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Feature

13

Movin’ on up Marijuana growers are beginning to hide in upscale neighbourhoods.

News

Monday, February

9,

2004

Conestoga College, Kitchener

Day

Valentine’s By CHRISTINA

BRAMBURGER

Ever since kindergarten, you've

known how important Day can be.

Who tines?

Valentine's

received the least?

gle

men made

better soldiers.

Valentine was executed for his

But before his execution

Day began.

young

fell in

and sent her

girl

He ended

prison.

his

it

from

letters

with

letters

"From your Valentine" which expression

The

still

is

an

used today.

known

oldest

poem

is

love with a

written in

valentine

was a

1415 by Charles

Duke. It

became common for people to letters and poems to friends

send

and loved ones North America.

Next

Day

in

the

to Christmas,

is

1700s

in

Valentine's

second-largest card-

the

sending day. There are

There are many different versions and people may wonder

many traditions that come along with Valentine's Day,

who exactly St. Valentine is. One story suggests Valentine was a priest who continued performing marriages in Rome after

but the best thing you can do

is

make your own traditions and make it special for you and your special someone.

Conestoga students prove they have good jeans RYAN CONNELL

By

could buy

prices to help out the

wholesale

at

Conestoga

stu-

dent food share program.

The denim day event was brought the Sanctuary by Conestoga

to

Students Inc. (CSI) on Jan. 29 from

9 a.m. to 5 p.m. The event offered wholesale prices of up to 80 per cent off men's and

women's clothing such shirts, hats, jackets,

and

as jeans, belts.

Parasuco, Miss Sixty, Soul, Hippie,

BCBG

The

included:

designers

clothing

AG,

Triple 5

Kewl, Rockin

company) already went

wholesale events at campuses. The company

that organizes

different

visited Queen's University the

week

CSI

board

J

director

Wismer, who was

in

Jessica

charge of

Conestoga

The

denim

day

shared

the

denim day

in the spring or possibly

the

The school of business,

engineering program, and the police foundations program

civil

all

have

bursaries,

dents can apply

before.

Rogers Hi-Speed Internet booth and a Corona clothing booth. CSI is looking into having another

Prada, Nautica, Lucky,

Seven,

at

hard.

company

Blue Cult. Jeans ranged in price from approximately $30 to $129, depending on the brand name.

Versace,

students

student food share program.

Crew and

Diesel,

Some

College can receive a financial bonus this year if they work

the

students this year

which

stu-

is

available to full-time students in the school of business. He

which time he implemented the fund

retired in January 1995, at

for business students in financial

the co-ordinator of the

management

studies

time,

and he

the

at

the

at

college

for

21

years.

office.

“It

is

was

set

was

it

out because

it

was narrowed down too much,” “It includes mar-

said Harrison. keting, accounting and

ment

At

first,

I

manage-

full-time students in their

year of the program will be

given $500, as well as two

Two

full-time

be

for

for

anyone

it

might

management

broadened

it

students

their

in

be given $250 each. The deadline for this bursary has already passed, but the funds will third year will

1

thought

the

full-

second year.

in their

time students

throughout the year, which

we

advertise

out

...”

why said

aid office.

istrar in the financial

who meets

the crite-

ria.”

The

third bursary

is

for stu-

dents in the police foundations

program.

W. D. Harrison, retired co-ordinator

is

them now,”

Janeen Hoover, the associate reg“We’ll see

of

management studies

program

Family, friends and co-workers of retired police chief Harold Basse from the Waterloo regional

police established

ute to him. Basse

it

as a trib-

was committed

education in the field of police Basse Harold The work. Education Award recognizes student achievement and financial to

Nequest

also said that if the best

applications are equal, than staff at the financial aid office

would

judge the student’s marks more heavily.

The

studies.”

first

to

Conestoga

Heavy

need.

Applicants must be full-time in the police founda-

students

Business students can apply if they have successfully complet-

Construction Bursary is for students in the civil engineering pro-

tions

program who are doing

well

academically.

ed a full-course load in the first semester and they must intend to

gram who have

must be Canadian citizens or permanent residents and they must have good marks in the

complete

the

entire

two- or Students

program. must also demonstrate financial

three-year

through piles of blue jeans in search in the Sanctuary Jan. 29.

up

be given out according academic standing. will

be available on March “Bursaries can be given out

set

they broadened

denim day event

very important to

the school of business.

in

business

agement studies program but

sift

grabs Two

1

read what you have to do and bring the right things. A lot of

up for anyone in the school of business. At first, I thought it might be for the man-

of the perfect

1

studies program but they

program worked “It

Feb.

“The applications must be very complete or we won’t even look at them,” said Lisa Nequest at the awards aid/student financial

“It

He was

pair at the

for

students forget that.”

for.

need.

next year.

deadline

W. D. Harrison founded the Bill Harrison Bursary, which is

business

Students

off financially

need. Applications are available at the financial aid office and the

DAWN HASSON

By

company takes its cut for expenses. CSI then donates the money to the Conestoga

event, after the wholesale

is

(Photo by Christina Bramburger) a box of chocolates and a

many

good jean sizes left," Wismer said. CSI earns some money from the

Cheyne Events

start with

Three bursaries up

to other

schools so there wasn't too

all

it

pay

will

some

for

complaint being the lack of stock. "Because everything is wholesale, (the

traditions, but did

Hard work

Sanctuary with a vendors' market that included some booths such as a

Republic,

There are many Valentine’s Day cardboard note?

organizing the event, said everything went smoothly with the only

Denim jeans, baseball caps and Tshirts were some of the clothes that students

sacrifice

Emperor Claudius II outlawed marriage because he thought sin-

believed that he

You'd colour your brown paperbag and add sparkles to it before you taped it to the side of your desk. Then everyone would go around and fill them. These days maybe you just receive one valentine, but it's from that special someone and with it comes flowers, chocolates and a candlelit dinner. There are so many traditions that come along with this holiday that some people overlook how Valentine's

and

started with love

No. 6

actions.

received the most valen-

Who

36th Year

15

specific financial

need.

The

Conestoga

Heavy

Code

Students

course.

Construction Association donated

Criminal

$2,500 for the bursaries, which

application deadline

is

The

Feb. 18.


Page 2

— SPOKE, February

9,

News

200

Now deep thoughts ...with Conestoga

Codege

(Random questions answered 6y random students

What do you do

another day of the week, or is it? just

It’s

to get through

By KATE BATTLER

Friday the 13 th?

The year

Friday the 13th of the

first

is

almost here but have you

ever taken the time to think about

why

bad luck if it on the 13th day of the month. a Friday

falls

is

number of reasons why

the

number

and especially Friday the 1 3ths have become dreaded and 13, Fridays

just

I

go about

lormal day.

I

like

don’t

it’s

a

even

The number 1 3 got part of its bad when it was vilified by the

rap

lotice.”

Katie

considered unlucky.

founders of patriarchal religions in

Boterman

the early days of western civilizaIn prehistoric

tion.

shipping cultures

am

just gc

I

with the flow:

male-dominated civilization. Norse mythology plays a part in the fear placed on 13. The Norse god Odin had 11 other gods to Valhalla for a dinner party. Loki, the Norse

god of Mischief, crashed

make

the party to

Hod,

kill

He

then got

god of

Norse

blind

the

Winter, to

13.

it

his brother Balder

the Good, the Norse god of Light, Joy and Reconciliation. There are also some biblical and Christian references to the number. There were 13 people at the Last Supper of Jesus Christ, the 13th

person to arrive was the

traitor,

Judas Iscariot.

Both of these

stories lead to the

superstition about sitting 13 people at

a dinner table for fear that the

first

person to stand up would die

within a year.

are

LEACHMAN

a normal Friday.

ly hair

and

it

I

wash

number

doesn’t affect

le.”

om

Launslager

those

who

are superstitious, there

is

no danger greater than Friday the 13th.

and some people will dread this day so much that they won’t get out of bed. Fear This Friday

“I’m

always cautious about superstitions. mirrors.

I

I

that they will

th

avoid that

stuff

Amanda Ohasi

the

Christians believe

way back

be involved

Cain on a Friday. Friday was also execution day for

the

Romans and Hangman’s Day

prove the fear that seaman had for setting sail on a Friday. The government commissioned a ship named H.M.S. Friday. They laid her keel on a Friday, launched her on a Friday, selected her crew on a Friday, hired a man named Jim

13th.”

And

SmiCe Conestoga, you couCd 6e our next respondent!

it

since 13 was one digit was considered to be the

step towards evil.

a legendary order of warrior

formed

during

Crusades.

Known

as

monks

Christian

the

fighting

a

more than 200 years, the Knights Templar became a political

force for

and popes. King Philip arrested several thousand knights, sergeants and priests and charged them with heresy, blasphemy and homosexual practices. None of these charges were ever proven but those arrested were tortured for seven years and many died as a result or were burned at

threat to kings

the stake.

is

However, on the other side there a little bit of hope for the number

13.

Ancient Egyptians death to be the

1

considered

3th stage of

life.

They thought the afterlife was a good thing. The Death card in a tarot deck is number 13 but it represents transformation.

Jewish children have their bar mitzvahs and bat mitzvahs when year of

They view

life as

the 13th

the time to

come

of

age.

So should you be worried about crashing your car or breaking your leg?

Only

if

you are a paraskevsomeone with a

idekatriaphobic,

morbid, irrational fear of Friday the 13th.

13

Shakespeare play Macbeth,

it

is

believed that saying “Macbeth” out

loud will bring terrible misfortune.

Actors are only to refer to

someone

it

as “the

was the only tribe left withTo the ancients, it was a number to be avoided altogether. The second unlucky component is Friday, which also dates back to

says the title, they are required to counter the bad luck by going out-

ancient times.

son to fear any superstition, even Friday the 13th. Tragic events can

Israel

out land.

According

Adam

to the Bible,

ate

the forbidden apple on a Friday.

The

great flood also began on a

that

Put

In

it

Rome, Friday

ancient

day.

And on

was

a

crucified.

altogether and Friday the

13 th equals terror for the supersti-

accidentally

side, turning three times

and then

spitting.

But

in reality, there is

no

real rea-

happen any day of the year. Bad fortune doesn’t depend on a certain day. It can happen to anyone at random. But not everyone sees Friday the 13th as a threat. In fact, the

bers

mem-

of the committee for the

so strong

United States scientific investiga-

make

a

tion of claims of the paranormal,

considered so

successful horror series based on a

combines two

hockey-masked killer named Jason, who was bom on Friday the

even celebrate it. During these festivities, mirrors are broken, umbrellas are opened

13th.

indoors, black cats are cherished

components, the

first

being

13.

According to www.crystalinks. com, the unlucky origin of this number dates back to biblical times. The number 12 was consid-

number of completeThere are 12 months, 12 signs of the zodiac and 12 apostles of ness.

mass arrests on the Knights Templar. They were Beautiful, carried out

play.” But, if

tious.

ered to be the

The king of

Bel or Philip the

le

apostle and the thirteenth tribe of

Friday the 13th for centuries. This

number

France, Philip

origin of No.

Judas Iscariot was the thirteenth

from the world. But this superstition isn’t anything new. People have dreaded

the

movie Friday the

initial

Friday, Oct. 13, 1307.

they turn 13.

In the 1800s Britain tried to dis-

Friday, Jesus Christ

it

in

Britain.

is

is

of the

his brother

was execution

day

the

all

Tower of Babel on a Friday, the Temple of Soloman was destroyed on a Friday, Christ was crucified on a Friday and Abel was murdered by

Friday.

fateful

hris Lajeunesse

in a trag-

goes

tongue-tied the builders

condemned with bad luck enough to keep them hidden

unlucky because

watching

3th,

it

Garden of Eden. They believe Eve tempted Adam with the forbidden fruit on a Friday. They also believe the Great Flood began on a Friday, God to the

accident or that they could be

particular

sip Martinis while

1

the fear of

as well.

eternally

ic

don’t brea

is

is

13.

There are a number of reasons Friday is considered bad luck

Jesus.

A black cat. Someone walking under a ladder. A broken mirror. An open umbrella indoors. These are all symbols that make the superstitious quiver with anxiety. But to

your

in

letters

39 (3 x 13). Triskaidekaphobia

past 12, t’s

13

name, you will have the devil’s luck. Jack the Ripper, Charles Manson, Jeffery Dahmer, Wayne Williams and Theodore Bundy all have 1 3 letters in their name. Apollo 1 3 was launched on April the 13th at 13:13 local time on Pad

The unlucky By LESLEY

13.

cities

there

If

why overpowered

embarked on her maiden voyage on a Friday. The ship was never seen or heard from again. Friday and the number 1 3 started their unlucky trip together on

do not have a 13th Street or a 1 3th Avenue and many buildings do not have a 13th floor.

days). solar calendar

Friday to be her captain and she

Here are a couple of other quirks about the number

the

the lunar calendar with the rise of a

is

the

devil.

shipped because it corresponded to the number of lunar (menstrual) cycles in a year (13 x 28 = 364

The superstitious.

it

goddess-worhad been wor-

signifies

it

gathering of 12 witches and the

Many

turns out that there are a great

It

number

Christians believe the

unholy because

In fact, this fear

is

Hollywood was able

And

to

even branch considered bad

superstitions

out to theatre.

It is

and other superstitions are confronted.

Those who

luck to wish an actor well before he or she goes on stage. This is

events poke fun at the irrational

where the term “break comes from.

behavior of society. They believe no one should waste their time

a

leg”

Also, during a production of the

participate in these

fearing superstitions.


News

LASA Experience By JENNIFER

life

as a police

HOWDEN

experience exactly what to be a police officer.

it’s

like

was awesome,” said student Corey Andress

trip

was educating and exciting. was definitely a once-in-a-life-

"It

time experience."

This was the first time Conestoga students went on the

which cost $920 and included airfare and hotel accomtrip,

modations.

“It was pretty gruesome. Some people couldn’t stomach it,” he

said.

but

three

LASA students - Andress, Tara Foster and Veronica Goldrick and nine police foundation students: Nicholas Booth, Carissa Coleman, Nicole Gibbings,

Samuel

McCulloch,

Christine

Ashley Peplinski, Tawnya Wightman, Jonathan Wilkin, and Sarah Wilson. Miller,

thought

would be a little nervous and shaking because I’ve never shot a gun before but was “1

"The smell was atrocious with this type of job it is

something you will end up seeing somewhere along the line.” Each student also got to go on patrol with a police officer. Students could ride with North Miami Police Service, Miami Shores Police Service or Sunny

1

Andress accompanied an

dangerous.

who

likes action,”

However, he did enjoy his ridealong experience and said he learned a lot about the every day business of being a police officer.

was a great experience because you get the information straight from an actual it

cop,” he said. The students also saw a wildlife presentation where they were

shown

endangered

animals including snakes, turtles and a six-week-old tiger. They also learned about the U.S. Coast Guard and the responsibilities they have.

The students witnessed how police handle a high-risk situa-

Corey Andress,

tion

LASA

student

and how police dogs are used

in those situations.

They

While

they

there,

teamed up

witnessed a crime scene investigation demonstration also

The Miami Dade Correctional was one of those places. The institute has jail cells on the one side and a boot camp on the other. The students got to go into the cells and see some of the inmates.

pretty accurate,” he said.

places.

Institute

“They were all huge guys I wouldn’t want to mess with,”

was not all work. The students went on a boat cruise on

Andress

their afternoon off.

said.

They then witnessed strict

the very

boot camp.

is a place for inmates go instead of going to prison.

The Miami Dade Correctional Institute has an

89 per cent sucmeans 89 per people who go boot camp are

cess rate, which

of the through the released back into the community where they don’t commit another cent

crime.

The Miami Dade Medical Examiners Office was also on the The students saw autopbeing performed as well as

itinerary.

sies

decomposing bodies. Andress said his favourite part of the trip was the autopsies. “It was something you don’t see everyday, something I probably wouldn’t want to see everyday. It was just really interesting,” he said.

According

fast

However,

can also result in hours at the emergency room. According to the National Safety Council website, 35,000 toboggan-

trip

it

ing injuries happen every year and 42 per cent of those injuries result in hospitalization.

GT Snow

Racers are responsible

44 per cent of the injuries, toboggans make up 19 per cent and for

Crazy Carpets cause 15 per cent. People using other methods of tobogganing such as cardboard or even just sliding down on their backsides cause the remaining 22 per cent.

The website most

also states that the

common

injuries

injuries

are

head and face per cent of

don

injuries result in

25

want

t

be running

to

soon as going down a hill, it’s hard to stop. You should also try to toboggan in a designated tobogganstart

ing area since most accidents happen on private property.

make

Also,

sure

all

scarves or

loose clothing are tucked away so they don’t get caught under the toboggan. Finally, avoid going down the hill on your stomach with your face first. This can cause serious head injuries if you collide with something or fall off your toboggan. The best positions to go down the hill are either on your knees or lying on your back with your toes pointed towards the bottom of the hill.

An

always is

go

light out-

According to the website, most tobogganing accidents happen between 4 and 8 p.m. because side.

the lighting

is

minimal.

Day, the international education office is giving you that chance.

They will be holding a Valentine’s party in the international education office, in the student/client services building at Doon campus, on Feb. 13 from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. The party will include a draw for money vouchers for the Fairview Park Mall in for the students to know more about the international education office,” said is

to

get

temperature.

It

international

activities

First prize in the

draw

cowill

Second prize $50 voucher and third prize is a $25 voucher. To win store at the mall.

body

is

can cause blood

a

reduces a person’s ability to sense

one of these prizes pick up a survey at the international office, fill it out and drop it

cold because

off before Feb. 12.

which

increases heat loss. Alcohol also

it

little

“One of our purposes

it

can do.

should

a

Valentine’s

be a $100 voucher for any

fun,

vessels in the skin to dilate

you

before*

may sound

tistics,

First,

money

have some

make

ordinator Yanting Zhao.

the body’s ability to regulate

tobogganing when

to

is to do it while you are sober. Although drunken tobogganing

nine per cent.

To avoid being one of these stathere are some things you

you want

party

important thing to remember

can be extremely dangerous. Alcohol interferes with

injuries.

If

fun and possibly

Kitchener.

when tobogganing

Other injuries make up the remaining all

By REBE CCA LEARN

into

things, especially since as

you

limb

49 per cent, spinal make up 17 per cent and at

party

Second, make sure the hill you choose is free from obstacles and away from roads or lakes. You

down a hill at dangerousspeeds on nothing but a

piece of plastic can result in hours of fun.

Valentine’s

tral

it

depresses the cen-

nervous system. So, a person

who

is

cold

it is

drunk

may

not realize

outside and they

may

Coffee,

how

and

tea,

snacks

hot will

chocolate also

be

served.

risk

hypothermia.

However, the weather wasn’t foot waves.

“They were handing out barf bags on the deck,” said Andress. Carolyn Harrison, co-ordinator of police foundations, said she wants to go on the trip again next year and she hopes it will be more popular with students. “Since it was the first year going a lot of people didn’t know about it. “Now that people have gone and seen how great and worthwhile it is, next year I think we’ll have more people sign up,” she said.

Andress

Andress,

some

would

recommend

going next year. “If the students get the

to

go next

chance

year, they should defi(Photo by Ryan Connell)

nitely go,” he said. “It

to

With the recent

great and the boat had to fight 25-

The camp to

The

HOWDEN

Sliding ly

injuries

where they learned how to find fingerprints and footprints at a crime scene, and they learned how to properly fire a weapon. Andress said he was a better shot than he thought he would be. “I thought I would be a little nervous and shaking because I’ve never shot a gun before but 1 was

with 24 Fanshawe College students and visited many different

halt

for

said.

“Overall,

a

By JENNIFER

was hoping

something more exciting because I’m the he

to

Safe tobogganing

they didn’t run into anything too I

i

came

offi-

cer from the North Miami Police Service and, although they usually patrolled the bad parts of town,

I

pretty accurate.”

raffic tie-up again on the 401 just east of the Drumbo cut-off on Jan. 29 weather conditions, accidents on the 401 are becoming „. raffic

-p

commonplace.

Isles Police Service.

type of person

The group consisted of

officer

students couldn handle the sight of the autopsies and had to leave.

23.

Miami

— Page 3

t

From Jan. 7 to 13, 12 police foundation and law and security administration (LASA) students flew down to Miami, -Fla., to

It

2004

students

Autopsies, boot camp, jail cells and high-risk situations made up a trip of a lifetime for a group of Conestoga student.

LASA

9,

down south

fly

“The

SPOKE, February

cost

$920 but the experience

was worth

a million bucks.”

All Students wait

in line to

board the

city

aboard!

bus outside Door 3 on a

chilly

day Jan. 30.


,

Page 4

— SPOKE, February

9,

Commentary

2004

Americans must wake up It seems that in the U.S., having sex is a greater offence than causing the death of thousands. Not too long ago, one American president got impeached for lying about his sexual relations, while his successor still controls the White House despite lies that resulted in death and misery to many innocent people. Indeed, it's comical - or scary -

how Americans

treat

and perceive their leaders. became America’s second president

In 1998, Bill Clinton

be impeached. And the reason? He lied about fooling around with his intern Monica Lewinsky. Many Americans got so hysterical over the issue that they didn’t realize that Clinton’s sexual life didn’t really impede the way he ran the country and so it shouldn’t have been any of their conto

Tf

no Sign

H«.r4 fa-jct president' t* sGfi wwu Un.3 a-n an jjwq* ,

The

cern.

1

Whoop-de-do, so Clinton didn't know how and when to keep his pants on, big deal. The only people who really got hurt by that were his wife and family. And yet, Americans made Clinton’s hot pants a national tragedy. Of course, he lied about his affair in federal court and that deserved a reprimand. But, at least his lies didn’t cost any

.

ion

Bush's secret agenda?

lives.

With the country’s current president, it’s a different story. Last March, in spite of massive worldwide protests, George W. Bush invaded Iraq. The bloody conflict has claimed approximately 15,000 Iraqi lives. More than 500 U.S. soldiers are dead, too, and even though the war has been long over, the remains of military men and women

By 2020 the United States of America will again be playing golf

continue to arrive in the U.S. for burial almost weekly.

on the

And what

for?

Simply because of Bush's accusations that Iraq possessed weapons of mass destruction and would sooner or later use

them against the U.S.

Up

to

now, there’s been no solid evidence to support

Bush’s claims. Facing increasing pressure, the U.S. president has finally decided to launch an investigation into U.S. intelligence failures in Iraq. It is believed that he did it to prevent a congressional investigation over which he would have less

Bush now a ‘Space Cowboy’ moon and maybe

Nick

American President George Bush has expressed interest in laying the groundwork for another lunar mission, which may include a stop on Mars. But is Bush’s dream anything more than

Horton

funding for NASA will taper-off around 2008 at about 1.5 per cent

an election-year ploy?

and

will be

tent

once adjusted for inflation

Lately,

The

recent $2.4-trillion budget

earmarked $1

preparation of the mission over

Given the broad mandate of the inquiry, it is unlikely to be completed until after the Nov. 2 election. What a coincidence, eh? Bush might be already standing in front of the mirror and practising surprised faces. “What, there really weren’t any weapons of mass destruction? That’s weird. Are you

the next five years

sure?”

cool $16.2 billion. This

But Bush and some of his buddies at the Pentagon will probably be the only ones to question the results of the inquiry. The others know better. Even former Iraq weapons inspector David Kay has admitted intelligence on Iraqi weapons was “almost all wrong.”

sound

and lying about it? People of America, open your eyes.

his intern

to

and $1

1

billion

be reallocated from other cur-

rent

NASA

et also

programs. The budg-

proposed a six per cent

increase for the

NASA

may

like a lot, but in retrospect,

In the 1960s, the Apollo

it isn't.

program accounted

Bush's plan will increase

spending sizably, but with a false

Letters should

Spoke

real issues,

for

NASA's

increased

deficit.

cutting spending in seven

is

These include the Environmental Protection

Agency and

the depart-

ments of Agriculture, Commerce,

plau-

Human

scheme of

why

it,

of the 16 Cabinet-level agencies.

just another distraction

Services and Transport-

ation.

can't

It is

ironic that

money once used

these billions of dollars go

to help save the environment, will

towards worthwhile causes that

be used

American people now? Because Bush is asking for

can't

fund exploration of an

ment.

to start a trend, a trend that

election based

to

inhabitable planet with no environ-

affect the

I

agree that at some point in the

human race will have to somehow locate to another planet if we are to survive, but, in the mean-

future the

win an

on generic promis-

time, with greenhouse gases frying

war on terror, strengthening homeland defences and boosting economic recovery. Bush knows he needs that little

es of winning the

Advertising Manager: Carrie Hoto Production Managers: Rebecca Learn, Jeff Morley, Nick

our lungs,

how

long will

we

really

survive?

Who is George Bush really

mak-

ing decisions for?

of Conestoga College

Address correspondence to: Spoke, 299 Doon Valley Room 4B14, Kitchener, Ont.,

Spoke Online

Editor:

James Doyle Noe

Circulation Managers: Jason

Horton

Photo Editors: Aimee Wilson, Carla Sandham, Michelle

be published.

be no longer than 500 words.

N2G 4M4

in the great

to

ridiculous

Editor: Blake Gall

letters to the

reserves the right to edit any

Editor,

Bush

is published andproduced weekly by the Journalism students

Taylor

Faculty Adviser: Christina Jonas

letter

Spoke’s address is 299 Doon Valley Dr., Room 4B14, Kitchener, Ontario, N2G 4M4. Phone: 748-5220, ext. 3691, 3692, 3693, 3694 Fax: 748-3534 E-mail: spoke@conestogac.on.ca

for publication.

The

is

isn't

is

Spoke

for verification.

letters will

and

Bush knows he

NASA

length of time the mission will

should be signed and include the name and telephone number of the writer. Writers will be

No unsigned

Bush's initiative

his re-election.

sense of security considering the

editor. Letters

contacted

sible

if

Bush's proposal accounts for 0.7 per cent of the budget.

To account

of a space cowboy.

he eventually hopes will result in

welcome

Spoke welcomes

So,

landing

budget and the soaring

also unlikely a

cent of the federal budget, while

consume. The yearly increase of

Letters are

It is

comes down

it

moon

fer.

be virtually non-exis-

much

money

for 4.5 per

when

and in the end it will be the people and the environment that will suf-

newly elected president would be just as

from the

piggy

But,

Opinion

things

bank, which brings the kitty to a

that will

vulnerability.

another

through 2020.

billion for the

something

and empowerment during a time of

time

this

bit, that

give Americans a sense of pride

Mars.

control.

The question is, why is someone who is responsible for the unjustified massacre of Iraqis allowed to keep his post when someone else got impeached just for having fun with

extra

Dr.,

Web site:

www.conestogac.on.ca/spoke

The views and opinions expressed in this newspaper do not necessarily reflect the views of Conestoga College. Spoke shall not be liable for any damages arising out of errors in advertising beyond the amount paid for the space. Letters to the editor are subject to acceptance or rejection and should be clearly written or typed; a MS Word file would be helpful. Letters

must not contain any

libellous statements.


By

DARREN SMITH

The word recycling normally conjures up images of blue boxes is involved in many

Metal from the various shops and programs is taken away at no cost, with the money from its sale going to the company removing it. The

but Conestoga

company

facets.

funding to certain college programs.

The college has programs

various recycling

providing

several

avenues for diverting waste from landfill sites.

During the 2002/2003 year the college surpassed the Ministry of the Environment requirement of 50 per cent for institutions. The college could have been content but instead went on to achieve an effi-

ciency rate of 62 per cent.

There

get

the

make and

helps

little bit

strengthen the college community,” said Milner.

Conestoga’s recycling program

began recycling paper through the efforts of a teacher and students

1989

in

now

retired

from the school of business. Recycling has presented the college with some challenges as it involves

more than just blue boxes.

For years the college tried to get of the wooden shipping skids

rid

that arrived with

some

deliveries.

made to companies who buy skids but most only wanted Calls were

certain sizes.

Conestoga

Currently

has

an

agreement with the different transport companies servicing the col-

lege and they take the skids Milner said.

“We’re not getting any money for the skids,” said Milner, “but

it’s

not

costing us either.” is

It

these types of relationships

make

that

work

recycling

for the

Scrap metal

another example

is

of recycling done by the college.

Wood 10% Newspaper

4%

what

it

to

a few dol-

“compared

would cost us

#1 Plastics

to

1%

to control

Sending the college’s fine paper, paper and cans to the landfill

would cost $3,100 over the course of a year. The same amount of material

recycled would cost

if

$9,600.

Recycling is not cheap and involves man-hours on top of the service charges. Containers have to be washed often and recyclables have to be sorted.

When you tle

it

look

over the year

one can or bot-

at

seem

doesn’t

like

much

but

adds up.

it

According to the college’s 2002/2003 waste audit report, there is 26,579 kg of fine paper, 6,219 kg of glass, 132,418 kg of old corrugated cardboard, 9,621 kg of newspaper, 6,579 kg of cans, 39,959 kg of steel, and 132,418 kg of wood. For this audit period the total annual waste generation at the college was approximately 444,5 1 8 kg or 444 metric tonnes. Of this total

274,590 kg or 274 metric tonnes was diverted from landfill through a recycling facility.

Computer

up

that helps the recycling,” said

Milner.

When

the college has furniture

no longer usable it is not sent the landfill but to someone who

that to

is

may

be able to use it. This may be a community agency or some type of relief effort. Milner said the college has been successful in diverting things from the landfill site.

People are good about putting garbage in the garbage, said Chris

wrong recycling containers,” said Hinsperger. “The biggest problem is with the paper recycling containers.”

Items like glass and cans have been found in the paper bins and this contamination has to be sorted by college staff or the contractor removing it. This type of contamination can create additional cost to the college. On the environmental side the recyclables may be sent to the landfill site instead.

services and the pur-

Hinsperger, resident manager for

“Different items cannot be recy-

chasing department are just a few

Conestoga’s housekeeping. However, recycling items have been put in the improper contain-

cled together as there are different

of the departments that take recycling seriously.

Computer

are required to take

college.

some

required

make

said Milner,

glass,

“Every

consistency

turn around and

People need to be conscious of the environment and the whole college Milner, physical resources manager.

Campuses) Average Recycling Composition

doesn’t have to sort the metal which saves labour costs. “Metal recycling is difficult to

lars,’

Barry

(All

grams running at the same time. With this arrangement the college

that.”

community, said

supplies

Separating metals can be difficult as the college has different pro-

a cost to recycling in achieving this rate but there is also a cost if recycling is ignored. is

turn

in

Conestoga College

suppliers

back

all

empty boxes. “It’s some of these programs

the

each,”

for

have some concern with improper items being placed in the

community

While people lug their assortment of garbage to the curb, the City of Guelph is recycling more and more of it. More garbage is being diverted from landfill and being reused.

The new Wet-Dry Plus system of recycling

is

now

is

the

The diversion amount of garbage that is

recycled and reused that does not

go

to landfill.

The

city’s goal is

70

per cent and officials are confident that they will surpass

The

longer and

to St.

Thomas’s

western

plans to recycle

city

“The most positive is

cartons.

effect

Barton hopes to build a new

the centralized

transfer station that should push the

composting.”

city’s

cent.

Trevor Barton,

diversion rate over 70 per Moreover, Barton is also hop-

are

choose the right

encouraged to container. Doing

new

reuse centre some-

Call

have thrown

waynegirls.com.

a

out.

material that enters the residential

implemented a diversion

will turn a

garbage system

is

composted and

sold to landscapers, its

landfill

landfill in south-

Subsequently,

construction

and even Guelph residents. While, composting has economic benefits, there are also environmental ones.

Barton says, “The most positive

The

city

still

and improve

The

and sorting things properly so

somebody

else

down

the line does-

have to redo what should have been done in the first place. Milner believes the college community has been doing a good job. n’t

“I

would like to commend the and college community

for supporting the program,” said

Milner, “making recycling a viable alternative to landfill.”

Ceramics, Silkscreen, Printmaking, Batik, Jewelery, Calligraphy, Photography, Sculpture, Guitar, Aerobics, Self-defense, Video, Piano. Other positions: Administrative/Driver, Nurses (RN’s and nursing students).

gets

service somewhere else,” said Milner, “at no additional cost.” Recycling involves co-operation

Sailing,

would allow members of the public to buy usable goods that others

city

those

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Conestoga’s waste recycling program. Less time is spent on recycling issues, allowing staff to work on other things. “We may be able to better our

Camp Wayne

time in the future. The reuse centre

Furthermore,

better

it

in

CLASSIFIEDS

waste management programs

isn’t profitable it

more

material, including milk and juice

es.

transporting waste

Ontario.

The

back to the industry, including composted materials. All organic

hopes

is

Barton has a number of plans for Guelph’s recycling program.

kept.

Since Guelph closed the city

by diverting approximately 30,000 tonnes of garbage each year. lars in trucking costs

turn anaerobic, create

equipment

better

is

profit in the near future.

site,

Guelph’s waste disposal. He says the city is saving thousands of dol-

these organics,

return on recyclable products sold

While the system yet, the city

composting

we would bury

which underground methane gas and greenhouse gases which escape and affect the climate.”

in the past

new system has

also ensured that the lasts

the centralized

Trevor Barton is the waste management programs supervisor of

their diversion rate

increase by almost 25 per cent.

Furthermore, the

is

ing for a

city spent

and has seen

effect

because

it.

approximately $50 million updating the wet-dry facility

as possible

attaining a 67 per

cent diversion rate. rate

much waste

has economic benefits.

makes

involved

students

Turning trash into gold diverting as

said

Hinsperger.

Students and others in the college

ers.

“We do

set

processes

this

On campus

interviews

1-800-279-3019 or apply online

at

March

20.

www.camp-

plans to implement

their recycling servic-

Liberal

government has

for all municipalities of

rate goal

60 per cent

by 2008. Guelph’s innovative technologies are being adapted and improved by other cities ensuring that Ontario will be a little greener tomorrow.

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1

— SPOKE, February

Page 6

9,

News

2004

Don worry about being alone on

V-day

’t

Conestoga College students share By CHRISTINA

BRAMBURGER

Yes.

it's

The season of

when

year

all

loved ones and all

the

The time of

details

don't think you need a day to

someone

your coupled-up

together

get

friends

love.

insist

on

with

you

being single during this time of

nursing

year.

Conestoga

that

them.

love

of their romantic

I

you

think

night out.

should do that

Valentine, Schmalentine.

all

“My

show

the time.”

girl-

friends don’t like

know why some sin-

doesn’t

Girard

because they have to spend $60 on a dozen roses.”

Valentine’s

Kris Wickens,

people gle would be so down on themselves around Valentine’s Day. "I think you should just try and find single friends and go out with them.”

accounting student

You have

to

Easier said than done sometimes.

whole week you are going spend the big V-day all

panic

the

before wondering to

if

alone.

Well, worry no more. There's no

reason to

fret.

Celebrate your sin-

gle status on Feb. 14.

from and

people sell

flowers,

more says

the single April

Reid, 19, a sec-

just try

and find single friends and go out with them.” April Reid,

everyone but you. The silhouetted jewelry commer-

make your lovey-dovey friends weep while you try to con-

cials

nauseous feeling

in

your

friends

with

to

Kris Wickens, 20, a second-year

accounting student

at

Conestoga

College, thinks Valentine’s Day is a bit of a commercial thing and an excuse to have a holiday in the

had boyfriend wanted to

LRC By

DARREN SMITH

Learning Resource Centre (LRC)

embraced

workshops planned for

who

single,

“Valentine’s

poor

the

weeks

Changes

best

They

are sure to

cheer you up.

interest.

not use the facilities.

assuming the lack of student response was due to their is

of extra time to

spare. Their focus is their

she said.

academ-

a

happen

will continue to

lack

“You like to have student input in more formal way,” said Wilkins,

“but

we

will

still

continue.”

and

if

students are not

happy with anything they know.

let staff

far as the stu-

workshops

problems she said. “For the most part students are happy with the services offered through the LRC,” said Wilkins. “It’s

good

a

environment

The workshops were intended plans in the

to stu-

dents only being at the college a few years, and due to the fact stu-

LRC

will

shops for

is

not sure

reschedule

later in the

the

fall,

way

R e cj u e s t -

Food Waterloo Region

of the

6 volunteers required

Must be able to lift. February 26th - 27th -

pm

1

Budd Park Soccer Arena Contact: Judy Dusick 748-5 1 3

CONESTOGA STUDENTS

INC. 1-800-661-TRIP (8747)

the

semester or in

or to try some other get students feedback. the

if

work-

Support

9am

to

LRC.

Volunteer

Rock Revival

for

gather information for long-term

Wilkins said she

Wilkins also attributes the low interest in the

being met. As

that is

study.”

Students do communicate with staff directly

dents have a level of expectation dents are concerned, there are no

LRC regardless of the

of student input.

ic studies,

close friends.

isn’t

cern for students.”

director Catherine Wilkins

lot

Day

folk.”

“These workshops were not realon their radar. It's not a big con-

due to lack of student

not having a

the

way to take your mind off it is to share some laughs with some

cele

with the

may

the

thought of being

a

of Jan. 19 and 26 were cancelled

Wilkins

you

If

haven’t

forced to cancel workshops ly

LRC

exactly

right.

“They were broke,” she really for the

they

way

She’s

to

has

but

with,

have to spend $60 on a dozen roses.

of the year.

time to find a

go out and have a good time.”

it

the

says.

said student participation

it’s

so you might as well

day

special

don't like Valentine’s because they

embrace your single status and remember that it’s only one day out

Maybe

share

to

a Saturday night

‘It’s

at

someone

have

girlfriends

was needed from those who use and don’t use the facilities. The LRC wants to know what students like and why

stomach.

student

brate.

“My

cutouts with their arrows pointing at

practical

never

practical nursing student

Everywhere you look there are paper hearts in the stores and cupid

tain the

Valentine’s Day is an excuse for companies to make more money

Wickens

you should

think

She says she

friends with

second-year

would be nice “I

with friends this year.

Kira Girard. 21, a single

College, admits

you care for them or that you

their

telling

I

because

a

Girard will be spending the day

grabber.”

It's

Conestoga College. "I think it’s ridiculous

that time of year again.

money

month of February. “It's a good excuse to go out.” Wickens says he doesn’t mind

ond-year practical nursing student at

on spending Feb. 14 without a partner

their feelings

www.greyhound.ca

to


News

Corporate bullies belong

SPOKE, February

detention

in

Big companies are taking advantage of the By HALLEY McPOLIN

people included

Bullying

a frustrating

is

matic event that in

and

trau-

commonly occurs

schools and on playgrounds.

culprit

parent

the

relentless,

is

The

in

including

lawsuit,

the copyright a

12-year-old

honours student from New York. “I thought it was OK to download music because my mom paid a service fee for it,” Brianna

and are cracking down on offendEven Barney the Dinosaur

ers.

course

him

25-page

a

customers would get confused over the name. Since the media began picking up

Rowe

With all the wealth and power some companies have, it’s puzzling to see just how paranoid they can be at times. More and more often,

LaHara had said in one interview. “Out of all people, why did they pick me?” The defendants had been chosen based on the number of files shared, although most were unaware how much music was being distributed from their com-

big corporations are targeting the

puters in the background; Lahara

gone down because of the masses flocking to see what all the fuss is about. Microsoft has also backed down, saying they are “reconsidering” their stance on the subject. Rowe’s homepage has regular updates on the status of the situation and an area where the public

The

can make "defence fund” dona-

often feels helpless and the victim

always tormented. But what if the bully was a wealthy, well known and powerful ... company?

is

“little

guy"

in

an attempt to ward

away such offences

as copyright

infringement, virtual theft and slander.

Even

whatever harm the is minimal, backlash can be

company

if

suffers

was one of those unlucky

few.

child’s mother, Sylvia Torres, settled with the

RIAA

After the public outcry over the situation,

Mitch

chief executive

Generally a company will first issue a warning, often in the form of a professional but very serious

peer-to-peer

frighteningly severe.

letter

asking that the offence be

stopped immediately. If the action does not cease there could be certain consequences. Because most couldn’t possibly

citizens

up

to the pricey

need

sharing. Parents

file

aware

be

of

what

doing on their

their children are

computers.”

Even

is

usu-

enough to halt any infractions. However, sometimes the

if

(the)

company

harm the

company use

the

in

suffers

mini-

is

mal, the backlash can be

to

set

frighteningly severe.

this .

.

and

industries.

are using

The RIAA can rest assured at one little girl will not any music downloading be time soon. Shortly after the lawsuits began,

one

company

fought

back

in

defense of their clientele. After the RIAA requested the identities of

150 Charter Communications Inc. customers, Charter filed a federal lawsuit in an attempt to block those

names from

Many

felt this to

was demonstrated September when the Recording Industry Association of America

“fair” fight.

on individual turned its music-swappers. There were 261

it

The

the recording industry.

be a

much more

place to break

all sorts

of rules, but

seems companies are looking more closely at some popular sites

for the

Conestoga College.

A

disability

new

services coun-

helped

develop

the

course,

entitled

In

sellor

the elective course and

teach the course. “I

felt

it

was important

for

own

tra-

teachers to share their ditions,” said Nixon.

Students in the course will

about issues affecting Nation communities and some of their spiritual aspects. The course will be taught a little differently Nixon said. For example, one of the classes will be taught in a circle. By doing

Lyons

learn First

this

and a very getting the job

no one

is in

a greater posi-

tion in the class, not even the teacher. This type of setting shows that

done. But does this “bullying” really protect the company or just create a lack of trust and respect

On the other hand,

among the masses in the end? Another site was recently confronted by one of the more intimcompanies in North idating

they should expect certain consequences. If nothing else, these

view.

types of situations serve as a warning to the rest of us: the Internet is

native guest speakers

America,

name. found

Apparently

Microsoft

www.mikerowesoft.com,

there are regulations in place for a reason and if one chooses to ignore the rules,

not

as

anonymous

as

we once

thought so choose your material stealing is stealing, no carefully .

.

.

who the victim may be. If they happen to be bigger, tougher and better equipped than you, just

17-year-old Mike Rowe, neither clever nor amusing. Rowe received an e-mail from

matter

in back lawyers November asking him to stop

like in the schoolyard, you’re

by

Microsoft

was able

to find an aboriginal teacher to

she said.

is

domain

a

as they are part of this country

Polite, to the point

simply over a

is

Doon campus of

regarding First Nations people,

legal remedies.”

operated

Internet used to be a safe

native studies course

Canadian mainstream society

is

means of

A first

needs to have more information

these materials must be immedi-

effective

DARREN SMITH

By

able to companies like Microsoft.

unlawful to use property without permission It

native spirituality

feel there are better options avail-

removed. Lyons Partnership would prefer not to have to pursue least

guns

companies

afflu-

excerpt threat-

the intellectual property of

.

wide example.

This

sympathize with massive,

Although in the long run, stealing music and movies and infringing on copyrights can ultimately be destructive to a company, many

you

teach

developing the curriculum for

host

The site says, “Most people found the clip to be harmless and funny. Except for Barney’s lawyers. They found the clip to be in bad taste.” The site directs the audience to other sources for the clip and scanned the letter in question for

One

will

for the general public

the

ent

spoof.

Elective

of

support

site.

It’s difficult

to

j

and Out of Time, Balancing Communities. Kelly Nixon was involved in

ately

a nation

last

was

and

offered

says his site has

threatened by mail over a Barney

Partnership.

question decides to

culprit

www.ebaumsworld.com,

ens, “the material

ally

the

audio and animation,

video,

ing

dedicated to amus-

public viewing.

stand

lawyers a giant

corporation can afford, this

to

tions

One website

for $2,000.

Bainwol released a statement saying, “We’re trying to send a strong message that you are not anonymous when you participate in

the

the story,

now

letter

threatening legal action, claiming

unforgiving.

is

j

using the domain name. They also

mailed

— Page 7

Aboriginal

guy

little

2004

9,

everyone has an equal point-of-

The course

will

also

have can

who

talk about issues they’ve experi-

enced

in their lives.

of things we know about native people are from books,” said Nixon.

“A

lot

“Having people who have it makes it more valid.”

lived

more

likely to lose.

1 Free, confidential health

advice from people

who

are actually qualified

Telehealth Ontario 1 - 866 -797-0000 TTY: 1-866-797-0007 Free access to registered nurses 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

www.HealthyOntario.com

to give

it.

Ontario


Page 8

— SPOKE, February

9,

2004

Attention Students For those that use the Pool and

Faasball Tables

in

the Sanctuary

BEGINNING FEB. 9TH. You must leave your student card at the front in

desk of the CSI Office

order to

play.

Thank you


Feature

SPOKE, February

9,

— Page 9

2004

a Conestoga student By

T

CARLA SANDHAM

A time when

to plan.

most

making plans for weekend a long-time commit-

to believe she

wouldn't graduate

this spring.

he orange glow of the setting

the

sun gleamed over the horizon

ment.

After a few days of worrying whether or not she would pass her

the bird-bath in

Dow’s back-

Clifford, dressed elegantly in a

black, knee-length dress with ruf-

on the sleeves, marched into

fles

the house disgusted with

Dow, who

insisted she get the water.

As

Clifford headed inside in a

Dow

huff,

prepared himself for

what he was about to do. "I was nervous,” Dow clearly remembers. “I didn't know if I should still do it because Mel was

mad

at

me.”

But once Clifford reached the bird-bath, her eyes flew ppen in shock as she gazed at the diamond ring Dow had placed there while she was inside getting water. Her high school sweetheart then asked, “Will you marry me?” “I was totally not expectit,”

was 19

says Clifford, at the

did

little

first

plan-

year of

practical nursing at Conestoga.

Now, with months away

the

She had just gradufrom Elmira high school and heading was Conestoga to College in the a with fall ring

her

course,

Clifford

find out

was

it

was relieved just a

to

misunder-

wedding four

scheduled for

it

beginning to feel

The wedding, June 19, falls two all.

days after convocation at Conestoga College. “The last few months haven’t been too bad,” she pauses, “but there have been stressful times.” Working a part-time job to help pay for the wedding, while doing co-op as part of her program, Clifford has little time to think about fabric colours, decorations, wedding cake toppers and everything else involved in planning a wedding. “I don't have too much of a life right now,” she says. “But, I am trying to concentrate on school.” semester Last Clifford

poorly a

did

on test,

which

wedding

to save a few cents or hundreds of dollars for that matter. While her bridesmaids, many of whom are also in school, worry

budge t

about the cost of their dresses,

was not concerned about

Clifford

“The

last

few months

alone makes

tips

haven’t been too bad, but

“It’s

there have been stressful

nursing student She is currently attending classes and working at Homewood Health Centre in Guelph until she finishes consolidation Guelph her at General Hospital in April. Balancing her time between school and the approaching wedding has at times been overwhelmhas been the

most

money

difsitu-

25, who works full time as a security officer at Stone

ation.

Dow,

Guelph, refinanced would have enough money for their wedding. But Clifford has little to contribute

Road Mall

only doing

spending

of

instead

couple hired friends of theirs are

ing, but Clifford says the

am

I

thousands of dollars on a professional photographer, the young

Mel Clifford,

ficult part

something

once,” she says confidently.

But,

times.”

100

up for about

in

his truck to ensure they

school.

They

who

photography

studying

also

made

their

in

own

and scored deals on flowers and various other wedding paraphernalia Clifford bought over the last two years. However, the unfortunate closure of the hall they booked for their reception added a few more numbers to their bottom line. invitations

After hastily calling several different halls in the area, they luckily found one that wasn’t booked. “The one we have now costs

more than we had budgeted for,” says Clifford, wondering where they can cut costs to make up for the unexpected expenditure.

dollar-wise as a student.

even know if I can get a job right away,” says Clifford, who is already in debt because of the

While Clifford and Dow are footing most of the bill for the wedding, both sets of parents are

tuition.

chipping

“I don’t

However, she is

not sacrificing

her

dream

By CARLA

SANDHAM

a student,

money

guests.

in to

guarantee a perfect

day for their children. So on the warm summer eve of June 19

exactly

Dow’s proposal

two years

after

Clifford can

finger

relax as she leaves her life as a college student behind and steps

and

into her future with

a

Wedding

ing a big wedding, as her family

as well as her gradu-

ation, Clifford is

the grade

spending $1,000 on her ivory wedding gown. She also insists on hav-

standing.

led her

ated

shiny

who

time of the

proposal.

on

Dow

Clifford and

ning during Clifford’s

the stress of

yard.

ing

wedding

wedding while making

students consider

on the warm summer eve of June 19, 2002. Glen Dow and his girlfriend Mel Clifford had just returned home from her graduation and stood arguing over who should fill

tackles planning her

Dow.

A

s

is

usually

and

paying for a wedding could rack up a few extra thousands of dollars in debt. Therefore, Jennifer Goulden, director of theweddingring.ca tight

— an online

bridal show, referral

network and wedding planner

some

offers

tips

for planning

a

wedding on a “shoestring" or low budget.

Goulden explains budget

is

mony and

A

a low-range about $5,000 for a cere-

reception.

budget would be upwards of $20,000 and could go as high as $50,000 or more. “That is a definite Hollywoodstyle wedding,” she says. "An average wedding is somewhere in between, ringing in at about $10,000 to $15,000.” large

Goulden says the shoestring budget can be tweaked to be as low as $4,000 and as high as $12,000, depending on what the bride and groom consider their perfect wedding.

And after money is

finding out

how much you,

to

available

Goulden suggests deciding what of the wedding are most important and spend more on them and less on everything else. She also says if you want to save

parts

on decor, rent a reception needs

little

help with

its

hall that

appear-

ance. (Photo by Carla Sandham)

Mel

Clifford,

a second-year

practical nursing student,

marry Glen Dow on June 19, just days after her graduation from

will

Conestoga College.

“It’s all about who you know,” she adds. “If you have friends or

family

members

business, allow

the

in

them

wedding you a

to give

deal on their services as long as they’re good at what they do. tips include:

Other cost-saving * Limit your guest

list

Choose a small cake and keep

* it

simple

*

Use

fresh, seasonal flowers

*

Buy

in

*

Reuse your ceremony flowers

at

quantity

the reception hall

Serve a light meal or a buffetstyle dinner * Book a winter wedding *

*

Make your own

favours and

invitations

*

Choose a Friday night (recep-

tion halls are usually cheaper) * Have an officiant perform the

ceremony

at

* If hiring a

the reception site

wedding planner puts

you over budget,

hire a

planner for just the day of your

wedding * If your budget doesn’t allow you to hire a decorator, make your own decorations and arrangements for the

hall


.

— SPOKE, February

Page 10

9,

We Remember

2004

Judges praise In

remembrance of Dec.

on

murdered

the

Polytechnique

in

6.

women who were 1989

Montreal,

at

the

were invited

Ecole

Women’s

to

submit entries of poems,

awarded three

prizes, for first,

third place,

was decided

Each was unique and powerful

First Place

in

A woman.

Lively green gentle grin, a towhead kid. She has a life of boundaries - those of her single parenthood, her reliance on the system, her excruciating a

isolation.

She

fiercely

is

haired

man

ry job

and a kid of his She envisions her

with a facto-

boundaries dissolving in mid-air. It is

one

-

She

strong,

fireworks from day total libido electri-

fication. Shortly thereafter follows a classic embodiment of that phrase “jumping in with both feet. The conflict is part of the fire and it begins immediately. His temper flares, jealousy slithers around and they fight daily. He uses words and manipulation to coax her

these pieces can be disturb-

We

share these with our college community.

An Inspiration to All Who Know Her

her.

By

Jennifer

Roy

Scorned, ridiculed, neglected, Discriminated, laughed at, frowned upon. Turned Down, broken down, beaten down, Denied needs yet alone luxuries. Uneducated, conformed, dragged around, Broken spirits until submission.

icrementally. He’s flipping

her phone asking her tions. He’s when she

clear.

Second Place Winner

disappe

is

The messages

ing.

Winner

where he wants

and

The content of

All the writings were judged to have a great

Eventually he is confull-on. her trolling Accusations, negativity, and discontent fill their space like a fog. Or a plague.

independent.

But hungry for love. She falls for him right away, this sexy, dark-

own.

right

are strong

hon-

recognize the value of the work.

quality. its

Woman A By Tammi Maher eyes,

to assign

in relation to violence.

of hurt, hope and societal change yet to come

second and

ourable mentions to the other three entries to

difficult as the

were of very high

six submissions

it

impact

Women’s Resource Group

lence message.

The judging was extremely

Current students of Conestoga College

way. Although the

first-

person accounts, or fiction with an anti-vio-

Resource Group sponsored an anti-violence writing contest.

writing contest entries

all

“Forbidden”

Doomed to failure and victimized... This woman has become a “product”

He’s book. family quescalling

u "~~

of her envi-

ronment.

t

goes to ner for hospital exhaustion and l |bout it. Does our heroine

Violence destroys

lives.

'

But then she

back, get help, tell her tale? Of course, but it is period of timeu She lives the abuse % realizes it, and stays anyway. She defends this man to herself, to others,

leads

her

toward

the

incinerator. structs her

time

-

and

m

from time even wants ionally. But

found the strength leave

remain there. She now lives by her rules and is reconstructwill

while he

carefully self-worth

ing her self-image, taking care of her kid and

He deconone piece

alas,

to

him behind. He

working.

at a

she loves

Coming back

is...

Loved, encouraged, cherished, Accepted, laughed with, smiled at. Considered, built up, helped, Abundantly possessing needs with some luxuries.

Well versed, educated, able to be “me,” standing on top, Given wings to fly. “Allowed” Encouraged to succeed and has survived. .

This

woman

who know

has become an inspiration to

to life.

Ending violence builds

COUNSELLOR’S CORNER:

all

her.

poem

lives.

dedicated to all the women who still in, or never had a chance to leave violent situations, and for those individuals who have helped and are helping to put an end to the violence against women.

Relationships

This

is

have overcome, are Being a student and in a committed relationship can bring enjoyment and pleasure and also feel conflictuai in terms of responsibilities and demands on time. A healthy relationship is more likely to withstand the pressures and that being a full-time student bring. A local Individual, Couple and Family Therapist, Barbara Pressman, developed a list of primary principles for a

changes

Come

healthy relationship.

Here are a few paraphrased ideas: Respect for the other person -- no put downs, no insults, appreciation of different needs and beliefs and recognition of the possible need for separate

International

as well as together time. Safety

is

of utmost importance

even fear, there already

--

no emotional or physical violence.

If

there

Women’s Week

is

is hurt.

Caring behaviour and emotional support such as listening without judging or blaming and encouraging each other’s interests. Inclusive decision-making regardless of earnings,

compromising differences

Open communication

By LESLEY

including the capacity to share feelings, to

to attentively without giving advice (unless sought),

be

and willingness

listened to

be

assertive about expressing needs.

Communication includes affection and sexual expression. These need to fit the needs of each couple and be mutually

LEACHMAN

The Women's Resource Group will

avoiding a win/lose result.

be holding a celebration din-

ner in

honour of International

Faculty and students, both male to attend

the dinner at the Waterloo

on March

campus

at

your campus

is

available to assist you with relationship issues

served

A Message

from Student Services

will

meal, prepared and

by Conestoga students.

Free entertainment will also be

faculty

member

be donated to Mary’s Place, a

women’s

shelter.

services

counsellor,

Joan Magazine, says the celebration will

be a

treat to the partici-

pants.

“We all get we don’t

2.

four-course

as

Dana Komer will be singing. The money leftover from the event

Student

Tickets are $25 and include a

The counsellor

provided,

Women’s Week. and female, are invited

satisfying.

honour

but

together,”

to

work

together,

often get to play

she says.

“Plus

it

is

honouring women, which makes it

even more special.”


We Remember

SPOKE, February

— Page 11

2004

9,

Third Place Winner

Honourable Mentions

Betrayal

The following three submissions received special recognition due to the high quality of the writing and the important message they deliver.

Anonymous

He

stood holding the kitten by the neck with the The four women he had gathered from different rooms of the house were still huddled on the bed where he had thrown them.

gun

The Last Laugh

in its tiny ear.

The one who owned the cat wept uncontrollably. The gun was a hand-held air gun that shot metal pellets that would cut and sting the skin but; at that range the damage could be fatal to the soft tissue of the kitten. One of the young women sitting with the others

felt a responsibility to

put a stop to

the fear that was growing. This man was the partner of her best friend, who now cowered next to her on the bed, but she had never seen this side of him before. They also, had been friends. He had taken her horseback riding at the stables and he

had drunk too much. Those times he only fell asleep. Tonight was different. He was angry, very agitated and out of control. He was going to make them suffer with his need for power. At first, she tried to talk to him. It was as if he could not hear. Then she tried to calm the owner of the kitten down. She told her she would get her kitten for her. Her fear had turned to anger and in a madness equalling his; she jumped at him, grabbed the kitten and threw the tiny pet into the waiting arms of its owner. She thought it was over, but was wrong. She was very wrong. He grabbed her as she tried to run to the kitchen where there was a door through which she could escape. In the small galley kitchen he trapped her against the cupboards. Gun and fist into her face, sparkles of light and then she felt the gun barvision her dimmed in rel dig into her temple. She could not move, his weight was crushing and her hands were wedged under her body and against the countertop. He was screaming at her. She could not focus on what he was saying. She was in another time, a place where a frightened eleven-year-old girl hid while the ruler slammed down on wet hands. It was the nurse’s room, because the nurse was not there, and the teacher is whispering in her ear. Nasty, nasty girl. Why are you so bad? Why do

slammed hard

you? The ruler comes he no longer has eneruntil down again and again the momentum of into will gy left to push all his The punishment hands. the slap of wood on wet and washes his sink over, he goes to the bathroom done this to has hands. He feels so much better. He does not She her several Thursdays in a row now.

you make

me do

this to

cry; she will not cry. The present returns in a flash of blue and the one with the gun is forced to the floor. Wrists locked in

submission as the police take him away. The courts betray her and he gets anger management therapy. Causing emotional trauma to another is apparently not considered a crime. There is no restorative jusputs her tice. She does not cry. She goes home and

Anonymous you

tell

I

this not to

sadden

Or anger you. Not even make you think. No, I tell

you. to

you

this

am

fine.

because, you see, I

am

just

want

Actually,

stronger than ever.

I

I

you that no matter how much someone hurts you, all

to tell

not

is

lost.

want to tell you about the day I was raped. I can still feel the weird combination of crunchy, sharp broken glass and cold, moist mud pressing on my I

my around my and

less

bunched

pants

ass,

shins.

1

terrified.

feel help-

There

is

pouring

this glorious sunlight all

me

over

And day

through the

trees.

the blue of the sky that

A flicker of hope only a dream could be so diametri-

cally opposed. But

it

is really

remember how

And

often think of him, or

I

down on me, heavy and squishy, hot. The way I am

think

pinned, the reek of his flesh

loathing

close to

my

face but

it is

nose.

I

look

at his

vacant, ugly.

I

an acrid taste of horror in

mouth.

He

It

It

is

am

I

cut

see

There

following me, or

is

him on and

me

made

the street.

and selfBut he stronger and

pain

is

fear.

And

tougher and smarter.

my

Only one of us left that day with any hope of a real future. And only one of us walked away that day

disgust-

ing and humiliating and so base.

I

get

gags me.

rapes me.

the rape,

sunny afternoon. imagine he

is

easily he

after

casual, out for a stroll on a

happening. His weight bears

from the glass

a

survivor.

transformed.

Hope Lives By It

was

Hope

a frosty fall morning;

looked at her reflection

in the mirror. Once too often, her face and body were left

and swollen from

battered

She lover’s beating. knew as she looked at herself her

and hard, that this would be the first day of the rest of her life. She mad stand the night befongfput her foot down, no mpSTDea. ings, and she e^raped

long

her

life to

Janine Warry have to make a

the floor.

He

would

promise

choice.

She loved him so much. She held on to the belief that if loved him t

esteem, she knew in her heart that she could do it, but was afraid of the consequences of

o be on her

leaving him.

She

where shejpallellit She was relatiorWiip,

it

her.

shovel here a one day thgt. all €ha

for

life.

Hope took

the

first

big step,

a chance meeting with

after

an old friend, who told her about a support group for battered women, she attend-

after.

|bei

ed her

knew

first

after

meeting.

She

attending

this

meeting her fate of existence relied on her contacting the ice the next time her lover She knew it in that she too could

and

next

then

or even

en and

hadystai

abmubs

her

him

She feared

1 right;

innocently eijpugji or so she thougrf^^^^ftssjkt b y

verbally

to that

could tell, the slightest things were angerShe had to be ing him. strong, take back her power, regain her battered selfshe

point,

standing up to

a

(j>f

It

Id change,

when

In

or death

life,

was coming

her never, never again, tell her how much he loved her, he said it so often she started to lose trust in all aspects of her life. She would forgive him.

^

lost his job, started to arj

iust

exce sspJjvT tha full-blown

w

iey

over their had taken

was

rightfully

jntrol

at ^s

as these

had done They had

er.

feelings on paper. She writes a poem and those words are what she lives by for many years:

look across the field and see one lonely tree, It has faced the storms and rain like me, And yet its trunk grows straight. Not bending in the direction forced by wind. Not showing any scars of hate, Not touched by scorn or greed or any sin. But storms and cold rains of man, Have mutilated this once gentle hand,

I

walks away

stunning.

is

and bruised. 1 am utterly horrified and frozen in place.

in the first place.

I

the warmth from these veins. Turned the flesh to stone; love to cinders, And filled the mind with scorching pain,

Have drained

all

Not allowing any hope or dreams

to linger.

His focus was one sion and slaughter To rob of pride and joy a daughter Accusation of feminist rankled the It

sealed their fate spelled

their

We that

room

doom look back with sadness

day

in

December

But

attempt

We

Women

name we to remember

his

not

say

change has

it

again

every day eir rights but

what

brought

Have we done what we can to prevent

are beaten in their

an onslaught

Family violence we offer him as an excuse A lifetime of witnessing despair and abuse

normally” Have we come

very far

is

there really a difference

Can we

offer our daughters

a degree of assurance


News

Those are mighty

big

“We

HOTO

it’s

The

100

thorough job instructing and prepar-

the hands of roughly

sess the skills required to

keep the

of us safe from the chaotic

world outside the campus

doors.

Police foundations students underto

go diligent training

prepare

themselves to protect and serve

community. “We prepare them

their

depth

level,"

Harrison,

police

at a

very

in-

Carolyn

said

foundations/law

and security administration coordinator.

The only elements the police foundations program doesn't teach is

shooting, defensive driving and

“We need a good person. Someone who is calm, can take control when necessary, someone who knows when to do this and someone with community involvement.” Const. Peter Viol,

second year,

defensive tactics.

is

a course

walk

in

with your

deliver a very high quality,

being interviewed, that is only one stage. After students graduate from

Conestoga they need

to

submit an

form and

registration

applicant

complete a pre-interview assessment. The next step involves writing aptitude tests, a communication test,

the medical/physical skills

The

the abilities test. 1

is

Stage 2

and of

last section

video simulation. the interview. Const.

is

Peter Viol, a recruiter for Waterloo

in

designed to help

students

“We

Stage

Waterloo regional police preparation,

process.

demanding program,” she said. Becoming a police officer isn’t as simple as walking intd a room and

ing students for the real world.

Police

in April

interview

gruelling

the

fill

students ‘get

foundations

police

through

future of our safety has been

Conestoga College students. After graduation they will posrest

...

Harrison feels the faculty does a

in

left

don’t have the facilities

not practical," said Harrison.

to

new constables

Waterloo Regional Police Service hiring 10 By CARRIE

shoes

Regional Police Service said the chief at Waterloo likes to interview every possible candidate.

“We need a good person. Someone who is calm, can take control when necessary, someone who knows when to do this and someone with community involvement.” Participating in the community can be anything from volunteering at a hospital, to coaching a little league team.

“What you do

to you,” Viol

up

is

said.

Students in police foundations have to complete 40 hours of community service in their first year. “Life skills and community involvement is what they are looking for,” said Harrison. After the interview comes Stage 3,

walk out with your

money

which includes a background

investigation.

From

the time

you apply and the

interview process

where up

to

a

it

can take any-

year,

said

Viol. (Photo by Carrie Hoto)

Waterloo regional began interviewing on Jan. 14 and Viol said 10 of the interviewees will be hired on

Const. Peter

April 12.

police service.is

a recruiter for Waterloo Regional Police Services, has screened 200 applications for 10 positions the Viol,

filling this April.

200 applications

“I’ve screened

for 10 spots," he said.

Waterloo

regional

hires

three

“The way the selection is set up is you have to have life experi-

times a year: January, April and

now

September.

ence," he said.

Aside from

life

said there are a traits

experience. Viol

number of other

police officers need to retain.

“Analytical multi-tasking

are

skills is

amount of academic ability to stay

ple retiring, staffing requirements

and people leaving

to

go

to other

services. “It’s

call 1 -800-HRBLOCK

or visit hrblock.ca

a very rewarding career

Most people who

get into policing

“It’s

very fulfilling.

You go

After

spend

being 12

hired

weeks

at

to

are

constables the

Ontario

Police College in Aylmer.

•Restriction! apply. Students

who

qualify

must be

'full

time*

with attendance of four or more months at a university or college. Offer expires soon and is good only at participating offices. See office for details.

However, a word of caution, the average age of a person being hired is between 27- and 28-years-old.

the

is

in front

of

you and prioritize.” Viol and Harrison both stress the importance of getting work experience and life experience after graduation. According to Conestoga’s Graduate Employment Report for 2001/2002, there were 71 graduates from police foundations, 96 per cent of them were working and 56 per cent were working in their related field.

“A

FACT BOX Do

you

match

job

this

description? I Preserving the I

peace

Preventing crime and other

offences

and providing

assis-

tance in prevention I Assisting victims of I

crime

Apprehending criminals and

who may

of them won’t get hired away because they are too young ... Some of them need to

others

develop

participating in prosecutions

lot

right

their

life

skills,"

said

Harrison.

many Conestoga

graduates do get hired.

“Compared

to other police

Laying

I

I

charges

and

Executing warrants Investigating

and reporting

occurrences foun-

programs in the college system we have one of the most demanding and high quality programs in the province.” For more information on the Waterloo Regional Police Service check out www.wrps.on.ca. dations

be

lawfully

taken into custody

I

Harrison said

stay in policing," Viol said.

work each day and hope you making a difference.”

H&R BLOCK

...

ability,

calm; you have to be

able to deal with what

According to the police services Waterloo regional board, is authorized to have 632 uniform members. Viol said how many people they hire depends on peo-

good,

essential, a certain

I

Performing the lawful duties the chief of police or

that

commissioner assigns I Enforcing municipal by-laws I

Completing the prescribed

training

— According

to

ATS Inc.


Feature

SPOKE, February

9,

2004

— Page 13

allowing the terr bout one rity student,

She cringes at the'mere thought of vomiting and begins to panic at the first feeling of an uneasy stom-

says she

Michelle

Dyck of Guelph

has had

a fear of vomiting ever since she

threw up her pizza

meeting

1

a girl guides

at

CN

Tower.

As she neared

how

horrible

the scene was,” she shudders. “I

everyone’s stomach

realize

feels

the top

And Willson

says the face-painted circus freaks just

make

her break

down

tress

in tears.

common

But Dyck’s phobia of a bodily function causes a

8 years ago.

can remember

petrified of

is

clowns and heights. Willson challenged her fear a while ago when she climbed the she almost fainted.

ach.

“1

every 10 Canadians suffer from a pho,

in

cult for her to function

it

diffi-

normally

in

I'm

still

always worried that

it

will “I

But

this

23-year-old

woman

is

About one in every 10 Canadians suffers from an excessive or persistent fear of something, according to the Canadian

was

fine

comfortable

and

Psychological fear

considered

is

because

Association.

it

is

way when

through our set

got the gurgles.” Michelle Dyck,

Guelph resident

excessive

phobia can range from fearing

for sleepovers because sleeping in

and blood. There is something about the eyes of porcelain dolls and ventriloquists that trigger fear in law and security student Jamie Gough.

made her nervmade her feel sick. “The panic would inevitably begin when the lights went out,”

time she passes her mother’s doll

home.

Krystal Willson, a law and secu-

an unfamiliar place

ous, which

she says, adding there was no controlling her panic attacks. Dyck also missed a lot of school,

She

she would be remembers lying in the sick room at school often where the nurse bucket puke a put would

fearing

or spider pleasant

such as gardening, nature

activities

sick.

game

she put a

lot

of energy into not

let-

“I’m not even sure how react

if

I

would

I

psychologist

clinical

Joseph’s Healthcare

and

in

these

McCabe, at

St.

Hamilton

professor

psychiatry

at

for

days and days

Dyck has never gone is

phobias

pub

at the

University

of Guelph. “I

was

and comfortable

until

about three-quarters of the way through our set when I got the gurgles,” she explains. “I was shaking uncontrollably and had to fight through the rest of our set.” Fortunately, Dyck says she has learned to restrain herself from bringing up her lunch, supper or

Spiders

2.

Bees

until

a

Generally,

it

3.

Reptiles

4.

Snakes

of

5.

of

liquid

6.

Mice Dogs

in

Dyck’s

7.

Birds

treatment

no longer pro-

strong

Oakman

reaction.

fear

says, medica-

tions are not considered effective

phobias

specific

(fear

objects).

However,

a

bottle

Gravol can be found purse at

all

my

times.

she says pointing to a bottle on her kitchen “It’s

safety

net,”

counter.

She

recalls a recent trip

on a

train

whatever she has eaten. Now, when

out west where she packed four bottles of the stomach-settling

an unpleasant feeling arises in her stomach, she repeatedly tells her-

unfamiliar Visiting medicine. places, she says makes her stomach

(Photos by Carla Sandham)

Common

fears

among people

are heights, spiders and

snakes. The mere sight of a

snake

in

a picture

like this

can

a person with a severe phobia of snakes. This type of phobia can prevent a person from doing activities and going places where snakes may be

trigger a panic attack

lurking.

in

won’t buy any.”

1.

University of Waterloo.

duces

for

fine

I

Frogs 9. Ants 10. Horses 8.

I’ve

think

feared situation or thing,” says Dr.

regularly

experienced a panic attack dur-

maybe today

I

Jonathan Oakman, a psychologist

Exposure-based

been

fear entirely.

for

fear-provoking situation or object

ing a gig at a

this

graded exposure to the

is

requires the patient to approach the

a musician, recent-

over

available.

doing things, but is

ting

to get pro-

“The best known treatment

would

challenging myself as part of get-

.

prevent her from going places and at

I

I’ve

.” .

at the

can strike

so

work

sion of myself and not go to

McMaster University. Dyck tries not to let her phobia it

if s a safety net without,

that freaked out five-year-old ver-

treatment

with

face

better

was actually sick to my would probably become

I

coming

to

do

been doing pretty well

ling herself.

fessional help for her phobia, but

face

chum. “I realize

Dyck says there arc many times when she could have vomited, but

outdoors because he or she fears

ly

When

an animal, such as a dog, to storms

collection at

Someone with a snake may also avoid

vomit

in a

fest.”

stomach.

phobia

Dyck, who she was younger she wouldn’t go over to friends’ houses

"Their eyes are the lost souls of little children,” she says. Gough says she winces every

refused to ride a

anytime.

the actual level of danger associat-

A

Dyck

school,

school bus ever again.

out of proportion to

ed with the situation.

feel

1

a

three-quarters of the

The

made me

creatures, says Dr. Randi

until

not alone.

I

It

walks, camping or playing a

everyday situations.

upset every once in a while, but

end up being the world’s most horrendous vomiting session.”

that.

even more nervous and sick because it meant there was a possibility would actually be sick.” And after watching a friend throw up on her school bus in public

won’t end

self “no, this

hated

“I

of dis-

lot

and sometimes makes

beside her.


Page 14

— SPOKE, February

9,

2004

Conestoga Students Healthy

Lifestyles

Inc.

and

Week

presents

Josey Vogels

Nationally syndicated columnist

on SEX,

DATING and

RELATIONSHIPS!


News

SPOKE, February

9,

2004

— Page 15

Pot growers getting brash with their cash Homes

upscale neighbourhoods being turned into drug operations By AIMEE

in

WILSON

unit investigations are all part of

Some of those involved in illehome-grow operations are now going swankier. Growers are now found to be

an intensive project aimed at geting home-grow operations.

gal

purchasing expensive properties in more costly neighbourhoods. In the past they used to buy rundown or

abandoned properties

to set

up

shop. Staff Sgt. Bryan Larkin of the Waterloo regional police said growers are now beginning to

move

high-end neighbour-

into

hoods

disguise

to

their

far in

three

2004, police have bustdifferent

According

to Larkin, the

are creating these

home-grow operations are becoming much more savvy at it,” he said.

drug

expensive homes and renovating and creating a greenhouse in a really expensive

home

very

in a

neighbourhood

elusive

where

people don't suspect it.” Waterloo regional police drug

odd hours; and sounds of humming around the house is heard. Once a house is made into a at

greenhouse for the operation, the

operations in the region.

there are

The last bust occurred Jan. 19 in Cambridge when a 37-year-old male was arrested after having an undisclosed amount of marijuana in the home.

According to the Jan. 16 issue of the Independent and Free Press of

Police

say

they

not

only

community

part-

are

ners for information but also the general public.

“We’re asking neighbours

to

know

'They're typically buying very

the premise; residents rarely appear to be home; condensation on the windows; the exterior property is untidy; visitors come

unit has executed 150 search warrants since 1999 for the illegal

relying on their

who

home-grow

operations in Waterloo Region.

illegal

operations.

“People

So ed

tar-

their neighbours,” said Larkin. People are advised to be

aware of activity around neighbourhood.

their

Some signs that there may be a marijuana home-grow operation taking place are: warning signs about guard dogs posted around

home

not only unliveable but

is

many dangers

as well.

Halton, the possibility of a fire in

one of these operations as lar

as

much

in a

regu-

is

40 times greater than household.

In

many of

the operations, elechas been illegally bypassed

tricity

and in many circumstances done by a non-professional. Therefore, combining an amateur

electrical job with vast amounts of water and fertilization makes the house an electrocution trap.

“We’re trying to send a message community that we won’t

to the

tolerate

it,”

said Larkin.

Pride of the underground railroad PETR CIHACEK

By

“Move

or die,” the

for her, he would likely have been caught and taken back to the plan-

man was

told

ness of a pistol aimed just inches

from

many people remember

his forehead.

Knowing the

the threat

man overcame

was

serious,

his fatigue

and

decided to keep walking. Later on, he

and

his group of runaway from the United States reached their promised

slaves safely

land

- Canada.

That happened approximately We will never find

150 years ago.

what happened to the discouraged slave after he reached Canadian soil. But, he was probably forever out

grateful

to

Harriet

Tubman

for

him and making him continue his journey. If it was not threatening

the heroic

Tubman. Being a runaway slave

Tubman helped more

herself,

than

300

slaves escape through a so-called

underground railroad, a secret pathway leading through the woods and across rivers, lakes and mountains into Canada.

The

fugitives

moved only

at

night and they were often chased by slave hunters. During the day, they found refuge in barns, houses, chimneys and haystacks.

Tubman

also ventured 19 times southern U.S. to guide slaves to freedom in the northern

to

and her bravery and dedicalegendary.

is

But, the president of Canada’s

tation.

During Black History Month, which is celebrated in February,

as he stared into the sinister cold-

states

tion

the

National

History

Deborah Morrison, feels important to remember

Loading up David Thaler unloads snacks and beverages headed for Conestoga vending machines on Jan. 29. This is a daily routine for Thaler.

Society, it

is

also

Parental

to

Nova

Scotia,” Morrison said. “Initially,

food

comes

ORMSTON

By JENNIFER

extra weight pregnant

Choosing

to

become

a parent

of preparation.

lot

A primary concern for parents in the early stages of pregnancy, or

who

are planning to

nant,

is

become preg-

the health of their unborn

child.

The Region of Waterloo public

they were supported by the church

health

on.”

free prenatal fair this

department

is

offering

BRYAN M ARTIN

Conestoga College students are experiencing the cold that with

it

comes

being the heart of winter.

They are going through that tough part of the year when their schedules have become harder,

homework assignments more demanding and the weather more

their

depressing.

After a long day of school, students like to

some

unwind by doing

physical activity outside or at least getting past tally

some

fresh

air.

But, these

few weeks have been so brucold it seems almost impossi-

ble to do anything fun outdoors.

should

The good news is that it’s February and reading week is only two weeks away, a welcome break for everyone

stuffed pita

that is

around the comer. students hunger for some

Some

and relaxation, and are getting excited about going someplace warm. Other students hunger for something different, namely food. There has been a buzz around the cafeteria lately because of a new rest

happy because the is coming and should

be here by this week.

The

pita

varieties.

comes

There

is

in three different

the chicken pita,

and the famous bacon, lettuce, tomato pita, also known to many as the BLT. You can count on this enticing people from the Harvey’s line. Sure there will still be the grease monthe

steak

pita,

keys over in the fast-food

One new product being

released

is the stuffed pita. For years, students have been longing for a Pita

Now, they

line,

who

and breathe deep-fried food and can’t make the healthy switch. But others will embrace the healthier food and get their lives back on

live

selection of food.

Pit or a Pita Factory.

be

track, that’s the pita track.

The

is

a big decision, one that requires a

a

Wednesday

are

fair also offers

more than 50 food and

pamphlets,

displays,

door prizes. Two, 30-minute mini-workshops will be held. The first is called Healthy Eating for Two. In this session, a dietician will teach expectant parents

how

to eat well during their

pregnancy.

babies through healthy pregnan-

The second workshop, called Dad’s Role in Pregnancy and Planning, will educate fathers on

cies.

how

promote the creation of healthy

The

highlight of the fair will be

the opportunity to speak directly

By

women

carrying around.

community and then they moved

to the cafeteria

gives advice

to hopeful future parents

to

New

fair

the role

Canadians played in helping runaway slaves obtain freedom. “It’s one of the earliest stories that support our pride,” said Morrison, adding that underground railroad stories also boost our racial understanding. Between 1830 and 1865, an estimated 30,000 to 100,000 slaves used the underground railroad to get to Canada.

“Most of them came

(Photo by Bryan Martin)

with various professionals, said Carole Doucet Love, a nutritionist with the public health office. Nurses, midwives, dieticians, pharmacists and massage therapists

are

among

providers at the

the

health-care

fair.

Non-health related professionals will also be there, including retail-

and photographers. “There are a wide range of people to chat with and to answer your questions,” said Doucet Love. Fathers can have their pictures taken while trying on the empathy belly; they too can experience the ers

to be helpful to their partners and a great parent once the baby arrives, said Doucet Love. Research shows the early stages

of pregnancy, specifically days 17

56 after conception, can greatimpact the health of a baby. This fair will encourage parents to plan pregnancies in advance, since couples are often unaware they are pregnant until later on in their pregnancy. The prenatal fair will be held at to ly

the

Cambridge

Newfoundland

1500 Dunbar Rd., Club, at Cambridge, from 5 to 8 p.m. on »•

Feb. 11.

For more information

883-2308

or

call (519)

go

www.region.waterloo.on.ca/ph.

to


Page 16

— SPOKE, February

9,

News

2004

spread across Asia

Bird flu continues to By JENNIFER

ORMSTON

Another deadly disease

is

rapidly

spreading throughout the Far East.

The avian

flu,

also

known

as the

cerned about the spread of this deadly virus for many reasons. SARS, and its initial cover-up by the Chinese government, has left

some questioning what

really

is

tims across Asia at the time of pub-

going on. Although there have already been

lication.

some

bird

flu,

has claimed

The disease

is

at least

12 vic-

contracted through

co'ntradictions in the govern-

ment’s reports about the

Tian

flu,

said she believes the region will han-

contact with a sick bird. “Scientists believe the illness

can

dle this outbreak better than

SARS.

humans from poultry through exposure to feces or mucus

“The government is ready this time and they are already taking

of sick birds. Health doesn’t spread to it

action to stop the spread of the

move

to

discharge

say

experts

humans through consumption of cooked chicken meat or eggs,” according to the Wall Street Journal.

virus.”

Many

are concerned about the

have on the Asian economy, especially after the deveffect the flu will

SARS.

astating impact of

“There’s always potential for this kind of

result in

outbreak to

a serious global

pandemic.”

During the outbreak, which led to the death of approximately 800 people worldwide and 349 people in mainland China, Health Canada issued warnings about travelling in China.

Shigeru Omi,

Once

again, a travel adviso-

ry in Asia has been issued.

This time Canadians are being

World Health Organization

warned

to

stay

away from

live

poultry markets.

So far there has been no evidence humans contracting the disease from other humans. However, of

concerned a mutant form of the virus could emerge if the avian flu was to mix are

health officials

with a

human

If this

was

flu.

to happen, Shigeru

Health World the Organization’s regional director, warns, “there’s always potential for this kind of outbreak to result in a serious global pandemic, which

Omi,

involves not hundreds, but could kill

millions of people globally.”

said

Nguyen Do,

30, an electrical

engineering student

Conestoga.

at

SARS, which industry, and now

“Before there was hurt the travel

with the outbreak of the bird flu the industry will continue to decline,” said Do, who moved to Canada 10 years ago from Vietnam. Wang also said she is concerned about Asian tourism.

of the virus, Asian governments

have ordered millions of chickens and ducks to be slaughtered. Many birds have also died

SARS. Since SARS, the Chinese government has made changes so I think they will be more prepared to deal with

(Internet photo)

warning that an outbreak of avian flu poses a serious threat to the Southeast Asia region. Countries across Asia are battling to stop the spread of the disease by

The World Health Organization

is

culling poultry.

Thailand

is

GLBT CLUB MEETING

the virus.”

a leading exporter of

come out

chicken worldwide. In

virus.

Cases of the bird flu have been reported

“The bird flu is very bad for travel. However, I don’t think it will have as severe an impact as

In an attempt to curb the spread

from the

People are going to become too scared to go and travel around Asia,

2003 the country exported

$1.7 billion worth of chicken.

Now

Japan and the European Union, Thailand’s largest chicken importers, have banned their poultry, according to the Kitchener- Waterloo Record. Kuwait, Jordan and Sri Lanka have also banned the importation of poultry from

I

wish they would only take -Vincent Van

me

as

I

am.

Gogh

avian-infected countries.

Although the bans will hurt Asian economies, Tian

the

said they are necessary.

“Export bans are a good to control the spread

method

of the disease.” In

Japan, Laos, Pakistan, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam.

Although the virus is not close to home, it is on the minds of many Conestoga College students.

The

bird flu will impact the col-

lege’s international

students,

said

Tian Tian, 20, an international student from China.

“Some

prospective students don’t

have their visas yet and

more

it

be one

will

an effort to regain con-

sumer confidence, Thailand’s billionaire prime minister is offering $75,000 US to anyone who dies from eating properly cooked chicken, according to the Globe and Mail.

The timing of

the flu couldn’t

have been worse, said Do. “It started during the Chinese

New

Year,

which put a damper on

the celebrations.”

Chicken

farmers

are

losing

now,” said the first-year general

money because their birds must be killed and now everyone is buying

business student.

fish,

difficult for

Last

year’s

them

SARS

meant a

lot

dents

couldn’t

to get

outbreak

of international stureturn

to

Conestoga College, said Hui Wang, 2d, an accounting student from China. “I hope it will be OK this time.” The global community is con-

he

This

said. is

not the

first

Wednesday, Feb II, 2004 4:30pm - 5:30pm ROOM 2E02 everyone welcome

time the bird

flu has hit Asia.

Six people died of the flu in

its

known outbreak in 1997 in Hong Kong. The World Health Organization

bring ideas

first

said the flu has mutated since then,

making old vaccines

useless.

glbtconestoga@yahoo.com


Health

SPOKE, February

Casanova used condoms, so why ORMSTON

the brand they

Condoms While planning the many ways to spoil your boyfriend or girlfriend on Feb. 14, don’t forget to purchase

thoughtful

some condoms along with

that

choose most often.

are not a

new

invention. In fact,

the oldest

illustration

dates back

more than 3,000 years

of the contraceptive to ancient

Egypt, according to www.justrubbers.com.

flowers

card,

— Page 17

common sense

Contraceptive By JENNIFER

2004

9,

not you?

according to the Durex website. A survey conducted by the website also revealed 25 per cent of Canadians would have sex with a new partner even if he relused to wear a condom. Shockingly, 50 per cent of Conestopa

properly used; and

some people complain

condoms

take the spontaneity out of sex, according to the website.

Don’t be fooled by excuses spoil the

condoms good

like

moment, or sex doesn't

feel

while wearing one.

and chocolates.

The tages

advanof

proper condom

use

pP**

outweigh

the

disadvan-

tages of contracting

STD

a

or

becom-

Every Condom

Week

appropriately

to

Preparing for your night of fun and passion has never been easier. The Trojan and Durex websites offer personalized condom selectors to help you and your partner choose the condom that best suits your needs. First you decide on the design feature. Options include mutual stimulation, extra sensitive, textured, transmits

body

from lubricated, spermicidal, non-lubricated and climax conthe lube,

trol.

Next you choose either latex or non-latex. And finally, you pick your fit. The options are regular, large, extra large and fitted. The website will then tell you what style of to purchase.

To try the selector out www.trojancondoms.com

HARD FACTS

go to or www.durex.com. for yourself,

Conestoga College students said Trojan

is

said they would do the same thing. There are many pros and cons

The oldest condom was

dis-

covered

the

choosing condoms as your contraceptive, according to the University of Ottawa health information website. The list of advantages to

In

in

the

renowned

1900s,

I Before putting

expiry date.

Latin

lover

Casanova, who is believed to have slept with well over 100 women, used linen condoms to prevent pregnancy and venereal disease. By the 1960s, people threw out condoms in favour of the birth control pill. However, the advent of HIV and AIDS made this carefree lifestyle dangerous and people began to rely on condoms once again. In fact, condoms are the contraceptive of choice for Canadians; four out of 10 people use them as their primary method for preventing unwanted pregnancies and STDs,

using condoms is long: they are inexpensive; they are easily available, and you don’t need a doctor’s prescription to get them; they can be used with other contraceptives to further decrease your chances of getting pregnant; and for some men, they help prolong an

erection.

There are some disadvantages

too:

some

people are allergic to lubricant, spermicide or latex; expired

condoms may be

condoms can break

or

fall

ineffective;

on a condom, check its be used safely years after being manufac-

Condoms can

for four to five

to

mid1600s in England. It was made of fish and animal intestines.

heat, extra

strength and standard design.

Then you pick

g

is

held

include Valentine's Day.

condom

n

i

pregnant.

National

year.

tured.

store condoms in warm places. condoms on early. Pre-ejaculate can result in pregnancy or STDs. I Take condoms off before the penis becomes soft. I Always use a new condom. I If the condom breaks, consult a doctor I

Never

I Put

about emergency contraception. I

Only carry condoms

in

your wallet tem-

porary, but before using

make

sure the

package is not damaged, bent or flexed. I Never use oil-based products, like baby oil or petroleum jelly, with condoms. Instead, use lubricants intended for use

with condoms, like Astroglide.

off if they are not

Cutting thru the myths of circumcision By HALLEY McPOLIN

human to

papillomavirus, which can also lead

genital

is faced by a lot of parNorth America and around the world shortly after the birth of a baby boy; to cut or

Pediatric Society

not to cut?

a

The act of circumcision has existed for thousands of years with some of the earliest depictions of circumcision appearing on the

formed

a decision that

It’s

ents in

walls of Egyptian pyramids.

Some

African

circumcision while Jews and Moslems continue the tradition for religious

tribes practice

purposes. But besides religious and traditionis there any medical justification performing a serious, possibly dangerous, operation on a newborn baby? According to some experts, yes.

al

reasons,

for

However, the Canadian

warts.

not medically

still

insists

necessary.

circumcision

is

women

Instead,

should have pap smears - an examination of

woman’s cervix

for irregularities

-

per-

regularly.

Cleanliness

is

another popular rationale for

But what were experts saying before all these studies and medical examinations? You may be surprised to know that combating masturbation was one of the biggest motivations in

many

institutions.

According to John Harvey Kellogg in Plain Facts for Old and Young, circa 1888, not only did circumcision help resist the temptation,

“A remedy

(for masturbation),

which

is

Langerhans cells found primarily in the foreskin, have the ability to trap certain viruses.

formed by a surgeon without administering

cancer.

cised

at

greater risk for cervical

According to the study, uncircum-

men were more

likely to spread the

to half of the

fibers that

almost always successful in small boys, is circumcision. The operation should be per-

female partners

- close

overall length. Besides skin, small muscle

this.

well.

New England Medicine in 2002 found intercourse with an uncircumcised man could put

baby boy

based on whether or not the father is. Anticircumcision groups feel esthetic motivation to be both outrageous and immoral. The average amount of skin removed from the penis during circumcision equals around

with

HIV and AIDS are seen less in circumcised men because specialized cells, known as

study published in the

the decision to circumcise their

make

the area will avoid most issues associated

years. Supporters

A

outdated and illogical. In

three to five inches

but the absence of anesthetic contributed as

Journal of

is

addition to cleanliness, most parents

circumcision, however, proper cleansing of

Avoiding medical problems ranging from penile cancer to urinary tract infections have been attributed to circumcision over the of the practice even claim

circumcision

an anaesthetic, as the pain attending the operation will have a salutary effect upon the mind, especially if it is connected with the idea of punishment...”

Although this is not considered a reasonable argument by today’s standards, many feel even modern-day rationale supporting

at the tip

form the equivalent to a sphincter are also removed. This protective

remember anything

that

happened to them more and more

within 48 hours of birth. But

investigation into the long-term psychological effects of the process

show

there

may be

a connection between circumcision and tional issues later

on

emo-

in life.

has been recorded that during the opera-

It

an infant’s blood oxygen will drop

tion,

while heart rate and the hormone cortisol will

go up - a sign of

stress.

child has less interaction with

bonding experience

is

Because the

its

mother, the

also interrupted

which

layer covers the glans, actually protecting

can, in turn, interfere with breast-feeding.

males from infection and keeping the area moist and sensitive. It is argued that removing this layer of skin, which is teeming with blood vessels and nerve endings, can adversely affect a man’s sexual pleasure later

Although the long-term emotional effects cannot be determined with certainty, it is

on in life. There is also the

tions during the procedure.

One of the biggest arguments against the procedure is simple: it is unethical to perform a medically unnecessary operation that

there have been cases of infection,

will

risk of

medical complica-

Although rare, hemorrhage and severe injury to the penis and urethra during the operation that can cause lifelong problems for the man. But what about

psychological after-effects?

The baby’s pain

seemingly disregarded during the procedure and the assumption that the child will not remember reassures both parents and supporters. Indeed, there are not a lot of circumcised men who can say they is

speculated that everything from self-esteem to trust

can be affected because of the trauma

of circumcision.

permanently

alter a person’s

body with-

out their consent. It is

a debate that has raged on for

many

years and will undoubtedly continue as long as the practice endures. tain,

ly

One

thing

is

for cer-

circumcision should not be taken light-

and parents should know

all

the facts

before making a decision that will, in one

way

or another, affect their baby boys for the

rest of their lives.


Page 18

— SPOKE, February

As

9,

2004

a part of your Student Association Fee, CSI

works with government

to positively

aspects of student

change

life.

Your student President, Justin Fdlconer ties

worked with the Paul Martin

Government

to

create and influence

these important changes.

Committed to working with provinces and territories to modernize the Canada Student Loans (CSL) program. Update and improve grants and loans to increase access to middle and low income families. Student loan

limits will

be increased.

expenses will be include new essentials such as computers.

Eligible student loan

broadened

to

Creation of new incentives such as RESP’s that will benefit children/parents of low

Enhance government programs

to

income

encourage

families.

skills training.

Work to improve the integration of new immigrants into the economy and into communities.

For more information contact Justin Falconer at the

CSI

office.

CONESTOGA STUDENTS

INC.


Feature

SPOKE, February

9,

2004

— Page 19

Enjoying sex with Desiree The newest voice on CJIQ is stirring up the airwaves with everything from pornography to masturbation By BLAKE GALL

If

Day Valentine’s put

away

ers, it’s

Day

is

almost here, so

the chocolates

time to get

and flow-

down and

dirty.

An

sex isn’t on your Valentine’s to-do

maybe what you

list,

need is a dose of Sex with Desiree. This racy new radio talk show is

uninhibited

woman

with lots

to say, Finhert is often the therapist

many of

to

her friends and col-

its way to the desk of CJIQ programming specialist Mark Burley.

gel

“I

a

shows, but

leagues.

lot

this

Finhert also plans to delve into

STDs, orgasms and shaving on

the issues of pornography,

of proposals

for

stripping,

was one of the

first

her show.

to

But one fateful day when she was

CJlQ's airwaves. Second-year journalism student, Desiree Finhert. 23, of Waterloo, is the brainchild and host of the exciting new

giving advice to a classmate she

explained.

porn star Ron Jeremy and

heard the comment, “You should

was very well thought out and organized, which impressed me.” But where docs a 23-year-old stu-

ambition gets stronger with every

the latest information

program

hit

have your

own show

She laughed nothing of

it,

it

about sex.”

off and thought

but her teacher found

Before she could take a breath,

started as

joke last semester when a friend asked

first

possible.

cleverly enli-j

with the show

explained.

own

new show,

day,”

Finhert

Well,

for her

one

in

ics

stories

of life

all,

it

much

as

because the

my own

men

sex

anyone doesn't

to hear

“A

lot

of

exclaimed.

friends

ideas, talking

and finding out what

it

they

a helping hand. the idea of masturbation

decided

to the table, Finhert

real,

and so

halls everyday,” Burley said.

The show

is

screened every week

by Burley before airing so anything he feels is inappropriate is discussed with Finhert and changes are made wherever necessary. “Sex isn’t dirty and everybody

know about

has the right to

Finhert proclaimed.

subjects for every topic

Why it

it,”

here because of sex. we be talking about publicly,” Burley said.

“We’re

I

she explained.

It’s

“The show deals with things peo-

“A lot of research goes into each show and try to use numerous discuss,”

clinical

is

nothing to be afraid of,” Finhert

to fly solo for the research.

I

it

ple are already talking about in the

to.

possible and even her parents lend

my show

personal experience.

joked.

When

like

off.

it’s

came

how

react.

Both Finhert and Burley agree that if

involved

around

Her boyfriend offers help whenever

~A

would

always have the option of turning

other people want to listen

That proposal

her

With such a racy program, some

what I’m saying about them,” she

to

famed

to

people were concerned about listeners

as

talked

show.

Finhert keeps

out of

week brainstorming

top-

cussed. f

prepare a

She’s already

She says she spends hours every

be dis-

to

sex

aren’t necessarily

included

numerous

to

“I’d rather not share

tied

and

ideas

the

gel

her

class

sex

dent

was preparing a proposal

radio

for

advice

“It

Finhert

Sex with Desiree. She put together a fivepage outline of what sh hoped to achieve

me

Burley

weekly show about sex?

the idea intriguing. ‘It all

shows,”

information

all

shouldn’t

(Photos by Blake Gall)

every Thursday night at 6 p.m. on CJIQ with Above left, Desiree Finhert, 23, a second-year journalism print & broadcast student, shows she isn’t afraid of the microphone right, Finhert gets into her role and Above class. radio in advice her show Sex with Desiree. The idea for the show came one day when Finhert was giving a friend sex sex. has some fun at the same time. The show will discuss issues like masturbation and oral

pm

A different McDeal Everyday $1.69 The McDear Menu. Get n Tuesdays for only $1.69

plus tax .

'Not valid with any other offer At participating McDonald's Restaurants

in

Ontario.

©2004

McDonald's Restaurants

of

Canada

Limited. For the exclusive use

of

McDonald's Restaurants of Canada

Ltd.

and

its:

...

..

franchisees.

...

I’m lovin’

it


Page 20

— SPOKE, February

9,

News

2004

mm

,

r

mfmsm

>

-

(Photo by Bryan Martin)

Eric Mutrie,

a

first-year University of

Guelph student, performs a backside board

slide at

Chicopee on one

Sugar Bowl open By

BRYA N MART IN

With the vast amounts of snow this season, skiers and snowboarders are getting their money’s worth at Chicopee Ski Club. Snowboarders, in particular, are having a great time, thanks to the

new design of

the

and because

this

snowboard park, year they

are

been considered the skiers’ sanctuary where they can get away from a lot of the younger snowboarders. Now it is open to all types of riders. The new design of the snowboard park is gigantic news for a lot of the veteran riders. Eric

employee and

rider,

a

down Sugar Bowl

“In the past the park had small

because

it’s

the steepest hill and has

Warm

hits

and

up

Read up on your crime

tiny

tricks

rails

I

to

appeal

people

down the big was accustomed

years ago, and

it

feels

good.”

snow-

boarders and gives them a variety of options from which to choose.

Gavin Soye, Chicopee employee and rider

By

today

DAWN HASSON

“Chicopee did what it had to do in the past to attract younger riders to the sport, but now the younger riders are getting better and so is the park,” he said. The Chicopee snowboard park has two large jumps beside one another and has a huge downslope landing so the better riders can

best he’s seen in the past five years

extend their landing.

was watching repeat episodes of Unsolved Mysteries on Jan. 26, a particular story caught

also has four

many

my

eye.

size,

different challenges.

Hardy Boys.

to

the

His father bought

him The Badge by Jack Webb when he was 10. In this book, he discovered the story of the Black

the time. His mother, Jean Ellroy,

book the L.A. Quartet, which was

Monte, LA., when she was murdered and possibly raped. Her body was dumped on a roadway in a Los Angeles suburb. Conestoga College was closed on Tuesday so I headed up to, the Chapters bookstore in Guelph. I found My Dark Places by Ellroy in the biographies section and bought

published in 1986.

was

living in El

I

was published in 1996. became fascinated with

author’s story and his amazing

a

on

Black

the

The Badge

inspired

which was published

in 1987.

The

year

the

is

My

Dark Places

is

his only non-

book, because Ellroy

tells

the true story of his investigation into

his

mother’s

homicide detective Bill Stoner. This book gives an account of Ellroy ’s brave return to Los Angeles in 1994 to try to put clo-

In the third

Ellroy

and

gives

an

killer.

Ellroy has concentrated on crime fiction ever since his

mother was

murdered, but this genre does not seem to be the most popular on the market. “It depends on the author,” said Sarah MacDonald, a bookseller from Chapters in Kitchener. “He’s

not a very big seller.”

Luke Rankin,

a

bookseller

at

Chapters in Guelph, agreed.

“The True Crime seller,” said

series are a big

Rankin. But the book-

store does not sell a lot of

books by

other crime fiction authors including Ellroy.

“We have sold approximately two of each of his other books in the last year and two of L.A. Confidential (one of Ellroy’s most popular books),” said Rankin.

murder with

retired

killed.

sections

account of his search for her

case of Elizabeth Short, a starlet

fiction

was

fourth

Ellroy to write the Black Dahlia,

visited her grave.

documentary show last

in

life.

when the host, Robert Stack, passed away from heart failure. The show ran from 1989 until 2003. The episode showed footage from when Ellroy which ended

summary

The

Dahlia case

this

His tale was told on Unsolved Mysteries,

Dahlia case, as well as the cops and crime figures he wrote about in his

and prostitute whose body was found naked in 1947, was never solved. Ellroy began to visit crime scenes in 1960. He also had dreams and visions of Short, and he

It

it.

park

and encourages all those older riders who had given up on the Chicopee park to come back out and give it a shot. “Chicopee got a new park designer this year and he’s doing a great job and making things new and exciting again. I’m finally seeing people throwing down the big tricks I was accustomed to years ago, and it feels good,” said Soye.

er

fiction.

became attracted crime fiction when he read also

mother of crime fiction author James Ellroy was murdered. He was only 10-years-old at In 1958, the

rider, said the

‘Dark Places’ He

when

It

of different height and

he began writing crime

I

Gavin Soye, a Chicopee employee and

offering

to

has

it

a large selection,” said Schertzer.

rails

this winter in fiction

the ski club on Jan. 24.

rails at

to boarders

throwing

said the park

aJlowed to ride down a new hill. In the past, only skiers have been allowed to ride

“I’m finally seeing

Chicopee

finally challenges the better

new

beginner riders, but this year

to

Schertzer,

of the

At Words Worth Books Ltd.

in

Waterloo, bookseller Tricia Siemens said

chain bookstores

more crime

might

sell

fiction books.

sure to his mother’s death.

“L.A. Confidential sold more because of the movie. We have

was murdered.

According to an excerpt on the back of My Dark Places, “the

ers,” said

He

also described a period in his

police dismissed her as a casualty

life

following his mother’s death

searched through his mother’s case file.

He

held the dress and a piece

of the nylon stalking she was wearing the night she

when he became and alcohol.

addicted to drugs

He

also

committed

of a cheap Saturday night.”

The

first

describes

book gruesome

section of the

the

most

several crimes, such as shoplifting

details

and break and entering. He said he wanted to turn his life around, so

Then Ellroy describes

of Jean Ellroy’s murder. his life liv-

ing with his father after his moth-

sold

two

to five per year of the oth-

Siemens. L.A. Confidential was published

in

1990.

Among

Ellroy’s

other

works are The Big Nowhere from 1988, Clandestine from 1982, White Jazz from 1992, Dick Contino’s Blues from 1994, and American Tabloid from 1995.


Entertainment

SPOKE, February

Toni Braxton sneaks back into spotlight Greatest hits CD covers the pop diva’s work over the years By I

DAWN HASSON

Braxton appeared soundtrack for the

was browsing the CD store came (lo and behold!)

when

1

across the Ultimate Toni Braxton

on the 1992 Eddie Murphy movie Boomerang, with Love Shoulda Brought You Home and Give U My Heart, a duet with

She rarely has any new

CD.

Babyface.

Her

recordings because of her shaky I had the same reaction in December 2002 when 1 came across her More Than a Woman CD shortly after it was released.

career.

This year

I

her

10 million copies worldwide fol-

lowing

greatest

release in 1993.

its

hits

tion is the first

CD The

to

Week of Feb. S

recording contract that pays

her

was

Jet

Get out of the passenger

back into the studio to record her fourth album with Arista. In an

may come

with

and

Arista

After four years

without Toni

Braxton, fans were rewarded for

when she finally came with The Heat in April 2000. waiting

unreleased hits with a live version

Whole Days and new Whatchu Need and Little

help of the smash

pop hit of Braxton, with a pop a funky

After

type of beat as her 1997 hit

I

Don’t

To.

The Maryland

Braxton’s sold

they formed the

pop group

They signed with

Arista Records in 1990, but their first single The Good Life didn’t do

copies

in

the

won two

She

States.

Grammy Awards

for her hits

Un-

break My Heart and You’re Makin Me High.

native began her

singing career with her four sisters

million

six

United

1996 album Secrets

After her

and most success-

first

album, things came crashing down for Braxton. And this is

album with producer husband Keri Lewis, and she collaborated on

many

of

including

the

songs

with

ballads.

Braxton’s

the music busi-

ness has been full of twists and turns,

some

for the

worse and some

1997 will continue. Currently, Braxton

lion.

role in Elton

in

November 1990. Kenneth “Babyface” Edmonds and Antonio

Despite record sales that reached about $188 million, Braxton’s rep-

“L.A” Reid headed the

resentatives said “she

Broadway play Aida. She is also in the studio working on new material for a new album.

label.

$1 mil-

was broke

Wy

Happiness arrives soon, but it take some effort on your part

may

bring

Those

fruition.

to

it

around you are more emotional than usual. Don't rely on them to be the voice of reason.

November

-

21

You’re focusing too much on money, work, career and everything material. Sleep tight

-

you’re

beware of susceptibility to intimidation from those who may hold power over you. in control. Just

Taurus Jggm

s

April 20

-

Sagittarius

May

20 |

is

weaknesses

-

JJV

Go

the deepest part of

your personality. Once you do

November 22 December 21

easy on yourself and accept

what the day

brings. Control your

temper; don't take criticism per-

more comfortable. Hang out with loved ones - peo-

you’ll feel

sonally.

ple that bring out the best in you!

by deadlines. Rid yourself of behaviours that are no good!

Try not

Gemini May

-June

21

to feel pressured

Capricorn December 22

21

-

January 19

her acting career, playing the lead

John and Tim Rice’s You're travelling a good train of

thought these days. You're focusing on intellectual pursuits and

The

social interactions.

ELECTION NOTICE

scale

Schedules are

full,

is

is at

a

life's

tion

and patience. A break from soon arrives.

responsibilities

near.

Cancer

‘ik /Jj/jr''*#

June 22

-

Aquarius

J|L

January 20 February 18

July 22

AS FOLLOWS:

STUDENT Victory

OPEN TO ALL FULL TIME AND PART TIME STUDENTS ENROLLED IN A PROGRAM OF INSTRUCTION (A GROUP OF RELATED COURSES LEADING TO A DIPLOMA, CERTIFICATE OR OTHER DOCUMENT AWARDED BY THE BOARD OF GOVERNORS).

time

premium. Take time to enjoy pleasures. Postpone business

decisions temporarily. Use discre-

is

tipping in your favour. Victory

ONE PERSON IS TO BE ELECTED AS A MEMBER OF THE CONESTOGA COLLEGE OF APPLIED ARTS AND TECHNOLOGY BOARD OF GOVERNORS FROM EACH OF THE FOLLOWING TWO CATEGORIES: ELIGIBILITY IS

Scorpio October 23

April 19

pursuing

for bankruptcy protection with lia-

more than

4

-

21

Explore your strengths and life in

However, luck changed for Toni Braxton soon after that, when the new record label LaFace signed her

bilities totalling

A

Aries

him,

where fans like me wonder what happened to the pop and R and B Jan. 30, 1999, Braxton filed

rebounding and becoming too

many of her trademark

But she has not given up on her love of music. And loyal fans have Hopefully not given up on her. Braxton’s success from 1993 to

On

present, your feelings are

detached, cool and callous.

March

yffWf

now

extremely sensitive. Beware of

some

of breakdown.

sort

More Than a Woman. came at a better time in Braxton’s life. She worked on the

for the better.

princess.

you

face to face with

CD

ful

very well.

and

seat

You’re are concerned right

with love and relationships. At

with 2002’s This

Braxton has had a turbulent career over the past decade.

long one.

the Braxtons.

(Internet photo)

objectively.

take the wheel! Otherwise

to

more than two years of

more, Braxton finally came back

same

With pop and R and B music as good as Braxton’s, why is she around so little? She comes in and out of the spotlight, and fans like me would like to see more of her. The answer to that question is a

when

He Wasn't

being out of the spotlight once

meets disco kind of beat. Little

Want

hit

Man Enough.

Things.

a ballad with the

more

It

hits

is

-

out

sold four million copies with the

Things

to look at things

with

of Seven

typical

You’re confused aren't you? Try

LaFace records over her contract. They were resolved and Braxton went

anthology of her

is

Libra September 23 October 22

article from magazine, which was published

putes

work from 1992 to 2002. The 18-hit CD includes three

Whatchu Need

^

according to an online

Oprah Winfrey, Braxton said it was her fault, and that she would have more control over her money in the future.

collec-

14

Birthday!

35 cents per album sold,”

less than

-

Happy

LaFace

substandard

a

interview

on the shelves,

released Nov. 4, 2003.

due

— Page 21

2004

Horoscope

Feb. 16, 1998. She had been in dis-

debut album sold

self-titled

wasn’t so quick to

spot Toni Braxton as

first

9,

near

-

soon you will

through in communication. Speak

A job well done delivers many rewards; laziness is punished. Make peace - don't nit-pick your-

from your heart and say what’s

self or others too harshly. Let oth-

is

encounter an important break-

really

on your mind. Someone

once said the truth

sets

us

free.

ers

pamper you. Do something

nice for yourself.

TERM OF OFFICE: SEPTEMBER 1, 2004 - AUGUST 31, 2005.

Leo July 23

-

Pisces

iHjjl

August 22

SUPPORT STAFF MEMBER

March 20

OPEN TO ALL FULL-TIME AND PART-TIME PERSONS EMPLOYED BY THE BOARD OF GOVERNORS AS A MEMBER OF THE OFFICE, CLERICAL, TECHNICAL, HEALTH CARE,

MAINTENANCE, BUILDING, CAFETERIA OR NURSARY STAFF.

TERM OF OFFICE: SEPTEMBER

1,

SERVICE,

2004

-

SHIPPING,

AUGUST 31,

TRANSPORTATION,

2007.

The terms of reference for these elected internal members are the same as those for externally appointed members of the Board of Governors. Nomination forms will be posted on February 19, 2004. Nomination forms will also be available in the office of the Secretary-Treasurer of the Board (Kevin Mullan).

week that you walking on air. There’s a bounce to your step - it’s a sign that things are beginning to go your way for once. Smile, someone’s watching you. It

Look

feels like this

are

for opportunities to devel-

op your creative potential and to prove what you can do. Start now!

The time if

you

Lists of

nominees

to

MARCH

11,

be posted on campus

bulletin

boards on March 22, 2004.

will only

come

Virgo August 23 September 22 Those around you are acting stuffier than normal. Pay no attention. Take time to rethink matters,

2004

it

strive for success.

Diana Closing date for nominations:

for rewards is quickly

approaching, but

especially your eating habits.

O

Neill

is

a third-

year journalism student

who dabbles gy and likes

with astroloto

read tarot

cards just for kicks.

ELECTION DATE: WEDNESDAY, APRIL 7, 2004


— SPOKE, February

Page 22

Pats

Sports

2004

9,

the Cats

‘nip’

By JAMES DOYLE

game

seven.

at

On

the

ensuing

Brady was again able to lead his team to the promised land. With 18 seconds now left in the half. New England kicked a squib ball, thinking there was no immediate danger. But Delhomme got his team in field goal range and the score at half was 14-10. Then came Kid Rock, Nelly, P. Diddy, Timberlake and Jackson’s drive,

“Did you see that” or “did that happen” were two common questions being asked at Super Bowl XXXVIII. And that was dur-

just

ing the halftime show. itself saw some memomoments, including a Super Bowl record 85-yard touchdown pass. But that could not top the end

The game

rable

of halftime

exposed

when Justin Timberlake

Janet

Jackson’s

right

breast to the millions and millions

watching the game. (As if the Jackson family doesn't have enough on their plate as it is!) The incident occurred as Timberlake and Jackson were nearing the end of their duet on the Timberlake song Rock Your Body. As Timberlake sang, or at least lipsynched his way through the line, “gonna have you naked by the end of this song,” he reached over and exposed the superstar. Jackson feigned shock as she covered herself up, with CBS going immediately to commercial. Oh, and by the way, one hell of a

game

England

and

into range,

defining

days,

with

Delhomme

going 16 for 33 with 323 yards and three touchdowns. Brady went 32 of 48 with 354 yards, three touchdowns, one interception and the title of Super Bowl MVP, which he also won in 2002.

set to shine

PGA Tour,

on the

By BRYAN MARTIN

just like

two years ago, Adam Vinatieri kicked a game-winning field goal. Both quarterbacks had career

names

Big

The

Professional

(PGA) Tour

is

Golf up and

running for another promising seaLast year was filled with lots of

excitement and a variety of winners, especially at the

major tour-

naments. Tiger

Woods was

kept out of the

winners’ circle at the majors, but

With football again coming to the second half did not disappoint. There was no scoring in the third quarter, but Antowain Smith capped a third-quarter drive with a four-yard touchdown run at

not the other events.

the start of the fourth quarter. This

However, he wasn’t a shoe-in. Vijay Singh beat Tiger for the

Woods won

put the Patriots up 21-10, and with their defence,

it

money

looked like a com-

manding lead. But Delhomme

voted

was

on

Carolina sidelines, just waiting to get

the

ball.

Carolina responded

who

but the players

Tiger deserved

felt

it

Carolina scored again on Muhsin

Muhammad’s

85-yard record-setting touchdown to take a 22-2 1 lead.

he’s

hungry for another -

far this year there

title.

has already

been a couple of tournaments and some of the big names have

and majority of the second quarter to feel each other out, the first half ended with a flurry. A Jake Delhomme fumble gave New England the ball in Carolina territory, and Tom Brady took just four plays to throw a touchdown pass to Deion Branch, giving the

backer Mike Vrabel for a 29-22

already

Pats’ a 7-0 lead.

made

After going just the ball in the

1

lead.

It

to lead his Pats’

was again Delhomme’s

and he brought the Cardiac

turn,

Cats back yet again by finding Ricky Proehl for a 12-yard strike, tying the game at 29 with 1:16 left

game.

in the

(Internet photo)

Carolina kicker John Kasey then a critical mistake by kicking

for 9 throwing

the ball out of bounds, giving

New

Delhomme

England and Brady the ball on own 40-yard line. Brady got

their

first half,

then took the ball 95 yards to

tie

the

New

Janet Jackson and Justin Timberlake during their ‘nipple-

performance Bowl XXXVIII.

gate’

at

Super

Conestoga teams play By JENNIFER

HOWDEN

games

Conestoga’s varsity and alumni soccer teams put up a good fight during

last

weekend’s alumni soc-

cer tournament.

The tournament, which

ran on and Feb. 1, consisted of 10 women’s teams and 10 men’s teams. The teams were each split in to Pool A and Pool B where they played each other in rounds. The 10 teams were made up of two Conestoga alumni teams and different

teams,

including

including

Stuart

Appleby at the Mercedes-Benz Championship and Ernie Els at the Sony Open. The major tournaments are just around the corner with The Players Championship and The Masters coming up. Lesser

known

players have been

breaking through and making then-

way up

the leaderboard, but

can count on pretty

much

you

every

we

Miller, the

good game and they did

varsity varsity

college

teams-

from Conestoga. Each game was 20 minutes long and did not go into overtime if tied. However, if the championship games ended in a tie, penalty kicks would be taken to determine the

“We

as people like seeing

younger players develop on tour, there is no question everybody loves the marquee names on the leaderboard.

ment he ple

is in

a tourna-

the ratings escalate and

is in

when

contention to win even peo-

who

don’t like golf tune

in.

People are fascinated by

amount of concentration,

the

intensity

somebody taking

a picture

of him during his swing, or just crack his famous smile. It

is

certain there will be lots of

drama and excitement on

the

PGA

Tour this year. There will be the young guns breaking through, the odd old guy winning a prestigious tournament and, of course, the big names being the big names. What isn’t certain is who’s coming away with the major titles, who’s hitting the shot of the year and who’s going to try to beat Canadian Mike Weir at the Masters.

but

var-

I

played well enough to win

think

we can

play better,” he

said.

Conestoga’s Alumni

coach, said the girls played a

really

Kenny Perry

III.

the

“We

play more.”

women’s

including

year,

and Davis Love

tournament

well at

their

their first

game

I

team

lost

against Sheridan

1

-

0 but then went on to beat Seneca

best.

Jan. 31

eight

Rebecca sity

won,

together,” she said. “I think

we’ll get better as

the

yell at

So

into the end-zone, throwing to line-

also took place.

After both teams used the

Last year the players over 40 were so successful there were even a couple of them up for player of

not winning a major because you

first

football

to repeat their suc-

cess.

know

This year the excitement should continue, but don’t count on Tiger

in after a quick, six-play drive.

tour last year a lot of wins

and emotion Woods puts into the game. You never know what you’re going to get with Tiger. He might give you a grandiose celebration,

events.

with DeShaun Foster running one

Brady then had

title,

still

because he earned almost the same amount of money as Vijay in fewer

the

The older guns on came up huge with

When Tiger Woods

season.

prominent

events.

As much

tournaments in the 2003 season and was voted player of the year by the other players for the fifth consecutive five

the

shine at the important

to

and are hoping

son.

nipple.

forefront, the

wanting

viewer

names Association

again

played quite well. The

3-2. Their third game was lost to Conestoga but they won their fourth game against Canadore 4-3. The Alumni II team also did well. They dominated St. Lawrence with

girls

should be happy with themselves.

We just need to work on getting the ball in the net,” she said.

Miller also said 20 minutes

was

not enough time for the team to

a score of 7-0. Then, they tied both

game. “Maybe if there was more time we could have caught up. Twenty minutes wasn’t enough time for us

George Brown 3-3 and Fanshawe 0-0. They finished the tournament

to fight back,” she said.

graduated from the business admin-

really get into the

Conestoga’s Alumni their first

game

I

team

with a 3-1 lose to Niagara.

Alumni

lost

istration

against Sheridan

athlete

program

thinks the alumni

with a score of 1-0. They also lost against Seneca 2-0 but came back

“We

in the early ‘80s,

team played

well.

didn’t play as well as the

Conestoga

win against Conestoga 2-1. They ended the day with a 0-0 tie against

Tony Dasilva, who

(varsity)

team but we

their first

The Alumni II team dominated game over St. Lawrence

OK,” he said. None of the men’s teams made it to the championship game. However, Alumni II’s goalie, George Papadakos, was the top

Saturday with Conestoga’s women’s

with a score of 7-0. Next, they tied

goalie in the tournament. Seneca

team facing Canadore. The ladies tied 0-0. They went on to win their next game against 2-1 Sheridan but lost to Conestoga’s Alumni I team 2-1. The Condors won their final game against Seneca 2-0.

George Brown in a scoreless game and went on to beat Fanshawe 2-0. They lost their final game against

went on

winner.

The winners of

the tournament

received a plaque.

The

first

game was played on

varsity

Condor player Stacey Klein, 21, was the first time this year’s team had played said the tournament

together.

“We

did pretty good for our

first

to

did

Canadore.

Niagara with a score of

1-0.

None of the Conestoga women’s teams made it to the championship game. The championship was won by Sheridan 1-0. On Sunday, the action continued with the men’s teams. The men’s tournament started with Conestoga’s men’s varsity

5-1 over (Photo by Jennifer Howden)

The Conestoga women’s varsity indoor soccer team took on the team from Canadore during the Alumni Soccer Tournament Jan. 31 The two teams tied 0-0. .

team beating Canadore 2-1. Then, they went on to beat Sheridan 5-4. The Condors won once again against the Conestoga Alumni I team*

with

a

score

of

4-1.

Conestoga lost their against Seneca 5-0. Despite

the

wins,

last

game

Conestoga

player Nick Trojanowski, 21, said the

team could

still

improve.

to win the championship George Brown.

In addition to the soccer tourna-

ment, the weekend offered an alumni skating party and a varsity hockey game. At the hockey game two Toronto Maple Leaf tickets were raffled off. A.J. Yoworski, a management stud-

who also plays on the hockey team, won the tick-

ies student

varsity ets.


.

Sports

SPOKE, February

Condors play the The Conestoga men’s hockey is looking to take on the role of spoiler after two more losses this

pace with the Knights but the from the first period was just too much to overcome. In the third period the Condors seemed to just fall apart, allowing the Knights to score two more unanswered goals. With so many losses this year, you would think the team morale must be getting low, but Cressman said the guys have stuck together and he appreciates that.

deficit

week.

two games of the sea-

son are going to be against teams fighting for

good playoff positions

and the Condors hope to walk away with at least one win.

Cressman

Coach

team

played their best

now

hockey of the season in a 4-3 loss to the Fleming

Knights on Jan. 29.

The Condors were up

(Photo by Kate Battler)

3-1 before

Goalie Jason Lafortune shows his frustration and disappointment after another goal gets past him during the Condors 10-4 loss Feb. 1.

mistake gave the Knights their second goal. Fleming tied the game with about 10 seconds left, sending it into overtime where they were able to score the winner after the puck took a weird bounce. On Feb. the Condors faced the defensive

No. 2 ranked team, the Saints, and lost 10-4.

The as

much

sively

Clair

St.

Saints exploited Conestoga’s

weaknesses by dumping

1

in the

puck

as possible.“We’re defen-

very

weak and need

to

improve on Cressman.

The

that for next year,” said

By BRYAN MARTIN

“Our guys seem

to

come

er during playoff time

up and running for the second semester and things are heating up going into the third

is

week of the

The teams seem to be

firing

on

all

cylinders and are preparing for the final

stretch

before the playoffs

that’s

definitely a positive that we’ll try

going up 5-1 in the first period. Scott Bradley had the lone goal of the period for Conestoga.

he

The

the impor-

and carrying

way

their

good

start

momentum

all

veteran players

finals.

Mike Graham,

they

all

know

I’m just

joking around.”

the playoffs.

CONESTOGA COLLEGE ATHLETICS &

RECREATION

to find

more

skilled players.

know there are guys who can play that just

at the

aren’t

to tryout for the team,”

he

“We

school

coming

said.

Conestoga finishes out the season St. Clair on Feb. 8 and Humber on Feb. 14.

against

get

it

who know what done

in

it

the big

Jason Smith, the coach and a second-year journalism student, said Graham has played hockey his life

and brings a

lot

of vet-

out his childhood,” said Smith.

sometimes give the guys a hard time, but they all know I’m just joking around,” he said. Ish Hussain, a second-year “I

Ish

and

Cousins

have

also

played hockey for most of their lives and are no stranger to win-

The

ning.

in

(Photo by Kate Battler)

men’s hockey team celebrate after scoring a goal the second period against the St. Clair Saints Feb. 1 varsity

DROP BY THE RECREATION CENTRE TODAY AND TAKE PART IN A HEALTHY LIFESTYLE

Varsity Snorts Your upcoming

more

to get

“He’s won all sorts of hockey tournaments when he was younger and played in Belleville through-

team captain

team captain

team finished with an even record and made it to the second round of

way

eran experience to the team.

Mike Graham,

this year.

and a second-year police foundation student, said last semester his

end of the second the score was 8-4. Conestoga came out hard and played with intensity this period. Brent MacDermid and Reid Porter each had a goal and an assist, Tyler Thompson also had a goal and the

finding a

games.

sometimes give the guys a hard time, but

“I

all

the

By

is

guys to come and try out for the team, said Cressman. He said they have been working hard with recruiting coach Rob Burr

their role.

and not the Stanley Cup

The Chiefs are a hard-working skillful team who have big dreams it all

a

of contributing

him on our team,” said Hussain. The Chiefs are filled with many

is

through.

of winning

lot

members who know

enjoy themselves because in the end, it’s only intramural hockey

Graham

weeks away,

know

tance of getting off to a

the

team has a

takes to

playoffs are

is

police foundation student, said his

said the most important the guys have fun and

said.

start.

but the teams

this

all

it

“Chris Cousins, a second-year police foundation student, is a goon, but he’s our goon and we like

to continue,”

thing

season.

togeth-

and

game by

Saints started the

Chiefs ready to take Intramural hockey

said

“We have the commitment we need from the players, but there needs to be more accountability.” The team’s biggest concern right

Cressman said the

also

rebuilding year for the team.

David

a

— Page 23

Ryan Baird had two assists. The Condors were able to keep

team

last

2004

role of spoiler

By KATE BATTLER

Their

9,

varsity

Public Skatine Tuesday 11am - ipm Sunday 2pm - 3pm

CONESTOGA COLLEGE ATHLETICS &

RECREATION

Conestoga Extramural

Women’s Hockey

Practice

games

Men’s Hockey Remaining Awav Games

Feb 14 Vs Humber

Shinny Hockey Mon, Wed, Thurs, Fri 11am - 1pm

Thursdays from 3:30

Come Intramural Snorts Co-ed Indoor Soccer: Tuesday 4:30 - 6:00pm Co-ed Volleyball: Wednesday 7:00 - 10:00pm 3 on 3 Ball Hockey: Mon. & Wed. 4:30 - 6:00pm Non-Contact Hockey: Mon, Tues &Wed. 4:30 - 6:30pm

pm - 4:30 pm

tryout and

meet the

new Coach of the

team.

late


Page 24

— SPOKE, February

9,

2004

CONESTOGA STUDENTS

INC.

FEBRUARY 2004

Digital Edition - February 09, 2004  
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