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SRIRAM CHINTAMANENI


SRIRAM CHINTAMANENI Union City NJ 973-975-7257

sriram.chintamaneni@gmail.com sriram-chintamaneni.flavors.me


Courtyard Roof | Solar Panels | Rain Collection | Ventillaion

SYRACUSE POST STANDARD

2013 BIOMIMICRY CHALLENGE DISPLAY

URBAN SPECTACLE FLUSHING, QUEENS, NEW YORK

German Pavilion: surPLUShome

FLUSHING ATHLETIC CENTER

The surPLUShome is a German teams entry into the 2009 solar decathlon. The solar decathlon is an event held every two years in Washington DC where teams compete to design and fabricate homes with the intent of being as sustainable as possible. German’s entry from the Technische Universitat Darmstadt was the winning entry in 2009. It’s design concept is based around the idea of having a singular space that becomes reconfigurable through out the day to fit the various programmatic needs when they become needed. This concept is important in that it shows how in this case, sustainable design is becoming a social project, not simply a technical project. Nonetheless the German pavilion is a technical achievement. The entirety of the façade and roof excluding fenestration and doors ways is covered in solar panels. This creates the success of the project in that it produces more energy then it needs. This is where the name surPLUShome comes from. This is due to the combination of a mass of area for solar arrays along with a variety of passive design principals.

PHOTOVOLTAIC ANALYSIS/GERMAN PAVILION

“Landingpageconcept – Solar Decathlon – Technische Universität Darmstadt.” Accessed May 6, 2013. http://www.solardecathlon.tu-darmstadt.de/surhome/concept/landingpageconcept.en.jsp.

LONDON HYPERRAIL

PHOTOGRAPHY


Courtyard Roof | Solar Panels | Rain Collection | Ventillaion

SYRACUSE POST STANDARD

2013 BIOMIMICRY CHALLENGE DISPLAY

FLUSHING ATHLETIC CENTER

PHOTOVOLTAIC ANALYSIS/GERMAN PAVILION

LONDON HYPERRAIL

PHOTOGRAPHY


DESIGN COLLABORATION WITH K. GUTIERREZ: RHINO RENDERING BY S. CHINTAMANENI


DESIGN COLLABORATION WITH K. GUTIERREZ: RHINO RENDERING AND DIAGRAMS BY S. CHINTAMANENI, SECTION PRODUCED IN COLLABORATION WITH K. GUTIERREZ AND S. CHINTAMANENI 0ft

10ft

20ft

30ft

40ft

50ft


DESIGN COLLABORATION WITH K. GUTIERREZ: SECTION AND ELEVATION PRODUCED IN COLLABORATION WITH K. GUTIERREZ AND S. CHINTAMANENI


DESIGN COLLABORATION WITH K. GUTIERREZ: DIAGRAMS PRODUCED IN COLLABORATION WITH K. GUTIERREZ AND S. CHINTAMANENI


This thesis proposes that the public transparency required for the program of journalism must work in combination with Clinton Square’s need for significant surface area and spatial definition through the integration of a public program.

Cou

Clinton Square Proposed

Clinton Square Current

DESIGN COLLABORATION WITH K. GUTIERREZ: DIAGRAMS AND RENDERING BY S. CHINTAMANENI South West Corner


DESIGN COLLABORATION WITH K. GUTIERREZ: PLANS & SECTION PRODUCED IN COLLABORATION WITH K. GUTIEREZ AND S. CHINTAMANENI


SYRACUSE POST STANDARD

2013 BIOMIMICRY CHALLENGE DISPLAY

FLUSHING ATHLETIC CENTER

PHOTOVOLTAIC ANALYSIS/GERMAN PAVILION

LONDON HYPERRAIL

PHOTOGRAPHY


SYRACUSE POST STANDARD

2013 BIOMIMICRY CHALLENGE DISPLAY

URBAN SPECTACLE FLUSHING, QUEENS, NEW YORK

FLUSHING ATHLETIC CENTER

PHOTOVOLTAIC ANALYSIS/GERMAN PAVILION

LONDON HYPERRAIL

PHOTOGRAPHY


LUSHING, QUEENS, NEW YORK


SYRACUSE POST STANDARD

2013 BIOMIMICRY CHALLENGE DISPLAY

German Pavilion: surPLUShome

FLUSHING ATHLETIC CENTER

The surPLUShome is a German teams entry into the 2009 solar decathlon. The solar decathlon is an event held every two years in Washington DC where teams compete to design and fabricate homes with the intent of being as sustainable as possible. German’s entry from the Technische Universitat Darmstadt was the winning entry in 2009. It’s design concept is based around the idea of having a singular space that becomes reconfigurable through out the day to fit the various programmatic needs when they become needed. This concept is important in that it shows how in this case, sustainable design is becoming a social project, not simply a technical project. Nonetheless the German pavilion is a technical achievement. The entirety of the façade and roof excluding fenestration and doors ways is covered in solar panels. This creates the success of the project in that it produces more energy then it needs. This is where the name surPLUShome comes from. This is due to the combination of a mass of area for solar arrays along with a variety of passive design principals.

PHOTOVOLTAIC ANALYSIS/GERMAN PAVILION

“Landingpageconcept – Solar Decathlon – Technische Universität Darmstadt.” Accessed May 6, 2013. http://www.solardecathlon.tu-darmstadt.de/surhome/concept/landingpageconcept.en.jsp.

LONDON HYPERRAIL

PHOTOGRAPHY


German’s from the Technische Universitat Darmstadt the winning success ofentry the project in that it produces more energy then itwas needs. This is w figurable through out the day to fit the various programmatic needs when th arrays along with a variety of passive design principals. becoming a social project, not simply a technical project. Nonetheless the German pavilion is a technical achievement. The entirety of success of the project in that it produces more energy then it needs. This is w arrays along with a variety of passive design principals.

German Pavilion: Solar Panels

North 5%

West 5% East 6%

South 15%

Roof 68%

Having a structure that creates more energy then it uses was accomplished with the use of photovoltaic panels. In the German Pavillion 2 types of panesl are used. On the facade thin-film photovoltaics are used that have an 11% efficeny. On the roof crystalline photovoltaics are used with an efficeny of 18%. This results in an average energy production of 49.5 kWh of energy a day.

“Landingpageconcept – Solar Decathlon – Technische Universität Darmstadt.” Accessed May 6, 2013. http:// “Balance – Solar Decathlon – Technische Universität Darmstadt.” Accessed May 6, 2013. http://www.solardecathlon.tu-darmstadt.de/surhome/engeneering/balance/balance.en.jsp.

“Landingpageconcept – Solar Decathlon – Technische Universität Darmstadt.” Accessed May 6, 2013. http://

RESEARCH COLLABORATION WITH J. AHN, D. MABIE, L. CHEN, K. PARK ; DIAGRAM BY S. CHINTAMANENI


material that are needed ut that canOne varyof depending the most significant negative of solar arrays is the amount of hazardous her conductive layer as is a result of the manufacturing process. The production process waste produced ack of the panel is an insureleases chemicals such as include hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, nitric acid, hydrogen s depending of the solar fluoride, trichloroethane, and acetone. The amount that is released during manufacturmply an insulator for the

ing varies greatly from one - array type to another. These chemicals are not only environmental negative but if not contained they are also harmful to the workers how manus that integrate the cell into + US regulation mandates that proper disposal and health factory theconnect panel.to. Fortunately electric wires the silicon wafer theAlso some of the hazardous material can be recycled, but not regulations beand met. . These leads are concheaply. The real significance of this is with the emergence of solar manufactures in ds China. connectThe to form conlackaof regulation of hazardous disposal and health results in far more negative impact of Chinese solar manufacturing. Unfortunately this means that Chinese and of that n using solar solar panels can be significantly cheaper and thus have greater market value for the ernal energy that the built client how isto trying e built structure have to stay within a budget. This can put the architect and client is a difficult position o form a larger unit orto choose how to afford more responsibly made panels over cheaper accessible panels. Similarly these hazardous materials can become an issue if the rs and to integrate the silicon ) inpanel to an is electrical current. not disposed of properly, which can once again become an added cost the client asics/renewable_energy/pv_systems.html. must be aware of. Another reason to understand this is if the architect’s wishes to have 2 sics/renewable_energy/pv_contacts_coatings.html. LEED certification since points are given for embed energy.

ANTI-REFLECTIVE COATING PROTECTIVE CLEAR PANEL CONDUCTIVE STRIPS SILICON WAFER CONDUCTIVE LAYER INSULATING SUBSTRATE

German Pavilion: Solar Panels

This graph shows how initally solar panels have a negative net energy that takes time to come back to zero before a postive energy is created. Also it shows how this energy decrease over time due to efficeny decrease with time. North 5%

(+)

West 5%

NET ENEGY

East 6%

0

(-)

Embedded Point when energy energy from production offsets production embedded energy

South 15%

TIME

Efficiency drop with age

Energy needed for disposal

ms/new-construction. RESEARCH COLLABORATION WITH J. AHN, D. MABIE, L. CHEN, K. PARK ; DIAGRAM BY S. CHINTAMANENI

Roof 68%


rred will

of a solar array system (such as batteries) the uses AC. Most homes also use AC. The situation additions begin to add up. Thus the importance of described above is the most commonly used circuitry is that the designer must be aware of method in the USA. Generally this is what is used Onethe solar array installation method is what was how and what the system will be powering. the world over but exceptions exists where DC is used by the Team for teh 2009 Decathelon by for a power distribution. Similarly not all the used w ofteam from Germany. In this case the entiretry homes use ofAC. In small home with simple electrincal needs a DC system is used. But once again AC is his the roof and facade that is not fenestration is the common standard.2 op covered in thin-film arrays. The method to conConventional System

rectnect the panel to the strcuture is by using clips AC/DC t that bolt in to the strcutre and allow the panel Converter conwerto is made and sent to in the place. MorNow this may seemon arbitrary be secured information thebut a key to s home he generally runs on an AC this is that as energy efficient design become German Pavillion on page appliance is plugged into the is availbe more prevalent circuitry becomes more impor-

elecliance likely needs a DC power ecnverter must be used to convert sfor converter is the brick on laptop one heat or why certain plugs nerates e thethe prongs attach to. The that theeven though appliance use enAC s y not be suitable for larger elec-

tant. As stated before smaller structure can use a DC system. As will be later established smaller structures can sometimes be appropriate to AC create more efficient structures. Thus deciding the nature of how a solar array will be connected is very important and something thatAC/DC the archiConverter tect must work closely with electricians and poery time the power goes tential solar consultants to design. ter there is large losses of If the designer had total control then a er circuits. heatNew that is Tata felt.McGraw-Hill, PV invertors Delhi: 1984. pg. 90 transformer would convert the power directly Markets. U.S. Department Energy Program, May 2002 pg 3.1 ned converters forof Nergy, solarFederal arrays. It Management from the power company, which would at the e these in place of normal same time be getting DC power to the house from the solar array.

Circuitry: Converter

The appliance would no longer need individual converters and the only converter in the system would be from the house to the grid. The goal is to minimize the number of converters to maximize efficiency. An even better way would be if power could be delivered from the grid as DC. This is not done due to the decrease in efficiency when DC is extended over a greater distance but power companies are testing this possibility with some DC success, but this is not with out its critics who question the viability of such a system. Thus the designer should be aware of this to help them prepare for future possibilities.

Possible Improvement

AC/DC Converter

AC

DC

gulation, and Restructuring of U.S. Electricity Markets. U.S. Department of Nergy, Federal Energy Management Program, May 2002 pg 3.1

RESEARCH COLLABORATION WITH J. AHN, D. MABIE, L. CHEN, K. PARK ; DIAGRAM BY S. CHINTAMANENI


German Pavilion: Solar Succes German Pavilion: Solar Succes

Net Carbon Output over Time

1Darmstadt.� kWh] Accessed May 6, 2013. http://www.solardecathlon.tu-darmstadt.de/surhome/concept/landingpageconcept.en.jsp.

Net Carbon Output over Time

6000 4500

6000 4500

3

MJ/m

Energy Needs [19.5 kWh]

3

3000 3000 MJ/m

h]

Energy Produced [49. 51 kWh]

1500

0

1500 0 -1500

-1500-3000

Energy Surplus [30.01 kWh]

Wh]

-3000

5

5 The succs of the solar production has alowed the surPLUShome to create far more energy then it RESEARCH COLLABORATION WITH J. AHN, D. MABIE, L. CHEN, K. PARK ; DIAGRAM BY S. CHINTAMANENI needs for its own use.

10 [Years]

10 [Years]

15

20

15

20


SYRACUSE POST STANDARD

2013 BIOMIMICRY CHALLENGE DISPLAY

FLUSHING ATHLETIC CENTER

PHOTOVOLTAIC ANALYSIS/GERMAN PAVILION

LONDON HYPERRAIL

PHOTOGRAPHY


DESIGN COLLABORATION WITH S. NARAYAN ; RENDERING BY S. CHINTAMANENI, PHOTOSHOP BY S. NARAYAN


Ground Floor Plan

DESIGN COLLABORATION WITH S. NARAYAN ; RENDERING AND DIAGRAM BY S. CHINTAMANENI, PHOTOSHOP AND SECTION BY S. NARAYAN


DESIGN COLLABORATION WITH S. NARAYAN ; RENDERING BY S. CHINTAMANENI, DIAGRAMS PRODUCED IN COLLABORATION WITH S. NARAYAN AND S. CHINTAMANENI


Ground Floor Plan Plan | 1:300

DESIGN COLLABORATION WITH S. NARAYAN ; PLAN PRODUCED IN COLLABORATION WITH S. NARAYAN AND S. CHINTAMANENI


SYRACUSE POST STANDARD

2013 BIOMIMICRY CHALLENGE DISPLAY

FLUSHING ATHLETIC CENTER

PHOTOVOLTAIC ANALYSIS/GERMAN PAVILION

LONDON HYPERRAIL

PHOTOGRAPHY


SRIRAM CHINTAMANENI 24 Dominic Drive Rockaway NJ 07866

schintam@syr.edu | 973-975-7257 flavors.me/sriram_chintamaneni


Sriram Chintamaneni | Portfolio