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 S USTAINABLE HOMES . Y EAR 7 SOSE / SCIENCE S TUDENTS BUILD HOMES FOR THE FUTURE ................. 4

ISSUE 3

T ERM 3

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 P ENNIES FOR THE P OOR Y EAR 8 MATHS RAISES MONEY FOR THE STARVING ......... 23

 E MPATHY A RT. P ORTRAITS OF J USTICE AND P EACE . … ……..22

Just Us

Paddies Boys speaking out f or t hose w it hout a voice

Magazine

A Sustainable Future The core of ongoing justice and peace is the sustainability of our planet. In this edition of Just Us Magazine, the Paddies boys will show us all that the creation and maintenance of a just and peaceful world for future generations is not just possible, but in their hands is more than likely. The pages that follow prove that our next generation already has the knowledge and passion to create a world that is not only environmentally sustainable, but one that also provides an ongoing abundance and fair distribution of, food, wealth and resources, land, opportunity and freedom, faith, love and peace. Please take time to be inspired by these young men.

WIN !!

Planting seeds and creating ripples ...

sustaina $15 0 wo rth o f en dly ble an d eco -fri pro ducts fro m on ali st N ew In terna ti eta il 1s See pg 11 for d


One of the key directives of Edmund Rice Education Australia (EREA) it the EREA Educating for Justice and Peace Framework. A core element of this framework calls on all EREA schools to offer a “transformational curriculum that is empowering, reflective, rigorous, authentic, and promotes justice and peace literacy. St Patrick‟s has welcomed this curriculum focus by continuing to ensure that as much as possible classroom activities are focused on real-life learning experiences in which students have the opportunity to make the world a better place for all. Just Us Magazine is a once-a-term publication that displays the outstanding work of the young men at St Patrick‟s who are standing up and speaking out for the poor and marginalized for a more just and peaceful world through the College curriculum.

Congratulations C ONTENTS :

James Hall—Yr 5

4…...Yr 7 Sustainable Houses 6…...Yr 8 Climate Change Feature 11….Crossword competition 12…..Adopt an Orangutan 14…..Boy Overboard 16…..Yr 10 Indigenous Rights Collages 20…..The Gospel According to Jayden 21…..Bully No More 22…..Empathetic Art 23…..Pennies for the Poor 28…..Mathew Meets Julia

Winner of the Just Us edition II didgeridoo Word in the Yard: “What is the most interesting thing you learnt about climate change?”

Riley Tomkins 8A

Travis Browning 8E

Nathan Row 8F

Jesse Cooper 8C

Mitchell Herpich 8F

“that climate change is mostly caused by humans and that we should do something about it”

“that greenhouse gases trap heat from going back into space and without them the earth would freeze. But this is why the build up of greenhouse gases is making the world hotter”

“that it is affecting more than just humans. It’s causing animals to become extinct, pollution, sea levels rising, drought, flood, and stopping natural cycles. But all of these things end up affecting humans because we are all part of the cycle”

“I didn’t realise how much CO2 is in the atmosphere. It’s more than it has been for hundreds of thousands of years, and is going to end up heaps higher than it is even now”

“how easy it is to make a big difference. Climate change is one thing that everyone can do something about with really simple ideas”

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Year 6

Just Us Rally During Term 3, students in Year 5 were asked to investigate a social teaching of the church in learning teams. Each team was asked to create a placard for a Justice Rally. Ryan and Murdoch, along with Harry, Connor and Zac chose to create a placard about: „Violence is to be avoided‟ and „People deserve respect regardless of their religious, social or ethnic background.‟ We had to use a 5W‟s and H strategy to structure our investigation. As you are able to see, we came up with six questions.

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Houses of the Future Year 7 Sustainable House Designs Imagine a home with no cost for water, a home with little or no heating or cooling requirements, a home that provides the majority of your household food supply, a home built without the need for cutting down forests or mining for resources, a home where the energy company sends you a cheque each month rather than a bill. These are the homes our Year 7 students will be building when they leave school—and they already have their designs! This term the Year 7 boys put their learning about sustainability to use to build a model sustainable house and as these pictures show, did an amazing job.

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Student

Reflection—

Gerard Warland & Michael Doyle At the start of the third term Mr Loudon informed the class that we would be building an environmentally friendly house for the practical side of our SOSE / Science assignment. The class was delighted at this news and ideas for the house were already being compiled. Although we thought this was a pretty straightforward project we were quickly cut down by Mr Loudon, this assignment was going to take a lot of research and hard work. We were given the task of building an eco-friendly house, labelling it and incorporating all five renewable energy sources into the house design. All the houses made had been designed in the best interests of the environment and keeping money in the pocket of the purchaser.

Our house was completed just in time. Little did we know that our houses were going to auction and we were going to have to advertise them to various students and parents. “This project brings a fun, Each of us organised brochures to help sway people to vote our house to win the little educational concept to the competition.

We watched many videos on the various components of creating a sustainable house. After a couple weeks the class had been taught nearly everything possible in sustainable energy unit.” Overall we thought that this was a very encreating a sustainable house from natural joyable project that was very rewarding at lighting and shading to how to use the the end of the build. We would only make a few changes to what positioning of the house to our advantage. Our class was also we did to our house. This project brings a fun, educational concept taught about the different kind of energies involved with sustainato the sustainable energy unit. ble houses. Building the house was challenging and enjoyable, and we believe We also learnt that fossil fuels will eventually run out, and when that everyone in Grade 7 got the most out of the experience as they do, the world will be forced to swap to renewable energy possible, and have learnt many valuable life skills about conserving sources. We also learnt about passive design elements, and when water and energy in the future. All in all, we believe that all the they are used correctly they can reduce your power bill and carstudents in Grade 7 enjoyed the unit, and learnt more about savbon footprint by up to 70%. 5 ing energy than they thought they would.


Climate Change - An Inconvenient Truth; An appropriate response " All across the world, in every kind of environment and region known to man, “ increasingly dangerous weather patterns and devastating storms are abruptly putting an end to the long-running debate over whether or not climate change is real. Not only is it real, it's here, and its effects are giving rise to a frighteningly new global phenomenon: the man-made natural disaster.” Barack Obama

Is climate change real? Is it man-made? Is it a concern? Is it something we can help prevent? This term, Year 8 Science students investigated each of these questions, and came to the conclusion that the answer to each, is that no-one can know for sure, but probably yes. More importantly, students came to the realisation that in the absence of any conclusive answers, we should give the earth and our future generations the benefit of the doubt, and that there is plenty that we can all do to help—with little effort and little expense. Here‟s how:

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Film Review—An Inconvenient Truth Harrison Berryman "What gets us into trouble is not what we don't know. It's what we know for sure that just ain't so." - Al Gore quoting Mark Twain An Inconvenient Truth is a documentary in which former U.S. Vice President Al Gore explains to an audience about what global warming is and what people can do to help fix it. Gore does this effectively by using scientific evidence, predictions, life stories and even a clip from the Futurama episode ‘Crimes of the Hot’ to explain to the audience global warming. This movie has Al Gore talking to an audience but it also has segments of scientists researching. This film The Comical way Al Gore shows the gives out a serious message audience what Global Warming is. because of the severity of the topic. Gore can go from telling a joke about how he lost the election to George W. Bush to a more severe tone almost instantly; this occurs throughout most of the documentary. The film starts with Gore coming onto the stage and saying “I am Al Gore; I used to be the next president of the United States”, He then starts a slide show which shows graphs, data and pictures of the Earth taken form space. Gore uses these pictures to explain that all the life that everything in human history has happened on a tiny blue pixel on the screen.

Al Gore finishes the documentary and the presentation by showing a picture of the earth and saying "future generations may well have occasion to ask themselves, what were our parents thinking? Why didn't they wake up when they had the chance? We have to hear that question, The “Hockey Stick” Graph from them, now." This documentary is a great example of how passionate people such as Al Gore are about trying to save the planet and warning others of what might happen if we cannot change our ways. While watching it I completely forgot it was a documentary. Watching ‘An inconvenient truth’ was an eye opener, it told us that that the human race is destroying this Earth. But it also tells us that we can change that through something as small as saving power or writing a letter to our Government.

“You see that pale, blue dot? That's us. Everything that has ever happened in all of human history, has happened on that pixel. All the triumphs and all the tragedies, all the wars all the famines, all the major advances... it's our only home. And that is what is at stake, our ability to live on planet Earth, to have a future as a civilization. I believe this is a moral issue, it is your time to seize this issue, it is our time to rise again to secure our future.”

Al Gore then goes on and talks about his son’s near fatal car accident and his time with his university professor. The documentary then has Gore telling the audience that people are finding it hard to believe that global warming is real and that they are making excuses such - Al Gore in An Inconvenient Truth as “There was a medieval warming period in which the temperatures rose, that’s exactly what’s happening now!”. Gore proves that theory wrong by using a graph which shows the temperatures of the medieval warming period to now, with the temperatures now far greater than the temperature in the medieval warming period. Al Gore talks about how he saw an image of a set of scales that showed the Earth on one end and gold on the other, Gore said that the image told him that he could choose the earth or wealth, Gore explains that without the earth where is the wealth going to come from? He then shows the audience a graph with a blue line showing temperatures and a red line showing the CO2 in the air he points out that these lines fit together almost perfectly; this shows that CO2 emissions do affect the temperatures of Earth.

I would recommend for everyone to watch this documentary it is entertaining, educational and it tells us a serious message “Climate Change is very real and it is very serious”. However, we can change it we can fix what we have done and anyone can help stop the effects of global warming.

References: http://web.ncf.ca/jim/ref/ inconvenientTruth/index.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ An_Inconvenient_Truth /www.climatecrisis.net An Inconvenient Truth – 2006

What’s at stake

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Climate Change - An Overview Matthew Beard

What Is Climate Change? Global warming is an increase in global temperatures that are created by the emission of greenhouse gases. This results from human activities such as deforestation and burning fossil fuels. It occurs when carbon dioxide, water vapour and methane trap sun rays and light into the earth’s atmosphere. When this happens it damages many people, animals and plants. When the sea rises and water covers low islands you know that this is caused by global warming. Global warming actually refers to gradual warming of global-average temperatures. It is definitely fair to say that we have been the main cause Climate Change. Which means that we should stop it. Climate change has only a problem in the last hundred years. There are many things that we can do to stop Climate change and some of the best ideas and probably cheaper ideas are using public transport more often than your car, recycling plastic, paper, cardboard and mobile phones. Another great way to help climate change is to use energy efficient products like fluorescent light bulbs, energy saving dishwasher and an energy saving shower head.

Cool Facts 1.

Australian temperatures have increased by about 0.9 degrees in the past hundred years. 2. Nine of the ten hottest years took place in the past in the last 30 years. 3. Species that depend on one another may become out of sync. For example, plants could bloom earlier than their pollinating insects become active 4. Less fresh water will be available. If the Quelccaya ice cap in Peru continues to melt at its current rate, it will be gone by 2100, leaving thousands of people who rely on it for drinking water and electricity without a source of either 5. Some diseases will spread, such as malaria carried by mosquitoes due to the change of climate. 6. The present atmospheric concentration of CO2 is higher now than at any time in the past 600 000 years 7. IPCC climate model projections indicate that average global surface temperature will likely rise a further 1.1 to 6.4 °C during the twenty-first century. 8. By 2020, entertainment, computers and gadgets will add up to almost half of your electricity bill. 9. Over 50% of global greenhouse gas emissions can be attributed to livestock and their by-products 10. Simply composting your food waste instead of sending it to landfill will save you up to 500kg of CO2 emissions each year

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The Home Energy Project - Aedan Berry After all this negative report, it’s time for the positive side of the situation. There are ways we can stop global warming, or at least reduce it. The obvious solution is to change the way we use energy at the house. People apply solar panels for example to reduce energy, or even simpler, turn off As mentioned before, there is a thin coating of atelectrical appliances off when not in use. For an even mosphere that protects humans and life from being better environment, stand up for Coal Seamed Gas, destroyed, keeping it at a constant level. For examwhich uses 50% less greenhouse gas emissions than ple, if you got a ten-pin bowling ball and gel, and you normal coal power. Similarly, there are other ways smothered the gel all over the ball, the gel is like the you can help the planet by not using the car as often. atmosphere we live in. CO2 is a very thick gas which You can use public transport such as buses and train can pollute this thin layer of atmosphere very easily to go to places, and you can even ride a bike. There trapping heat from the sun. CO2 is better known as are so many ways you can help the environment, one of the Greenhouse Gases. This build-up of you just need to put the effort, and it’s worth it! Greenhouse Gases is the cause of global warming. The increased warming as a result of build-up of CO2 is melting ice glaciers, increasing the sea levels, and changing biodiversity. Planet Earth is the only planet that we know that contains life. It has a very thin coating of atmosphere. This is what protects the Earth from overheating and destroying life. However, this atmosphere is changing quickly and dramatically.

Although greenhouse gases, include CO2 in the atmosphere, some of the greenhouse gases are good, and extremely important, as it keeps a steady temperature in the Earth. Without them, the Earth would be 33oC colder than present temperature (eg: present temperature: 20oC. Temperature without greenhouse gases: -10oC). However, there has been a huge increase of greenhouse gases in the last two decades due to the increased use of cars, planes and industry burning fossil fuels, like coal and petrol. This is causing the Earth to quickly heat up so much, that ice glaciers in the Artic and Antarctic, are starting to melt. Former President George W Bush denied that man was contributing to global warming and it was a natural rise of CO2 (every couple of hundred years there is a natural rise in CO2). However, the CO2 has continued to rise, and has not stopped. Despite this Bush continued to deny it. It is now proven that we are the cause of global warming, and it is clear manmade global warming has been happening since the Industrial Revolution. Most machines and vehicles run off fossil fuels, which, when burned to make energy, release greenhouse gases which are pumped into the atmosphere. This obviously causes the Earth to heat up.

Our Response

Year 8, as a Science Assignment, had to help the environment and cut our energy consumption at our house. My results were outstanding, because I cut my energy usage by 65.25% compared to the baseline, when hypothesis was to cut it by only 10%. There were very little problems in the results and no setbacks. The results were interesting to handle and discovered what electrical appliances took up the most energy. Focusing on a few high energy appliances, such as the pool pump, television and hot water has a greater effect that say switching off the lights. A little change makes a big difference. In particular the reduced usage of the pool pump had a significant effect on the energy consumption in the house. Using the pool pump during the off peak period would also be a good idea. Although will not reduce the amount of energy use and greenhouse gas emissions, but will save money. The rate of savings reduced with time. It is concluded that the results showed that whilst there are a few large energy appliances that could be turned off to give significant savings, savings after this are more difficult to find. However it did take an effort to remember to switch off standby and remind others in the family to do so. It will take some time to change the behaviour of some of the family. 9


Sustainable Shopping Tai Reupena “Probably the esiest and most effective contribution you can make to tackling climate change is in your everyday shopping choices” Have you ever wondered where all your products come from? To make most products you need materials, and most materials come from natural resources. So the thing countries do such as the U.S and Australia is that they cut down the trees for wood, blow up mountains for metal, pollute water, and burns thousands of tonnes of fossil fuels, which not only makes the water undrinkable and kills wildlife, but also significantly contributes to climate change. Here are a few ways that you can help with your daily shopping and how it helps our planet.

Buy Second Hand By recycling and using second-hand products you avoid being responsible for releasing greenhouse gases when buying the new product or item instead. This is because new products use fossil fuels for getting the resources, manufacturing, and transporting, whereas second-hand products only require you to transport it home from the shop. Buying second-hand also helps save the planet by reducing contamination from batteries and other mechanisms used to power electrical appliances that can be harmful to the environment. Also it saves us precious resources. Recycling newspaper reduces the amount of trees that get chopped down. Trees are useful because they breathe in CO2 which also reduces greenhouse gas emissions, and breathe out oxygen which we need to survive. The suitability of second-hand products is that there are more supplies of second-hand products and items than the items and products made newly every day. The problem is the effort of looking for a good second-hand item. But the costs of the items are increasingly lower than the normal price. Another problem is that the trust of where you buy it because the item or product might not work.

Go Organic Have you ever wondered how farmers make fruit and vegetables grow? Well here’s the truth, most farmers have toxic chemicals like pesticides that kills insects and bugs, and fertilisers to help the food grow quicker. These chemicals affect the soil which does not help the environment but it kills it, and also require lots of fossil fuels to produce. So how do we solve his problem? Well, we buy organic. See the thing is organic products are made without the use of synthetic chemicals. Next, when using organic produce the soil it comes from stays rich and good for future plants and lastly organic soil is probably the best soil. This is because it sinks in carbon dioxide and methane gas which both contribute greatly towards the greenhouse gas emissions. Now since deforestation is increasing in many countries what other choice do we have but buy organic food? It might be 10-40% more expensive but foods with toxic chemicals can affect children, also you’ll see how it tastes better than normal produce and is also more nutritious. Organic foods are rich in minerals, vitamins and enzymes which help protect your body from infection. So start buying organic, you’ll be eating healthier, helping your family and lastly saving the planet.

Try Vegetarianism If you’re a fan of meat and saving the planet, then you have a tough decision because while meat tastes great when freshly cooked and served with potato bake, you may not know that meat is also one of the main contributors towards global warming. Your decision is either to eat less meat or contribute to global warming. But you may be asking how becoming vegetarian helps the planet. Well it does because according to science, producing meat uses up to 50 times more energy and water to produce than fruit and veges, requires more land clearing for grazing, and uses up millions of tonnes of grain that could be used to feed starving humans. Scientists have also found that methane is 20 times as more damaging as a greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide. This is a huge problem since animals such as pigs, cows, chickens and turkeys release methane gas, and this is mainly during digestion. Becoming a vegetarian may be hard to start with but the problem is to live without meat. The upside is that there is more supplies of vegetables and fruit so there would be a vast majority of recipes to cook, also it is much cheaper than meat and lastly vegetables are filled with vitamins and vegetables. Tired? Stressed? You feel better with some vegetables!

Shop Local So how does buying local help the environment, it still has an impact on climate change. The truth is, it does, but not as much as the products that travel a long way. If you buy local you’ll get to know more people and you’ll be helping local businesses. If you don’t buy local and buy something else, you’re buying food from other countries that travel on a huge ship for about a month, also during that whole trip carbon dioxide is coming from the boat caused from burning fossil fuels. So you might as well just go and fly over to where that product was made and buy it from there. Lastly buying local means less packaging and this mean less waste to put in landfills and incinerators. The suitability of buying local is that produce tends to be more fresh than produce that have been on a ship for over a month. Lastly buying local would be much more trustworthy because you may never know where that produce has been. 10


Win!! A $100 Voucher from

New Internationalist Shop Www.newint.com.au/shop

Want a gift for someone special or a treat for yourself that helps to improve the world. The New Internationalist Australia Fair Trade Shop offers a huge range ethical gifts and sustainable living products that support local and developing world producers. Courtesy of the New Internationalist Shop, we have one $100 gift voucher and one $50 gift voucher to be won. For your chance to win, simply complete Flynn Turner‟s Climate Change crossword and email your answers to mellison@stpatricks.qld.edu.au by the 5th of November. All fully correct entries will go into a draw to be drawn on the 6th of November. All students, staff, parents and friends are welcome to enter. Across 3. Warming is expected to be stronger in what season? 4. A commercial energy saving appliances is called the what elimi nator? 5. A greenhouse gas released by burning fossil fuels is... 8. Instead of throwing away you’re food scraps you can start a ... 12. Instead of throwing away all household items, learn to … 15. The recommended energy saving light bulb is called the com pact … light bulb 18. Other extreme effects of global warming are extreme... 22. Coastal areas have been effected by increased... 23. Instead of leaving appliances on turn them ... 24. What type of emissions go into the earth’s atmosphere... 26. What type of ocean reefs are being affected by global warming? 27. Another word for global warming is climate ... 30. Instead of driving our cars we can use what other mode of transport? 31. In winter don’t turn you thermostat up but... 32. What high energy using device warms you in the bathroom? 33. What can you do to an appliance to use zero electricity? 34. An increase in temperature will cause the sea level to... 35. Polar ice caps are rapidly... 37. What can keep you warm without using electricity? 38. The major greenhouse gasses are... 39. What do you switch off in a room to save energy when not being used? 40. The country areas will suffer increasing bush … if the temperature is to keep rising Down 1. Make sure this washing appliance is full when you use it 2. The human destruction of forests causes… 4. Instead of washing yourself in a bath have a … 6. If the polar ice caps continue to melt polar bears will become … 7. To help monitor energy around the buy a home energy … 9. What energy collecting panels do on your roof to save energy? 10. What sort of plants reduce carbon dioxide? 11. Which hemisphere warms faster?

13. What non electrical appliance can you use to dry your clothes? 14. The movie An Inconvenient Truth is about what kind of change? 16. What is already showing signs of global warming? 17. Ecosystems will change bringing the earlier events of… 19. What do hybrid cars run on as well as petrol? 20. When cooking, cover your pots so that the things you’re cook ing ….. quicker 21. You can use this in your house to keep warm and cool 24. Global warming is caused by the increased concentrations of … 25. When buying electrical appliances by the ones that are more… 28. The rate of global warming is…

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My Orangutan - Aedan Berry Climate change, deforestation and hunting are pushing the Orangutan to the brink of extinction. Year 8 student Aedan Berry is passionate about saving this beautiful creature and explains a simple way we can all join him in doing something about it.

This is Mely the orangutan. She is 16 years old and is loving life at the forest sanctuary in Ketapang, Indonesia. But things weren’t always like this. At the end of 2010, Mely had been rescued by ‘International Animal Rescue’ for a riverside

male and Mely became close, and soon, Mely was pregnant. She gave birth to a son. After about two weeks with the baby, the father was taken away from Mely. Male orangutans stay with the mother and baby for 8-9 years until going to mate again. Mely suffered considerate pain of loneliness and the hard ship of raising a child on her own. Things began to get worse as the baby grew up. The fisherman tied Mely and her son to the back of a Ute and drove them to a Black Market, where Mely was put in a cage with her son and another female orangutan. After a few hours, the

shack in Borneo. Mely’s life started 16 years ago in the wild when her mother gave birth to her. She lived with her mother for a little less than a year. This ended when two fishermen shot her as a trophy, and kept Mely. She was a pet for her younger years. But as she got older and well into youth, the fisherman lost interest in her. Mely was kept outside of the shack tied tightly around the neck to a chain. There, she was going to be a tourist attraction. She was left with little water, and surviving on scraps given to her by tourists or baby was moved to another cage. Mely and the other female by passers. These included biscuits, rice, chocolate, and bread, orangutan became furious and started pulling on the chains and all of which is unhealthy for the orangutan’s diet. ropes. People around stared, and people selling went into the Soon, a male orangutan was captured by the same fisherman. The cage and started beating them both, with fists, poles, and stones. They inflicted so much beating that the other female orangutan died. Mely was tied tighter with more ropes. Soon, she got her son back, who immediately cuddled into his mother, beaten and bruised beyond imagination. Not being able to sell Mely, the fisherman has no choice but to bring her and her son back to the shack. After about 12 weeks at the shack, ‘International Animal Rescue’ (IAR) came to the fisherman’s shack and found Mely and her son in the worst condition they had ever been in. Mely had lost a lot of her hair due to her state of health. As they went to unlock her chain, they released they didn’t have the key. Not surprisingly, the fisherman had lost it since he chained her 15 years ago. Eventually, IAR finally found a solution to unlock the chain. 12


Mely and her son travelled by air, sea, and road to her new home—the forest sanctuary in Ketapang, Indonesia. At first, she was extremely nervous and confused, seeing she had only met two orangutans in her life. Mely found it hard to walk, climb, and feed herself. But after a couple of weeks, she began to gain confidence and courage, and was able a walk easier, and almost swing from one rope to another. Mely loves caring for her son (Bega), and now has a new friend called Nicky, who shares the same living quarters as Mely. Mely continues to live in her forest sanctuary today and is preparing to go back into the wild again.

derstand what orangutans go through.

I decided to help by adopting an orangutan from AOP (pictured here). The orangutan was called ‘Ugo Blanco’. His mother (Fifri), who came from a rescue centre, died giving birth to him in the wild. He is a 4 year old ball of mischief and has a nasty The orangutan is a great ape and is the only one that comes habit of breaking his milk from Asia. They also have 97% of human DNA. There are two bottles. For $5.00 a species of orangutan, including the Sumatran and Bornean orangutan. Mely is a Bornean orangutan because she has dark- month, I provide Ugo Ugo Blanco was adopted from ‘Australian Orangutan Project’ er and shorter hair than the Sumatran. The Sumatran orangu- Blanco with all the things tan is critically endangered, and the Bornean is endangered. At he needs, such as milk, food, and nappies. He is now one step closer to being freed the current rate, all orangutans will be extinct from the wild into the wild. within the next 10 YEARS.

There are even easier ways to help orangutans. You can buy products that you know and are completely positive are environmentally friendly, and to vary on vegetable oil products (some items mark it as vegetable oil but is really palm oil—the main reason of deforestation). You can also write to your local member of government to express your feelings on the issue of orangutans. And to really push the topic, vote for Carbon Tax, and stand with it. Just like humans help each other, let humans help our closest species, the Orangutan! Mely having a peaceful nap in her living quarters

Mely the orangutan was lucky. Only 1 out of 6 orangutans will be rescued, whether from the wild or from locals. This means only about 1666/7000 Sumatran orangutans can be rescued, and about 8333/50,000 Bornean orangutans can be rescued. This is well below half of the orangutan population and we need to fix this NOW! People are finally beginning to realise that orangutans are reaching the end of their existence, and you can help too! Here are a couple of examples to look at: World Wildlife Foundation (WWF)'s ‘Adopt an Orangutan Project’. Adopt for as little as $15.00 a month Australian Orangutan Project (AOP')s Adopting or donating to orangutans has never been so easy, for as little as $5.00 a month. http://www.orangutan.org.au/ World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA)'s Donate to the orangutans at https://donate.wspa.org.au/campaigns/ orangutan_appeal/ and watch the important clip to fully un-

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Year 6 Asylum Seeker Novel

Boy Overboard

“For those who’ve come across the seas, we’ve boundless plains to share” - Australia’s National Anthem—Advance Australia Fair “Borders are immoral” - Dick Smith

A Little Bit of Justice - Nathaniel Lake

Treat Everyone Fairly—Jesse Keasley

This term we have looked at the book ‘Boy Overboard’ and we have noticed how asylum seekers are treated. They have used all their money, hope, trust, and in some cases they have even used their lives, just to leave their country. Then, when they arrive (if they arrive) many are deported. We all know this is not right. This book was published ten years ago and what has happened to change this? Nothing! We all know that what they need is a little bit of justice!!!

Have you ever been treated unfairly?

So what can we do to change this? We could: 

Run for government (join the youth branch of a political party).  Start a petition and get your family, friends, and anyone you can to sign it (because enough pressure on the government can work). After considering the ideas I have just given you, I hope you will use them to start giving asylum seekers the justice they deserve!

The Aussie Way - Brock McLean This term year six explored the life of asylum seekers. We read the Morris Gleitsman Novel ‘Boy Overboard’. In this book the author represented Australians in a kind and helpful way. Some of the quotes were: ‘Australians are really good at calming you down’ and ‘Australians are like that. Really generous.’ He really represented Australians in a true Aussie way. In this book the author shows how hard then life is in Afghanistan. He showed this by the way he set out the location with landmines, tank wrecks and metal shrapnel. He also showed the obstacles refugees have to face when trying to find asylum to Australia. Some of the obstacles were pirates, troubles with money and big waves and storms. From this book we have learnt a lot about refugees and life in Afghanistan. This book really tied in with the troubles that Australia is having with asylum seekers. Recently there have been several asylum boats finding their way to the coastal waters of Australia. Even though this book was published about ten years ago the message is still relevant to what is happening in Australia today. This has been a very big issue in the life of politicians and from this book we have learnt a lot about this ongoing problem. This book shows how putting people in detention centres is not the true Aussie way.

Well, I have. This term, year six has bee learning about asylum seekers and how they are not treated like we are (fairly). We have been reading ‘Boy Overboard’ where a boy has to go overboard to help his family. They were just a normal family, but they lived in Afghanistan where girls are treated unfairly and these unfair laws include girls aren’t allowed to play soccer. This book is relevant today because not too long ago the government decided to ban refugees from coming into the country. Some of the government was against this law. The law went on for a few weeks but then a few weeks ago they rejected the Malaysian Solution. Malaysian refugees are now being held in detention centres. This is unfair because everyone should be treated the same. This novel has showed me that the Malaysian Solution for refugees might not be the best answer as I believe that everyone should be treated fairly. They shouldn’t be treated by what country/nationality they came from.

Detention Not the Answer —Sam Di Francesco During term three, Year Six was learning about refugees. My class read the novel “Boy Overboard”. This book is about a family trying to move to Australia from the war torn country Afghanistan. This novel was first released at the time the refugee numbers coming to Australia sharply increased. The author of this novel, Morris Gleitzman, wanted to show readers what life is like in Afghanistan. Afghanistan was a country where there was many restrictions placed on everyday life. Girls especially had restrictions such as not being allowed to show their skin in public and not being allowed to play soccer. A number of months ago, the Australian government made the Malaysia solution to stop the refugees pouring into the country. A few weeks ago, the high court of Australia rejected the Malaysia solution. Every month, hundreds of refugees are riding a boat to Australia for a safer and better life. We should not put them in detention centres where they are treated unfairly, especially the girls. In detention centres, they are treated like non-human beings. They are sad there. They are coming from a country where they don`t like their life. Just let them come to Australia. They want to live a safer and better life. Detention centres are NOT the answer.14


A Walk in My Shoes

Year 12 Religion and Ethics students give us a glimpse of life as an asylum seeker in their Term Three Short Stories: Day by Day—Luca Rizzalli I hit the ground with a thud. The sergeant’s punches still hurt, even after all the training. My rifle is thrown to the ground next to me. “Get up, you pig!” the sergeant yells, towering over me. “Either you get on your feet in the next two seconds, or the enemy has captured you! And if you fall to the enemy, your family will fall straight after!” At that, I jump to my feet, my rifle poised in my shaking hands. The sergeant continues, “That’s better! Now, look back at our guests, and this time, don’t make me hit you!” I look back to the captured soldiers, 50m down the muddy range. Even with their blindfolds, their panic-stricken faces caused me to pause whenever I fingered the trigger. However, I knew if I waited too long this time, the sergeant would start beating my brother, so I take in a deep breath, and aim down the sight. Just as I pull the trigger, I see the nozzle flash, the blood splatter, and suddenly I am thrown awake in a sweaty heap, crying and reeling from the attacks my memory has dealt my dreams. I calm down, get up, and go to the kitchen. I look out at the sun rising over the Sydney suburbs, and try to cast my mind from my memories. I am unsuccessful, however, and I am soon brought back to thoughts of my family. Day by day, these thoughts haunt me. Day by day, I know that they are still trapped in Sudan; the United Nations workers could only rescue so many, and being the first-born child, I was prioritised. I was lucky to even be chosen to come to Australia, and live in peace. Now, all I need is my family, and I will be truly happy. My life in Australia is enjoyable to say the least. My family’s situation is generally met with some level of concern, but it hard to grasp its importance, as the news channels seem to talk about something different every day. In any case, I consider myself lucky to even be here. I go to school, and I have friends. There are some who still reject, and who shout out labels which I am told are supposed to be deeply hurtful. However,

My Journey—Jordan Budgen My name is Hassan Ammar and I am a 19 year old asylum seeker. I came to Australia four years ago and I thought that in light of the recent government decision that I should share my story. I, like many other asylum seekers, was a boat person. I was forced to flee Iraq when war broke out and my parents and 2 sisters were killed. I still have nightmares from these events to this day. The people smuggler promised me that the boat I was travelling on would be a nice boat that could easily carry 40 people. When I got there the boat I found myself in was a very old and barley sea-worthy boat made of wood. I had no idea of where we were headed and for the entire trip I was worried we were going to sink. The boat barely made the journey to Malaysia, suffering heavy damage. During the rougher nights I had to grab the bucket and pale water out of the boat. It got so bad that I was sure we were going to sink. But we made it. Once we got to Malaysia it was not the place I had been promised at all. I was told that we would be headed to a place of freedom and it would be paradise. Well, Malaysia was far from it. I was beaten and bashed within an inch of my life. On many occasions I thought I wasn’t going to survive. I was very lucky to survive my time in Malaysia. Many people I knew got caught by police and were sent back to the countries they came from. I can only imagine what happened to them when they got back. Most likely, I will never hear from them again.

none of them sound as bad in my head as Private. As I get ready for school, I find it hard to worry about such people. I look at my blazer in the mirror and know that while I have got my school, my friends, and my life in Australia, I need not let them affect me. My only concern, this morning like all the others, is my family’s plight. I cannot stop thinking about them, still trapped in Sudan. My brother is most probably still in the Army, along with my father. My mother and my sister are probably still living in the Army camp, as long as the enemy’s bombs haven’t reduced it to rubble. With the worried feeling remaining in my gut, I turn on the TV and am greeted by a newsreader, telling me that the government will go into talks today about an increased intake of United Nations-rescued Sudanese families. My heart leaps as soon as I hear this. The thought that my family could be rescued any amount of time sooner is a relief to me. I know that just one day could make all the difference; I’ve seen entire villages wiped out in just one day. I change the channel excitedly and stop once I find the ABC. What greets me makes all happiness flood out of me instantly, only to be replaced by dread and disappointment. The remote hits the floor with a thud. I cannot feel any pain, just a hopeless numbness, as the reporter explains that the government is prioritising a surprise verdict on video-game ratings. Julia Gillard is standing outside Parliament House, explaining, “The voters have shown a clear concern relating to the rating of violent video-games, a prominent example being the Modern Warfare game series, and their freedom to play said games. They should know that the government is now making this issue its top priority. We will know when we will be able to discuss the UN matter over the course of the next week, as the legislative process is a day-by-day matter.”

Then one night, after I had already been in Malaysia for 8 months, I got the opportunity a life time. I found another people smuggler and was able to go on another boat to Australia. This was a very difficult decision as the last journey had been so horrible. But it was better than the conditions I would be subject to in Malaysia and if it paid off, which it has, I would be able to live a free life where I could start a family of my own and start a whole new life for myself. So I decided to leave. Once I reached Australia I was intercepted and held in detention for 13 months. While the conditions here were still not desirable it was a vast improvement upon the life that I had in Malaysia. I was lucky in that I was allowed to enter Australia. However, there were many asylum seekers who were turned away and forced to return to their home country. For many this was not an option and they had to commit suicide. This would have been a very difficult decision and I am glad that I never had to make it. Surprisingly, for a country that accepts asylum seekers the people in Australia are very unreceptive to the idea of allowing boat people into their country. Luckily groups such as GetUp! And the like have been making a huge effort to educate the Australian public about asylum seekers and this will hopefully lead to a better policy for boat people. I have been very lucky being able to flee Iraq and end up in Australia, even if the process I went through to get here was an arduous one. I can now forget about my past and try to start a new life where I will be free from the war of my home country. I still will never forget what has happened to me, but I will do everything I can to improve my life so that myself or my 15 family will never have to go through what I did.


Year 10 History

Rights and Freedoms Indigenous Rights Collages

Pat Winkel

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The 1967 Referendum —Sheldon Killick The photographs assembled within this collage reflect particular events, and prominent figures involved within the establishment of the 1967 referendum. Specifically, it depicts a collection of civil rights activists, including Kath Walker (Oodgeroo Noonuccal), Charles Perkins, Jessie Street, Faith Bandler and Joe McGinness. The central collage is placed in accordance with the insidious influence of the British monarchy. The fundamental significance of this collage is to express and emphasize the particular individuals involved amongst the formation of Australia's 1967 referendum. It was not until the 1950s - 1960s (the years of the referendum) that the Commonwealth began to discern the discrimination of Indigenous Australians at both state and local levels. By this time, numerous 'white' Australian activists were convinced that legal inequality and the absence of political rights were the primary causes of this Aboriginal discrimination. There remains no doubt that early European occupation of Australia had a profound impact on the countries native people. To the far right of Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, and ACT) Kath Walker has been positioned. Her importance within this collage is a result of the contributions she made as the secretary of the Queensland Council for the Advancement of Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders. Walker composed many books and poems which entailed stories and interpretations of the Aboriginal Australians struggle for provisions, such as We Are Going (1964). She made an inspiring feat in becoming the first ever Aboriginal woman to have her book successfully published. The assistance she made to Indigenous people in Queensland and other Eastern regions consider the positioning of her image to be appropriate. Immediately above Kath Walker (within the presumed border of Queensland) lays a photograph of Charles Perkins. Perkins was an Aboriginal activist, soccer player, and administrator, during the decades of the referendum. He was the first Indigenous Australian man to graduate from a University, another inspiring feat. In regards to his activist work, Perkins was one of the key members of the New South Wales Freedom Ride - a bus tour proposed by activists to protest against Aboriginal discrimination in small Australian communities. Although Perkins didn't necessarily operate exclusively in Queensland, as the collage would suggest, he was indeed a very influential Aboriginal man. This enormous influence is reflected by his high situation within the collage. Directly below Charles Perkins and left of Kath Walker (crossing over South Australia, Victoria, and New South Wales) is a portrait of Jessie Street. Street was a female politician, a position she held for over 50 years. She was a key figure in many political ordeals, ranging from the women's suffrage struggle in England to the

amendment of Australia's constitutional discrimination towards Aboriginal people in 1967. Street is often recognised for her contributions to women's rights, social justice and peace on both an Australian and international level. Street was a 'white' Australian women, this did not prevent her from supporting the interests of Indigenous Australians. The insightful expression she displays within her portrait represents the inspiration she had and continues to have towards both European and Indigenous Australians. Situated above the centre of Australia (in the Northern Territory) is a portrait of Joe McGinness. In 1961, McGinness became the first Aboriginal president of the Federal Council for Aboriginal Advancement and Torres Strait Islanders (FCAATSI), and a celebrated member of Queensland's Waterside Workers Federation. He was well regarded as a chairman who was conscientious to different points of view and one who led by example. McGinness emphasised the need to campaign for Indigenous rights in the period leading up to the 1967 referendum. He spent much of his younger years within the Northern Territory, and like Charles Perkins, was an influential Aboriginal figure, contributing to his high placement within the collage. The remaining photographs within the collage serve as a representation of the politics and purpose behind the referendum. For instance, the centre and far left of the collage both portray methods of advertisement. Whether it is a campaign poster, illustrating a 'YES' vote for an innocent Aboriginal child, or a petition on the front page of the newspaper, they illustrate the desperate actions of Australian society in times of desperate political need. The remaining two photographs depict the very stimulus of the referendum, the Aboriginal Australian people. Both family and individual Aboriginal Australians were forced to endure the harshness of racial discrimination and neglect. These remaining two pictures therefore serve as a symbol of this prejudice, the reason why they have been incorporated into this collage. The rationale of this collage is to portray certain individual people and events that contributed to the foundation of the 1967 referendum. Early Australia was not without conflict and separation, particularly between the early British settlers and Indigenous Australians. This collage illustrates the gap that has, and continues to exist within Australian society. However, it is the assumption that this collage will not only reiterate the long struggle of Aboriginal Australians, but also allow viewers to reminisce upon the positive figures that have risen from such hardship. They were living proof that Indigenous Australians were worth fighting for, and I hope that this realism that was created from these paragons will continue to remain 17 prevalent throughout the future of this nation, Australia.


The Apology— Adam Denaro My collage is about the Apology made to the Stolen Generations by Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd in February 2008. The stolen generations was the forced removal of half-caste children from their families between 1910 and 1970 and more than 50 000 children were removed. The message of my collage is that the stolen generation should not have occurred and that The Apology was needed. The apology was needed and was long overdue. The gap between the end of the stolen generations and the apology was 38 years. I believe that the apology should have been made in the 1970’s at the end of the policy. I chose the Apology because it was a significant event in the history of the Stolen Generations. The Apology contained a story of a person who was removed and it also contained information on what happened to the children once removed. They were put into a mission camp and taught the ways of the Europeans. I chose two particular photos to put into my collage. These are the one of Kevin Rudd’s speech being telecast on a television in Federation Square, Melbourne. I chose this because it shows a crowd of Australians watching the apology on TV. It shows that people wanted the apology and watched it because it was a significant step. This photograph represents the Australian Public who wanted the Apology to take place. Also, it may represent that people wanted to know the outcomes of the Apology, something that did not happen.

Another photo I chose was the advertisement of a home needed for ‘half-caste’ children. It shows that they did not have enough accommodation for the children they had removed and needed to find somewhere for them to live. I chose this photo because it shows that once they had been in a camp for a while, they needed a home. An option for this may have been giving them back to their families but they were put in white homes to keep their European knowledge up at the same levels as other Europeans. The Australian Government wanted the Aboriginal culture rid of and to do this, they forcibly removed Aboriginal children. Symbolic aspects I have included in my collage include the Aboriginal flag and the Indigenous art background. I chose the Aboriginal flag because it shows the importance of the background of the Stolen Generations. One of the main people behind the generations was the Aboriginal people. I also included the Indigenous art because it shows the traditional ways of the Aborigines, something that was taken away during the stolen generations. Dot paintings were circular, showing that the Aboriginal story and heritage is still continuous today and no matter what they face, they can still move on and continue with their culture. My collage shows the different things that had happened during the stolen generations. These should not have happened and the responsibility of cleaning up the mess started in 2008 with the Apology, which was long overdue and the start of many more things that still need to come, including compensation and support for Aboriginals.

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Cherbourg Trip Matthew Barber—Yr 8 After St Brendan‟s College Yeppoon, and Nudgee College, St Patrick‟s College has the largest population of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students of any Edmund Rice Education Australia school. To continue helping these students to gain a greater appreciation of their own culture and history, a group of Indigenous and non-Indigenous students travelled to Cherbourg to hear some of the history of the area. Yr 8 student Matthew Barber reports:

In our 3 hour drive to Cherbourg we were accompanied by Aunty Honour, an Aboriginal Elder, who told us about a lot of history as we approached Cherbourg. We saw the footy field where Cherbourg beat England in rugby league when they first came to Australia. Aunty Honour told us what harsh conditions the Aboriginals had to live in, such as working from early hours in the morning to late at night under the cruel sun. They also received little food, growing their own vegetables to feed their family, and also getting a ration of meat from a single cow that was killed every Monday and Friday to feed over one thousand people. When we arrived at the ration shed museum, we had morning tea that was followed by an award winning move that showed

the history of the ration shed. It told of how the Aboriginals were treated, and separated from their parents. This was followed by a guided tour by Ada Simpson who showed us through the centre, including the boy’s dormitory. We saw many photos and artwork and were told of how cold the dormitory was and what the children used to do to keep warm. I thought it was good to hear what the feelings of the children that were there at the time. Cherbourg was severely effected by the floods and we saw houses torn apart, all dirty and ripped away from its foundations. I found this trip amazing and I learnt a lot more about what happened to the Aboriginals.

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The Gospel According to Jayden It is no surprise many young people today don‟t quite „get‟ parts of the Gospel—after all, it was written nearly 2000 years ago to a largely Jewish or Roman audience. This term, year 8 and 9 Religious Education students have been studying the historical and social context that the New Testament was produced in. Students came to realise that each of the four gospels were written at different times, for different audiences, and with a purpose and intended message that was specific to each audience and each writer‟s context. In light of this realisation, students decided to re-write their own gospel stories, to appeal and make sense to an Australian audience in 2011. Here is Jayden Carson‟s version of the story of Zacchaeus the Tax Collector:

Original Story—Luke 19: 1-10 Zacchaeus the Tax Collector 1

Jesus entered Jericho and was passing through. 2 A man was there by the name of Zacchaeus; he was a chief tax collector and was wealthy. 3 He wanted to see who Jesus was, but because he was short he could not see over the crowd. 4 So he ran ahead and climbed a sycamore-fig tree to see him, since Jesus was coming that way. 5

When Jesus reached the spot, he looked up and said to him, “Zacchaeus, come down immediately. I must stay at your house today.” 6 So he came down at once and welcomed him gladly. 7

All the people saw this and began to mutter, “He has gone to be the guest of a sinner.” 8

But Zacchaeus stood up and said to the Lord, “Look, Lord! Here and now I give half of my possessions to the poor, and if I have cheated anybody out of anything, I will pay back four times the amount.” 9

Jesus said to him, “Today salvation has come to this house, because this man, too, is a son of Abraham. 10 For the Son of Man came to seek and to save the lost.”

Description This story was written by Luke in 80-90CE in Antioch, Turkey. Luke was writing to the gentiles. Luke wanted them to believe that Jesus was a teacher. This story does not appear in any of the other gospels. Zacchaeus was a tax collector. Back in those day tax collectors were rich but disliked by the community because they came and collected everyone’s tax’s and many of them cheated people out of there to get some extra tax. Jesus says “Today salvation has come to this house, because this man, too, is a son of Abraham. 10 For the Son of Man came to seek and to save the lost.” This means that we are all human beings and we all have a chance to redeem ourselves from our mistakes.

Interpretation Luke tells this story to explain that you can be forgiven for the bad things that you have done. It is saying that Jesus didn’t just come to help the good people, he also came to help the bad people get back on the right track. It also tells the message that you should not mistreat or steal from people, because if you do that you will have no friends

This would also give the message that Jesus and God are forgiving and will give you a second chance.

Modern Version—Zacchaeus the Bully At St Patricks College there are many nice boys who are all friends but there is one boy named Zacchaeus and he is awfully badtempered and nasty. He calls the other boys names and even steals their lunches. Zacchaeus has no friends. One day there was a new boy to the school and his name was Jesus. He was extremely popular, he was funny and very kind and all the other boys wanted to be like him. One day at lunch time Jesus went and sat next to Zacchaeus. Zacchaeus was amazed that Jesus was sitting next to him. Zacchaeus was not mean to Jesus because Jesus because he was so popular. Jesus said to Zacchaeus "hey bro why are you so mean to everyone." Zacchaeus quietly denied it. Jesus said "come on bro I know what you've been doin, you can’t lie to me" Zacchaeus quietly said "I guess I’ve been a bit mean." Jesus calmly said "more than a bit Zac." Zacchaeus agreed and said to Jesus "I really like the name Zac." All of the other kids saw that Jesus was sitting next Zacchaeus; they wondered why Jesus would sit with a bully. They wondered why Jesus was chilling with a mean kid. The next day Jesus brought Zacchaeus to see all the other kids. Jesus said "hey guys Zacchaeus has something he wants to tell." The other boys turned around and moaned as if he was going to say something bad. Zacchaeus stared for a bit then apologised for all the mean things he said to the other boys. He said "for every mean thing I said to you guys ill make it up by saying just as many nice things." At that point all the other boys were very interested in what he had to say. Then he said "if I ever stole your lunch ill make it up by sharing my lunch with you and I was hoping I could be friends with you." One of the boys said "yeah you can, as long as you do the things you said you would do." Then Jesus put his arm around Zacchaeus and said "Zacchaeus would like to be called Zac from now on—he likes that name better" Zac was ecstatic that he now had many friends. He was more alive than he had ever been. At the end of the term Jesus left to go to another school. Jesus made St Patricks a better place and Zac continued to be kind to others. They were now all mates.

To see Will Sked‟s outstanding modern-day gospel Vodcast visit: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sgFCPXeB7FE

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Year 11 Health Education

Bullying No More Student Action Plan and Lesson St Patrick‟s newest curriculum offering, Senior Health Education, gives students the opportunity, not only to learn about various health related issues, but to use their knowledge and skills to improve the physical, mental, social, emotional, environmental and spiritual health of other members of the College and wider communities. In Term Three, students researched bullying and created their own action plan and lesson to teach younger students at the school about this important issue.

Student

„Teacher‟

Reflection —Dipankar Simkhada I believe the action plan I implemented along with Ryan Waye gave me a broader perspective on the life in Saint Patrick’s and made me feel joyful and positive seeing the students engrossed in the activity and providing me their own interpretation of the discussed aspects of bullying. I felt like I had given them a new hope towards this issue and for a moment I felt like the students had triumphed in the Year 11 Student Russell Brookes teaching Year 9 students how to combat bullying matter. The objective of the unit was to implement a bullying intervention strategy to effectively advodespite some of these fears becoming reality, I can safely say that it cate the students’ knowledge and health in the matter of bullying. was all worth it in the end as students were all extremely joyful and Two intervention strategies were implemented and both were dethat gave us satisfaction of implementing our action plan. In essigned for health promotion and to help students all develop persence, this unit was extremely enjoyable for me, and hopefully the sonal skills with regard to bullying. There were many challenges we students got something out of it too. had to face, from sheer embarrassment to ‘keeping our cool’ but

Student Student Reflection —Alister Kerr—Yr 8 On the 10th June William Thompson came into our classroom and taught us about bullying. He taught us about the types of bullying and after that he showed us a short video on indirect bullying. He then got us to share our own personal bullying experiences to the class. I thought that this would be a good time to share my own bullying experiences that had quite frequently happened in the past. I told the class how I felt and what I had done to stop it. This made me feel happy that the class could learn my story and just learn what it is like to be me.

While telling on a bully is quite a hard thing to do because you feel like that they will pick on your more if you tell on them, we learnt that this is not true. Most bullies apologise for what they have done and don’t realise that they were being a bully. We also learnt that the best communication to tell on a bully is your parents, House dean, tutor group teacher, Mr Torrisi, and the anti-bullying portal. Bullying is not to be accepted in our modern day society. So don’t be a bystander be an upstander.

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Empathetic Art Art can often express a concept the way words cannot. In our Visual Art program at St Patrick‟s College, we endeavor to teach our students empathy thought Art. In Year 10 students produce an artwork after studying the artist Kathe Kollwitz in a unit called “Empathy”. Students are encouraged to look at social issues like war, conflict, hunger, famine, homelessness, disease and health. Not only will the students engage in studying other artists that display empathy in their work, but they will also design and produce their own artwork. In Year 12 students put together a portfolio of work and empathy can be explored through their medium of choice. Here are some examples of work: Artist Statement—Matthew Trotter Name: “Child Left for Dead” Material: Watercolour paper Medium: Charcoal Size: 500cm x420cm “Child left for dead” displays that when people turn there back and decide not to help, other people suffer. This image provokes empathy because the fate of the child is easily predicted with no support towards the helpless, limp dying child it is certain death will occur.

Christian Corias Year 12 Medium Acrylic

Clinton Greenhalgh Year 10 Medium Charcoal

James Kenny Yr 10 Medium Acrylic

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Pennies for the Poor School Raises 50 000 coins for Maths Assignment This term Year 8 Maths students led a school wide fundraiser as part of the 40 Hour Famine, to collect 50 000 five cent coins, to represent the number of people who die from extreme poverty every day. The $2 500 raised is enough to feed 25 people for a whole year. Well done and thank you to all involved. Josh Sutton and Pat Greenfield report. Poster below by Michael Smith.

Treacy 1 Students Tom Roberts (Yr 11) and Harry Lawrence (Yr 5) with the 50 000 coins

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Paddies Boys on a Mission: “R U 4 Real” - Patrick Greenfield IN THE BEGINNING... 11:53:28 am Wednesday 13/07/2011: The grade eight students of St. Patrick’s college went on a mission to explore and reduce poverty. The students worked as classes to work together and find out their mission of exploring and reducing poverty. Little did any of them know that they would change thousands of people’s lives. 50 5s SAVE LIVES… First off the students were told to reason with numbers and equations, then to reason with the minds of the St. Pat’s community. The Boys did this by using funny equations and pronumerals to work out how many 5 cent coins each student needed to bring in to raise 50 000 5 coins. This fifty thousand coins will represent how many people die of poverty related deaths, as well as raising $2 500. The $2 500 in coins will be donated to East Timor. To reach this goal the students of St. Pat’s had to bring in 50 5 cent coins, equivalent to $2.50. If 1000 students were to bring 50 5 cent coins, as well as an estimate of how many people die every day, the total $2500 would either feed 1 person from East Timor for 26.04 years, or 4 people for 6.5 years. After reasoning with funny equations and pronumerals the boys had to reason with the minds of the St. Pat’s community. The boys did this by making a poster to persuade their tutor group to bring in 50 5 cent coins. The boys had to include all of the findings from the above. ON THEY GO ONCE AGAIN… At the start of the following week the boys were given part B and C of the mission. This was to firstly investigate how many children die of hunger each hour, and secondly to look at a World Food Program ration AKA (WFP) and see how many calories are in each of the nutrients and the whole ration. When the boys got task B they found that 400 children die of hunger each hour. Once this was done they had to make an equation to be able to work out how many children die for X number of hours. The process to get this was done by multiplying the number of hours by 400 (children die = X x 400). Furthermore this equation was used to find out that 3,504,000 children die of hunger each year— not counting other povertyrelated causes.

RATIONALIZING RATIONS… The second part of the second week’s mission was to look at a World Food Program ration AKA (WFP). To start this part they studied the contents of a WFP ration, and a graph showing how many calories are in 1 gram of each nutrient. Once again the boys were confronted by weird equation and pronumerals. This time it was to find out how many calories of Fat, Protein and carbohydrates are in a WFP ration. This turned out to be 135 calories of fat, 20 calories of protein and 500 calories of carbohydrates. Using the 3 answers from the above method, a pie graph was created to show the quantities of the different nutrients in a WFP ration. The next question in the part C was to create a rule to find the calories in any food item. The rule that was made was “Calories in food item equals, grams of food multiplied by calories in each single nutrient. This is then done with the other nutrients. Then this was all added together” Then this led to using the rule to calculate the calories in any food item. The food that was experimented with was 3 Weet-Bix. The calories in 3 Weet-Bix turned out to be 285.6. After the testing the equation the time had come to substitute it into the working out the caloric intake of a WFP ration. The final number turned out to be 655 which is equivalent to 65.5% of a person’s recommended daily intake of calories. The recommended intake is 1000. FEWER DEATHS… Week 3 marked the 2 week milestone in the mission to explore and reduce poverty. It was then led by the happy findings that poverty is on its way down. During Part D there was the task of examining a statistic of poverty on its way down. The statistic chosen was: “An estimated 135 million people were assisted out of extreme poverty in low-income countries between 1999 and 2004”. To examine this statistic, firstly another equation had to be created by the information in the statistic. The equation ended out to be a rule to find out how many people were assisted out of extreme poverty each year. The equation looked like26 this:


E = 27 000 000y which meant, people assisted out of extreme poverty equals 27 000 000 each year. Using this rule, the task of seeing how many more people will be assisted out of extreme poverty by 2015 was conducted. The final result was that 108 000 000 more people will be assisted out of extreme poverty by 2015. After looking at the reduction by 2015 it was decided to see how many years it will take to completely eliminate extreme poverty. The answer was 51.9 years until extreme poverty will be eliminated. However the result of 27 000 000 people each year being assisted out of extreme poverty it not reliable. This is because this figure was worked out using the number of people being assisted out of extreme poverty between 1999-2004. There is a very likely chance that this figure would have or has changed. Other variables to alter this answer are that there are population increases and there are also more organizations helping more people out of extreme poverty each year. So, it is likely that it may take an even shorter amount of time to eliminate extreme poverty than 51.9 years. WEEK FOUR EQUATIONS AND PRONUMERALS SOON NO MORE… Week 4 was the last week for using funny equations and pronumerals. Week 4 was a lot to do with advocacy and Facebook. Firstly the grade eights were given a website. This website was the www.thehungersite.com website. This website contained a big yellow button and when you pressed this button you would automatically donate 1.1 cups of food. The website also contained a graph showing how much food had been donated over the last week. These numbers had to be turned into an average for a day and then an average for the year and showed that there were 138,435 cups per day and 50 528 775 cups donated per year from people visiting this site. Going on from the yellow button another average had to be created. It would be the average number of friends 10 of my friends have. This average was 233.7 friends. Once this had been done if all of my 10 friends promoted the www.thehungersite.com another 2337 more people would now about it going on each of my friends having 233.7 friends. Then the tricky task of seeing how many people will know about www.thehungersite.com if the pattern was repeated 5 times. This turned out to be 697 097 558 958 more people. As you can see this number is way over the population of the world so the equation was altered. The reason why the first figure was wrong was because different friends have the same friends as others. Furthermore not everybody in the

world has Facebook so this increases in inaccuracy. This time it was multiplied by its half for 5 times. This figure turned out to be a nicer number of 608 759 334 more people would know about the www.thehungersit.com. To back up the number of 608 759 334 being a lot better, is that there are only 729 531 980 Facebook users around the world. Is it possible to reach all of the 729 531 980 users? It is possible to reach all of these people, because with more and more people promoting the www.thehungersite.com more people will learn about this site. These people might also promote the site on the Facebook page and when others visit there page these people might promote the www.thehungersite.com and so on. Other than Facebook pages, people who promote the www.thehungersite.com will also tell others by voice and these people will tell others and so on. Continuing on from the point of pressing the yellow button if all of the 608 759 334.92 friends who know about the www.thehungersite.com were to click on the yellow button once for a year 224 416 872 970 cups of rice would be generated. Other than the www.thehungersite.com there is a website where a petition to end hunger can be signed. For every person that signed the petition the businesses and politicians see this as being 100 people wanting to end hunger. As 3 383 839 people have already signed, the businesses and politicians see this as being 338 383 900 people who want to end hunger. This will make a huge difference.

IN CONCLUSION, AKA THE END… In conclusion the Grade eights of the St. Pats community have gone on a mission to explore and reduce poverty. The students have proudly done this by using funny equations and pronumerals. As you can see poverty is on it’s way down. This was shown in week 3 as it will only take 51.9 years to completely eliminate it. To be like the Paddies boys and help reduce poverty all don’t have to just donate some money. As this report has shown, you can just take part in organisations or activities like the 40 hour famine, or sign a petition or write a letter. Once again www.thehungersite.com is an excellent way to reduce poverty. It is clear to say that the grade eights of the St. Pat’s community have explored and reduced poverty. “R U 4 real?”

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Our Next MP? Last term, Just Us reported Yr 12 student Mathew Makot‟s highly commended award in the national “My First Speech” competition. In August Mathew flew to Canberra to officially receive his award, and while there met the deputy Prime Minister Wayne Swann, the speaker of the house of representatives, and even had a quick encounter with Prime Minister Julia Gillard. In all meetings Mathew spoke very passionately about issues affecting refugees in Australia and how much he thought Australia as a nation is in democracy in its truest form. Mathew sat in Question Time that afternoon and the speaker of the house stopped parliament to introduce Mathew. To quote the speaker: I inform the House that we have present in the gallery this afternoon Mathew Makot. Mathew's journey from Southern Sudan to be here in the gallery as a year 12 student at St Patricks College, Shorncliffe, is quite an inspiring journey. He gained a highly recommended in our My First Speech competition. He is a most welcome guest here to observe our robust democracy—even though it might be overly robust. Welcome, Mathew. The Honourable members all replied: Hear, hear!

Check out Mathew‟s in spiring story on Yo utube: http://www .youtube.com /

watch?v=XYW rYy8NCqY

Top Left: Mathew Makot receiving his Highly Commended award from the speaker of the House. Top Right: Mathew with his speech on display in Parliament House. Above: Mathew meets our PM, Julia Gillard

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Just Us - Edition 3 - Term 3 2011