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l hica p o s Philo


What’s inside the box?

Featuring the brand new “Ask Maggie!” also, mail in your questions.

Three Circles of Energy

The Human Issue Human Nature

The Philosophical Issue The Knowledge Issue The Want Issue The Think Issue The World Issue The Nature Issue The Rationalist Issue

The Human Issue

The Dualist Issue

The Religious Issue The Intellectual Issue

The Personality Issue

WHAT’S INSIDE THE BOX? Reach for the Top: “The Circles of Energy and Life” Who said that? & Religion vs. Philosophy

16 Fallacies Quiz

15 13

Maggie Answers 12

Philosopher’s Timeline Which Philosopher are you?

11 9-10

7-8 Types of Views 5-6

3-4 The Human Issue


The story of “Human Nature”

Letter from the editor: “My Big Questions”

“We live in the best of all possible worlds.� Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

My Big Questions Philosophy is the basis of existence, the ability to ask questions, the want to learn more, the hunger for knowledge is all part of what makes us human. Throughout this course, I learned how to understand reality, what questions to ask, what type of person I am and what makes us (every person) human. The centre of this issue is understanding what makes “us,” as people, human. What it is, means to be human and what types of people exist. The goal of this issue is to also share my journey of 5 months of learning about philosophy and becoming a philosopher, as well as teaching interesting facts and figures about what, who we are as humans. Learning how to be a philosopher is just as easy as learning any other subject however, becoming one, is a completely different task. Being able to think outside the box and using this ability to make decisions, find answers and question others is a very hard task. It requires everyone to be in “second circle” and always be aware about their surroundings however, without the overconfidence one might have. Philosophy isn’t easy, however I did enjoy a number of things in this course like; the lengthy discussions we had, the overthought world, the questioning of reality. Metaphysics, human nature, the theories of knowledge, and many more… Thank you Mr. DelMundo for this amazing opportunity of selfrealization and world realization. The things I can use philosophy for is endless…. Sincerely, Your Editor Vajk Dobos



Human Nature is the fundamental depositions and traits of humans. What makes us different from animals? Plants? Aliens? Inanimate objects?

Theories about the nature of humankind are part of every culture. Philosophers have been trying to determine what human nature is for over 21 centuries. The issue is that every culture, society and surroundings influence each person differently and determining which are fundamental human traits that are natural and which are from learning and socialization.

Human nature is what makes us human yet, we still don’t have a clear idea of what human nature is. Perhaps it’s our psyche, our unconscious that is keeping us from realizing and seeing the actual human nature. Maybe because human nature is so powerful and strong…

We are all Humans, people, living things. But what makes us different from other organisms, living things is understanding who we are as humans and the inner ‘greed,' the ‘want,’ the desire is what motivates us to do anything. Yes, anything and everything… Anything we do has a reason, a benefit towards us, the person. Whether we know it or not, everything has a reason for us doing it. For example; you give $10 to a homeless person living on the street as you are walking to work. Why did you do it? Either because you wanted to feel good on the first day of the week, you want to make up for something you did (like past mistakes) or you want to be able to brag about how nice of a person you are.

We all do something because we want something out of it. If we don’t get something out of it, we don’t do it.

HUMAN The Functionalist View is a theory on mental states which says that mental states are identified by what they do, not what they are made of contradicting the Materialist View completely.

The Materialist View states that the only thing that can be true proven is matter and that what is made up of matter (like people, cars, etc.). Anything that is not physically holdable is not real. The Behaviourist View emphasizes the outward behavioural aspects of thoughts by dismissing the inward experiential and procedural aspects of thoughts and behaviours.

NATURE The Rationalist View is a source of knowledge by appealing to intellectual and deductive reason (as opposed to sensory experiences).

The Dualist View believes that there are two kinds of reality: material (physical) and immaterial (spiritual). That both of these realities are separate from each other however, there is a very light separation between the two.

The Western Religious View sees God as the creator of all and that only he can determine what is real and what isn’t. It also states that there are many realities to which our psyche transfers to after our death.

4. Favourite Brand

1. Favourite Teen Drama Gossip Girl Riverdale

3. Favourite Singer


Lady Gaga



2. Favourite Topping

H&M Forever 21 Apple Sephora

Drake Sia

Something Spicy

Ketchup Mayonnaise


Which philosopher are you?

6. Favourite TV Channel MTV

5. Wake up song Tik-Tok Good Morning Baltimore

Good Morning Don’t have one

CP 24 Disney CNN

7. Favourite Country

Paris Canada Something Nordic

North Korea

8. When you travel you… Go with the flow

Plan Improvise I don’t travel

ARISTOTLE Mostly in Red

SOCRATES Mostly in Blue

Friedrich Nietzsche





John Locke

Jean Paul Sartre

Thomas Hobbes

0 CE


Plotinus Plato


Francis Bacon St. Augustine

Thales of Miletus

Renee Descartes St. Thomas Aquinas

Friedrich Engels Immanuel Kant

Travel to Greece and see the Philosopher’s Museum

Fares starting from only: CAD $200✱ ✱ Conditions Apply. See for more details.

Maggie Answers Dear Maggie, I am writing to you because my boyfriend broke up with me and no one can help me return to my “old self.” My boyfriend said that my human nature changed, but that’s impossible, isn’t it? I want to know how I can become a better person and how I can change my human nature back to what it was, as I was a much better person then (says my boyfriend)… What should I do? Cardi B.

Dear Cardi, According to most to (most of) all philosophers, human nature (the one that is inside you), cannot be changed. It is the outside one that can change depending on the influences and society you live in. As we all grow older, we change because our surroundings shape us to. There are two reasons why your boyfriend may think you changed; either you did and he didn’t evolve from his 12 y.o. self, or he changed and he doesn’t see who you are anymore. You should look for someone who understands, supports and accepts who you are as a human being no matter how your human nature changes or what kind of human you may/will become. Be yourself, and don’t let anyone stop you because of that. I hope this helps, Maggie

GUESS THE FALLACIES 1. Either join in political life or resign yourself to a lonely and meaningless existence.

6. Which device attacks the auger instead of the argument?

a. False Dilemma b. Appeal to Ignorance c. Ad Hominem

a. False Dilemma b. Appeal to Ignorance c. Ad Hominem

2. You have to discount Mr. Trudeau’s views on abortion. As a member of the Pre-natal Liberation Organization, he can’t help being prejudiced.

7. Which device gives you a choice between two unrelated things?

a. False Dilemma b. Appeal to Ignorance c. Ad Hominem

a. False Dilemma b. Appeal to Ignorance c. Ad Hominem

3. You have to bathe 3 times a day in tub of goatskin to keep your skin looking young. No one has ever proved that it doesn’t work. a. Genetic Fallacy b. Appeal to Ignorance c. Slippery Slope

4. Defence lawyer Robert Baker at O. J. Simpson’s civil trial said that: “This isn’t a fight for justice, it’s a fight for money.” a. Slippery Slope b. Begging the Question c. Line-Drawing Fallacy 5. Either brush your teeth or throw your toothbrush out.

8. Which device ignores the opponent’s actual position and instead argues something completely different?

a. Genetic Fallacy b. Appeal to Ignorance c. None of the Above

a. False Dilemma b. Appeal to Ignorance c. Straw Man Answers will be posted in the next issue! Stay tuned!

Answers will be posted in the next issue! Stay tuned!

Write a letter to Maggie!

Your Name:__________________________ Email:_______________________________

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“The unexamined life is not worth living”

“The life of man [is] solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.”

“I think therefore I am”

“We live in the best of all possible worlds.”

“God is dead.”


René Descartes


Friedrich Nietzsche

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

WHO SAID WHAT? Answers will be posted in the next issue! Stay tuned!


There are three circles of energy in our life. These circles are different from what we usually expect when we hear the word “circles.” These circles define which state of mind we are in; and there are three of them.

In first circle, people are closed to the outside world focusing on themselves, their thoughts and their experiences. This includes daydreaming, talking to yourself, ‘zoning out’ and essentially anything that allows you to turn inwards.

The second circle is the ideal place to be. It is the perfectly balanced area between being able to look inwards but, at the same time, being aware of your surroundings as well as being able to look outwards. Most people in jail, athletes and people in trades/ situations that require constant attention are all in second circle. Jail mates are always alert as they are always under constant threat. Athletes are always alert as they always need to think forward in order to win a race and so on…

In third circle, people are always projecting outwards and unaware of their surroundings. People in third circle are usually those who dismiss an argument, act cocky, are self-obsessed etc…

The perfect circle/state is second circle, which is when you have the ability of being in all three circles at once by staying alert and constantly being aware of your surroundings. It is the only state which is good for philosophy, as in philosophy, you must be in all three circles at once in order to make a convincing argument.

Based on the novel by: Patsy Rodenburg

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PS Philosophy Magazine  
PS Philosophy Magazine