2018-Aug: Interview with Festival Edinburgh

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XXXXXXXXXnd gray-foofed bungalows through St. James's Gate.

八月,来爱丁堡国际艺术节 文、图 | 勾尧

月的爱丁堡像是一座精致的旋转木马,光彩夺目,节

以,行走在最繁华的皇家一英里,你不会意外广告柱上贴满

马勒的《第八交响曲》。国际戏剧名单则包含巴黎北方剧

目纷呈,让人情不自禁想要追随。 今年的爱丁堡国

厚达数十层的传单,也不奇怪穿着各种戏服的人随时塞来小

院 Théâ tre des Bouffes du Nord 的 驻 留 项 目, 亮 点 还

际艺术节由五个同时进行的节庆组成,分别为 Edinburgh

纸条,甚至,你还会看到有个美丽的姑娘突然大叫一声,扑

有由 Peter Brook 和 Katie Mitchell 所导演的作品。苏

International Festival( 国 际 艺 术 节 ),Edinburgh

倒在马路中央为一只玩具鹅做人工呼吸。有了心理预期,无

格 兰 国 家 剧 院(National Theatre of Scotland) 也 将

Festival Fringe( 边 缘 艺 术 节, 又 称 艺 穗 节 ),The

论看到多戏剧化的场景,你都可以老神在在地对

在国际艺术节的大本营 The Hub 演绎暖心而趣味横生的

Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo( 皇 家 军 乐 节 ),

己说,淡定,淡定,这只是暖场。

xxxxxx 玉 站 长 同 阿玉和二玉一样, 也是一只流浪的 三花猫。

爱丁堡特别版《仲夏夜之梦》(Midsummer)。在舞蹈类 节目的名单里,我们能看到世界级舞美 Akram Khan 和

Edinburgh International Book Festival(国际图书节)

Wayne McGregor 的作品。

和 Edinburgh Art Festival(美术节)。其中最有影响力

挑 选 艺 穗 节 的 节 目 确 实 要 碰 运 气,1/3

的是艺穗节。2017 是艺穗节的 70 周年庆,短短 25 天内

的演出是类似相声一样的脱口秀,对于

共有 3398 场部戏在 300 个场地演出了 53232 场次。就

英语非母语的观众来说,有点难度。而

当夜幕降临,风笛声在古堡里响起,军乐节表演的帷幕渐渐

算一部戏平均 1 个小时,每天看 24 小时,也需要近 5 个月

今年的爱丁堡国际艺术节,则是场场经

拉开。Tatoo 一词起源于 17 世纪,意思是 tap toe,关掉

才能看完。

典,因为受邀者都是大师和巨星。2018

酒桶龙头。占领了荷兰的英国军队每晚在兵营中的鼓手敲

年的音乐演出名单格莱美大奖获得者

鼓,提醒酒吧老板停止卖酒,让所有在城镇中的士兵归队过

爱丁堡首届国际艺术节于 1947 年举办之际,8 个未被邀请

吉 他 手 兼 音 乐 家 St. Vincent、 另 类

夜。门票收入主要捐给军队和民间慈善机构。每年还会邀请

国际图书节和美术节分别成立于 1983 年和 2005 年,以

的中小型表演团体不请自来,并在爱丁堡联合举办了艺穗

唱 作 人 John Grant、 指 挥 家 Marin

不同国家的军乐队一起演出。我有幸观看了去年的演出,火

讲座、工作坊和画展为艺术节的游客提供了更丰富的活动

节,自发演出,以彰显自由表达的艺术精神。此后,每年都

Alsop 和 Simon Rattle 爵 士、 天 才

烧维京人战船幽默的法国水兵舞、宝莱坞式的印度军舞、庄

和去处。去年的书展,我和女儿在儿童区遇到了明星厨师

有中小型团体光临,爱丁堡艺术节也逐渐发展成为全世界最

音 乐 家 Nicola Benedetti 和 Pierre-

重的日本剑道、整齐的皇家空军,仿佛是一次国际大阅兵。

Fiona Bird 在推广她教孩子亲近自然的新书,并且有幸品

大、最开放的艺术节。随着参与人数的增加,地租也是水涨

Laurent Aimard。 重 点 剧 目 有 罗 西 尼

一曲《哈里路亚》将晚会推向高潮,让观众在被军威征服的

尝了她亲手烘培的奶油海带小饼干。相信今年的活动同样精

船高,对于自负盈亏的艺术家来说,竞争也是相当激烈。所

的喜歌剧《灰姑娘》(La Cenerentola),

同时又反思和平的意义。

彩不容错过!


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Enjoy the Edinburgh International Festival this August Words & Photos by Gou Yao

spirit of performance by the eight uninvited small- and medium-sized groups that launched it. Since then, small and medium-sized groups have joined the festival each year as it has developed into the largest and most open art festival in the world.

I XXXXXXXnd gray-foofed bungalowugh St. James's Gate.

With the number of participants

n August, Edinburgh is like

Edinburgh International Book

Even if each play lasted only one

an exquisite merry-go-round,

Festival and Edinburgh Art Festival.

hour and you watched the plays

attracting people from around

Among the five, the most influential

24 hours a day, it would take five

the world. This year, the Edinburgh

is the Edinburgh Fringe Festival.

months to see them all.

International Festival consists of five

2017 marked the 70th anniversary

festivals: Edinburgh International

of the Edinburgh Fringe Festival. In

When the first Edinburgh

Festival, Edinburgh Festival Fringe,

25 days, 3398 plays were staged a

International Festival was held in

Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo,

total 53232 times at 300 venues.

1947, it demonstrated the artistic

increasing, rent has also risen rapidly. The competition is fierce for the festival’s self-financing artists. Walking along the prosperous Royal Mile, you will see ad posts covered with dozens of layers of leaflets and people wearing costumes giving away advertising leaflets. You might even see a beautiful girl suddenly scream, throw herself down in the middle of the street and give artificial respiration to a toy goose. With your expectations thus set, you can remain cool when a dramatic scene plays out in front of you. At the Edinburgh Fringe Festival, selecting a play to watch is like shooting dice. One-third of the performances are talk shows that are a bit difficult for non-native English speakers to follow. This year's Edinburgh International Festival, on the other hand, is full of masters and superstars. The 2018 music performance list includes Grammy Award winner St. Vincent, alternative singer John Grant, conductors Marin Alsop and Sir Simon Rattle, and genius musicians Nicola Benedetti and Pierre-Laurent Aimard. The musical programming will include Rossini's opera comedy, La Cenerentola, and Mahler's Symphony No.8 in E Flat Major. The highlights among the international plays are the repertoire of the Théâtre des Bouffes du Nord and the works directed by Peter Brook and Katie Mitchell. The National Theatre of Scotland will dedicate a

sublime Edinburgh special edition of Midsummer at the Hub of the International Festival. On the list of dance programs are works by world-class stage designers such as Akram Khan and Wayne McGregor. When night falls, the sound of pipers arises in the castle as performances by the Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo begin.

xxxxxulpture in the Pantheon.

overwhelmed by military power.

The word tatoo originated in the

The Edinburgh International Book

17th century and meant “tap

Festival and Edinburgh Art Festival

toe.” The British army, which

were established in 1983 and 2005,

had occupied the Netherlands,

respectively, providing visitors

drummed every night in the

with lectures, workshops and

barracks, reminding bar owners to

exhibitions. Last year, my daughter

stop selling alcohol and for soldiers

and I met star chef Fiona Bird, who

to return to their positions. Ticket

was promoting her book inspiring

revenues are mainly donated to

children to get closer to nature. We

the military and private charities.

were fortunate to taste her hand-

Every year, military bands from

baked creamy kelp biscuits.

different countries are invited.

This year's events will surely

I had the privilege of watching

be even more fantastic!

last year’s performances, such as the burning Viking battleship, a humorous French sailor dance, Bollywood Indian military dancers, a solemn Japanese Kendo, and the orderly Royal Air Force. It looked as if it were an international military parade. The song Hallelujah pushed the night to its climax, inspiring the audience to rethink the essence of peace while being


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: Why does Edinburgh celebrate year round?

: The Rite of Spring is in next year’s Edinburgh International Festival

: Many Festivals have been inspired by the original three 1947 festivals. It started

programme. Yang Liping will blend

with the Edinburgh International Festival,

choreography, and use Stravinsky’s original

with an aim to “provide a platform for the

music with a specially created new score

flowering of the human spirit” by bringing

inspired by traditional Chinese music.

people and artists together from around

Last year, the Edinburgh International

the world. The Edinburgh Fringe Festival

Storytelling Festival invited Ma Wei to

and Edinburg Film Festival began the

perform Journey to the West in the format

same year. All of the festivals are deeply

of YangZhou PingHua. The Royal Edinburgh

rooted in the city, for example: residents

Military Tattoo Festival has strong links

spontaneously gathered at the midnight

with China: the People’s Liberation Army

bells in the Old Town’s Trongate for years,

performed there in 2004 and 2015. The

but as the celebrations grew, there was

Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo is also

a need to formalise the gathering, so

planning to tour in China in 2020. The

Edinburgh’s Hogmanay Festival was born

Edinburgh Fringe Festival last year included

in 1995 and took the street party to the

China Focus, a showcase of excellence in

city’s main thoroughfare. Edinburgh is

Chinese theatre and drama, which covered

renowned for scientific discoveries, from

Peking Opera, Pop Music, Opera and so on.

Chinese folk dance with contemporary

penicillin to Dolly the sheep (the world’s first cloned mammal), so it is fitting that Edinburgh established the world’s first public science festival in 1989. Edinburgh is

爱丁堡节庆之城总监。在苏格兰与英 国文化政策和项目发展、教育、国际 贸易和投资方面有 20 多年的工作经 验。此前,她在英国文化教育协会就 职。 Julia Amour is the Director of Festivals Edinburgh, the membership body for Edinburgh’s leading festivals, which works on shared priorities to develop and promote Edinburgh’s cultural, social and economic impact. Julia has over 20 years of policy and programme development experience across Scottish and UK culture, education and the international trade and investment sectors. Prior to this, she worked for the British Council.

= Hai Vision 朱莉娅·阿莫 ( Julia Amour ) =

Julia Amour

:为什么爱丁堡全年会有这么多节庆? :主要是受到二战后的艺术节精神的感召 :1947 年,首届国际艺术节的主旨是为“人 类精神百花齐放提供舞台”,让全世界的人们和艺术节欢聚一堂。同年,艺穗节和电影节 成立。还有些节庆植根于这座城市 :民众自发到老城区欢度新年是个悠久的传统,随着 规模扩大,需要一个正式的主办机构,于是 1995 年跨年庆典成立了 ;爱丁堡拥有诸多科 学发明 :从盘尼西林到世界第一只克隆羊多利,因此 1989 年爱丁堡作为先锋,成立了 世界上第一个面向公众的科学节;爱丁堡是一座属于艺术家的城市,2004 年,当地画廊、 画家、博物馆联合成立了美术节,90% 的作品都是免费参观的,吸引了大量游客前往。 :作为主办方,你们是如何在国际上推广爱丁堡的节庆活动的呢? :自 1947 年以来,国际化就是所有艺术节的主旨。这包括促进各国艺术家之间合作, 邀请世界各地的演员来爱丁堡这个舞台展示它们的作品。 我们还致力发展与艺术家、制 作人和政府机构的长期伙伴关系。以东亚为例,我们的合作伙伴有上海国际艺术节、香 港西九文化局以及一些区域艺术中心,比如新加坡。 :有没有中国艺术团体参与这些节庆呢? :2019 年,国际艺术节邀请杨丽萍演出《春之祭》,她的编舞融合了中国民族舞蹈和 现代舞的表达方式,音乐方面则在斯拉特文斯基原著中融入中国民族音乐元素。2017 年, 国际讲故事节邀请扬州评话人马伟演出《西游记》。2004 年和 2015 年中国人民解放军 乐队获邀在皇家军乐节上演出。军乐节还计划在 2020 年到中国进行巡演。2017 年艺 穗节的”聚焦中国”系列活动涵盖了京剧、流行乐、歌剧等。 :文化节的所有节目都适合家庭观看吗? :是的,都非常适合。特别是国际儿童节和科技节都与本地学校合作,促进教育,也 为来爱丁堡的家庭游客带来最好的活动。

: Do all festivals have family friendly programs?

also known as a city of artists, and in 2004

: Yes, they all do. In particular, the Edinburgh International Children’s’ Festival

Edinburgh’s galleries, artists and museums

and Edinburgh Science Festival work with

came together to start the Edinburgh Art

local schools for educational purposes,

Festival. 90% of the events are free to

providing the best events for families

attend, making it accessible for visitors of

travelling to Edinburgh.

all incomes. : How do you promote these festivals internationally? : Internationalism is central to all of the festivals and has been since 1947. This includes: collaborations between artists from different nations, performers and directors from around the world showcasing their work, and building longterm relationships and collaboration opportunities between Edinburgh’s festivals and international artists, producers and government agencies. Take East Asia as an example: currently, we work with the China Shanghai International Arts Festival and Hong Kong West Kowloon, as well holding links with regional hubs like Singapore. : Are there any organisations from China participating in these festivals?

XXXXXX de los Muertos" is a magnificent smiles with one another.