t he extent to which a government ensures the safe, humane, and to the extent possible, voluntary repatriation and reintegration of victims; and g overnmental measures to prevent human trafficking, including efforts to curb practices identified as contributing factors to human trafficking including forced labor, such as employers’ confiscation of foreign workers’ passports and allowing labor recruiters to charge prospective migrants excessive fees.
Tier rankings and narratives are NOT affected by the following: •
e fforts, however laudable, undertaken exclusively by nongovernmental actors in the country;
g eneral public awareness events – government-sponsored or otherwise – lacking concrete ties to the prosecution of traffickers, protection of victims, or prevention of trafficking; and
road-based development or law b enforcement initiatives without a specific human trafficking focus.
A Guide To The Tiers Tier 1 Countries whose governments fully comply with the TVPA’s minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking.
Tier 2 Countries whose governments do not fully comply with the TVPA’s minimum standards but are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance with those standards.
Tier 2 Watch List Countries whose governments do not fully comply with the TVPA’s minimum standards, but are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance with those standards AND: a) the absolute number of victims of severe forms of trafficking is very significant or is significantly increasing; b) there is a failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat severe forms of trafficking in persons from the previous year, including increased investigations, prosecution, and convictions of trafficking crimes, increased assistance to victims, and decreasing evidence of complicity in severe forms of trafficking by government officials; or
D E F INI T ION S AN D ME TH O D O L O G Y
A boy sleeps with his begging bowl covering his face in an unfinished building which serves as both classroom and living space for a Koranic school in Dakar, Senegal. Senegal’s government announced in August 2010 that it would crack down on the practice in which tens of thousands of Koranic students wander barefoot and swarm cars for change to meet quotas imposed by their teachers.
Published on Jun 26, 2012