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St . Ch r ist oph er 's | M iddle Sch ool M agazin e | Spr in g 2019


Our Cover Art ist

Cam er on Kin g

Our St aff


Our Edit ors

PaperBoy's Presence

2018-19 School Year


Body t

In This Edit ion

Parks & Recreat ion

Bring On The Books

Wa lt Di sney Wor ld by Decl an M cDon al d

H i s M a jest y's Dr a gon by Cade Petr u s

Fea t ur ed Ca r by W il l iam H oge

A Token for Tolki en by H ar r is W ol fe Pla gue La nd by Ben Bu tter fiel d

Healt h & Wellness Flu Sea son by Joh n W ish n ack

eBooks wi t h Regi na ld by Gr eyson DiCosm o, Ber k el ey Edm u n ds, M il l er Por ter fiel d , an d Cam pbel l Reece

Addi ct i on by Col by W al l ace Spor t a ble by Patr ick M ayer

We Wonder... Terrific Teachers M r . Dor em us by Col in Ch ewn in g M r . Di cki nson by Jeffr ey M itch el l

Art s All Around Choi r Com pet es by Teddy Pr ice

H ypot het i ca l Wa r s by M ac Dixon an d Jack Fr ain e Gr ea t Wi er dest a nd Coolest Conspi r a ci es by Seth Asch h eim an d Ch ar l ie Seam an

Time Travel Apollo 11 by H en r y O'H agan

Pet Wr i t i ng Cont est by

The Ei ght i es by Patr ick M ayer

Col em an Bowl es & Kel l en W el ch Shor t St or y by Car son Br own

Only Out doors Fi shi ng by W il l Stou t an d Raym on d Boon e

St rict ly Sport s

Ai r soft by W il l Stou t an d Th om as M acau l ay Owl vs. Owl by Yates Bass an d Jack H u r l ber t

College Ba sket ba ll Sur vey by Patteson Br an ch M a r ch M a dness by Patteson Br an ch M i ddle School La cr osse by Captain W or r el l an d Liam W r igh t The Ret ur n by Edison Pel l u m bi Top 25 College Ba sket ba ll Pla yer s by Captain W or r el l an d Liam W r igh t Wor st Ca lls i n N FL H i st or y by JAC Bor ich an d Er ic Br own

Great Games M a r i o & Ra bbi ds K i ngdom Ba t t le by Joaqu in Tor r es TF2 vs. Over wa t ch by Th eo Cr oss, Br iggs Ir el an d, Tom m y Lou gh r an , an d Ril ey W ar e


PARKS & Recreat ion


Walt DisneyWorld Walt Disney World is one of the most popular theme parks in the world with its most popular park, M agic K ingdom, having around 17 million visitors a year. This park was opened in 1971 shortly after Walt Disney died in 1966. This park has been a great success, and it now has four theme parks, two water parks, and their shopping center, Disney Springs.


Disney's ThemeParks Hollyw ood St u dios is a movie themed park that features rides from many Disney movies. It has rides and shows from movies such as Star Wars, Indiana Jones, and Toy Story.

Epcot , opened in 1982, is divided into Future World and World Showcase. World Showcase features many different countries that have shops and food along with designs from those areas of the Earth. Future World is supposed to be the city of the future with several futuristic rides.

An im al Kin gdom is Disney's animal theme park. It has both rides and animals, so it is like a theme park and zoo combined! There are regions such as Africa and Asia with different types of animals in each region. There is even a Safari in the park for visitors to really see the animals of Africa. One section of this part has dinosaur rides. Another section represents the imaginary moon from the film Avatar and includes rides.

M agic Kin gdom is the most popular of all of Walt Disney World?s theme parks. This park has about 17 million people visiting it a year. Magic Kingdom has multiple sections such as Futureland, Frontierland, Adventureland, and many more. This park can easily take up a whole day, so plan to spend some time there!


Feat u r ed Car

600 LT By William Hoge McLaren is known for great supercars, but this one is stunning. The McLaren 600LT is a feat of engineering. This car is beautiful, and with a horsepower of 592, I think it's pretty powerful as well. The 600LT can go from 0 to 60 in 2.9 seconds. In about the amount of time it took you to read that sentence, the 600LT was already going 60 MPH. The engine is called the McLaren's 562-hp twin-turbocharged 3.8-liter V-8, and when turbocharged is in the name, the car probably goes fast. The max speed is 250 MPH in Velocity mode according to topspeed.com. I am very excited for this amazing, newest car by McLaren. Now it's time to talk about the look of the car. The rims are standard, but the body design is amazing. It looks very futuristic, and with the color combination of grey with an orange effect (as seen on the next page), it is absolutely stunning. I?m not a fan of the spoiler, but I am a fan of the windows. The way it?s curved looks amazing, and the top is a window so it?s kind of like a convertible. But my favorite part has to be the interior. It is one of the most futuristic parts of the car. The chairs curve in a weird way, but it looks comfortable, and the overall appearance is stunning. I think the inside would look the best if it was grey, but I could only find images with an orange interior. Still, it looks fantastic!


My personal review of the car is probably a 7 out of 10. My main problem is the back of the car, which I am not a fan of. I?m not a big fan of the McLaren logo, and the back lights look weird. There is no problem in the engineering of the car, but the design missed some things that could have made the car great. The biggest one is, again, the back. They could have done something special, but they went with this generic weird thing. That's why I think the 600LT should get a 7 out of 10.

Im age Galler y


HEALTH & WELLNESS


By John Wishnack

Fl u season I w as in St u dy Hall w h en I r ealized t h at t w en t y-six k ids in m y gr ade w er e sick t h at day. M y gr ade h as eigh t y-t w o k ids, an d t w en t y-six is abou t t h ir t y-on e per cen t of t h at . Th e r eason t h at w e h aven't er adicat ed ?t h e f lu ? is t h at ever y year it m u t at es an d adapt s becau se of h ow f ast it r epr odu ces. Th e r eason so m an y people h ave it is becau se of t h e w ay it spr eads an d r epr odu ces. Wh en som eon e w it h t h e f lu open ly cou gh s or sn eezes w it h ou t cover in g, t h e vir u s is air bor n e. Wh en som eon e else br eat h es it in , t h e vir u s im m ediat ely t ak es act ion an d goes in t o on e of you r t h r oat cells. At t h is st age, t h e vir u s-cell is lik e a k ey, an d t h e n u cleu s of you r t h r oat cell is t h e k ey-h ole. It in ser t s it self in t o t h e n u cleu s an d t h e n u cleu s is su dden ly pr odu cin g h u n dr eds of m illion s of f lu vir u ses t h at in dividu ally seek ou t an ot h er cell w h er e it t h en m u lt iplies, et c. Lu ck ily f or u s, t h e f lu is easily f ou gh t of f on ce r ecogn ized. Th e t r ick y par t is r ecogn izin g it . Th at ?s w h er e vaccin es com e in . Scien t ist s w or k t o iden t if y t h e vir u s, k ill it , an d pu t t h e dead vir u s in a st abilized liqu id. Wh en you ?r e adm in ist er ed t h e vaccin e, you r im m u n e syst em is able t o iden t if y it . On ce you ?ve alr eady iden t if ied t h e vir u s, t h en , w h en an ot h er on e com es in t o you r body, you r im m u n e syst em k n ow s it an d k ills it . In st ead of givin g you a bad case of ?t h e f lu ,? you ?r e m or e lik ely t o en d u p w it h a m oder at e cou gh . So, n ext year get you r f lu sh ot an d m ak e su r e t o cover w h en you cou gh or sn eeze.


Wh at is

?

By Pat r ick M ayer Spor t able's m ission is t o pr ovide t h e oppor t u n it y t o play spor t s f or people w h o h ave a disabilit y, bu t t h ey w an t t o ch an ge t h e lives of t h ose w it h a disabilit y or disabilit ies t h r ou gh spor t s.

Spor t able of f er s 11 dif f er en t spor t s t o at h let es. Th ey m odif y gam es sligh t ly so t h at t h e spor t s can in clu de an yon e. Wit h Bask et ball, f or exam ple, m an y of t h e sam e r u les apply, bu t a f ew t w eak s ar e m ade t o allow t h e u se of w h eelch air s. Th is or gan izat ion h as ch an ged lives! Spor t able of f er s a w ide var iet y of volu n t eer in g oppor t u n it ies. In f act m an y of Spor t able's spor t s r equ ir e volu n t eer s! You can volu n t eer at even t s t o h elp gu ide t h e at h let es. Also, you can don at e m on ey t o h elp t h e pr ogr am st ay r u n n in g.

These pics. above: Sportable,; pictures; https://www.sportable.org/#pictures, accessed June 2nd, 2019


Josh Sloan From Comes To StC Josh Sloan st u died En glish an d Edu cat ion at VCU. He h as w or k ed in m an y dif f er en t places. On e place h e w or k ed w as Ecu ador . Wh ile Josh w as t h er e, h e got in t o an acciden t . He w as in a bu s t o go k ayak in g. Th e bu s t h at h e w as on r an of f t h e r oad an d f lipped. Josh cam e ou t of t h e bu s w it h a spin al cor d in ju r y.

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His "n ew n or m al" is w h at m ost of u s w ou ld h ave ext r em e dif f icu lt y doin g. Josh can n o lon ger con t r ol or f eel h is legs, bu t h e does h ave a w ide r an ge of m ovem en t w it h h is ar m s. Josh h as n ot let h is in ju r y st op h im f r om doin g t h e t h in gs h e loves. Spor t able h as h elped h im r em ain act ive an d k eep spor t s a big par t of h is lif e.

On e im por t an t lesson Josh t au gh t u s is h ow t o act ar ou n d people w it h disabilit ies. He m ain ly w an t ed u s t o k n ow , t h at people w it h disabilit ies ar e people ju st lik e u s. We sh ou ld ju st t alk t o t h em t h e sam e w ay w e w ou ld t o an yon e else. He gave u s som e exam ples based on h is ow n exper ien ces. If a per son h as a car et ak er , f or exam ple, you sh ou ld st ill t alk t o t h e per son (n ot t h eir car et ak er ). People w it h disabilit ies ar e capable of con t r ollin g t h eir ow n lives.


A ddi cti on By: Colby Wallace Addict ion is a ver y ser iou s disease t h at

Dopam in e is a n eu r ot r an sm it t er t h at

an yon e can get . Som et im es people

m ak es you f eel good or h appy. For

develop t h is disease as ear ly as 6t h

exam ple, let 's say you scor ed a goal in

gr ade. Wh en you h ave t h is disease it is

lacr osse, an d you f eel r eally good abou t

ver y h ar d t o get h elp becau se you do

you r self . Th at is a dopam in e r espon se.

n ot w an t people t o see you dif f er en t ly.

Th e sam e t h in g h appen s w h en you dr in k

Also, lot s of people ar e scar ed of t h e

or t ak e dr u gs, bu t it is an abn or m al

t r u t h an d t h in k it is bet t er if you do n ot

am ou n t t h at is r eleased.

say an yt h in g.

Th e ot h er par t of t h e br ain in volved in

M ost people t h in k addict ion is on ly

addict ion is called t h e br ain st em . Th is

cau sed by dr in k in g t oo m u ch , bu t

par t of you r is w h at h elps you su r vive,

t h er e's m or e t o it . In f act , it ?s pr et t y

an d t ells you if you n eed f ood or w at er .

com plicat ed.

Wh en you dr in k or t ak e dr u gs a lot , you

In you r br ain t h er e is a par t called t h e Fr on t al lobe an d t h is par t of you r br ain is in ch ar ge of h elpin g you m ak e com plicat ed decision s. Wh en you dr in k or t ak e a dr u g you get som et h in g called a dopam in e f lood, w h ich is abn or m al an d leads t o ch an ges in you r br ain .

get so m an y dopam in e f loods t h at even t u ally t h e br ain st em over t ak es t h e f r on t al lobe, sh u t t in g it dow n . Th is m ean w h en you go back t o t ak e a dr u g or go dr in k you don?t h ave t h e abilit y t o r ecogn ize t h at you sh ou ld n ot be doin g w h at you 'r e doin g. Also it m ak es t h e alcoh ol or dr u g f eel lik e a n eed becau se of t h e br ain st em t ak in g over you r f r on t al lobe. Fin ally, I h ope t h is w as h elpf u l t o som e people, an d I h ope t h at you lear n ed a lit t le bit m or e abou t t h is disease.


TERRIFIC TEACHERS


Teacher Feature Mr. Dor emus

By: Colin Chewning

Mr. Doremus teaches Woodworking for all of the Middle School. He is also an Assistant Lacrosse Coach. He was born in Jacobstown, New Jersey. His hobbies include woodworking and playing video games. He also has a dog named Marcy.

Q& A What do you like most about St. Chr istopher 's? I enjoy the sense of community that the school has. I feel like I'm quickly getting to know everyone here. I love that I am getting to bring my dog, Marcy, to school everyday. What did you do before you came to St. Chr istopher 's? Before I moved to Richmond, I was teaching Ceramics in Ewing, NJ. Before I started teaching, I was working as a Cabinet Maker and Finisher in Buffalo, NY. Several of the pieces I made while working in New York are currently in the White House. When you were in M iddle School, what were some of your hobbies, activities, and/or spor ts? In Middle School I played soccer year round. In High School I started doing woodworking which led to building the set for our school's plays and musicals. I played a year of lacrosse my freshman year, and I was on the bowling team, eventually becoming Capitan my senior year.


Did you play any video games when you were our age? I f so, which ones were your favor ites? I didn't have any game consoles growing up (my parents wouldn't let me or my brother have any), but I had some computer games and a Gameboy. I grew up playing the original Pokemon games. I also really loved Mario games -- my favorite being Mario Kart Super Circuit for the Gamboy Advanced. When I was in Middle School, I played a lot of Counter Strike: Source which had just been released. Which video games do you really enj oy playing now? The game I have definitely played the most in the last few years has been Rocket League. At this point, I have played over 1300 hours. I'm going to be attending (as a spectator) the Rocket League Championship Series Finals this June in Newark, NJ. In the past year, my two favorite games have been Celeste (a platformer about climbing a mountain) and Tetris Effect. Where did you grow up? Could you tell us a little but about your hometown? I grew up in Jacobstown, New Jersey, which isn't big enough to even have its own Post Office. Most of the town was made up of corn farms and horse farms. I attended Northern Burlington County Regional School, which combined elementary schools from four different small towns. I started taking woodworking in ninth grade. Our school offered numerous technical, agricultural, and automotive classes. I decided to take woodworking because I figured I could only cut my self, while I could cut and burn myself in metal shop. I have since burned myself several times during woodworking projects.


Mr. Dickinson's Sub t le Silliness by J effrey Mit chell

There a re m a ny wa ys to d esc rib e Mr. Dic kinson. Everyone knows tha t he is intellig ent, friend ly, a nd "one of a kind ." As a n eig th g ra d er, I've c om e to rea lize tha t Mr. D. ha s a uniq ue ta lent for b a la nc ing his serious sid e with a d ose of sub tle silliness. There a re m ultip le, enterta ining thing s tha t Mr. Dic kinson d oes tha t b ring lig ht-hea rted a m usem ent to a ll of us a round him . When you a re wa lking by Mr. D. in the ha llwa y he likes to offer up his fist for a nic e fist b um p . Som etim es I m ig ht even g ive him a turkey instea d just to throw him off. Whenever I turn in a p a p er or hom ework a ssig nm ent to Mr. D., instea d of sa ying . "tha nks" he will usua lly sa y,?sa nks.? It is p retty funny when he sa ys this, a nd I ha ve sta rted sa ying this when I a m a round my friend s. Fina lly, my fa vorite thing tha t Mr. D. d oes in c la ss is his fa m ous "Ma p Swip e." A Mr. D. Ma p Swip e c onsists of him running his ha nd s enthusia stic a lly over the surfa c e of his relief m a p . When this ha p p ens everyone sta rts la ug hing , a nd Mr. D. lets us ta ke a q uic k hum or b rea k b efore c ontinuing on with our stud y of United Sta tes History. Other

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stud ents ha ve tried to d o a m a p swip e just for fun, b ut no one c a n d o it like Mr. Dic kinson! So next tim e you p a ss Mr. D d on?t forg et to g ive him a solid fist b um p a nd sa y ?sa nks? next tim e he hold s the d oor for you. If you're wa lking by his c la ssroom a nd hea r a q uic k b urst of la ug hter, you m a y ha ve m issed a Ma p Swip e by just a m inute.


ARTS all AROUND


Ch oir Com pet es at Bu sch Gar den s by Teddy Pr ice

On Friday, May 17, the seventh and eighth-grade choir and the sixth-grade choir traveled to Williamsburg to compete in the Music in the Parks competition. This involved performing in front of judges to receive a rating and score before going to Busch Gardens to have a day of fun. The sixth-grade choir opened up the entire event, singing a wonderful performance and getting a superior rating. The seventh and eighth-grade choir followed up the sixth graders with another great performance and yet another superior rating. After many hours of wandering around Busch Gardens and riding roller coasters, every choir participating in the competition gathered together to watch the awards ceremony. Tension built in the auditorium as each choir and band waited to hear the results. Both St. Christopher ?s choirs won their respective division and won the only two superiors handed out to any choir! Grady White did an amazing job accompanying the seventh and eighth-grade choir on ?I Am With You? and even won an award for best student accompanist. When the time came for the overall awards to be announced, each person anxiously waited to hear what the judges decided. The sixth-grade choir won the overall first place trophy, edging out the seventh and eighth-grade choir by 0.05 points! Both choirs sang very well and managed to come home with three trophies collectively. After this exciting announcement, the boys had some more time to spend in the park before boarding the buses to go back to STC after a long day.


WRITING CONTEST WINNERS " Wr it e A Par agr aph Abou t You r Pet " By: Colem an Bow les An d Kellen Welch

Sh e lu r k ed u n der t h e t able, lik e a sh ar k cir clin g a sea lion . Sh e w ait ed lon gin gly f or on e, t in y piece of ju icy, t en der st eak , w h im per in g as sh e pu t on h er ?desper at e? f ace. Her lar ge, br ow n eyes gazed u p f r om h er sm all, sof t h ead, ask in g m e t o dr op a sm all m or sel. Even t u ally sh e gave u p, an d m oped back over t o h er bed, h er h ead dippin g dow n low , lik e a bu ll, bar ely able t o h old u p it s h or n s. On ce sh e w as over by h er m an y, m an y t oys, sh e f or got all abou t t h e f ood. Sh e gr abbed h er pin k , Lee Adam son squ eak y bon e, an d r an ar ou n d bit in g dow n on it , all t h e w h ile sh ak in g 6t h Gr ade Win n er h er h ead back an d f or t h ver y r apidly. Af t er din n er I called t o h er , ?St ella! You w an t a t r eat ?? Sh e dr opped t h e t oy du ck t h at sh e h ad been playin g w it h , an d r an in t o t h e k it ch en , sit t in g in f r on t of m e. ?Good gir l.? I said, h an din g over t h e t r eat . Sh e gobbled it dow n , an d spr in t ed in t o t h e basem en t t o cu r l u p on t h e sof a.

M ason St r eet Af t er a lon g day of sch ool, I clim b t h e w eat h er ed st eps t o m y h ou se, 8t h Gr ade Win n er a sm ile on m y f ace even t h ou gh t h e u n can n y sou n ds of m y dog?s w aggin g t ail h ad n ot r each ed m y ear s. I open t h e door an d a t idal w ave a black sm ack s m y legs. I k n ow t h at h er in t er est is f in it e so I lau gh an d ben d dow n an d scr at ch h er side w it h m y h an ds. Sh e cu r ls in bet w een m y legs an d lick s t h e air w it h h er m oist t on gu e, pu r r in g lik e a cat . In t h at m om en t , st r ok in g h er silk y black f u r , w it h t h e scen t of dir t an d sh am poo, it is a pan acea f or all m y t r ou bles at sch ool. Th e pr oblem s f eel ven ial t o t h e joy of pet t in g m y dog, Allie. Sh e t h en n ot ices m y siblin gs com in g t h r ou gh t h e door also an d h er at t en t ion sw it ch es. I do n ot f eel sad as I h ave a t r ick u p m y sleeve. I w alk t o t h e closet an d scoop a cu p of f ood an d du m p it in t o t h e bow l, m ak in g a lar ge ban g. I ch u ck le as I h ear t h e scr at ch of h er claw s on t h e w ood f loor as sh e r aces ar ou n d t h e cor n er , t ail w aggin g lik e an in f er n o. I w alk aw ay sm ilin g as sh e r u n s st r aigh t t o t h e bow l an d begin s h er sm all f east .


Jack Fr ain e M y pet , Gibson , is ver y st ou t . He h as lu sciou s, r ollin g h ills of dar k 7t h Gr ade Win n er black h air an d beau t if u l, glow in g gr een eyes. He act s lik e m y h ou se is h is an d n ot h in g can com e n ear it even t h ou gh h e con st an t ly cr ies t o go ou t side. Wh en h e goes ou t side, an yt h in g w it h in abou t a h u n dr ed yar d per im et er is f air gam e f or h u n t in g. Wh en h e spot s som et h in g, h e?ll clim b u p t h e t r ee w h er e it s h idin g lik e Tar zan . He u sed t o on ly cat ch t h e you n ger an d w eak er an im als lik e baby bir ds an d m ice. It w as pr et t y disgu st in g w h en h e w ou ld com e in side an d dr op a dead an im al at m y f eet t h in k in g I lik ed it . Th e par en t s of h is pr ey decided t o f igh t back af t er a cou ple at t ack s. Un lu ck ily f or t h em , Gibson f igu r ed ou t t h at bir ds w er e easier t o cat ch w h en t h ey dive bom bed h im . It w as lik e t h e bir ds w er e t h e bu t t er f lies an d h is paw s w er e t h e n et . Now , h e w as dr oppin g f u ll sized bir ds at m y back door . At t h is poin t , w h en ever Gibson st epped ou t side t h e bir ds?lovely sin gin g w ou ld cease, an d aggr essive scr eech in g w ou ld begin as bir ds began t o lau n ch bom bin g r u n s as t h ey sw ooped dow n f r om t h e t r ees an d at t ack ed h im . Gibson h as also valian t ly def en ded m y pr oper t y f r om en em y f er al cat s. As t h e bir ds lau n ch ed an of f en sive on m y h ou se f r om t h e sk ies, t h e cat s w ou ld t r y t o in f ilt r at e m y yar d. Th e u su al at t ack er w ou ld be a gr ey cat . Af t er lon g st ar edow n s, t h e cat w ou ld even t u ally leave t h e back yar d. Now , w it h t h e m an y def en ses of m y back yar d u n der h is belt , t h e bir ds f all silen t w h en h e st eps ou t side. Th e cat s bow dow n t o Gibson , an d t h e r at s in t h e at t ic cow er in f ear at even t h e m en t ion of h is n am e. Gibson is t h e k in g of t h e cou r t , t h e lor d of t h e lan d, t h e pow er h ou se of t h e plan et . On ly u pon h is age-cau sed deat h sh all t h e w oodlan d an im als be r elieved of t h eir t or m en t .

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Eighth Gr ade Self - Por tr aits


Wor st Bir thday Ever By Car son Br ow n For a day in November , the weather was better than usual. It was about 70 degr ees that day. If that day is your bir thday, that's good news. This kid named Jacob is tur ning nine. He is ver y excited about this bir thday. This bir thday of his wasn't like any of his other bir thdays, because he wouldn't be getting a new phone f or his other bir thdays. The only r eason that he needed a new phone is that he had dr opped his other phone. Don't know how he did it, but that's how people ar e. He had mor e excitement because he was going to Red Lobster , his f avor ite r estaur ant. He was on a car r ide to Red Lobster with his sister , his mother , and his gr andpar ents. Like always, his older sister was being annoying. She was tr ying to give him bir thday punches, and her punches r eally hur t. His gr andpar ents wer e congr atulating him, like always, and his mother was on the phone talking to her f r iends. That is what usually happens when the whole f amily is together . Finally, they pulled up to Red Lobster . Jacob immediately gets excited. His mom had alr eady made a r eser vation so they got seated immediately. They even got one of those booths by the bar ; this was a bonus because their f ood and dr inks would come out f aster . While waiting, Jacob was watching videos on his phone. While watching videos on his phone, he gets a notif ication that his f avor ite show is ending next week. Right af ter he f inds that out, his f amily shar es with him that he won't be getting a new phone f or his bir thday; he won't be getting a new phone until Chr istmas. That's bar ely two months away. Ever ything was going badly f or him on his bir thday. At the table, his f ace is f acing down instead of cr ying. ?What's wr ong?? his mother asked. He doesn't say anything. His mother tr ies to ask again, but then the f ood ar r ived. The waitr ess puts the plates on the table. Jacob or der ed what he usually or der s, br oiled tilapia with or ange slices. That was tr uly his f avor ite f ood. His sister or der ed some cr ab legs, his gr andpar ents or der ed shr imp with pr ime r ib and his mom or der ed shr imp with cr ab legs and a sweet potato. But that's when his whole bir thday tur ned ar ound(in a bad way). Jacob star ts scr atching his eyes, his gr andmother , who was eating shr imp, dipped her napkin in her dr ink and told him to r ub it on his eye. But that only made it wor se, f or his eye got so bad to the point that his eye was swollen. They had to leave and take him to the hospital. When they got to the hospital, they said that he was now aller gic to shellf ish. They said that it was so bad that he couldn't even be ar ound shellf ish. On the way home, cr ying, he was under standing that he couldn't go to Red Lobster anymor e. Af ter that event, he still talks about it with his f amily. He always r ecalls that incident as...the wor st bir thday ever .


STRICTLY SPORTS


Mid d l e Sc ho o l

Co l l eg e Bas k et bal l

Sur vey r es ul t s By Pat t eson Br an ch M iddl e Sch ool Stu den ts wer e su r veyed so th at we cou l d l ear n m or e abou t favor ite pl ayer s, favor ite team s an d pr ediction s for th is year 's NCAA M ar ch M adn ess Tou r n am en t Ch am pion .

Col l age by Ed i son Pel l u m bi


By: Patteson Branch M ar ch M adn ess is th e m ajor tou r n am en t to en d th e Division 1 NCAA Col l ege Bask etbal l season . M ar ch M adn ess begin s m id-M ar ch an d l asts u n til th e begin n in g of Apr il . Th e tou r n am en t steadil y pr ogr esses fr om th e fir st r ou n d to th e ch am pion sh ip. Th e tou r n am en t star ts with 68 team s an d fou r pl ay-in gam es. To get in to th e NCAA Tou r n am en t, a team m u st be good en ou gh or win th eir con fer en ce tou r n am en t for an au tom atic tr ip to th e tou r n am en t. Team s th at do n ot qu al ify for th e NCAA Tou r n am en t can qu al ify for th e NIT (Nation al In vitation al Tou r n am en t) or th e tou r n am en t bel ow it, th e CBI (Col l ege Bask etbal l In vitation al ). Th e br ack et is separ ated in to r egion s, th e Sou th , W est, M idwest, an d th e East, an d th e team th at win s each r egion goes to th e Fin al Fou r in M in n eapol is, M in n esota. Ever y year peopl e com pl ete br ack ets an d pu t in bets to see wh o h as th e m ost accu r ate M ar ch M adn ess br ack et. Gettin g ever y gam e cor r ect is extr em el y r ar e, as th er e ar e over 9 qu in til l ion possibil ities in an NCAA br ack et. No on e h as ever ach ieved th is, bu t som eon e th is year pr edicted u p to th e Sweet Sixteen per fectl y. Th e Sweet Sixteen is th e th ir d r ou n d in th e NCAA Tou r n am en t. Fu r th er r ou n ds in th e tou r n am en t h ave n am es. Th e th ir d r ou n d is th e Sweet Sixteen , th e fou r th th e El ite Eigh t, an d th e fifth th e Fin al Fou r. Th is tou r n am en t h as l asted fr om 1939 wh en Or egon won to 2019 wh en Vir gin ia won .


MarchMadness2019

Th e Of f i ci al 2019 NCA A Compl eted Tournament Brack et:


2019 M iddle Sch ool Lacr osse By: Liam Wr igh t an d Capt ain Wor r ell Th is year 's St . Ch r ist oph er 's M iddle Sch ool Lacr osse t eam w as ver y t alen t ed. Th e t eam w as m ade u p of bot h 7t h an d 8t h gr ader s. Th an k s t o Coach Ch ew n in g, Coach O'Don ald, Coach Golladay, Coach M illspau gh , an d Coach Dor em u s f or a gr eat season !

Resu lt s: @ St. Anne's Belfield - W 10-6 VS. Venom Lacrosse - W 12-4 @ Collegiate 8th Grade - W 8-5 @ Norfolk Academy - W 8-7 VS. Tuckahoe Lacrosse - W 11-6 VS. Collegiate 7th Grade - W 11-4 VS. St. Anne's Belfield - W 12-4 VS. Virginia Roughriders - W 11-3 VS. Middies Lacrosse - W 10-5 VS. Tuchahoe Lacrosse - W 7-6 VS. Richmond Strikers - W 10-4 VS. Virginia Roughriders - L 5-9 VS. Richmond Strikers - W 16-3 VS. Colligiate 8th Grade - W 9-7 @ Colligiate 7th Grade - W 5-1


Th e Ret u r n How Vi r gi n i a w en t f r om a f i r st r ou n d ex i t t o N at i on al Ch am ps by Edison Pellum bi Last year , everyone around the college basketball world knew what happened on March 16, 2018. UMBC pulled off the greatest upset in NCAA Tournament history by beating the top-seeded Virginia Cavaliers 74-54. It was the first time ever that a 16 upended a 1. Virginia had come in as the heavy favorite to win it all. It took a perfect game by UMBC and an awful game by UVA for the upset to happen. The lowest per possession offensive output of the year by UVA gave UMBC a chance to make an upset if they could get some points on the board. That is what happened. The Retrievers were hitting three after three in the second half and ended up making history, winning 74-54, pulling off the monumental upset. For 2018-19, some doubted how well Virginia would respond to the historic loss. They got improvement from redshirt sophomores De?Andre Hunter and Jay Huff, juniors Ty Jerome, Kyle Guy, and Mamadi Diakite and help from newcomers Braxton Key and Kihei Clark, it is safe to say they have responded perfectly. This year, they were 29-3 in the regular season, with the only losses coming to a top 15 Florida State team in the ACC Tournament that can go 11 deep and a Duke team that will have 3 top 10 picks in this June?s NBA Draft with Cam Reddish, RJBarrett, and Zion Williamson. Heading into the NCAA tournament, some believed the Hoos could deal with the chants and pressure of being a one seed again. UVA kicked off the NCAA Tournament, they played 16 seed, Gardner Webb. It looked like another disaster. Twelve minutes into the game, GW was up 30-16. The Runnin?Bulldogs used a fake screen to draw a hedge from a UVA big and get an open look at the basket. At that point, Coach Bennett took a timeout to make an adjustment on that, and UVA ended the half on a 14-6 run to cut it to 36-30 at halftime.


UVA started the half on a 9-4 run and then a deep three by Jerome gave them a 42-40 lead. With a huge 23 from Hunter, they never looked back, taking a 71-56 win and punching their ticket to the second round. In t h at gam e, they played the Oklahoma Sooners. UVA ended up winning 63-51. Junior Forward Mamadi Diakite had a big 14 and 9, and the Wahoos advanced to the Sweet 16. There, they squared off with the 12th seeded Oregon Ducks. With Ty Jerome contributing 13 points and 6 assists, the Cavaliers escaped the upset bid 53-49. Then, with a chance to go to the school?s first Final Four since 1984, the only people standing in their way were the Purdue Boilermakers. In on e of t h e best gam es in NCAA Tou r n am en t Hist or y, the Hoos took down the Boilermakers. With 12 seconds left, Purdue hit some free throws to extend the lead to 3, then the Boilermakers fouled Jerome with 6 seconds to prevent him from shooting a three to tie the game. Ty made the first and intentionally missed the second and with 3.5 seconds left, freshman point guard got the ball at the other three-point line and zipped a pass to Diakite who made the buzzer beater (right) to tie the game. In OT, a late Carsen Edwards turnover with 3 seconds left and a 3 point UVA lead basically sealed the game. For the first time since 1984, UVA was back in the Final Four. In t h e Fin al Fou r , UVA battled the Auburn Tigers. They had another outstanding game vs the Tigers. Once again, it looked like the season would end. Here is the situation. 5 minutes to go. UVA by 10. Jerome picks up his fourth foul. After, Auburn goes on a 14-0 run to go up 4 with 10 seconds left. Guy hits an insane fade three to cut it to 1. They foul Jerrod Harper. Hits the first, misses the second. UVA has a chance. They have shown before, that is all they need, a chance. 1.5 seconds. Jerome inbounding. Gets it to the guy. Kyle Guy. He is fouled on a three. Can there ever be more pressure on a kid? Three free throws. Two to tie. Three to win. Bang, bang, bang. Ballgame.


Next , w it h bot h t eam s playin g f or t h eir f ir st t it le in sch ool h ist or y, the Wahoos faced off with the Texas Tech Red Raiders. With 15 seconds to go, UVA down 3. Jerome dribbles down the court, hits Hunter in the corner. Bang. Tie game. A Braxton Key block on Jarrett Culver sent the game into overtime, and there the Hoos outscored the Red Raiders 17-9 to win their first National Championship in school history. In what was his final college game as he heads off to the NBA, Hunter gave Wahoo fans one last show. He finished with 27 points and 9 rebounds, with 22 of his 27 coming in the 2nd half or overtime. Guy, who was named the Final Four 's Most Outstanding Player, finished with 24 points. All in all, UVA, for the first time in school history, are NCAA Men's Basketball National Champions.


By: Capt ain an d Liam Top 25 College Bask et ball Player s 1. Zion William son , Du k e 2. Ja M or an t , M u r r ay St at e 3. R.J Bar r et t , Du k e 4. Gr an t William s, Ten n essee 5. M ar k u s How ar d, M ar qu et t e 6. Cassiu s Win st on , M ich igan St at e 7. Br an don Clar k e, Gon zaga 8. Jar r et t Cu lver , Texas Tech 9. Car son Edw ar ds, Pu r du e 10. Et h an Happ, Wiscon sin 11. Dedr ic Law son , Kan sas 12. DeAn dr e Hu n t er , Vir gin ia

https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/ja-morantwould-like-your-attention/

https://sports.yahoo.com/zion-williamson-throws-ridiculous360-dunk-clemson-044329015.html

13. M ik e Dau m , Sou t h Dak ot a St . 14. Ru i Hach im u r a, Gon zaga 15. P.J Wash in gt on , Ken t u ck y 16. Cam Joh n son , Nor t h Car olin a 17. Sh am or ie Pon ds, St . Joh n s 18. Kyle Gu y, Vir gin ia 19. Reid Tr avis, Ken t u ck y 20. Ty Jer om e, Vir gin ia 21. Coby Wh it e, Nor t h Car olin a 22. Adm ir al Sch of ield, Ten n essee 23. Caleb M ar t in , Nevada 24. Lu k e M aye, Nor t h Car olin a 25. M at isse Th ybu lle, Wash in gt on


1. Zion William son Zion Williamson is easily one of top players in the NCAA and maybe the most explosive basketball player we have ever seen. He is a power forward for the Duke Blue Devils. He is averaging 21.6 points per game along with an impressive field goal percentage of 68.4%. He is know for his high flying plays and exhilarating dunks. Zion's build of 6?7, 285 lbs was made for basketball. On top of the highlights and big numbers, Zion also won ACC Player of The Year and is currently the front runner for the Wooden Award. Zion has proven himself as a play-maker in the low post and is destined to be the number 1 overall pick come https://www.si.com/college-basketball/2019/03/08/zion

June.

-williamson-duke-injury-return-nba-draft

2. Ja M or an t Ja Morant does it all on the court. Not only does he average 25 points per game, he leads the NCAA in assists with 10 assists per game. Morant is one of the most athletic players we have ever seen play in the NCAA. Along with his athleticism, he has an incredible basketball IQ and amazing court vision. He makes other players around him better. He also has no problem stepping back to hit a contested three. Ja Morant is built for a great https://www.paducahsun.com/sports/general/mor ant-s-dunk-more-than-athleticism/article_fb02a0a 5-88c0-5308-9b7b-db16d9967108.html

future in the NBA.

3. RJ Bar r et t RJBarrett is an incredible lefty thrasher. He and Zion Williamson could be the best pair to ever play college basketball. RJis known for his hard drives and acrobatic finishes around the rim. RJis not only a one dimensional player, he is able to pull up mid range and hit threes. RJ and Zion lead the Blue Devils to a number 1 overall seed. In a Zion Williamson less year RJ Barrett might as well be the player of the year. https://kingjamesgospel.com/2019/03/23/cleveland-cavaliers-n caa-tournament-will-separate-rj-barrett-ja-morant/


W or st in

Ca l l s

NFL H ist or y by JAC Bor ich an d Er ic Br ow n Of f i ci al Def ensi v e Pass i nterf erence Rul es It is pass interference by either team when any act by a player more than one yard beyond the line of scrimmage significantly hinders an eligible player ?s opportunity to catch the ball. Pass interference can only occur when a forward pass is thrown from behind the line of scrimmage, regardless of whether the pass is legal or illegal, or whether it crosses the line.- NFL Rules Website

# 1 Pack er s vs Seah aw k s Seah aw k s w it h n o t im e lef t in t h e gam e, t h e Seah aw k s m ak e a desper at e Hail M ar y pass dow n t h e f ield an d player s f r om bot h t eam s com e dow n w it h t h e ball. On e en d zon e r ef calls it a t ou ch dow n w h ile t h e ot h er on e sign als t h e en d t o t h e gam e. Af t er r eview , t h e pass is called a t ou ch dow n an d Seat t le w in s t h e gam e.

JAC: I?m a Pack er s f an so t h is m igh t be a lit t le biased; I t h in k t h at t h ey sh ou ld h ave let t h e player s w r est le t h e ball ou t . Bu t , if you look at t h e play, t h e Pack er s player h as t h e ball in h is h an ds w it h t h e Seat t le player on t op of h im .

Er i c: I?m a Seah aw k s f an an d t o be h on est t h is call w as a bad call an d it w as n ot a t ou ch dow n . At t h e last secon d Seah aw k s qu ar t er back , Ru ssel Wilson , t h r ew a Hail M ar y t o Seah aw k s r eceiver Golden Tat e in h opes f or a t ou ch dow n .


# 2 Pack er s Vs Cow boys In t h e Division al r ou n d of t h e Su per Bow l Playof f , Ton y Rom o t ossed a pass t o Dez Br yan t . He cat ch es t h e ball an d seem in gly dr ops t h e ball bef or e h e cr osses t h e en dzon e. Dez t h in k s it 's a t ou ch dow n , bu t t h e r ef s call it in com plet e.

JAC: I t h in k it sh ou ld h ave been a t ou ch dow n , becau se it doesn?t look lik e t h e ball h it t h e gr ou n d, bu t h e didn?t h ave com plet e con t r ol of it as h e passed t h e lin e. If h e didn?t h ave com plet e con t r ol of it , bu t h is k n ee t ou ch ed t h e gr ou n d, h e isn?t dow n .

Er i c: Hon est ly, I?m n ot su r e abou t t h e play. At f ir st , I t h ou gh t it w as n ot a cat ch , bu t t h e m or e t h at I look at it , I t h in k it is a cat ch an d a t ou ch dow n . Th e ball did n ot h it t h e gr ou n d; it cam e ou t af t er con t act w it h t h e gr ou n d. So, t h er ef or e, t h is sh ou ld h ave been a t ou ch dow n

#3 Redsk in s vs Packer s Wh en t h e Pack er s played t h e Redsk in s in t h e r egu lar season , Clay M at h ew s r u sh es Alex Sm it h an d sack s h im , bu t t h e r ef s call a f ou l f or r ou gh in g t h e passer .

JAC: In t h e pict u r e above, it doesn?t look lik e Sm it h?s ar m is u p w h en h e get s sack ed. I don?t k n ow t h e exact r u les f or r ou gh in g t h e passer , bu t I k n ow t h at you h ave t o h ave you r ar m u p w h en you get h it .

Er ic: t h is call is qu est ion able. I t h in k t h is isn't a Rou gh in g t h e passer . I t h in k t h is isn't Rou gh in g t h e passer becau se w h en clay M at t h ew s t ack led Alex Sm it h , Alex Sm it h h a ju st r eleased t h e ball an d Clay M at t h ew s cou ldn't st op r u n n in g. Clay w as alr eady in t h e t ack lin g m ot ion .


# 4 St eeler s vs Ch ar ger s Wh en t h e St eeler s played t h e ch ar ger s t h in g got a lit t le bit h ect ic. Th e St eeler s pu n t er pu n t ed t h e ball t o t h e Ch ar ger s pu n t r et u r n er . Th er e m u lt iple f au ls on t h e ch ar ger s. Th e m ain f ou l w as on # 23 Raysh aw n Jen k in s. In t h e pict u r e above you can obviou sly see t h at t h e #29 Br ian Allen w as pu sh ed f r om t h e back . Th at m ean s t h e r ef sh ou ld h ave called block in t h e back

JAC: t h er e def in it ely sh ou ld?ve been af ou l f or a block in t h e back . Even af t er t h e ball car r ier passed Jen k in s, h e con t in u es t o pu sh Allen an d w h en h e f alls, Jen k in s k n ow s it w as a f ou l, so h e t h r ew u p h is h an ds sayin g ?I didn?t do an yt h in g?, bu t all t h e r ef s w er e look in g dow n t h e f ield as t h e ball car r ier r u n s in t o t h e en dzon e

Er ic: I don't ?k n ow w h y t h e Ref did n ot see t h e m u lt iple f alse t h at h appen ed. Th e f ir st f ou l t h at h appen ed w as on Raysh aw n Jen k in s. As Br ian Allen w as r u n n in g dow n t h e f ield t o t ack le t h e pu n t r et u r n er , Jen k in s sh oved Allen in t h e back w h ich m ean t Allen cou ld t ack le t h e pu n t r et u r n er . Th e r ef w as st an din g r igh t t h er e bu t h e did n ot see it som eh ow. Th er e w er e m or e f ou ls t h at h appen ed bu t t h at w as t h e m ain on e. Th ese f alse t h at t h e r ef didn't see cau se t h e St eeler s a t ou ch dow n .


#5 St eeler s vs Sain t s Wh en t h e St eeler played t h e Sain t s a ver y bad call w as m ade. It w as f ou r t h an d on e in t h e f ir st qu ar t er . Th e Sain t s qu ar t er back Dr ew Br ees lon g pass t o Sain t s w ide r eceiver #41, Alvin Kam ar a. St eeler s cor n er back Joe Haden w en t u p f or t h e ball an d dr opped it . As soon as t h e ball w en t t h r ou gh h is h an ds t h e r ef t h r ew h is f lag. His called pass in t er f er en ce.

JAC: t h er e w as def in it ely NOT pass in t er f er en ce, t h e ball w as t h r ow n over t h e Sain t s player ?s h ead. He w as t r yin g t o r each back f or t h e ball an d h is m om en t u m br ou gh t h im t o t h e gr ou n d. Th er e w as n o pu sh -of f an d eit h er w ay, you n ever see a pass in t er f er en ce call f or pu sh in g of f t h e player . If t h e St eeler s w er e on of f en se, t h er e w ou ld be n o call. Th e Ref s n eed t o k eep a m in dset t h at pass in t er f er en ce is t h e sam e f or bot h of f en se an d def en se

Er ic: Th er e w as n ot pass in t er f er en ce at all. In t h e pict u r e above you can see t h at Joe Haden?s h an ds w er e ext en ded bu t bar ely t ou ch ed Alvin Kam ar a. Joe Haden w as t r ied t o ju m p h igh t o get t o t h e ball an d h e h ad t o sw in g h is ar m s back t o ju m p h igh en ou gh t o r each t h e ball. Fr om t h e r ef s' view , I t h in k h e ju st saw Joe Haden ext en d h is ar m s an d called pass in t er f er en ce. Bu t in m y opin ion , t h is w as n ot pass in t er f er en ce.

BONUS For t h e bon u s, w e h ave ch osen w h at h as been said as t h e w or se n o call f or t h e 2018 season . It w as a playof f gam e bet w een t h e New Or lan d Sain t s an d Th e L.A. Ram s.it w as t h e t h ir d qu ar t er w h en qu ar t er back Dr ew Br ees t h r ew a pass t o Sain t s r eceiver # 11 Tom m ylee Lew is. As h e w as t r yin g t o cat ch t h e ball t h e Ram s cor n er back h it Lew is bef or e h e cou ld get t h e ball. As you can see in t h e pict u r e t h e sain t 's r eceiver n ever h ad a ch an ce t o get t h e ball becau se t h e Ram s cor n er back h it h im . Th is n o call cau sed t h e sain t s t h e gam e t o get in t o t h e Su per bow l.


Bring On The Books


His Majesty's Dragon Book Review By: Cade Pet r u s His Majesty's Dragon is an epic, fictional and historical book. It explores what the Napoleonic Wars would be like if there were dragons as part of the amazing events. The book follows the rule abiding ship captain, Laurence, as he is thrusted into the unruly world of the dragon corps. As Laurence begins to accept his dragon, Temeraire, he must also face the ever increasing threat of Bonaparte. With a compelling roster of characters, readers will be transported into this alternate history face first. With over six books in the series and each book having at least four hundred pages, fans of this series will not be left without content. If you're looking for a series that is fun and will keep you entertained for months, His Majesty's Dragon is the book series for you.


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E-Books wit h Reginald by Gr eyson DiCosm o, Ber k eley Edm u n ds, M iller Por t er f ield, an d Cam pbell Reece

W h y w e E-Read "I like t o E-read because of t he flexibilit y you have. If you are bored out of your mind wit h one book, all you have t o do is go t o Overdrive and pick anot her from a wide variet y of of different books. You don't have t o st ick wit h one book if you don't enjoy it . Also, I find it easier t o find book using Overdrive because it put s books in different genres for you " - Cam pbel l Reece "The reason I like reading ebooks is because of t he flexibilit y and t he freedom t hat Mrs. Brennan gives us. I also like e book because aft er you finish one of t he books you can get one right away. Ebooks, in general, are a very good resource, and I would recommend t o all."

H ow To Get St ar t ed

Overdrive is the website we use to find and read all of our E-books. It is super easy to use and very user-friendly. You can sign in at home and read on the go. Start by going to our Middle School Library's website at stcvalibrary.com. From there, you can access our eBooks through Overdrive.

W h o i s Regi n al d ? Reginald is our mascot and the spirit animal of many in our group. He is a spider who can jump very far. His nickname is Rejjie.

- M il l er Por ter fiel d

"I like reading e-books because t here are so many opt ions you have. You do not have t o use your free t ime t o go and checkout a book. Inst ead, you just click "checkout " on your comput er, and you have t he book. You can read anywhere wit h an e-book as long as you have a device. During reading block we read e-books in t he library. " - Ber k el ey Edm u n ds

W h er e w e W or k


A Tokenfor Tolkien by Har r is Wolf e

Have you ever read The Lord of the Rings, The Hobbit, The Silmarillion, or another book about Middle Earth? Have you ever wondered what the J.R.R in J.R.R Tolkien stood for? What did the famous author do before then? What obstacles stood in his way? In this article, you will find out.

His full name is John Ronald Reuel Tolkien. He was born in South Africa on January 3, 1892. Tolkien was bitten by a tarantula when he was three. Later, he moved to a cottage in the outskirts of the city. There he climbed trees and stole mushrooms. When they stole mushrooms the farmer would usually yell and chase him. He had gone in and out of school. His dad worked for the Bank Of Africa. J.R.R Tolkien had a younger brother named Hilary. His mother and father were Mabel Suffiel, and Arthur

Tolk ien u n der a t r ee w h ich w as a past t im e of h is

Tolkien. His dad died before he returned to England. His mother was found to have diabetes and later died 10 years after his

dad. He was homeschooled and attended King Edwards. He was friends with C.S.Lewis and G.B.S. His job was a language professor. Major parts of his life were being in World War I, marrying Edith Bratt, having four children, and reading mythology. Some hobbies were books, pipes, drinking tea, and caring for nature. He died at age 81 in 1873.


He wrote multiple books, though he's most famous for The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion. The Hobbit is a 95,356-word book about a hobbit named Bilbo Baggins. He goes on adventures with 13 dwarves and the wizard Gandalf to slay the evil dragon Smug and take back the dwarves' gold and kingdom. The Fellowship of the Rings, a 187,790 page fantasy novel, is about Bilbo's nephew Frodo. He journeys with Sam Gamgee to destroy the evil ring which holds all of Saurons power and can only be

Frodo Baggins: The main character

destroyed in Mount Doom. In its sequel, the 156,198-word book The Two Towers the fellowship is spilt and they all go their separate ways to help defeat

Sauron. In the final book of the trilogy, The Return of the King (137,115 words), they must make a final stance against Sauron in order to save Middle Earth. In total there are 481,103 pages. The Silmarillion is a back story to Middle Earth that tells from the very beginning.

Aragon, Son of Arathorn

A hobbit hole


WE WONDER...


Hy p o t h et i c a l Wa r s By J a c k F r a i n e a n d Ma c Di x o n

Up u n t i l t h e t we n t i e t h c e n t u r y , t h e U. S. wa s a t wa r . I t wa s a t wa r wi t h t h e n a t i v e Ame r i c a n s e v e r s i n c e t h e Ame r i c a s we r e d i s c o v e r e d , t h e Me x i c a n b o r d e r wa s t e n t i me s wo r s e t h a n i t i s n o w, Ro o s e v e l t r o u g h r o d e o v e r t h e Sp a n i s h , r e l a t i o n s g o t e v e n wo r s e wi t h Br i t a i n i n 1 8 1 2 , a d i t e v e n T h e I n d i a n Wa r s s p l i t i n t wo a t o n e p o i n t . I t s e e me d 1 6 2 2 - 1 8 9 0 l i k e t h i n g s we r e g o i n g p r e t t y g o o d e v e n t h r o u g h Wo r l d Wa r On e b e c a u s e t h e U. S. wa s n ' t i nv ol v ed. Ame r i c a ? s p e a c e f u l s t r e a k wa s f i n a l l y b r o k e n wh e n Ge r ma n y s t a r t e d c o mmi t t i n g wa r c r i me s , b u t t h a t wa s o n l y o n e y e a r ; we c a n i g n o r e t h a t . I n 1 9 2 7 , a l o t o f t h e wo r l d p o we r s h e l d t h e Ge n e v a Na v a l Co n f e r e n c e . T h i s l i mi t e d n a v a l c o n s t r u c t i o n f o r t h e UK, U. S. , F r a n c e , a n d J a p a n t o r e d u c e r i v al r i es. I t mi g h t h a v e r e d u c e d n a v a l c ons t r uc t i on, but i t had no ef f ec t o n a n y t h i n g e l s e . T h e wa r p l a n s c r e a t e d a f t e r t h i s s h o ws u s t h a t t h i s mi g h t h a v e e v e n i n c r e a s e d r i v a l r i e s . Af t e r t h e Ge n e v a Na v a l Co n f e r e n c e , t h e U. S. wa s n ? t a t wa r T h e Ge n e v a Na v a l unl i k e t he ot her 92%of i t s Co n f e r e n c e wa s p a r t o f t h e Ge n e v a l i f e t i me a n d t e n s i o n s we r e r a mp i n g Co n v e n t i o n u p a r o u n d t h e wo r l d . T h i s g a v e t h e mi l i t a r y a n i d e a . T h e y wo u l d s o l v e b o t h t h e p r o b l e ms o f a p o s s i b l e wa r a n d t h e b o r i n g n e s s o f n o t b e i n g a t wa r f o r o n c e b y ma k i n g h y p o t h e t i c a l wa r s c a l l e d t h e wa r p l a n s .


On e o f t h e h y p o t h e t i c a l wa r s t h e mi l i t a r y ma d e a f t e r t h e Ge n e v a Na v a l Co n f e r e n c e wa s Wa r Pl a n Re d . Wa r Pl a n Re d wa s a h y p o t h e t i c a l a t t a c k o n t h e Un i t e d Ki n g d o m t h a t wa s a p p r o v e d b y Co n g r e s s i n 1 9 3 0 . At t h e t i me , t h e Un i t e d Ki n g d o m wa s c a l l e d t h e Br i t i s h Emp i r e , T h e Br i t i s h Emp i r e a r o u n d t h e ma k i n g o f a n d i t wa s a c o l o n i a l p o we r h o u s e t h a t Wa r Pl a n Re d h a d d i r e c t c o n t r o l o v e r Eg y p t t o So u t h Af r i c a . Ca n a d a , Au s t r a l i a , a n d t h e I n d i a n Su b c o n t i n e n t we r e d o mi n i o n s , t o o . Ev e n Ma l a y s i a wa s u n d e r t h e k i n g ? s d i r e c t c ont r ol . Ne e d l e s s t o s a y , i t wa s a p r e t t y f o r mi d a b l e f o r c e , b u t t h e U. S. s t i l l wa n t e d t o h y p o t h e t i c a l l y c o n q u e r i t . T h e U. S. wo u l d d e c l a r e t h e wa r wh i c h wo u l d c a t c h Br i t a i n o f f g u a r d , me a n i n g t o wo u l d t a k e a wh i l e f o r Br i t i s h t r o o p s t o g e t t o t h e Ame r i c a n ? s ma i n t a r g e t , Ca n a d a . Be c a u s e t h e y we r e a l l i e s i n Wo r l d Wa r On e , t h e Br i t i s h d i d n ? t s t a t i o n t h a t ma n y t r o o p s i n Ca n a d a , ma k i n g i t a n e a s y t a r g e t . No t o n l y t h a t , b u t t h e Ame r i c a n s h a d a n i n - d e p t h des c r i pt i on of s t r at egi c poi nt s l i k e f a c t o r i e s , c i t i e s , a n d b a s e s . Th e y a l s o h a d r e c o r d s o f t h e r o a d s a n d mi l i t a r y r e s o u r c e s . Un l u c k i l y f o r Br i t a i n , t h e U. S. h a d a p l a n f o r t h i s . T h e y wo u l d ma k e Ca n a d a g i v e t h e m s t r a t e g i c p o r t s a n d c i t i e s wh i c h wo u l d p r e v e n t Br i t a i n f r o m c o mmu n i c a t i n g wi t h Ha l i f a x Ca n a d a . T h e U. S. a l s o p l a n n e d a b l o c k a d e o f t h e At l a n t i c , b u t b e c a u s e t h e Br i t i s h Na v y wa s mo r e p o we r f u l b a t t l e s we r e n ? t r e c o mme n d e d . Ca n a d a wo u l d h o p e f u l l y c a p i t u l a t e a f t e r t h e Ame r i c a n s t o o k ma j o r c i t i e s s u c h a s On t a r i o a n d T o r o n t o . Ho we v e r , WW2 h a p p e n e d a n d c a u s e d t h e U. S. a n d UK t o b e a l l i e s . Yo u mi g h t t h i n k t h a t t h i s i s wh e r e t h e s t o r y e n d s , b u t t h e r e ? s a t wi s t . Ca n a d a f o u n d o u t a b o u t Wa r Pl a n Re d a n d c r e a t e d i t s o wn d e f e n s e s t r a t e g y . T h i s wa s c a l l e d Wa r Pl a n Cr i ms o n , a n d i t wa s wa y s i mp l e r t h a n Wa r Pl a n Re d . Ca n a d a h o p e d t o o c c u p y s o me i mp o r t a n t n o r t h e r n Ame r i c a n c i t i e s . T h i s wo u l d s l o w d o wn t h e Ame r i c a n a d v a n c e a n d b i d e s o me t i me u n t i l t h e r e s t o f t h e Br i t i s h f o r c e s a r r i v e d . Be c a u s e o f t h i s , Wa r Pl a n Re d wa s d e c l a s s i f i e d i n 1 9 7 4 . Wa r Pl a n Re d mi g h t s o u n d we i r d , b u t t h e r e we r e o t h e r wa r p l a n s t h a t we r e c l o s e t o b e i n g u s e d .

Ro a d Ma p o f Ca n a d a


Al t h o u g h Wa r Pl a n Re d wa s n e v e r p u t i n t o c o n s i d e r a t i o n , Wa r Pl a n Or a n g e wa s i nc r edi bl y c l os e t o ac t ual l y happeni ng. T h e g o a l o f Wa r Pl a n Or a n g e wa s t o c o n q u e r J a p a n i n t h e 1 9 2 0 s - 3 0 s . I t wa s heav i l y c ons i der ed due t o a negat i v e h i s t o r y wi t h J a p a n a n d i n c r e a s i n g mi l i t a r y . I t n e v e r h a p p e n e d b e c a u s e t h e e q u i p me n t i n t h e p l a n wa s o u t d a t e d a n d J a p a n s l o we d d o wn t h e mi l i t a r i z a t i o n . T h e Ame r i c a n publ i c So me o f t h e t a c t i c s me n t i o n e d i n t h e d i d k n o w a b o u t t h e wa r pl ans p a p e r s we r e a c t u a l l y u s e d i n Wo r l d Wa r 2, l i k e c onquer i ng t he i s l ands bef or e t h e ma i n l a n d . Al s o , t h e u s e o f s u b ma r i n e s wa s p u t i n p l a c e . So , e v e n t h o u g h t h e wa r n e v e r h a p p e n e d , t h i s wa s a n i n c r e d i b l y u s e f u l d o c u me n t wh i c h wo u l d b e u s e d i n a v a r i e t y o f d i f f e r e n t wa y . No w wh a t c a me o u t o f t h e s e p l a n s , y o u mi g h t b e a s k i n g ? So me o f t h i s s t u f f wa s u s e d i n s e p a r a t e wa r s , b u t s o me we r e p u t t o g e t h e r f o r a wo r l d d o mi n a t i o n s u p e r p l a n . T h i s wa s d i v i d e d i n t o 5 s e p a r a t e v e r s i o n s , wi t h t h e i r o wn s e p a r a t e t wi s t . Wa r Pl a n 1 f o c u s e d o n t h e p r o t e c t i o n o f No r t h Ame r i c a f r o m f o r e i g n i n v a s i o n . T h i s me a n s we wo u l d b e wo r k i n g wi t h No r t h Ame r i c a n c o u n t r i e s , a n d h a v i n g t r oops depl oy ed t o eac h of t hem f or def ens e. Wa r Pl a n Or a n g e wa s a l mo s t Wa r Pl a n 2 wa s t h e s a me a s Wa r Pl a n 1 b u t us ed f or a l and i nv as i on o f J a p a n i n Wo r l d Wa r 2 t e a me d u p wi t h a l l i e d p o we r s e x c l u d i n g Ru s s i a . L i k e Wa r Pl a n 2 , Wa r Pl a n 3 wa s t h e s a me b u t f o c u s e d o n p r o t e c t i n g f r o m t h e US f r o m J a p a n a n d c o n q u e r i n g t h e Pa c i f i c t h e a t e r . T h e t wi s t wi t h Wa r Pl a n 4 wa s t h e f a c t t h a t we wo u l d d e p l o y t r o o p s t o So u t h Ame r i c a s o we wo u l d b e p r e p a r e d i f J a p a n i n v a d e d f r o m t h e s o u t h . Wa r Pl a n 5 wa s t h e o r i g i n a l Wa r Pl a n 1 , b u t a g a i n s t e v e r y o t h e r c o u n t r y i n t h e wo r l d .

We n o w k n o w t h a t t h e r e we r e mi n o r o u t c o me s , ma s s i v e , s o d i d a n y t h i n g e l s e h a p p e n ? We l l , t h e s h o r t a n s we r i s , " No . " No t h i n g el s e happened ex c ept t he i dea c ol l ec t ed mo r e mo r e d u s t u n t i l i t wa s d e c l a s s i f i e d 43 y e a r s a g o . Th e b i g g e s t t h i n g s i n c e t h e n wa s Ca n a d a ma d e t h e i r p l a n t o g e t b a c k a t Wa r Pl a n Re d . T h e s e p a p e r s mi g h t s e e m s e r i o u s , b u t t h e y a r e a f t e r a l l , Hy p o t h e t i c a l Wa r s .

but

not hi ng


Weirdest And Coolest Conspiraces By Se t h An d Ch a r l i e Have you ever w on der ed w h at secr et s m igh t lay beh in d even t s or people? Wit h con spir acy t h eor ies, you can cr eat e you r ow n opin ion abou t m an y t h in gs w h ich societ y qu est ion s. Th is leaves you r m in d cu r iou s an d open s you u p t o t h in k in g cr eat ively. Th e m or e you r ead abou t con spir acies, t h e m or e you w on der if you m igh t f in d t h e an sw er t o som et h in g secr et .

M IND B LO W N

#1

Ar ea 51

Wh at i f I sai d t h at 40 m i l l i on Am er i can s h av e seen or k n ow som eon e w h o h as seen UFOs (u n i den t i f i ed f l y i n g obj ect s)? Th e gov er n m en t h as den i ed t h at UFOs ex i st , bu t ...t h en w h at i s ar ea 51 f or ? IS THE GOVERN M EN T LYIN G? Th er e h av e been m an y r epor t s of f l y i n g di scs i n Rosw el l bu t ar e t h ey ex t r at er r est r i al bei n gs or j u st a f u n pr an k ? It al l st ar t ed w h en a pi l ot n am ed Ken n et h Ar n ol d spot t ed a bu n ch of obj ect s i n t h e sk y. He t h ou gh t h e saw obj ect s goi n g 1,700 m ph i n a V-sh ape ov er Rosw el l N ew M ex i co. He cl ai m ed t h ey l ook ed l i k e f l y i n g sau cer s. Th e gov er n m en t 's r espon se w as ?i t w as a w eat h er bal l oon ." Wh at do y ou t h i n k ? Cou l d i t be a t op secr et m i l i t ar y pl an e n ot w an t i n g t o be r ev eal ed? Wh at ?s i n Rosw el l 's Ar ea 51. Al i en ai r cr af t or al i en s i n capt i v i t y. Hav e y ou ev er n ot i ced t h at on a t ex t u r ed m ap of Rosw el l t h er e i s n o t ex t u r e w h er e ar ea 51 i s? Th i s w ou l d m ean t h at t h e ar ea i s com pl et el y f l at . Is t h at t r u e? A l i t t l e bi t w ei r d, r i gh t ?


#2The Th e Moon Moon Landing Lan din g is W as Hoax E fakeA?!?!?! Neil Armstrong was the first man on the moon. So it is said. Or maybe it was Buzz Aldrin, the second man on the moon? We all know the iconic footage of the flag going down on the moon, but do you see how there is a shadow in the bottom left side of the frame?!?!?!?! The flag is moving like it's blowing in the wind. Ok, that seems legit. But there IS NO WIND CURRENT ON THE MOON BECAUSE THERE ARE NO TIDES TO MOVE THE WIND. Interesting.

#3

M ar k

Zu c k er b er g

Is P a r t

Li za r d

You k n ow t h e Fam ou s Facebook cr eat or M ar k Zu cker ber g, Bu t n ot ever yt h in g abou t h im . Accor din g t o t h e m em e com m u n it y, on e of t h e sm ar t est people t o live is act u ally A r obot lizar d. He look s lik e a lizar d, t h er ef or e, h e is a lizar d. You n ever see h im dr in k in g w at er becau se r obot s don?t lik e w at er becau se t h e t ast e is r eally bad.


#4

If

You Fi nd Al l

The Sec r et

Mes s ages ,

You Ar e Cool .

Wou ldn't you like t o be $20 m illion dollar s r ich er ? Su r e. So w ou ld I. Wh at if you r an dom ly f ou n d abou t $20 m illion in gold an d silver ? M aybe you cou ld. Som e people say t h at r igh t af t er t h e Civil War $20 m illion dollar 's w or t h of Con f eder at e m on ey disappear ed, an d n o on e h as been able t o f in d it . Have you ever seen t h e m ovie National Treasure? M aybe you cou ld f in d t h e secr et s t o discover t h is t r easu r e you r self .

#5

Is It Real l y Pizza-Pizza?

In October, a t w eet was responsible for convincing many that the pizza restaurant Little Caesars is actually serving pizza straight from the store bought freezer pizza, DiGiorno

That is stealing. Stealing is very bad. That is illegal. DiGiorno's could be sued that would be bad.


TIME TRAVEL


A pol l o 11 by Henry O'Hagan Apollo 11 was the first manned mission to the moon and back. Now you might have heard of Eagle, Columbia and Saturn V and might be confused on what they were. Well if you think that they were different rockets, you?re wrong. Combined, they were actually the same thing. Apollo 11 was the mission that was assigned, Saturn V (V=5) was the rocket that was launched, Columbia was the capsule that the astronauts were stationed in, and Eagle was the moonlander or lunar module, the thing that landed on the moon. The astronauts that were on Apollo 11 were Neil Armstrong, (first man on moon) Buzz Aldrin, (Eagle pilot) and Michael Collins (Columbia pilot). Only Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin actually set foot on the moon. Apollo 11 was launched on July 16, 1969 at 9:32 AM. It took exactly eight days for Apollo 11 to launch, do all of its stage detaches, get to the moon, get the lunar module in orbit, land, go back up to Columbia and head back home. The three stage detaches were 1) the first stage which got Saturn V out of earth's gravity, then detached. 2) The second stage which made Saturn V get into earth?s orbit and then detached. 3) The third stage which brought Columbia about halfway in between earth and the moon, then detached to let Columbia attach with Eagle and then go the rest of the way to the moon.


After a safe splashdown, you'd think that they would be rushed to get into coats and ties for parties and parades but that?s not what happened. When Columbia landed in the Pacific Ocean, they made the three heroes wear special outfits in case if they had been contaminated by any moon germs. They were quarantined for eighteen days before they could be interviewed by the public. After that, NASA retrieved all of the Saturn V components and reassembled the rocket to be studied and admired. To this day, Saturn V remains in NASA?s Kennedy Space Center. Also check out the new documentary on Apollo 11 at movie theatres.


e T h Pat B y

s 0 8 k

r ic r e y a M


T h e T o p S c h o o l 1.

F r o m

M id d l e s o n g s

t h e "L iv in g

v id e o o n

a

P r a y e r "

Tot al Votes: 38

2 .

6th (votes): 15 7th (votes): 12 8th (votes): 9 Facul ty (votes): 2 "t a k e

O n

M e "

Tot al Votes: 37

3 .

6th: 13 7th: 12 8th: 10 Facul ty: 2 "B e a t

It "

Tot al Votes: 33

4 .

6th: 19 7th: 9 8th: 3 Facul ty: 2 "U n d e r

P r e s s u r e "

Tot al Votes: 26 6th: 12 7th: 7 8th: 4 Facul ty: 3 The ent i r e M S di d not choose t o pa r t i ci pa t e i n t hi s sur vey.


T h e T o p S c h o o l 1.

F r o m

M id d l e s o n g s

t h e " d o n 't

l is t s t o p

b e l ie v in "

Tot al Votes: 89

2 .

6th: 44 7th: 24 8th: 16 Facul ty: 5 "A n o t h e r

Tot al Votes: 67

3 .

o n e b it e s t h e d u s t "

6th: 25 7th: 21 8th: 14 Facul ty: 2 "E y e

o f

t h e

t ig e r "

Tot al Votes: 60

4 .

6th: 28 7th: 12 8th: 8 Facul ty: 3 "S h o u l d

I s t a y

Tot al Votes: 42

o r

s h o u l d

6th: 23 7th: 9 8th: 8 Facul ty: 2 The ent i r e M S di d not choose t o pa r t i ci pa t e i n t hi s sur vey.

i g o "


T h e T o p M id d l e S c h o o l M o v ie s 1.

S t a r

w a r s

Tot al Votes: 114 6th: 48 7th: 36 8th: 25 Facul ty: 5

2 .

F e r r is

B u e l l e r 's

Tot al Votes: 86

d a y

6th: 32 7th: 29 8th: 19 Facul ty: 6

3 . In d i a n a

J o n e s

Tot al Votes: 45 6th: 15 7th: 19 8th: 8 Facul ty: 3

Thi s background: Pi ntrest, Di scover Cool Ideas About Art; https:// ar.pi nterest.com / pi n/ 569072102911942900/

o f f


B e s t o f : w h a t c o m e s t o y o u r m in d ? W h e n y o u t h in k o f t h e 8 0 s , is t h e r e a c r e t in e v e n t , t r e n d , s t y l e , p h r a s e o r p e r s o n t h a t y o u t h in k o f ?

A. the songs had more meaning. - a 6th grader A. No, t he 80s w ere act ually ver y diver s in pop cult ure so i t hink it is unfair to say t here w as one t rend or t hing to generalize it as. - a 7t h grader

A. wacky cl othes, pop music,f unk, Af ros - a 8th member A. " Think M cf ly, Think !" from back to t he f ut ure - a facult y member

A I j ust l ove everything f rom it. Al l the movies, songs, books, and music. IF i coul d go back to any time period, I woul d go to the 80s and stay there. - a 6th grader A. Hair spray pollut ing t he environment . dr ug usage. falling of t he Ber lin w all. neon and f ur clot hes - a 7t h grader

A. al ternative rock (synth/col l ege station music) and my DuranDuran/David Bowie hair - a f acul ty member A. M ullets

- a 7t h grader

A. My parents

- a 6th grader

Thi s background: Pi ntrest, Di scover Cool Ideas About Art; https:// ar.pi nterest.com / pi n/ 569072102911942900/


F a c t V .s . M is c o n c e p t io n M a n y w o r f o r t l a s S o m

p e o p l e p u t t h e s a m e d (s ) a s t h e i r a n s w e r h e f i n a l q u e s t i o n . (s e e t p a g e f o r q u e s t io n ) e o f t h e m a r e f a l s e .

a. Disco -Many peopl e This is Fal se! Disco died Jul y 12, 1979. How does music die? Easy, Thousands of peopl e go to a stadium and of f er up their disco records. Then, peopl e take the records to the middl e of the stadium and add them to the great, big, beautif ul inf erno. Bada-Bing-Bada-Boom, Disco is dead. a. Af ros and hippies -Many peopl e This is Fal se! Af ros started to gain popul arity in the 60s. As the years progressed to the 70s more and more peopl e had Af ros. Af ros started to l oose popul arity shortl y af ter the 70s. Hippies were a thing in the 50s/60s and then the movement started to l oose popul arity shortl y af ter the 70s.


ONLY OUTDOORS


Fishing By Will an d Raym on d

https://frwa.org/what-we-do/advocacy/stream-flow/

Fishing Th e Basics. Fishing is a very fun sport and hobby. Some people do it for a living both for inshore, freshwater, and offshore. It can cost lots of money to get really good gear but if you are just starting off then it can be very cheap. In sh or e fishing is very different from offshore fishing. Inshore fishing you are fishing closer to the land and usually use spinning rods (rods that reel in line by spinning in circle. Of f sh or e f ish in g is when you go way offshore in a boat and fish for bigger fish. You usually use a certain type of baitcasting reel (reel that reels in line by spinning in a backwards motion) that can handle lots of drag. Fr esh w at er fishing is also very different than other types. Freshwater fishing is where you go fishing in lakes , pond , rivers, and more freshwater bodies of water. You usually use baitcasting and spinning reels. But these reels are different. They are smaller because the fish are smaller.


Her e ar e som e good boat s t o u se

Inshore boston wayler

Offshore

Freshwater

paul mann

nitro

cobia

merrit

taho

everglades

viking yachts

suntracker

grady white

spenncer

tracker

juipiter

albamarel

tracker pro

regulater

hatteras

ranger

scout

contender

skeeter

sea-board

yellowfin

trion


Types of Rods Of f sh or e Shimano Daiwa Okuma ST. Croix Penn

In sh or e St. Croix Enstpor t Ber kly Penn Okuma Shimano

Fr esh w at er ST. Croix Ducket Abu Garcia shimano pfluger

Th er e is a ver y w ide var iet y of f ish in g bait s. Ran gin g f r om lu r es t o sof t plast ics t o f eat h er s. I am su r e m an y of you can u se w or m s t o go f ish in g. Bu t do you k n ow w h at t h ey ar e called. Th ey ar e called n igh t cr aw ler s. Th e m ost com m on bait s ar e w or m s h ar d plast ics an d m in n ow s.

br aid It does not stretch when fishing. It is good for topwater baits. It is also better for hook setting. Braid is made of many tiny pieces of fiber

m on of ilam en t It is made from a single strand of plastic. It can stretch and break easier than other line.

f lu or ocar bon It has a low visibility in the water/ and it is more abrasion resistant than other line.


Ai r sof t Act i on by Th om as M acCau lay an d Will St ou t *Air soft is a gam e wher e you use fake weapons to sim ulate a war or battle. These guns do not fir e r eal bullets. You do shoot other people . M ost of the guns have an indicator that they ar e fake. (Or ange Tip usually tells it's a fake gun) . Also, it is r ar e for people to get ser iously injur ed but it does hur t a little to get shot by the fake gun.*

Gear- Gear is a big part of the game. Usually, there is some gear that is necessary for the game. Things like eye protection, protective clothing, and a weapon of some sort. Also, there are things that aren't necessary but are always nice to have. Most airsoft fields have a rental program. These items usually consist of a face mask, extra mags, gloves, knee pads, extra ammo, a sidearm, a helmet, and camouflage gear. Some of the top companies that make gear are Lancer Tactical, Firepower, CY MA And ICS. Also if you want to try it for yourself go to GI Tactical on west broad.

Game Modes - In airsoft there is many different game modes. Some of theses are king of the hill, capture the flag, team death match (TDM), VIP, CQB (Close Quarter Battle), Hostage rescue, and cops and Robbers.


General Rules (Rules can differ from different Fields): 1. Respect Refs 2. Respect other players 3. Put barrel sock on if required in safe areas 4. Don't cheat, call your hits 5. Make sure your gun is on safe when not playing.

Where to Play / Where to Watch In addition to fields where you can play locally, there are also some huge airsoft fields and maps around the world. People can make a living by playing airsoft. Thousands of people come to these events.

Som e n ear by f ields ar e sh ow n on t h e m ap below :


O W L V S O W L By Yat es Bass & Jack Hu r lber t


G r e a t

H o r n e d O w l V s . E u r a s ia n E a g l e O w l By Yat es Bass Take a look! While t hese Tw o Ow ls May Look Alike, t hey ar e each unique. Read On t o lear n w hat makes each special!

E u r a s ia n E a g l e O w l

G r e a t H o r n e d O w l


Great Horned Ow l

Great Horned Owl Facts Gr eat Hor n ed Ow ls ar e k n ow n as, ?Th e Tiger Of Th e Sk y.? Gr eat Hor n ed Ow ls do n ot h ave a good sen se of sm ell, so on e of t h e t h in gs t h ey w ill eat ar e sk u n k s. Gr eat Hor n ed Ow ls ar e n ot act u ally ?h or n ed? - t h ey h ave f eat h er t u f t s on t h eir h ead, sam e goes t o t h e eagle ow l. Th e f eat h er t u f t s on t h eir h ead is n ot w h er e t h er e ear s ar e. On e of t h eir ear s ar e locat ed beh in d t h e f eat h er t u f t . Th e ot h er on e is locat ed f u r t h er dow n t h e ot h er side of t h eir h ead.


Eurasi an Eagl e Ow l

Eurasian Eagle Owl Facts Eurasian Eagle Owls are the largest owl in the world! Eurasian Eagle Owls can spin their heads almost 360 degrees! Eurasian Eagle Owls have a six foot wingspan! Eurasian Eagle Owl's hoot sounds like "Uh-hoo"


B a r r e d O w l V S . S n o w y O w l B y : J a c k H u r l b e r t Th ese ow ls look r eally dif f er en t ! t ake a look !

S n o w y

O w l

B a r r e d

O w l


Sn ow y Ow l Fact s - Sof t f eat h er s on t alon s in or der f or t alon s n ot t o get cold - Can eat u p t o 50 lem m in gs (m ice) a day - Sn ow y Ow ls bu ild n est s on t h e gr ou n d t h er ef or e leavin g t h em exposed t o pr edat or s.


Bar r ed Ow l Fact s - Th e Bar r ed Ow l's call sou n ds like Wh o-Cook s-For -You -Wh o-Cook sFor -You -all? - Bar r ed Ow ls like t o bu ild n est s ar ou n d Bogs an d M ar sh es. - Bar r ed Ow ls at t ack s an ybody close t o t h eir n est .


GREAT GAMES


St or y by: Joaqu in Tor r es Page Design by: Dou gie Boar dm an

Th e Back st or y: In the normal world (with humans), a genius invented the SUPA-MERGE headset, this headset can combine any two things, although there was a superheating problem.

Then, the Rabbids came in their teleporting washing machine while the inventor was away. One Rabbid put on the Supa-merge headset and started merging things non-stop. In the merging rush, the supa-merge Rabbid created a Rabbid counterpart for Peach, Luigi, Yoshi, and Mario. However, the supa-merge started to overheat and went overboard and transported the Rabbids and everything around them to the Mushroom Kingdom. All the while, the inventors robotic assistant, Beep-0 stood witness.

Gam eplay: You start as an unlikely team of Mario, Rabbid Peach, and Rabbid Luigi with Beep-0 as a guide. You explore a world full of puzzles, challenges, and action-packed battle. Your mission: Find the poor rabbid with the Supa-merge headset and set things straight!


When you complete an area Beep-0 learns an ability, such as moving blocks. You can then backtrack whenever you want to the previous area and use your Beep-0?s new ability to find treasure, puzzles and new challenges to complete. This feature of the game makes me feel relieved that I can explore and find things that I missed without having to start the game over. Furthermore, once an area is complete, challenges with rewards will appear in that area for you to find. So, even after you finish an area or beat the game, there are still a lot of challenges and collectibles to find afterward.

Review : One specific thing I love is the ability to choose co-op mode. In co-op mode, you can play as a team with friends or family to win. Another thing I liked was that in the campaign you can find and earn power orbs that will upgrade your heroes. I recommend this game to people ages 7 and up.


TF2

VS

Over wat ch By: Riley, Br iggs, Th eo & Tom m y

TF2 an d Over w at ch ar e con sider ed by m an y ext r em ely sim ilar , som e say Over w at ch is a copy. Bu t if t h ey ar e so sim ilar , t h en w h y w ou ld you ch oose on e over t h e ot h er ? Th at is w h at w e ar e goin g t o cover in t h is ar t icle. To st ar t w it h , w e w ill t alk abou t t h e ch ar act er ch oices of each . In Over w at ch , t h er e ar e n ow 30 ch ar act er s in t h e gam e, w h ile TF2 h as 9. Bu t , t h is is w h er e ch oice com es in . In Over w at ch you ar e con f in ed t o t h at on e ch ar act er ?s w eapon s an d abilit ies. M ean w h ile, in TF2, you can cu st om ize you r loadou t w it h ot h er w eapon s f or t h at class t o f it you r playst yle. Wit h t h is in m in d, t h is can be bot h a pr o an d a con f or bot h . If you w an t a m or e sim ple gam e t h at h as m or e dir ect cou n t er s du e t o less ch ar act er ch oices, Over w at ch m igh t be t h e bet t er opt ion f or you . TF2 can let you play h ow you w an t w it h t h e ch ar act er s an d w eapon com bin at ion s you lik e. You don?t h ave t o w or r y abou t cou n t er s as m u ch an d you u su ally don't get pr essu r ed by t h at on e cou n t er all gam e. Wit h casu al m ode, TF2 allow s you t o play an d n ot aim f or t h e object ive if you w an t . In Over w at ch , you ar e u su ally pr essu r ed by ot h er r an dom s t o cr eat e a cer t ain com posit ion t o w in t h e gam e. Wh ich is an ot h er poin t of t h e com par ison . In Over w at ch , t eam w or k is ext r em ely im por t an t t o w in . If you cr eat e a r an dom t eam of ch ar act er s t h at don't w or k t oget h er coh esively, t h e odds ar e st ack ed again st you . In TF2, a t eam is n ot as n ecessar y an d on e on on e in t er act ion s ar e m or e com m on ly w on or lost du e t o sk ill or lu ck , n ot cou n t er s. Over w at ch is bu ilt ar ou n d cou n t er s an d t eam com posit ion s w h ile TF2 is abou t your sk ill an d playst yle.


Wh at is TF2? Tf2 is a free to play first person shooter game. It w as made in 2007 by Valve and has cartoonish graphics. Valve has made many different popular games like Halflife, Port al, Garry?s Mod, CS: GO and Art ifact . All t hese games are on t he free mac and PC gaming dow nload, Steam. Tf2 has 9 different classes: t he spy, pyro, demoman, heavy, soldier, scout , sniper, engineer, and medic. All t hese characters st art off w it h personal weapons called stock weapons. But , you can unlock more weapons for each class by just playing t he game from ?random drops? w hich you can get randomly in game. Some weapons offer more opt ions to t he character you?re playing, and ot hers are just bet ter, but some can change t he character completely. You can also get weapons by doing achievement s, craft ing different weapons toget her, and buying t hem in game or even in t he Steam communit y market . W hen playing casual, t here are up to 12 people per team but in compet it ive it ?s 6v6. You can play Capt ure The Flag, King Of The Hill, 5 Cont rol Point s or 2 Cont rol Point s, and much more. The 9 Tf2 classes are put into groups of combat t ypes: Offense, Defense, or Support . Also, each of t he different classes have different personalit ies.


SOLDIER THE SOLDIER IS A CHARACTER THAT IS EASY TO PLAY RIGHT OFF THE BAT BUT GETS HARDER AND M ORE STRATEGIC AS YOU WANT TO GET BETTER. H E IS AN AM ERICAN SOLDIER THAT TAKES HIS NATIONALITY SERIOUSLY. H IS STOCK WEAPONS INCLUDE A ROCKET LAUNCHER, A SHOTGUN , AND SHOVEL. W HAT M AKES HIM SUCH A UNIQUE AND FUN CHARACTER? W ELL, THAT ALL DEPENDS ON HOW YOU PLAY HIM . YOU CAN BE A CASUAL PLAYER WORKING ON YOUR AIR SHOTS, A PLAYER TRYING TO GET IN THE COM PETITIVE SCENE SO YOU ARE PRACTICING M ARKET GARDENING, OR YOU COULD BE A FRIENDLY RIDING AROUND IN A TANK. W HAT STANDS OUT ABOUT THE SOLDIER AND WHY PEOPLE PLAY HIM IS ROCKET JUM PING. ROCKET JUM PING IS A GLITCH THAT WAS DISCOVERED IN THE GAM E AND THE DEVELOPERS DECIDING TO LEAVE IT IN BECAUSE IT M ADE THE CHARACTER M ORE DIVERSE.

TO PERFORM

A ROCKET JUM P YOU JUST HAVE TO

CROUCH IN THE JUM P AT THE SAM E TIM E YOU SHOOT A ROCKET AT YOUR FEET.

YOU CAN

PERFORM IT OFF OF WALLS TO STRAFE AROUND CORNERS.

YOU HEARD

M E M ENTION M ARKET GARDENING AND YOU ARE PROBABLY WONDERING WHAT THAT IS. I T IS A SPECIAL ITEM THAT GIVES YOU CRITICAL HITS WHENEVER YOU HIT SOM EONE M ID-AIR. M AINLY USED WITH ROCKET JUM PING AND IS AN EASY WAY TO TAKE AN ENEM Y PLAYER OUT.

THIS TACTIC IS

ROCKET JUM PING IS A

STRATEGY THAT SOLDIER PLAYER?S USE TO SURPRISE ATTACK THE OPPONENT AND TO REACH PLACES YOU M IGHT NOT BE ABLE TO GET TO WITH A NORM AL JUM P OR A CROUCH JUM P.

SPY THE SPY IS A SUAVE, SHARP-DRESSED FRENCHM EN . H E IS PART OF THE SUPPORT CLASS ALONG WITH THE M EDIC AND THE SNIPER. H IS STOCK WEAPONS INCLUDE THE KNIFE, THE SAPPER, THE INVIS WATCH , AND THE DISGUISE KIT. THE SPY HAS THE ABILITY TO DISGUISE AS ANY CLASS ON BOTH TEAM S. THIS ABILITY ALLOWS HIM TO SNEAK PAST ENEM IES ON THE FRONT LINES AND INTO THE CENTER OF THE BASE. THIS M EANS HE CAN EASILY GRAB THE INTELLIGENCE. A LTHOUGH THE DISGUISE IS A GOOD STRATEGY BUT M ORE EXPERIENCED PLAYERS WILL SEE THROUGH THE DISGUISE AND KNOW THAT IT IS A SPY. ABILITY TO TURN

THAT IS WHERE HIS SECOND ABILITY COM ES IN . H E HAS THE INVISIBLE WITH HIS INVIS WATCH . THIS M EANS IF THE ENEM Y SEES

THROUGH THE DISGUISE YOU CAN TURN INVISIBLE AND ESCAPE FROM THE ENEM Y FIRE.

YOU CAN ?T HOLD THIS FOR LONG BECAUSE THERE IS A TIM E LIM IT ON THE WATCH . I F IT RUNS OUT OF TIM E YOU RUN OUT OF INVISIBILITY. THE SPY HAS M ANY DIFFERENT WATCHES THAT YOU CAN UNLOCK OR BUY IN THE STORE. THESE WATCHES DO DIFFERENT THINGS LIKE IF YOU TURN INVISIBLE AND STAY STILL YOU WILL NOT RUN OUT OF TIM E ON YOUR WATCH . THE KNIFE IS THE M AIN WEAPON IN THE SPY' S ARSENAL. I F YOU BACKSTAB AN OPPONENT YOU GET A CRITICAL HIT WHICH AUTOM ATICALLY KILLS.


M EDIC: THE M EDIC IS A GERM AN

DOCTOR WHO LOST HIS M EDICAL LICENSE.

OF THE M OST IM PORTANT CLASSES IN THE WHOLE GAM E.

H E IS ONE

WITHOUT THE M EDIC

ON YOUR TEAM , YOU WILL M OST LIKELY NOT BE ABLE TO PUSH THROUGH A

THE STOCK WEAPONS INCLUDE THE SYRINGE GUN , THE M EDIGUN , AND THE BONESAW. THE SYRINGE GUN IS A POINT WHERE A

WOULD PUT HIS STICKIES.

PRETTY WEAK WEAPON THAT FIRES OUT SYRINGES AT THE ENEM Y IF THEY COM E AFTER HIM .

THIS IS THE ONLY FORM OF PROTECTION THAT THE M EDIC HAS BESIDE THE BONESAW. H E CAN CHANGE TO DIFFERENT WEAPONS IF YOU UNLOCK OR BUY THEM , BUT SOM E PEOPLE PREFER THE SYRINGE GUN . THE M EDIGUN IS THE M AIN WEAPON YOU WILL USE WHEN PLAYING THE M EDIC. THIS WEAPON HEALS YOUR TEAM M ATES AND THAT' S PRETTY M UCH ALL IT DOES. THERE IS ONE THING THE M EDIGUN ACTUALLY DOES OTHER THAN HEAL. THE M EDIGUN HAS THE ABILITY TO DO SOM ETHING CALLED Ü BERCHARGE. THIS M AKES YOU AND THE TEAM M ATE YOU ARE HEALING INVINCIBLE FOR A SHORT AM OUNT OF TIM E. THIS IS VERY IM PORTANT TO PUSHES AND SUCH BECAUSE YOU ARE NOT ABLE TO DIE. THIS M EANS A CLASS LIKE HEAVY CAN GO THROUGH AND KILL EVERYONE THROUGH THE OTHER SIDE OF CHOKE POINT AND PUSH THE CART TOO. THE BONESAW IS THE M OST POWERFUL WEAPON THE M EDIC HAS. THIS CAN KILL IN ABOUT TWO HITS ON THE SCOUT AND THREE TO FOUR HITS ON EVERY OTHER CLASS. THE M EDIC SHOULD BE THE M OST RESPECTED CLASS BECAUSE THERE AREN ?T THAT M ANY M EDIC M AINS.

H EAVY H EAVY WEAPONS GUY IS A BIG RUSSIAN M AN . H E LOVES HIS GUN , SASHA, AND WILL ALWAYS TAKE A BREAK TO EAT SANDVICH . H E IS THE CLASS WITH THE M OST HEALTH WITH A BIG 200 HP. H IS STOCK WEAPONS INCLUDE THE M INI -GUN , SHOTGUN , AND FISTS. THE M INI -GUN IS A HARD HITTING WEAPON THAT KILLS OPPONENTS QUICKLY. THE M INI -GUN IS M AINLY USED TO BREAK THROUGH CHOKE POINTS OR PROTECT CHOKE POINTS. THE HEAVY USUALLY HAS A M EDIC THAT ALWAYS HEALS HIM WHEN HE GOES THROUGH CHOKE POINTS AND GIVES HIM ÜBER TO PUSH THROUGH THE CHOKE POINT.

THIS TYPE

OF M EDIC IS CALLED A POCKET M EDIC WHERE HE ONLY HEALS ONE PERSON THE WHOLE GAM E.

THE SHOTGUN

IS THE WEAPON THAT THE HEAVY SWITCHES TO

AFTER RUNNING OUT OF AM M O ON HIS M INIGUN .

THIS IS A STRONG

SECONDARY WEAPON AND HEAVY CAN SURVIVE ON HIS OWN WITH IT AND NOT THE M INI -GUN .

THE FISTS ARE BARELY USED WHEN PLAYING HEAVY. H OWEVER IT IS USED TO BE FOR BEING SOM EONE CALLED A FRIENDLY. BEING A FRIENDLY YOU WILL WALK AROUND DOING TAUNTS AND GIVING THE OTHER TEAM SANDVICHES. THE SANDVICH HEALS YOU AND YOU WILL SEE ON M ANY HEAVY M AINS. THERE AREN ?T THAT M ANY HEAVY M AINS IN TF2 SO WHEN YOU SEE ONE YOU SHOULD RESPECT HIM .


DEM OM AN THE DEM OM AN IS A BLACK SCOTTISH ALCOHOLIC WHO HAS AN EYE PATCH . H E IS A DEFENSIVE CLASS WITH 175 HP AND IS NOT AS FAST AS CLASSES LIKE PYRO. H E STARTS OFF WITH THE STOCK GRENADE LAUNCHER, STICKY LAUNCHER, AND BOTTLE. THE GRENADE LAUNCHER OBVIOUSLY SHOOTS GRENADES, AND HIS OTHER GRENADE LAUNCHER OPTIONS OFFER VARIETY IN BOUNCE AND ROLL AND DAM AGE AND TIM ING OF SAID GRENADES.

N EXT, HIS SECONDARY, THE STICKY

LAUNCHER, FIRES STICKY GRENADES WHICH CAN STICK TO THE CEILING, WALLS, AND FLOOR, WHICH ALLOW FOR TRAPS ON DOORFRAM ES AND CORNERS. H IS M ELEE WEAPON IS A BOTTLE WHICH IS A HINT TO HIS PERSONALITY BUT HIS WEAPONS CAN SWITCH OUT TO CHANGE THE CLASS.

H E CAN

HAVE SHOES AS HIS PRIM ARY AND A SHIELD FOR HIS

SECONDARY AND SWORDS FOR HIS M ELEE.

H IS SHIELD PROTECTS HIM

AND GIVES HIM A SPEED BOOST AND CRITICAL HIT ON CLICK AND HIS SHOES GIVE HIM M ORE HEALTH AND SPEED AND HIS SWORDS DO EXTRA DAM AGE FOR THE PRICE OF SOM E LIFE. WHEN USED BY A GOOD PLAYER, CAN

OVERALL THE DEM OM AN DOM INATE A SERVER.

IS A VERY WELL ROUNDED CHARACTER THAT

ENGINEER THE ENGINEER, COM M ONLY CALLED ENGI , IS A GENIUS TEXAN WITH 11 PH DS. H E HAS A WRENCH WHICH HE CAN USE TO UPGRADE HIS BUILDINGS. H E ALSO HAS A PISTOL AND A SHOTGUN WHICH CAN BE SWITCHED OUT FOR WEAPONS THAT AID HIS BUILDINGS. H E STARTS OFF WITH THE M AX 200 M ETAL AND CAN USE IT TO BUILD AND UPGRADE HIS BUILDINGS. H E HAS 3 M A JOR BUILDINGS THAT HE CAN M AKE: THE SENTRY IS THE FIRST OF THESE BUILDINGS AND SHOOTS ENEM IES FOR YOU. AT LEVEL ONE IT HAS ONE M ACHINE GUN AND AT LEVEL 2 IT HAS 2. AT LEVEL 3 IT ALSO GAINS ROCKETS AND M ORE LIFE. I T IS GREAT FOR PLACING IN DEFENSIVE POSITIONS WHERE SOM E CLASSES CAN ?T DO ANYTHING ABOUT IT. THE NEXT AND M Y PERSONAL FAVORITE IS THE DISPENSER. A S ITS NAM E SUGGESTS IT DISPENSES HEALTH AND AM M O/ M ETAL TO SURROUNDING TEAM M ATES. AT HIGHER LEVELS, IT GIVES OUT M ORE AM M O AND HEALTH AND HAS M ORE HEALTH .

THE DISPENSER IS GREAT FOR LEAVING OUTSIDE OF CHOKEPOINTS WHERE YOUR TEAM WILL FALL BACK TO. ENGINEER?S THIRD M AIN BUILDING IS THE TELEPORTER. I T IS ACTUALLY 2 BUILDINGS, THE ENTRANCE, AND EXIT. TELEPORTERS CAN ALSO BE LEVELED UP TO HAVE A SM ALLER RECHARGE TIM E AND OF COURSE M ORE LIFE. TELEPORTERS ARE VERY USEFUL FOR SLOWER CLASSES LIKE HEAVY TO GET TO THE FRONT LINES AFTER HE HAS DIED.


PYRO Wh o is t h e Pyr o, or w h at is t h e Pyr o? No on e k n ow s w h at lies beh in d it ?s gasm ask , f r om it ?s gen der t o h is per son alit y. Bu t w h at w e do k n ow is t h at h e loves f ir e. Equ ipped w it h a f lam et h r ow er an d sh ot gu n t h at can sw it ch ou t f or m or e f ir e w eapon s an d a axe t h at can also sw it ch ou t f or som e of t h e best m elees in t h e gam e. Pyr o is k n ow n f or WM 1, t h e W is f or r u n n in g st r aigh t f or w ar d an d M 1 is f or t h e f lam et h r ow er . Th ese ar e t h e com m an ds on t h e k eyboar d, WASD an d m ou se 1 an d 2. Pyr o is said t o t ak e n o sk ill if you WM 1 w h ich is t r u e. Pyr o also can com bo w it h on e of h is secon dar y w eapon s, t h e f lar e gu n . You ligh t you r en em y on f ir e w it h t h e f lam et h r ow er , t h en air blast h im u p an d sh oot h im w it h t h e f lar e gu n w h ich cr it s w h en t h e en em y is on f ir e. Bu t w h at is a air blast ? Well, if you r igh t click (m 2) you can r ef lect pr oject iles an d ext in gu ish t eam m at es. Th is is w h er e t h e sk ill com es in t o pyr o, t h e com bos an d r ef lect in g m ixes w it h f lan k in g an d t an k in g m ak e t h e pyr o on e of t h e m ost ver sat ile classes an d a lot of f u n .

SNIPER THE SNIPER IS A NORM AL AUSTRALIAN DEADSHOT, OR IS HE? I N THE TF2 COM ICS YOU M IGHT FIND OUT M ORE ABOUT HIS PAST, BUT THAT' S NOT WHAT M ATTERS. WHAT M ATTERS IS THAT THE SNIPER IS CONTROVERSIALLY THE M OST POWERFUL CLASS. W ITH THE ABILITY TO KILL ANYONE FROM ANYWHERE WITH ONE SHOT, SNIPER CAN BE VERY ANNOYING TO PLAY AGAINST. H IS PRIM ARY IS A SNIPER RIFLE WITH M ISCELLANEOUS SECONDARIES LIKE A JAR OF URINE TO CROCODILE BACKWEAR. H E CAN TAKE OUT VITAL PLAYERS ON THE ENEM Y TEAM AND IS USUALLY OUT OF THE ACTION . SNIPER IS EASILY COUNTERED THOUGH . H E ONLY HAS 125 HEALTH SO CAN M OVED DOWN BY M OST CLASSES. N OT TO M ENTION THAT SPIES ARE THE BANE OF THE SNIPER?S EXISTENCE. BUT, SNIPER HAS TOOLS LIKE JIRATE AND THE RAZORBACK TO STOP SPIES AND ALSO THE HUNTSM AN (A BOW) TO BE M ORE M OBILE BUT NEED TONS OF LKO SDLWEUIGQITUCK WITH IT TO KILL. OVERALL IT TAKES A SKILLED TO PLAY SNIPER EFFECTIVELY BUT THAT DOESN ?T STOP A TON OF FREE TO PLAYS.


Over wat ch Over wat ch is a t eam- based f ir st - per so n sho o t er made by Bl izzar d in 2016. As o f n o w, t her e ar e 30 char act er s in t he game. Ther e ar e 3 main cl asses, damage, t an k, an d suppo r t . The mo st po pul ar cl ass t o pl ay is DPS. This cl ass has po pul ar char act er s l ike Tr acer , Gen j i, an d so l dier 76. They ar e f ast er an d can t ypical l y deal mo r e damage t han suppo r t s an d t an ks. It is t heir j o b t o deal t he damage f o r yo ur t eam. M o st DPS, do n 't have t he abil it y t o heal o r pr o t ect t heir t eam. DPS is main l y in t hr ee cat ego r ies, sn iper s - Wido wmaker , Han zo , mo vemen t based - Tr acer , Gen j i, Damage based - Reaper , Do o mf ist . M an y o f t hese char act er have ver y l o w heal t h so t hey n eed heal in g a l o t . The suppo r t cl ass is my per so n al f avo r it e f eat ur in g memo r abl e char act er s such as, M er cy, Lucio , An a, Zen yat t a, an d man y o t her s(j ust kiddin g, t hey n eed mo r e). The j o b o f t he suppo r t cl ass is t o hel p yo ur t eam by heal in g o r damage bo o st in g. Sadl y, suppo r t s ar e scar ce. If yo u wan t An d, if yo u do pl ay a suppo r t yo u wil l be scr eamed at . But , yo u do have t o r emember , yo u ar e impo r t an t . Wit ho ut yo u, yo ur t eam wil l pr o babl y l o se. The t an k cl ass is an impo r t an t cl ass an d n ecessar y t o a go o d t eam.It t akes so me skil l t o be ef f ect ive, but t o be go o d yo u have t o be skil l ed. Un l ike DPS, t hey mat t er . It is yo ur j o b t o pr o t ect yo ur suppo r t s whil e askin g t he DPS t o n o t r un ahead. They wil l . Rein har dt is t he mo st memo r abl e t an k, because he is al so t he mo st t an k l ike t an k. He has a shiel d an d a hammer an d n o t much el se.


So l dier 76:

Over wat ch

So l dier 76 is yo ur basic sho o t er , he has a r apid f ir e r if l e, a heal in g po d, an d a spr in t . He is t he t ut o r ial char act er , because o f his basicn ess. Wit h his r o cket s he can deal so me maj o r damage. His r if l e wo r ks best at medium r an ge. If so meo n e get s t o o cl o se, f eel f r ee t o spr in t away an d f ir e f r o m f ur t her back. Yo u can r o cket j ump f o r so me mo r e l ever age. Gen j i: Gen j i as a char act er is go o d at sho r t o r mid r an ge. He can r ef l ect pr o j ect il es an d dash t hr o ugh en emies. His shur iken s f ir e 3 at a t ime. He wil l scr eam at M er cy t o heal him, when he do esn ?t n eed it . Gen j i wil l j ump ar o un d t he map t r yin g t o f l an k t he o t her t eam. They have l o w heal t h an d can die pr et t y easil y. Rein har dt : Rein har dt s have big shiel d, which can bl o ck so me ul t imat es an d pr o j ect il es. He sho ul d be used t o hel p yo ur t eam get t hr o ugh cho ke po in t s, al o n g wit h def en din g suppo r t s. He has a big hammer t hat has so me l o n g r each. He can sho o t o ut a f l ame bl ast t hat can t r avel an aver age dist an ce. He can al so char ge an d pin t he o ppo n en t again st a wal l , kil l in g l o wer heal t h char act er s.


D. Va:

Over wat ch

D. Va is n o t used l ike a n o r mal t an k. Yo u have a kin da shiel d, it bl o cks bul l et s but can 't pr o t ect yo ur t eam as wel l as Rein har dt . Her gun s ar e r abid f ir e an d ar e mo r e sho t gun l ike t han mo st . She has missil es, t he shiel d an d her ul t imat e l et s her j ump o ut o f t he mech an d ex pl o de it . If she l o ses en o ugh heal t h o r uses her ul t imat e, she wil l pl ay as mech- l ess D. Va. She has a pist o l , an d n o o t her abil it ies. In t his f o r m her ul t imat e br in gs back her mech. M er cy: M er cy is t he t ypical heal er , when yo u n eed t o pl ay a suppo r t peo pl e t ypical l y cho o se M er cy. She can heal , damage bo o st , f l y, r evive, an d use her pist o l . Her ul t imat e l et s her f l y ar o un d wit ho ut st o ppin g. Her mo st un iq ue abil it y is her abil it y t o r evive. When an al l y dies, mer cy can r evive t hem r ight back t o wher e t hey wer e pr evio usl y. When she damage bo o st s, t he t ar get ed pl ayer can deal mo r e damage so it 's a go o d o pt io n f o r when yo u ar e n o t heal in g. But , because she is a suppo r t she heal s best , her heal in g beam can l o ck o n t o t eammat es an d wil l keep t r ain ed o n t hem t il l yo u eit her l o o k away, o r st o p t he beam. She has a passive abil it y t hat l et s her f l o at , so she can f al l sl o wer . A po pul ar t hin g t o do is Bat t l e M er cy, when yo u o n l y use yo ur pist o l , an d do n ?t heal yo ur t eam. This is an n o yin g, but can be f un t o wat ch. Lucio : Lucio s r un ar o un d t he map eit her speed bo o st in g o r heal in g t heir t eammat es. Lucio s gun sho o t s r apid f ir e so un d bl ast s in bur st s. His abil it ies l et him speed up his t eam, o r heal t hem as pr evio usl y men t io n ed. His o t her abil it y al l o ws him t o in cr ease ho w much he heal s o r ho w f ast his t eam mo ves. He is t he o n l y char act er who can r ide al o n g wal l s. He can al so sho o t a sho r t r an ge bl ast t hat can push o ppo n en t s away.


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