Walk Through The Bible Wulff and Baillou Hill Roads Nassau, New Providence, The Bahamas Monday 9th September 2013 The Book of Exodus 1. Exodus 25:1-40 The Tabernacle
a. 1-9 The people are to make a free-will offering (as in the rebuilding of the Temple after the Exile in Ezra 1:4; 2:68-69). In other words it was to be a voluntary offering by the people to God which Moses was supposed to collect.
b. 10-22 Instructions on the construction of the Ark. The Ark was considered the unoccupied seat of God. The Israelites used it to guide them through the wilderness, and later on to lead them into battle. The winged Cherubim were intended to symbolize that God was not stationary but mobile. The Mercy Seat became the meeting place between God and man particularly on the Day of Atonement.
c. 23-30 The Table was for the sacred Bread and the holy vessels. Twelve loaves of bread were placed on the Table as an offering every Sabbath and was only to be eaten by the priests. The twelve loaves symbolized Godâ€™s presence among His people.
d. 31-40 The Seven Branched Lampstand (Menorah) or the Lamp of the Presence was a burning symbol of Godâ€™s presence among His people. It provided light for the sanctuary.
2. Exodus 26:1-37 The Tabernacle
a. 1-6 The interior of the Holy of Holies is formed by ten beautifully decorated curtains. Cherubim are woven into the materials which point to the mobility of God. Only The Ark of The Covenant was to be in this section and only the High Priest once a year on the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) was allowed to enter to make atonement for his sins and that of the people.
b. 7-14 Over the curtains of the cherubim were placed curtains of goatâ€™s hair, as a tent over and around the Holy of Holies. This made it even more difficult to see directly into the Holy of Holies, increasing the sense of mystery of the clergy and worshippers as they entered the Tent of Meeting. These set of curtains extended down to accommodate the Golden Candle-sticks, the 2
Altar of Incense, and the Table for the Holy Bread symbolizing the Presence of God among His people.
c. 15-30 The outer network of curtains was intended to mark out the outer boundaries of the Holy Place.
d. 31-37 There is a veil which is to be made to divide the Holy of Holies from the Holy Place (i.e. to divide the room into two). What is clear is that the authors had in mind a general progression to the Holy of Holies and clearly marked areas for where persons should be.
3. Exodus 27:1-21 The Great Altar, The Court and The Oil for the Lamp of The Presence
a. 1-8 The Great Altar upon which the majority of sacrifices are to be made is made of acacia wood covered by bronze. The horns are at the four corners of the altar. The blood for the sin offering was usually smeared on them. Those who were refugees of blood feuds could also cling to them as a plea for safety. The Altar was intended to be portable. All of the instruments needed to keep the altar and the area around it clean are to be made as well.
b. 9-19 The outer structure of The Tent of Meeting is now described for Moses to complete the boarders.
c. 20-21 The Israelites are to provide the purest oil for the Lamp of the Presence which symbolizes the Presence of the Lord among His people.
4. Exodus 28:1-43 The Priestly Family, The Ephod, The Breast-Plate of Judgment, Vestments
a. 1-5 Aaron and his sons are selected to be the priests and High Priests. The Priestly Writers normally restrict the priesthood to the Descendants of Aaron whereas the Deuteronomic Writers emphasis is on the descendants of Levi. The family of Ithamar are to be the Arkâ€™s attendants.
b. 6-14 The Ephod was worn over the vestments and acted like an apron. On the two onyx stones they are to engrave the names of the twelve tribes (six on each in the order of their birth). These stones were attached to the shoulder straps of the priest to symbolize the idea that the priest would bear their names before the Lord.
c. 15-30 The Breastplate of Judgment (worn by the High Priest) contained the two sacred stones of The Urim and The Thummim. The Breast-Plate contained a bag for the casting of sacred lots. There are twelve stones in the breastplate symbolizing the twelve tribes of Israel.
d. 31-35 The robe of the ephod worn immediately under the breastplate was to be a bluish purple. There were to be tassels on the end of the skirt and bells which were originally to scare off evil spirits, but here it is in case the High Priest dies while in the Holy of Holies. The bells were also intended to warn the laity of the priestâ€™s approach and prevent dangerous contact with the Holy.
e. 36-39 The High Priest wore a turban which has a band and engraved on it are the words, â€œHoly to The Lord.â€? The sash was worn around the waist by the priest.
40-43 Describe the vestments for other priests who are to wear tunics, sashes and turbans.