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VMware Certified Professional Blueprint Outline Section 1 – Virtual Infrastructure Objective 1.1 -- Identify the characteristics of the products in the VMware product line and when to use each product. Knowledge •

Identify the characteristics of VMware Server (and hosted products in general) as compared to ESX Server. o Price vs. performance o Capabilities of each o Hosted vs. bare-metal architecture

Tools • •

VMware website Product documentation

Section 2 – Deploy ESX Server Objective 2.1 -- Given an environment, determine whether VMware ESX Server could be installed. Knowledge •

• •

Identify potential problem issues before installing o Disk space o License keys o Network information o Supported hardware o License server Confirm the environment has appropriate hardware for installing VMware ESX server Plan a VMware ESX server deployment o Basic sizing o Basic workload distribution

Tools • • •

Hardware compatibility guides ESX Admin guide Product documentation

©VMware, Inc. All rights reserved September 2006


Objective 2.2 -- Install VMware ESX server in different environments including local storage and boot from SAN. Knowledge • • • • • • •

Build disk partition Configure networking Specify boot volume Identify the difference between a SAN volume and local volume Understand the requirements of ESX Server boot from SAN Add and verify unserved license files Verify successful installation

Tools • • •

ESX Admin guide Product documentation Installation and configuration guide

Section 3 - Networking Objective 3.1 -- Given a set of requirements and a particular hardware environment, create and configure a virtual switch. Knowledge •

• • • •

Identify the connection types and the purpose of each o Console o VMkernel IP Storage VMotion o Virtual machine Determine which connection type should be connected to which physical network Identify bandwidth consideration o bonding Identify network isolation considerations Configure basic port group settings

Tools •

Product documentation

Objective 3.2 -- Modify the virtual switch for advanced switch capabilities including VLAN, NIC team, traffic shaping, and layer 2 security policies. Knowledge • • • •

Configure VLAN Configure NIC team Configure traffic shaping Configure Layer 2 security policies

©VMware, Inc. All rights reserved September 2006


Tools •

Product documentation

Section 4 - Storage Objective 4.1 -- Connect a VMware ESX server to Fibre Channel SAN storage. Knowledge • • • • • •

Identify the unique features and characteristics of SAN storage Determine if your ESX server is connected to a SAN Identify the SAN components and concepts o Zoning o Multi-pathing Identify addressing and access control Address SAN LUNs Scan for new LUNs

Tools • • • •

Product documentation SAN configuration guide Administration guide SAN compatibility guide

Objective 4.2 -- Given a VMware ESX server attached to the appropriate storage, create and modify VMFS datastores. Knowledge • • •

• • •

Identify the appropriate data location Identify uses for more than one VMFS Describe VMFS attributes o Multi-access o Locking o Tree structure and files Apply a VMFS label Create an extent RDM

Tools •

Product documentation

©VMware, Inc. All rights reserved September 2006


Objective 4.3 -- Connect a VMware ESX Server to NFS storage. Knowledge • • • •

Identify the unique features and characteristics of NFS storage Identify the NFS prerequisites o Identify certified storage platforms Configure the networking for storage Configure NFS properties o Server o Share o Datastore name

Tools •

Product documentation

Objective 4.4 -- Connect a VMware ESX server to iSCSI storage Knowledge • • •

• • • •

Identify the unique features and characteristics of iSCSI storage Identify iSCSI prerequisites o Identify certified storage platforms Configure the software initiator for storage o IP storage port o IP source port o Service console port Configure CHAP (addressing and access control) Discover LUNs Identify iSCSI addressing

Tools •

Product documentation

©VMware, Inc. All rights reserved September 2006


Section 5 - Install VirtualCenter Objective 5.1 -- Given a set of requirements, plan a VirtualCenter implementation. Knowledge •

• •

Identify the component of a VirtualCenter implementation and the purpose of each o VirtualCenter server o License server o Database o VI client o VMware web access Verify the prerequisites for the components Identify the hosts for each component

Tools • • •

Product documentation VirtualCenter User Guide Flex LM User Guide

Objective 5.2 -- Given a set of requirements, deploy a VirtualCenter implementation. Knowledge •

• • • • • • • •

Verify the prerequisites for the software installation o Windows OS o Locations of license server o Determine the location of the database and the database access Username and passwords Differences between databases Configure IP addresses and storage Connect ESX servers to the VirtualCenter server Add, activate and deploy licenses Connect to the database Access VirtualCenter via VI client and web access Install VirtualCenter Install VI client Install Sysprep

Tools • • •

Product documentation VirtualCenter User Guide Flex LM User Guide

©VMware, Inc. All rights reserved September 2006


Section 6 - Creating and Managing Virtual Machines Objective 6.1 -- Given a set of requirements, deploy a virtual machine. Knowledge • •

• •

Determine the differences between creating a new virtual machine vs. deploying a virtual machine from a template Create a virtual machine from a template o Select proper template o Use 'guest' Customization wizard o Select proper environment for deployment ESX server Resource pool Create a new virtual machine o Define virtual machine parameters Memory CPU Networking o Install 'guest' operating system o Install VMware tools Create a virtual machine template Modify a virtual machine o Add a virtual disk o Add a raw device o Modify networking o Modify virtual hardware

Tools •

Product documentation

Objective 6.2 -- Given a business or technical need, migrate a Virtual Machine using either a standard migration or migration with VMotion. Knowledge • • • •

Determine the differences between a standard migration or migration with VMotion Identify the steps in a migration Identify the steps in a migration with VMotion Identify the requirements of VMotion o CPU compatibility o Networking requirements o Storage requirements

Tools • • •

CPU compatibility checker Product documentation Knowledge base

©VMware, Inc. All rights reserved September 2006


Section 7 - VM Access Control Objective 7.1 -- Create and modify user permissions in VirtualCenter. Knowledge • • • •

Define VirtualCenter predefined roles and their privileges Create a new role and assign privileges Describe how privileges propagate Describe the VirtualCenter login process including authentication and authorization system o Add and modify users and groups

Tools Product documentation Objective 7.2 -- Create and modify user permission in ESX server. Knowledge • • • •

Define ESX server predefined roles and their privileges Create a new role and assign privileges Describe how privileges propagate Describe the ESX server login process including authentication and authorization system o Add and modify users and groups

Tools •

Product documentation

Objective 7.3 -- Restrict access to virtual machines using Web Access. Knowledge • • • • • •

Describe the features and purpose of Web Access Describe the login process Understand roles and permissions in Web Access Compare Web Access functionality to VI client Control access to Web Access Create a virtual machine bookmark o Define a bookmark

Tools •

Product documentation

©VMware, Inc. All rights reserved September 2006


Section 8 - Resource Management Objective 8.1 -- Given an ESX server, describe the technologies used for resource management. Knowledge •

• • •

Manage CPU o Load balancing o NUMA o Hyperthreading o CPU affinity o Share allocation o CPU Reservation and Limit Manage memory o Transparent page sharing o Ballooning o VMkernel swap o Share allocation o Memory Reservation and Limit Manage disks o Share allocation Manage network o Traffic shaping Admission control

Tools • •

Product documentation White papers

Objective 8.2 -- Given a resource constrained system, make adjustments to improve performance. Knowledge • •

Identify which resources are being constrained Adjust resources using resource management controls o Adjust CPU settings Hyperthreading CPU affinity Share allocation CPU Reservation and Limit o Adjust memory Share allocation Memory Reservation and Limit o Adjust disks Share allocation o Adjust network Traffic shaping

©VMware, Inc. All rights reserved September 2006


Tools • •

Product documentation White papers

Objective 8.3 -- Given an ESX environment, allocate resources using resource pools. Knowledge • • • • • • •

Define a compute resource Create resource pools Adjust resource pool settings Add virtual machines to resource pools Define expandable reservations Monitor resource pool use Describe the impact on the environment of adjusting the resource allocation of the resource pool

Tools • •

Product documentation White papers

Objective 8.4 -- Given an ESX server environment, create and configure DRS clusters. Knowledge • • • • • • • • • • • •

• • •

Define DRS requirements Create a DRS cluster Define DRS Define root resource pool Describe DRS functionality including initial placement and dynamic rebalancing Set DRS automation levels Modify DRS cluster settings Add new hosts to DRS clusters Move stand alone hosts into DRS cluster o ESX server maintenance mode Add new resource pools Grafting resource pools Define resource pool attributes o Shares o Reservations o Limits o Expandable reservations o Access control o Resource pool hierarchy o Delegated administration Set and modify resource pool attributes Organize virtual machines into resource pools Monitor resource pool usage

©VMware, Inc. All rights reserved September 2006


Tools • •

Product documentation White papers

Section 9 – Monitor Your Environment Obective 9.1 -- Given a virtual machine, monitor performance of that virtual machine including CPU, memory, disk, and network performance. Knowledge • • • • •

Monitor VM CPU performance Monitor VM memory performance Monitor VM disk performance Monitor VM network performance Monitor VM using VM-based alarms

Tools •

Product documentation

Section 10 - Data Protection Objective 10.1 -- Given a VMware Infrastructure environment, develop virtual machine back-up and restore strategies. Knowledge •

Describe different back-up strategies o File level back-up o VCB o Virtual disk back-up Restore procedures and strategies

Tools • • •

Product documentation White papers Back-up guide

Objective 10.2 -- Describe the basic operation of VMware HA and other supported high availability technologies. Knowledge • • • • •

Describe the basic operation of VMware HA Describe the interaction between DRS and VMware HA on a cluster Describe the requirements for a VMware HA cluster to operate Configure a cluster to use VMware HA Describe supported third-party virtual machine clustering configurations

©VMware, Inc. All rights reserved September 2006


Tools • •

Product documentation White papers

Section 11 - Troubleshooting Section 11.1 -- Given a virtual machine displaying certain symptoms, troubleshoot the virtual machine. Knowledge • • •

Troubleshoot a virtual machine that will not start Troubleshoot a virtual machine that blue screens or hangs Troubleshoot poor application performance

Tools • • •

Product documentation Knowledge base Community forums

©VMware, Inc. All rights reserved September 2006


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