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TheMEDIA Job roles in

There are hundreds of different jobs within the media industry. you just have to find the one that suits you. these range in anything from being a runner to a film director. This booklet will tell you everything that you will need to know about a veriety of different media jobs. By Stephen Abbs


RUNNER (FILM)

DIRECTOR (FILM)

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D

In the Production Office duties might include answering telephones, filing paperwork and data entry. Or arranging lunches, dinners, and transportation reservations, photocopying, general office administration, and distributing production paperwork. On set, Runners might have to act as a courier and help to keep the set clean and tidy. They also distribute call sheets, health and safety notices, and other paperwork. On location shoots, Production Runners may also be needed to help co-ordinate the extras, and to perform crowd control duties.

Directors may write the film’s script or commission it to be written, or they may be hired after an early draft of the script is complete. They must then develop a vision for the finished film and work out how to achieve it. They also manage the technical aspects of filming including the camera, sound, lighting, design and special effects departments.

What does a Production Runner do?

roduction Runners are used by the Producer and by other production staff. They help out wherever they are needed on productions. Their responsibilities vary depending on where Production Runners are assigned.

What does a Director do?

irectors are responsible for creatively translating the film’s written script into actual images and sounds on the screen. They are ultimately responsible for a film’s artistic and commercial success or failure.

Runners are usually employed on a freelance basis and their hours are long and irregular.

During post production, Directors work closely with Editors through the many technical processes of editing, to reach the final cut or version of the film. At all stages, Directors are responsible for motivating the team to produce the best possible results.

Qualifications and job type.

Qualifications and job type.

-Freelance.

There are numerous training courses and reference books on directing and studying the art and craft of directing is important.

You don’t need a specific qualification, but a good education is an advantage. You will also need a full, clean EU driving licence.

You don’t need a formal qualification to become a Director.

-Freelance


LOCATION MANAGER (FILM)

CAMERA OPERATOR (TV)

What does a Location manager do?

What does a camera operator do?

T

he Location Managers’ primary role is to identify and find ideal locations for a film shoot. They report to the Producer, Director and Production Designer.

The search for exactly the right location can take months of research and scouting. Work starts in pre-production, to understand the Director’s creative vision for the film. This helps the Location Manager make the right decisions about potential locations. They also have to take into account accessibility, the shooting schedule and budget. They have to negotiate the cost and terms of the hire, crew and vehicle access, parking, noise reduction, power sources, catering requirements and any official permissions that may be needed.

During filming, Location Managers oversee the health and safety of everyone using the location.

Qualifications and job type.

You don’t need a formal qualification to become a Location Manager. If you can complete any health and safety training course, this is extremely useful. -Freelance

Camera Operator (Portable Single Camera) is a senior role within television camera departments. The role’s duties vary depending on the type of production. On high budget dramas or commercials, their main role is to support the Director of Photography (DoP or DP) and the Director, by accurately carrying out their instructions regarding shot composition and development. They also cover other drama productions, documentaries, current affairs and news, shooting on various tape or digital formats. Camera Operators are usually selected by the Director, but sometimes by the DP. They work closely with the First Camera Assistant. They oversee the preparation and checking of camera equipment. During shooting, they are responsible for all aspects of camera operation, so that the DP can concentrate intensively on lighting and overall visual style. While the DP and Director discuss the composition of each shot, the Operator ensures that the camera and associated equipment are ready for the required set-up, keeping alert for any last-minute changes.

Qualifications and job type.

You do not need a specific qualification to work in this role. Instead, you would usually learn the practical skills required through hands-on experience on the job. That said, continuing professional development is vital, especially as camera technology changes rapidly. -Freelance


SOUND ASSISTANT (TV)

PRODUCER (FILM)

What does a Sound Assistant do?

What does a Producer do?

T

he Sound Assistants work closely with Sound Supervisors and Boom Operators to help record the best quality sound in studios or on locations.

Jobs in TV sound generally fall into two areas: production sound and post-production sound. TV Sound Assistants work in production sound. They are excellently placed to learn about all aspects of TV sound, and to acquire hands-on experience. TV Sound Assistants must be able to carry out a variety of tasks, including assembling and maintaining sound recording equipment, setting up communication and public address systems, and positioning microphones. They work under the supervision of the Sound Supervisor. Jobs in TV sound generally fall into two areas: production sound and post-production sound. TV Sound Assistants work in production sound. They are excellently placed to learn about all aspects of TV sound, and to acquire hands-on experience.

Qualifications and job type.

You won’t need a qualification to be a TV Sound Assistant. However it is vital to be able to show a strong interest in sound and an understanding of its physical properties.

Producers have overall control on every aspect of a film’s production. They bring together and approve the whole production team. Their key responsibility is to create an environment where the talents of the cast and crew can flourish. Producers are accountable for the success of the finished film. They steer the film from beginning to completion and beyond. The Producer is often the first person to get involved in a project. Or they may be the agent-style Producer who focuses on the deal. The many responsibilities of the Producer span all four phases of production. In the Development stage, Producers are often responsible for coming up with the idea for a production, or selecting a screenplay. Producers secure the rights, choose the screenwriter and story editing team. They raise the development financing and supervise the development process.

Qualifications and job type.

You don’t need a specific qualification. If you are considering taking a film production course in higher education, the following courses have been rigorously assessed by the film industry and awarded the Creative Skillset Tick for the high standard of education they provide and the degree to which they prepare you for a career in film. -Freelance

-Freelance


PRODUCTION DESIGNER (FILM)

SOUND SUPERVISOR (TV)

Production Designers are major heads of department on film crews, and are responsible for the entire art department.

Sound Supervisors oversee the work of all sound personnel on multi-camera productions, which may include Grams (Gramophone) Operators, Sound Technicians, Boom Operators, and Technical Assistants.

What does a Production Designer do? They help Directors to define and achieve the look and feel of a film.

Production Designers begin work at the very early stages of pre-production. They may be asked to look at scripts to provide spending estimates before a Director is even approached. On first reading a screenplay, they assess the visual qualities that will help to create atmosphere and bring the story to life. Filming locations may range from a Victorian parlour, to a late-night cafĂŠ, to the interior of an alien space ship. The look of a set or location is vital in drawing the audience into the story and making a film convincing. A great deal of work and imagination goes into constructing the backdrop to any story and choosing or building locations and/or sets.

Qualifications and job type.

You will need to be a graduate of art, architecture, theatre, interior or 3D design courses. After this, you can complete a specialist course in film and/or theatre design. -Freelance

What does a Sound Supervisor do?

They are usually studio-based or work on Outside Broadcasts (OBs), contributing to multi-camera light entertainment, current affairs or drama productions and all multi-camera programming. During live programmes, they are responsible for mixing sound sources for immediate transmission. They monitor outputs, adjust levels and quality (for example by equalisation), cue effects or music, and troubleshoot where necessary. For programmes recorded for later transmission, the sound is pre-mixed during recording by the Sound Supervisor. Additional effects and music may be added and mixed during recording, or dubbed later by Dubbing Mixers during the post production process.

Qualifications and job type.

You will normally need at least 5 to 10 years’ experience in sound (as Technicians/Boom Operators) before progressing to mixing and supervising. -Freelance


RESEARCHER (TV) What does a Researcher do?

TV Researchers originate or develop programme ideas, drawing on their knowledge and understanding of industry requirements, and present their findings to decision makers. They are also fact checkers and brief writers who write scripts for on-screen presenters. They work across all genres of television production. They must understand, and work within, relevant legislation and regulations. They identify relevant data, contributors, locations or archive material, collating and assessing information from various sources, and ensuring that legal, compliance and copyright requirements are met.

Qualifications and job type.

You won’t need a specific qualification to become a TV Researcher. However, a degree in a media-related, drama or specialist subject may give you a good grounding. - Freelance.

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