Watch the girls take the track at the 2017 STCC Athletics Carnival!
editor’s note Hi girls, Welcome to 2017! A new year with new opportunities. You’ve already finished the first term, so only three more to go! For some of us, this means the beginning of a new period in our lives, and for others that we are nearing the end of our high school experience. Regardless of where you’re at this year, make the most of it. Join a club! Start a new hobby! Make some positive change in your life. It’s never going to be easier than the start of the year, when you are still motivated. A new year also means a new Seeker team! They have all put in so much effort to get this edition out, so thank you to them. This term, as always, we have a wide variety of topics for you to read about, from the amazing Athletics Carnival to strangely brilliant Broadway musicals. Enjoy a trip to Japan with an article on Miakejima or brush up on your American politics with an introduction to the US’ newest president. Wherever your interests take you, we hope you enjoy the eleventh edition of The Seeker.
Lizzie Editor 2017
CONTENTS 6 4
APRIL 2017 ISSUE 11
Athletics Carnival 2017
See our girls take to the track!
news and current affairs Who Exactly is Donald Trump?
All you need to know about the new US
science and sports 6 Reasons Why YOU Should Not that you need incentive, of
culture and lifestyle The Duke of Edinburgh Program
What’s in a Brand Name? The crazy backgrounds to popular brands
A Town Where Everyone Wears a
The incredible history of Miakejima
An Unconventional Challenge What did you give up for Lent?
Helped Us Without Us Even Realising
The benefits of religion in our lives
10 Tips for Being a Peaceful Person See how many of these you already do!
arts and entertainment
Australia’s leading youth empowerment program
7 Ways Religious Insitutions Have
Attend all STCC Carnivals
What the Hamilton? Broadway’s hit musical about their founding fathers
Movie Must-Sees What film can most help you procrastinate?
5 Aussie Artists You Should Listen To Widen your musical horizons
What’s Wrong With Your Back? Everything you need to know about
News and Current Affairs
Written By Sophie Wink Let’s face it; politics has been a bit odd for the past year, starting with the Brexit vote in Britain. But by far the strangest is the Trump presidency in America. If you turn on the TV or pick up the newspaper you can see him plastered everywhere and hear about the kinds of things he is introducing to the United States. American politics are a little bit complicated due to them having a completely different system to the UK (and Australia), so before I get into Trump, allow me to briefly explain how the presidency works. The system has strict rules as to who can be President; to be President, one has to: be a born citizen of the United States, be at least 35 years old, have lived in the US for at least 14 years. “The President is not elected directly by the voters but by an Electoral College representing each state on the basis of a combination of the number of members in the Senate (two for each state regardless of size) and the number of members in the House of Representatives (roughly proportional to population).” (Darling R., January 2017) Now that the boring explanatory part is over, let’s get down to the main part of this article. Who is
Donald Trump? Donald Trump, as you probably know, is a billionaire with a crazy hairdo who has run for President and, somehow, gotten the top job. Just goes to show how Americans can really be subject to its love of celebrities. This vote has been very controversial for America, so I shall dissect his character, hopefully giving you a better understanding of the man who has become the President of the United States.
Donald Trump was born in 1946, is 71 years old and has been married 3 times. His first career was in real estate, but since then he has changed to becoming a publically known businessman. He is most famous for his show The Apprentice, along with so many companies created by him and named after him that he is a brand name. He also has Trump Tower, Trump Parc, Trump Palace, Trump Plaza, Trump 610 Avenue, Trump World Tower and, finally, Trump Park Avenue. Basically, he has his name plastered all over America! His influence knows no bounds. But besides that, what more He is a successful business man who states that his mentor is his is father, was the one who introduced him to the business therewho to Donald Trump? world in the first place. Trump’s business went international back in 1997, with Trump International Hotel and Tower. Mr. Trump owns much of Manhattan what with his multiple projects, and many of his businesses are highly esteemed and have won awards. He even has multiple autobiographies and bibliographies, including one about his presidential campaign. Trump is a graduate of The Wharton School of Finance and won an award for Entrepreneur of the Year. So, you are probably wondering, why would such a successful yet extreme businessman want to be in power? That, my friend, is a very good question… Why would a man such as Donald Trump wishto be president of the United States? Well, we actually don’t know! All we know is that America is in for a bumpy ride and we may have seen this all before. The President’s slogan ‘Make America Great Again’ was first used by President Ronald Reagan, an actor who became President! This is one President you don’t wish to mess with – during his show The Apprentice, he has had a total of 229 candidates and most were fired. For those within the White House and the Supreme Court, they must be very careful to not be fired by their new boss who is so infamous for firing people. President Trump is a galvanizing, right-wing American. What with his anti-immigration, anti-free trade policies, we have no idea how the next four years will end – and who knows, in 2020 it may have a rap singer as President in Kanye West, who stated that he plans to run for the position.
Science and Sports
6 Reasons Why YOU Should Attend all STCC Carnivals! 1. STCC carnivals are a fun and exciting day out away from the stresses of school Why would you want to be at home by yourself, bored and fenced in by assignments when you could be outside in the fresh air cheering for your house, surrounded by infectious school spirit and your smiling friends? The carnivals that St Clare’s hold are full of excitement and are like no other. The enjoyment of cheering on your house and being proud to wear your house colours is contagious. Furthermore, the day is a great opportunity to take some awesome photos with your friends and possibly give you a chance to update your profile picture. The atmosphere of the carnivals set the perfect background for an awesome candid pic that I guarantee will roll in the likes and love reacts
3. The carnival spirit is contagious and it will not fail to bring a smile to your face. The St Clare’s carnivals are full of explosive atmosphere, spirit and a warm sense of community. Girls cheer their hearts out and dress proudly in their house colours with smiles on their faces. The insane amount of school spirit that comes with the school carnivals is bound to bring a smile to your face.
5. You are setting a good example for your peers and the younger years. By attending the school carnivals you are not only helping your house get one step closer to winning, you are also setting an example for your peers and those in younger year groups. If you begin to chant and cheer for your house, the people around you will catch on and chant as well. It is just like the contagious spirit I’ve mentioned previously. It only takes one brave soul to begin, and in a matter of seconds the whole house is screaming their lungs out with smiles and the glow of spirit on their faces.
2. Carnivals give you an opportunity to show off your amazing athleticism. The carnivals are a great way to show off your hidden talents and God-given gifts. Why not put those talents to good use and impress your friends as you break a school record on the track or in the pool, all the while having a blast? How great would it be if your name was called out in the assembly and you were awarded age champion for 100m freestyle? By participating in the carnival activities you are able to have fun while letting your competitive light shine through.
4. It gives you a chance to participate in activities that you may not get a chance to have a go at. It is a known fact that not everyone does Little Athletics or throws a javelin on a daily basis. However, by attending the carnivals, you are able to have a go at very different and unique yet fun activities. Activities like 3-legged and pool noodle races are a common event at the STCC carnivals, ones that you wouldn’t be participating in in your everyday life. Who knew that just by throwing a stick you could have fun and gain points for your house, resulting in your house becoming one step closer to coming out on top and taking out the Championship or Spirit Cup?
6. It is a compulsory event~ If I wasn’t able to convince you with my previous points, just remember that school carnivals are compulsory events and students must attend them. It’s that simple :)
Written by Tash Kelly Designed by Emily Kennedy-Hine
Science and Sports
ATHLETICS CA With the implementation of the new timetable, 2017 has already been a year of drastic changes. Therefore, many were surprised to learn that there was another change in the midst – the Athletics Carnival was to be held in Term 1 instead of Term 3. Despite almost melting in the sweltering temperatures, the girls put their all into supporting their houses in the hope of winning the coveted Championship and Spirit Cups. In the end, Wareen took home the Championship, and Alinda the Spirit. All Houses should be commended for their overall effort, achievement and spirit on the day. It was a wonderful sight to see everyone getting involved in all the track, field and novelty events. To all the girls who qualified to compete in the St Clare’s athletics team for ASC, we wish you all the best! Finally, the House captains, teachers and maintenance team have to be commended for organising and running this special event – we thank you for your ongoing dedication and commitment to this fantastic day!
The Wareen girls were out of this world as ‘Wareen Walks on the Moon’.
Alinda made St Clare's a heaven on earth as 'Alinda Angels'
ARNIVAL 2017 Ulamina were singing in the rain as ‘Ulamina Under the Umbrella’
Wibalu were on the run as ‘Wibalu Wanted’
Kipara looked fabulous as ‘Kipara in Tiaras’
By Rosemary Collins Designed by Elizabeth Crane
Makara proved they’re the best tour guides out there as ‘Makara on the Map’
Wirana smashed their way across the track as ‘Wirana Wimbledon’
Japara dealt out justice as ‘Japara Judges’
Culture and Lifestyle
The Duke of Edinburgh’s international award program – maybe you’ve heard of it, maybe you haven’t. But what is it really? Basically, it’s a program designed by the Duke of Edinburgh to encourage young people to reach their full potential. There are three levels to the award program (bronze, silver and gold), each with increasing difficulty due to progressively-shortening time requirements. The award is open to anyone aged 14-25, but here at SCC you have to be in at least Year 9 to join. Now, although Duke of Edinburgh might sound really complicated, it’s not. It’s a great way to try new things, have fun, and reach your full potential. (Plus it looks really good on your résumé!) The award is comprised of four sections when completing bronze and silver, and 5 sections when completing gold. The standard sections are skill, physical recreation, service and adventurous journey.
Bronze For your bronze award you must complete two of the sections for three months, and then must complete the final section for 6 months. This section is nominated as your major. For example, you might choose to play the flute as your skill for three months, volunteer at St Vincent de Paul as your service for three months and play netball as your physical recreation for 6 months. To fulfil each section, you must complete each activity for an hour a week for the period of time required. Other arrangements, such as two hours a fortnight, are possible. For each section you must have an assessor who is qualified and over 18. This person monitors your progress and makes sure that you complete your goal, which is set by you at the start of theprogram. Silver This section works similarly to bronze, however, each section must be completed for 6 months with a major of twelve months. The trick here is that if you already hold a bronze award, you do not need to choose a major for silver. All the other components are the same. Gold For gold, everything must be completed for 12 months with a major, if silver has not been achieved, for 18 months. As this is the top level of award, there is also an extra section: a residential project. It works similarly to the adventurous journey but is designed to challenge you more and is chosen by you. If you want more information on Gold, please see the Duke of Edinburgh website. The Gold Award is not currently offered here at school.
The aim of completing the skill section is to unleash your talents, open you up to new experiences and broaden your skill set. In this section, you might try something you have always wanted to try, surprise yourself with your talent, make new friends or grow closer with old ones. It is also a way to boost your confidence and feel a sense of achievement. This section is a great way to improve your employability, as you have demonstrated your ability to set goals and persevere. Some ideas for skills you can use for completing the award are: • Drawing • Painting • Photography • Calligraphy The list goes on. Those are just examples of the variety of activities that you may complete. Note that you cannot be paid for completing your skill, especially for things like umpiring. This section is assessed on the effort, perseverance and progress that is shown while completing the award and therefore is very rewarding.
By Megan White and Cristina Munoz Designed by Elizabeth Crane
The aim of the service section is to connect and get involved with the community, and as such is a great way to give back to your community. You will be able to see the change that you are making in a rewarding and interesting manner. It is the beginning of a lifelong habit for community service. This is a real ‘feel good’ section of the award program, and you are rewarded for your efforts. Some examples of activities that you can use for your skill are as follows: • Joining a local land care group • Assist at an emergency team e.g. SES • Assisting animal shelters such as the RSPCA • Organising fundraising events There are many fulfilling opportunities available in the service section of the Duke of Edinburgh award. It is important to choose the one that means the most to you or that you can connect with so that you get a benefit out of this as well. Some activities may not qualify, so if you decide to take part in the award, check with a teacher or on the Duke of Edinburgh website.
This section of the award is aimed to improve your wellbeing and physical fitness. It also encourages you to get active. The physical recreation section is a great way to show your determination and dedication and to help you to develop fitness habits. It is very fun and does not have to be competitive. In this section you have the power to control what you do and how competitively you do it. There are ample opportunities to make new friends and you will feel great about yourself. Some ideas for what you could do are: • Acrobatics • Athletics • Cycling • Dance And the possibilities don’t end there! Basically, as long as you work up a sweat and can set a personal goal, it counts. With endless choices, this section is certainly rewarding.
What was it like doing Duke of Edinburgh while completing Year 11? I thought doing Duke of Edinburgh was really good. It was a bit of a challenge to balance school and all of the activities I had to do, but it was definitely worthwhile. Heaps of opportunities were opened up to me as well because of Duke of Edinburgh. What was the best part of Duke of Edinburgh? Getting to meet new people. Doing Duke of Edinburgh also gave me a reason to get out into the community and I especially enjoyed volunteering for Red Cross. The camps were great, and overall it was a great experience. Do you have any advice for anyone completing the award? Prioritise, maintain your organisation and keep on top of everything that you do. Making time to do the things that you enjoy and relaxing is very important, as well as keeping a balance between school and life. Just remember that some of the activities you’re already doing could qualify for Duke of Edinburg.
Culture and Lifestyle
The adventurous journey aims to instil a sense of adventure and discovery into the participant. It is about getting out there and involved. You participate as a Duke of Edinburgh group in an unfamiliar and challenging environment. This section relies on and improves teamwork and social connections with your team members. This component requires determination, perseverance, physical effort, co-operation and problem solving skills. It is extremely rewarding and when completed you feel a great sense of achievement. This section is a great way to make memories and it proves to yourself what you can do. You grow closer with those who you journeyed with and the sense of elation that you feel is second to none. There are many surprises along the way, both personal and otherwise. You may think that this is not something you can do, but with the support of your team you will be able to complete the journey; once you have, you feel as though you can do anything. You might find yourself blown away by the sheer beauty of where you are, a feeling you’ve never experienced before! When you reach the top of a mountain and look back on where you’ve walked, you feel like you have actually achieved something instead of just wandering aimlessly through an endless sea of trees. This journey is truly a chance to get away. No phones, no internet, no snapchat – it’s just you, nature and your team. The sense of relief is overwhelming and it is chance to step away from the city lights and have a breather. On top of all this, you learn lifelong skills. The training and preparation equips you with skills you can apply to everyday life, such as basic first aid. You will learn prioritising skills for the walk you are yet to encounter, as well as camping and outdoor skills while on the walk itself. The adventurous journey section also teaches you about the true meaning of teamwork and friendship, as you all rely on one another.
Why did you decide to do the Duke of Edinburgh program? I first knew about this program because of my friend, and after hearing about all the different positive experiences I could gain from doing this award program I wanted to see what kind of challenges I could take on. What skills have you developed as a result of completing the Duke of Edinburgh award? Working as a team was a big aspect of this award program. This includes communication skills, leadership skills and helping each other out. I have developed camping and hiking skills as well as general knowledge. This includes putting together a tent and cooking with limited supplies. Because we have to carry what we want, I have developed my prioritising skills because I can only pack what I need. Would you recommend this award program to others and why? Yes! I would wholeheartedly recommend the Duke of Edinburgh award program. You gain so many skills that you can’t get from school. It is a fun way to challenge yourself and push yourself to the limits. There is also ample opportunity to meet new people and it also looks great on your resume. What activities did you use for each of your sections? For skill, I used piano and singing. For my physical recreation I chose dance, and for my service I taught young children at my dance school. My major was physical recreation.
My personal experience with the Duke of Edinburgh award scheme has been amazing. I am currently working towards completing my Bronze award and should be finished soon. The experiences that I have been opened to through the award program have been amazing. Setting a goal for my physical recreation section helped me improve my skills and develop as a player. The requirement of doing a skill encouraged me to start learning piano, which I had wanted to do for a while. The service requirement opened me up to a new community aspect of myself that I didn’t really know was there. Even though I am no longer required to volunteer there for my Duke of Edinburgh commitments, I have stayed on. The adventurous journey section unleashed my adventurous side that I am honestly grateful to see. I have learned to love the hikes, looking at the bright side of the walk – not the tough side, but the walk itself. We played games to distract ourselves from the large hills and steep descents. The view, though, was the true beauty of the walk. The valleys, thick with trees, and the mountains, rising high above you, were just spectacular. The adrenaline that rushes through you when you reach the top of a mountain and see the landscape is incredible. When you reached the top of a mountain or the bottom of a valley, you could see the route you had walked, and it created this fabulous sense of accomplishment. But maybe even more amazing than the view, was friendships made and the skills I gained. I completed this award alongside two of my friends; the emotional journey that we have been on has solidified our friendship and made us stronger. This is such a unique experience that I was lucky enough to be able to participate in.
The Duke of Edinburgh award program is filled with many different opportunities and experiences. If there is any more information you’re looking for, the Duke of Edinburgh website has a handbook outlining the award program. Whether learning skills that will last for life or discovering a new side to you, the possibilities are endless – this is one experience that you will not regret being a part of. So if you want to try new things, learn new skills, make new friends and experience a unique adventure, then I guarantee you will enjoy the Duke of Edinburgh program.
Culture and Lifestyle
The textbook free history behind the logos and brand names of
Baskin Robins is one of the world’s largest chains of specialty ice cream stores. At first glance, you might just see the letters B and R next to each other, but in fact there is more to it. Part of these letters are in pink and look like the digits 3 and 1, or 31 – the exact number of flavours they sell. The reason this company has chosen to sell exactly 31 flavours is because they believe customers should be able to explore a new taste every day of the month.
Yep, “BackRub”. Page and Brin decided to use this name since their program used “back links” to evaluate the importance of a website. They soon realized that the name was no good and did some brainstorming; which led to a colleague suggesting the term “googolplex”. The word “googolplex” refers to a number that starts with one and has 10100 zeros behind it, and would help showcase the company’s ability to deal with a large number of websites. After checking domain names and further refining, the name finally morphed into Google. Seriously though, imagine if the name of this company never changed… “I’ll just quickly BackRub the answer.”
Co-founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin had a different name in mind when first developing this world-famous search engine (which is now also a large tech company). The name they originally chose is drastically different to what we currently know. That name was “BackRub”. For most people, Lego has been a part of their childhood, from creating majestic towers to accidently stepping on a piece (for everyone who has younger siblings: the struggle is real). These toys have inspired countless children to get creative and enjoy playtime, which is exactly what Ole Kirk Christiansen wanted when he started Lego. After all, the name Lego is an abbreviation of two Danish words: “leg” and “godt” which translate to “play well”. Coincidently, Lego also means I put together in Latin… but the founder didn’t know this at the time.
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some of the world’s biggest companies
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By Wafa Rasheed
This interesting-sounding drink brand has made itself a frequent guest at many parties and barbeques. This company started during World War 2 in Germany, when a Coca-Cola factory was unable to source the base syrup, which was essential to the recipe, from America. Max Keith, the company’s operator, decided the factory would have to resort using whatever they had. This meant that in addition to using whatever fruit they could find, the facotry apowder (since there were many cheese makers nearby). Since the end result was different to the original Coca-Cola drink, they needed a new name; Keith told employees to use their imagination for this task. Imagination in German is fantasie; which the root word of the current brand name.
The story behind these two famous s shoe brands is the result of extreme sibling rivalry. In the 1920s, two brothers, Adolf (“Adi”) and Rudolph (Rudi) Dassler, were partners in a shoe company that operated out of their mother’s laundry. Despite the fact that the brothers were becoming more successful by the minute, they had a growing rivalry. This tension increased due to the fact that their wives did not get along. Matters escalated during World War 2 when the Allies were bombing Herzogenaurach, the small German town they lived in. As Adi and his wife climbed into a bomb shelter that Rudi and his wife had already entered, the former said ‘The dirty bastards are back again.’ Rudi thought that his brother was referring to him and his family, but it was actually directed at the Allies. Things got worse between the brothers and they split the company in 1948. Adi named his company ‘Adidas’ as a combination of his first and last name. Rudi tried to follow suit by naming his company ‘Ruda’, but changed it to ‘Puma’ which sounded more athletic. The brothers built factories on opposite sides of the River Aurach and soon, nearly everyone in the town worked for one company or the other. Everyone became caught up in this brotherly feud and things were so extreme that local businesses would only serve you if you supported the same brother as the owner. Because of this, Herzogenaurach became known as ‘the town of bent necks’ as people would look at your shoes before talking to you.
Culture and Lifestyle
Written by Kathryn Liston |
Miyakejima is a town found in the Kangawa prefecture to the south of Tokyo. It is an hour’s flight or about 7 hours ferry from Tokyo and the rule there is that everyone must carry a gas mask. But why? The island is dominated by the Mt Olyama volcano, which has erupted 6 times in the last century, most recently in 2000. It emitted about 42,000 tons of sulfur dioxide per day, causing an evacuation that kept citizens out for roughly five years. However, by 2005, despite the poisonous gas still leaking up through the earth, residents returned. Roughly 3600 left in 2000, but the island is building its population up again and in 2016 had a population of 2,451. There are rumours online and articles that may lead you to believe that citizens must wear a gas mask all the time; however, this is not entirely true. At times a gas mask may be needed when sulfur dioxide levels in the air rise, but for the most part, the island is stable and one can experience all the other aspects of the island safely. Now while the idea of a town that wears gas masks may draw you to this island, there are so many other things to bring one here, from the volcanic landscape to the wonderfully diverse wildlife and the charming Japanese village life.
As you get closer to Mt Olyama the gas levels rise; this is why the area around the volcano is a danger zone.
There is so much to see on Miyakejima and a variety of ways to explore these. You could take a walking tour of the town and surrounding mountains. An interesting walking track was built after the eruption in 1983, which took out the entire village of Ako and left a lot of hardened lava. Since then a walkway has been built over the top, allowing people to see the once red-hot flowing lava as they walk safely across. Or if walking isn’t your thing, what about riding? Riding is a simple and achievable way of getting around the island; however, if you plan on going over certain hills you should really consider an e-bike. An e-bike is a bicycle with a small motor to assist you going up hills, because, according to Seth Lui, “unless you’re Lance Armstrong, the motorized cycling aid is a life saver”. Alternatively, you could always just drive around the island. But one thing you must check out would have to be the black beaches – this is where the lava has met the water and cooled to form basalt and black sand. It is quite a striking image in comparison to the pale, white beaches we have. They’re said to be quite therapeutic and are quite rare.
| Designed by Joey Lee
The island also offers a range of cultural experiences. There is a lot of authentic Japanese accommodation, where you receive meals made with local produce and fresh fish, and a lot of the accommodation has authentic Japanese sliding doors and eating areas. The Shiitori-jinja 椎取神社 (this is the Torri gate) – where all the myths of the island began – and the Shrine are also very interesting cultural sites. These were actually buried in a mudslide when the volcano erupted in 2000, and while the gate had to be rebuilt, the Shrine managed to survive this natural disaster unscathed. Luck or divine mercy?
In terms of wildlife this island has birds, plants and a great range of marine life, from the smallest fish to big beautiful dolphins. All the vegetation is found towards the coast, and here one will also find a good number of interesting birds. But for many people the dolphins are the main attraction, and who doesn’t want to swim with dolphins? Another interesting aspect to Miyakejima is its fish industry. At Miike port, you can meet the fishermen themselves and watch as the weigh and ice the fish to be exported to other parts of the country.
All in all, Miykejima has a lot of interesting things to offer apart from the risk of poisonous gas. One day, the warning might be issued, and you would walk into a town where every face is that of the generic gas mask protecting its wearer from the sulfur dioxide, but this does not stop the locals from building a fully functioning community on the volcanic island on the sea.
Culture and Lifestyle Written by: Laura van der Linden Article design by: Aananya Jha
Lent is here! This might be exciting for some, but could really just be trivial for others. On the surface, Lent just seems like the 40 days before Easter where suddenly purple is everywhere and everyone is giving up chocolate. It doesn’t have to affect you. But I think it should. Exercise is a good analogy. We don’t need to walk places; we can drive. We don’t need to mix cakes by hand; electric mixers can. These days we get a lot less ‘incidental exercise’. And so instead we do ‘intentional exercise’ – pushing ourselves physically on purpose. We don’t need to walk places; we can drive. We don’t need to mix cakes by hand; electric mixers can. These days we get a lot less ‘incidental exercise’. And so instead we do ‘intentional exercise’ – pushing ourselves physically on purpose.
This, while difficult, is very good for us (just like a workout). It’s good for us to be able to give up something and stick to it, to be able to make a sacrifice that is hard but worthwhile. It helps to free up our heart so that God can do his work in us. Who wouldn’t want that? My challenge is for you to give up something really hard this Lent. Even if you don’t believe in God or celebrate Easter, having the self-discipline to give up something is important. Have you heard about minimalism? It’s really just a trendy, extreme version of what Catholics have been doing for hundreds of years! Even if you don’t believe in God or celebrate Easter, having the self-discipline to give up something is important. Have you heard about minimalism? It’s really just a trendy, extreme version of what Catholics have been doing for hundreds of years! It’s never too late to start a Lenten promise – it only matters that you try hard to stick to it. If you need help choosing the right thing to give up…
1. Choose something you do regularly. It doesn’t have to be a bad habit (though it’s great to give up one!), but something that would be hard to stop. 2. Decide on a concrete way to give it up. “Eat less chocolate” is not good enough; it’s too vague. “Only eating chocolate on Sundays” is a much better way to go about Lent. 3. Do it! In the moments when it’s tempting to eat that chocolate, use it as an opportunity to ask God for strength. Turn the sacrifice into a prayer; offer it up for someone who has less than you. Remember, you don’t have to stick to your Lent promise on Sundays…because technically, every Sunday is Easter Sunday! I recommend choosing something personal for you, rather than chocolate just like everyone else. Instead, think about some more creative ideas: • • • • • • • • • • • • • o o
second helpings at dinner Netflix all drinks except water buying clothes straightening your hair social media o moderate: Facebook/Instargram o hard: Snapchat buying your lunch hot showers (eek!) selfies the snooze button o sleep-ins altogether! all sweet things wasting food music moderate: Facebook/Instargram hard: Snapchat
If you need more ideas, have a look at this link. Happy soul exercising!
Culture and Lifestyle
Everything you nee
“What’s wrong with your back?!” Many people have asked me this question, whether they were confused when they saw me in a bikini at the beach, or horrified by the pictures of my x-rays on my phone, or maybe I accidentally bumped into them in the Wall Wing corridor while wearing my back brace (oops, sorry!). But over time my response to this question has become simpler and quicker, because it seems that nobody actually knows what I’m talking about and I don’t have time to tell people my entire life story in the two minutes before class starts – so all I say is, “I have scoliosis… that means my spine isn’t straight.” I know that some of you may have started reading this and are now totally confused, while others may be nodding in agreement because they know very well what scoliosis is. But whatever position you’re in, I think there are probably a few things about scoliosis you ought to know and in this (awesome and informative) article I will try and brief you on everything about it - from therapy to surgery and everything in between!
Scoliosis is the abnormal sideways curvature of the spine, in an ‘S’ or ‘C’ shape. People can be born with this condition or can develop it at any time during their life. However, scoliosis will not ‘straighten out’ as people grow; it will actually become worse. Scoliosis is a chronic condition, which means it is lifelong. However, its severity can be reduced with treatment, and further progression of curves can be prevented. The spine is divided into three main parts: cervical (neck), thoracic (upper back) and lumbar (lower back), so curves that are in these different regions are referred to by these names. Curves that are in between the thoracic and lumbar area are called thoracolumbar curves. Still with me? Okay, let’s move on.
Anyone can develop scoliosis at any age. There are many different types and classifications depending on the age of the patient and cause of the curve. Roughly 80% of Scoliosis cases are idiopathic, meaning that there is no known cause. There are many theories about why it is caused, and scientists think it may be linked to dancing or other physical activities, but this has not yet been proven. But not all cases are a mystery, as there are also types of scoliosis with known causes. Neuromuscular scoliosis is caused by abnormal muscles or nerves due to other conditions such as spina bifida or cerebral palsy. Degenerative scoliosis generally occurs later in life and can be caused by deterioration of the spine due to osteoporosis, injuries or previous back surgery. It has also been proven that scoliosis is partly genetics-based, and has been known to run in families. I’m sure there are many people who you never knew had scoliosis, including celebrities such as Sarah Michelle Geller, Shailene Woodley and even Usain Bolt – the world’s fastest man! Scoliosis is most commonly classified by the age of the patient during the time of onset. The five main age groups are: Congenital (present at birth), infantile (0-3 years old), juvenile (4-9 years old), adolescent (10-18 years old) and adult (over 18 years old). The most common type of scoliosis is adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and, out of all cases, 9 out of 10 are in girls! So that means that us girls are the most at risk of developing scoliosis in our teen years so it’s up to us to know what to look out for.
Written by Clare Pinkerton Designed by Joey Lee
ed to know about Scoliosis
So how do we look out for scoliosis? Well, some of the most obvious signs of scoliosis are uneven waistline, hips or shoulders, tilted head, having a misaligned body when standing up straight, a twisted ribcage (more visible through a sharp inhale of breath), or a ribhump (where the ribcage sticks out on one side of back). One of the best ways to figure out if someone has scoliosis is through the ‘Adam’s forward bend test,’ which, literally just involves the patient bending forward. By doing this the spine can be seen more clearly, and if there are any curves, they will be much easier to identify. However, not all cases are obvious from the outside of the body, and they may actually be more severe than they look; the only real way to be sure is to get an x-ray.
The image shows a normal spine on the left and scoliosis on the right
Often the reasons for treatment of scoliosis are purely cosmetic, but treatment can also prevent further back problems in old age, reduce any pain and stop progression of curves. If untreated, very severe cases may begin to crush the patient’s internal organs, such as the lungs and heart. But, before anything can be done to treat the condition, x-rays are needed so that doctors can assess the degree of severity of the scoliosis. When a patient gets an x-ray for their scoliosis the doctor is able to identify how severe the scoliosis is, using computer programs to measure how big the angles of the curves are. The angles they measure are called ‘Cobb angles’ and help categorize patients into three main categories: Mild (10-25 degrees), moderate (25- 45 degrees) and severe (greater than 45 degrees). There are three main ways to treat scoliosis:
Physical therapy is used as treatment for all different curve degrees and in-
volves completing set exercises on a regular basis. The exercises are designed to try to improve overall posture and correct muscular imbalance, strengthen muscles around the spine, and improve core strength.
Bracing is generally used on moderate curves between 20 and 45 degrees.
A back brace is made of hard plastic and is worn by the patient underneath their clothes. It applies pressure to the spine to try to stop the curve from progressing. There are many different types of brace that can be prescribed, which all depend on what doctor you see and the severity and type of curve that you have. Most braces have to be worn for 18 – 23 hours a day and are made using body scans or molds of the patient’s body. My X-ray - Double scoliosis with a 40° thoracic curve and a 47° thoracolumbar curve.
Surgery is usually only considered for curves from 45-50 degrees and higher.
The surgery for scoliosis correction is called spinal fusion, and involves titanium rods being screwed into the spine to straighten it out. Although this may seem daunting, many girls have successfully endured surgery and made full recoveries, resuming all their normal activities including dancing and sports!
Culture and Lifestyle
After I tell people what’s wrong with my back, almost always their first response is “Does it hurt?” Well, the short answer is: yes, sometimes. It’s not that bad, but it is there. Most of the time I experience little or no pain, but after sitting on the floor for two hours in assembly, or when I’m doing the heart health run, or if I’m standing at the bus stop with my 10kg school bag – that’s when things can get painful. But over time I’ve learnt that the best way to avoid pain is to make sure I strengthen the muscles in my back though stretches and physical therapy and rely on core strength training as a source of fitness while avoiding high impact activities. However, not all people who suffer from scoliosis experience pain! Someone who has a very severe case may experience less pain than someone with a very mild case; it all depends on how the muscles and nerves are affected by the disfigurement of the body – not because of the bones themselves.
So that’s the full explanation behind my jacked up spine! And although I may seem dramatic, I realise that scoliosis is only one minor hiccup in my life and compared to a lot of people, I’m really very well off and lucky to have the lifestyle and opportunities that I have. I know that many people have far worse cases of scoliosis than I do, especially those living in developing countries that do not have access to proper medical treatment. However, the one thing I want to say is: If you think you may have scoliosis, don’t be afraid! I recommend you talk to your parents or your GP about it. And as I am, I’m sure you would be very grateful of the immense support from family, friends, teachers and doctors along your twisted journey. Before and after X-rays of spinal fusion surgery
7 Ways Religious Institutions Have Helped us Without Us Even Realising Written By Maryam Mansuri Design By Lourine D’Rozario Disclaimer: I am not Catholic and don’t have a strong understanding of the Catholic faith. A lot of my arguments will be from my faith, Islam. However, that doesn’t lessen their significance nor does it mean that the supernatural aspect of religion has nothing to give to us. That is a different article. 1. Religion, before all else has understood how forgetful we are. I’m not talking about your bus card or your homework. I’m talking about gratitude for what’s around us, about the importance of coming together, and about why we should be generous to those in need. Religions continuously have ceremonies and rituals as reminders of their corresponding ideals. Muslims, for example, offer 5 daily prayers, which are a form of mindfulness. We have had this practice way before the concept of headspace came about. During the prayer, we ask God to keep us on the righteous path, and by verbalising this we reinforce those intentions. Christians and Muslims have a month of fasting annually, designed to exercise our self-control and help us empathise with those who are less fortunate than ourselves. 2. Religions have known for centuries that mental persuasion is not enough for us to fully understand an idea. We are all, to some extent, hands-on learners, and religions have accommodated to this in a variety of ways. Sins are not just forgiven; they are literally washed off in baptism. Buddhists don’t just leave their dead to decompose; they watch as their bodies, once containing their energy, break away into a million particles before returning to the earth and their spirit, free, moves on to another life. 3. Religions have understood our demands for instant gratification and have channelled it to our benefit. Every regulation is followed up with the bargain of a better world and a ticket to lavish gardens through which rivers flow. The benefits of putting the future before the present was researched by Walter Mischel in the 1960s, and follow-up research showed that kids who controlled themselves for 15 minutes to receive the reward of an extra marshmallow often did better in school, health and standardized tests. Thus refraining from sin, presented to us by religion, strengthens our control and helps us succeed. 4. Our desire for superiority has led to tragedies like war, poverty, and police brutality. Religion acknowledges that we struggle to balance using people’s differences as identification and using them to set hierarchies. Therefore, they remind us that we all share the same ancestors (i.e. Adam). With common ancestry and the knowledge that we are all humans, how can one race possibly be superior to another? 5. Christians love God because he loves us back. The simple act of loving is essential to adulthood. A common misconception between partners is that love is simply received; partners expect love from each other but forget that they need to give it too. An early exposure to non-parental love is very helpful when navigating other relationships, and religions, particularly Christianity, has accommodated for this need. 6. Our obsession with symmetry and perfection has led us to tweak bodies and blurr faces to the point where we find it hard to see beauty in ordinary life. Religion has harnessed our trust in God and introduced us to the beauty of things that are broken, aged or eccentric. When we are given a solution, an equation is much more tempting to solve; similarly, when we are told there is beauty in all of God’s creation, it is much easier to notice and accept it. 7. Equality is a virtue endorsed in religions by way of unity. We are all made by the same God, descended through the same ancestor (Adam), and therefore we all deserve as much as each other. Martin Luther King Jr would not have pushed so hard during the civil rights movement if he didn’t feel, as an equal creation of God, deserving of respect and courtesy just as much as his white counterparts.
Culture and Lifestyle
Written By: Analise Greenhalgh
In our everyday lives, it can be hard to be completely relaxed or even just to switch off. Here are some tips to try to lead a less stressful life.
1. Start with a simple meditation
However difficult it may be to completely stop focusing on all the little things, it definitely has great benefits. By having a quick 5 minutes to just concentrate on your breathing, you can already feel more relaxed and ready to jump back in to whatever you were doing. To help yourself get into a calm state of mind, try counting to 100 and breathing in and out slowly. You could also try finding a guided meditation on YouTube to see if that works for you.
2. Forgive and Forget
Letting go of past conflicts can be hard, but it brings a great sense of serenity. If there’s someone who you haven’t been getting along with lately, let them know that you are ready to move on if they are too. This will not only make you feel better, but improve your relationships.
3. Colour in!
Even if you feel that colouring in is for kids, it has been proven to have a great effect on your state of mind. “Just like meditation, colouring also allows us to switch off our brains from other thoughts and focus only on the moment, helping to alleviate free-floating anxiety.” This was said by Marygrace Berberian, a certified art therapist. While colouring in is not a form of art therapy, it lifts outside pressures and helps to centre ourselves on the task at hand, much like meditation. You can buy a colouring book from an art shop, or even the newsagents.
4. Declutter your area
Cleaning is a great way to renew your focus on what’s really important. For example, could your desk be a bit more organised? Is your locker a cesspit of stray papers? By getting rid of anything you don’t need, you automatically feel lighter and on top of your game.
5. Exercise often
Having a sport or activity you can turn to when school gets too much is a perfect way to re-energise. Exercising releases endorphins and make you happy! This will help reduce your stress and ready to work hard again.
Designed by: Sophia Childs
Sleep is super important in order to be a healthy, happy person (which is the goal, right?). Teenagers need up to 10 hours of sleep per night. To help you sleep, don’t use technology for at least half an hour before you go to bed. Also, make sure you have a set time to start to unwind and eventually sleep.
7. Stop bad habits
If you know that there’s a sneaky habit you do that’s not helping you, try stopping. While it may be hard, the sense of achievement at the end will be worth it.
8. Take time out
When you get overwhelmed, take a step back. Adjust your attitude and thoughts toward your problem and you can fix it. Sometimes having a day to take care of yourself (a Lush bath bomb, anyone?) is super beneficial to your health and state of mind.
9. Show gratitude
Being grateful for the little things gives you a whole new perspective on life. Whether you take extra time to thank your teachers or you notice a beautiful sunset, you’ll feel amazed at all the tiny things that happen to you every day.
Holding steadfast to your opinion may not be the best way to let others know they are appreciated. Take in what somone is saying and try to comprehend their point. This means you have a new understanding on a topic and they feel that their ideas and opinions are heard.
Arts and Entertainment
If you haven’t heard the words ‘Hamilton’ or ‘Lin-Manuel Miranda’, then you must be truly living under a rock, and a huge one at that. From its catchy songs to the Trump controversy, Hamilton has been everywhere since its opening in 2015. So, for those of you who have no idea what this brilliant musical is about, here is a quick rundown on this hit Broadway musical.
It’s pretty much the story of one of America’s Founding Fathers, Alexander Hamilton (hence the name). From immigrant to American war hero to George Washington’s right hand man, we follow Hamilton’s search for purpose and a legacy. Oh and did I forget? The majority of it is shown through rap music. Yes, I did mean rap; trust me, you must listen to believe.
Alexander Hamilton: So Hamilton is the lead of our show, with the musical following the rise and fall of his life. Born on an island in the Caribbean to a poor family and eventually orphaned, Hamilton immigrates to America, which is where we start our story. He is smart, motivated, passionate and very opinionated. He becomes George Washington’s aidede-camp, or right hand man, during the Revolutionary War against England and post-independence is the first Secretary of the Treasury.
Angelica Schuyler: Portrayed as an intelligent, witty and social, Angelica falls in love with Hamilton, but has obligations to her family to marry rich and climb socially. It is suggested that Hamilton also loves Angelica – a fact which is much debated historically. He writes a letter to Angelica in which he opens, “My dearest, Angelica”, with some very deep romantic implications. She is the eldest Schuyler sister and, when she marries John Church, moves to London.
Eliza Schuyler-Hamilton: Falls in love with and marries Alexander. Around eleven years into their marriage, Hamilton cheats on her in America’s first (known) scandal. Tragically, he also dies fifty years before she does. She is described as reserved, trusting and kind, and is the sister of Angelica and Margarita ‘Peggy’ Schuyler. When Hamilton dies, she honours his memory by doing what she thinks he would have done: she interviews soldiers who fought with him, goes through his writing, raises funds for the Washington Monument, speaks out against slavery, and helps open the first private orphanage in New York City, and not to mention raises eight children.
Aaron Burr: The main antagonist of the musical, in a sense. He is described as one of Hamilton’s first friends in America. Though the two argue during the first act, they still consider each other friends, until Hamilton’s career continuously moves forward while Burr’s doesn’t. Eventually, the two end up duelling, during which (historical spoiler) Hamilton is killed.
Written by Caitlin Davies Designed by Lizzie Crane
The whole lyrics and score were written by the amazing Lin-Manuel Miranda. To top that Miranda also starred as Hamilton in the Broadway and preBroadway productions. He also wrote and starred in the 1999 hit musical In The Heights. He decided to create a ‘Hamilton mixtape’ after reading Ron Chernow’s biography of Hamilton, but later choose to stage it on Broadway. He has written music for many musicals and movies alike, with his latest endeavour being the Disney movie Moana. He has a very strong presence on Twitter, which I recommend having a look at if you want to feel motivated or just for laughs. He also set up the Hamilton Lottery (in which people can win cheap tickets for the show) and the ham4ham shows, in which cast members and guests perform outside the Richard Rogers Theatre (where the musical is performed) and which are different every performance.
1. It was inspired by Ron Chernow’s biography about Alexander Hamilton, which Miranda read whilst on holiday (and which is 731 pages long, by the way) 2. It is impossibly hard to get tickets, even though it is now on in 3 cities (New York, Chicago and London) and is about to go on tour around the U.S. 3. If the cast album isn’t enough for you, there is a Hamilton mixtape which features many of the most popular songs from the show, and some that were cut, performed by artists like Sia, Queen Latifah, The Roots and Usher, as well as original songs that were inspired by Hamilton.
4. Diversity is key in this musical: the cast is full of men and women of colour playing characters that were, historically, white. For example, Christopher Jackson (George Washington) is biracial, Leslie Odom Jr (Aaron Burr) is African-American and Phillipa Soo (Eliza Schuyler-Hamilton) is American-Chinese. Rather than being race-blind casting, as it was described, it was race-conscious casting. This was done in attempts to open up American history to young people of colour and – ideally – create an inclusive historical narrative where those who were mostly, at the time, slaves, are the ones making history.
I am not throwing away my shot! Hey yo I’m just like my country/I’m young scrappy and hungry/And I’m not throwing away my shot! – My Shot “We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are created equal/And when I meet Thomas Jefferson/’Im ‘a compel him to include women in the sequel!” – ‘The Schuyler Sisters’ Death doesn’t discriminate/Between the sinners/And the saints/It takes and it takes and it takes/ And we keep living anyway/We rise and we fall/And we break/And we make our mistakes. – Wait for It I will send a fully armed battalion to remind you of my love! – You’ll Be Back Legacy. What is a legacy? It’s planting seeds in a garden you never get to see. – The World Was Wide Enough But when you’re gone, who remembers your name? Who keeps your flame? Who tells your story? – Who Lives, Who Dies, Who Tells Your Story
Arts and Entertainment
Written by Sophie Childs Designed by Heather Byron Sometimes (for me a lot of the time) we procrastinate. We lack the motivation and inspiration to study, or to write that essay or to finish that book. But what if you could make procrastinating worthwhile? Well, you can. Good movies can inspire great work. So, next time you find yourself scrolling down your Facebook feed or filling out a BuzzFeed quiz to find out which Disney Princess you are, watch one of these movies.
DEAD POETS SOCIETY (1989) – 128 Minutes Dead Poets Society is about an English teacher (played by Robin Williams) at an elite all-boys school who inspires his students through the way he teaches poetry. Directed by Australian filmmaker, Peter Weir, Dead Poets Society is entertaining, inspiring and honest. With an abundance of quotes like; “You must trust that your beliefs are unique, your own even though others may think them odd or unpopular”; “You must strive to find your own voice because the longer you wait to begin the less likely you are to find it at all”; “No matter what anybody tells you, words and ideas can change the world”; and the classic “Carpe Diem. Seize the day… Make your lives extraordinary”, you are bound to be inspired to have something to say, to think your own thoughts and learn more.
GOOD WILL HUNTING (1997) – 126 Minutes When you’re questioning why bother studying because you’ve left it too late, or feel like you aren’t taking anything in, Good Will Hunting is the movie to watch. Starring Matt Damon and Robin Williams, Good Will Hunting is about a young adult, Will Hunting, who has a gift for mathematics but isn’t really doing anything with it; he’s wasting his gift. After being arrested he is made to have sessions with a psychologist to help him find direction in his life. Good Will Hunting inspires people to recognise their gifts, their talents, what they have, and to do something with them. You may not be a young angry man with a gift in mathematics, but I believe every person has something they’re exceptional at and is capable of being passionate about something. So, watch this movie and who knows, you may be inspired to improve in your studies or improve in another aspect of your life.
THE PURSUIT OF HAPPYNESS (2006) – 117 Minutes Based on a true story, The Pursuit of Happyness, follows the story of Chris Gardener, a salesman who becomes homeless with his son. Gardener struggles to find a job, must provide for his son and lives on the streets for almost a year. The Pursuit of Happyness is story that is bound to inspire anyone who watches it to dream, work hard and achieve those dreams despite the obstacles you may face. The story of Chris Gardener is an extraordinary one, so allow his story to inspire you to try your hardest.
SCHOOL OF ROCK (2003) – 109 Minutes School of Rock is a light-hearted comedy-musical starring Jack Black. It’s an easy-to-watch movie about Dewey Finn, who disguises himself as his roommate and becomes a substitute teacher at a private primary school. He then discovers that the kids in his class have musical talent, which is great because Dewey lives for music. If you’ve seen School of Rock before you may be wondering how it will inspire you to study. School of Rock inspires you to be passionate and commit yourself to what you love. It also inspires you to not care about what other people think and to just do you. It inspires you to try things even if you’re scared of failing. So, don’t let your worrying about schoolwork get in the way of achieving the best you can.
SCHINDLER’S LIST (1993) – 197 Minutes Schindler’s List is based on a true story about German Oskar Schindler, a businessman who saved the lives of more than a thousand Polish-Jewish refugees from the Holocaust by employing them in his factories during World War II. This is a movie you should watch when studying the Holocaust or Nazi Germany during WWII. It’s a historical topic that can be hard to wrap your head around because of how tragic it was. The film can be confronting and graphic, but does inspire you to learn more about the Holocaust and Nazi Germany. Schindler’s List is a movie to watch so you connect more to the events that you read about when studying the Holocaust. It will improve how you approach studying it.
Hopefully one of these movies spark some interest and inspire you to study. For movies more tailored to your units, you can easily google “Movies about (insert topic here)”. Also, if you don’t feel like writing but want to study, then find YouTube videos relating to your unit! Movies and YouTube videos make a world of difference when it comes to studying – especially if you’re a visual learner.
Arts and Entertainment
5 aussie artists Music is an amazing tool for self-care. Listening to a favourite song can transform your mood. Expand your playlist with some Aussie artists – there’s a lot more than 5 you should listen to, but I’m one girl with a limited music taste. Get exploring on SoundCloud, Spotify and Triple J and show Australian artists some love!
From Sydney. Alternative Rock. Recommended song: Lemonworld. Can listen on SoundCloud and Spotify.
From Gold Coast. Alternative Rock. Recommended song: Glimmer. Can listen on SoundCloud and Spotify.
you should listen to Written by Sophia Childs Designed by Elena Catanzariti
From Sydney. Alternative Rock. Recommended song: Overflow. Can listen on SoundCloud and Spotify.
From Brisbane. Indie Pop band. Recommended song: Come On Mess Me Up. Can listen for free on SoundCloud and Spotify.
From Sydney. Electronic Indie. Recommended song: Wave. Can listen on Triple J Unearthed.
Brought to you by Jacinta Evans and Kathryn Diwell!
Your Team 2017
Analise Greenhalgh Aananya Jha Caitlin Davies Clare Pinkerton Cristina Munoz Elena Catanzariti Elizabeth Crane Emily Kennedy-Hine Heather Byron Joey Lee Kathryn Liston Laura Van Der Linden Lourine Dâ€™Rozario Maryam Mansuri Megan Phipps Megan White Natasha Kelly Rosemary Collins Sophia Childs Sophie Wink Wafa Rasheed