Issuu on Google+

EXAME NACIONAL DO ENSINO MÉDIO ESSA É A COR DO SEU CADERNO DE PROVAS! MARQUE-A EM SEU CARTÃO-RESPOSTA

1º DIA CADERNO

2

AMARELO

2010 PROVA DE CIÊNCIAS HUMANAS E SUAS TECNOLOGIAS PROVA DE CIÊNCIAS DA NATUREZA E SUAS TECNOLOGIAS LEIA ATENTAMENTE AS INSTRUÇÕES SEGUINTES 1 Este CADERNO DE QUESTÕES contém 90 questões numeradas de 1 a 90, dispostas da seguinte maneira: a. as questões de número 1 a 45 são relativas à área de Ciências Humanas e suas Tecnologias; b. as questões de número 46 a 90 são relativas à área de Ciências da Natureza e suas Tecnologias. 2 Marque no CARTÃO-RESPOSTA, no espaço apropriado, a opção correspondente à cor desta capa: 1-Azul; 2-Amarela; 3-Branca ou 4-Rosa. ATENÇÃO: se você assinalar mais de uma opção de cor ou deixar todos os campos em branco, sua prova não será corrigida. 3 Verifique, no CARTÃO-RESPOSTA, se os seus dados estão registrados corretamente. Caso haja alguma divergência, comunique-a imediatamente ao aplicador da sala. 4 Após a conferência, escreva e assine seu nome nos espaços próprios do CARTÃO-RESPOSTA com caneta esferográfica de tinta preta. 5 Não dobre, não amasse, nem rasure o CARTÃO-RESPOSTA. Ele não poderá ser substituído. 6 Para cada uma das questões objetivas, são apresentadas 5 opções, identificadas com as letras A , B , C , D e E . Apenas uma responde corretamente à questão. 7 No CARTÃO-RESPOSTA, marque, para cada questão, a letra correspondente à opção escolhida para a resposta, preenchendo todo o espaço compreendido no círculo, com caneta esferográfica de tinta preta. Você deve, portanto, assinalar apenas uma opção em cada questão. A marcação em mais de uma opção anula a questão, mesmo que uma das respostas esteja correta.

8 O tempo disponível para estas provas é de quatro horas e trinta minutos. 9 Reserve os 30 minutos finais para marcar seu CARTÃO-RESPOSTA. Os rascunhos e as marcações assinaladas no CADERNO DE QUESTÕES não serão considerados na avaliação. 10 Quando terminar as provas, entregue ao aplicador este CADERNO DE QUESTÕES e o CARTÃO-RESPOSTA. 11 Você somente poderá deixar o local de prova após decorridas duas horas do início da sua aplicação. Caso permaneça na sala por, no mínimo, quatro horas após o início da prova, você poderá levar este CADERNO DE QUESTÕES. 12 Você será excluído do exame caso: a. utilize, durante a realização da prova, máquinas e/ou relógios de calcular, bem como rádios, gravadores, headphones, telefones celulares ou fontes de consulta de qualquer espécie; b. se ausente da sala de provas levando consigo o CADERNO DE QUESTÕES e/ou o CARTÃO-RESPOSTA antes do prazo estabelecido; c. aja com incorreção ou descortesia para com qualquer participante do processo de aplicação das provas; d. se comunique com outro participante, verbalmente, por escrito ou por qualquer outra forma; e. apresente dado(s) falso(s) na sua identificação pessoal.


2010

CIÊNCIAS HUMANAS E SUAS TECNOLOGIAS Questões de 1 a 45 Questão 1

Questão 3

Antes, eram apenas as grandes cidades que se apresentavam como o império da técnica, objeto de PRGL¿FDo}HV VXVSHQV}HV DFUpVFLPRV FDGD YH] PDLV VR¿VWLFDGDV H FDUUHJDGDV GH DUWLItFLR (VVH PXQGR DUWL¿FLDOLQFOXLKRMHRPXQGRUXUDO

$PDLRULDGDVSHVVRDVGDTXLHUDGRFDPSR9LOD0DULD p KRMH H[SRUWDGRUD GH WUDEDOKDGRUHV (PSUHViULRV GH 3ULPDYHUDGR/HVWH(VWDGRGH0DWR*URVVRSURFXUDP R EDLUUR GH 9LOD 0DULD SDUD FRQVHJXLU PmR GH REUD  e JHQWH LQGR GLVWDQWH GDTXL   TXLO{PHWURV SDUD LU WUDEDOKDU SDUD JDQKDU VHWH FRQWR SRU GLD &DUOLWR  DQRVPDUDQKHQVHHQWUHYLVWDGRHP 

6$17260A Natureza do Espaço6mR3DXOR+XFLWHF RibHLUR+62PLJUDQWHHDFLGDGHGLOHPDVHFRQÀLWRV$UDUDTXDUD:XQGHUOLFK DGDSWDGR 

&RQVLGHUDQGR D WUDQVIRUPDomR PHQFLRQDGD QR WH[WR XPDFRQVHTXrQFLDVRFLRHVSDFLDOTXHFDUDFWHUL]DRDWXDO PXQGRUXUDOEUDVLOHLURp  DUHGXomRGRSURFHVVRGHFRQFHQWUDomRGHWHUUDV

2 WH[WR UHWUDWD XP IHQ{PHQR YLYHQFLDGR SHOD DJULFXOWXUDEUDVLOHLUDQDV~OWLPDVGpFDGDVGRVpFXOR;; consequência  GRVLPSDFWRVVRFLDLVGDPRGHUQL]DomRGDDJULFXOWXUD

 RDXPHQWRGRDSURYHLWDPHQWRGHVRORVPHQRVIpUWHLV

 GDUHFRPSRVLomRGRVVDOiULRVGRWUDEDOKDGRUUXUDO

 DDPSOLDomRGRLVRODPHQWRGRHVSDoRUXUDO

 GDH[LJrQFLDGHTXDOL¿FDomRGRWUDEDOKDGRUUXUDO

 DHVWDJQDomRGDIURQWHLUDDJUtFRODGRSDtV

 GDGLPLQXLomRGDLPSRUWkQFLDGDDJULFXOWXUD  GRVSURFHVVRVGHGHVYDORUL]DomRGHiUHDVUXUDLV

 DGLPLQXLomRGRQtYHOGHHPSUHJRIRUPDO

Questão 4

Questão 2

2VOL[}HVVmRRSLRUWLSRGHGLVSRVLomR¿QDOGRVUHVtGXRV VyOLGRV GH XPD FLGDGH UHSUHVHQWDQGR XP JUDYH SUREOHPDDPELHQWDOHGHVD~GHS~EOLFD1HVVHVORFDLV ROL[RpMRJDGRGLUHWDPHQWHQRVRORHDFpXDEHUWRVHP QHQKXPDQRUPDGHFRQWUROHRTXHFDXVDHQWUHRXWURV SUREOHPDV D FRQWDPLQDomR GR VROR H GDV iJXDV SHOR FKRUXPH OtTXLGR HVFXUR FRP DOWD FDUJD SROXLGRUD SURYHQLHQWH GD GHFRPSRVLomR GD PDWpULD RUJkQLFD presente QROL[R  5,&$5'2%&$13$1,//,0Almanaque Brasil Socioambiental 2008. 6mR3DXOR,QVWLWXWR6RFLRDPELHQWDO

&RQVLGHUH XP PXQLFtSLR TXH GHSRVLWD RV UHVtGXRV VyOLGRVSURGX]LGRVSRUVXDSRSXODomRHPXPOL[mR(VVH SURFHGLPHQWR p FRQVLGHUDGR XP SUREOHPD GH VD~GH S~EOLFDSRUTXHRVOL[}HV )RQWH,QFUD(VWDWtVWLFDVFDGDVWUDLV

2 JUi¿FR UHSUHVHQWD D UHODomR HQWUH R WDPDQKR H D WRWDOLGDGHGRVLPyYHLVUXUDLVQR%UDVLO4XHFDUDFWHUtVWLFD GD HVWUXWXUD IXQGLiULD EUDVLOHLUD HVWi HYLGHQFLDGD QR JUi¿FRDSUHVHntado?  $FRQFHQWUDomRGHWHUUDVQDVPmRVGHSRXFRV  $H[LVWrQFLDGHSRXFDVWHUUDVDJULFXOWiYHLV  2GRPtQLRWHUULWRULDOGRVPLQLI~QGLRV  $SULPD]LDGDDJULFXOWXUDIDPLOLDU  $GHELOLGDGHGRVplantationsPRGHUQRV CH - 1º dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Página 1

  



FDXVDP SUREOHPDV UHVSLUDWyULRV GHYLGR DR PDX FKHLURTXHSURYpPGDGHFRPSRVLomR VmR ORFDLV SURStFLRV D SUROLIHUDomR GH YHWRUHV GH GRHQoDVDOpPGHFRQWDPLQDUHPRVRORHDViJXDV SURYRFDP R IHQ{PHQR GD FKXYD iFLGD GHYLGR DRV JDVHVRULXQGRVGDGHFRPSRVLomRGDPDWpULDRUJkQLFD VmR LQVWDODGRV SUy[LPRV DR FHQWUR GDV FLGDGHV DIHWDQGR WRGD D SRSXODomR TXH FLUFXOD GLDULDPHQWH QDiUHD VmR UHVSRQViYHLV SHOR GHVDSDUHFLPHQWR GDV QDVFHQWHVQDUHJLmRRQGHVmRLQVWDODGRVRTXHOHYD jHVFDVVH]GHiJXD


2010 Figura para as questรตes 5 e 6

Questรฃo 7 3HQVDQGRQDVFRUUHQWHVHSUHVWHVDHQWUDUQREUDoRTXH GHULYDGD&RUUHQWHGR*ROIRSDUDRQRUWHOHPEUHLPHGH XP YLGUR GH FDIp VRO~YHO YD]LR &RORTXHL QR YLGUR XPD QRWDFKHLDGH]HURVXPDERODFRUURVDFKRTXH$QRWHL DSRVLomRHGDWD/DWLWXGHยžยถ1/RQJLWXGHยžยถ: 7DPSHLHMRJXHLQDiJXD1XQFDLPDJLQHLTXHUHFHEHULD XPD FDUWD FRP D IRWR GH XP PHQLQR QRUXHJXrV VHJXUDQGRDEROLQKDHDHVWUDQKDQRWD ./,1.$ Parati: entre dois pรณlos6mR3DXOR&RPSDQKLDGDV/HWUDV DGDSWDGR 

1RWH[WRRDXWRUDQRWDVXDFRRUGHQDGDJHRJUiยฟFDTXHp

7(,;(,5$:HWDO 2UJV  Decifrando a Terra6mR3DXOR&RPSDQKLD(GLWRUD1DFLRQDO

Questรฃo 5 Muitos processos erosivos se concentram nas encostas, SULQFLSDOPHQWH DTXHOHV PRWLYDGRV SHOD iJXD H SHOR YHQWR1RHQWDQWRRVUHร€H[RVWDPEpPVmRVHQWLGRVQDV iUHDVGHEDL[DGDRQGHJHUDOPHQWHKiRFXSDomRXUEDQD 8PH[HPSORGHVVHVUHร€H[RVQDYLGDFRWLGLDQDGHPXLWDV FLGDGHVEUDVLOHLUDVp D PDLRU RFRUUrQFLD GH HQFKHQWHV Mi TXH RV ULRV DVVRUHDGRVFRPSRUWDPPHQRViJXDHPVHXVOHLWRV D FRQWDPLQDomR GD SRSXODomR SHORV VHGLPHQWRV WUD]LGRVSHORULRHFDUUHJDGRVGHPDWpULDRUJkQLFD R GHVJDVWH GR VROR QDV iUHDV XUEDQDV FDXVDGR SHOD UHGXomR GR HVFRDPHQWR VXSHUยฟFLDO SOXYLDO QD HQFRVWD DPDLRUIDFLOLGDGHGHFDSWDomRGHiJXDSRWiYHOSDUD RDEDVWHFLPHQWRS~EOLFRMiTXHpPDLRURHIHLWRGR HVFRDPHQWRVREUHDLQยฟOWUDomR R DXPHQWR GD LQFLGrQFLD GH GRHQoDV FRPR D DPHEtDVHQDSRSXODomRXUEDQDHPGHFRUUrQFLDGR HVFRDPHQWRGHiJXDSROXtGDGRWRSRGDVHQFRVWDV

 D UHODomR TXH VH HVWDEHOHFH HQWUH DV GLVWkQFLDV UHSUHVHQWDGDV QR PDSD H DV GLVWkQFLDV UHDLV GD VXSHUItFLHFDUWRJUDIDGD  R UHJLVWUR GH TXH RV SDUDOHORV VmR YHUWLFDLV H FRQYHUJHP SDUD RV SRORV H RV PHULGLDQRV VmR FtUFXORVLPDJLQiULRVKRUL]RQWDLVHHTXLGLVWDQWHV  DLQIRUPDomRGHXPFRQMXQWRGHOLQKDVLPDJLQiULDV TXH SHUPLWHP ORFDOL]DU XP SRQWR RX DFLGHQWH JHRJUiยฟFRQDVXSHUItFLHWHUUHVWUH  DODWLWXGHFRPRGLVWkQFLDHPJUDXVHQWUHXPSRQWR HR0HULGLDQR GH*UHHQZLFKHDORQJLWXGH FRPR D GLVWkQFLDHPJUDXVHQWUHXPSRQWRHR(TXDGRU  D IRUPD GH SURMHomR FDUWRJUiยฟFD XVDGR SDUD QDYHJDomR RQGH RV PHULGLDQRV H SDUDOHORV GLVWRUFHPDVXSHUItFLHGRSODQHWD Questรฃo 8 $HYROXomRGRSURFHVVRGHWUDQVIRUPDomRGHPDWpULDV SULPDVHPSURGXWRVDFDEDGRVRFRUUHXHPWUrVHVWiJLRV DUWHVDQDWRPDQXIDWXUDHPDTXLQRIDWXUD 8PGHVVHVHVWiJLRVIRLRDUWHVDQDWRHPTXHVH WUDEDOKDYD FRQIRUPH R ULWPR GDV PiTXLQDV H GH PDQHLUDSDGURQL]DGD WUDEDOKDYDJHUDOPHQWHVHPRXVRGHPiTXLQDVHGH PRGRGLIHUHQWHGRPRGHORGHSURGXomRHPVpULH HPSUHJDYDP IRQWHV GH HQHUJLD DEXQGDQWHV SDUD R IXQFLRQDPHQWRGDVPiTXLQDV UHDOL]DYDSDUWHGDSURGXomRSRUFDGDRSHUiULRFRP XVRGHPiTXLQDVHWUDEDOKRDVVDODULDGR ID]LDP LQWHUIHUrQFLDV GR SURFHVVR SURGXWLYR SRU tรฉcnicos e gerentes com vistas a determinar o ritmo GHSURGXomR

Questรฃo 6 2 HVTXHPD UHSUHVHQWD XP SURFHVVR GH HURVmR HP HQFRVWD 4XH SUiWLFD UHDOL]DGD SRU XP DJULFXOWRU SRGH UHVXOWDUHPDFHOHUDomRGHVVHSURFHVVR"

Rascunho

3ODQWLRGLUHWR $VVRFLDomRGHFXOWXUDV ,PSODQWDomRGHFXUYDVGHQtYHO $UDomRGRVRORGRWRSRDRYDOH 7HUUDFHDPHQWRQDSURSULHGDGH CH - 1ยบ dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pรกgina 2


2010 Questรฃo 9

Questรฃo 11

2*pRJUXSRTXHUH~QHRVSDtVHVGR*RVPDLV LQGXVWULDOL]DGRV GR PXQGR (8$ -DSmR $OHPDQKD )UDQoD5HLQR8QLGR,WiOLDH&DQDGi D8QLmR(XURSHLD HRVSULQFLSDLVHPHUJHQWHV %UDVLO5~VVLDร‹QGLD&KLQD รˆIULFD GR 6XO $UiELD 6DXGLWD $UJHQWLQD $XVWUiOLD &RUHLDGR6XO,QGRQpVLD0p[LFRH7XUTXLD (VVHJUXSR GHSDtVHVYHPJDQKDQGRIRUoDQRVIyUXQVLQWHUQDFLRQDLV GHGHFLVmRHFRQVXOWD $//$15Crise global'LVSRQtYHOHPKWWSFRQWHXGRFOLSSLQJPSSODQHMDPHQWRJRYEU $FHVVRHPMXO

(QWUHRVSDtVHVHPHUJHQWHVTXHIRUPDPR*HVWmR RVFKDPDGRV%5,& %UDVLO5~VVLDร‹QGLDH&KLQD WHUPR FULDGRHPSDUDUHIHULUVHDRVSDtVHVTXH  DSUHVHQWDP FDUDFWHUtVWLFDV HFRQ{PLFDV SURPLVVRUDV SDUDDVSUy[LPDVGpFDGDV  SRVVXHPEDVHWHFQROyJLFDPDLVHOHYDGD  DSUHVHQWDPtQGLFHVGHLJXDOGDGHVRFLDOHHFRQ{PLFD PDLVDFHQWXDGRV  DSUHVHQWDP GLYHUVLGDGH DPELHQWDO VXยฟFLHQWH SDUD LPSXOVLRQDUDHFRQRPLDJOREDO  SRVVXHP VLPLODULGDGHV FXOWXUDLV FDSD]HV GH DODYDQFDUDHFRQRPLDPXQGLDO Questรฃo 10 $VHUUDULDFRQVWUXtDUDPDLVIHUURYLiULRVTXHDGHQWUDYDP DV JUDQGHV PDWDV RQGH JUDQGHV ORFRPRWLYDV FRP guindastes e correntes gigantescas de mais de 100 PHWURV DUUDVWDYDP SDUD DV FRPSRVLo}HV GH WUHP DV WRUDVTXHMD]LDPDEDWLGDVSRUHTXLSHVGHWUDEDOKDGRUHV TXH DQWHULRUPHQWH SDVVDYDP SHOR ORFDO 4XDQGR R JXLQGDVWH DUUDVWDYD DV JUDQGHV WRUDV HP GLUHomR j FRPSRVLomRGHWUHPRVHUYDLVQDWLYRVTXHH[LVWLDPHP PHLRjVPDWDVHUDPGHVWUXtGRVSRUHVWHGHVORFDPHQWR 0$&+$'233Lideranรงas do Contestado&DPSLQDV8QLFDPS DGDSWDGR 

1RLQtFLRGRVpFXOR;;XPDVpULHGHHPSUHHQGLPHQWRV FDSLWDOLVWDV FKHJRX j UHJLmR GR PHLRRHVWH GH 6DQWD &DWDULQDยฒIHUURYLDVVHUUDULDVHSURMHWRVGHFRORQL]DomR 2VLPSDFWRVVRFLDLVJHUDGRVSRUHVVHSURFHVVRHVWmRQD RULJHP GD FKDPDGD *XHUUD GR &RQWHVWDGR (QWUH WDLV impactos, encontrava-se D DEVRUomR GRV WUDEDOKDGRUHV UXUDLV FRPR WUDEDOKDGRUHV GD VHUUDULD UHVXOWDQGR HP XP SURFHVVRGHr[RGRUXUDO R GHVHPSUHJR JHUDGR SHOD LQWURGXomR GDV QRYDV PiTXLQDVTXHGLPLQXtDPDQHFHVVLGDGHGHPmRGH REUD D GHVRUJDQL]DomR GD HFRQRPLD WUDGLFLRQDO TXH VXVWHQWDYDRVSRVVHLURVHRVWUDEDOKDGRUHVUXUDLVGD UHJLmR D GLPLQXLomR GR SRGHU GRV JUDQGHV FRURQpLV GD UHJLmRTXHSDVVDYDPGLVSXWDURSRGHUSROtWLFRFRP RVQRYRVDJHQWHV R FUHVFLPHQWR GRV FRQร€LWRV HQWUH RV RSHUiULRV empregados nesses empreendimentos e os seus SURSULHWiULRVOLJDGRVDRFDSLWDOLQWHUQDFLRQDO CH - 1ยบ dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pรกgina 3

T(,;(,5$:HWDO 2UJV Decifrando a Terra. 6mR3DXOR&RPSDQKLD(GLWRUD1DFLRQDO DGDSWDGR 

2HVTXHPDPRVWUDGHSyVLWRVHPTXHDSDUHFHPIyVVHLV GHDQLPDLVGR3HUtRGR-XUiVVLFR$VURFKDVHPTXHVH HQFRQWUDPHVVHVIyVVHLVVmR PDJPiWLFDV SRLV D DomR GH YXOF}HV FDXVRX DV PDLRUHVH[WLQo}HVGHVVHVDQLPDLVMiFRQKHFLGDVDR ORQJRGDKLVWyULDWHUUHVWUH sedimentares, pois os restos podem ter sido soterrados HOLWLยฟFDGRVFRPRUHVWDQWHGRVVHGLPHQWRV PDJPiWLFDV SRLV VmR DV URFKDV PDLV IDFLOPHQWH HURGLGDV SRVVLELOLWDQGR D IRUPDomR GH WRFDV TXH IRUDPSRVWHULRUPHQWHODFUDGDV sedimentares, jรก que cada uma das camadas HQFRQWUDGDVQDยฟJXUDVLPEROL]DXPHYHQWRGHHURVmR GHVVDiUHDUHSUHVHQWDGD PHWDPyUยฟFDV SRLV RV DQLPDLV UHSUHVHQWDGRV SUHFLVDYDPHVWDUSHUWRGHORFDLVTXHQWHV Questรฃo 12 $ ,QJODWHUUD SHGLD OXFURV H UHFHELD OXFURV 7XGR VH WUDQVIRUPDYD HP OXFUR $V FLGDGHV WLQKDP VXD VXMHLUD OXFUDWLYDVXDVIDYHODVOXFUDWLYDVVXDIXPDoD OXFUDWLYD VXD GHVRUGHP OXFUDWLYD VXD LJQRUkQFLD OXFUDWLYD VHX GHVHVSHUR OXFUDWLYR  $V QRYDV IiEULFDV H RV QRYRV DOWRVIRUQRVHUDPFRPRDV3LUkPLGHVPRVWUDQGRPDLVD HVFUDYL]DomRGRKRPHPTXHVHXSRGHU '($1(3A Revoluรงรฃo Industrial5LRGH-DQHLUR=DKDU DGDSWDGR 

4XDO UHODomR p HVWDEHOHFLGD QR WH[WR HQWUH RV DYDQoRV WHFQROyJLFRV RFRUULGRV QR FRQWH[WR GD 5HYROXomR ,QGXVWULDO ,QJOHVD H DV FDUDFWHUtVWLFDV GDV FLGDGHV LQGXVWULDLVQRLQtFLRGRVpFXOR;,;"  $ IDFLOLGDGH HP VH HVWDEHOHFHU UHODo}HV OXFUDWLYDV WUDQVIRUPDYD DV FLGDGHV HP HVSDoRV SULYLOHJLDGRV SDUD D OLYUH LQLFLDWLYD FDUDFWHUtVWLFD GD QRYD VRFLHGDGHFDSLWDOLVWD  2 GHVHQYROYLPHQWR GH PpWRGRV GH SODQHMDPHQWR XUEDQRDXPHQWDYDDHยฟFLrQFLDGRWUDEDOKRLQGXVWULDO  $ FRQVWUXomR GH Q~FOHRV XUEDQRV LQWHJUDGRV SRU PHLRV GH WUDQVSRUWH IDFLOLWDYD R GHVORFDPHQWR GRV WUDEDOKDGRUHVGDVSHULIHULDVDWpDVIiEULFDV  $ JUDQGLRVLGDGH GRV SUpGLRV RQGH VH ORFDOL]DYDP DV IiEULFDV UHYHODYD RV DYDQoRV GD HQJHQKDULD H GD DUTXLWHWXUDGRSHUtRGRWUDQVIRUPDQGRDVFLGDGHVHP ORFDLVGHH[SHULPHQWDomRHVWpWLFDHDUWtVWLFD  2 DOWR QtYHO GH H[SORUDomR GRV WUDEDOKDGRUHV LQGXVWULDLVRFDVLRQDYDRVXUJLPHQWRGHDJORPHUDGRV XUEDQRV PDUFDGRV SRU SpVVLPDV FRQGLo}HV GH PRUDGLDVD~GHHKLJLHQH


2010 Questรฃo 13

Questรฃo 15

$VVHFDVHRDSHORHFRQ{PLFRGDERUUDFKDยฒSURGXWR TXH QR ยฟQDO GR VpFXOR ;,; DOFDQoDYD SUHoRV DOWRV QRV PHUFDGRVLQWHUQDFLRQDLVยฒPRWLYDUDPDPRYLPHQWDomR GHPDVVDVKXPDQDVRULXQGDVGR1RUGHVWHGR%UDVLOSDUD R$FUH(QWUHWDQWRDWpRLQtFLRGRVpFXOR;;HVVDUHJLmR SHUWHQFLDj%ROtYLDHPERUDDPDLRULDGDVXDSRSXODomR IRVVHEUDVLOHLUDHQmRREHGHFHVVHjDXWRULGDGHEROLYLDQD 3DUD UHDJLU j SUHVHQoD GH EUDVLOHLURV R JRYHUQR GH /D 3D] QHJRFLRX R DUUHQGDPHQWR GD UHJLmR D XPD HQWLGDGH LQWHUQDFLRQDO R Bolivian Syndicate, iniciando YLROHQWDVGLVSXWDVGRVGRLVODGRVGDIURQWHLUD2FRQร€LWR Vy WHUPLQRX HP  FRP D DVVLQDWXUD GR7UDWDGR GH 3HWUySROLVSHORTXDOR%UDVLOFRPSURXRWHUULWyULRSRU PLOK}HVGHOLEUDVHVWHUOLQDV

1R GLD  GH IHYHUHLUR GH  HUD LQDXJXUDGD D (VWUDGD GH )HUUR &DUDMiV SHUWHQFHQWH H GLUHWDPHQWH RSHUDGDSHOD&RPSDQKLD9DOHGR5LR'RFH &95' QD UHJLmR1RUWHGRSDtVOLJDQGRRLQWHULRUDRSULQFLSDOSRUWR GD UHJLmR HP 6mR /XtV 3RU VHXV DSUR[LPDGDPHQWH TXLO{PHWURVGHOLQKDSDVVDPKRMHYDJ}HVH ORFRPRWLYDV 'LVSRQtYHOHPKWWSZZZWUDQVSRUWHVJRYEU$FHVVRHPMXO DGDSWDGR 

$IHUURYLDHPTXHVWmRpGHH[WUHPDLPSRUWkQFLDSDUDD ORJtVWLFD GR VHWRU SULPiULR GD HFRQRPLD EUDVLOHLUD HP HVSHFLDOSDUDSRUo}HVGRVHVWDGRVGR3DUiH0DUDQKmR 8P DUJXPHQWR TXH GHVWDFD D LPSRUWkQFLD HVWUDWpJLFD GHVVDSRUomRGRWHUULWyULRpD

'LVSRQtYHOHPZZZPUHJRYEU$FHVVRHPQRY DGDSWDGR 

Compreendendo o conWH[WR HP TXH RFRUUHUDP RV IDWRVDSUHVHQWDGRVR$FUHWRUQRXVHSDUWHGRWHUULWyULR QDFLRQDOEUDVLOHLUR  SHOD IRUPDOL]DomR GR 7UDWDGR GH 3HWUySROLV TXH LQGHQL]DYDR%UDVLOSHODVXDDQH[DomR  SRU PHLR GR DX[tOLR GR Bolivian Syndicate aos HPLJUDQWHVEUDVLOHLURVQDUHJLmR GHYLGR j FUHVFHQWH HPLJUDomR GH EUDVLOHLURV TXH H[SORUDYDPRVVHULQJDLV HP IXQomR GD SUHVHQoD GH LQ~PHURV LPLJUDQWHV HVWUDQJHLURVQDUHJLmR SHOD LQGHQL]DomR TXH RV HPLJUDQWHV EUDVLOHLURV SDJDUDPj%ROtYLD Questรฃo 14 &RXEH DRV ;DYDQWH H DRV 7LPELUD SRYRV LQGtJHQDV GR &HUUDGR XP UHFHQWH H PDUFDQWH JHVWR VLPEyOLFR D UHDOL]DomRGHVXDWUDGLFLRQDOFRUULGDGHWRUDV GHEXULWL  HPSOHQD$YHQLGD3DXOLVWD 63 SDUDGHQXQFLDURFHUFR GH VXDV WHUUDV H D GHJUDGDomR GH VHXV HQWRUQRV SHOR DYDQoRGRDJURQHJyFLR 5,&$5'2%5,&$5'2)Povos indรญgenas do Brasil: 2001-20056 mR3DXOR,QVWLWXWR6RFLRDPELHQWDO DGDSWDGR 

$TXHVWmRLQGtJHQDFRQWHPSRUkQHDQR%UDVLOHYLGHQFLD D UHODomR GRV XVRV VRFLRFXOWXUDLV GD WHUUD FRP RV DWXDLVSUREOHPDVVRFLRDPELHQWDLVFDUDFWHUL]DGRVSHODV WHQV}HVHQWUH  D H[SDQVmR WHUULWRULDO GR DJURQHJyFLR HP HVSHFLDO QDV UHJL}HV &HQWUR2HVWH H 1RUWH H DV OHLV GH SURWHomRLQGtJHQDHDPELHQWDO  RVJULOHLURVDUWLFXODGRUHVGRDJURQHJyFLRHRVSRYRV LQGtJHQDVSRXFRRUJDQL]DGRVQR&HUUDGR  DVOHLVPDLVEUDQGDVVREUHRXVRWUDGLFLRQDOGRPHLR DPELHQWHHDVVHYHUDVOHLVVREUHRXVRFDSLWDOLVWDGR PHLRDPELHQWH  RVSRYRVLQGtJHQDVGR&HUUDGRHRVSRORVHFRQ{PLFRV UHSUHVHQWDGRVSHODVHOLWHVLQGXVWULDLVSDXOLVWDV  RFDPSRHDFLGDGHQR&HUUDGRTXHID]FRPTXHDV WHUUDVLQGtJHQDVGDOLVHMDPDOYRGHLQYDV}HVXUEDQDV

SURGXomR GH HQHUJLD SDUD DV SULQFLSDLV iUHDV LQGXVWULDLVGRSDtV SURGXomRVXVWHQWiYHOGHUHFXUVRVPLQHUDLVQmRPHWiOLFRV FDSDFLGDGHGHSURGXomRGHPLQHUDLVPHWiOLFRV ORJtVWLFDGHLPSRUWDomRGHPDWpULDVSULPDVLQGXVWULDLV SURGXomRGHUHFXUVRVPLQHUDLVHQHUJpWLFRV Questรฃo 16 2 ,PSpULR ,QFD TXH FRUUHVSRQGH SULQFLSDOPHQWH DRV WHUULWyULRV GD %ROtYLD H GR 3HUX FKHJRX D HQJOREDU HQRUPH FRQWLQJHQWH SRSXODFLRQDO &X]FR D FLGDGH sagrada, era o centro administrativo, com uma sociedade IRUWHPHQWH HVWUDWLยฟFDGD H FRPSRVWD SRU LPSHUDGRUHV QREUHV VDFHUGRWHV IXQFLRQiULRV GR JRYHUQR DUWHVmRV FDPSRQHVHV HVFUDYRV H VROGDGRV $ UHOLJLmR FRQWDYD com vรกrios deuses, e a base da economia era a DJULFXOWXUDSULQFLSDOPHQWHRFXOWLYRGDEDWDWDHGRPLOKR $SULQFLSDOFDUDFWHUtVWLFDGDVRFLHGDGHLQFDHUDD  GLWDGXUDWHRFUiWLFDTXHLJXDODYDDWRGRV  H[LVWrQFLDGDLJXDOGDGHVRFLDOHGDFROHWLYL]DomRGDWHUUD  HVWUXWXUD VRFLDO GHVLJXDO FRPSHQVDGD SHOD FROHWLYL]DomRGHWRGRVRVEHQV  H[LVWrQFLD GH PRELOLGDGH VRFLDO R TXH OHYRX j FRPSRVLomRGDHOLWHSHORPpULWR  LPSRVVLELOLGDGH GH VH PXGDU GH H[WUDWR VRFLDO H D H[LVWrQFLDGHXPDDULVWRFUDFLDKHUHGLWiULD Rascunho

CH - 1ยบ dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pรกgina 4


2010 Questão 17

Questão 19

2V YHVWtJLRV GRV SRYRV 7XSLJXDUDQL HQFRQWUDPVH GHVGHDV0LVV}HVHRULRGD3UDWDDRVXODWpR1RUGHVWH FRP DOJXPDV RFRUUrQFLDV DLQGD PDO FRQKHFLGDV QR VXO GD $PD]{QLD $ OHVWH RFXSDYDP WRGD D IDL[D OLWRUkQHD GHVGH R 5LR *UDQGH GR 6XO DWp R 0DUDQKmR $RHVWHDSDUHFHP QRULRGD3UDWD QR3DUDJXDLHQDV WHUUDV EDL[DV GD %ROtYLD (YLWDP DV WHUUDV LQXQGiYHLV GR 3DQWDQDO H PDUFDP VXD SUHVHQoD GLVFUHWDPHQWH QRV FHUUDGRV GR %UDVLO FHQWUDO 'H IDWR RFXSDUDP GH SUHIHUrQFLDDVUHJL}HVGHÀRUHVWDWURSLFDOHVXEWURSLFDO

2V WURSHLURV IRUDP ¿JXUDV GHFLVLYDV QD IRUPDomR GH YLODUHMRVHFLGDGHVGR%UDVLOFRORQLDO$SDODYUDWURSHLUR YHPGH³WURSD´TXHQRSDVVDGRVHUHIHULDDRFRQMXQWR GHKRPHQVTXHWUDQVSRUWDYDJDGRHPHUFDGRULD3RU YROWD GR VpFXOR ;9,,, PXLWD FRLVD HUD OHYDGD GH XP OXJDUDRXWURQRORPERGHPXODV2WURSHLULVPRDFDERX DVVRFLDGR j DWLYLGDGH PLQHUDGRUD FXMR DXJH IRL D H[SORUDomR GH RXUR HP 0LQDV *HUDLV H PDLV WDUGH HP *RLiV $ H[WUDomR GH SHGUDV SUHFLRVDV WDPEpP DWUDLX JUDQGHV FRQWLQJHQWHV SRSXODFLRQDLV SDUD DV QRYDViUHDVHSRULVVRHUDFDGDYH]PDLVQHFHVViULR GLVSRUGHDOLPHQWRVHSURGXWRVEiVLFRV$DOLPHQWDomR GRVWURSHLURVHUDFRQVWLWXtGDSRUWRXFLQKRIHLMmRSUHWR IDULQKD SLPHQWDGRUHLQR FDIp IXEi H FRLWp XP PROKRGHYLQDJUHFRPIUXWRFiXVWLFRHVSUHPLGR 1RV SRXVRVRVWURSHLURVFRPLDPIHLMmRTXDVHVHPPROKR FRP SHGDoRV GH FDUQH GH VRO H WRXFLQKR TXH HUD VHUYLGR FRP IDURID H FRXYH SLFDGD 2 IHLMmR WURSHLUR p XP GRV SUDWRV WtSLFRV GD FR]LQKD PLQHLUD H UHFHEH HVVH QRPH SRUTXH HUD SUHSDUDGR SHORV FR]LQKHLURV GDVWURSDVTXHFRQGX]LDPRJDGR

35286$ O Brasil antes dos brasileiros5LRGH-DQHLUR-RUJH=DKDU(GLWRU

2VSRYRVLQGtJHQDVFLWDGRVSRVVXtDPWUDGLo}HVFXOWXUDLV HVSHFt¿FDV TXH RV GLVWLQJXLDP GH RXWUDV VRFLHGDGHV LQGtJHQDV H GRV FRORQL]DGRUHV HXURSHXV (QWUH DV WUDGLo}HVWXSLJXDUDQLGHVWDFDYDVH  DRUJDQL]DomRHPDOGHLDVSROLWLFDPHQWHLQGHSHQGHQWHV GLULJLGDV SRU XP FKHIH HOHLWR SHORV LQGLYtGXRV PDLV YHOKRVGDWULER  D ULWXDOL]DomR GD JXHUUD HQWUH DV WULERV H R FDUiWHU VHPLVVHGHQWiULRGHVXDRUJDQL]DomRVRFLDO  DFRQTXLVWDGHWHUUDVPHGLDQWHRSHUDo}HVPLOLWDUHV RTXHSHUPLWLXVHXGRPtQLRVREUHYDVWRWHUULWyULR  R FDUiWHU SDVWRULO GH VXD HFRQRPLD TXH SUHVFLQGLD GDDJULFXOWXUDSDUDLQYHVWLUQDFULDomRGHDQLPDLV  R GHVSUH]R SHORV ULWXDLV DQWURSRIiJLFRV SUDWLFDGRV HPRXWUDVVRFLHGDGHVLQGtJHQDV Questão 18 $XVLQDKLGUHOpWULFDGH%HOR0RQWHVHUiFRQVWUXtGDQRULR ;LQJXQRPXQLFtSLRGH9LWyULDGH;LQJXQR3DUi$XVLQD VHUi D WHUFHLUD PDLRU GR PXQGR H D PDLRU WRWDOPHQWH EUDVLOHLUD FRP FDSDFLGDGH GH  PLO PHJDZDWWV 2V tQGLRVGR;LQJXWRPDPDSDLVDJHPFRPVHXVFRFDUHV DUFRV H ÀHFKDV (P $OWDPLUD QR 3DUi DJULFXOWRUHV IHFKDUDP HVWUDGDV GH XPD UHJLmR TXH VHUi LQXQGDGD SHODViJXDVGDXVLQD %$&2&&,1$'48(,52=*%25*(65)LPGROHLOmRFRPHoRGDFRQIXVmR Istoé Dinheiro.$QRQžDEU DGDSWDGR 

2VLPSDVVHVUHVLVWrQFLDVHGHVD¿RVDVVRFLDGRVjFRQVWUXomR GD8VLQD+LGUHOpWULFDGH%HOR0RQWHHVWmRUHODFLRQDGRV DRSRWHQFLDOKLGUHOpWULFRGRVULRVQRQRUWHHQRUGHVWH TXDQGR FRPSDUDGRV jV EDFLDV KLGURJUi¿FDV GDV UHJL}HV6XO6XGHVWHH&HQWUR2HVWHGRSDtV j QHFHVVLGDGH GH HTXLOLEUDU H FRPSDWLELOL]DU R LQYHVWLPHQWRQRFUHVFLPHQWRGRSDtVFRPRVHVIRUoRV SDUDDFRQVHUYDomRDPELHQWDO jJUDQGHTXDQWLGDGHGHUHFXUVRVGLVSRQtYHLVSDUDDV REUDVHjHVFDVVH]GRVUHFXUVRVGLUHFLRQDGRVSDUDR SDJDPHQWRSHODGHVDSURSULDomRGDVWHUUDV DR GLUHLWR KLVWyULFR GRV LQGtJHQDV j SRVVH GHVVDV WHUUDVHjDXVrQFLDGHUHFRQKHFLPHQWRGHVVHGLUHLWR SRUSDUWHGDVHPSUHLWHLUDV DR DSURYHLWDPHQWR GD PmR GH REUD HVSHFLDOL]DGD GLVSRQtYHO QD UHJLmR 1RUWH H R LQWHUHVVH GDV FRQVWUXWRUDVQDYLQGDGHSUR¿VVLRQDLVGR6XGHVWHGR SDtV

CH - 1º dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Página 5

'LVSRQtYHOHPKWWSZZZWULEXQDGRSODQDOWRFRPEU$FHVVRHPQRY

$FULDomRGRIHLMmRWURSHLURQDFXOLQiULDEUDVLOHLUDHVWi UHODFLRQDGDj  DWLYLGDGH FRPHUFLDO H[HUFLGD SHORV KRPHQV TXH WUDEDOKDYDPQDVPLQDV  DWLYLGDGH FXOLQiULD H[HUFLGD SHORV PRUDGRUHV FR]LQKHLURVTXHYLYLDPQDVUHJL}HVGDVPLQDV  DWLYLGDGH PHUFDQWLO H[HUFLGD SHORV KRPHQV TXH WUDQVSRUWDYDPJDGRHPHUFDGRULD  DWLYLGDGH DJURSHFXiULD H[HUFLGD SHORV WURSHLURV TXHQHFHVVLWDYDPGLVSRUGHDOLPHQWRV  DWLYLGDGH PLQHUDGRUD H[HUFLGD SHORV WURSHLURV QR DXJHGDH[SORUDomRGRRXUR Rascunho


2010 Questรฃo 20

Questรฃo 21

,  3DUD FRQVROLGDUVH FRPR JRYHUQR D 5HS~EOLFD SUHFLVDYD HOLPLQDU DV DUHVWDV FRQFLOLDUVH FRP R passado monarquista, incorporar distintas vertentes do UHSXEOLFDQLVPR 7LUDGHQWHV QmR GHYHULD VHU YLVWR FRPR KHUyL UHSXEOLFDQR UDGLFDO PDV VLP FRPR KHUyL FtYLFR UHOLJLRVR FRPR PiUWLU LQWHJUDGRU SRUWDGRU GD LPDJHP GRSRYRLQWHLUR

1HJUR ยฟOKR GH HVFUDYD H ยฟGDOJR SRUWXJXrV R EDLDQR /XL]*DPDIH]GDOHLHGDVOHWUDVVXDVDUPDVQDOXWDSHOD OLEHUGDGH)RLYHQGLGRLOHJDOPHQWHFRPRHVFUDYRSHORVHX SDLSDUDFREULUGtYLGDVGHMRJR6DEHQGROHUHHVFUHYHU DRV  DQRV GH LGDGH FRQVHJXLX SURYDV GH TXH KDYLD QDVFLGROLYUH$XWRGLGDWDDGYRJDGRVHPGLSORPDIH]GR GLUHLWRRVHXRยฟFLRHWUDQVIRUPRXVHHPSRXFRWHPSRHP SURHPLQHQWHDGYRJDGRGDFDXVDDEROLFLRQLVWD

&$59$/+2-0&A formaรงรฃo das almas: O imaginรกrio da Repรบblica no Brasil 6mR3DXOR&RPSDQKLDGDV/HWUDV

$=(9('2(22UIHXGHFDUDSLQKD,QRevista de Histรณria. Ano1, no 5LRGH-DQHLUR%LEOLRWHFD1DFLRQDOMDQ DGDSWDGR 

,ยฑ(LORRJLJDQWHGDSUDoD2&ULVWRGDPXOWLGmR e7LUDGHQWHVTXHPSDVVD'HL[HPSDVVDUR7LWmR $/9(6&*RQ]DJDRXDUHYROXomRGH0LQDV,Q&$59$/+2-0&A formaรงรฃo das almas: O imaginรกrio da Repรบblica no Brasil. 6mR3DXOR&RPSDQKLDGDV/HWUDV

$ย5HS~EOLFDEUDVLOHLUDQRVVHXVSULPyUGLRVSUHFLVDYD FRQVWLWXLU XPD ยฟJXUD KHURLFD FDSD] GH FRQJUHJDU GLIHUHQoDV H VXVWHQWDU VLPEROLFDPHQWH R QRYR UHJLPH 2SWDQGRSHODยฟJXUDGH7LUDGHQWHVGHL[RXGHODGRยฟJXUDV FRPR)UHL&DQHFDRX%HQWR*RQoDOYHV$WUDQVIRUPDomR GR LQFRQยฟGHQWH HP KHUyL QDFLRQDO HYLGHQFLD TXH R HVIRUoR GH FRQVWUXomR GH XP VLPEROLVPR SRU SDUWH GD 5HS~EOLFDHVWDYDUHODFLRQDGR DRFDUiWHUQDFLRQDOLVWDHUHSXEOLFDQRGD,QFRQยฟGrQFLD HYLGHQFLDGRQDVLGHLDVHQDDWXDomRGH7LUDGHQWHV j LGHQWLยฟFDomR GD &RQMXUDomR 0LQHLUD FRPR R PRYLPHQWRSUHFXUVRUGRSRVLWLYLVPREUDVLOHLUR DR IDWR GH D SURFODPDomR GD 5HS~EOLFD WHU VLGR XP PRYLPHQWR GH SRXFDV UDt]HV SRSXODUHV TXH SUHFLVDYDGHOHJLWLPDomR j VHPHOKDQoD ItVLFD HQWUH 7LUDGHQWHV H -HVXV TXH SURSRUFLRQDULDDXPSRYRFDWyOLFRFRPRREUDVLOHLUR XPDIiFLOLGHQWLยฟFDomR DR IDWR GH )UHL &DQHFD H %HQWR *RQoDOYHV WHUHP OLGHUDGRPRYLPHQWRVVHSDUDWLVWDVQR1RUGHVWHHQR 6XOGRSDtV Rascunho

$ FRQTXLVWD GD OLEHUGDGH SHORV DIUREUDVLOHLURV QD VHJXQGDPHWDGHGRVpF;,;IRLUHVXOWDGRGHLPSRUWDQWHV OXWDV VRFLDLV FRQGLFLRQDGDV KLVWRULFDPHQWH $ ELRJUDยฟD GH/XL]*DPDH[HPSOLยฟFDD  LPSRVVLELOLGDGHGHDVFHQVmRVRFLDOGRQHJURIRUURHPXPD VRFLHGDGHHVFUDYRFUDWDPHVPRVHQGRDOIDEHWL]DGR  H[WUHPD GLยฟFXOGDGH GH SURMHomR GRV LQWHOHFWXDLV QHJURVQHVVHFRQWH[WRHDXWLOL]DomRGR'LUHLWRFRPR FDQDOGHOXWDSHODOLEHUGDGH  ULJLGH] GH XPD VRFLHGDGH DVVHQWDGD QD HVFUDYLGmR TXHLQYLDELOL]DYDRVPHFDQLVPRVGHDVFHQVmRVRFLDO  SRVVLELOLGDGH GH  DVFHQVmR VRFLDO YLDELOL]DGD SHOR DSRLR GDV HOLWHV GRPLQDQWHV D XP PHVWLoR ยฟOKR GH SDLSRUWXJXrV  WURFD GH IDYRUHV HQWUH XP UHSUHVHQWDQWH QHJUR H D HOLWH DJUiULD HVFUDYLVWD TXH RXWRUJDUD R GLUHLWR DGYRFDWtFLRDRPHVPR Questรฃo 22 6XEVWLWXLVH HQWmR XPD KLVWyULD FUtWLFD SURIXQGD SRU XPDFU{QLFDGHGHWDOKHVRQGHRSDWULRWLVPRHDEUDYXUD GRV QRVVRV VROGDGRV HQFREUHP D YLODQLD GRV PRWLYRV TXHOHYDUDPD,QJODWHUUDDDUPDUEUDVLOHLURVHDUJHQWLQRV SDUD D GHVWUXLomR GD PDLV JORULRVD UHS~EOLFD TXH Mi VH YLXQD$PpULFD/DWLQDDGR3DUDJXDL &+,$9(1$772--Genocรญdio americano: A Guerra do Paraguai. 6mR3DXOR%UDVLOLHQVH DGDSWDGR 

2LPSHULDOLVPRLQJOrVยณGHVWUXLQGRR3DUDJXDLPDQWpPRVWDWXV TXR QD $PpULFD 0HULGLRQDO LPSHGLQGR D DVFHQVmR GR VHX ~QLFR(VWDGRHFRQRPLFDPHQWHOLYUHยด(VVDWHRULDFRQVSLUDWyULD YDLFRQWUDDUHDOLGDGHGRVIDWRVHQmRWHPSURYDVGRFXPHQWDLV &RQWXGRHVVDWHRULDWHPDOJXPDUHSHUFXVVmR '25$7,272)Maldita guerra: nova histรณria da Guerra do Paraguai. 6mR3DXOR&LDGDV/HWUDV DGDSWDGR 

8PD OHLWXUD GHVVDV QDUUDWLYDV GLYHUJHQWHV GHPRQVWUD TXHDPEDVHVWmRUHร€HWLQGRVREUH DFDUrQFLDGHIRQWHVSDUDDSHVTXLVDVREUHRVUHDLV PRWLYRVGHVVD*XHUUD R FDUiWHU SRVLWLYLVWD GDV GLIHUHQWHV YHUV}HV VREUH HVVD*XHUUD RUHVXOWDGRGDVLQWHUYHQo}HVEULWkQLFDVQRVFHQiULRV GHEDWDOKD D GLยฟFXOGDGH GH HODERUDU H[SOLFDo}HV FRQYLQFHQWHV VREUHRVPRWLYRVGHVVD*XHUUD RQtYHOGHFUXHOGDGHGDVDo}HVGRH[pUFLWREUDVLOHLUR HDUJHQWLQRGXUDQWHRFRQร€LWR CH - 1ยบ dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pรกgina 6


2010 Questão 23

Questão 25

4XHPFRQVWUXLXD7HEDVGHVHWHSRUWDV" 1RVOLYURVHVWmRQRPHVGHUHLV $UUDVWDUDPHOHVRVEORFRVGHSHGUD" (D%DELO{QLDYiULDVYH]HVGHVWUXtGD4XHPDUHFRQVWUXLX WDQWDVYH]HV" (PTXHFDVDVGD/LPDGRXUDGDPRUDYDPRVFRQVWUXWRUHV" 3DUDRQGHIRUDPRVSHGUHLURVQDQRLWHHPTXHD0XUDOKD GD&KLQD¿FRXSURQWD" $JUDQGH5RPDHVWiFKHLDGHDUFRVGRWULXQIR 4XHPRVHUJXHX"6REUHTXHPWULXQIDUDPRVFpVDUHV"

(PIRUDPFRPHPRUDGRVRVDQRVGDPXGDQoD GD IDPtOLD UHDO SRUWXJXHVD SDUD R %UDVLO RQGH IRL LQVWDODGD D VHGH GR UHLQR 8PD VHTXrQFLD GH HYHQWRV LPSRUWDQWHV RFRUUHX QR SHUtRGR  GXUDQWH RV DQRVHPTXH'-RmR9,HDIDPtOLDUHDOSRUWXJXHVD SHUPDQHFHUDPQR%UDVLO (QWUHHVVHVHYHQWRVGHVWDFDPVHRVVHJXLQWHV ‡

‡

%5(&+7%Perguntas de um trabalhador que lê.'LVSRQtYHOHPKWWSUHFDQWRGDVOHWUDVXROFRPEU $FHVVRHPDEU

3DUWLQGRGDVUHÀH[}HVGHXPWUDEDOKDGRUTXHOrXPOLYUR GH+LVWyULDRDXWRUFHQVXUDDPHPyULDFRQVWUXtGDVREUH GHWHUPLQDGRVPRQXPHQWRVHDFRQWHFLPHQWRVKLVWyULFRV $FUtWLFDUHIHUHVHDRIDWRGHTXH  RVDJHQWHVKLVWyULFRVGHXPDGHWHUPLQDGDVRFLHGDGH GHYHULDPVHUDTXHOHVTXHUHDOL]DUDPIHLWRVKHURLFRV RXJUDQGLRVRVHSRULVVR¿FDUDPQDPHPyULD  D +LVWyULD GHYHULD VH SUHRFXSDU HP PHPRUL]DU RV QRPHVGHUHLVRXGRVJRYHUQDQWHVGDVFLYLOL]Do}HV TXHVHGHVHQYROYHUDPDRORQJRGRWHPSR  RVJUDQGHVPRQXPHQWRVKLVWyULFRVIRUDPFRQVWUXtGRV SRUWUDEDOKDGRUHVPDVVXDPHPyULDHVWiYLQFXODGD DRVJRYHUQDQWHVGDVVRFLHGDGHVTXHRVFRQVWUXtUDP  RV WUDEDOKDGRUHV FRQVLGHUDP TXH D +LVWyULD p XPD FLrQFLD GH GLItFLO FRPSUHHQVmR SRLV WUDWD GH VRFLHGDGHVDQWLJDVHGLVWDQWHVQRWHPSR  DV FLYLOL]Do}HV FLWDGDV QR WH[WR HPERUD PXLWR LPSRUWDQWHVSHUPDQHFHPVHPWHUHPVLGRDOYRVGH SHVTXLVDVKLVWyULFDV Questão 24 $VUXtQDVGRSRYRDGRGH&DQXGRVQRVHUWmRQRUWHGD %DKLD DOpP GH VLJQL¿FDWLYDV SDUD D LGHQWLGDGH FXOWXUDO GHVVDUHJLmRVmR~WHLVjVLQYHVWLJDo}HVVREUHD*XHUUD GH&DQXGRVHRPRGRGHYLGDGRVDQWLJRVUHYROWRVRV (VVDV UXtQDV IRUDP UHFRQKHFLGDV FRPR SDWULP{QLR FXOWXUDO PDWHULDO SHOR ,SKDQ ,QVWLWXWR GR 3DWULP{QLR +LVWyULFR H $UWtVWLFR 1DFLRQDO  SRUTXH UH~QHP XP conjunto de     

REMHWRVDUTXHROyJLFRVHSDLVDJtVWLFRV DFHUYRVPXVHROyJLFRVHELEOLRJUi¿FRV Q~FOHRVXUEDQRVHHWQRJUi¿FRV SUiWLFDVHUHSUHVHQWDo}HVGHXPDVRFLHGDGH H[SUHVV}HVHWpFQLFDVGHXPDVRFLHGDGHH[WLQWD

CH - 1º dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Página 7

‡

‡ ‡

%DKLD±3DUDGDGRQDYLRTXHWUD]LDDIDPtOLD UHDO SRUWXJXHVD SDUD R %UDVLO VRE D SURWHomR GD PDULQKD EULWkQLFD IXJLQGR GH XP SRVVtYHO DWDTXH GH1DSROHmR 5LRGH-DQHLUR±GHVHPEDUTXHGDIDPtOLDUHDO portuguesa na cidade onde residiriam durante sua SHUPDQrQFLDQR%UDVLO 6DOYDGRU±'-RmR9,DVVLQDDFDUWDUpJLDGH DEHUWXUDGRVSRUWRVDRFRPpUFLRGHWRGDVDVQDo}HV amigas, ato antecipadamente negociado com a ,QJODWHUUD HP WURFD GD HVFROWD GDGD j HVTXDGUD SRUWXJXHVD 5LR GH -DQHLUR ±  ' -RmR 9, WRUQDVH UHL GR %UDVLOHGH3RUWXJDOGHYLGRjPRUWHGHVXDPmH' 0DULD, 3HUQDPEXFR ±  $V WURSDV GH ' -RmR 9, VXIRFDPDUHYROXomRUHSXEOLFDQD *20(6/1808: como uma rainha louca, um príncipe medroso e uma corte corrupta enganaram Napoleão e mudaram a história de Portugal e do Brasil 6mR3DXOR(GLWRUD3ODQHWD DGDSWDGR 

8PDGDVFRQVHTXrQFLDVGHVVHVHYHQWRVIRL  D GHFDGrQFLD GR LPSpULR EULWkQLFR HP UD]mR GR FRQWUDEDQGRGHSURGXWRVLQJOHVHVDWUDYpVGRVSRUWRV EUDVLOHLURV  R ¿P GR FRPpUFLR GH HVFUDYRV QR %UDVLO SRUTXH D ,QJODWHUUDGHFUHWDUDHPDSURLELomRGRWUi¿FR GHHVFUDYRVHPVHXVGRPtQLRV  DFRQTXLVWDGDUHJLmRGRULRGD3UDWDHPUHSUHViOLDj DOLDQoDHQWUHD(VSDQKDHD)UDQoDGH1DSROHmR a abertura de estradas, que permitiu o rompimento do LVRODPHQWRTXHYLJRUDYDHQWUHDVSURYtQFLDVGRSDtVR TXHGL¿FXOWDYDDFRPXQLFDomRDQWHVGH  R JUDQGH GHVHQYROYLPHQWR HFRQ{PLFR GH 3RUWXJDO DSyVDYLQGDGH'-RmR9,SDUDR%UDVLOXPDYH] TXHFHVVDUDPDVGHVSHVDVGHPDQXWHQomRGRUHLH GHVXDIDPtOLD

Rascunho


2010 Questรฃo 26

Questรฃo 28

2 DUWLJR  GR &yGLJR SHQDO %UDVLOHLUR GH  GL]LD )D]HUQDVUXDVHSUDoDVS~EOLFDVH[HUFtFLRVGHDJLOLGDGH H GHVWUH]D FRUSRUDO FRQKHFLGRV SHOD GHQRPLQDomR GH FDSRHLUDJHP DQGDU HP FRUUHULDV FRP DUPDV RX LQVWUXPHQWRV FDSD]HV GH SURGX]LU XPD OHVmR FRUSRUDO SURYRFDQGRWXPXOWRRXGHVRUGHQV 3HQD3ULVmRGHGRLVDVHLVPHVHV

2 SUtQFLSH SRUWDQWR QmR GHYH VH LQFRPRGDU FRP D UHSXWDomR GH FUXHO VH VHX SURSyVLWR p PDQWHU R SRYR XQLGRHOHDO'HIDWRFRPXQVSRXFRVH[HPSORVGXURV SRGHUiVHUPDLVFOHPHQWHGRTXHRXWURVTXHSRUPXLWD SLHGDGHSHUPLWHPRVGLVW~UELRVTXHOHYHPDRDVVDVVtQLR HDRURXER M$48,$9(/1O Prรญncipe6mR3DXOR0DUWLQ&ODUHW

62$5(6&(/A Negregada instituiรงรฃo: os capoeiras no Rio de Janeiro: 1850-1890. 5LRGH-DQHLUR6HFUHWDULD0XQLFLSDOGH&XOWXUD DGDSWDGR 

2DUWLJRGRSULPHLUR&yGLJR3HQDO5HSXEOLFDQRQDWXUDOL]D PHGLGDV VRFLDOPHQWH H[FOXGHQWHV 1HVVH FRQWH[WR WDO UHJXODPHQWRH[SUHVVDYD  DPDQXWHQomRGHSDUWHGDOHJLVODomRGR,PSpULRFRP

1R VpFXOR ;9, 0DTXLDYHO HVFUHYHX O Prรญncipe, UHร€H[mR VREUH D 0RQDUTXLD H D IXQomR GR JRYHUQDQWH $ PDQXWHQomR GD RUGHP VRFLDO VHJXQGR HVVH DXWRU baseava-se na

YLVWDVDRFRQWUROHGDFULPLQDOLGDGHXUEDQD  DGHIHVDGRUHWRUQRGRFDWLYHLURHHVFUDYLGmRSHORV SULPHLURVJRYHUQRVGRSHUtRGRUHSXEOLFDQR  R

FDUiWHU

GLVFLSOLQDGRU

GH

XPD

VRFLHGDGH

LQpUFLDGRMXOJDPHQWRGHFULPHVSROrPLFRV  ERQGDGHHPUHODomRDRFRPSRUWDPHQWRGRVPHUFHQiULRV  FRPSDL[mRTXDQWRjFRQGHQDomRGHWUDQVJUHVV}HVUHOLJLRVDV

LQGXVWULDOL]DGD GHVHMRVD GH XP HTXLOtEULR HQWUH

 QHXWUDOLGDGHGLDQWHGDFRQGHQDomRGRVVHUYRV

SURJUHVVRHFLYLOL]DomR

 FRQYHQLrQFLDHQWUHRSRGHUWLUkQLFRHDPRUDOGRSUtQFLSH

 DFULPLQDOL]DomRGHSUiWLFDVFXOWXUDLVHDSHUVLVWrQFLD GHYDORUHVTXHYLQFXODYDPFHUWRVJUXSRVDRSDVVDGR GHHVFUDYLGmR  R SRGHU GR UHJLPH HVFUDYLVWD TXH PDQWLQKD RV QHJURVFRPRFDWHJRULDVRFLDOLQIHULRUGLVFULPLQDGDH VHJUHJDGD Questรฃo 27 $SROtWLFDIRLLQLFLDOPHQWHDDUWHGHLPSHGLUDVSHVVRDV GHVHRFXSDUHPGRTXHOKHVGL]UHVSHLWR3RVWHULRUPHQWH SDVVRXDVHUDDUWHGHFRPSHOLUDVSHVVRDVDGHFLGLUHP VREUHDTXLORGHTXHQDGDHQWHQGHP 9$/e5<3&DGHUQRV$SXG%(1(9,'(6090 A cidadania ativa6mR3DXORรˆWLFD

Questรฃo 29 (XR3UtQFLSH5HJHQWHIDoRVDEHUDRVTXHRSUHVHQWH $OYDUi YLUHP TXH GHVHMDQGR SURPRYHU H DGLDQWDU D ULTXH]D QDFLRQDO H VHQGR XP GRV PDQDQFLDLV GHOD DV PDQXIDWXUDVHDLQG~VWULDVRXVHUYLGRDEROLUHUHYRJDU WRGD H TXDOTXHU SURLELomR TXH KDMD D HVWH UHVSHLWR QR (VWDGRGR%UDVLO $OYDUiGHOLEHUGDGHSDUDDVLQG~VWULDV ยžGH$EULOGH ,Q%RQDYLGHV3$PDUDO5 Textos polรญticos da Histรณria do Brasil9RO%UDVtOLD6HQDGR)HGHUDO DGDSWDGR 

2SURMHWRLQGXVWULDOL]DQWHGH'-RmRFRQIRUPHH[SUHVVR QRDOYDUiQmRVHFRQFUHWL]RX4XHFDUDFWHUtVWLFDVGHVVH

1HVVD GHยฟQLomR R DXWRU HQWHQGH TXH D KLVWyULD GD SROtWLFD HVWi GLYLGLGD HP GRLV PRPHQWRV SULQFLSDLV XP SULPHLUR PDUFDGR SHOR DXWRULWDULVPR H[FOXGHQWH H XP VHJXQGRFDUDFWHUL]DGRSRUXPDGHPRFUDFLDLQFRPSOHWD &RQVLGHUDQGRRWH[WRTXDOpRHOHPHQWRFRPXPDHVVHV GRLVPRPHQWRVGDKLVWyULDSROtWLFD"  $GLVWULEXLomRHTXLOLEUDGDGRSRGHU  2LPSHGLPHQWRGDSDUWLFLSDomRSRSXODU  2FRQWUROHGDVGHFLV}HVSRUXPDPLQRULD  $YDORUL]DomRGDVRSLQL}HVPDLVFRPSHWHQWHV  $VLVWHPDWL]DomRGRVSURFHVVRVGHFLVyULRV

SHUtRGRH[SOLFDPHVVHIDWR" $RFXSDomRGH3RUWXJDOSHODVWURSDVIUDQFHVDVHR IHFKDPHQWRGDVPDQXIDWXUDVSRUWXJXHVDV $GHSHQGrQFLDSRUWXJXHVDGD,QJODWHUUDHRSUHGRPtQLR LQGXVWULDOLQJOrVVREUHVXDVUHGHVGHFRPpUFLR $ GHVFRQยฟDQoD GD EXUJXHVLD LQGXVWULDO FRORQLDO GLDQWHGDFKHJDGDGDIDPtOLDUHDOSRUWXJXHVD 2FRQIURQWRHQWUHD)UDQoDHD,QJODWHUUDHDSRVLomR G~ELDDVVXPLGDSRU3RUWXJDOQRFRPpUFLRLQWHUQDFLRQDO 2DWUDVRLQGXVWULDOGDFRO{QLDSURYRFDGRSHODSHUGD GHPHUFDGRVSDUDDVLQG~VWULDVSRUWXJXHVDV CH - 1ยบ dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pรกgina 8


2010 Questão 30

Questão 32

³3HFDGRQHIDQGR´HUDH[SUHVVmRFRUUHQWHPHQWHXWLOL]DGD SHORV LQTXLVLGRUHV SDUD D VRGRPLD 1HIDQGXV R TXH QmRSRGHVHUGLWR$$VVHPEOHLDGHFOpULJRVUHXQLGDHP 6DOYDGRUHPFRQVLGHURXDVRGRPLD³WmRSpVVLPRH KRUUHQGRFULPH´WmRFRQWUiULRjOHLGDQDWXUH]DTXH³HUD LQGLJQRGHVHUQRPHDGR´HSRULVVRPHVPRQHIDQGR

'H PDUoR GH  D IHYHUHLUR GH  IRUDP GHFUHWDGDV PDLV GH  OHLV QRYDV GH SURWHomR VRFLDO H GH UHJXODPHQWDomR GR WUDEDOKR HP WRGRV RV VHXV VHWRUHV7RGDVHODVWrPVLGRVLPSOHVPHQWHXPDGiGLYD GRJRYHUQR'HVGHDtRWUDEDOKDGRUEUDVLOHLURHQFRQWUD QRVTXDGURVJHUDLVGRUHJLPHRVHXYHUGDGHLUROXJDU

129$,6)0(//2(628=$/História da Vida Privada no Brasil9 6mR3DXOR&RPSDQKLDGDV/HWUDV DGDSWDGR 

2 Q~PHUR GH KRPRVVH[XDLV DVVDVVLQDGRV QR %UDVLO EDWHX R UHFRUGH KLVWyULFR HP  'H DFRUGR FRP R 5HODWyULR$QXDOGH$VVDVVLQDWRGH+RPRVVH[XDLV /*%7 ±/pVELFDV*D\V%LVVH[XDLVH7UDYHVWLV QHVVHDQR IRUDPUHJLVWUDGRVPRUWRVSRUPRWLYDomRKRPRIyELFD QR3DtV 'LVSRQtYHOHPZZZDOHPGDQRWLFLDFRPEUXOWLPDVBQRWLFLDVSKS"FRGQRWLFLD  $FHVVRHPDEU DGDSWDGR 

$ KRPRIRELD p D UHMHLomR H PHQRVSUH]R j RULHQWDomR VH[XDOGRRXWURHPXLWDVYH]HVH[SUHVVDVHVREDIRUPD GHFRPSRUWDPHQWRVYLROHQWRV2VWH[WRVLQGLFDPTXHDV FRQGHQDo}HVS~EOLFDVSHUVHJXLo}HVHDVVDVVLQDWRVGH KRPRVVH[XDLVQRSDtVHVWmRDVVRFLDGDV  j EDL[D UHSUHVHQWDWLYLGDGH SROtWLFD GH JUXSRV RUJDQL]DGRVTXHGHIHQGHPRVGLUHLWRVGHFLGDGDQLD GRVKRPRVVH[XDLV  j IDOrQFLD GD GHPRFUDFLD QR SDtV TXH WRUQD LPSHGLWLYDDGLYXOJDomRGHHVWDWtVWLFDVUHODFLRQDGDV jYLROrQFLDFRQWUDKRPRVVH[XDLV  j&RQVWLWXLomRGHTXHH[FOXLGRWHFLGRVRFLDO RV KRPRVVH[XDLV DOpP GH LPSHGLORV GH H[HUFHU VHXVGLUHLWRVSROtWLFRV  DXPSDVVDGRKLVWyULFRPDUFDGRSHODGHPRQL]DomRGR FRUSRHSRUIRUPDVUHFRUUHQWHVGHWDEXVHLQWROHUkQFLD  D XPD SROtWLFD HXJrQLFD GHVHQYROYLGD SHOR (VWDGR MXVWL¿FDGDDSDUWLUGRVSRVLFLRQDPHQWRVGHFRUUHQWHV ¿ORVy¿FRFLHQWt¿FDV Questão 31 $SyV D DEGLFDomR GH ' 3HGUR , R %UDVLO DWUDYHVVRX XP SHUtRGR PDUFDGR SRU LQ~PHUDV FULVHV DV GLYHUVDV IRUoDV SROtWLFDV OXWDYDP SHOR SRGHU H DV UHLYLQGLFDo}HV SRSXODUHV HUDP SRU PHOKRUHV FRQGLo}HV GH YLGD H SHOR GLUHLWRGHSDUWLFLSDomRQDYLGDSROtWLFDGRSDtV2VFRQÀLWRV UHSUHVHQWDYDPWDPEpPRSURWHVWRFRQWUDDFHQWUDOL]DomR GRJRYHUQR1HVVHSHUtRGRRFRUUHXWDPEpPDH[SDQVmR GD FXOWXUD FDIHHLUD H R VXUJLPHQWR GR SRGHURVR JUXSR GRV ³EDU}HV GR FDIp´ SDUD R TXDO HUD IXQGDPHQWDO D PDQXWHQomRGDHVFUDYLGmRHGRWUi¿FRQHJUHLUR 2FRQWH[WRGR3HUtRGR5HJHQFLDOIRLPDUFDGR  SRU UHYROWDV SRSXODUHV TXH UHFODPDYDP D YROWD GDPRQDUTXLD  SRU YiULDV FULVHV H SHOD VXEPLVVmR GDV IRUoDV SROtWLFDVDRSRGHUFHQWUDO  SHOD OXWD HQWUH RV SULQFLSDLV JUXSRV SROtWLFRV TXH UHLYLQGLFDYDPPHOKRUHVFRQGLo}HVGHYLGD  SHOR JRYHUQR GRV FKDPDGRV UHJHQWHV TXH SURPRYHUDPDDVFHQVmRVRFLDOGRV³EDU}HVGRFDIp´  SHOD FRQYXOVmR SROtWLFD H SRU QRYDV UHDOLGDGHV HFRQ{PLFDV TXH H[LJLDP R UHIRUoR GH YHOKDV UHDOLGDGHVVRFLDLV CH - 1º dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Página 9

'$17$60$IRUoDQDFLRQDOL]DGRUDGR(VWDGR1RYR5LRGH-DQHLUR',3$SXG%(5&,726 51RVWHPSRVGH*HW~OLRGDUHYROXomRGHDR¿PGR(VWDGR1RYR6mR3DXOR$WXDO

$ DGRomR GH QRYDV SROtWLFDV S~EOLFDV H DV PXGDQoDV MXUtGLFRLQVWLWXFLRQDLVRFRUULGDVQR%UDVLOFRPDDVFHQVmR GH*HW~OLR9DUJDVDRSRGHUHYLGHQFLDPRSDSHOKLVWyULFR GHFHUWDVOLGHUDQoDVHDLPSRUWkQFLDGDVOXWDVVRFLDLVQD FRQTXLVWDGDFLGDGDQLD'HVVHSURFHVVRUHVXOWRXD  FULDomR GR 0LQLVWpULR GR 7UDEDOKR ,QG~VWULD H Comércio, que garantiu ao operariado autonomia SDUDRH[HUFtFLRGHDWLYLGDGHVVLQGLFDLV  OHJLVODomR SUHYLGHQFLiULD TXH SURLELX PLJUDQWHV GH RFXSDUHPFDUJRVGHGLUHomRQRVVLQGLFDWRV  FULDomRGD-XVWLoDGR7UDEDOKRSDUDFRLELULGHRORJLDV FRQVLGHUDGDVSHUWXUEDGRUDVGD³KDUPRQLDVRFLDO´  OHJLVODomR WUDEDOKLVWD TXH DWHQGHX UHLYLQGLFDo}HV GRVRSHUiULRVJDUDQWLGROKHVYiULRVGLUHLWRVHIRUPDV GHSURWHomR  GHFUHWDomR GD &RQVROLGDomR GDV /HLV GR 7UDEDOKR &/7  TXH LPSHGLX R FRQWUROH HVWDWDO VREUH DV DWLYLGDGHVSROtWLFDVGDFODVVHRSHUiULD Questão 33 1mRpGLItFLOHQWHQGHURTXHRFRUUHXQR%UDVLOQRVDQRV LPHGLDWDPHQWH DQWHULRUHV DR JROSH PLOLWDU GH  $ GLPLQXLomRGDRIHUWDGHHPSUHJRVHDGHVYDORUL]DomRGRV VDOiULRVSURYRFDGDVSHODLQÀDomROHYDUDPDXPDLQWHQVD PRELOL]DomR SROtWLFD SRSXODU PDUFDGD SRU VXFHVVLYDV RQGDVJUHYLVWDVGHYiULDVFDWHJRULDVSUR¿VVLRQDLVRTXH DSURIXQGRX DV WHQV}HV VRFLDLV 'HVVD YH] DV FODVVHV WUDEDOKDGRUDVVHUHFXVDUDPDSDJDURSDWRSHODV³VREUDV´ GRPRGHORHFRQ{PLFRMXVFHOLQLVWD 0(1'21d$65A Industrialização Brasileira6mR3DXOR0RGHUQD DGDSWDGR 

6HJXQGRRWH[WRRVFRQÀLWRVVRFLDLVRFRUULGRVQRLQtFLR GRVDQRVGHFRUUHUDPSULQFLSDOPHQWH

   

da mDQLSXODomR SROtWLFD HPSUHHQGLGD SHOR JRYHUQR -RmR*RXODUW GDV FRQWUDGLo}HV HFRQ{PLFDV GR PRGHOR GHVHQYROYLPHQWLVWD GRSRGHUSROtWLFRDGTXLULGRSHORVVLQGLFDWRVSRSXOLVWDV GDGHVPRELOL]DomRGDVFODVVHVGRPLQDQWHVIUHQWHDR DYDQoRGDVJUHYHV GD UHFXVD GRV VLQGLFDWRV HP DFHLWDU PXGDQoDV QD OHJLVODomRWUDEDOKLVWD


2010 Questão 34

Questão 36

$OHLQmRQDVFHGDQDWXUH]DMXQWRGDVIRQWHVIUHTXHQWDGDV SHORVSULPHLURVSDVWRUHVDOHLQDVFHGDVEDWDOKDVUHDLVGDV YLWyULDVGRVPDVVDFUHVGDVFRQTXLVWDVTXHWrPVXDGDWDH VHXVKHUyLVGHKRUURUDOHLQDVFHGDVFLGDGHVLQFHQGLDGDV GDVWHUUDVGHYDVWDGDVHODQDVFHFRPRVIDPRVRVLQRFHQWHV TXHDJRQL]DPQRGLDTXHHVWiDPDQKHFHQGR

$SROXLomRHRXWUDVRIHQVDVDPELHQWDLVDLQGDQmRWLQKDP HVVHQRPHPDVMiHUDPODUJDPHQWHQRWDGDVQRVpFXOR ;,; QDV JUDQGHV FLGDGHV LQJOHVDV H FRQWLQHQWDLV ( D SUySULDFKHJDGDDRFDPSRGDVHVWUDGDVGHIHUURVXVFLWRX SURWHVWRV $ UHDomR DQWLPDTXLQLVWD SURWDJRQL]DGD SHORV GLYHUVRV OXGGLVPRV DQWHFLSD D EDWDOKD DWXDO GRV DPELHQWDOLVWDV(VVHHUDHQWmRRFRPEDWHVRFLDOFRQWUD RVPLDVPDVXUEDQRV

)28&$8/70$XODGHGHMDQHLURGH,Q Em defesa da sociedade. 6mR3DXOR0DUWLQV)RQWHV

2 ¿OyVRIR 0LFKHO )RXFDXOW VpF ;;  LQRYD DR SHQVDU D SROtWLFD H D OHL HP UHODomR DR SRGHU H j RUJDQL]DomR VRFLDO &RP EDVH QD UHÀH[mR GH )RXFDXOW D ¿QDOLGDGH GDVOHLVQDRUJDQL]DomRGDVVRFLHGDGHVPRGHUQDVp  FRPEDWHUDo}HVYLROHQWDVQDJXHUUDHQWUHDVQDo}HV  FRDJLUHVHUYLUSDUDUHIUHDUDDJUHVVLYLGDGHKXPDQD  FULDUOLPLWHVHQWUHDJXHUUDHDSD]SUDWLFDGDVHQWUH RVLQGLYtGXRVGHXPDPHVPDQDomR  HVWDEHOHFHU SULQFtSLRV pWLFRV TXH UHJXODPHQWDP DV Do}HVEpOLFDVHQWUHSDtVHVLQLPLJRV  RUJDQL]DUDVUHODo}HVGHSRGHUQDVRFLHGDGHHHQWUH RV(VWDGRV Questão 35 (P QRVVR SDtV TXHUHPRV VXEVWLWXLU R HJRtVPR SHOD PRUDODKRQUDSHODSURELGDGHRVXVRVSHORVSULQFtSLRV DVFRQYHQLrQFLDVSHORVGHYHUHVDWLUDQLDGDPRGDSHOR LPSpULRGDUD]mRRGHVSUH]RjGHVJUDoDSHORGHVSUH]RDR YtFLRDLQVROrQFLDSHORRUJXOKRDYDLGDGHSHODJUDQGH]D GH DOPD R DPRU DR GLQKHLUR SHOR DPRU j JOyULD D ERD FRPSDQKLDSHODVERDVSHVVRDVDLQWULJDSHORPpULWRR HVSLULWXRVRSHORJrQLRREULOKRSHODYHUGDGHRWpGLRGD YRO~SLDSHORHQFDQWRGDIHOLFLGDGHDPHVTXLQKDULDGRV JUDQGHVSHODJUDQGH]DGRKRPHP +817/5HYROXomR)UDQFHVDH9LGD3ULYDGDLQ3(55270 2UJ História da Vida Privada: da Revolução Francesa à Primeira Guerra9RO6mR3DXOR&RPSDQKLDGDV/HWUDV DGDSWDGR 

O discurso de 5REHVSLHUUHGHGHIHYHUHLURGHGR TXDO R WUHFKR WUDQVFULWR p SDUWH UHODFLRQDVH D TXDO GRV JUXSRVSROtWLFRVRFLDLVHQYROYLGRVQD5HYROXomR)UDQFHVD" ¬ DOWD EXUJXHVLD TXH GHVHMDYD SDUWLFLSDU GR SRGHU OHJLVODWLYRIUDQFrVFRPRIRUoDSROtWLFDGRPLQDQWH  $R FOHUR IUDQFrV TXH GHVHMDYD MXVWLoD VRFLDO H HUD OLJDGRjDOWDEXUJXHVLD  $PLOLWDUHVRULXQGRVGDSHTXHQDHPpGLDEXUJXHVLD que derrotaram as potências rivais e queriam UHRUJDQL]DUD)UDQoDLQWHUQDPHQWH  ¬ QREUH]D HVFODUHFLGD TXH HP IXQomR GR VHX FRQWDWR FRP RV LQWHOHFWXDLV LOXPLQLVWDV GHVHMDYD H[WLQJXLURDEVROXWLVPRIUDQFrV Aos representantes da pequena e média burguesia H GDV FDPDGDV SRSXODUHV TXH GHVHMDYDP MXVWLoD VRFLDOHGLUHLWRVSROtWLFRV

6$17260A natureza do espaço: técnica e tempo, razão e emoção 6mR3DXOR('863 DGDSWDGR 

O creVFHQWH GHVHQYROYLPHQWR WpFQLFRSURGXWLYR LPS}H PRGL¿FDo}HV QD SDLVDJHP H QRV REMHWRV FXOWXUDLV YLYHQFLDGRV SHODV VRFLHGDGHV 'H DFRUGR FRP R WH[WR SRGHVHGL]HUTXHWDLVPRYLPHQWRVVRFLDLVHPHUJLUDPH VHH[SUHVVDUDPSRUPHLR GDV LGHRORJLDV FRQVHUYDFLRQLVWDV FRP PLOKDUHV GH DGHSWRVQRPHLRXUEDQR GDV SROtWLFDV JRYHUQDPHQWDLV GH SUHVHUYDomR GRV REMHWRVQDWXUDLVHFXOWXUDLV GDV WHRULDV VREUH D QHFHVVLGDGH GH KDUPRQL]DomR HQWUHWpFQLFDHQDWXUH]D dos boicotes aos produtos H[SORUDGRUDVHSROXHQWHV

das

empresas

GD FRQWHVWDomR j GHJUDGDomR GR WUDEDOKR GDV WUDGLo}HVHGDQDWXUH]D Questão 37 Os meios de FRPXQLFDomRIXQFLRQDPFRPRXPHORHQWUH RVGLIHUHQWHVVHJPHQWRVGHXPDVRFLHGDGH1DV~OWLPDV GpFDGDVDFRPSDQKDPRVDLQVHUomRGHXPQRYRPHLRGH FRPXQLFDomRTXHVXSHUDHPPXLWRRXWURVMiH[LVWHQWHV YLVWRTXHSRGHFRQWULEXLUSDUDDGHPRFUDWL]DomRGDYLGD VRFLDO H SROtWLFD GD VRFLHGDGH j PHGLGD TXH SRVVLELOLWD D LQVWLWXLomR GH PHFDQLVPRV HOHWU{QLFRV SDUD D HIHWLYD SDUWLFLSDomRSROtWLFDHGLVVHPLQDomRGHLQIRUPDo}HV &RQVWLWXL R H[HPSOR PDLV H[SUHVVLYR GHVVH QRYR FRQMXQWRGHUHGHVLQIRUPDFLRQDLVD  ,QWHUQHW  ¿EUDyWLFD  79GLJLWDO  WHOHIRQLDPyYHO  SRUWDELOLGDGHWHOHI{QLFD CH - 1º dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Página 10


2010 Questão 38

Questão 40

Opinião

+RPHQV GD ,QJODWHUUD SRU TXH DUDU SDUD RV VHQKRUHV que vos mantêm na miséria? 3RU TXH WHFHU FRP HVIRUoRV H FXLGDGR DV ULFDV URXSDV que vossos tiranos vestem? 3RUTXHDOLPHQWDUYHVWLUHSRXSDUGREHUoRDWpRW~PXOR HVVHVSDUDVLWDVLQJUDWRVTXHH[SORUDPYRVVRVXRU²DK que bebem vosso sangue?

3RGHPPHSUHQGHU 3RGHPPHEDWHU 3RGHPDWpGHL[DUPHVHPFRPHU 4XHHXQmRPXGRGHRSLQLmR $TXLGRPRUURHXQmRVDLRQmR $TXLGRPRUURHXQmRVDLRQmR 6HQmRWHPiJXD (XIXURXPSRoR 6HQmRWHPFDUQH (XFRPSURXPRVVRHSRQKRQDVRSD (GHL[DDQGDUGHL[DDQGDU )DOHPGHPLP 4XHPTXLVHUIDODU $TXLHXQmRSDJRDOXJXHO 6HHXPRUUHUDPDQKmVHXGRXWRU (VWRXSHUWLQKRGRFpX =p.HWWLOpinião'LVSRQtYHOHPKWWSZZZPSEQHWFRPEU $FHVVRHPDEU

(VVDP~VLFDIH]SDUWHGHXPLPSRUWDQWHHVSHWiFXORWHDWUDOTXHHVWUHRXQRDQRGHQR5LRGH-DQHLUR2SDSHOH[HUFLGRSHOD0~VLFD3RSXODU%UDVLOHLUD 03% QHVVH FRQWH[WRHYLGHQFLDGRSHODOHWUDGHP~VLFDFLWDGDIRLRGH HQWUHWHQLPHQWRSDUDRVJUXSRVLQWHOHFWXDLV YDORUL]DomRGRSURJUHVVRHFRQ{PLFRGRSDtV FUtWLFDjSDVVLYLGDGHGRVVHWRUHVSRSXODUHV GHQ~QFLDGDVLWXDomRVRFLDOHSROtWLFDGRSDtV PRELOL]DomRGRVVHWRUHVTXHDSRLDYDPD'LWDGXUD0LOLWDU Questão 39 A chegada da televisão $FDL[DGHSDQGRUDWHFQROyJLFDSHQHWUDQRVODUHVHOLEHUD VXDVFDEHoDVIDODQWHVDVWURVQRYHODVQRWLFLiULRVHDV IDEXORVDV LUUHVLVWtYHLV JDURWDVSURSDJDQGD YHUV}HV PRGHUQL]DGDVGRWUDGLFLRQDOKRPHPVDQGXtFKH 6(9&(1.21 2UJ História da Vida Privada no Brasil 3. República: da Belle Époque à Era do Rádio6mR3DXOR&LDGDV/HWUDV

$ 79 D SDUWLU GD GpFDGD GH  HQWURX QRV ODUHV EUDVLOHLURV SURYRFDQGR PXGDQoDV FRQVLGHUiYHLV QRV KiELWRV GD SRSXODomR &HUWRV HSLVyGLRV GD KLVWyULD EUDVLOHLUD UHYHODUDP TXH D 79 HVSHFLDOPHQWH FRPR HVSDoRGHDomRGDLPSUHQVDWRUQRXVHWDPEpPYHtFXOR GHXWLOLGDGHS~EOLFDDIDYRUGDGHPRFUDFLDQDPHGLGD em que DPSOL¿FRXRVGLVFXUVRVQDFLRQDOLVWDVHDXWRULWiULRV GXUDQWHRJRYHUQR9DUJDV UHYHORX SDUD R SDtV FDVRV GH FRUUXSomR QD HVIHUD SROtWLFDGHYiULRVJRYHUQRV maquiou indicadores sociais negativos durante as GpFDGDVGHH DSRLRXQRJRYHUQR&DVWHOR%UDQFRDVLQLFLDWLYDVGH IHFKDPHQWRGRSDUODPHQWR FRUURERURXDFRQVWUXomRGHREUDVIDUD{QLFDVGXUDQWH os govHUQRVPLOLWDUHV CH - 1º dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Página 11

6+(//(<2VKRPHQVGD,QJODWHUUD $SXG+8%(50$1/História da Riqueza do Homem. 5LRGH-DQHLUR=DKDU

$ DQiOLVH GR WUHFKR SHUPLWH LGHQWL¿FDU TXH R SRHWD URPkQWLFR6KHOOH\  UHJLVWURXXPDFRQWUDGLomR QDV FRQGLo}HV VRFLRHFRQ{PLFDV GD QDVFHQWH FODVVH WUDEDOKDGRUDLQJOHVDGXUDQWHD5HYROXomR,QGXVWULDO7DO FRQWUDGLomRHVWiLGHQWL¿FDGD  QDSREUH]DGRVHPSUHJDGRVTXHHVWDYDGLVVRFLDGD GDULTXH]DGRVSDWU}HV  QR VDOiULR GRV RSHUiULRV TXH HUD SURSRUFLRQDO DRV VHXVHVIRUoRVQDVLQG~VWULDV  QD EXUJXHVLD TXH WLQKD VHXV QHJyFLRV ¿QDQFLDGRV SHORSUROHWDULDGR  QRWUDEDOKRTXHHUDFRQVLGHUDGRXPDJDUDQWLDGH OLEHUGDGH  QDULTXH]DTXHQmRHUDXVXIUXtGDSRUDTXHOHVTXHD SURGX]LDP Questão 41 A ética precisa ser compreendida como um HPSUHHQGLPHQWR FROHWLYR D VHU FRQVWDQWHPHQWH UHWRPDGR H UHGLVFXWLGR SRUTXH p SURGXWR GD UHODomR LQWHUSHVVRDOHVRFLDO$pWLFDVXS}HDLQGDTXHFDGDJUXSR VRFLDOVHRUJDQL]HVHQWLQGRVHUHVSRQViYHOSRUWRGRVH TXHFULHFRQGLo}HVSDUDRH[HUFtFLRGHXPSHQVDUHDJLU DXW{QRPRV$UHODomRHQWUHpWLFDHSROtWLFDpWDPEpPXPD TXHVWmRGHHGXFDomRHOXWDSHODVREHUDQLDGRVSRYRVe necessária uma ética renovada, que se construa a partir GDQDWXUH]DGRVYDORUHVVRFLDLVSDUDRUJDQL]DUWDPEpP XPDQRYDSUiWLFDSROtWLFD &25',HWDO3DUD¿ORVRIDU6mR3DXOR6FLSLRQH DGDSWDGR 

2 6pFXOR ;; WHYH GH UHSHQVDU D pWLFD SDUD HQIUHQWDU QRYRV SUREOHPDV RULXQGRV GH GLIHUHQWHV FULVHV VRFLDLV FRQÀLWRV LGHROyJLFRV H FRQWUDGLo}HV GD UHDOLGDGH 6RE HVVH HQIRTXH H D SDUWLU GR WH[WR D pWLFD SRGH VHU compreendida como

 

 

instrumento de garantia da cidadania, porque através GHODRVFLGDGmRVSDVVDPDSHQVDUHDJLUGHDFRUGR FRPYDORUHVFROHWLYRV PHFDQLVPRGHFULDomRGHGLUHLWRVKXPDQRVSRUTXH pGDQDWXUH]DGRKRPHPVHUpWLFRHYLUWXRVR PHLRSDUDUHVROYHURVFRQÀLWRVVRFLDLVQRFHQiULRGD JOREDOL]DomR SRLV D SDUWLU GR HQWHQGLPHQWR GR TXH p HIHWLYDPHQWH D pWLFD D SROtWLFD LQWHUQDFLRQDO VH UHDOL]D SDUkPHWURSDUDDVVHJXUDURH[HUFtFLRSROtWLFRSULPDQGR SHORVLQWHUHVVHVHDomRSULYDGDGRVFLGDGmRV DFHLWDomR GH YDORUHV XQLYHUVDLV LPSOtFLWRV QXPD VRFLHGDGHTXHEXVFDGLPHQVLRQDUVXDYLQFXODomRj RXWUDVVRFLHGDGHV


2010 Questรฃo 42

Questรฃo 44

Judiciรกrio contribuiu com ditadura no Chile, diz Juiz Guzmรกn Tapia $VFRUWHVGHDSHODomRUHMHLWDUDPPDLVGHPLOhabeas corpus QRV FDVRV GDV SHVVRDV GHVDSDUHFLGDV 1RV WULEXQDLV PLOLWDUHV WRGDV DV FDXVDV IRUDP FRQFOXtGDV FRP VXVSHQV}HV WHPSRUiULDV RX GHยฟQLWLYDV H RV GHVDSDUHFLPHQWRV SROtWLFRV WLYHUDP DSHQDV WUkPLWH IRUPDO QD -XVWLoD$VVLP R 3RGHU -XGLFLiULR FRQWULEXLX para que os agentes estataLVยฟFDVVHPLPSXQHV

48,12Toda Mafalda6mR3DXOR0DUWLQV)RQWHV

'LVSRQtYHOHPKWWSZZZFDUWDPDLRUFRPEU$FHVVRHPMXO DGDSWDGR 

6HJXQGRRWH[WRGXUDQWHDGLWDGXUDFKLOHQDQDGpFDGDGH DUHODomRHQWUHRVSRGHUHV([HFXWLYRH-XGLFLiULR FDUDFWHUL]DYDVHSHOD  SUHVHUYDomR GD DXWRQRPLD LQVWLWXFLRQDO HQWUH RV SRGHUHV

'HPRFUDFLD ยณUHJLPH SROtWLFR QR TXDO D VREHUDQLD p H[HUFLGDSHORSRYRSHUWHQFHDRFRQMXQWRGRVFLGDGmRVยด -$3,$66ร’+0$5&21'(6'DicioQiULR%iVLFRGH)LORVRยฟD5LRGH-DQHLUR=DKDU

Uma suposta โ€œvacinaโ€ contra o despotismo, em um FRQWH[WRGHPRFUiWLFRWHPSRUREMHWLYR

 YDORUL]DomRGDDWXDomRLQGHSHQGHQWHGHDOJXQVMXt]HV

 LPSHGLUDFRQWUDWDomRGHIDPLOLDUHVSDUDRVHUYLoRS~EOLFR

 PDQXWHQomR GD LQWHUIHUrQFLD MXUtGLFD QRV DWRV H[HFXWLYRV

 UHGX]LUDDomRGDVLQVWLWXLo}HVFRQVWLWXFLRQDLV

 WUDQVIHUrQFLDGDVIXQo}HVGRVMXt]HVSDUDRFKHIHGH (VWDGR  VXERUGLQDomR GR SRGHU MXGLFLiULR DRV LQWHUHVVHV SROtWLFRVGRPLQDQWHV Questรฃo 43 8P EDQFR LQJOrV GHFLGLX FREUDU GH VHXV FOLHQWHV FLQFR OLEUDVWRGDYH]TXHUHFRUUHVVHPDRVIXQFLRQiULRVGHVXDV DJrQFLDV(RPRWLYRGLVVRpTXHQDYHUGDGHQmRTXHUHP FOLHQWHV HP VXDV DJrQFLDV R TXH TXHUHP p UHGX]LU R Q~PHURGHDJrQFLDVID]HQGRFRPTXHRVFOLHQWHVXVHP DVPiTXLQDVDXWRPiWLFDVHPWRGRRWLSRGHWUDQVDo}HV (PVXPDHOHVTXHUHPVHOLYUDUGHVHXVIXQFLRQiULRV +2%6%$:0(O novo sรฉculo6mR3DXOR&RPSDQKLDGDV/HWUDV DGDSWDGR 

2 H[HPSOR PHQFLRQDGR SHUPLWH LGHQWLยฟFDU XP DVSHFWR GDDGRomRGHQRYDVWHFQRORJLDVQDHFRQRPLDFDSLWDOLVWD FRQWHPSRUkQHD8PDUJXPHQWRXWLOL]DGRSHODVHPSUHVDV HXPDFRQVHTXrQFLDVRFLDOGHWDODVSHFWRHVWmRHP

 FRPEDWHUDGLVWULEXLomRHTXLOLEUDGDGHSRGHU  HYLWDUDHVFROKDGHJRYHUQDQWHVDXWRULWiULRV  UHVWULQJLUDDWXDomRGR3DUODPHQWR Questรฃo 45 Na รฉtiFD FRQWHPSRUkQHD R VXMHLWR QmR p PDLV XP VXMHLWR VXEVWDQFLDO VREHUDQR H DEVROXWDPHQWH OLYUH QHP XP VXMHLWR HPStULFR SXUDPHQWH QDWXUDO (OH p VLPXOWDQHDPHQWH RV GRLV QD PHGLGD HP TXH p XP sujeito histรณrico-social $VVLP D pWLFD DGTXLUH XP GLPHQVLRQDPHQWR SROtWLFR XPD YH] TXH D DomR GR VXMHLWRQmRSRGHPDLVVHUYLVWDHDYDOLDGDIRUDGDUHODomR VRFLDO FROHWLYD 'HVVH PRGR D pWLFD VH HQWUHODoD QHFHVVDULDPHQWHFRPDSROtWLFDHQWHQGLGDHVWDFRPR D iUHD GH DYDOLDomR GRV YDORUHV TXH DWUDYHVVDP DV UHODo}HVVRFLDLVHTXHLQWHUOLJDRVLQGLYtGXRVHQWUHVL 6(9(5,12$-)LORVRยฟD6mR3DXOR&RUWH] DGDSWDGR 

2 WH[WR DR HYRFDU D GLPHQVmR KLVWyULFD GR SURFHVVR GH IRUPDomRGDpWLFDQDVRFLHGDGHFRQWHPSRUkQHDUHVVDOWD os conte~GRV pWLFRV GHFRUUHQWHV GDV LGHRORJLDV SROtWLFRSDUWLGiULDV

 TXDOLGDGHWRWDOHHVWDELOLGDGHQRWUDEDOKR

 RYDORUGDDomRKXPDQDGHULYDGDGHSUHFHLWRVPHWDItVLFRV

 SOHQRHPSUHJRHHQIUDTXHFLPHQWRGRVVLQGLFDWRV

 DVLVWHPDWL]DomRGHYDORUHVGHVDVVRFLDGRVGDFXOWXUD

 GLPLQXLomRGRVFXVWRVHLQVHJXUDQoDQRHPSUHJR

 RVHQWLGRFROHWLYRHSROtWLFRGDVDo}HVKXPDQDVLQGLYLGXDLV

 UHVSRQVDELOLGDGHVRFLDOHUHGXomRGRGHVHPSUHJR

 R MXOJDPHQWR GD DomR pWLFD SHORV SROtWLFRV HOHLWRV

 PD[LPL]DomRGRVOXFURVHDSDUHFLPHQWRGHHPSUHJRV

GHPRFUDWLFDPHQWH CH - 1ยบ dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pรกgina 12


2010

CIรŠNCIAS DA NATUREZA E SUAS TECNOLOGIAS Questรตes de 46 a 90 Questรฃo 46

Questรฃo 48

(P QRVVR FRWLGLDQR XWLOL]DPRV DV SDODYUDV ยณFDORUยด H ยณWHPSHUDWXUDยด GH IRUPD GLIHUHQWH GH FRPR HODV VmR XVDGDVQRPHLRFLHQWtยฟFR1DOLQJXDJHPFRUUHQWHFDORU pLGHQWLยฟFDGRFRPRยณDOJRTXHQWHยดHWHPSHUDWXUDPHGHD ยณTXDQWLGDGHGHFDORUGHXPFRUSRยด(VVHVVLJQLยฟFDGRV QRHQWDQWRQmRFRQVHJXHPH[SOLFDUGLYHUVDVVLWXDo}HV TXHSRGHPVHUYHULยฟFDGDVQDSUiWLFD

$VRQGDVHOHWURPDJQpWLFDVFRPRDOX]YLVtYHOHDVRQGDV GHUiGLRYLDMDPHPOLQKDUHWDHPXPPHLRKRPRJrQHR (QWmR DV RQGDV GH UiGLR HPLWLGDV QD UHJLmR OLWRUkQHD GR%UDVLOQmRDOFDQoDULDPDUHJLmRDPD]{QLFDGR%UDVLO SRU FDXVD GD FXUYDWXUD GD 7HUUD (QWUHWDQWR VDEHPRV TXH p SRVVtYHO WUDQVPLWLU RQGDV GH UiGLR HQWUH HVVDV ORFDOLGDGHVGHYLGRjLRQRVIHUD

'R SRQWR GH YLVWD FLHQWtยฟFR TXH VLWXDomR SUiWLFD PRVWUDDOLPLWDomRGRVFRQFHLWRVFRUULTXHLURVGHFDORUH temperatura?

&RP D DMXGD GD LRQRVIHUD D WUDQVPLVVmR GH RQGDV SODQDV HQWUH R OLWRUDO GR %UDVLO H D UHJLmR DPD]{QLFD p SRVVtYHOSRUPHLRGD

A temperDWXUDGDiJXDSRGHยฟFDUFRQVWDQWHGXUDQWH RWHPSRHPTXHHVWLYHUIHUYHQGR 8PD PmH FRORFD D PmR QD iJXD GD EDQKHLUD GR EHErSDUDYHULยฟFDUDWHPSHUDWXUDGDiJXD $FKDPDGHXPIRJmRSRGHVHUXVDGDSDUDDXPHQWDU DWHPSHUDWXUDGDiJXDHPXPDSDQHOD A รกgua quente que estรก em uma caneca รฉ passada SDUDRXWUDFDQHFDDยฟPGHGLPLQXLUVXDWHPSHUDWXUD 8P IRUQR SRGH IRUQHFHU FDORU SDUD XPD YDVLOKD GH รกgua que estรก em seu interior com menor temperatura GRTXHDGHOH Questรฃo 47 7RGR FDUUR SRVVXL XPD FDL[D GH IXVtYHLV TXH VmR XWLOL]DGRV SDUD SURWHomR GRV FLUFXLWRV HOpWULFRV 2V IXVtYHLVVmRFRQVWLWXtGRVGHXPPDWHULDOGHEDL[RSRQWR GH IXVmR FRPR R HVWDQKR SRU H[HPSOR H VH IXQGHP TXDQGR SHUFRUULGRV SRU XPD FRUUHQWH HOpWULFD LJXDO RX PDLRU GR TXH DTXHOD TXH VmR FDSD]HV GH VXSRUWDU 2 TXDGURDVHJXLUPRVWUDXPDVpULHGHIXVtYHLVHRVYDORUHV GHFRUUHQWHSRUHOHVVXSRUWDGRV Fusรญvel $]XO $PDUHOR /DUDQMD 3UHWR 9HUPHOKR

Corrente Elรฉtrica (A)     10,0

8P IDURO XVD XPD OkPSDGD GH JiV KDORJrQLR GH  : GH SRWrQFLD TXH RSHUD FRP  9 2V GRLV IDUyLV VmR OLJDGRVVHSDUDGDPHQWHFRPXPIXVtYHOSDUDFDGDXP PDVDSyVXPPDXIXQFLRQDPHQWRRPRWRULVWDSDVVRX D FRQHFWiORV HP SDUDOHOR XVDQGR DSHQDV XP IXVtYHO 'HVVDIRUPDDGPLWLQGRVHTXHDยฟDomRVXSRUWHDFDUJD GRVGRLVIDUyLVRPHQRUYDORUGHIXVtYHODGHTXDGRSDUD SURWHomRGHVVHQRYRFLUFXLWRpR D]XO SUHWR ODUDQMD DPDUHOR YHUPHOKR CN - 1ยบ dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pรกgina 13

    

UHร€H[mR UHIUDomR GLIUDomR SRODUL]DomR LQWHUIHUrQFLD

Questรฃo 49 $ FiULH GHQWDO UHVXOWD GD DWLYLGDGH GH EDFWpULDV TXH GHJUDGDP RV Do~FDUHV H RV WUDQVIRUPDP HP iFLGRV TXHFRUURHPDSRUomRPLQHUDOL]DGDGRVGHQWHV2ร€~RU MXQWDPHQWH FRP R FiOFLR H XP Do~FDU FKDPDGR [LOLWRO DJHPLQLELQGRHVVHSURFHVVR4XDQGRQmRVHHVFRYDP RV GHQWHV FRUUHWDPHQWH H QHOHV DFXPXODPVH UHVWRV GH DOLPHQWRV DV EDFWpULDV TXH YLYHP QD ERFD DGHUHP DRV GHQWHV IRUPDQGR D SODFD EDFWHULDQD RX ELRยฟOPH 1D SODFD HODV WUDQVIRUPDP R Do~FDU GRV UHVWRV GH DOLPHQWRV HP iFLGRV TXH FRUURHP R HVPDOWH GR GHQWH IRUPDQGR XPD FDYLGDGH TXH p D FiULH 9DOH OHPEUDU TXHDSODFDEDFWHULDQDVHIRUPDPHVPRQDDXVrQFLDGH LQJHVWmRGHFDUERLGUDWRVIHUPHQWiYHLVSRLVDVEDFWpULDV SRVVXHPSROLVVDFDUtGHRVLQWUDFHOXODUHVGHUHVHUYD 'LVSRQtYHOHPKWWSZZZGLDULRGDVDXGHFRPEU$FHVVRHPDJR DGDSWDGR 

cรกrie 1GHVWUXLomRGHXPRVVRSRUFRUURVmRSURJUHVVLYD FiULHGHQWiULDHIHLWRGDGHVWUXLomRGDHVWUXWXUDGHQWiULD SRUEDFWpULDV +28$,66$QW{QLR Dicionรกrio eletrรดnico.9HUVmR(GLWRUD2EMHWLYD DGDSWDGR 

$ SDUWLU GD OHLWXUD GR WH[WR TXH GLVFXWH DV FDXVDV GR DSDUHFLPHQWR GH FiULHV H GD VXD UHODomR FRP DV LQIRUPDo}HVGRGLFLRQiULRFRQFOXLVHTXHDFiULHGHQWDO UHVXOWDSULQFLSDOPHQWHGH  IDOWD GH ร€~RU H GH FiOFLR QD DOLPHQWDomR GLiULD GD SRSXODomREUDVLOHLUD  FRQVXPR H[DJHUDGR GR [LOLWRO XP Do~FDU QD GLHWD DOLPHQWDUGLiULDGRLQGLYtGXR  UHGXomRQDSUROLIHUDomREDFWHULDQDTXDQGRDVDOLYDp GHVEDODQFHDGDSHODPiDOLPHQWDomR  XVR H[DJHUDGR GR ร€~RU XP DJHQWH TXH HP DOWD TXDQWLGDGHWRUQDVHWy[LFRjIRUPDomRGRVGHQWHV  FRQVXPR H[FHVVLYR GH Do~FDUHV QD DOLPHQWDomR H Pi KLJLHQL]DomR EXFDO TXH FRQWULEXHP SDUD D SUROLIHUDomRGHEDFWpULDV


2010 Questão 50

Questão 52

$ YDFLQD R VRUR H RV DQWLELyWLFRV VXEPHWHP RV RUJDQLVPRVDSURFHVVRVELROyJLFRVGLIHUHQWHV3HVVRDV TXHYLDMDPSDUDUHJL}HVHPTXHRFRUUHPDOWDVLQFLGrQFLDV GHIHEUHDPDUHODGHSLFDGDVGHFREUDVSHoRQKHQWDVH GHOHSWRVSLURVHHTXHUHPHYLWDURXWUDWDUSUREOHPDVGH VD~GH UHODFLRQDGRV D HVVDV RFRUUrQFLDV GHYHP VHJXLU GHWHUPLQDGDVRULHQWDo}HV

&RP R REMHWLYR GH VH WHVWDU D H¿FLrQFLD GH IRUQRV GH PLFURRQGDV SODQHMRXVH R DTXHFLPHQWR HP  ž& GH DPRVWUDV GH GLIHUHQWHV VXEVWkQFLDV FDGD XPD FRP GHWHUPLQDGDPDVVDHPFLQFRIRUQRVGHPDUFDVGLVWLQWDV 1HVVHWHVWHFDGDIRUQRRSHURXjSRWrQFLDPi[LPD

$RSURFXUDUXPSRVWRGHVD~GHXPYLDMDQWHGHYHULDVHU orientado por um médico a tomar preventivamente ou como medida de tratamento  DQWLELyWLFR FRQWUD R YtUXV GD IHEUH DPDUHOD VRUR DQWLRItGLFRFDVRVHMDSLFDGRSRUXPDFREUDHYDFLQD FRQWUDDOHSWRVSLURVH  YDFLQDFRQWUDRYtUXVGDIHEUHDPDUHODVRURDQWLRItGLFR FDVR VHMD SLFDGR SRU XPD FREUD H DQWLELyWLFR FDVR entre em contato com a LeptospiraVS  VRURFRQWUDRYtUXVGDIHEUHDPDUHODDQWLELyWLFRFDVR VHMD SLFDGR SRU XPD FREUD H  VRUR FRQWUD WR[LQDV EDFWHULDQDV  DQWLELyWLFR RX VRUR WDQWR FRQWUD R YtUXV GD IHEUH DPDUHOD FRPR SDUD YHQHQR GH FREUDV H YDFLQD FRQWUDDOHSWRVSLURVH  VRURDQWLRItGLFRHDQWLELyWLFRFRQWUDDLeptospira sp e YDFLQDFRQWUDDIHEUHDPDUHODFDVRHQWUHHPFRQWDWR FRPRYtUXVFDXVDGRUGDGRHQoD

2IRUQRPDLVH¿FLHQWHIRLDTXHOHTXH  IRUQHFHXDPDLRUTXDQWLGDGHGHHQHUJLDjVDPRVWUDV cedeu energia à amostra de maior massa em mais WHPSR  IRUQHFHXDPDLRUTXDQWLGDGHGHHQHUJLDHPPHQRV WHPSR  FHGHXHQHUJLDjDPRVWUDGHPHQRUFDORUHVSHFt¿FR PDLVOHQWDPHQWH  IRUQHFHXDPHQRUTXDQWLGDGHGHHQHUJLDjVDPRVWUDV HPPHQRVWHPSR Questão 53 -~SLWHUFRQKHFLGRFRPRRJLJDQWHJDVRVRSHUGHXXPD GDV VXDV OLVWUDV PDLV SURHPLQHQWHV GHL[DQGR R VHX KHPLVIpULR VXO HVWUDQKDPHQWH YD]LR 2EVHUYH D UHJLmR HPTXHDIDL[DVXPLXGHVWDFDGDSHODVHWD

Questão 51 (PYLVLWDDXPDXVLQDVXFURDOFRROHLUDXPJUXSRGHDOXQRV S{GHREVHUYDUDVpULHGHSURFHVVRVGHEHQH¿FLDPHQWR GDFDQDGHDo~FDUHQWUHRVTXDLVVHGHVWDFDP  $ FDQD FKHJD FRUWDGD GD ODYRXUD SRU PHLR GH FDPLQK}HV H p GHVSHMDGD HP PHVDV DOLPHQWDGRUDV TXH D FRQGX]HP SDUD DV PRHQGDV$QWHVGHVHUHVPDJDGDSDUDDUHWLUDGD GRFDOGRDoXFDUDGRWRGDDFDQDpWUDQVSRUWDGD SRUHVWHLUDVHSDVVDGDSRUXPHOHWURLPmSDUDD UHWLUDGDGHPDWHULDLVPHWiOLFRV  $SyVVHHVPDJDUDFDQDREDJDoRVHJXHSDUD DV FDOGHLUDV TXH JHUDP YDSRU H HQHUJLD SDUD WRGDDXVLQD  2 FDOGR SULPiULR UHVXOWDQWH GR HVPDJDPHQWR p SDVVDGR SRU ¿OWURV H VRIUH WUDWDPHQWR SDUD WUDQVIRUPDUVHHPDo~FDUUH¿QDGRHHWDQRO &RP EDVH QRV GHVWDTXHV GD REVHUYDomR GRV DOXQRV TXDLV RSHUDo}HV ItVLFDV GH VHSDUDomR GH PDWHULDLV IRUDPUHDOL]DGDVQDVHWDSDVGHEHQH¿FLDPHQWRGDFDQD GHDo~FDU"     

6HSDUDomRPHFkQLFDH[WUDomRGHFDQWDomR 6HSDUDomRPDJQpWLFDFRPEXVWmR¿OWUDomR 6HSDUDomRPDJQpWLFDH[WUDomR¿OWUDomR ,PDQWDomRFRPEXVWmRSHQHLUDomR ,PDQWDomRGHVWLODomR¿OWUDomR

'LVSRQtYHOHPKWWSZZZLQRYDFDRWHFQRORJLFDFRPEU$FHVVRHPPDLR DGDSWDGR 

$DSDUrQFLDGH-~SLWHUpWLSLFDPHQWHPDUFDGDSRUGXDV IDL[DVHVFXUDVHPVXDDWPRVIHUD²XPDQRKHPLVIpULR QRUWH H RXWUD QR KHPLVIpULR VXO &RPR R JiV HVWi constantemente em movimento, o desaparecimento da IDL[DQRSODQHWDUHODFLRQDVHDRPRYLPHQWRGDVGLYHUVDV FDPDGDV GH QXYHQV HP VXD DWPRVIHUD $ OX] GR 6RO UHÀHWLGDQHVVDVQXYHQVJHUDDLPDJHPTXHpFDSWDGD SHORVWHOHVFySLRVQRHVSDoRRXQD7HUUD 2GHVDSDUHFLPHQWRGDIDL[DVXOSRGHWHUVLGRGHWHUPLQDGR SRUXPDDOWHUDomR     

QDWHPSHUDWXUDGDVXSHUItFLHGRSODQHWD QRIRUPDWRGDFDPDGDJDVRVDGRSODQHWD QRFDPSRJUDYLWDFLRQDOJHUDGRSHORSODQHWD QDFRPSRVLomRTXtPLFDGDVQXYHQVGRSODQHWD QDGHQVLGDGHGDVQXYHQVTXHFRPS}HPRSODQHWD CN - 1º dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Página 14


2010 Questão 54

Questão 56

2IyVIRUR JHUDOPHQWHUHSUHVHQWDGRSHORtRQGHIRVIDWR

 p XP LQJUHGLHQWH LQVXEVWLWXtYHO GD YLGD Mi TXH p SDUWH FRQVWLWXLQWH GDV PHPEUDQDV FHOXODUHV H GDV PROpFXODV GR '1$ H GR WULIRVIDWR GH DGHQRVLQD $73  SULQFLSDO IRUPD GH DUPD]HQDPHQWR GH HQHUJLD GDV FpOXODV 2 IyVIRUR XWLOL]DGR QRV IHUWLOL]DQWHV DJUtFRODV p H[WUDtGR GH PLQDV FXMDV UHVHUYDV HVWmR FDGD YH] PDLV HVFDVVDV &HUWDV SUiWLFDV DJUtFRODV DFHOHUDP D HURVmRGRVRORSURYRFDQGRRWUDQVSRUWHGHIyVIRURSDUD VLVWHPDV DTXiWLFRV TXH ¿FD LPRELOL]DGR QDV URFKDV $LQGDDFROKHLWDGDVODYRXUDVHRWUDQVSRUWHGRVUHVWRV DOLPHQWDUHV SDUD RV OL[}HV GLPLQXHP D GLVSRQLELOLGDGH GRV tRQV QR VROR 7DLV IDWRUHV WrP DPHDoDGR D VXVWHQWDELOLGDGHGHVVHtRQ

$ ODYRXUD DUUR]HLUD QD SODQtFLH FRVWHLUD GD UHJLmR VXO GR %UDVLO FRPXPHQWH VRIUH SHUGDV HOHYDGDV GHYLGR j VDOLQL]DomRGDiJXDGHLUULJDomRTXHRFDVLRQDSUHMXt]RV GLUHWRV FRPR D UHGXomR GH SURGXomR GD ODYRXUD 6RORV FRP SURFHVVR GH VDOLQL]DomR DYDQoDGR QmR VmR LQGLFDGRV SRU H[HPSOR SDUD R FXOWLYR GH DUUR]  $V SODQWDV UHWLUDP D iJXD GR VROR TXDQGR DV IRUoDV GH HPEHELomR GRV WHFLGRV GDV UDt]HV  VmR VXSHULRUHV jV IRUoDVFRPTXHDiJXDpUHWLGDQRVROR

8PDPHGLGDTXHDPHQL]DULDHVVHSUREOHPDVHULD  ,QFHQWLYDU D UHFLFODJHP GH UHVtGXRV ELROyJLFRV XWLOL]DQGRGHMHWRVDQLPDLVHUHVWRVGHFXOWXUDVSDUD SURGXomRGHDGXER  5HSRU R HVWRTXH UHWLUDGR GDV PLQDV FRP XP tRQ VLQWpWLFRGHIyVIRURSDUDJDUDQWLURDEDVWHFLPHQWRGD LQG~VWULDGHIHUWLOL]DQWHV  $XPHQWDU D LPSRUWDomR GH tRQV IRVIDWR GRV SDtVHV ULFRV SDUD VXSULU DV H[LJrQFLDV GDV LQG~VWULDV QDFLRQDLVGHIHUWLOL]DQWHV  6XEVWLWXLU R IyVIRUR GRV IHUWLOL]DQWHV SRU RXWUR HOHPHQWR FRP D PHVPD IXQomR SDUD VXSULU DV QHFHVVLGDGHVGRXVRGHVHXVtRQV  3URLELUSRUPHLRGHOHLIHGHUDORXVRGHIHUWLOL]DQWHV FRP IyVIRUR SHORV DJULFXOWRUHV SDUD GLPLQXLU VXD H[WUDomRGDVUHVHUYDVQDWXUDLV Questão 55 2 WH[WR ³2 Y{R GDV )ROKDV´ WUD] XPD YLVmR GRV tQGLRV 7LFXQDV SDUD XP IHQ{PHQR XVXDOPHQWH REVHUYDGR QD QDWXUH]D O vôo das Folhas Com o vento DVIROKDVVHPRYLPHQWDP (TXDQGRFDHPQRFKmR ¿FDPSDUDGDVHPVLOrQFLR $VVLP VH IRUPD R ngaura 2 ngaura FREUH R FKmR GD ÀRUHVWDHQULTXHFHDWHUUDHDOLPHQWDDViUYRUHV@ $VIROKDVYHOKDVPRUUHPSDUDDMXGDURFUHVFLPHQWRGDV IROKDVQRYDV@ Dentro do ngauraYLYHPDUDQKDVIRUPLJDVHVFRUSL}HV FHQWRSHLDV PLQKRFDV FRJXPHORV H YiULRV WLSRV GH RXWURVVHUHVPXLWRSHTXHQRV@ $VIROKDVWDPEpPFDHPQRVODJRVQRVLJDUDSpVHLJDSyV A natureza segundo os Ticunas/Livro das Árvores 2UJDQL]DomR*HUDOGRV3URIHVVRUHV%LOtQJXHV7LFXQDV

1DYLVmRGRVtQGLRV7LFXQDVDGHVFULomRVREUHRQJDXUD SHUPLWH FODVVL¿FiOR FRPR XP SURGXWR GLUHWDPHQWH UHODFLRQDGRDRFLFOR GDiJXD GRR[LJrQLR GRIyVIRUR GRFDUERQR GRQLWURJrQLR CN - 1º dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Página 15

:,1.(/+/76&+,('(/0Cultura do arroz: salinização de solos em cultivos de arroz 'LVSRQtYHOHPKWWSDJURSDJHWULSRGFRPVDOLQL]DKPO$FHVVRHPMXQ DGDSWDGR 

$ SUHVHQoD GH VDLV  QD VROXomR GR VROR ID] FRP TXH VHMD GL¿FXOWDGD D DEVRUomR GH iJXD SHODV SODQWDV R TXHSURYRFDRIHQ{PHQRFRQKHFLGRSRUVHFD¿VLROyJLFD FDUDFWHUL]DGRSHOR D

 DXPHQWRGDVDOLQLGDGHHPTXHDiJXDGRVRORDWLQJH XPDFRQFHQWUDomRGHVDLVPDLRUTXHDGDVFpOXODV GDV UDt]HV GDV SODQWDV LPSHGLQGR DVVLP TXH D iJXDVHMDDEVRUYLGD  DXPHQWR GD VDOLQLGDGH HP TXH R VROR DWLQJH XP QtYHOPXLWREDL[RGHiJXDHDVSODQWDVQmRWrPIRUoD GHVXFomRSDUDDEVRUYHUDiJXD  GLPLQXLomR GD VDOLQLGDGH TXH DWLQJH XP QtYHO HP TXH DV SODQWDV QmR WrP IRUoD GH VXFomR ID]HQGR FRPTXHDiJXDQmRVHMDDEVRUYLGD  DXPHQWRGDVDOLQLGDGHTXHDWLQJHXPQtYHOHPTXH DV SODQWDV WrP PXLWD VXGDomR QmR WHQGR IRUoD GH VXFomRSDUDVXSHUiOD  GLPLQXLomR GD VDOLQLGDGH TXH DWLQJH XP QtYHO HP TXH DV SODQWDV ¿FDP W~UJLGDV H QmR WrP IRUoD GH VXGDomRSDUDVXSHUiOD Questão 57 $V FLGDGHV LQGXVWULDOL]DGDV SURGX]HP JUDQGHV SURSRUo}HV GH JDVHV FRPR R &2 R SULQFLSDO JiV FDXVDGRU GR HIHLWR HVWXID ,VVR RFRUUH SRU FDXVD GD TXDQWLGDGH GH FRPEXVWtYHLV IyVVHLV TXHLPDGRV SULQFLSDOPHQWHQRWUDQVSRUWHPDVWDPEpPHPFDOGHLUDV LQGXVWULDLV$OpP GLVVR QHVVDV FLGDGHV FRQFHQWUDPVH DV PDLRUHV iUHDV FRP VRORV DVIDOWDGRV H FRQFUHWDGRV RTXHDXPHQWDDUHWHQomRGHFDORUIRUPDQGRRTXHVH FRQKHFHSRU³LOKDVGHFDORU´7DOIHQ{PHQRRFRUUHSRUTXH HVVHVPDWHULDLVDEVRUYHPRFDORUHRGHYROYHPSDUDRDU VREDIRUPDGHUDGLDomRWpUPLFD (PiUHDVXUEDQDVGHYLGRjDWXDomRFRQMXQWDGRHIHLWR HVWXIDHGDV³LOKDVGHFDORU´HVSHUDVHTXHRFRQVXPR GHHQHUJLDHOpWULFD  GLPLQXDGHYLGRjXWLOL]DomRGHFDOGHLUDVSRULQG~VWULDV PHWDO~UJLFDV  DXPHQWH GHYLGR DR EORTXHLR GD OX] GR VRO SHORV JDVHVGRHIHLWRHVWXID  GLPLQXD GHYLGR j QmR QHFHVVLGDGH GH DTXHFHU D iJXDXWLOL]DGDHPLQG~VWULDV  DXPHQWHGHYLGRjQHFHVVLGDGHGHPDLRUUHIULJHUDomR GHLQG~VWULDVHUHVLGrQFLDV  GLPLQXD GHYLGR j JUDQGH TXDQWLGDGH GH UDGLDomR WpUPLFDUHXWLOL]DGD


2010 Questรฃo 58

Questรฃo 60

Sob prHVVmR QRUPDO DR QtYHO GR PDU  D iJXD HQWUD HP HEXOLomR j WHPSHUDWXUD GH  o&7HQGR SRU EDVH HVVD LQIRUPDomR XP JDURWR UHVLGHQWH HP XPD FLGDGH OLWRUkQHDIH]DVHJXLQWHH[SHULrQFLD ย‡ ย‡

ย‡

&RORFRX XPD FDQHFD PHWiOLFD FRQWHQGR iJXD QR IRJDUHLURGRIRJmRGHVXDFDVD 4XDQGR D iJXD FRPHoRX D IHUYHU HQFRVWRX FXLGDGRVDPHQWH D H[WUHPLGDGH PDLV HVWUHLWD GH XPD VHULQJD GH LQMHomR GHVSURYLGD GH DJXOKD QD VXSHUItFLH GR OtTXLGR H HUJXHQGR R rPEROR GD seringa, aspirou certa quantidade de รกgua para seu LQWHULRUWDSDQGRDHPVHJXLGD 9HULยฟFDQGR DSyV DOJXQV LQVWDQWHV TXH D iJXD GD VHULQJDKDYLDSDUDGRGHIHUYHUHOHHUJXHXRrPEROR GDVHULQJDFRQVWDWDQGRLQWULJDGRTXHDiJXDYROWRX DIHUYHUDSyVXPSHTXHQRGHVORFDPHQWRGRrPEROR =,(*/(50)(QHUJLD6XVWHQWiYHORevista Istoร‰DEU

&RQVLGHUDQGR R SURFHGLPHQWR DQWHULRU D iJXD YROWD D IHUYHUSRUTXHHVVHGHVORFDPHQWR  SHUPLWHDHQWUDGDGHFDORUGRDPELHQWHH[WHUQRSDUD RLQWHULRUGDVHULQJD provoca, por atrito, um aquecimento da รกgua contida QDVHULQJD  SURGX]XPDXPHQWRGHYROXPHTXHDXPHQWDRSRQWR GHHEXOLomRGDiJXD  SURSRUFLRQD XPD TXHGD GH SUHVVmR QR LQWHULRU GD VHULQJDTXHGLPLQXLRSRQWRGHHEXOLomRGDiJXD  SRVVLELOLWD XPD GLPLQXLomR GD GHQVLGDGH GD iJXD TXHIDFLOLWDVXDHEXOLomR Questรฃo 59 O despejo de dejetos de esgotos domรฉsticos e LQGXVWULDLV YHP FDXVDQGR VpULRV SUREOHPDV DRV ULRV EUDVLOHLURV (VVHV SROXHQWHV VmR ULFRV HP VXEVWkQFLDV TXH FRQWULEXHP SDUD D HXWURยฟ]DomR GH HFRVVLVWHPDV que รฉ um enriquecimento da รกgua por nutrientes, o que SURYRFD XP JUDQGH FUHVFLPHQWR EDFWHULDQR H SRU ยฟP SRGHSURPRYHUHVFDVVH]GHR[LJrQLR 8PDPDQHLUDGHHYLWDUDGLPLQXLomRGDFRQFHQWUDomRGH R[LJrQLRQRDPELHQWHp

$IRQWHGHHQHUJLDUHSUHVHQWDGDQDยฟJXUDFRQVLGHUDGD XPD GDV PDLV OLPSDV H VXVWHQWiYHLV GR PXQGR p H[WUDtGDGRFDORUJHUDGR     

SHODFLUFXODomRGRPDJPDQRVXEVROR SHODVHUXSo}HVFRQVWDQWHVGRVYXOF}HV SHORVROTXHDTXHFHDViJXDVFRPUDGLDomRXOWUDYLROHWD SHODTXHLPDGRFDUYmRHFRPEXVWtYHLVIyVVHLV SHORVGHWULWRVHFLQ]DVYXOFkQLFDV

Questรฃo 61 1RDQRGHXPYD]DPHQWRHPGXWRVGHyOHRQDEDtD GH *XDQDEDUD 5-  FDXVRX XP GRV PDLRUHV DFLGHQWHV DPELHQWDLV GR %UDVLO$OpP GH DIHWDU D IDXQD H D ร€RUD R DFLGHQWH DEDORX R HTXLOtEULR GD FDGHLD DOLPHQWDU GH WRGD D EDtD 2 SHWUyOHR IRUPD XPD SHOtFXOD QD VXSHUItFLH GD iJXDRTXHSUHMXGLFDDVWURFDVJDVRVDVGDDWPRVIHUDFRP D iJXD H GHVIDYRUHFH D UHDOL]DomR GH IRWRVVtQWHVH SHODV DOJDV TXH HVWmR QD EDVH GD FDGHLD DOLPHQWDU KtGULFD $OpP GLVVR R GHUUDPDPHQWR GH yOHR FRQWULEXLX SDUD R envenenamento das รกrvores e, consequentemente, para a LQWR[LFDomRGDIDXQDHร€RUDDTXiWLFDVEHPFRPRFRQGX]LX jPRUWHGLYHUVDVHVSpFLHVGHDQLPDLVHQWUHRXWUDVIRUPDV GHYLGDDIHWDQGRWDPEpPDDWLYLGDGHSHVTXHLUD /$8%,(5/'LYHUVLGDGHGD0DUp1HJUD,Q6FLHQWLยฟF$PHULFDQ%UDVLO  DJR DGDSWDGR 

$VLWXDomRH[SRVWDQRWH[WRHVXDVLPSOLFDo}HV Aquecer as รกguas dos rios para aumentar a YHORFLGDGHGHGHFRPSRVLomRGRVGHMHWRV Retirar do esgoto os materiais ricos em nutrientes SDUDGLPLQXLUDVXDFRQFHQWUDomRQRVULRV  $GLFLRQDU EDFWpULDV DQDHUyELFDV jV iJXDV GRV ULRV SDUDTXHHODVVREUHYLYDPPHVPRVHPRR[LJrQLR  6XEVWLWXLU SURGXWRV QmR GHJUDGiYHLV SRU ELRGHJUDGiYHLVSDUDTXHDVEDFWpULDVSRVVDPXWLOL]DU RVQXWULHQWHV  $XPHQWDUDVROXELOLGDGHGRVGHMHWRVQRHVJRWRSDUDTXH RVQXWULHQWHVยฟTXHPPDLVDFHVVtYHLVjVEDFWpULDV

   

indicam a indeSHQGrQFLD GD HVSpFLH KXPDQD FRP UHODomRDRDPELHQWHPDULQKR DOHUWDPSDUDDQHFHVVLGDGHGRFRQWUROHGDSROXLomR DPELHQWDOSDUDUHGXomRGRHIHLWRHVWXID LOXVWUDPDLQWHUGHSHQGrQFLDGDVGLYHUVDVIRUPDVGH YLGD DQLPDOYHJHWDOHRXWUDV HRVHXKDELWDW LQGLFDPDDOWDUHVLVWrQFLDGRPHLRDPELHQWHjDomR GRKRPHPDOpPGHHYLGHQFLDUDVXDVXVWHQWDELOLGDGH PHVPRHPFRQGLo}HVH[WUHPDVGHSROXLomR HYLGHQFLDP D JUDQGH FDSDFLGDGH DQLPDO GH VH DGDSWDUjVPXGDQoDVDPELHQWDLVHPFRQWUDVWHFRP DEDL[DFDSDFLGDGHGDVHVSpFLHVYHJHWDLVTXHHVWmR QDEDVHGDFDGHLDDOLPHQWDUKtGULFD CN - 1ยบ dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pรกgina 16


2010 Questão 62

Questão 64

8P DPELHQWH FDSD] GH DV¿[LDU WRGRV RV DQLPDLV FRQKHFLGRV GR SODQHWD IRL FRORQL]DGR SRU SHOR PHQRV WUrV HVSpFLHV GLIHUHQWHV GH LQYHUWHEUDGRV PDULQKRV 'HVFREHUWRV D PDLV GH   P GH SURIXQGLGDGH QR 0HGLWHUUkQHR HOHV VmR RV SULPHLURV PHPEURV GR UHLQR DQLPDO D SURVSHUDU PHVPR GLDQWH GD DXVrQFLD WRWDO GH R[LJrQLR $Wp DJRUD DFKDYDVH TXH Vy EDFWpULDV SXGHVVHP WHU HVVH HVWLOR GH YLGD 1mR DGPLUD TXH RV ELFKRV SHUWHQoDP D XP JUXSR SRXFR FRQKHFLGR R GRV ORULFtIHURV TXH PDO FKHJDP D  PP$SHVDU GR WDPDQKR SRVVXHP FDEHoD ERFD VLVWHPD GLJHVWLYR H XPD FDUDSDoD $ DGDSWDomR GRV ELFKRV j YLGD QR VXIRFRpWmRSURIXQGDTXHVXDVFpOXODVGLVSHQVDUDPDV FKDPDGDVPLWRF{QGULDV

$OJXQV DQItELRV H UpSWHLV VmR DGDSWDGRV j YLGD VXEWHUUkQHD 1HVVD VLWXDomR DSUHVHQWDP DOJXPDV FDUDFWHUtVWLFDV FRUSRUDLV FRPR SRU H[HPSOR DXVrQFLD GH SDWDV FRUSR DQHODGR TXH IDFLOLWD R GHVORFDPHQWR QRVXEVRORHHPDOJXQVFDVRVDXVrQFLDGHROKRV 6XSRQKD TXH XP ELyORJR WHQWDVVH H[SOLFDU D RULJHP GDV DGDSWDo}HV PHQFLRQDGDV QR WH[WR XWLOL]DQGR FRQFHLWRV GD WHRULD HYROXWLYD GH /DPDUFN $R DGRWDU HVVHSRQWRGHYLVWDHOHGLULDTXH

/23(65-Italianos descobrem animal que vive em água sem oxigênio'LVSRQtYHO HPKWWSZZZIROKDXROFRPEU$FHVVRHPDEU DGDSWDGR 

4XHVXEVWkQFLDVSRGHULDPWHUDPHVPDIXQomRGR2 na UHVSLUDomRFHOXODUUHDOL]DGDSHORVORULFtIHURV"

 DDXVrQFLDGHROKRVWHULDVLGRFDXVDGDSHODIDOWDGH XVRGRVPHVPRVVHJXQGRDOHLGRXVRHGHVXVR

S e CH4

 R FRUSR DQHODGR p XPD FDUDFWHUtVWLFD IRUWHPHQWH adaptativa, mas seria transmitida apenas à SULPHLUDJHUDomRGHGHVFHQGHQWHV

Se H e COe CH4 H e CO Questão 63 $V PLVWXUDV HIHUYHVFHQWHV HP Sy RX HP FRPSULPLGRV VmR FRPXQV SDUD D DGPLQLVWUDomR GH YLWDPLQD & RX GH PHGLFDPHQWRV SDUD D]LD (VVD IRUPD IDUPDFrXWLFD VyOLGD IRL GHVHQYROYLGD SDUD IDFLOLWDU R WUDQVSRUWH DXPHQWDU D HVWDELOLGDGHGHVXEVWkQFLDVHTXDQGRHPVROXomRDFHOHUDUD DEVRUomRGRIiUPDFRSHORRUJDQLVPR $V PDWpULDVSULPDV TXH DWXDP QD HIHUYHVFrQFLD VmR HP JHUDORiFLGRWDUWiULFRRXRiFLGRFtWULFRTXHUHDJHPFRPXP VDOGHFDUiWHUEiVLFRFRPRRELFDUERQDWRGHVyGLR 1D+&23  TXDQGRHPFRQWDWRFRPDiJXD$SDUWLUGRFRQWDWRGDPLVWXUD HIHUYHVFHQWH FRP D iJXD RFRUUH XPD VpULH GH UHDo}HV TXtPLFDVVLPXOWkQHDVOLEHUDomRGHtRQVIRUPDomRGHiFLGRH OLEHUDomRGRJiVFDUE{QLFR²JHUDQGRDHIHUYHVFrQFLD $V HTXDo}HV D VHJXLU UHSUHVHQWDP DV HWDSDV GD UHDomRGDPLVWXUDHIHUYHVFHQWHQDiJXDHPTXHIRUDP RPLWLGRVRVHVWDGRVGHDJUHJDomRGRVUHDJHQWHVH+3A UHSUHVHQWDRiFLGRFtWULFR , ,, ,,, ,9

1D+&23 ĺ1D+ + +CO3 U HO + CO + H+ U HCO3 +3A U 3H+ +

$LRQL]DomRDGLVVRFLDomRL{QLFDDIRUPDomRGRiFLGR H D OLEHUDomR GR JiV RFRUUHP UHVSHFWLYDPHQWH QDV VHJXLQWHVHWDSDV     

 DVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDVFLWDGDVQRWH[WRIRUDPRULJLQDGDV SHODVHOHomRQDWXUDO

,9,,,H,,, ,,9,,,H,, ,9,,,,H,, ,,9,,H,,, ,9,,,,H,,

CN - 1º dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Página 17

 DV SDWDV WHULDP VLGR SHUGLGDV SHOD IDOWD GH XVR H HP VHJXLGDHVVDFDUDFWHUtVWLFDIRLLQFRUSRUDGDDRSDWULP{QLR JHQpWLFRHHQWmRWUDQVPLWLGDVDRVGHVFHQGHQWHV  DVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDVFLWDGDVQRWH[WRIRUDPDGTXLULGDV SRUPHLRGHPXWDo}HVHGHSRLVDRORQJRGRWHPSR IRUDPVHOHFLRQDGDVSRUVHUHPPDLVDGDSWDGDVDR ambiente em que os organismos se encRQWUDP Rascunho


2010 Questão 65 O cresciPHQWR GD SURGXomR GH HQHUJLD HOpWULFD DR ORQJR GR WHPSR WHP LQÀXHQFLDGR GHFLVLYDPHQWH R SURJUHVVR GD KXPDQLGDGH PDV WDPEpP WHP FULDGR XPD VpULD SUHRFXSDomR R SUHMXt]R DR PHLR DPELHQWH 1RV SUy[LPRV DQRV XPD QRYD WHFQRORJLD GH JHUDomR GHHQHUJLDHOpWULFDGHYHUiJDQKDUHVSDoRDVFpOXODVD FRPEXVWtYHOKLGURJrQLRR[LJrQLR

&RP EDVH QRV GDGRV REWLGRV LQIHUHVH TXH D IXQomR GDVPLFURYLORVLGDGHVLQWHVWLQDLVFRPUHODomRjDEVRUomR GH QXWULHQWHV SHODV FpOXODV GDV SDUHGHV LQWHUQDV GR intestino é a de PDQWHURYROXPHGHDEVRUomR DXPHQWDUDVXSHUItFLHGHDEVRUomR GLPLQXLUDYHORFLGDGHGHDEVRUomR DXPHQWDURWHPSRGHDEVRUomR PDQWHUDVHOHWLYLGDGHQDDEVRUomR Questão 67

9,//8//$6+07,&,$1(//,($*21=È/(=(5Química Nova Na Escola. NoPDLR

Com basH QR WH[WR H QD ¿JXUD D SURGXomR GH HQHUJLD HOpWULFD SRU PHLR GD FpOXOD D FRPEXVWtYHO KLGURJrQLR R[LJrQLRGLIHUHQFLDVHGRVSURFHVVRVFRQYHQFLRQDLVSRUTXH WUDQVIRUPDHQHUJLDTXtPLFDHPHQHUJLDHOpWULFDVHP FDXVDUGDQRVDRPHLRDPELHQWHSRUTXHRSULQFLSDO VXESURGXWRIRUPDGRpDiJXD FRQYHUWH D HQHUJLD TXtPLFD FRQWLGD QDV PROpFXODV dos componentes em energia térmica, sem que RFRUUD D SURGXomR GH JDVHV SROXHQWHV QRFLYRV DR PHLRDPELHQWH WUDQVIRUPD HQHUJLD TXtPLFD HP HQHUJLD HOpWULFD SRUpPHPLWHJDVHVSROXHQWHVGDPHVPDIRUPDTXHD SURGXomRGHHQHUJLDDSDUWLUGRVFRPEXVWtYHLVIyVVHLV FRQYHUWH HQHUJLD HOpWULFD SURYHQLHQWH GRV FRPEXVWtYHLVIyVVHLVHPHQHUJLDTXtPLFDUHWHQGRRV JDVHVSROXHQWHVSURGX]LGRVQRSURFHVVRVHPDOWHUDU DTXDOLGDGHGRPHLRDPELHQWH FRQYHUWH D HQHUJLD SRWHQFLDO DFXPXODGD QDV PROpFXODVGHiJXDFRQWLGDVQRVLVWHPDHPHQHUJLD TXtPLFD VHP TXH RFRUUD D SURGXomR GH JDVHV SROXHQWHVQRFLYRVDRPHLRDPELHQWH Questão 66 3DUD H[SOLFar a DEVRUomR GH QXWULHQWHV EHP FRPR D IXQomRGDVPLFURYLORVLGDGHVGDVPHPEUDQDVGDVFpOXODV TXHUHYHVWHPDVSDUHGHVLQWHUQDVGRLQWHVWLQRGHOJDGRXP HVWXGDQWHUHDOL]RXRVHJXLQWHH[SHULPHQWR &RORFRXPƐGHiJXDHPGRLVUHFLSLHQWHV1RSULPHLUR UHFLSLHQWH PHUJXOKRX SRU  VHJXQGRV XP SHGDoR GH SDSHOOLVRFRPRQD),*85$QRVHJXQGRUHFLSLHQWHIH]R PHVPRFRPXPSHGDoRGHSDSHOFRPGREUDVVLPXODQGRDV PLFURYLORVLGDGHVFRQIRUPH),*85$2VGDGRVREWLGRV IRUDPDTXDQWLGDGHGHiJXDDEVRUYLGDSHORSDSHOOLVRIRL GHPƐHQTXDQWRSHORSDSHOGREUDGRIRLGHPƐ

O abastecimento de nossas necessidades energéticas IXWXUDV GHSHQGHUi FHUWDPHQWH GR GHVHQYROYLPHQWR GH WHFQRORJLDV SDUD DSURYHLWDU D HQHUJLD VRODU FRP PDLRU H¿FLrQFLD $ HQHUJLD VRODU p D PDLRU IRQWH GH HQHUJLD PXQGLDO 1XP GLD HQVRODUDGR SRU H[HPSOR DSUR[LPDGDPHQWH  N- GH HQHUJLD VRODU DWLQJH FDGD PHWURTXDGUDGRGDVXSHUItFLHWHUUHVWUHSRUVHJXQGR1R HQWDQWRRDSURYHLWDPHQWRGHVVDHQHUJLDpGLItFLOSRUTXH HODpGLOXtGD GLVWULEXtGDSRUXPDiUHDPXLWRH[WHQVD H RVFLOD FRP R KRUiULR H DV FRQGLo}HV FOLPiWLFDV 2 XVR HIHWLYRGDHQHUJLDVRODUGHSHQGHGHIRUPDVGHHVWRFDUD HQHUJLDFROHWDGDSDUDXVRSRVWHULRU %52:17Química a Ciência Central6mR3DXOR3HDUVRQ3UHQWLFH+DOO

$WXDOPHQWHXPDGDVIRUPDVGHVHXWLOL]DUDHQHUJLDVRODU WHPVLGRDUPD]HQiODSRUPHLRGHSURFHVVRVTXtPLFRV endotérmicos que mais tarde podem ser revertidos para OLEHUDU FDORU &RQVLGHUDQGR D UHDomR &+ J + HO Y + FDORUU CO J + 3 H J HDQDOLVDQGRDFRPRSRWHQFLDO mecanismo para o aproveitamento posterior da energia VRODUFRQFOXLVHTXHVHWUata de uma estratégia









),*85$),*85$

inVDWLVIDWyULD SRLV D UHDomR DSUHVHQWDGD QmR SHUPLWH TXH D HQHUJLD SUHVHQWH QR PHLR H[WHUQR VHMD DEVRUYLGD SHOR VLVWHPD SDUD VHU XWLOL]DGD SRVWHULRUPHQWH LQVDWLVIDWyULD XPD YH] TXH Ki IRUPDomR GH JDVHV SROXHQWHV H FRP SRWHQFLDO SRGHU H[SORVLYR WRUQDQGRDXPDUHDomRSHULJRVDHGHGLItFLOFRQWUROH LQVDWLVIDWyULDXPDYH]TXHKiIRUPDomRGHJiV&2 TXHQmRSRVVXLFRQWH~GRHQHUJpWLFRSDVVtYHOGHVHU aproveitado posteriormente e é considerado um gás SROXHQWH VDWLVIDWyULD XPD YH] TXH D UHDomR GLUHWD RFRUUH FRP DEVRUomR GH FDORU H SURPRYH D IRUPDomR GDV VXEVWkQFLDV FRPEXVWtYHLV TXH SRGHUmR VHU XWLOL]DGDVSRVWHULRUPHQWHSDUDREWHQomRGHHQHUJLD HUHDOL]DomRGHWUDEDOKR~WLO VDWLVIDWyULD XPD YH] TXH D UHDomR GLUHWD RFRUUH FRP OLEHUDomR GH FDORU KDYHQGR DLQGD D IRUPDomR GDV VXEVWkQFLDV FRPEXVWtYHLV TXH SRGHUmR VHU XWLOL]DGDVSRVWHULRUPHQWHSDUDREWHQomRGHHQHUJLD HUHDOL]DomRGHWUDEDOKR~WLO CN - 1º dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Página 18


2010 Questรฃo 68

Questรฃo 69

Todos os organismos necessitam de รกgua e grande SDUWHGHOHVYLYHHPULRVODJRVHRFHDQRV2VSURFHVVRV ELROyJLFRV FRPR UHVSLUDomR H IRWRVVtQWHVH H[HUFHP SURIXQGD LQร€XrQFLD QD TXtPLFD GDV iJXDV QDWXUDLV HP WRGRRSODQHWD2R[LJrQLRpDWRUGRPLQDQWHQDTXtPLFD H QD ELRTXtPLFD GD KLGURVIHUD 'HYLGR D VXD EDL[D VROXELOLGDGHHPiJXD PJฦDยž& DGLVSRQLELOLGDGH GH R[LJrQLR QRV HFRVVLVWHPDV DTXiWLFRV HVWDEHOHFH R OLPLWH HQWUH D YLGD DHUyELFD H DQDHUyELFD 1HVVH FRQWH[WRXPSDUkPHWURFKDPDGR'HPDQGD%LRTXtPLFD GH2[LJrQLR '%2 IRLGHยฟQLGRSDUDPHGLUDTXDQWLGDGH GH PDWpULD RUJkQLFD SUHVHQWH HP XP VLVWHPD KtGULFR $ '%2 FRUUHVSRQGH j PDVVD GH 2 HP PLOLJUDPDV QHFHVViULD SDUD UHDOL]DU D R[LGDomR WRWDO GR FDUERQR RUJkQLFRHPXPOLWURGHiJXD

2 XVR SURORQJDGR GH OHQWHV GH FRQWDWR VREUHWXGR GXUDQWHDQRLWHDOLDGRDFRQGLo}HVSUHFiULDVGHKLJLHQH UHSUHVHQWDP IDWRUHV GH ULVFR SDUD R DSDUHFLPHQWR GH XPD LQIHFomR GHQRPLQDGD FHUDWLWH PLFURELDQD TXH FDXVD XOFHUDomR LQร€DPDWyULD GD FyUQHD 3DUD LQWHUURPSHU R SURFHVVR GD GRHQoD p QHFHVViULR WUDWDPHQWR DQWLELyWLFR 'H PRGR JHUDO RV IDWRUHV GH ULVFR SURYRFDP D GLPLQXLomR GD R[LJHQDomR FRUQHDQD H GHWHUPLQDP PXGDQoDV QR VHX PHWDEROLVPR GH XP HVWDGR DHUyELFR SDUD DQDHUyELFR &RPR GHFRUUrQFLD REVHUYDVHDGLPLQXLomRQRQ~PHURHQDYHORFLGDGHGH PLWRVHVGRHSLWpOLRRTXHSUHGLVS}HDRDSDUHFLPHQWRGH GHIHLWRVHSLWHOLDLVHjLQYDVmREDFWHULDQD &5(67$)/HQWHGHFRQWDWRHLQIHFomRRFXODU Revista Sinopse de Oftalmologia.6mR 3DXOR0RUHLUD-UYQ DGDSWDGR 

%$,5'&Quimica Ambiental(G%RRNPDP DGDSWDGR 

'DGRV0DVVDVPRODUHVHPJPRO& + 2  6XSRQKD TXH  PJ GH Do~FDU IyUPXOD PtQLPD &+O HPDVVDPRODULJXDODJPRO VmRGLVVROYLGRVHPXP OLWURGHiJXDHPTXDQWRD'%2VHUiDXPHQWDGD" 0,4 mg de OOLWUR  PJGH2OLWUR  PJGH2OLWUR  PJGH2OLWUR  PJGH2OLWUR Rascunho

$ LQVWDODomR GDV EDFWpULDV H R DYDQoR GR SURFHVVR LQIHFFLRVR QD FyUQHD HVWmR UHODFLRQDGRV D DOJXPDV FDUDFWHUtVWLFDVJHUDLVGHVVHVPLFURUJDQLVPRVWDLVFRPR  $ JUDQGH FDSDFLGDGH GH DGDSWDomR FRQVLGHUDQGR DV FRQVWDQWHV PXGDQoDV QR DPELHQWH HP TXH VH UHSURGX]HP H R SURFHVVR DHUyELFR FRPR D PHOKRU RSomR GHVVHV PLFURUJDQLVPRV SDUD D REWHQomR GH HQHUJLD  $JUDQGHFDSDFLGDGHGHVRIUHUPXWDo}HVDXPHQWDQGR DSUREDELOLGDGHGRDSDUHFLPHQWRGHIRUPDVUHVLVWHQWHVH RSURFHVVRDQDHUyELFRGDIHUPHQWDomRFRPRDSULQFLSDO YLDGHREWHQomRGHHQHUJLD  $ GLYHUVLGDGH PRUIROyJLFD HQWUH DV EDFWpULDV aumentando a variedade de tipos de agentes LQIHFFLRVRV H D QXWULomR KHWHURWUyยฟFD FRPR IRUPD de esses microrganismos obterem matรฉria-prima e HQHUJLD  2DOWRSRGHUGHUHSURGXomRDXPHQWDQGRDYDULDELOLGDGH JHQpWLFD GRV PLOKDUHV GH LQGLYtGXRV H D QXWULomR KHWHURWUyยฟFDFRPR~QLFDIRUPDGHREWHQomRGHPDWpULD SULPDHHQHUJLDGHVVHVPLFURUJDQLVPRV  2DOWRSRGHUGHUHSURGXomRRULJLQDQGRPLOKDUHVGH descendentes geneticamente idรชnticos entre si e a GLYHUVLGDGH PHWDEyOLFD FRQVLGHUDQGR SURFHVVRV DHUyELFRVHDQDHUyELFRVSDUDDREWHQomRGHHQHUJLD Rascunho

CN - 1ยบ dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pรกgina 19


2010 Questรฃo 70

Questรฃo 71

2EVHUYH D WDEHOD VHJXLQWH (OD WUD] HVSHFLยฟFDo}HV WpFQLFDVFRQVWDQWHV QR PDQXDO GH LQVWUXo}HV IRUQHFLGR SHORIDEULFDQWHGHXPDWRUQHLUDHOpWULFD

1RTXHWDQJHjWHFQRORJLDGHFRPEXVWtYHLVDOWHUQDWLYRV PXLWRV HVSHFLDOLVWDV HP HQHUJLD DFUHGLWDP TXH RV DOFRyLV YmR FUHVFHU HP LPSRUWkQFLD HP XP IXWXUR SUy[LPR5HDOPHQWHDOFRyLVFRPRPHWDQROHHWDQROWrP HQFRQWUDGR DOJXQV QLFKRV SDUD XVR GRPpVWLFR FRPR FRPEXVWtYHLVKiPXLWDVGpFDGDVHUHFHQWHPHQWHYrP REWHQGR XPD DFHLWDomR FDGD YH] PDLRU FRPR DGLWLYRV RXPHVPRFRPRVXEVWLWXWRVSDUDJDVROLQDHPYHtFXORV $OJXPDVGDVSURSULHGDGHVItVLFDVGHVVHVFRPEXVWtYHLV VmRPRVWUDGDVQRTXDGURVHJXLQWH

'LVSRQtYHOHPKWWSZZZFDUGDOFRPEUPDQXDOSURG0DQXDLV7RUQHLUD6XSUHPD 0DQXDOB7RUQHLUDB6XSUHPDBURRSGI

&RQVLGHUDQGR TXH R PRGHOR GH PDLRU SRWrQFLD GD YHUVmR9GDWRUQHLUDVXSUHPDIRLLQDGYHUWLGDPHQWH FRQHFWDGDDXPDUHGHFRPWHQVmRQRPLQDOGH9H TXHRDSDUHOKRHVWiFRQยฟJXUDGRSDUDWUDEDOKDUHPVXD Pi[LPDSRWrQFLD4XDORYDORUDSUR[LPDGRGDSRWrQFLD DROLJDUDWRUQHLUD"     

: : : : :

Rascunho

รlcool

Densidade a 25 ยบC (g/mL)

Calor de Combustรฃo (kJ/mol)

0HWDQRO &+32+





(WDQRO &+3CH2+





%$,5'&Quรญmica Ambiental6mR3DXOR$UWPHG DGDSWDGR 

'DGRV0DVVDVPRODUHVHPJPRO+ & 2  &RQVLGHUHTXHHPSHTXHQRVYROXPHVRFXVWRGHSURGXomR GHDPERVRVDOFRyLVVHMDRPHVPR'HVVDIRUPDGRSRQWR GHYLVWDHFRQ{PLFRpPDLVYDQWDMRVRXWLOL]DU PHWDQRO SRLV VXD FRPEXVWmR FRPSOHWD IRUQHFH DSUR[LPDGDPHQWH  N- GH HQHUJLD SRU OLWUR GH FRPEXVWtYHOTXHLPDGR HWDQRO SRLV VXD FRPEXVWmR FRPSOHWD IRUQHFH DSUR[LPDGDPHQWH  N- GH HQHUJLD SRU OLWUR GH FRPEXVWtYHOTXHLPDGR PHWDQRO SRLV VXD FRPEXVWmR FRPSOHWD IRUQHFH DSUR[LPDGDPHQWH  0- GH HQHUJLD SRU OLWUR GH FRPEXVWtYHOTXHLPDGR HWDQRO SRLV VXD FRPEXVWmR FRPSOHWD IRUQHFH DSUR[LPDGDPHQWH  0- GH HQHUJLD SRU OLWUR GH FRPEXVWtYHOTXHLPDGR HWDQRO SRLV VXD FRPEXVWmR FRPSOHWD IRUQHFH DSUR[LPDGDPHQWH  0- GH HQHUJLD SRU OLWUR GH FRPEXVWtYHOTXHLPDGR Rascunho

CN - 1ยบ dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pรกgina 20


2010 Questรฃo 72

Questรฃo 73

$HQHUJLDHOpWULFDFRQVXPLGDQDVUHVLGrQFLDVpPHGLGD HP TXLORZDWWKRUD SRU PHLR GH XP UHOyJLR PHGLGRU GH FRQVXPR 1HVVH UHOyJLR GD GLUHLWD SDUD HVTXHUGD WHPVH R SRQWHLUR GD XQLGDGH GD GH]HQD GD FHQWHQD HGRPLOKDU6HXPSRQWHLURHVWLYHUHQWUHGRLVQ~PHURV FRQVLGHUDVHR~OWLPRQ~PHURXOWUDSDVVDGRSHORSRQWHLUR 6XSRQKD TXH DV PHGLGDV LQGLFDGDV QRV HVTXHPDV VHJXLQWHVWHQKDPVLGRIHLWDVHPXPDFLGDGHHPTXHR SUHoRGRTXLORZDWWKRUDIRVVHGH5

1R DQR GH  diversas mortes de animais por HQYHQHQDPHQWR QR ]RROyJLFR GH 6mR 3DXOR IRUDP HYLGHQFLDGDV (VWXGRV WpFQLFRV DSRQWDP VXVSHLWD GH LQWR[LFDomR SRU PRQRร€XRUDFHWDWR GH VyGLR FRQKHFLGR FRPRFRPSRVWRHLOHJDOPHQWHFRPHUFLDOL]DGRFRPR UDWLFLGD 2 PRQRร€XRUDFHWDWR GH VyGLR p XP GHULYDGR GR iFLGR PRQRร€XRUDFpWLFR H DJH QR RUJDQLVPR GRV PDPtIHURVEORTXHDQGRRFLFORGH.UHEVTXHSRGHOHYDU jSDUDGDGDUHVSLUDomRFHOXODUR[LGDWLYDHDRDF~PXORGH DP{QLDQDFLUFXODomR

PRQRร€XRUDFHWDWRGHVyGLR 'LVSRQtYHOHPKWWSZZZIROKDXROFRPEU$FHVVRHPDJR DGDSWDGR 

2PRQRร€XRUDFHWDWRGHVyGLRSRGHVHUREWLGRSHOD

),/+2$*%$52//,( Instalaรงรฃo Elรฉtrica.6mR3DXOR6FLSLRQH

2 YDORU D VHU SDJR SHOR FRQVXPR GH HQHUJLD HOpWULFD registrado seria de     

5 5 5 5 5

Rascunho

 GHVLGUDWDomR GR iFLGR PRQRร€XRUDFpWLFR FRP OLEHUDomRGHiJXD  KLGUyOLVH GR iFLGR PRQRร€XRUDFpWLFR VHP IRUPDomR GHiJXD  SHUGD GH tRQV KLGUR[LOD GR iFLGR PRQRร€XRUDFpWLFR FRPOLEHUDomRGHKLGUy[LGRGHVyGLR  QHXWUDOL]DomR GR iFLGR PRQRร€XRUDFpWLFR XVDQGR KLGUy[LGRGHVyGLRFRPOLEHUDomRGHiJXD  VXEVWLWXLomR GRV tRQV KLGURJrQLR SRU VyGLR QD HVWUXWXUDGRiFLGRPRQRร€XRUDFpWLFRVHPIRUPDomR GHiJXD Questรฃo 74 $HOHWUyOLVHpPXLWRHPSUHJDGDQDLQG~VWULDFRPRREMHWLYR GH UHDSURYHLWDU SDUWH GRV PHWDLV VXFDWHDGRV 2 FREUH SRU H[HPSOR p XP GRV PHWDLV FRP PDLRU UHQGLPHQWR QR SURFHVVR GH HOHWUyOLVH FRP XPD UHFXSHUDomR GH DSUR[LPDGDPHQWH3RUVHUXPPHWDOGHDOWRYDORU FRPHUFLDO H GH P~OWLSODV DSOLFDo}HV VXD UHFXSHUDomR WRUQDVHYLiYHOHFRQRPLFDPHQWH 6XSRQKDTXHHPXPSURFHVVRGHUHFXSHUDomRGHFREUH SXUR WHQKDVH HOHWUROLVDGR XPD VROXomR GH VXOIDWR GH FREUH ,,  &X624  GXUDQWH  K HPSUHJDQGRVH XPD FRUUHQWHHOpWULFDGHLQWHQVLGDGHLJXDOD$$PDVVDGH FREUHSXURUHFXSHUDGDpGHDSUR[LPDGDPHQWH 'DGRV&RQVWDQWHGH)DUDGD\) &PRO0DVVD PRODUHPJPRO&X      

CN - 1ยบ dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pรกgina 21

J J J J J


2010 Questão 75

Questão 77

'XDV LUPmV TXH GLYLGHP R PHVPR TXDUWR GH HVWXGRV FRPELQDUDP GH FRPSUDU GXDV FDL[DV FRP WDPSDV SDUD JXDUGDUHP VHXV SHUWHQFHV GHQWUR GH VXDV FDL[DV HYLWDQGR DVVLP D EDJXQoD VREUH D PHVD GH HVWXGRV 8PDGHODVFRPSURXXPDPHWiOLFDHDRXWUDXPDFDL[D GHPDGHLUDGHiUHDHHVSHVVXUDODWHUDOGLIHUHQWHVSDUD IDFLOLWDUDLGHQWL¿FDomR8PGLDDVPHQLQDVIRUDPHVWXGDU SDUDDSURYDGH)tVLFDHDRVHDFRPRGDUHPQDPHVDGH HVWXGRVJXDUGDUDPVHXVFHOXODUHVOLJDGRVGHQWURGHVXDV FDL[DV$RORQJRGHVVHGLDXPDGHODVUHFHEHXOLJDo}HV WHOHI{QLFDVHQTXDQWRRVDPLJRVGDRXWUDWHQWDYDPOLJDU HUHFHELDPDPHQVDJHPGHTXHRFHOXODUHVWDYDIRUDGD iUHDGHFREHUWXUDRXGHVOLJDGR 3DUDH[SOLFDUHVVDVLWXDomRXPItVLFRGHYHULDD¿UPDUTXH RPDWHULDOGDFDL[DFXMRWHOHIRQHFHOXODUQmRUHFHEHXDV OLJDo}HVpGe  PDGHLUD  H R WHOHIRQH QmR IXQFLRQDYD SRUTXH D PDGHLUDQmRpXPERPFRQGXWRUGHHOHWULFLGDGH  PHWDO  H R WHOHIRQH QmR IXQFLRQDYD GHYLGR j EOLQGDJHPHOHWURVWiWLFDTXHRPHWDOSURSRUFLRQDYD  PHWDO H R WHOHIRQH QmR IXQFLRQDYD SRUTXH R PHWDO UHÀHWLDWRGRWLSRGHUDGLDomRTXHQHOHLQFLGLD  PHWDO H R  WHOHIRQH QmR IXQFLRQDYD SRUTXH D iUHD ODWHUDOGDFDL[DGHPHWDOHUDPDLRU  PDGHLUD H R WHOHIRQH QmR IXQFLRQDYD SRUTXH D HVSHVVXUDGHVWDFDL[DHUDPDLRUTXHDHVSHVVXUDGD FDL[DGHPHWDO Questão 76 ,QYHVWLJDGRUHV GDV 8QLYHUVLGDGHV GH 2[IRUG H GD &DOLIyUQLD GHVHQYROYHUDP XPD YDULHGDGH GH Aedes aegypti JHQHWLFDPHQWH PRGL¿FDGD TXH p FDQGLGDWD SDUDXVRQDEXVFDGHUHGXomRQDWUDQVPLVVmRGRYtUXV GD GHQJXH 1HVVD QRYD YDULHGDGH GH PRVTXLWR DV IrPHDV QmR FRQVHJXHP YRDU GHYLGR j LQWHUUXSomR GR GHVHQYROYLPHQWR GR P~VFXOR GDV DVDV $ PRGL¿FDomR JHQpWLFDLQWURGX]LGDpXPJHQHGRPLQDQWHFRQGLFLRQDO LVVRpRJHQHWHPH[SUHVVmRGRPLQDQWH EDVWDDSHQDV XPDFySLDGRDOHOR HHVWHVyDWXDQDVIrPHDV )8*HWDO)HPDOHVSHFL¿FÀLJKWOHVVSKHQRW\SHIRUPRVTXLWRFRQWURO 31$6  

3UHYrVH SRUpP TXH D XWLOL]DomR GHVVD YDULHGDGH de Aedes aegypti demore ainda anos para ser LPSOHPHQWDGDSRLVKiGHPDQGDGHPXLWRVHVWXGRVFRP UHODomR DR LPSDFWR DPELHQWDO $ OLEHUDomR GH PDFKRV de Aedes aegypti dessa variedade geneticamente PRGL¿FDGDUHGX]LULDRQ~PHURGHFDVRVGHGHQJXHHP XPDGHWHUPLQDGDUHJLmRSRUTXH  GLPLQXLULDRVXFHVVRUHSURGXWLYRGHVVHVPDFKRV WUDQVJrQLFRV  UHVWULQJLULDDiUHDJHRJUi¿FDGHYRRGHVVDHVSpFLH GHPRVTXLWR  GL¿FXOWDULD D FRQWDPLQDomR H UHSURGXomR GR YHWRU QDWXUDOGDGRHQoD tornaria o mosquito menos resistente ao agente HWLROyJLFRGDGRHQoD  GL¿FXOWDULD D REWHQomR GH DOLPHQWRV SHORV PDFKRV JHQHWLFDPHQWHPRGL¿FDGRV

Dois pesquisadores percorreram os trajetos marcados QR PDSD $ WDUHID GHOHV IRL DQDOLVDU RV HFRVVLVWHPDV H HQFRQWUDQGR SUREOHPDV UHODWDU H SURSRU PHGLGDV GH UHFXSHUDomR$VHJXLUVmRUHSURGX]LGRVWUHFKRVDOHDWyULRV H[WUDtGRVGRVUHODWyULRVGHVVHVGRLVSHVTXLVDGRUHV 7UHFKRVDOHDWyULRVH[WUDtGRVGRUHODWyULRGRSHVTXLVDGRU31  , ³3RU FDXVD GD GLPLQXLomR GUiVWLFD GDV HVSpFLHV YHJHWDLVGHVWHHFRVVLVWHPDFRPRRVSLQKHLURVD JUDOKDD]XOWDPEpPHVWiHPSURFHVVRGHH[WLQomR´  ,,  ³$V iUYRUHV GH WURQFRV WRUWXRVRV H FDVFDV grossas que predominam nesse ecossistema HVWmRVHQGRXWLOL]DGDVHPFDUYRDULDV´ 7UHFKRVDOHDWyULRVH[WUDtGRVGRUHODWyULRGRSHVTXLVDGRU3  ,,, ³'DV SDOPHLUDV TXH SUHGRPLQDP QHVWD UHJLmR SRGHP VHU H[WUDtGDV VXEVWkQFLDV LPSRUWDQWHV SDUDDHFRQRPLDUHJLRQDO´  ,9 ³$SHVDU GD DULGH] GHVWD UHJLmR HP TXH HQFRQWUDPRVPXLWDVSODQWDVHVSLQKRVDVQmRVH SRGHGHVSUH]DUDVXDELRGLYHUVLGDGH´ Ecossistemas brasileiros: mapa da distribuição dos ecossistemas'LVSRQtYHOHP KWWSHGXFDFDRXROFRPEUFLHQFLDVXOWXMKWP$FHVVRHPDEU DGDSWDGR 

2V WUHFKRV , ,, ,,, H ,9 UHIHUHPVH SHOD ordem, aos VHJXLQWHVHFRVVLVWHPDV  &DDWLQJD&HUUDGR=RQDGRVFRFDLVH)ORUHVWD$PD]{QLFD  0DWDGH$UDXFiULDV&HUUDGR=RQDGRVFRFDLVH&DDWLQJD  0DQJXH]DLV=RQDGRVFRFDLV&HUUDGRH0DWD$WOkQWLFD  )ORUHVWD$PD]{QLFD&HUUDGR0DWD$WOkQWLFDH3DPSDV  0DWD$WOkQWLFD&HUUDGR=RQDGRVFRFDLVH3DQWDQDO CN - 1º dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Página 22


2010 Questรฃo 78 $FRPSRVLomRPpGLDGHXPDEDWHULDDXWRPRWLYDHVJRWDGD p GH DSUR[LPDGDPHQWH  3E  3E2  3E2 H3E624$PpGLDGHPDVVDGDSDVWDUHVLGXDOGH XPD EDWHULD XVDGD p GH  NJ RQGH  p 3E2  3E624H3E(QWUHWRGRVRVFRPSRVWRVGHFKXPER SUHVHQWHV QD SDVWD R TXH PDLV SUHRFXSD p R VXOIDWR GH FKXPER ,,  SRLV QRV SURFHVVRV SLURPHWDO~UJLFRV HPTXHRVFRPSRVWRVGHFKXPER SODFDVGDVEDWHULDV  VmR IXQGLGRV Ki D FRQYHUVmR GH VXOIDWR HP GLy[LGR GH HQ[RIUHJiVPXLWRSROXHQWH 3DUD UHGX]LU R SUREOHPD GDV HPLVV}HV GH 62 J , a LQG~VWULDSRGHXWLOL]DUXPDSODQWDPLVWDRXVHMDXWLOL]DU RSURFHVVRKLGURPHWDO~UJLFRSDUDDGHVVXOIXUDomRDQWHV GDIXVmRGRFRPSRVWRGHFKXPER1HVVHFDVRDUHGXomR GH VXOIDWR SUHVHQWH QR 3E624 p IHLWD YLD OL[LYLDomR FRP VROXomRGHFDUERQDWRGHVyGLR 1DCO3 0Dยž&HP TXHVHREWpPRFDUERQDWRGHFKXPER ,, FRPUHQGLPHQWR GH $SyV HVVH SURFHVVR R PDWHULDO VHJXH SDUD D IXQGLomRSDUDREWHURFKXPERPHWiOLFR 3E624 + NaCO3ฤบ3E&23 + NaSO4 'DGRV0DVVDV0RODUHVHPJPRO3E 6 1D  2 &  $5$ร’-25997,1'$'(5%(62$5(6360Reciclagem de chumbo de bateria automotiva: estudo de caso. 'LVSRQtYHOHPKWWSZZZLTVFXVSEU$FHVVRHPDEU DGDSWDGR 

6HJXQGR DV FRQGLo}HV GR SURFHVVR DSUHVHQWDGR SDUD D REWHQomR GH FDUERQDWR GH FKXPER ,,  SRU PHLR GD OL[LYLDomR SRU FDUERQDWR GH VyGLR H FRQVLGHUDQGRXPDPDVVDGHSDVWDUHVLGXDOGHXPD EDWHULD GH  NJ TXDO TXDQWLGDGH DSUR[LPDGD HP TXLORJUDPDVGH3E&2 3 รฉ obtida?     

NJ NJ NJ NJ NJ

Rascunho

CN - 1ยบ dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pรกgina 23

Questรฃo 79 $VPRELOL]Do}HVSDUDSURPRYHUXPSODQHWDPHOKRUSDUD DVIXWXUDVJHUDo}HVVmRFDGDYH]PDLVIUHTXHQWHV$PDLRU SDUWH GRV PHLRV GH WUDQVSRUWH GH PDVVD p DWXDOPHQWH PRYLGDSHODTXHLPDGHXPFRPEXVWtYHOIyVVLO$WtWXORGH H[HPSOLยฟFDomRGR{QXVFDXVDGRSRUHVVDSUiWLFDEDVWD VDEHUTXHXPFDUURSURGX]HPPpGLDFHUFDGHJGH GLy[LGRGHFDUERQRSRUNPSHUFRUULGR Revista Aquecimento Global. $QRQยž3XEOLFDomRGR,QVWLWXWR%UDVLOHLURGH&XOWXUD/WGD

8P GRV SULQFLSDLV FRQVWLWXLQWHV GD JDVROLQD p R RFWDQR &H 3RUPHLRGDFRPEXVWmRGRRFWDQRpSRVVtYHOD OLEHUDomR GH HQHUJLD SHUPLWLQGR TXH R FDUUR HQWUH HP PRYLPHQWR$HTXDomRTXHUHSUHVHQWDDUHDomRTXtPLFD desse processo demonstra que  QR SURFHVVR Ki OLEHUDomR GH R[LJrQLR VRE D IRUPD de O  R FRHยฟFLHQWH HVWHTXLRPpWULFR SDUD D iJXD p GH  SDUDGRRFWDQR  QR SURFHVVR Ki FRQVXPR GH iJXD SDUD TXH KDMD OLEHUDomRGHHQHUJLD  R FRHยฟFLHQWH HVWHTXLRPpWULFR SDUD R R[LJrQLR p GH SDUDGRRFWDQR  RFRHยฟFLHQWHHVWHTXLRPpWULFRSDUDRJiVFDUE{QLFRp GHSDUDGRRFWDQR Rascunho


2010 Questรฃo 80

Questรฃo 81

8P JUXSR GH FLHQWLVWDV OLGHUDGR SRU SHVTXLVDGRUHV GR ,QVWLWXWR GH 7HFQRORJLD GD &DOLIyUQLD &DOWHFK  QRV (VWDGRV8QLGRVFRQVWUXLX R SULPHLUR PHWDPDWHULDO TXH DSUHVHQWD YDORU QHJDWLYR GR tQGLFH GH UHIUDomR UHODWLYR SDUDDOX]YLVtYHO'HQRPLQDVHPHWDPDWHULDOXPPDWHULDO ySWLFR DUWLยฟFLDO WULGLPHQVLRQDO IRUPDGR SRU SHTXHQDV estruturas menores do que o comprimento de onda GD OX] R TXH OKH Gi SURSULHGDGHV H FRPSRUWDPHQWRV TXH QmR VmR HQFRQWUDGRV HP PDWHULDLV QDWXUDLV (VVH PDWHULDOWHPVLGRFKDPDGRGHยณFDQKRWRยด

$RFRORFDUXPSRXFRGHDo~FDUQDiJXDHPH[HUDWpD REWHQomR GH XPD Vy IDVH SUHSDUDVH XPD VROXomR 2 PHVPRDFRQWHFHDRVHDGLFLRQDUXPSRXTXLQKRGHVDOj iJXDHPLVWXUDUEHP8PDVXEVWkQFLDFDSD]GHGLVVROYHU RVROXWRpGHQRPLQDGDVROYHQWHSRUH[HPSORDiJXDp XPVROYHQWHSDUDRDo~FDUSDUDRVDOHSDUDYiULDVRXWUDV VXEVWkQFLDV$ยฟJXUDDVHJXLULOXVWUDHVVDFLWDomR

'LVSRQtYHOHPKWWSZZZLQRYDFDRWHFQRORJLFDFRPEU$FHVVRHPDEU DGDSWDGR 

&RQVLGHUDQGR R FRPSRUWDPHQWR DWtSLFR GHVVH PHWDPDWHULDOTXDOpDยฟJXUDTXHUHSUHVHQWDDUHIUDomR GDOX]DRSDVVDUGRDUSDUDHVVHPHLR"

'LVSRQtYHOHPZZZVRELRORJLDFRPEU$FHVVRHPDEU

6XSRQKD TXH XPD SHVVRD SDUD DGRoDU VHX FDIH]LQKR WHQKD XWLOL]DGR  J GH VDFDURVH PDVVD PRODU LJXDO D JPRO SDUDXPD[tFDUDGHPฦGROtTXLGR4XDOpD FRQFHQWUDomRยฟQDOHPPROฦGHVDFDURVHQHVVHFDIH]LQKR"     

    

Rascunho

CN - 1ยบ dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pรกgina 24


2010 Questão 82

Questão 83

$VEDWHULDVGH1L&GPXLWRXWLOL]DGDVQRQRVVRFRWLGLDQR QmR GHYHP VHU GHVFDUWDGDV HP OL[RV FRPXQV XPD YH] TXH XPD FRQVLGHUiYHO TXDQWLGDGH GH FiGPLR p YRODWLOL]DGDHHPLWLGDSDUDRPHLRDPELHQWHTXDQGRDV EDWHULDV JDVWDV VmR LQFLQHUDGDV FRPR FRPSRQHQWH GR OL[R&RPRREMHWLYRGHHYLWDUDHPLVVmRGHFiGPLRSDUD D DWPRVIHUD GXUDQWH D FRPEXVWmR p LQGLFDGR TXH VHMD IHLWDDUHFLFODJHPGRVPDWHULDLVGHVVDVEDWHULDV Uma maneira de separar o cádmio dos demais compostos SUHVHQWHVQDEDWHULDpUHDOL]DURSURFHVVRGHOL[LYLDomR iFLGD 1HOD WDQWR RV PHWDLV &G 1L H HYHQWXDOPHQWH &R  FRPR RV KLGUy[LGRV GH tRQV PHWiOLFRV &G 2+  V , 1L 2+  V   &R 2+  V presentes na bateria, reagem FRPXPDPLVWXUDiFLGDHVmRVROXELOL]DGRV(PIXQomR GD EDL[D VHOHWLYLGDGH WRGRV RV tRQV PHWiOLFRV VmR VROXELOL]DGRV  DSyV D GLJHVWmR iFLGD p UHDOL]DGD XPD HWDSDGHH[WUDomRGRVPHWDLVFRPVROYHQWHVRUJkQLFRV de acordo com a reDomR

'XUDQWH XPD REUD HP XP FOXEH XP JUXSR GH WUDEDOKDGRUHV WHYH GH UHPRYHU XPD HVFXOWXUD GH IHUUR PDFLoRFRORFDGDQRIXQGRGHXPDSLVFLQDYD]LD&LQFR WUDEDOKDGRUHVDPDUUDUDPFRUGDVjHVFXOWXUDHWHQWDUDP SX[iODSDUDFLPDVHPVXFHVVR

M DT +5 RUJ U MR RUJ ++ DT

2QGH M &G , Ni ou Co +5 &H34±32+LGHQWL¿FDGRQRJUi¿FRSRUX H5 &H±32+LGHQWL¿FDGRQRJUi¿FRSRUY 2 JUi¿FR PRVWUD UHVXOWDGR GD H[WUDomR XWLOL]DQGR RV VROYHQWHVRUJkQLFRVX e YHPGLIHUHQWHVS+

6HDSLVFLQDIRUSUHHQFKLGDFRPiJXD¿FDUiPDLVIiFLO SDUDRVWUDEDOKDGRUHVUHPRYHUHPDHVFXOWXUDSRLVD  HVFXOWXUD ÀXWXDUi 'HVVD IRUPD RV KRPHQV QmR SUHFLVDUmR ID]HU IRUoD SDUD UHPRYHU D HVFXOWXUD GR IXQGR  HVFXOWXUD ¿FDUi FRP SHVR PHQRU 'HVVD IRUPD D LQWHQVLGDGH GD IRUoD QHFHVViULD SDUD HOHYDU D HVFXOWXUDVHUiPHQRU  iJXD H[HUFHUi XPD IRUoD QD HVFXOWXUD SURSRUFLRQDO DVXDPDVVDHSDUDFLPD(VWDIRUoDVHVRPDUij IRUoDTXHRVWUDEDOKDGRUHVID]HPSDUDDQXODUDDomR GDIRUoDSHVRGDHVFXOWXUD  iJXD H[HUFHUi XPD IRUoD QD HVFXOWXUD SDUD EDL[R HHVWDSDVVDUiDUHFHEHUXPDIRUoDDVFHQGHQWHGR SLVRGDSLVFLQD(VWDIRUoDDMXGDUiDDQXODUDDomR GDIRUoDSHVRQDHVFXOWXUD  iJXD H[HUFHUi XPD IRUoD QD HVFXOWXUD SURSRUFLRQDO DRVHXYROXPHHSDUDFLPD(VWDIRUoDVHVRPDUij IRUoDTXHRVWUDEDOKDGRUHVID]HPSRGHQGRUHVXOWDU HP XPD IRUoD DVFHQGHQWH PDLRU TXH R SHVR GD HVFXOWXUD Rascunho

'LVSRQtYHOHPKWWSZZZVFLHOREU$FHVVRHPDEU

$UHDomRGHVFULWDQRWH[WRPRVWUDRSURFHVVRGHH[WUDomR GRVPHWDLVSRUPHLRGDUHDomRFRPPROpFXODVRUJkQLFDV X e Y &RQVLGHUDQGRVH DV HVWUXWXUDV GH X e Y e o SURFHVVRGHVHSDUDomRGHVFULWRSRGHVHD¿UPDUTXH  DVPROpFXODV X e YDWXDPFRPRH[WUDWRUHVFDWL{QLFRV XPDYH]TXHDSDUWHSRODUGDPROpFXODWURFDRtRQ++ SHORFiWLRQGRPHWDO  DVPROpFXODV X e Y DWXDPFRPRH[WUDWRUHVDQL{QLFRV XPDYH]TXHDSDUWHSRODUGDPROpFXODWURFDRtRQ++ SHORFiWLRQGRPHWDO  DVPROpFXODVX e YDWXDPFRPRH[WUDWRUHVFDWL{QLFRV XPDYH]TXHDSDUWHDSRODUGDPROpFXODWURFDRtRQ SHORFiWLRQGRPHWDO  DVPROpFXODVX e YDWXDPFRPRH[WUDWRUHVDQL{QLFRV XPDYH]TXHDSDUWHSRODUGDPROpFXODWURFDRtRQ SHORFiWLRQGRPHWDO  DV PROpFXODV  X e Y ID]HP  OLJDo}HV FRP RV tRQV PHWiOLFRV  UHVXOWDQGR HP FRPSRVWRV FRP FDUiWHU DSRODURTXHMXVWL¿FDDH¿FiFLDGDH[WUDomR CN - 1º dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Página 25


2010 Questão 84

Questão 85

2VSHVWLFLGDVPRGHUQRVVmRGLYLGLGRVHPYiULDVFODVVHV HQWUH DV TXDLV VH GHVWDFDP RV RUJDQRIRVIRUDGRV PDWHULDLV TXH DSUHVHQWDP HIHLWR Wy[LFR DJXGR SDUD RV VHUHV KXPDQRV (VVHV SHVWLFLGDV FRQWrP XP iWRPR FHQWUDO GH IyVIRUR DR TXDO HVWmR OLJDGRV RXWURV iWRPRV RX JUXSR GH iWRPRV FRPR R[LJrQLR HQ[RIUH JUXSRV PHWR[LRXHWR[LRXXPUDGLFDORUJkQLFRGHFDGHLDORQJD 2VRUJDQRIRVIRUDGRVVmRGLYLGLGRVHPWUrVVXEFODVVHV Tipo AQDTXDORHQ[RIUHQmRVHLQFRUSRUDQDPROpFXOD Tipo BQD TXDO RR[LJrQLR TXH ID] GXSOD OLJDomR FRP IyVIRURpVXEVWLWXtGRSHORHQ[RIUHHTipo CQRTXDOGRLV R[LJrQLRVVmRVXEVWLWXtGRVSRUHQ[RIUH

'HFLVmR GH DVIDOWDPHQWR GD URGRYLD 0* DFRPSDQKDGD GD LQWURGXomR GH HVSpFLHV H[yWLFDV H D SUiWLFDGHLQFrQGLRVFULPLQRVRVDPHDoDPRVR¿VWLFDGR ecossistema do campo rupestre da reserva da Serra do (VSLQKDoR$V SODQWDV QDWLYDV GHVWD UHJLmR DOWDPHQWH DGDSWDGDV D XPD DOWD FRQFHQWUDomR GH DOXPtQLR TXH LQLEH R FUHVFLPHQWR GDV UDt]HV H GL¿FXOWDP D DEVRUomR GH QXWULHQWHV H iJXD HVWmR VHQGR VXEVWLWXtGDV SRU HVSpFLHV LQYDVRUDV TXH QmR WHULDP QDWXUDOPHQWH DGDSWDomR SDUD HVWH DPELHQWH QR HQWDQWR HODV HVWmR dominando as margens da rodovia, equivocadamente FKDPDGD GH ³HVWUDGD HFROyJLFD´ 3RVVLYHOPHQWH D HQWUDGDGHHVSpFLHVGHSODQWDVH[yWLFDVQHVWHDPELHQWH IRL SURYRFDGD SHOR XVR QHVWH HPSUHHQGLPHQWR GH XP WLSR GH DVIDOWR FLPHQWRVROR  TXH SRVVXL XPD PLVWXUD ULFD HP FiOFLR TXH FDXVRX PRGL¿FDo}HV TXtPLFDV DRV VRORVDGMDFHQWHVjURGRYLD0*

%$,5'&Química Ambiental.%RRNPDP

8PH[HPSORGHSHVWLFLGDRUJDQRIRVIRUDGRTipo B, que DSUHVHQWD JUXSR HWR[L HP VXD IyUPXOD HVWUXWXUDO HVWi UHSUHVHQWDGRHP

6FLHQWL¿F$PHULFDQ%UDVLO$QRQž DGDSWDGR 

(VVD D¿UPDomR EDVHLDVH QR XVR GH FLPHQWRVROR PLVWXUDULFDHPFiOFLRTXH  LQLEHDWR[LFLGDGHGRDOXPtQLRHOHYDQGRRS+GHVVDV iUHDV  LQLEH D WR[LFLGDGH GR DOXPtQLR UHGX]LQGR R S+ GHVVDViUHDV  DXPHQWD D WR[LFLGDGH GR DOXPtQLR HOHYDQGR R S+ GHVVDViUHDV  DXPHQWD D WR[LFLGDGH GR DOXPtQLR UHGX]LQGR R S+ GHVVDViUHDV  QHXWUDOL]DDWR[LFLGDGHGRDOXPtQLRUHGX]LQGRRS+ GHVVDViUHDV Rascunho

CN - 1º dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Página 26


2010 Questão 86

Questão 88

2OL[mRTXHUHFHELDWRQHODGDVGHOL[RHFRQWDPLQDYD D UHJLmR FRP R VHX FKRUXPH OtTXLGR GHULYDGR GD GHFRPSRVLomRGHFRPSRVWRVRUJkQLFRV IRLUHFXSHUDGR WUDQVIRUPDQGRVH HP XP DWHUUR VDQLWiULR FRQWURODGR PXGDQGR D TXDOLGDGH GH YLGD H D SDLVDJHP H SURSRUFLRQDQGR FRQGLo}HV GLJQDV GH WUDEDOKR SDUD RV TXHGHOHVXEVLVWLDP

'LYHUVRVFRPSRUWDPHQWRVHIXQo}HV¿VLROyJLFDVGRQRVVR FRUSR VmR SHULyGLFRV VHQGR DVVLP VmR FODVVL¿FDGRV FRPRULWPRELROyJLFR4XDQGRRULWPRELROyJLFRUHVSRQGH DXPSHUtRGRDSUR[LPDGRGHKRUDVHOHpGHQRPLQDGR ULWPRFLUFDGLDQR(VVHULWPRGLiULRpPDQWLGRSHODVSLVWDV DPELHQWDLVGHFODURHVFXURHGHWHUPLQDFRPSRUWDPHQWRV FRPR R FLFOR GR VRQRYLJtOLD H R GD DOLPHQWDomR 8PD SHVVRD HP FRQGLo}HV QRUPDLV DFRUGD jV  K H YDL GRUPLU jV  K PDQWHQGR VHX FLFOR GH VRQR GHQWUR GR ULWPRGLDHQRLWH,PDJLQHTXHHVVDPHVPDSHVVRDWHQKD VLGRPDQWLGDQXPDVDODWRWDOPHQWHHVFXUDSRUPDLVGH TXLQ]HGLDV$RVDLUGHOiHODGRUPLDjVKHDFRUGDYD jVKGDPDQKm$OpPGLVVRGRUPLDPDLVYH]HVGXUDQWH RGLDSRUFXUWRVSHUtRGRVGHWHPSRHKDYLDSHUGLGRD QRomRGDFRQWDJHPGRVGLDVSRLVTXDQGRVDLXDFKRX TXHKDYLDSDVVDGRPXLWRPDLVWHPSRQRHVFXUR

Revista Promoção da Saúde da Secretaria de Políticas de Saúde $QRQžGH] DGDSWDGR 

4XDLVSURFHGLPHQWRVWpFQLFRVWRUQDPRDWHUURVDQLWiULR PDLVYDQWDMRVRTXHROL[mRHPUHODomRjVSUREOHPiWLFDV DERUGDGDVQRWH[WR"  2 OL[R p UHFROKLGR H LQFLQHUDGR SHOD FRPEXVWmR D DOWDVWHPSHUDWXUDV  2 OL[R KRVSLWDODU p VHSDUDGR SDUD VHU HQWHUUDGR H VREUHHOHFRORFDGDFDOYLUJHP  2OL[RRUJkQLFRHLQRUJkQLFRpHQFREHUWRHRFKRUXPH FDQDOL]DGRSDUDVHUWUDWDGRHQHXWUDOL]DGR  2 OL[R RUJkQLFR p FRPSOHWDPHQWH VHSDUDGR GR OL[R LQRUJkQLFRHYLWDQGRDIRUPDomRGHFKRUXPH  2 OL[R LQGXVWULDO p VHSDUDGR H DFRQGLFLRQDGR GH IRUPDDGHTXDGDIRUPDQGRXPDEROVDGHUHVtGXRV Questão 87 'HVHMDVH LQVWDODU XPD HVWDomR GH JHUDomR GH HQHUJLD HOpWULFD HP XP PXQLFtSLR ORFDOL]DGR QR LQWHULRU GH XP SHTXHQR YDOH FHUFDGR GH DOWDV PRQWDQKDV GH GLItFLO DFHVVR$FLGDGHpFUX]DGDSRUXPULRTXHpIRQWHGHiJXD SDUD FRQVXPR LUULJDomR GDV ODYRXUDV GH VXEVLVWrQFLD H SHVFD1DUHJLmRTXHSRVVXLSHTXHQDH[WHQVmRWHUULWRULDO DLQFLGrQFLDVRODUpDOWDRDQRWRGR$HVWDomRHPTXHVWmR LUiDEDVWHFHUDSHQDVRPXQLFtSLRDSUHVHQWDGR 4XDO IRUPD GH REWHQomR GH HQHUJLD HQWUH DV DSUHVHQWDGDV p D PDLV LQGLFDGD SDUD VHU LPSODQWDGD QHVVH PXQLFtSLR GH PRGR D FDXVDU R PHQRU LPSDFWR DPELHQWDO"  7HUPHOpWULFDSRLVpSRVVtYHOXWLOL]DUDiJXDGRULRQR VLVWHPDGHUHIULJHUDomR  (yOLFD SRLV D JHRJUD¿D GR ORFDO p SUySULD SDUD D FDSWDomRGHVVHWLSRGHHQHUJLD  1XFOHDU SRLV R PRGR GH UHVIULDPHQWR GH VHXV VLVWHPDVQmRDIHWDULDDSRSXODomR  )RWRYROWDLFD SRLV p SRVVtYHO DSURYHLWDU D HQHUJLD VRODUTXHFKHJDjVXSHUItFLHGRORFDO  +LGUHOpWULFD SRLV R ULR TXH FRUWD R PXQLFtSLR p VX¿FLHQWHSDUDDEDVWHFHUDXVLQDFRQVWUXtGD CN - 1º dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Página 27

%5$1'­20/3VLFR¿VLRORJLD6mR3DXOR$WKHQHX DGDSWDGR 

(P IXQomR GDV FDUDFWHUtVWLFDV REVHUYDGDV FRQFOXLVH que a pessoa  DSUHVHQWRX DXPHQWR GR VHX SHUtRGR GH VRQR FRQWtQXR H SDVVRX D GRUPLU GXUDQWH R GLD SRLV VHX ULWPR ELROyJLFR IRL DOWHUDGR DSHQDV QR SHUtRGR QRWXUQR  DSUHVHQWRXSRXFDDOWHUDomRGRVHXULWPRFLUFDGLDQR VHQGRTXHVXDQRomRGHWHPSRIRLDOWHUDGDVRPHQWH SHODVXDIDOWDGHDWHQomRjSDVVDJHPGRWHPSR  HVWDYDFRPVHXULWPRMiDOWHUDGRDQWHVGHHQWUDUQD VDODRTXHVLJQL¿FDTXHDSHQDVSURJUHGLXSDUDXP HVWDGR PDLV DYDQoDGR GH SHUGD GR ULWPR ELROyJLFR QRHVFXUR  WHYHVHXULWPRELROyJLFRDOWHUDGRGHYLGRjDXVrQFLD GHOX]HGHFRQWDWRFRPRPXQGRH[WHUQRQRTXDOD QRomRGHWHPSRGHXPGLDpPRGXODGDSHODSUHVHQoD RXDXVrQFLDGRVRO  GHYHULDQmRWHUDSUHVHQWDGRQHQKXPDPXGDQoDGR VHXSHUtRGRGHVRQRSRUTXHQDUHDOLGDGHFRQWLQXD FRP R VHX ULWPR QRUPDO LQGHSHQGHQWHPHQWH GR DPELHQWHHPTXHVHMDFRORFDGD Rascunho


2010 Questão 89

Questão 90

'H  D  GD iUHD GH XP FDQDYLDO SUHFLVD VHU UHQRYDGDDQXDOPHQWH(QWUHRSHUtRGRGHFRUWHHRGH SODQWDomRGHQRYDVFDQDVRVSURGXWRUHVHVWmRRSWDQGR SRU SODQWDU OHJXPLQRVDV SRLV HODV ¿[DP QLWURJrQLR QR VROR XP DGXER QDWXUDO SDUD D FDQD (VVD RSomR GH URWDomR p DJURQRPLFDPHQWH IDYRUiYHO GH IRUPD TXH PXQLFtSLRVFDQDYLHLURVVmRKRMHJUDQGHVSURGXWRUHVGH VRMDDPHQGRLPHIHLMmR

Três dos quatro tiSRVGHWHVWHVDWXDOPHQWHHPSUHJDGRV SDUD D GHWHFomR GH SUtRQV SDWRJrQLFRV HP WHFLGRV FHUHEUDLV GH JDGR PRUWR VmR PRVWUDGRV QDV ¿JXUDV D VHJXLU8PDYH]LGHQWL¿FDGRXPDQLPDOPRUWRLQIHFWDGR IXQFLRQiULRVGDVDJrQFLDVGHVD~GHS~EOLFDHID]HQGHLURV SRGHPUHPRYrORGRVXSULPHQWRDOLPHQWDURXUDVWUHDURV DOLPHQWRVLQIHFWDGRVTXHRDQLPDOSRVVDWHUFRQVXPLGR

$VHQFUX]LOKDGDVGDIRPHPlaneta6mR3DXORDQRQƒMXO DGDSWDGR 

$ URWDomR GH FXOWXUDV FLWDGD QR WH[WR SRGH EHQH¿FLDU economicamente os produtores de cana porque  DGHFRPSRVLomRGDFREHUWXUDPRUWDGHVVDVFXOWXUDV UHVXOWD HP HFRQRPLD QD DTXLVLomR GH DGXERV LQGXVWULDOL]DGRV  R SODQWLR GH FDQDGHDo~FDU SURSLFLD XP VROR PDLV DGHTXDGR SDUD R FXOWLYR SRVWHULRU GD VRMD GR DPHQGRLPHGRIHLMmR  DV OHJXPLQRVDV DEVRUYHP GR VROR HOHPHQWRV TXtPLFRV GLIHUHQWHV GRV DEVRUYLGRV SHOD FDQD UHVWDEHOHFHQGRRHTXLOtEULRGRVROR  D TXHLPD GRV UHVWRV YHJHWDLV GR FXOWLYR GD FDQD GHDo~FDU WUDQVIRUPDVH HP FLQ]DV VHQGR UHLQFRUSRUDGDV DR VROR R TXH JHUD HFRQRPLD QD DTXLVLomRGHDGXER  DVRMDRDPHQGRLPHRIHLMmRDOpPGHSRVVLELOLWDUHP D LQFRUSRUDomR DR VROR GH GHWHUPLQDGDV PROpFXODV GLVSRQtYHLVQDDWPRVIHUDVmRJUmRVFRPHUFLDOL]DGRV QRPHUFDGRSURGXWLYR Rascunho

/HJHQGD3U3SC±SURWHtQDVGR3UtRQ 6FLHQWL¿F$PHULFDQ%UDVLODJR DGDSWDGR 

$QDOLVDQGR RV WHVWHV , ,, H ,,, SDUD D GHWHFomR GH SUtRQVSDWRJrQLFRVLGHQWL¿TXHDVFRQGLo}HVHPTXHRV UHVXOWDGRV IRUDP SRVLWLYRV SDUD D SUHVHQoD GH SUtRQV QRVWUrVWHVWHV  $QLPDO$OkPLQD%HJHO$  $QLPDO$OkPLQD$HJHO%  $QLPDO%OkPLQD$HJHO%  $QLPDO%OkPLQD%HJHO$  $QLPDO$OkPLQD%HJHO% CN - 1º dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Página 28


2010 Rascunho

CN - 1ยบ dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pรกgina 29

Rascunho


2010 Rascunho

Rascunho

CN - 1ยบ dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pรกgina 30



porco aranha