Walk Through The Bible St. Barnabas Parish Wulff and Baillou Hill Roads Nassau, New Providence, The Bahamas Monday 4th November 2013 The Book of Leviticus 1. Leviticus 4:1-35 The Public Sin Offering
a. 1-12 When the High Priest unintentionally commits sin (uncleanness) he is to bring a bull
to the Tent of Meeting and to place his hands on its head. He is to sprinkle blood before the Veil of the Holy of Holies seven times, and then he is to take the blood and smear it on the horns of the Altar of sacrifice. The fat, the entrails, the kidneys, and the fat that is on the loins is to be burnt with the fire. The rest of the animal is to be taken outside of the Tent of Meeting where the ashes from the main altar have been deposited and a fire is to be made to burn the rest of the animal. The phrase â€œanything which the Lord has not commandedâ€? refers to things that are ritual unclean (verses 13, 22, 27) between God and man. This sacrifice does not cover the sins between human beings. The smearing of the horns with blood comes from the practice of the nomads who put blood on their tent pegs to ward off evil spirits and their attacks.
b. 13-21 The instructions here are for the sake of the whole assembly or congregation who
have committed a ritual sin inadvertently. The priest must make his offering first before the people. Once the sin has become known the elders are to bring a bull and put their hands on its head. The High Priest is to take some of the blood and sprinkle it before the Holy of Holies seven times, and then he is to put the blood on the horns of the altar and pour out the rest on the base of the altar. Like the bull of the High Priest, whatever remains must be taken outside of the Tent of Meeting and burnt among the ashes from the Altar. It is a sin offering. 1
c. 22-26 The instructions for rulers of the people who unintentionally commit a ritual sin.
d. 27-35 Individuals who commit a ritual sin must bring a female goat without blemish. The
same ritual is to be performed. If it is a lamb that is offered, a similar ritual is performed to deal with the unintentional sin.
2. Leviticus 5:1-19 Sin Offering and Guilt Offering.
a. 1-6 The Priestly Writers have confused both of these offerings; sin offerings were for
sins committed against God, while guilt offerings referred to sins committed against oneâ€™s neighbor. Unintentional sins are to be dealt with as soon as they become known.
b. 7-10 The offering prescribed for a poor person is two doves or pigeons. One was to be
offered as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering to make atonement for the personâ€™s sin.
c. 11-13 If the person cannot afford the two doves or pigeon, they are to make an offering
of a tenth of an ephah of fine flour. No oil or incense is to be mixed into the flour. It is to be burnt on the altar.
d. 14-16 If anyone commits a breach of faith (holding back from God what belongs to
Him!!!) then they are to bring a ram to make atonement. They must also give 20% back to restore what they fail to give to God!!!
e. 17-19 Those who are suffering because they have not admitted to guilt should also
make a sacrifice to the Lord for their guilt offering.
3. Leviticus 6:1-29 Instructions to the Priests
a. 1-7 The guilt offering here requires an open confession. Restoration was to be made for
whatever has been lost and 20% was to be added, before the guilt offering could be offered.
b. 8-13 These are supplementary instructions with regard to the Burnt Offering in chapter
two (2). The fire was to remain burning all night which was to symbolize Israelâ€™s perpetual service before God. The priests are to remove the ashes in their garments and put it beside the altar. Then they were required to remove their priestly garments and put the ashes outside the Tent of Meeting in a clean place.
c. 14-23 Further instructions on the Cereal Offering.
d. 24-30 This is a supplement to instructions given in chapter 4:1-5:13. Whatever is
touched by the sacrifice is considered holy. Metal vessels can be washed, but earthen vessels must be destroyed.