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The Winter Garden Project “Nature back in the space�

While researching my communities for this project and analysing the site Winter Gardens in Margate, I came across a very interesting and Eco-friendly community called Windmill allotment. This organisation based in Margate, creates gardens and works with the community, to teach and promote the growth of plants. The other community that interested me was the Greek society of Margate, which is mainly organised by the Christian Orthodox Church. My main area of interested regarding this community, are the weddings which take place at the church and the festive events that follow the ceremony. Through the analysis of the site, I realised that the name of the Winter Gardens, does not have any connection with the essence of gardens, except of the outside area. My vision for the interior space of the Winter Gardens is to create nature in space and thus transform the name of the site into a literal meaning for the main parts of the building. I continued with my concept, which is based on the idea of how a tree grows. This concept is the analysis of something growing from both sides and with the result of having one side being the elegant view and the other, being the simple but essential. My proposal came up through the research on conservatories such as Barbican and Kew Garden in London, but also researched on restaurants and public spaces with nature and plants in their interior. The exhisting space has a semi-circular shape and inspired me to design the space according to this structure and create different sections of pots containing exotic plants, to give the aesthetic of a conservatory. In the one half of the space I have designed the program for the first community of the Greek society, which will provide this space to be hired for their festive events. The other half of the space is linked to the Windmill allotment, which will be used for the promotion and educational aspect of growing plants, and the centre stage in this semicircular room links the two spaces together and can be used by both communities. Keeping in mind the brief given to me, I took the panoramic view as a crucial factor in my design element, and decided to give the space a transparent surfaces, to allow the viewpoint through the building to the outside, being the sea view. Based on this idea I started researching about landscape architecture and facets, which provided the interior space different levels and the opportunity of particular viewpoints from the conservatory to the seaside and within the actual interior of the space; by this notion, creating an additional essence of nature. Also my main space chosen to work with had no natural lighting, which is another reason for creating these transparent surfaces to give emphasis on the nature in the space. Except for the change of the walls to create the sea view, another transparent surface I created, is by opening the closed roof and designed a structure made by steel and glass, inspired by Greenhouses. This structure, will work very similarly to the greenhouses, by having a feature of large windows that open to a certain point, by giving fresh air and creating a healthier atmosphere for the plants. My main materials for this project is concrete, which will cover the floor and also create the pots; part of this material will be cast in factories and then brought in and the rest will be cast inside the space. Due to the unpredictable weather conditions and the way a greenhouse works, part of the floor panels will consist of thermal activated concrete panels. These panels contain tubes within the concrete, in which flows warm water to help maintain a certain temperature for the greenhouse effect to work and provide a healthy environment to the plants. The other materials used are, polished steel, glass and oak wood, which will create the furniture. My one to one element will be a vertical garden, created with polished steel in the shape of facets to produce a sense of pattern. The continuing pattern will project on the concrete semicircular wall with a technique of surface pattern. This is an element that will give a panoramic ambiance of the nature to the interior space and simultaneously divide the space into their allocated communities.


Site Analysis

The way from the train station in Margate to the site “Winter Gardens”

The “WInter Gardens “ locatted in Margate


Winter Garden Margate The Winter Gardens was Inaugurated on August 3rd, 1911 by the Mayor of Margate, Alderman W.B. Reeve. The objective was to provide high class entertainment in Margate of visitors and residents alike. When the committee was given power to directly run and own places of entertainment, the ball was rolling and then high point was the building of Winter Gardens. The Pavilion and Winter Gardens took just nine month to build at a cost £26,000,00. When completed the Pavilion and Winter Gardens consisted of: a large Concert Hall, four entrance halls, two side wings and an amphitheater.

In January 1941 part of the building but especially many of the windows were broken when a sea mine exploded nearby, but the main structure was undamaged. Six Months later the Winter Garden received a direct hit on 7th July 1941 causing considerable damages. The plans for reconstruction were drawn up in 1943 but due to was, start on the work could not be made until February 1946. The work only took six months to complete. The building officially reopened on 3rd August. Repairs cost £40,000 approaching double the cost of the entire building in 1911. In 1974 with the formation of Thanet District Council, the Winter Gardens found itself with new owner and a new man in charge, Mr Peter Roberts, Thanet’s Entertainments and Arts Officer. He instigated several changes in direction for the time that he was at the Winter Gardens. In 1978, The Winter Gardens was completely re-seated, re-furbished and re-carpeted at cost of £125,000 and new entrance provided on the seaward side of the Main Hall.

Site analysis


Activities in Winter Gardens Originally the stage could be viewed form both the main hall and the amphitheater with the ability to enclose the stage in bad weather. The accommodation was for about 2,500 persons inside the building and 2,000 in open air. The Main Hall had been designed as a concert and dance hall. In the early 1920’s the Margate Municipal Orchestra, consisting of 36 musicians, would perform a variety of classical and operatic works, backed by the leading vocalists of the day. Many shows and stars appeared at the Winter Garden’s stage in this Post-War period. The programmes of this period continue to read as a who’s of the Entertainment World.

Wide viriety of events in Winter Gardens Since 1911


Neo-Grecian Style The Pavilion and Winter Gardens was decorated in a NeoGrecian style, which first appears in the 1830’s. Winter Gardens had many reconstructions and redecorations resulting a mix variety of styles. Although Neo-Grecian style is consider one of the most important style in the period. It is a term referring to late manifestations of Neoclassicism, early Neo-Renaissance now called the Greek Revival style, which was popularized in architecture, the decorative arts, and in painting during France’s Second Empire, or the reign of Napoleon III, a period that lasted approximately between 1848 and 1865. It was one of many “Revival Styles” of the mid 19th century.

Analysis of Winter Gardens style Neo Grecian


Collage with panoramic view In the main hole of Winter Gardens


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Photos showing the population during summer over the years Margate, Kent, United Kingdom.


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Photos showing the population during summer over the years Margate, Kent, United Kingdom.


Plan of Winter Gardens on site, Margate, Kent, United Kingdom.


Site model, Winter Gardens Group work: Christina Kyriakou, Chutikan Kanchanamai, Stylianos Styllas.


Communities

Windmill Allotment Project

Greek and Cypriot Society


Windmill Allotment Project Windmill Project is a community offering a wide range of outdoor activities, such as, food growing, gardening exploring and learning about local wildlife. Facilities: wildilife pond, meadow, orchard, vegetable, fruits, herb and flower growing plots, BBQ and Bonfire pit, Windmill offer knowledge to anyone but especially families who are interested on more about growing, gardening, outdoor environmental activities and commercial production. Refreshment and vegetable provided.

Widmill Community Alotment Project Dane Valley Road and college Road, Matgete, CT9 3RU.

Widmill Community Alotment Project Activities round Margate.

Windmill community allotment project, Margate Community 01


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Apple: 8 months

Olive: 5 months

Onion: 12 months

Cabbage: 12 months

Banana: 12 months

Orange: 3 months

Tomato: 3 months

Pepper: 7 months

Lemon: 4 months

Clementine: 3 months

Lettuce: 4 months

Spring Onino: 12 months

Diagrams which illustrates the timeline of growth of fruits and vegetables in the Windmill allotment produce during 12 months


Greek and Cypriot Societty

The Greek Orthodox Community of Margate was founded in 1964. Greeks and Greek-Cypriots existed in the area many decades earlier. The existing Church was acquired in 1964 and was consecrated on 23 March 1969 by the late Archbishop Athanagoras. From that time the community began to develop and was active in many sectors, suck as sanctifying and charitable, and functioned as cohesive link between the Orthodox people of the area who are mostly immigrants from the island of Cyprus. Greek Orthodox Church celebrates on 8 November, feast of the holy Archangels. Traditionally each year the feast of Epiphany with ceremony of the Blessing of the Waters and the dive of the Holy Cross takes place in the harbour of Margate, presided be the Archbishop of Thyateira and Great Britain and with the attendance of the local Authorities, the Consular Authorities of Greece and Cypriot. The Ceremony continues at the Winter Gardens where Greeks and Cypriot celebrate with traditional food and music.

Greek and Cypriot Society Community 02


A greenhouse is a building in which plants are growing. These structures range in size from small sheds to industrial-sized building. A miniature greenhouse is known as a cold frame. A greenhouse is a structural building with different types of covering materials, such as glass or plastic roof and frequently glass or plastic walls, it heats up because incoming visible solar radiation from the sun is absorbed by plants, soil inside the building. Air warmed by the heat from hot interior surfaces is retained in the building by the roof and wall. In addition, the warmer structure and plants inside the greenhouse re-radiate some of their thermal energy in the infrared spectrum, to which glass is partly opaque, so some of this energy is also trapped inside the glasshouse. However, this latter process is a minor player compared with the former process. Thus, the primary heating mechanism of a greenhouse is convection. This can b demonstrated be opening a small window near the roof of a greenhouse, the temperature drops considerably. This principle is the basis of the auto-vent automatic cooling system.

Greenhouse and Conservatory, Growing Vegetables and Exotic plants Program 01


Greek and Cypriot population around Kent

Greek marriages around UK

A Greek couple becomes engaged by exchanging rings in the presence of family and friends and usually after the engagement there is a big feast. This ceremony is considered as binding as the wedding.

North

15%

Most of the Greeks and Cypriots who live at Kent are getting married at Margate where the Greek Orthodox Church is located. They prefer Margate instead of London as Margate is a seaside and gives a taste of Greece. Before the ceremony at the church a variety of traditions are taking place, such as ,music and dance at the house of bride and the groom. The ceremony at the church is considered to be important and sanctuary for the Greek Orthodox. After the ceremony the celebration at venue with traditional food accompanied by live traditional music and dance.

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London

Map illustrate the population of Greeks and Cypriots who are going to Margate for their wedding.

Greek and Cypriot orthodox tratitional wedding Program 02

Margate


Barbican Conservetory, London

Kew Gardens, Palm House, London

Botanical garden, exotic plants and precedents Program 01

Cordyline Australis

Trachycarpus Fortunei

Musa Basjoo

Musa Basjoo

Cordyline Canniflolia

Phormium Golden Ray

Phormium Evening Glow

Cordyline Banksii

Typhonium Venosum

Billbergia Nutans

Dracunculus Vulgaris

Amorphallus Bulbifer


Concept


My project concept is based on the tree typology, the natural way that a tree grows. Two different parts, two worlds, on the one hand the magical obvious one that belongs at everyone’s perspective and the hidden one that remains unexplored. The boundary layer that separates these two worlds is called ‘earth’, the separated line that mirrors the diversity of them. The one side reflects the wealthy, active zone, where productively takes place. It’s connected with the part of the tree that grows on the upper level, the part that blossoms and gives its products to the world. In my project it is associated with the area that shines the front house that produces a beautiful attraction environment to the visitors. The other part is related with the lower part of the boundary layer, the roots of the tree. You can characterise is with simplicity and structuralism. Even though is hidden and it never shines to the world it remains the beginning of everything. The base to ‘grow’, in this side, the back house will be the more private function of my programme that due to them the ‘upper level’ will be blossomed. My concept models reflect the ideology of the tree growth. The two worlds that although that shoes on the one side the wealthy option part on the other side the cough minimal based still remains essential. productivity

Conceptual sketches and models


Zoning Diagrams Design Moves


Wedding Zone Conservatory Zone Kitchen Support wedding Storage Support Gardening Private Suites Wedding’s Services Restaurant

Zoning diagrams illustrates two selected communities in context


Public area Areas for planting Pond for exotic plants and fish Allotment zone General events zone Wedding zone

Proposed areas for intervention


Proposed areas for intervention and programs

Public Area

Areas for planting

Pond for exotic plants and fish

Allotment zone

General events zone

Wedding Zone


Main design moves for proposal

Areas of interest selection

Addition of transparent surfaces

Opening the roof and redesign it as a glass-roof

Design of main zoning for programs

Design facades

Supporting areas


Diagram which illustrates viewpoints in the conservatory and to the seaside through transparent surfaces Scale 1:300


2D model in section which illustrates viewpoints in the conservatory and to the seaside through transparent windows


Represent “back house”, areas for circulations and programs Represent the “front house”, areas where plants are located

Diagram which illustrate how the concept is reflected in proposal

Lines that divide the space into front house and back house


Kit of parts

Entrance for Allotment and waiting area for families

Entrance for venue zone and reception area

Seating area

Vertical wall

Viewing platform and photographic zone

Pond with exotic fish and plants


Final Proposal


Plan of proposal Scale 1:200


Section of proposl AA, Winter Garden Margate. Scale 1:100


Section of proposl BB, Winter Garden Margate. Scale 1:50


Exploded axonometric of proposal Scale 1:100


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Plan of proposal and zoning

1: Stage used by both communities and general events in the space.

6: Working area for Allotment

2: Functional weddings zone. Accommodating up to 300 people.

7: Pond with exotic plants and fish

3: Entrance and reception area for wedding zone.

8: Relaxing areas

4: Windmill Allotment area, Presentation area.

9: Facades for walking and exploring

5: Entrance for Allotment and waiting areas for families.

10: Platform for special photographs and views to the seaside.


Proposal details

cast concrete area

oak wood area

Vegetables and fruits in allotment area

exotic plants in public and wedding areas


Cast Concrete Use for the proposed floor Part of it will be pre-cast and transformed on site the other part will be cast and polished on site.

Oak Wood Oak wood will be use in cream colour. It will be the material used to create furniture for both communities. Tables, chairs, benches, stools.

Polish Iron Iron will be used for panels which will create the vertical wall around the proposed area. Iron will be polish and spray with clear matt lacquer. Balustrade will be made by iron as well.

Plants Vegetables, fruits and exotic plants will blanket the interior space and they will give their own natural colour and aesthetic.

Material board


Final model of proposal


Thermal activated Heat sink

Supporting areas for pipes and electricity

Insulation

Foam glass

Thermal activated Heat sink Foundation Slab

Lining: Flexible lining PVC / poly propolene Pre-cast concrete slab Thermal activated Soil for planting

Details of the floor and thermal activated panels Scale 1:10


Prototype Model


Panoramic view which illustrates panels on the wall which create playful and pixelated view.

Panels made my iron create a panoramic vertical wall in the space Scale 1:10

Vertical garden in panoramic view

Exploded axonometric of one panel shows 7 pieces of iron Scale 1:05


Prototype model scale 1:1


3D view, prototype model in use


3D view of proposal


3D views of proposal


3D view of proposal

Styllas stelios final portfolio