STAFF SL 2
Editor in Chief Allison I. Moorman Creative Director Alexandra Martin Art Director Madelyne Allen Editor in Chief Emeritus Kalynn Coy MANAGING EDITORS Editor at Large Tiffany Schmidt Style Manager Jessica Russell Copy + Research Managing Editor Mary Kate Hafner Outreach Co-Directors Katelyn Bartels Suhey Campos COPY + RESEARCH Copy Editor Shelly Romero Features Editor Azizah Badwan Copy + Research Coordinators Mackenzie Allen Michelle Morris ART DIRECTION Photographer Alexanderia Rinehart Lead Designer Madisson Alexander Art Direction Assistants Erin Connell Rachel Cummings Brooke Richardson Allex Looper COMMUNITY OUTREACH Outreach Specialists Alexa Ochoa Kirby Smith CONTRIBUTERS Julie Valentine, Timothy Zeller, Taylor Barber, Ella Shirk
ADMINISTRATION Staff Advisor Amy Parris
Stephens Life is the student magazine of Stephens College in Columbia, Missouri. Opinions expressed in Stephens Life are not necessarily the views of the college, students, administration, faculty or staff. Stephens Life strives for accuracy. To report a correction or clarification, please send and email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Allison I. Moorman
Mary Kate Hafner
S h e l ly Rome ro
A z i z a h B a d wan
M i ch el l e M o r r i s
Al ex a nde ri a Ri ne ha rt
Ma dis s on A l e x a nd e r
R ach el Cum m i n g s
Al ex a O ch oa
K i rby S m i t H
M ac ke n zie A l l en
Er i n Co n n el l
Al l e x L o o per
B r o oke Ri c ha rds on
Illustrations by: Ella Shirk â€˜19 From the Stephens College Archives
Le tter f rom the Editor
We came into 2017 with shoulders slumped,yet the incredible Stephens Life staff rallied, producing content and imagery meant to rouse, encourage and inform. Now more than ever women’s voices matter. Our stories matter. This is our pledge to you: Our responsibility is to first and foremost give women a platform to express and educate. Strength is inherent at Stephens, and here we are, the Stephens Life team, presenting you with stories about thoroughly modern, badass pioneers. You’ll see that feminism is a theme this go around, but it doesn’t end here. We will be aggressive in our pursuit for equality, because things are not okay, things are not as they should be and some would argue we might be going backwards. But, remember this: We are your advocates.
Enjoy. Consume. Converse. Allison i. MoorMAn
Table of Contents
S te p h e n s L i f e / S p r i n g 2 0 1 7 / Issue No. 1 0
I nterview w i th a n E m p ir e G r eek L Ife Loc ker R oom Ta l k Men + Fe m i ni sm G r o win g Oppor tu ni t ie s Vi rt u al Va l i dati on 1 8 0Â° #Bl ackG i r l M ag i c Nudes for P i zza R a ise You r Ha nd
an interview with
an empire Story by Katelyn Bartels Illustrations by Alexandra Martin
“Marylou knows everybody!” Jeannene Booher exclaims. “And for them to know her, it’s really fantastic.” As a successful and dedicated alumna of Stephens College, Jeannene Booher continuously invests in her alma mater. She feels that during her time at Stephens, her professors taught her about and connected her to the “real world” of fashion. Awarded the Appreciation of the Beautiful Ideal at Stephens College, Booher has always had an eye for artistry, and her current passion is giving back to Stephens women through her lecture series. In 2015, Dean of the School of Design Dr. Monica McMurry traveled to New York to visit Booher and discuss pulling pieces from her collection to contribute to Stephen’s Historic Costume Gallery. During that visit, Booher endowed McMurry and the School of Design with a one million dollar donation and together, they curated what is newly titled “The Jeannene Booher Lecture Series.” The goal of the series is to provide Stephens students with face-to-face industry connections. “One thing they need is connections. We all need connections with people in the city and in the industry,” said Booher. The idea behind the lecture series is to bring in prominent leaders to share their insight on getting ahead in the fast-paced, ever-changing fashion industry. Both Booher and McMurry hope that guests of “The Jeannene Booher Lecture Series” will spread the excitement about Stephens College to people throughout the industry. Booher worked her connections to bring in long-time friend, Marylou Luther. Marylou Luther is an integral member of the fashion industry. She has worked in all facets of the industry, from creative director of Fashion Group International to editor of the International Fashion Syndicate’s award-winning Clotheslines column. From a small town in Nebraska, Luther landed her first fashion job working as the
fashion editor for The Des Moines Register. Recalling her first day Luther said, “The managing editor said you will be our new fashion editor. And I said, ‘but I can’t. I don’t know a thing about fashion.’ And he said, ‘You’ll learn.’” Through trial and error, Luther learned the fashion industry inside and out. By making connections through her jobs, she was able to work her way up in the fashion world and make a credible name for herself, as well as several friends in the industry. After 40 years of dedication and opportunity, Luther is now all that young people in the business strive to accomplish. Luther’s experience comes with endless amounts of advice, much of which she granted during her first lecture series. “If you’re applying for a job, begin by complimenting that person. Study up on who they are. I think a compliment on a letter to begin with is just the best thing you could do ... And after you start a job, don’t buy a whole new wardrobe. Watch what your boss is wearing, or other women of importance, and then imitate them. And they’ll see it, and like it,”said Luther. Immersed in the industry, Luther was able to make countless connections as she advises anyone looking to make it big in the world of fashion. While working at the LA Times, Luther interviewed costume designer and eight time Academy Award winner Edith Head. “If you want something, you tell them that you have this idea and that maybe it would be really good, and if they think it’s something that could behoove them, versus your saying ‘you have to do this, or else’ or being difficult, chances are you’ll get it,” said Head. In another interview in Los Angeles, Luther interviewed Parisian Designer André Courrèges while in town for a personal appearance. Luther recalls him saying, “Major changes in
fashion always happen after major disasters.” Remembering the exchange, Luther said, “I look for a major change in fashion to happen. And maybe some of it has already happened.” On a Tuesday night in November, Stephens women crowded into Lela Raney Wood Hall to hear Luther give her industry insight. After being introduced by Anna Chae, member of the Council of Fashion Designers of America, Luther took the stage. She spoke about her upbringing and her love of fashion as well as her career and what it entails. After bestowing her verbal wisdom on the entire room, Luther took a seat as the lights dimmed and a screen lowered from the ceiling. The words “Straight from the Runway” appeared. Then suddenly, Luther’s very own industry-exclusive trend report began as her definitive voice narrated the future of fashion. Luther’s ready-to-wear trend forecasts are followed and valued by numerous industry professionals all over the world. For over an hour, the audience of future fashionistas listened
intently to the abounding knowledge direct from an industry insider. According to McMurry, “Where we are in the Midwest, bringing professionals in brings prestige to the college. Hopefully it will only build and continue to provide connections for the students.” In the spring semester, Dame Zandra Rhodes visited Stephens College for the second lecture series of the school year. “Guest speakers can bring a new dimension that you might not get in a classroom,” said Luther. Thanks to Jeannene Booher and “The Jeannene Booher Lecture Series,” the Stephens College School of Design is thrilled to keep welcoming notable role models who are willing to work with the coming generation to provide glimpses into the real world of fashion.
BroadwayBrewery.com 816 E Broadway, Columbia, MO
Greek Life itâ€™s more than letters.
Story By Allison I. Moorman Photography By Madisson Alexander
litter and T-shirts — the stereotypical paraphernalia of the traditional Greek life system. While “Take Me Home” by Cash Cash plays in the background of a three-minute recruitment video filled with smiling young women, you can’t help but sense the elitist air of the group — you either want to be them, or want nothing to do with them. Alas, the face of sororities. Add in some American flags, white Converse sneakers and a bedazzled flask and you might as well be creating your very own starter pack. This is the life hundreds of thousands of people feed into and the cliché the media feeds on. Many claim that they don’t adhere to it, but without a doubt, there is the “look.” That look is prevalent just down the street at the University of Missouri, where Greek life has become a sport, with nearly 1800 girls descending on the campus each summer to be sorted into their sisterhood. Only a few weeks later the same thing happens at Stephens, yet with only about five percent of the participants and at arguably one of the most unique Greek systems in the country. Kappa Delta and Sigma Sigma Sigma sororities were both brought to campus in 1997, effectively eradicating the local sororities on campus at the time. A quick flip through a copy of the Within the Ivy student handbook from the 1950s boasts that our campus once had 14 local sororities, each one feeding a niche. Love music? Join Phi Phi Phi. Have a hankering for photography? Rush Beta Pi Gamma. At the time, Stephens was a two-year institution and the local sororities were meant to gear up young women for true sorority membership once they entered into university. Word on the street is that they actually didn’t gear up as much as tear up their members. Kappa Delta and Sigma Sigma Sigma were allegedly brought to campus to clear up the hazing running rampant through the locals. According to Alissa Pei, advisor to Panhellenic Council and Kappa Delta Alumna, the story goes a little differently. “At the time there were four small chapters that had varying amounts of members. By [bringing in] Kappa Delta and Sigma Sigma Sigma, Stephens could work with each chapter’s nationals to ensure there was parity for both chapters when it came to establishing quota.” Alas, it was retention, not harassment, that lead to the introduction of two national sororities. As the two sororities will soon be celebrating their 20th anniversary on campus, it seems like a great time to reflect on what their presence means. Being at one of the few womens’ colleges with Greek systems, the members get an experience unlike anything else, particularly compared to what is going on across Broadway. They’ll get to know all their members’ names, lives and maybe even their social security numbers. But more importantly, becoming a member of Greek life at Stephens shatters many of the stigmas surrounding the system. The glitter and T-shirts may be nice, but of course, the life long bond is not half bad, either.
L o c k e r R o o m TA L K
Story by Katelyn Bartels Photography by Alexandra Martin
SL 16 *Trigger Warning: content relating to sexual assault
lthough actions speak louder than words, words still speak volumes. To a woman on her walk to class, being told to “smile, pretty girl” by a random man on the street is less than a compliment and more of an example of men objectifying women and their bodies. “It affects the rest of my day,” said Tessa Weber, Missouri State University student. “For the rest of the day, I feel like men are looking at me and degrading me, making me feel worthless. I feel objectified, as if all men are looking at my body like a hungry dog looks at a piece of steak.” When speaking with women about objectifying language such as catcalling, the dog and steak analogy comes up a surprising amount of times. When offensive words are hurled from across the street, women become conditioned to view themselves as a treat for a man’s pleasure or another tally mark on the frat house wall. Women begin to look at themselves as someone’s prize. “People say that you shouldn’t let words hurt you and just to brush if off, but it is much harder than you think,” said Stephens student Cierra Bergen. “I have had a number of friends ask me to walk with them because they feel unsafe,” Bergen said. “Women should not feel scared to walk to their cars or on the streets alone.” When mental health is negatively impacted by derogatory, dehumanizing and humiliating comments and motives, it not only harms women’s self-esteem, but also the men involved. Dr. Mary A. Haskins, professor of Health Sciences at Stephens College, believes that negative comments can affect one’s physical and mental health. “Particularly on college campuses, the trivialization of sexual assault is one reason why victims are often hesitant to report the incident. Mentally, a survivor has a lot stacked against
them,” said Dr. Haskins. “According to a recent study published in Women and Therapy journal, victims of sexual assault are more likely to experience anxiety, depression, PTSD and also have barriers disclosing the experience to their therapist.” The remorse for the abuser is virtually nonexistent. The arguments defending the “harmless banter” have little-to-no factual backing. Objectifying conversation is proven to lead to aggression, to entitlement and to sexual assault. While these statements are not physical assault, they do contribute to a larger culture and the normalization of violence. Prevention Coordinator Christopher Walters of the Relationship and Sexual Violence Prevention (RSVP) center at the University of Missouri feels that this kind of violent language serves as a base for action to stand upon. “All the components of this are dangerous,” said Walters, “But without allowing this negative conversation, would assault have something to stand on?” Words create a domino effect where words could lead to actions. Words make it seem like the action being said is okay. Words from men in powerful positions of political influence do more than just make a colleague chuckle. Urban Dictionary defines locker room talk as, “the crude, vulgar, offensive and often sexual trade of comments guys pass to each other, usually in high school locker rooms.” Even the phrase “locker room talk” was coined as a way to desensitize people to the malicious effect of these words and the weight they hold. The “locker room talk” label diminishes the severity and seems an innocent way to cover up the serious damage actually done, whether verbal, mental or emotional. This kind of brushing aside comes from the same culture which excuses sexual assault when it fares poorly for the perpetrator and dehumanizes the victim. According to a study conducted by Stop Street
“G I R L
Harassment, a non-profit organization based in Virginia, 87 percent of women who participated in the survey had experienced harassment in the form of sexually explicit comments at least once. “We need to quit pretending like it’s a harmless activity. Non-athletes, too, play a role in mitigating and downplaying the effect of this disgusting behavior,” said Dr. Haskins. “Going back to those years of pee-wee league sports, it’s a great opportunity to first instill true leadership skills expected of athletes. Coaches and parents have an obligation to set an example for acceptable behavior.” The current national sexual violence prevention and education methods tend to blame and shame the victim in the picture, while informing everyone of inappropriate actions. This method not only disempowers the victim, primarily women, but also makes it seem like simply a women’s issue. Green Dot, etc. is an organization based in colleges, high schools and coalitions across the country working to prevent sexual violence by educating students on the matter. Green Dot, etc. states their philosophy as, ‘a contrast to historical approaches to violence prevention that have focused on victims and perpetrators, the Green Dot, etc. strategy is predicated on the belief that individual safety is a community responsibility and shifts the lens away from victims/perpetrators and onto bystanders ...The overarching goal is to mobilize a force of engaged and proactive bystanders.” Fighting against locker room talk is more than just being politically correct. By shining the light on the bystanders, fingers won’t end up pointed at the victim and the perpetrator will be held more accountable. Walters believes that bystander intervention, whether it be reactive or proactive, is a better way to counteract and prevent toxic situations. “We can’t do everything; we are limited,” Walters said, “But we can engage the mass groups and make them feel that ‘I can do something.’ You can always do something. Violence exists within silence.”
minism Story by Mary Kate Hafner Photography by Julie Valentine
The male feminist: A myth among men. A man’s route to feminism often follows a mansplaining highway littered with patriarchal potholes. Men may stray from the title of feminist while insisting they believe in gender equality. But, hold up. Can a man even be a feminist? As the fourth wave explodes online, so does the conversation of what feminism is today. How does the 21st century guy line up among chanting pink pussy hats? A chorus of Carrie Bradshaw inspired questions now emerge. We can’t help but wonder, can we trust him? He may only be a FUF (feminist up front) to beef up his ‘not like other guys’ bar pick up lines? How can he fight for equality when he’s never paid 40 cents more for an ineffective purple, floral scented razor? Men often find trouble searching for a feminist niche, especially in a university town like Columbia. Jared Green* came to feminism during his freshman year of college at the University of Missouri. Green pledged a prominent fraternity and it was in this hyper masculine space he discovered his passion for equal rights among the sexes. “I saw the way my brothers were treating women. It didn’t sit well. I knew something was off. Traditional masculinity is dehumanizing to me. I saw it happening first hand. It creates this supposive, impervious monster,” said Green, “I couldn’t be part of it anymore.” Male overcompensation falls into the aftermath of toxic masculinity. A University of Washington study connected men who saw themselves as masculine to be more likely to harass women and gay men.
For even the most robust feminists it’s hard to shake ingrained habits where men and women are forced into a battle of the sexes. “It’s a process. I’m not perfect. I catch myself mansplaining after the fact or the middle of the fact a lot,” said Grady Harrington, a man who now considers himself a feminist. Although, Harrington has always been surrounded by inspiring women, it was during a sociology class where he embraced feminism.“Men think that if they identify as feminist that they will lose power,” said Harrington. Patience is needed on both ends. Society’s patriarchal problem will not be erased with one Indigo Girls record. Chase Thompson, Stephens College professor, acknowledged how his view on equality and feminism has evolved throughout his life. “I recognize the need for feminism more now than I did 10 years ago. I am also better now at speaking up against inequality than I was a decade ago,” said Thompson. Men’s influence plays a big role in changing our social climate. As Sociologist Kris Macomber put it, men are members of the dominant group; they have access to social and institutional power that women lack. T-shirts sporting phrases such as “the future is female” amount to nothing without action. The feminist movement exists to bring equality between all people. Not superiority of women above men. The success of this movement will only happen when everyone is under the same tree. In the end, feminism needs men, and men need feminism.
*Name changed upon request of interviewee
â€œTraditional masculinity is dehumanizing to me. I saw it happening first hand. It creates this supposive, impervious monster.â€?
G ro pop owr tiunn igt i e s Story by Shelly Romero Photography by Madisson Alexander
n the business world, women are breaking a completely new ceiling. Out with the glass ceiling and in with the grass ceiling. With the legalization of medical and recreational marijuana in several states, women are now seeking new career opportunities as professionals within the marijuana industry. On a national level, the percentage of women in marijuana is growing. According to Emily Deruy’s The Atlantic article, “Why the Marijuana Business Is Appealing to Female Entrepreneurs,” women are now making up about 36 percent of executives in the legal-marijuana industry, compared to about 22 percent of senior managers in other industries. With women in charge in the marijuana industry, they can make the rules, balance their work and personal lives and break the ceiling that previously prevented them from achieving higher-paying corporate positions. While Missouri has not legalized marijuana, Mid-Missouri NORML — headquartered in Columbia — works with the parent organization, to reform unjust marijuana laws. Dan Viets, Missouri state coordinator for NORML, believes that the overall goal is tax and regulate marijuana, like alcohol through Missouri’s initiative process. For individuals looking to help accomplish this goal, Viets recommends to “join and pay membership dues to NORML.” When there is an initiative campaign for marijuana legalization, as there is
now, Viets says that “the best thing thing one can do is to gather signatures on petitions from registered voters. That’s an opportunity right now that’s not always around.” As Mid-Missouri NORML works to accomplish this goal Kristen Williams, a young professional, recently opened her own business. As the owner of Kristen Williams Designs, she works with select clients within the marijuana industry providing them with design work for their products including: photography, graphic design and web design. Williams’ initial beginnings as a young professional in the cannabis industry stems from her internship with Women Grow. Women Grow was created to connect, educate, inspire and empower the next generation of cannabis industry leaders by creating programs, community and events for aspiring and current business executives. Through the internship, Williams was able to establish connections within the industry and with future clients whom without she would not have the basis for her business today. Today, Kristen works hard to break the ‘male stoner’ stereotypes of marijuana use. She promotes a balanced and healthy lifestyle enhanced by marijuana, aimed at a midwestern audience, through Hempsley.com. In between client work, Kristen sat down and spoke with Stephens Life about her role in the marijuana industry, her experiences and advice for young entrepreneurial women.
SL 30 Stephens Life (SL): As a young professional, how did the idea for Kristen Williams Designs begin? Kristen Williams (KW): As I began studying visual communications at Truman State, I quickly realized that there were many directions you could take a graphic design career and they didn’t all do good for the world. During my junior year of college, I heard the story of Charlotte Figi, a little girl whose 300 grand mal seizures per week were being subdued with CBD, a non-psychoactive, cannabis derived oil. I had recently discovered the healing benefits of cannabis for my own medical needs after a lifetime of misunderstanding it. When I heard the public’s backlash against Charlotte’s parents for providing her with a life-saving medicine, I knew I wanted to help educate people about this plant. As a graphic designer, I saw a need in the emerging cannabis industry for people who could create a professional face for the incredible brands making revolutionary products for their patients. I decided that designing would be a great way to utilize my talents in a way that could help move the industry forward. SL: What’s your favorite part of branding and design work for your clients? KW: My favorite part of designing for clients is hearing how excited they are when they get positive feedback from work I’ve done for them. This industry has a heavy stigma attached to it, so when I can create something that helps give my client a professional presence amongst all the other more “stoney” visual noise out there, I feel a great sense of accomplishment. SL: What is the process you have for selecting clients? KW: Instagram has proven to be my most useful tool for connecting with new clients. It’s a commonplace for companies to showcase their brand and communicate their unique voice in the cannabis space, so I’ll often use their accounts to assess whether or not my style will align with the way they are portraying cannabis. I also like to have conversations with new clients about how they got started and what their long-term goals are. It’s much more fun to dedicate time and energy to a project when you’re excited about the mission of a company and what your project could mean for their future. SL: While many professionals within the cannabis industry are women, what are some challenges that you may have faced or could face as a young woman professional? KW: The biggest challenge I’ve faced thus far is being taken seriously as a young woman. At my first conference, there was one incident where I was the only woman listening to a sales pitch at a booth and
at the end the man who had been speaking passed out coupons to everyone — except me. I even stuck around to ask the man personally for a handout, but he completely ignored my request and sat down in the back of the booth as if I didn’t exist. It was insane, especially since I was legitimately interested in purchasing and promoting his nifty little locking and odor-proof contraption. I’ve been shockingly disregarded by men at other times too. At first, it was really jarring; now I simply appreciate the fact that those people don’t bother wasting my time. Because in the end, I have no interest in working with them anyway. SL: What are some other obstacles, along with stereotypes and stigmas, that you have faced? How do you dispel these stigmas or stereotypes? KW: Unfortunately, the “stoner” stigma is still very real, but I also fully believe that half of that stigma survives only in our own minds. It took me a long time to be so public about my cannabis use, especially in my immediate community, out of fear of judgment — but the response I’ve had since coming out has been overwhelmingly supportive. As a general way of combatting the negative stereotypes associated with the plant, I’m very careful with my language. I consciously choose to use what I feel are more respectful terms such as “cannabis,” “medicating” and “patient,” which I believe helps people start to see it in a more normalized and less threatening way. I have also found that when you approach the cannabis conversation from a place of genuine interest in helping improve the well-being of whomever you’re talking to, people are able to see past the stigmas they’ve been trained to believe and hear what you have to say. Everyone wants to be healthier and feel better, so when you talk about cannabis in the context of wellness, you immediately disrupt what they already know about the plant, often sparking curiosity and opening the door for more conversation and education. SL: For young women who may seek a career as a professional in any aspect of the cannabis industry, what advice do you have for them? KW: You really can do anything you want in the cannabis industry. There are no precedents and you have the potential to create any job you want, anywhere you want. The catch is that you have to truly love cannabis for this industry to be worth it. If you enter the world of cannabis, the reality is that there will be people who disapprove of what you do and you have to be able to be ok with that.
Virtual Validation Story by Shelly Romero Photography by Madelyne Allen CLothing + Accessories: Cha Boutique + Absolute Vintage
s the native digital generation, our lives have been imbued with technology since we can remember. We have grown up with the internet, Wi-Fi and the ability to have the power of a computer in a handheld device. Smartphones and their app stores contain a multitude of social apps where everyday people can lead digital lives, different from their real ones. While we often don’t think about the impact that our digital lives can have on our real ones, can our overuse of social media actually prove to be harmful? Social media does go hand-in-hand with feelings of validation, and overusing this technology to feel validated is a cause for concern and debate. Dr. Eric Marx, associate professor of psychology at Stephens, notes that, “The potential problem of relying too much on social media certainly does remain to be discussed. Studies consistently confirm a positive correlation between the amount of Facebook time and level of loneliness in the ‘real’ world. Moreover, the number of friends in the real world positively correlate with one’s subjective feeling of wellbeing, while a number of friends on Facebook has no validation.” Validation is one of the keys of social media usage. Molly Soat covers this connection in her American Marketing Association article, “Social Media Triggers a Dopamine High.” Soat reports that the rush of happiness and contentment felt after working out or accomplishing a goal is dopamine, a neurochemical known as the “reward molecule.” While physical activity is one of the ways that our brains release this chemical, social media now does, too. Whenever we receive likes, retweets, shares or comments, dopamine is released. So, is this bad? “For the individual, release of
dopamine can’t be considered as either good or bad, it just is, as any pleasurable activity causes the release of this neurotransmitter. Is that how we want people, especially young people, spending lots of their time?” said Dr. Marx. When asked if he, himself, has relied on social media for validation, Dr. Marx has admitted that he still finds himself looking for likes. He states that, “We all want to know that we are getting approval, or at least being read. Given the good feelings I get when I see the count go up, I’d have to say I am as susceptible as the next person to the phenomenon.” Yet, there are pros to social media and the validation that we may receive in using it. Sarah Hill, CEO and chief storyteller of StoryUp VR, notes that for herself and her company, social media is a way to “keep in touch with our community, share our stories and share the stories of other people in our community. It’s a communication network and a very valuable one.” Hill also notes that social media, like everything else, “can be addictive if you do it too often, it can make you out of balance.” Alex Wilhelm, junior Unity developer at University of Missouri Lab of E-Learning, states that, for him, “social media is one of the better ways to initialize faceto-face contact.” Through social media, Wilhelm has been able to reconnect with old friends and acquaintances which without social media would never happen. The debate still goes on as to how much social media impacts our lives. Social media can be a great source of communication, to simply pass the time or to create networking opportunities. However, just like everything else, it has its drawbacks and should be used in moderation. As Sarah Hill advises, vacations aren’t just from work, but from social media as well.
180Â° Revisiting the Four Waves of Feminism By: Miche lle Morris Models:
M a kay la
P e nny
Photography: Timothy Zel l er Sy dne y
The typical feminist wakes up with her war paint slathered on her face ready to fight any naysayer she encounters. She puts on her all black outfit and throws yet another bra into the fire to show the world that men don’t dictate her sense of fashion. As she heads out the door, she forgets one vital component to her man-hating, bra-burning, privileged snob outfit — her large, neon sign that tells everyone she is a feminist. The lack of feminism education has led to many negative stigmas and an unwillingness to approach the subject. The word feminist too often is used synonymously with “man-hating” and “extremist.” However, feminists are not confined to one depiction or even one gender; instead feminism embraces the differences amongst their camarilla. While not every feminist is alike, they are unified by the same long-term goal: equality.
First-wave feminism – 19th and early 20th century
First-wave feminists focused on obtaining equal rights to vote and own property. This era was also the beginning of gender norm protests, specifically the domestic role of women. Stephens College Professor Kandice Grossman notes that early on in the feminist movement of the 1920s, there was a cultural fear that women were going to become masculine or hypersexual. In the 1930s, a new misconception surrounding lesbianism became attached to the feminist movement.
Second-wave feminism – 1960s to 1980s
Second-wave feminists began to see the link between cultural and political inequalities. During this era, movements focused on the dismantling of gender discrimination. In 1968, the women’s liberation movement led a protest to reject the beauty standards being represented during the Miss America pageant. Protesters were encouraged to bring items that they felt had been designed to keep them within the standards of beauty and the items were to be burned. Playboy magazines, makeup, high heels and yes, bras were among the objects brought to the protest.
Third-wave feminism – 1990s to 2008
Third-wave feminists used micropolitics to highlight the over emphasized experience of the upper middle class white woman and the largely ignored lower-class women and minorities. A post-structuralist interpretation of gender and sexuality is central to much of the third-wave's ideology. This wave of feminists often challenge the second-wave's paradigm as to what is, or is not, good for females. The riot grrrl era was an underground punk music feminist movement. The “girls to the front” mentality, where women held hands and pushed their way to the front of the stage, was often seen as disdain for men. Countless critics took shots at these female performers’ musical abilities and their physical appearances, claiming “punk rock is just an excuse for ugly girls to get on stage.” Despite the misunderstandings and harsh words towards them, the women in these bands embraced the labels of promiscuity, outspokenness and aggression. They used these labels to encourage girls to fight sexism and other taboo subjects. Molly Neuman of Bratmobile, a punk feminist band during the movement said, “We’re not anti-boy, we’re pro-girl.”
Fourth-wave of feminism – 2008 to present-day
Fourth-wave or contemporary feminism is defined by the numerous political and cultural stances taken throughout the previous waves of feminism. There is now a narrow target on the inclusion of men as advocates for equal rights. Feminism is still relevant contrary to the belief that it has already done its job. Fourth-wave feminism has found its home on the web, where hashtag activism movements such as #freethenipple and #staynasty thrive.
CaShawn Thompson created â€œBlack Girl Magicâ€? as a way to recognize beauty, power and strength in black women. This movement fights against colorism, racism and oppression.
Black girl magic is no longer just a hashtag. It has created an opportunity for black woman to come together, not as light-skinned or dark-skinned, to affirm their beauty and identity. To be confident, care-free and ...
Story by Azizah Badwan Photography by Alexanderia Rinehart Clothing: Cha Boutique + Britches
PIZZA hot + hungry
Story by Mary Kate Hafner
Story by Maryby Kate Hafner Photography Julie Valentine PhotographyClothing: by Julie Valentine Britches Clothing: Britches
It’s a Monday evening feeling like a Thursday night. You’re tired, worn out and in desperate need of carbs. Why send those shower pics to last Friday’s Tinder date when you could get more? You could get pizza. The glamorization of junk food and free body culture have collided to create the growingly popular trend of exchanging nudes for pizza. A quick search into any social media channel will reveal dozens of similarly named groups such as, “Nudes for Pizza (Original),” “Nudes for Pizza Daddies” or “Nudes for pizza/Noods for Foods.” These groups provide the virtual space for consenting parties to swap provocative selfies for personal gain. Don’t think these transactions are exclusive to young women. Young men such as Evan Barker* are cashing in on the trend. “I send nudes all the time for free on Grindr. I know they’re out there; I might as well be getting something for them,” says Barker. Barker is a junior business major at the University of Missouri. Like many posters, Barker cites his strict budget as motivation to swap nudes for food. “I started after hearing about Seeking Arrangement,” says Barker. Seeking Arrangement is a website, which connects sugar babies with sugar
daddies. “It took a couple days to get my first response, but now I get more than pizza,” says Barker. Sound intriguing? While anyone can send a nude, there is a structured process to trading a nude for a greasy slice. Step One: Find the right group. Legitimate groups across social networks require a screening before entry. This typically includes verification of the account and a test photo to prove a potential sender is sincere. Step Two: Scout. Men may post they are willing to buy or senders may post they are willing to send. Once matched, posters will switch to a messaging app such as Kik or continue through DMs. Step Three: What to send? A request may be made for “tits or ass.” Remember, like any entrepreneurial game, there is an art to getting a superior prize for a nude. The precedent boils down to: the more revealing the photo, the better the reward. The less clothing and better angles, the higher the stakes. Step Four: Pick up your pizza, draw a bath and pig out.
*Name changed upon request of interviewee
There are a few rules for safety: Don’t show your face or tattoos, don’t give your address and don’t give out any connecting information. Never send until the order confirmation screenshot is sent. “I think people like the thrill,” says Maureen Bernath of the Stephens College Center for Career and Professional Development (CCPD). After analyzing dozens of groups across all social media channels including Reddit, Facebook, and Tumblr, common themes appear. Most participants are young, white female college students ages 18 to 23, prime for the job market. “Your online image is so important. A lot of times a post isn’t something you can take back,” says Bernath, “most likely these pictures are being saved. Once you send that out into the universe you can’t get it back. I think a lot of it is lack of common sense, lack of understanding that this will effect you down the road more than you will ever think.” The CCPD reports that 60 percent of employers use social networking sites to research job candidates, 21 percent admit they are looking for a reason to not hire the candidate and 49 percent of employers have not hired someone based on their social media. “To me a free pizza is not worth losing out on a job or getting fired from your job,” says Bernath. To most, a free pizza or a paid gas bill is not worth exposing themselves to a stranger. Most strangers would not pay to see a nude, when a plethora of porn exists for free. Yet, to a niche group, this is the perfect arrangement. “I think it’s because there is an actual person on the other end. The human interaction is what they’re craving,” says Marsha Smith, a frequent nude sender and member of the Facebook group, “Nudes for Pizza (214).” “Taking nudes makes me feel hot. The pizza or whatever is just a perk. So, we’re both getting something out of it. I like that someone will pay to see my photo,” said Smith. The question of whether this exchange is empowering or objectifying is valid. There is a sense of detachment from digital images that could be investigated. However, to those involved, they do not take it all too seriously. “My group feels like my community,” says Smith, “I don’t worry about anything malicious happening. That person would be kicked out. It’s all for fun and pizza.” ;)
By: Allison I. Moorman
You risk your life by jaywalking across Broadway You feel that you will never master the artful tuck The only experimenting you’ve done in college is trying different types of ramen You have a clear stance on the Starbucks vs. Dunkin’ debate You’ve suffered from the Food Walks: the inability to walk at a normal pace due to your overly Full stomach pressing against your lungs
You think it’s fascinating how “talk to the hand” morphed in to “read the finger” with time You’ve bought an Instagram hype item, hate that people Instagram it and then go ahead and Instagram it yourself You still have an awesome connection with one Freshman year first-week friend you can’t seem to justify your 8 AM class You pray that the athleisure trend will never go out of style You relate more to Golden Girls than Sex and the City your bed is your significant other You’ve driven from one edge of our three block campus to the other to run an errand You’re dehydrated from coffee, not alcohol You still don’t know the accurate window of time to show your true self (and weird accents) to new acquaintances
Issue Credits Staff Photos Photography: Allison I. Moorman An Interview With an Empire Story: Katelyn Bartels Illustrations: Alexandra Martin Spread Design: Alexandra Martin Greek Life Story: Allison I. Moorman Photography: Madisson Alexander Styling: Allison I. Moorman Spread Design: Allison I. Moorman Assistants: Alexanderia Rinehart, Rachel Cummings, Mackenzie Allen Locker Room Talk Story: Katelyn Bartels Photography: Alexandra Martin Styling: Erin Connell, Brooke Richardson Hair + Makeup: Suhey Campos Spread Design: Alexandra Martin Assistants: Katelyn Bartels, Rachel Cummings, Julie Valentine Model: Cerena Chaney Men & Feminism Story: Mary Kate Hafner Photography: Julie Valentine Styling: Mary Kate Hafner, Alexandra Martin, Madelyne Allen Spread Design: Madelyne Allen Assistant: Erin Connell Models: Pajmon Porshahidy, Kyle Gillespie, Cole Tobin, Asa Lory, Wootie Growing Opportunities Story: Shelly Romero Photography: Madisson Alexander Photography Editing: Alexandra Martin Styling: Tiffany Schmidt, Jessica Russell Hair + Makeup: Jessica Russell Spread Design: Madisson Alexander, Madelyne Allen Model: Molly Wallace
Virtual Validation Story: Shelly Romero Photography: Madelyne Allen Styling: Tiffany Schmidt, Allex Looper Hair + Makeup: Jessica Russell Spread Design: Madelyne Allen Assistant: Michelle Morris Model: Ashley Nickolaison 180 Â° Story: Michelle Morris Photography: Timothy Zeller Styling: Taylor Barber, Sydney Bias, Madelyne Allen Spread Design: Allison I. Moorman Models: Makayla Penny, Sydney Bias of Juxtapose Model Management Information credited to New World Encyclopedia #BlackGirlMagic Story: Azizah Badwan Photography: Alexanderia Rinehart Photography Editing: Madelyne Allen Styling: Madelyne Allen, Jessica Russell Hair + Makeup: Jessica Russell Spread Design: Madelyne Allen Assistants: Allex Looper, Julie Valentine Models: Brittany Spiva, Sydney Rose Williams, Tatiana Evans, Tiffany Schmidt Nudes for Pizza Story: Mary Kate Hafner Photography: Julie Valentine Photography Editing: Alexandra Martin Styling: Madelyne Allen, Tiffany Schmidt, Mary Kate Hafner Hair + Makeup: Jessica Russell Spread Design: Alexandra Martin, Madelyne Allen Assistants: Katelyn Bartels Model: Marissa Jackman Raise Your Hand If... Story + Spread Design: Allison I. Moorman
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