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STEPHEN MAKRINOS the pennsylvania state university undergraduate portfolio landscape architecture 2007-2012


Historic Morphologies Rome, Italy

05-08

Plants, People, and Place

State College, Pennsylvania


09-12

Farming on the Edge

Conyngham, Pennsylvania

13-16

Surface Ecologies

State College, Pennsylvania


Historic Morphology Reclaiming a piazza in the heart of Rome

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HISTORIC MORPHOLOGY: RECLAIMING CASTEL SANT’ANGELO AND PIAZZA DI PONTE Castel Sant’Angelo and Piazza di Ponte, Rome, Italy, 40 48’ N, 77 51’ W Year 4 Semester 2 (January-May) Professor Peralta

These elements look to engage tourists and citizens through formal expressions of a rich history within the city. The urban fabric may morph, but its prior forms remain for future generations to enjoy.

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Site Section of Greenwall

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Ba sti on Gr ee nw all

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mi IL T RA a 0 .2 B IK E a A d r ia n z P ia z

nor th

Tiber River

IL T RA i mi B IK E a c is 0 .7 o lo 0 .9 m p P A r a a d e l Po z P ia z sh

th

Green bastion walls on the north shore of the river take the historic form of the defensive walls that surrounded the castle during the papacy, and provide river access to a new bicycle and pedestrian trial along the river. River lookouts draw inspiration from the handrails that flank Ponte Sant’Angelo, designed by Bernini to allow unobstructed views towards the Tiber River. Finally, traffic along the Lungotevere is rerouted through an underground tunnel, allowing a new sunken Piazza di Ponte to anchor the south shore and provide a formal entry to Castel Sant’Angelo.

i m i 1 L AI 1. 2 m TR isto d 1. KE S n BI nte Isla Po b e r Ti

sou

Three design moves--green bastion walls, Bernini river outlooks, and a sunken piazza--look to reclaim the once prevalent riverfront and Piazza di Ponte for the citizens and tourists of Rome.

river access

Pont e Sant ’Ang elo

Over 2,500 years, the city of Rome has hosted a monarchy, a republic, an empire, and a papacy. The evidence of these occupants can be seen most simply along the Tiber River, where Castel Sant’Angelo, Ponte Sant’Angelo, and the Lungotevere and its 30’ river walls stand as tributes to the urban morphology that occurred over two millennia.

Cas tel San t’An gel o

Ou ei

d i L AI ni l ne TR van .1 m un KE Gio ni 1 I eT B n i r t e v Sa oren ote Fl ng

ttl o o k s

ore

river access stop

Outlooks Outlook Outloo oks ks Piazza P iazza i aazza zzza di d i Ponte Pont

Lun gote ver e Tun nel


River Outlooks and Access

Sketch of Bernini Railings

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Plants, People, and Place A garden looks to inspire children at Penn State’s Arboretum

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Plants, People, and Place: Engaging Children at the Penn State Arboretum North Commons, State College, Pennsylvania, United States, 40 48’ N, 77 51’ W Year 3 Semester 1 (August-December) Professor Rusnak In State College, Pennsylvania, the recently constructed Penn State Arboretum draws thousands of visitors yearly. An adjacent 1/10 acre site, located within a mile of a local elementary school, is imagined as an extension of the Arboretum and its program of educating youth.

HEAR

SEE Rhus typhina

SMELL

Equisetum hyermale L.

Rosmarinus officinalis

TASTE

TOUCH Malus domestica

Pennisetum villosum

Understanding the need to conjure an environment for children to interact with, the garden is designed as a botanical exhibit to be explored, altered, and enjoyed. Using plantings and sculptural cues, areas of the garden are organized around each of the five senses. Plants are chosen based on seasonal interest, regional requirements, microclimate, and outstanding spatial and visual qualities. A net walkway traces a pedestrian desire line, and is underplanted with aromatic herbs. The walkway serves as one of the unifying sculptural elements in the design, providing a visual cue to users within the space. Informal planting boxes spaced throughout the garden offer opportunities for educational seminars with children and parents alike. A small outdoor classroom near an existing red oak tree acts as a gathering space within a space activated by running children The children’s garden showcases plants as a portion of the landscape architect’s palette that can educate, inspire, and create memorable spaces While proximity to the Penn State Arboretum lends the project community support, a diversity of plant types, range of spaces, and attention to the child-scale make the children’s garden a place of energy, discovery, and wonder.

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Site Plan


Netted Walkway Sketch

View Along Pathway

Concept Sketch

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Farming On The Edge

Celebrating agriculture in a greenfield community

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Farming On The Edge: Revitalizing Agrarian Communities

Conyngham, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States, 40 59’ N, 76 3’ W Year 4 Semester 1 (August-December) Professor Kew In Conyngham, Pennsylvania, strategies of Agricultural Urbanism, including 2/3 open space, mixed housing types, and agricultural-related green space are applied to a 199-acre site adjacent to South Main Street. Using Conyngham’s mixed commercial/ residential matrix along this corridor as a starting point, development is pulled into the new site and centered around The Civic Greenway. The Greenway, one of three that define the development, is composed of a series of open spaces punctuated with commercial institutions. Running west to east, the Production Greenway takes advantage of maximum solar exposure to configure allotment gardens, tree farms, and value added agricultural production along a circulation spine. Finally, the Recreation Greenway organizes an orchard, open lawns, and community gardens along a corridor for use by residents for active and passive recreation alike. The culmination of these elements, both built and natural, formal and informal create a new development that looks to preserve farmland by incorporating its essence into the fabric of the built environment.

Site Section

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HIGH DENSITY OF SCHOOLS CIVIC / COMMERCIAL CENTERS PRODUCTIVE FARMLAND CONYNGHAM ADJACANCY

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GIS Site Analysis

A: Civic Greenway

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AF LO AR G U

Concept Sketches

B: Production Greenway


C: Recreation Greenway

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A

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Surface Ecologies

Utilizing infrastructure to drive ecological, recreational, and social interaction

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Surface Ecologies: Driving Landform through Captured Infrastructure

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Millennium Science Complex, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States, 40 48’ N, 77 51’ W Year 5 1170 Semester 1 (August-December) Professor Burkholder 1169

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This depth studio focused on physical and 1168 digital modeling as a means to drive the design process. CNC routers, lasercutters, 1167 clay, and plastics were among some of the techniques 1166 and materials used to explore physical representations of landform.

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Located within the embrace of the newly 1164 constructed Millennium Science Complex, the site was occupied by recreational fields, 1163 hockey rinks, and a massive steam tunnel prior to its demolition.

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To preserve the programmatic history of the 1161 site. a technique of exposing infrastructure was utilized to delineate the placement of 1160 circulation, recreational enclaves. gathering nodes. 1159 and stormwater treatment. An enclosed, corrugated steel tunnel acts as the main 1158 vein of pedestrian circulation, and harvests excess steam from the 1157 underground tunnels to create a building’s warm, ephemeral environment during the 1156 winter months. A sunken plaza captures the same steam to heat its centerpiece--a planted 1155 greenwall. Finally, a hockey rink and programmed greenspace revisit the 1154 recreational heritage of the site and provide open space to nearby student housing. 1153

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While program and history acted as 1152 catalysts for design generation, it was the modeling of these 1151 physical spaces that revealed their final forms. 1150

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Site Section of Tunnel

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Routed Site Model

Lasercut Tunnel Model

Swale Detail

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STEPHEN MAKRINOS 412.992.6058 steve.makrinos@gmail.com


Portfolio  

I am a recent graduate of the Landscape Architecture program at Penn State. My interests include the digital and physical manipulation of la...

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