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MOTION GRAPHICS

by Sam Watson


Overview “The Origin of Intent” - Prehistory and Antiquity “The Birth of Cinema” - The “Magic Lantern” to Latham Loop “And then there was sound!” - “Talkies” “But what about us?” - Saul Bass and Pablo Ferro The End - Q & A and article discussion


“The Origin of Intent”


Prehistory and Antiquity 121 B.C. 3000-2000 B.C. Before 10000 B.C.

http://precinemahistory.net/900.htm

http://imagecache6.allposters.com/lrg/29/2923/IU5RD00Z.jpg

(Ceram 27)


“The Birth of Cinema”


The “Magic Lantern� The Inventor

Name: Father Athanasius Kircher b.1602 - d.1680 Occupation: Jesuit Priest Nationality: German Other: Author of Ars Magna Lucis et Umbrae (1646)

Oldest existing Magic Lantern Made in 1720 by Dutch instrument maker Jan van Musschenbroek

http://www.equisetites.de/kircher/kircher.gif http://www.luikerwaal.com/newframe_ uk.htm?/wonder1_uk.htm


Eidophusikon The Inventor

Name: Philippe Jacques de Loutherbourg b.1740 - d.1812 Occupation: Artist Nationality: English (orignally French) Other: Paintings of naval battles

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ae/Philippe_ Jacques_de_Loutherbourg_by_Philippe_Jacques_de_Loutherbourg.jpg

http://www.acmi.net.au/AIC/eidophusikon.gif


Fantasmagoria The Inventor Name: E.G. Robertson b.1764 - d.1837 Occupation: Showman Nationality: Belgian Other: Patented Fantoscope.

http://www.sharonlathan.net/storage/peppers%20ghost.bmp http://www.museecinemaphoto.com/projection/Robertson.jpg


Panorama The Inventor

Name: Robert Barker b.1739 - d.1806 Occupation: Painter Nationality: English

http://www.panoramaonview.org/Robert_Barker_portrait.jpg

http://en.citizendium.org/images/thumb/9/95/Moving_panorama.jpg/600px-Moving_panorama.jpg


The Inventor

Diorama Name: Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre b.1787 - d.1851 Occupation: Artist Nationality: French Other: Invents Daguerreotype.

http://sphotos.ak.fbcdn.net/hphotos-ak-snc4/hs246.snc4/39616_42635 4286796_524836796_4526182_3860959_n.jpg

http://www.midley.co.uk/diorama/Diorama_Wood_1_3_files/diorama_wood_fig_03_s. gif


The Inventor

Phenakistoscope Name: Joseph Antoine Ferdinand Plateau b.1801 - d.1883 Occupation: Physicist Nationality: Belgian Other: Law of Stroboscopic Effect (1836)

http://sphotos.ak.fbcdn.net/hphotos-ak-snc4/hs246.snc4/39 616_426354286796_524836796_4526182_3860959_n.jpg

http://billdouglas.ex.ac.uk/eve/object_images/69236-2.jpg


“Lantern Wheel of Light� The Inventor

Name: Baron Franz von Uchatius b.1811 - d.1881 Occupation: Professional Soldier Nationality: Austrian

http://www.precinemahistory.net/images/uchatius_machine_1853.gif

http://sphotos.ak.fbcdn.net/hphotos-ak-snc4/hs246.snc4/39616_426 354286796_524836796_4526182_3860959_n.jpg


The Inventor

Kinematoscope Name: Coleman Sellers b.1827 - d.1907 Occupation: Engineer Nationality: American

http://www.todayinsci.com/Events/Patent/Kinematoscope31357Thm.jpg

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/d/d6/Coleman_Sellers_II.gif


The Inventor

?

Phasmatrope Name: Henry Reno Heyl b.18?? - d.???? Occupation: Inventor Nationality: American Other: Invented stapler.

http://www.precinemahistory.net/images/rudge_phantascope.jpg


Stop-Action Series Photography The Inventor

Name: Eadweard James Muybridge b.1830 - d.1904 Occupation: Photographer Nationality: English Other: Zoopraxiscope, Zoogryoscope

http://www.joyfulexpressions-photography-art.com/images/Muybridgehorse-in-motionChart2.jpg http://americanhistory.si.edu/muybridge/img/jpgs/i_1_03.jpg


The Inventor

Praxinscope Name: Charles-Emile Reynaud b.1844 - d.1918 Occupation: Science Teacher Nationality: French Other: ThÊâtre Optique, first animated film

http://www.scienceandsociety.co.uk/results.asp?image=10302565&w wwflag=2&imagepos=42 http://www.victorian-cinema.net/praxinoscope.jpg


Zoopraxiscope The Inventor

Name: Eadweard James Muybridge b.1830 - d.1904 Occupation: Photographer Nationality: English Other: Stop-Action Series Photography, Zoogryoscope

http://americanhistory.si.edu/muybridge/img/jpgs/i_1_03.jpg

http://screenheritage.files.wordpress.com/2007/12/zoopraxiscope1.jpg


“Gun Camera” The Inventor

Name: Étienne-Jules Marey b.1830 - d.1904 Occupation: Scientist Nationality: French Other: Chronophotography

http://www.stephenherbert.co.uk/mPhiladExhib.gif

http://26.media.tumblr.com/iNIi9iwtqluvzkxd8sTnb5puo1_500.jpg


Tachyscope The Inventor

Name: Ottomar Ansch端tz b.1846 - d.1907 Occupation: Photographer Nationality: German Other: Goerz/Ansch端tz Camera, Electrotachyscope

http://www.victorian-cinema.net/tachyscope.jpg http://www.lilienthal-museum.de/olma/documents/ansch.jpg


The Inventor

Electrotachyscope Name: Ottomar Ansch端tz b.1846 - d.1907 Occupation: Photographer Nationality: German Other: Goerz/Ansch端tz Camera, Tachyscope

http://www.victorian-cinema.net/electricalschnellseher.jpg http://www.lilienthal-museum.de/olma/documents/ansch.jpg


Théâtre Optique The Inventor

Name: Charles-Emile Reynaud b.1844 - d.1918 Occupation: Science Teacher Nationality: French Other: Praxinscope, first animated film

http://www.scienceandsociety.co.uk/results.asp?image=10302565&w wwflag=2&imagepos=42

http://www.victorian-cinema.net/theatreoptique.jpg


LPCC 16-lens Camera The Inventor

Name: Louis AimĂŠ Augustin Le Prince b.1841 - d.1890 Occupation: Chemist, Engineer Nationality: French Other: Earliest extant film strip

http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_37ImAbEFvLU/SBXrHhxe0WI/ AAAAAAAAANQ/0uWJUzzFOwk/s320/LePrince.jpg

http://www.victorian-cinema.net/theatreoptique.jpg


Kinetograph & Kinetoscope The Inventor

Name: William Kennedy Laurie Dickson b.1860 - d.1935 Occupation: Inventor Nationality: British Other: First film director.

http://www.scienceandsociety.co.uk/results.asp?image=10302565&w wwflag=2&imagepos=42

http://education.eastmanhouse .org/discover/kits/images/7/ EDDK70000026.jpg


Mutoscope

The Inventor

Name: Herman Casler b.1867 - d.1939 Occupation: Inventor Nationality: American

http://www.victorian-cinema.net/mutoscope.jpg http://www.tvdays.com/images/moustaches_big.jpg


The Inventor

“The Black Maria� Name: Thomas Alva Edison b.1847 - d.1931 Occupation: Inventor Nationality: American Other: Phonograph, lightbulb...

http://www.electronicsandyou.com/electronics-history/Thomas%20Alva%20Edison.jpg http://www.electronicsandyou.com/electronics-history/Thomas%20 Alva%20Edison.jpg


The Inventor

Phantoscope Name: Charles Francis Jenkins b.1867 - d.1934 Occupation: Inventor Nationality: American Other: Television

http://americanhistory.si.edu/cinema/ph047.gif http://www.arqhys.com/construcciones/imagenes/ Charles%20Francis%20Jenkins.jpg


Cinematographe The Inventors Name: Louis Lumière b.1864 - d.1948 Occupation: Filmmaker Nationality: French Name: Auguste Lumière b.1862 - d.1954 Occupation: Filmmaker Nationality: French http://sechtl-vosecek.ucw.cz/en/images/autochromy/big/lumieri-naceduli.jpg

http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=phantascope&go=&f orm=QBIR&qs=n&sk=&sc=1-11#focal=1dd72be832080698 e2ee4a92a256197d&furl=http%3A%2F%2Famericanhistory. si.edu%2Fcinema%2Fph046.gif


Latham Loop The Inventor

Name: Woodville Latham b.1837 - d.1911 Occupation: Chemistry Professor Nationality: American

http://www.victorian-cinema.net/woodville.jpg http://www.acmi.net.au/AIC/LATHAM_LOOP.GIF


“And then there was sound!”


“Talkies” Some Background

The First

The Jazz Singer 1927 Warner Bros.

http://themave.com/bijou/20/ads/ad-jazzsinger.jpg

Singin’ in the Rain 1952 MGM

http://www.impawards.com/1952/posters/singin_in_the_ rain.jpg


“But what about us?”


Saul Bass The Graphic Designer

Example

b.1920 - d.1996 Nationality: American

http://www.filmreference.com/images/sjff_04_img1434.jpg

http://www.impawards.com/1959/posters/anatomy_of_a_murder_ver2.jpg


Pablo Ferro The Graphic Designer

Example

b.1935 Nationality: Cuban-American

http://www.filmreference.com/images/sjff_04_img1434.jpg

http://www.movieposter.com/posters/archive/main/31/b70-


Works Cited Alvarez, Max. “The Origins of the Film Exchange.” Film History 17.4 (2005): 431-465. Communication and Mass Media Complete. EBSCO. Web. 30 Oct. 2010. Anatomy of a Murder. Dir. Otto Preminger. Perf. James Stewart, Lee Remick, Ben Gazzara, Arthur O’Connell, and George C. Scott. Columbia Pictures, 1959.

Moses, Laura. “Sound Design.” EventDV 23.1 (2010): 37. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 17 Nov. 2010. Naughton, Russell. Adventures in Cybersound. 1995-2003. RMIT University. Nov. 2010. < http://www.acmi.net.au/AIC/>. Nickelodeon. Dir. Peter Bogdanovich. Perf. Ryan O’Neal, Burt Reynolds, Tatum O’Neal, Brian Keith, and Stella Stevens. Columbia pictures, 1976.

Boss, Shira J. “Movie Titles - More Than Just Setting Type, It’s an Art Form.” Christian Science Monitor. 07 July 2000: 19. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 4 Sept. 2010.

Roundhay Garden Scene. Dir. Louis Le Prince. 1888.

Burns, Paul. The History of the Discovery of Cinematography. 1997-2010. Oct.-Nov. 2010. < http://precinemahistory.net/>.

Singin’ in the Rain. Dir. Gene Kelly and Stanley Donen. Perf. Gene Kelly, Donald O’Connor, Debbie Reynolds, Jean Hagen, and Millard Mitchell. MGM, 1952.

Ceram, C.W. Archaeology of the Cinema. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc., 1965. Cook, David A. A History of Narrative Fim. 4th ed. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2004. Corliss, Richard. “Lights, Camera...Edison! (Cover story).” Time 176.1 (2010): 50-54. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 30 Oct. 2010. “Development of the Motion Picure Camera.” Film Reference. 2007-2009. Nov. 2010. < http://www.filmreference.com/encyclopedia/ Academy-Awards-Crime-Films/Camera-DEVELOPMENT-OF-THE-MOTIONPICTURE-CAMERA.html>. Ebert, Roger. “That’s Not the IMAX I Grew Up With.” Weblog post. Roger Ebert’s Journal. 27 May 2009. Suntimes.com. Web. 17 Nov. 2010. Frost, Laura. “Huxley’s Feelies: The Cinema of Sensation in Brave New World.” Twentieth Century Literature 52.4 (2006): 443 - 473. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 17 Nov. 2010. Greenslade, Jr., Thomas B. Instruments for Natural Philosophy. Kenyon College. Nov. 2010. < http://physics.kenyon.edu/EarlyApparatus/>. Gubbin, Ed. “Cinemas Warm to Digital Distribution.” Telephony. 248.7 (2007): 19. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 30 Oct. 2010. Heller, Stven. “For Openers.” Print 59.1 (2005): 72-79. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 20 Nov. 2010. Heller, Steven. “Meet the New Bass, Same as Old Bass.” Print 59.2 (2005): 22. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 20 Nov. 2010. Heller, Steven. “Saul Bass 1920-1996.” Print 50.4 (1996): 110. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 4 Sept. 2010. Juddery, Mark. “Breaking the Sound Barrier.” History Today 60.3 (2010): 36-43. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 30 Oct. 2010.

Skylar, Robert. A World History of Film. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 2002. Stanitzek, Georg. “Reading the Title Sequence (Vorspann, Générique).” Cinema Journal 48.4 (2009): 44-58. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 20 Nov. 2010. Sterritt, David. “Chronicles of the Silver Screen.” Christian Science Monitor 04 Dec. 1995: 9. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 30 Oct. 2010. The Illusionist. Dir. Neil Burger. Perf. Edward Norton, Paul Giamatti, Jessica Biel, Rufus Sewell, and Eddi Marsan. 20th Century Fox, 2006. The Jazz Singer. Dir. Alan Crosland. Perf. Al Jolson, May McAvoy, Warner Oland, Eugénie Besserer, and William Demarest. Warner Bros, 1927. The Thomas Crown Affair. Dir. Norman Jewison. Perf. Steve McQueen, Faye Dunaway, Paul Burke, Jack Weston, and Yaphet Kotto. United Artists, 1968.

“The Oldest Magic Lantern in the World.” de Luikerwaal. 1999-2005. Nov. 2010. < http://www.luikerwaal.com/newframe_uk.htm?/ wonder1_uk.htm>. Wade, Nicholas J. “Philospophical Instruments and Toys: Optical Devices Extending the Art of Seeing.” Journal of the History of Neurosciences 13.1 (2004): 102-124. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 30 Oct. 2010. Wasson, Haidee. “Electric Homes! Automatoc Movies! Efficient Entertainment!: 16 mm and Cinema’s Domestication in the 1920’s.” Cinema Journal 48.4 (2009): 1-21. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 30 Oct. 2010.


The End

Motion Graphics  

Presentation on film history.