Shane Scranton Architectural Studies Thesis Middlebury College Spring 2013
A Special Thanks To To To To
Dean Scranton and Gayle Sullivan for the unbridled support. Ariele Faber for the caffeine and peeps. John McLeod and Steve Kredell for the inspiration. Steve Smith for setting me on this path.
Assigned Course Prompt: “The College is instituting a new pilot project to prepare for the full implementation of the new senior work requirements. One “learning library” will be built on a site in the local community. The learning library will be affiliated with a particular department or program of Middlebury College. Eventually, such learning libraries will be constructed for all departments. The new facility will be open to all residents of Addison County. Seniors majoring in the given subject will apply and hone their knowledge and skills by presenting, demonstrating, tutoring, and otherwise engaging with local high school students, retired residents, continuing education adults, and anyone else who cares to learn about the particular subject.”
A learning library for the Environmental Studies department at Bakery Lane, Middlebury, Vermont The library at Bakery Lane is a unifying space for the college and the town. Spatial and socioeconomic rifts divide members of the college community from the members of town, and a lack of interpersonal interaction between these two groups perpetuates this divide. The learning library offers a solution to this problem by bringing both parties out to a common green and under a shared roof. The site sits within walking distance from town and college, and offers a sun-lit green space that proceeds down to Otter Creek. Within the building, and balanced above Middleburyâ€™s river, farmers, students, local employees, and professors will work together on an Addison County Almanac. This annual document will represent the collective academic and practical knowledge of weather cycles, crop rotations, infrastructure improvements, geomorphologic cycles, and other useful data for the future-concious development of Addison County. The learning library at Bakery Lane is a hub. It draws together a diverse audience with a collective goal: to better the local Vermont community through collaboration and education.
A parking lot and a bridge over Otter Creek
Residential Mixed Use Food Retail Library
The spread on the previous page shows the site with the college to the west and the town to the northeast. Bakery Lane’s existing condition is one of pavement and neglect. The new town bridge extends over the southern part of the site, casting shadows onto Middlebury’s largest parking lot. A diner sits south of the bridge and the town library boarders the site to the west. The views from the river’s edge offer tranquil frames of an old, wooded mill town.
What if this parking lot no longer overwhelmed the passing river? What if sunlight could penetrate this space and give it life?
The Initial Process
Extending the Town Level and Receiving the Sun
Niemeyer’s Cathedral of Brasília, HS99’s CINiBA, and Tod Williams & Billie Tsien’s Barnes Foundation offer precedence.
Leuppi & Schafroth Architekten’s Limmat Footbridge, Becker Architekten’s House S, and Luís Rebelo de Andrade & Diogo Aguiar’s Pedras Salgadas Eco-Resort offer precedence.
Light High Energy
Site Alterations The highlighted brown area will be excavated to the level of the existing parking lot. This space will become a two level underground parking garage completely covered by an extended town level plane (the highlighted green area). This gesture creates a town level park that is on grade with the bridge and bathed in natural light. The new park also serves as a platform for the cantilevering library.
Creation of the Town Level Form The cantilevering structure began as a single rectangular volume sitting on the east-west axis.
One edge folds down to the south to allow for solar exposure on the roof and interior shelter from direct sunlight.
The western corners are reversed to pull up the south side for a mezzanine level and push down the north side to limit building height and north wall exposure.
The hearth anchors the building to its site and one corner lifts up to welcome in visitors.
The program splits the rectangular volume down the middle. The south is an assembly space and the north is circulation.
The southern volume bends with the passing river while the northern volume retains rigidity for the building above.
The hearth anchors the building to its site and load bearing walls flank the two volumes.
Creation of the River Level Form The form began as a squat box to serve as a platform for the cantilever above.
One Way Rd. Sloping Park
River Level Site Plan
Pav ers Circ. Core
Town Level Site Plan
Schematic Design Models
Design Development Visualizing the Details
Elev DN DN DN
Town Level Circulation Core
River Level Circulation Core
Reception Hearth Br Drive
Town Level Footprint
Otter Creek Deck
River Level Plan
Elev Storage Lounge Stair Kid’s Corner
Open To Below
Elev Storage Lounge Open To Below
Conference Road Below
Up Deck Below
Town Level Plan Entry
River Below Work Area
Exterior Materials Vertical 8” Cedar Boards
Horizontal 8” Cedar Boards
Painted Metal Panels
8” Poured-form Concrete
Painted GWB Ceiling
Interior Materials Table Top
Structural Steel Frame
Gypsum Wall Boards
4â€? Maple Flooring
Oak Window Frames
8 X 10 HOLLOW STEEL RIBS STANDING SEAM MTL ROOF ICE AND WATER SHIELD 23/4 X 6“ PLYWOOD GLULAM JOISTS 3/4” WOOD BOARD SHEATHING 2 1/2 x 11 TJI PURLINS 18” O.C. 16” DENSE PACKED CELLULOSE 3/4“ PLYWOOD MEZZANINE 5/8” GYPEL.BOARD 26'-6" 8 X 10 HOLLOW STL RIBS 10 STEELSTEEL 10 XX 66 HM HOLLOW
MEZZANINE EL. 26'-6"
MEZZANINE EL. 26'-6"
1 1/2” VERTICAL OAK SIDING 1/2” AIR SPACE 1” EXTERIOR SHEATHING VAPOR BARRIER 3/4“ PLYWOOD 10” DENSE PACKED CELLULOSE 10 X 4 HM STEEL 3/4“ PLYWOOD 5/8” GYP BOARD
SECOND FLOOR EL. 18'-0"
SECOND FLOOR EL. 18'-0"
8 X 10 HOLLOW STEEL RIBS
Wall Sections The exterior walls are designed to minimize thermal bridging and create a tight, insulated shell. The drawing shown above is a section cut through the north side of the eastern cantilever. Wooden slats extend halfway down the north windows to provide a visual screen and focus the views east. The full wall section on the right shows the assembly of the northern load-bearing wall.
SECOND FLOOR EL. 18'-0" 2 X 6 GLULAM JOISTS
4 X 24 GLULAM BEAM MEZZANINE EL. 26'-6" W24 I-BEAM 10 X 6 HM STEEL FIRST FLOOR EL. 0'-0"
REINFORCED CONCRETE VAPOR BARRIER 3/4“ PLYWOOD 5” DENSE PACKED CELLULOSE 3/4“ PLYWOOD 5/8” GYP BOARD 10 X 4 HM STEEL
Roof System River Level Ceiling Structure
Poured-form Concrete and Hearth
Circulation and river level walls
River Level Interior Partition Walls and Deck @ Water Mezzanine
Town Level Interior Facing East
Pickup / Drop off at the River Level
River Level Mixed Use Space
Thesis Project for Middlebury College