Page 1

COLOUR ME GREEN A Sustainable Preschool in Kareby, Kung채lv


=FGF>H":8"BH88I !"#$%&'()'*+,"-.,%/011+"()"2'.,*34"2$)56+7 89,+(,"#&6.()5 :'%&,.;%"<0,%(%"'&"=0'+9,.%">)(7,.%(&3"1?"<,/0)1+153 :-"@,%(5)"?1."#$%&'()'*+,"@,7,+1A9,)& B1&0,)*$.5"CDEC


Abstract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

6

,R&,.(1.",)7(.1)9,)&"?1."*1&0"/0(+J.,)"')J"&,'/0,.%4"%,'9+,%%+3"()&,5.'&()5" &0,"'%A,/&%"1?"%$%&'()'*+,"J,7,+1A9,)&"()&1"&0,",J$/'&(1)"1?"31$)5"/0(+J.,)K P1M"&1"?()J"')"'J,N$'&,"*'+')/,"*,&M,,)"&0,"H,55(1"89(+('"9,&01J"')J"&0," %$%&'()'*(+(&3"'AA.1'/0O"P1M"&1"1*&'()"')",??(/(,)&",J$/'&(1)"M0(/0"(%"$%'*+," ?1."A.,%/011+%")1&"?1++1M()5"%A,/(?(/"A0(+1%1A0(,%O"!+%14"01M"(%"(&"A1%%(*+,"&1" ?$.&0,."J,7,+1A"&0(%"/19*(),J"9,&01J"')J"M0'&"M1$+J"&0,".,%$+&%"*,O


7


Contents Introduction "

-$.A1%,"')J"9,&01J" "

"

"

"

"

The preschool

" !"*.(,?"0(%&1.3" " """" -.,%/011+%"()"&0,"CE%&"/,)&$.3" " <0,"A.,%/011+"()")$9*,.%"""

" "

Case studies " " " "

"

" "

" "

15

Kareby, Kung채lv

49

Design proposal

61

"""""" E[

E\ E] """ E^

21

"""" CC CY C\ C^

Point of departure

29

Interpreting pedagogics into architecture

39

" " " " " "

8

#&'J%%L15,)" " " " " 2'.,*3" " " " """"" 2+U7'765,) =19A'.(%1)%"')J"/1)/+$%(1)%

"

11

H,55(1"89(+('"')J"%$%&'()'*(+(&3 <0,"(9A1.&')/,"1?"*,()5"1$&J11.% :'&.(R"7,)&(+'&(1)"')J"0,'&()5 :'&.(R"%$%&'()'*(+(&3 <0,"J,%(5)"1?"'"A.,%/011+" =0(+J.,);%"%/'+,"

[D [[ [Y []

YD YE

" """" " " " " " " " " " " " "

V$1&,%"?.19"&0,"8J$/'&(1)'+"/$..(/$+$9 H,55(1"89(+('"A'.'9,&,.%" " """"""

YC YY

2'.,*3" " #$..1$)J()5"J,%(5)"(J(19%" " <0,"%(&, #(&,"')'+3%(%" " " """ :'()"J,%(5)"51'+" " @,%(5)"/1)/,A&" " " W$)/&(1)"'.,'"A.15.'9 -+')"EXCDD -+')"')J"%,/&(1)"EXEDD #(&,"A+')"EXYDD 8+,7'&(1)%"')J"9'&,.('+% =1)%&.$/&(1) Z$(+J()5"?+,R(*(+(&3

" "

_D _C _Y _]

" " """""

"

"""" \_ \\ \^ ^D ^C `D `Y `\ EDC

Reflections and discussion

105

References

110


Comments on quotes and expressions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a'7J,+)()5b4"')J"/1)%&(&$&,%"E`c CD"/0(+J.,)4"019,".119%4"035(,),".1194",)&.')/,"')J"/+1'L".119K" <0," A,1A+," M1.L()5" '&" &0," A.,%/011+" (%" .,?,..,J" &1" *1&0" '%")&$**+')J" '%" &"$,-"%)d"M0,.,"%&'??"()/+$J,%"L(&/0,)"M1.L,.%"')J"1&0,."L()J%4"')J"&,'/0,.%" (9A+(,%"&0,",J$/'&(1)'+"%&'??K <0," ./0,$&12($3+ ,0%%1,030'+ *2%+ #%"),-223)+ (%" ()" #M,J(%0" L)1M)" '%" aG6.1A+')"?e."?e.%L1+')bK S)"&0,"&,R&"'*1$&",J$/'&(1)'+"?1/$%4"&0,"a>.c1/0c%L$.b"(%"9,)&(1),J4"M0(/0" /')"*,"&.')%+'&,J"&1"%$1(42%4)-1(""A.,%/011+K !"315"%6+71&,-"("9,')%"a91&&'5)()5%LeLb4"M0(/0"(%"&1"%'3"'"L(&/0,)"M0,.," &0,"9'Q1."A'.&"1?"&0,"?11J"(%"J,+(7,.,J"*3"&.$/L"')J"1)+3"%9'++,."A.,A'.'&(1)%" '.,"9'J,K

Model 1:400

9


<0,"A.,%/011+"%01$+J"?1.9"&0,"*'%(%"&1"'"+(?,&(9,"1?"+,'.)()5K"!/&(7(&(,%" %01$+J"*,"?$)4"%'?,"')J",J$/'&(7,"?1."'++"A'.&(/(A'&()5"/0(+J.,)K"<0," A.,%/011+" %01$+J" %&(9$+'&," /0(+J.,);%" J,7,+1A9,)&" ')J" +,'.)()5" '%" M,++"'%"1??,."'"%'?,"/'.,K"<0,"'/&(7(&(,%"%01$+J"*,"*'%,J"1)"'"01+(%&(/" 7(,M"1?"&0,"/0(+J"')J"&0,"/0(+J;%"),,J%"')J"&0,3"%01$+J"*,"?1.9$+'&,J" %1"&0'&"/'.,4"J,7,+1A9,)&"')J"+,'.)()5"/1)%&(&$&,"'"M01+,K

c"G6.1A+')"?e."?e.%L1+')4"GA?e"`^4"A"_


INTRODUCTION


<0(%":'%&,.;%"<0,%(%"&.,'&%"&0,",7,.c.,+,7')&"&1A(/"1?"/0(+Jc/'.,4")'9,+3"&0," A.,%/011+K"S&"J(%/$%%,%"&0,"J,7,+1A9,)&"?.19"&0,",'.+3"J'3%"1?"/0(+Jc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f()5"(&K"S"M(++"'&&,9A&"&1"%01M"&0,"(9A1.&')/,"1?" /1)%(J,.()5"/0(+J.,);%"%/'+,"M0,)"J,%(5)()5"?1."/0(+J.,)4"*$&"'&"&0,"%'9," &(9," L,,A()5" ()" 9()J" &0," 'J$+&%" M01" '.," '+%1" &1" $%," &0," ?'/(+(&(,%d" &0," &,'/0,.%K"S&"(%"7(&'+"&1"?()J"'"*'+')/,"*,&M,,)"&0,"/0(+J.,);%"'/&(7(&(,%"')J"&0," &,'/0,.%;".,N$(.,9,)&%K" 2'.,*34" Q$%&" 1$&%(J," 1?" &0," 9$)(/(A'+(&3" 1?" 2$)56+7" (%" '" .$.'+" '.,'" ()" &0," 7(/()(&3"1?"'"+'.5,"/(&3K"<0,"),,J"?1."91.,"/0(+Jc/'.,"A+'/,%"(%"5.1M()5"0,.," '%"M,++4"')J"&0,.,"(%"'"5,),.1$%"'91$)&"1?"%A'/,"'7'(+'*+,"?1."*$(+J()5"),M" ?'/(+(&(,%K"S)"93"A.,%,)&'&(1)"S"M(++"%01M"'"A.1A1%'+"?1."'"A.,%/011+"&'L()5" /'.,"1?"&0,".$.'+"+')J%/'A,"')J"/1)),/&()5"M(&0"&0,"%$..1$)J()5")'&$.,4"&1" 5(7,"&0,"/0(+J.,)"1AA1.&$)(&(,%"&1"+,'.)"?.19"')J"*,"()"&0,"9(JJ+,"1?"'")'&$.'+" ,)7(.1)9,)&K Model 1:400

12


Purpose and method !&" ')" ,'.+3" %&'5,4" S" &11L" ')" ()&,.,%&" ()" J(??,.,)&" ,J$/'&(1)'+" 9,&01J%" ?1." A.,%/011+%4"')J"&0,"H,55(1"89(+('"A0(+1%1A03"()"A'.&(/$+'.K"<0(%"A0(+1%1A03" 0'%"*,,)"A.,%,)&"()"93"M1.L",7,."%()/,4"M(&0"'JJ(&(1)%"1?"1&0,."(9A1.&')&" '%A,/&%" .,5'.J()5" &0," ,J$/'&(1)" 1?" 31$)5" /0(+J.,)4" %$/0" '%" %$%&'()'*(+(&3" ')J")'&$.,K"F),"1?"&0,"/0'++,)5,%"0'%"*,,)"&1"J,7,+1A"?'/(+(&(,%"M0(/0"'.," *'%,J"1)"&0,%,"9,&01J%"')J"A0(+1%1A0(,%4"*$&"M0(/0"'.,")1&"&11"%A,/(?(,J" &1"?$)/&(1)"M(&0"'"J(??,.,)&",J$/'&(1)'+"J(.,/&(1)K" <0(%" A.1Q,/&" /1)%(%&%" .1$50+3" 1?" &0.,," A'.&%d" 1)," 91.," &0,1.,&(/'+" A'.&" M0(/0"J,%/.(*,%"&0,"/$..,)&"%(&$'&(1)"1?"9')3"#M,J(%0"A.,%/011+%4"'%"M,++" '%" ,7'+$'&()5" J(??,.,)&" *$(+J()5" %1+$&(1)%d" 1)," ()&,.A.,&(7," A'.&" 9,.5()5" A,J'515(/%" ')J" './0(&,/&$.,4" ')J" &0," +'%&" A'.&" (%" ')" './0(&,/&$.'+" J,%(5)" A.1A1%'+"*'%,J"1)"&0,"?()J()5%"')J"/1)/+$%(1)%"?.19"&0,"&M1"A.,7(1$%"A'.&%K W1."&0,"&0,1.,&(/'+"A'.&4"S"0'7,"J(7,J"()&1"+(&,.'&$.,"1)"&0,"%$*Q,/&"1?"/0(+Jc /'.,"')J"/0(+J.,);%"J,7,+1A9,)&d"&0,"+(&,.'&$.,".')5()5"?.19"%/(,)&(?(/"%&$J(,%" 1)"&0,"),,J%"1?"/0(+J.,)"&1"91.,"+'39')c+(L,"*11L%"1)",)Q13'*+,"5'.J,)" J,%(5)"?1."/0(+J.,)K"S"0'7,"'+%1"/1)J$/&,J"%,7,.'+"%&$J3"7(%(&%"&1",R(%&()5" A.,%/011+%"M(&0"J(??,.,)&"?1/$%"')J"J,%(5)4"&1"*,"'*+,"&1",R,9A+(?3"?1."93%,+?" '%"M,++"'%"&0,".,'J,."1?"&0(%"&0,%(%"&0,"(9A+,9,)&'&(1)"1?"&0,"(J,'%"M0(/0" &0,"A.1Q,/&"(%"*'%,J"1)K"#()/,"93"1M)",RA,.(,)/,"1?"/0(+J.,)"(%"9()(9'+4" ()?1.9'+"()&,.7(,M%"&1"*,&&,."$)J,.%&')J"&0,"7(,M%"1?"'"/0(+J"')J"&01%,"1?"'" A'.,)&"0'7,"&'L,)"A+'/,"()"&0,",'.+3"%&'5,%"1?"&0,"A.1/,%%"'%"M,++K"

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cA,.%A,/&(7,"'AA.1'/04"&.3()5"&1"?()J" &0,"1A&(9'+"M'3"1?"'..')5()5"&0,"?$)/&(1)%"')J"&0,(."%A,/(?(/"'.,'%4"M0(+," %(9$+&'),1$%+3"M1.L()5"M(&0"&0,"*$(+J()5"71+$9,"')J"%(&,4"%1"'%")1&"&1"5,&" /'$50&"()"&.3()5"&1"%N$,,f,"&0,"?$)/&(1)%"()&1"'"?(R,J"71+$9,"')J"7(/,"7,.%'K <0,".,%$+&%"1?"&0(%",??1.&"(%"A.,%,)&,J"()"&0(%"J1/$9,)&4"M(&0"&0,"()&,)&(1)" 1?" *,()5" '" .,'+(%&(/" J,%(5)" M(&0" %+(50&+3" 7(%(1)'.3" (J,'%" M0(/0" /')" *," (9A+,9,)&,J"()"?$&$.,"A.,%/011+%4"&1"9'L,"'"J(??,.,)/,"?1."&0,"/0(+J.,)"')J" &0,(."J,7,+1A9,)&K

<0,"A.,cJ,%(5)"A'.&"0'%"*,,)"'"&.')%(&(1)'+"A.1/,%%"')'+3f()5"&0,"/1)J(&(1)%" ')J"1AA1.&$)(&(,%"1?"&0,"%(&,"')J"1?"J(??,.,)&"&,/0)(/'+"*$(+J()5"%1+$&(1)%"%$/0" '%"7,)&(+'&(1)"')J"%1+'."A1M,.K"S&"0'%"'+%1"*,,)"'*1$&"()&,.A.,&()5"&0,"%&'&,J" 51'+%"?1."#M,J(%0"A.,%/011+%"')J"&0,"'%A,/&%"J,%/.(*,J"'%"(9A1.&')&"()"&0," H,55(1"89(+('"A0(+1%1A03"()&1"'./0(&,/&$.'+"J,%(5)",+,9,)&%K S9A+,9,)&()5"'++"1?"&0,"&0,1.,&(/'+"?()J()5%"()&1"&0,"*$(+J()5"J,%(5)"0'%"&'L,)" A+'/,"/1)&()$1$%+3",7,."%()/,"&0,"%&'.&"1?"&0,"%,9,%&,.4"'AA+3()5"93"(J,'%"

13


THE PRESCHOOL


A brief history of preschools in Sweden E^_D;%"c"&0,"?(.%&"?1.9"1?"J'3"/'.,4"&0,"%1"/'++,J"*'.)L.$**'4"(%"1A,),J"'&" 2$)5%01+9,)"()"#&1/L01+9K"<0,"A$.A1%,"(%"&1"5(7,"(9A17,.(%0,J"?'9(+(,%"'" A1%%(*(+(&3"&1"A.17(J,"?1."&0,9%,+7,%"*3"51()5"&1"M1.L",'/0"J'3"()%&,'J"1?" %&'3()5"019,"M(&0"&0,"/0(+J.,)K

E^`D;%"c"'"),M"L()J"1?"J'3"/'.,4"L()J,.5'.&,)%4"(%"()(&('&,J"*3"!))'"8L+$)JK" <0,"L()J,.5'.&,)%"'.,"?.19"&0,"*,5())()5"1)+3"?1."&0,"9(JJ+,"/+'%%"/0(+J.,)4" *$&" M(&0" &0," ()(&('&(7," 1?" &0," %(%&,.%" 8++,)" ')J" :'.('" :1*,.5" (&" /19,%" &1" ()/+$J," &0," M1.L,.%;" /0(+J.,)" '%" M,++K" 8++,)" :1*,.5" (%" 1)," 1?" &0," J.(7()5" ?1./,%"*,0()J"')"()/.,'%,J"/199$)(&3"()71+7,9,)&"()"/0(+J"/'.,K

E`[D;%"c"?1."&0,"?(.%&"&(9,"&0,"A.,%/011+"(%"9,)&(1),J"()"&,.9%"1?"'"$)(?(,J"

%3%&,9K"<0,"(J,'%"1?"!+7'":3.J'+"&0'&"&0,"a+'.5,")$.%,.3b"(%"&1"*,"'7'(+'*+," ?1."'++4"?1.9%"&0,"*'%(%"1?"'"$)(?(,J"#M,J(%0"A.,%/011+4"M0,.,"M,"917,"'M'3" ?.19"&0,"J(7(%(1)"1?"&0,"%1/('++3"91&(7'&,J"*'.)L.$**'"')J"&0,"A,J'515(/'++3" 91&(7'&,J"L()J,.5'.&,)K

E`\D;%" ')J" ]D;%" c" &0," %&.1)5" ,/1)19(/'+" 5.1M&0" /.,'&,%" '" ),,J" &1"

'/N$(.,"?,9'+,"+'*1."?1."&0,"A.1J$/&(1)"()J$%&.3K"<0(%"&15,&0,."M(&0"M19,);%" ,9')/(A'&(1)"()(&('&,%"'"9'Q1.",RA')%(1)"1?"&0,"A.,%/011+K"<0,",RA')%(1)"(%" 9'()+3"91&(7'&,J"*3"&0,"),,J"&1"%1+7,"'"%$A,.7(%1.3"(%%$,K

E`\^"c")$.%,.(,%"')J"L()J,.5'.&,)%"5,&%"'"/1991)"&(&+,"'?&,."17,."[D"3,'.%"

1?"J(%/$%%(1)%"c"&0,"A.,%/011+"(%"*1.)K"<0,"'/&(7(&(,%"'.,"&1"*,",J$/'&(1)'+" ')J"&0,"%&'??"(%")'9,J",J$/'&(1)'+"%&'??K

E``]" c" '" %$55,%&(1)" ?1." ')" ,J$/'&(1)'+" /$..(/$+$9" a<1" /1)N$,." &0,"

%$..1$)J()5%b"(%"A$*+(%0,JK

E``^"c"&0,"?(.%&"#M,J(%0"8J$/'&(1)'+"/$..(/$+$9"?1."A.,%/011+%"(%",%&'*+(%0,JKE"

16

E"

>9,U"2199$)4"CDED4"W$)L&(1)%A.15.'9"We.%L1+'

Christmas celebrations at a barnkrubba in Sandviken 1922


Preschools in the 21st century <0," &.'J(&(1)'+" 7(,M" 1?" /0(+J.,)" .,%&,J" 1)" '" ?1$)J'&(1)" 1?" J,7,+1A9,)&'+" A%3/01+1534"()J(/'&()5"&0'&"'++"/0(+J.,)"?1++1M,J"&0,"%'9,"L()J"1?"J,7,+1A9,)&4" Q$%&"()"'"J(??,.,)&"A'/,"')J"%/'+,K"F*%,.7'&(1)%"1?"&0(%"J,7,+1A9,)&"J(J"&0,)" ?1.9"'"*'%(%"1?"M0'&"'/&(1)%"M0,.,"&1"*,"&'L,)"&1",)%$.,"&0,"a.(50&b"L()J"1?" J,7,+1A9,)&"1?"&0,"/0(+JK <1J'34" M," 0'7," '" J(??,.,)&" M'3" 1?" 7(,M()5" &0," J,7,+1A9,)&" 1?" /0(+J.,)4" &0')L%" &1" &0," 8J$/'&(1)'+" /$..(/$+$9d" &1J'3" M," %,," /0(+J.,)" '%" $)(N$," ()J(7(J$'+%"')J"'/&(7,"/1c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c"*3"J1()5"')J"()".,+'&(1)"M(&0"1&0,."/0(+J.,)K <0(%"9,')%"&0'&"&0,"A.,%/011+"0'%"51),"?.19"()"&0,"E^&0"/,)&$.3"*,()5"%19," %1.&"1?"J,A1&"?1."A'.,)&%"&1"A$&"&0,(."/0(+J.,)"M0(+,"M1.L()54"&1"'"A,J'515(/'+" A+'/,"M0(/0"J,'+%"M(&0"/0(+J.,);%"A,.%1)'+"J,7,+1A9,)&"')J"+,'.)()5"1)"&0,(." M'3"&1"*,/19()5"/1)?(J,)&4".,%A,/&?$+"')J"/1)%/(1$%"()J(7(J$'+%K" !++"1?"&0,%,"&.')%?1.9'&(1)%"()"&0,"M1.+J"1?"/0(+J.,);%",J$/'&(1)"A$&"0(50,." J,9')J%"1)"&0,"*$(+&"+,'.)()5",)7(.1)9,)&K"-.,%/011+%"%01$+J"c"'//1.J()5" &1"&0,"8J$/'&(1)'+"/$..(/$+$9"c"*,"%&(9$+'&()54"7'.(,J"')J"/.,'&(7,4"')J"&0," /0(+J.,)" %01$+J" *," '*+," &1" ()?+$,)/," &0,(." 1M)" M1.L()5" ,)7(.1)9,)&K" <0," '/&(7(&(,%"%01$+J"'+%1"*,"'J'A&'*+,"&1"&0,"()J(7(J$'+"/0(+J;%"()&,.,%&%4"),,J%" ')J"/1)J(&(1)%K"

S&"(%"%'?,"&1"%'3"&0'&"()"9')3"#M,J(%0"/(&(,%"&1J'34"&0,%,"A.,.,N$(%(&,%"'.," )1&"N$(&,"(9A+,9,)&,Jd"()%&,'J"A.,%/011+%"'.,"*,()5"01$%,J"()"&,9A1.'.3" *'..'/L%"')J"(++c'J'A&,J"1+J"01$%,%4"M0(+,"&0,"5.1$A%"1?"/0(+J.,)"'.,"%&,'J(+3" *,/19()5"+'.5,."')J"+'.5,."M(&0"'"%&'&(/")$9*,."1?"&,'/0,.%K"-'.,)&%"'.," ?1./,J"&1"M'(&"?1."A.,%/011+"A+'/,%"?1."%,7,.'+"91)&0%4"')J"M0,)"&0,3"'.," ?()'++3"1??,.,J"'"A+'/,"?1."&0,(."/0(+J4"(&"9(50&"*,"'%"?'."'%"ED"L(+19,&,.%"?.19" &0,(."019,K S)"CDD[4"E_g"1?"&0,"A.,%/011+"5.1$A%"0'J"CE"1."91.,"/0(+J.,)"A,."5.1$A4"&1" *,"/19A'.,J"&1"CDED4"M0,)"&0,"/1..,%A1)J()5"?(5$.,"M'%"E^g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c"&0,"/0(+J.,)K"=0(+J.,)"0'7,"'"J(??,.,)&"%/'+,"&0')"'J$+&%4" &0,3"0'7,"'"J(??,.,)&"M'3"1?"A,./,(7()5"&0,(."%$..1$)J()5%"')J"'"J(??,.,)&"M'3" 1?"$&(+(f()5"&0,"%A'/,K"<1"?1/$%"1)"&0,"'./0(&,/&$.,"M(&0"'++"&0,".,N$(.,9,)&%" .,5'.J()5"J(9,)%(1)%4"%'?,&3"')J"?$)/&(1)"(%"1),"&0()54"*$&"&1"*,"'*+,"&1" /.,'&,"%19,&0()5"M0(/0"/1..,%A1)J%"&1"'++"&0,"%&'&,9,)&%"()"&0,"8J$/'&(1)'+" /$..(/$+$94"&0,"'(9"9$%&"*,"&1"?1/$%"1)"&0,"/0(+JK

C" 0&&AXhhMMMK%L1+7,.L,&K%,h%&'&(%&(Lc1/0c')'+3%hCKE^\ChCKY[E] CDECcDCcC]

17


The preschool in numbers

_DD"DDD

Y_D"DDD

I$9*,."1?"/0(+J.,)",).1++,J"()"A.,%/011+"()"#M,J,)

i,'.

YDD"DDD

[_D"DDD

E`^_

[DD"DDD

C_D"DDD

E``D

E_D"DDD

CDD[

_D"DDD

CDD`

CDD"DDD

E``_

EDD"DDD

CDD\

D

18

E`]_"""""E`^D"""""E`^_""""""E``D""""""E``_"""""CDDD"""""CDD_"""""CDED

#&'&(%&(/%"&'L,)"?.19"0&&AXhhMMMK%L1+7,.L,&K%,h%&'&(%&(Lc1/0c')'+3%hCKE^\ChCKY[E] CDECcDCcC]

CDED

!7,.'5,")$9*,."1?"/0(+J.,) A,."5.1$A""""""""""""A,."?$++c&(9," """"""""""""""""""""""",9A+13,, E[4Y

Y4[

E[4^

Y4Y

E]4C

_4Y

E\4^

_4[

E\4]

E\4]

E\4`

_4_ _4E

_4Y


#&'&(%&(/%"?.19"2$)56+7"9$)(/(A'+(&3"CDED

@(%/$%%(1)X

=0(+J.,)"()"&0,"9$)(/(A'+(&3"'5,%"Ec_X" " =0(+J.,)",).1++,J"()"A.,%/011+X"" " "

C"]D_ C"E]Y

W$++c&(9,",9A+13,,%X" " =0(+J.,)"A,.",9A+13,,X" "

" "

[`[ _4_

<0,")$9*,."1?"/0(+J.,)",).1++,J"()"A.,%/011+"0'%"*,,)"%&,'J(+3"()/.,'%()5" %()/," &0," E`]D;%K" #1" 0'%" &0," '7,.'5," )$9*,." 1?" /0(+J.,)" A,." 5.1$A" 1." J,A'.&9,)&4"M0(/0"(%"&0,"*'J"&.,)J"&0'&"0'%"/'$%,J"&1J'3;%"%(&$'&(1)K"

<1&'+"'91$)&"1?"A.,%/011+"J,A'.&9,)&%X"" -,./,)&'5,"1?"J,A'.&9,)&%"M(&0" cE_"/0(+J.,)X""" " [E E\cE]"/0(+J.,)X" " EY E^cCD"/0(+J.,)X" " YD CEcC_"/0(+J.,)X" " EY C\c"/0(+J.,)X"" " D

EC]

" "

#()/," E``^4" &0," )$9*,." 1?" /0(+J.,)" ()" '5,%" Ec_" 3,'.%" 0'%" ?+$/&$'&,J" ()" 2$)56+74"M0(+,"&0,")$9*,."1?"/0(+J.,)",).1++,J"()"A.,%/011+"0'%"*,,)"%&,'J(+3" ()/.,'%()5K"S)"E``^4"E"C`\"/0(+J.,)"j_[gk"M,.,"'&&,)J()5"A.,%/011+4"&1"*," /19A'.,J"M(&0"C"E]Y"/0(+J.,)"j^Dgk"()"CDEDK <0,"'7,.'5,")$9*,."1?"/0(+J.,)"A,."J,A'.&9,)&"()"2$)56+7"(%")1&"&0'&"*'J4" *$&"&0,.,"(%"%&(++"&0,"?'/&"&0'&"91%&"J,A'.&9,)&%"/1)&'()"E^cCD"/0(+J.,)4"')J" '"?'(."'91$)&",7,)"CEcC_"/0(+J.,)K"<1"*,"'*+,"&1"?1++1M"&0,"5$(J,+(),%"%,&" *3"&0,",J$/'&(1)'+"/$..(/$+$9"')J",)%$.,"'"0,'+&03",)7(.1)9,)&"')J"A.1A,." /'.,"1?"/0(+J.,)"()"&0,"A.,%/011+4"&0,%,")$9*,.%"),,J"&1"(9A.17,K

!7,.'5,")$9*,."1?"/0(+J.,)"A,."J,A'.&9,)&X"" E]4E

19


CASE STUDIES


Stadsskogen preschool, Alings책s <0," A.,%/011+" #&'J%%L15,)" ()" !+()5%U%" M'%" *$(+&" ()" CDD^" '%" &0," ?(.%&" #/')J()'7(')" A.,%/011+" M(&0" '" A'%%(7," 01$%," %&')J'.JK" H$91." 0'%" (&" &0'&"A'%%(7,"01$%,"A(1),,."P')%"8,L"')J"'./0(&,/&"!)J,.%"B+')&f"51&"&1" J(%/$%%()5"1),",7,)()5"M0,&0,."(&"M1$+J"*,"A1%%(*+,"&1"/.,'&,"'"A'%%(7," 01$%,"M(&0"&0,"0,'&()5",),.53"?.19"/0(+J.,)K"<0,"?(.%&"%L,&/0,%"M,.,"9'J," 1)"*'L()5"A'A,."&1"M0'&"M1$+J"*,/19,"'"%$//,%%?$+"')J"A1A$+'."A'%%(7," 01$%,"A.,%/011+K <0.1$50"&0,"J.'M()5"A.1/,%%4"&0,"%&'??"M0(/0"M'%"&1"M1.L"()"&0,"),M"?'/(+(&(,%" M,.,"J,,A+3"()71+7,J"()"&0,"J,%(5)"M1.L4"9'L()5"J,/(%(1)%"M0(/0"J,7('&,J" ?.19" &0," %&')J'.J" %1+$&(1)%4" *$&" M1$+J" %$(&" &0,9" *,&&,." ')J" 1A&(9(f," &0," +(9(&,J"%A'/,"M(&0"M0(/0"&0,"J,%(5)"&,'9"M'%"M1.L()5K #()/,"&0,"*$(+J()5"%(&,"M'%"%+(50&+3"'MLM'.J"')J"A1%,J"'"*(&"1?"'"/0'++,)5,4" &0,"J,%(5)"M'%"J,&,.9(),J"&1"?1++1M"&0,"0,(50&"J(??,.,)/,%".'&0,."&0')"J(55()5" &0,9"1$&4"')J"&0,"A+')"J.'M()5"'+%1"0'J"&1"*,"*,)&"'"+(&&+,"&1"?(&"()&1"&0,"%(&,K" <0(%"/.,'&,J"')"()&,.,%&()5"()&,.(1."M(&0"1),"A'.&"1?"&0,"*$(+J()5"'"0'+?c?+11." 0(50,." &0')" &0," 1&0,.4" ')J" &0," *1J3" 1?" &0," 01$%," A.1&,/&()5" ')" ()%A(.()5" 1$&%(J,"3'.J"()"&M1"+,7,+%K #&'J%%L15,)"J1,%")1&",RA+(/(&+3"?1++1M"')3"%A,/(?(/"A,J'51534"*$&"&0,"%&'??" (%"()?+$,)/,J"*3"&0,"H,55(1"89(+('"A0(+1%1A03K"P1M,7,.4"&0,"()&,.(1."+'31$&" 1?" &0," A.,%/011+" J1,%" )1&" ?1++1M" &0," H,55(1" 89(+('" (J,'%" M(&0" .,5'.J%" &1" '" /,)&.'+" A('ff'" ')J" /1991)" '&,+(,.%d" &0," ?(7," J,A'.&9,)&%" c" ,'/0" /1)&'()()5"E`cCD"/0(+J.,)"c"'.,"%,A'.'&,J"M(&0"&0,(."1M)"A.(7'&,",)&.')/,K" <0,"aH,55(1cA('ff'b"(%"917,J"1$&%(J,"c"'"/1)%/(1$%"J,/(%(1)"*3"&0,"%&'??4"&1" 5'()"%A'/,"?1."1&0,."),/,%%'.3"?$)/&(1)%"c"M0,.,"'%"9$/0"'%"A1%%(*+,"1?"&0," J'(+3"'/&(7(&(,%"&'L,"A+'/,K"!%"&0,"0,'J9'%&,."!5),&'"!$5$%&%%1)",RA.,%%,J" (&"aT0'&"/')"*,"J1),"()J11.%"/')"*,"J1),"1$&J11.%bK"T0,)"&0,"M,'&0,." '++1M%4"5'9,%"')J"9,'+%"'.,".,+1/'&,J"1$&%(J,"()"&0,"3'.J4"M0,.,"&13%"'.," /1)7,)(,)&+3"%&1.,J"()"1$&J11."/$A*1'.J%4"')J"&0,"1//'%(1)'+"A(/)(/"&'L,%" A+'/,"()"M0'&"&0,"/0(+J.,)"/'++"a&0,"?1.,%&b4"M0(/0"(%".,'++3"Q$%&"&0,"0(50,." +,7,+"1?"&0,"3'.JK S)%(J,4"&0,"A+')"(%"%1+7,J"7(.&$'++3"M(&01$&"')3"/1..(J1.%K"#()/,"&0,"/0(+J.,)"

22


'++",'&"()"&0,(."1M)"019,.1194"?11J"/'.&%"'.,"A$%0,J"?.19"&0,"L(&/0,)"()"&0," 9(JJ+,"1?"&0,"*$(+J()54"&0.1$50"&M1"1?"&0,"J,A'.&9,)&%"&1".,'/0"&0,"1$&,." J,A'.&9,)&%K"<0(%"(%"1A,.'&,J"'%"%911&0+3"'%"A1%%(*+,"*3"J,%(5)'&,J"A'&0%" &0.1$50"&0,".119%"M0,.,"&0,"J11.%"?'/,",'/0"1&0,."()"%&.'(50&"%(50&"+(),%K <0," ,)7(.1)9,)&'+" ?1/$%" A,.9,'&,%" )1&" 1)+3" &0," *$(+J()54" *$&" &0," ,)&(.," J'3c/'.," '/&(7(&3K" S)" 'JJ(&(1)" &1" &0," /0(+J.,)" %A,)J()5" '" +1&" 1?" &0,(." &(9," A+'3()5"1$&%(J,4"&0,"A.,%/011+"A.191&,%"%$%&'()'*(+(&3"*3"9,&01J%"%$/0"'%" %9'++"&01$50&%"')J"J(%/$%%(1)%"'%"M,++"'%"9'L()5"&0,"a.,/3/+()5"9')'5,."1?" &0,"M,,Lb"')"01)1$.'*+,"'%%(5)9,)&4"&,'/0()5"&0,"/0(+J.,)"&0,"(9A1.&')/," 1?".,/3/+()5"')J"&0,"M'%&,"/3/+,K"#&'J%%L15,)"(%"'+%1"/,.&(?(,J"'%"'"aB.,,)" ?+'5b" A.,%/011+4" (9A+3()5" ')" '/&(1)c1.(,)&,J" 'AA.1'/0" &,'/0()5" /0(+J.,)" '*1$&" ,)7(.1)9,)&" ')J" %$%&'()'*+," J,7,+1A9,)&"*'%,J"1)"J(??,.,)&"&0,9,%4" ,'%(+3"/19A.,0,)J,J"*3"&0,"/0(+J.,)K T0'&"/')"*,"J1),"()J11.%"

/')"*,"J1),"1$&J11.% Z,()5" '" A'%%(7," 01$%,4" &0," A.,%/011+" !5),&'"!$5$%&%%1) ,RA,.(,)/,%" N$(&," '" +'.5," ?+$/&$'&(1)" 1?" &,9A,.'&$.,4"M0,.,"()"&0,"91.)()5%"&0," ()&,.(1."&,9A,.'&$.,"/')"*,"1)+3"E\l"=4"*$&"'%"%11)"'%"&0,"/0(+J.,)"%&'.&" '..(7()5"'+M'3%"/+(9*%"$A"&1"'")(/,"CCl"=K"<0,"%&'??"J1,%")1&"%,,"&0(%"'%"'" A.1*+,94"'%"&0,3"5,&"'"+1&"1?"A03%(/'+",R,./(%,"&15,&0,."M(&0"&0,"/0(+J.,)K <M1"1&0,."'%A,/&%"&0'&"%&,9"?.19"&0,"*$(+J()5"J,%(5)"'.,"&0,"511J"'(."N$'+(&3" ')J"&0,"/19?1.&'*+,"+,7,+"1?")1(%,d",7,)"&01$50"&0,.,"'.,"'.1$)J"'"0$)J.,J" /0(+J.,)"()"&0,"*$(+J()54")1"%1$)J"(%"&.')%?,..,J"*,&M,,)"J,A'.&9,)&%4"')J" &0,")1(%,"(%"L,A&"'&"'".,'%1)'*+,"+,7,+"M(&0()"&0,"J,A'.&9,)&%"'%"M,++K">A" &0,"%&'(./'%,"()"&0,"%&'??".1194"&0,.,"(%")1"()J(/'&(1)"M0'&%1,7,.")1(%,cM(%," &0'&"31$"'.,"()"&0,"7(/()(&3"1?"'"0$)J.,J"/0(+J.,)K !++"()"'++4"&,'/0,.%"')J"/0(+J.,)"'&"#&'J%%L15,)"'.,"/1)&,)&"M(&0"&0,(."A'%%(7," A.,%/011+4"')J",7,)"&0,"A'.,)&%"0'7,",RA.,%%,J"&0,(."%'&(%?'/&(1)"M(&0"&0," ,)7(.1)9,)&'+".,%A1)%(*(+(&3"1?"(&K

23


Kareby nature-preschool, Kung채lv =+1%,"&1"&0,"%(&,"()"2'.,*3"'.,"&M1"A.,%/011+%d"1),".,5$+'."')J"1),"?1/$%,J" 1)" +,&&()5" &0," /0(+J.,)" A+'3" 1$&J11.%" '%" 9$/0" '%" A1%%(*+," c" &0," )'&$.,c A.,%/011+K" <0," ?'/(+(&(,%" M,.," *$(+&" ()" E``E4" M(&0" %19," ()?+$,)/," ?.19" &0," %&'??4"')J"'.,"&1J'3"$&(+(f,J"*3"C_"/0(+J.,)"()"&0,"'5,%"Ec_"3,'.%4"')J"?1$." &,'/0,.%K <0,"A.,%/011+"?1++1M%",RA+(/(&",)7(.1)9,)&'+"51'+%"M(&0".,5'.J%"&1"%$%&'()'*+," J,7,+1A9,)&"')J"M'%"/,.&(?(,J"'%"'")'&$.,cA.,%/011+"()"E``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c" ?.19" C4_c_" 3,'.%" c" M1$+J" 0'7,"*,,)"1A&(9'+"&1"*,"'*+,"&1"?1/$%",7,)"91.,"1)"&0,")'&$.,"')J"'71(J" &0,"J,'+()5%"M(&0"J('A,.%"')J"%$/0K"F)"&0,"1&0,."0')J4"&0,"&,'/0,.%"?()J" (&"A1%(&(7,"M(&0"&0,"9(R"1?"J(??,.,)&"'5,%"()"&0,"%'9,"5.1$A4"(&"&,'/0,%"&0," /0(+J.,)"/1)%(J,.'&(1)"')J",9A'&03"?.19"')",'.+3"'5,K <0,"*$(+J()5"/1)&'()%"'".,+'&(7,+3"+'.5,")$9*,."1?".119%4"*$&"&0,)"'5'()4" &0," 5.1$A" 1?" /0(+J.,)" (%" '+%1" .,+'&(7,+3" +'.5,K" <0," &,'/0,." B$)(++'" m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

24


F),",)J"1?"&0,"*$(+J()5"(%"J,J(/'&,J"&1"&0,"%&'??".119%d"'"/0')5()5".1194" '"%A'/(1$%"1??(/,"')J"'"*.,'L".119K"<0,"*.,'L".119"(%")1&"7,.3"?.,N$,)&+3" $%,J"c"&0,"%(f,"1?"&0,"/0(+J.,);%"5.1$A".,)J,."(&"(9A1%%(*+,"?1."&0,"%&'??"&1" &'L,"'++"&0,"*.,'L%"M0(/0"&0,3"'.,",)&(&+,J"&1K"<0,"*.,'L".119"0'%"&1"%19," ,R&,)%(1)"*,,)"&.')%?1.9,J"()&1"')",R&.'"%&1.'5,"%A'/,"?1."&13%K

S&"J1,%);&"9'&&,."01M"9$/0"%&'??"31$;7," 51&4"(&;%"&0,"?'/(+(&(,%"&0'&"'.,"(9A1.&')&

B$)(++'"m*,.5

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

25


Kl책vav채gen preschool !AA.1R(9'&,+3" ED" L(+19,&,.%" %1$&0" 1?" B1&0,)*$.5" /(&34" ()" '" ?1.,%&,J" .,%(J,)&('+"'.,'4"'".,/,)&+3"*$(+&"A.,%/011+"(%"+1/'&,JK"2+U7'765,)"A.,%/011+" M'%"J,%(5),J"*3"Liljewall Architects"')J"0'%"*,,)".$))()5"?1."&M1"3,'.%K" <0,"J,%(5)"1?"&0,"*$(+J()5"(%"*'%,J"1)"&0,"H,55(1"89(+('"/1)/,A&4"M(&0"?(7," J,A'.&9,)&%"5'&0,.,J"'.1$)J"'"/,)&.'+"A('ff'K" !&"&0,"919,)&"1)+3"?1$."1?"&0,"?(7,"J,A'.&9,)&%"'.,"()"$%,4"J(7(J,J"'//1.J()5" &1"&0,"/0(+J.,);%"'5,%".'&0,."&0')"&0,"91.,"$%$'+"A.'/&(/,"1?"9(R()5"/0(+J.,)" 1?"J(??,.,)&"'5,K"P,.,4"&0,"/0(+J.,)"/0')5,"&0,(."019,".119%"'%"&0,3"5.1M" 1+J,.K <0,"%&'??".$))()5"&0,"A.,%/011+"J,%/.(*,%"&0,"'/&(7(&(,%"'%"aH,55(1"89(+('c ()%A(.,Jb4" M0(+," &0," ?'/(+(&(,%" '.," J,%(5),J" 7,.3" 9$/0" '//1.J()5" &1" &0," A0(+1%1A034"()/+$J()5"'&,+(,.%4"A('ff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ff'4"M0(/0" '+%1"?$)/&(1)%"'%"'"J()()5"0'++K"<0,"31$)5,%&"/0(+J.,)"0'7,"&0,(."1M)"%9'++" +$)/0".119"/1)),/&,J"&1"&0,(."019,".119%K"!//1.J()5"&1"&0,"%&'??"(&"M1$+J"

26


0'7,"*,,)"J,%(.'*+,"M(&0"'"J,J(/'&,J"J()()5"0'++4"M0,.,"A+'&,%"')J"/$&+,.3" /1$+J"Q$%&"*,"+,?&"'?&,.",'&()5K"!%"&0,"%(&$'&(1)"(%")1M4"&0,.,"(%"'+M'3%"),,J" ?1."/+,')()5"')J"A$&&()5"'M'3"&0()5%"*,?1.,"')J"'?&,.",'/0"9,'+K"!)1&0,." M(%0" ?.19" &0," %&'??" M1$+J" 0'7," *,,)" &1" ?$.)(%0" &0," A('ff'" ()" '" J(??,.,)&" ?'%0(1)4"/.,'&()5"J(%&()/&".119%"M(&0()"&0,"+'.5,".1194"&1"*,"'*+,"&1"$%,"(&" 91.,",??(/(,)&+3K"=(./$+'."&'*+,%"M1$+J"'+%1"0'7,"*,,)"A.,?,..,J4"&1"9'L," &0,"?$.)(%0()5"91.,"()7(&()5"')J",)'*+()5"/199$)(/'&(1)"')J"()&,.'/&(1)"()"'" *,&&,."M'3K"F.4"'%"1),"1?"&0,"&,'/0,.%"A$&"(&"a91.,".1$)J"%0'A,%"()"5,),.'+nb <1"5(7,"%A'/,"?1."&0,",R&,)%(7,"A('ff'"&0,"'.,'"1?"&0,"019,".119%"?1.",'/0" J,A'.&9,)&"0'7,"*,,)"%19,M0'&"J(9()(%0,Jd"%19,"1?"&0,"&,'/0,.%"'.,"1?" &0,"1A()(1)"&0'&"&0,3"'.,"1),".119"%01.&"1)",'/0"J,A'.&9,)&K"<0,.,"(%")1" %A'/,"?1."%(&&()5"J1M)"?1."%&1.3"&,++()54"&01%,"'/&(7(&(,%"'.,"/1)J$/&,J"()"&0," %&'??".,+'R'&(1)".119K !A'.&"?.19"&0,"%9'++"()/1)7,)(,)/,%"M0(/0"/')"*,"?1$)J"()"')3"),M"*$(+J()5" *,?1.,"(%"(&"/19A+,&,+3"'J'A&,J"&1"&0,"'/&(7(&(,%4"&0,"?'/(+(&(,%"'.,"*.(50&"')J" ()7(&()54"M(&0"+1&%"1?")'&$.'+"J'3+(50&"?.19"&0,"+'.5,"M()J1M%K"<0,"A+'35.1$)J"" c"'+&01$50"(&"?,,+%".,+'&(7,+3"%9'++"c"(%"J,%(5),J"*3"'"+')J%/'A,"'./0(&,/&"')J" ?,'&$.,%"J(??,.,)&"'.,'%"?1."9')3"J(??,.,)&"L()J%"1?"5'9,%K"" S)%(J,4" &0," './0(&,/&%" 0'7," 9')'5,J" &1" /.,'&," .119%" M0(/0" 9'()&'()" '" /19?1.&'*+,")1(%,"+,7,+4"')J"/1+1$.%"'.,"$%,J"&1"'"91J,.'&,"'91$)&4"/.,'&()5" '"A+'3?$+"*$&")1&"17,.M0,+9()5",)7(.1)9,)&K <0,"),R&"%&,A"?1."&0(%"),M"A.,%/011+"(%"&1"A$.%$,"&0,"/,.&(?(/'&(1)"?1."aB.,,)" ?+'5b4"(9A+,9,)&()5"%$%&'()'*(+(&3"'%A,/&%"()&1"&0,"H,55(1"89(+('"/1)/,A&K

27


Comparisons and conclusions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d"&0,"),,J"&1".,J$/,"&0,"%A'/,"?1."91.," %,/+$J,J" .119%4" M0(/0" '.," '+%1" 7,.3" (9A1.&')&K" !&" #&'J%%L15,)4" &0(%" (%" %1+7,J"*3"0'7()5"/1991)"5'&0,.()5%"1$&%(J,"()"&0,"3'.JK !&"'++"&0.,,"A.,%/011+%4"&0,"(%%$,"M(&0"J(.&3"f1),%"(%"91.,"1."+,%%"/19A.19(%,JK" #&'J%%L15,)"&.,'&"&0,"A.1*+,9"&1"'"/,.&'()"J,5.,,4"*3"$%()5"&0,"M()J"*.,'L%" '%"'"*$??,."f1),4"*$&"&0,)"?11J"/'.&%"'.,"&.')%A1.&,J"&0.1$50"&0,"J(.&3"f1),%4" &.')%?,..()5"J(.&"&1"&0,"/+,')"f1),%K"2'.,*3",RA,.(,)/,%"7(.&$'++3"&0,"%'9," A.1*+,94"*$&"&0,"A'&0"?1."&0,"?11J"/'.&%"(%")1&"'%"+,)5&03K"!&"2+U7'765,)4" &0,.,"(%"'"J,J(/'&,J"A+'/,"?1."%01,%4"*$&"&0,"'JQ'/,)&"/1..(J1."A.,%,)&%"'" +17,+3"1AA1.&$)(&3"?1."&0,"/0(+J.,)"&1".$)"'"a+'A"1?"01)1$.b"&0.1$50"&0,"J(.&3" f1),4"%A.,'J()5"&0,"J(.&"'++"17,."&0,"A.,%/011+K !"7,.3"(9A1.&')&"'%A,/&"(%"&0,".119%"J,J(/'&,J"?1."&0,"%&'??K"T0,)"M1.L()5" '++"J'3"M(&0"/0(+J.,)4"(&"(%",%%,)&('+"&1"0'7,"'"A+'/,"M0,.,"31$"'.,"'*+,"&1" .,+'R"')J"%A,)J"%19,"/0(+Jc?.,,"919,)&%K"<0,"&,'/0,.%"'&"2'.,*3".,+'&," &0'&"&0,3"'.,"%,+J19"'*+,"&1"&'L,"&0,(."/1??,,"*.,'L%"()"&0,"%&'??".1194"')J" &0,".119"(%"'+%1"$%,J"'%",R&.'"%&1.'5,K"!&"2+U7'765,)4"&0,"%&'??".119%"'.," %A.,'J"1$&"),R&"&1",'/0"1&0,."()"'"/1..(J1.4"M0,.,"&0,"/0(+J.,)"'+%1"0'7," '//,%%K"<0,"91%&"%,/+$J,J"%&'??".119%"/')"*,"?1$)J"'&"#&'J%%L15,)4"M0,.," &0,3"'.,"+1/'&,J"1)"&0,"%,/1)J"?+11.K

28

<0(%"(%"1)+3"%19,"1?"&0,"(%%$,%"&1"/1)%(J,."M0,)"J,%(5)()5"'"A.,%/011+4"')J" ,'/0"A.,%/011+"0'%"(&%"1M)"'J7')&'5,%"')J"J(%'J7')&'5,%K"P1M,7,.4"')" ,%%,)&('+"A'.&"1?"&0,"J,%(5)"A.1/,%%"(%"&1"'J'A&"&0,"?'/(+(&(,%"&1"&0,"'/&(7(&(,%" %1"'%"&1"'71(J"0'7()5"&1"J1"(&"&0,"1&0,."M'3"'.1$)JK"S&"(%"'+%1"'"?'/&"&0'&" %19," &0()5%" M0(/0" ?$)/&(1)" A,.?,/&+3" '&" 1)," A.,%/011+4" 9'3" )1&" *," '%" ?$)/&(1)'+"'&"')1&0,.4"(&"'++"J,A,)J%"1)"&0,"%(f,"1?"&0,"5.1$A%"')J"&0,"?1/$%" 1?"&0,"%&'??K S)"')3"/'%,4"S"0'7,"/19,"&1"%19,"/1)/+$%(1)%"?.19"&0,%,"/'%,"%&$J(,%4" ()J(/'&()5"M0'&"L()J"1?"A.,%/011+"M1$+J"*,"511J"()"93"1A()(1)K !%A,/&%"&1"'71(JX c"8)'*+()5"&0,"/0(+J.,)"&1"917,"&0.1$50"&0,"J(.&3"f1), c"H,J$/()5"%9'++,."%A'/,%"()"?'71$."1?"+'.5,"/1991)"'.,'% c"B(7()5"&0,"/0(+J.,)"'//,%%"&1"&0,"%&'??".119% c"F)+3"1),",)&.')/,"?1."/0(+J.,)4"%&'??4"')J"L(&/0,)"%$AA+(,% c"W1./()5"?11J"/'.&"&.')%A1.&"&0.1$50"&0,"J(.&3"f1), c"#+,,A()5"/0(+J.,)"1//$A3()5"'"M01+,"A+'3".119 !%A,/&%"&1",9*.'/,X c"!"A.1&,/&,J"%A'/,"1$&%(J,"?1."%+,,A()5"/0(+J.,) c"=1991)"5'&0,.()5"%A'/,"1$&%(J, c"!"/0'++,)5()5"A+'35.1$)J"M(&0")'&$.'+",+,9,)&% c"@(7(J()5"%A'/,%"()&1"J(??,.,)&".119% c"o'.3()5"&0,"/,(+()5"0,(50&"&1"/.,'&,"J(??,.,)&"%A'/,",RA,.(,)/, c"@,J(/'&,J"%A'/,"?1."a9,%%3b"%&$??4"%$/0"'%"A'()&()5"1."/'.A,)&.3 c"8)'*+()5"+1&%"1?"1$&J11."'/&(7(&(,%


POINT OF DEPARTURE


Reggio Emilia and Sustainability :3"%&'.&()5"A1()&"?1."&0,"J,7,+1A9,)&"1?"&0(%"A.,%/011+"(%"&M1",J$/'&(1)'+" 9,&01J%d"&0,"H,55(1"89(+('"A0(+1%1A03"')J"&0,"'%A,/&"1?"%$%&'()'*(+(&3K <0,%,"&M1"9,&01J%"'.,"()"%19,"M'3%"'$&19'&(/'++3"()&,.&M(),Jd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ff(4"'?&,."&0,"#,/1)J"T1.+J"T'."()"&0,"7(++'5,"1?" H,55(1"89(+('"()")1.&0,.)"S&'+3K <0," H,55(1" 89(+('" A0(+1%1A03" ?1/$%,%" 1)" &0," A.()/(A+,%" 1?" .,%A,/&4" .,%A1)%(*(+(&3" ')J" /199$)(&3" ')J" ,)/1$.'5,%" /.,'&(7(&34" ,RA+1.'&(1)" ')J" A.1J$/&(1)"&0.1$50"A.'/&(/'+"'/&(1)4"()"')"()%A(.()5",)7(.1)9,)&K

qH,55(1" 89(+('" (%r" '" &.')%*1$)J'.3" ,J$/'&(1)"%&.$55+()5"'5'()%&".1$&(),"')J" *1.,J19"M(&0"&0,"'%A(.'&(1)"&1"/1)%&')&+3" (9A.17,"

B.$&"CDD_"AK"E_

<0," *'%(/" A.()/(A+,%" 1?" &0," A0(+1%1A03" '.," '*1$&" 5(7()5" /0(+J.,)" /1)&.1+" 17,."&0,(."1M)"+,'.)()5"A.1/,%%,%K"<0,3"%01$+J"*,"'*+,"&1",RA,.(,)/,"&0," M1.+J"&0.1$50"'++"1?"&0,(."?(7,"%,)%,%4"0'7,".,+'&(1)%0(A%"M(&0"1&0,."/0(+J.,)4" *,"'++1M,J"&1",RA+1.,"&0,(."%$..1$)J()5%"')J"'+%1"0'7,",)J+,%%"M'3%"')J"

30

1AA1.&$)(&(,%"&1",RA.,%%"&0,9%,+7,%K H,55(1"89(+('"0'%"*,/19,"')"'&&.'/&(7,"&,'/0()5"9,&01J"*,/'$%,"1?"&0," M'3"(&"7(,M%"')J".,%A,/&%"&0,"/0(+JK <0,"+,'.)()5",)7(.1)9,)&"A+'3%"'"+'.5,".1+,"()"&0,",J$/'&(1)'+"A.15.'94"')J" (%"%19,&(9,%",7,)".,?,..,J"&1"'%"&0,"a&0(.J"&,'/0,.bK"<0,"9'Q1."1*Q,/&(7,"1?" &0,"*$(+&"%A'/,"(%"&1"%$AA1.&"&0,".,+'&(1)%0(A%"*,&M,,)"A,1A+,"')J"&0,"9')3" M'3%"1?",RA.,%%()5"(J,'%"&0'&"/0(+J.,)"$%,K =+'%%.119%"%$..1$)J"'"/,)&.'+"A('ff'"M0,.,"/0(+J.,)"()&,.'/&4"')J"'++".119%" '.,"/1)),/&,J"&1"&0,"%$..1$)J()5%"&0.1$50"+'.5,"M()J1M%4"/1$.&3'.J%"')J" J11.%"+,'J()5"1$&%(J,K"I'&$.,"(%"*.1$50&"()"*3"9,')%"1?"A+')&%"')J"7(),%4" M0(/0"&15,&0,."M(&0")'&$.'+"+(50&"%1$./,%"*+$."&0,"*1.J,."*,&M,,)"()%(J,"')J" 1$&%(J,K" =0(+J.,);%" M1.L%" '.," J(%A+'3,J" ()" /+'%%.119%" ')J" ,)&.')/,%4" &1" ()?1.9"')J",)5'5,"7(,M,.%K <0,"5.,'&"())17'&(1)"1?":'+'5$ff("(%"&0,"'&,+(,."p"'"%A,/(?(/"A'.&"1?"&0,"*$(+J()5" M0(/0" (%" J,J(/'&,J" &1" A.191&()5" /.,'&(7(&3" ')J" %$.A.(%()5" ')J" /0'++,)5()5" '/&(7(&(,%K"<0,"?,,+()5"1?"1A,)),%%"&1M'.J%")'&$.,"(%"'&"(&%"91%&"A.19(),)&"()" &0,"'&,+(,.4"%19,&0()5"M0(/0"5(7,%"&0,"/0(+J.,)"()%A(.'&(1)"?1."')",RA+1.'&1.3" 'AA.1'/0"()"&0,(."/.,'&(7(&3K"[ ;0)&$1($<131&6 S)"&0,"8J$/'&(1)'+"=$..(/$+$9"?1."A.,%/011+%4"(&"(%"%&'&,J"&0'&"&0,"A.,%/011+" 0'7," '" J$&3" &1" /1)&.(*$&," &1" &0," %&.(7," ?1." %$%&'()'*+," J,7,+1A9,)&K" S)" #M,J,)" &1J'34" &0,.," '.," '" 9$+&(&$J," 1?" A.,%/011+%" M0,.," &0," '%A,/&" 1?" %$%&'()'*(+(&3" ?1.9%" '" +'.5," A'.&" 1?" &0," J'(+3" ,J$/'&(1)K" <0,.," '.," *1&0" )'&$.,cA.,%/011+%4" ')J" %1" /'++,J" >.c1/0c%L$." A.,%/011+%K" <0," >.c1/0c %L$." A0(+1%1A03" M'%" ()(&('&,J" *3" W.(+$?&%?.69Q')J,&4" M0(/0" (%" '" )1)cA.1?(&" 1.5')(f'&(1)" '..')5()5" 7'.(1$%" 1$&J11." '/&(7(&(,%" ?1." (&%" 9,9*,.%K" Z1&0" ()" )'&$.,cA.,%/011+%"')J">.c1/0c%L$."A.,%/011+%4"&0,"/0(+J.,)"%A,)J"91%&"1?" &0,(."J'3"1$&%(J,4"+,'.)()5"?.19")'&$.,K" <1"?$.&0,."A.191&,"')",)7(.1)9,)&'++3"%1$)J"?1/$%"()"A.,%/011+%4"&0,.,"(%" &0,"'?1.,9,)&(1),J"/,.&(?(/'&(1)"aB.,,)"?+'5bK"!+%14"'"J,?()(&,"&.,)J"&0'&"M,"

["

B.$&4"CDD_


/')"%,,"&1J'3"(%"&1"/1)%&.$/&"A.,%/011+%"M(&0"A'%%(7,"01$%,"1."+1Mc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c()%$+'&,J"M'++%"M0(/0"/.,'&,"/1f3"M()J1M".119%"&1"%(&"()4"1."'" 5.,,)01$%,"A.17(J()5"'"0'+?c1$&J11."%A'/,"M0,.,"&0,"'?&,.)11)".,%&"&'L,%" A+'/,"$)J,.),'&0"&0,"?1+('5,"1?",R1&(/"&.,,%K <.')%?,..()5"&0,"'/&(7(&(,%"1$&%(J,"()&1"&0,"?1.,%&"1."'")(/,+3"J,%(5),J"A+'35.1$)J" M(&0" +1&%" 1?" )'&$.'+" ,+,9,)&%" M(++" '+%1" &,'/0" &0," /0(+J.,)" '*1$&" )'&$.,;%" A.1/,%%,%"M0(+,"%(9$+&'),1$%+3"+,&&()5"&0,9"A+'3"?.,,+3"')J"J,7,+1A()5"&0,(." 91&1."%,)%1."%L(++%K

The hundred languages of children: A child has a hundred languages but is deprived of ninety-nine. School and culture separates the head from the body. They force us to think without a body and act without a head. Play and work, reality and imagination are made to be opposites. - Loris Malaguzzi B.$&"CDD_"AK"E[

31


32

A preschool home room, Reggio Emilia style. Fรถrskolan Ugglan.


The importance of being outdoors F)"&0,"M,*%(&,"1?"&0,"S)%&(&$&,"1?"-$*+(/"P,'+&04"')J"'.&(/+,"/')"*,"?1$)J" M0(/0"/+,'.+3"%&'&,%"&0,"A1%(&(7,",??,/&%"1?"/0(+J.,)"*,()5"1$&J11.%"J$.()5" &0,(."&(9,"'&"&0,"A.,%/011+K <0,.,"'.,"%,7,.'+"%&$J(,%"M0(/0"%$55,%&"&0'&"/0(+J.,)",RA,.(,)/,"'"0(50,." +,7,+"1?"M,++c*,()5"M0,)"'++1M,J"&1"*,"1$&J11.%4"()"/19A'.(%1)"M(&0"/0(+J.,)" %A,)J()5"91%&"1?"&0,(."&(9,"()J11.%K"!"A.,%/011+"M0(/0"1??,.%"&0,"/0(+J.,)" /1)&'/&" M(&0" )'&$.," ')J" ')(9'+%" (%" +(L,+3" &1" .,J$/," &.1$*+,%" M(&0" 9,)&'+" 0,'+&0"(%%$,%"'91)5"&0,"/0(+J.,)K" !)1&0,."A1%(&(7,",??,/&4"?1."&0,"&,'/0,.%"'%"M,++"'%"&0,"/0(+J.,)4"(%"&0'&"&0," )1(%,"+,7,+"(%"5,),.'++3".,J$/,J"1$&J11.%K"Y

Z,()5" 1$&J11.%" 0'7," %,7,.'+" A1%(&(7," ,??,/&%"1)"*1&0"&0,"9,)&'+"')J"&0,"A03%(/'+" 0,'+&0" 1?" A.,%/011+,.%K" Z1&0" &0," &(9," 1$&J11.%"')J"&0,"1$&J11.",)7(.1)9,)&"()" (&%,+?"(%"%(5)(?(/')&K MMMK?0(K%,"CDEC

<0,"1A()(1)"M0,&0,."/0(+J.,)"%A,)J()5"91.,"&(9,"1$&J11.%"'.,"0,'+&0(,."M(&0" .,5'.J%"&1"()?,/&(1)%"')J"7(.$%,%"J(??,.%"*,&M,,)"7'.(1$%"%$.7,3%4"01M,7,." &0,"9'Q1.(&3"1?"1A()(1)%"(%"&0'&"(&"(%"()"?'/&"'"&.$&0K !")'&(1)M(J,"#M,J(%0"%$.7,3"9'J,"'91)5"DcC"3,'."1+J%"%01M%"&0'&"/0(+J.,)" '++1M,J"&1"*,"1$&%(J,"'&"+,'%&"%(R"01$.%"'"M,,L"J1"0'7,"'"+1M,."(++),%%c .,+'&,J"'*%,)/,".'&,"&0')"1&0,.%K"S&"(%"'+%1"%,,)"&0'&"/0(+J.,)"M(&0"'//,%%"&1" )'&$.'+"5.,,)"%$..1$)J()5%"'.,"0,'+&0(,."&0')"/0(+J.,)"%A,)J()5"91.,"&(9," ()J11.%"')J"M01"+'/L"'")'&$.'++3"5.,,)"A+'35.1$)JK !)1&0,."#M,J(%0"%$.7,3"%01M%"&0'&"/0(+J.,)"'&&,)J()5"%1"/'++,J"H'()c1.c %0(),cA.,%/011+%"'.,"%(5)(?(/')&+3"0,'+&0(,."/19A'.,J"&1"&01%,"()"&.'J(&(1)'+" J'3"/'.,K"P1M,7,.4"'"I1.M,5(')"%&$J3"J1,%")1&"?()J"')3"J(??,.,)/,%"*,&M,,)"

.,5$+'."A.,%/011+%"')J"1$&J11.c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c ?.(,)J+3",)7(.1)9,)&K

Y" 0&&AXhhMMMK?0(K%,hP')J*1/L,.h>AA%+'5%7,.Lc*'.)c1/0c$)5'hW1.%L1+'cc*,&3J,+%,c '7c$&,7(%&,+%,ch"""CDECcDEcE` _" G,/&$.,"*3"W.,J.(L'":U.&,)%%1)4"#,)(1."+,/&$.,.4"#7,.(5,%"+')&*.$L%$)(7,.%(&,&

33


o,)&(+'&(1) I'&$.'+X

-.()/(A+,% " !(." ()&'L," *3" &0," M()J1M%" ')J" &0.1$50" +,'L%4" ,R0'$%&" *3" %&'/L" ,??,/&"7('"/0(9),3"1."%(9(+'.K

:,/0')(/'+X

T," J(??,.,)&('&," *,&M,,)" W" c" ,R0'$%&" 1)+34" W<" c" ,R0'$%&" ')J" ()&'L,4" ')J" W<s" ,R0'$%&4" ()&'L," ')J"0,'&",R/0')5,K

P3*.(JX

I'&$.'+" 7,)&(+'&(1)" M(&0" '" *'/L$A" %$AA1.&" %3%&,9" 1?" 9,/0')(/'+" 7,)&(+'&(1)K

Natural ventilation

Exhaust ventilation

Mechanical exhaust and intake

FTX - heat recovery

P,'&()5 -'%%(7,X

!/&(7,X

P1$%," 0,'&,J" *3" %1+'." ()%1+'&(1)" /19*(),J" M(&0" &0,.9'+" 5'()%" ?.19" ()0'*(&')&%"')J"'AA+(')/,%K"Z'/L$A" A.17(J,J" *3" J(%&.(/&" 0,'&()54" 0,'&" A$9A"1."%(9(+'.K T'&,.*1.)," %3%&,9%4" 0,'&" A$9A4" %1+'."&0,.9'+4"'(.c&1cM'&,.",&/K

-.1%h/1)%

H,+,7')&"?1."&0,"J,%(5)

t"I1",+,/&.(/(&3".,N$(.,J4")1"5,),.'&,J")1(%,K c"@(??(/$+&"&1"/1)&.1+"&0,"'91$)&"1?"'(.4")1(%,"?.19"1$&%(J," ')J" &0," &,9A,.'&$.,K" =.,'&,%" &0,.9'+" *.(J5,%" ()" &0," *$(+J()5",)7,+1A,4"')J"&0,.,"(%")1"9,&01J"1?".,$%()5"&0," 0,'&K

H,N$(.,%"'"/,.&'()"/,(+()5"0,(50&"?1."&0,"%&'/L",??,/&" &1"?$)/&(1)K"T(&01$&"&0,"/,(+()5"0,(50&4"&0,.,"M(++"*,"'" ),,J"?1.",R&.'".,()?1./,9,)&"*3"?')%4"%1+'."/0(9),3" 1." %(9(+'.K" <0,)" &01%," ),,J" &1" *," ()&,5.'&,J" ()" &0," J,%(5)K

t" =1)&.1++'*+,4" ?(+&,.'*+,4" ')J" ,)%$.,%" '" 511J" &0,.9'+" /19?1.&"')J"/+,')"'(.K"W<s"'+%1",+(9()'&,%"&0,"),,J"?1." '"%,A'.'&,"0,'&()5"%3%&,9"(?"(&"(%"%$AA+,9,)&,J"M(&0"'" 0,'&()5"/1(+K c" @,9')J%" ,),.53" &1" 1A,.'&,4" ,R/,%%(7," )1(%," 9'3" 1//$.4"')J".,N$(.,%"'"/1)&()$1$%"9'()&,)')/,"()"1.J,."&1" %$%&'()"&0,",??(/(,)/3K

W<s"),,J%"'".,+'&(7,+3"+'.5,"&,/0)(/'+"%A'/,K"o,)&(+'&(1)" J$/&%" ),,J%" &1" *," ()&,5.'&,J" ()" &0," ()&,.(1." J,%(5)4" /1$+J"*,"$%,J"'%"'"J,%(5)",+,9,)&K" !(."()&'L,"j(","A+'/,9,)&"1?"0,'&",R/0')5,.k"%01$+J" A.,?,.'*+3"*,"&1M'.J%"&0,")1.&0K

t"@,/.,'%,%"&0,"),,J"?1.",),.53c/1)%$9()5"9,/0')(/'+" =1$+J"*,"%1+7,J"M(&0"'"%9'++,."&,/0)(/'+"%A'/,K" 7,)&(+'&(1)4" %$(&'*+," ?1." /+'%%.119%" M(&0" +(&&+," ),,J" ?1." S)%&'++'&(1)" 1?" *1&0" 9,&01J%" 9(50&" .,N$(.," *1&0" '" 0,'&".,/17,.3K &,/0)(/'+"%A'/,"')J"%L3+(50&%K c"o,.3"/19A+(/'&,J"&1".,5$+'&,4"M(&0"&0,"/19*(),J"/1)%" 1?")'&$.'+"')J"9,/0')(/'+"7,)&(+'&(1)K

Passive heating from sun

t"#9'++"1.")1"/1%&%"?1."0,'&()54")1"/1Cc,9(%%(1)%K c"G(9(&'&(1)%"1?"?.,,J19"&1"1A,)"M()J1M%"')J"J11.%K" Z'/L$Ac%3%&,9"(%".,N$(.,J"()"/1+J"/+(9'&,%"M0(/0" J,9')J%"')"()%&'++'&(1)K

G'.5,"'91$)&%"1?"()%$+'&(1)"&1"9'L,"*$(+J()5" ,)7,+1A,"'(.c&(50&"/.,'&,%"&0(/L"M'++%K"T()J1M"'.,'" +(9(&,J"&1"'AA.1RK"E_g"1?"?+11."'.,'K"

Active heating waterborne system with solar thermal

t"=1)&.1++'*+,4".,+('*+,"')J"/19*()'*+,K c":1.,"1."+,%%",),.53c/1)%$9()5K

H,N$(.,%"&,/0)(/'+"%A'/,K

#1+'.",),.53 #1+'."&0,.9'+X

#(9A+," /1)%&.$/&(1)" 1?" '" 9,&'+" %0,,&" '*%1.*()5" %1+'." 0,'&" ')J" &.')%?,..()5"(&"&1"?+$(J"0,'&"%&1.'5,K

t"=0,'A"()%&'++'&(1)"M0(/0".,J$/,%"/1%&%"?1."01&"M'&,.K" =')"*,"$%,J"'%"A'%%(7,"?+11."0,'&()5K" c"H,N$(.,%"M'&,."'//$9$+'&(1)"&')LK

FA&(9(f,J".11?"()/+()'&(1)"')5+,".,N$(.,JK" =')"*,"()&,5.'&,J"()&1"&0,"J,%(5)K

#1+'."/,++%X

@(??,.,)&" L()J%" 1?" /1)J$/&1." 9'&,.('+%" M0(/0" &.')%?1.9" %1+'." 0,'&"&1",+,/&.(/(&3K

t"H,J$/,%",),.53"/1%&%"%(5)(?(/')&+3K" c"P(50"()(&('+"/1%&K"8??(/(,)/3")1&"1A&(9'+"()"#M,J,)K" H,N$(.,%"9'()&,)')/,"')J"&,/0)(/'+"L)1M+,J5,K

FA&(9(f,J".11?"()/+()'&(1)"')5+,".,N$(.,JK" =')"*,"()&,5.'&,J"()&1"&0,"J,%(5)K

34


H,+,7')&"?1."&0,",J$/'&(1) <0," %&'/L" ,??,/&" M0(/0" (%" $&(+(f,J" ()" )'&$.'+" 7,)&(+'&(1)" (%" '" A'.&" 1?" *'%(/" %/(,)/,4" M0(/0" /1$+J"*,"&'$50&"&1"&0,"/0(+J.,)K"P1M"M'.9"')J" /1+J"'(."*,0'7,"J(??,.,)&+3"')J"&0'&"(&"(%"$%,?$+" ()"*$(+J()5%K

S)%A(.'&(1)h(J,'%

:,/0')(/'+"7,)&(+'&(1)" M(&0"0,'&".,/17,.3 W.,%0"'(." ()&'L,

Hybrid ventilation system, with a solar driven heat pump.

-'%%(7,h0(50c&,/0"01$%,

:(50&"*,"%1+7,J"&0.1$50"'"%1+'."/0(9),34"1."()&'L,%" I1&"'"A1%%(*(+(&3"%()/,"&0,"A'%%(7,"/1)/,A&"(%"*'%,J" &0.1$50"M()J1M%"')J",R0'$%&%"&0.1$50"%L3+(50&%K" 1)"/19A+,&,"&(50&),%%"1?"&0,"*$(+J()5",)7,+1A,"')J" 8??(/(,)&"0,'&()5"(%"/.$/('+K" /1)&.1++'*(+(&3"1?"'(."()&'L,K 8R0'$%&" 7,)&(+'&(1)" (%" '" 511J" a+1Mc&,/0b" " 1A&(1)4" :1%&"/1991)+3"$%,J4"M(&0"&0,"W<sc%1+$&(1)4"M0(/0" M0,.,"'(."()&'L,"(%"J1),"*3"1A,)()5%"'.1$)J"M()J1M%" '+%1"J(%&.(*$&,%"'JJ(&(1)'+"0,'&"M0,)"),,J,JK ')J"&0,",R0'$%&"(%"1A,.'&,J"*3"?')%"()"L(&/0,)"')J" *'&0.119K"o,.3"9$/0"91.,"/1)&.1++'*+,"&0')")'&$.'+" 7,)&(+'&(1)4"')J"M(&0"'"9()(9$9"1?"&,/0)(/'+"A'.&%K 8??(/(,)&"()"'"&,/0)1+15(/'+"%3%&,9"M(&0"%,)%1.%"')J"'" <0," )'&$.'+" 7,)&(+'&(1)" 9(50&" *," $%,J" J$.()5" &0," M,'&0,."%&'&(1)4"/1)&.1++()5"&0,"'(."+,7,+%"'$&19'&(/'++3K" M'.9,." %,'%1)4" *$&" &0," 9,/0')(/'+" *'/L$A" ),,J%" !"+1&"1?"&,/0)1+153"M0(/0"9(50&"9'+?$)/&(1)K &1"*,"1A,.'&,J"'"+'.5,"A'.&"1?"&0,"3,'."&1"L,,A"&0," ()&,.(1."&,9A,.'&$.,"'&"'"J,/,)&"+,7,+K

!(." &1" M'&,." 0,'&" A$9A" (%" '" +1Mc/1%&4" +1Mc,),.53" '+&,.)'&(7,"&1"A'%%(7,"0,'&()5K"<0,"()%&'++'&(1)"/1%&"(%" +1M,."&0')"&0'&"1?"'".,5$+'."0,'&cA$9A4"%()/,"&0,.,"(%" )1"),,J"?1."J.(++()5K"<0(%"(%"'+%1"'"9()(9(f,J"(9A'/&" 1)" %$..1$)J()5" )'&$.,K" " :'()&,)')/," .,N$(.,9,)&%" '.,"+1M4"')J"&0,"A$9A"/')"*,"/1)),/&,J"&1"'"%1+'." &0,.9'+" %3%&,94" ,+(9()'&()5" &0," ),,J" &1" $%," (&" 1)" %$))3"J'3%K

!" %$%&'()'*+," 0,'&()5" %1+$&(1)" (%" %19,&0()5" &0'&"/1$+J"0,+A"()(&('&,"'"%$%&'()'*+,"*,0'7(1$." '91)5"&0,"/0(+J.,)"'&"')",'.+3"'5,K

Z1&0"%1+'."&0,.9'+"')J"A01&171+&'(/%"/1$+J"*," $%,J"'%"')",J$/'&(1)'+"()%&.$9,)&4"&,'/0()5"&0," /0(+J.,)" *1&0" %/(,)/," ()" 01M" ,+,/&.(/(&3" M1.L%" ')J".,%1$./,",??(/(,)/3"()"01M"M,"),,J"&1"*," /'.,?$+"M(&0"1$.",),.53"$%,K"<0,"/0(+J.,)"/')" +,'.)"'*1$&"J(??,.,)&"L()J%"1?",),.53"A.1J$/&(1)" ')J" &0," J(??,.,)/,%" *,&M,,)" .,),M'*+," ')J" ?()(&,",),.53"%1$./,%K

G1Mc,),.53h+1Mc&,/0"01$%,

>&(+(f,%" A'%%(7," 0,'&()54" &0," 1A&(9'+" M'3" 1?" &'L," 'J7')&'5,"1?"%1+'."0,'&K" Z$(+J()5%"9(50&"*,"/1+J"()"&0,"91.)()5%4"*$&"$%$'++3" .,'/0,%"'"/19?1.&'*+,"&,9A,.'&$.,"J$.()5"&0,"J'3K" Z'/L$Ac%3%&,9%"5,),.'++3"L(/L%"()"M0,)"&0,"()&,.(1." &,9A,.'&$.,"?'++%"*,+1M"E\"u"=K" #$99,." %$)" (%" *+1/L,J" 1$&" &1" '71(J" 17,.0,'&()54" M0(+,"M()&,."%$)"(%"+,&"()K

#1+'."&0,.9'+"(%"'"511J"M'3"1?"$%()5"?.,,"%1+'.",),.53" =')"0,+A".,J$/,"01&"M'&,."/1%&%"()"'"A'%%(7,"01$%,4" M(&01$&",RA,)%(7,"()%&'++'&(1)%"')J"9'()&,)')/,K" 01M,7,."(%")1&".,/199,)J,J"&1"$%,"'%"?+11."0,'&()5K

Facade pattern created by integrated photovoltaics.

-01&171+&'(/%" 9(50&" *," '" &11" &,/0)(/'+" ')J" !)",R&,)%(7,"%1+'."'..'3"()"')"1A&(9(f,J"')5+,"/')" 9'()&,)')/,c()&,)%(7,"1A&(1)K /17,."&0,",),.53c),,J"?1."01$%,01+J"'AA+(')/,%"()" '"A'%%(7,"01$%,K

35


!1),0))12(=

=19*()()5"'"A'%%(7,"01$%,"&,/0)(N$,"M(&0"'")'&$.'+"7,)&(+'&(1)"/.,'&,%"'" 91.,"/19A+(/'&,J"%(&$'&(1)"&0')"(&"(%"M1.&0"M(&0".,5'.J%"&1".,J$/()5",),.53"$%," ')J"),,J"?1."9'()&,)')/,K"<1"J,%(5)"-'%%(7,"01$%,%"M(&0"W<sc7,)&(+'&(1)" (%"'"M,++cA.17,)"9,&01J4"')J",RA,.(,)/,"&,++%"&0'&"(&"(%"M,++c?$)/&(1)()5"'%" M,++K" <0,",),.53".,N$(.,J"&1".$)"&0,"W<sc%3%&,9"(%"91.,"&0')"/1$)&,.*'+')/,J" *3"&0,",),.53"%'7,J"*3"9()(9(f()5"&0,"),,J"?1."0,'&()5"()"'"A'%%(7,"01$%,4" ')J"(&"/1$+J"'+%1"*,"A.17(J,J"*3"A01&171+&'(/%K P1M,7,.4" &0," W<sc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d"(&"(%"A1%%(*+,"&1"?()J"'"*'+')/,"*,&M,,)".,J$/,J",),.53" $%,"')J"&0,"0(50c&,/0"'AA.1'/0K !)"'+&,.)'&(7,"(%"&1"$%,"%19,"1?"&0,"'%A,/&%"1?"A'%%(7,"01$%,"J,%(5)4"?1." ,R'9A+," *+1/L()5" 1$&" &0," 01&" %$99,." %$)" ')J" $%()5" &0," 91.," M,+/19," M()&,."%$)"'%"')"'JJ(&(1)'+"0,'&"%1$./,K"S)"#M,J,)4"&0,""()&,.(1."/19?1.&" J$.()5" &0," /1+J,." 91)&0%" (%" %&(++" 1)," 1?" &0," +'.5,%&" '%A,/&%" &1" 'JJ.,%%4" J,%A(&,"),M"&,/0)(N$,%"')J"A.15.,%%K"<1"$%,"&0,"M()&,."%$)"(%"%,)%(*+,"()" '"*$(+J()5"'(9()5"&1"*,"+1Mc,),.53K !)1&0,." &,/0)(N$," M0(/0" (%" .,'%1)'*+," &1" $%," (%" 5,),.1$%" '91$)&%" 1?" ()%$+'&(1)"9'&,.('+"&1"9'L,"%$.,"&0,"*$(+J()5",)7,+1A,"(%"&(50&"')J"9()(9(f," ')3"&0,.9'+"*.(J5,%K"@,9')J()5"'">c7'+$,"1?"'.1$)J"DKE"Th92"(%"M0,.," M,"),,J"&1"*,"&1J'3K"<0,"M'++"&0(/L),%%"/1$+J"'+%1"*,"$%,J"'%"'"J,%(5)"

36

A'.'9,&,.K"<1Ac1?c&0,c+(),4"&.(A+,c5+'f,J"M()J1M%"'.,"9')J'&1.3"&1"/.,'&," ')"+1Mc,),.53"*$(+J()5"')J"'"/19?1.&'*+,"()&,.(1."/+(9'&,K !++" &0,%," '%A,/&%" /19*(),J" 5(7," $%" 511J" /1)J(&(1)%" ')J" &0," ?.,,J19" &1" /011%,"'"91.,"+1Mc&,/0"7,)&(+'&(1)"%3%&,9"&15,&0,."M(&0"')",)7(.1)9,)&'++3" .,%A1)%(*+,"0,'&()5"%3%&,9K" <0,"2'.,*3")'&$.,cA.,%/011+"$%,%",R0'$%&"7,)&(+'&(1)"&0.1$501$&"&0,"*$(+J()54" ')J"&0,"%&'??"M1.L()5"&0,.,",RA,.(,)/,%"&0,"?.,%0"'(."%(&$'&(1)"'%"'"511J"1),4" M(&0"A.1A,."/(./$+'&(1)"1?"'(."')J")1"0,'J'/0,%K"<0,"1)+3"J(%'J7')&'5,"(%"'" 9()1."J.'?&"&0.1$50"%19,".119%4"*$&"%()/,"&0(%"*1&0,."),(&0,."&0,"/0(+J.,)" )1."&0,"%&'??"%()/,"&0,",)7(.1)9,)&"(%"%$/0"')"'/&(7,"1),K W1."&0(%"A.1A1%'+4"93"/1)/+$%(1)"(%"&0'&"'"%3%&,9"M(&0"'"5,1&0,.9'+"0,'&" A$9A"()"/19*()'&(1)"M(&0",R0'$%&"7,)&(+'&(1)"M1$+J"*,"%$(&'*+,K"!"5,1&0,.9'+" 0,'&"A$9A"(%"'"+1)5c&,.9"J$.'*+,"/01(/,"M(&0"'"9()(9$9"1?"9'()&,)')/,K" <0,",R0'$%&"7,)&(+'&(1)"(%"+1Mc&,/0"')J",??(/(,)&K


=+(9'&,"'J'A&'&(1) T()JX

#1+'."/1)J(&(1)%X

F.(,)&'&(1)

@,%(5)

:'&,.('+%

o,.3" M()J3" %(&,4" /.,'&," M()J" !" %0,+&,.,J4" *$&" $)/1)J(&(1),J" %,9(c 2,,A" &0," *$(+J()5" ,)7,+1A," '(." &(50&" M(&0" 511J" %0,+&,."M(&0"*$(+J()5"1."5.,,),.3K 1$&J11."%A'/,",)%$.,%"&0,"1AA1.&$)(&3"&1" ()%$+'&(1)"9'&,.('+K A+'3"?.,,+3",7,)"()"*'J"M,'&0,.K >%," 9'&,.('+%" M0(/0" 0'7," &0," %9'++,%&" A1%%(*+," =.,'&," /19?1.&'*+," 1$&J11." #1+'." %0'J()5" *+1/L()5" 1$&" %$99,." %$)" (9A'/&"1)"&0,",)7(.1)9,)&d")'&$.'+"9'&,.('+%"%$/0" %A'/,%" ()" *1&0" %$)+(50&" ')J" ')J"+,&&()5"()"M()&,."%$)K"2,,A"&0,"'91$)&" '%" M11J4" 1." .,/3/+,J" 9'&,.('+%" %$/0" '%" /,++$+1%," %0'J,K" H11?" ()/+()'&(1)" 1.(,)&,J" 1?" M()J1M%" 1.(,)&,J" &1" &0," %1$&0" '&" '" ?(*,.K &1M'.J%"&0,"%1$&0"&1",)'*+,"%1+'." 9()(9$9"M(&01$&".,%&.(/&()5"&0,"J'3+(50&K ,),.53"A.1J$/&(1)K >%," &0," %$..1$)J()5" )'&$.'+" ,+,9,)&%" ()" &0,"J,%(5)K

SJ,'%

HOUSE SHAPE AS PROTECTIVE SHIELD

N

L RA

PREVAILING WINDS FROM SOUTHWEST

TIO ILA

NT

VE

TU NA

SOLAR SHADING

ACCUMULATION TANK

8),.53"$%,".,J$/&(1) T(&0" &0," *$(+J()5" 1.(,)&,J" Z3" L,,A()5" &0," %A.'M+" 1?" &0," *$(+J()5" G1Mc9'()&,)')/,4"J$.'*+,"9'&,.('+%",)%$.,"'"+1)5c &1M'.J%" &0," %$)4" 0,'&()5" ),,J%" /')" *," .,J$/,J" *3" $%()5" &0," %1+'." ()%1+'&(1)" &1" 0,'&" &0," .119%K" T()J1M%" &1M'.J%" &0," )1.&0" %01$+J" *," /1)%(J,.,J" '%" +'.5,." &0,.9'+" *.(J5,%" J$.()5" )(50&4""&0')"&01%,"()"?'/()5"1&0,." J(.,/&(1)%K

T'&,.",??(/(,)/3

S)&,.(1."/19?1.&

,)7,+1A,"&1"'"9()(9$94"0,'&"+1%%,%"'.," .,J$/,JK" <0," 5,),.'+" A.,%/011+" (%" )1&" 1A&(9'+4"%()/,"91%&"?$)/&(1)%"'.,"+1/'&,J" 1)"&0,"%'9,"?+11.4 T()J" *.,'L%" '.," /.$/('+" &1" .,J$/," 0,'&" +1%%,%"?.19"1A,)()5"J11.%K"T(&0"A'.&%"1?" &0,"*$(+J()5"/17,.,J"*3"')"$)/1)J(&(1),J" ,)7,+1A,4"(&"(%"A1%%(*+,"&1"9()(9(f,"0,'&" +1%%,%" ?.19" 1&0,." &0,.9'+" *.(J5,%" ')J" M()J1M%K

+'%&()5" *$(+J()54" M0(+," )'&$.'+" 9'&,.('+%" 9(50&" *," +,%%",RA,)%(7,"')J".,),M'*+,K" :'&,.('+%"%01$+J"9,,&"'&"+,'%&"1),"1?"&0,%,"/.(&,.('X .,),M'*+,h.,/3/+'*+,h.,$%'*+, +1Mc,),.53"A.1J$/&(1) J$.'*+, )1)c&1R(/"()"'++"%&'5,%"1?"$%,K =01(/," 1?" 9'&,.('+%" (%" '+M'3%" '" *'+')/()5" '/&" J,A,)J()5" 1)" *$(+J()5" &3A,4" *$(+J()5" $%," ')J" ,RA,/&,J" +(?," &(9,K" <0," /.'J+,c&1c/.'J+," '%A,/&" %01$+J"'+M'3%"*,"/1)%(J,.,JK

Foam glass made from recycled glass, and Superwood速 - ecologically impregnated wood.

T'&,."5'9,%"/')"*,"+1/'&,J"1$&J11.%" !".11?"9'&,.('+"M0(/0"'*%1.*%"M'&,."(%"A.,?,.'*+,4" 1."%,9(c1$&J11.%4"')J"$%,".'()"M'&,."&1" &1".,J$/,"&0,"A.,%%$.,"+1'J"1)"J'3"M'&,." &0,"+'.5,%&"A1%%(*+,",R&,)&K"<0(%"M'3"&'A" &.,'&9,)&K" M'&,."$%,"(%"'$&19'&(/'++3".,J$/,JK"H'()" M'&,."/')"'+%1"*,"/0')),+,J"&1"(..(5'&," A+')&%"')J"/$+&(7'&(1)"A'++,&%K Z3"*$(+J()5"1.(,)&'&(1)"9'L,"%$.," Z,?1.,c9,)&(1),J"%1+'."()%1+'&(1)"(%" &0'&" " '%" ?,M" .119%" '%" A1%%(*+," 7,.3"(9A1.&')&"?1."&0,"()&,.(1."/19?1.&K" ?'/,"1)+3"1),"J(.,/&(1)"1?"+(50&K 8R/,%%(7,"%$)+(50&"/.,'&,%"'MLM'.J"')J" %19,&(9,%"$)$%'*+,"%A'/,%4"M0,.,?1.," %0'J()5"(%"/.$/('+K P1M,7,.4"&0,"%0'J()5"%01$+J"()")1"M'3" &0M'.&"&0,")'&$.'+"J'3+(50&"()+,&"M0(/0" (%"'+%1"7,.3"(9A1.&')&"?1."&0,"()&,.(1." /19?1.&K"S)J(.,/&"+(50&4"%$/0"'%"'"%L3+(50&4" (%"'")(/,"J,%(5)"%1+$&(1)K

<1"/.,'&,"'"/19?1.&'*+,")1(%,",)7(.1)9,)&4"%A,/(?(/" 9'&,.('+%" /')" *," $&(+(f,J4" %$/0" '%" %1?&4" '*%1.*()5" ')J"(..,5$+'."9'&,.('+%K"W1."035(,)(/".,'%1)%4"&,R&(+," 9'&,.('+%" c" M0(/0" '.," &0," 91%&" ,??(/(,)&" %1$)J" '*%1.*,)&%"c"%01$+J")1&"*,"$%,J"()"A.,%/011+%4"*$&" '+&,.)'&(7,%"/')"*,"?1$)JK =0(+J.,)"'.,"1?&,)"A+'3()5"1)"&0,"?+11.4"M0(/0"9'L,%" (&"(9A1.&')&"&1"$%,"0,'+&034"/19?1.&'*+,"')J"J$.'*+," ?+11."9'&,.('+%4"M0(+,"M'++%"/')"*,"91.,"(9'5()'&(7," j*$&" %&(++" 0,'+&03k" &1" /.,'&," '" &'/&(+,+3" ()&,.,%&()5" ,)7(.1)9,)&"&1",RA+1.,K

Wooden wall designed to diffuse noise. 37


INTERPRETING PEDAGOGICS INTO ARCHITECHTURE


The design of a preschool <0,.,"'.,"%,7,.'+"'%A,/&%"&1"/1)%(J,."M0,)"J,%(5)()5"'"A.,%/011+4".,5'.J()5" *1&0"A+'/,9,)&4"()&,.(1."')J",R&,.(1.",)7(.1)9,)&K >3$,"'"(& <0,"A.,%/011+"(%"A.,?,.'*+3"A+'/,J"%&.'&,5(/'++3"()"/1)),/&(1)"&1"'".,%(J,)&('+" '.,'4"&1"*,"'*+,"&1"%,.7,"&0,"),'.,%&"),(50*1$.011J"'%"M,++"'%"1$&,."'.,'%K" S&"(%"(9A1.&')&"&1"&'L,"()&1"'//1$)&"%$..1$)J()5"J(%&$.*')/,%4"%$/0"'%"&.'??(/" )1(%,4"'(."A1++$&(1)4"')(9'+"+(7,%&1/L4"')J"A1M,."+(),%K" !"A1%%(*(+(&3"&1"A+'/,"&0,"A.,%/011+"/+1%,"&1"')",+,9,)&'.3"%/011+"(%"A1%(&(7,4" %()/,"(&",)'*+,%"'"%0'.()5"1?"/,.&'()"?'/(+(&(,%4"%$/0"'%"L(&/0,)"1."539)'%($9K S?"&0,"%(f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d"&0,"/'."'.,'"%01$+J"*,"%,A'.'&,J"?.19"&0,"A+'35.1$)J"'.,'" ')J"&0,.,"%01$+J"*,"?$)/&(1)()5"A,J,%&.(')"')J"*(/3/+,"A'&0%"&1"')J"?.19"&0," A.,%/011+4"5(7()5"&0,"A'.,)&%"&0,"/01(/,"1?"+,'7()5"&0,"/'."'&"019,K" <.')%A1.&"1?"511J%"')J"?11J"J,+(7,.(,%"%01$+J4"(?"A1%%(*+,4"*,"%,A'.'&,J"?.19" 1&0,."/'."&.'??(/K

<.'J(&(1)'++34" #M,J(%0" A.,%/011+%" 0'7," *,,)" J,%(5),J" '%" %()5+," %&1.,3" *$(+J()5%"&1"?'/(+(&'&,"917,9,)&"?1."&0,"/0(+J.,)"')J"%$A,.7(%(1)"?1."&0,"%&'??K" P1M,7,.4"&0(%".,N$(.,9,)&"(%"/$..,)&+3"*,()5".,7(%,J"'%"J,9')J%"'.,"*,()5" A$&"1)",),.53",??(/(,)/3"')J"/,)&.'++3"+1/'&,J"A.,%/011+%"()"J,)%(?(,J"/(&(,%K #A,/(?(/"()&,.(1.".,N$(.,9,)&%"'.,"A$&"1)"9'&,.('+%4"M0(/0"%01$+J"*,",'%(+3" /+,'),J4".,%(%&')&"')J"0,'+&03K"I1(%,"+,7,+%"%01$+J"*,"L,A&"/19?1.&'*+,4"')J" )'&$.'+"J'3+(50&"%01$+J"*,"A.(1.(&(f,J"M(&0"'"9()(9$9"1?"EDg"M()J1M"'.,'" /19A'.,J"&1"?+11."'.,'K"\" !")1:(+#$%$'"&"%)+*2%+&-1)+#%2A",& 8'.+3"1)4"S"J,/(J,J"&0'&"&0,",J$/'&(1)'+"/$..(/$+$9"?1."A.,%/011+%4"A$*+(%0,J" *3"#L1+7,.L,&"M1$+J"?1.9"'"%1.&"1?"?1$)J'&(1)"1)"M0(/0"&1"*'%,"&0,"J,%(5)" M1.LK" S" 0'7," /01%,)" '" ?,M" N$1&,%" ?.19" &0," J1/$9,)&" M0(/0" 0'%" &1" J1" M(&0"&0,"*$(+&",)7(.1)9,)&"1?"'"A.,%/011+"')J"/')"*,"()&,.A.,&,J"'%"J,%(5)" A'.'9,&,.%K" S)" 'JJ(&(1)" &1" &0'&4" S" 0'7," $%,J" &0," *11L" a=0(+J.,)4" %A'/,%4" .,+'&(1)%" c" 9,&'A.1Q,/&"?1."')",)7(.1)9,)&"?1."31$)5"/0(+J.,)b4"M0(/0"(%"'"A$*+(/'&(1)" ?1/$%()5"1)"&0,"*$(+&",)7(.1)9,)&"1?"&0,"A0(+1%1A03"H,55(1"89(+('K"!+&01$50" &0(%"A.,%/011+"(%")1&"&1"*,"J,%(5),J"'//1.J()5"&1"'"%A,/(?(/"A,J'51534"&0," *11L"1??,.%"'"$%,?$+"')J"&01.1$50"()7,%&(5'&(1)"1)"%A'/,%"?1."/0(+J.,)"M(&0" '"+1&"1?"J,%(5)"A'.'9,&,.%"M0(/0"S"*,+(,7,"'.,"*1&0"%,)%(*+,"')J"(9A1.&')&K

@(&"%12%+/")1:( S?"),,J,J4"&0,"A.,%/011+"%01$+J"*,"J,%(5),J"?1."'+&,.)'&(7,"?$)/&(1)%"%$/0"'%" '?&,."%/011+"'/&(7(&(,%"1.",+,9,)&'.3"%/011+K"<0(%"(%"'+%1"()"'//1.J')/,"M(&0" '"%$%&'()'*+,"'AA.1'/0"1?"?+,R(*(+(&34

40

\"

>9,U"2199$)"jCDEDk"W$)L&(1)%A.15.'9"We.%L1+'


Children’s scale T0,)"J,%(5)()5"?1."/0(+J.,)4"%A,/('+"/1)%(J,.'&(1)"%01$+J"*,"&'L,)"&1"&0," /0(+J.,);%" %/'+,4" M0(/0" (%" )'&$.'++3" 7,.3" J(??,.,)&" ?.19" &0'&" 1?" 5.1M)c$A%K" W$.)(&$.,"')J"'AA+(')/,%"'.,"5,),.'++3"'J'A&,J"&1"%$(&"&0,"/0(+J.,);%"0,(50&4" *$&"?1/$%"%01$+J"'+%1"*,"1)"'./0(&,/&$.'+",+,9,)&%"%$/0"'%"M()J1M%"')J" 0,(50&"J(??,.,)/,%K"!"M()J1M"A+'/,J"()"&0,".(50&"0,(50&"?1."'"/0(+J"/')"?$)/&(1)" )1&"1)+3"'%"'"/1)),/&(1)"&1"&0,"1$&%(J,4"*$&"'"%,'&()5"A+'/,"1."0(J,1$&K"

EEE"/9 `\"/9

]\"/9

E"3,'. @'&'"?.19"0&&AXhhMMMK*'.)&1&'+K%,"CDECcDCcC]

["3,'.%

Y"3,'.% 41


Quotes from the Educational Curriculum for preschools

2

3

42

5

AK" `" <0," ,)7(.1)9,)&" %01$+J" *," 1A,)4" .(/0" ()" /1)&,)&" ')J" ()7(&()5K

AK"]"<0,"A.,%/011+"%01$+J"/1)&.(*$&,"&1"&0,"/0(+J.,)"'/N$(.()5" '"/'.,?$+"'AA.1'/0"&1")'&$.,"')J"&0,",)7(.1)9,)&"'%"M,++"'%" $)J,.%&')J()5"&0,(."A'.&(/(A'&(1)"()"&0,")'&$.'+"/3/+,K

4

AK"]"<0,"/0(+J.,)"%01$+J"*,"'*+,"&1"%M(&/0"*,&M,,)"J(??,.,)&" '/&(7(&(,%"J$.()5"&0,"J'3K"<0,"?'/(+(&(,%"%01$+J"'++1M"%A'/,"?1." &0,"/0(+J.,);%"1M)"A+')%4"(9'5()'&(1)"')J"/.,'&(7(&3"()"5'9,%" ')J"+,'.)()54"()%(J,"'%"M,++"'%"1$&%(J,K

6

AK"EC"<0,"),,J%"')J"()&,.,%&%"M0(/0"&0,"/0(+J.,)"&0,9%,+7,%"()" J(??,.,)&"M'3%",RA.,%%"%01$+J"*,"&0,"*'%(%"1?"&0,"J,%(5)"1?"&0," *$(+&",)7(.1)9,)&K

AK"]"<1"/.,'&,"')J"/199$)(/'&,"*3"9,')%"1?"J(??,.,)&"M'3%" 1?",RA.,%%(1)"%$/0"'%"A'()&()54"%()5()54"9$%(/4"J.'9'4".03&094" J')/," ')J" 917,9,)&" '%" M,++" '%" *3" 9,')%" 1?" %A1L,)" ')J" M.(&&,)"+')5$'5,"/1)%&(&$&,%"*1&0"&0,"/1)&,)&%"')J"9,&01J%"1?" &0,"%&.(7,"&1"A.191&,"/0(+J.,);%"J,7,+1A9,)&"')J"+,'.)()5K

1

AK"\"<0,"A.,%/011+"%01$+J"1??,."&0,"/0(+J.,)"'"%'?,",)7(.1)9,)&" M0(/0" (%" %(9$+&'),1$%+3" /0'++,)5()5" ')J" '&&.'/&(7," ?1." 5'9,%" ')J" '/&(7(&(,%K" S&" %01$+J" ()%A(.," &0," /0(+J.,)" &1" ,RA+1.," &0," %$..1$)J()5"M1.+JK


@(&"%#%"&1(:+&-"+B02&")+<6+7"6C2%/)+$(/+)7"&,-")=

1

=0'++,)5()5"%A'/,"'&&.'/&(7,"?1."5'9,% S)%A(.()5"%A'/,

climbing

swinging

crawling

4

@(??,.,)&"'/&(7(&(,% FM)"(9'5()'&(1)

5

FA,)"')J"()7(&()5

6

G(%&,)"&1"&0,"/0(+J.,)

flexible space

quiet /noisy

different rooms

a cube can be many different things

2

=199$)(/'&(1)" *3" '.&(%&(/" ,RA.,%%(1)" ')J"917,9,)&

walls

boring space

space to move...

3

G,'.)()5"'*1$&"%$%&'()'*(+(&3

nature

recycling

43


Reggio Emilia parameters - relational forms:

rigid shape

movable walls

cold space protecting walls/windows large meeting place rooms in a room

&0,"/,)&.'+"A('ff'

a common space to meet, large enough for free movement

&.')%?1.9'*(+(&3"')J"?+,R(*(+(&3

rooms can fit different functions and group sizes

scale!

&.')%A'.,)/3"v"/199$)(/'&(1)

important that the staff can supervise the children visually and audibly

44

()%(J,c1$&%(J,".,+'&(1)%0(A

visualizing and bringing in the nature, on a childâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s scale

openness


Reggio Emilia parameters - creating lightscapes:

â&#x20AC;&#x153;senseâ&#x20AC;? the outside

diffusion in different ways/amounts

N$')&(&3

9')(A$+'*(+(&3

daylight conditions vary over the day as well as with diffusion

important to be able to create a completely dark room

multidirectional provenance seasons

9(R,J"+(50&()5

different kinds of artificial light sources combined with daylight

J(%&.(*$&(1)

multidirectional provenance creates interesting rooms

day

7'.('&(1)

different amounts of daylight are let in depending on hour and season

45


Reggio Emilia parameters - sound: bird song

deep window niches with inclined edges

perforated walls with absorbant material

wind in the trees

irregular ceiling

rain drops

wind chimes

decoration hung from ceiling

1$&J11."%1$)J%/'A,

pleated ceiling

'*%1.A&(1)"')J"J(??$%(1)

allow and create natural and interesting sounds

simple design solutions which will help obtain comfortable noise levels

noise bouncing partitions

7'.('*+,"'/1$%&(/%

to be able to shut out noise at wil+

46

avoid parallel walls

noise reducing materials

'/&(7(&3

take special precautions in rooms where activity is high

'71(J",/01"*3"J,%(5)

design the room shapes to reduce noise


Reggio Emilia parameters - microclimate:

large space for lots of activity

smaller space for calm games

&,9A,.'&$.,"?+,R(*(+(&3

different spaces require different temperatures

floor heating

green barrier towards the road

green roof reduces emissions

,+(9()'&()5"'55.,%%(7,",R&,.)'+"'5,)&% solutions with greenery can absorb emissions and noise

inner core winter expanding in summer

%$99,.hM()&,.

the house as a natural lung using different spaces depending on season

indoor

semi-outdoor

outdoor

()&,.(1.c,R&,.(1."/+(9'&(/"f1),%

a semi-outdoor space can enhance the connection inside-outside

47


KUNGÄLV

48


KAREBY, KUNGÄLV


Kareby 2'.,*3"A'.(%0"(%"')"')/(,)&"J(%&.(/&4"9,)&(1),J"'%",'.+3"'%"()"&0,"S/,+')J(/" #'5'%4"')J"(%"%(&$'&,J"%19,"?(7,"L(+19,&,.%")1.&0"1?"2$)56+7"1)"&0,"M,%&,.)" /1'%&"1?"#M,J,)K"<0,"'55+19,.'&(1)"/1)%(%&%"1?"'.1$)J"[DD"()0'*(&')&%K" <0,".'(+.1'J"&.'/L"aZ10$%*')')b"/$&%"(&%"M'3"&0.1$50"2'.,*34"'+&01$50")1" &.'()"%&'&(1)"(%"A1%(&(1),J"&0,.,K <0,"+')J%/'A,"1?"2'.,*3"(%"J19()'&,J"*3",R&,)%(7,"')J"?,.&(+,"?'.9+')J4" ')J"()"&0,"/,)&,."1?"'&&,)&(1)4"'&"&0,",J5,"1?"&0,"?1.,%&"')J"0(++%4"+(,%"&0," 9,J(,7'+"/0$./0"M0(/0"()"A'.&%"J'&,%"*'/L"&1"&0,"EE&0"/,)&$.3K"<0,"/0$./0"(%" L)1M)"&1"01$%,"'"$)(N$,"9,J(,7'+"*'A&(%9'+"?1)&"M0(/0"0'%"/'$%,J"'"+1&"1?" A$ff+,9,)&"'91)5"'./0,1+15(/'+"%/(,)&(%&%"M(&0"(&%"/.3A&(/"/(A0,."()%/.(A&(1)%K !++"'.1$)J"&0,"A'.(%04"&0,"+')J"(%".(/0"()"')/(,)&"91)$9,)&%4"91%&+3"7'.(1$%" %&1),"?1.9'&(1)%4"')J"),R&"&1"&0,"/0$./0"'.,".,9)')&%"1?"'"A+'5$,"1."/01+,.'" /,9,&,.3K Z,&M,,)"&0,"9'()".1'J%"2'.,*3765,)"')J"-.6%&765,)"&0,.,"(%"'"?1+L"9$%,$9" M(&0"A.,%,.7,J"*$(+J()5%"')J"'"M()J"9(++"?.19"&0,"E^DD;%K !" %A1)&'),1$%" 7(++'5," /,)&.," 0'%" 1//$..,J" '&" &0," /.1%%.1'J%" 1?" 2'.,*34" M0,.,"'"+1/'+"5.1/,.3"%01A4"A(ff'"A+'/,"')J"/'."J,'+,.%0(A"/')"*,"?1$)JK" <0,"/.1%%.1'J%"/1)&()$,%"()"?1$."J(??,.,)&"J(.,/&(1)%d"M,%&"&1M'.J%"He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

50

]" 0&&AXhhMMMKL$)5'+7K%,h=3L+'c?.')c?'%&)()5c&(++c?'%&)()5h2$+<$.+,J,.ho'&&,)0'+h 2'.,*3w0,9*35J%5'.Jh 0&&AXhh%7KM(L(A,J('K1.5hM(L(h2'.,*3wL3.L' 0&&AXhh%7KM(L(A,J('K1.5hM(L(h2'.,*3 CDECcDCcDC 0&&AXhhMMMKL'.,*3K/19h'*1$&KA0A CDECcDCcE]


2'.,*3"A'.(%0"(%"')"')/(,)&"J(%&.(/&4"9,)&(1),J"'%",'.+3"'%"()"&0,"S/,+')J(/" #'5'%4"')J"(%"%(&$'&,J"%19,"?(7,"L(+19,&,.%")1.&0"1?"2$)56+7"1)"&0,"M,%&,.)" /1'%&"1?"#M,J,)K"<0,"'55+19,.'&(1)"/1)%(%&%"1?"'.1$)J"[DD"()0'*(&')&%K" <0,".'(+.1'J"&.'/L"aZ10$%*')')b"/$&%"(&%"M'3"&0.1$50"2'.,*34"'+&01$50")1" &.'()"%&'&(1)"(%"A1%(&(1),J"&0,.,K <0,"+')J%/'A,"1?"2'.,*3"(%"J19()'&,J"*3",R&,)%(7,"')J"?,.&(+,"?'.9+')J4" ')J"()"&0,"/,)&,."1?"'&&,)&(1)4"'&"&0,",J5,"1?"&0,"?1.,%&"')J"0(++%4"+(,%"&0," 9,J(,7'+"/0$./0"M0(/0"()"A'.&%"J'&,%"*'/L"&1"&0,"EE&0"/,)&$.3K"<0,"/0$./0"(%" L)1M)"&1"01$%,"'"$)(N$,"9,J(,7'+"*'A&(%9'+"?1)&"M0(/0"0'%"/'$%,J"'"+1&"1?" A$ff+,9,)&"'91)5"'./0,1+15(/'+"%/(,)&(%&%"M(&0"(&%"/.3A&(/"/(A0,."()%/.(A&(1)%K !++"'.1$)J"&0,"A'.(%04"&0,"+')J"(%".(/0"()"')/(,)&"91)$9,)&%4"91%&+3"7'.(1$%" %&1),"?1.9'&(1)%4"')J"),R&"&1"&0,"/0$./0"'.,".,9)')&%"1?"'"A+'5$,"1."/01+,.'" /,9,&,.3K Z,&M,,)"&0,"9'()".1'J%"2'.,*3765,)"')J"-.6%&765,)"&0,.,"(%"'"?1+L"9$%,$9" M(&0"A.,%,.7,J"*$(+J()5%"')J"'"M()J"9(++"?.19"&0,"E^DD;%K !" %A1)&'),1$%" 7(++'5," /,)&.," 0'%" 1//$..,J" '&" &0," /.1%%.1'J%" 1?" 2'.,*34" M0,.,"'"+1/'+"5.1/,.3"%01A4"A(ff'"A+'/,"')J"/'."J,'+,.%0(A"/')"*,"?1$)JK" <0,"/.1%%.1'J%"/1)&()$,%"()"?1$."J(??,.,)&"J(.,/&(1)%d"M,%&"&1M'.J%"He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

]" 0&&AXhhMMMKL$)5'+7K%,h=3L+'c?.')c?'%&)()5c&(++c?'%&)()5h2$+<$.+,J,.h o'&&,)0'+h2'.,*3w0,9*35J%5'.Jh 0&&AXhh%7KM(L(A,J('K1.5hM(L(h2'.,*3wL3.L' 0&&AXhh%7KM(L(A,J('K1.5hM(L(h2'.,*3 0&&AXhhMMMKL'.,*3K/19h

51


Surrounding design idioms

Z>SG@SIB"#P!-8

gable roofs and protruding elements such as dormer windows and porches

P8SBP<

one and a half, and two and a half storey buildings

52


W!=!@8"8s-H8##SFI

wooden panel cladding - both horizontal and vertical - in light colour shades

TSI@FT#

relatively small, traditional, mostly with different kinds of crossbars

53


54


The site

February 3rd 10.00

55


May 2nd 16.00

56


Site analysis #(9(+'."&1"&0,".,%&"1?"2'.,*34"&0,"%(&,"(%",R&,)%(7," ')J"?+'&K"!JQ'/,)&"*$(+J()5%"'.,".,+'&(7,+3"+1M"()" %(f,4"&0,"&'++,%&"%&.,&/0()5"&1"&M1"%&1.,3%K"<0,%," &M1" ?'/&%" (9A+3" &0'&" &0,.," (%" )1" ()&,.?,.,)/," 1?" %0'J1M%" ?.19" %$..1$)J()5" *$(+J()5%d" &0," 1)+3" (&,9%" &1" /1)%(J,." '.," &0," .1M%" 1?" *(./0" &.,,%" %,A'.'&()5"&0,"%(&,"?.19"&0,".1'J"')J"*$(+J()5%K P,(50&"J(??,.,)/,%"1)"&0,"%(&,"'.,"7(.&$'++3")1)c ,R(%&,)&4" '%" '.," '+91%&" ')3" ()&.$%(7," )'&$.'+" ,+,9,)&%4"M(&0"&0,",R/,A&(1)"1?"&0,"*(./0"&.,,%K <0')L%"&1"&0,"?+'&),%%"1?"&0,"%(&,4"(&"(%"(J,'+"?1." '" 1),c%&1.,3" A.,%/011+4" M0(/0" (%" &0," #M,J(%0" %&')J'.JK" <0,"5,),.1$%"%(f,"1?"&0,"%(&,"'+%1"A.17(J,%"5.,'&" /1)J(&(1)%"?1."'"&,..(?(/"A+'35.1$)JK

HF!@# &M1"+'.5,.".1'J%"M(&0"*1&0"/'."')J"*$%"&.'??(/"9'L," $A" *1.J,.%" '.1$)J" &0," %(&,4" M0(+," %9'++,." .1'J%" +,'J"()"*,&M,,)"&0,"01$%,%K

-!H2SIB &0,"%/011+"%&'??"A'.L"&0,(."/'.%"'+1)5"&0,"+,?&"?+')L" 1?"&0,"%(&,K

#>HHF>I@SIB"<i-FGFBi &M1"9'()"'.,'%"'.,"(J,)&(?(,Jd"&1"&0,"M,%&,.)"%(J," 1?"&0,"%(&,"(%"'"/199,./('+"'.,'4"')J"&1"&0,",'%&,.)" %(J,"'".,%(J,)&('+"'.,'K

o8B8<!<SFI J,%A(&," &0," ?+'&" ')J" 1A,)" +')J%/'A," &0,.," '.," A+,)&3"1?"&.,,%"()"&0,"'.,'4"M0(/0"9'L,%"(&"5.,,)" ')J"+$%0K

<.'??(/")1(%,"')J",9(%%(1)%"?.19"&0,"+'.5,".1'J" 2'.,*3765,)"'.,"'")1)c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

57


C C C A B A B B

)(%5&(/*-")%&(/*)3#" ,5$*$%3! C C C A B A B B

$-033/ !&"$-033/ 6&3-"&.*$03!

!"#"$%&'()*+*,'-.-/"*!(%0 &"$'#")%'(/12')3&*-(&*&3(# 2(43&*-(&*&3(#

58

&"$'#")%'(/*,5'/#')6$ -322"&-'(/*,5'/#')6$ $-033/*,5'/#')6$

C C C A B A B B


3678 9:;<8 <:=7>?:@;8 :A8 B=7<@C:;D;?EF8 A@G?697A?8 @H7=8?678F7D=I89:?68A@C78 9:;<8 J=@C8 ;@=?67DA?8 :;8 7D=EF8AB=:;KL N

NW

!"##$% 05'

NE

W

E 2.0% .0% 0%

!"##$% 1&'

40 4.0 0% % 6.0% 6 0% 0% 8.0% 8 % 10.0% 0.0% %

SW

SE 12.0% 2 % 14.0% %

S

!"##$% ! "##$% ! !(%)*+,-.// (%)*+,-.// 2 2)*3$% )*3$% &&&' &' 01' 44'' 01'

!"##$%&''( )*+,&*)-..

!/%012+3455&6)( ).+6&+&))+7&*)-..

8019$%&7( )*+*)&*)-..

!"##$%&)'( )*+*)&.:-..

!"##$%&6.( )*+*)&*:-..

59


!

!"#$%#&'()*+(,-#$%+.&(/000/(,.+12#&$3(4+.5.&15(2(54.,#2$(,-2$$.&'.( )*+(%.5#'&.+50(6-21(2+,-#1.,1"+2$($2&'"2'.(#5(5"#127$.8(9*:(,2&( *&.($.&%(244+*4+#21.(5421#2$()*+;(1*(2(4.%2'*'#,(,*&,.41(1-21( 5..<5(1*(#;42+1(,.+12#&(=2$".5(2&%(27#$#1#.58(>&(2&(.&=#+*&;.&1( :-.+.(3*"&'(4.*4$.(,*;.(1*(.?4.+#.&,.(2&%(,*;4+.-.&%(1-.( :*+$%(2+*"&%(1-.;@(.=.+3(254.,1(4$235(2(,+",#2$(+*$.0

!

A2$#&%*(BCDC(40(E


DESIGN PROPOSAL


62


63


64


Main design goal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`; /,-#$%(.?,$"%#&'(1-.(<#1,-.&(2+.25(#5(+.,*;;.&%.%0

65


Design concept

66

K$*5.&.55(1*(&21"+.(/(,*&&.,1#*&( #&5#%.O*"15#%.

a#?(*)(5;2$$(2&%($2+'.(542,.5(1*( 2,,*;*%21.(1-.(,-#$%+.&L5(5,2$.

M.=.$*4;.&1(*)(.?#51#&'(%.5#'&( #%#*;5(5"++*"&%#&'(1-.(5#1.

P*:O.&.+'3(7"#$%#&'(:#1-(5"512#&27$.( ).21"+.5

S$.?#7$.(542,.5(1*(.&27$.()"1"+.( ,-2&'.5(#&("5.

K*&&.,1#&'(1-.(4+.5,-**$(:#1-(1-.( .?#51#&'(5,-**$


The landscape

1

2

3

4

F-.(5#1.(#5($#;#1.%(1*(1-.(5*"1-@(5*(25(1*(;2#&12#&( 2( 42+1( *)( 1-.( )**172$$( )#.$%0( F-.( )#.$%( ,2&( 7.( "5.%(73(1-.(4+.5,-**$@(5,-**$(2&%()**172$$(,$"70( X"++*"&%#&'( 1+..5( 2+.( +.12#&.%@( 1*( <..4( 1-.( #;4+.55#*&(*)($"5-&.55(#&(1-.(2+.20

W(=*$";.(#5(4$2,.%(21(1-.(&*+1-:.51(,*+&.+(*)(1-.( 5#1.@( .&27$#&'( 2( ,*&&.,1#*&( 1*( 1-.( 5,-**$0( F-.( 7"#$%#&'(5-24.()*$$*:5(1-.(7*+%.+5(*)(1-.(5#1.(2&%( .;7+2,.5(1-.(&*+1-.+&(42+1(*)(1-.(5#1.0(b"1%**+( 542,.5( 5-.$1.+.%()+*;( :#&%( 2+.( ,+.21.%( 73( 1-.( 5-24.0

F-.(4.%.51+#2&(2&%(7#,3,$.(421-(#5(+.12#&.%@(2&%( 2( ,2+( +*2%( #5( 2%%.%( :-#,-( .&5"+.5( 2( 5;**1-( 1+2))#,(5#1"21#*&(#&(1-.(;*+&#&'5(2&%(2)1.+&**&50

F*(1-.(5*"1-:.51@(2&%(#&(1-.(&*+1-.251(,*+&.+@( 1-.(7"#$%#&'(=*$";.(#5(*4.&.%("4(1*:2+%5(&21"+.0( W&(#&54#+#&'(4$23'+*"&%(#5(2%%.%(2&%(+.4$.&#5-.%( :#1-( ;*+.( '+..&.+30( W( 5;2$$( -#$$( )+2;.5( 1-.( 4$23'+*"&%( #&( 1-.( 5*"1-.251( ,*+&.+@( 4+.5.&1#&'( *44*+1"&#1#.5()*+(&#,.(=#.:4*#&15(2&%(1*7*''2&#&'( %"+#&'(:#&1.+0

67


Function area program S"&,1#*&

W+.2

6#&%(7+.2< K*21(+**; M+3#&'(,27#&.1

DC(;B DB(;B ^(;B

93'#.&.

DZ@e(;B

Y"+5.+3/:25-(+**; 6K 96K

[(;B B@e(;B(T?(BU B@e(;B

9*;.(+**;5

DCB(;B

W,1#=#13(+**; c.$2?(+**; c*"'-('2;.5 J#1,-.&(21.$#.+

BC(;B D](;B D`(;B eC(;B

K$.2&#&'/51*+2'.

DB@e(;B

X1*+2'. 625-#&'(+**; K$.2&#&'(+**;

]@e(;B ](;B ](;B

I&1+2&,.

68

Be(;B

c.d"#+.;.&15 542,#*"5

+**;(1*(5#1(%*:& &*1(4$2,.%(&.?1(1*(1-.(.21#&'(2+.2@( ,*"$%(7.(,*&&.,1.%(:#1-(:21.+('2;.5

W,1#=#13

b1-.+

)#+51(Q%#+1('21.R

542,.()*+(+2#&(,$*1-.5(2&%(7**15 #&)*+;21#*&(7*2+%()*+(42+.&15

:25-(-2&%5(2&%()2,.5@(,-2&'.( %#24.+5

,*&5#%.+(5;.$$

$.2=./4#,<("4

5.42+21.(;2#&(.&1+2&,.

*&.(6K(,$*5.(1*(.&1+2&,. .&*"'-(542,.()*+(%#)).+.&1(<#&%5(*)( '2;.5(2&%(4+#=21.(542,.5 #5*$21.%()+*;(+**;5(:#1-(&*#53('2;.5

;2#&(+**;()*+(.2,-(%.42+1;.&1@( :-.+.(;*51(*)(1-.(%23(:#$$(12<.( 4$2,.@(:-.&(1-.(,-#$%+.&(2+.(&*1( *"15#%. ;23(7.(5-2+.%(73(1:*(%.42+1;.&15

2(5;2$$(51*+2'.(542,.(+.d"#+.%(21(.2,-( %.42+1;.&1 ,2&(7.(5-2+.%(73(1-.(:-*$.(4+.5,-**$


S"&,1#*&

W+.2

c.$2?(+**;(#&,(<#1,-.&.11. b))#,. K*&=.+521#*&(+**; K-2&'#&'(+**; 6K(#&,(5-*:.+

^D(;B D](;B DB(;B [(;B e(;B

J#1,-.&

E](;B

M.$#=.+3(2+.2 J#1,-.& 625-#&'("4 S**%(,2+15 V2&1+3 S+#%'. S+..G.+ c#&5.(+**; b))#,. K-2&'#&'(+**; 6K(#&,(5-*:.+ K$.2&#&'(+**;/51*+2'.

De(;B BB(;B `(;B `(;B ^(;B B@e(;B B(;B ](;B ]@e(;B B@e(;B B@e(;B B(;B

X12))(+**;5

EB(;B

c.d"#+.;.&15

W,1#=#13

+.,.41#*&O<#1,-.&(:#1-(4*55#7#$#13(1*( .?42&%(#&1*(2(+.'"$2+(<#1,-.&

4+.42+#&'(,*$%(;.2$O,*;4*&.&15@( 5.42+21.(.&1+2&,. %.$#=.+#&'(73()**%(,2+15(1*(1-.( %.42+1;.&15@(:25-#&'(%#5-.5

#5*$21.%()+*;(1-.(,-#$%+.&@('#=#&'(1-.( 512))(5*;.(4+#=2,3

,*))..O7+.2<5@(,*&=.+521#*&5@( ;..1#&'5@(%*,";.&121#*&

b1-.+

;23(7.(4$2,.%(21(2(5.,*&%(51*+.3

69


Program visualization

I?2;#&#&'(-*:(1-.(%#)).+.&1()"&,1#*&5(5-*"$%()#1(1*'.1-.+0

6<D@& 7@C8<@F7

9C<GG&85569

2"*,I'3

#-/'"H( 4567&85569

4567&85569

#-/'"H(

4=>D7@7B EF #-/'"H(

F566?@DF<CD5@

J>FK9IY

4567&85569

7@C8<@F7

4=>D7@7B EF

#-/'"H( 7@C8<@F7

4567&85569

4=>D7@7B EF 4567&85569 #-/'"H(

70

7@C8<@F7

:;<=>85?@AB@<C?87

4567&85569 #-/'"H(


Axonometric view XIVWcWFI(J>FK9IY(IYFcWYKI

F-.(+.5"$1(*)(1-.(4+*'+2;(=#5"2$#G21#*&@(5-*:#&'(1-.(5421#2$(+.$21#*&5-#4(7.1:..&(1-.()"&,1#*&50

FIK9Y>KWP(XVWKI

PWgYMci

a>Y>(bSS>KI(XVWKI(_(XFbcWAI( WF(IWK9(MIVWcFaIYF

KbaabY(IYFcWYKI(_(9iA>IYI( Sbc(F6b(MIVWcFaIYFX

J>FK9IYN( !cbba(KgV!bWcM ScIIhIc cISc>AIcWFbc VWYFci J>FK9IYN( WKKIXX>!PI(6K K9WYA>YA(cbba bSS>KI fIAIFW!PI(cbba

WKKIXX>!PI(6K AcIIY9bgXI

VIcAbPW

71


Nature surrounding the new preschool

72


Connecting to nature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

Inner core in winter

Expanding the space in summer

73


XbgYM(VWF9

closing the eyes, listening to music and sounds...

74

a>ccbc(cbba

looking, laughing, dancing, playing peekaboo...

AcIIY9bgXI

taking a nap, feeling the sun filtering through leaves...

KPbWJ(cbba

bustling, saying hello, going to play outside...

AcIIY9bgXI

greenery, oxygen, fragrance, tasting the sun ripened tomatoes...

XFbci(KbcYIc

listening, learning, contemplating...


A sequence of rooms F*(7.(27$.(1*(;*=.()+..$3(1-+*"'-(2(7"#$%#&'@(1-.+.(#5( 2$:235(&..%()*+(5*;.(5*+1(*)(,*;;"&#,21#*&(542,.0(>&( 1-#5(4+.5,-**$@(#1(#5(%.5#'&.%(25(2(5.d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d".&,.0 F-.(;*1#*&(+**;(#5()*+(,$#;7#&'@(5:#&'#&'(2&%(.?4$*+#&'( 1-.(=*$";.(*)(542,.(:#1-(3*"+(7*%30 W$$(#&(2$$@(1-.(5.d".&,.(*)(+**;5(;#'-1(.=.&(7.(,2$$.%( 2(5.d".&,.(*)(1-.(5.&5.5H(-.2+#&'(O(;"5#,(2&%(51*+#.5@( 5#'-1(O(;#++*+5(2&%($#'-1@(1251.(O(-*;.'+*:&(=.'.127$.5@( 5;.$$( O( )+2'+2&1( -.+75( 2&%( )$*:.+5@( 2&%( 1*",-( O( 2$$( 1-.(%#)).+.&1(;21.+#2$5(2&%(1-.(5*#$(2&%($.2=.5(*)(1-.( '+..&-*"5.50(

75


XP>M>YA(APWXX(MbbcX

large glass areas ensures as much light as possible in the main rooms. The sliding doors are insulated and air tight.

76

fIYF>PWF>bY

ventilation ducts are placed on either side of the wooden beam; this way their intrusion in the room is minimized.

6WPPX

in the main room, the walls are made of a perforated wooden board behind which is a soft, sound absorbing material.


The optimized shape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

!5#63,789.::*%)(;3#-.(,'(+/

!0#12*'3%+4#-.(,'(+/

!"#$%&'()(*+&,#-.(,'(+/

!<#=%*:*93'#-.(,'(+/

Principles of how different structures takes care of arc-shaped loads.

77


SOLAR POWER SOLAR THERMAL HIGHLY INSULATED BUILDING ENVELOPE

functioning as shading for skylights

SEDUM ROOF FOR STORMWATER REGULATION

RAIN WATER COLLECTION

WATER GAMES

TREATMENT FILTER & STORAGE USE WIND PROTECTION BY BUILDING SHAPE

Technical sustainable solutions

78


Sustainable solutions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gO=2$".0(W5(%*.5(1-.(:#&%*:5@(:-#,-(2+.(2$$(1+#4$.O'$2G.%( 1*:2+%5(1-.(*"15#%.@(:#1-(1-.(.?,.41#*&(*)(1-.(=.&1#$21.%()2,2%.(#&(1-.(512))( +**;0 `B(;B(*)(4-*1*=*$12#,5(,*=.+(2(;2j*+(42+1(*)(1-.(.&.+'3(&..%(*&(2(+.'"$2+( %230(F*'.1-.+(:#1-(]B(;B(*)(5*$2+(1-.+;2$()*+(-.21#&'(:21.+@(1-.(.&.+'3( ,*515(2+.('+.21$3(+.%",.%0(F-.(5*$2+(4*:.+()"&,1#*&5(25(2(,*;4$.;.&1(1*( 1-.('.*1-.+;2$(-.21(4";4@(:-#,-(#5(&.,.552+3(%"+#&'(1-.(%2+<.+(1#;.(*)(1-.( 3.2+0( F-.+.( #5( 2$5*( 1-.( 4*55#7#$#13( 1*( )"+1-.+( .?42&%( 1-.( 4-*1*=*$12#,( 2++23( 73( 2112,-#&'( 1-#&( )#$;( 4-*1*=*$12#,5( 1*( 1-.( 72+5( *)( 1-.( 4.+'*$25@( :-#,-( 2+.( #&,$#&.%(21(2&(*41#;#G.%(^Bk0

1.;4.+21"+.(:#1-#&(1-.('+..&-*"5.(.=.&()"+1-.+(T'#=#&'(244+*?#;21.$3(e@Bk( K( 21( 2&( *"1%**+( 1.;4.+21"+.( *)( Oek( KU0( S*+( ,*;4$.1.( ,2$,"$21#*&5@( 5..( 244.&%#?(>>>0 c2#&(:21.+(,*$$.,1.%(#&(4**$5(#5("5.%(25(2(,*;4$.;.&1(1*(1-.(:21.+()+*;(1-.( '+#%@()$"5-#&'(1*#$.15(2&%(#++#'21#&'(4$2&150(>1(#5(,*$$.,1.%(#&(*4.&(2#+(725#&5@( :-.+.( ,$.2&5#&'( :21.+( 4$2&15( ;2&2'.( 2( )#+51( )#$1.+#&'( *)( 1-.( :21.+0( S+*;( 1-.+.@(;*51(*)(1-.(:21.+(#5($.%(1*("&%.+'+*"&%(2,,";"$21#&'(12&<5(1*(7.( )#$1.+.%(2(5.,*&%(1#;.(2&%("5.%()*+(1-.(1*#$.150( >&( 2%%#1#*&( 1*( 1-.5.( 1.,-&#,2$( 5*$"1#*&5@( 1-.( ,-*#,.( *)( ;21.+#2$( #5( 2$5*( .&=#+*&;.&12$$3(*+#.&1.%0(Y21"+2$@(+."5.%(2&%(%"+27$.(2+.(1-.(<.3:*+%5()*+( 1-.(;21.+#2$50( W$$( *)( 1-.5.( 5*$"1#*&5( ,2&( 7.( "5.%( 25( .%",21#*&2$( 254.,15@( 1.2,-#&'( 1-.( ,-#$%+.&(1*(12<.(,2+.(2&%(<..4(1-.#+(*:&(.&.+'3(2&%(:21.+("5.(21(2(;#&#;";0( !3( $.2+&#&'( 1*( '+*:( 1-.#+( *:&( =.'.127$.5( )*+( #&512&,.@( 1-.( ,-#$%+.&( '.1( -.2$1-3(-27#15()+*;(2&(.2+$3(2'.0

F-.( '+..&-*"5.5( ,+.21.( 4255#=.( 5*$2+( -.21#&'( %"+#&'( :#&1.+@( :-#,-( ,*;4$.;.&15(1-.(-.21(4";40(M"+#&'(1-.(:2+;.+(;*&1-5@(1-.('+..&-*"5.5(2+.( =.&1#$21.%(73(*4.&(:#&%*:5@(5*(25(1*(2=*#%(*=.+-.21#&'0(K2$,"$21#*&5(5-*:( 1-21(1-.(1.;4.+21"+.(#&5#%.(1-.('+..&-*"5.5(#5(5$#'-1$3(-#'-.+(T244+*?#;21.$3( D@ek(K(21(2&(*"1%**+(1.;4.+21"+.(*)(Oek(KU@(:-#,-(,*&)#+;5(1-.(255";41#*&( 1-21(1-.3(-.$4(+.%",.(1-.(-.21($*55.5(1-+*"'-(1-.(7"#$%#&'(.&=.$*4.0(F-.5.( &";7.+5(%*(&*1(12<.(#&1*(,*&5#%.+21#*&(1-.(1.;4.+21"+.(+#5.(,2"5.%(73(5*$2+( #&5*$21#*&(%"+#&'(5"&&3(%2350(F-.3(2$5*(%*(&*1(,*&5#%.+(1-.(-.21(1+2&5).+( )+*;(#&5#%.(1-.(7"#$%#&'(.&=.$*4.(1*(1-.('+..&-*"5.@(:-#,-(:#$$(+2#5.(1-.(

79


A

DE D

DZ BC

B

DD

D` D[

]

De

E

DC

` A

DB

^

Z ]

D

D

E

B

[

BD

BB

e

Z

`

D^

B^

B

D]

D^ B^ 80

B]

0

N

5m


The building

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d"2$#G.(1-.(%#512&,.5()*+(1+2&54*+1#&'( )**%(,2+15(*+(%#+13($2"&%+30(F-.+.(#5(2$5*(2(4*#&1(#&($*,21#&'(1-.(512))(+**;( 5*;.:-21(4+#=21.()+*;(1-.(%.42+1;.&15(O(1*('#=.(1-.(512))(1-.#+(*:&(542,.0( V$2&(DNBCC

D(6#&%(7+.2</.&1+2&,. B(K$*2<(+**; ^(93'#.&./6K ](a2#&(+**; e(W1.$#.+(:#1-(<#1,-.& Z(V$23(+**; E(K2$;(+**; `(A+..&-*"5.

[(a*1#*&(+**; DC(X*"&%(421DD(a2#&(.&1+2&,. DB(a#++*+(+**; D^(X1*+3(,*+&.+ D](96K De(X12))(,-2&'#&'(+**; DZ(X12))(+**;

DE(b))#,./,*&).+.&,. D`(c.$2?/,*&=.+521#*&(+**; D[(P2"&%+3 BC(F.,-&#,2$(+**; BD(J#1,-.& BB(c.,3,$#&'(+**; B^(X1+*$$.+(51*+2'. B](X1*+2'.

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

!

6-.&( 3*"( *4.&( 2( %**+@( 1-.( +**;( #5( 2$;*51( #;4.+,.41#7$3(1+2&5)*+;.%0(i*"(.&,+*2,-(*&(1-.( 542,.(*)(1-.(+**;(2&%(,+.21.(2&("&j"51#)#.%(2&%( %#54+*4*+1#*&21.('24#&'(-*$.0(/000/(6#1-(5$#%#&'( %**+5( 5",-( &"#52&,.( #5( 2=*#%.%( 2&%( 2( ;*+.( 542,#*"5(21;*54-.+.(#5(,+.21.%0(6#1-*"1(%.+2&'#&'( 1-.( -2+;*&#*"5( 4+*4*+1#*&5@( +.=#=#)#,21#*&( 2&%( =2+#21#*&( #5( 2,-#.=.%0( /000/( M#5,+.1.$3( 2&%( #;4.+,.41#7$3(1-.(-*;.(#5(42+1#1#*&.%(*+(.?1.&%.%0( P#).(1-.+.(+.5.;7$.5(2(4.2,.)"$(51+*$$0 !2+7.+3(BCCZ(40(D^e

!

X#?(%.42+1;.&15(2+.(4"1(#&1*(42#+5@(:#1-(2(,*;;*&(:#&%(7+.2<@(,$*2<(+**;( 2&%(-3'#.&.(+**;(,*;7#&#&'(1-.;0(F-.(,-#$%+.&(.&1.+(21(1-.(72,<5#%.(*)( 1-.(7"#$%#&'(25(5..&()+*;(1-.(+*2%@(2&%(#1(#5(1-.(52;.(.&1+2&,.(1-.3("5.( )*+('*#&'(1*(4$23(*"15#%.0(X-*.5(2&%(+2#&(,$*1-.5(5123(#&(1-.(:#&%(7+.2<@( $.2=#&'(1-.(+.51(*)(1-.(7"#$%#&'()+..()+*;(%#+10(I2,-(%.42+1;.&1(,*&5#515(*)( *&.(;2#&(+**;(2&%(1:*(5;2$$.+(4$23(+**;5@(2&%(2&(21.$#.+(5-2+.%(73(1-.( 2%j2,.&1(%.42+1;.&10(>&(1-.(21.$#.+@(2,1#=#1#.5(5",-(25(72<#&'(*+(42#&1#&'(2+.( 4*55#7$.H(#1(#5(.d"#44.%(:#1-(2(+.)+#'.+21*+@(*=.&(2&%(2(5#&<0(F-.(4$#&1-(*)(1-.( <#1,-.&(,*"&1.+(#5(.?1.&%#7$.(5*(1-21(1-.(,-#$%+.&(,2&(+.2,-("4(1*(1-.(5#&<( 73(1-.;5.$=.50

81


M>Y>YA(FW!PIX

possibility to have the meals in separate rooms, to enjoy the food in smaller groups with lower sound levels.

SPIl>!PI(SgcY>FgcI

movable and adjustable partition walls with peepholes and round shapes create exciting rooms within the large room.

6>YMb6(MW>X

in front of the windows, a dais is raised to enable the children to look out; on the other side, the window ledge make a seating place.

aWFFcIXX(XFbcWAI

mattresses for the smaller childrenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s naps are stored in openable benches in the greenhouses.

F:*(%.42+1;.&15(DNDCC XgaaIc

6>YFIc

82

X.,1#*&(WOW(DNDCC

0

N

5m


Enjoying an afternoon break in the sunlit staff room

83


Early spring afternoon in the main room of a department

84

grownup view


child view

85


MWiP>A9F( SWKFbc 10.0 8.9 7.8 6.6 5.5 4.4 3.3 2.1

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m(*)(1-.()$**+(2+.20

F*12$(,*&%#1#*&.%(2+.2N(D(DCC(;B K*&%#1#*&.%(2+.2(/(%.42+1;.&1N(B[e(;B 86

PARENTS CHILDREN STAFF OTHERS

6"$,&+/J(+(,F-.( ,-#$%+.&( -2=.( 1-.#+( 5.42+21.( .&1+2&,.5( 1*( 1-.#+( %.42+1;.&15( 21( 1-.( 72,<(*)(1-.(7"#$%#&'(25(5..&()+*;(1-.(+*2%0(X-*.5(5123(#&(1-.(:#&%(7+.2<@( $.2=#&'( 1-.( ,*;;"&#,21#*&( 542,.( )+..( *)( %#+10( F-.( 512))( ;23( .&1.+( 1-.( 7"#$%#&'( 1-+*"'-( 1-.( ;2#&( .&1+2&,.( 21( 1-.( &*+1-( 5#%.@( 2++#=#&'( %#+.,1$3( #&( 1-.#+(512))(+**;0(S**%(#5(%.$#=.+.%(%#+.,1$3(1*(1-.(<#1,-.&@(2&%()**%(,2+15(2+.( 1+2&54*+1.%()+*;(1-.+.(1*(.2,-(%.42+1;.&10(F-.(,*;;"&#,21#*&(542,.@(*+( 1-.(5.d".&,.(*)(+**;5@(#5(*4.&()*+(1-.(,-#$%+.&(1*("5.(#&(2&(*+%.+$3()25-#*&0

F*12$()**14+#&1N(D(^[C(;B


87 Enjoying the view of the playground


88

Elevated dais in front of the windows

Seating space in the window niche

Miniature office for documentation at each department

A mixture of lighting provenance creates interesting lightscapes


89 Playing outside on a rainy october day


C

DZ

D B

] ^

e

]

[

D

DC

D]

E

DD

` Z

C

DB

90

E

DD D^

De

E

0

N 5

10m


The playground

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d"#,<(2&%(.253(Q<#55(2&%(+#%.R@(#0.0($.2=#&'(1-.(,-#$%+.&(#&(1-.( ;*+&#&'50(F-.(42+<#&'(542,.(7.1:..&(1-.(4+.5,-**$(2&%(1-.(5,-**$(#5(2$5*( 2=2#$27$.()*+(42+.&15(2&%(,-#$%+.&(211.&%#&'(1-.(1:*(:.51.+&(%.42+1;.&150 F-.( 4$23'+*"&%( #5( "5.%( 25( 2( ,*;;*&( 542,.@( :-.+.( '21-.+#&'5@( 4#,&#,5( 2&%(1-.;21#,(4+*j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

!

F-.+.( #5( -2+%$3( 2&3( 5-*+12'.( *)( 4$2,.5( )*+( 4-35#,2$(.?.+,#5.5(2&%(72$$('2;.5(#&(1-#5(,*"&1+30( K-#$%+.&( ,2&( %25-( 2+*"&%( 2&%( 5:#&'( 2&%( j";4@( #&(<#&%.+'2+1.&@(#&(4$23'+*"&%5(2&%(21(5,-**$0(!"1( 4$2,.5(:-.+.(1-.3(,2&(7.(2$*&.(2&%(4$23(5.,+.1( '2;.5@(:-.+.(1-.3(,2&(5;.$$(1-.(+*5.5(2&%(:21,-( 1-.(7"'5(2+.(+2+.0(/000/(3*"(5-*"$%(1-.+.)*+.(&*1( ;2<.(#1(n1-.('2+%.&o(#&1*(2&(.?.+,#5.(32+%@(7"1(2&( .&,-2&1.%(:*+$%0 ap$$.+(BCC`(40(DeE

!

X#&,.(1-.(5#1.(%*.5(&*1(*)).+(2&3(-.#'-1(%#)).+.&,.5@(5*;.(-2=.(7..&(;2%.( 1*('#=.(5*;.(,-2+2,1.+(2&%(5-24.(1*(1-.($2&%5,24.0(F-.(7"#$%#&'(5$27(#5( 7"+#.%(-2$)(2(;.1.+(#&1*(1-.('+*"&%@(5*(1-21(21(1-.(&*+1-(2&%(:.51(5#%.(*)(1-.( 7"#$%#&'@(1-.('+*"&%()$**+(2$#'&5(:#1-(1-.(+*2%(*"15#%.0(b&(1-.(5#%.(1*:2+%5( 1-.(4$23'+*"&%@(1-.(,2=#13(#5(,*&1#&".%(:#1-(2(5$#'-1(5$*4.(1*:2+%5(1-.(-#$$5(21( 1-.(.%'.(*)(1-.(5#1.0(F-#5(;*=.(,+.21.5(2(-.#'-1(%#)).+.&,.(:-#,-(#5("5.%()*+( 1-.(7*2+%(:2$<(25(2&(.?1.&5#*&(*)(1-.(7"#$%#&'(5$270(F-.(7*2+%(:2$<().21"+.5( +2;45()*+(.253(2,,.55#7#$#13@(2&%(,2&(7.("5.%(25(2(542,.()*+(#&%**+(2,1#=#1#.5( ;*=.%(*"1(#&1*(1-.(5"&$#'-1@(5",-(25(42#&1#&'(2&%(,+.21#&'0

X#1.(4$2&(DN]CC D(!#,3,$.(+2,<5 B(!*2+%(:2$< ^(621.+(5d"2+. ](c2#&(:21.+(4*&% e(P#$2,(2+7*"+ Z(P273+#&1E(6#$$*:(-"1 `(X:#&'5

[(S+"#1(1+..5 DC(!2$2&,.('2;.5 DD(X2&%7*? DB(W;4-#1-.21.+ D^(g&%.+4255 D](b"1%**+(,$255+**; De(V2+<#&' DZ(J#55(2&%(+#%.

F*12$(*"1%**+(2+.2N(](ZEC(;B b"1%**+(2+.2(4.+(,-#$%N(^[(;B

91


F-.(4$23'+*"&%(#5(%.5#'&.%(1*('#=.(2(&21"+2$(#;4+.55#*&@(:#1-($2&%5,24#&'@( %#)).+.&1("5.(*)('+*"&%(,*=.+#&'(;21.+#2$5@(2&%()$*:.+5(1*(4+*=#%.(,*$*"+(2&%( )$2#+0(c21-.+(1-2&(4$2,#&'(IgO2%241.%(5,2))*$%5(*&(2(42=.%(5"+)2,.@(1-.(#%.2( *)(1-#5(4$23'+*"&%(#5(1*($.1(1-.(,-#$%+.&("5.(1-.#+(#;2'#&21#*&(*&(-*:(1*("5.( 1-.(.$.;.&150(F-"5(4+*;*1#&'()+..(4$23@(;*=.;.&1(2&%(,+.21#=#130 >1(#5(;.2&1(1*(7.(2(,*&,.&1+21.%(4#.,.(*)(&21"+.@(2%241.%()*+(1-.("5.(*)( ,-#$%+.&@(1*(.?4$*+.(2&%(.&j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

G2/K('&H"'I(,# F-.+.(2+.(1-+..(;2#&()$*:.+('2+%.&5(#&(1-.(4$23'+*"&%@(.2,-(:#1-(#15(*:&( ,*$*"+(1-.;.0(F-.(5-+"77.+3(2&%()$*:.+5(2+.(%.5#'&.%(1*('#=.()$2#+(1*(1-.( 4$23'+*"&%()*+(25($*&'(2(4.+#*%(25(4*55#7$.0(X12+1#&'(1-.(5.25*&(#&(.2+$3( 54+#&'(:#1-(4"+4$.(,+*,"5(2&%(3.$$*:()*+531-#2@(2&%(.&%#&'(#&(1-.(2"1";&( :#1-()#.+3(+.%(f#+'#&#2(,+..4.+50 6#1-( )$*:.+#&'( 4$2&15@( 7#*%#=.+5#13( #5( )2=*"+.%@( 2&%( 1-.( 4$23'+*"&%( ,2&( 7.,*;.(1-.(-*;.(*)(#&1.+.51#&'(54.,#.5($#<.(7"11.+)$#.5(2&%(7";7$.7..5@(2&( *+&2;.&121#*&(#&(1-.;5.$=.50 XVc>YA i.$$*:('2+%.&

the water square

c.%('2+%.&

the labyrinth

V#&<('2+%.&

the outdoor classroom

92

XgaaIc

WgFgaY


C0(&K"-('&#)*"'( W&( 2+.2( #&( )+*&1( *)( 1-.( 7"#$%#&'@( #&( ,*&&.,1#*&( 1*( 1-.( 7*2+%:2$<@( #5( <.41( 42=.%(73(,*77$.51*&.50(9.+.@(1.2,-.+5(2&%(,-#$%+.&(1*'.1-.+(,2&(4$23(:#1-( 1-.(:21.+(+"&&#&'()+*;(1-.(+2#&:21.+(725#&5(2&%($2&%#&'(#&(2(5;2$$(4*&%(#&( 1-.(;#%%$.(*)(1-.(5d"2+.0( F-.(+2#&:21.+(#5(,*$$.,1.%(7*1-(25(2()"&,1#*&2$(254.,1(2&%(2(%.5#'&(2&%(4$23( *7j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f#+'#&#2(,+..4.+5@(,+.21#&'(1"&&.$5(:-.+.( 1-.(5"&5-#&.()#$1.+5(1-+*"'-($2+'.($.2=.50(X*;.1#;.5(1-.(421-($.2%5(1-+*"'-( 1-.(1"&&.$5@(5*;.1#;.5(1-+*"'-(*4.&(2#+@(7*+%.+.%(73()$*:.+#&'('+..&.+30( X*;.1#;.5( #1( $.2%5( 1-+*"'-( 2( 5;2$$@( 7"1( %2+<.+( )*+.51( *)( 1-"j2( 1+..50( W1( ,.+12#&(54*15@(1-.(.&1+2&,.(1*(5;2$$(:#$$*:(-"15(:#$$(.;.+'.()*+(3*"(1*(-#%.( #&@(2&%(#)(3*"()*$$*:(1-.(421-(1*(#15(.&%@(3*"(:#$$(.&%("4(*&(1*4(*)(1-.(-#$$0(

C0(&/*-I//'&%2"##'//+ >&(2(5*;.:-21(5.,$"%.%(,*+&.+(*)(1-.(4$23'+*"&%@(1-.(*"1%**+(,$255+**;( #5($*,21.%0(F-#5(542,.(#5(%.%#,21.%(1*(.%",21#*&2$(2,1#=#1#.5H(2(4$2,.(:-.+.( 2( 1.2,-.+( ,2&( 12<.( 2( '+*"4( *)( ,-#$%+.&( 2&%( -*$%( 2( $.55*&( 27*"1( &21"+2$( 5,#.&,.(2&%(7#*$*'3(*+(4.+-245(j"51(.?4$*+.(1-.(5.&5.(*)(5;.$$0(F-.(*"1%**+( ,$255+**;(,*"$%(7.("1#$#G.%(73(1-.($*:.+('+2%.5(#&(1-.(2%j2,.&1(5,-**$(25( :.$$0( K*&&.,1.%(1*(1-.(,$255+**;(2+.(51*+2'.(542,.5()*+(*"1%**+(1*35@(1+#,3,$.5( 2&%(4*55#7$.(.%",21#*&2$(.d"#4;.&10 G'*$-&-'((#&",I&(J('H'((,# W&(244$.(1+..@(2(4$";(1+..(2&%(2(,-.++3(1+..(7.2"1#)3(1-.(4$23'+*"&%(#&(.2+$3( 5";;.+(:#1-(1-.#+(;"$1#1"%.(*)(7$*55*;5@(2&%(.;7.$$#5-(#1(#&(1-.(2"1";&(:#1-( 1-.#+()+"#150(c2547.++3(7"5-.5(:#$$(7+#'-1.&(2&3(,-#$%L5(5";;.+(:#1-(4#&<@( 5:..1(7.++#.50(V$2&15(1-21(,2++3(.%#7$.()+"#15(4+.5.&1('+.21(*44*+1"&#1#.5(1*( 1.2,-(,-#$%+.&(27*"1(.21#&'()+"#1(2&%(1-.(#;4*+12&,.(*)(=#12;#&50 M"+#&'( :#&1.+@( :-.&( 5&*:( -*4.)"$$3(:#$$( 2$$*:( 1*7*''2&#&'(%*:&( 1-.( -#$$0( +-*%*%.&%+*&(7"5-.5(2+.(51#$$('+..&@(2&%(4+*=#%.(.?,.$$.&1(4$2,.5()*+(-#%.( 2&%( 5..<( #)( 1-.( 1*7*''2&( $*5.5( #15( 244.2$0( F-.( 1-"j2( ,*&1+#7"1.5( :#1-( #15( .=.+'+..&(244.2+2&,.(1*(;2<.(1-.(4$23'+*"&%(211+2,1#=.(.=.&(#&(:#&1.+@(2&%( 1-.(+.%(7+2&,-.5(*)(1-.(%*':**%(2%%(54$25-.5(*)(,*$*"+0

X.,1#*&(KOK(DNDCC

93


Elevations and materials S2,2%.( ;21.+#2$5( 2&%( ,*$*"+#&'( 2+.( 1*( 2( ,.+12#&( .?1.&1( 2%241.%( 1*( 1-.( '.&.+2$( %.5#'&( .?4+.55#*&5( 5"++*"&%#&'(1-.(5#1.0(F-.(7"#$%#&'(#5(,$2%(:#1-(2(42&.$( *)( X"4.+:**%Fa@( 2&( .,*$*'#,2$$3( #;4+.'&21.%( :**%( :#1-(.?,.$$.&1(%"+27#$#130( b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

:.51(DNBCC

5*"1-(DNBCC 94


F-.(#&1.+#*+(#5(2$5*(%*;#&21.%(73(:**%.&(;21.+#2$50(>&( 1-.(;2#&(+**;(*)(.2,-(%.42+1;.&1@(*&.(:2$$(#5(;2%.( *)(2(4.+)*+21.%(:**%.&(7*2+%@(7.-#&%(:-#,-(#5(2(5*)1@( &*#5.(275*+7#&'(;21.+#2$0(F-.(4.+)*+21#*&(,2&(12<.(1-.( 5-24.( *)( %#)).+.&1( #;2'#&21#=.( 4211.+&5@( 2&%( ,2&( 2$5*( 7.(42#&1.%(#&%#=#%"2$$3()*+(.2,-(%.42+1;.&10(b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

.251(DNBCC

&*+1-(DNBCC 95


Construction F-.( ;2#&( 4+#&,#4$.5( *)( 1-.( ;21.+#2$( 2&%( ,*&51+",1#*&( ,-*#,.5( -2=.( 7..&( %"+27#$#13( 2&%( .253( ;2#&1.&2&,.0( F-"5( 1-.( ( ,-*#,.( *)( X"4.+:**%Fa( 25( ,$2%%#&'( 2&%( )*2;'$25( 25( #&5"$21#*&0( a"&#,#42$( 4+*j.,15( 4"1( '+.21( 4+.55"+.(*&(+.%",.%(,*515@(2&%(1-#5(4+*4*52$(4+.5.&15( 2( $2+'.+( #&#1#2$( ,*510( 9*:.=.+@( 73( ,-**5#&'( %"+27$.( ;21.+#2$5(2&%(%.5#'&#&'(2&(2#+1#'-1(7"#$%#&'@(;2#&1.&2&,.( ,*515( 2+.( '+.21$3( +.%",.%@( 2&%( 1-.( $#).542&( *)( 1-.( 7"#$%#&'(.?1.&%.%0(q"2$#13(7.)*+.(#&.?4.&5#=.&.55(-25( 2(4*5#1#=.(.)).,1(#&(1-.($*&'(+"&@()*+(1-.(.&=#+*&;.&1(25( :.$$(25(1-.()#&2&,.50 F-.(,*&51+",1#*&(*)(1-.(4+.5,-**$()*$$*:5(1-.(4+#&,#4$.5( *)( 1-.( QJ*$j.+&O1.,-&#d".R0( J*$j.+&( #5( 2( "&#d".@( 421.&1.%(;.1-*%(:-.+.(1-.()#&#5-.%(;21.+#2$(7.,*;.5( 2(7"#$%#&'(,*;4*&.&10(>1(,*&5#515(*)(2($#'-1:.#'-1(5-..1( ;.12$(,*&51+",1#*&(:#1-()*2;'$25()*+(#&5"$21#*&H(1-.5.( .$.;.&15( ,2&( 7.( "5.%( 25( 5$275@( :2$$( 42&.$5@( ,"+12#&( :2$$5@(,2&1#$.=.+.%(1.++2,.5(*+(,2&1#$.=.+.%(+**)50(F-.3( ,2&(7.(,*=.+.%(:#1-(2&3(<#&%(*)(,$2%%#&'@(#&(1-#5(,25.( :**%(42&.$0 S*2;'$25(#5(;2%.(*)(Eem(+.,3,$.%('$255(2&%(-25(&*( ,24#$$2+3(.)).,1@(:-#,-(;.2&5(1-21(#1(#5(&*1(2)).,1.%(73( :21.+(%2;2'.5(*+(+*10(>1(-25(2($#).(.?4.,12&,3(*)(eC( 3.2+5@(2&%(,2&(7.(+."5.%(25(2($2&%5,24.(2+,-#1.,1"+2$( )#$$#&'(;21.+#2$(2)1.+(#15($#).1#;.0(S*2;'$25(2$5*(<..45( #15(#&5"$21#&'(,242,#13(%"+#&'(1-.(:-*$.(*)(#15($#).1#;.0( F-.( J*$j.+&O1.,-&#d".( *)).+5( 7"#$%#&'( .$.;.&15( :-#,-( 2+.(%"+27$.(2&%(-2=.('**%(,*;4+.55#=.(51+.&'1-0(F-.( 4+.)27O,*&51+",1#*&( 5-*+1.&5( 1-.( 7"#$%#&'( 1#;.@( :-#,-( +.%",.5(5*;.(*)(1-.(,*515@(25(:.$$(25(#55".5(:#1-(%+3#&'( 1#;.5(2&%(72%(:.21-.+0(>1(#5(2&(#&&*=21#=.(1.,-&#d".@( .253(1*(-2&%$.(2&%(d"#,<(1*(255.;7$.0 >&( 1-#5( 7"#$%#&'@( 1-.( .$.;.&15( 2+.( 2#%.%( 73( :**%.&( 7.2;5(%#51+#7"1#&'(1-.($*2%(*=.+(1-.($2+'.(542&50

96

Construction principle !"#$%&'#()*+%,#!!-

.()/#(0%!"#$%&'#()*+

-'1"*$#(0%!"#$%&'#()*+ "23'(%,#!!-

foamglas element

+

sheet metal frame

=

2 in 1 - structure and insulation


Detail principles

V+#&,#4$.(*)(=.&1#$21.%(:#&%*:()2,2%.0

V+#&,#4$.( *)( 4-*1*=*$12#,5( 2&%( 5*$2+( 1-.+;2$(4$2,.;.&1(73(5<3$#'-150

!'$H0-&#*,,3&I"3 F-.(;*+.(1+2&5$",.&1(51+",1"+.(*)(1-.( 5*$2+(1-.+;2$(,2&(7.(5$#%(#&()+*&1(*)( 1-.(:#&%*:(1*()#$1.+(1-.($#'-1(#)(&..%.%0

9*++(' F*( 2=*#%( *=.+-.21#&'@( 1-.( -.21.%( 2#+(#5(=.&1#$21.%(*"1()+*;(7.1:..&( 1-.(:#&%*:(42&.50

E$,-('&,$H0F*( ;#&#;#G.( -.21( $*55.5( %"+#&'( 1-.( &#'-1@( 1-.( 4-*1*=*$12#,( 51+",1"+.( ,2&( )"&,1#*&(25(2(5-"11.+0

9*,,3&K$,-('M#&I"3 6-.&(1-.(5"&(#5($*:(*&(1-.(-*+#G*&@( 1-.( 4-*1*=*$12#,5( ,2&( 7.( 51..4$3( #&,$#&.%(1*(,21,-(5*;.(*)(1-.(5"&$#'-10

HEAT RECOVERY

E$,-(' F-.( 2#+( 4255#=.$3( -.21.%( #&( 7.1:..&( 1-.( :#&%*:( 42&.5( #5( $.%( #&1*( 1-.( 7"#$%#&'( :-.+.( 1-.( -.21( #5( +.,*=.+.%( 2&%( "5.%( 25( 2( ,*;4$.;.&1( 1*( 1-.( '.*1-.+;2$( -.21(4";40

97


Building envelope - preliminary sizing and detailing

gO=2$".N(C@D^ X.%"; S*2;'$25

gO=2$".N(C@D^ S*2;'$25 6**%.&(42&.$

X.,1#*&(!O!(DNeC

98


P*2%(7.2+#&'(#&1.+#*+(:2$$5

X.,1#*&(MOM(DNeC

99


f.&1#$21.%(:#&%*:()2,2%.(DNBC

100

X<3$#'-1(DNBC


c**)(;..15('+..&-*"5.(:2$$(DNBC

c**)(;..15($.2&#&'(:2$$(DNBC

101


Building flexibility

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j"51#&'( 2&%(2%241#&'(:#1-(1-.(1#%.(*)(,-#$%('+*"45(2&%(;*%#)#.%( &..%50( M"+#&'( .=.&#&'5( *+( 5";;.+( :..<5( :-.&( 1-.( 4+.5,-**$(2,1#=#1#.5(2+.(+.%",.%@(1-.()2,#$#1#.5(,2&(7.( "5.%( )*+( <&#11#&'( ,#+,$.5( *+( 5";;.+( 54*+15( ,2;45H( <..4#&'(1-.(7"#$%#&'(%3&2;#,(2&%()$.?#7$.0

Visualization of a department rearranged as a classroom 102


Future development

S*+( )"1"+.( %.=.$*4;.&1@( 2( ,*&&.,1#*&( 7.1:..&( 1-.( 4+.5,-**$(2&%(1-.(2%j2,.&1(5,-**$(:*"$%(7.(4+2,1#,2$0( >&(1-#5(4+*4*52$@(*&.()"&,1#*&#&'(,*&&.,1#*&(:*"$%(7.( 7.1:..&(1-.(1:*(<#1,-.&50(W(4*55#7#$#13(1*(.?42&%(1-.( <#1,-.&5(1*()"$$3(.d"#44.%(2&%(4+.42+#&'(2$$(*)(1-.(;.2$( ,*;4*&.&15( *&( 5#1.0( F-#5( :*"$%( 7.( 4*5#1#=.( 5#&,.( #1( :*"$%(+.%",.(1-.()**%(1+",<(1+2&54*+150( F-.(4-35#,2$(,*&&.,1#*&(,*"$%(7.(2(%#&#&'(-2$$(5-2+.%( 73( 1-.( 5,-**$( 2&%( 4+.5,-**$( ,-#$%+.&0( !.3*&%( 1-.( %#&#&'( -2$$@( 1-.( 4$23'+*"&%( ,*"$%( 7.( .?1.&%.%( 13#&'( 1*'.1-.+(1-.(1:*(5#1.5@(+.;*=#&'(42+<#&'(542,.(2&%(1-.( #;4+.55#*&(*)(72,<5#%.5(*&(1-.(7"#$%#&'50 F-.+.( 2+.( 2( $*1( *)( 4*55#7#$#1#.5H( 1-.( ;*51( #;4*+12&1( ,-2$$.&'.( #5( 1*( +.;.;7.+( 1-.;0( F#;.5( 2&%( &..%5( ,-2&'.@(1-.(7"#$%#&'(2&%(5#1.(,2&(7.(2%241.%@(2&%(1-.( )*,"5(5-*"$%(2$:235($#.(*&(,+.21#&'(1-.(7.51(.&=#+*&;.&1( )*+(1-.(,-#$%+.&(2&%(1-.(1.2,-.+50

Visualization of how the new extension might be designed, viewed from between the buildings 103


104


REFLECTIONS & DISCUSSION


Conclusions and reflections F*( 12<.( *&( 2( 4+.5,-**$( 25( 2( %.5#'&( 4+*j.,1@( :#1-( 2$$( 1-21( #1( .&12#$5@( -25( 7..&(2(;2j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c.''#*(I;#$#2( 4-#$*5*4-3(-25(7..&(=.+3(+.:2+%#&'@(%".(1*(1-.()2,1(1-21(>(-2=.($.2+&1(2($*1( )+*;(1-.($#1.+21"+.@(2&%(*)(,*"+5.(#&(1-.(;.+'#&'(*)(1-.(1:*(254.,15(#&1*(2( 5$#'-1$3(;*+.('.&.+#,(4+.5,-**$0 F-.(4+*4*52$(#5('.&.+#,(#&(1-.(:23(1-21(>(,-*5.(&*1(1*(2%241(1-.()2,#$#1#.5( 1*( *&.( 54.,#)#,( 4-#$*5*4-3( *+( ;.1-*%@( 7"1( 1*( <..4( 1-.;( 2%24127$.( 1*( %#)).+.&1(<#&%5(*)(;.1-*%5@(:-#$.(;2#&12#&#&'(2()*,"5(*&(5"512#&27#$#130(a3( #&1.+4+.121#*&(*)(1-.(5#1"21#*&(1*%23(#5(1-21(2(;*+.('.&.+#,(4+.5,-**$(,*"$%( 7.("5.%(#&(2(:#%.+(,*&1.?10(F-.(5-24.(*)(1-.(7"#$%#&'(2&%(1-.(2%24121#*&(1*( 1-.(5#1.(#5(2$5*(1*(5*;.(.?1.&1('.&.+#,2$0(F-.(5#G.(,*"$%(.25#$3(7.(+.%",.%( 1*(2()*"+O%.42+1;.&1(4+.5,-**$()*+(2(5;2$$.+(5#1.@(*+(.=.&(7.(.?42&%.%(1*( 2&(.#'-1O%.42+1;.&1(4+.5,-**$(#)(&..%.%0(9*:.=.+@(1-.(%.5#'&(#5('.&.+2$$3( 2%241.%(1*(2()$21(5#1.@(5#&,.(;3(2#;(:25(&*1(1*(,+.21.(2(,*;4$.1.$3('.&.+2$( ;*%"$.(4+.5,-**$0(

106

F-.( ,*&,.41( ,*"$%( *)( ,*"+5.( 7.( %.=.$*4.%( #&1*( 5*;.1-#&'( .=.&( ;*+.( '.&.+#,(2&%(2%24127$.@(7"1(25(>(-2=.($.2+&1(%"+#&'(1-#5(4+*,.55@(,-#$%+.&( O( 2&%( 4.*4$.( #&( '.&.+2$( O( &..%( 2( ,.+12#&( ;.25"+.( *)( #&%#=#%"2$#130( F-.3( &..%(2(:*+<4$2,.(1*()..$(4+*"%(*)0(F-#5(4+*4*52$(#5(&*1(;.2&1(1*(7.(;255O 4+*%",.%((7"#$%#&'(1*(4*4("4(2&3:-.+.(#&(1-.(,*"&1+3@(7"1(2(:.$$(1-*"'-1( 1-+*"'-(%.5#'&(Q1.;4$21.R(:-#,-(,*"$%(7.(244$#.%(:#1-(;*%#)#,21#*&5(1*(*1-.+( 4+.5,-**$(%.=.$*4;.&150 a3()#+51(,*&,$"5#*&()+*;(1-#5(:*+<(#5(1-21(1-.(-.2$1-(*)(,-#$%+.&(#5(#;4+*=.%(73( 54.&%#&'(2($*1(*)(1#;.(*"1%**+50(F-#5()2,1('*.5(-2&%(#&(-2&%(:#1-(1-.(51+#=.( 1*:2+%5(2(5"512#&27$.(4+.5,-**$H(73(54.&%#&'(1#;.(#&(&21"+2$(5"++*"&%#&'5@( ,-#$%+.&(2"1*;21#,2$$3(2,d"#+.(2(<&*:$.%'.(2&%("&%.+512&%#&'(*)(-*:(&21"+.( )"&,1#*&50( F-"5( 2( =#+1"*"5( ,#+,$.( #5( ,+.21.%( :-.&( 1-.( 4+.5,-**$( 7"#$%#&'( 2$5*('#=.5(,*&5#%.+21#*&(1*(#15(.&=#+*&;.&10(>&(;3(4+*j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j2,.&1(5,-**$(2+.(7+*"'-1( 1*'.1-.+( #&( 2( 1#'-1.+( ,**4.+21#*&0( S"1"+.( =#5#*&5( 2+.( 2&( .55.&1#2$( 42+1( *)(


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j.,10 W($*:O.&.+'3(7"#$%#&'@(;2%.(*)(+.&.:27$.(*+(+.,3,$.%(;21.+#2$5@().21"+#&'( 2&(#&54#+#&'(4$23'+*"&%@(4+*;*1#&'(2(,*&&.,1#*&(1*(&21"+.(O(1-#5(#5(2('**%( .?2;4$.()*+()"1"+.(4+.5,-**$(%.5#'&50(F*(5..(1*(1-.(,-#$%+.&L5(&..%5(:-#$.( &*1()*+'.11#&'(1-.(2%"$1("5.+5@(2&%(1*(%.5#'&()*+(1-.;0 >(7.$#.=.(1-21(1-#5(4+*4*52$(,*"$%(7.(2&(#&54#+21#*&()*+(J"&'r$=(;"&#,#42$#13( 25(:.$$(25()*+(*1-.+("5.+5@(25(*&.(:23(1*(,+.21.(2('**%(4+.5,-**$0

107


Section model 1:50

108


Section model 1:50

Section model 1:50

109


List of references !//N#O !2+7.+3@(a"+#.$(TBCCZU(QPLs$s'2&,.(%"(-s+#55*&R@(V2+#5N(t%#1#*&5(A2$$#;2+%( K.44#@(A#"$#*@(h#&#@(a#,-.$.(TBCC^U(QK-#$%+.&@(542,.5@(+.$21#*&5(u(;.124+*j.,1( )*+(2&(.&=#+*&;.&1()*+(3*"&'(,-#$%+.&R@(c.''#*(I;#$#2N(A+2)#,-.(a2)).# A2$#&%*@(a#,-.$$.(TBCDCU(QJ#&%.+'2+1.&5(O(I%",21#*&2$(542,.5R@(X2$.&51.#&( X:#1G.+$2&%N(!+2"&(V"7$#5-#&'(WA A+"1@( J212+#&2( .1( 2$( TBCCeU( QI?.;4$.1( c.''#*( I;#$#2( O( 4.%2'*'#<( )p+( %.;*<+21#(*,-($*<2$("1=.,<$#&'R@(X1*,<-*$;N(V+.;#55()p+$2' v*-2&55*&@(I=2(TBCCEU(QW11($r+2(r+(&r512&(5*;(211($.<2R(N(P.<(*,-($r+2&%.( #()p+5<*$2(*,-(5<*$2@(X1*,<-*$;N(P#7.+ J+2;.+@( X#73$$.( TBCDCU( QX,-**$5( u( I%",21#*&2$( 542,.5R@( X2$.&51.#&( X:#1G.+$2&%N(!+2"&(V"7$#5-#&'(WA Pr+2+)p+7"&%.1( TBCCeU( Qg1*;-"54.%2'*'#<( #( )p+5<*$2( *,-( )p+5<*$.<$255R@( X1*,<-*$;N(Pr+2+)p+7"&%.15()p+$2' a21-#5.&@(W+=.(TD[[]U(Q!2+&.15(=r+$%(4.%2'*'#<(*,-("44)*51+2&(#()p+5<*$.w$%.+&( N((.&(62$%*+)4.%2'*'#5<(#%s7*<()p+(-.;(*,-()p+5<*$2R@(b5$*N(f#%2+)*+$0 ap$$.+@(P*11.(TBCC`U(QF+r%'w+%.&5(&21"+(N(*;(%.&(5=.&5<2(*,-(%.&(.&'.$5<2( 1+r%'w+%.&@(*;(1+r%'w+%2+()p+(72+&000R@(X1*,<-*$;N(!*&&#.+ b$55*&@(F#11#(.1(2$(TBCCBU(QX<*$'w+%.&(5*;(<$255+";(O((x+.1(+"&1(4w(K**;7.5( X,-**$R@(P"&%N(!Fv(F+3,<(W! X<jp$%( 6.&&.+51+p;@( J+#51#&2( TBCC[U( Qa*&1.55*+#4.%2'*'#<( #( )p+5<*$2( *,-( 5<*$2R@(X1*,<-*$;N(Y*J

110

62$)+#%5*&@( a2+'".+#1.( TD[[^U( QM*)1( u( Jw%2( *,-( 72$52;@( +*5( *,-( j25;#&@( ;*552@(42+)3;(*,-(2&&2&(=r$$"<1R@(S2+#'$#2&*N(a#$2&*512;42 8(1/'-#O 9y+5-*$;( J*;;"&.( TBCDDU( QX*$-"5.1( u( P#*&5( 2,1#=.( -*"5.R@( 9y+5-*$;N( 9y+5-*$;(J*;;"&. v*+%7+"<5=.+<.1(TBCCEU(Qfr?1-"51.<&#<R@(vp&<p4#&'N(v*+%7+"<5=.+<.1 X<*$=.+<.1(TBCDCU(Pr+*4$2&()p+()p+5<*$2&(P4)p([`(T+.=#%.+2%(BCDCU@(X1*,<-*$;N( I%#12 g;.w(J*;;"&(TBCDCU(S"&<1#*&54+*'+2;(Sp+5<*$2@(g;.wN(g;.w(J*;;"& fr+$%5&21"+)*&%.&( 66S( TBCC[U( QSp+5<*$2&( O( Sp+( .&( -w$$72+( "1=.,<$#&'R@( X*$&2N(66S E(L#$-(#O !2+&1*12$(TBCC[U(-114N//:::072+&1*12$05.(TDBOCBOBEU J"&'r$=5( J*;;"&( TBCDDU( -114N//:::0<"&'2$=05./K3<$2O)+2&O)251&#&'O1#$$O )251&#&'/J"$F"+$.%.+/f211.&-2$/J2+.73z-.;73'%5'2+%/(TBCDBOCBOCBU X<*$=.+<.1( TBCDBU( -114N//:::05<*$=.+<.105./5121#51#<O*,-O2&2$35( TBCDBO CBOBEU Y>!I(TBCDBU(-114N//:::0&#7.05.(TBCDBOCDO^CU X=.+#'.5(F.<&#5<2(S*+5<&#&'5#&51#1"1(TBCDBU(-114N//:::05405./(TDBOCDO^CU(


X121.&5(S*$<-r$5*#&51#1"1(TBCC[U(-114H//:::0)-#05./92&%7*,<.+(TBCDBOCDO D[U 6#<#4.%#2(TBCDDU(-114N//5=0:#<#4.%#20*+'/:#<#/J2+.73z<3+<2(TBCDBOCBOCBU 6#<#4.%#2(TBCDDU(-114N//5=0:#<#4.%#20*+'/:#<#/J2+.73(TBCDBOCBOCBU D,./'+"2&$,-('J$(K#O DBOCDOD`(>&1.+=#.:(:#1-(X2+2(M2-$51+p; DBOCBOC`(>&1.+=#.:(:#1-(4.*4$.()+*;(Y>!I(21(K9Wca D+"H(&#/*'%(#N V2'.(DZN(-114N//j.+$#&'0#&)*/X#;*&mBC!$*;7.+'mBCD`ZC/)j.$$51.%1z<.+51#&0 -1; V2'.(B^@(7*11*;($.)1N(S+*;(QX12%55<*'.&5(Sp+5<*$2R@(A$2&1G(W+<#1.<151"%#*@( W$#&'5w5(J*;;"& V2'.(^BN(-114N//73''#&)*073''1j2&5105./V2'.S#$.5/[ZC]e/ JM"''$2&zBDE^Zz)#?O;0j4'

V2'.(^E@(1*4($.)1N(-114N//#;2'.01+2%.==0,*;/BCC[/Ce/D`/ :#$$#2;j.$$3z^]e[ECzZCC/)*2;O'$255O5$270j4' ( 1*4(+#'-1N(-114N//:::05"4.+:**%0%<(((( ( ,.&1.+N(-114N//:::0*$*4$230,*;/4+*%",15/]O[70j4' ( 7*11*;N(-114N//1-#+%.3.0#./:4O,*&1.&1/"4$*2%5/BCDC/DC/9#O1.,-O .''O7*?.50j4' V2'.(]DN(>;2'.5()+*;(-114N//:::05?,0-" V2'.(]`@(e]N(>;2'.()+*;(:::0;2450'**'$.0,*; V2'.([B(T)$*:.+5U(1*4($.)1N(-114N//]07407$*'54*10,*;/O2$MO]q*AZA</FDO ai,=cSX>/WWWWWWWWIh]/>JgYjFWi:7,/5DZCC/ ( 1*4(,.&1.+N(-114N//)2+;B05121#,0)$#,<+0,*;/( ( 1*4(+#'-1N(-114N//:::07#*4#?0&.1/4-*1*5/ ( ,.&1.+($.)1N(-114N//:::0:"&%.+'+*"&%0,*;/%212/:?#;2'.&.:/;/ a.$2'**/`]e0j4' ( ,.&1.+N(-114N//:::04"-0&"/=2?1.+/4$2&1*+/#;2'./2$"&+*1B0j4' ( ,.&1.+(+#'-1N(-114N//:::0,+*,"50,*0"</#;2'.5/4+*%",15B/ ( 7*11*;($.)1N(-114N//BDE0EC0^]0BB`/2+1#<$2+/#;2'.5/7#$%.+/( ( 7*11*;(,.&1.+N(-114N//'2#20,?+0&*/#;2'.5/4$2&15/;2$*4./1+#)#%2/ ( 7*11*;(+#'-1N(-114N//:::0;*72,<.505./#;2'.5/

V2'.(^]@(1*4N(-114N//:::0,*;7#-.2105./7#$%.+/F2<;*&12'.O"44=#&<$210(( j4'O)*+O:.7O$2+'.0j4' ( 7*11*;N(-114N//:::07.1*&72"O#&1.+&21#*&2$0,*;/244$#,21#*&/ 4-*1*=*$12#,O7#*'25O2&%O:#&%O.&.+'30-1;$ V2'.(^e@(1*4N(S+*;(QX*$-"5.1(u(P#*&5(2,1#=.(-*"5.R@(9y+5-*$;N(9y+5-*$;(( J*;;"&.@(BCDD ( 7*11*;N(-114N//:::0)*$<.,.&1.+0&.1/;.%#2)#$.5/)*$<.,.&1.+/1.,-O 1+2&5/4-*1*=*$12#,5zD[0j4'

b1-.+(#;2'.5(73(I;.$#.(X1r+#&'

111


I?2;#&.+ X1.&(A+*;2+<@(V+*).55*+(K-2$;.+5(W+,-#1.,1"+. X"4.+=#5*+ !jp+&(A+*55@(W+1#51#,($.,1"+.+(K-2$;.+5(W+,-#1.,1"+. K*&51+",1#*&(5"4.+=#5#&' J2+$OA"&&2+(b$55*&@(P.,1"+.+(K-2$;.+5(W+,-#1.,1"+. X4.,#2$(1-2&<5(1* a2+#2(Y#<$255*&@(W+,-#1.,1(XWc/aXW(W72<*(2+<#1.<1<*&1*+(W! a2'&"5(a2'&"55*&@(V+*j.,1(;2&2'.+(O(,*&51+",1#*&(J"&'r$=(a"&#,#42$#13 J2+#&(S2-$.5*&@(!"5#&.55(%.=.$*4.+(J"&'r$=(a"&#,#42$#13 x52(!.+'$#.@(M.=.$*4;.&1(;2&2'.+(J"&'r$=(a"#,#42$#13

112


113


APPENDICES


Appendix I - Quote translation V2'.(DCN( QSp+5<*$2&(5<2($r''2('+"&%.&()p+(.11($#=5$w&'1($r+2&%.0(f.+<52;-.1.&(5<2( =2+2(+*$#'@(1+3''(*,-($r+*+#<()p+(2$$2(72+&(5*;(%.$12+0(Sp+5<*$2&(5<2(51#;"$.+2( 72+&5("1=.,<$#&'(*,-($r+2&%.(52;1(.+7j"%2(.&(1+3''(*;5*+'0(f.+<52;-.1.&( 5<2("1'w()+w&(.&(-.$-.1553&(4w(72+&.1(*,-(72+&.15(7.-*=(*,-("1)*+;25(5w( 211(*;5*+'@("1=.,<$#&'(*,-($r+2&%.(7#$%2+(.&(-.$-.10R

QSp+5<*$2&(5<2(;.%=.+<2(1#$$(211(72+&.&(1#$$r'&2+(5#'(.11(=2+52;1()p+-w$$&#&'55r11( 1#$$(&21"+(*,-(;#$jp(*,-()p+51w+(5#&(%.$2<1#'-.1(#(&21"+.&5(<+.15$*440R

V2'.N(B^( QM.1(;2&(<2&('p+2(#&&.(<2&(;2&('p+2("1.0R

Qa#$jp&(5<2(=2+2(p44.&@(#&&.-w$$5+#<(*,-(#&7j"%2&%.0R

V2'.N(Be( QW&12$(4.+5*&2$(54.$2+(#&'.&(+*$$@($*<2$.+&2(r+(=#<1#'2510R V2'.(^CN( Qnc.''#*( I;#$#2( r+o( .&( '+r&5p=.+5<+#%2&2%.( 4.%2'*'#<( 5*;( <r;42+( ;*1( 5$.&1+#2&( *,-( $.%2( ;.%( 51+r=2&( 211( 51r&%#'1( )p+7r11+25@( )p+=2&%$25( *,-( *;5<24250R V2'.(^^N( Qg1.=#51.$5.()p+()p+5<*$.72+&(-2+()$.+2(4*5#1#=2(.)).<1.+@(5w=r$(4w(%.&(453<#5<2( 5*;(4w(%.&()35#5<2(-r$52&0(!w%.(1#%.&(;2&(=#5125("1.(*,-("1.;#$jp&(#(5#'( r+(2=(7.13%.$5.0R V2'.(]BN( QSp+5<*$2&(5<2(.+7j"%2(72+&.&(.&(1+3''(;#$jp(5*;(52;1#%#'1("1;2&2+(*,-( $*,<2+(1#$$($.<(*,-(2<1#=#1.10(M.&(5<2(#&54#+.+2(72+&.&(211("1)*+5<2(*;=r+$%.&0R QW11(5<242(*,-(<*;;"&#,.+2(;.%(-jr$4(2=(*$#<2("11+3,<5)*+;.+(5w5*;(7#$%@( 5w&'(*,-(;"5#<@(%+2;2@(+31;#<@(%2&5(*,-(+p+.$5.($#<5*;(;.%(-jr$4(2=(12$O( *,-(5<+#)154+w<("1'p+(7w%.(#&&.-w$$(*,-(;.1*%(#()p+5<*$2&5(51+r=2&(211()+r;j2( 72+&5("1=.,<$#&'(*,-($r+2&%.0R

116

Q!2+&.&(5<2(<"&&2(=r?$2(;.$$2&(*$#<2(2<1#=#1.1.+("&%.+(%2'.&0(f.+<52;-.1.&( 5<2('.("1+3;;.()p+(72+&.&5(.'&2(4$2&.+@()2&125#(*,-(<+.21#=#1.1(#($.<(*,-( $r+2&%.(5w=r$(#&*;-"5(5*;("1*;-"50R

QM.(7.-*=(*,-(#&1+.55.&(5*;(72+&.&(5jr$=2(4w(*$#<2(5r11('.+("11+3,<()p+(7p+( $#''2(1#$$('+"&%()p+("1)*+;&#&'.&(2=(;#$jp&0R V2'.([DN QV$215.+()p+(<+*445p=&#&'2+(*,-(7*$$54.$(+w%.+(%.1(j"(<&244251(&w'*&(7+#51( 4w(#(%.112($2&%0(!2+&()w+()$r&'2(*;<+#&'(*,-('"&'2(*,-(-*442(4w(%2'#5@(4w( $.<4$215.+(*,-(#(5<*$2&0(a.&(51r$$.&(%r+(%.()w+(=2+2(#()+.%(*,-($.<2(-.;$#'2( $.<2+@(%r+(%.(<2&(<r&&2(%*)1.&(2=(+*5*+(*,-(1#112(4w(5;w<+34(r+(5r$$53&120( 92+(;2&()p+;w&.&(211(r'2(.&(1+r%'w+%(%r+(.&5(72+&()w+(=r?2("44@(.$$.+(.&( 1+r%'w+%(5*;(*)12(7.5p<5(2=(72+&@(5<2$$(;2&(%r+)p+(#&1.('p+2(%.&(1#$$(.&( +251'w+%("12&(1#$$(.&()p+1+*$$2%(=r+$%0R


Appendix II - heat pumps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d"#%@(2$$(1-.(:-#$.( +.2%3(1*(7.,*;.('25(2'2#&(2&%(,*$$.,1(&.:(-.21(.&.+'30 7P0"*#-&"$'&0("-&1*+1O F-.(.?-2"51(2#+(-.21(4";4(1.,-&#d".(#5(725.%(*&(512+1#&'(73(=.&1#$21#&'(1-.( 7"#$%#&'@(1-.&(+."5#&'(1-.(-.21(.&.+'3()+*;(1-.(=.&1#$21.%(2#+(1*(-.21(1-.(-*1( :21.+(2&%(1-.(-.21#&'(5351.;0 !25#,2$$3@(1-.(;*%.(*)(*4.+21#*&(#5(1-21(1-.(=.&1#$21#*&(2#+(#5(.?-2"51.%()+*;( 2$$(1-.(:.1(2+.25(*)(1-.(7"#$%#&'@(,+.21#&'(2(5;2$$(4+.55"+.(:-#,-(;2<.5( 2#+()+*;(1-.(*1-.+(+**;5(1+2=.$(1*(1-.(:.1(2+.25(25(:.$$0(Y.:(.?1.+#*+(2#+(#5( 4"$$.%(#&(1-+*"'-(1-.(=2$=.5(#&(1-.(:#&%*:5(*+(:2$$5@(2&%(1-.(:-*$.(7"#$%#&'( #5(=.&1#$21.%0 F-.(,#+,"$21#&'(2#+(#5( 12<.&(1-+*"'-(1-.(,2&2$(5351.;( *)( 1-.(7"#$%#&'(2&%( 1-.(-.21.%(+**;(2#+(#5($.%(1*(1-.(-.21(4";4(:-.+.(1-.(.&.+'3(*)(1-.(2#+(#5( +.,3,$.%0(F-#5(:23(1-.(-.21(4";4(,2&(4+*=#%.(1-.(:-*$.(7"#$%#&'(:#1-(-*1( :21.+(2&%(-.21()*+(1-.(-.21#&'(5351.;0 C0(&I$..('(,%(&L(-K((,&"$'BK"-('&",I&"$'B"$'O W#+( -.21( 4";45( ,2&( 7.( ,21.'*+#G.%( 73( -*:( 1-.( .&.+'3( 4"$$.%( )+*;( 1-.(

117


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g&$#<.( 1-.( 2#+/2#+( -.21( 4";4@( 1-.( -.21( #5( %#51+#7"1.%( 5*"&%$.55$3( 73( 1-.( :21.+7*+&.(-.21#&'(5351.;@(25(*44*5.%(1*(2(&*#5.(4+*%",#&'()2&0 >(/-0('+"2&0("-&1*+1O 6#1-(2(-*5.()#$$.%(:#1-($#d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d"#+.5(2&(.?1.&5#=.(#&512$$21#*&(#&,$"%#&'(%+#$$#&'(*+(%#''#&'(1*(4$2,.(1-.( ,*$$.,1*+0(S*+(2('.*1-.+;2$(-.21(4";4@(1-.(%+#$$(-*$.(,2&(=2+3(7.1:..&([C( 2&%(BCC(;.1.+(%..4@(:-#$.()*+(2(5*#$(-.21(4";4@(1-.(,*$$.,1*+(#5(4$2,.%(21( `C(1*(DCC(;.1.+@(7"1(54+.2%(*"1(*&(2(;",-($2+'.+(2+.20(6#1-(1-.(5*#$(-.21( 4";4@(1-.(-#'-.51(3#.$%(#5(2,d"#+.%(#&(5*#$(:-#,-(,*&12#&5(2($*1(*)(:21.+0 W('.*1-.+;2$(-.21(4";4(,2&(7.(,*;7#&.%(:#1-(2(=.&1#$21#*&(5351.;(:#1-( -.21(+.,*=.+3H(1-.(-.21(4";4(#5(4$2,.%(#&(2&(244$#2&,.(+**;(1*'.1-.+(:#1-( 2,,";"$21*+(12&<5()*+(:21.+@(:-#$.(5.=.+2$(*)(1-.(;",-(5;2$$.+(=.&1#$21#*&( 244$#2&,.5(2+.(%#51+#7"1.%(2+*"&%(1-.(7"#$%#&'(1*(,*=.+(1-.(=.&1#$21#*&(&..%( )*+(.2,-(+**;0

118


Appendix III - temperature calculations I&.+'3(72$2&,.N X*$=.(F=((T1.;4.+21"+.('+..&-*"5.U !"#$%&'()*('+,)**#-%./*'0112'%.34'5'6='5'+7=(O(F*"14''8''!"#$%&'()*('+,)**#-%./*'0112'"#4'5'6-*"5.'5'+7-*"5.(O(F=U 6#&%*:(2+.2(T'+..&-*"5.({OO|(*"1U(\(EZ;B 6#&%*:(2+.2(T'+..&-*"5.({OO|(#&U(\(BC;B g=(\(^@e(6/;BJ g-*"5.(\(C@`(6/;BJ

9.21(1+2&5).+5N DU(:#1-*"1('+..&-*"5. BU(:#1-('+..&-*"5.@(7.1:..&('+..&-*"5.(2&%(*"15#%. ^U(:#1-('+..&-*"5.@(7.1:..&('+..&-*"5.(2&%(#&5#%. F+2&5).+D(\(6#&%*:(2+.2D'5'6-*"5.'5'+7-*"5.(O(F*"1U F+2&5).+B(\(6#&%*:(2+.2B'5'6-*"5.5'+7=(O(F*"1U F+2&5).+^(\(6#&%*:(2+.2^'5'6-*"5.(5'+7-*"5.(O(F=U

F*"1(\(Oe*(K

6#&%*:(2+.2D(\(BC;B 6#&%*:(2+.2B(\(EZ;B 6#&%*:(2+.2^(\(BC;B

F-*"5.(\(BB*(K

g=(\(^@e(6/;BJ

,2$$#&'(6#&%*:(2+.2(T'+..&-*"5.({OO|(*"1U(WD(2&%(6#&%*:(2+.2(T'+..&-*"5.({OO|(#&U(WB('#=.5N WD'5'6='5'+7=(O(F*"1U(\(WB'5'6-*"5.'5'+7-*"5.(O(F=U 5#;4$#)#.%N 9'5':'5'+;'1'<4'8'='5'>'5'+?'1';4 W!K(O(W!M(\(ISA(O(ISK W!K(_(ISK(\(W!M(_(ISA K(TW!(_(ISU(\(TW!M(_(ISAU(/(TW!(_(ISU F=(\(TWDg=F*"1(_(WBg-*"5.F-*"5.U(/(TWDg=(_(WBg-*"5.U F='8'+@A'5'BCD'5'+1D4'E'FG'5'GCH'5'FF4'I'+@A'5'BCD'E'FG'5'GCH4 F=(\(TOD^^C(_(^eBU(/(B`B F=(!(O^@]

g-*"5.(\(C@`(6/;BJ F*"1(\(Oe*(K F-*"5.(\(BB*(K 6(\(6/;BJ'5'KB'5'J'112'!'8'!I;BJ'5';B'5'J J'8'6'5'9 L'8'6'5'9+7#(O(F.U GCH'5'FG'5'+FF1+1D44'8'GCH'5'FG'5'F@'8'MBF @A'5'BCD'5'+D1BCM4'8'@A'5'BCD'5'NCA'8'MGOCA GCH'5'FG'5'+FFEBCM4'8'GCH'5'FG'5'FDCM'8'MGACM qD(\(]^B6 qB(\(]C[@Z6 q^(\(]CZ@]6 GCH'5'FG'5'+FF17=4'8'@A'5'BCD'5'+7=OTO^@]UU NA'5'FF'E'FF7=(\(BZZF=(O([BC@] ^eB(_([BC@](\(B]]F=( F=(\(T[BC@]_^eBU(/(B]] F=(\(DBEB@](/(B]] F=(\(e@B 119

Colour Me Green  

Master's Thesis 2012 at Chalmers University of Technology A Sustainable Preschool in Kareby, Kungälv

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you