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In January 2006, CEOs from the private sector and representatives of NGOs, international organizations, and governments came together in Athens, Greece to share their expertise and develop business measures to counter human trafficking. The group adopted the Athens Ethical Principles against human trafficking and launched a campaign to promote privatesector endorsement of these principles. The Athens Ethical Principles contain seven core values, the first of which is a zero-tolerance policy on human trafficking. More than 12,000 companies have pledged to abide by these principles. With time, there has been recognition that concrete guidelines are needed to direct the implementation of these broad-based, aspirational principles. In December 2010, the Luxor Implementation Guidelines to the Athens Ethical Principles were established as a result of an international human trafficking forum in Luxor, Egypt. The guidelines provide concrete ways for businesses to operationalize each anti-trafficking principle through policy, public awareness, strategic planning, supply chain tracing, government advocacy, and strengthened transparency. The overarching goal is for businesses to incorporate codes of conduct, antitrafficking measures, and self-regulatory mechanisms into both daily business activity and long-term strategy. The guidelines call on corporations to encourage their business partners and suppliers to apply ethical principles against human trafficking. Corporations also are asked to leverage their market power by obtaining raw materials and locating manufacturing facilities in certain countries as a reward to governments that have strong anti-trafficking records. Companies are already embracing these guidelines in hopes that consumers will respond favorably to their commitment to the eradication of slavery.

The California Transparency in Supply Chains Act of 2010 requires retail sellers and manufacturers in California to publicly disclose their efforts to eradicate slavery and human trafficking throughout their direct supply chains. The legislation applies to retailers and manufacturers with more than $100 million in annual worldwide gross receipts. It affects more than 3,000 companies doing business in California. These companies represent approximately 87 percent of economic activity in the state, which has the eighth largest economy in the world. Beginning in January 2012, companies affected by the act will have to post on their websites what policies they have in place to ensure that their supply chains are free of slavery and human trafficking. These policies can include evaluating and addressing the risk of human trafficking, auditing suppliers, and training employees and management on human trafficking and slavery. The text of the California law can be found at

In Pattaya, Thailand, young girls and brokers work the street in front of open-air bars for sex clients, which offer “menus� of sexual positions available for order.


The Athens Ethical Principles and Luxor Implementation Guidelines


2011 Trafficking in Persons Report - Intro  

The US Department of State issues its annual report on the trafficking of persons worldwide