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An optical illusion usually consists of images that differ from objective reality and make your eyes and brain think that the image is moving when it actually isn’t. Optical art usually consists of black and white patterns, checks, lines in different directions or waves and polka dots in varieties of sizes.

Bridget Riley is an English painter from London who is one of the most well known exponents of op art. Around 1960 she began to develop her signature Op art style consisting of black and white geometric patterns that explore the dynamism of sight and produce a disorienting effect on the eyes.


She started off at Cheltenham Ladies' College and later studied art first at Goldsmiths College (1949–52), and later at the Royal College of Art (1952–55). In the early 1960s, her works were said to induce sensation in viewers as varied as seasick and sky diving. From 1961 to 1964 she worked with the contrast of black and white, occasionally introducing tonal scales of grey. Her first solo show was at Musgrave's Gallery One in 1962, as well as numerous subsequent shows. Riley began investigating colour in 1967, the year in which she produced her first stripe painting, followed by a major retrospective in the 1970s, where Riley began travelling extensively. After a trip to Egypt in the early 1980s, where she was inspired by colourful hieroglyphic decoration, Riley began to explore colour and contrast. In some works, lines of colour are used to created a shimmering effect, while in others the canvas is filled with tessellating patterns.


Op art has influenced lots of different designers such as Louis Viutton, Marc Jacobs, Moschino, Calvin Klein, Michael Kors and more where they have combined their own personal style with Op art, mixing their garments with prints like checks and polka dots in black and white and designers like Louis Viutton taking it that step further and creating them in different colours like yellow for summer.

“With bold strokes and graphic silhouettes, designers are harnessing art’s power to challenge the eye. Harriet Quick examines the pattern�


Music videos influenced by Op Art are becoming more and more popular because of the way the art makes your vision disorientated and it gives a cool effect. Music artists like Rihanna and others have incorporated op art into their videos, which mixes up their videos and they have also started to incorporate it into their clothes too.


Richard was a British Minimalist, Abstract, Systems, Fundamental and Geometric painter, he also worked prolifically from 1960 to 1999. It was in 1960 when he became more focused on Op art and began to experiment with series of black and white op paintings in PVA and oil on board and also graphic op art works.


Not only has op art influenced fashion but it has also had an impact on furniture, as in decorative pieces such as rugs, cushions, lamps, curtains wall art etc, and actual furniture pieces like couches, chairs, tables and so on. These pieces have been designed and made in op art patterns such as black and white zig-zag patterns, checks, stripes and more. Cushions and rugs are very effective and make a great statement piece in a plain home.


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ayBuJ0RtaWg As Op Art and the artists gained recognition; the youth culture explosion of the sixties was growing and everyone wanted a piece of The London Look. Suddenly Op Art patterns started appearing on everything from clothes to advertisements, stationery, furnishing fabrics and that useful garment peculiar to the 1960s: the paper dress.


The fabrics by Finnish company Marimekko has led to a new generation of fans inspired by their bright prints, loved the first time around in the sixties. Missioni’s stripes and zigzags owe something to Op Art but they are woven, rather than printed. UK textile artist Helen Owen has created some fascinating Op Art textile designs over the past few years and continues to work in this style. Op-art print has been used on everything from cars to backpacks to motorbike helmets in the past few years. Op Art is far from dead.


Louis Viutton has been influenced by op art as they have incorporated black and white as well as yellow and white checks into their clothing line.

Another brand that has been influenced by op art is Marc Jacobs and he has used a whole range of patterns on his garments such as stripes, checks and polka dots and these are also in different sizes.


Moschino have also been influenced by the op art movement as they are another brand that have incorporated black and white patterns into their clothing range, especially stripes and as well as this they have also accessorized with 1960’s style hats, gloves and sunglasses.


Romanticism was a type of art movement that was created in the 18th century that originated in Europe. It came from and was found in the visual arts, music, and literature and the characteristics of the art movement mainly come from the expression or feelings of the artist. As the art movement originated in the 1700’s and the quality of paints and materials weren’t quite like the ones we have today the artists mainly used oils to create their work.

Some romanticism artists: - Nicolai Abraham Abildgaard - Théodore Géricault - Antoine Wiertz - Giovann Antono - Eugène Delacroix - Philipp Otto Runge


Eugène Delacroix was a French Romantic artist regarded from the outset of his career as the leader of the French Romantic school. Delacroix's use of expressive brushstrokes and his study of the optical effects of colour profoundly shaped his work while his passion for the exotic inspired the artists of the symbolist movement. Delacroix was born at Charenton in France, near Paris. His early education was at the Lycée Louis-leGrand, and at the Lycée Pierre Corneille in Rouen where he invested in the classics and won awards for drawing. In 1815 he began his developed his art and trained with with Pierre-Narcisse Guérin in the neoclassical style of Jacques-Louis David.


Some of Eugenes work includes graphic paintings of slaughters and killings happening within them which could have triggered artists into wanting to express their own figurative paintings like Eugenes which to this day are still being produced. Not only has Eugene produced art consisting killings and violent images but others include nudity of women which also might have influenced others to do the same and those types of paintings are also a style that are with us today.


Nicolai Abraham Abildgaard was born September 11, 1743 and died June 4, 1809. He was a Danish artist, and was born in Copenhagen, he was also the son of Soren Abildgaard who was an antiquarian draughtsman of repute, and Anne Margrethe Bastholm. He trained under a painting master before coming to the new Royal Danish Academy of Art in Copenhagen.He was an academic painter of the neoclassical school. During the years 1777–1794, he was very productive as an artist in addition to his role at the school, where he taught painting, mythology, and anatomy.


He was a cold theorist, inspired not by nature but by art. His style was classical, though with a romantic trend. He had a remarkable sense of colour. As a technical painter he attained remarkable success, his tone being very harmonious and even, but the effect, to a foreigner's eye, is rarely interesting.


Although romanticism paintings aren’t around as much or aren’t portrayed and styled in the way they where in the 18th century, romance certainly still is and I think it will be forever as it is a big part of peoples lives and it is used within a huge variation of things such as movies, music, music videos, books, fashion etc.


Fashion today is completely different to what it was like back in the 1740’s where romanticism was being created but in our own way we have still been able to keep romance within fashion.


This picture was edited in order to make it fit in with my themes even more with the background that I put in front of the picture of my model and changed the opacity so it wasn’t covering her and made the whole photo look optical and created a illusion effect, which fit into my art movement from one of my eras which was 1960’s. I also added a fan from the 1740’s which was my other era and placed it in her hand so it looks as though she is holding it.


This photo was mainly focused on my art movement, Optical Illusion Art, from the 1960’s where black and white checks where huge within this type of art and I edited the final picture so that it looks as though you’re seeing triple and I thought it looked quite good and fit in with my art movement. I also like the way the dress and background match.


For this photo I used a photo where the pose was quite 1960’s-esque as they where all about world peace and flowers seemed to be around a lot which is what is on my models head. To incorporate my other era, 1740’s, into this photo I decided to edit a background into it as well as a chair making it look like she’s sat on it.


This is my final photo because it turned out to be the best out of the many I took and I like how the background looks as well as the pose of my model. Like the others the check background fits in with my art movement as it’s very optical and I added a fan to this picture like one of my previous ones so that my other era was included in the photo.


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