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Digital Design - Module 01 Semester 1, 2019 Stephanie Caroll

998739 Siavash Malek + Studio 11


Week One

Reading: Zeara Polo, A. 2010. Between Ideas and Matters.

According to Zeara-Polo, the diagram does not play a representational role in the design process but provides an organisational and can have a performative quality depending on how it is deployed. Explain how Diagram is different from Signs and Symbols? (100 words Maximum)

Diagrams differ from signs and symbols as they communicated performative relationships, between elements such as types of movement (pause areas, walkways and thresholds) and circulation of traffic flow. Where as signs and symbols are a devised as a representation for dynamic objects for the studied system. They may be used to communicate actions (e.g. how one should behave in a space) but they are not a documentation of the frequency or outcome of that action.

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Week One

Precedent Analysis

Top left: original or ‘main’ formation of the structure. (entry & exit through same door) Top right: Wall on the north-side of the pavilion removed opening up the main interior of the space allowing to ‘spill out’ and increase capacity.

The modelling began with importing the floor plan, scaling page to correct size and tracing in ‘top view’. From here the other plans for the panels were imported and traced through the same process. Once all the pieces were constructed, ‘orient’ and ‘orient 3D’ were used to maneuver pieces into place, during this, each piece was locked to avoid accidental repositioning. Iteration 2 and 3 were constructed after the main (iteration 1) form was finished.

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Bottom left: wall on south-east corner removed with secondary ramp attached to create a directional flow to the circulation.


Week Two

Reading: Hertzberger H. 2005. The in-between and The Habitable Space Between Things, from Lessons for Students in Architecture. Herzberger discusses how design should not be extreme in its functionality. Use your precedent study to explain how the pavilion allows for an appropriation of use. (100 words Maximum)

Herzberger states that a design should not precedent over functionality; however a great designer uses the design to increase or accommodate the functional purposes. This is displayed in the Konishi – Gaffney Pavilon as it’s simple, geometric form as been designed with modular panels which can be detached and/or reattached in different formations to optimize the space. In reference to Herzberger pleading to consider ‘accommodating potential ‘, this pavilion was designed to be a gallery space and thus is completely receptive to adapting to its functionality needs depending on the content of its use as the time.

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Week Two

Isometric

Konishi Gaffney - POP UP CITIES EDINBURGH The diagram on the left is a representation of the winning pavilion designed by Konishi Gaffney Architects for the Expo ‘Pop-Up Cities: Edinburgh. The form of the structure was inspired by origami pyramids; the outcome was constructed with modular panels attached to a base. This proved to be an integral element for circulation and thresholds, designed to be an exhibition space, the detachable panels allow the form to change depending on it’s usage. This means that the circulation, pause areas and thresholds are dictated heavily through the intention of the content within the pavilion.

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Week Two Diagrams

Usage One key element identified during observation was discovered through the purpose of the pavilion, a gallery space. The modular panels can be removed or repositioned in particular areas to create new openings from exterior to interior thresholds. Additionally, this also dictates the circulation of the space as well as the variation with pausing areas.

The above diagrams demonstrate three iterations discovered during the research and observation stage; which communicate the diversity of the design and also compare the circulation and threshold opportunities between the three iterations.

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Week Two Diagrams

Connectivity Another interesting feature noted was the opportunity for alternative interactions with the structure allowing for a second tier to connectivity and pause areas. The above diagrams are a demonstrations of such areas that may be of interest to the viewer; External (left) & internal (right.

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Appendix Process

88 Constitution Street | Edinburgh EH6 6RP 0131 555 4939 mail@konishigaffney.com

Edge 01-15 2N 109.5 100x6mm Steel folded bracket to take 2N x M12 bolts 1N 109.5 50x6mm Steel folded bracket to take 1N x M12 bolt

E 09-14 E 07-13

F14

E 13-14

F 13

200x101 gangnail GN20 plate to hiden side min 40% by area on each member

E 14-15

G15

E 02-13

H16

Project

POP UP CITIES EDINBURGH PAVILION

Client

EAA EDINBURGH CITY COUNCIL

Title

FLOOR CONSTRUCTION

Drawing N

001

Edge 09-14 2 N x 90 - 100x6mm folded steel bracket to take 2N x M12 bolts 1 N x 90 - 50x6mm folded steel bracket to take 1N x M12 bolt

E 01-15

E 15-16

FLOOR DIAGRAM

Scale

1:10 @ A1

0

0.5

37

45

Edge 15-14 2N x Floor - 50x6mm Steel bracket

500X500mm concrete pavers under timber floor

100x100mm timber frame

75x50mm infil timbers at 600mm between centers

9 57

50

00

2828

36

35

Unit 15

27 10 3536

All bolts M12 (8.8)

57 14

8 68

Edge13-14 3 N x Floor - 50x6mm Steel plate

0

20

53

Unit 14

min

708

Edge15-16 2N x Floor - 50x6mm Steel brackets

2122

3536

45

20 16

84

10 84

48

4

in m

45

0

1722

Unit 16

16

84

Edge 02-13 2 N x 70.5 - 100x6mm folded steel bracket 1 N x 70.5 - 50x6mm folded steel bracket

3536

Base panel code: Panel F ( units 13, 14) Panel G (unit 15) Panel H (unit 16) Edge 07-13 2 N x 90 - 100x6mm folded steel bracket 1 N x 90 - 50x6mm folded steel bracket

x 2 units x 1 units x 4 units x 2 units x 2 units x 1 units x 7 units

48 84

59

Base conexion steel brackets: 70.5 100x6 mm steel plate 70.5 50x6 mm steel plate 90 100x6 mm steel plate 90 50x6 mm steel plate 109.5 100x6 mm steel plate 109.5 50x6 mm steel plate Floor 50x6 mm steel plate

4250

4450

22

59

Unit 13

10

Screw connections: - Flitch beam - frame: 150mm 6 screws - 50mx50mm studs 80mm 5 screws - General ply connections 60mm 4 screws at 200 mm c/c All connections with 50 mm min. embedment M12 Bolts: 50N 100 mm M12 (8.8) bolts 37N 200 mm M12 (8.8) bolts 87N M12 (8.8) nuts & washers

48

4

Ply fixing generally: - 60mm 6 screws at 200 c/c around external frame - 60mm 3 wire nail at 150 c/c along internal members - Ground structure to be supported off ground

100 x 100 mm exposed timber frame Concrete slabs 22 mm timber floor boads 75 x 50 mm timber studs 18 mm plywood

45 Floor construction detail

Ply sheets per panel

0 20

1220

200

Timber frame to be exposed as per floor section detail

2440

in m

Panel F: 3x2 units= 6 sheets

Panel F: 1 sheet

200

1922

Panel G: 4 sheets

TOTAL: 11 sheets

Floor boards orientation

Screw connections: - Flitch beam - frame: 150mm 6 screws - 50mx50mm studs 80mm 5 screws - General ply connections 60mm 4 screws at 200 mm c/c All connections with 50 mm min. embedment

200x101 gangnail GN20 plate to hiden side min 40% by area on each member

M12 Bolts: 50N 100 mm M12 (8.8) bolts 37N 200 mm M12 (8.8) bolts 87N M12 (8.8) nuts & washers

Edge 02-05 2 N x 60 - 100x6mm folded steel bracket 1 N x 60 - 50x6mm folded steel bracket

56

8N 50x75mm vertical infil timbers at 200mm between centers 80mm 5 screws with 50 mm min. embedment

2820

2994

2300

2474

1954

1108

2647

868

2127

Key sources used for investigation and primary stages for digital modelling process.

628

80mm 5 screws with 50 mm min. embedment

3167

388 50x50mm horizontal infil timbers at 200mm between centers

Edge 02-13 2 N x 70.5 - 100x6mm folded steel bracket 1 N x 70.5 - 50x6mm folded steel bracket

3536

3606

47

38

50

00

100x100mm timber frame

1348

1588

1828

79

45

2068

80mm 5 screws with 50 mm min. embedment

3536

606

4141

Panel Type C : unit 2

4243 Edge 10-11 3N x M12(8.8) Bolted connections

Panel D: unit 11

Panel C : unit 2

79

Panel E: unit 12

1. Ply sheets per panel

309 7

Panel C 3 sheets

Panel D 1 sheet

Panel E 1 sheet

79

158

233

2. Inner battens at 600mm between centres 84

382

456

200x101 gangnail GN20 plate to hiden side min 40% by area on each member

307

530

754

679

605

977

903

50x50mm infil timbers at 200mm between centers

828

1274

100x100mm timber frame

21

3097

439 3536

Edge 09-11 3N x M12(8.8) bolted connections

Panel Type D: unit11

Unit 2 : 50x50mm battens

80mm 5 screws with 50 mm min. embedment

Unit 11: 25x50mm battens

S12

S2

S5

S4

S4

S6

S5

S6

S2

7

FOR EDGE DETAILS SEE DRAWING 006

977

1274

754

828

903

530

605

679

307

382

456

84

158

233

79

309

Unit 11: 25x50mm battens

3.Larch cladding

79

Edge 05-12 3N x M12(8.8) Bolted connections

21

3097

Panel Type E: unit12 (D mirrored)

8

P 06-12 3N x - M12(8.8) bolted connections

0

0.5

88 Constitution Street | Edinburgh EH6 6RP 0131 555 4939 mail@konishigaffney.com Project

POP UP CITIES EDINBURGH PAVILION

Client

EAA EDINBURGH CITY COUNCIL

Title

PANEL C & D STRUCTURE

Drawing N

003

Scale

1:10 @ A1


Appendix

Process

(Above) Colour coded layers were used for each of the different elements of the structure. This not only aided with the modelling process but also helps keep the working file organized for future stages.

Experimenting with different ways to communicate the appropriate information – the right was deemed inappropriate as the information communicated is unclear.

(Above) Using the ‘Make 2D’ command to convert Rhino file to Illustrator, ensuring that ‘maintain source layers’ is enabled to ease the following process. A bounding box was applied to each 2D graphic to also aid the scaling process in Illustrator.

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Appendix Process

I captured both arctic and rendered view for the main diagram as they both highlights different elements of the structure. To combine them I used Photoshop and also raised the contrast levels to make the transition from dark to light more prominent.

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Digital Design Module 1 - Process journal  

Digital Design Module 1 - Process journal  

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