and construction and detailed technical drawings of key junctions.


Exploded Axonometric Full Scheme This section will refer to a series of exploded axonometric diagrams in order to organise the various models and drawings. The building has been broken down into three major chapters: A - The Base: Basement, Pool and Landscaping B - The Table: Beds, Dining Room, Kitchen and Roof Terrace C - The Chairs: Solar Collectors and Gardens

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Key Section - locations of key construction details found in this report

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Construction Chapter A - THE BASE

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Construction Setting-out GPS Co-ordinates

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Construction Setting-out Radial

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Puddle Setting-out and Ground Breaking

Process of using sheet piles to avoid excavating excess royal soil.

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Basement Level Construction Principles

Forming Curved Walls, Slabs & Openings Processes involved with casting curved concrete and waffle slabs. Top Left: KWIT Structures Ltd ,curved formwork - http://www.kildownet.co.uk/ Top Right: ACROW Curved formwork system - http://www.acrow.co.nz/Acrow+Formwork/Circular+Formwork Middle: SANAA Rolex Centre Construction - www.flikr.com/timtom Bottom left: Olympic practice pool, Zaha Hadid Architect’s - www.e-archiect.co.uk , photo by Hufton+Crow Bottom right: Technopoler Polyester - Waffle Mould -http://www.alibaba.com/product-free/109692184/waffle_mould.html

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Brick Paving Layout

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Landscape design References

Sunken Landscaping Top: Basket Bar, Utrect, NL Architects. Middle and Bottom: Monster’s Footprint, Shenzen, MAD Archiects.

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Puddle Swimming Pool & Transparent Pool Floor

Curvature Analysis Red areas relate to smaller diameter sections of acrylic, and potentially weaker areas.

Investigation Into Glass Bottomed Swimming Pool Glass Bottom forms a glass ceiling for the basement bathroom.

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Transparent Pool Floor - References

Pool with Glass Bottom & Sides Reference Images of Acrylic swimming pools. Top: Leandro Erlich, swimming pool - cultblender.wordpress.com Middle left: Transparent penthouse pool - http://www.designbuzz.com/entry/10-cool-creative-swimming-pooldesigns/ Middle right: hotel entrance - www.funkido.com Bottom: Acrylic sided pools - www.troublefreepools.com

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Transparent Pool Floor - Construction Principles

Slumping Prototype 1 - Acrylic sheet is heated over a laser cut frame. The idea is to use gravity to determine a naturally efficient double curved geometry.

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Transparent Pool Floor - Structural Grid and Panelling Study H

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Radial Grid

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Slumping Prototype 1 - Square and radial grid configurations.

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Transparent Pool Floor - Light and Aesthetics

Slumping Prototype 1 - Light effects

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Structural Principles - Exploded View

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Transparent Pool Floor - 3D Study

Reference Images - Mark West Fabric Formed Concrete Bottom: Mark West from University of Manitoba experiments with beautifully optimised structures in fabric formed concrete www.umanitoba.ca

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Technology References - Slumped Glass

Reference Images - Slumped glass Top and Middle: Using curved geometry to make a glass curtain wall perform as cross bracing Vakko Museum, Rex Architects www.rex-ny.com Bottom: Prada Store, Tokyo, Herzog and De Meuron - news.lime388.com

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Technology References - Slumped Glass

Glass Slumping process whereby a panel of glass is heating to near melting point over a shaped void, the glass finds a naturally optimised curve due to gravity. Images: www.rex-ny.com

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Construction Chapter B - THE TABLE

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Structural Principles

Identifying Primary and Secondary Structure Siff ring-beams provide lateral stability for a heavy steel primary frame structure for the table top, loads are transferred into three structural legs. Secondary structures are hung from the primary frame and provide cross bracing. 45


Schematic Schedule Of Structural Elements This is the schedule used as a laser-cutting list to produce the 1:50 scale model of the structure of elements B_01-B_06. The modelling technique and CADCAM production are similar to those that would be used to fabricate the full scale elements. The advantage of using digital fabrication (laser-cutting & CNC milling) is that it can allow the designer to be more sculptural with a higher degree of accuracy.

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Structural Principles Model

1:50 Structural Model of the Table Top: Overview Bottom: Primary structure & ring beams

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Structural Principles Model

Side View

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Structural Principles Model

Top: Top View of B_04-B_06 Bottom: Interior view of dining room B_05

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Timber Table Legs

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Table Leg Sketch Options a. Steel column with solid timber secondary structure b. Solid timer column (laminated soft wood) c. Steel Frame with hardwood cladding.

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Table Legs - Structural Reference

Statue of Liberty Frederic Bartholdi & Gustave Eiffel, 1886. A simple structural frame supports sculptural copper cladding panels. Top Left: Body frame being assembled in Paris workshop - www.nps.gov/history Top Right: Beginning to clad the frame, already completed head and arm in foreground - www.nps.gov/history Bottom Left: Interior view - news.nationalgeographic.com/photogalleries Bottom Right: Arm secondary structure - www.nps.gov/history The National Park Service or NPS is responsible for the upkeep of the statue and its home Liberty Island.

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Table Legs - Structural Options

Computer Analysis and Modelling CAD Models investigating Leg Structures. Top Left: Section through The Statue of Liberty, New York City, by www. wunderconstruction.dreamhosters.com

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Table Legs - Structural Model

Investigative Model

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Structures for Bed Winch Mechanisms

Giant Cutlery Top: The Giant forks and spoons wind up the beds as if they were spaghetti Middle and Bottom: Claes Oldenburg, Spoonbridge and Cherry, Minneapolis. Fabrication and installation.

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Concept Design for Tables, Chairs and Rooflights

Ingredients Sugar, Treacle, Wheat flour, Glucose syrup, Desiccated coconut, Gelatine (Bovine), Caramel, Cornflour, Modified maize starch, Fat-reduced cocoa, Liqourice extract, Flavourings, Colours (Plain caramel, Paprika extract, Anthocyanins, Curcumin, Cochineal), Vegetable oil, Glazing agent (Carnauba wax).

Roof Light Tables Allsorts with holes interpretted architecturally as light tubes/picnic tables, other allsorts function as benches. They are made in porcelain with a textured surface.

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Giant Porcelain Tea Set - Design Interpretation

Curvature Analysis Curvature analysis starts to inform how a structural skeleton is optimised. Royal Doulton, Lady Carlyle teaset interpretted as architectural element.

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Tea Set - Construction Principle

Royal Doulton, Lady Carlyle teaset interpretted as architectural element.

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Tea Set - CAD/CAM Fabrication Principle

Element Analysis

Cutting List

Structural Frame

Modelling process and structural principle is very simliar for small scale prototype and the full size steel elements.

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Teapot Kitchen - Structural Model

Royal Doulton, Lady Carlyle teaset interpretted as architectural element.

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Teacup Light Well - Structural Model

Royal Doulton, Lady Carlyle teaset interpretted as architectural element.

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Coloured Glazing Principle

Tea-Stained Glass The teacup roof lights give a coloured lighting effect, because of a liquid layer coloured to match the colour of tea. Top: Stained glass window in Westminster Abbey, and proposed tea cup rooflights Middle: Tea Colour Chart - www.tea-chart.co.uk Bottom Left: Waterfill Cup, with floating glitter - www.disneystore.co.uk Bottom Right: Schematic detail for tea cups - see overleaf

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Cakes - Design Interpretation

Confectionary from Buckingham Palace Cafe interpretted as architectural elements.

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Cakes - Construction Principle

Expanding Spray Foam Cast into Cake Texture Bottom Left: Google Android Campus, sculpture garden includes a foam cupcake - www.cupcakestakethecake.blogspot.co.uk Bottom Right: Polyeurethane Foam Insulation Being applied to a timer structure - www.e-website.com

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Construction Chapter C - THE CHAIRS

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Deck Chairs - Inhabitable Solar Collectors & Gardens

Curvature Analysis and Fabric Canopy Top: Analysis Reveals need for extra support at the areas where the canopy joins the frame; red areas being those with the most tension in the tight curves. Bottom: Lollipop Stick Model showing inhabitable pockets and the structural principles.

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Deck Chairs - Unfolded Canopy Elevation

Deck Chair Thrones & The Royal Cypher Rose Garden The Cypher is surrmounted by the St Edward’s Crown and features the motto:

“Honi Soit Qui Mal y Pense” - “Shamed Be He Who Thinks Evil of It”

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Deck Chairs - Case Study

Day of Surprise, Delight and Coincidence Stuart Murdoch’s Deck Chair for Pimms, installed on Bournemouth Beach 22-25th of March 2012. The sculpture was serendipitously timed to coincide with this report, it offered a great opportunity to understand the spatial qualities of the object as well as being a precedent for construction details and assembly process. The 8.5 metre chair is a box steel frame with a canvas seat, and the prefabricated elements join simply on site using heavy boltss.

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Deck Chairs Case Study - Views and Construction

Field Trip day 1- The Spatial Experience, Saturday 24th March 2012 Stuart Murdoch’s Deck Chair for Pimms, installed on Bournemouth Beach 22-25th of March 2012. The sculpture was serendipitously timed to coincide with this report, it offered a great opportunity to understand the spatial qualities of the object as well as being a precedent for construction details and assembly process. The 8.5 metre chair is a box steel frame with a canvas seat, and the prefabricated elements join simply on site using heavy boltss.

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Deck Chairs Case Study - Construction/Dismantling

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Council Officials collect up deck chairs & corden off part of the beach, a crane arrives and gets in a position with a hard surface.

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The weight of the chair is held by the crane while workers use a winch to raise the lower support bar.

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The chair is lowered gently to the ground, the crane is detached while the structure is inspected.

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The fabric element is removed and the steel structure dismantled and loaded piece by piece into a 15metre truck.

Field Trip day 2 - The technical study of the event dismantling the installation, Sunday 25th March 2012 72


Deck Chair - Cypher Design Analysis

Thrones of HM Queen Elizabeth II and HRH Prince Phillip from Buckingham Palace

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Deck Chair - Hydroponic Rose Garden Cypher

Deck Chair Thrones & The Royal Cypher Rose Garden The Cypher is surrmounted by the St Edward’s Crown and features the motto:

“Honi Soit Qui Mal y Pense” - “Shamed Be He Who Thinks Evil of It” Image: Queen Mary’s Rose Garden, Regents park - www.industrypublicity.co.uk/roses 74


The Imagination Page

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03

Section 03 - Building Performance Investigation and analysis of overall environmental strategy, with consideration of water systems using solar water heating. Overall impact of building form on shading and solar thermal gain. Principle diagrams regarding adaptable thermal curtain and thermal mass storage slabs. Investigation into creating indoor clouds of condensation.


Shading Analysis Initially Proposed Angle

21st June

Revised Angle

21st June

receiving more sun

1st August middle of residence

21st December

1st August middle of residence

21st December

Ecotect Shading Analysis Analysis of day-time hours - 09:00-18:00 of 21st of June,1st of August & 21st of December in London. During June and August the revised angle allows the deck chairs to have more solar exposure, also shading of the surrounding landscape is more evenly spread.

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Creating Microclimates

shaded outdoor performance space

changing facilities

beds

performance space

Ecotect Analysis Data visualisation of thermal gains from solar radiation, under the deck chairs there is a cool microclimate without strong direct sunlight. These provide spaces for performance, picnics, changing and beds. It is important to keep the bedroom environment cool as the inhabitants will be taking afternoon nap-times, and would be uncomfortable in stuffy or humid space.

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Creating Microclimates

Ecotect Analysis Solar thermal analysis at three key levels. There is an obvious relationship between shadows and heat gains.

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Prevailing Winds

Ecotect Analysis Annual prevailing winds mapped onto massing model Top: Wind frequency Middle: Average wind temperature Bottom: Minimum wind temperature (important for calibrating adaptive table cloth) 80


Environmental Strategy Overview

Hose pipes left out in the sun - Environmental Systems Overview Using water to capture and store energy from the sun, the heat is then transferred into a thermal mass heat store to be used at night, warm water is then fed into the pool. The system is open looped, but water is filtered and treated regularly. A separate system heats water for the baths, and greywater is recycled.


Solar Heated Pool Reference

Solar Collection Using Water and Hose. Top: SMAQ Architects, BAD (Bath) - Heats 2m3 of Water using 1000m of garden hose in 30mins. Middle Left: BAD (Bath) Diagram Middle Right: Solar Pool Heating - Water Temperatures - www.smaq.net Bottom: Hose Pipe Solar Heating Coils - www.solarpaneltalk.com

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Water System

Water System, Climate and Precipitation Top: Each Deck Chair heats water in separate systems. Philip’s Chair is an open-loop system that heats the pool water and charges the thermal mass store, it also includes water treatment and filtering, utilising rainwater collection (year-round) with mains for topping up. Elizabeth’s Chair is a linear system that heats bath water, it includes grey water recycling for lavatories and irragating the verticle strip and hydroponic rose gardens. (Soaps and detergents are controlled so as not to damage the plants) Bottom: Climate data for London, highlighted for the duration of summer resisidence - bbc.co.uk/weather

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Special Environmental Conditions

Using Bathtub Steam to Create Special Atmosphere Top: Bathroom in section underneath transparent pool floor, clouds form when hot steam rising from the bath tubs mixes with conditioned cool air in the room. Middle and Bottom: Transsolar + Tetsuo Kondo create Cloudscapes at Venice Biennale 2010 - www.tetsuokondo.jp

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Adaptive Thermal Envelope and Hanging Beds

Warm Breeze

Cool Breeze

Cold Wind

When the curtain comes down On a warm night the beds are free to hang in a pleasant breeze to reduce stuffiness and reduce the risk of poor sleep. A heat insulating curtain is deployed during cooler parts of the night , to create an enclosed thermal zone. The bunk beds can also be hoisted up underneath the thermal mass store, which will be radiating heat throughout the night.

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Insulation Types

Insulation Varieties. Architectural walls and floors in the basement are insulated with ordinary Celotex Foam, whereas the Night-Time Curtain is insulated to 20tog with Goose Feathers. Bedding is Eider Down. With the suggestion of upgrading to swan down for pillows (since the association to the Queen). All feathers are to be harvested humanely and/or as a result of normal slaughter for meat.

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04

Section 04 - Building Delivery A detailed investigation into how a project would be delivered in a professional context. With specific consideration to appropriate modes of architectural practice, project management, including the legal and legislative issues surrounding the project. Possible procurement strategies and their affect upon design and design information, possible risks and difficulties in construction and how there might be designed out, The role of consultants, The role of contractors and suppliers, Contractual relationship with the client


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Procurement and Contracts

A Good Old Traditional Contract Top: Diagram of contractual relationships in a bespoke traditional contract. Bottom: Triangular diagram of contracts, traditional contracts tend to give the best quality and for less cost as it takes a longer time to fully design the building before tender. This way the client can be sure that they will get what the architect designed for them.

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Procurement Information Flow

Architect’s Pool The diagram shows the network of parties involved in the procurement of the building in a traditional contract, they are joined up if they send information between one another.

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System for nominating sub-contractors and consultants The well known Royal Warrant system is a good way to judge the quality of product required for HM The Queen. There is some, although limited, potential to use companies from the list of Royal Warrant holders in the design, construction and delivery of the building.

A Abels Moving Services - removals and storage services Andrew Wilson & Sons Ltd. - Catering Equipment Hirer Air Partner Ltd. - Aircraft Charter Alden & Blackwell — books A & F Pears Ltd — transparent soap Aquascutum — clothing A Nash — brooms Angostura Limited — bitters Akzo Nobel — paints Alexandra PLC — Corporate Uniforms and workwear Alexandre of England 1988 Ltd - Tailors Aston Martin — motor cars Atco — lawnmowers Asprey — jeweler, goldsmith, and silversmith Austin Reed — clothing Autoglym — car care products Autoscan Limited - Automated Storage A. Fulton Company Ltd. - umbrellas B J. Barbour & Sons Ltd — outdoor waterproof wear Bacardi-Martini Ltd — Martini Vermouth Baxters — specialty Scottish foods Bendicks — chocolates Benson & Clegg — Buttons and Badges Benson & Hedges — cigarettes (withdrawn 1999) Bentley Motors Ltd — motor cars Berry Brothers and Rudd — Wine and Spirits merchants Bluebird Buses Ltd — buses and coaches Bollinger S.A. — Champagne Boots the Chemist — chemists/pharmacists Bowden Hostas — Hostas British Gas Services — gas lamp lighting and maintenance Britvic Soft Drinks — fruit juice H. Bronnley & Co. — Toiletries[2] BT Group — Communications, Broadband and Networked Services Buck Consultants — pension consultants Burberry — clothing Bulmers — cider C Calders and Grandidge — preserved timber fencing Capital Refrigeration Services Ltd — Refrigeration @ Air Conditioning Carphone Warehouse — mobile telephones Carr’s — crackers Carlsberg UK Limited — Ale and Lager Cash’s nametags - Nametags Cadbury — chocolates/confectionery Canadian Club — Canadian whisky (withdrawn) Castrol — motor lubricants Charbonnel et Walker — chocolate Charles Frodsham and Co — clocks and watches Charles Rickards Tours Ltd - transport services Chiltern Valley - Winery and Brewery Chorleys Menswear - Tailoring and Uniforms Clarins (UK) Ltd — Skin Care and Cosmetics Coca-Cola International Sales Limited - Soft Drinks Cobb of Knightsbridge — meat Colmans of Norwich — mustard Cooper’s of Oxford — Marmalade and jams. Cope & Timmins — brass Corgi Hosiery - Socks Cornelia James Ltd - Gloves Corney & Barrow — wine Coventry Scaffolding - Scaffolding Contractors Crabtree & Evelyn — shaving soaps and creams, hand soaps, deodorants D D. R. Harris — chemists D Bumsted & Co, Royal British Table Salt — table salt Dacrylate Paints Limited — paint and decorative acrylics DAKS Limited - outfitters Darvilles of Windsor — Teas Datacraft Design Limited- Space Management Software DHL — courier services and logistics Donald Russell Ltd — Gourmet Meat Suppliers DODSON & HORRELL LTD - Horse and Dog Food Manufacturers DOC Cleaning Limited - Cleaning Services E Ede and Ravenscroft — tailors and robemakers Elizabeth Arden Ltd - Cosmetics English Cut - Tailors Ettinger - Fine Leather goods F Fairfax Meadow Farm — sausages Farlows of Pall Mall - Country clothing and shooting accessories Farina gegenüber — eau de cologne 1837 Floris London — fragrances Flying Colours Flagmakers LTD - Flags Fisher Productions - (Event Lighting and Production Services) Ford Motor Company — motor vehicles Fortnum and Mason — groceries Frank Smythson — stationery G Gallyon & Sons — guns Garrard & Co — jewellery and silverware G&B Electrical - electrical contractors (Sandringham Estate)[3] GH Mumm et Cie - Champagne Gieves & Hawkes — tailors GlaxoSmithKline Consumer Healthcare — Toothpaste Alexander Gordon & Co. — gin and vodka H Hamilton & Inches Ltd — Clocks Hamleys -- toys and sports equipment Hatchards — books Hare & Humphreys — decorating and gilding Harvey Nichols — drapers Haythornthwaite & Sons Ltd - Manufacturers of Grenfell Garments Henry Newbery — furnishing trimmings Henry Poole & Co - Livery Tailors[4] Heinz - Food CH Haygarth & Sons - gun & rifle Makers Hayter — grass cutting equipment Hazlitt Gooden & Fox — arts & crafts Heywood Hill Ltd - Bookstore Hobs Reprographics plc Holland & Holland — sporting firearms Holt Renfrew — furrier; now Canadian upmarket department store House of Fraser Howgate Dairy Foods — cheese HP Foods — HP Sauces Hunter Boots - Wellies Hypnos - Upholstery and Bedding Hoval - Heating Boilers I Ian Macleod Distillers Ltd - Glengoyne Whiskies IBM United Kingdom Ltd — Information Systems Inverawe Smokehouses - Smoked Salmon [5] J J.Floris Ltd — Perfumes J & M Sewing Service Ltd — manufacturers of clerical robes Jaguar Cars Ltd — Jaguar and Daimler motor cars James Baxter & Son — shrimps

Basset’s - Cadbury’s

James Cocker & Sons — roses James Purdey and Sons - Maker of firearms Jenners — furnishing materials Jeyes Group - manufacturers of hygiene products John Broadwood and Sons — pianos John Lewis, Oxford Street, London - Haberdashery and household goods John Lewis Reading, Reading - Household and fancy goods John Lobb — bootmaker Johnson Brothers — casual tableware John Walker & Sons — Scotch whisky Joel & Son - Fabrics Judges Choice Petfood Ltd - Petfood K Kent & Sons — hairbrushes Kinloch Anderson — Kilts and Highland Dress Kelloggs — cereal products Kimberly-Clark — toiletries L LEOENGEL - handmade fine jewelry Land Rover — cars Laphroaig — single malt Scotch whisky Laurent-Perrier — champagne Lea & Perrins — Worcestershire sauce (its creator) Linn Products — entertainment (hi-fi) systems Lock & Co. — hatters Loake Shoemakers — Shoes Louis Roederer — champagne Lyle’s Golden Syrup - Treacle M Maggs Bros Ltd — Antiquarian Books Mappin & Webb — Silversmiths Mansour — antique carpets Malvern — bottled water Martini & Rossi — Martini Vermouth McFarlane Telfer Ltd - Catering Equipment Engineers McIlhenny Co — Tabasco Sauce McVitie’s - biscuits Mitre Hall and Letts — Furnishing fabrics and bedding Moss & Co — Timber Importers and Merchants Musto Ltd - Manufacturer of outdoor clothing for country sports and sailing N Nairobi Coffee & Tea Co Ltd — Coffee NCR Ltd — Computer Equipment and Services National Foaling Bank — Foster mares for orphan foals P Partridges — groceries Paxton and Whitfield - cheesemongers Penhaligon — perfumes & shaving products Peter Reed - Luxury Linens Pinneys of Scotland — Smoked salmon — Part of The Seafood Company LTD (Foodvest) Peter Jones— Draper and furnisher Petersfield Book Shop — picture frames Plowden & Smith — restoration services Pots and Pithoi — terracotta pots Price’s Patent Candles Ltd — candles Pringle of Scotland — clothing Prestat — fine chocolates Protectall Ltd. - protective workwear, bespoke embroidery & printing ProTen Services Ltd. — damp proofing & timber treatment Premier Foods Group Ltd. — Cakes and culinary products Pol Roger - Champagne R R E Tricker — shoes R G Hardie & Company — bagpipes Rigby & Peller — Corsetieres Roberts Radio Royal Brierley Crystal — 24% Lead Crystal Ritz Hotel [Catering Services] Robinsons - [Fruit Squashes] S Sandeman — sherry Sandicliffe Motor Garage Ltd — motor horse boxes and automobile engineers Schweppes Holdings Limited — Schweppes & Rose’s soft drinks Sharwood’s — chutney, oriental spices and Indian curry powder Sheen Botanical Labels Limited — engraved plant and tree labelling Shell UK - Purveyor of Motor Spirit Visit Shell Shepherd Neame — cherry brandy Shield Pest Control UK Limited — pest control services Shipton Mill — exceptional millers of quality flour Smythson — leather goods and stationery Spink — auctioneers Spode — china Stanley Gibbons — stamps Steinway & Sons — pianos[6] Sterling Corporate Communications Staples Beds — manufacturers of bedsteads and bedding Stoneham Plc — kitchen and fine furniture manufacturers Straights Direct Limited — animal feeds Strongbow Cider — cider Strong Vend — Bean to Cup coffee machines and other vending machines Suttons Seeds — bulbs and seeds Swaine Adeney Brigg — equestrian and leather goods Stromsholm - Supplies of the finest horseshoes and farriery equiptment T Tate & Lyle — treacle Taylors of Harrogate - tea and coffee merchants Tanqueray — gin Thomas Hine & Co. — suppliers of cognac TIS Software Ltd — computer software Tom Smith Group — Christmas crackers Toye, Kenning & Spencer — Gold and silver lace, insignia & embroidery Truefitt & Hill — barber Twinings — tea and coffee merchants Twyford Bathrooms — Sanitaryware Turnbull & Asser — clothing U Unilever - Consumer packaged goods multi-national corporation V The British Van Heusen Co Ltd — Shirts Veuve Clicquot — Champagne Valvona & Crolla Ltd - Purveyors of Fine Cheese W W J Daniel & Co. — Supplier of Gifts Waitrose, Bracknell — Grocer and wine and spirit merchants Walkers - Shortbread and Oatcakes Wartski — Jewellers Weetabix Limited — Breakfast cereals Wenham Lake Ice Company -- Ice Wilkin & Sons — Jams and fine preserves William Crawford & Sons — biscuits William Sanderson & Son — Vat 69 Scotch whisky Windsor Glass Company LTD — Glass Windsorian Coaches — Coach hire Wensum Company Limited — Livery Tailors Wolsey — clothing manufacturers Worcestershire Medal Service Ltd — Medallists Worcester Bosch Group — t/a Bosch Thermotechnology — domestic appliances X Xerox Limited — Xerographic Copying Equipment, i.e., photocopiers Y Yardley of London — toiletries and personal products

Moss & Co Timber Merchant

DHL Logistics

Royal Doulton

Twinnings Tea

Information and list : www.royalwarrant.org 91


Area Calculation

Calculating the net & gross area to help quantify the size of the project. Tea For Two(hundred) is largely a landscape proposal so therefore appears to be inefficient in Net/Gross area.

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Estimate of Contract Value

Using the building to estimate a contract value, for the “Building” part of the project a high end specification will be required and since the building is in central London all building costs will be much greater. An estimated construction cost is £4500per sqm. Other elements such as the pool and brick paving are much cheaper at between £500-£2000per sqm.

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Architects’ Fee

RIBA Salary Guide - www.ribaappointments.com/Salary-Guide RIBA Outline Plan of Work 2007 Green Overlay to RIBA Outline Plan of Work 2011 RIAS Fee Scale - www.dualchas.com/pdf/fee_guide

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Delivery of Prefabricated Elements

The Craftsmen’s Big Day! Top: Trucks are loaded with all the bespoke elements of the new building, pre-fabricated in various workshops from around Great Britain. Bottom: A special event should be organised so that these works of master craftsmanship can be celebrated when they are delivered, including a royal procession along The Mall.

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Health and Safety in Use

Big Ball Pit - Surface manipulation and illusion of no balustrade Early sketches exploring the possibility of an intermediate zone between rooftop and parapet. For this design it would be an aesthetic disaster to include an 1100mm balustrade around the edge of a flat “Table Top�, a ball pit acts as a safety zone before a sunken 1100mm balustrade. The floor surface around the perimeter of the ball pit has a bumped texture (similar to a pedestrian traffic crossing) in case any visually impaired person were to be at risk of falling in by accident.

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Health and Safety in Use

STOP, LOOK, LISTEN! - Safety Markings, Signs and Warnings Safety Markings are intergrated into the brick paving and are raised with a slight lip. The contrasting colour of yellow brick emulates the well known hazard pattern of yellow stripes. There will be a beeping noise when the beds are lowered to ground level and Lollipop warning signs will remind you to stop. Bottom left to right: Generic “Hazard� markings, British Lollipop Lady - www.whtimes.co.uk, Sheffield Marks and Spencer brick parking surface - www.john-francis-levery.blogspot.com

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

Section 01 Building height information: http://www.aviewoncities.com/buildings/london.htm Overview of London’s protected view corridors, www.london.gov.uk/priorities/planning Neufert, Architects’ Data (3rd Edition), Blackwell Publishing Buckingham Palace Guide Book : The Official Guide, Michael Joseph Limited, 1994.

Section 02 Structural Review consulatantion with Chris Matthewa of Atelier One @ Atelier One Office 12/04/2012 Green Specification Guide - www.greenspec.co.uk Attendance of ECOBUILD 2012, ExCEL London, Tuesday 20th March. - Eco Curves, Laminated Timber - www.ecocurves.co.uk - Schaffitzel + Miebach, Laminated Timber Bridges - www.schaffitzel-miebach.com - TBPL, Lathe Woodworking - www.tbpl.fr - Frosts Vertiscapes, Green roof/wall - www.frostslandscapes.co.uk - Medite Tricoya, Extremely durable MDF - www.meditetricoya.com {SAMPLE} - MLFP, Plumbing & pipes - www.pipe.uk.com - UK Plumbing Supplies, Plumbing supplies - www.uksupplies.co.uk - Spirotech, HVAC heat recovery, deaerators & dirt seperators - www.spirotech.com - Telling Lime Products, Unilit brick mesh reinforcement - www.telling.co.uk {SAMPLE} - Thermafleece, High performance sheep’s wool & thermal/acoustic Hemp insulation - www.thermafleece.com {SAMPLE} - Bamboo Home, decorative bamboo tiles - www.bamboohome.co.uk {SAMPLE} - Johnson Tiles, Floor and wall tiles - www.johnson-tiles.com Andrea Deplazes, Constructing Architecture: Materials, Processes, Structures; a Handbook, Birkhauser, Swizerland Bricks - www.Ibstock.com Basement tanking - www.newton-membranes.co.uk Statue of Liberty Images www.nps.gov/history, news.nationalgeographic.com/photogalleries . The National Park Service or NPS is responsible for the upkeep of the statue and its home Liberty Island. Tea Colour Chart - www.tea-chart.co.uk Waterfill Cup, with floating glitter - www.disneystore.co.uk Stuart Murdoch’s Deck Chair for Pimms - visited on Saturday 24th & Sunday 25th March 2012 Vakko Museum, Rex Architects - www.rex-ny.com Prada Store, Tokyo, Herzog and De Meuron - news.lime388.com

Section 03 Reviews with Environmental Consultant David Garton from Max Fordham, 31/01/2012 & 21/02/2012 Smaq Archiects, solar heated BAD Bath - www.smaq.net Transsolar + Tetsuo Kondo, Cloudscapes, Venice Biennale 2010 - www.tetsuokondo.jp bbc.co.uk/weather www.metofiice.gov.uk

Section 04 Hugh Clamp, Stanley Cox, Sarah Lupton, Which Contract? Fourth Edition, RIBA Publishing, 2007 John Elkinton, Brief Summary of JCT Forms of Contract, RIBA Enterprises, 2004 RIBA Outline Plan of Work, work stage sequences by procurement method, RIBA Publishing, 2007 Green Overlay for RIBA Outline Plan of Work, RIBA Publishing, 2011 British Lollipop Lady - www.whtimes.co.uk, Sheffield Marks and Spencer brick parking surface - www.john-francis-levery.blogspot.com RIBA Salary Guide - www.ribaappointments.com/Salary-Guide RIAS Fee Scale - www.dualchas.com/pdf/fee_guide www.royalwarrant.org

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TEA FOR TWO(hundred) - DESIGN REALISATION