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EXPRESSION OF INTEREST ABPL30048 ARCHITECTURE DESIGN STUDIO AIR STELLA SENAJAYA TANAJA/ 376308


1. THE CASE FOR INNOVATION 1.01. Architecture as a Discourse 1.02. Computing in Architecture 1.03. Parametric modelling

2. RESEARCH CUT PROJECT A Case for Biomimickery 2.01 Case Study: Spanish Pavilion 2.02 Why Hexagon 2.03 Matrices 2.04

CON TENTS

REFLECTION

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WEEK 1

1.01. Understanding the Course: Architecture as a Discourse

ARCHITECTURE AS A DISCOURSE Architecture often perceived as just ‘building’ which

Antonio Gaudi, Casa Mila, Barcelona, Spain, 1905-1910

ARCHITECTURE AS ART AND SCULPTURE

in my opinion it should be viewed as ones ‘language’ instead. Architecture should be used to express ones view and interests.

Casa Mila is one of the best works of Antonio Gaudi located in Barcelona that was built in 1912. This building is multi family housing with a uniqe shape that look almost painfully beautiful. It is expressionistic, fantastic organic forms in undulating facade and roof line. This building has successfully portrayed the decorated utilitarian objects and turned them into works of sculpture. Here Architecture speaks as a language itself in expressing the works of art.

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DANDELION PAVILLION HEATHERWICK STUDIO

This UK Pavilion was designed by Heatherwick Studio. Led by the internationally-acclaimed

Thomas Heatherwick, his design team won the Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO) commission to create the Pavilion following a competition that attracted a shortlist of ambitious architectural proposals from other teams led by Zaha Hadid Architects, John McAslan + Partners, Marks Barfield Architects, Avery Associates, and DRAW Architects with dcmstudios.

“the pavilion is so organic, it changes “

60 fiber optic cables stick out, covering the structural facade into a giant ‘dandelion’ The design was aiming at 3 different purposes. First aim was to design a pavilion whose architecture was a direct manifestation of what it was exhibiting. The second idea was to ensure a significant area of open public space around so as to let the visitor relax and enter the building. Thirdly, it ensured that the building would be unique among the hundreds of other competing pavilions. Furthermore, during the day, the rods direct the light to the interior and on contrary during nighttime, the exterior of the building stands out and glow like a kitsch artifact from the 1980s. Here in this project, i could see that architecture drives itself as one language expressing ‘changes’. The building itself is acting as the drive to attract visitor. Expressive facade hiding its structural form triggers curiosity.

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Tadao Ando, Church on The Water, Hokkaido, Japan, 1985-1988 Ando’s japanese Church on The Water was build on the 1980s in Hokkaido. This church overlooks a shallow artificial lake which has been created by the diversion of a nearby stream. The glass window allowing people to see an open space achieving serenity. The design is very simple using only concrete and glass as a material and interesting use of natural reflection of the water. i personally adore this building as it made me aware of basic geometry shape of square and circle suggesting a simplicity of architecture. The application of basic natural element into the building suggests that the architecture expressing itself in a form of feelings. Just by looking at the building and its surroundings we could feel the serenety, peace, calm, and beauty of nature.

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ARCHITECTURE AS PLACE IDENTITIES

The wrought iron structure of the Eiffel Tower weighs 7,300 tonnes, while the entire structure, including non-metal components, is approximately 10,000 tonnes. As a demonstration of the economy of design, if the 7,300 tonnes of the metal structure were melted down it would fill the 125-metre-square base to a depth of only 6 cm (2.36 in), assuming the density of the metal to be 7.8 tonnes per cubic metre.

EIFFEL TOWER = FRANCE,PARIS E

iffel tower is one of the legendary tower that represent greatness of architecture of all time. Here i want to emphasise that architecture could be used as one places identities. In a more simple way, if someone said “Eiffel”, i would straight away thinking of Paris and the famous gigantic tower that is so loved by history. here we could deduce that architecture can be used as places “sign”, “identities”, “description” and “representation”. More example would be the opera house design by jorn utzon would be the representative of sydney, london eyes would represent london, pisa tower would represent italy, etc.

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DIGITAL ARCHITECTURE PARAMETRIC & DIGITAL FABRICATION

WEEK 2 1.02. Introduction to Computing in Architecture

Contrary to popular belief, computation and architectural software do not supresses one’s creativity in design. However, it enhances the architect ability to deal with both analytical skill and creativity to produce design. Technological advance in architecture also helps the architect to create and birng to life of much more flexible shape compared with manual old fashioned style of architectural practices.

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CHELSEA XPO PAVILION PROJECT CYRIL SHING, senior lecturer of BA Interior Spatial Design collaboration with Yiching Liu, Daniel Piker.

PARAMETRIC DESIGN

The pavilion is located at the Rootstein Hopkins Parade Ground which is opposite to the Tate Britain on Atterbury Street, SW1. It is part of this year’s Chelsea College undergraduate summer show and London Festival of Architecture 2010. The pavilion is sponsored by Speedo and is constructed using 200 LZR Racer swimming suits wich due to recent changes in rules for competition couldn´t be used for competition , resulting in a remarkable structure. The project objective was to re-use this product, the LZR racer as an architectural component to think about the sustainability approaches in the design and fabrication process with the integration of digital technology.

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Here we can see an example of how parametric design in architecture could also cover other aspects such as sustainable architecture and digitalization for fabrication.

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PARAMETRIC DESIGN EXPLORATION

WEEK 3 1.03. Parametric modelling

“Due to the influence of surface tension, the drop aims to achieve a spherical shape. However, its viscosity, torpidity, atmospheric friction and other external forces prevent this, so that it warps through a slightly oscillating drop into a spherical form.”

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PARAMETRIC DESIGN EXPLORATION

PARAMETRIC AS FORM FINDING Long before sustainability became a fashionable word, at the first BMW trade fair presentation realized by Franken, driving with clean energy from water and the sun was symbolized in the form of an iconic structure: a drop of water.

Here the building is done digitally through algorithm in parametric architecture. the fabrication of the building is also done digitally. The design is using parametric architecture as a form finding of the buliding mimicking the shape of water droplets.

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2. RESEARCH CUT PROJECT Biomimickery 2.01 Case Study: Spanish Pavilion 2.02 Why Hexagon 2.03 Matrices 2.04 why parametric 2.05

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Many issues we face today have already been solved in the natural world, and by utilizing these solutions and replicating these systems, we can create a gateway for Wyndham City that demonstrates their commitment to seeking economical design solutions while paying tribute to Wyndham city’s natural beauty.

AN ARGUMENT OF BIOMIMICKERY Bio mimicry in design has aided in the development of more efficient, sustainable and unique design outcomes. By emulating patterns, forms and systems that have already evolved and survived the test of time in the natural world. By embracing what nature has to teach, we can achieve more advanced outcomes. Wyndham city has a stronger relationship with the nature world having a number of natural beauties including the Werribee River K Road Cliffs, Point Cook Coastal Park, Heathdale Wetlands and the Victoria State Rose Garden. 21

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BIOMIMICKERY IN OTHER DISCIPLINES Biomimicry has been used across a vast field of disciplines to achieve innovative outcomes by engaging in this discourse we seek to archive the same in the design of the Wyndham City Gateway. . Jaseph Paxton designed the crystal palace in 1851 based of the structure of water Lillie’s while George de Mestral created Velcro after observing how burdock seeds attached to his clothes.

Nature has vinspired many creation including the Ark Hotel concept which was designed by Remistudio and is a shell inspired biosphere that is completely self sustainable and can be constructed from prefabricated elements within three to four months while withstanding tidal waves, earthquakes and other natural disasters. maining of the cutting edge of technology and design.

Nissan recently developed the BR23C micro robotic car which included a safety system modeled on the structure and inner workings of a bee’s eye. 23

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CA STUDY SE OF BIOMIMICKERY 1

This project explores the architectural transfer of biological principles of the sea urchin’s plate skeleton morphology by means of computer-based design and simulation methods.

Computer-controlled manufacturing methods were used for the creation of 6.5mm panels that form the pavilions shell. The skeletal shell of the sand dollar is a modular system of polygonal plates, which are linked together at the edges by finger-like calcite protrusions. The particular geometric arrangement of the plates and their joining system allows for a high load bearing capacity. This project is successful because it utilises the biological system to create a efficient use of materials without compromising structural strength.

ICT/ITKE Research Pavillion 2010

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CA STUDY SE OF BIOMIMICKERY 2 THE BIRDS NEST Beijing National Stadium

Beijing National Stadium was designed by Swiss architects Herzog & de Meuron and is a great use of biometrics. The stadium rises out of the landscape to replicate a giant upturned bird’s nest. The building itself has become icon in the community and has been hailed a marvel of design. For this simple reason this stadium can be viewed as a great success. We hope to achieve a design of a similar icon standard for the Wyndam city gateway. 27

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CA STUDY SE OF BIOMIMICKERY 3

Taking the structure of soap bubbles as inspiration (and mimicking nature’s way of filling 3-d space most efficiently), PTW Architects and Arup gave the Cube an elegant, light-weight design: a rectangular box covered in iridescent bubble wrap. The 100,000 square meters of the Teflon-like translucent plastic ETFE that make up the building’s bubble cladding allow in more solar heat than glass, making it easier to heat the building, and resulting in a 30 percent reduction in energy costs. The futuristic LED-lit bubbles not only act as adjustable insulators, turning the building into a greenhouse, but also serve as storehouses for warm air that can be pumped into the Cube as needed.

THE Water Cube Beijing National Aquatic Centre

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CA SE

STUDY

The Spanish Pavillion We have selected the spanish pavilion as the basis for our design because it instantly reminded us of a beehive. We could see the inspiration of the beehive through the hexigrid system and we attempted to replicate this in our model

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1.Aesthetic property, hexagons can be used to create elegant interlocking patterns. 2. Can create curve surface 3. Structural property, the lattice system created by hexagons have strong bonds. In fact the hexagon lattice is the molecule structure of some diamonds 4. The hexagon grid has been used throughout history to produce tiles, or breakdown space efficently. This is because hexagons are one of the most efficent tessalating shapes.

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WHY HE XA GON

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DE FI NI TION MATRICES

CHANGING EXTRUSION LEVEL

POINT ATTRACTOR

CURVE ATTRACTOR

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MATHS FUNCTION

ARRANGEMENT

CHANGING RADIUS

IMAGE SAMPLER

ARRANGEMENT

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DE FI NI TION

GRASSHOPPER Our definition can be adapted to mimic any image we input into the image sampler allowing us to create a design completely unique and personally significant to Wyndahm city.

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MO DEL MA KING

Black and white image of sailboat is being inputed into the definition. The ‘sailboat’ image is inputted to influence the extrusion levels, colour and radius of the internal hexagons to produce a pattern that mimics the image itself.

We propose using the same technique with images from the Wyndam city community to produce the gateway.

SAILBOAT MODEL

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THE FOCUS OF THIS SUBJECT IS TO EXPLORE THE ART OF DIGITAL ARCHITECTURE, ESPECIALLY GRASSHOPPER ON RHINOCEROS PROGRAMME.I’VE BEEN READING AND LEARNING MUCH TO BUILD MY SKILL IN GRASSHOPPER FROM ZERO AT THE BEGINNING OF THE SEMESTER. AND OFCOURSE IT IS NOT ENOUGH AND THE PROCESS IS NEVER ENDING. OUR MAIN FOCUS IS TO CONCENTRATE BUILDING WYNDHAM CITY GATEWAY AND THUS APPLY THE LEARNED SKILL FOR DEVELOPING THE APPROPRIATE TECHNIQUES TO CREATE THE DESIGN. FINALLY ME AND MY GROUP MEMBER ARE ABLE TO COME UP WITH A TECHNQUES AND GOING TO FURTHER DEVELOP IT. PUSHING IT FROM 2D TO 3D FORM WHICH IS GOING TO BE MORE OF AN ARDUOUS WORK.

RE FL EC TION

I THINK DIGITAL ARCHITECTURE IS A FORWARD LOOKING METHODS THAT IS VERY VERY INNOVATIVE AND REDUCE THE WORK TIME AND LOADS ON ONES PROJECT. IT COULD ALSO LOWER PRODUCTION COSTS

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