Yogyakarta Principles comic was created especially for you guys (lesbian, gay, bisexsual and transgenders)â€”young LGBTIQ in Indonesia. What is Yogyakarta Principles (YP)? These are the principles on the enforcement of human rights related to the choice of sexual orientation and gender identity.
What is human rights anyway? Human rights are the rights given to human being since their birth that do not distinguish them by status, group, race, religion, position or even their sexual orientation and gender identity. So as part of LGBTIQ group we do have our human rights like any other human being. But in reality there are a lot of human rights violation against this group, such as rape, torture, different treatment in workplace, forced arrest and detainment and any forms of violence against the LGBT groups. It ainâ€™t fair, is it???!!! So YP was developed to respond any forms of violence reported from all over the world. Of course these principles were created as an effort to enforce human rights of LGBTIQ all over the world. The YP were composed in a meeting attended by some experts in law and human rights who came from all over the world on November 6-9, 2006 at Gajah Mada University, Yogyakarta.
Institut Pelangi Perempuan that has been working on the empowerment of young lesbian, bisexual, women and transgender in Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi area has the initiative to introduce Yogyakarta Principles in a form of comic, which will be easier to understand in terms of content because as we know YP has a lot of legal terms that are difficult to be understood by our fellow young LGBTIQs. The concept itself was created as attractive as possible so that youâ€™ll be interested in reading it. This comic was not coming out of nowhere and printed automatically but it has gone through a series of process of interview with some young LGBTIQ in Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi area on their daily experiences. We then collected those interviews into a fiction in this comic. The concept of this comic was a collaborative result with academics from Gender and Sexuality Studies of Universitas Indonesia and human rights activists that contributed a lot in the creation of this YP comic.
So that was the background of this comic, we hope this comic will give certain color in our life. The government of Indonesia has not yet adopted YP but by understanding the content of YP, it is expected that we will be able to build the awareness of young LGBTIQ to make the application of Yogyakarta Principles in our life. Salam Pelangi!
Special Thanks After all the troubles and hurdles that we have gone through we are able to finish the Yogyakarta Principles comic. This long and cautious process was over and marked by the publication of this comic.
Institut Pelangi Perempuan would like to address our gratitude to our friends and community of young lesbian, bisexual, women and transgender at the Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi area who have shared their experiences with us and turned it into story in this comic. We would like also to thank HIVOS who has supported us in making our dream comes true that is to make the Yogyakarta Principles comic, also The Astraea Foundation who also support us in publishing Yogyakarta Principles comic in English version. Kamilia Manaf as the Executive Directore of Institute Pelangi Perempuan who has given her tiredless support and encouraged us that Institute Pelangi Perempuan should be able to spread the information on Yogyakarta Principle by publishing this comic and she also participated in composing this comic.
We would like to thank Ino who has spent her times weaving story by story of our fellow LGBTIQ in Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi area either through direct interview or online. As well as to Yasmin Purba, a human rights activist from IKOHI and Mas Irwan MH, a researcher at the Gender and Sexuality Studies of Universitas Indonesia who were willing to be our partners in discussing about this comic. We could never forget the comic artist Mas Agung who has turned the stories into comic that is not only beautiful but also readable. We would like also to acknowledge the hard work of our IPP Staff who contributed a lot in this process: Panca, mely and Nana who would be inseparable parts of IPP. We would like also to thank Yatna as the volunteer who has helped us during the process of this comicâ€™s publication. Salam Pelangi!
Prologue Human Rights (HR) has been one of the most important and controversial issue amongst the international community during the past decade. This is more so when rapid globalization often caused Human Rights violations may it be within a state or between states. On the other hand, it is globalization that enables more people to be aware about how important HR is. There are also many different understanding about what are HR in different parts of the world, causing different practices in their enforcement. Many states, such as Indonesia, still consider sex orientation as not a HR issue. In many parts of the world, including in Indonesia, there are often cases when someone/a group of people are subjected to violence, excommunicated from their family, banned from organizing or establishing association, dismissed from employment, arrested, or excluded from health services- just to mention a few – due to their unconventional sexual orientation and/or gender identity- such as transgender, gay, lesbian, bisexual, transsexual, or sex worker. Due to this context a number of HR activists and experts from 25 countries decided to compose a set of principles for the implementation of HR law in relation with sexual orientation and gender identity. These principles were launched in Jogjakarta on March 27, 2007- and they are referred to as The Yogyakarta Principles. The objective of these principles is to promote the UN members’ governments- including Indonesia’s- to respect, protect and fulfill the HR of their citizens- especially with relation to sexual orientation and gender identity. HR are the state’s obligation to realize. Each citizen has the right to demand the state to perform its obligation to enforce HR.
The comic book in the reader’s hands is a form effort initiated by Institut Pelangi Perempuan to disseminate information on The Yogyakarta Principles amongst young LGBTIQ community in Indonesia. This book is an effort to “translate” the principles into a more youth friendly language. The story in this comic book is inspired by the real life story of a number of young lesbians in Indonesia. Comic book was chosen as the media to explain The Yogyakarta Principles with the hope that it would be easier to comprehend as compared to brochures or pocket books..
It should be noted that the Yogyakarta Principles is not a binding legal document for UN member states. However, it expounds upon the obligations of all states to implement effectively their obligation pertaining HR. Therefore there needs to be advocacy efforts by various parties- such as what Institut Pelangi Perempuan is engaged in- to ensure the government of Indonesia exercise its obligations on HR enforcement.
THE YOGYAKARTA PRINCIPLES on the Application of International Human Rights Law in relation to Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity PRINCIPLE 1. PRINCIPLE PRINCIPLE PRINCIPLE PRINCIPLE PRINCIPLE PRINCIPLE
2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
PRINCIPLE 8. PRINCIPLE 9. PRINCIPLE 10. PRINCIPLE 11. PRINCIPLE 12. PRINCIPLE 13. PRINCIPLE PRINCIPLE PRINCIPLE PRINCIPLE
14. 15. 16. 17.
PRINCIPLE 18. PRINCIPLE 19. PRINCIPLE 20. PRINCIPLE 21. PRINCIPLE PRINCIPLE PRINCIPLE PRINCIPLE PRINCIPLE PRINCIPLE PRINCIPLE PRINCIPLE
22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29.
The Right to the Universal Enjoyment of Human Rights The Rights to Equality and Non-discrimination The Right to recognition before the law The Right to Life The Right to Security of the Person The Right to Privacy The Right to Freedom from Arbitrary deprivation of liberty The Right to a Fair Trial The Right to Treatment with Humanity while in Detention The Right to Freedom from Torture and Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment The Right to Protection from all forms of exploitation, sale and trafficking of human beings The right to Work The right to social security and to other social protection measures The right to an adequate standard of living The Right to Adequate Housing The Right to Education The Right to the Highest Attainable Standard of Health Protection from Medical Abuses The Right to Freedom of Opinion and Expression The Right to Freedom of Peaceful Assembly and Association The Right to Freedom of Thought, Conscience and Religion The Right to Freedom of Movement The Right to seek Asylum The Right to Found a Family The Right to participate in public life The Right to Participate in Cultural Life The Right to Promote Human Rights The Right to Effective Remedies and Redress Accountability
Institut Pelangi Perempuan is a non-governmental organization as the center of activities and information for young Lesbian, Bisexual Women and Transgender in Indonesia. IPP uses the strategy called â€œEdufuntainmentâ€? (Education, Fun and Entertainment) as the tool for promoting and struggling for LGBTIQ rights. Creating youth friendly, safe and informal space such as dance, boxing and badminton club for young LBT women are some of the activities which were provided by IPP for organizing and mobilizing the community. IPP was founded on 2006 by the collaboration of feminists, artists, human rights activists as well as young LBT women. Website : www.pelangiperempuan.or.id Email : firstname.lastname@example.org