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ISBN: 978­-0-­9929705­-7-­4

The University of Sheffield School of Architecture 2016 The University of Sheffield School of Architecture 2016 Catalogue

www.shef.ac.uk/architecture


Publisher University of Sheffield Editorial Design Emilia Gołębiewska Zak Nicoll Adam Tarasewicz Nam Kha Tran Editorial Design Staff Support B Bryan Davies Sara Lancashire Russell Light SSoA Photographs Ralph Mackinder Sponsorship Satwinder Samra Printed in England by University of Sheffield Print Services (Print & Design Solutions) Copyright 2016 School of Architecture, University of Sheffield. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording or any information storage and retrieval system without permission in writing from the publisher. www.shef.ac.uk/architecture @SSoA_News

ISBN: 978­-0-­9929705­-7-­4 For a full range of programmes and modules please see www.shef.ac.uk/architecture School of Architecture University of Sheffield The Arts Tower Western Bank Sheffield S10 2TN

Cover Image Lucas Williams The University of Sheffield School of Architecture would like to thank the technical and administrative team for their continued support and input throughout the year. We would like to thank all of our contributors everyone involved in curating the exhibition and everyone involved in compiling this catalogue.

Tel. Fax E-mail Web Twitter

+44 (0) 114 222 0305 +44 (0) 114 222 0315 ssoa@sheffield.ac.uk http://www.shef.ac.uk/architecture/ @SSoA_news


Contents Foreword2 Undergraduate4 Year One 6 Year Two 12 Year Three 18 Undergraduate Special Study 28 MArch in Architecture Studio Collaborative Production Studio Future Works Studio Landscape and Urbanism Studio In Residence Studio Histories of Place Studio Learning Culture Studio Intergenerational Architecture Studio Temporal Places Studio (Re)-Activist Live Projects MArch Dissertation

30 32 36 40 44 48 52 56 60 64 68 72

MArch in Architecture: Collaborative Practice

76

Postgraduate Taught Masters MA in Architectural Design After Belonging Urban Catalysts Studio MAKE MSc in Digital Design & Interactive Built Environments MA in Urban Design MSc in Sustainable Architecture Studies

78 80 82 86 90 94 100 108

Graduate School PhD Programmes field:  Research

114 116 117 118

Internationalisation120 Events and Activities Student Achievements Theory Forum 2015 - Public Space Symposium Summer School SSoA Building Local Resilience - This Changes Everything Architecture Students Network Sheffield Society of Architects  SUAS

122 124 126 127 128 130 131 132

Professional Services Staff and Technical Team

134

James Berkin Hall Robert Henry Sponsors

28.10.1928 - 30.01.2016 20.03.1991 - 19.10.2015

136 138


Foreword At Sheffield School of Architecture, we produce graduates who are entrepreneurial self-starters with an exceptional level of political and social engagement, research and business skills. Our mission is to create new knowledge, in theory, in design and practice to help restore the health of the planet and the well-being of communities and societies. We drive this forward through our commitment to building local resilience, developing architectural research practice and working on live projects. This catalogue of our annual exhibition and other initiatives exemplifies our ethos. Our amazing students have once again delivered an exceptional outpouring of creativity and critical thinking this year, producing the design excellence our reputation rests on. I hope our readers enjoy this publication and encourage you to share your thoughts with us via our twitter account @ssoa_news. Last September, we started the academic year with an international and very unique research and practice conference on ‘Resilience and Architecture at the Human Scale’ which included a full blown candlelit banquet in a building site in Sheffield. We are now developing strategic research partnerships with Mexico, Brazil, South Africa, alongside our existing ones with countries in the EU, China, and beyond. We also hosted another hugely successful Alumni night in London, with plans to significantly expand our Alumni initiatives, including this year our affectionate 50th Anniversary celebration of our home in the inimitable Arts Tower. We went on to achieve the national scheme ‘Green Impact’ Gold level for our School. Our brilliant Sheffield University Architecture Society won two top prizes as the best University Society with a particularly impressive programme of lectures, supportive workshops and other events. We also led the organisation of a national conference in London to promote sustainable building design as a joint activity between engineering and architecture students, with significant backing of industry and professional bodies. Our students again scooped the top prizes at the Regional RIBA awards, also the prestigious international Jonathan Spiers award and the RIBA Wren award as well as winning a seat on the RIBA council, giving our School a national student representative on this body. We have also produced the first successful cohort from our highly innovative M.Arch Collaborative Practice route with an energetic network of 30 supportive alumni practices to underpin this initiative. We aim to grow this initiative. We rightly celebrated 15 years of our Dual Landscape and Architecture programme, alongside our existing interdisciplinary programmes with our colleagues in engineering and planning, as part our growing endeavour to develop a more interdisciplinary approach to architecture. The above is just part of the story of why Sheffield School of Architecture is ranked 5th in the UK by practices voting in the AJ 100 table, and is consistently in the top 5 UK Schools of Architecture in the World according to the 2016 Guardian QS Rankings. My sincere thanks go to all our students, staff, visiting guests, reviewers, alumni and our generous sponsors who have helped to make this possible. Fionn Stevenson, Head of School

Thank you to our sponsors: AHMM Allies & Morrison Assael Architecture BDP Bond Bryan Architects Broadway Malyan DK Architects Glenn Howells Architects Grimshaw Architects GT3 Architects Hadfield Cawkwell Davidson Hawkins\Brown The Manser Practice MSMR Architects OWAL Architects Piercy & Company Proctor & Matthews Architects RMA Architects SAPA Stiff + Trevillion Testa Architecture West Yorkshire Society of Architects Weston Williamson


Undergraduate The BA Architecture course is a three-year honours degree that brings together a balanced university education with a professionally orientated course. It combines lecture based courses with a creative studio culture. Lectures develop a broad knowledge base ranging across sciences and humanities; this knowledge is then brought to the studio where it is tested and developed through a sequence of design projects. Lectures are delivered by staff who are all at the forefront of their own field of research, ensuring that information imparted is up-to-date and relevant. Within the studio, full time members of staff are joined by practicing architects, who bring with them topical ideas and skills from the world of architecture. It is this combination of a rigorous academic base and a creative professional direction that exemplifies architecture at Sheffield. The dual degrees in Architecture + Landscape and Architecture + Structural Engineering enable students to integrate their architectural design work with the wider landscape context and the discipline of engineering respectively. All courses offer opportunities to think about sustainability and sustainable futures in an interconnected and contextual way.

Undergraduate Programme Director Simon Chadwick Dual Architecture and Landscape Architecture Director Howard Evans Dual MEng course in Structural Engineering and Architecture Coordinator Dr Rachel Cruise


Year One Year one introduces students to a new and very different way of thinking, learning and working. Studio projects introduce a variety of analytical and representational techniques, supported by a range of workshops which introduce the key skills and techniques which the students will use to develop and communicate their design ideas. The aim is to familiarise students with a notion of a building as an object and a process. Studio projects engage with real clients and scenarios, encouraging an awareness of the social and environmental issues which affect the built environment. The focus of the year is on domestic-scale space, building on the cohort’s diverse cultural experience prior to coming to University. A strong studio culture, developed through group working and peer review, encourages an atmosphere of collaboration and critical reflection.

Year Director Dr Krzysztof Nawratek Year Co-Director Dr Ranald Lawrence Studio Tutors Pouyan Akbari Taghi Amirhosseini Matthew Bradshaw Isabel Britch Jen Langfield Carole Latham Matthew Pearson Wei Shan Department of Landscape Tutors Andrew J Clayden Howard Evans Thomas White BA Architecture Rebecca Acheampong Joshua Francois Adjodha Fatimah Ulfah Binti Adnan Miryan Andonov Elina Andreou Alice Rosalind Appleby Azrah Asifjussab Holly Amabel Atkinson Henry George Baker Manraj Bhogal James Matthew Black Luke Brennan-Scott Cameron Carrington William Chew Wei Loong Kiran Chhatwal Ralitsa Chobanova Oana-Cristina Cioploiu Chloe-Anne Clacy Hadley Clarke Angelina Constanti Shipra Dawar John Edward Davis Vassantrai Dipali Dharmendra Oliver John Dorrington Ran Duan Rebecca Earnshaw Oluwarantimi Ehinmola Francesca Rose Frangiamore

Teodora Ganeva Aoife Jean Gilchrist Barbara Godel Marcus Goff Rianna Grant Holly Mae Harbour Joseph David Hicks Madeleine Isabelle Rose Hill Jenna Madison Hobbs Matthew John Holmes Ching Hong Rubi Araceli Hussey Sandu Thisaranee Mudiyanselage Jayasinghe Francesca Ruth Jebb Maiyoor Joshi Joanna Kalinska Frank M’Vita Kalume Rania Kapitani Jameille Cyra Aguilar Labis Alice Latham Lynus Hui Ning Lau Aaliyah Lawal Shan Li Natalie Liow Ethan Anwyl Loo Stephanie Dorothy Ma George Daniel Maidment Crystal Mason Thelma Bilika Mbewe Jiarong Miao Kwan Ching Mo Rosdi Nurul Nabilah Binti Mohd Kyriacos Mouzouris Michael Alexander William Neal Stephanie Jayne O’Brien Moya Ann O’Rourke Jack Thomas Osmond Eloise Honor Piper Thomas Pool Yui Chit Poon Harry Prema Perdita Sophie Anna Mary Ratsma Yizhen Ren Lugain Rfidah Claire Naomi Sanderson Gulim Satekova Nina Catherine Scholey Georgina Mary Scott Jaimir Vinay Shah

Chin Ching Siu Jay Singh-Gelling Jacob Alexander Smith James Andrew Smith Luke Smith Ryan Smith Charlotte Kate Staton Maria Stavridou Fanzhe Sun Hoi Yun Emily Tam Lawrence Kong-Lam Tang Baiji Tao Farith Rithauddeen Tengku Putri Enisa Tengku Thea Darina Tomos Andreea Florina Triscaru Jacqueline Tsang Theodosia Tsikkou Raluca Turcu Ayushya Uppal Ivan Velev Christopher Edward Ventom Pengnanxi Wang Eleanor Wells Dongqiao Wen Alice Marie Wildgoose Ching Hang Julian Wong Chiu Ho Anthony Wong Eleni Xenophontos Edward Yan Lewan Yazici Abigail Yeboah Shuning Zhu BA Architecture and Landscape Liam Gallagher Emma Rose Gray Jessica Jones Natasha Rose Jackson Thomas Edger Ruff Yiting Zhu Xie Zifei MEng Engineering and Architecture Pilakoutas Leonora Bela Lewis Grant Birkbeck Edward Alexander Daniels Bethany Fenna Carlo Gagliani Tegen Jenefer George

Wai Ken Tsang Alec George Hamel Wells Benjamin Westphal-Reed Matthew James Geoff Woolhouse Seren Anisha Thomas Henry Richard McBrien School Staff Prof Irena Bauman Dr Nadia Bertolino Simon Chadwick Ian R Hicklin Aidan Hoggard Daniel Jary Dr Magda Sibley Catherine A Skelcher Prof Fionn Stevenson Dr Stephen J Walker MArch Students Bana Darwich Abigail L Humphreys Jennika Parmar Visiting Structural Engineers Dan Kerr


The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

Semester One Project 1 ‘Home Truths’ This project enables students to get to know each other, the studio as a work environment, and Sheffield as a place. Working in groups, the students begin by exploring an area of the city in order to identify a potential site. Using rough physical models, the students are then asked to design a place where the group can live and work, exploring notions of privacy and communality. At the end of the project the students come together to discuss all the things they would need to know in order to further their design, developing a curriculum for a school of architecture. Project 2 ‘Room in the City’ This project explores a range of methods by which the architect can begin to understand and represent space in all its complexities. The project has two stages – stage 1 aims to help students to see a ‘mundane’ space (their room) from several different perspectives and to unpack its hidden meanings and connections. Stage 2 aims to define potential connections / similarities between individual perspectives. At this stage of the project students will analyse relationships between particular places and a wider context. Project 3 ‘Community Kitchen’ Through the design of a small building in an urban context, this project allows students to develop an understanding of the relationship between internal spatial layout, external form and the ways in which the particular characteristics of a site affect the design of an architectural space. This project helps students to understand architectural space and an object (a community kitchen) in a wider (urban, social, cultural) context. Research Project R1 This introduces the students to the importance of precedent and the value of research, whilst allowing them to develop skills in verbal and visual presentation. Working in their studio groups the students are asked to research a particular building, placing their study in the context of place, materiality, and a wider architectural discourse including design philosophy with relevant examples taken from the world of contemporary practice.

01 Ching Ching Siu P2 - Section

02 Lynus Hui Ning Lau P2 - Mental Map

03 Sun Fanzhe P2 - Facade Model 01 04 Shuning Zhu P2 - Movement Exploration

05 Shuning Zhu P2 - Use of Table Exploration

06 Lawrence Tang P3 - Community Kitchen

07 Sun Fanzhe P2 - Allen Court Analysis

08 Sun Fanzhe P2 - Model

09 Shuning Zhu P2 - Concept Collage

10 Lugain Rfidah P2 - Concept Model 02

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The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

Semester Two Research Project R2 Exploring the nature of architecture as a professional discipline, this project examines its relationship to the wider construction industry. How is the intuitive (and often solitary) process of design informed by the expert knowledge of others and the constraints imposed by clients, planners, other building professionals and the wider public? Students visit an architectural practice for a briefing about an ongoing project. They are asked to investigate the relationship between design and practice, with an understanding that the production of drawings to communicate a construction or space cannot be separated from its realisation in a particular material or the experience of those who will use it. How can the creative possibilities of studio practice be reconciled with the conditions required of making?

11 Stephanie Ma P4 - Day in Life

Project 4 ‘House Beyond a House’ This project gives students the opportunity to bring together many of the themes addressed and skills acquired during the year into one integrated project. A house is a building which is typically seen as an extremely private and intimate space. ‘My house is my castle’ is a phrase popularly describing a British approach to this type of building. This project is intended to challenge (at least partly) this perspective – students design a house which equally creates private space for its inhabitants and serves other purposes (other ‘clients’).

14 Lawrence Tang P4 - Sections

‘Between the Roots and the Stones: Life and Death by the Porter Brook’ This project addresses the crises in the roots and the stones by creating a home whose residents will include a horticulturalist and a stonemason. This home is integrated with facilities to conserve and propagate endangered species of plants, and is a place for the exchange of knowledge about the plant-life of the cemetery and the region. ‘Racing House’ This project is about living along side a pigeon loft in Sheffield, creating a unique and comfortable home for a specific family of 3 people and a functioning, beautiful pigeon loft for 100 racing pigeons. It is about making architecture that engages with its surroundings and explores the conflicts or potential opportunities of living close to these birds.

12 Sandu Jayasinghe P4 - Axonometric

13 Tom Pool P4 - Concept Perspective

15 Lawrence Tang P4 - Concept Drawing

16 Lawrence Tang P4 - Perspectives

17 Group work P5 - Architecture as Activism

18 Chin Ching Siu P4 - Exploded Axonometric

19 Group work P5 - Site, Materials and Idea

‘Climate House’ This project proposes a new house functioning as a weather research station exploring the relationship between architecture and climate. It houses weather instruments to record different elements of the weather, as well as a small classroom/laboratory for educational and research purposes. The house is a home to a live-in researcher and his or her family. ‘Socially Inclusive House’ A house is a building which is typically seen as an extremely private and intimate space. This project is intended to challenge (at least partly) this perspective – it is a house that equally creates private space for its inhabitants and serves local community. Project 5: “Architecture as Activism’ This project investigates the consequences of physical and spatial interventions in an urban context. Through a process of playful exploration the students are asked to work in groups to design and construct an urban intervention to improve a given place on the University campus. On the final day the finished structures are constructed in the public realm, giving the students an opportunity to see how the public react to and interact with their design work. 11


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Year Two Year Two is a fast paced programme of three projects structured to engender fluidity and confidence in the design process. The course delivery relies heavily on the strength of the studio culture. Academic enquiry and reflection is sustained through investment in the ‘large group review’, designed to expand critique and discourse within a supportive social environment. Each of the three projects incorporates specific drawing or model making tasks intended to extend experimentation and exploration of design ideas through a rigorous methodology. Students are encouraged to become more prolific in the testing of their ideas within the world.

Year Director Catherine A Skelcher Year Co-Director Abi Van Hoorebeek Studio Tutors Elizabeth Baldwin Gray Yussur Al-Chokhdar Ian Hicklin Abi Van Hoorebeek Mark Parsons Maggie Pickles Cith Skelcher John Paul Walker Department of Landscape Tutors Mel Burton Andy Clayden Sally O’Halloran Laurence Pattacini BA Architecture Grace Alderson Abby Aldridge Adam Ayub Junyi Bai Douglas Baldwin Nur Binti Roszali Katherine Bluff Alice Brammer Sarah Bunting Luke Cameron Abbie Caton James Cave James Chapman Yen-Ting Chen Edward Cherry Alexi Chomyszyn Emily Chooi Felix Cousins Emily Cowell Hannan Currah Hope Dabernig Christopher Darby Jana Dardouk Amirhossein Daryoushnezhad Andreea Ditu Emma Donnellan Samuel Dowell Florence (Grace) Drennan Muhammad Emritte Robert Evans Timothy Evans Xingjian Fan Caroline Fielding

Finn Dulcie Foster Ruth Friswell Jacob George Zoe George Mcqueen Louise Gillett Sophie Guneratne Katrina Hemingway Daniel House Thomas Jones Chao Kan Sora Kang Lu Ke Shawn Kejriwal Amy Kinsella Petranka Kirilova Anthoula Kyriakidi Kristanv Lacy Yip Lau Mathilda Lewis Ran Li Holly Madeley Alexandra Martin Samuel Mcmillan Jacob Mills Megan Mundy Victoria Noakes Calum Norman Mia Owen Kathryn Parker-Price Alastair Porter Maksim Povstugar Saule Pribusauskaite Tobias Putnam Janani Rajeswaran Joseph Redwood Diana Rosca Joseph Satchell Edmund Savory Fiona Sawers Amber Seipel Ryan Sinnott Jamie Smith Harriet Stride Tsz Ying Tong Laura Turner Ana-Maria Vasilache Oliver Verrell Norarjuna Wan Asyraf Daniel Wan Bo Wang Montgomery Williams Nicole Williams Jia Wong Zi Jin Wong Yuxin Wu Zhikun Wu Xuejun Xu Mengqiao Zhang Yijun Zhao

BA Architecture and Landscape Japhet Goodburn Hannah Holden Kamile Kesylyte Mohammed Khizr Oscar Lewis Samuel Morley Chloe Nicol Andrew Reynolds Xijie Tao MEng Engineering and Architecture Mary Ala Matthew Allen Lauren Barnes Lily Bell William Bellefontaine Thomas Donoghue Michael Durkin Harry Eddolls Alexander Finch Natalia Gracheva Laura Jamieson Elizabeth Lewis Margaret Longman Christopher Pate James Paul Selina Rai Glen Richmond James Thormod Erasmus and Study Abroad Axel Grubba Aarandeep Sian Joanna Zwierzchowska School Staff Nadia Bertolino Simon Chadwick Howard Evans Aidan Hoggard Russell D Light Josephine C Lintonbon Krzysztof Nawratek Tatjana Schneider Fionn Stevenson Paul Testa

Visiting Reviewers Armand Agraviador, BDP Pouyan Akbari Mark Anstey, Ellis Williams Architects Zoe Berman, Studio Berman Dennis Burr, Burr Lenton Architecture Matthew Goulcher, Levitt Bernstein Louise Harpman, Louise Harpman Projects Daniel L Kerr Nicky Kirk, Nicholas Kirk Architects Martin Lydon, Haworth Tompkins Carl Meddings Jacquie Milham, Architectonic James Norton, Robin Ashley Architects LLP Adam Park Matt Pearson, OS31 Xiang Ren Pierre Shaw, Haworth Tompkins Lucy Thomas, Tim Ronalds Architects Gail White, Maccreanor Lavington Dominic Wilkinson


The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

Semester One Project One P1.1 - Measure

01 Mengqiao Zhang P2

The students worked in groups to investigate their given subject (bee keeping/kayaking/astronomy/walking) and collect all data necessary in preparation for their design project. A series of measured studies were made, including a 1 to 1 drawing of a key component or process contextualised using the human form.

02 Andreea Ditu P1

P1.2 - Territory Each subject typically corresponds to a given type of landscape found in and around Sheffield (woodland/river valley/moorland/ peak). Through the creation of a large ‘figure ground’ drawing and use of other mapping techniques, the students explored the physical and ephemeral characteristics of their site. P1.3 Apiary/Kayak Centre/Observatory/Walker’s Refuge/Cycle Centre/Bakery and Hatchery Having become experts in their given subject, the students were then required to design a small building in a landscape. Their proposal must support all of the practical requirements of the subject whilst responding sensitively and creatively to the landscape in which it sits. Exploring the relationship between architecture and landscape, the students must develop their own conceptual and theoretical design approach in response to brief and site

03 Maksim Povstugar P2 01 04 Yuxin Wu P2

05 Amirhossein Daryoushnezhad P1

06 James Thormod P2

Project Two P2.1 - Neighbourhood Study The students worked in groups to investigate three urban neighbourhoods on the periphery of Sheffield city centre – Darnall, Attercliffe and Sharrow. The students explored the social and physical fabric of each area, collecting a range of data, both factual and anecdotal, in order to form an authentic understanding of the constraints and opportunities of each neighbourhood.

07 Mengqiao Zhang P1

08 Maksim Povstugar P2

P2.2 - Library / Theatre The students were tasked with designing a small community library or theatre to serve their given neighbourhood. A precedent study field trip to Liverpool supported the development of a proposal for a specific ‘type’ of library or theatre, and the design of a public building tailored to both audience and place. The project provides the students with their first opportunity to design an urban façade within a streetscape.

09 Jamie Smith P2 10 Andreea Ditu P1 02 11 Zoe George McQueen P2 12 Lu Ke P2

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The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

Semester Two Project Three

13 Edmund Savory P3

P3.1 - Precedent Study As a prelude to the semester two housing project, the students work in groups to study a range of seminal housing precedents, producing a library of housing typologies. Using drawing, modelling and film making as tools to investigate and critically appraise their precedent, the students undertook a detailed critique of the project’s spatial, material and environmental qualities and the extent to which it meets the living needs of its inhabitants. P3.2 - Manifesto We opened the project with a debate, inviting a range of academics and practitioners to share their views and experiences and encouraging the students to engage with the live issues – social, political and economic, that provide the context for their housing project. The students then developed their own housing manifesto, which would be the programmatic driver for their own design project. P3.3 - Neighbourhood Study The students were tasked with producing a contextual analysis of their project site, located within the Sheffield neighbourhood of Heeley. Exploring master planning techniques, the students worked in groups to produce speculative proposals considering alternative futures for Heeley. This provided a means to understanding the character and identity of the area – its needs and aspirations. P3.4 - Housing Each student was required to design dwellings to house 6-10 families, with an element of additional accommodation to be individually determined and informed by the student’s housing manifesto.

14 Zoe George McQueen P3

15 Megan Mundy P3

16 Holly Madeley P3

17 Andrea Ditu P3

18 Laura Turner P3

19 Alistair Porter P3

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20 Douglas Baldwin P3

The design of housing, unlike the single house, offers an opportunity to investigate the realm of the shared, the street. Each site provoked a response to the notion of the street and students were encouraged to attempt an analysis of a front to back condition through the use of a sectional perspective drawing.

21 James Thormod P3

The housing project is supported by the study trip to Amsterdam and Rotterdam during the Easter Break, which is a fantastic opportunity to further explore a range of radical public and housing projects.

22 Chris Darby P3

23 Zoe George McQueen P3

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25 Edmund Savory P3 26 James Thormod P3

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Year Three Third Year students undertake two design projects during the academic year, punctuated by a short group project which values enquiry and research through a collaborative group output, this sets the intellectual framework for the final project. Studios comprise of a range of parallel project briefs, the first of which are developed in tutor pairs. This fosters critical reflection and discourse between tutor groups at the start of the year. Throughout their studies, students are actively challenged to consider the social, political, and typological characteristics of place, in order to develop their own position within the thematic framework of the project brief. The design process itself is rooted in a deep understanding of scope and place, structured by rigorous site, theme and precedent analysis. Enquiry and experimentation within the studio framework are supported through a wide range of representational techniques as well as the creative integration of technology in the studio sequence. Throughout the year, students are supported by a dedicated faculty and visiting critics, ranging from world renowned architects, structural engineers, and various design professionals. The resulting project outcomes are a testament to the rigour, enthusiasm, and critical reflection of the undergraduate student group and their commitment to their intellectual process and design work.

Year Director Simon Chadwick Year Co-Director Vasilena Vassilev Studio Tutors Robert Blundell David Britch Tony Broomhead Simon Chadwick Russell Light Nick Tyson / Ming Chung Vasilena Vassilev Department of Landscape Tutors Howard Evans Laurence Pattacini BA Architecture Jordan Barrett Holly Beechener William Beesley Jade Blanchard-McKinley Vlad Bodogan Lebat Bujang Alicea Chia Samuel Collins Jessica Corns Amy Crellin Elizabeth Crook Anthony Currie Katherine Dauncey Katharine De Silva Jack Duberley Felicity Earp Sarah Edwards Hannah Faulkner George Fisher Stephen Fisher Rachael Gardner Hannah Gaughan Rachel Glenn Emilia Gołębiewska Michaela Gomes Edmund Green Anna Gregoriou Christina Guerrero Alexander Haines Thomas Hattan

Zi He Eleanor Hill Marcus Hirst Marnie Hodgson Katherine Hubbard Thomas Hudson-Davies Ifigenia Ioannou Sanjukta Jitendhar Melissa Kirkpatrick Chon Fu Lau Silvia Leone Sixuan Li Rebecca Liebermann Ya Liu Zoe Lloyd Sheung Luke Kun Ma Peter Markos Patrick McElroy Kyle Mccracken Elizabeth Mcleod Amelia Mega Travis Mills Samuel Milward Elizabeth Osborne Lucy Parker Nyurguyana Pavlova Tuomas Peippo Stephani Porfyriou Toby Preston Thomas Register James Rest Migena Salihu Mariam Shirley Francesca Sim Alexandra Sims Victoria Spencer Adam Spreckley Aleksandra Szwedo Adam Tarasewicz Louise Taylor Robert Taylor Abigail Verlaan Mark Waters Nikola Yanev Lingge Yang Han Zhao Xutong Zhao

BA Architecture and Landscape Antonia Alexandru Olivia Hellman Elizabeth Humphreys Emma Koch Kate O’Brien Matthew Reece Lucas Williams MEng Engineering and Architecture Florence Browning Natasha Cleaver Adam Fidler Sukhdev Lota Hannah Smith Stephen Twentyman Hoi Leng Ung Katherine Wade Ki Ming Terrence Yip Erasmus and Study Abroad Zang Christian Graziany Beatrice Dourado Brunna School Staff Carolyn Butterworth Leo Care Mark Emms Richard Harpin Prof Jian Kang Dr Krzysztof Nawratek Catherine Skeltcher Visiting Tutors Adrian Bull, Arup David Cash, BDP Elizabeth Cooper, Arup Pol Gallagher, Zap Architecture Thomas Hudson, Hawkins\ Brown Architects Andy James, OMI Architects Zoe Keates, Arup Michele Mak, Arup Alexander Mingozzi, Race Cottam Associates Emily Nolan, Arup Alastair Norton, Norton Mayfield Architects

James Norton, Robin Ashley Architects Con Murray, Arup Sarah Shaw-Taylor, Arup Lucy Plumridge, HLM Architects Visiting Reviewers Jonathan Boyle, State Studio Oli Cunningham, dRMM Sue Emms, BDP Robert Evans, Evans Vettori Architects Neil Gillespie, Reiach and Hall Architects Mel Goode, Goode London Karim Hadjri, University of Central Lancashire Colin Harris, Sutherland Hussey Harris Rebecca Hinkley, Hawkins\ Brown Architects Simon Hudspith, Panter Hudspith Architects Paul King, Hallam University Andrew Matthews, Proctor and Matthews Architects Neil Michels, Carmody Groarke Greg Peynore, Peynore & Prasad Architects Simon Robinson, MSMR Tony Skipper, Ellis Williams Architects Pete Watson, Mackintosh School of Architecture Ronan Watts, 5th Studio


The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

Semester One Taking the Waters, Scarborough Simon Chadwick, Vasilena Vassilev, Ming Chung + Nick Tyson The bath house, a place historically pervasive in many cultures, has traditionally been a complex space laden with nuanced social customs. The project provided students with an opportunity to contextualise the notion of a contemporary pool/spa/bath house in Scarborough, a city historically known as one of the first seaside spa resorts in England. Students were encouraged to develop their own interpretation of “taking the waters� while emphasising the social, spiritual, therapeutic, and leisurely aspects of engaging with water.

The Poet and the Pragmatist, Scarborough Paul Testa, David Britch The theme of the project is poise typified by Edith Sitwell 18871964, a female aristocratic poet who was penniless for much of her life, whose work was concerned with sound as much as words. . The brief was to design a building to house her collection of work currently held by Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center in the United States, while fostering broader social engagement through the incorporation of a performance space.

01 Lucas Williams Taking the Waters

02 Eleanor Hill Taking the Waters

03 Sam Collins Retreat

04 Vlad Bodogan Taking the Waters

05 Sanjukta Jitendhar The Poet and the Pragmatist

06 Vlad Bodogan Taking the Waters

07 Sam Collins Retreat

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Retreat, Scarborough Robert Blundell, Russell Light The project centred on the historic association of the Yorkshire Coast with refuge and rehabilitation. Starting with a visit and analysis of Whitby Abbey, the programme asked students to design a spiritual or therapeutic retreat with a focus on developing a sense of community within the building.

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08 Adam Spreckley Taking the Waters

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09 Katherine Dauncey Taking the Waters

10 Thomas Hudson Davies Taking the Waters

11 Sam Milward The Poet and the Pragmatist 12 Tuomas Peippo Retreat

1:50 Section Taken from 1:100 Daylight section

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The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

Semester Two Preliminary Studies 01 Urban School Simon Chadwick In this project, students engaged in an extensive precedent study into School buildings from three distinct periods in British history through a rigorous building analysis and the construction of large scale models.

02 Fast/Slow Paul Testa This project explored the relationship between places, people and ideas of health and well-being, relaxation and leisure. Through mapping and urban analysis, students focused on studying the idea of well-being in the context of South Yorkshire, and Barnsley in particular.

03 The Airedale Corridor Robert Blundell The work of this studio group focused on the analysis of the geographic area covered by the Airedale Masterplan, and in particular Saltaire, a nineteenth century model industrial town and UNESCO inscribed World Heritage Site.

04 Market Ecologies Vasilena Vassilev The study explored the ecology, production, and consumption of goods at the local and global scale. Students investigated the market hall typology while documenting the urban impact and evolution of commerce and exchange within the context of Sheffield.

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05 An Imprint of Two Cities David Britch Taking the prompt of a city as a piece of text, students examined two sites in Salford and Manchester and mapped their relationship through the process of traditional printmaking. The students used workshops in Salford to experiment with screen printing and other mark making techniques, using the cities as test beds for ideas.

06 The Illustrated Book of Libraries Russell Light The project involved the study of historic and contemporary precedents that have shaped our understanding of what a library can be. Students were asked to design their own catalogue of libraries through an interactive exhibition.

07 Scene Ming Chung + Nick Tyson / Tony Broomhead SCENE called for the design of a temporary construct that manipulates and modifies selected sites located in the Northern Quarter, Manchester. Students investigated how temporary conditions for architecture can be used to reinvigorate or re-programme vacant lots within the city fabric.

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The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

Main Projects Architecture and Landscape Urban School, Sheffield Simon Chadwick The project centred on the design of a secondary school building, based on a careful study of appropriate precedents and research into educational requirements and the National Curriculum. Students were asked to anticipate the broader social scope of the accommodation and facilities of a school building and identify the potential benefit to the city centre of Sheffield.

01 Mark Waters Urban School

02 Lebat Bujang Market Ecologies

03 George Fisher Urban School 01 Architecture and Landscape Market Ecologies, Sheffield Vasilena Vassilev The project explored the nature of the contemporary supply chain through the development of a maker’s market in the Castle Gate district of Sheffield. The market, while being a place for the trade of local and/or fair trade products was looked at as a vehicle for the promotion of the responsible production and consumption of goods and services. Students were asked to develop the market hall while taking into context the spatial and operational aspects of a holistically minded economic model.

04 Travis Mills Urban School

05 Lucas Williams Market Ecologies

06 Katherine Dauncey Fast/Slow

07 Peter Markos The Airedale Corridor The Airedale Corridor, Saltaire Robert Blundell The project was developed as a continuation of the research already completed during the preliminary study of Saltaire. As part of these investigations, students identified the aspirations for this area as set-out by the public-private Airedale partnership, including possible future directions for economic, physical, and social development within the Airedale corridor. Through the development of a new public building within the Airedale corridor, students were asked to consider how their projects could contribute to the daily life and civic identity of Saltaire, whilst simultaneously embracing the tourist.

08 Adam Spreckley The Airedale Corridor

09 Eleanor Hill The Airedale Corridor

10 Vlad Bodogan Market Ecologies 02

Fast/Slow, Barnsley Paul Testa The project focused on the development of a well-being programme for the town of Barnsley, and the design of a multi-use building that promoted the mental and physical health of the local as well as tourist communities. Programs ranged from markets to athletic facilities to rehabilitation centres.

11 Alicea Chia Market Ecologies 12 Rachel Glenn The Airedale Corridor

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The University of Sheffield School of Architecture Main Projects

The Library of Illustrated Books, Sheffield Russell Light The premise for the project is the creation of a new library of illustrated books in Sheffield. The emphasis of the collection is on books as beautiful things; sensory and tactile objects that cannot be easily replaced by digital versions. In addition to developing a design for a building, students were asked to consider how a library can change and enhance the spaces and urban realm around it.

13 Hoi Leng Ung The Imprint of Two Cities

14 Adam Tarasewicz Workshop Theatre

15 Louise Taylor The Imprint of Two Cities

16 Beth McIeod The Library of Illustrated Books

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Workshop Theatre, Manchester Ming Chung + Nick Tyson / Tony Broomhead The project entailed the design of a contemporary Workshop Theatre within the urban context of Manchester. Potential sites included several ‘empty’ lots, gaps in the city grain, bounded by hoarding, in-filled with hardcore or used as temporary parking whilst awaiting re-development or a change in economy. The brief asked students to further their initial research and to propose an architecture that will have the capacity to host a flexible programme of cultural performances and city-wide public events.

17 Zoe Lloyd The Imprint of Two Cities

18 Alex Haines Workshop Theatre

19 Sixuan Li Workshop Theatre The Imprint of Two Cities, Manchester David Britch The project brief focused on the relocation and expansion of the existing print studio known as Hot Bed Printmakers’ Studio from their existing premises in Salford to one of two sites in the city of Manchester. Students were asked to take into consideration the studio needs to expand its activities and develop new technologies without losing any of their traditional skills.

20 Rebecca Liebermann The Library of Illustrated Book

21 Edmund Green Workshop Theatre

22 Sam Collins Workshop Theatre 23 Sanjukta Jitendhar The Imprint of Two Cities

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24 Hannah Gaughan The Imprint of Two Cities

25 Tuomas Peippo The Library of Illustrated Books

25 Emilia Gołębiewska The Library of Illustrated Books 16

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Undergraduate Special Study The Special Study is an individual piece is an individual piece of work that allows students to explore a particular aspect of architecture in some depth. Topics cover a wide subject range, including architectural theory, architectural history, science and technology, structures, management, CAD and the digital realm, landscape architecture, architectural teaching and practice, and urban design. The Special Study offers students the opportunity to research, organize and produce an extended piece of mostly written work over the course of a year. Studies this year have ranged from the philosophical exploration of ‘Architecture and Collective Memory: An Investigation into the Concept of Place as a Hinge between the Retrospective and Propositional’ by Rebecca Liebermann, to Eleanor Hill’s material interrogation of the ‘Synthetic House: Architecture and Adhesives’, and from Stephanie Porfyriou’s study of ‘Contradictions of Socio-Spatial Elements which Shape Urban Division in Nicosia’, to Tom Hudson-Davies’s comparative graphical study of activity in two public spaces in two local cities, presented in ‘A Tale of Two Squares’. These works offer a flavour of the richness, rigour and variety of the Special Study, and the wide range of research methodologies, analytical and presentation techniques that are deployed.

Co-ordinator Mark Emms

01 PAST - PRESENT - FUTURE: An architectural continuum 02 ‘Inhabitation transcends geometric form’ 03 Out with the old 04 In with the new

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Architecture and Collective Memory: An Investigation into the Concept Of Place as a Hinge Between the Retrospective and Propositional Rebecca Liebermann “What is perhaps most interesting about architecture as a mnemonic device, is the way that it does not remain a static record like texts or photographs, but rather it forms the basis of a continuum - memory is not only embedded in but constantly projected upon the built environment.1 Whilst our surroundings perpetually provoke memories, our inhabitation and modification of them means that our own memories are simultaneously embodied within a place. As Marc Treib states in his book Spatial Recall, ‘this process is a give and take between the environment, the individual and society as a group.’2 Unlike most other forms of record, architecture is an interactive device that remains fluid and susceptible to change. As a result of this continuous addition and subtraction of memory, the meaning and significance of a building changes and evolves over time, so creating a dialogue between past, present and future. It is this notion of place as a hinge between the retrospective and the propositional that I hope to investigate through my study.” “In a similar way to the calculated destruction of monuments of cultural importance, one might suggest that Urban Splash are attempting to erase the memory relating to what they deem as unattractive and unsuccessful about Park Hill in an attempt to redefine it in a way that best suits the image they wish to promote. Whilst these modifications might arguably be said to represent an inevitable loss of information and a necessary transformation that marks the natural progression of time, they also call into question who and what should dictate which elements of memory are preserved and which are forgotten. At the same time, one is
also led to question whether memory and association, once manifested, can ever be truly overcome, or rather, do they just become buried within the fabric, still informing the existential space?” “Whilst change is not only inevitable but also necessary, the preservation of social memory arguably does not rely on physical conservation but on the understanding of space in terms of human life and experience. As Malcolm Reading, emphasised recently in The Times: ‘These fragile buildings and sites need more than architectural skills to effect a transformation ...Restoring crumbling facades, which is the emotive reaction, is not enough...’”3

‘Inhabitation transcends geometric form’ Gaston Bachelard

“Above all, the conclusions that I draw from this study are centred on the understanding that, whether in a physical or emotional sense, place undoubtedly acts as a fundamental source from which groups of people draw their identity and understanding of the world around them. Through the built environment, the collective is able to both interpret knowledge of the past in relation to the present whilst projecting information regarding the present into the future. As such, place becomes a method of communication, or language as it were, between past, present and future that hinges, above all, on collective memory. The significance of place in regards to the collective is far more difficult to define in terms of intangible value, and yet, through my investigation and the study of examples such as the Chinese Hutongs and Fountains Abbey, I am led to believe that it is more often through the accidental and the unintentional that memory is most effectively embedded in form and through the subconscious that it is
most powerfully communicated. As such, it is my belief that what we are able to discern from the evidential or historic value of place often has far less to offer in regards to forming a deeper understanding of the beliefs and values that are manifested within it and the way in which it defines and makes distinct a society or collective.

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The ability of place to reflect mental and temporal realities as well as spatial and material ones is what distinguishes it as perhaps the most important externalisation of human memory.4 As illustrated by Park Hill’s ‘I love you will U marry me’ sign, it acts as a continuum that constantly changes and evolves over time, allowing meaning and association to remain fluid and susceptible to change. Unlike any other mnemonic device, architecture allows memories to be constantly added and subtracted so that, just we experience and interpret it, we simultaneously alter and transform it to reflect our inner selves. One might say that it is, above all, this unique exchange which takes place between the individual, the collective and the environment which defines the essential relationship that exists between people and place. The understanding of this relationship between the collective and place has the potential to play an important role, both within architectural discourse and as an integral part of the heritage debate. The recognition of the political implications surrounding spatial agency and collective identity highlights the importance of empowering individuals to act with spatial freewill and provides the architect with the potential to act as an agent of social change.’5 In a similar sense, I am led to believe that the value of place should not be something defined by professionals, based on historic or aesthetic values, but should reside, above all, in the opinions and feelings of the community.6 The study of Park Hill provides a unique illustration of these ideas and offers a perfect opportunity to which they might, in theory, be applied. In the same way that the understanding of place, whether applied to a larger or smaller con- text, requires the recognition of both the tangible and intangible values that it represents, so the transformation of Park Hill demands a deeper understanding of more than just formal qualities relating to its physical value. This presents a challenge for both the developers and the people of Sheffield in determining what is remembered and what is forgotten whilst ensuring that the estate remains relevant and meaningful within the context of the community. In this sense, Park Hill must tackle the bigger challenge faced by the built environment as a whole; that of maintaining the somewhat precarious balance between past, present and future. (...)

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1 TREIB, M. (2009) Spatial Recall: memory in architecture and landscape. New York, NY: Routledge pp. 14

TREIB, M. (2009) Spatial Recall: memory in architecture and landscape. New York, NY: Routledge pp. 14

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LAZARUS, D. (accessed 20/02/2016) <http://thoughts.arup.com/post/ details/490/prioritising-cultural-heritage>

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Whilst this study offers just one interpretation of the relationship between architecture and collective memory, the many ideas that surround this extensive and fast evolving subject offer an infinite amount of insights that may serve to change the way we understand both ourselves and our environment. Like anything fluid in nature, the place of memory within the built environment is as difficult to predict as it is to define. Whilst this brief investigation into the world of construction, both material and mental, has provided me with perhaps more questions than answers, it offers an insight into the just some of the complexities surrounding the concepts of people and place, and so provides a starting point for the further development of these ideas and their application to future architectural discourse.”

PALLASMAA, J. ‘Space, Place, Memory and Imagination’ in Spatial Recall. New York, NY: Routledge pp. 17

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FINDLEY, L. Building Change: architecture, politics and cultural agency. London: Routledge pp. 33

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BENTON, T. Understanding Heritage and Memory. Manchester: Manchester University Press pp. 8

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MArch in Architecture The MArch (RIBA Part 2) course at SSoA is one of the most innovative and influential in the country. It prepares students to be enterprising, employable and to use their skills to the benefit of people’s lives. At the heart of the course is a range of specialist design studios and our innovative ‘live projects’ programme, offering between them excellent opportunities for students to develop graduatelevel research by design. Students also have the opportunity to specialise further by taking a dual accredited MArch course with Town and Regional Planning (MArch/TRP) or with Landscape (MALA). The newly established Collaborative Practice route offers students the opportunity to integrate their MArch studies with continued experience in architectural practice. Modules in humanities, management and technology offer students the opportunity to enhance their design projects and wider learning through focused research, academic writing and critical reflection. Further opportunities to explore specialist lines of enquiry are offered by the fifth year option modules that focus on aspects of urban design, digital design, sustainability and conservation. The SSoA MArch is shaped by its emphasis on collaboration, social engagement and ‘liveness’. This begins each year with live projects and continues in design studios that collaborate with community partners including local councils, grass roots organisations and arts programmes. Projects evolve that are ambitious, innovative and respond to the complexity of real-life conditions. This year, through ‘This Changes Everything’, a cross-studio programme of seminars, lectures and student presentations, projects have evolved with a particular emphasis upon the architect’s role in tackling climate change on a local, regional and global scale. Fifth and sixth year students work together in design studios, to explore current challenges and opportunities in architecture. Students are encouraged to develop a critical approach to the production of architecture in contemporary society. The design studios offer students the freedom to experiment and develop their own lines of enquiry while being supported by tutors who offer excellent specialist research and practice experience. The fifth year offers students the chance to develop rigorous research by design skills. The iterative process of design is valued, as well as the outcomes, and students are encouraged to develop their individual interests, ways of working and attitude towards architecture and the role of the architect. Sixth year students then develop individual or joint thesis projects, exploring research questions through the design of complex buildings. Students are encouraged to be canny, ambitious, and enterprising so that they can not only negotiate and respond to the challenges of our time, but also lead on what ‘Future Practice’ might be: a practice that can listen, negotiate and advocate clients’ and users’ needs in order to produce architecture of excellence.

MArch Director Leo Care MArch/TRP Director Dr Jo Lintonbon MALA Director Howard Evans Studio Collaborative Production Daniel Jary Studio Future Works Dr Renata Tyszczuk Studio Histories of Place Jo Lintonbon Studio: In Residence Carolyn Butterworth Studio Intergenerational Architecture Satwinder Samra Studio Landscape and Urbanism Howard Evans Studio Learning Culture Leo Care Studio (Re)-Activist Architecture Simon Baker

Studio Temporal Places Mark Emms

Visiting Professors David Cash Roger Hawkins Susanne Hofmann Greg Penoyre Stephen Proctor Tony Skipper Visiting Reviewers/Tutors Lukas Barry Prue Chiles Bryan Davies Robert Evans Philip Graham Carole Latham Jacquie Milham Simon Robinson John Sampson Hannah Smart Chris Wilderspin Within the school Irena Bauman Simon Chadwick Aidan Hoggard Ranald Lawrence Russell Light Dr Krzysztof Nawratek Dr Adam Park Cith Skelcher Prof Fionn Stevenson Sarah Wigglesworth


The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

Studio Collaborative Production The studio explores a future where a sharing economy has become mainstream, promoting non-market production, interdependency and social enterprise. Students have been encouraged to develop an architecture which supports the collaborative production of objects, processes and infrastructures; an architecture which utilises local resources and expertise and is responsive to local needs. The projects are all situated in Goldthorpe – a former mining town in South Yorkshire. The work sets out to offer a model for the sustainable regeneration of marginalised communities, achieved through a greater level of engagement with local governance, education, social provision, manufacturing and technology. Creative use has been made of the physical remnants of the town’s industrial past, in order to recognise, redefine and reinvigorate Goldthorpe’s identity. The notion of collaborative production has extended to the working methodology of the studio, with students working collectively, sharing resources, ideas and approaches. Students have also worked closely with the residents of Goldthorpe to develop ideas and test propositions. The work will be exhibited in Goldthorpe at the end of the year to continue this dialogue.

Studio Tutor Daniel Jary 5th Year Students Alexandros Achniotis Ashley Mountain Georgina Rathbone Hugh Armstrong Joe Paget Martha Baulcombe Rowan Riley 6th Year Students Alexander Farr Ben Hooper Mark Cranfield Zongjie Kou

Studio Collaborators Ryan Bramley Lee Crookes April Fisher Dan Jones Andy Macfee Alister Shaw Coalfields Regeneration Trust Dearne Advanced Learning Centre Dearne Valley Landscape Partnership Goldthorpe and Bolton Big Local Goldthorpe Development Group Goldthorpe Salvation Army and the people of Goldthorpe

01 Studio - Community Engagement There has been a continuous dialogue with local residents throughout the year. Starting by decorating Christmas trees and culminating with an exhibition and book of ideas for the town. 02 Ben Hooper - The Showhouse of Everyday Life The Showhouse is a loose mix between a performance space, a market hall and people’s homes. It’s designed to respond to an established community group’s call for the construction of a cinema yet is situated in a context where the conventions of capitalism fail to provide services for its current population. The Showhouse becomes an active place for escapism into the lives and passions of others through shared experience where the architect’s role becomes that of set designer in realising these passions and advocating for them through a formalised structure in the centre of the town.

03 Mark Cranfield - Post Traumatic Landscapes The project is an intervention into the contamination surrounding Goldthorpe, aiming to decontaminate Goldthorpe’s past in order to decontaminate its future through a process of Phytoremediation; the decontamination of land using trees and plants. The project contains a research facility for phytoremediation as well as a community biomass combined heat and power system; Timber workshops and; a timber processing facility providing the town with much needed productive agency. The building conforms to the research landscape grid, creating a much needed public space in the centre of Goldthorpe. The building contains a patchwork of laboratories all set within a Greenhouse envelope, allowing the public to connect to the processes taking place. 04 Martha Baulcombe - (Well)Being with Water Goldthorpe bares the scars of the mining industry both mentally in the residents and physically in the disused railway cutting through the town. I am proposing to fill the disused railway cutting with water and to use the environmental, experiential and psychological effects of water and its wildlife to rejuvenate and re-connect the people and landscape of the town. The building promotes a way of working and playing which has strong links to this new landscape. The charred timber tower pays homage to Goldthorpe’s history whilst being an emblem to the 5 ways to well-being and a more resilient future for Goldthorpe. 05 Zongjie Kou - New Bank of Intelligence The New Bank of Intelligence is a experimental project on how architecture can facilitate a change in the measure of value from financial capital, to the development of skills and social capital. In this way, architecture can contribute to form, as David Harvey says: ‘the permanent and ongoing revolutions in human capacities and powers’. The building introduces ‘high-end’ science, technology and research to Goldthorpe, aiming to make it accessible to local people, who may not have previously had the skills, education or interest to engage with cutting edge technology. Grounding the research in real-world problems will raise the aspirations, skilllevels and experience of people in Goldthorpe. 06 Rowan Riley - Re-imagining the Terrace A radical approach to existing housing stock in the UK. Terraced houses at the centre of the town are transformed to facilitate the regrowth of the social cohesion that was lost when the mines were closed. A series of shared interventions in underused alleyways provides opportunities for mutual cooperation and support. The aim is to foster self-sustaining neighbourhoods and equip them to withstand the alienating forces of consumerist capitalism. Houses are adapted using a kit of parts, improving environmental performance and enabling a rich mix of demographics.

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07 Alexandros Achniotis - Phoenix Park Gateway Community The purpose of this project is to establish local resilience to the community of Goldthorpe. It aims to provide the town with a heart, a new community hub where people of all ages and social groups can come together to share ideas and experiences, allowing new opportunities to sprout, grow and flourish. The community is geared towards the production of new activities and jobs that will benefit the local economy and environment. The project’s location and configuration aids its symbiotic relationship with the surrounding man-made post-mining landscape, establishing new connections with the local schools, housing and infrastructure. 08 Ashley Mountain - The Brew Kettle The Brew Kettle Goldthorpe seeks to reform Goldthorpe’s identity, simultaneously creating a heart to a town which can be considered to have lost its purpose. The mixed use scheme looks to bring together local government, education and the production of goods. Developing on ideas from the Farrell review, The Brew Kettle looks to break down the boundaries between authority and education whilst at the same time acknowledging Goldthorpe’s past and future, to create a place for people to come together, share and learn. 09 Hugh Armstrong - Chemical Architecture Protocells are in­organic, self organising, chemical systems that metabolise and exhibit life­like behaviours. Genomics is the study of the human genome and the digital coding of DNA. The Gootopia Institute is founded in 2046 to explore and combine these fields of science, pioneering experimental research into programmable life. What possibilities does the ability to programme cellular activity afford us, and how can this be manifest both physically and poetically in the built environment? This project does not attempt to answer these questions, but offers possibilities as to what a Gootopian future might hold.

11 Alexander Farr - The Goldthorpe Technologies Campus The Goldthorpe Technologies Campus explores how an architecture facilitates and enables alternative economies to rebuild social bonds within the post-monopoly and politically disenfranchised ex-coal mining village of Goldthorpe. A sustainable fly ash brick production scheme will reinvent Goldthorpe, using a social firm model. It will invest profits into the Goldthorpe pound local currency to engage latent community identity and to promote tangible investment in the struggling village. Architecturally, the project embraces brick’s versatility, while exploring additive technologies in formwork production. A wider masterplan creates a public corridor of new technologies and a maker’s marketplace. 12 Georgina Rathbone - Goldthorpe Commons This project aims to investigate opportunities for industry, community and education to instigate local economy through the currently empty buildings within Goldthorpe. By converting disused buildings in the area into a network of resources, the community would have facilities to learn new skills and start entrepreneurial endeavours. These proposed buildings would tie into the current strong community initiatives within the town. This scheme also proposes the requirement for a central hub to facilitate local business ventures, it shall act as an administrative point, advice centre and place of learning that assists individuals and groups in starting their own businesses.

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10 Joe Paget - Sistema South Yorkshire Sistema South Yorkshire seeks to recreate the community empowerment and resilience that the coal mine once gave Goldthorpe and Bolton-on-Dearne, using the medium of music. The project sits on the site of the former welfare gardens and comprises a music school and auditorium, outdoor stage and extension to the existing Dearne Playhouse, which retains its importance at the top of the gardens. The proposals frame a newly landscaped and reinvigorated park that lies half way between the two villages and returns the site to its former status as a centre for recreation. 08

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Studio Future Works The FUTURE WORKS studio is about energy, industry and making. It is linked to the Stories of Change research project funded by the AHRC under the Connected Communities programme (April 2014- March 2017). Our starting point is the 2008 Climate Change Act and its UK cross-party commitments to the reduction of carbon emissions by 2050 that promise to have huge impacts on industry and the built environment. The studio has been exploring changing relations with energy in the workplace and the role of architecture and design in these transformations. The studio is based in and around factory sites between Sheffield and Derby. This region has a good claim to being the birthplace of both the industrial revolution and the modern factory system, but also carries a history of proto-industries tied to the area’s geology, topography and climate. Through mapping, storytelling, scenarios and design research the studio has collectively explored the concerns of the manufacturing industry with, global networks of trade, distributed workplaces, reconfigurable production lines, increased automation and responsibility to employees and apprentices all in the context of constrained energy futures. Factories we have worked with include John Smedley Ltd, a knitwear manufacturer at Lea Mills in continuous production on the same site since 1784, a ‘present factory’, the employee-owned Gripple Ltd in Sheffield; and the ‘future factory’, the Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre (AMRC) near Rotherham. The work in the studio has documented past and present ingenuity around energy use and making, and has provoked further ideas about future making, future factories, urban infrastructures and alternative energy futures.

Studio Tutors Dr Renata Tyszczuk Julia Udall 5th Year Students Sam Austen Jack Baker Niki Sole Robyn Kent Gary Cheung Kah Kiat Sham Alexander Craig-Thompson 6th Year Students Maria Henshall Sian Maycock Daniel Stern Yu Qian

Key project partners and collaborators with the Stories of Change project / Future Works The Silk Milll Derby Derby Musuems John Smedley Ltd Cromford Mills The Arkwright Society Masson Mills Gripple Ltd Portland Works Bloc Projects Sheffield Industrial Museums Trust Kelham Island Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre (AMRC) and thanks to: Jane Middleton-Smith & John Mumby, John Smedley Ltd Gordon Macrae & Automation Team, Gripple Ltd Charlotte Morgan, Bloc Projects Michael Ledger, Cromford Mills Lucy Ward, Singer & Songwriter Bexie Bush, Filmmaker Nicola Whyte, University of Exeter Joe Smith & Stephen Peake, Open University Robert Evans, Evans Vettori Architects Kerry Featherstone & Shirley Harrison, AMRC

01 Studio Field Trip - Cromford, The Derwent Valley The Studio Field Trip saw Future Works visit Cromford in the heart of the Derwent Valley. Surrounded by a history of manufacturing, trade, energy production and industrial infrastructure, this location was the perfect backdrop for studio reviews, storytelling, mapping and design research. During our stay in the Malthouse we were accompanied by various guests linked with the Stories of Change project.

02 Jack Baker - Towards Voltopia The project examines a transforming energy distribution system for Sheffield and the region, a scenario called ‘Towards Voltopia’. The city is relying on various forms of ‘vernacular’ energy, generated across its unique landscape to help prevent relying on major off shore renewables. Brightside, in the Upper Don Valley and also the city region of Sheffield has become an innovative test bed for new ways of distributing future energy. The site at Brightside hosts many elements, ranging in scale that plug into the site to explore the area’s future energy. At the heart of this, is an innovation facility, that tests substation equipment and the most efficient ways of dealing with Sheffield’s energy. 03 Alexander Craig-Thompson - The Landscape Machine This project is a transformation of a former cement works in the Hope Valley. It aims to create a new industrial typology based on intertwining production with landscape. The proposal sees a new industrial research centre established on the site. This will explore the potential of the Landscape Machine concept as a sustainable industrial paradigm. That means, looking at both the Landscape and the Machine as systems, and subsystems, which rather than one abusing the other, have the potential to work together symbiotically. In light of early research into pollution within the studio’s remit, it investigates advances in the science of carbon sequestration. What role can passive systems play, and what is the potential offered by sequestered carbon to form new useful material? 04 Gary Cheung - The Automotive Laboratory Towards 2050, there is increased importance in the worldwide target to de-carbon vehicular transport. One of the ways is the adoption of smart innovative technologies such as electroinduction street charging as well as the use of hybrid car technology. My project is located on Rockingham Street, Sheffield near the University of Sheffield Engineering Departments and also in close proximity to local automotive businesses. Creating architecture as a spectacle, as the noise, and challenging the traditional typology of high-tech research laboratories, as highlighted by the advanced techniques used in construction. 05 Daniel Stern - Composite Revivals This project aims to revive & redevelop the area of Parkwood springs by designing a low energy composite system of city infrastructure, public engagement, industry & activity. With construction starting in 2018, three distinct elements will provide the necessary foundations to ensure a scheme that is selfsustaining, accessible & a service to the city. These elements are: A Cable Gondola Public Transport System, that connects the city through a Ski Factory to an Activities Hub in Parkwood springs. 01


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06 Kah Kiat Sham - The Advanced Remanufacturing Centre The project takes place at the site of Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre (AMRC) of Sheffield. With the new masterplan, it aims to reconnect the isolated AMRC, AMRC 2, Sheffield Business Park into an Advanced Manufacturing Cluster that specialised in renewable energy and aerospace technology. The new Advanced Re-manufacturing Centre which consist of Factory of the Future, research centre, science museum, integrated train and monorail station and landscape bridge will transform the region into a destination where visitors can visit and witness the manufacturing process of aerospace components. The landscape bridge will reconnect the region which is separated by motorway and railway, linking the AMRC, wind farm park and High Hazel park at the north with the recreational park and residential area at the south. 07 Yu Qian - Advanced Fab-Lab with Energy Centre (AFEC) What will the power generation network look like in 2050? Is it possible to visualise the whole process of power from generation to consumption? What will a factory be like in the near future? What will be the new factory’s relationship to the local community? The AFEC generates power for itself and the local community which is set inside a garden area providing communal spaces for the local community and makers. AFEC has a small to medium scale CHP power plant operating as a demonstration and bioenergy research facility. The design creates an unconventional factory with a green breathable environment, showcasing Sheffield’s industrial achievement and future potential. 08 Niki Sole - The Evolution of John Smedleys: A factory of the past, present and future The project investigates how a partnership between John Smedley knitwear factory and the Centre for Sustainable Fashion could conceive, develop and apply radical sustainability principles and practices in the textile industry. An archive combining an Advanced Textile Research Centre and a museum of knitting is interwoven into the existing factory enabling knowledge from the past and present to be used for innovation in the future. By combining history, energy and innovation, John Smedley is a factory of the past, present and future and a voice for change.

10 Sam Austen - Sheffield Trading Point Sheffield Trading Point creates a series of spaces and connections in which making is showcased, learnt and bought to revive Sheffield’s manufacturing trade as a firm economic alternative to modern retail incentives. The project is based in 2025 but is influenced from both the past and the present, reviving the Little Mesters of Sheffield through a pre fabricated workshop space that can be customized, adapted and distributed to the user’s requirements. The proposal works around the maker’s ‘toolbox’s, reconfiguring the building from a maker’s factory to a exhibition & market place. 11 Sian Maycock - The Rope Factory The Rope Factory explores how manufacturing can be reintegrated within the city of Sheffield in a way which engages with the local community. In line with the Studio themes, the design is driven by themes surrounding energy and manufacturing, with a particular focus on human energy and the creation of energetic working environments.Inspired by the city’s rich population of outdoor enthusiasts, the project combines a rope factory, a mountaineering training and research centre, and hostel accommodation. The site also acts as a platform for outdoor adventure film screenings, fairs and various other public gatherings. 12 Robyn Kent - The Grantham Institute Centre for Artificial Photosynthesis The Grantham Institute Centre for Artificial Photosynthesis looks to aid the fight against climate change by creating specialist facilities for the research and production of clean fuel through Artificial Photosynthesis. The building contains specialist, controlled laboratories whilst the envelope itself assists with the collection of the natural resources of sunlight and H20. This ground breaking facility is designed to raise awareness of the power of natural resources and provide fuel to the locality by 2050. The integration of the building with the landscape throughout the building demonstrates the power of the landscape. The building is seen to evolve from the landscape and flow through the topography whilst educating both researchers and visitors.

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09 Maria Henshall - The House Factory The ‘House Factory’ proposes a factory for prefabricated homes, combined with an apprenticeship college for advanced manufacturing technology, located in Kelham Island in Sheffield. This thesis project has taken on the AMRCs Factories of the Future report by exploring their agenda for increased innovation in manufacturing. The design has questioned what reconfiguration and adaptability might mean in the future factory and what building elements could be fabricated on site. The aim of the site is to give its occupants the tools for adaptation and sets up a flexible framework in which to do this, whilst bringing together stakeholders from industry, education, creative making and construction.

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Studio Landscape + Urbanism / Landscapes of Remediation The studio looks at the idea of remediation as a driver for wellbeing. The studio looks at understanding what naturalised landscapes might be and in particular the nature of the post-industrial cities. The landscape is understood as an agent of change, constructed from cumulative change rather than a rigid reality1. Explorations then seek to develop synergies between landscapes and how we live and work within the modern city. The studio considers the changes within the demographics of the city and the impact that this has on the social needs of its inhabitants.

REMEDIATION STRATEGY - River Don

DETAIL OF GROWING MEDIUM LAYERS ABOVE PONTOON

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Located primarily along the Sheaf valley in Sheffield, the studio explores the valley section, charting the transformation of the landscape and its impact on the communities along the section line. Michel Desvigne looks at the long-time frame of landscapes and cities, exploring the notion of playing with time and its impact on ‘the coexistence of different stages of development that concentrate and condense, in a short period, processes with historical rhythms’2.

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As a studio we have explored through a research led agenda, the changes wrought on an urban landscape by economic, social and ecological agendas. Adopting where possible strategies of mitigation over adaption, looking particularly at the impact of health, housing, and education on the sustainable growth of a city. The resultant projects create briefs that are wide ranging but have a focus on the development of operative communities and how they in turn develop support networks for health and wellbeing, learning, working and living.

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EXPLODED ISOMETRIC OF FLOATING 3.Hardwood frame structure to hold growing medium 4. Water proof lining to prevent run offs 5. Common aquatic plants for water treatment : Cattails (Typha latifolia) Common Reed (Phragmites) Water hyacinth

PLAN + ELEVATION OF MODULAR PONTOON 1. Lug Fitting 2. Cube

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Visiting Tutors Hannah Smart Theo Bishop

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Field Trip to Germany together with studio CP 01 Yee Hua Chee - The Pop-Up Horticulture Centre This project focuses on areas near the River Don that was once a vital element in the city’s industrialisation that has now disintegrated into a site for waste accumulation and inactivity. In response to, the project proposes a remediative sequence that uses plants to revert the river and derelict sites around the area to their original importance and value. To ensure its sustenance, the building grows the plants that are part of the phytoremediation strategy with a clean water source drawn from the nearby river. This process is repeated until the soils are free from contamination, and in so doing, becomes a symbolic manifestation of remediation and compensation for the ravages of modern industry.

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02 Bart Smith - Sheffield Growing Exchange The building acts as a central hub for the wider remediation of the Sheaf Valley, and its current failings as a green corridor. The site seeks to act as the first link in a new network of temporary and permanent growing areas along the river. Here, seeds, skills and equipment can be exchanged in a place of growing, learning and living. The site is divided up into a series of courtyards bordered by brick walls that take inspiration from walled gardens of the past whilst responding to the urban context. 03 Jess Beresford - Abbeydale Tea Laundry Aiming to deal with the inevitable, pertinent question of how we live in later life, the focus of the project evolves around the interstitial demographic known as the ‘young-old’. Taking advantage of localised opportunities, the community network of dwellers, producers and partakers, is focused on the notion of exchange which is bound together through the particular activity of producing herbal teas. This process within the landscape provides a driver to remediate the urban scale through community custodianship of the landscape and the neighbourhood in which they live. 04 Viola Hänsel - Urban Valley Cycle This project looks at remediating the Sheaf Valley through the implementation of a cycle network which is linked to the river and therefore creates new access to unused urban space. It is designed as exciting and quick connection link between the city centre, the south of Sheffield and the Peak District. Small scale flexible workshop buildings and a central cycle hub with a multi storey bicycle park and a cycle hostel complete the scheme.

6. Connecting short pin 7. Bolt 8. Nut

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1 James Corner, “Ecology and Landscape as Agents of Creativity,” Ecological Design and Planning. Eds George Thompson and Frederick Steiner, New York: John Wiley & Sons.1997. p 81

6th Year Students Adam Turnell Ben Craven David Gibson Harry Wright Patrich Mc Evoy Tom Stanton

DETAIL CONNECTION BETWEEN PONTOONS

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2 Michel Desvigne, “Introduction,” Intermediate Natures: The Landscapes of Michel Desvigne, Basel, Birkhauser, 2009, p. 12.

Studio Tutor Howard Evans

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To remove pollutants from the river water, floating reed beds are set to bob along the river edge. As the plants slowly absorb the pollutants away, the river is reintroduced as a floating green space for Kelham residents.

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phase 1 - water remediation

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construction phase :

1. Construct floating and vertical reed bed system. 2. Plant common reed plants ( Phragmites Australis) at 4 plants per m2 3. Arrange layers of gravel bed accordingly

water remediation process :

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4. Water drawn from river into horizontal reed bed system 5. Water passes through filtration layers to remove large suspended solids. 6. Water enters vertical reed bed system where cleaning process takes place. 7. Clean water is piped into timber water storage tanks nearby. 8. Water is piped into larger water storage at the centre of the site.

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05 Abdulbari Kutbi - The Cerulean Hall The post-industrial spaces of the Sheaf Valley have spawned a social and cultural divide between populations of different income, ethnicity, origin & education. The project repurposes a gradient corridor from Abbeydale Road to Broadfield Road, replacing redundants spaces with a new connective urban landscape. By capitalising on the largest population minority in the area, the programme takes the cultural basis of a mosque and prayer space and attaches it to a much more inclusive series of community spaces, exhibition areas and open access foyer. Ultimately, the work aims to suggest possible combinatorial approaches to a classic religious programme within the rich context of Sheffield. 02

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03 Exploded Isometric Local Context and Brief Programmes

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06 Adam Turnell - Remediation of Mind & Place The project looks to provide a user centric approach to the access of support and treatment for people suffering from mental health illnesses. It creates a site which integrates services form the council, NHS and charitable groups within existing and proposed buildings based around a series of interconnected courtyards and squares. The project aims to destigmatize mental health illnesses and provide a lifelong support network for Sheffield’s residents throughout all stages of their life within an integrated urban environment. 07 Ben Craven - Food Locality “On average, people spend 20% of their income on food and the global food market is the domain of a few large companies, gaining increasing control over people’s everyday diets and expenses.” This project sets out to highlight the potential value in Sheffield’s Sheaf Valley. The proposal is for a hub that becomes a pivotal point within the community, for the sharing of knowledge and resources, creating a community that is less dependent on imported produce.

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08 David Gibson - The Narratives Institute The Narratives Institute sets a polemic stance to re-imagine the way we access knowledge and social support, as well as how we create it. Situated on London Road in Sheffield, the project is formulated around a multifaceted public service institution for the capture and broadcast of peoples stories. The intention is to facilitate social justice amongst a highly diverse collection of communities. Through a series of integrated spaces the institution can document Sheffield’s social economy with an overriding objective to reinvigorate both the physical realm a and the multicultural networks of the city. 07 09 Harry Wright - Printworks Retreat The Printworks Retreat examines changing attitudes towards mental health and creates opportunities to acknowledge an understanding of depression. Located in New Mills the project provides an escape from negativity into natural landscapes. Depression will be confronted with accommodation, support services and opportunities to express anxiety through artistic mediums celebrating New Mill’s historic Calico Printing industry. The printing profile is raised further through brand identity development and artistic production displayed in community gallery spaces enabling income potential.

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10 Tom Stanton - Abbeydale Dementia Village Most people don’t think our communities are appropriate places for people with dementia to inhabit. By placing people with dementia at the core of our communities and providing facilities that the public want to use, we can encourage interaction and discussion with the aim that it will normalise the condition. This project explored modern care facilities and used research to drive forward a the design of a new dementia care village in the Sheaf Valley, Sheffield, with the aim of creating a scheme that will benefit everyone in the area.

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11 Patrick Mc Evoy - The Sheaf Valley Forum The Sheaf Valley is characterised by a diverse array of communities. The project programme was informed by research into the make-up of local communities and based on activities that could encourage local people from different backgrounds to interact. The Sheaf Valley Forum is made up of a leisure and a community centre and represents a collection of ideas that could be implemented with the goal of improving social integration within the Sheaf Valley. 06

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Studio: In Residence Working ‘in residence’, this studio builds upon the work of previous projects and engagement with Castlegate, the historic city centre of Sheffield. The studio has taken residence at Live Works, the first permanent university-based urban room in the UK, located at the heart of Sheffield city centre. Castlegate, located to the north east of Sheffield city centre, is home to centuries of market trading, archaeological remains of a castle and numerous civic and cultural institutions. The area is now officially ‘in decline’, deprived of investment and strangled by diverted bus routes. During the course of this year’s studio, the Castle Markets, which were a major draw to Castlegate, have been demolished, leaving a void in what was once an active and vibrant place. This year the studio collaborated with various artist groups to experiment with different participatory methods of engaging and learning about place, as well as exploring the interdisciplinary overlap between art and architecture. These collaborations which brought new temporary artworks to Castlegate and Sheffield city centre were presented at the ‘We are Here’ symposium at the Arts Tower which included panel discussions led by curators, practitioners and academics. The studio also took inspiration from China Miévilles’ novel ‘The City & the City’. The story explores two cities that ‘co-exist’ in the same place but which do not acknowledgement each other; if you happen to see the other city you must ‘unsee’ them. This became a starting point for how the studio could reveal the hidden narratives behind Castlegate which have informed a variety of different projects.

Studio Tutor Carolyn Butterworth 5th Year Students Harriet Francis Jennifer Horne William King Nam Kha Tran Hannah Winwood Wanqing Wong 6th Year Students Jennifer Clemence Jonathan Day Sophie Ellis Sirdeep Nandera Joshua Stokes

Studio Collaborators Steve Pool and Kate Geneva, Poly-Technic Yorkshire Artspace Jane Anderson, Models for Practice Leo Fitzmaurice Sans façon Office for Subversive Architecture Louis Tuckman STEALTH.unlimited Chris Wilderspin, van Heyningen and Haward Carole Latham, Journeyman Design

Erasmus Emanuel Falappa

01 Jonathan Day - The Citadel of Exchange The project is rooted in Sheffield, speculating at the construction of a city within a city on the former Castle Market site. It will facilitate social, cultural, skills and knowledge exchange, disallowing the use of standardised money to promote alternative forms of economy, which will range from bartering to service and time exchange. The site will be owned by Castle Market Exchange, a charity set up by the users of Castlegate and will attract a wide range of stakeholders, who will rent a section of the Citadel Wall to inhabit, and use the customisable pods to fulfil their needs. The Citadel will grow organically inside the wall, with The Centre of Exchange its beacon, which will be present throughout its life span through its adaptable use.

02 Sophie Ellis - (Castle)Gateway: A Social Experiment of Vocational Entrepreneurship Can the integration of refugees into an area of decline provide grass roots opportunities for regeneration, trade and work? Based in the heart of Sheffield’s historic city centre, the proposal of a vocational enterprise and support facility, aims to change preconceptions of the effects that increasing refugee populations is having on our economies. The proposal seeks out to portray the potential that can be learnt and gained from migrant communities, whilst addressing on the ground issues in Castlegate of unemployment, a lack of vocational training, and a vast number of under-used buildings. The re-appropriation of an “at risk” grade II listed building provides the base for a hive of creative and cultural activity with construction and vocational trade training at the core of the project’s programme. 04 03 William King - HS2: Engine for Art This project speculates what if a HS2 station was built on the site of the former Sheffield Victoria Railway Station, approximately a 10 minute walk from the city centre. Opened in 1851, Sheffield Victoria Station was a prototype for long distance luxury commuter journeys linking Sheffield with London Marylebone. The project considers the urban regenerational implications of HS2 on Castlegate and argues that as well as being a new gateway to Sheffield and an ‘engine for growth’, HS2 could also be an ‘engine for art’. Here local art is celebrated as part of the passenger experience, distinguishing Sheffield Victoria from other UK HS2 Stations. 04 Nam Kha Tran - Castlegate: In Loving Memory Build. Inhabit. Demolish. Rebuild. The cyclical nature of our cities can be seen as a mirror to our own personal paths. Whilst death is inevitable, society’s greatest character trait is our resilience in times of tragedy. Our personal connection with death can inspire contemplation and reflection, transcending the day-to-day. But when buildings die, do we mourn? How? Do buildings even die? You can’t be comparing a building to human life, can you?! Castlegate: In Loving Memory is a personal exploration which has produced more questions than answers. Personal tragedies teach us the power of openess and communication in the face of death. We question what is truly important and what is truly appropriate. In an age of polished buildings and shiny drawings we seek immediate answers regardless of their longevity. Architecture and the architecture of death often elevates the subject(s) beyond human understanding under the guise of apotheosis but we have proven time and time again that our true strength lies in our vulnerability. Dedicated to my bà nôi . and Robert Henry. 04


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CONSTRUCTION THEATRE // VOCATIONAL TRADE ENTERPRISE AND SUPPORT FACILITY

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05 Jennifer Clemence - The Self-Publishing House What is the Relationship Between Architecture and the Written Word? The Self-Publishing House – a scheme that embodies story, text and punctuation, both literally and figuratively and which offers individuals and the community a place in which to explore and express their own stories, utilises the written word as both design generator and programmatic driver. Sited on the now derelict site of Castle Market, the scheme provides space for publishing, therapy, education, reading and writing amidst a narrative forest, providing spaces for the spoken word and literary festival. 06 Jennifer Horne - Urban Waterscapes: Revealing The Sheaf This project proposes the use of water to facilitate the urban regeneration of Castlegate and the wider city centre. Water has played an important part in Sheffield’s origin and cultural heritage, but over time these once significant waterways have become redundant and forgotten. In recent years Sheffield has learnt what an asset water in the city can be, and in turn realised that water has the ability to transform a space. Focussing on the urban section of the River Sheaf, this scheme aims to utilize the river, an existing amenity, alongside interventions that enhance and reveal, whilst creating landmarks out of the functional elements necessary for water management and cleansing, allowing the water to be further experienced and celebrated. 07 Sirdeep Nandera - The Fabric Construct A visionless Castlegate has slipped into a state of depression, can making as a performance mend its loss of the past? The everchanging nature of making and the shift towards mass production has altered the original nature of craft. In the creation of a small cyclic economy, The Fabric Construct challenges the current framework of textile making by,providing a platform for makers to share the knowledge that they have, with the future advocates of the craft. The project provides the basis for an alternative building typology where tacit knowledge can be unlocked through a fusion of traditional and contemporary textile making methods. 08 Joshua Stokes - The Crime, The Victim and The Voyeur This project has been looking at societies’ relationship with crime through three perspectives: The Crime, as an institutional or civic process, The Victim, as one actor in a broader array of relationships, and The Voyeur, as an observer embroiled in spectacle image and story. These three perspectives have helped inform three distinct architectural languages, alongside a program that combines together a new publicly orientated Magistrate’s Court and a Crime themed visitor attraction through a joint venture between The Ministry of Justice and Crime Experience Ltd. The proposal opens up a dialogue asking when does engagement become entertainment, and how the relationship between crime and a voyeuristic public affects the administering of justice?

09 Hannah Winwood - [Re]making Castlegate Market My masterplan for the Castlemarket site proposes to explore the social benefits of the self grown and the self crafted by bringing these experiences together on one site. It will draw on the knowledge and skills of both the active allotment groups on the fringes of Sheffield and the skilled makers and artists in Exchange Place studios and throughout the rest of the city, to provide a platform for traditional and multidisciplinary skill sharing for all abilities. Artists are already very well catered for in Sheffield, however, what doesn’t seem to be present is something for the local hobbiest or for people who are just curious to have a go at something new. In addition, this is also a platform for people that are new to the craft industry and wish to explore their creative production in a secure and unpressured environment, where there is also opportunity to sell their products.

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10 Wanqing Wong - Envisioning Destination Castlegate Castlegate is imagined as a destination in a constantly shifting cultural landscape. Simultaneously functioning as a flood basin, the proposed landscape and more permanent structures are designed to enable cultural festival activities. The proposed cable car station and the observatory tower enables the constant stream of visitors to arrive at the festival on site despite the occurrences of flood. Improvisational and interactive architecture built of the scaffolds will adapt to varying programmes of each festival- introducing an architecture of constant activity within the landscape of Castlegate - the continuous process of construction, dismantling, and reassembly; sustaining the speculative element of what the site could be in the future. 11 Harriet Francis - Castlegate Commons This project plays out the scenario where the local stakeholders reclaim the former Castle Market site and through both bottomup and top-down means promotes a city-wide ‘commons initiative’ creating a platform to rebuild and strengthen the fractured and displaced community. Developing research into both urban food production and sustainable community development, the project investigates a resilience strategy which promotes circular economy and a humble adaptability to nature. The project works across the River Don, retrofitting the derelict Hancock & Lant Building as a hydroponic centre and establishing community allotments and self-build ‘hub’ on the adjacent Castle Market site.

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DEMOLITION OF CASTLE MARKET

Pavilion Hub Gives Area For Greenhouse and Workshop / Skills Transfer

COMMUNITY BUILT PAVILION Re-engaging The Local Community Of Castlegate

Trees Planted On Site

Research Into Bioremediation and Climate Sustainable Crops

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Improves Local Economy of Surrounding Area, e.g. Tap and Barrel Pub

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Grade II Listed Facade Retained By Steel Structure Allowing For Optimised Internal Layout

Seed Bank For Species Development For Both Bioremediation an Urban Agriculture

Public Walkway Cut Through Re-engaging With Building Of Cultural Importance

Lady’s Bridge Becomes Key Point of Crossing Again

Void Site Harvest

Excavation of Castle Ruins. Displaced Earth Used To Make Panels in ‘Fab Lab’

SSoA Collaboration with Leo Fitz-Morris and Local Artists COMMUNITY TAKE BACK CASTLE MARKET SITE FOR COMMON USE BIOREMEDIATION OF SITE

Weir Upstream Produces Energy For Hydroponics Centre

‘Pick Your Own’ Grow Beds

Retaining Wall Landscaped Down to Connect Site to River

Pedestrianised Grey To Green Route Creates Area For Markets and Festival

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Studio Histories of Place Histories of place: a very local World Heritage The studio has been investigating the relationship between cultural heritage and community. What does it mean to live somewhere with strong ties to a material past and how, in imagining the future, should we engage with this cultural inheritance as architects? The site for the year has been Saltaire, a nineteenth century model industrial town. Students were asked to explore its duality as a UNESCO-inscribed World Heritage Site and local urban neighbourhood, examining the relevance of the cradle-to-grave ethos embodied in its original spatial configuration and documenting how it is perceived as a place through the eyes of the local community. We used methods derived from conservation practice to develop a critical understanding of both past and present contexts, to evaluate the significance of its heritage, to record its social and architectural legacy and to identify opportunities for new architectural interventions in and around Saltaire Village. The studio has responded to the conflicts and synergies that exist between Saltaire’s heritage status as a site of outstanding universal value and the quality of life and wellbeing of its local residents. Provoking a creative exchange between old and new, proposals examine the development of new or revitalised buildings to sustain the 21st century community, looking at new models for housing, leisure, community arts, education and healthy living that contribute to the daily life and civic identity of Saltaire and embrace the transient visitor or tourist. 01 Studio Tutor Dr Jo Lintonbon 5th Year Students Chee Kun Chong Hang Zhou Helene Offer-Ohlsen (Erasmus) Joren Heise (MALA) Maleeka Metteden (MALA) Richard Grenfell Simeon Shtebunaev (TRP) Ming Pong Yuen

Contributors Helen Thornton, World Heritage Site Officer, Bradford Metropolitan District Council Robert Blundell, 3xa Design

6th Year Students Fran Kirk Robert Ormrod (TRP) Yuntong Mu (TRP)

01 Studio Histories of Place Berlin Field Trip with Studio Learning Cultures Saltaire Exhibition 02 Fran Kirk - A Model for Healthy Living: Does fostering a sense of community help to encourage a healthy way of life? This thesis project explores regeneration in the context of a World Heritage Site, understanding what is significant about the heritage of the site and applying it to sustainable development. This includes: exploring the positive effects architecture can have on the relationship between physical and mental health; how design can facilitate the creation of a support network within the community; how a mixed-use development can encourage a more self-directed and preventative approach to healthcare; how shared spaces can encourage community integration and shared knowledge; and ultimately how the community can take ownership over their sustainable future. The proposal aims to work with Lockwood and Mawson’s existing urban plan, strengthening the network of community buildings and providing a centre that combines healthcare, education and community support services, embodying the principles of healthy living through to the architecture itself. 03 Robert Ormrod - A Civic Theatre for Saltaire

04 Yun Tong Mu - Ageing Society in An Ageing Place The project is inspired and shaped by Saltaire’s existing legacy and issues. It generates a new model for retirement living and a new identity of Saltaire through identify and cherish the growing value comes with ageing. Acting as a community scale nanny house, the proposed senior co-housing community for silver citizens encourages people to grow old in Saltaire not only by providing home-like care design and various support for different needs, but also help silver citizens to achieve self-actualisation and brings people together through shared living and residence-run facilities and activities. 05 Chee Kun Chong - Revitalization of Saltaire, Reinstallation of Robert’s Park Entrance. Visitor activity has been a key part of the revitalization of Saltaire in the late 20th century. It has helped maintain retail activity, brought major buildings on the site into sustainable reused and provided employment opportunities. In addition, the World Heritage Convention requires signatories to promote world heritage and continued presence of visitors remain in and around Salt’s Mill although some do move out across the site particularly along Victoria Road and to a lesser extent Robert’s Park. To support the sustainability of the area and the economic achievement brought by the visitors, feasibilities of reinstalling the Robert’s Park Entrance together with demolished Victoria Road Bridge is proposed here. 06 Hang Zhou - Interactive Textile Centre This project focuses on gathering multicultural people and celebrating the dynamics of different civilizations. The project aims to weave present into past, the international into the local, and the building into the site. The project is designed as a platform for tourists and local people sharing and communicating. The centre is developed from the main exhibition ramp which exhibits collected ensembles from different cultures. Together with exhibitions, there are creative textile workshops, galleries, collection point, documentation rooms and a cafe.

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07 Helene Offer-Ohlsen - Weaving the Mill The project works to rationalise the access to the Weaving Sheds and lower levels of the Mill by introducing a stepped terrace. A concrete structure is the inserted within the historic building to create a continuous ramp, working as an exhibition space for textile traditions utilised within Salts Mill in the past. The project looks at the history of the Mill and aims to educate the visitor, to promote a fuller understanding of the building’s historic significance, beyond the current commercial uses. 02


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08 Joren Heise - The Performing Arts Centre The Performing Arts Centre is located within the heart of Saltaire, a Victorian model village which inspired the garden city movement. It stitches together the loose activities and marks the entrance gateway for a series of landscape interventions. These are built upon the scars left behind within Shipley’s urban sprawl, connecting the northern and southern greenbelts. A central circulation within the building along the main axis becomes the internal street and was inspired by the axial layout of Saltaire. The activities are placed between series of garden walls parallel with the Salts Mill. The proposal provides facilities to the local communities and nearby educational institutions, offering a new front to the visitors of the World Heritage Site. 09 Maleeka Metteden - The Creative Commons The Creative Commons is a creative community enterprise, inspired by the heritage and values of Saltaire. The project explores a means of conserving the industrial heritage with a focus on the entrepreneurial heritage while developing a framework for a more coherent community. It inhabits the common land in the village providing affordable creative studios alongside a series of spaces designed specifically for community use, increasing opportunities for intergenerational interactions and the sharing of skills between creative individuals and a community with a strong creative affiliation.

12 Yuen Sunny - Sustainable Tourism Development in Saltaire This project focuses on balancing the usage of local, low impact building material and appreciating significant historical and architectural value of Saltaire, and providing a communication platform for local community and tourists (especially for students under 16s). In the mastering planning, the site will be developed into four parts: student accommodation, education centre, café and tourist information centre, and external exhibition space about Saltaire development. Built with a simple layout, forms, and materials that not require specialist knowledge (rammed earth and timber), so as to encourage public involvement in the construction period of the project. By introducing lots of greenery and semi-open space between building blocks, scheduled/nonscheduled outdoor activities within the site are welcome for transforming into a social space with a stunning backdrop of Salt’s Mill and Saltaire Village.

10 Richard Grenfell - Learning, naturally. The centre is located on the outskirts of the world heritage site, near Hirst Wood. The ambition for this project is to positively reinforce our relationship with nature through low impact outdoor activities. The site utilises the abundance of natural hotspots to create a playground, anchoring the building in its setting. The centre welcomes visitors that wander along the Leeds Liverpool Canal and River Aire to gardens and a café sustained on local produce. The project was conceived to undermine the aesthetic tyranny of the World Heritage site by educating users about the consequences of their building material choices.

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11 Simeon Shtebunaev - ‘The Underbelly of the Beast This study looks at the ‘other’ side of Salts Mill - the unloved and forgotten one. By introducing a new function - the University Technical College, it takes an ideological stance against the mono-use regeneration model currently prevailing and promotes diversity when reusing old buildings. It also serves a master planning function - unlocking the canal side of the Mill. The parasitic new building occupies the inside of the historic buildings, weaving its way through them and providing access. It emerges to solidify within the three specialist teaching buildings, a golden brass creature held within a concrete frame and creates a new entry point to the Mill. The new crossing over the canal and extensive public circulation create a new way to explore the histories of the place and create new ones.

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Studio Learning Culture This year we have been exploring the notion of learning; how people, communities, places and buildings learn. From initial investigations, a series of key questions emerged including: Where does learning take place and how do we learn? How do we value learning and how is knowledge collected and shared? The studio has focused on the Dearne Valley. Bridging the metropolitan areas of Barnsley, Doncaster and Rotherham, the Dearne is unique in terms of historic and natural landscapes, close-knit communities and bio-diversity. The area also has some of the highest recorded levels of social deprivation nationally. Throughout the year, we have been working with local partners, including the Dearne Valley Landscape Partnership. Through their networks we have engaged individuals, groups and organisations on the ground, seeking to use local knowledge and know-how to help shape the work of the studio. Projects span a range of scales; some have developed strategies for the transformation of the valley’s eco systems, whereas others have focused on engaging local communities in the arts. Whatever the scale of the architectural responses, each explores the potential for creating new formal and informal learning spaces and structures. Many of the projects propose new ways of enabling local people to help re-define themselves and their surroundings. As a group, the studio has created a body of knowledge that captures the vibrancy of an area, but also a series of proposals that can inform and support the ongoing physical and social development of the region. 01 Studio Tutor Leo Care 5th Year Students Elina Åberg Helen Berg Rangika Fernandopulle Marika Karouzou Daniel Klaiber Jennifer Lee Josh Molnar Lucy Parkinson Jesse Quinn

Visiting Tutors Richard King, Dearne Valley Landscape Partnership Lukas Barry, Carmody Groarke Susanne Hofmann & , Die Baupiloten Prue Chiles, Newcastle University

6th Year Students Sam Diston Sita Jobanputra Olivia Smith

01 Studio group work 02 Studio masterplan 03 Studio field trip to Berlin

01 Sam Diston - The Brass Institute This project investigates how a music school and performance venue could be integrated within the town of Mexborough in the Dearne Valley, utilising the incredible value of music and the heritage of brass bands to help tackle some the significant social and economic issues found in the region today. The project takes inspiration from history, music and acoustics to create an architectural language of geometry, rhythm and subdivision. By improving access to the arts the thesis aims to challenge government thinking around arts education, support new skills development for local people and celebrate local heritage.

02 Sita Jobanputra - In Memory of Risk This thesis recognises a cultural transition from the ‘industrial society’ to the ‘risk society’ of today: a condition whereby active risk-taking in the exploration of space is strongly discouraged, stunting the cognitive and behavioural development of the human race. The Edge Assembly is a destination for those interested in developing their understanding of risk. The Edge Assembly is an education and conference facility where the activity of exploring the hundreds of meters of mining tunnels beneath Barnsley is the backdrop and test bed for the demonstration of the ways society should approach risk. 03 Olivia Smith - Rewilding The Dearne Valley This project is a polemic investigation into the facilitation of experimental Rewilding, and its associated opportunities for the landscape and communities that exist in the Dearne Valley. The scenario begins in the present day, where the growth of human society has had devastating effects on global ecosystems. Local people will take an active role in land remediation strategies, leading to the reintroduction of keystone species to the landscape, to catalyse an increase in biodiversity. By 2035, the scheme will provide scientific facilities for the community as well as a headquarters for the ongoing Rewilding project.

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05 Helen Berg - Constructing Communities: Conisbrough “Constructing Communities” is a capacity-building strategy, identifying “failures” within the Dearne Valley. The initiative promotes sustainable self-build and social housing in Conisbrough, with future implementation in the wider Dearne Valley region. The project tackles high unemployment rates following Dearne’s industrial decline, and recent mass construction of poor quality developer housing. The program begins with construction of “Conisbrough Island” neighbourhood, opposite the ‘failed’ Earth Centre for Sustainable Technology, whilst the architectural focus is the Self-Build Education Centre and Community Hub, and the transfer of environmental and social principles from this building to the “Island” scheme in general. 03

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10 Josh Molnar - The Dearne Valley Follies The Dearne Valley Follies address a number of key issues around learning opportunities, health and cultural activities. The proposed strategy reconnects the Dearne Valley by reinstating the disused railway lines into cycle paths. A rotating collective of makers and an architect in residence based in a live and work building in Wombwell, design and co-build a number of follies with local groups to provide dynamic learning opportunities that are easily accessible, engaging and creative. 06 Rangika Fernandopulle - The Festival of Pottery Glassblowing and the pottery industry were central to Dearne’s history for centuries, yet have been forgotten with time. The once celebrated Waterloo kiln stands in isolation as a result of the lack of awareness of the industry that once formed an active part of the community. Currently Yorkshire artist Adele Howitt and musician Graham Oliver - together with the Dearne Valley Landscape Partnership (DVLP) - are trying to bring back the culture and tradition of the forgotten potteries. This project provides three facilities to support their efforts - The Potter’s Centre: which acts as the base for work funded by the Don pottery site; The Kiln Market: A market which celebrates the pottery industry at the Kiln site; The Pottery Route: a trail of interventions connecting the two sites. 07 Marika Karouzou - Barnsley Main Colliery Memorial Situated in the heart of Dearne Valley, next to the existing Barnsley Main Colliery, the Memorial is dedicated to the lived experience of coal miners. Geometrically the Memorial is an addition to the existing ground, thereby adding a dimension to the experience of the colliery. The building provides the opportunity not only for a horizontal interaction but also for interaction in the vertical axis. Besides the obvious horizontal route, the vertical route is of great interest: as one moves from upper to lower levels of the building (literally and metaphorically), there is a symbolic gesture for visitors to experience, that even in the darkest moments where you feel like you will never escape, a small trace of light restores hope. 08 Daniel Klaiber - Hiding in the Dearne Valley This project proposes a redefined education strategy for RSPB Dearne Valley which aims to tackle the issue that children are becoming increasingly disconnected with the environment and the role that it plays in sustaining human life. The proposal presents three bird hides and a main education centre which have been inspired by the activities of local wildlife species and the physical and environmental qualities of their particular habitats. The series of built structures within the wetland reserve aims to create a sense of social resilience within the curricula of local primary schools and re-engage children with the natural landscape.

11 Lucy Parkinson - The Den This project provides the young people of Wath Upon Dearne with an opportunity to participate in creative skill development activities. The principle of the design is to give the Town’s younger generation a sense of ownership, achievement, and collaboration through implicit self build learning, outside of the school environment. Alongside the youth centre there is a collection point for household waste cardboard and a factory to recycle the cardboard into a water and fire resistant construction material. The external architecture is ‘designed for assemble’, however the flexible internal space allows youth groups to construct, deconstruct and reconstruct their own environment using the constant supply of free material.

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Studio Intergenerational Architecture The studio investigated how we can design and evolve appropriate architectural responses for our current and future intergenerational demographic. This included exploring environments for play, learning, living, social interaction, healthcare and civic amenity. There was a focus on provision at human, domestic and urban scales; varying from the texture of electric blankets and the acoustics of learning environments, to the DIY adaptation of space, reuse and reinvention of existing structures to the far reaching reliability and impact of bus timetables. Projects explored the inevitable environments that exist for young and the old and investigated how these can be improved, re-imagined and transformed. The majority of our work was focussed in Hull building upon studies from last year. In doing so we aim to highlight and celebrate our endeavours with those for the Hull City of Culture 2017.

Studio Tutor Satwinder Samra 5th Year Students John Bacon Kevin Lo Zak Nicoll Kasia Oskroba Lucy Uren 6th Year Students Charlotte Eley Matt Baker Chris Hill Jennika Parmar Richard Webster Jonny Wilson Suki Sehmbi

03 Jennika Parmar - The Memory Respite Trust This thesis objective is to create a Memory Respite Trust for people dealing with Alzheimer’s disease as well as giving support for family, friends and carers. This will aid key health and research services within the NHS and charities like the Alzheimer’s Society with research space, medical and wellness facilities. The Hull City Council 2020 Wellness Proposal aims to give better health care facilities for older people, from which this thesis will support. This will give older people a friendly approachable environment to use within a close proximity to the centre of Hull. Independent living accommodation for older people is also designed within the site area. This project aims to tackle Alzheimer’s disease through creating opportunity for happiness, surprise and beauty.

Thanks to Emma England, RIBA Yorkshire Ben Gibson, Gibson Thornley Tom Goodall, Argent Mark Hodson, Hodson Architects William Matthews, William Matthews Associates King Kong Hostel, Rotterdam

04 Kasia Oskroba - Cooking Community Centre The project, based in the Hull Fruit Market, explores themes of changing physical ability, the role of elderly in modern society, and kitchen as a community focus point and a central element of a building. It results in a mixed use scheme featuring a cooking community centre that acts as an intergenerational shared site where children, youth and older adults participate in growing, preparation and consumption of food. The scheme also aims to bring together and strengthen the local food and community support networks.

01 Studio visit to Hull November 2015

05 John Bacon - Cultural Pavilions for the City (of Culture) This project was based around the issues of Hull’s history, heritage and culture. Set in the context of the 2017 UK City of Culture it looks at how, through a series of small scale, temporary and permanent built pavilions, a framework can be created to provide support for the year’s programme of events along with forming a lasting contribution to Hull’s cultural offering and a celebration of its rich history.

02 Charlotte Eley - Hull Language Exchange In an increasingly multicultural society the requirement for different communities to coexist is essential and language learning and cultural education play a fundamental role in this. This project explores how architecture can promote intercultural relationships, proposing a new language school, cultural centre and language services centre for the city of Hull. The project will be set within a wider site strategy which also includes the redevelopment of an existing department store building into retail units, a nursery and residential flats, and will explore how shared space can be redefined to support coexistence in a single urban block.

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06 Matt Baker - Fish District Hull The project proposes an aquacultural strategy increasing low impact fish production to feed future populations. The strategy takes fish farming activity offshore converting decommissioned oil-rigs in the North Sea whilst engaging Humberside communities through the development of shell fish farms on managed realignment sites. A built scheme meanwhile develops the idea of a fish dock reconnecting the terrestrial city and marine environment. The scheme celebrates its location on the Trans Pennine Trail and as the site of a new cruise ship port of call, positioning Riverside Quay, a decaying and forgotten postindustrial site, as an entry point to the city and a major part of Hulls infrastructure for both trade and tourism. 02


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07 Kevin Lo - Farmpark Farmpark is set in the future of 2050 inside the city of Hull. The project aims to address the city’s increasing flood problems and its future ageing population through vertical indoor farming and volunteering. At the moment, the project is exploring the various relationships between food growth, farming education and communal dining within an existing car park. 08 Lucy Uren - Creative Adaption: Giroscope Urban Community Centre Through the initial investigation tasks this project developed an interest in the Creativity of Adaptive Processes. An impairment can prompt a new means of making. When applied to an urban context how can communities creatively adapt to the economic and environmental challenges of the future? The project considered the context of Kingston upon Hull and the role of local social enterprise, Giroscope Ltd. Giroscope has created a culture of community resilience through their programme of renovating empty homes and providing skills training to the unemployed. The architecture of the project has focussed on expanding Giroscope’s centre in the St Andrews Ward Community, (west of the City Centre), moving it to a larger site on Coltman street. This expanded self-build centre will continue to promote sustainable construction skills whilst developing a culture of a Flood Aware Lifestyle. In this way it becomes the site of communal Creative Adaption. 09 Jonny Wilson - Living Framework: Hull’s Urban Living Cooperative This project proposes a pilot co-housing scheme set within Hull city centre, responding to their need for intergenerational housing by 2020. It combines themes of relational/personal support networks as a means of ‘self-care’; co-inhabitation; and levels of adaptability within urban housing. Housing is combined with a learning centre, studios and bakery. The key architectural language is created by the concrete frame, into which timber modules are inserted to allow dwellings to increase or decrease in size. Within each dwelling spaces can be changed and re-defined to suit the changing needs of residents Communal spaces connect levels and open the frame up. 10 Zak Nicoll - Forgotten Hull We look towards a future with 9 billion people populating the planet in less than thirty years, however, the key to our future may be hidden in our past. A large number of buildings lay abandoned and risk demolition in Kingston upon Hull. Instead of demolishing and starting a new, can we not use this building stock? The project looks at how we can use abandoned buildings and forgotten spaces in Hull to knit the city fabric back together to solve scaling problems within the urban massing. Whilst, at the same time, developing more economic models for living which can exist within a positive culture towards frequent flooding.

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11 Suki Sehmbi - The Free University of Sheffield This project explores an institution which envisages higher education done in a different way. Challenging the commodification of knowledge, increasingly business minded way universities are run and extortionate tuition fees, The Free University of Sheffield works with an existing group of student-activists striving for egalitarian, decentralised, and collectively run learning spaces. Working in tandem with the UoS campus masterplan, this project proposes a new civic heart for the campus, through a new hall, hostel and cafe as well as utilising a disused church - forming a library and exhibition space which share this compact site ‘agonistically’ with a radical collective learning space.


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This year the studio has focused on Liverpool, a ‘city on the edge’ geographically, culturally and politically. A once global port characterised by transitory movement and settlement, Liverpool today is rich in material and cultural heritage, balancing its UNESCO World Heritage Site status with ambitious development plans in key areas of the city. Date:

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01 Studio Tutor Mark Emms 5th Year Students Nicholas Birchall Matthew Bloomfield Amanda Holden Abigail Humpheys Hannah Pether 6th Year Students Rebecca Goodson Alex Johnstone Tamara Kahn Charlotte Keime Will Monaghan Harrison Symonds Alex Trainor

Studio Contributors Rob Burns, Head of Heritage and Urban Design, Liverpool City Council Steve Threlfall, We Make Places, Liverpool Jacquie Milham, Architectonic, Hebden Bridge Simon Robinson, MSMR Architects, London

01 Group Research The studio’s timeline depicts Liverpool’s past, present and projected future 02 Rebecca Goodson - Inside Out Prison Carlo Scarpa believed that a single joint, could represent the whole philosophy of the building in a condensed part. This thesis explores how the psychology of space can address wider political, social and design philosophies. Materiality is used as a design tool to challenge preconceptions, signify worth and to communicate the coming together of the individual and collective. ‘Inside Out Prison’, embedded in the heart of Liverpool’s historic quarter, combines a typical prison programme with the theatre to create a new rehabilitative model, which meets the specific needs of women offenders with babies and young children.

03 Nicholas Birchall - The Village Hall Urban Cohousing The projects engage particularly with the theme of displacement, focusing on the Gerard Gardens community who were formerly displaced from the site. A preliminary project proposes a Village Hall on the reimagined flyovers, acting as a civic hub and a resource around which communities can form. The hall becomes a meeting place for the former residents, resulting in the establishment of a cohousing group, and a second project emerges in the form of urban cohousing alongside the flyovers. The first project creates the Village Hall and the second forms the village around it. 04 Charlotte Keime - Defining Identity In 1946, the Home Office forced a secret deportation of thousands of Liverpool Chinese seamen, leaving hundreds of families behind. The proposal aims to facilitate the development of the Chinese community in Liverpool by creating an engaging and inclusive cultural centre. It also aims to create an effective cultural exchange between the Chinese and Liverpool’s diverse communities, providing acknowledgement of the Chinese community’s past in Liverpool, a celebration of Chinese identity while embracing present diversity in the city and a model for future integration of cultures. The Chinese / Liverpool exchange is achieved at different levels: human interactions, architectural exchange, and the repair of social and material fabric relating to WWII deportation and destruction. 05 Harrison Symonds - The Futurist This thesis is about the evolution of place. It’s about a process of how and who makes our cities, and also about the enduring urban fabric. It challenges the process of 21st century development, and draws upon the idea that places should evolve gradually, taking precedent from the pre-industrial city, evoking architecture that is intricate, complex and hybrid. Inhabiting a rich but contested urban block within the city, the programme envisages a new approach to planning, engaging regulatory bodies, industry professionals and the general public, therefore breaking boundaries of private and public and facilitating a culture of collaboration and belonging.

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06 Matthew Bloomfield - The Park Keeper’s Palace The People’s Guild of Roboticists Both the “Park Keeper’s Palace” and the “People’s Guild of Roboticists” are projects concerned with a large arc of time. They adopt practices, aesthetics and phenomenological cues from the past, utilising them to take polemical positions against both present and future trends towards the commodification of Architecture. This is an Architecture of solidity and permanence, which exalts the buildings purpose while elevating the standing of the user. Both projects consider the passage of the individual through the building, their experiences of each zone they pass through, and the act of crossing thresholds as they do so. 07 Alex Trainor - Salvaging the Waterfront This project scrutinises the potential impact that redeveloping the Port of Liverpool will have on its cultural and material heritage. Exploring the possibility of actively maintaining a graving dock for shipbreaking, alongside public exhibition and an archive of ships, the proposal attempts to challenge the current widespread attitude of simply infilling redundant docklands with housing and retail. This project also contends with unethical disposal of European ships in developing countries, providing a model for shipbreaking within the UK. 08 Hannah Pether - A Point of Convergence The proposal comprises a multifunctional node located on the flyovers denoting the fringes of Liverpool’s city centre which explores the convergence of people, program and level; reestablishing social activity on the threshold between architecture and the city. This singular building mediates the three key levels and paces of the site, with the upper flyover level responding to future aspirations of the city, tying into cycling networks through a bicycle repair workshop and teahouse bridging the two elevated urban parks. The ground level is deeply rooted in the history of the site, re-interpreting its traditional brewery and mechanical arts uses and re-establishing a sense of place. The elevated pedestrian walkway between these two levels acts as a point of programmatic convergence, providing a pause in everyday commuting routes. Ultimately, the scheme acts as a metronome for the city, reflecting the different paces and timescales of each strata and proposing an intervention allowing them to converge, remedying the divisive construction of the flyovers. 09 Amanda Holden - Film and Festival Hub As a destination for filmmakers, the scheme brings spectacle back to a part of Liverpool which has seen better days. It cements Lime Street and Renshaw Street as the festival heart of Liverpool. The building forms part of a flowing urban landscape, which opens and closes, depending on the event that is unfolding.

10 Abigail Humpheys - The Zeitgeist Archive The existence of people and objects is inseparable, with the projection of value and emotional qualities onto inanimate items, and the reciprocal relationships that the two form. Based on a collection of inherited family documents, the “Zeitgeist Archive” seeks to collect such objects and house them in a ceremonial manner. The artefacts are available for a short time only in the building, where they can be considered and celebrated. After this they are transferred by boat to archival locations along the Mersey. The building and the archival process not only preserves memories, but allows for new ones to be formed. 11 Alex Johnstone - Artefacts & Events Through developing an understanding of Liverpool as a global city, exchanging both physical objects and cultural ideas, the thesis proposed a design for a self-producing music archive on Dale Street in the centre of the city. A recordings library and studio spaces were central to the design, alongside other aspects of musical production. The project explored connections between events and artefacts, the relationship of the performance and its memory, and how theses specific functions are placed in the wider context of the city. 12 Tamara Kahn - Crossing Boundaries The thesis explores the design of a youth centre on Liverpool’s Docks for local and international visitors and users. The name of the project, “Crossing Boundaries”, is a metaphor for three key themes that have driven the project from research to design: Physical Boundary: exploring the relationship between differences in urban fabric and relationship to the water; Personal Boundary: pushing youth to get out of their comfort zone; Social Boundary: creating a space for people from different backgrounds to meet and mingle. With the reuse of a derelict grain silo at the heart of the project, the centre incorporates hostel rooms, activity spaces, staff and training facilities, and a mooring for tall adventure ships.

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The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

Studio (Re)-Activist Architecture The studio is focussed on reinvigorating places through the stimulation of local cultures and distinction derived through temporary propositions and events leading to long term legacy proposals and lasting change cementing local diversity and difference. We use Situationist techniques of Derive, constructed situation and detournment to explore and identify project opportunities. The studio studies cities of culture, visiting European cities of Culture to understand their strategies of cultural relevnce, reinvigoration and participation. We compare these cities with capitals where cultural diversity, vibrancy and independence thrive. This year we visited Arhus ECC 2016 and Copenhagen whist working with and in Hull City of Culture 2017, our site was The River Hull corridor and the East bank. The studio views the profession as an ongoing role of curation, with active participatory involvement rather than the, ‘removed masterplanner’. We explore the nature of an ongoing participatory role which is neither top down or bottom up but a synthesis of such bringing together long term aspirations of city stakeholders, private investors and the immediate concerns of local residents and communities to establish vibrant, distinct, social and fun places to live and work to enhance the image of the city in the eyes of their inhabitants. Our intention is to define new forms of architecture through the amalgamation of unconventional partners to propose new symbiotic relationships of mutually beneficial situations. Built forms are placed into Adaptive Urban Environments, which respond to urban and environmental issues defining new contexts in which to site architectural intervention and amplify place distinction.

03 Studio Tutors Simon Baker Visiting Tutors Carole Latham Sarah Wiggleswoth 5th Year Students Joe Ingham Adam Justice Kate Nicholson Jamie Reid Thomas Saunders Juliette Sung

6th Year Students Paul Bailey Toby Buckmaster Lilly Ingleby Jennifer Macro Muyiwa Oki Robyn Poulson Studio Collaborators Hull City Council Hull 2017 - City of Culture Jan Gehl Architects Studio Weave

07 Toby Buckmaster - The Hybrid City The ‘Hybrid City’ aims to reinvigorate Kingston Upon Hulls underutilised Old Town area through methods of compaction and intensification. The project focuses on the dimensions of the city block as it forms the most basic unit of the city’s urban fabric. Developing a hybrid model to increase density, diversity and intensity, stimulating and revitalising buildings and environment. The building brings together a mix of program and people to form an intensified living experience that forms a self supporting critical mass made up of studio space, shops, pub, hotel, offices, residential, public rooms, gym, kindergarten, delivery depot and bike shop.

04 Studio Group Photo - Kamra E Faoree

08 Muyiwa Oki - The Bicycle Kitchen The bicycle kitchen is the collision between an inhabited concrete plinth, with a timber leisure cycling curve. Its an establishment designed as a radical new form to protect the bicycle from theft. The kitchen, houses bicycle design, repair and manufacture facility, while the curve is for fledgling competitive cyclists and spectators. The project is situated within the landscape of Hull, as an establishment commissioned for the its UK Capital of Culture celebrations 2017. The project is a bold statement for bicycle architecture, that leads to the creation of new form of cycling experiences, inwhich users, public and spectators share in a closed loop system.

05 Juliette Sung - The Buskers Club Busking, is the most down-to-earth and instant act within the public realm. It puts a welcoming face on a city, gets people out of their cars strolling, congregating with strangers. This project, the Buskers’ Club will be established for sustaining the fragility of the culture of busking in Hull, yet preserving and enriching the value of the old town, in which participating in the collective success of the studio proposed master plan for Hull. It transcended the boundary between the ethics, the hierarchy, and the past with the present.

09 Kate Nicholson - Hull Independent Cinema There is “real demand for independent film in this city that just isn’t being met”. This proposal considers the re­appropriation of a redundant piece of infrastructure and associated void in the urban fabric into a unique venue for independent film screenings and production. Challenging the notion of the black box cinema this project presents a cinematic experience embedded in the local context. The proposal seeks to celebrate a neglected listed structure and activate the riverfront on the east and west banks of the River Hull.

06 Jamie Reid - The Cube The project is based on a problem discovered during our first visit to Hull, which was graffiti in the city. Hull spends £250,000 a year to remove graffiti and this was highly correlated to school dropouts and troubled youths, with a high percentage involved in drug abuse. Therefore, the project provides an alternative platform and safe place for these graffiti artists to express their art but also become part of a hidden community. The Cube is a monolithic sculptural mass that gives its users their own domain to shape as they wish.

10 Joe Ingham - The Library & Museum of Collaborative Consumption The Library & Museum Of Collaborative Consumption is an exploration of the needs of the expanded community in Hull’s Old Town, whereby the intensified urban context creates a densified population that challenges the need for individual ownership of goods. The project provides a lending library of everyday items that creates a communal nucleus that activates the potential for a new way of living. The museum acts as an agent for change encouraging visitors to reflect on their roles in society in relation to consumerism. The combination of museum and library provides opportunity for visitors to turn empathy into action.

01 Studio Masterplan 02 Reimagining Hull - Celebrating A Creative Approach to Flooding 03 Hello Hull - Kamra E Faoree

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Celebrating a New Identity Rede�ining the river corridor is a key moment within the masterplan. it provides a new context within which the Counterculture Centre will work


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11 Jennifer Macro - The Shipwright House The Shipwright House is located in Kingston upon Hull. The scheme is comprised of three main functions; a school connected to Hull college for tall ship restoration and repair, a home for transient user groups and a public realm. The three elements occupy the site in a manner that encourages different user groups to interact with one another, form connections and learn from each other. It questions ‘how can architecture create a community for transient individuals?”. It is a project positioned between the necessity for urban integration and optimizing comfort in a communal environment. 12 Lilly Ingleby - Claiming The Commons Opposing the creeping privatisation and hyper-regulation of public space, Claiming The Commons explores the city as a common asset, and looks to form strategies for regaining a sense of the collective, and increasing the productivity of public space. It proposes a centre for governing and engaging with public space as a common asset, set within new flood mitigation infrastructure forming part of a collaborative studio masterplan of Hull’s river corridor. The building is informed by historic places of governance, with an observation tower providing views over the wetlands, and a moot hall set into the slope of the hillside. 13 Adam Justice - Hull Leisure Pier The Western bank of the River Hull remains underutilised, undervalued and approached withhostility. Through the introduction of ‘health making’ activity to a reinvigorated and engaging waterfront context, the ‘Hull Leisure Pier’ aims to drastically change the perception of the river that is currently associated with detriment through re-appropriating the Victorian notion of pleasure and leisure in a contemporary manner. Honing in primarily on a singular pier within the regenerative scheme, this project will focus on the health-based activity of mud bathing. Accommodating an encompassing public space that directly connects and engages users with the river in order to foster an interactive and positive relationship between the people of Hull and the waterfront environment. 14 Robyn Poulson - The Exchange ‘The Exchange’ is situated in a speculative scenario in the year 2030. Hull, is located is at the epicentre of an economic overhaul founded upon Degrowth, the antithesis of Capitalism. ‘The Exchange’ will form the heart of the city’s ‘new’ economy where needs not profits are key and goods are exchanged and swapped. The program includes a public centre for the ‘sharing and bartering’ economy in the form of market halls, The stock exchange locating Hull at the centre of trade within the North Sea, and a forum providing a lively public realm to aid in democratic discussion surrounding the new economy.

16 Paul Bailey - Counterculture Centre Hull is suffering from an identity crisis with it ranked the second worst place to live in the UK last year. A new future is imagined for Hull, celebrating its history of rebellion through defining a counterculture manifesto, founded on the philosophy that for positive change we must challenge the way we live now to become truly sustainable. Doing things differently is the catalyst for innovation. The architecture focuses on the creation of a civic icon, comprised of three clear structural languages. The Counterculture Centre will promote alternative forms of learning, thinking, creating, entertaining and debating to engage in a critical dialogue with both British and International Culture. It looks to a none-end state architecture that can initiate events eventually being adapted and appended by its empowered citizenry.

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15 Thomas Saunders - The River Hull Wildlife Centre Following the studio masterplan proposal for the construction of a 9 hectare expanse of marshland, a Wildlife Centre will emerge. The creation of this will provide Hull with the means to better understand its fractured relationship with local climate, wildlife and habitats. The Centre will look to provide spaces for observation and conversation within a convenient location within the Humber Estuary, hosting a rich variety of wildlife. Different areas within will support vegetation and wildlife at differing points the building’s lifespan, looking to Re-Envelopment and ‘Co-Inhabitation’ as an appropriate future strategy for the local built environment.

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Live Projects Since 1999, 1500 Sheffield School of Architecture students have delivered over 170 Live Projects across 14 different countries. This year 150 students worked on 13 projects, all sited across the North of England - the ‘Northern Powerhouse’! Projects were sited in rural and urban locations and addressed issues of sustainability, food, culture and heritage, urban design, education, making and play. The beauty of the Live Projects is that these issues are not generated in academia, but are brought to us by the communities we work with. Running for the first 6 weeks of the academic year, Live Projects bring together Masters students from the MArch and MAAD courses. Students work in groups to produce built and strategic design solutions for real clients with a particular emphasis on community participation and collaborative working. The Live Project programme is widely recognised as an innovative form of teaching within UK architectural education, offering students at SSoA the opportunity to test design ideas in a real-world context not offered on such a sustained level by any other architecture school. Live Projects celebrate the value of meaningful engagement with diverse groups of people, to broaden the potential of architecture as a driver for positive change. The Live Projects programme this year has been enhanced by the use of Live Works, SSoA’s permanent ‘Urban Room’ in Sheffield city centre and we were also very pleased to welcome our Visiting Professor, Susanne Hofmann of Berlin-based participatory practice, Baupiloten to support the Live Projects.

01 Explore Mansion House Mentor: Satwinder Samra Client: Friends of the Mansion House & Doncaster Civic Trust The project team worked to engage with our client, locals and schools in order to re-enliven the Grade 1 Listed Mansion House in Doncaster as an educational gateway into Doncaster’s architectural history. The initial brief aimed to promote the use of the Mansion House as an educational resource for all sections of the community, especially children, within a wider aim to engage locals with the building, following the Council’s departure in 2012. Doncaster Mansion House is one of only three in the UK. This live project focused on providing an educational pack for primary school children, which explored the Mansion House, within a wider context. It provided both downloadable and physical resources, to enable children to learn about the building. 02 Around the Toilet Mentor: Dr Jo Lintonbon Client: Around the Toilet Research Project ‘Around the Toilet’, is a cross-disciplinary, arts-based research group that has been exploring the toilet as a place of exclusion and belonging. Researchers on the project are based across three Universities. The research has explored the challenges and politics of access to public toilets for groups such as trans, genderqueer, non-binary people and disabled members of the public through participatory workshops. The team worked with ‘Around the Toilet’ to spatialise and formalise their research findings into tools that can be used for engaging the public, as well as decision makers, in the future. This process has involved the production of an architect’s toolkit, an installation and a game. These outputs provide ‘Around the Toilet’ with an engagement tool that has a legacy beyond the timescale of the Live Project. 03 Wealthy City Walks Mentor: Simon Baker Client: Ruskin in Sheffield The project delivered a series of 9 guided walks to over 120 people around Sheffield city centre. Based on a contemporary reinterpretation of John Ruskin’s ideas of wealth, over 6 weeks the live project group encouraged members of the public attending the walks to think about where they see wealth in Sheffield. The Wealthy City Walks map of Sheffield presented six themed routes through the city; the independent trade line, the street art line, the social activity line, the art and culture line, the nature line and the history line. Following the walks we invited participants to get involved in postcard writing workshops, gathering a rich and varied set of over 130 messages. These postcards were shown at the Ruskin Reviewed exhibition in the Millennium Galleries.

04 Oriel House Mentor: Leo Care Client: BBEST & BLAG (Broomhill Community Library steering group and BBEST Neighbourhood Planning Forum) Broomhill Community Library occupies ‘Oriel House,’ an 1870’s house with an Arts and Crafts style garden designed by the British landscape architect Percy Cane. The intention is to transform the library into ‘Oriel House’, a self-sustaining, independent Community Hub for Broomhill and its neighbouring wards. The vision also aims to extend the existing property into the unused basement and attic allowing Oriel House to become a more vibrant community space whilst still celebrating the library function at its core. Alongside this, an integrated cafe, rentable space, play area for children, growing initiatives and many more accessible facilities would cater for all and become a real asset to the community.

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05 Maurice Dobson Museum Mentor: John-Paul Walker Client: Darfield Area Amenity Society The Maurice Dobson Museum and Heritage Centre is a volunteer run museum that also acts as a community hub with a café, shop and activity space. The project involved working alongside the main stakeholders associated with the museum in order to provide a series of outcomes that will help to ensure the museums longevity and future success. We were initially asked to focus on developing a design for an extension of the museum. The current property suffers from having no space in which larger groups can gather and a lack of adequate storage and kitchen space. However, we quickly understood that simply providing plans and visualisations would not be enough to ensure the museums longevity. We identified a series of deliverables that would be of use in the immediate, the medium and the long term. 06 Parkive Mentor: Mark Emms Client: S1 Artspace The Duke Street building is one portion of the Park Hill estate and has been highlighted by new developers Urban Splash as a potential site for the development of a new cultural centre. This proposal is being developed by local arts organisation S1 Artspace and would provide space for creative working studios as well as an art gallery. This project investigated how a heritage offer could be integrated within this proposal. The live project is seen as a catalyst to secure heritage lottery funding and to maximise the potential effect and usability of the development for the community, for S1 and for other stakeholders. The project culminated in an event ‘Parkive’, an opportunity for the various stakeholders to interact in discussion with the live project team. 02


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07 Wentorth Castle Walled Garden Mentor: Howard Evans Client: Wentworth Castle and Stainborough Park Heritage Trust Wentworth Castle Gardens are located in a rural area near the city of Barnsley. There is a total of 26 English Heritage listed buildings on the Wentworth Castle Estate and Wentworth Castle Park and Gardens is also a Grade I listed landscape. The walled garden is one of the only remaining parts of the site left in disrepair. The client’s principal concern with the existing site was the lack of access for visitors with physical disabilities. The walled garden presents an opportunity to resolve this issue. There was also broader vision for the redevelopment of the walled garden. The client wanted continued consultation discussions with the visitors and volunteers. A consultation toolkit was therefore produced that collected all of the previously used consultation materials and included new participation methods.

11 Blackburn Creative Capital Mentor: Carolyn Butterworth Client: Blackburn is Open Our brief set out aspirations to assert new connectivity between social and creative infrastructure, to help define Blackburn as the Creative Capital of the UK. Blackburn has a proud history of making with more than 25 percent of jobs in Blackburn in manufacturing. As a celebration, it will host the first National ‘Festival of Making’ in October 2016. Following several trips to Blackburn, we mapped and analysed the town within the context of its already existing creative communities, meeting with stakeholders and community groups. We took advantage of having a base in one of Blackburn town centre’s vacant shops by arranging public consultations including the ‘Making Session’. From this research and information we produced a series of books to be given to the client and stakeholders.

08 Archive and the Machine Mentor: Dr Renata Tyszczuk, Julia Udall Client: Derby Silk Mill The Live Project team and Derby Silk Mill investigated innovative ideas for self-build display and storage units of the Museum’s vast collection of objects. The scope of the Live Project extends to the wider aim of creating Derby Silk Mill – Museum of Making and the entire redevelopment of the world’s first factory. By undertaking the same journey as a would-be visitor, this Live Project has recorded curiosities, experiments and processes from the first visit to the final prototype in a workshop diary. Being a maker extends beyond mere assembly. As this project has shown, an understanding of fabrication techniques and knowledge of workshop workflows is essential.

12 Pitsmoor Adventure Playground Mentor: Daniel Jary Client: Pitsmoor Adventure Playground The Pitsmoor Adventure Playground CIO is the Lord Mayors’ Charity for 2015, established by the community who rallied together to save the playground after coming under threat of closure in 2013. A team of volunteers dedicate their time to create a safe and inclusive environment for local children enabling physical activity, good citizenship and life skills. The Live Project Team, offered a fresh perspective of ideas and observations that could improve the overall experience of the Adventure Playground. From the start, our goal was to work with the playground to produce a physical outcome of great value. An overall design approach and several built interventions were used to initiate the process of improvements, a process the playground has continued already. Through studying the surrounding context and interviewing community members, we proposed ideas to enhance the role of the playground as a vital community asset.

09 Foodhall Mentor: Simon Chadwick Client: The Foodhall Project Our team worked with Foodhall, a non-profit organisation, to develop their aspirations for their recently acquired venue on Eyre Street, Sheffield. The Foodhall initiative aims to improve community engagement through the acts of cooking and eating together, whilst promoting a knowledge of food waste. They endeavour to provide a space that can host events and serve food, that would otherwise be wasted, on a ‘Pay As You Feel’ basis. The team examined how the ethos of the organisation could be represented in their new venue. This took the form of a feasibility document. It is anticipated that this will help secure funding and community involvement in the future. We also designed and constructed a series of flexible, transportable modules, predominantly constructed using reclaimed materials. 10 Incredible Northern Greenhouse Mentor: Irena Bauman Client: Incredible Edible Network The Incredible Northern Greenhouse is the next step for the Incredible Edible Network. It is a food partnership that engages the local community to participate in sustainable food growing initiatives. Using the ‘three plates’: Community, Learning and Business, Incredible Edible outlines how communities could run themselves in order to be more resilient and promote wellbeing. The culmination of the project was a strategy document for Incredible Edible. Along with this, we produced an animation to gain interest presented at the Incredible Edible Network conference, Growing Incredible Futures Together in November 2015. Regionally, the ambition is to link up northern cities and smaller towns across England from Liverpool to Hull. We researched potential collaborators, structures and funding streams and suggested site-specific interventions on each location.

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13 Spatial Resonances Mentor: Carolyn Butterworth Client: The Sheffield Modernist Society Spatial Resonances was a collaboration between SSoA students and students from the MA in Composition and Sonic Arts from the Department of Music. Celebrating the rich history of Sheffield Modernism, the project produced a series of short films working within five iconic buildings. Together, the films weave a tapestry of the history. A final documentary film was made for the launch party for Sheffield Modernist Society which included an overview of Sheffield Modernist heritage. Through the films, the architecture students and musicians tell stories of life: lost and found (Park Hill), of music as architectural intervention (the Arts Tower), of repurposing space for performance (the Husband Building), of abandonment and the beauty of decay (Hallam Tower), and of celebrating architectural space through dance (Castle House).

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MArch Dissertation The MArch postgrauate dissertation is a critical written study on an architectural subject chosen by the student and undertaken with expert advice from the staff. It is seen as an opportunity to investigate an aspect of architecture in which the student is interested and would like to explore in more depth. The dissertation may involve original research and contribute to the subject area through reasoning and critical analysis. Topics usually fall within the following subject range: architectural theory, architectural history, science and technology, structures, management, CAD and the digital realm, landscape architecture or urban design. It offers students the opportunity to research, organise and produce an extended piece of mostly written work over the course of the year. Sheffield is one of the few schools of architecture that still offers students the chance to undertake dissertations in both undergarduate and postrgraduate degrees. The quality and range of work is remarkable, producing richness, rigour and variety, and demonstrating a wide ranfge of research methodologies, analytical and presentation techniques. This yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s studies included topics such as: leadership in architecture, city reconstruction after a disaster, participation of architecture schools in designing campus buildings and quantification of architecture. The questions of homeless engagement, death of craft in the digital age and the impact of critical spatial practices were also explored. Co-ordinator Jian Kang

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01 A typical architecture student review, of the kind studied in the dissertation, where Archispeak is most prevalent. 02 A typical tutorial where Archispeak is often endorsed by tutors and academics. 03 Archispeak bingo cards to be used during students presentations 04 A collection of Archispeak words compiled during research of the dissertation.

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Archispeak : Its origins, manifestation and role in a changing society Charlotte Eley My interest in Archispeak has developed from my experience of architectural education. Having regularly sat in lectures, student reviews and with my head buried in architectural books, I found the language used often so coded and obfuscating that the benefit I gained was negligible and led to a sense of frustration and defeat. Perhaps more importantly, with increased exposure to the phenomenon of Archispeak, I became conscious of the social bearing of Archispeak, which ultimately has consequences for both those who use it and those who receive it. My disdain has grown since beginning my Masters in Architecture at the University of Sheffield. The school’s strong social conscious has had an impact on my approach to architecture and has ultimately led me to believe Archispeak is largely unnecessary and damaging to the profession. I am not alone in my thoughts, my peers within the school, and in the outside profession openly ridicule the use of Archispeak, but, like any ingrained bad habit, still collectively relapse into its use and concede to its social implications.

References: Books: Brittain-Catlin, T. (2012). Bleak houses: disappointment and failure in architecture. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press

Although widely recognised within the architectural profession Archispeak, also referred to as “Architect-speak”, “Talkitecture” or “Archibabble” (Richards, 2014), does not possess a formal definition. The aim of this dissertation is to deconstruct and disarm Archispeak, a specialist language often used between members of the architectural profession. Many other professions have their own language and jargon to communicate with each other and describe things unique to their field, however Archispeak has mutated into an obscure and coded language and critical articles provide evidence of the growing grievances of those in the profession about it’s usage (Ting, 2011; Campbell, 2001; Lewis, 1991; Ijeh, 2013 and 2014). Obscure verbiage, pretentious twaddle, impenetrable jargon, grammatically challenged drivel, flowery prose, and intellectual narcissism are examples of some of the accusations levelled against Archispeak (Lewis, 1991; Anon, 2007; Ijeh, 2014, p.271). Although the field is critical of its use, often internally mocking it, there is little done to question or discourage it and Archispeak is widely recognised and accepted within the profession, particularly within the schools of architecture where it flourishes and ingrains itself into the future architects of our society. It is within schools of architecture that students are first exposed to Archispeak; through their tutors, lecturers and guest reviewers (Lewis, 2013, p.74). From first year undergraduates to final year masters students, a minimum of 6 years apart, students experience the gradual indoctrination of this coded language, evolving into fluent speakers of this professional tongue. The most important part of architectural education in terms of curriculum focus and student time is architectural design, learnt through studio projects. Donald Schon (1987) describes studio projects as a ‘practicum’ - a setting designed for the task of learning which is set in a ‘virtual world’, relatively free of the pressures, distractions and risks of the real world (Schon, 1987, cited in Nicol and Pilling, 2000, pp.6-7). This creates a closed environment unfettered by ‘others’. The ‘voices’ of the client, user and collaborating professional are removed, and instead the studio becomes a collective world in its own right, with its own mix of behaviours, appreciations and languages.

Ijeh, I. (2014). Talking the talk : about architecture. In: Preiser, W.F.E., Davis, A.T., Salama, A.M. and Hardy, A. (eds.), 2014. Architecture Beyond Criticism: Expert Judgment and Performance Evaluation. New York: Routledge. Ch.25. Lewis, R. K. (2013). Architect?: A Candid Guide to the Profession. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Nicol, D. and Pilling, S. (eds.), (2000). Changing Architectural Education: Towards a New Professionalism. London; New York :Taylor and Francis. Weiss, B. and Hellman, L. (1999). Do it with an Architect: How to Survive Refurbishing Your Home. London: Mitchell Beazley 03

Articles: Anon. (2007). BD’s new Archibabble Award. Building Design, [online] 21 March. Available at: http://www.bdonline.co.uk/bdsnew-archibabble-award/3083553.article [Accessed 10.02.15].

Not only is the language that architects use often unintelligible to those outside the discipline, resulting in the failure of architects to communicate ideas, values and skills to the general public, but also it exacerbates the “image problem”, as described by Ike Ijeh (2014) whereby they are seen as “overly proud and hopelessly egotistical, more concerned with impressing their peers and imposing their superiority than with serving the public” (Ijeh, 2014, p.276). These consequences lead to the breakdown of the relationship between the profession and general public, which is having a detrimental effect on the public understanding of the role of the architect and the value of good design (Weiss and Hellman, 1999), in this way alienating the architect from the very environment they are trying to improve (Brittain-Catlin, 2014, p.2).

Campbell, R. (2001). Having trouble understanding what the architectural cognoscenti are saying? You’re not alone. Architectural Record, 189(10), p.79. Ijeh, I. and Monks, L. (2013). How to speak architect. Building Design, [online] 18 Dec. Available at: http://www.bdonline. co.uk/analysis/features/construction-issues/how-to-speak-architect/5065244.article [Accessed 10.02.15].

“Few of us enjoy being made to feel stupid, but this is the inevitable consequence of language specifically constructed to divide rather than divulge. Those not interested in intellectual masochism will eventually end the conversation and walk away. This is the danger of a public who cannot engage with its architects; the conversation becomes one-sided which ultimately renders it futile.” (Ijeh, 2014 p.276).

Richards, W. (2014). Word Wars. Architect, [online] 27 Nov. Available at: http://www.architectmagazine.com/aia-architect/ aiafuture/word-wars_o [Accessed 10.02.15].

The role of the architect is being increasingly marginalised and questioned (Ijeh, 2014 p.275; Wainwright, 2013; Wyatt, 2013). In Accentuate the positive (2014) Flora Samuel addresses the urgent need for the architectural profession to provide evidence of the value of good design, and ultimately the need for architects. Any evidence of the value of good design will only be relevant if it is understood and accepted by those outside the profession, which inherently necessitates the need for simplicity, clarity and articulation within the language used.

Samuel, F. (2014). Accentuate the positive. RIBA Journal, [online] 7 July. Available at: http://www.ribaj.com/intelligence/we-need-toprove-the-positive-impact-of-architecture [Accessed 10.02.15].

Using the sociological and philosophical theories of French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu, this dissertation attempts to identify the social structures that underpin the perpetuation of certain behaviours and practices within the field of architecture. It will define what Archispeak is and its manifestation within the profession, explore why Archispeak is used and finally, it will explore the changing nature of both the profession and society itself and hypothesise on the opportunities and possibilities for the profession to transform Archispeak to their benefit and the benefit of others.

Ting, E. (2011). Jargon and the fear of normalcy. Fulcrum, (3), p.2. Wainwright, O. (2013). Towering folly: why architectural education in Britain is in need of repair. The Guardian Online, [online] 30 May. Available from: http://www.theguardian.com/ artanddesign/architecture-design-blog/2013/may/30/architecturaleducation-professional-courses [Accessed 28 December 2014]. Wyatt, J. (2013). How architecture education is limiting students. Architects Journal Online, [online] 4 March. Available from: http://www.architectsjournal.co.uk/how-architecture-educationis-limiting-students/8643685.article. [Accessed 28 December 2014]. 04


The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

The Phoenix Discourse - Symbolism, Memory & Recovery Paul Bailey “This dissertation looks at how the notion of remembering the past affects the evolution of an urban masterplan post-disaster and the desire for a symbolic architecture. As stated by Lebbeus Woods, there exists a small amount of literature surrounding the rebuilding of cities after attack and even less about the actual concepts that guide their urban recovery. Woods deduced that a new principle of reconstruction was necessary: “The post [disaster] city must create the new from the damaged old.” (Woods 2011) Yet, how to effectively translate and apply this philosophy to real world problems of disaster recovery remain relatively unexplored (Ibid.). This study, hopes to reveal ways that an architectural response post-disaster can appropriate the ruin to facilitate the creation of a revitalised built environment from the damaged old. Woods has previously offered dramatic architectural demonstrations of what the ideas governing his principle meant. These received criticism for ‘aestheticising violence’ (Woods 2010) [see Fig 1.], exploiting a tragic human condition.

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To step back from these shocking visualisations and return to the governing principles, this study will undertake a theoretical exploration, focusing on the aftermath of terrorist attack. Following the narrative of 9/11 and New York City, this research aims to extract concepts to aid a better reconstruction following disaster; a reconstruction that doesn’t strive for a return to normality, but for the creation of a new entity, borne from the transformed old.” “The dissertation strives to understand the role of memory in shaping the eventual masterplan and its relationship to a symbolic architecture. The study follows the narrative of 9/11 from disaster to reconstruction; understanding disaster and its aftermath, analysing the different stages of design competitions to evaluate the final design before returning to speculative projects to offer alternative ways of remembering. Thus, the hoped outcome is to suggest concepts to consider in the process of recovering and rebuilding post-attack without forgetting the past. With terrorist attack becoming an ever present feature of our global news, it is an important time to not only look at how to resolve these current conflicts, but look at what the future holds for these damaged urban fabrics. In years to come, how can cities successfully recover from the destruction caused and what should architecture’s role be in facilitating this healing process? Buildings become symbols, and these symbols become targets of attack. Understanding why architecture has the power to become so significant and what affect the subsequent destruction of this symbolism has on the community is key to this area of study.

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01 The Third Principle: The Post War City must create the new from the damaged old’ Radical Reconstruction - Lebbeus Woods

In the case of 9/11, ‘the World Trade Centre was not simply a skyscraper; it was targeted as a symbol. Hence what would be done with the site was equally an act of symbolic politics.’ (Hajer 2006) If significant symbols are annihilated through attack then an area’s sense of place is challenged and if the reconstruction is not successful it will remain forever changed. Instead of the disaster being recognized as a point on a much wider timeline, it becomes a totality; an event which has given rise to a new urban condition much bleaker than before.

02 The Phoenix Discourse: Through a prolonged period of waiting and contemplation, the hope is that the ‘phoenix discourse’ will be avoided or at least treated with great scrutiny.Such a discourse becomes tied up in reconstructing as before, soaring back to the skyline in the case of 9/11 and was even expressed initially as a call to rebuild the Twin Towers ‘exactly as they were. 03 Offering a Different Program: RoTo Architects define our collective survival instinct as a great social equaliser for a short period after disaster. Their proposal, The World Citizen Centre suggests a way to retain this positive legacy, uniting all scales of society as they discuss the most fundamental aspect of our existence: ‘the line that separates humanity from inhumanity’ 04 Maintaining the Void: Michael Sorkin’s most influential suggestion was the proposed temporary enclosure of the site: an earthen berm to secure it during the recovery and clearing period. Through a rapid appropriation device, attention could then be focused on a ‘strategy of disaggregation, locating replacement construction elsewhere in the city’.

Thus, a place’s identity is inextricably linked to its urban symbolism. Attacks on cities destroy places. Destroyed places mean defiled symbolism. Thus, the recovery process inevitably requires some reconstruction or replacement of this defiled symbolism. A strive to renegotiate an urban identity.” “On 1st September 2015, it was confirmed Palmyra’s Temple of Bel in Syria had been destroyed by terrorists. The UNESCO DirectorGeneral commented, ‘The systematic destruction of cultural symbols embodying Syrian cultural diversity reveals the true intent of such attacks, which is to deprive the Syrian people of its knowledge, its identity and history.’ (UNESCO 2015) The act of destroying such important national and global heritage was deemed a ‘war-crime’(Ibid). The event above illustrates a pressing, contemporary scenario why research into this area of work is so important. With the rise of terrorism, these loci of attack will continue to appear and we must begin to understand how to better respond within such a context. 03 After visiting New York and Ground Zero in October 2014, the importance that had been placed on architecture and the reimagining of the disaster zone immediately became apparent. The site was captivating, possessing a unique, intangible quality and sense of loss that one can only relate to its shocking history. At the same time, the peculiar touristic spectacle and voyeurism of the whole experience unnerved me. I returned intrigued, with a desire to better understand how the built response had been defined and what concepts guided the reconstruction. The book, The Resilient City – How Modern Cities Recover From Disaster (Vale & Campanella 2005), was a key starting point; a collection of essays that examine the post-disaster condition revealing ‘how the pragmatic process of urban recovery is always fuelled by highly symbolic actions’ (Ibid.). This was an initial resource that left me with many questions as I began my research. I felt a dichotomy existed between retaining important historical significance, dealing with issues of memory and symbolism and appropriating the damage of the disaster to facilitate a successful recovery. Hence, the focus of this research became on the architectural response post disaster; examining specifically: the role of the architect, the role of architecture, quality of space, the appropriation of an architectural identity and the complexity of reconstruction.”

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How should we learn? An investigation into the future of evidence-based research methodologies within architectural education, and what impact this could have on future architectural practice. Sam Diston People learn a lot from their mistakes, however architects rarely learn much about their own finished buildings. This dissertation aimed to highlight the possibilities for the integration of evidence-based research into architectural education in order to promote a culture of critical quantitative and qualitative evaluation within the architectural profession. The timeliness of this issue is highlighte d by the 2015 SCHOSA (Standing Conference of Heads of Schools of Architecture) conference, which made a commitment to the teaching of evidence-based research methodologies within architectural education. This debate continued further with the AAE (Association of Architectural Educators) conference which discussed ‘Research-based Education’. in April 2016. These debates sit alongside the recent AJ (Architects’ Journal) housing survey, which found that just 6% of architects are involved in post-occupancy evaluation of their own built work. Whilst the British architectural profession was founded on the principle of advancing knowledge, the majority of architects fail to quantifiably justify their own ideas or develop their understanding of how their designs actually work after construction is complete. One indicator of this can be seen in the ‘performance gap’ between the predicted and actual energy use of many contemporary buildings, which often consume twice as much energy as intended. Whilst numerical data alone cannot tell the whole story, the magnitude of the ‘performance gap’ highlights the need for a cultural shift within the profession. The lack of uptake in evidence-based architectural research is the result of a number of factors: financial, legal and institutional. However, whilst these issues are significant, without an ingrained culture of systematic investigation the profession will always lack the political and creative momentum to overcome these obstacles. The audience for this type of evidence-based research however is growing, with the CABE (Commission for Architecture and Built Environment) document ‘The Value Handbook’ using evidence to explain the value of good design to the public sector. The UK architectural education system is currently going through a period of significant change, and the length and scope of the curriculum is being debated. With these changes comes a great opportunity to embrace new ways of learning and working. This dissertation puts forward an argument for the integration of evidence-based research methodologies within education. In doing so it would be possible to create a platform for the creative development of such methodologies around all areas of buildings. This would help to form a culture of analytical review of the value of architecture before, during and after its creation.

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Findings from a survey undertaken during the investigation showed a keen interest from current MArch students across the UK, with 91% agreeing that they would be more likely to be involved in evidence-based research in practice if introduced to it during their studies. This enthusiasm for the growth of evidence-based research was also found among the academic and professional practitioners interviewed during the course of the investigation, who all agreed that evidence-based research should be integral to the work of architects as a system through which to refine architectural ideas and to learn from mistakes. Some practitioners, however, were sceptical about the scale to which evidence-based research could be developed, given the current political and financial factors that hinder further evidence-based research in practice. All of this fits within the wider context of shifting architectural pedagogies, both in education and practice. The proposed module design set out within this investigation aimed to highlight the ease with which evidence-based research methodologies could be integrated into both current and future models of architectural education and, in so doing, how they could be applicable to both current and future modes of architectural practice. The appetite for integrating evidence-based research is clear amongst students, academics and practitioners alike, and whilst economic and political challenges limiting evidence-based research remain, it will only be through a shift in culture that these challenges will be overcome. With the potential for evidence-based research to have a hugely valuable impact on the culture of architectural pedagogies, it cannot be emphasised enough how important this avenue of education may become in shaping the future success of the architectural profession.

02 01 Tanfield House, Edinburgh: The first building studied within the ‘PROBE’ programme, an early step in evidence-based research in architecture, 1995. 02 Chart 1 - Results from the dissertation survey of current MArch students across the UK. 03 Chart 2 - Results from the dissertation survey of current MArch students across the UK.

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The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

MArch Architecture: Collaborative Practice The University of Sheffield’s School of Architecture (SSoA) has placed itself at the forefront of architectural education with the start of the new Collaborative Practice Part 2 Architecture course this year. We have full backing from both professional bodies having achieved both RIBA validation and ARB prescription. Collaborative Practice is a full times course, which blends a reflective practice based experience with academic research and learning. The route is a 2 year program where year 1 (Year 5 of the architecture route) is based in Practice with the student employed 4 days /week. Year 2 (Year 6 of the Architecture route) is based back in Sheffield. The work produced is a testament to the enthusiasm, commitment and tenacity displayed by both our pioneering cohort and our collaborative practices. Director of Collaborative Practice Satwinder Samra Thanks to the following for their enthusiasm, support and collaboration: From Practice Paul Monaghan, AHMM Jo Bacon, Allies Morrison Simon Fraser, Allies Morrison John Assael, Assael Artchitecture Richard Coutts, BACA David Cash, BDP Chris Harding, BDP Graham McClements, BDP Bruce Raw, Bond Bryan Jonathan Herbert, Bond Bryan Joe Witchell, Broadway Malyan Andy Groarke, Carmody Groarke Kevin Carmody, Carmody Groarke Lukas Barry, Carmody Groarke Neil Michels, Carmody Groarke Roger Hawkins, Hawkins\Brown Edmund Harrison Gray, Hawkins\Brown Rebecca Hinkley, Hawkins\Brown Richard Lavington, MacreanorLavington

Karen Henderson, MacreanorLavington Guy Barlow, Manser Practice Annalie Riches, Mikhail Riches David Mikhail, Mikhail Riches Simon Robinson, MSMR Greg Penoyre, Penoyre and Prasad Stephen Proctor, Proctor and Matthews Andrew Matthews, Proctor and Matthews Mike Stiff, Stiff Trevillion Dan Campbell, Stiff Trevillion Andrew Mortimer, RMA Jane Collier Waugh, Thistleton Chris Williamson, Weston Williamson David Gloster, RIBA Education Alex Maxwell, RIBA Grant Dyble, ARB Emma Matthews, ARB Peter Donague, Peter and Paul Jhade Villa Dean, Peter and Paul

01 Emma Taylor - Assael Westmoreland House and Carriageworks, Bristol. The existing site comprises the derelict Grade II* listed Carriageworks; Grade II listed No.4 Ashley Road and 1960s Westmoreland House office block, which has been derelict for 35 years. The proposals are to redevelop the site into a residential-led mixed development, including commercial and community uses 02 Tutorial day in London host practice’s office 03 Tutorial day in London host practice’s office 04 Llinos Glyn - Assael Quebec Way, Rotherhithe. The existing site on an industrial estate in Rotherhithe was outlined for redeveloped by Southwark council. The client required a mixed use residential and commercial development which maximised the total sales value of private residential units. The proposal investigated the socio-economic design elements not required by the client. 05 Chris Jones - BDP The Fusion Building, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth.

The Fusion Building is a new academic building and social hub at the centre of Bournemouth University’s Talbot campus. The building has recently opened in June 2016. 06 Jonny Roberts - Stiff + Trevillion Crowthorne Road, London. Disused MOT warehouses converted to a mixed use commercial and residential development. The proposal has 5 office units at ground floor and 8 flats on the first and new second floor. The design is sensitive with a variety of complex site constraints. 07 Partik Krnchnak - BDP AstraZeneca Headquarters, Cambridge. Study exploring historical and typological development of edictional and lab buildings. 08 Dean Bartlett - Manser Practice Ashgate Hospice, Chesterfiled. Master plan and extensive renovation of grade II listed building for Ashgate hospice in Chesterfield, UK. 09 John Lee - RMA Architects Redclyffe Road, Upton Park. A new community hub integrated

From the School and University Carolyn Butterworth Leo Care Sam Dobrinski Sam Guest Becky Gray Ian Hicklin Aidan Hoggard Teresa Hoskyns Dan Jary Sara Lancashire Russell Light Jo Lintonbon Allanah Millsom Fionn Stevenson Rob Sykes Miranda Wall 01

with the Redclyffe Road development, featuring high quality public realm, acts as a driver for social interaction withing the community of Upton Park. 10 Jorunn Karadottir - BDP AstraZeneca Headquarters, Cambridge. The project consists of a research and development building which will be the new headquarters for AstraZeneca. Herzog & de Meuron won the design competition and later BDP were appointed to deliver the project. The aim was to create a permeable R&D building for 2000 employees, split up to office and laboratories. 11 Max Crichton - Hawkins\Brown Bishops Stortford College. A new boarding house facility within the Bishops Stortford college master plan. The proposal reinstates and extends Robert Pearce house, a 1920s Arts & Crafts boarding house that was destroyed during a fire. Featuring high quality accommodation and key social spaces for the students, the project explores thresholds, multiple use dwellings and the connection between new and old.

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Postgraduate Taught Masters The Sheffield School of Architecture offers four Postgraduate Taught Masters (PGT) programmes. These are built on the core strengths of academic staff and embody the Schoolâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s commitment to social and environmental responsibility in the design and production of the built environment. MA in Architectural Design (MAAD) MA in Urban Design (MAUD) MSc in Sustainable Architecture Studies (MSc SAS) MSc in Digital Design and Interactive Built Environments (MSc DDIBE) Each PGT programme prepares students with the academic and professional skills to further their career and the programmes are tailored to meet the specific needs and interests of their students with flexible modular teaching. These range from research and practice in areas of experimental architectural design, participatory urban design, regeneration, sustainability and digital design. The PGT programmes aim to expose students to meaningful conversations and collaborations with researchers and professionals engaged in all aspects of design and the built environment. We emphasise the importance of allowing students to engage with cutting-edge research and innovation from across the full spectrum of architectural humanities, social sciences, building science, technology and design research. With this, we have an embedded studio culture within our taught and professional programmes making the school a thriving and creative place to be.

Director of Postgraduate Taught Masters Dr Florian Kossak

01 MAUD field trip - Berlin

Programme Leader MA in Architectural Design Dr Nadia Bertolino

02 SAS field trip - Switzerland

Programme Leader MA in Urban Design Dr Beatrice De Carli

03 MAAD field trip - Milan

Programme Leader MSc in Sustainable Architecture Studies Aidan Hoggard and Sofie Pelsmeker Programme Leader MSc in Digital Design and Interactive Built Environments Dr Chengzhi Peng Postgraduate Support Officer Allanah Millsom


The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

MA in Architectural Design The MA in Architectural Design is a design-based Masters course focusing on knowledge of design approaches, processes and architectural research methodologies. It encourages students to develop a distinctive design practice, underpinned by a deep interest in social dynamics and architectural culture. The programme builds on the School of Architecture’s acclaimed research and teaching expertise in the area of architectural design, complementing the work done in ARB/RIBA accredited programmes of the school. These consider architectural design within a broad social, environmental and economic context. Students on the MA in Architectural Design programme are encouraged to explore, challenge, and inform contemporary architectural design practice through seminars, research, studio project work, field trips, and participation in design-led practice, teaching and learning innovations – for example the pioneering `Live Projects´. Students registered for the MA in Architectural Design will attend specific core modules. Then, according to their major interest, they can either choose Route A (Theory-based) or Route B (Practice-based). The studio work is an essential part of the MA in Architectural Design. Our thematic studios investigate architectural themes in depth, according to the studio tutors’ research interests. The aim is to consider design within the context of rigorous and innovative research. The core module Reflections on Architectural Design supports students in understanding the value of architectural research within the contemporary design framework and it relates directly to their studio work.

Director Dr Nadia Bertolino Studio Tutors and Coordinators Dr Nadia Bertolino Carolyn Butterworth Dr Mark Meagher Dr Teresa Hoskyns Dr Krzysztof Nawratek Dr Magda Sibley Students Darwich Bana Du Hongbo Eid Zainab A Ali Fang Lin Gao Yihan Geng Gangli Guo Xiaochen Haddadian Shirin Huang Xiaoyan Jin Mingke Lei Yigeng Liu Pinxi Liu Ruiting Liu Yi Lu Huiwen Lu Xuerui Modawi Salma Omer Namboori M Ziana Sajid Ouyang Zelong Quan Zhen Shao Danjun Tajima Yoko Tan Jing Yu Uchgaonkar Rasika M Xie Chencheng Yan Heng Yang Tianlun Yang Zhang Ye Hao Zhang Cheng Zhang Tianchen Zhang Wanqi

Visiting Professors Prof Carlos Garcia Vazquez (Seville School of Architecture) Alfonso Guajardo Cruz (Seville School of Architecture) Marc Neelen and Ana Dzokic (STEALTH.unlimted) Dr Hassan Radoine (Ecole Nationale D’Architecture in Rabat) Prof Marc Schnabel (Victoria University of Wellington)  Abdelghani Tayyibi (School of Architecture of Marrakech) External Reviewers and Contributors Al Mehdi Khaldoun (Marrakech Eco-Hammams) Ferdinando Mazzitelli and Diego Weisz (M^C^O art collective) Mohammed Nouhi and Khadija Kadiri   (Tadamoun Association in Rabat) Mr Steve Wilkinson  (Spa 1877 Sheffield) Susan Williamson (Temple.Works.Leeds)

01 Sheffield. MAAD symposium “What can (not) be done?” with STEALTH.unlimited. 02 Milan. AfterBelonging design studio visit in Molise/Calvairate district guided by M^C^O activitst Ferdinando Mazzitelli. 03 Sheffield. Module of Architectural Design. design methodologies.

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05 Lausanne. MAKE design studio visiting the Rolex Center, designed by SANAA.

Guest Reviewers and Contributors Dr Nishat Awan Dr Crisitina Cerulli Dr Florian Kossak Dr Jo Lintonbon Dr Chengzhi Peng Cith Skelcher Dr Tsung-Hsien Wang Teaching Assistants Daniel Kerr Aya Musmar Cagri Sanliturk

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After Belonging - Stories of transitional spaces The research-based design studio “AfterBelonging” focuses on those urban spaces abandoned or underused, standing empty because ‘not-belonging’ to anyone anymore. In particular, the studio investigates the role that these spaces played in the process of formation on the local community identity, as core of the social, productive and cultural life. This leads to a broader reflection on their current state of abandon and the possible ways to ‘occupy’, transform and make them alive again. It implies a critical reflection on the notion of ‘legal/illegal’ in this process of spatial reactivation. As a particular strand of this research-by-design process, “AfterBelonging” focuses on the possibility to reactivate the space through the creative industry proposing a model of creative placemaking. In some cases, the involvement of groups of artists culminates in the formation of unique structures aiming to research, enquire, record, and recycle neglected urban spaces. How could the community take advantage of the abandoned urban space through the artistic practices? What is the search and decision-making process as regards urban contexts like for these arts groups? What is the architecture of this art – the alternative spatial form beyond conventional cultural confinements? Taking Temple.Works in Leeds and M^C^O in Milan as the main case studies, the studio investigated the effects that the collective production of culture can generate at the community level, including non-arts stakeholders and stating the relevance of locally-based practices as forms of human scale resilience.

Studio tutor Dr Nadia Bertolino Students Darwich Bana Geng Gangli Haddadian Shirin Lei Yigeng Liu Ruiting Modawi Salma Omer Namboori Ziana Sajid Tajima Yoko Uchgaonkar Rasika M Yan Heng Yang Zhang Reviewers Dr Nishat Awan Dr Crisitina Cerulli Ana Dzokic (STEALTH.unlimted) Dr Florian Kossak Aya Musmar Dr Krzysztof Nawratek Marc Neelen (STEALTH.unlimted) Cagri Sanliturk Cith Skelcher With thanks to Susan Williamson (Temple.Works.Leeds) Ferdinando Mazzitelli and Diego Weisz (M^C^O Milan art collective)

01 Ruiting Liu- Walking living machine Macao group is a self-organized community which has devoted their effort into delivering art as a common good through an innovative and illegal way. In this project, I considered Macao community as my client. The aim of this project is changing Macao building into a better social inclusion. To be specific, the approaches to reactivate Macao are redefining the unused area in Macao and creating multifunctional living machines to meet the demand of variety kinds of events. These support multiple public events in and around Macao. After Macao has been reactivated in the future,same design strategies can be used in other abandoned areas in Milan.

04 Rasika Uchgaonkar- Artistic counter space This project, focuses on regeneration of Holbeck, Leeds area through artistic practices. During the research, I identified five buildings in the Holbeck Conservation Area, which were former industries. These buildings along with the famous Franley viaduct are completely abandoned at present. The viaduct has a strong history and is a specimen of fine Victorian masonry. My proposal is to create a sky-walk on this viaduct. This viaduct is right in the centre of the conservation area, and all the identified buildings can be viewed from here. Also the arches of the viaduct could be rented to different artists, and create a network for them to regenerate the area.

02 Shirin Haddadian- Reactivating nomadic Macao Reclaiming the use of a large number of empty spaces in the city of Milan, in 2012, a group of artists and activists established a self-organised movement called “Macao”. Since its’ start, Macao has occupied several abandoned buildings in the city, using them for raising socio-political awareness mainly through the medium of art. However, since these occupations are not legal, in most cases they end up with eviction of the space after a period of time. This has lead Macao to become “nomadic” in its nature, changing place from time to time. Through my work I have tried to explore how it would be possible for Macao to reactivate the space that it currently occupies in a way that could easily be resumed in future occupations in

05 Ziana Sajid- Social Mediators Mediators play an integral role in the society. They are key dialogue initiators, vital links and network creators in any social context. They are essential elements to address social issues. In this project, social conditions of the two given areas are studied. The two main case studies - Temple Works and M^C^O are identified as mediators in the given social context. A detailed study of the place enables to understand the existing situation there. Taking one such situation into consideration, an attempt is made to address these issues by defining the role played by the mediator.

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03 Heng Yan- Using Macao to invade the city The studio project makes me think about how to use different ideas to think about buildings. For example, Macao is not only a building, it is a place which has its own story. Moreover, what interests me is that how people use these spaces and how it works. As a designer, I want to use Macao to invade the city, by designing different shelters in different places and give them different functions. 02


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06 Bana Darwich - Workers of the Common Goods A challenging brief which was created in the beginning for a privately owned building (Temple Works) and focused more about breaking the barriers and opening up the building to the public to engage and add social artistic values to the building. The brief was modified to adapt to the other building which was a slaughter house occupied illegally by M^C^O, and focused more on the creation of job opportunities for the neighborhood and the area around through art and social engagements.

08 Yoko Tajima- No clients’ Architect A project for design studio 1 is to reactivate Temple Works by a power of nature. It can be said ‘a reactivating way of nature’. This project considers a far future like 50 years later and 100 years later. Temple Works will be a ruin of Holbeck which conserves and shows history of Temple Works it self, Holbeck and memories of people lived there. The other project for design studio 2 is to design park-wise architecture in order to connect MACAO and the neighbors. This project tries to fill both physical and mental gaps between MACAO and the

10 Gangli Geng- Colliding to Intergrade at MACAO When I travelled to Barcelona, I realized public space is an important area for people to relax. They have different kinds of Landscape blocks to organize space. So I wanted to design something at Macao to link public spaces. Macao is a point to support space and organization activities. I researched some interesting points around Macao and tried to link all of those point with the cycle path created by Macao. I was inspired from the water sleeves, which is a kind of traditional art in China.

07 Yang Zhang- Smart platform Inspired by psychogeography and the feedback from interviewing different artists from Temple Works Leeds and MACAO, I found that artists might be undervalued during the urban regeneration progress of art practice. Reflecting back on “Who is involved in the process of regeneration?” According to my experience and my understanding of the unique “open door” policy of MACAO, I started my research from artists. I proposed MACAO to be a smart, adaptive platform for artists to put their expertise into good use, so as to rebuild the connection between MACAO and its neighbours in the long run.

09 Yigeng Lei - Urban Umbrella The building, Temple Works Leeds which is private owned used to be a factory. My strategy is to make a multi-functional street furniture to improve the interaction of building and try to tell what people do inside. Because the current condition is that TWL looks unfriendly and far from an art centre. The occupation led me to think about the latent problems(demand for space) in Milano/Italy. Different from Temple Works, M^C^O has a more radical position in political spectrum. In response to studio brief, I hoped to enlarge the scale of movement by building an experimental model to improve the usage of abandoned building as well as satisfy the demand for space in Milano.

11 Salma Modawi - Reclaiming the common Focusing on the largest abandoned area in Europe the Ex-Abbattoir in Milan suburbs. The market is located in a very complex neighborhood low income families, immigrants from developing countries lack of affordable housing. This market witnessed the phenomena of MACAO, which is a successful radical squatting movement that squatted part of the abandoned market. In the project MACAO acts as a mediator to reactivate the abandoned market, and utilize the skills of the local community by creating an autonomous model to propose a model of post capitalism society. Different zones in the project are integrating to create a self-sustain model.

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Urban Catalysts The Victorian Turkish Bath, a Catalyst for Urban Well Being This project focuses on the Glossop Road baths in Sheffield as the last Victorian Turkish bath still in operation in Sheffield. It addresses issues of wellbeing and the provision of shared public facilities for the public good. It retraces the history of public bathing in the UK and beyond. Learning from the past to innovate the future is the position taken in this project as it aims to address the role of philanthropy in the production of spaces for the public good. The project is based on the co-production of students of research and analytical material and the reconstruction of part of Sheffield history linked to Glossop Road Victorian Turkish baths. Students work in a large group to co-produce in a short time a comprehensive, urban history and urban and architectural analyses and reconstruct the baths in a laser cut model as they were in 1909. Learning from the Past to innovate the future: Designing a 21st Century Low Income Housing Neighbourhood in Marrakech 01 Following the first semester explorations of the concept of urban catalyst for wellbeing, students were invited to individually design a sustainable low income housing neighbourhood in Marrakech, Morocco. An overseas field study trip took place in the world heritage city of Marrakech between the 8th and 12h of February 2016 organised and led by Dr Magda Sibley. A five day academic programme was organised in collaboration with the Schools of Architecture of Marrakech and Rabat. Urban Catalyst students were assisted by local architecture students for the conduct of field work inside the historic core of Marrakech. They lived together in a traditional courtyard house located inside the world heritage city of Marrakech and within walking distance from the world heritage site for intangible heritage Jemaa El Fna square. They carried out observations and analyses of the intra muros residential neighbourhood of Mouassin with its courtyard houses and cluster of neighbourhood facilities consisting of a public bathhouse, public fountain, a mosque and medrassa (a theology college) and a small public square. Students were also engaged in mapping and filming the various activities taking place in the iconic Jemaa el Fna square, previously introduced to the students during the theory forum on public spaces. Students were also introduced to a site on the outskirt of Marrakech, a real client and a real brief for the development of a low-income, low-energy high-density sustainable housing neighbourhood. Students are challenged to reinterpret the lessons learnt through their analyses of a residential neighbourhood in the medina of Marrakech in order to design an innovative high-density, low-energy housing neighbourhood for low income Moroccan families, displaced from the medina of Marrakech through gentrification. The client is a private developer who is interested in the design innovative new low-income housing neighbourhood that will be presented at the COP 22 in Marrakech in November 2016 as an innovative example of housing provision that minimises environmental impact and presents resilience to climate change.

Studio Coordinator Dr Magda Sibley

01 Xiaochen Guo - Housing project

Studio Tutors Dr Chengzhi Peng Tsung-Hsien Wang

02 Field trip to Marrakech

Studio Contributors Mr Steve Wilkinson, Manager of the Glossop Road Victorian Mr Abdelghani Tayyibi, Head of Department-Ecole d’Architecture de Marrakech-Morocco Dr Hassan Radoine, Head of Departement- Ecole Nationale D’Architecture – Rabat, Morocco Mr Al Mehdi Khaldoun, Private developer for low cost housing in Marrakech Mrs Khadija Kadiri and Mr Mohammed Nouhi, Al Tadamoun, a Moroccan NGO

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03 Mingke Jin - Housing project 04 Zhen Quan - Housing project 05 Xueriu Lu- Housing project 06 Zainab Eid- Housing project

Students Zainab Eid Yihan Gao Xiaochen Guo Mingke Jin Yi Liu Huiwen Lu Xuerui Lu Zelong Ouyang Zhen Quan Danjun Shao Hao Ye Tianchen Zhang 02


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07 Hao Ye - Housing project 08 Danjun Shao - Environmental scenario for Sheffield Victorian Turkish Bath - Spa 1877 09 Tianchen Zhang - Environmental scenario for Sheffield Victorian Turkish Bath - Spa 1877 10 Huiwen Lu- Housing project 11 Yi Liu - Housing project 12 Zelong Ouyang - Housing project 13 Yihan Gao - Housing project

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The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

Studio MAKE In Studio MAKE (MAAD) we conduct design research related to future implementations of adaptive, kinetic environments. We work at multiple urban scales, from the object to the building and the neighbourhood. We consider adaptation across multiple time scales, from a single day to alteration over decades. Advances in embedded computing and material technology have enabled new opportunities for adaptive buildings and components, and we have explored the potential of these technologies to enable a poetic, expressive and humane architecture. All buildings adapt and respond to changes in their environment, but these changeable aspects of buildings have not always been considered with care and design rigour. In this studio we investigate the architectural potential of adaptive systems, considering the building as a changing body whose form and affordances actively and intelligently adapt to the environment and the needs of inhabitants. By considering utopian and dystopian visions for the future of adaptive environments, we propose design fictions that critically assess the ethical as well as the aesthetic aspects of technology.

Studio Tutor Dr Mark Meagher Students Du Hongbo Fang Lin Huang Xiaoyan Liu Pinxi Tan Jing Yu Xie Chencheng Yang Tianlun Zhang Cheng Zhang Wanqi Collaborators Daniel Kerr Visiting Reviewers Dr Nadia Bertolino Dr Teresa Hoskyns Daniel Kerr Aya Musmar Dr Chengzhi Peng Dr Magda Sibley

01 Tianlun Yang - Transportation hub The project is designed for the response of the transportation research over the site, mainly aimed to created a well-connected railway system for the link between Sheffield and the world. The concept of the project is renovating the tram line and posing the impact to form a business district in the surrounding area. The project is using the interaction between different elements in the site to address the issues relating to history, humanity and economy. Functions are designed to satisfy the demand of the area and also, structure are considered to meet the demand of the aesthetic based on my design philosophy in which structures and forms are inseparable.

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02 Wanqi Zhang- Collective Building Complex In this project, I explore alternative mixed-use patterns that further advance sustainability of Auto businesses in Attercliffe on a social and economic level in the future. The design brief is developed through site analysis and background research of Attercliffe. The primary design method at the initial stage is considering the spatial implications of OpenData. It illustrates that small-scale Auto businesses have been there for a long time for people making their lives in Attercliffe. However, according to the interviews, these local auto businesses are threatened by other increasing specialized car-related services located at the edge of Attercliffe. 03 Chencheng Xie - Community Centre for the elderly The community center is located in Attercliffe, Sheffield, which has the highest percentage of the aging community in the city. Field research proved that the most suitable facilities for the community centre should include a cafĂŠ, pharmacy and a library, amongst others.

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04 Pinxi Liu - Community centre This design is a multifunctional community centre.The pavilion served as an stage for weddings and parties, or just a public square for people to rest. The exhibition area can be divided into different kinds of space: it is a flexible area, and the partition wall can be straight or curved. This moveable facade can be folded up, forming a open space between the main building and the outdoor space, especially useful for the pavilion space.

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The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

05 Lin Fang - Museum of the Canal The building is located along the canal, which can be regarded as the connection between the residential area and the sports centre. The museum can also serve as a special route for pedestrians to cross the canal through the nearest bridge.

06 Hongbo Du - Mosque and Community Centre The project investigates the role of a Muslim community centre in Attercliffe in terms of programme, site and architectural expression. The design focus of the project is the use of circulation space as a multi-functional zone that encourages communication between the various communities served by this facility. 07 Cheng Zhang - The Emotion of the Building This project investigates the buildingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s capacity to respond to and communicate emotion, in part through its adaptive and kinetic components. The research has included a site selection based on the analysis of a range of site data. The programme is a Museum of Industry, located in a renovated industrial building. 08 Jingyu Tan - The Pedestrian Route Design This project is part of the urban regeneration of Meadowhall and Attercliffe through pedestrian route planning influenced by tourism as an economic engine based on thorough research and analysis. There are three main parts to this design, Sky walk - the pedestrian route proposed, Old Railway Square and Market Place as part of the tourist attraction that consist of enclosed retail.

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The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

MSc in Digital Design & Interactive Built Environments The MSc in Digital Design & Interactive Built Environments (MSc DDIBE) is a digital design based programme grounded in the theoretical and practical study of digital media, techniques and technologies and their role in challenging the way built environments are designed, constructed, inhabited and evaluated. Students were introduced to a wide range of digital design methods and techniques including parametric modelling linked to 3D printing, advanced environmental simulations for site-specific climate change adaptation design, computation design with Processing & Rhino-Grasshopper, BIM-based analyses and digital-physical prototyping. Studio MAKE (Modelling Adaptive Kinetic Environments) is where MSc DDIBE students actively engage with creative applications of digital design thinking and techniques in prototyping design of innovative interactive built environments. The theme of Studio MAKE 2015-2016 is Interactive Campus (iCampus) - students investigated their campus sites with reference to the University of Sheffield Campus Masterplan 2014 and developed site-specific programmes of interactivity taking into account present and future spatial, environmental, user and technological changes. The climax of the studio endeavour is the digital-physical prototyping of how the proposed programmes of interactivity may be tested and implemented. The MSc DDIBE is an innovative and intensive MSc programme through which students acquire the theoretical knowledge and applied digital methods needed to develop cutting-edge digital blueprints of future built environments fit for the challenges and possibilities of a digital world.

Director Dr Chengzhi Peng

01 DDIBE Students field trip

Studio Tutors Dr Tsung-Hsien Wang

02 Yao and Dou - model

Students Wenjiang Dou Tinashe Madamombe Michalis Philippou Ava Sehat Niaki Philip Shilton Marilena Sorrou Xiaoyi Yao

03 Michalis Philippou - model

Visiting Professors and Guest Reviewers Professor Marc Aurel Schnabel

06 Marilena Sorrou - model

School Staff Dr Chengzhi Peng Dr Tsung-Hsien Wang Dr Mark Meagher Danni Kerr Choo Yoon Yi Yang Yu Sheng Jiang Fernando Perez Diaz

07 Euston Tower - street perspective

04 Marilena Sorrou - model 05 Marilena Sorrou - model

08 Euston Tower - window perspective, looking out

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The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

Studio MAKE Studio MAKE (Modelling Adaptive Kinetic Environments) investigates how innovative syntheses of digital (virtual) and physical environments can lead to production of interactive built environments (IBE). For IBE to fulfil the role of mediating everyday life interactions in a digital world, the design process needs to address multiple requirements including spatial, temporal, user, environmental, social and technological. Increasingly, designers are expected to produce built spaces and places affording properties and experiences now only just emerging such as location-specific adaptation to climate change, real-time responsiveness to pervasiveness of digital interactions, smart homes for ageingin-place, personalised information-rich navigation of cultural heritage sites, among others. The theme of Studio MAKE 2015-16 is An Architecture of Adaptive Interaction – students started with prototyping a Form of Adaptive Interaction (AI) in the Autumn Semester, and at the same time they were introduced the methodology and workflow of 3D Interactive Prototyping (3DIP). The reason for adopting 3DIP is twofold: (1) that it enables creative syntheses of parametric shape modelling, computational design including physical computing, and digital fabrication; (2) that it provides a clear structure for project development progression over the course of Autumn Semester. At Studio MAKE, 3DIP consists of a number of elements for initiating and testing students’ AI ideas. We employ multiple technological platforms and tool sets including Arduino, Rhino-Grasshopper-Firefly, and 3D digital fabrication. 01 Following the field trip led by Dr Mark Meagher visiting the ETH and EPFL campuses and research labs in Switzerland, the DDIBE students started off the Spring Semester of Studio MAKE by defining the project contexts to which their AI concepts developed previously would be applied. The students were encouraged to develop their own project briefs specifying the aims and objectives. Weekly studio tutorials and periodic reviews were provided to support the students’ digital design development. The emphasis was on creative syntheses of digital design strategies, methods and techniques into coherent schemes addressing the challenges and opportunities presented by the campus sites. We were fortunate to have Ben Tew to work with us as the external reviewer throughout the year who has brought us in close contact with the state of the art in the professional making of digital architecture. As presented here, the DDIBE students have produced studio design outcomes from six final projects, demonstrating what they foresee the possibilities of digital architecture to the social, environmental and educational challenges : Sound and Space in Architecture, an essay film made by Nash exploring impaired hearing in the built environment through personal storytelling; Interchangeable Surface, an interactive soft surface by Ava to transform the University Bridge Concourse space; Adaptive Solar Shield, by Philip to retrofit the Euston Tower in London; Changing Topology, a child’s robot companion by Marilena to engage with a child’s play with movement and changing shapes; Solar Shading Shell, a kinetic shading system by Michael for his Contemporary Arts Gallery for Nicosia in Cyprus; City Lung, a solar-powered algae air purification framework by Wenjiang and Elaine for turning the former large Capitol Steel Corporation site into a massive city air cleaning infrastructure for Beijing.

Studio Coordinator Chengzhi Peng

01 Wenjiang Dou and Xiaoyi (Elaine) Yao - City Lung

Studio Tutors Chengzhi Peng Tsung-Hsien Wang

02 Philip Shilton - Euston Tower - model

External Examiner Marc Schnabel Students Wenjiang Dou Tinashe (Nash) Madamombe Michalis (Michael) Philippou Ava Sehat Niaki Philip Shilton Marilena Sorrou Xiaoyi (Elaine) Yao

03 Ava Sehat Niaki - Interchangable Surface - street perspective 04 Wenjiang Dou and Xiaoyi (Elaine) Yao - City Lung - exploded axonometric and model photos 05 Michael Philippou - Solar Shading Shell - external perspective and material sample 06 Ava Sehat Niaki - Interchangable Surface - digital modelling

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The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

07 Michael Philippou - Solar Shading Shell - model 08 Tinashe Madamombe - Sound and Space in Architecture: an Essay Film 09 Wenjiang Dou and Xiaoyi (Elaine) Yao - City Lung 10 Wenjiang Dou and Xiaoyi (Elaine) Yao - City Lung

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The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

MA in Urban Design MAUD is a design-based programme specialising in community-centred approaches to the design and development of urban areas.The aim is to address the challenges of uneven urban development, both locally and internationally. With this in mind, the course seeks to establish innovative modes of design practice based on civic engagement and participation, and to investigate which approaches might allow for rethinking the role of both designers and citizens in the processes of city-making. The overall approach of the programme is underpinned by a desire to critically examine the key urban development challenges that cities are facing today. Who is addressing them? In which ways? To whose inclusion, and exclusion? Local urban areas in Sheffield are taken as a reference for comparison with other UK and international contexts in Europe as well as in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Central to the programme is a design studio, supported by core modules exploring urban design theory, participatory methodologies and reflections on urban design practice. These are complemented by a range of optional modules, field trips, thematic workshops, and lecture series.

Director Dr Beatrice De Carli Studio Tutors Jhono Bennett Dr Cristina Cerulli Dr Beatrice De Carli Dr Florian Kossak Students Muhammad Al Huda Liwei Fang Ruixuan Feng Alexandre Gaiser Fernandes Mincan Huang Koko Itamura Yanming Jiang Maureen Kinyua Rebecca Knighton Pan Li Xiao Li Yanbin Li Jin Lin Xuemin Lin Yixin Ma Rouqi Meng Mahya Nazarian Haowen Ren Sudeshna Sarkar Hussain Shaik Ateeb Qing Shan Siwei Shi Yuechen Wang Haotian Yang Xu Yang Songnan Zhang Shengjie Zhu Yukai Zhu

School Staff Nishat Awan Irena Bauman Peter Blundell Jones Carolyn Butterworth Leo Care Teresa Hoskyns Doina Petrescu Tatjana Schneider Renata Tyszczuk Julia Udall

01 MAUD students at Kottbusser Tor during the course fieldtrip to Berlin

Teaching Assistants Lorenza Casini Goran Vodicka

04 MAUD students making a film as part of the module ARC6985 Reflection on Urban Design Practice

Visiting Contributors Markus Bader (Raumlabor Berlin) Camillo Boano (The Bartlett Development Planning Unit, UCL) Sam Brown (RUSS Community Land Trust) Jesko Fezer (IFAU Berlin) Alexandre Apsan Frediani (The Bartlett Development Planning Unit, UCL) Nabeel Hamdi (Oxford Brookes University) Matthias Hayden (TU Berlin) Matt Hayman (Sheffield City Council) Rowan Mackay (Live Works) Leandro Minuchin (Manchester Architecture Research Centre) Omar Nagati (CLUSTER Cairo) Mark Parsons (Studio Polpo) Morag Rose (Department of Urban Studies and Planning, University of Sheffield) Mark Southcombe (Victoria University of Wellington) Jörg Stollman (Institut für Architektur, TU Berlin)

05 MAUD students engaging with the public in Doncaster, as part of the module ARC6983 Participation in Architecture and Urban Design

02 Group photo from the Berlin field trip

03 MAUD students working in the studio

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06 Public screening of students’ films made as part of the module ARC6985 Reflection on Urban Design Practice

07 Students running the public design charrette: ‘Exploring Neepsend 2015’ at Kelham Island Arts Collective as part of the module ARC6979 Urban Design Tools and Methods. The event was organised in collaboration with SKINN.

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MOVEMENT

FUNCTION

CAR ORIENTED DISTRICT

Car priority district

Uncontinuous Pedestrian

East/west connection is characteristic by changing quality

Reduce vehicular traffic dominance

Clear pedestrian network

Create good quality street and identity

The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

MAUD Studio - Strategies and tactics of re-appropriation

SPACE

Some qualitified commercial funtion but insufficient public function

Improve original funtion

Highly accessible district

CULTURE&ACTIVITY

CURRENTLY SPACE

FUNCTION

Core role of temporary use

PARTICIPATION

CULTURE&ACTIVITY

PARTICIPATION

Few greening space

Deprived public space and no sense of public space

Lack of pausing and Walking SPACE

Different needs are not reflected in the public space

Several areas are only used for single activiy

Government lead planning

Useless facilities

As green as park

Diversity public space for all

Walk around and stop over

Creative varied activities meet all needs

Varied activities during the day and all the year

Inviting participation for all of the groups

Creating effective facilities with public

Meet different users' needs, perception and expection

Inviting built environment

24 hours/4 seasons vibrant activities

Practical implement and governance

PROPOSED

MAUD Studio 15/16 addressed Strategies and Tactics of Reappropriation. The focus of our research was on the many actors who, in their capacity as engaged citizens, transform the meaning and form of the places they inhabit. Examples of these initiatives include the transformation of vacant lots, the informal construction of community resources, self-build and self-management practices. We considered these initiatives as an open set of urban tactics, suggesting alternative ways of making the city. Design explorations of the topic developed through three 6-week projects, set in Johannesburg, Berlin, and Sheffield. Project 1: Re-appropriating (ideas of) public space The first project observed and produced ideas of public space in post-apartheid Johannesburg, South Africa, and was undertaken in collaboration with local design non-profit 1-to-1 Agency of Engagement, and urban design practice Local Studio. Embracing the idea of ‘designing from afar’ as a contextual condition, we adopted digital media as a means to communicate with local partners, and to explore spaces of diversity and coexistence in the design of public space in inner city Johannesburg. Tutors Jhono Bennett Beatrice De Carli

01 Group 1: Pedestrian Friendly Juta Street The strategy aims to improve the walkability of Juta Street, making the neighbourhood more dynamic while at the same time strengthening its diverse identity. By making Juta Street pedestrian, the proposal hopes to reinforce a shared sense of place for the neighbourhood’s many user groups.

STRATEGY 1 FLEXIBLE MOBILITY 1 BALANCE VEHICULAR AND PEDESTRIAN FUNCTIONS TRANSPORTATION PLAN FLEXIBLE ROAD

0

Public entrance ANALYSIS OF TIME USING OF FLEXIBLE ROAD [ WORK DAY ]

Semi-public space

Flexible road

Group 2 Ruixuan Feng Ateeb Hussain Shaik Yanbin Li, Xuemin Lin Stephen Ludlow

[ WEEKEND DAY ] +

FLEXIBLE ROAD

SEMI-PUBLIC

PUBLIC

SEMI-PUBLIC

SEMI-PUBLIC

Slowly driving areas

Roof parking

FLEXIBLE ROAD

PUBLIC

6:00-9:00

9:00-16:00

16:00-19:00

19:00-22:00

22:00-6:00

SEMI-PUBLIC

6:00-9:00

9:00-16:00

16:00-19:00

19:00-22:00

22:00-6:00

More usage Medium usage Less usage

[ HOLIDAY ]

02 Group 2: Flexibility / Urban catalysts The proposal focuses on flexibility as a way of improving the area’s accessibility for multiple types of users. The emphasis is on designing public spaces that can be easily adaptable to different situations, users, times, and places.

Car

2.5m

3.0m

3.0m

Section 1

People

11.0m

2.5m

2.5m

3.0m

3.0m

11.0m

2.5m

Pedestrian only (car prohibited)

Section 2

Car slowly driving with pedestrian

2 CLEAR PEDESTRIAN NETWORK 3.CREATE GOOD QUALITY STREET AND IMPROVE IDENTITY [ PEDESTRIAN COULD BE PARKS, PLAZAS, SQUARES, OPEN SPACES, ACCESS CORRIDORS ] DIVERSIFIED, LIVELY MIX USE CONCEPT 5.Corridor 4.Entrance feature

1.Plaza paving

1/2

3

1/2 5

5

2.1 Path with elevated tree beds

1.Plaza paving

2.2 Pedestrian zone

2.1 Path with elevated tree beds

1/2

4

1/2

3

3.Activity zones

5.Corridor

5

1/2

3

5

3.Activity zones

4.Entrance feature

1.Plaza paving

2.2 Pedestrian zone

1/2

3.Activity zones

1.Plaza paving

1/2 3/4

3.Activity zones 3

SINKING PARK Pedestrian continiuity

Pedestrian interrtupted

Public entrance

Semi-public space

Flexible road

Roof parking

Green/public space

Slowly driving areas

STRATEGY 2 DYNAMIC FUNCTION

03 Goup 3: Conquering (ideas of) the street The spatial proposition touches on both tangible and intangible aspects of design, and is articulated in four long-term strategies and numerous tactical interventions. The focus is on phased transformations that consider time as an integral element of the project.

IMPROVE EXISTING FUNTION AND INCREASING TEMPORARY FUNCTION

SCENERIO 1

SCENERIO 2

SCENERIO 1 STUDENTS LEAD EXHIBITION AND MARKETING

SCENERIO 3

SCENERIO 3 MANIFOLD WELCOMING ENRANCE

MEETING RELAX

PUBLIC ART

TRADING

04 Group 04: Public space accessibility for informal workers The focus of the proposal is on informal street traders, who form an important part of the local economy but are often excluded or neglected when forming urban strategies. The strategy addresses questions of participation, policy, flows, street furniture, and open spaces.

STREET ART ADVERTISING

SPORT

STUDY

RELAX

INVESTIGATE

BUSINESS

LOCAL ART

INNOVATIVE EXHIBITION

EVENT

SCENERIO 2 DYNAMIC STREET LIFE OBJECTIVE To revitalize the property and increase its value through varied uses. Undertake the education function of connecting area and create proper functions for students to inspire their leisure life and attracting other people PROTAGONIST College students, young small business owners, artists PLACE Vacant buildings

OBJECTIVE To enable alternative informal and cultural offerings through dynamic use of available open sapces

OBJECTIVE Cultural reactivation and strengthening of social network, the new destination can bring the people out of buildings, walk into the public realm

PROTAGONIST Street vendors, artists, small business owners

PROTAGONIST School, different groups, city manager

PLACE Street space and available street front

PLACE Open space, street corner

STRATEGY 3 CHARACTERISTIC SPATIAL DESIGN 1.WALK AROUND AND STOPOVER [ GUILDE THE GATHERING SPACES TO THE PARK ]

[ NOT ONLY IN THE STREET CORNER]

PEOPLE ACTIVITIES FOOTPRINT

TO UNIVERSITY SCHOOL COMMERCIAL

COMMERCIAL

RETAIL COMMERCIAL

RETAIL COMMERCIAL

COMMERCIAL COMMERCIAL SCHOOL RESIDENTIAL

COMMERCIAL

COMMERCIAL RESTAURANT

COMMERCIAL RESTAURANT

COMMERCIAL

05 Group 5: Safety and accessibility The scheme articulates proposals for safety and accessibility in Juta Street. These include physical and visual accessibility as well as mobility interventions. The analysis of safety in the area supports the design of small-scale projects and policy changes.

INDUSTRY

RESTAURANT SCHOOL

RESTAURANT

COMMERCIAL

RESTAURANT

RESTAURANT

COMMERCIAL RESTAURANT

RESIDENTIAL

DESIGN GUILDES

2. AS GREEN AS THE PARKS 3.DIVERCITY KINDS OF PUBLIC SPACES MEET VARIOUS DEENS

- NOT ONLY A PLACE TO PASS THROUGH, BUT ALSO A SPACE TO STAY - AS GREEN AS THE PARKS; - ENTRANCE ATR MEETING POINTS; - PRIVATE-PUBLIC BALANCE ; - BUILDINGS INTEGRATED WITH LANDSCAPE; - DIVERCITY KINDS OF PUBLIC SPACES; - MEET TEMPORARY USAGE.

[ COMMERCIAL ][ FESITEVEL ] [ LEISURE ] [ GREEN ][ SPORT ] [ COMMERCIAL ] [ ARTS ]

STREET WOKER

KEY FACTORS INFLUENCE THE TYPES OF PUBLIC SPACES: • The local and surrounding potential users of Juta street; • The buliding ffunctions besides Juta street.

HOMELESS RESIDENTS

Green Outdoor Activities DIVERCITY KINDS OF PUBLIC SPACES

SINKING PARK COMMERCIAL

RESIDENTIAL

Group 3 Alexandre Geiser Fernandes Yixin Ma Sudeshna Sarkar Xu Yang

100M

Less usage

SMALL BUSINESS

Group 1 Muhammad Alhuda Liwei Fang
 Shan Qing Songnan Zhang Yanming Jiang

50

SECTION OF JUTA STREET

More usage Medium usage

VISITING

Partners 1to1 Agency of Engagement Local Studio

25

06 Group 6: Redistribution, revitalisation, reappropriation The proposal develops on principles of ‘ease of movement’ and ‘shared spaces’. The goal is to use design interventions and in situ events to develop Juta Street into a more inclusive public space. The strategy foregrounds a process to take place in the street.

[ ENTRANCE ] [ SPORT ]

SCHOOL

COMMERCIAL

COMMERCIAL

RETAIL COMMERCIAL

RETAIL COMMERCIAL

COMMERCIAL COMMERCIAL SCHOOL RESIDENTIAL

COMMERCIAL

COMMERCIAL RESTAURANT

COMMERCIAL RESTAURANT

INDUSTRY

[ LEISURE ] [ COMMERCIAL ]

[ ART/RECREATION ] [ LEISURE ] [ FESITEVEL ] [ COMMERCIAL ] [ GREEN ]

RESTAURANT

COMMERCIAL

RESTAURANT SCHOOL

RESTAURANT

RESTAURANT

COMMERCIAL RESTAURANT

[ TEMPORORY MARKET ] [ LEISURE ] [ COMMERCIAL ] [ LEISURE ]

[ GATE SQUARE ]

[ GREEN ] [ ENTRANCE ]

STRATEGY 4 CULTURAL CHARACTER AND ACTIVITIES Trees create shade so more people will prefer to use public space on sunny days

Varied activities to meet different needs

• Juta street falls in the conceptual cultural arc proposed during the Braamfontein Regeneration Project that link the cultural establishments • Some of the adjacent streets (Smit Street, Jorrisen Street) have already been seeing a lot of changes over the years • Absence of flexible public spaces and green areas on the street discourages more activities on streets • More greenery in open areas will bring people onto the street for better interaction

Group 4 Mincan Huang Kouko Itamura Pan Li
 Yukai Zhu Rouqi Meng

Flexible road used by cars during business hours and by cyclists during leisure time

Kids playground to make spaces more active and interaction between different groups

Graffiti on the walls of buildings showing cultural character of the city

Kids use the green spaces to hang around or play without the fear of vehicles

Culture Arc

70 Juta Street

0

25

50

100M

University students

Office workers

Office workers

University students School

School Activity Zones

Activity Zones Activity Zones Activity Zones

Group 5 Maureen Kinyua Xiao Li
 Jin Lin
 Yuechen Wang Shengjie Zhu

Activity Zones University students School

Office workers

Office workers

University students Activity Zones

Public entrance

Semi-public space

Flexible road

Roof parking

Slowly driving areas

STRATEGY 5 A FLEXIBLE PARCICIPATION PROCESS

Group 6 Rebecca Knighton Mahya Nazarin Siwei Shi
 Haotian Yang Howen Ren 01

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Global issues

Local issues

• Youth Unemployment • Economic Inequality (GINI index)

Object Analysis

• Legacy of 40 years of disinvestment by the Apartheid government • Ethnic segregation of the communities now transformed to • economic segregation • Population expansion, urbanization and climate change has affected the water and sanitation, waste, energy, electricity, transport and social infrastructure • Shadow privatisation of public places • The transformation of the natural, historical, social and economic environmentsover time causes the change of identity. • The gated communities are being built out of the fear of crime. This is further resulting in fragmentation of the city. • Multiple ownership and divided responsibilities make the effective management of a public space difficult. • Safety issues around Nelson Mandella bridge.

2015 1991

1995

1999

The Businesses Act:

The Labour Relations Act 66 of 1995 (LRA):

MTC Established:

In 1991 a new Businesses Act completely changed the legal approach to informal trading.This Act is the basis of most legislation which currently affects rural and urban street traders.

When the Businesses Act became law in 1991, the right of street traders to trade on the streets was protected.

There was the establishment of Metro Trading Company (MTC) and Joburg became the only municipality to have an informal trading policy which ensured the move from a merely regulatory to a more developmental role of the council.

The right to freedom of association and collective bargaining. The extension of these rights could facilitate the organization of informal workers.

Workers have a constitutional right to strike, but they must follow proper procedure.

How policy works now

Concentration of Street Traders’ Organisations in the Joburg CBD:

2007

2011

Informal Trading Policy for the City of Johannesburg:

Joburg GDS 2040: Joburg 2040 Growth and Development Strategy is more recent strategic direction that the City of Johannesburg has launched in 2011. The Joburg 2040 GDS is argued to be in line with the national government policies.

Defining informal trading, establishing spatial planning and development framework and carrying out the informal trading smart cards in Johannesburg.

The document continues by stating how the informal economy will be supported and the approaches to enhance livelihoods of the poor.

participatory formulation

Informal Trading Forum managing

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registrating

Organizations

There are 12 markets and taxi ranks under its control, strategically located throughout Johannesburg now.

managing training

participation engagement

Informal workers

Policy Analysis

Qualities of an inclusive public space

Ref: City of Johannesburg: 2012/16 Integrated Development Plan

Policy issue and implementation

The “Informal Trading Policy for the City of Johannesburg” was introduced.

Design Process

Ref: Z. Muge Akkar, New-generation Public Spaces-How ‘ Inclusive’ Are They?

landscape(vegetation)

Types of Spaces and social groups analysis

0

8

16

40m

dustbin shelter seating space telephone booth

Morning

Night

Left-over space

Tool: Google Street-view

1

JUTA ST

JUTA ST

JUTA ST

JUTA ST

JUTA ST

JUTA ST

JUTA ST

JUTA ST

JUTA ST

existing objects and tracing informal workers’s behavior and routes, we find that there is few objects designed for people, especially for informal workers, including the street traders, beggers, car guarders, recyclers and car washers.

$

2

$

3

Culture Landscape $

$

Leftover Building

3 2

$

$ $

$

Evening

Parking & Sidewalk area

Afternoon

makes the space unsafe, unaccessible

inclosed transient shelter makes space exclusive

it is common to find informal workers sitting on the ground or the column here. it seems that recyclers are quite busy as there is loads of rubbish and not informal worker sit along the road PROTEST recycled. source: http://fourwaysreview.co.za/200631/right2know-protest-metropolices-anti-protest-measures/

rubbish thrown in the street

Worker Work$

higher income residents

Bench -- for some recyclers and homeless

outdoor ‘formal’ worker

lower income residents

Dustbin, Seating

a few of stone chairs but need to be repaired

it may be designed for the car guarder to have a shelter. it is shabby and not tidy, which could make other informal workers exclusive. it could be designed more open and combined with surrounding environment.

informal worker sits against it under the shelter of trees

informal workers interact in front of it but with no seats

Temporary shelter

$

$

Resident Resi-

trolly pusher passes by without use it

JUTA ST

1

surrounded by stone chairs without practical function

it may convey the meaning of local culture, but it rarely raises people’s attention. people, such as informal workers usually sit or stand against it, this could be designed combining with practical function.

Leftover Space

4

There are already lots of protest to ask for rignts by different it is near the parking place, car guarder have to sit on contemperary chairs group in South Africa and the website urban joburg metioned some protests have positive outcome Source:http://www.urbanjoburg. com/

the landscape structure is destroyed without repairing

This kind of structure are designed nearly in every intersections in Juta Street.

$

4

king lot

JUTA ST

JUTA ST

Method: By collecting the information about

coffe shop worker

Parking lot Sidewalk

office worker

Parking on sidewalk

StuStudent

Visitor Visi-

university student

tourist

high school learner

regular visitor

ewalk

d parking

Stall - provided for street traders to sell fruits to students and office staff

6

AM

‘informal’ street worker

$

homeless residents

EENDRACHT ST

EENDRACHT ST

Recycled Dustbin - make the square tidy

BEFORE

Road parking Bench -- for some recyclers and homeless

CCTV

k

lower income retailer

Stall - provided for street traders to sell fruits Landscape to students and office staff

6

AM

king on the sidewalk

Recycled Dustbin Direction - make the square tidy Indicator JUTA ST

primary school learner

12

Traffic network

Social groups + Spaces

Landscape

CCTV

12

PM

AM Direction Indicator

Shelter - especially for homeless Conflict between retailers and informal street workers

Road

12HENRI ST

HENRI ST

12

Seminar Cabin

PM

AM

Dead end Crossings

Shelter - especially for homeless

Cycle Lane

Light - provide a safe environment in the evening

Taxi stands

JUTA ST

1

Retailers provide shadowed spaces

$

PM

4

Message Board - for informal workers to obtain the updated information and give feedback Table -- for lunch time and interaction

6

Toilet - give informal workers easy access to use infrastructure

2

3

$

6

Toilet - give informal workers easy access to use infrastructure

Light - provide a safe environment in the evening

Land-use planning Different urban furniture is used as seat

Table -- for lunch time and interaction Seminar Cabin

AFTER

Residential Retail

$

Message Board - for informal workers to obtain the updated information and give feedback

STATION ST

STATION ST

Picture 1

Restaurant

PM

SPA:

School

• Allocating space for informal traders

Commercial

• Developing areas which impact on large numbers of people

Industrial Parking

VOLUNTEER CONSTRUCTION source: http://aet.org.za.www12.flk1.host-h.net/wp-content/ uploads/2014/02/Ch.5.pdf Light

INFRASTRUCTURE: JUTA ST

• Providing minimal infrastructure for informal traders Re: 1:1 Studio

Direction Indicator - help guide informal workers

6

AM

Figure ground map Shelter

Lack of green areas

3

Light

Privatization of public space?

NELSON MANDELA BRIDGEB

rd Ha

ERTHA ST

Bench -- for some recyclers and homeless

to Across the Interse ction

6

Direction Indicator Water Supply - help guide informal workers How to Stall across?? - provided for street traders to sell fruits to students and office staff

Nelson Mandela Bridge

AM

6

AM Recycled Dustbin - make the square tidy Water Supply

Shelter

Landscape

12

12

CCTV JUTA ST

STRATEGIES •

Adaptability

Viable and meaningful spatial connections within the city’s open spaces. Retaining the key elements of the cultural and natural heritage. Protect and enhancing the environmental resources.

• •

Picture 2

• •

Identity, context and place making

Integration •

Proposing easily changable place by minimalist approach Proposing spaces to be able to accomodate different needs of people considering their complexity.

Designing the public spaces by clustering and integrating the collective elements of the city Combining different projects and promoting social integration through participatory design process.

• •

Economic Significance

Equity

Promoting sense of permanence, strategic location, “capital web” (David Crane), Designing spaces as multi-use destinations, “human-scale” interventions, flexibility and connecitions With a aim to get a common ground for social and economic interaction and promote a positive environment.

Promoting equivalent respect among all communities, individuals and cultures Accommodating and balancing both homogeneity (sameness) and heterogeneity (diversity) in the public spaces.

Integrating Economic activity (both formal and informal) to integrative different communities, ethnics, age, gender and income groups in the public spaces.

Multidisciplinary Management •

Understanding the role and potential of each stakeholder and involving them in the management of the maintenance. Promoting social cohesion and inclusion to benefit small to large scale public spaces.

12 12

By using the minimal resources and small investment, producing an To produce diverse walkability Promoting adaptable walkability in different time frame.

Phase 1: Improving walkability within the existing urban fabric by short term interventions Phase 2: Transforming the street ends to

3

Comfortable sidewalks

As we have analyzed above, the sidewalk in Juta street is in bad condition. About half of the sidewalk spaces are occupied by parking. And it is also a problem that there are few attractions on sidewalk to make people pause on the street. We decided to create attractive points on the sidewalk to engage people to share and enjoy the sidewalk, using urban furniture and green elements to make sidewalk more walkable and flexible. The comfortable sidewalk aim to give more chances to residents and informal workers to experience the street sidewalk.

4

Occupying parking lots

We define as a strategy to “occupy” parts of the streets that are nowadays used by cars, transforming it to pedestrian public spaces, focusing on the interventions in the parking lots of the street. The tactics involved in this strategies are divided into two type of actions: institutionalized actions, in which the local authorities shall be involved, and “subversive” actions, which should made by different groups of people (artists, retailers, students etc), to call attention about the topic.

AM

Recycled Dustbin

First-aid Facility PM

Electronic Information System -- newest information of informal workers’ participation Ramps -- easier for recyclers to transport

• Ensuring that basic services and public safety facilities and resources are provided to all at-risk areas

Re-using the leftover spaces

Idea Box Seminar Cabin -- provide access to collect informal workers’ need

6

DE BEER ST

Light - provide a safe environment in the evening Electronic Information System -- newest information of informal Toilet workers’ participation - give informal workers easy access to use infrastructure JUTA ST

2

Transformation to a Walkable street in Phases

12

PM

Ramps Toilet -- easier for recyclers to transport Shelter - especially for homeless DE BEER ST

Picture 3 SAFETY:

JUTA ST

1

12

First-aid Facility AM

PM

• Creating an environment where the safety of informal traders is ensured

STRATEGIES

AM

Direction Indicator

Toilet

JUTA ST

Sustainability

PRINCIPLES

PM

Temporary stall Recycled Dustbin

Table -- for lunchIdea time Box and interaction -- provide access to collect informal workers’ need

6

PM

6

Temporary stall Message Board - for informal workers to obtain the updated information and give feedback

PM

This process is generated from the analysis about why government don't support informal workers and the one reason maybe the hygiene problem. Source:http://aet.org.za.www12. flk1.host-h.net/

On Juta Street there are many leftover spaces, like deserted green land, pocket parks, small open spaces and some gaps between buildings. With the development of urbanism, these spaces are more and more precious. As Juta Street is becoming a walkable street, there is a great request to re-use the leftover space on the street to attract more residents and tourists to this place.

public plaza by middle term interventions

MELLE ST

MELLE ST

Picture 4

Phase 3: Promoting green public space

TRANSPORTATION :

by long term interventions

• Which advocates for construction of trading spaces/points where pedestrian mobility is at its optimum (such as at bus and train stops)

TACTICS

Guided sidewalk

Artsline

Lively sidewalk

Informal Markets

Parklets

PHASE 2B

PHASE 1B

PHASE 3

Containers of Activities

PHASE 1A

Social facilities

market place under the flyover

CLEANING UP

place for homeless people under the flyover

JUTA ST

Lower Ground Parkings

Roof Garden & Restaurants

JUTA ST

Peace pathlet

Light

Direction Indicator This process is according to - help guide informal workers a website about the informal worker in Durban and it talk about four part including the inclusive design. Source:http://aet.org.za.www12. flk1.host-h.net/

6

AM

N

PHASE 2A

Shelter

Walkable Street

public plaza

+

Green Walkable Street walkable flyover

Water Supply

public plaza

+

Proposal of two storey over existing car park building

Underground car park

BICCARD ST

Picture 5

BICCARD ST LAW SEMINAR Electricity

ECONOMIC: • Providing different facilities, besides enhancing capacity of and business support services to informal/street traders

• Targeting highly accessible sites/locations for promoting touist-related street trading.

6

CCTV

JUTA ST

JUTA ST

• Ensuring that city’s infrastructure is used for maximum social and economic development

Bench -- for informal works who walk through the park

AM

12 PM

12 AM

BEFORE

Telephone Booth -- when need help

Bench -- for informal works who walk through the park

Electricity

Toilet

6

CCTV

Landscape

AM First-aid Facility

Light SIMMONDS ST

SIMMONDS ST Telephone Booth -- when need help Landscape Recycled Dustbin

Ramps -- easier for recyclers to transport JUTA ST

12

12

PM

Light

ST Electronic N Information System ISO RR -- newest information of informal HA workers’ participation

Tactic 1: Re-use Inside Leftover Spaces

12 PM

R

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT:

a

• Improving standard of living through training, mentoring and providing development opportunities

Shelter

S

R

et Garde tre

City of Johannesburg. 2011. Informal Trading Forum: Informal Traders’ Organisations registered as attending the Forum.

JUTA ST

City of Johannesburg, 2011. Johannesburg Growth and Development Strategy 2040. City of Johannesburg. Internet: http://www.joburg.org.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=7343& catid=73&Itemid=114, accessed 20 Nov 2015.

SPONTANEOUS VOLUNTEER WORK

R

Tactic 2: Lively Sidewalk Pub

There is already a website for informal workers in Braamfontein. There was a big activity which thousands' interview informal workers but because the educational and economic level they don't run the website themselves Source: http://www.seri-sa. orgindex.php

The sidewalk in short term, we can not change a lot space of Juta street, such as the width of sidewalk. So in this term, we focus on the furnitures on the existing streets. we aim to creat several a walkable sidewalk with placing several furnitures for pedestrians to pause on the street.

THEIR OWN VOICE

Existing condition

3.5M

In this phase furnitures can be placed to this area because the commercial vitality. These furnitures can be flexibly used by different social groups, such as informal traders, pedestrians and students. It can be an approach to manage the street sellings and engage people to share the sidewalk space.

Tactic 1: Art Street

Participation Process

Pause Space with furnitures

Ref: Bland Hoke & Howard Chambers, Softwalk, 2012. Accessed by 01 Dec 2015. http://citysoftwalks.com/

Tactic 1: Containers of Activities

Street art

THEIR OWN VOICE

Tactic 2: Parklet Situation: cars occuppies more space than the people themselves.

Funding (or material) can be asked for construction companies.

Aim: estabilish a closer relation between the establishment and the public spaces.

Light instalation as part of the new identity of the street.

Public furniture can be used as extention of the near retail (also responsible for maintenance).

Involved Stakeholders

PROTESTInformal workers may be incited

repaire the existing destroyed objects, put

Santiago Cirugeda, Seville

prepare planting for future shelter through Whole Juta Street HIRE A DESIGNER

$

$

Public Participation

Stalls -- for street traders to do small business

20 years

construct traffic signal for each intersection install lights everywhere in Juta Street

allow for controlled street trade with temporary stall structure

incorporate more greenery along the street and more shaded space

Footbridge Construction Voice Construction and Protest design and objects fordevelopment informal workers, which Green Park and Square ware house for small business goods Majority of participation: volunteers is variable ,multiple and could be used at Majority of participation: volunteers and informal workers different times different groups in a day The role of informal workers: one group of participants The role of informal workers: onefor group of beneficiaries Years PROTESTTo indentity themselves

5

construct temporary bases for participation incorporate more greenery along the street and more shaded space

temporary accommodation designed for informal workers

Meeting Room and Voice Development take part in the design of objects actively Majority of participation: informal workers The role of informal workers: main participants

20 years

provide night market and make Juta Street more safe allow for controlled street trade with temporary stall structure

temporary accommodation designed for

informal workers Participation Action

design objects for informal workers, which is variable ,multiple and could be used at PLANT TREESdifferent times for different groups in a day

design objects for informal workers, which ware house for small business goods is variable ,multiple and could be used at times for different groups in a day MAINTENANCE CONSTRUCTIONdifferent & COMPLETION

Clear the site and start planting the trees.

Continue to look after the area of green space and have Start and complete the construction of the landscape and After the completion of the park, a monthly or seasonal monthly or seasonal maintenance. Public organization placement of objects in the park. Some trees are slow providetonight market Juta Street maintenance is required maintain its and goodmake condition. construct temporary for participation should hold some form of review or evaluation of how the growers (20-30 years to reach full size)bases and some are fast morecan safe New job opportunities arise for the informal workers space is used in the park, and if the space is distributed (10-15 years). When trees grow in full size, they complete to take part in the seasonal or monthly maintenance of the equally among the different social groups, especially the the park. park. informal workers, who are often neglected and excluded in these processes.

construct traffic signal for each intersection

JUTA ST

$

design objects for informal workers, which Majority of participation: volunteers and informal workers is variable ,multiple and beneficiaries could be used at The role of informal workers: main and different times for different groups in a day participants

them into use, such as the fallen stone The degree of accessibility chairs, poles and landscape

04

6

PM

5 Years

rules install lights everywhere in Juta Street

6 Months PROTESTTo have a proper way to express in protest 1 Year PROTESTTo recognize with each other

prepare for the installation of electricity

Shower Booth -- provide convenience for homeless

tools

1 Year

How about the rules about others?

repaire the existing destroyed objects, put them into use, such as the fallen stone chairs, poles and landscape Majority of participation: volunteers and government prepare planting for future shelter through The role of informal workers: one group of beneficiaries Whole Juta Street

Oliver Bishop Young, London Involved Stakeholders:

learn

6 Months OBJECTS

Cooperate with the university or hire a landscape architect to come up with the detailed design of the park. prepare for the installation of electricity

$

sticks

How about my trading rignt?

Two Precedents:

transfering AN INPORTANT PUBLIC VOICE SPONTANEOUS VOLUNTEER WORK Electronic Information System

transfering

CLEANING UPThe role of informal workers changed

When I face to violence and crime...

Different activities promote uses day and night. Precedent

THEIR OWN VOICE VOLUNTEER CONSTRUCTION

LAW SEMINAR

JUTA ST

Get in touch with the organisation of the directed allotment (either a school or a retail). They can suggest (or define) the activities in the conteiner.

PROTEST

Cabin -- training course SPONTANEOUS VOLUNTEER WORK for informal workers

Action Plan OBJECTS

Aim: first subversive approach to start the discussion about public spaces.

Car parking

Vacant buildings

AM

P r o v i d e t h e technology support to let them build their meeting room

JUTA ST

Sidewalk

12 Their own voice may make them have some activities like protests .

Shelter

CLEANING UP

Situation: plenty of parking lots shows (and promotes) the preference to cars.

$

THE

Provide device and technology training to make informal workers express themselves.

Existing condition

Involved Stakeholders

Based on the NGO, try to involve Landscape informal workers with volunteers together contributing to a footbridge. VOLUNTEER CONSTRUCTION

PM

Green Sidewalk In this phase we are not going to change a lot about the street’s structure. So we can add some little vegetation with furnitures to fulfill the basic need of street greens.

$

JUTA ST

Short Term

$

AM

12

Furnitures

Involved Stakeholders

So it is necessary to cut down the car parking number in this area to creat space for another activities.

6

CCTV

Telephone Booth Set up NGO to hold -- when need help the law seminar to educate the informal workers about the basic rights they have and the basic rules they obey. Light LAW SEMINAR

CLEANING UP

This is also the first phase of our design. As we have found from exisiting condition of this area, there are few pedestrian compare to the commercial area. But lots of car parking here and they occupy a lot sidewalk place. However, we can find that street art in this area is quite presperous.

Bench -- for informal works who walk through the park

Electricity

Coorperate with NGO organization a n d i n v o l v e volunteers in to ensure the basic hygiene condition for informal workers.

JUTA ST

Pause Space with furnitures

BLUE LEGUME

Stalls -- for street traders to do small business

LOVEDAY ST

Street vegetation useless barries Parking people

03

6

PM

Shower Booth -- provide convenience for homeless

JUTA ST

Metropolitan Trading Company. (n.d.). Johannesburg. Retrieved from http://joburg.org.za/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1291&Itemid=75

au e s t r an

From our research, we know that African people love nightlife very much. So we think it is a good way to add several pubs on the street to attract more young people and visitors to enjoy their spare time.

The aim of pause sapce in this part is to make place for young people to enjoy their sparetime after work and study. So we can place some furniture for fun and provide space for street artists.

Electronic Cabin Information System This process come out from course my -- training volunteer experience. This isworkers a for informal long term participation project and I found out that when we had built something for them, Stalls -- for street traders to they show intention to build by do small business themselves. Source: http://www. bridgetochina.org.hk/ Electronic Information System

6

PM

Shower Booth -- provide convenience for homeless

Benjamin, P. (2008). Informal Work and Labour Rights in South Africa. INDUSTRIAL LAW JOURNAL, 29 JULY, 1579–1604.

Dewar, D. (2003). A Conceptual Framework for the Formulation of an Informal Trader Policy for South African Towns and Cities. Urban Forum, 16(1). . Generic Informal / Street Trading Policy Framework for Metropolitan & Local Municipalities. (2008). Small Enterprise Development Agency, (June), 1–57.

As walkable street has great commercial value, we suggest to change some huge buildings which situate on crossroad to shopping mall.It can increase the pedestrian flow of Juta Street.

AFTER GRENOBLE RD

Policy References:

au e s t r an

t

Pub

Shopping Mall

Pub

JUTA ST

estaur

t

The roof of building in this pedestrain street has great business potential, so we want to transform some roofs of building to restaurants to attract more people come here and have a rest.

fR oo

nt

It is a better way to make some small deserted spaces which along the street more beautiful and have some rest facilitis to supply a comfortable walkable environment for pedestrian.

n

Street Garden

As the Juta Street is becoming a walkable street, large number of restaurants will be needed in this street. Our proposal is to transform some abandoned buildings to restaurants to fully utilize them.

JUTA ST

HARRISON ST

Picture 6

Restaurant

12

Cabin -- training course AMworkers for informal

Shelter

opping Ma l

AM

Temporary stall

l

Sh

Idea Box -- provide access to collect informal workers’ need

6

PM

take part in the design of objects actively ANNUAL REVIEW

05

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The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

Project 2 Re-appropriating modernist housing Taking the Mehringplatz Ensemble by Hans Scharoun and Werner Düttmann, a seminal 1960s social housing scheme in a disadvantaged area of Berlin-Kreuzberg as its case study the second project looked at the question how such modernist housing estates could be ‘re-appropriated’ for the city and how the people living in these neighbourhoods can exert their agency to re-imagine and transform their way of living. The project included a week of fieldwork in Berlin, collaborating with the team from the local Neighourhood Management Group and getting further input through an exchange with the Urban Design Chair at the Technical University as well as with Berlin practitioners. The projects were then primarily developed through several iterations of urban models on three different scales focusing on issues such as local economies, connectivity, play and cultural diversity.

Tutors Beatrice De Carli Florian Kossak Group 1 Liwei Fang Qing Shan Yuechen Wang Shengjie Zhu Group 2 Koko Itamura Maureen Kinyua Mahya Nazarian Songnan Zhang Group 3 Pan Li Yanbin Li Yixin Ma Siwei Shi

01 Group 6 – Photo-collage of Mehringplatz Ensemble in the background. During the field work voices of residents, workers and visitors were collected and combined with observations of the social and cultural infrastructure of the area and their perception through its users.

02 Group 6 – The project aims to benefit both local residents and visitors by re-establishing a network of shared public spaces. This urban model shows the intensity and potentials of existing ‘shared space’ in the Mehringplatz area.

03 Workshop with Prof Jörg Stollmann and Matthias Hayden at the chair for Urban Design of the Technical University Berlin.

04 Group 3: The project is concerned with creating a local economy based on recycling and local skills. Production and exchange spaces would are established all over the housing ensemble, from private flats, to empty shop units or underused outdoor spaces.

05 Group 2 - The project aims to create a functionally mixed and socially dynamic neighbourhood with a particular focus on the needs for children of various ages. The square will function as a center of diversified activities, providing creative and varied ‘platforms’ that could encourage and promote young people’s interactions and uses of the public spaces. 01

06 Group 1 - Sectional Model showing the spatial strategy for activating of the public realm through participatory art installations. In this part of the project the focus is on providing practical and flexible public facilities to engage a wide range of stakeholders.

Group 4 Muhammad Al Huda Alexandre Gaiser Fernandes Xu Yang Yukai Zhu

07 Group 5: ‘2026 Mehringplatz’: Sectional model photograph showing spatial strategies of creating connections from the inner circle of Mehringplatz to the surrounding neighbourhood.

Group 5 Rebecca Knighton Jin Lin Haowen Ren Sudeshna Sarkar

08 Group 4: ‘Continuities and Connections in Mehringplatz’. The Detail Model shows two examples of the spatial design strategy, a) the raised crosswalk between Mehringplatz and the Library; b) the relationship between the new commercial area and the new semi-permanent agora structure.

Group 6 Rouqi Meng Xuemin Lin Haotian Yang Xiao Li Group 7 Mincan Huang Ruixuan Feng Ateeb Hussain Shaik Yanming Jiang

09 Group 7: The project proposes to establish a local economy and ecology around flowers, creating employment opportunities, learning facilities, and sensory enhancement for the Mehringplatz area.

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The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

Project 3 Re-appropriating the post-industrial landscape through community-led development The third design project this year was set in the City Centre of Sheffield, and was developed in collaboration with Sheffieldbased social enterprise Studio Polpo and the nascent Sheffield Community Land Trust (CLT). The aim of the project was to explore the potential of communityled approaches to the regeneration of the city’s central areas. What can we do when the market does not provide a solution? What would be a desirable, ethical and just way of re-imagining areas of city that are left as land banks or waiting for investors? How could we prototype other ways of making the city that embody more ethical values?

01 Group 5 – ‘5 Steps towards Women-led Urban Development’ This project proposes strategies to establish a community land trust, which builds houses and public spaces in the borders of Burngreave, Wicker and Darnall, on both sides of the railway. It considers the community’s women as the starting point of the organisation, reinterpreting their roles in the public spaces.

02 Group 1- ‘More Diversity, Less Isolation’ In the Devonshire Quarter students explored how a diverse range of people and groups can come together to form a community. This community-led approach will consist of Sheffield CLT, Studio Polpo and local residents with a focus on mixed-income housing and historic heritage regeneration in the short term, and achieving diversity of functions, stakeholders, and activities in the long term.

Tutors Cristina Cerulli Beatrice De Carli

03 Exhibition of Project #3 at Sheffield Train Station.

Partners Sheffield CLT Studio Polpo

04 Group 5 - engaging with the public at a bus stop in Burngreave.

Group 1 Pan Li Yixin Ma Qing Shan Liwei Fang Jin Lin Group 2 Haotian Yang Maureen Kinyua Rebecca Knighton Ruixuan Feng Songnan Zhang Yuechen Wang Group 3 Siwei Shi Renwen Hao Mingcan Huang Rouqi Meng Yanming Jiang Kouko Itamura Group 4 Ateeb Hussain Shaik Sudeshna Sarkar Muhammad Alhuda Mahya Nazarian Xuemin Lin Group 5 Alexandre Gaiser Fernandes Shengjie Zhu Xiao Li Xu Yang Yanbin Li Yukai Zhu

01

05 Pamphlet including map and details about the students’ public installations throughout Sheffield’s city centre.

06 Group 1 - line drawing of the proposal for more diversity. 02 07 Group 3 – ‘Live & Work in the Heart of City’ This project focuses on a considerable number of vacant spaces on the upper floors of Fargate in the heart of Sheffield. Based on a series of community-led strategies, the project proposes to re-appropriate the vacant spaces in Fargate Court and provide flexible spaces for graduates to live and work in Sheffield city centre.

08 Group 4 – ‘Community-led Housing in Wicker’ The Wicker area has been missing good affordable housing for decades. The project proposes a ten-year community-led housing strategy for the Wicker Riverside area. 08 09 Group 1 - engaging with the public in the city centre

10 Group 2 - ‘Wellington Street: Dynamic, Energetic, Collective’ The project explores the ways in which a Community Land Trust could enable Wellington Street to fulfil its potential as a vibrant street with its own unique identity.

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The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

MSc in Sustainable Architecture Studies The MSc in Sustainable Architecture Studies (MSc SAS) combines social and technical aspects of sustainable architecture through an interdisciplinary approach. The programme focuses on exploring sustainability through design with dedicated studio modules. Lecturers and supervisors have expertise in low energy design, retrofit, lighting, modelling, building performance, parametric design and renewable materials. The programme is driven by an ethos of global stewardship and positive regeneration to transform the built environment for a more equitable future. In 2015-2016 the MSc SAS attracted students from China, Brazil, Cyprus, Thailand, Japan, Malaysia and the United Kingdom. Our “Radical Transformation” studio was lead by Aidan Hoggard and taught by Sofie Pelsmakers and Sam Broughman, where we focused on Radical Urban Planning, Transformational Retrofit and Resilient Housing. The studio sought to foster an awareness of the relationship between global environmental change and the construction and inhabitation of buildings. The modules introduced students to a range of approaches in sustainable architectural design, and encouraged students to work iteratively in developing a critical stance in relation to theories of sustainable architecture and to discover their own approach and way of working. Students are supported in this process with a mix of seminars, lectures, (group) tutorials, group discussion and team work, field trips and workshops. The Radical Urban Planning and Transformational Retrofit group carried out a detailed, critical analysis of the 2030 Challenge website, including the 2030 Palette and its interface within Climate Consultant. In collaboration with Studio Landscape + Urbanism the students researched a wide range of topics and issues that are critical to the Sheaf Valley area. A priority was placed on the implications of spatial complexity and precision of working on urban and building sites.

01

The Resilient Housing studio considered radical fabric improvements and architectural transformations of existing housing, using infra-red surveys, the PassivHaus Planning Package (PHPP) and DesignPH software to understand building performance. Radical transformations included fabric performance and building aesthetics whilst considering the impact on occupant’s health and well-being. Existing buildings and proposed design changes were iteratively tested in current and future predicted climate conditions. The students initially proposed the radical transformation of one single family-dwelling and later up-scaled this to a street or city-block. Throughout the year students on the course actively attended conferences and events across the country. At Timber Expo in Birmingham students were exposed to and inspired by some of the latest developments and applications of timber. Many projects later in the year researched and developed these themes to a high level of detail. Students were encouraged to participate in a field trip to Hill Holt Woods and Nottingham University within the framework of the Materials module and a visit to EcoBuild in London. Furthermore, a trip to Switzerland was organised in February: students visited Zurich, Lucerne and Basel where they studied examples of sustainable architecture and urban designs. Each day, in small groups they acted as “sustainability consultants”, identifying problems and proposing solutions for a selection of buildings they visited. A number of programme specific modules deliver research led teaching and support the design studios across a range of sustainability areas, knowledge and skills. From winter onwards, students develop their own research through either a written or design-based thesis project. This substantial piece of work is supported by supervision from experts in the field within the school and students are assigned to specific staff research groups, choosing from a wide range of topics.

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Programme Leaders Aidan Hoggard Sofie Pelsmakers Professorial oversight Prof. Fionn Stevenson Module Co-ordinators and Studio Tutors Aidan Hoggard Dr Chengzhi Peng Prof Fionn Stevenson Prof Jian Kang Dr Jo Lintonbon Dr Mark Meagher Sam Broughman Sofie Pelsmakers Dr Tsung-Hsien Wang Dr Teresa Hoskyns Guests Aiman Rashid Deborah Cobbett Dr. Gavin Harper Dr. Kayla Friedman Liam Bullingham Dr. Magda Sibley Paul Testa Thabs Molobi Cain Dave Edwards

01 Final Reviews of ARC6842 Aidan Hoggard and Aiman Rashid were the reviewers of one of the final review sessions. Students Anaclara Penha Azlizawati Ibrahim Dongxue Fu Jiachen Zhang Jun Xie Maria Englezou Napachanok Keeratirekha Sam Levitt Siyu Duan Tianyi Zeng Xi Chen Xiaojing Xu Yu Wang Yunqi Xu Yuting Huang Yuto Takenaka Ziyu Chen Zuozhou Ding

02 Workshop of ARC6842_Design with Knowledge Signe Kongebro, Partner of Henning Larsen Architects, Visiting Professor of SSoA gave her lecture on ‘Five steps to sustainability’.

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03 ARC6821 Field Trip to Hill Holt Wood Students were briefed about the sustainability aspects of the site, the low impact materials and construction used for the buildings, as well as the concept of working with local community. 04 Studio Field Trip to Zurich, Lucern and Basel Students learnt sustainability strategies of vernacular and modern buildings, as well as climatic and cultural adaptations to building and urban scale. Next page: Various activities participated by SAS students 04


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The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

05 Anaclara Penha - Low Impact Development in the Sheaf Valley to meet Thermal Delight The project aims to illustrate a holistic approach to implement a low impact development in the Sheaf Valley, Sheffield. It investigates and develops strategies to mitigate carbon emissions and reduce the energy demand in housing, required to achieve the UK target of an 80% reduction by 2080. Accordingly, an abandoned warehouse was re-purposed into dwellings by the River Sheaf, the site chosen benefited from an excellent infrastructure network and aimed to encourage the use of the river for leisure. Furthermore, the user has an important role, as the project investigates levels of control and passive strategies to meet thermal delight.

10 Maria Englezou - Strategies for Overheating Protection to Park Hill, Sheffield Park hill is one of the most important buildings in Sheffield because of it’s history in culture and social housing. It is a Grade II listed building and also the largest listed building in Europe. For Phase II the proposal by David Mikhail of Michail Riches Architects, won the competition and proposed to retain the brick walls. My proposal is to retrofit the apartments according to EnerPHit standard. Analysis for apartment type A indicates that there is currently a high probability of overheating which will continue into the future. Proposals to solve this problem include lower u values for the walls, timber triple glazed windows, external shading and night single sided or cross ventilation.

06 Azlizawati Ibrahim - Deep Retrofit of Pre-1919 Victorian Terrace Houses to Passivhaus standard 4.7 million dwellings in England were built before 1919, and 25% of them haven’t been subjected to any major alterations since they were built (English housing survey, 2008). PHPP and Revit analysis shows that houses in Margaret Street are among the 25%, which are performing badly in energy efficiency due to major heat losses through the building fabric and are suffering from low levels and poor quality of daylight and sunlight. Thus, the project aims to provide free solar energy through the use of a sunspace and modified Trombe-wall. The passive strategy achieves a 95% reduction in space heating demand (13kWh/m2/y) to achieve Passivhaus standard.

11 Napachanok Keeratirekha - Social and Environmentally Responsive Retrofit of Former Abbey Glen Building The pre-1920 factory building on the River Sheaf has the potential to be a community cafe and temporary museum. There is scope to create a more enjoyable and energy efficient building fabric for educational and recreational purposes. This can be achieved by using a passive design strategy combined with a super-insulated enclosure to lower the energy consumption and optimise natural light. The riverfront can become an ecologically-friendly seasonal park by growing water-tolerant local plants, improving the shoreline, creating an attractive and accessible location for leisure activities, enhancing biodiversity and providing flood remediation.

07 Dongxue Fu - Retrofit of Virgin Health Club, Sheffield The design project is a radical retrofit program of the Virgin Health Club, which is located in Sheaf Valley, Sheffield. The existing Virgin Health Club is a two-story building facing southwest with 5 meters floor height and 2800 square meters floor area. The fundamental concept of this scheme is moving the forecourt ground car parking into the original health club, infilling with green space, a pond and residential accommodation. The addition of a further two upper floors, accommodates the original gym. In terms of energy and carbon ambitions, this project aims to reach 80% carbon emission reductions through energy efficiency measures and the introduction of solar energy.

12 Samantha Levitt - Green Corridor Revitalisation Project The aim of the project is to re-purpose desolate areas of hard landscaping and wasteland along the River Sheaf. Renovating these drab, neglected areas by re-greening, and creating green links between them to form a network of paths and cycle ways promoting sustainable transport into Sheffield City centre along the River Sheaf valley. Creating multi-purpose green spaces which are attractive, safe and well used, ensures they become destinations along the journey into the city. Native plant species help to mitigate flood impact, provide shading during hotter months, create habitats for wildlife, and vitally enhance public wellbeing.

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08 Jiachen Zhang - Retrofit of Park Hill to improve thermal comfort This project site is Park Hill, a council housing estate in Sheffield. The project includes the retrofit of the balconies at Park Hill in order to improve the thermal performance of the housing. The proposed design incorporates a retractable balcony glass structure which allows the balcony to be closed off, reducing heat loss. At the same time, the old structure remains behind the new, preserving and protecting the heritage of this building.

09 Jun Xie - Bringing Green Spaces into People’s Lives In this project, the research question is ‘how to bring green space into people’s lives?’ This project focuses on green space in the urban environment and aims to create multi-use green spaces for both entertainment and leisure. The design incorporates sustainable strategies, such as daylight factor analysis and rainwater collection. During the development of this project, I found that a new arrangement of different types of green spaces, was the key to creating vibrant urban environments. environments.

13 Siyu Duan - Abbeydale Picture House Retrofit Project The project aims to explore sustainable strategies of Abbeydale Picture House in Sheaf Valley, Sheffield. The areas surrounding the site have several different uses such as a commercial centre, parking lot, residential area, public swimming pool, parks and historical buildings. The project aims to refurbish the Abbeydale Picture House into a building focusing on community energy. By carefully refurbishing the building, retaining its existing north and east façade, I hope to preserve its memory within the community. All other structures, such as walls and floors would then be removed and new building elements inserted. The building should then perform well in terms of energy efficiency and provide pleasant open space for the community.

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The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

14 Tianyi Zeng - To retrofit Park Hill as a Passive House As the existing Park Hill has a poor energy performance, this project’s aim is to retrofit it as a Passive house. This would be achieved by adding super-insulation to reduce space heating demand, increasing passive solar gain, creating a new air tightnesslayer and installing Mechanical Ventilation with Heat Recovery (MVHR). Additionally, the project will respond to climate change with the installation of external shading systems to protect against overheating. 15 Xi Chen - Sustainable retrofit on old millhouses by the River Sheaf This project proposes to create an environmentally friendly public area that benefits the local community by retrofitting the old millhouses. A multi-use building is proposed, containing a sports club, restaurant and bike hub, whilst protecting the authenticity of fabric of the existing buildings. The main strategy is to carry out sustainable retrofits on several old stone millhouses by improving the building performances and incorporating renewable energy technologies. In addition, the bike hub in the project promotes sustainable transportation to decrease carbon impact on the local environment in the long term.

16 Xiaojing Xu - Retrofit of Victorian Houses with Communal Tower as added social values Houses, built during the 19 century, consume large amounts of energy, producing high levels of greenhouse gases which pollute the environment and lead to energy poverty. In the design studio, I mainly focused on the retrofitting of an old victorian house, whilst also ensuring the cultural heritage is maintained. The problem of energy consumption was combatted by adding insulation and improving the quality of the windows and doors. A communal tower was inserted into the community that contains food growing space and a common house. This integrates social value in the community, which could facilitate relationships between neighbours and promote sharing with one another. 17 Yu Wang - Carbon positive high-density residential building The project aims to build a high-density residential tower to mitigate the urban sprawl process caused by population growth in Sheffield. Population is projected to increase by around 75,800 people in 2037, which will significantly increase the environmental impact of travelling. One sustainable response is to deal with the growth of population by maximizing land use. Additionally, by using low impact materials like cross laminated timber panels, the designed residential tower could be carbon positive, which is a long-term sustainable solution to global warming and climate change. 18 Yunqi Xu - Grade II Listed Building Retrofit The vision is to radically retrofit the Howard Pub, a Grade II listed building, to serve as a new high-density sustainable landmark in the revitalization of Sheffield city centre. Based on critical evaluation of the existing building, the design proposal is a combination of historical conservation and radical retrofit for future adaptation and building resilience. The design strategies are aimed to complement the building in an energy efficient way by preserving historical value (architectural style, social function); enhancing urban density (extension with new structure, mixed use); and reducing carbon footprint(energy efficiency, materials, renewable energy).

19 Yuting Huang - Sustainable retrofit of historic industrial building The whole project concentrates on the Sheaf Valley in Sheffield city. In semester 1, the project is at an urban scale, and creates a conceptual foot path along the River Sheaf, which aims to improve the connection between citizens and the river corridors. In semester 2, the design direction changes to the building scale to retrofit the historic building in Abbeydale Industrial Hamlet to undertake new functions and re-activate this historical site. By upgrading the form of the building facade and increasing indoor illuminance levels, the building not only significantly improves in terms of aesthetics and as a visitor attraction, but also provides tangible connections with the sites history.

20 Yuto Takenaka - Terraced House for Biodiversity This project looks at ‘the old Victorian houses and their need to be refurbished in terms of energy efficiency, while offering new attractive green spaces.’ The proposal considered the following 10 points; a hemp-lime insulation (check local resource and availability), an extensive green roof (enhance biodiversity, thermal performance and water retention), convex-curved eaves (cut summer sunlight while retaining winter sunlight), land reclamation, low-embodied carbon structures (based on the Inventory of Carbon & Energy database) , green curtain, recycled -tyre garden (reducing local waste), community food growing plan, concrete ‘boots’ for flooding and roof bee keeping (encourage biodiversity).

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21 Ziyu Chen - Extension possibilities in a Victorian house The vision of my project is to design a house extension in a Victorian house to ensure good daylight, sunlight, indoor air quality and provide interactive spaces. Since the back gardens are rarely used by the occupants, the project will add an extra room to the private outdoor garden and turn the remaining outdoor spaces into communal areas between two houses, motivating occupants to make use of them. Design strategies including space planning (additional structure, shared outdoor area, green area), skylights for sunlight, natural ventilation, green roof, thermal mass and sustainable materials. 22

22 Zuozhou Ding - Community of low carbon standard floating houses The aim of this project is to popularize floating houses in the UK due to the increased risk of floods. The site of this project is located in the Sheaf Valley along the River Sheaf in Sheffield which is a high flood risk area according to the research done by Environmental Agency and Sheffield City Council. Based on a series of site simulations and case studies, the front area on the riverside is terraced as an early warning system. At the top of the site, 12 floating houses are proposed, which achieve low-carbon standards and an elevated community space.

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Step 1 Demolish

Step 2 Reconstruction

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Step 4 Sustainable Strategies


Graduate School With currently over 80 PhD students and 85 PGT students from the UK, Europe and further afield, the school has one of the largest cohorts of architecturally based research students in the UK, reflecting its pre-eminence in the field of architectural research. The Graduate School embraces these Doctoral programmes, it fosters links between PhD students and research staff, and supports the flourishing research culture within the School. Our PhD research is intrinsically inter-disciplinary and is open to students with an interest in any aspect of architectural research. These include histories, theories, practices and politics of architecture, environmental design (lighting, acoustics and the thermal environment), sustainability and structures, design processes and user behaviour, computer-aided design, emergent systems and complexity, sociotechnical systems (particularly related to sustainable energy technologies) urban design and development, community design and participation, places and place-making, children’s environments, feminist approaches, transformative education and practice. With a tradition of innovative education, our PhD Programmes encourage student-led initiatives and exchanges in research and education. We have a programme of events and seminars, often shared with larger research groups in SSoA, and more informal lunchtime research meetings. The PGR School also organizes informal meetings and formal public presentations for PhD students, and other research cluster activities such as the on-going East-West seminars, Lines of Flight, and the Lighting, Home and Digital Groups. Our students continue to win prizes for their work. For example, Reinhard Neubauer was awarded a 2015 Newman Student Award Medal for his PhD on “Subjective Estimation of Airborne Sound Insulation;” Zeynep Keskin received an award as a finalist in the 2015 Young Lighter of the Year Award, organised by the Society for Light and Lighting; Ahmed Louay Ahmed (as part of the Northern Ireland BIM Hub team) won the award for best Architectural Design and Presentation (Best Use of BIM for Design, Drama and Excitement) at Build Newcastle Live; Gloria Vargas was awarded for the best paper presentation in the Thermal Comfort Sessions for a paper she coauthored with Fionn Stevenson on ‘Thermal History and sequences in transitional spaces; does order matter?’ at the 7th International Conference of SuDBE2015, 27th-29th July 2015, Reading; and Xiang Ren was awarded the prestigious ‘2015 Chinese Government Award for Outstanding Students Abroad’.

Current PhD Students Sadiq Abid Annie-Brient Aboagye Ahmed Ahmed Pouyan Akbari Mohamad Al Taha Maha Al-Ugaily Yahia Ali Taghi Amirhosseini Carolyn Butterworth Choong Yew Chang Shen Chen Jianyu Chen Michael Coates Andrew Colau Ahmed El-Astal Rafael Mauricio Eufrasio Espinosa Fariba Fani Molki Rui Miguel Ferreira dos Santos Scott Fox Ziyad Frances Fabio Franz Carl Fraser Ayesha Ghazanfar Caterina Giuliani Diego Andres Gonzalez Carrasco Meryem Gurel Vera Hale Ahlam Harahsheh Gillian Horn Junjie Huang Iulia Hurducuas Hyunju Jang Dongwon Jeong Like Jiang Sarah Joyce Daniel Kerr Zeynep Keskin Cressida Kocienski Derong Kong Andreas Lang Phillip Langley

Efstathios Margaritis Alona Martinez-Perez Ula Abdali Khalel Merie Juliza Mohamad Nurul Mohamad Aiman Mohd Rashid Kate Morland Jingyi Mu Aya Musmar Katlego Pleasure Mwale Gunes Nazif Patrick Okofu Kristanti Paramita Junghyun Park Eleni Pashia Oscar Armando Preciado Perez Octavianus Priyanto Hussain Qasem Fei Qu Xiang Ren Shima Rezaei Rashnoodi Chada Romcai Chwas Sabr Emad Salih Cagri Sanliturk Emmett Scanlon Masa Sorn Helen Stratford Reem Sultan Piers Taylor Ian Trowell Nor Izura Tukiman Claire Tymon Alberto Urrutia Maria Van Elk Samuel Vardy Bo Wang Rosie Ward Amro Yaghi Choo Yoon Yi Juri Yoshimi Yang Yu

Al-Chokhdar Yussur Shuyou Zhang Litao Zhou Congratulations to students who successfully completed their PhD during this year: Sukainah Almousa Habid Becerra Ruxandra Berinde Rully Damayanti Ali Eltrapolsi Maryam Fazel Reaingard Neubauer Shuntaro Nozawa Julia Udall James Uttley Gloria Vargas Palma 01 MAUD field trip - Berlin 02 SAS field trip - Switzerland 03 MAAD field trip - Milan


Completed PhD Thesis Projects 01

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â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Locative Media: From Transcendental Technologies to Socio - Formative Spheres: An Examination of the Interface between Place, Agent and Locative Mediaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;

Investigating the visual tasks of pedestrians and how one of these tasks, obstacle detection, is influenced by lighting

Maryam Fazel

Jim Uttley

This thesis is a theoretical-empirical study that investigates the consequences and implications of adopting locative media technologies in everyday situations, paying particular attention to the potential strengthening of relationships between locative media and spatial practices of architecture and urban studies.

Current guidelines for pedestrian road lighting are not based on empirical evidence. One approach to providing suitable evidence is to examine the effect of lighting on the visual tasks of pedestrians. This first requires an understanding of what these visual tasks are. An eye-tracking study was carried out in which pedestrians walked a real, outdoor route during the day and after-dark. A novel dualtask method was used to identify the critical visual tasks of the pedestrians. Reaction times to a concurrent audio response task were used to indicate instances when attention may have been diverted towards something significant in the visual environment. Analysis of the eye-tracking videos at these critical times found that the path and other people were the two most significant items looked at.

Locative Media is a type of media technology that relates information to location/place, provides sites and occasions for the development of new forms of environmental knowing, spatial and cultural understandings, and arguably constructs new spatial relations with place, place-experience and sense of place. Although there is a vast literature on the socio-spatial and cultural implications of media technologies, social media, social networking sites and other applications accessed through the Internet, there are limited numbers of studies that explore the shift in the ways we understand and relate to virtual materials/information following the emergence of location- based technology, and how those technologies might affect the conventional ways we develop relationships/associations with location/places, or perceive places, or understand spatiality. Tracing the emergence of locative media and the new implications of map/representation, the thesis takes locative media as the subject under scrutiny and investigates the assemblage and interrelationships of the three main ingredients of place/locative media/ agent. The interrelationship of those three ingredients and the social and behavioural norms of using Locative media in real time is explored through an empirical lens using two case studies (individuals using Foursquare/Streetmuseum applications), where three main categories of locative media applications (urban annotation/tagging applications, user-generated maps and social networking applications) are explored. The findings of empirical studies, and issues regarding implications of locative media, are then categorized into thematic chapters: locative media and Image of place, Place-making potentials of new media technologies, locative media and alternative flexible forms of sociability, and finally possibilities of relational place- understanding: In-group experiences. Since the field of locative media is very new, theories and ways of discussing related phenomenon are not yet strongly developed: thus whilst examining existing cases empirically, this thesis also contributes to on-going theoretical discourses regarding place-understanding after new media technologies (tracking the change in place-understanding), and the interconnected issues of spatiality resulting from mediation, embodiment, mobility, technology, and community. Therefore the findings of the empirical studies feed into the process of developing related theories, and construct an argument that locative media could be considered as both Transcendental Technologies (technologies that transcend spatiality, geography and territory) and Socio-Formative Spheres (technologies that form socio-spatial interactions) based on the frames of observation. It also provides an insight into the possible ways that new media technologies can be applied as tools or mediums for architects and urban planners to rewrite the city, to communicate with communities of users, or to adopt those media platforms as site analysis mediums, tools for collecting and sharing site-related information in new, practical ways.

Observation of the path is important for detection and avoidance of obstacles and trip hazards. Good road lighting should therefore facilitate obstacle detection. An obstacle detection experiment was therefore carried out examining the effect of illuminance and Scotopic/Photopic (S/P) ratio on obstacle detection. The experiment improved the realism and ecological validity of previous research by introducing a dynamic fixation target, realistic apparatus scales and real walking (on a treadmill) whilst carrying out an obstacle detection task. Results showed that obstacle detection only improved with illuminance increases up to 2.0 lux. A higher S/P ratio (2.0) provided better detection performance than a low S/P ratio (1.2), but only at the lowest illuminance used of 0.2 lux. The data is used to discuss optimal design criteria for pedestrian road lighting based on obstacle detection. However, other purposes of road lighting, such as creating a feeling of reassurance and enabling accurate interpersonal judgements to be carried out, should also be considered when designing pedestrian road lighting.

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The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

PhD Programmes With currently over 80 PhD students students from the UK, Europe and further afield, the School has one of the largest cohorts of architecturally based research students in the UK, reflecting its pre-eminence in the field of architectural research. The Post-Graduate Research (PGR) School embraces these Doctoral programmes, it fosters links between PhD students and research staff, and supports the flourishing research culture within the School. Our PhD research is intrinsically inter-disciplinary and is open to students with an interest in any aspect of architectural research. These include histories, theories, practices and politics of architecture, environmental design (lighting, acoustics and the thermal environment), sustainability and structures, design processes and user behaviour, computer-aided design, emergent systems and complexity, sociotechnical systems (particularly related to sustainable energy technologies) urban design and development, community design and participation, places and place-making, children’s environments, feminist approaches, transformative education and practice. With a tradition of innovative education, our PhD Programmes encourage student-led initiatives and exchanges in research and education. We have a programme of events and seminars, often shared with larger research groups in SSoA, and more informal lunchtime research meetings. The PGR School also organizes informal meetings and formal public presentations for PhD students, and other research cluster activities such as the on-going East-West seminars, Lines of Flight, and the Lighting, Home and Digital Groups. Our students continue to win prizes for their work. For example, Reinhard Neubauer was awarded a 2015 Newman Student Award Medal for his PhD on “Subjective Estimation of Airborne Sound Insulation;” Zeynep Keskin received an award as a finalist in the 2015 Young Lighter of the Year Award, organised by the Society for Light and Lighting; Ahmed Louay Ahmed (as part of the Northern Ireland BIM Hub team) won the award for best Architectural Design and Presentation (Best Use of BIM for Design, Drama and Excitement) at Build Newcastle Live; Gloria Vargas was awarded for the best paper presentation in the Thermal Comfort Sessions for a paper she co-authored with Fionn Stevenson on ‘Thermal History and sequences in transitional spaces; does order matter?’ at the 7th International Conference of SuDBE2015, 27th-29th July 2015, Reading; and Xiang Ren was awarded the prestigious ‘2015 Chinese Government Award for Outstanding Students Abroad’.

PhD Students Sadiq Abid Annie-Brient Aboagye Ahmed Ahmed Pouyan Akbari Mohamad Al Taha Maha Al-Ugaily Yahia Ali Taghi Amirhosseini Carolyn Butterworth Choong Yew Chang Shen Chen Jianyu Chen Michael Coates Andrew Colau Ahmed El-Astal Rafael Mauricio Eufrasio Espinosa Fariba Fani Molki Rui Miguel Ferreira dos Santos Scott Fox Ziyad Frances Fabio Franz Carl Fraser Ayesha Ghazanfar Caterina Giuliani Diego Andres Gonzalez Carrasco Meryem Gurel Vera Hale Ahlam Harahsheh Gillian Horn Junjie Huang Iulia Hurducuas Hyunju Jang Dongwon Jeong Like Jiang Sarah Joyce Daniel Kerr Zeynep Keskin Cressida Kocienski Derong Kong Andreas Lang Phillip Langley Efstathios Margaritis Alona Martinez-Perez Ula Abdali Khalel Merie Juliza Mohamad Nurul Mohamad

Aiman Mohd Rashid Kate Morland Jingyi Mu Aya Musmar Katlego Pleasure Mwale Gunes Nazif Patrick Okofu Kristanti Paramita Junghyun Park Eleni Pashia Oscar Armando Preciado Perez Octavianus Priyanto Hussain Qasem Fei Qu Xiang Ren Shima Rezaei Rashnoodi Chada Romcai Chwas Sabr Emad Salih Cagri Sanliturk Emmett Scanlon Masa Sorn Helen Stratford Reem Sultan Piers Taylor Ian Trowell Nor Izura Tukiman Claire Tymon Alberto Urrutia Maria Van Elk Samuel Vardy Bo Wang Rosie Ward Amro Yaghi Choo Yoon Yi Juri Yoshimi Yang Yu Al-Chokhdar Yussur Shuyou Zhang Litao Zhou

Congratulations to students who successfully completed their PhD during this year: Sukainah Almousa Habid Becerra Ruxandra Berinde Rully Damayanti Ali Eltrapolsi Maryam Fazel Reaingard Neubauer Shuntaro Nozawa Julia Udall James Uttley Gloria Vargas Palma

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field: field: is an international peer-reviewed journal that is available free online and with occasional limited edition print runs. It was launched in 2007 to provide an open access resource for innovative research in the architectural humanities. ISSN 1755-0068 The newest issue of field: Issue 6 on ‘Urban Blind Spots’ has been published this year. www.field-journal.org For information and submissions email field@sheffield.ac.uk

Editorial and Review Collective Allan Atlee, UCA, Cantebury School of Architecture Nishat Awan, University of Sheffield Peter Blundell-Jones, University of Sheffield Gary Boyd, University of Cork Stephen Cairns, University of Edinburgh Peter Carl, The CASS, London Metropolitan University Cristina Cerulli, University of Sheffield Suzanne Ewing, University of Edinburgh Murray Fraser, The Bartlett, UCL Katja Grillner, KTH School of Architecture, Stockholm Teresa Hoskyns, University of Sheffield Mari Hvattum, Arkitektur og Designhøgskolen i Oslo Andrew Higgott, University of East London Florian Kossak, University of Sheffield Thomas Markus, University of Strathclyde Peter Mörtenböck, Technische Universität Wien Helge Mooshammer, Technische Universität Wien Johan Pas, Antwerp Academy of Fine Arts Rosie Parnell, University of Sheffield Doina Petrescu, University of Sheffield Wendy Pullan, University of Cambridge Peg Rawes, The Bartlett, UCL Flora Samuel, University of Sheffield Tatjana Schneider, University of Sheffield Gabriela Świtek, Universoty of Warsaw Robert Tavernor, London School of Economics Jeremy Till, Central Saint Martins, University of the Arts Renee Tobe, University of East London Igea Troiani, Oxford Brookes University Renata Tyszczuk, University of Sheffield Stephen Walker, University of Sheffield Sarah Wigglesworth, University of Sheffield Contact field@sheffield.ac.uk


The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

Research SSoA is one of the top five research schools of architecture in the UK, The 2014 Research Excellence Framework (REF) has confirmed the School’s position as a world class center for architectural research. In a joint submission with the Department of Landscape and Town and Regional Planning, we are proud to have achieved 4th place overall by subject scoring very closely to the first 3 places in the subject area of Architecture, Built Environment and Planning. 48% of our research was assessed 4*, representing world-leading quality and outstanding impact, and 37% was rated 3* (Internationally excellent). We had excellent results overall in the context of the faculty and TUoS Performance, being one of the five Faculty departments in the top 4 in their field, and having one of the highest ranked impact studies in the University. With 25 active research staff and approximately 92 postgraduate research students, the school consistently attracts external funding for its research and is involved internationally with a range of research projects. We do not see research as an isolated academic activity, but aim to shape the national research agenda and policy on the environment and to pro-actively address public and professional needs. In addition to external academic and industry partners, SSoA collaborations have been established within the University and City - Sheffield Urban Institute, Methods Institute, Engaged University. Research is carried out in three main research groups which reflect a particular methodological set of approaches: Design, Engagement and Practice, Space Cultures and Politics and People, Environments and Performance. Each group brings together a number of academic staff, researchers and postgraduate research students within shared interests. Three research strands weave across these new groups and into the FSS and TUoS: Building Local Resilience (BLR) which focuses on global strategies for developing local approaches to climate change; Architectural Research Practice (ARP), fostering Knowledge Exchange between industry and academia and LiveWorks (LW), an experimental laboratory for participatory research and pedagogy based in a shop in the city centre developed in collaboration with FSS and the Engaged University team. Some of this years key research events include: • International Conference Architecture and Resilience at Human Scale international conference, September 2015 • Theory Forum 2015 Exploring the complexities of public space, November 2015 • The BLR strand programme This Changes Everything in relation with MArch and PGT programmes 2015-2016 • 13th Annual AHRA Research Student Symposium - April 2016 • PhD by Design seminar, May 2016 Design, Engagement and Practice Urban resilience Participation, Gender and architecture, Housing, Co-production, Public space, Design for climate change, Culture and climate change, Design theory, practice and methodologies

Academics Dr Nishat Awan Diversity, post coloniality and geo-politics in spatial practice, creative research methodologies, alternative modes of practice, intersection of architectural, computational and artistic practice.

Professor Jian Kang Computer simulation for room acoustics and environmental noise control, auralisation, urban soundscape and acoustic comfort considering social and psychological aspects of sounds, acoustic scale modelling, acoustic materials.

Dr. Magda Sibley courtyard houses and public bath houses in the world heritage cities of North Africa and the Middle East, rehabilitation of the daylighting qualities of heritage hammams and innovative off grid solar lighting systems.

Professor Peter Blundell Jones Architectural history and theory of the 19th and 20th centuries, architectural anthropology, urban history, writing and criticism.

Dr Florian Kossak Urban history, contemporary urbanism, experimental mediation of architecture.

Professor Fionn Stevenson Ecological approaches, sustainable design, climate change, bioregional contexts, tacit knowledge, occupancy feedback, building performance evaluation.

Current Projects: DWELL: Designing for Well-being in Environments for Later Life EPSRC - Prof Sarah Wigglesworth, Dr Adam Park Stories of Change, Future Works, AHRC - Dr Renata Tyszczuk, Dr Julia Udall Experimental Co-Design Approaches (ECoDA) , Horizon 2020 Marie Curie Individual Fellowship - Prof Doina Petrescu, Dr.Corelia Baibarac

Professor Irena Bauman Drivers of change, changing role of the architect, community enabling and community led regeneration, climate change, adaptation, retrofitting neighbourhoods, new methodologies.

Dr Jo Lintonbon Urban history and theory of the 19th and 20th centuries, building conservation and conservation led urban regeneration, design approaches within the historic built environment.

Dr Cristina Cerulli Knowledge in design processes, emergence and complexity, non conventional practice, management and procurement.

Dr Mark Meagher Augmented environments, digital forms of making, smart materials information visualisation, architecture and social media.

People, Environments and Performance. Acoustics Lighting Digital Design and Performance

Dr Beatrice de Carli Architecture, Participation and the Governance of Space and Learning and Urban Practices

Dr Krzysztof Nawratek urban theory in the context of post-secular philosophy, crisis of the contemporary neoliberal city model and urban reindustrialisation, evolution of (post)socialist cities.

Current Projects: MERLIN2: Lighting for Pedestrians, EPSCR , Prof Steve Fotios, Dr.Chris Cheal, Dr.Scott Fox, Dr. Jim Uttley SONORUS - EU - Prof. Jian Kang, Francesco Alleta, Efstahios Margaritis Transcultural Understanding of Designing with Climate Change WUN - Dr. Chengzi Peng, Dr. Tsung-Hsien Wang Space Cultures and Politics East – West Studies Reuse of abandoned places Architectural History Urbanism Mediation of Architecture Research Strands Building Local Resilience (BLR) Architecture Research Practice (ARP) Live Works (LW)

Ranald Lawrence History of environmental design and its influence on the development of modern architecture. Nadia Bertolino Critical investigation on architecture and cities, with a special focus on the role of architecture in contemporary society Dr Rachel Cruise Structural Engineers, Life Cycle Costing and Life Cycle Assesment, the relationship between structural engineering and architecture, methodologies of design, fabrication and production processes. Professor Steve Fotios Research in lighting, research methods for visual psychophysics, building services, and environmental design. Dr Teresa Hoskyns Democracy and public space, democratic spatial practice and activism, civil society, feminist theory and practice, humanitarian responses, Architecture sans Frontiers (ASF).

urban

design,

Sofie Pelsmakers sustainable architecture, low energy housing retrofit, the environmental context as a generator of architectural design. Dr Chengzhi Peng Interactiv architectural and urban visualisation modelling, e-documentation of heritage sites, mixed reality modelling and interaction, co-design of virtual and physical spaces. Professor Doina Petrescu Gender and space within contemporary society, participation in architecture, culture and resilience. Dr Michael Phiri Health care environments, design impacts on health outcomes, evidence based design, assistive technologie, building information management systems, sensor technologies, robotics. Dr Tatjana Schneider Social and political context of architecture, an ethical and expanded role of the architect, architecture as a collaborative, empowering and political discipline.

Dr Renata Tyszczuk Cultural transformations and transitional periods, concepts of sustainability, global environmental change and globalization, experimental representational practices, communicative aspects of architecture across different media. Dr Stephen Walker Art, architectural and critical theory, relation of theory to art and architectural practice, urbanism and urban issues. Dr Tsung-Hsien Wang Lecturer in Sustainable Digital Design - architectural geometry construction from a parametric and generative perspective, digital fabrication, building performance simulation, sustainability evaluation and information interoperation in the building domain. Professor Sarah Wigglesworth Theory/Practice and professionalism in architecture, gender and practice, low energy design of buildings and sustainable environments, the role of representation in architectural thought. Research Associates and Fellows Dr Francesco Aletta Dr Jo Birch Dr Holly Castleton Dr Chris Cheal Dr Mark Dudek Dr Efstathios Margaritis Dr Maria Pastsarika Dr Masa Sorn Dr Kim Trogal Dr Corelia Baibarac Dr Adam Park Dr Julia Udall Dr Jim Uttley Dr Chris Cheel Dr Scott Fox


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01 Architecture and Resilience at Human Scale international conference 02 Dwell: Designing for Well-being in Environments for Later Life Prof Sarah Wigglesworth, Dr Adam Park 03 MERLIN2: Lighting for Pedestrians _ Prof Steve Fotios, Dr.Chris Cheal, Dr.Scott Fox, Dr. Jim Uttley 04 Experimental Co-Design Approaches (ECoDA) - Prof Doina Petrescu, Dr.Corelia Baibarac 05 Utopia Works at Derby Silk Mill. Credit: @gorminator 03

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The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

Internationalisation SSoA is a vibrant international community: over 30% of our students and nearly 40% of our staff are international. This is reflected across all aspects of our work from the way we learn and teach, to the diversity of our research portfolio and the way we engage with the city and the world beyond. We are particularly dedicated to supporting incoming international students, as well as home students seeking international experience. We focus on developing the cultural agility of all our students, and actively seek to create further opportunities to expand our students’ awareness of the international context of research, study and practice. We have developed curricula that are culturally aware, sensitive, appropriate and ethically grounded, supported by a diverse and comprehensive international teaching network. We have strong connections with other schools and organisations around the world and actively promote cultural exchanges within the department, across the University and with our partner institutions. As well as raising cultural awareness, our teaching collaborations enable students and staff to participate in international exchanges through collaborative work or placements. Our international teaching network includes Erasmus + partnerships with a wide range of EU universities as well as additional partnerships further afield through programmes such as the Univeristy-wide Study Abroad. Additionally a range of informal teaching collaborations with international partners and activities - such as field trips, case studies and research collaborations - enrich the learning experience, making it culturally diverse and geographically spread.

Student Exchanges Outgoing

Incoming

Axel Grubba, TU Munich Joanna Zwierzchowska, TU Munich Amanda Holden, The Oslo School of Architecture and Design Aarandeep Sian, University of Montana, USA

Brunna Bianco Dourada, Brazil Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie Beatricie Graziani, Università IUAV di Venezia Christian Zang, Technische Universität München Alice Knoppek, Hafen City University Hamburg Emanuel Falappa, Università Iuav di Venezia Viola Hänsel, Technische Universität München Helene Offer-Olsen, The Oslo School of Architecture and Design Elina Berg, Royal Institute of Technology KTH Stockholm

01 Amanda Holden 5th Year, BA Architecture, Oslo School of Architecture and Design

03 Joanna Zwierzchowska 2nd Year, BA Architecture, the Technical University of Munich

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Studying for a semester at the Oslo School of Architecture and Design was a fantastic experience. I would recommend it to anyone. It was interesting and challenging to be taught in a different style and to be introduced to new design ideas. I feel lucky to have met loads of brilliant people and had the opportunity to explore Norway. 02 Axel Grubba 2nd Year, BA Architecture, the Technical University of Munich If I would need to sum up my stay in Munich with one sentence, I would probably describe it as the most intense, but at the same time most rewarding experience in my education so far. Over the course of the past year, a curriculum taught entirely in German motivated me to gain fluency in the third langue and make international friends. A technical focus of my exchange institution allowed me to perceive architecture in more detail-orientated way, whereas studio culture gave me the opportunity to work closely with people from different disciplines. If you ever going to have a chance to go on an exchange programme - just take it, don’t think twice! It’s an amazing time of an accelerated personal growth and a self-discovery.

Taking part in an Erasmus programme in Munich has been an amazing experience. Not only because of the beautiful city and lovely people I have met, but also because it gave me an opportunity to develop new skills. Technical University of Munich is focused more on a technical aspects of design, which I found really interesting and challenging. Being able to get to know two different approaches towards architecture will hopefully benefit in my designs. Moreover, the city located in the centre of Europe, what encourages to travel with the friends you made there. 04 Brunna Bianco Dourado 3rd Year, BA Architecture, Brazil Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie This academic year, done at the SSoA, has shown me a different side of architecture studying, which presented itself as a challenging and exciting opportunity to pursue. I can surely affirm that it has made me develop my designing and graphical skills but, more than that, understand the real importance of the exchange of ideas and criticisms. The way discussion is so implemented on all steps of our studio work, within tutorials and the many reviews, between students, tutors, staff and invited professionals, has amazed me in so many levels. That is something that has changed the way I will be designing for the rest of my career. 05 2015/2016 Destinations 01

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Events and Activities The social nature of the school has been exemplified this year by a range of activities and events taking place on a weekly basis within the school. Our staff and students have organised, participated and attended numerous events both locally, nationally and internationally. The strong social life within the school has fostered many creative partnerships.


The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

Student Achievements Students at SSoA have taken part in extra curricular design competitions, consistently winning and being shortlisted against other students and practicing architects on national and international platforms. This year the school has seen numerous successes in a wide variety of awards, a few of which are showcased here.

01 Blueprint Magazine ‘Ones to Watch’

03 Global Learning Opportunities in the Social Sciences Scholarship

Samuel Kapasa and Polina Pencheva

Jack Baker

Samuel Kapasa and Polina Pencheva graduated from the MArch in Architecture in June 2015. Both students worked in Hull and developed ideas around flooding resilience, ageing communities and reuse of existing infrastructure as part of studio Intergenerational Architecture.

MArch student Jack Baker was one of only six students in the Faculty of Social Science to be awarded a GLOSS (Global Learning Opportunities in the Social Sciences) Scholarship from the applications this year.

02 2015 RIBA Wren Insurance Association Scholarship

Jack will spend three weeks in Mexico City, working with colleagues at the top Mexican University, UNAM, on how to improve the building performance of a key educational building in their campus.

Lilly Ingleby The Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) and The Wren Insurance Association Limited (the architects’ professional indemnity insurance mutual) have announced five 2015 RIBA Wren Insurance Association Scholarships. We are pleased to announce that SSoA MArch Student, Lilly Ingleby, has been named amongst the winners. Each winner received £5,000 for the last year of their Part 2 course in architecture and the opportunity to be mentored by a member of the Wren.

04 Jonathan Speirs International Scholarship Charlotte Eley 02

Charlotte Eley, a year 6 MArch student, has been awarded the prestigious Jonathan Speirs international scholarship to further her work on architectural lighting. The judges were impressed by the maturity and sensitivity of Charlotte’s application, which conveyed her passion for the potential for light and architecture to tackle large social issues such as inclusivity, crime prevention and community cohesion

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Awards and Recognition This year has seen many successes within the department with numerous students receiving prestigious awards for their design work.

01 Commendation - Dissertation Medal - 2015 Royal Institute of British Architecture (RIBA) President’s Medals Ceremony

02 2016 RIBA Yorkshire Student Awards Dominic Walker and Matthew Pearson

Niamh Lincoln Niamh graduated from Sheffield School of Architecture’s MArch in Architecture in June 2015. Her dissertation ‘tempelhof – articulating the void’ presents a very particular form of public space, as a 386-hectare vacuum in the city of Berlin.

Two Sheffield School of Architecture students have been recognised in the 2016 RIBA Yorkshire Student Awards for their final design projects. Dominic Walker won the Part 1 Gold Award for his project: ‘The Institute of Urban Broadcasting’ and also the Part 1 Best Presentation Prize. Matthew Pearson won the Part 2 Gold Award for his project: ‘The Heart of the Machine’ and also the Part 2 Commendation for Presentation

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The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

Theory Forum 2015 - Public Space Symposium Public space plays a major role in influencing the quality of our cities, providing spaces of social interaction and community cohesion. But what is the role of the architect in the design public space? Are we protecting usage patterns, forming networks, or programming of future activities? Are public spaces sites of assemblage, cultural activity, unpredictable encounter, commoning, civic engagement, protest, art, history or environmental excellence? The aim of this Theory Forum was to give students architectural methodological tools in which to design public space. The forum examined diverse theoretical approaches and practice methodologies applied to the production of public space by bringing together SSoA academics with key thinkers and practitioners in the area. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I believe public space is extremely complex and politics lies at the heart of any true public space. But what does public space mean to you and what is the role of the architect in the design public space? Can we design public space for private clients? What is the role of the public collaboration in its production? What are the major issues that architects are facing?â&#x20AC;? Dr Teresa Hoskyns, Theory Forum Organiser

Theory Forum Organiser Dr Teresa Hoskyns Chairs Dr Nishat Awan Dr Beatrice De Carli Aidan Hoggard Dr Florian Kossak Dr Teresa Hoskyns Sessions & Speakers Ritual, Appropriation and the Production of Public Space Dr Stephen Walker, Dr Magda Sibley, Prof Peter Blundell Jones,

Public Space and the Fair When the tangible meets the intangible in a public square: Jamaa el Fna in Marrakech Public space: the use of the city of Nuremberg for the Nazi rally of 1934

Art, Performance and the Production of Public Space Carolyn Butterworth, Helen Stratford, Alice Honor Gavin,

Using performative methods to understand, and transform, public spaces Performative Architectures Midland: A Novel Out of Time

Building Science and the Production of Public Space Prof Jian Kiang, Dr Chengzhi Peng,

Soundscape design and planning potentials Modelling urban microclimate for climate change adaptive design

Politics and Public Space Dr Teresa Hoskyns, Dr Krzysztof Nawratek, Andreas Lang,

Dis-locations of democracy: Democracy and public space Less carnival, more institution: Public space as an infrastructure of/for revolution Notes From the Temporary City

Keynote and Discussion,Theorising the Commons Dr Doina Petrescu & Prof Massimo De Angelis


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Summer School The Making Cities Summer School is held annually and offers an energetic five-day experience at the Sheffield School of Architecture. The programme has been developed to give participants first-hand experience of the design process while working with leading practitioners. In September 2015 we welcomed a group of students who were tasked with examining the fabric of the City Centre of Sheffield and proposing solutions to vacant, underused and underdeveloped sites within the city. Each morning students chose from a series of skills sessions including collage, perspective drawing and life drawing workshops. Afternoons were spent in one of 3 design studios, testing urban solutions. We were pleased to welcome Bauman Lyons Architects, Hawkins\Brown Architects, Norton Mayfield Architects, Haworth Tompkins Architects, Penoyre & Prasad and artist David Cotterrell who hosted talks, walking tours and design reviews. Students visited an array of interesting sites such as the iconic Park Hill development and The University of Sheffield’s new Diamond Building. The closing event invited the summer school students to present their proposals to the Architecture and Resilience on a Human Scale Conference delegates. This exciting opportunity allowed the students to engage with leading researchers and practitioners in fields such as architecture, engineering, urban design, planning, landscape and geography. The focus of our 2016 Summer School is to examine the urban corridor along the river Don in the City of Sheffield and propose “meanwhile” solutions to vacant or underused sites currently undergoing long-term re-development..

Sheffield Academics Carolyn Butterworth Leo Care Russell Light Satwinder Samra Abi Van Hoorebeek Vasilena Vassileva

01 This year’s event poster - Architecture Summer School 2016

Visiting Practices

04 Presentation of the 1900 City Model

Hawkins\Brown Architects Proctor and Matthews Architects Bauman Lyons Architects Heatherwick Studio Norton Mayfield Architects Haworth Tompkins Architects Penoyre & Prasad Architects

02 Students exploring urban conditions of the city of Sheffield 03 Students working on the drawings

05 Students presenting their research on cities

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The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

SSoA Building Local Resilience - This Changes Everything Real time Climate Change is stimulating emergence of many innovative mitigation and adaptation strategies. As shocks arising from extreme weather events and other chronic urban stresses are increasingly considered inevitable, we are also accepting that developing resilience to these events will be a defining quality of the global 21st century. At SSoA we are exploring how architecture and urban design can contribute to growing such resilience at a local scale. As we approach the unknown and unpredictable effects of climate change, and the multiple challenges of resource depletion, loss of welfare and economic crises, we know that our current ways of living are not resilient. Our urban infrastructures, our buildings, our economies, our ways of managing and governing are still too tightly bound to models of unrestrained free-market growth, individualism and consumerism.  Research has shown that the crises arising from climate change will become increasingly frequent and increasingly severe.What is also known is that the effects of climate change are not evenly distributed across places and people, and neither are the resources needed to meet these challenges.  We will need place specific responses that engage with, and emerge from, citizens ourselves. SSoA Position Paper ‘Architecture and Resilience’ Kim Trogal 2015 This crisis, if seized through mitigation, adaptation and resilience, offers an opportunity to transform our failed economic system to build something radically different

Facilitators Fionn Stevenson Doina Petrescu Renata Tyszczuk Signe Kongebro (Denmark) Tina Saaby (Denmark) Indy Johar (00 architecture) Aidan Hoggard Sofie Pelsmakers Studio Contributors Jo Lintonbon Howard Evans Leo Care Carolyn Butterworth Beatrice De Carli Florian Kossak Magda Sibley Simon Baker Satwinder Samra

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Group discussions on climate change issues

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One of the posters promoting the resilient architecture

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Outcome of one of the brainstorm sessions

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Students presenting at the event

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Presentation given by the SUAS president

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Seminar with guest lecturers 01

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The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

Architecture Students Network Architecture Students Network Conference, Queens University Belfast, 12th March 2016 SSoA represented by Nicholas Birchall Y5 MArch and Mohammed Khizr Y3 Future Architects | Architects Future The changing role of the architect is a much maligned process. The introduction of new members of the design team and contract types have reduced the architect’s scope and control over projects, and yet simultaneously new forms of practice have begun to emerge. As options for graduates have continued to increase post-recession, this conference asked the question: What could this mean for the way we practice architecture, and how can we prepare for these potential futures? Queens state their ethos to be ‘creativity with purpose’, and it is with this approach that the issue of future practice was tackled. The conference showcased a range of views concerning the form that future practice could take, accompanied by insights as to ways these changes can be made to work in our favour. A clear theme through all of the speakers was the need for us as architects to be able to communicate the value of our services to the outside world, and the value of our skill set beyond the confines of what could traditionally be considered the architect’s role.

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Where these views departed was in the direction practice was heading. More optimistic speakers, largely from academia, cited the success of alternative practitioners such as Assemble as an example how practice is beginning to change, and a blueprint for how it can continue to evolve. A willingness to diversify, experiment and use design thinking when defining your business model were all suggested as key to adapting to practice in this manner. Speakers from practice presented a less radical view of how the role of the architect will change, focussing on issues such as the implications of more than half of architect’s fees now coming through design and build contracts. Whilst the lack of control was lamented, the potential benefits of a relationship with a contractor as a ‘learned’ client as a means of practice were explored. What I have taken away from the day is that current practice can and should be questioned, and it has left me with some questions for myself: How do I intend to practice architecture, how could my practice operate differently to provide something new as the profession changes, and in this practice is there any value for me in registering with the ARB and actually becoming an architect? Nicholas Birchall

SSoA will host the upcoming ASN conference “Collaborating Across Borders” discussing the challenges within an increasingly international architectural education system on June 18th 2016.

01 ASN Logo 02 Talk at the ASN Belfast Conference 03 Poster for an upcoming ASN event at the Sheffield Schhol of Architecture 03

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Sheffield Society of Architects Established in 1887 the Sheffield Society of Architects is one of the oldest architectural societies in the country. As a regional branch of the RIBA our role is to represent our members locally and promote architecture within the city. The group is run by a core committee of volunteers who deliver a wide range of architectural and community engagement projects and always welcomes new members. These events include building visits, CPD sessions, sketching and walking tours, lectures and social events. In the last year we have established a programme of lectures and talks to allow architects to achieve their necessary continued professional development in Sheffield. We have also launched the Sheffield Social which encourages architects to work with other makers to learn new skills and share knowledge through a series of social events and workshops. Planned events include resin casting and lino cutting sessions. We hold a regular programme of building visits open to the general public to promote the importance of high quality architecture. We also try and encourage the next generation of architects through ‘fantastical cities’ where we work with children to create imaginery spaces and the ‘forgotten spaces’ competition run by Sheffield Hallam University for school groups to develop new design ideas to transform left-over pieces of land or spaces. We regularly engage with Sheffield City Council and this year worked with them to hold a workshop on the new Urban Design Compendium. The Sheffield Urban Design Compendium is a background document which helps inform emerging policies in the Sheffield Plan and is considered in planning decisions for the city centre. The workshop reviewed the existing document and looked at the character of ‘quarters’ within the city centre and how their character and boundaries have changed to help inform the new document. Alongside this we continue to talk to the Council about the development of the Retail Quarter and other key developments that impact on the city. We also support key design events within the city including Design Week and Sheffield Urban Design Week. This year we have worked with Sheffield Civic Trust to organise the Sheffield Design Awards which will now take place in October 2016 as part of Design Week and are working with the RIBA to put together an architectural conference as part of Design Week. Going forward we want to further strengthen our ties with Sheffields’ architectural students and academics and other partner organisations to help promote architecture and enable debate about our great city and the design issues/opportunities it offers. New members are always welcome to strengthen our committee and if you would like to become involved or find out more about the Society and its events please email us at sheffeldsocietyofarchitects@gmail.com or follow our blog on http://sheffieldsocietyofarchitects.blogspot.co.uk

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01 SSA Building Visit 02 SSA Building Visit 03 SSA City Walk

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The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

SUAS As one of the oldest Architecture Student Societies in the country we have lived up to our reputation this year. The committee has been incredibly ambitions and we have seen expansion of our numbers and activities. Our mentoring scheme has been a social glue between the different years. Our weekly lecture series have been incredibly popular, filling up auditoria to the brink and being awarded an Alumni Grant. We have also brought back the Lunchtime Specials - our infamous short talks by students. For the first time we have run several Give it a Go Life Drawing Events reaching to a broader audience. We have also introduced branded merchandise, a most requested demand. Our annual social events - the Word, Bakewell and Winter Ball socials have been a great success, alongside alcohol free socials like the Christmas Food Fuddle. We have also organised several Quiz nights - in collaboration with the Architects, Sheffield Society of Architects. As a fitting end of the year we had the Summer Ball around the futuristic theme of ‘Discopia’. Our final event has been the Architecture Student Network conference ‘Collaborating across Borders’ - a very poignant discussion about the benefits and challenges of internationalisation. We have taken a strong political stance against commercialisation of education and come in support of the occupy CASS campaign. Thanks to the great spirit of the committee and all of the students involved we won the ‘Best Departmental Society of the Year’ and ‘The Most Enterprising Society’ and associated financial prize at the Student Union’s awards. The death of our friend and coursemate Rob Henry was a shock to all of us. We have taken the commitment to fund an annual award in his memory for Film and Photography, the skills he excelled at, with the aim to remember him for the years to come. It is in moments like this that we realise how closely knit the Architecture course is and how important is for us all to support each other. We hope that the society will keep being an active part of the School’s life in the future. Simeon Shtebunaev SUAS President (2015 - 2016) SUAS Committee 2016 President Simeon Shtebunaev Vice President Jessica Corns Treasurer Jack Duberley Secretary Marnie Hodgson Social secretary Edmund Green Helen Berg Inclusions officer Kyle McCracken Publicity/Branding Adam Tarasewicz Louise Taylor Saule Pribusauskaite Victoria Noakes SUAS shop Mohammed Khizr Maria Henshall Anthoula Kyriakidi Lectures Team Nikola Yanev Rebecca Liebermann Niki Sole George Fisher Calum Norman

01 Food Fuddle - one of SUAS’ many charity events 02 “Future Voices” lecture series - the society invited several practitioners across the country to talk about the future of the profession

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03 “Future Voices” Proctor and Matthews Architects were one of the invited speakers 04 “Future Voices” Orkidstudio’s James Mitchell gave a lecture on the humanitarian architecture and its future 05 SUAS Committee at the Activites Awards 06 Lunchtime Specials’ poster - the talk involved experiences from Masters students on Erasmus programme 07 Toby Buckmaster giving a talk on his Erasmus experience 08 SUAS social - “I” Word 09 SUAS social - “I” Word 10 SUAS social - “I” Word 11 “Future Voices” lecture


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Lunchtime Specials This year a longstanding tradition within the department was revived - The Lunchtime Specials. Organised by masters students the talks are one hour long, informal and focus on practical issues. Through sharing experience topics such as the ‘Erasmus programme’, ‘Working abroad’, ‘What is BIM’ and ‘How to fund your studies’ were covered. Funding was secured through the Faculty to support the longevity of the project. The talks were incredibly educational and SUAS will see to their return next year. Simeon Shtebunaev SUAS President

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The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

Professional Services Staff and Technical Team We would like to express our gratitude to the Professional Services Staff and the Technical Team for their expertise, continued support and commitment to the school and its students.

Cheryl Armitage Postgraduate Research Officer

Ann Clark Research Administrator to tâ&#x20AC;&#x2039; he DWELL â&#x20AC;&#x2039;Project

Samantha Drobinski Departmental Manager

Rebecca Gray Learning and Teaching Manager

Sam Guest Student Enquiries and Admissions Support Assistant

Christie Harrison Research Manager

Sara Lancashire Marketing and External Relations Manager

Allanah Millsom MArch and Postgraduate Support Officer

Annabel Smith Undergraduate and Studio Support Officer

Charlotte Ward PA to Head of School

John Allred Junior Technician

Martin Bradshaw IT Manager

Roy Childs Reprographics Manager

Ralph Mackinder Media Unit Manager

Laura Mason Materials Workshop Manager

Stuart Moran Materials Workshop Technician

Tariq Zaman Facilities & Technology Development Manager


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The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

James Berkin Hall

28.10.1928 - 30.01.2016

The School very fondly remembers former member of staff, James Berkin Hall, who died in January this year aged 87 and who taught at SSoA from 1964 to 1994. In the words of his students… “I knew Jim well when I was a student at Sheffield in the 1960s. He was an inspirational studio master, highly regarded throughout the school and I learnt a huge amount from him. The way he combined practice with teaching and his deep commitment to the subject made his design guidance all the more convincing. He was a real architect with a warm and magnetic personality. Two particular memories stand out. I still remember how he got me back on the rails at a crucial moment in my thesis assignment where I had taken a wrong turn and become thoroughly stuck. I also recall him leading a year trip to see Jim Stirling’s recently completed Engineering Building at Leicester… “This is Architecture!” he kept crying out to everyone as he strode around the building with his arms outstretched and ancient raincoat billowing behind. His passion for architecture rubbed off on everyone who came into his orbit.” John Allan, Avanti (student 1966 - 72) “I have fond memories of Jim. He interviewed me back in 1974/5 and I remember being surprised how friendly and direct an interview conversation could be. He also let me onto the course which was a plus as my A level results were not encouraging. Later I benefitted from his knowledge and his clarity on design - he talked like an architect. I also experienced his disapproval which could be formidable. He was a decent man and an important presence in the school of architecture which, in our generation was led by such an unusually diverse and colourful set of people.” Greg Penoyre, Penoyre & Prasad (student 1975 - 81) “Jim was my 6th year diploma tutor back in 1989. He was exceptional, spending a lot of time with his students and imparting very good advice. He made me challenge my preconceptions on what type of design solutions were required and he got me to continually revise my strategy, layout and design until it was as good as I could possibly make it. I am convinced that without his guidance I would not have received the distinction for the diploma project. I will always have fond memories from my time in the Arts Tower audio mainly because of the way Jim made architecture so interesting.”

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Mario Yacoub, Broadway Malyan (student 1983 - 90)

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01 Jim Hall (left) at his retirement from SSoA in 1994, being presented with his boxed copy of Bannister Fletcher by Prof Ken Murta, flanked by Doreen Spurr and Judith Jackson (right) 02 Competition entry for the Cathedral of Christ the King, Liverpool, Ken Murta, Jim Hall et al, 1961 03 Church hall extension, St Johnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Church, Hyde Park Sheffield by Ken Murta and Jim Hall, c. 1971 (photo by Russell Light, August 2014) 04 Competition entry for a Cathedral at Kaduna by Ken Murta and Jim Hall, 1962


The University of Sheffield School of Architecture

Robert Henry

20.03.1991 - 19.10.2015

My overriding impression of Rob was a friendly and warm person who was incredibly focused and driven in all aspects of his life. Rob‘s proactive approach and positive outlook meant that he had unlimited aspirations. His 1st class degree and Mansell Jenkinson Prize are a testament to his positivity, along with his creativity, talent and tenacity. Rob made the complex process of architectural design look easy. He was incredibly adept at developing projects that were sophisticated, crafted, beautiful and joyful. He revelled in the process of designing and making architecture at all levels. My last conversation with Rob was at the front of the Arts Tower as we were getting on our bikes. We had a brief chat about how pleased he was to be back in Sheffield and how he was enjoying the beginning of the Masters course. He also talked warmly about working with Die Baupiloten in Berlin, where he had been tasked with editing their ‘Architecture is Participation’ book as part of his practice experience. He mentioned that the translation from German to English had lost a lot of meaning, which he set about bringing back. In a recent conversation with Susanne Hofmann [Rob’s boss in Berlin], she said how much they were missing him in the office. Over a short period of time he had made himself indispensable to Die Baupiloten through his range of abilities, his sense of humour and sheer force of personality. One abiding memory that I have of Rob was from his 3rd year, with about 3 weeks to go in his final design project. The site for his project was in the Langdale Valley in the Lake District, which is about 10 miles from the nearest railway station. Rob decided that he needed to have specific site photos that matched the angle that he wanted for his key presentation drawing. So, he took his bike on a 3 hour train journey, cycled the 10 miles to site, took the photos, cycled back and then caught the train home to Sheffield in one day. It was worth the effort, as the photos provided a fabulous backdrop to the images that he produced of his building! I think this epitomises his passion, commitment, and his physical ability. Rob was a person that took every opportunity that was presented to him, and created many others. His passion and drive to learn and improve in every aspect of his life, is something that I will take forward with me and try to emulate. He was an exceptional student and fantastic personality who will be hugely missed by everyone who knew him in the School of Architecture. Leo Care

2013 SUAS Ball Preparations

Year 3 Undergraduate 1:20 Detail Section

Year 3 Undergraduate Final Review Pin Up

SUAS Ball 2013

2015 Live Projects. Blackburn Creative Capital group trip


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01 The Merz Centre. A Centre for Art and Arts Education. Year 3 Undergraduate Project

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03 Part I Experience. die Baupiloten architektur

02 A Hostel for a Lone Traveller. Year 3 Undergraduate Project

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RMA ARCHITECTS RMA Architects are very pleased to continue supporting University of Sheffield School of Architecture and its high calibre students. www.rmaarchitects.co.uk 020 7284 1414


5B Mal t i ng s Pl ace 1 6 9 Towe r B r i d g e R d Lo n d o n / S E 1 3 J B

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ARCHITECTURE | URBAN PLANNING | INDUSTRIAL DESIGN


TH E MAN S E R PRACTICE

ARCH ITECTS + DESIG N E R S Proud supporters of The University of Sheffield School of Architecture London Bridge Studios, Hammersmith Bridge Road, London W6 9DA 020 8741 4381 manser@manser.co.uk Leeds Lower Ground Floor, 30 Park Place, Leeds LS1 2SP 0113 234 0900 leeds@manser.co.uk www.manser.co.uk @ManserPractice

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Stihl Treetop Walkway, Westonbirt Arboretum, Gloucestershire


Sheffield Studio info@bondbryan.co.uk www.bondbryan.com Tweet: @bondbryan University of Sheffieldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Heartspace development for the Faculty of Engineering, St Georges Campus.


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www.piercyandco.com @PiercyCo Turnmill for Derwent London


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recruitment.south@bdp.com for London and Bristol Studios

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“Voting Booth” RIBA Constructing Communities

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London Festival of Architecture 2016

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We are proud to support The University of Sheffield School of Architecture and its associated students.

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Supporting the University of Sheffield School of Architecture

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Allies and Morrison We are delighted to support the MArch Collaborative Practice Programme at the School of Architecture, University of Sheffield.

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Proud supporter of the Sheffield School of Architecture Allford Hall Monaghan Morris Morelands, 5-23 Old Street, London EC1V 9HL 0207 251 5261 info@ahmm.co.uk www.ahmm.co.uk

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Publisher University of Sheffield Editorial Design Emilia Gołębiewska Zak Nicoll Adam Tarasewicz Nam Kha Tran Editorial Design Staff Support B Bryan Davies Sara Lancashire Russell Light SSoA Photographs Ralph Mackinder Sponsorship Satwinder Samra Printed in England by University of Sheffield Print Services (Print & Design Solutions) Copyright 2016 School of Architecture, University of Sheffield. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording or any information storage and retrieval system without permission in writing from the publisher. www.shef.ac.uk/architecture @SSoA_News

ISBN: 978­-0-­9929705­-7-­4 For a full range of programmes and modules please see www.shef.ac.uk/architecture School of Architecture University of Sheffield The Arts Tower Western Bank Sheffield S10 2TN

Cover Image Lucas Williams The University of Sheffield School of Architecture would like to thank the technical and administrative team for their continued support and input throughout the year. We would like to thank all of our contributors everyone involved in curating the exhibition and everyone involved in compiling this catalogue.

Tel. Fax E-mail Web Twitter

+44 (0) 114 222 0305 +44 (0) 114 222 0315 ssoa@sheffield.ac.uk http://www.shef.ac.uk/architecture/ @SSoA_news


£ 10

ISBN: 978­-0-­9929705­-7-­4

The University of Sheffield School of Architecture 2016 The University of Sheffield School of Architecture 2016 Catalogue

www.shef.ac.uk/architecture

Sheffield School of Architecture Catalogue 2016  

Full catalogue of student work from the University of Sheffield, School of Architecture Summer Exhibition 2016

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