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Welcome Brethren To the Lodge Stirling Royal Arch No.76 Newsletter April 2009

Brethren, welcome to the April issue of the Lodge 76 newsletter. The arrangements for the celebration of the 250th anniversary of the chartering of Lodge 76 are just about finalised and once completed, we will publish a full timetable of the events, here in the newsletter. So if anyone reading this is planning to come to Stirling on the day, get your tickets soon, as they are going fast.

April’s contents…. In the main lectures and articles web site, the article for this month is ‘Women Freemasons’ first published in The Builder magazine. “The romances of the Ancient Craft include a number of stories of women who are said to have become Freemasons, in one or another. The majority are hoaxes, legends or pure fiction. For a woman to become a real Freemasons is as impossible as for a man to become a mother, a leopard to change his spots,” so says this interesting little article. This month’s offering looks at the myths behind


these so-called Women Freemasons.

[link] Which takes us nicely into the next article about a Woman would wanted to the Craft! Page 2, Chinge Thoombs – a poem, this little poem is written in Scottish so one or two of you might not get it, but I think you will get the gist of it! Page 3, The Scottish Rite – part 5, The Scottish Rite organization, confers the 4th through 32nd degrees in degreeconferring meetings. In part 5 of this article we look at the 25th to the 30th degree, the regalia and their teachings. Page 6, the Masonic Encyclopaedia, this month we look at the letter, ‘M’, from Mallet to Mystic Tie. Page 7, The One Dollar Bill, the cover story for this month is about how the Great Seal of the USA came to be on the American one dollar bill, Masonic myth or not? Page 8, ‘Interesting facts’, some Masonic trivia that I have come across during my travels in cyberspace. Page 9, ‘Odds and Sods’, Would you wear this Tie?

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Chinge Thoombs..…. Chinge Thoombs

Grace said she'd sweer a hunner oaths bit Tam said yin wid dae, So Grace swore oot baith lood and lang that ne'er a word she'd say, "Noo strip" said Tam richt tae the buff as bare as bare can be, When Grace had stripped Tam slyly said "ye've goat the first degree". Quo Tam " wull ye go further noo an tak the next degree," Quo Grace"Ah wull ye neednae think tae fricht the likes o me, The second then quo Tam is clear an wull yer doots disperse, Jist stick yer richt thoomb in yer mooth, the left yin in yer erse.

Auld Grace had pestered Tam for years aboot the masons craft, She spiered and spiered frae morn till nicht, till Tam was driven daft, She swore that he was aye tae blame whenever there was strife, Thit he should hide nae secrets frae his true and lawfu wife. Tam swore he couldnae brek his oath, Grace swore he was a leer, An ilka time she nagged like this, aff Tam went on the beer, Lang length things cam tae sicca pass, it made his life a hell, That Tam in desperation cried, the secret he wid tell. Weel pleased wis Grace she'd focht the fecht an thocht she'd gained the day, So doon she sat and cocked her lugs tae hear whit Tam wid say, Quo Tam !Wull yo go thro the same oath as I went thro masel, bit feth ye'll need tae swear an oath thit ithers ye'll no tell.


Noo Grace ma lass this is the last the thurd and best degree, Gin ye dae it richt ah gae ma oath a mason ye wull be, Grace couldna speak bit Tam cried oot "Change thoombs ma guide wife Grace, The left should noo be in yer mooth, the richt yin in its place. Then Grace cried oot wi angry vice atween her scunnert spits,If this is yer masons thurd degree, then divillish durty brits, noo Tam has honset peace o mind as a the neebors see, Since Grace chinged thoombs at Tam’s request an took the thurd degree. Author Unknown

Brethren, I’m always on the look-out for interesting articles such as this for the newsletter. If anyone has a story/article/lectures/photos or even an idea, please get in touch, I will be only too happy to include it or try to find an article about it.

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The Scottish Rite‌.part 5

Continuing from last month, we now take a look at the next degrees in the Scottish Rite, the 25th through to the 30th, known as the Council of Kadosh. The word "Kadosh" is a Hebrew word meaning Holy. Although Pike identifies the degrees of the Council of Kadosh as chivalric and philosophical, they are all intensely mystical with respect to the lessons conveyed and symbols employed. "Faith in moral principles, in virtue and in God is as necessary for the guidance of a man as instinct is for the guidance of an animal." - Albert Pike

conceptualities of celestial purity and the eternal soul of man. The apprentice is driven to look within his faith, life and God to get a clear look at his inner self. The apron is white, lined in black with gold stars on the white side (Pleiades, Hyades, Orion, Capella) and with silver stars on the black side (Perseus, Scorpio, Bootes). Also on it is a serpent (ouroboros) surrounding a scarab, a triangle in a glory with the Tetragrammaton in its center and the four initials of the stars Regulus, Aldebaran, Antares and Fomalhaut. The jewel is a gold tau cross (crux ansata) with a serpent entwined around it and the Hebrew words HLThI (he has suffered or been wounded) and NChShThN (the Brazen Serpent) on it. The duty is to fulfil your destiny and to re-create yourself by reformation, repentance and enlarging your knowledge.

25° - Knight of the Brazen Serpent This degree attempts to explain the


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26째 - Prince of Mercy or Scottish Trinitarian In this degree we explore for "the rewards of the trinity of Gods attributes - wisdom or intelligence, force or strength, harmony or beauty". The apron is scarlet, bordered in white, with a green triangle (point-down) in the center. In the triangle are the initials of force, wisdom and harmony, and a flaming heart of gold with the initials I.H.S. (Jesus Hominum Salvator or Imperium, Harmonia, Sapientia). The jewel is gold and is the same triangle, suspended by a purple ribbon. The duties are to practice forgiveness and mercy; tolerance; to be devoted to the teaching of the principles of Masonry.

27째 - Knight Commander of the Temple This degree teaches the apprentice to scorn selfishness and to uphold the knightly virtues of charity, truth and honor. We should always


strive to assist the poor, helpless and infirm. The apron is of scarlet lambskin, lined in black, with a Teutonic Cross (cross potent sable, charged with a smaller cross double potent or surcharged with the escutcheon of the Empire, the two-headed black eagle) and a black key surrounded by a laurel wreath. The jewel is the Teutonic Cross shown on the apron. The duties are to be a lover of wisdom and to be faithful to your promises made within Masonry.

28째 - Knight of the Sun or Prince Adept We learn in this degree that our love for God manifests itself in our love for truth, justice and nobility of soul. The apron worn is white lambskin with a vermilion pentagram. The jewel is a gold five-pointed star. The duties are to be devoted to truth, honour, loyalty, justice and humanity.

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29° - Scottish Knight of Saint Andrew The virtues taught in this degree are love of God, loyalty to superiors, faithful adherence to promise and active resistance to unfair judgment. There is no apron. The jewel is a gold St. Andrew's cross ("X"), surmounted with a knight's helmet with a thistle of gold between the arms at the bottom. In the centre of the cross is a Hebrew YOD and on its points, clockwise from bottom, the Hebrew letters N M I N. The duties are to reverence and obey God; to serve the truth; to protect virtue and innocence; to defend the people against tyranny.

30° - Knight of Kadosh or Knight of the White & Black Eagle The lesson of this degree is to be true to ourselves, to stand for what is right and to be just in our lives today with a belief in God, country and oneself. There is no apron, but the jewel is a gold Teutonic cross, enamelled in red, with a silver doubleheaded eagle with wings spread pointing downward resting upon it. The duty is to labour unceasingly for the good of mankind. Next time –Part 6 - the 31st through to the 33rd degrees, the final part of this excellent article. Permission to use this article and the pictures was granted to the newsletter from the Ancient & Accepted Scottish Rite Masons of the Orient of Minnesota and webmaster George M. Hough, to whom we are fraternally grateful.


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Masonic Encyclopaedia…. Mallet One of the Working-Tools of a Mark Master, having the same emblematic meaning as the Common Gavel in the Entered Apprentice's Degree. It teaches us to correct the irregularities of temper, and, like enlightened reason, to curb the aspirations of unbridled ambition, to depress the malignity of envy, and to moderate the ebullition of anger. It removes from the mind all the excrescences of vice, and fits it, as a well-wrought stone, for that exalted station in the great temple of nature to which, as an emanation of the Deity, it is entitled. The Mallet or Setting Maul is also an emblem of the Third Degree, and is said to have been the implement by which the stones were set up at the Temple. It is often improperly confounded with the Common Gavel. The French Freemasons, to whom the word Gavel is unknown, uniformly use maillet, or mallet, in its stead, and confound its symbolic use, as the implement of the presiding officer, with the mallet of the English and American Mark Master.

Meridian Sun The sun in the South is represented in Freemasonry by the Junior Warden, for this reason: when the sun has arrived at the zenith, at which time he is in the South, the splendor of his beams entitles him to the appellation which he receives in the instructions as "the beauty and glory of the day." Hence, as the Pillar of Beauty which supports the Lodge is referred to the Junior Wardens that officer is said to represent "the sun in the South at High Twelve," at which


hour the Craft are called by him to refreshment, and therefore is he also placed in the South that he may the better observe the time and mark the progress of the shadow over the dial plate as it crosses the meridian line.

Mote From an old Anglo-Saxon word motan meaning "to be allowed," as in the phrase so mote if be, meaning so may it be.

Mosaic This word has nothing to do with Moses. Its root was the Greek mousa, a muse, suggesting something artistic. The same root appears in our “museum,” literally a place where artistic work is exhibited. Through the Latin it came into modern languages and during the Middle Ages became narrowed down to mean a pattern formed by small pieces of inlay, a form of decorative work much in vogue during the time of the Opera-tive Masons. Our “mosaic pavement is so called because it consists of an inlay pattern, small black and white squares alternating to suggest day and night.

Mystic Tie That sacred and inviolable bond which unites men of the most discordant opinions into one band of brothers, which gives but one language to men of all nations and one altar to men of all religions, is properly, from the mysterious influence it exerts, denominated the mystic tie; and Freemasons, because they alone are under its influence, or enjoy its benefits, are called "Brethren of the Mystic Tie."

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The One Dollar Bill … How the Great Seal Got on the One-Dollar Bill

There has been much nonsense written about the American one dollar bill and its so-called Masonic symbolism, especially the eye and the unfinished pyramid. The internet is full of sites trying to prove the connection between the Craft and the American Dollar bill. There is no Masonic symbolism on the note whatsoever, but, how the great seal came to be there, well that is another story altogether! One day in 1934, while Secretary of Agriculture Henry A. Wallace was waiting to meet with Secretary of State Cordell Hull, he looked through a State Department publication titled, "The History of the Seal of the United States." Later in the 1950’s, Wallace recollected that day, Turning to page 53, I noted the colored reproduction of the reverse side of the Seal. The Latin phrase Novus Ordo Seclorum impressed me as meaning the New Deal of the Ages. I was struck by the fact that the reverse side of the


Great Seal had never been used. Therefore I took the publication to President Roosevelt and suggested a coin be put out with the obverse and reverse sides of the Seal. Roosevelt, as he looked at the colored reproduction of the Seal, was first struck with the representation of the "All Seeing Eye," a Masonic representation of The Great Architect of the Universe. Next he was impressed with the idea that the foundation for the new order of the ages had been laid in 1776 but that it would be completed only under the eye of the Great Architect. Roosevelt like myself was a 32nd degree Mason. He suggested that the Seal be put on the dollar bill rather than a coin and took the matter up with the Secretary of the Treasury... He brought it up in Cabinet meeting and asked James Farley [Postmaster General and a Roman Catholic] if he thought the Catholics would have any objection to the "All Seeing Eye" which he as a Mason looked on as a Masonic symbol of Deity. Farley said "no, there would be no objection." Thus Henry A. Wallace brought an almost forgotten design to the attention of President Roosevelt: the Great Seal of the United States, and suggested it be put on the money where all Americans could see the other side of the emblem that represents them and their nation, and so, although there is no Masonic symbolism in the design of the great seal and the one dollar bill, there is no doubt that it was a Masonic influence that put it there! This little article came about after I stumbled across the photograph used on the front cover of this month’s newsletter.

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Interesting facts‌.

The first recorded meetings of Freemasons were in Edinburgh, in 1598. There are now six million Freemasons worldwide, 70,000 of them in Scotland. Catherine the Great of Russia, a German born Princess, distrusted the Masonic movement, and in 1762 prohibited all Masonic Meetings in Russia. She was later persuaded that she was wrong, and revoked her prohibition. She ended up supporting the constitution of new lodges, going so far as to call herself "Protector of the Lodge of Clio in Moscow. Upon her death in 1776 Masonic Lodges were again prohibited and masons persecuted by her successor Paul I, Emperor of Russia. The colour for mourning has been various in different times and countries. Thus, the Chinese mourn in white; the Turks in blue or in violet; the Egyptians in yellow; the Ethiopians in gray. In all the Degrees of Freemasonry, with a single exception black is the symbol of grief, and therefore the mourning color. But in the highest Degrees of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite the mourning color, like that used by the former kings of France, is violet. In 1777, recruits were being enlisted in Scotland for the British army, which was to fight the Americans in the War of the Revolution, that had just begun. Many of the Scottish Lodges offered, through the newspapers, bounties to all who should enlist but on February 2nd, 1778, the Grand Lodge passed a resolution which was published on the


12th, through the Grand Secretary, in the following circular: At a quarterly meeting of the Grand Lodge of Scotland, held here the Second instant, I received a charge to acquaint all the Lodges of Scotland holding of the Grand Lodge that the Grand Lodge has seen with concern advertisements in the public newspapers, from different Lodges in Scotland, not only offering a bounty to recruits who may enlist in the new levies, but with the addition that all such recruits shall be admitted to the freedom of Masonry. The first of these they consider as an improper alienation of the funds of the Lodge from the support of their poor and distressed Brethren, and the second they regard as a prostitution of our Order, which demands the reprehension of the Grand Lodge What ever share the Brethren may take as individuals in aiding these levies, out of zeal to serve their private friends or to promote the public service, the Grand Lodge considered it to be repugnant to the spirit of our Craft that any Lodge should take a part in such a business as a collective Body. For Masonry is an Order of Peace and it looks on all mankind to be Brethren as Masons, whether they be at peace or at war with each other as subjects of contending countries The Grand Lodge therefore strongly enjoins that the practice may be forthwith discontinued. By order of the Grand Lodge of Scotland. Brethren, I’m always on the look-out for interesting articles such as this for the newsletter. If anyone has a story/article/lectures/photos or even an idea, please get in touch, I will be only too happy to include it.

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Odds and Sods Surfing on the net I came across this tie, this is not a spoof, an American company actually makes these ties.

Would you wear this? Can you imagine what the Brethren would say if you wore this at a Lodge third degree! Until next month, Keep the faith!


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Scotland’s Premier Masonic Magazine Published three times per year. 10

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