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Stephen Chou Master of Architecture, 2012 GSAPP | Columbia University


Table of Contents Design Studios Advanced Studio V

Made In L.A., 2040 C-BIP: Integrated Design Studio: - Building Retrofit Strategy

Recirculating 60 Broad Street

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22

- Building Element Design

Climatarium 30

Core Studio III: Housing Studio

Circulate, Delaminate, Incubate

34

Core Studio II:

Museum of Diaspora 52 Core Studio I:

AirLab 62 Architectural Technologies and Fabrication Surface/Screen/Structure

Crinkle! 73 Visual Studies / Formworks:

Filtro-Kiosk 82 Architectural Technologies V

The New Tilt-Up 88


Design Studios

Stephen Chou

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Stephen Chou


Made in L.A., 2040

Future Manufacturing Districts ADVANCED STUDIO V Fall 2010 Critic: Site:

Laurie Hawkinson + Christian Uhl Los Angeles, CA

With the emergence of new manufacturing trends (clean, small scale, data-driven hypercustomization, service oriented), factories and spaces of material production could once again take advantage of the urban environment not only as source of labor, but also for its connectivity, accessibility and proximity to markets, intelligence, and exchange. Downtown Los Angeles provides a prime opportunity for a new center of future

Stephen Chou

manufacturing with its existing and proposed infrastructural connections, its leading and growing importance in logistical flows and cultural production. A relatively underdeveloped and under-defined area, it is a site to experiment and exploit the new relationships between the city and the spaces of production and consumption, and call for new infrastructural strategies, building interventions, and urban experiences.

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Made in L.A., 2040

Top left to bottom right: Printed organs and tissues; 3d printed mechandise; rapid outsourced prototyping services; customized accessories; fancy gastronomical creations; customized cognitive devices; architectural fabrication; customized electronic devices; custom built electronic accessories, etc.

The future of manufacturing clean, small scale, data-driven, networked, hyper-customized, service oriented.

Recent technological developments has greatly expanded the capabilities of customization in multiple industries, allowing smaller scale production to meet a bigger diversity in demands. With the proliferation of IT technologies and networked business activities , manufacturers are ever more responsive to markets and niche demands - becoming service-oriented and demand a new, broader set of skilled and intellectual labors.

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Stephen Chou


Made in L.A., 2040

HS

R

Los Angeles

CLASSLos I FREIGHT AngelesRAIL NETWORK OF USA

CLASS I FREIGHT RAIL NETWORK OF USA

HS

R

BNSF CN/GTW CP/SOO CSX

FXE KCS/KCSM NS UP

BNSF CN/GTW CP/SOO CSX

FXE KCS/KCSM NS UP

Union Station

Downtown LA

UP Railyards Rodondo Junction

Pas

BNSF Railyards

(Reg

Fre

Union Station

Downtown LA

UP Railyards

PORT OF LOS ANGELES + PORT OF LONG BEACH Rodondo BNSF Railyards Junction

Passenger Rail Networks (Regional)

High Speed Rail

Ind the

Freight Rail Networks

PORT OF LOS ANGELES + PORT OF LONG BEACH

UP Rail Lines BNSF Rail Lines

Industrial Zones in the City of Los Angeles CM; CM(GM)

LARGEST CONTAINER PORT IN THE UNITED STATES

MR1 M1; M(PV) MR2 M2; M2(PV)

Port of L.A. and Long Beach

LARGEST CONTAINER PORT IN THE UNITED STATES

Downtown L.A. - a site of connectivity, accessibility and proximity to a wide spectrum of labor, capital, and intellect.

M3

Port of L.A. and Long Beach

Other Zones

(CCS; LAX; SL)

Downtown L.A. is a major confluence of flows crucial to sustaining the city, the region, and the nation. It is adjacent to major freight rail junctions and heavy industrial areas for facilitating the flow of physical materials and goods. The Redondo Junction marks an important node that regulates goods from the Port of L.A. and Long Beach - the largest in the nation - flowing into the national freight rail network. The area also have convenient access to major multi-modal transportation nodes (Union Station, HSR), allowing for tapping into the regional skilled labor and intellectual networks of California.

Stephen Chou

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Made in L.A., 2040

The Fashion District situated between the financial, residential, and greenmanufacturing centers - pose a new opportunity for a new urban industrial identity.

The Los Angeles CRA has designated the industrial land adjacent to the L.A. River as the L.A. Greentech Corridor - an ambition to launch production of clean technologies and transform the existing industrial landscape. Although the demand for industrial spaces were constantly high (vacancy rate is among the lowest in the country), the buildings and infrastructures in Downtown L.A. are not able to support more advanced industrial operations. Most industrial floor space are currently used for wholesale retail activity - a prominent and popular economic activity, yet SILVER LAKE ECHO PARK

DODGER STADIUM

Dowtown L.A. Zoning 2010

DWP CLEAN-TECH RESEARCH CENTER

Residential Commercial

Union Station

M2 Light Industrial M3 Heavy Industrial BUNKER HILL

SCI-ARC

STAPLES CENTER LA CONVENTION CENTER

FASHION DISTRICT

USC

“L.A. Clean-Tech Corridor”

CLEAN-TECH MANUFACTURING CENTER

Redondo Junction

VERNON UPRR

Alameda Corridor

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Stephen Chou


Made in L.A., 2040

The Orsini 5F, 297 units

Residential Real Estate Developments in Downtown Los Angeles

Lucia Tower 31F, 200 units

(past decade, built+proposed)

Union Station Apartments Lengends:

5F, 278 units

Grand Ave Plan

Mixed use development, 2600 units

New Developments Adaptive Reuse

1027 Wilshire

The Piero

48F, 402 units

FIDM Tower 19F South Village

53F, 548 units

Packard Lofts Hanover Tower 7F, 116 units

27F

4 phases, 1190 units

717 Olympic

Sky Lofts

8F, 264 units

12-22F, 132 units

12F, 80 units

Union Bank Bldg

Hope Condos

Figueroa South/West Tower

7F, 60 units

34F, 324 units

12F, 153 units

Evo South

Olive St Lofts

23F, 311 units

17F, 105 units

Elleven

13F, 176 units

1100 Grand Lofts

El Dorado Lofts

12F, 84 units

12F, 65 units

Mercantile Arcade Bldg

12F, 139 units

Alexan Savoy Apartments 4F, 303 units

Bridge Lofts

12F, 143 units

Teramachi Senior Housing 8F, 127 units

Alexan Savoy Phase II+III 18F & 25F, 497 units

SCI-ARC Towers 40F x 2, 400 units

Hikari

6F, 128 units

Shybarry Bldg 12F, 84 units 13F, 168 units

East Columbia Lofts 13F, 147 units

8F, 82 units

19F, 236 units

22F+6F x 3, 750 units

2F, 8 units 11F x 2, 370 units

Bartlett Building

City House and The Olympic 60F & 50F Broadway Plaza

Luma

Block 8 Little Tokyo

The Medallion

Security Bldg

Chapman Building Reserve Lofts

Rowan Bldg

10F, 135 units

12F, 200 units

10F, 90 units

18F, 200 units

34F, 324 units

5F, 100 units

10F, 60 units

Shybarry Tower

Brockman Bldg

Figueroa South/East Tower

City Lights on Fig

12F, 55 units

28F, 156 units

27F x 2, 627 units

The Met Lofts

Mandell Bldg

Higgins Bldg

Rives Bldg

13F, 99 units

Concerto

Trinity Towers 34F

40F, 300 units

12F

Library Court 6F, 90 units The Milano

Metropolis Phase II

Vibiana Lofts

Title Guarantee Bldg

16F, 222 units

37F, 214 units

Metropolis Phase I

5F, 38 units

17F

Roosevelt Building

9th and Flower St.

47F, 288 units

Victor Clothing Lofts

655 Hope St.

17F, 240 units 6F x 6, 632 units

5F, 40 units

50F, 302 units

1010 Wilshire The Medici

UNION STATION

Pan American Lofts

Zen Tower

8F, 225 units

308 E9th St.

Main Mercantile Bldg 6F, 40 units

Santee Court Phase II

Barker Bros. Convertion 5F, 230 units

Molino Street Lofts

4bldgs, 165 units

Santee Court Phase III

3F, 91 units

9bldgs, 445 units

Santee Court Phase I 12F, 64 units

5F, 38 units

Sixth Street Lofts 2F, 63 units

8F, 66 units

Glass Tower 25F

Biscuit Company Lofts 7F, 104 units

Fas hio nD istr ict 201 0

Booming residential real estate speculation and industrial zoning limitations led to disinterest in investing and developing advanced industrial operations.

Stephen Chou

highly redundant in its spatial usage and visitor experience. Intensity of urban REDONDO JUNCTION activity cannot be sustained throughout the sprawling expanse of the Fashion District - partly due to the highly repetitive nature of the products and services being sold.

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Made in L.A., 2040

Precedent Urban Factories:

GENERIC + ECONOMY OF SCALE The Starett-Lehigh Building New York City, NY, USA

EFFICIENCY + SPECTACLE Buckminster Fuller’s Geodesic Cotton Mill

SPECIFICITY + COMPOUND The Fiat Lingotto Factory Turin, Italy

While the heart of the Fashion District, Santee Alley, is a popular attraction - the duplicity of products and shops, as well as the large walking area - leaves much of the Fashion District deserted.

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Stephen Chou


Made in L.A., 2040

Site Building Typologies:

Wholesale Retail Alley Santee Alley

Wholesale Retail Courts Santee Alley Extension

The Big Chair California furniture trading center

High Density Showrooms California Market Center

Stephen Chou

Wholesale Retail Megablocks Stanford Mart

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Made in L.A., 2040

Fancy* Manufacturing Districts of Downtown Los Angeles: Niche products + Production space as attraction

Jewelry District

California Market Center

Custom Fabrication District

Farming District

The productive landscape of Downtown LA, 2040 takes full advantage of the intellectual and skilled labor made accessible through its proximity to existing urban centers and its connection to regional transportation networks.

Fashion District 2040

Santee Alley

Tissue & Organ District

City Market of Los Angeles

Gamification Devices District

Fancy Packaging District

Personal Mobility District Custom Electronics District

ST .

Hi-Tech Gastronomy District MA

IN

LA

SO

UT

H

ION

ion

Fas h

ion

Dis

tric

TRI

CT

201

0

Fas hio n ion 20 Distr D 20 istr 40 ict 40 ict

ion 20 Distr 40 ict

Fas h

DIS

Fas h

Fas h

t 20

10

Fas h

ion

Dis

tric

t 20

10

Dis

tric

t 20

10

Consolidation The significant land area enclosed by today’s fashion district should be consolidated into a more walkable area.

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LA Fashion Mart

FAS H

Diversification The freed-up land should provide accommodation for other industries that may take advantage of this prime location - adding diversity to not only the produce but also labor population and visitor experience.

Densification Activities that were consolidated and condensed should be accommodated by up-zoned buildings with adequate infrastructural support, while incentivizing development interest.

Stephen Chou


Made in L.A., 2040

Silver Lake Echo Park

UNION STATION

Jew Dis elry tric t

Fas Dis hion t 20 rict 40

Fab Fanc y ri Dis catio tric n t Tis & O sue Dis rgan tric t

Fur n Dis iture tric t

H Ga i-tec stro h Dis nom tric y t

Ga mif De icatio v n Dis ices tric t

C Ele usto m ct Dis ronic tric s t

Arc h Fab itec ric tur Dis atio al tric n t

Fa Far ncy m Dis ing tric t

F Pa ancy ck Dis agin tric g t

HSR

Am e Ap rica pa n rel

Cle T an Co ech rrid or

Pe r Mo sona l Dis bility tric t

Ce Lo ntra g l Dis istics tric t

REDONDO JUNCTION

A Hybrid Infrastructure Network Access + Mediation + Services

- New opportunities for synergic relationships and programmatic activities - Providing physical framework for future infrastructural overlays

Stephen Chou

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Stephen Chou


Stephen Chou

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Made in L.A., 2040

Industrial “flagship” spaces and demonstrative energy infrastructures accelerate the proliferation and hybridization of public programs into industrial and infrastructural spaces. As the popularity for lower carbonemission living and consuming locally produced and morally produced products increase, the spaces of production can now become the ideal “flagship” spaces for branding. The proximity to the urban centers and connections to broader networks furthermore make Downtown L.A. an ideal place for a new generation of didactic “factories” to take place. It also sets the environment for demonstrative public and private infrastructures to open to the public.

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Stephen Chou


Made in L.A., 2040

Fuller’s Cotton Mill Model: Textile Recycling Plant + Education/Exhibition Institution

Bio-Waste-Power: Bio-waste Processing + Energy Generation

The Fiat Lingotto Model: Testing + Demo + Entertainment

Fancy Bar of the Industrial “Past”: Locally Produced Beverages + Remodelled Industrial Setting Stephen Chou

Synergic Energy Programs: Refridgerated Warehouse + Heated Public Pool

Fancy Gastronomy Lab: Product Sampling + Exclusive Dining

The Sofa Hostel: Overstocked Furniture + Frugal Accommodation

Fancy Packaging Plant: Product Sampling + Exclusive Dining

The Spandex Pavillion: Fabric Material Research and Display + Public Space

Wind Tunnel Facility: ProductTesting + Spectacle

Building Slot: Inter-connected Sky Plane + Old Building Stimulator

Prototype Museum: Prototype Testing and Display + Market Reaction Research

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Made in L.A., 2040

Infrastructural interventions are phase-based, responsive, adaptive, and provisional.

Mega-infrastructural Clusters take advantage of economy of scale. With large enough of a development justifying the cost for built-in, fully integrated, massive shared infrastructures. Neighborhood Facilitators and Distributed Sharing Systems are formed through more collective efforts, evolving through different phases. The Old Building Adaptors strategically place interventions so old structures may interface with new infrastructural advancements, while also activating and altering program within the building.

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Stephen Chou


Made in L.A., 2040

Mega-infrastructural Cluster

Neighborhood Facilitators

Old Building Adapters

Distributed Sharing Systems

Stephen Chou

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Made in L.A., 2040

MADE IN L.A. DOWNTOWN LOS ANGELES

SOUTH MAIN ST.

18

L.A. FASHION DISTRICT

2040

S LOS ANGELES ST.

Stephen Chou


Made in L.A., 2040

SANTEE ST.

Stephen Chou

SANTEE ALLEY

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Made in L.A., 2040

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Stephen Chou


Made in L.A., 2040

Stephen Chou

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Recirculating 60 Broad Street C-BIP | Building Retrofit Strategy C-BIP Integrated Design Studio: Building Strategy Phase Spring 2011 Critic: Team: Site:

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Laura Kurgan Collin Anderson Alexis Burson Stephen Chou 60 Broad St., New York, NY

60 Broad Street suffers from poor natural daylighting and air circulation - a problem known as “sick building syndrome� - which is prevalent in many glass towers constructed during 1970s in New York City. Affiliated single-client leases are fractured among various floor levels, creating working conditions that inhibit collaboration and flexibility. This retrofit strategy pairs new methods

of inhabitant connectivity with passive ventilation and natural daylighting to recirculate people and recirculate air. The goal of the retrofit strategy is to positively alter the internal life of the building, drive down energy costs and decrease carbon emissions. This is accomplished via a double-skin cladding that houses perimeter stairwells and programmatic breakout nodes.

Stephen Chou


REET

C-BIP Building Retrofit Strategy: Recirculating 60 Broad St. RECIRCULATING 60 BROAD STREET EXISTING PROGRAM STRUCTURE + SITE CONDITIONS

ZONING: C5-5 YEAR BUILT: 1961 NUMBER OF FLOORS: 38 BUILDING FAR: 21.78 MAX ALLOWABLE FAR: 15 BUILDING AREA: 975,000 SF COMMERCIAL AREA: 975,000 SF

PRIVATE SECTOR TENANTS

GOVERNMENT AGENCIES (STATE + CITY)

NYC: +40.71째

PRIVATE SECTOR TENANTS + GROUND FLOOR COMMERCIAL

N

RECIRCULATING 60 BROAD STREET

RECIRCULATING 60 BROAD STREET

RECIRCULATING 60 BROAD STREET

RECIRCULATING 60 BROAD STREET

RECIRCULATING 60 BROAD STREET

27F LEVEL 7,873 sqft

19F LEVEL 3,926 sqft

19F LEVEL 8,580 sqft 15F LEVEL 771.2 sqft 11F LEVEL 1,589 sqft

LEVELS 1-5

11F LEVEL 12,650 sqft

N

15F LEVEL 1,716 sqft

LEVELS 6-10

N

LEVELS 11-14

N

LEVELS 15-18

Old air-tight glass boxes risk sick building syndrome.

Dominant core size, blockage of cross-floor circulation, and high dependence on elevators. Stephen Chou

N

LEVELS 19-26

N

LEVELS 27-38

N

Conventional building construction practices advocate air-tight building envelopes, but if not paired with adequate HVAC systems, building-related illness can develop for the inhabitants due to sick building syndrome. Due to changes in regulation or without upgrade over a long period of time, many glass towers in the city may promote sick building syndrome. The tallness of the building and its enormous amount of inhabitable square footage resulted in a large, dominating solid core, blocking cross-floor building circulation.

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C-BIP Building Retrofit Strategy: Recirculating 60 Broad St. RECIRCULATING 60 BROAD STREET RECIRCULATING AIR

RULE OF THUMB: FOR EVERY 20 ft. OF OCCUPIABLE FLOOR DEPTH, THERE SHOULD BE 1 ft. OF CAVITY DEPTH

Recirculating Air

d

DOUBLE SKIN TO INCREASE NATURAL VENTILATION

The goals of recirculating air of 60 Broad Street is achieved through re-skinning by adding an extra layer to form a double skin facade. The air space sandwitched between the original facade surface and the new skin is regulated seasonally - storing hot air to assist the building HVAC in winter, reject heat in summer, and promote natural ventilation in the shoulder seasons through stack effect.

D w D= depth of the floorplate (from core to perimeter) d= depth of the cavity w= width of the module THE DEPTH OF THE OCCUPIED SPACE DRIVES THE CAVITY DEPTH

RECIRCULATING 60 BROAD STREET RECIRCULATING AIR AHU

AHU

AHU

HEAT HARVESTED FROM CAVITY AIR VIA HEAT EXCHANGER

KNEE WALLS HOUSE DUCTS TO AHU

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WINTER CONDITIONS

SPRING/FALL CONDITIONS

SUMMER CONDITIONS

HEATING DRIVEN VENTILATION

OPTIMAL CROSS-VENTILATION

COOLING DRIVEN VENTILATION

Stephen Chou


C-BIP Building Retrofit Strategy: Recirculating 60 Broad St. RECIRCULATING 60 BROAD STREET RECIRCULATING PEOPLE

INT ON

- SM - PL

PATIO SPACES

PERIMETER WALL CIRCULATION TO INCREASE INHABITANT FLEXIBILITY

Recirculating People

27F

RECIRCULATING 60 BROAD STREET REPROGRAMMING NEWLY ACCESSIBLE SPACES

7,873 sqft

LES INT

19F

8,580+2,926 sqft

- TA - IN

15F

1,716+771 sqft

11F

RECIRCULATE AND REPROGRAM TO ACTIVATE OUTDOOR PATIO SPACES

48.61%

12,650+1,590 sqft

Reprogramming Newly Accessible Spaces

OF TOTAL OCCUPIABLE SPACE CONCENTRATED IN LEVELS 1-11

6F

The goals of recirculating people in 60 Broad Street is achieved through strategic perimeter circulation paths that connect to different floors and shared patio green spaces that are newly activated.

4,386 sqft

MO FOR

- CO COM LAR - IN -M

Circulation Intervention Permutations Vertical Perimeter Stairwells

Promenade Instantiare

Local Zip Lines

circulation efficiency

programmatic qualities

Stephen Chou

circulation efficiency

adaptability to existing floor plans

structural efficiency

aesthetic

programmatic qualities

adaptability to existing floor plans

aesthetic

structural efficiency

programmatic qualities

structural efficiency

programmatic qualities

circulation efficiency

adaptability to existing floor plans

aesthetic

adaptability to existing floor plans

st ef

aesthetic

programmatic qualities

circulation efficiency

circulation efficiency

structural efficiency

circulation efficiency

adaptability to existing floor plans

structural efficiency

Hybrid

structural efficiency

programmatic qualities

adaptability to existing floor plans

aesthetic

aesthetic

Optimize with stucture, internal programs, and even distribution of connected green space square footage.

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C-BIP Building Retrofit Strategy: Recirculating 60 Broad St.

AVERAGE DRY-BULB TEMPERATURE PER MONTH IN NYC

34º

JANUARY:

31º

FEBRUARY: MARCH:

ENERGY NEEDED TO HEAT THE BUILDING

42º

BTUHbldg = .018 · CFM req’d · 60 · (Th-To)

APRIL: 51º MAY:

= 1,909,950 BTUH

71º

JULY:

77º

AVERAGE WINTER DRY-BULB TEMPERATURE: ENERGY SUPPLEMENTED BY THE DOUBLE SKIN FACADE

40º

77º

SEPTEMBER: OCTOBER:

68º

BTUHbldg = .018 · CFM req’d · 60 · (Th-Tc)

57º

NOVEMBER:

45º

DECEMBER:

38º

BTUHbldg = .018 · 1,909,950 · (95-70)

55% POTENTIAL

= 859,477 BTUH

ENERGY SAVINGS IN THE WINTER

BEFORE

AFTER

AIR-TIGHT, PRESSURIZED ENVELOPE WITH NO NATURAL VENTILATION CAPABILITIES

POTENTIAL TO TAKE FULL ADVANTAGE OF WEATHER CONDITIONS APPROPRIATE FOR NATURAL VENTILATION

YEARLY COOLING LOAD

YEARLY HEATING LOAD

75%

49%

YEARLY COOLING LOAD

26%

25%

2200

NUMBER OF HOURS OVER ONE YEAR

NUMBER OF HOURS OVER ONE YEAR

NO LOAD

YEARLY HEATING LOAD

25%

2200 2000 1800 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200

2000 1800 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200

0º-09º

10º-19º

20º-29º

30º-39º

40º-49º

50º-59º

60º-69º

70º-79º

80º-89º

90º-99º 100º-109º

0º-09º

TEMPERATURE RANGES IN NEW YORK CITY

10º-19º

20º-29º

30º-39º

40º-49º

50º-59º

60º-69º

70º-79º

80º-89º

Lights

Lights

Plugloads

Plugloads

Space Heating

Space Heating

Heat Rejection Pumps Ventilation Fans Domestic Hot Water

90º-99º 100º-109º

TEMPERATURE RANGES IN NEW YORK CITY

Space Cooling

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Although metrics play essential roles in defining parametric relationships, a greater theme of interest is the potential of triggering lifestyle changes through programmatic changes - by simply bring the inhabitants out of the air-tight box and have more awareness and utilization of the outside environment. Changes of the internal lives of the building may be difficult to reflect through numbers, yet is essential to all architectural experiences and retrofitting strategies.

BTUHbldg = .018 · 1,909,950 · (95-40)

61º

JUNE:

AUGUST:

The recirculation of air and incorporation of the double skin gives the building new opportunities to utilize and better respond to the exterior climate.

given 1,909,950 CFM required for the building...

Space Cooling

REDUCTION IN HEATING AND COOLING LOAD

Heat Rejection Pumps Ventilation Fans

Stephen Domestic Hot Water

Chou


C-BIP Building Retrofit Strategy: Recirculating 60 Broad St.

B

A

B

The exterior form of the double skin facade may be configured differently for different affects and environmental purposes. Variations can be generated in relation to its distance to the core, provide shading, or to orient towards/away solar radiation, etc. Stephen Chou

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C-BIP Building Retrofit Strategy: Recirculating 60 Broad St.

The perimeter pathways offer connections to patio green spaces, but they are also attractions by themselves, providing break out spaces and connections to other floors. Longer, promenade formations can be desirable at higher levels to take advantage of the excellent views the building has to offer, but previous inaccessible to most.

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Parametric relationships can also be developed between the pathway element and the double skin element - optimizing programmatic intent, structure, air cavity size, and form.

Stephen Chou


Stephen Chou

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C-BIP Building Element Design: Climatarium

Climatarium

Improvement in glazing quality and quantity

C-BIP Integrated Design Studio: Building Element Design Spring 2011 Critic:

Reclaiming site environmental factors for user's own purpose/comfort

Reduction in heating and cooling loads

ENVIRONMENTAL Amount/scale of change to existing structure

User configurability and flexibility

Laura Kurgan PROGRAM

ELEMENT

STRUCTURE + INFRASTRUCTURE Integratedness between element and existing building infrastructures

Enhancement to existing programs

SYSTEMS The ability to influence at multiple scales The flexibility to respond to changes

The Climatarium adds to the building envelope an inhabitable buffer space between interior and exterior climates. Climatarium adds extra square footage while its form (in plan and section) can be adjusted to orient towards or away from the sun exposure for different environmental purposes. When aggregated across the facade it has the potential of altering the overall orientation property of a building.

Ability to exist independently but also aggregate/expand to entire building

The element seeks to bring the dwellers of air-conditioned spaces closer to the NYC climate. The user should be able to customize the usage and comfort levels of this buffer space, therefore achieving better building performance not only through improved metrics but also through lifestyle and programmatic changes.

PRARMETRIC RELATIONSHIPS INPUT PARAMETERS Orientation_Angle SRF_Ratio

Element_Depth Top_Panel_Depth_Ratio Offset_TOP Offset_BTM Offset_LEFT Offset_RIGHT

-30deg 0.6

-15deg 0.6

0deg 0.6

15deg 0.8

30deg 0.4

30deg 0.8-0.6-0.4

6ft 1.2 0ft 0ft 0ft 0ft

3ft 1.2 0ft 0ft 0ft 0ft

10in 1.0 0ft 0ft 0ft 0ft

6ft 0.75 0ft 0ft 0ft 0ft

4ft 1.1 3ft 0ft 0ft 0ft

4ft 1.1 -2ft 0ft 5ft 0ft

OUTPUT PARAMETERS / EFFECTS Output_Area Output_Volume

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2.942 m2 9.583 m3

The buffer air space can either be inhabitable, or reduced in depth to form a double skin facade.

Change in overhang to introduce more sun exposure into element.

The width and height of the element are user-definable to create a variety of spaces for different uses and performances.

The percentage glazing can be controlled to meet desired conditions.

Stephen Chou


C-BIP Building Element Design: Climatarium

Application Scenarios East Facade

Element orientation changes with floor level. The higher the element, the more chance of over-exposure: Element plan and main glazing surface orient away from the sun. The lower the element, the more chance of under-exposure: Element plan and main glazing surface orient towards the sun. Aggregation seeks to minimize blockage to other windows.

Stephen Chou

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C-BIP Building Element Design: Climatarium

South Facade Element orientation seeks to avoid direct sun exposure to main glazing surface to reduce cooling loads. Element form (in section) seeks to increase shading with larger overhang. Aggregation seeks to provide shading for both the other elements and existing windows.

North Facade Element orientation seeks to increase sun exposure. For instance, morning or late afternoon in New York City. Elements can be used discretely and independently.

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Stephen Chou


C-BIP Building Element Design: Climatarium

The climatarium adds new programmatic opportunities to existing programs.

According different seasons, the climatarium may also be attached to other systems to become light shelves.

Collaborative Developments

543 3rd. AVENUE (Highrise Residential)

Simon McGown + Omar Morales-Armstrong + Stephen Shaun Salisbury Climatarium used in conjunction with Mary McConnell’s Light Shelf element to be integrated into a larger building infrastructure system that provides fresh air supply and increases natural light penetration. Stephen Chou

1980 LAFAYETTE (Stevenson School)

Kelly Danz + Rikki Frenkel + Garth Priber Climatarium used as additions of a variety of new programmatic spaces. An external knowledge pattern was used to further control the total amount of inhabitable area created.

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Circulate, Delaminate, Incubate Housing for Entrepreneurship CORE STUDIO III: HOUSING Fall 2010 Critic: Team: Site:

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Michael Bell Stephen Chou Allison Rozwat Hoboken, NJ

The focus of “Circulate, Delaminate, Incubate� is exploring how architecture and spatial form may influence social interactions - a topic that has a long history in architecture discourse. We proposed to create a mixed-use development specifically for harboring startup companies and entrepreneurs in the master

planning phase. As the scope concentrates onto housing, we seek to create a new spatial form - different from the existing hallway model - that not only adequately regulates public/private in an entrepreneurial, extrovert environment, but also respond more to the richness of human interactions.

Stephen Chou


Washi ngton St.

Housing Studio: Circulate, Delaminate, Incubate

Washi ngton St.

Hoboken

Observ

Washi ng

ton St.

er Hwy

“Historic Urban Village” - Hoboken Master Plan, 2004 Observ

Main Blvd

er Hwy

Observ

Main Blvd

Washing

ton Blvd

er Hwy

ton Blvd

INDEPENDENT BUSINESSES

Washing

Retail Restaurant Service Industries Offices

CORPORATE/CHAIN BUSINESSES

ton Blvd

Jersey City

Retail Restaurant Service Industries Offices

Washing

“World Class Center” - Jersey City Master Plan, 2000

Stephen Chou

(commercial listings on google map)

INDEPENDENT BUSINESSES Retail Restaurant Service Industries Offices

CORPORATE/CHAIN BUSINESSES Retail Restaurant Service Industries Offices

Two cities, two visions.

The 76-acre site sits between Hoboken and Jersey City - two cities with very different visions - Hoboken seeks to preserve its historic character and small, intimate scale, while Jersey City aspires to become a center for world-class corporations and business activity.

An entrepreneurial environment that responds to both cities’ aspirations.

Recognizing the relationship between the scale and type of business and its associated spatial characters and needs, we propose to create a mixed use development for entrepreneurship: accommodating the scale and interactions of small startup companies, while nurturing “world-class” creativity and business potential.

(commercial listings on google map)

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Housing Studio: Circulate, Delaminate, Incubate

Using both program and spatial setups to promote the dissemination and exchange of Weak Ties information and ideas.

InThe Strength of Weak Ties, sociologist Mark Granovetter demonstrated a model of understanding human relationships through “strong” vs. “weak” ties. He argued that strong ties connect people through similarity and tend to form closed loops, while weak ties (acquaintances) more often propagate new ideas and opportunities.

Strong Ties

Granovetter, Mark “The Strength of Weak Ties”

However, all relationships are important in their own ways in the entrepreneurial process.

Weak Ties Strong Ties Weak Ties Strong Ties

Granovetter, Mark “The Strength of Weak Ties”

information

OFFICE

Granovetter, Mark “The Strength of Weak Ties”

Granovetter, Mark “The Strength of Weak Ties”

SEMINAR

(small startup)

Weak Ties StrongThe Ties proposed development, in addition

Weak Ties Strong Ties

TRANSIT

information

to housing and offices, will encorporate “programs of dissemination” strategically selected and placed so that it may accommodate and facilitate meaningful interactions across different forms of relationships. information

information

Strong ties Teamwork, camaraderie, strong support systems Hoboken Population

Using information to attract weak ties and facilitate meaningful interactions between them.

Entrepreneurers

MEETING ROOMS

Commuters

Neutral condition for testing, experimenting, and broadcasting ideas

Programs

Mentors Entrepreneurers VCs Employees

Jersey City Population

HOUSING

Hoboken 7,400,000 sqft

Hoboken Population

Dissemination COFFEE SHOP

5,400,000 sqft

SEMINAR of

Hoboken Population

OFFICES

MEETING PUBLIC ROOMS THEATER

Entrepreneurers

RETAIL

Commuters

Commuters Visitors

500,000 sqft Commuters

Employees

Mentors VCs Employees Jersey City Population

36

of

Jersey City Population

Dissemination COFFEE SHOP

PUBLIC THEATER

- Scale of interaction - Specificity of the information being exchanged

Visitors

OFFICES

5,400,000 sqft

OFFICES

5,400

HOUSING Programs

7,400,000 sqft

HOUSING

7,400

RETAIL

500,0

TRANSIT

500,0

MEETING ROOMS SEMINAR SEMINAR 5,400,000 sqft

OFFICES

of

Dissemination

HOUSING PUBLIC COFFEE

COFFEEEmployees SHOP

Visitors

Differentiated by:

Visitors

Mentors VCs

500,000 sqft

Programs Jersey City Population

Entrepreneurers

MEETING ROOMS

Programs of SEMINAR Dissemination

TRANSIT Mentors VCs

Population

THEATER SHOP

RETAIL

500,000 sqft

7,400,000 sqft

PUBLIC THEATER

TRANSIT

500,000 sqft

RETAIL

500,000 sqft

TRANSIT

500,000 sqft

Stephen Chou


Housing Studio: Circulate, Delaminate, Incubate

“...it would be foolish to suggest that a HALL CHAMBER #1

HALL

CHAMBER

HALL

CHAMBER #1

CHAMBER CHAMBER

HALL

CHAMBER #2 CHAMBER #2

(architectural) plan could compel people to behave in a specific way towards one another, enforcing a day-to-day regime of gregarious

CHAMBER

sensuality. It would be still more foolish, SITTING ROOM

SITTING ENTRY ROOM

ENTRY SITTING

ROOM

CHAMBER CHAMBER #4 #4

SITTING ROOM

GREAT DINING GREAT DINING ROOM ROOM

CHAMBER #3 CHAMBER #3

prevent people from behaving in a particular

16th14TH Century Italian CENTURY ITALIANVilla VILLA

19th Century 19TH CENTURY VICTORIAN HOME Victorian

Home 19TH CENTURY VICTORIAN HOME of hallways as The introduction social regulating device

14TH CENTURY ITALIAN VILLA

We seek a new spatial framework that can respond to the richness of human interactions. Free Grid

however, to suggest that a plan could not

The Hallway

Hierarchical

way, or at least hinder them from doing so.” - Robin Evans, Figures, Doors and Passages, 1978

The spatial framework described by a plan can be used as a device to organize public/private, to influence ways people manage and engage with other people. The free grid and the total hierarchical rooms are here taken as two extremes. The hallway is interpreted as an existing solution to a middle ground between the two extremes. To seek for a new spatial framework, plans are operated, transformed, and reinterpretated.

?

DELAMINATION

OVERLAY SCALESCALE OVERLAY

DELAMINATION DELAMINATION

DELAMINATION DELAMINATION

PERFORATION OPERATIONS PERFORATION OPERATIONS SHIFT

DELAMINATION DELAMINATION

STRETCH + SHIFT STRETCH + SHIFT

DELAMINATION

STRETCH + SHIFT

DELAMINATION

PERFORATION OPERATIONS

SCALE OVERLAY

DELAMINATION

DISTRIBUTE DISTRIBUTE

SHIFTSHIFT

Stephen Chou

DISTRIBUTE

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Housing Studio: Circulate, Delaminate, Incubate

STUDIO

1 BEDROOM

2 BEDROOM

3 BEDROOM

A wall has two surfaces, each having its own distinctive qualities - materiality, public/ private, opacity, etc. These qualities and their relationships are re-defined by delaminating these two surfaces.

38

The apartment unit is here examined more closely - the relationships between interior and exterior surfaces were inverted by the delamination operation. By reconsidering the public/private and materiality of the inverted unit, we propose an atrium complex in which units looks into each other and the dissemination programs below. All units of the atrium are connected by a spiral ramp system on which residents and guests may circulate through blurred private/public zones of each unit as they head to the incubators below, or to the outdoor amenities on the roof level.

Stephen Chou


Housing Studio: Circulate, Delaminate, Incubate

DISSEMINATION PROGRAM

g it un it e c un nit u

ta

i un

Changing mediating surface ATRIUM

b

it Ramp circulation un t d i f constantly changing un vertical it un it h relationship with unit n

unit g

u

unit e

SEMI-PUBLIC ZONE

ATRIUM

Each unit would have multiple layers of views into the dissemination program. INFLECTION OF VIEWS

Stephen Chou

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Housing Studio: Circulate, Delaminate, Incubate

40

Stephen Chou


Housing Studio: Circulate, Delaminate, Incubate

The site plan grid is formed first by extending the Hoboken street grid to connect to Jersey City. Strips are further divided into blocks that enclose regularized rail track patterns. The fabric of atrium housing complexes blankets over

Stephen Chou

the wide expanse of dissemination programs and public spaces. Atriums may change in size and height, influencing the relationship with the programs below.

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42

Stephen Chou


Stephen Chou

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Stephen Chou


Stephen Chou

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Housing Studio: Circulate, Delaminate, Incubate

1 BEDROOM

STUDIO

2 BEDROOM PUBLIC SPACE

3 BEDROOM

46

Stephen Chou


Housing Studio: Circulate, Delaminate, Incubate

Stephen Chou

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Housing Studio: Circulate, Delaminate, Incubate

FREE SPACE

FREE SPACE

S

PUBLIC RAMP

S PUBLIC RAMP S PUBLIC RAMP

S

PUBLIC RAMP

ONY PUBLIC BALC

ONY PUBLIC BALC

FREE SPACE

FREE SPACE

PUBLIC BALCO

NY

PUBLIC BALCO

NY

Studio

S

PUBLIC RAMP

S

PUBLIC RAMP

1BR

FREE SPACE PUBLIC BALCO NY

PUBLIC BALCO

NY

STUDIO

STUDIO

1’-0” = 0’-1/4”

1’-0” = 0’-1/4”

1 BEDROOM 1’-0” = 0’-1/4”

1 BEDROOM 1’-0” = 0’-1/4”

2 BEDROOM 1’-0” = 0’-1/4”

2 BEDROOM 1’-0” = 0’-1/4”

S

PUBLIC RAMP

S

PUBLIC RAMP

FREE SPACE

FREE SPACE

PUBLIC BALCO

NY

PUBLIC BALCO

NY

2 BEDROOM 2BR 1’-0” = 0’-1/4”

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3 BEDROOM

3BR

1’-0” = 0’-1/4”

Stephen Chou


Housing Studio: Circulate, Delaminate, Incubate

Stephen Chou

49


Housing Studio: Circulate, Delaminate, Incubate

A three-panel system using light weight Panelite panels to mediate opacity and transparency of the bed room to the rest of the atrium. Inhabitants can have visual privacy but still be aware of the activity outside. 50

Stephen Chou


Housing Studio: Circulate, Delaminate, Incubate

Stephen Chou

51


The Museum of Diaspora

An Exhibition of Atmospheric Environments CORE STUDIO II Spring 2010 Critic: Mark Wasiuta Site: Chinatown, New York, NY

52

The Museum of Diaspora provides curators an opportunity for an extra dimension of sensory experiences - the atmospheric environment an experience that has long been neutralized with the wide-spread of airconditioning technologies and notions

of “modern� comfort. The project then seeks to disintegrate conventional air-conditioning technologies and building envelops to create and contain diverse atmospheric environments in the museum.

Stephen Chou


The Museum of Diaspora: An Exhibition of Atmospheric Environments

Macro

Fire pla Mid ce / H wes e t US ar th A

Meso

Onse n Japa n

Micro

Macro

Macro

Meso

Meso

Micro

Micro

Dessert Shop Singapore

Sauna d Finlan

Kang Northern China

Islam ic Cour tyards Middl e East

The diaspora of air-conditioned environments has neutralized the atmospheric diversity of everyday experiences.

We live in a world of atmospheric diversity - countless human creations, traditions, rituals, behaviors, and sensibilities of different groups of people can be directly or indirectly related to the atmospheric environment of a certain time and place that they inhabit in.

72F, 50%RH, neutral light.

However, the global diaspora of airconditioned environments has greatly neutralized many of these experiences with the wide-spread notions of “modern comfort� and modern environmental control equipments.

The air will now carry curatorial purpose.

Museum environments are among the most controlled, conditioned environments. The Museum of Diaspora challenges the normative enironment by providing curators the opportunity to integrate the atmospheric environment of the museum into the curation process.

le shi Temp Meenak i, India Madura

Ice Cream

Vendor in Dis ney World Florida

The Museum of Diaspora challenges curators to include another sensory dimension to the museum experience. The air can enhance, contrast, induce comfort/discomfort, produce physiological effects for museum exhibits, the air can even be the exhibit itself.

Stephen Chou

53


The Museum of Diaspora: An Exhibition of Atmospheric Environments

Inhabiting the AHU.

AHU AHU

The air-conditioning process itself exists a diverse set of atmospheric conditions - all within the air handling unit! The Museum of Disapora seeks to inhabit the AHU.

Exterior Exterior

Full Control Full Control

No Control No Control

Interior

Fan

Interior

Filter

Fan

Heater

Filter

Cooler

Heater

Cooler

Active Control Humidity Control Humidity Control

Active Control

Passive Control Passive Control Exterior

Rain Screen/ Filter Rain Screen/ Filter

Air Space/ Insulation 1 Air Space/ Insulation 1

Exterior/ No Control Exterior/ No Control

Polyurethane/ Insulation 2 Polyurethane/ Insulation 2

Vapor Barrier Vapor Barrier

No Control

Exterior Full

Galleries

Control

Interior/ Full Control Interior/ Full Control

Exterior

Full Control Full Control

No Control No Control

Interior Interior

Interior Exterior

Exterior

Exterior

Cafe Seating + Lounge

Outdoor Garden

No Control

Seasonal Gallery

Full Control

Galleries

Human Residue Space

Contolled Air Exhibits

Exterior

Full Control

No Control

Kitchen + Storage

Interior

Interior Exterior

Edu. Offices

Social Spaces Full Control

No Control

No Control

Classrooms

Admin. Offices

Full Control

Multimedia Gallery Interior

Exterior

Stephen Chou Cafe Seating + Lounge

Lobby

Full Control

Exterior

Interior

Interior

54

No Control

Lobby + Reception


Filter

Heater

Through the separation of the conventional (stacked) systems, new containments could be formed to house a variety of conditions between the exterior/interior and no-control/fullcontrol zones.

F RH

JAN

Mechanical Zone

F

mple kshi Te Meena , India Madurai Ice Cream JUL

Vendor in Dis ney World Florida

F RH

JAN

JUL

Reception

Outdoor Garden

Lobby

F Gallery

WC

Exterior/ No Control Gallery

F

Mechanical Core

Admin. Offices (Seasonal)

Kitchen

Office Equipment Room

Admin. Offices

Cafe Seating

WC

F RH

JAN

Gallery

F

Central Heating/Cooling Source JUL

Auditorium Gallery

WC

F RH

JAN

WC

F

Social Spaces

Mechanical Core

JUL

Gallery

Mechanical Core

t. eS

The formal logic of the building is the separation of wall layers creating pockets of different types of containments.

Gallery

WC

Gallery Bubble

JAN

Event Space + Gallery

Gallery

F

RH

Chr

ysti

JUL

Air Space/ Insulation 1

Changing Rooms

Gallery

JAN

Rain Screen/ Filter

F

RH

Bow ery

Materials Process Room

Storage

Mechanical Core

Kang Northern China

JUL

Mechanical Core

The environmental control systems of architecture consists of: - Active control system - mechanicalMacro systems that condition atmosphere Meso - Passive control system - material Micro systems that control the containment/ separation of atmospheres.

Mechanical Core

The Museum of Diaspora: An Exhibition of Atmospheric Environments

Cafe Seating

Courtyard

Classroom Multimedia Gallery

Education Offices

WC

F

Mechanical Gardens

Stephen Chou

Mechanical Core

Supplementary Heating/Cooling Source

Event Space

Rooftop Garden

55


The Museum of Diaspora: An Exhibition of Atmospheric Environments

56

Stephen Chou


The Museum of Diaspora: An Exhibition of Atmospheric Environments

The museum takes advantage of the piecewise active control with the layers of passive control systems to create curated environments.

Stephen Chou

Air will be filtered and taken in from the Chrystie Street faรงade and will be ventilated through layers of different containments in piecewise conditioning processes at each level. Curators are not only able to generate specific atmospheres for curatorial purposes in the fully enclosed, controlled Bowery side, but may also selectively utilize the New York City atmosphere (exterior/ Chrystie st. side) along the air processing sequence.

57


The Museum of Diaspora: An Exhibition of Atmospheric Environments

The Chrysite St. facade is composed of a grid of filters that would register the air condition of the site as it filters air into the building.

The exterior space can utilize the climate of NYC to hold seasonal exhibits, it can also serve as an mixing air space to exhibit the effects when the curated air comes in contact with the exterior.

58

Stephen Chou


The Museum of Diaspora: An Exhibition of Atmospheric Environments

Stephen Chou

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The Museum of Diaspora: An Exhibition of Atmospheric Environments

60

Stephen Chou


Stephen Chou

61


Airlab

The Urban Science Research Institution CORE STUDIO I: Degrees of Uncertainty Fall 2009 Critic: Site:

62

Janette Kim The High Line Chelsea, NYC

The Airlab aims to respond to the urban conditions of the site - as a science research institution, how to benefit from the high density of audiences on site; as a building, how to strategically share spaces to the public, while taking advantage of the surrounding opportunities.

Stephen Chou


Airlab: The Urban Science Research Institution

15,480,194 2.7%

8,141,878 2.4%

557,860,307

331,103,022

8,363,710

760,009,500

830,565,100 3,279,304 1.3%

87,479 + ( ? )

= 10,000 people

248,974,836

368,003 11.22%

55,372,860

China

India

USA

Urban Population Growth (USA)

The sharing of resources + the increased interaction between people

New York City

Chelsea District

As a result of the rapid, continual population growth and other economic, social, political forces, the massive, global trend of urbanization extending into the coming decades has become a certainty. High density urban areas may become preferable for its ability to maximize the sharing of resources (internally and externally) and the increased interaction between people to generate new social conditions.

through the site. As an urban building, it can share space to the public while attracting interest or new urban functions in return. It can also strategically utilize existing site conditions to activate different public programs. By further investigating program timetables, airlab may effectivelt achieve the sharing of resources both internally and externally.

The airlab as a science institution in an urban setting can benefit through promoting its work to the dense and diverse population living or traveling Stephen Chou

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Airlab: The Urban Science Research Institution

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

Wet Lab Ad-Hoc Dry Lab Stationary Dry Lab Administrative Offices Principal Offices

Conference Room

Library Stacks Reading Room Outdoor Observation Area

Scientists + Staff

Generator Room Materials Storage Hub Photography Work Station Data Storage

Tourists

Kitchen Lab Toilets Common Room Deck

Elevator

Visitors

Vehicle Garage

Public Toilet Public Elevator

Neighbors

Observation Deck

Auditorium Auditorium Toilets

VIP 24hr Public Cafe Convenience Store

Rest Areas Nighttime Public Open Space

Monitoring Station

Time-sharing between different programs and providing flexibility in divisions for multiple public/ private configurations.

64

Internally, programs are organized according to its determinacy to generate more flexible spaces that could be adopted for the use of different publics at different amounts. A system of wire-framing is used to divide, sub-divide, and connect spaces, while different enclosures can still exist in parallel by adding glass or solid

divisions. The screening capability of the wireframe also provides different moments of interaction between the building’s different users.

Stephen Chou


Equipment Storage

Wet Lab

Wet Lab Data Storage

Data Storage

10F

9F

8F

Wet Lab

Rest Wet Area Lab

Wet

FAR = 6 RF

Wet Lab

Wet Lab

Wet Lab

Wet Lab

3F

4F

Lab The Urban Science Research Institution Airlab:

5F

6F

Equipment Storage

Data Storage

Materials Storage

Data Storage

Seminar Room

9F

8F

Rest Area Wet Lab

Public Toilet

RF

10F Wet Lab

1F

2F

3F 7F

Wet Lab

Wet Lab

Wet Lab

Wet Lab

Public Toilet Seminar Room

Materials Storage Wet Lab

FAR = 6 Wet Lab

Wet Lab

4F

5F

1F

Wet Lab

Wet Lab

2F

6F

7F

Wet Lab

Wet Wet Lab Lab

Equipment Storage Rest Area Data Storage

Wet Data Lab Storage

8F

Wet Lab

4F9F

Wet Lab

Wet Lab

10F 5F 3F

6F

RF

Wet Lab Public Toilet

Materials Storage

Wet Lab

Seminar Room

1F

3F

2F

Stephen Chou 7F

Public Toilet

65


Airlab: The Urban Science Research Institution

The bottom levels provide public access to the Highline, while sharing the garage space to mobile facilities in the city (food trucks or bodega carts for instance).

FAR = 6

The mid-levels provide an auditorium that connects to the highline for public use, while taking the Highline as stage of visual attention.

RF 10F 9F 8F

Rest Area

ata rage

RF

10F

9F

Seminar Room

7F 7F

Wet Lab

6F

5F

Wet Lab

Wet Lab

4F

Wet Lab

Wet Lab

5F

6F

Wet Lab

3F

Wet Lab

3F

Public Toilet

2F Materials Storage

1F

1F

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2F

Stephen Chou


7F

7F

6F

6F

5F

5F

4F

4F

3F

3F

Airlab: The Urban Science Research Institution

2F

2F

1F

1F

Stephen Chou

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Stephen Chou


Airlab: The Urban Science Research Institution

By utilizing the existing High Line auditorium, Airlab becomes a stage to communicate science or environmental issues to the broader public, with its top levels offering the opportunities for large scale display that will face the Highline.

Stephen Chou

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Stephen Chou


Architectural Technologies and Fabrication

Stephen Chou

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Stephen Chou


Crinkle!

Surface/Screen/Structure BUILDING TECHNOLOGY ELECTIVE Fall 2011 Instructor: Team: Site:

Joseph Vidich Stephen Chou Kelsey Lents Allison Rozwat Adidas Performance Store 610 Broadway, New York, NY

Stephen Chou

Crinkle! is a sunscreen system developed for the Adidas Sports Performance Store on 610 Broadway. It consists of lasercut stainless steel sheet metal units that aggregate into a 3-dimensional, undulating, porous system that not only dissolves the severity of the original gridded facade, but also wraps around the building to accentuate the top levels of the street corner.

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Crinkle!: Surface/Screen/Structure

A unitized panel system that creates a 3-dimensional, undulating, porous surface that does not conform to the mullion grid. The current facade of the Adidas Sports Performance Store is a regularized glasss curtain wall system. We wanted to introduce a united system that has the potential to create a more sculptural, engaging screen to break the severity of the current mullion grid, and take advantage of the wide street crossing - a prime opportunity for the viewer to see the entire facade at street level.

aggregation to create basic bean dashed line showing fold pattern

60

60

60 8" 16" 32"

16" 32" 64"

3 scales of base triangle

potential aggregations of basic bean

130

160

130

160

160

130

130

160

160

130

130

160

160

130

130

160

160

130

0

0

possible folding variations using only 130 and 160 degree bends connections between beans also occur at 130 and 160 degree

74

Stephen Chou


Re-accentuating the building corner to the BroadwayHouston St. crossing.

The overall aggrgation wraps around the building to re-configure the uniform 1. standardized perforation pattern -wall allows glass curtain facade by purposefully 6 potential revealingplacements the top oflevels of the building pipe on each street corner. triangle As a wide crossing gathering a large amount of traffic, it would serve 4. example showing to bring visual attention and suggest creation of 6. continuous pipe armature with the building. different programs 5.

2.

3.

5.

6.

3.

portion of aggregation showing armature system along perforation pattern

Stephen Chou

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Crinkle!: Surface/Screen/Structure

CNC-Bent pipe armature system that not only supports the panel system, but also supplement the overall sculptural quality.

76

The laser cut-stainless steel panels are also perforated with a dotted pattern that would serve as rivet points for the connecting ties to the armature system. The ties are special laser cut joinery pieces that fit the panel perforation pattern and and accommodate the armature pipes to pass through on multiple directions.

Stephen Chou


Crinkle!: Surface/Screen/Structure

dardized foration - allows potential ments of on each triangle

showing ation of ous pipe rmature

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

6. 5.

Stephen Chou

rtion of regation

1.

3.

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Crinkle!: Surface/Screen/Structure

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UP 50.00° R .03

UP

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USED ON APPLICATION

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DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES TOLERANCES: FRACTIONAL ANGULAR: MACH BEND TWO PLACE DECIMAL THREE PLACE DECIMAL

TITLE:

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SIZE DWG. NO.

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SCALE: 1:8 WEIGHT:

DO NOT SCALE DRAWING

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THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS DRAWING IS THE SOLE PROPERTY OF <INSERT COMPANY NAME HERE>. ANY REPRODUCTION IN PART OR AS A WHOLE WITHOUT THE WRITTEN PERMISSION OF <INSERT COMPANY NAME HERE> IS PROHIBITED.

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DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES TOLERANCES: FRACTIONAL ANGULAR: MACH BEND TWO PLACE DECIMAL THREE PLACE DECIMAL

TITLE:

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FINISH

3

SHEET 3 OF 3

SCALE: 1:8 WEIGHT:

DO NOT SCALE DRAWING

2

3

2

3

THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS DRAWING IS THE SOLE PROPERTY OF <INSERT COMPANY NAME HERE>. ANY REPRODUCTION IN PART OR AS A WHOLE WITHOUT THE WRITTEN PERMISSION OF <INSERT COMPANY NAME HERE> IS PROHIBITED.

REV

USED ON APPLICATION

1

8

7

6

5

4

1

8

7

6

5

4

DATE

TITLE:

CHECKED

MFG APPR.

SIZE DWG. NO.

REV

A-5

FINISH

SHEET 1 OF 1

SCALE: 1:2 WEIGHT:

DO NOT SCALE DRAWING

2

3

1

2

3

1

.13

.25 D

D

A

Hat Connector Type C (Mullion Connectors)

ENG APPR.

COMMENTS:

MATERIAL

NEXT ASSY

NAME DRAWN

Q.A.

INTERPRET GEOMETRIC TOLERANCING PER:

PROPRIETARY AND CONFIDENTIAL

COMMENTS:

MATERIAL

NEXT ASSY

DATE

Q.A.

INTERPRET GEOMETRIC TOLERANCING PER:

PROPRIETARY AND CONFIDENTIAL THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS DRAWING IS THE SOLE PROPERTY OF <INSERT COMPANY NAME HERE>. ANY REPRODUCTION IN PART OR AS A WHOLE WITHOUT THE WRITTEN PERMISSION OF <INSERT COMPANY NAME HERE> IS PROHIBITED.

NAME DRAWN

.85

D

D

1.95

17.97

3.60

C

C

1.50

1.03

0 R .0

0 R .0 0°

0.0

1.06

UP 180.00° R .00

1.94

UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED: DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES TOLERANCES: FRACTIONAL ANGULAR: MACH BEND TWO PLACE DECIMAL THREE PLACE DECIMAL

17.99

INTERPRET GEOMETRIC TOLERANCING PER:

PROPRIETARY AND CONFIDENTIAL THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS DRAWING IS THE SOLE PROPERTY OF <INSERT COMPANY NAME HERE>. ANY REPRODUCTION IN PART OR AS A WHOLE WITHOUT THE WRITTEN PERMISSION OF <INSERT COMPANY NAME HERE> IS PROHIBITED.

78

B

.85

1.50 1.50

.04

A

8

B

18.00

UP

18 UP

18

.03 ° R

0.0

.00

1.50

B

1.95

50

.75

.1875

1.50

1.06

1.50

.75

1.50

TRUE R.13

1.50

UP

B

C

1.50

1.50

1.96

1.28

C

18.00 UP 50.00° R .03

1.50

1.95

7

3.00

3.00

0

UP

R .0

18

0.0

0.0

18

R .0

0

UP

.1875

.1875

6

5

MATERIAL

USED ON

NEXT ASSY APPLICATION

4

NAME

DATE

DRAWN

CRINKLE

DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES TOLERANCES: FRACTIONAL ANGULAR: MACH BEND TWO PLACE DECIMAL THREE PLACE DECIMAL

TITLE:

CHECKED

A

ENG APPR.

18in Module Panel

MFG APPR.

A

Q.A.

INTERPRET GEOMETRIC TOLERANCING PER:

PROPRIETARY AND CONFIDENTIAL

COMMENTS:

SIZE DWG. NO.

FINISH

2

THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS DRAWING IS THE SOLE PROPERTY OF <INSERT COMPANY NAME HERE>. ANY REPRODUCTION IN PART OR AS A WHOLE WITHOUT THE WRITTEN PERMISSION OF <INSERT COMPANY NAME HERE> IS PROHIBITED.

REV

1

SHEET 1 OF 3

SCALE: 1:4 WEIGHT:

DO NOT SCALE DRAWING

3

UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED:

1

8

7

6

5

MATERIAL

USED ON

NEXT ASSY APPLICATION

4

NAME

DATE

DRAWN

TITLE:

CHECKED

Hat Connector Type B

ENG APPR. MFG APPR.

COMMENTS:

SIZE DWG. NO.

REV

A-4

FINISH

SHEET 1 OF 1

SCALE: 1:2 WEIGHT:

DO NOT SCALE DRAWING

3

A

Q.A.

2

1

Stephen Chou


Stephen Chou

79


Crinkle!: Surface/Screen/Structure

Construction Diagram working drawing for construction of fabricated metal panels showing: pipe bend angles panel bend angles pipe and perforation pattern

105 deg

A4

down

p

160 down

160 up

p 0u

160

n

A1

138.5 deg

137.5 deg

103 deg

101.6 deg

up

n

16 0

A3

dow

p

130 130 down

0

dow

124 deg

140 deg

18

A2

13

p 130 u

100 deg 130

160 up

n dow 130 103 deg

124 deg

120.5 deg

130 u

n dow 130

n dow

180

n

ow

0d

160

p

n

140 deg 124 deg

180

103 deg

ow

120 deg

13

130 u

150 deg

0d

103 deg

16

up

114 deg

16

160 up

up

105 deg 0u

130

124 deg

130

135 deg

103 deg

80

Stephen Chou


Stephen Chou

81


Filtro-Kiosk FABRICATION: FORMWORKS Fall 2010 Instructor: Team: Site:

82

Josh Draper Stephen Chou Nicole Kotsis Chris Powers Jodie Zhang School in Lionwe, Malawi

Filtro-Kiosk is a specially developed brick system to construct a wall that is able to carry the flow of water through cascading levels and multiple filtration units. These filtration kiosks are sited in a school in Malawi, where water infrastructure is under-developed and main access to water are through water kiosks. The goal is not only to provide for useable water, but to also visualize the filtration process, and create a visually and ambiently compelling space.

Stephen Chou


Formworks: Filtro-Kiosk

WATER INFRASTRUCTURES

Lake Malawi

LILONGWE

73%

WATER INFRASTRUCTURES Lake Malawi

Water kiosks present ancommunity effective way ofassociations operate, maintain, The intervention for bringing Self-organized delivering safe drinking water and collect revenue.to urban fresh water will be at the scale communities LILONGWE of population where there is a basic Water kiosks present an effective way of It is often inappropriate to sink wells or and type similar to existing supply (2004)network in place. The has access to safe domestic water delivering safe drinking water to urban drill boreholes in urban and semi-urban supply network may lack the capacity water kiosks, presently the communities where there is a basic neighbourhoods as conditions of to overcrowding support the connection of individual domestic supply network in place. The and poor waste disposal predominant water source in households water kiosks offer a way supply network may lack the capacity to can lead tobut groundwater contamination rural population to and dispense drinking water using existing support the connection of individual pollution of these sources. Lilongwe. of has access to safe water (2004)

40%

capacity.

0.9%

The Filtro-Kiosk will encorporate a water

holding wall at the scale of a typical kiosk. Deforestation Rate goal is not only to supplement clean (one of theThe highest in Africa)

Unsafe sewage disposal,water through filtration, but also serve an educational purpose by visualizing the agricultural runoff, flow of water and filtration process. and soil erosion due to deforestation combine to contaminate much of the countryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s fresh water.

Stephen Chou

households but water kiosks offer a way to dispense drinking water using existing capacity.

Sel and

73%

It is L drill neig over can and

of population has access to safe water (2004)

40%

of rural population has access to safe water (2004)

Rate (one of the highest in Africa) 0.9% Deforestation

Unsafe sewage disposal, agricultural runoff, and soil erosion due to deforestation combine to contaminate much of the countryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s fresh water.

83


Formworks: Filtro-Kiosk

configurations used in water kiosk

Filtration Cartridges

AGGREGATION POSSIBILITIES

84

Stephen Chou


Formworks: Filtro-Kiosk

Aerated concrete is a light weight structural concrete, created by a mixture of concrete and aluminum powder, which generates hydrogen bubbles during the curing process. The trapped bubbles of hydrogen ultimately evaporates and creates small closed cell air pocket in the concrete. We hypothesize that by manipulating the amount of aluminum added into the mixture, the density of the cell structures can then be manipulated, allowing flow of water at a rate to be determined.

A kiosk that would not only provide filtered water, but also visualize the filtration process, and create a visually and acoustically interesting place. Stephen Chou

The filtro-wall system may tap into existing grey water facilities on site, and take advantage of the terrain to introduce naturally flowing water. Given the educational purpose of the site, and the evaporative cooling effects and acoustical ambience of flowing water, the water kiosks may extend beyond utilitarian use, and become a place that is communal, educational, and compelling. 85


Formworks: Filtro-Kiosk

Top to bottom: Material studies in aerated concrete - concrete mixture with aluminum powder at different ratio mixtures. CNC milling of the two part mold. Finial casting result.

86

Stephen Chou


Stephen Chou

87


The New Tilt-Up: A Composite Tilt-Up Panel Industrial Building

The New Tilt-Up

A Composite Tilt-Up Panel Industrial Loft ARCHITECTURAL TECHNOLOGIES V Spring 2010 Instructors: A J. Hibbs + Pat Hopple + Elias Dagher Team: Benjamin Brichta Stephen Chou Rubah Musvee Allison Rozwat

88

For the Bunker Loft in the Bronx, New York, we revisit the notion of load-bearing masonry construction through exploring the possibilities of precast concrete construction. Rather than the stacking of purely generic, mass-produced â&#x20AC;&#x153;blocksâ&#x20AC;?(such as bricks, stone blocks or CMUs, as traditionally used), we

propose exploiting the contemporary ability to manufacture highly-designed building components, and seek to simultaneously address building functions other than structure such as the enclosure and mechanical systems through masonry construction.

Stephen Chou


The New Tilt-Up: A Composite Tilt-Up Panel Industrial Building

Stephen Chou

89


The New Tilt-Up: A Composite Tilt-Up Panel Industrial Building

1/2” INCH STEEL PLATE, FIELD WELDED 1/2” INCH STEEL PLATE, FIELD WELDED CONNECTOR BETWEEN INSULATION AND CONCRETE INTEGRATED MECHANICAL AIR DUCT (HIDDEN) RACEWAY ELECTRICAL CONDUIT AND RADIANT SYSTEM (HIDDEN) 1/2” INCH STEEL WINDOW SEAT AND SILL 28’ 0”

3’ 0”

3’ 0”

28’ 0”

28’ 0”

4. TYPICAL PANEL PLAN

4 . GROUND FLOOR PANEL PLAN

SCALE 1” = 1’-0”

4 . PARAPET PANEL PLAN

1-2 P3.0

3’1”

3’1”

4’ 10”

1’ 1”

SCALE 1” = 1’-0”

SCALE 1” = 1’-0”

11’ 11-1/2” 9’ 6-1/2”

17’ 8”

1-2 P2.0

10’ 9-1/2”

14’ 7”

13’ 9-1/2”

6’ 5-1/2”

9’ 7”

6’ 5-1/2”

16’10”

1 P1.1

1P4

1-1 P3.0

1 P2.1

2. TYPICAL PANEL ELEVATION SCALE 1” = 1’-0”

3 P2.0

3 P3.0

1-1 P2.0

2. GROUND FLOOR PANEL ELEVATION

1’ 6”

SCALE 1” = 1’-0”

3. PARAPET PANEL SECTION

2. PARAPET PANEL ELEVATION

SCALE 1” = 1’-0” 17’ 8”

1 P1.0

3’ 0”

SCALE 1” = 1’-0”

3 P1.0

2’ 4”

4’ 2”

3. TYPICAL PANEL SECTION

SCALE 1” = 1’-0”

9’ 0”

3. GROUND FLOOR PANEL SECTION

SCALE 1” = 1’-0”

90

Stephen Chou

3. LI


The New Tilt-Up: A Composite Tilt-Up Panel Industrial Building

Radiant Heating/Cooling Supply and Return Pipes Connects to Boiler/Chiller Radiant Heating/Cooling Manifold Access Box

Air Intake

AHU

Air Exhaust Supply Air Diffusers

Supply air feed into Termodeck

Supply air delivery through panel

Radiant Heating/Cooling System Embedded in Topping Slab

3’ 1”

14’ 0”

1-3 . TOP FLOOR PANEL PLAN

SCALE 1” = 1’-0”

3’ 1”

1’ 1”

11’ 11-1/2” 28’ 0”

1’1”

1’0”

1’ 1”

7’ 0”

14’ 0”

8’ 9”

14’ 0”

4. LIGHT WELL PANEL PLAN

2-3 . SIDE WALL PANEL PLAN

3-3 . CORNER PANEL PLAN

SCALE 1” = 1’-0”

SCALE 1” = 1’-0”

23’ 8”

SCALE 1” = 1’-0”

3’ 1”

3’ 1”

3’ 1”

4’ 10”

8’ 9”

1’ 3-1/2”

11’ 11-1/2”

SCALE 1” = 1’-0”

Stephen Chou

4’ 2”

4’ 2”

3 P4.0

3. LIGHT WELL PANEL SECTION

3-2 P5.0

1-2 P5.0

1-1 P4.0

2. LIGHT WELL PANEL ELEVATION

SCALE 1” = 1’-0”

13’ 9-1/2”

13’ 9-1/2”

16’ 10”

5’ 2”

9’ 7”

1-2 P4.0

1-1 P4.0

1-2 . TOP FLOOR PANEL SECTION SCALE 1” = 1’-0”

1-1 . TOP FLOOR PANEL ELEVATION

SCALE 1” = 1’-0”

3-2 . CORNER PANEL SECTION SCALE 1” = 1’-0”

3-1 . CORNER PANEL ELEVATION

SCALE 1” = 1’-0”

2-2 . SIDE WALL PANEL SECTION SCALE 1” = 1’-0”

2-2 P5.0

2-1 . SIDE WALL PANEL ELEVATION

SCALE 1” = 1’-0”

91


The New Tilt-Up: A Composite Tilt-Up Panel Industrial Building

92

Stephen Chou


The New Tilt-Up: A Composite Tilt-Up Panel Industrial Building

Stephen Chou

93


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working GSAPP M.Arch portfolio

Architecture Porfolio  

working GSAPP M.Arch portfolio

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