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The voice of Sacramento State since 1949.




OCTOBER 20, 2016






Front page photo courtesy of Joan Cusick Photography

LOOKING FOR SAC STATE SAYS? CHECK OUT CULTURE ON PAGE 17 NEWS IN BRIEF • Last Thursday, the Hornet Debate Club hosted a Voter Education Forum. Students looking for extra credit were told to take a selfie with Adam Austin, assistant coach of the Debate Team, to prove they attended the event. Follow @TheStateHornet on Twitter for live tweeting of events on campus! • Sacramento State suffered a lopsided loss (68-7) against Montana on Saturday, Oct. 15. In this photo, Sac State quarterback Nate Ketteringham is sacked by two Montana defenders. Go to and like our page for game recaps every week. (Photo courtesy of John Sieber/Montana Athletics)


Joel Boland


Chris Bullock


Pierce Grohosky


Francisco Medina


Matthew Dyer

• Wednesday, Oct. 12 was International Moment of Frustration Scream Day. Check out the full video of our editors celebrating on YouTube, and add state.hornet on Snapchat to catch more behind-thescenes newsroom action. CO-NEWS & DESIGN EDITOR Barbara Harvey


John Ferrannini


Angel Guerrero


Vu Chau


Bryce Fraser


Kameron Schmid


Morgan Cherry



• STUDENT ATTACKED: A female student was struck on the head and nearly dragged into nearby bushes while leaving campus on Oct. 13, police said. The incident occurred at approximately 11:45 a.m. on the bike path located just west of the Howe Ave overpass. • HARASSMENT: Police are warning students to be on the lookout for a suspicious man driving up to women on campus and making inappropriate comments, often attempting to persuade the women to enter his vehicle. The suspect is described by police as a 25 to 35-year-old black male with gold teeth, standing approximately 5’8” tall and wearing dark sunglasses. He was reported to be driving a dark SUV with silver rims. Campus police request that anyone with information about these incidents contact them at 916-278-6000 For more on these stories, go to

CORRECTIONS In Volume 71, Issue 7 of The State Hornet the following corrections are listed: On page 5 it is reported that chalk messages were removed from in front of the library because chalk dust was entering the building. However, the messages were removed because they violated the school’s posting policy, according to a Sac State spokesperson. On page 15, the photos of Cross Class were incorrectly labeled as courtesy of Cross Class. In fact, they are courtesy of Brian Bickel. We regret these errors. Cover photo by Joan Cusick

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BRYCE FRASER - The State Hornet Left, attendees tour Sac State’s entry in the Tiny House Competition at Cosumnes River College on Saturday, Oct. 15. Right, the award-winning bathroom of Sac State’s tiny house.



Sac State tiny home makes waves at SMUD contest for micro domiciles

Daniel Wilson @dwilsonjourno

Sacramento State won the award for best bathroom on the final day of the SMUD Tiny House Competition on Oct. 15 at Cosumnes River College, where despite the looming threat of storm conditions, thousands of people filled parking lot E to tour the small living spaces. Among the winners were Santa Clara University, which won the overall competition along with eight other awards, and the event’s hosting campus CRC, which won the SMUD Excellence Award and for best sleeping area. “Because it was designed to have two people live in it, we wanted to have the bathroom space be the most accommodating because that’s where you spend a lot of your time,” said Rustin Vogt, a professor of mechanical engineering and the Sac State team’s adviser, who added

that the Sac State house was the only one to have a full-size bathtub. “I’m incredibly proud of the students. Myself and 20 students, we built this.” Vogt said that the tiny house took about four months to build. In addition to the full-size bathroom, it includes a bay window, French doors, high windows for a passive cooling system, full-electric solar panels, a solar thermal hot water collector, efficient LED lighting, a recycled sink and accents that were made from recycled wood. The Tiny Houses Competition was put on by SMUD and several other groups, including Intel, the U.S. Department of Energy, the American Society of Landscape Architects and Raley’s Supermarkets. “We put on events just like this in order to educate the youth and our leaders of tomorrow about new, sustainable technologies,” said Daniel Gehringer, a project manager with SMUD. “We’ve

been planning this for over a year. This is the first Tiny House Competition in the nation, so it was a big undertaking for a public utility.” According to the official rules, each team was given a stipend of between $3,000 and $8,000 and was able to raise additional funds through donations and other outlets up to $25,000. The goal of the competition was to build a tiny house on wheels, ranging from 100 to 400 square feet, as is the requirement to qualify tiny houses as a recreational vehicle (RV). The houses had to comply with certain living standards and had to produce as much power as they use. “The best part of this whole project was the people I worked with,” said Matt Curtis, a 2016 mechanical engineering Sac State graduate, who designed the solar water heating system for the house. “It was just amazing. Their commitment and passion, just a


BRYCE FRASER - The State Hornet Shelving lines the walls of Sacramento State’s tiny house, which was entered in the SMUD Tiny House Competition on Saturday, Oct. 15.

really amazing experience.” The event was held from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. and attracted over 5,000 people by noon, according to Gehringer, who acted as master of ceremonies. The day included house tours, where the student teams answered questions and showed off their work, food trucks and several presentations on the main stage where experts discussed subjects like the popularity of tiny houses, what it’s like to live in a tiny house and how tiny houses can help the homeless. Judges included Monica Woods, a meteorologist for ABC10, Isabelle LaRue, the creator of “Engineer Your Space,” and several architecture and energy experts, among others. Teams were judged based on a scale of 1,000 points across all of the categories and the winner with the most points was named as the winner of the overall competition. “There’s just been so much hard work that’s been put into this,” said J.J. Galvin, project manager for Santa Clara University’s “rEvolve House,” which takes its name from the fact that the house is on a revolving turntable in order to best utilize the sun’s position throughout the day. “Everyone is so dedicated and we’re just so happy to have this hard work be paid off.” Attendees at the event were given a ballot to vote on their favorite tiny house in the people’s choice category. College of the Sequoias was announced the winner of the People’s Choice Award on SMUD’s website. The tiny house built by CRC

will be put up for auction with an intended sale price between $40,000 and $60,000. The money from the sale of the house will be used by students for the next tiny house competition. The Sac State tiny house will be stored on campus at the Sustainable Technology Optimization Research Center (STORC), according to Vogt. “It’s going to sit in STORC and be used as a research platform and then a teaching platform for a lot of energy studies,” Vogt said. All of the teams at the event were pleased with the overwhelming outpouring of support from the community, many of them expressing how surprised they were at the number of people in attendance. “Holy crap, so many people!” said Devin Swanick, a Sac State team member. “I didn’t realize that it was going to be this popular, especially with the rain we got yesterday. Our line has gone around the block. I was not expecting that.”


Scan the QR code below to take a video tour of Sac State’s tiny house, or go to

Courtesy of BRETT MYERS/YOUTH RADIO Michael Brown Sr., second from left, raises his hands with Rev. Al Sharpton, second from right, as Attorney Benjamin Crump, right, leads a call and response of “hands up, don’t shoot,” at the St. Louis Peace Fest.

MICHAEL BROWN SR. TO SPEAK AT SAC STATE John Ferrannini @jferrnews

Michael Brown Sr., whose son’s killing by a Ferguson, Missouri police officer in 2014 sparked protests and controversy nationwide, will be speaking at Sacramento State’s University Union Ballroom on Thursday at 7:30 p.m. Brown’s son, Michael Brown. was killed by Ferguson police officer Darren Wilson on August 9, 2014 after Brown stole cigarillos from a convenience store, according to a Department of Justice investigation. Wilson shot the unarmed 18-year-old six times, according to an autopsy. The shooting sparked protests and unrest nationwide in August 2014 and again in November when a grand jury declined to indict Wilson. Brown’s killing was one of the first in a series of unarmed black people killed by police officers that brought the Black Lives Matter movement to national attention. Brown Sr. has since established a foundation in his son’s memory

which focuses on “providing support to other families who have lost loved ones due to police brutality or community violence,” according to its website. The event is free, though people must obtain a ticket from the UNIQUE website if they wish to enter the ballroom. Overflow viewing will be available at Serna Plaza. According to UNIQUE, online ticket redemption is being introduced in order to alleviate problems caused by large crowds attempting to enter the Union, such as the long lines waiting for Cornel West’s lecture last month. UNIQUE is sponsoring the event in coordination with the University Union, the Multi-Cultural Center and the Martin Luther King, Jr. Center. Ajamu Lamumba, the adviser for UNIQUE, said that Brown — who is on a college campus speaking tour — reached out to the school over the summer. Lamumba said that Brown will discuss issues being raised by the Black Lives Matter activist movement. “Since the spring there have

been countless lives lost, so we try to utilize our programs not only to entertain but to educate as well,” said Lamumba. “He’s going to be talking about his son’s life, what his son meant to him and the issues of the day around that issue.” Patsy Jimenez, the program coordinator for the Multi-Cultural Center, said that the Center agreed to co-sponsor the event because it fits with its mission. “(UNIQUE) asked us if we could be co-sponsors for the event,” she said. “We support programs that support social justice and diversity. We’ve seen a lot happen with police brutality in the black community.” Damariyè L. Smith, the coordinator of the MLK Center, said that his group is involved in financial and logistical aspects of event planning. “We’ve had some preliminary meetings as far as organizing ourselves for the day,” Smith said. The Michael Brown Foundation has not responded to a request for comment as of press time.




he Nov. 8 ballot contains 17 statewide propositions, on issues ranging from Medi-Cal funding to hot button social issues including marijuana legalization, gun control, pornography and the death penalty. In order to help you when you go to the polls (or vote by mail), The State Hornet has prepared this voter guide about some of the most talked about propositions. For more in-depth information on the statewide propositions and a video breakdown, go to


Proposition 64 — Marijuana

A Yes vote allows adults 21 years old and over to grow, own and use marijuana for recreational purposes. The state would gain at least hundreds of million dollars annually from tax revenue.

The State Hornet


Proposition 60 — Condoms in porngraphy A Yes vote closes loopholes in current law, requiring that performers in pornography wear a condom, and that it be visible, during every scene of an adult film production and that porn producers pay for vaccinations, testing and medical examinations for STDs. A No vote would continue the current health and safety standards on pornographic film sets. What propronents are saying: “Thousands of workers have been exposed to serious and life-threatening diseases. It is time to hold the pornographers accountable.” — Yes on Prop 60 What opponents are saying: “The legislation proposed by this bill would also open up performers and others affiliated with the adult film industry to harassment and lawsuits.” — SF AIDS Foundation

A No vote makes no changes to the current law. What propronents are saying: “Our current marijuana laws have undermined many of the things conservatives hold dear – individual freedom, limited government and the right to privacy. This measure is a necessary reform which will end the failed system of marijuana prohibition in our state.” — Rep. Dana Rohrabacher, R-Costa Mesa. What opponents are saying: “Recent numbers out of Colorado show that marijuana related traffic deaths have increased almost 50 percent since 2013.” — The California Association of Highway Patrolmen.


Proposition 56 — Tobacco tax

A Yes vote increases the state tax on a pack of cigarettes from 87 cents to $2.87. Additional taxes will be levied on other tobacco products and e-cigarettes. A No vote makes no changes to the current taxes.



DEATH Propositions 62 & 66 — Death penalty Proposition 62 A Yes vote repeals the death penalty in California and replaces all existing death sentences with life in prison without the possibility of parole. A No vote makes no changes to the present law. Proposition 66 A Yes vote limits the amount of appeals for people who have been sentenced to death.


Proposition 52 — Healthcare Medi-Cal is a state program that provides health coverage to Californians below 138 percent of the poverty line, or one-third of California’s population. A Yes vote continues a fee, set to expire in 2018, that the state charges hospitals in order to fund Medi-Cal. A No vote would let the fee expire unless the legislature votes to renew it.

A No vote makes no changes to the current law.

SCHOOL Proposition 58 — Multilingual Education A Yes vote allows school districts to create dual-language immersion programs for students, including those those who speak English as a first language

GUNS Proposition 63 –– Firearms and ammunition sales A Yes vote requires individuals to pass a background check and obtain Department of Justice authorization to buy ammunition. A No vote makes no changes to the current law.

Images courtesy of EMOJIONE

A No vote makes no changes to the current system, where most non-English speakers have to take classes in English.


Last day to register to vote: Oct. 24 Last day to request a vote by mail ballot: Nov. 1 Last day to mail your ballot: Nov. 8 To vote in person, go to your voting place on Nov. 8 between 7 a.m. and 8 p.m.

Scan the QR code to watch The State Hornet’s video breakdown of the rest of the California ballot measures


The State Hornet

Students reunite to bring water-ski club back to campus Lanea Florence @laneasofia

Two Sacramento State students have reunited to bring water-skiing back to

campus after over a decade of calm waters. Ciera Dulgar and Nicole Beardsley, who were taught the sport through their parents, have taken on the task of reintroduc-

ing water-skiing to Sac State’s sports repertoire. “Water skiing is a family sport — my dad would put me on little double skis tied together and lift me off the side of the boat when I

was just two years old; it is just part of me now. And I just wanted to be able to bring it back, compete collegiately, and bring it back for the students too,” Dulgar said.

Sac State’s collegiate water-ski team was not only one of the best, but it was also one of the largest team sports on campus. However, for reasons unknown, the club dissolved at some point in the past 16 years. “I just always thought it was my goal to be on the Sac State (water) -ski team, but when my turn came to come here, the team no longer existed,” Beardsley said. “I just can’t wait to get on the water — it is fun, just really fun. It is a great feeling to be out there and beat your personal records — it makes you want to come back and try harder.” Dulgar’s parents attended Sac State due to the water-ski team’s success, and eventually married after meeting each other in the club. Dulgar’s parents stayed involved with water sports on campus and now run the Sac State Aquatic Center. Beardsley’s parents, meanwhile, encouraged her to fall in love with water-skiing and eventually inspired her to re-establish the club on campus. After growing up skiing together in youth competitions, Beardsley and Dulgar lost touch with each other. After coming to Sac State, both girls were encouraged by their parents to start the team up again, but neither felt they could do it on their own. “When I first got to Sac State everyone kept asking

me if I was going to start it up again, because of my parents, but I said no because it just seemed like so much work,” Dulgar said. “After a year I decided I wanted to bring it back, and I knew a few people who wanted to help.” Dulgar, a sophomore kinesiology major, and Beardsley, a senior health science major, reconnected on campus after years apart and discovered they both wanted to bring the team back. Knowing they had the support of one another as well as their families, they decided to go for it. “Working with Ciera again after so many years of doing our own thing — that has been very special,” Beardsley said. The club has started having informational nights and will be practicing soon and the pair encourages anyone who is interested to come and participate. “I’m excited about it and other students are getting excited about it too — at our first info night we had 22 people show up,” Beardsley said. “It keeps me going throughout the long process and all the meetings, just to know that we are going to get them on the water and get to see them enjoy something we love so much. I have grown up with the sport and I can’t imagine my life without it, so it is exciting to help others grow to love it too.”

Photo courtesy of water-ski club


Hornet dance team brings buzz to campus

MATTHEW DYER - The State Hornet The Sacramento State dance team performs at the homecoming football game during halftime at Hornet Stadium on Friday, Oct. 8.

Stephanie Beachley @stephlaurbeach

It’s halftime at Hornet Stadium and there’s a group of women with pom-poms and go-go boots on the field — this is the Hornet Girlz dance team. The spirit squad, led by co-captain Courtney Cannon, dates back to the 1980s and currently performs for fans at volleyball, basketball, and football games hosted at Sacramento State. “A lot of times people think ‘oh they’re just dancers’ and that we get together at games and just pop out of nowhere,” Cannon said. “It really is like a part-time job, though, and we take on that sacrifice to create entertainment.” Some might wonder how a dance team is different from cheerleaders as both have the glitter, curled hair and smiles,

but the Hornet Girlz, such as junior Ashlyn Carpenter, set themselves apart through technical work and rhythm. “We’re more dance-oriented,” said Carpenter, who is entering her third year on the squad. “We have pretty costumes and we have pom-poms, but we do more dance technique versus cheers.” As a part of the Sac State Athletic Department, the dancers lead the lives of student-athletes. From early morning workouts at the WELL, to studio practices twice a week, the team finds a balance between fitness and academics. “We are definitely student-athletes,” Carpenter said. “The only thing that sets us apart is that we don’t compete. But everything else is very much a student-athlete’s lifestyle.” Hornet Girlz coach and coordinator Jolie Roberts, who has been with the team since 2003, explains that each of her athletes dedicate themselves to team success and academics — some even

find time to take additional classes to improve their technical skill. “We are very mixed as far as our levels,” Roberts said. “I have girls that have been dancing for only three years and some who have been dancing their whole lives. I have to make them all fit (and) I encourage them to take classes either here or at other dance studios, because you can only get better with practice.” With all the time spent together, it is only natural that a bond is formed as well. “My favorite part is definitely the camaraderie with the girls,” sophomore Sarah Pharr said. “Just coming together and all the work we do in the studio or inside the classroom, and then translating it to the field. It’s definitely more than just dance.” Becoming a member is a threeday process in which dancers are asked to show their technical skill on the floor, learn a routine and conduct personal interviews. The process is repeated every season no matter the dancer’s level of

experience or status on the team. After all the work that goes into training and preparation, the dancers get to enjoy the atmosphere of a live performance in front of hundreds of spectators. “It’s about eight hours,” Cannon said. “From practicing on the field to going to tailgate, getting ready together and then performing at the football games. A lot of us go eat after, so it’s the whole day combined that makes it so great.” While most of the women will take their experience with the Hornet Girlz with them as a memory after they depart Sac State, some plan to start performing for professional teams such as the San Francisco 49ers, Sacramento Kings and Oakland Raiders. “Whether it be with the royal court dancers or at Disneyland, dance has always been a part of my life,” junior Meghan DeGroodt said. “I’d like to keep it a part of me for as long as I can.”


The State Hornet

Senior grappler aims for all-American status on wrestling mat Noah Alvarez @SuperNoVa57

After a four-year hiatus from wrestling, Sacramento State senior Tony Delgado has reached nationals and is aspiring to achieve more in his second year with the club. Delgado, 23, discovered the team during his first semester orientation. By the time he joined the club, however, the wrestling season was already underway. Three tournaments later, Delgado qualified for nationals after placing third in the West Coast conference tournament. “It was only my fourth competition of the year,” Delgado said. “I was new to it and and still getting used to the college level.” Delgado, who wrestles in the 165-pound weight class, was humbled by his trip to Orlando, Florida, last spring for the National College Wrestling Association tournament. “It was eye-opening to see (that) there’s a lot of good wrestlers out there from the East Coast,” Delgado said. With a full season of preparation this year, Delgado’s goal is to qualify for nationals for the second time and finish in the top eight, which would make him a 165-pound All-American finisher in his weight class. Delgado’s commitment to improve has not gone unnoticed by his teammates or coach Caleb Mack, who is in his second year of coaching the Sac State wrestling club. “After making nationals last year, he spent three days a week with me in the gym over summer,” Mack said. “He’s driven to meet his goal.” Wrestling club president Teddy Anderson went a step further and described Delgado as one of the most dedicated wrestlers he’s ever seen on the mat. “If there’s something that you are doing that’s not going to

Photo courtesy of Tony Delgado Sacramento State senior Tony Delgado competes in his second year for the Sac State wrestling club. Delgado qualified for nationals after placing third at the West Coast confernece tournament.

benefit him in his competition, there’s less of a chance he’s going to want to partake in it,” Anderson said. “If there is a tie to wrestling to it, he is for sure in.” Although wrestling is more of an individual sport, Delgado focuses on team success during practice in order to prepare for tournaments. “He’s very quick to tell other guys that they need to get to practice,” Mack said. “He’s taken some athletes under his wing and really helped them improve on their moves. He really wants to take a group of guys to nationals, not just himself.” NCWA Nationals take place on March 10 in Kissimmee, Florida. The Sac State wrestling club hopes to bring more than just the two wrestlers who qualified for the tournament last year.

“The whole focus of our club is to bring at least seven wrestlers to nationals,” Anderson said after placing fourth at 184-pounds during the conference tournament last season. “There’s 10 weight classes and getting 70 percent of our team there is definitely an achievable goal for us.” Mack mentions that he’s not only impressed with Delgado and Anderson, but in the entire team’s growth during his time as head coach. “It’s kind of a weird situation at Sac State in the sense that no one is recruited here to come wrestle,” Mack said. “Everyone came to get their education

here and found wrestling after the fact.” The wrestling club, which became an official sporting club on campus in 2011, has come a long way since nearly folding two years ago due to a lack of members. “I have been part of teams that are more about certain individuals,” Mack said. “But this

group of men and women really feel like a team and are really supportive of one another.” Delgado, who attended Cal Poly San Luis Obispo and Sacramento City College before attending Sac State, looks forward to continuing this trend during the first tournament of the season at San Francisco State on Nov. 6.


Sac State alumni adapt from sports radio to podcasts Ryan Lewis @ryan_lewis90

Dave Mason and Morgan Ragan were once students attending Sacramento State with dreams of pursuing a career in sports journalism — now they’re putting those aspirations to work. Mason and Ragan currently host their own sports podcast called “The Deuce and Mo Podcast” on iTunes. The podcast passed the 100-episode milestone on Sept. 13. Although their backgrounds are different, Mason and Ragan both share the same passion for sports, which led to the pair meeting at a Sacramento Kings game in 2012. Mason’s dedication and persistence ultimately landed him an internship at Sports 1140 AM KHTK at the young age of 16. After graduating from Del Campo High School, Mason’s fascination with sports continued to grow, as he went from screening phone calls to landing a full-time gig with KHTK. From there, it was an easy decision for Mason to remain in Sacramento, working as the sports editor for Sac State’s The State Hornet, and beginning a career in the local sports industry. “I’ve always loved this area and it made sense for me to stay in the region because of my fulltime gig at KHTK,” Mason said. Mason eventually grew his network of contacts to notable local radio personalities, such as Whitey Gleason, Joe Pittman, Grant Napear, Jim Kozimor and Sac State football announcer Jason Ross. While Mason grew up wanting to cover sports, Ragan grew up in Granite Bay and was a talented basketball player, making the varsity team at her high school at the age of 13. But her love for media grew after stepping in front of a camera during her high school media classes. “People would always tell me

Photo courtesy of Morgan Ragan Former Sacramento State students Morgan Ragan and Dave Mason put their love for sports into a podcast called “The Deuce and Mo Podcast.” Their podcast reached the 100-episode mark in September.

that I am going to be the next Erin Andrews, which at the time I never wanted because I thought I wanted to just talk about celebrities and work for E! News instead,” Ragan said. However, Ragan decided to take her talents to the predominantly male-dominated sports industry. “I have never doubted my ability to host a podcast,” Ragan said. “It’s more that sometimes I doubt the business, sometimes I don’t think this business is made for me because everyone is so cutthroat and on edge and for the most part, there are too many people that just aren’t on your side.” Mason and Ragan both agree podcasts will soon take over the industry and radio will be a thing of the past. “I see our podcast as an established sports podcast that people

from all over will be tuning into Monday through Friday to get their sports news and entertainment for an hour each day of their workday,” Ragan said. Ross, who worked alongside Mason and Ragan before the pair were let go from KHTK in April, describes them as two of his favorite people he has ever had the chance to work with. “We were all on the same page and just clicked from day one,” Ross said. “We haven’t been on together in a year and a half and so many times people tell me that they miss us together. Ross went on to give high praise to the young sports journalists and believes he’s learned a lot from them as he pursues a career in the sports world as well. “Their possibilities are endless,” Ross said. “I can’t wait to see the places they will go.”

Photo courtesy of Morgan Ragan Dave Mason and Morgan Ragan pose for a picture with Jason Ross, their former colleague at Sports 1140 AM KHTK, at a tailgate before a Sacramento State football game.


The State Hornet

Hornet basketball player practices what she preaches

FRANCISCO MEDINA - The State Hornet Junior Taylor Brown brings her faith and her love for basketball to the Sacramento State women’s basketball team.

Chris Bullock @CWayneBull

For a young child, it was a conversation with her grandmother that changed the course of her entire life. “I was brought up in a Christian home, and I remember accepting Christ into my life at five,” Sacramento State junior Taylor Brown said. “I was with my grandma, and we were talking about the eternal life he offered, and I said ‘I want that.’” Brown, a shooting guard on the women’s basketball team, has spent most of her life on the basketball court. For Brown, however, basketball isn’t the sole guiding force in her life. “It’s not basketball that keeps me going, it’s Christ that keeps me going all the time,” Brown said. “Because even on the court sometimes it gets hard, it’s like ‘why am I even doing this?’ But then I cling back to Christ, back to my roots, and that’s where I

truly find completeness.” One of the times where Brown struggled with her faith was when she came to Sac State from Chino, California, trying to find her place on the team and being on her own for the first time. “My freshman year was the hardest, being away from home, and doing things on my own, trying to bring it everyday to the court,” Brown said. “Sometimes you feel overlooked, like people aren’t seeing you. But then you realize this isn’t about you, this is about serving others on the team -sometimes that means you have to step aside and serve others, and hope that they see Christ through that.” It’s that particular outlook on life that has helped guide Brown not just on the court, but off of it as well. As an athlete, Brown understands the role she plays in showing others how Christ can make a positive impact. “People look at us like ‘cool, you’re an athlete’, and I think it’s awesome that you can use that

platform to share your Christian faith with others that normally you wouldn’t have talked to before,” Brown said. Her genuine faith has not gone unnoticed by her teammates or coaches. Head coach Bunky Harkleroad, who has coached Brown since her arrival at Sac State, talked about how much of an influence she is to the team. “She’s a hard-nosed player, and usually has a smile on her face,” Harkleroad said. “She’s kinda taken a backseat to some players over the last couple of years, but now she has a chance to step up and shine.” Brianna Burgos, a redshirt senior guard, has been close friends with Brown since transferring from Sonoma State in 2014, and has learned a lot from her despite being the older of the two. “(Brown is) extremely genuine and extremely real,” Burgos said. “We really got close because she’s helped me with my spirituality over the past couple of years. Even though she’s a couple

of years younger than me, she’s been an inspiration for me in that aspect. We’ve gone to Bible studies together, we still do that type of stuff off the court.” What appeals to Burgos, however, is just how dedicated Brown is to her craft. “She works hard and gives glory to God in everything she does, which is really special,” Burgos said. “I feel that people forget that a lot of times, even myself. Before every game, I wear a necklace with the verse Philippians 4:13 to remind myself who I’m doing this for, and Taylor helped me get to that.” It’s not just Burgos that has seen how keeping in touch with your spirituality helps, as Brown has seen it through the rest of her team as well. “We pray before every game, and we have a Bible study before every home game, which is awesome,” Brown said. “Other girls have even said when we get more into our spirituality, into God, things start working better on

and off the court.” Through it all, Brown has seen her share of struggles and successes, but still has managed to keep a positive outlook. “There have been times where I struggled and questioned things,” Brown said. “But then I try to get into my word and ask God what it is you’re trying to show me through this trial I’m going through. Once I get in that word, things just fall into perspective.” The struggle and realization is also something that Brown passes onto others, and shares that with anyone who comes to her. “I would just share that times will get tough, but even through it, you need to continue to know that you’re here for a reason,” Brown said. “The Lord shows you certain things through certain situations. You may not always understand it, but you have to have faith and keep trusting and keep motivating yourself.”


Photo illustration by Joel Boland

How safe is sharing on social media? Sharlene Phou @sharlenephou

Pop culture followers were shocked on Oct. 3 when it was reported that reality star Kim Kardashian West was robbed of 11 million dollars of jewelry at gunpoint in her luxury Paris apartment. Local police said that the robbers tracked West’s multiple social media sites containing at least 85 million followers on Instagram and another 48 million on Twitter. The high-profile robbery has many people beginning to wonder if oversharing on social media could possibly be a personal safety hazard. Michele Foss-Snowden, a communication studies associate professor who teaches media rhetoric at Sacramento State, said that posting intimate details on social media comes from the desire of humans to share their narratives with others. “Humans are storytellers by

nature,” Foss-Snowden said. “It’s part of how we learn, part of how we interact and build our societies, cultures and tribes. Social media represents a new way to tell the story of who we are.” Foss-Snowden also said that the biggest factor that makes someone an “oversharer” is age and maturity, as millennials have no problem sharing their lives on social media because electronic communication is something they are very familiar with and have grown accustomed to. Jake De La Hoya, a junior social work major whose online presence is very public, echoes Foss-Snowden’s points and said that he uses these platforms to let his friends and followers know what he’s doing in his personal life, such as traveling or modelling new fashions. “You enjoy the attention you’re getting, because (it means) people are generally interested in your life and what you’re doing,.” said De La Hoya, who has garnered more than 1,000 followers on

each prominent social media site. “If some of my posts gets a lot of likes on Instagram, like over 150, that makes me happy.” De La Hoya said he also shares his exact locations to check in at restaurants, work and school on Facebook and Instagram. “Honestly, I don’t think I take any precaution when sharing on social media, because I haven’t thought about it being dangerous ever until now,” De La Hoya said. “That’s never running through my mind because I try to assume the best in people, but granted I know that situations happen.” Similarly to De La Hoya, sophomore liberal studies major Ariana Raya is just as active on social media but said that all her profiles are very private. “I don’t use any type of location services and all of my stuff is super, super private, just because I don’t like people I don’t know seeing things about me,” said Raya, who then remembered that oversharing on social media was also the reason why reality star Kylie

Jenner (Kardashian West’s sister) was stalked earlier this year. “(Social media) can definitely be dangerous if you don’t use it wisely.” Despite the risks, De La Hoya said people shouldn’t refrain from having an online life, just as long as they take precautions and think before they post anything private. “I think (sharing on social media is) definitely a factor to your safety and well-being,” De La Hoya said. “But I don’t feel like that should stop someone from wanting to portray their life. If they don’t want to check in, they don’t have to, and they can still post the photo.” In recent years, Snapchat and Instagram’s new “story” feature have been gaining popularity for automatically getting rid of photos from accounts after 24 hours. But Anum Aamer, a senior public relations major and president of Public Relations Student Society of America at Sac State, said that people should be more aware of what they’re signing up for on those sites.

“(Snapchat has) a hard drive where everything goes to, so nothing ever truly disappears,” Aamer said. “If you read the bylaws of Snapchat, it says that they can use your photo, your likeness, (and) your voice all without your permission because you’re giving them access to that by using the app.” For Foss-Snowden, the professor recommends that social media users should delay sharing their posts until they are at a safe location and they should be more thoughtful of the possible consequences that come from what they share and with whom. “I respect the benefits that social media gives us, but I think there are times and places where it’s okay for us to unplug a little bit and engage in traditional forms of communication,” Foss-Snowden said. “I would never give (social media) up and I don’t want to give it up, but I do think that there’s a way for us to do both.”



The State Hornet


When it was announced in early 2015 that an $8 million sculpture called “Coloring Book” by renowned artist Jeff Koons would be the centerpiece of downtown Sacramento’s Golden 1 Center, the community was shocked that it wasn’t a piece commissioned by one of the many talented artists in town. In the midst of the controversy over local representation, the Sacramento Metropolitan Arts Commission decided to host an open call to regional talents for the once-in-a-lifetime chance to have their works featured at the arena.

One of those 135 submissions was from Sac State alumnus and local award-winning artist Bryan Valenzuela, whose pitch was inspired by the convergence of the Sacramento and American rivers. With a budget of $350,000, Valenzuela brought his idea to life by using 400 handblown turquoise glass balls vibrantly marbled with yellow-green and subtle hints of gold fabrication representing the Gold Rush. Valenzuela also used 109 stainless steel rods to construct the abstract sculpture spanning almost the entire length of the atrium at the arena’s 5th and L Streets entrance. Valenzuela said that the idea to name the piece “Multitudes Converge” initially came to him

after reading the last line of David Mitchell’s work Cloud Atlas: “Yet what is an ocean, but a multitude of drops.” “It was kind of the idea that from many things come this one thing,” Valenzuela said. The many things that Valenzuela alludes to have to do with how the Golden 1 Center was built with the intention of unifying the many aspects that make Sacramento great, such as architecture, sports, arts, entertainment, politics and the community. “What I did is very regional and site-specific,” Valenzuela said. “I don’t think I would’ve done the same thing at a different space. The piece is so much a part of the history of this region even if it

may not be as readily apparent to many.” “Multitudes Converge,” Valenzuela’s first sculpture, took the artist over a year to finish, with the installation of the sculpture occurring just days before the arena’s official opening. The construction process allowed Valenzuela to travel to Europe to work with artists who have been fabricating glasses for decades. There, he collaborated with artisans from the Czech Republic to assemble the glass globes and with artisan Franz Mayer of Munich to fabricate the layout of each globe. “It’s an engineering feat,” said Valenzuela of what it took to sculpt “Multitudes Converge.” “I knew that I wanted to make something beautiful and evocative of the region — something that when people go up the escalator, they can experience that moment

of ‘ahh’ and take them out of whatever they’re doing,” Valenzuela said. “Just like Gale Hart said to me, ‘We’re artists, we’re just supposed to decorate the world.’ ” Gale Hart was another local artist chosen to have her work displayed at the arena. For Valenzuela, however, art was never his ultimate career choice. His time at Sacramento State in the early 2000s can attest to the fact that he was more musically-inclined than artistic.


Courtesy of JOAN CUSICK PHOTOGRAPHY Artist Bryan Valenzuela installs his first sculpture “Multitudes Converge” by using 400 glass globes and 109 steel rods to depict the convergence of the Sacramento and American rivers.

“I loved Sac State when I was there,” Valenzuela said. “I didn’t even start doing art until I went to Sac State. When I started there, I was actually pursuing the music department.” Valenzuela, who is also the current lead vocalist of the local rock band Exquisite Corps, said that his change of mind in pursuing art had plenty to do with the way the professors were welcoming him to the program. “I started taking some elective classes in art,” Valenzuela said. “I never even had any experience with art prior to that, and the teachers there were so inspiring. If I had gone to the bigger school, I might have never had the same kind of attention; I made real relationships with those teachers

there.” With a successful music career in Sacramento and a sculpture permanently residing in Golden 1 Center, it might be difficult to pinpoint what’s next for Valenzuela. His accomplishments are beginning to allow him to lend his name to other upcoming projects of similar scopes. Valenzuela said he is also working on an upcoming auxiliary project called “It Takes a Village.” The exhibit, paying homage to the more than 40 individuals who helped him create “Multitudes Converge,” will be shown at Sacramento City Hall. “Being someone who was given such a great opportunity to show (work) at the arena, I thought that it was one of those

“I wanted to make something beautiful and evocative of the region — something that when people go up the escalator, they can experience that moment of ‘ahh.’ “ - Bryan Valenzuela Artist moments of ‘go big or go home,’ ” Valenzuela said. “This is a perfect time to just prove to yourself (that you can do it because) if you trust yourself and if you have a great resource behind you, you can do anything.” JESSICA WILSON - The State Hornet


Six years of eco-friendliness

Marissa Murcko @mmurcko07

Sacramento State has won awards and recognition for its accomplishments in sustainability and being a green campus, even taking the initiative further with the construction of the LEED gold certified The WELL. Currently, The WELL is one of the most eco-friendly structures on campus, as evidenced by the materials used to build the space, which included sunflower seeds, glass bottles and “Big Ass Fans”. According to John Davis, the architect who designed The WELL, the building was constructed of insulating glass windows using aluminum metal panels, while the curving front portions were made with thin shell panels with high insulation. “Exterior and interior materi-

als are very durable and long lasting,” Davis said. “We were actually visiting the WELL last week, and six years later, it still looks brand new. Very little wear, damage or dirtiness.” In addition, millions of sunflower seeds were mixed with agricultural waste to assemble the walls. The indoor running track was made out of recycled synthetic rubber, and the lobby’s terrazzo floor was created from recycled glass bottles. Freshman mechanical engineering major Alexander Ly, who plays basketball at The WELL at least four times a week, said he did not know that the building’s walls were made out of sunflower seeds. “I think recycling (found in building materials) is really good for the environment and it seems like The WELL is really beneficial to it,” Ly said.

The WELL is one of the most eco-friendly structures on campus, as evidenced by the materials used to build the space, which included sunflower seeds and glass bottles.

Windows and skylights also allow enough light inside the building during the day without having to use any electrical lights, which helps save energy and reduces utility costs. “The inflating skylights are unique because they are plastic pillows that are inflated with air— super light weight (and) energy efficient, providing daylight and shading at (a) much lower cost

than traditional glass walls or skylights,” Davis said. The “Big Ass Fans” — named after the company that created them — are located on the second floor cardio room by the elliptical machines, treadmills and bicycles to help keep students cool while they are working out. These fans have blades created from aluminum and the motor is created from steel and cast iron. Josh Kegley, spokesman for the Big Ass Fan Company, said bigger fans can keep air conditioning costs low by producing more airflow using less energy. “The area in which you can feel the air flow in order to produce that same level from one Big Ass Fan, you need about 28 smaller fans,” Kegley said. “So by replacing that need, it can result in up to 30 percent of energy savings on heating and air

JOEL BOLAND - The State Hornet

The State Hornet

conditioning use.” Leslie Davis, executive director of The WELL, was employed at Sac State during the time of construction and said that The WELL is one of the most sustainable sites on campus. “By using recycled or sustainable materials, The WELL helps reduce energy consumption and waste emitted into the atmosphere,” Davis said. “It also improves indoor air quality and water efficiency.” To architect John Davis, The WELL’s eco-friendly, sustainable foundation serves more ways and people than just the environment. “We believe that (The WELL) is a living building that exudes its positive energy and its sustainable qualities as it adds to, rather than takes away from, each student’s learning experiences at Sacramento State,” Davis said.



Was NBC justified in firing Billy Bush?

On Monday, Today Show host Billy Bush was officially sacked by

NBC Network after being involved in a 2005 video showing him and the Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump making lewd comments about women. For an opinion piece by Morgan Cherry, check out page 19!

“Just because you know you’re not being watched doesn’t mean you can make those comments. No one goes into a locker room and says, ‘Hey yeah, let’s go rape someone.’”


“I think it’s completely valid that they suspended him. This kind of talk isn’t acceptable. I think it promotes rape culture (and is) going to promote sexual assault in the future.”

“I think freedom of speech doesn’t cover when you’re employed by (an organization) that has certain standards for their beliefs. You have to represent that company in a fair way.”

“I honestly don’t think he should’ve been suspended. He went along with it but that doesn’t mean he should’ve been suspended. It was more of Donald Trump saying all those inappropriate (things).”

-Joaquin Quidachay

- Casey Juergens

- Jorge Melendez

- Josie Enriquez



Civil engineering


“I don’t think he should be fired. The only reason why all this commotion is brought up is just because it’s Trump’s problem. It’s Trump saying all this stuff.” - Naomi McDonough English

The State Hornet


EDITORIAL: Seeing Michael Brown, Sr. speak is morally mandatory Let’s cut to the chase. A speech by Michael Brown, Sr. at Sacramento State is not an opportunity you can miss. Listening to him speak is a chance to learn secondhand how the current state of racial politics in our nation came to be, and how it has affected people involved firsthand. The national conversation about race hasn’t been this volatile since the Civil Rights Era. On August 8, 2014, Ferguson was just a town in Missouri, — albeit one with a racial dichotomy — but it has now become synonymous with a national movement and a systemic problem of racism and violence. The catalyst that made one town the rallying cry and focal point of a national movement was the death of one young man: Michael Brown, Jr., an 18-year-old and recent high school graduate, who was shot to death by Ferguson police officer Darren WIlson after Brown, Jr. stole a pack of cigarillos. The backlash was immediate, and would last; Brown, Jr.’s death came two years after Trayvon Martin, and one month after Eric Garner’s death. Citizens of Ferguson protested for weeks, and continued to protest when Wilson’s name was not released, when Wilson’s name was released, and when a grand jury decided to not indict Wilson for any crime. The Black Lives Matter movement, which started after Martin’s death, became national following these events. “Hands up, don’t shoot,” supposedly Brown, Jr.’s last action and words, became a rallying cry and protest chant, much like Garner’s last words, “I can’t breathe.” More publicized deaths of black Americans would follow: Tamir Rice, Freddie Gray, a historically black church in South Carolina, Alton Sterling and Philando Castile, just to name those

that went viral. Out of these movements sprang contrariant movements: Blue Lives Matter, referring to the danger that police officers face at work, and All Lives Matter, a common refrain for those who like to ignore historical significance and statistics. It can and should be argued that the latter movements miss the point of BLM; that at an aggressively disproportionate rate, black men who die between the ages of 15-39 are more likely to die by homicide than any other race and age group. One doesn’t necessarily have to be on board with the BLM movement, but one needs to have compassion for a father who lost his son, and understand that there are a lot of fathers and mothers who have lost their children, and a lot of children who have lost their parents. There are real people experiencing real pain, and what is to be done about that is a different discussion; but we cannot lose sight that the most important thing is the person, and the people who are involved. If they’re feeling real pain, we have to consider that and understand that and be compassionate to that. The BLM movement, and the backlash against it has caused a strange reaction with every new story of someone’s death at the hands of a cop; is it institutional? When you look at one instance of violence, how do you tell if it’s a blip, an outlier? And how do you tell when it’s just one point of light in a constellation of systemic violence and racism? Rather than vilifying each other, we should try to understand one another and build bridges to each other. In this year in particular, not just with the Black Lives Matter movement, but with everything going on in the political landscape in America, we

Photo courtesy of JAMELLE BOUIE Protesters in Ferguson, Missouri hold signs saying “Hands up! Don’t shoot!” which has become the rallying cry for the Black Lives Matter movement nationwide.

don’t interact with people who disagree with us, with people who have different experiences from us. We want to be surrounded and bubbled in our own opinions, and with our own people, rather than trying to understand other viewpoints. Regardless of political opinions, religion, race and gender, people need to go outside their comfort zones and encounter other opinions and try to see things from a different perspective. Denigrating members of the white working class who are in support of Trump — as fun and easy as it might be — accomplishes less than nothing. It widens the chasm of misunderstanding between Us and Them. From that great distance it becomes easy to dehuman-

ize the other side, to discount their concerns as whining for whining’s sake, fanaticism or nutty attention-seeking. The State Hornet commends UNIQUE Programs, and the University in general, for having guests like Cornel West last month and now Michael Brown, Sr. Guests such as these bring critical, national conversations directly to the students, and we encourage everyone in the campus community to attend. Although Michael Brown, Sr. does not have the same name recognition as a guest as esteemed as Cornel West, there can and should be a line half way across campus for Thursday’s event. Take a night to learn and feel. Open your mind, your heart. Eventually, things must change,

and we all must be a part of that change. Let tonight be the beginning for us as a campus, and for everyone.

Michael Brown, Sr. will be giving his lecture “Chosen For Change - A Father’s Perspective” in the University Union Ballroom at 7:30 p.m. on Oct. 20. Students must register for a free ticket on UNIQUE’s website in order to attend.

Trump’s misogyny knows no bounds

Morgan Cherry @Morgan_Cerise7

‘October Surprise’? Hardly. The newest revelation of presidential candidate Donald Trump’s misogyny has shocked no one. Just when you thought that Trump could not get any more lewd, crass, or gross, another revelatory video surfaces. This time, the so-called ‘leak’ included two other subjects: prominent former Today Show and Entertainment Tonight host Billy Bush (yes, of that Bush family) and soap opera actress and model Arianne Zucker. In the obscene tape, Trump

directs lecherous vitriol toward Zucker while Bush backs up his comments with less vulgar, but still objectifying language. As a journalist, words rarely fail me. However, this election — 2016 in its entirety, actually — has left me dumbfounded. What to say about a man who is this close to securing the highest office in the land, and of a man who provides mindless fodder to the equally mindless masses because, hey, how else has Donald Trump gotten this far in the election?! Words are precious. Heck, the paper that these words are printed on is precious. I don’t like wasting words or paper on completely vacuous subjects, so let’s get down

to the nitty-gritty of it. Let us pose this question: what in our society has caused these men, in addition to a substantial portion of men, to not only hold these views but also act on these beliefs? I’m hardly an expert on the subject of misogyny, so I have consulted my trusty friend Google. Join me for a brief foray into the study of misogyny. According to websites Jezebel and United Kingdom-based publication The Independent and its interview with English psychotherapist Adam Jukes, there are a number of root causes of misogyny. Both Jezebel and The Independent assert that misogyny is

caused by ‘mommy issues,’ with the latter delving deeper into the issue in its Adam Jukes interview: “(Men) punish women for not providing the perfect love experienced in infancy before they had to make the psychological separation necessary to ‘learn’ to become men.” Jezebel went on to provide further reasoning. “They’re frustrated with the narrow definition of what modern masculinity and femininity are … They’ve experienced lots of romantic rejection from women.” And this, dear readers, is just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to misogyny. Overwhelmed? Yeah, me too.


Forgotten, not gone Will Moon

@ MoonMan0305 The fleeting nature of internet fame presents an important question: should I care about a hype train after it has left the station? I found myself pondering this conundrum a few days ago as I stood before a room of people shocked I had never heard of Ken Bone. Like many Americans, I have watched all of this year’s presidential debates. Amid all the childish bickering during Sunday’s town hall style Trump-Clinton showdown, Bone was a mere anecdote to an absurd evening. Here was an unassuming white man who asked an honest question about our country’s environment and


Luckily for those of us out there heaving deep sighs of discontent and twiddling our thumbs, I have two simple suggestions. The first is education. With education, we can not only inform ourselves, but also inform others. To combat and ultimately defeat misogyny, we must arm ourselves with knowledge of its inner workings. The second suggestion is voting. With our votes, we can let the misogynists know that we won’t tolerate their actions. We can be the change that we wish to see in the world. Help us to enact change by studying up on misogyny and voting with your conscience.

energy and pronounced “remaining” like “re-mining.” The debate left me feeling incredibly pessimistic about the fate of this country, so after the candidates shook hands I turned off the TV and ignored most of the subsequent online commentary. My willful ignorance shielded me from a peculiarly charming man who stole the hearts of millions. After sifting through articles and catching up on Bone’s appearances on CNN and Jimmy Kimmel, I understood some of the appeal. Everyone loves to watch an “average” American jump from zero to hero overnight, as is evident in Bone’s Twitter followers, who skyrocketed from seven to 250,000 in about a week. Still, since I am so late to the praise party, I doubt anyone actually still cares enough to talk or joke with me about the matter. I wonder what the point of catching up even is, like an old man struggling to understand what memes are after his grandkids convinced him to create a Facebook account. Sometimes it is best to accept that you missed the window of opportunity to be in on a joke. In this case, however, I still have time to find a red sweater and glasses to complete the perfect Halloween costume.

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