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ARCH 692: Studio Maquilapolis | Renne Peralta ARCH 692: Robotic Landscapes | Benjamin H. Bratton ARCH 673: Development Systems | Erin Ota ARCH 692: Urban Spatial Structure | Tito Alegria


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

Norton Americanizing the garden city: Grosvenor Atterbury & Indian Hill By: Margarete Crawfor

TIMELINE


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED


Global Tijuana: The seven Ecologies of the Border By: Lawrence A. Herzog


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

“Land of Sunshine, Adobe and Silence” (Herzog 2003,119)

WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

“Trans-Frontier Metropolis” (Herzog 2003,120)

Transnational Cosumer Spaces Global Factories

WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

“Boarder Urban Village”

=

(Herzog 2003,140)

Transnational Community

WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED

NAFTA Neighboorhood


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

GLOBAL: involving the entire world. hYBRID: conbination of political, cultural and geographical areas. INDUSTRY: manufacture of materials.

WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED

Tijuana is an urban region with an international boundary, known as “Trans- frontier metropolis”. Itʼs combined by seven ecosystems; Global Factory, Transnational Consumer Spaces, Global Tourism Districts, NAFTA Neighborhoods, Transnational Community Space, Space Conflict, and Invented Connection. Each one is reproduce by many global methods that are re-inventing the manufactory boarder of USA-MEXICO creating it into a hybrid city. That will include innovated buildings strategies and architecture and new kind of gathering zone, public spaces, community niches, and business districts. For example: The maquiladora district and gastronomic district in Tijuana. In conclusion Tijuana is the city of the future, an unusual hybrid born of high-speed evolution and communication.


Dot.City-Relational Urbanism and New Media: Urban Development in the Internet Age By: Holgar Floeting


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

“...Technology is a Social Construct ”.

(Holgar 2003,96)

WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

CITY

CYBERSPACE EXTERNAL URBAN COLLECTIVE MEMORY Individual memory

Digital storytelling Sharing/boradcasting

Individual memory

“Integrate Strategy ”. (Holgar 2003,106)

Sharing/boradcasting

Individual memory

Digital storytelling Sharing/boradcasting

Urban collectives memory Production of space

Planning

Experience

Architects Urban Planners Local Authorities Goverment Investors Lanscape Built structures

WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED

Digital storytelling

Digital storytelling Sharing/boradcasting


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

Fixed infrastructural nodes Mobile Nodes

1

Expanding connectivity possibilities

“Space as the domain of the dead the fixed, the undialectric, the immobile a world of passivity and measurement rather than of action and meaning ”. (Holgar 2003,112)

WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED

Access-Point signal Urban space

3

2


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

E-CITY: Electronics City. ICT: Information and communications technology. CYBER: virtual reality.

WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED

Dot.City seeks to answer many questions that offer strategies for employing digital media to integrate the random and the unplanned into urban existence. In the urban development in the Internet age, Cell phones, automatic teller machines, and the Internet have become part of our daily lives, also being part of our everyday activities.That, will influence how cities will work and function, that in the end will end up with some strategies to facilitate and combine media, technology and structure. Cities will need cyber spaces some examples; shopping cybermall, meeting in chat rooms (teleworking), etc.‌ this will be the reason why urban centers will be effected by the use of ICT.


Against the Smart City: (The city is here for you to use) By: Adam Greenfield


Waste and Recycling

DATA

Business Development

Utilities and Infrastructure

Education and Training

TY NI

Built Enviroment and Urban Realm Social Life and Community

Mobility and Inclusion

RE TU UC

(Greenfield 2013, 835)

CO M M U WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED

Agriculture and Food

Employment and Growth

Health and Wellbeing

EN

U R B AN I N F RA S TR

ultimate urban lifestyle”.

Enviromental Quality

Government

T EN NM RO VI

“Citizens, by and large, are absent from these visions except as generators of data and perhaps as undifferentiated consumers of the

GO VE RM EN T

Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

0

0 1 1

0

0 1

1

0

1 1

1

0 1

0 0

0

1

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0

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1

0

0

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WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED

0

0

0

(Greenfield 2013, 747)

1

0

systems”.

0

0

1

“A complete picture of building state, usage and operations are continually maintained, allowing constant optimization of energy, resources, enviroment, and occupant support and convenience

1


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

“Urban environment is utter transparency, where all flows

Sensor networks Monitorate

were made manifest and visible...” (Greenfield 2013, 1171)

ENVIROMENT

SAFETY Structural Health: buildings, bridges and dams.

WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED

TRANSPORTATIONU

TILITIES To be aware of the energy use and allow utility companies to deliver only as much energy or water as is required.

BUILDING Track usage and empowerusers and service providers to better control and reduce electricity demands


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

IBM: International Business Machine. CLOSED-CIRCUIT TELEVISION (CCTV): is the use of video camaras to transmit a signal empowerusers. CYBERSYN: Decision support system.

WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED

Dot.City seeks to answer many questions that offer strategies for employing digital media to integrate the random and the unplanned into urban existence. In the urban development in the Internet age, Cell phones, automatic teller machines, and the Internet have become part of our daily lives, also being part of our everyday activities.That, will influence how cities will work and function, that in the end will end up with some strategies to facilitate and combine media, technology and structure. Cities will need cyber spaces some examples; shopping cybermall, meeting in chat rooms (teleworking), etc.‌ this will be the reason why urban centers will be effected by the use of ICT.


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

Kaesong INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX(KIC)

WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

VLADIVOSTOK BEJING

KAESONG

SHANGHAI

DISTRIBUTION

TOKYO

STOCK PRICE 005380 (KRX) 229,000-2,500.00 (-1.08%)

121 Companies

WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED

29% CHINA 14% HONG KONG 12% USA 6% JAPON 5% SINGAPORE

EXPORT PARTNERS FOR ARTICLES OF APPAREL AND CLOTHING ACCESSORIES

Avatars

EXPORT PARTNERS FOR ELECTRICAL MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT AND PARTS

Assemblage

22% JAPON 21% CHINA 16% USA 10% VIETNAM 4% INDONESIA


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

Machines

IAL COMPLEX R T S U D

CIRCULATION TRANSPORTATION

OR

R

NORTH KOREA

SOUT

R C

C

POINT

OR A

OAR

NORTH KOREA

KAESO N G

FINANCIAL CAPITAL AND TECHNOLOGY FOR LOGISTICS HUBS

LOW COST MANUFACTURED EXPORTS/RAW MATERIAL IMPORTS

S UL EO

EON CH

FINANCIAL CAPITAL AND TECHNOLOGY: REFINED COMMODITIES

DISTRIBUTION AS EXPORT OR FOR DOMESTIC CONSUPTION

IN

KEASO NG IN

Permutations

SOUTH KOREA

WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

CONSUMPTION | GAS, ELECTRICITY & WATER

Couplings

Flows

NORTH KOREA

COAL 29% PETROLEUM 42%

YASEONG RIVER 300,000 TONS OF WATER

RENEWABLES <1%

N

RUSSIA

RAILROAD DEVELOPMENTAL PATH

RANIN SUNBOUG TRADE CENTERED ZONE

SANBONG RAJIN

CHINA

CHUNGUM

NATURAL GAS 17%

G

GEUMCHO

NORTH KOREA RAILROAD IDEA

NUCLEAR 13%

UTH KOREA

ENERGY CONSUPTION BY FUEL TYPE

KAESO N

WAL-GO STORAGE POND 60,000 TONS A DAY

20-39 AGE 15,938 FEMALE

GRANGGUE

NORTH KOREA

SIMPO

HEUNGUAM

SINHUIJU SEZ INTERNATIONAL COMPLEX

WOMSAN

PYEONGYOUNG

MT. KUMGANG SEZ TOURISM CENTERED ZONE

QUIUNGRI

NAMPO

SOLCHO

HARIU CHAHRON

KAESONG SEZ MANUFACTORING CENTER ZONE INCHEON

SEOUL

SOUTH KOREA

AIR POLUTION LEVELS

SINUISM

20-39 AGE 7,167 MALE

23,105 TOTAL

861 SALARY MANAGERS $144 MANUCAFTORING PRODUCTS

MAMPO

DANCHING

E M P L O Y E E S

WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED

HIGH MEDIUM

71

24

9

MEDIUM-LOW

TEXTILES AND CLOTHING

CHEMICAL PRODUCTS

MACHINERY AND METAL

13 ELETRIC AND ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS

2

3 FOOD

PAPER


ARCH 692: Robotic Landscapes | Benjamin H. Bratton


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

Robot Futures By: Illah Reza Nourbakhish

Speculative Everything: Design, Fiction, and Social Dreaming By: Anthony Dunne, Fiona Raby

In the book Robot Future by Illah Reza Nourbakhish writes agreeable creative view of the way robotics may change our technology and how we view ourselves in the future. Robots could create a new democracy by replacing human decisions. He mentions at the beginning an experiment of umbrellas with the adbot program that could collect the data and show demographics to companies of: How much people use it? What colors they prefer? Etc..., with an intention of how an umbrella could be accessible or helpful for the future. It’s interesting how this could help facilitate the consumer desire and need, but in a manipulated way. Causing the interactive experimentation and data human’s worst enemy for the future because humans will no longer make a true/unique choice at all. Nourbakhsh prefers a future in which robots are employed to serve communities, not individuals or corporation. In addition, he imagines a future that includes adbots producing interactive custom messaging, robotic flying objects that operate data, and etc… giving us a realistic vision of the future, including if we are not careful today the future might go wrong and cause a catastrophic scenario in our society. In conclusion Nourbakhsh presents a possible time line for tech-changes occurring over the next 10-30 years that will bring these human/robot interaction issues.

The book is self explanatory with its title. Dunne and ruby write about how design has been advancing in a way that facilitates our own human needs and make life easier. Like for example; Cell phones or as we can call now Smart phones are now designed to do tons of things to make your life easier. For instance; You can check your email with out a computer with internet, You can take pictures with out caring a camera, never get lost because you have portable maps that give you directions (GPS), applications that help you get organized, etc… Today designers often focus on making technology easy to use, sexy, particle and consumable. Anthony Dunne and Fiona Raby propose a kind of design that is used as a tool to create not only things but also ideas. They show cite examples from their own design and teaching and from other projects from fine art, design, architecture, cinema, and photography that could be useful for the futures. In conclusion Speculative Everything describes an expanded and refreshing role for design. Dunne and Raby show how in the future design can be produce and reveal choices that exist beyond the limits of existing business, social, and technological approaches.

WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED


ARCH 673: Development Systems | Erin Ota


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

THe HIsToRY oF ManUFaCTURIng TIJUANA

WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

Two new programs were started: PRONAF (Programa Nacional Frontiero) BIP (Border Industrialization Program)

Fairchild Industries

Issues The presence of the maquiladoras combined with loosely enforced Mexican environmental laws and a lack of suitable waste storage and treatment facilities, cause the border area to be among the most polluted in Mexico.

NAFTA Was aproved and 905 Maquiladoras

started

in Baja California

Even in the event that one of the factories is shut down for environmental reasons, that does not necessarily mean an end to the factory始s pollution to the surrounding community. Metales y Derivados, a lead-smelting facility in Tijuana, was shut down in 1994 when its owners failed to comply with toxic waste disposal laws.However, the waste was never properly treated and/or relocated and is currently leaking through its containers, seeping into the ground, and contaminating community始 Exchange, 2000). Air pollution is a great concern along the border Border residents are exposed daily to extremely high air-pollutant levels including high levels of carbon monox ide.

WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED

Deteriorating water quality is another concern along the border.There is a considerable amount of pollution that is dumped into the Rio Grande, poisoning wildlife and communities all along the river and causing a much greater Hepatitis A risk (Public Citizen, 1998b).


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

Future of manufacturing Tijuana


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

Sako Architects : Beijing Siplicity & repetion of same object creating space

Sako Architects : Beijing Siplicity & repetion of same object creating space

Iconic autobiography

bulgarian

Gaudis : Barcelona Decorative features of the ceiling, forming a geometric equation

WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED

Friis & Moltke and Wienberg Architects : London spectacular layering structure

Hondelatte Laporte Architectes : Paris Structure turns into storytelling

Fernando Ortiz Monasterio: Mexico City Cultivation of gardens on a perpendicular plane

Slokoski Studio: Bulgaria Extravagant materiality mix creating an illusion depth into space

Agency xplicit GmbH : Berlin Homogenously woven textual structure creating a organic appearance


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

Book Typology

WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED


ARCH 692: Urban Spatial Structure | Tito Alegria


The American Journal of Socialogy: Human Ecology By: Robert Ezra Park


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

Human Ecology is based in con-

cepts of cooperation, invasion, series, power, evolution from the science of natProposing that cities were environments like those found in nature.

The Father of Human Ecology WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

The web of life The balance of nature Competition dominance and succession Biological economics Bymbiosis and Society

WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED

MU COM NITY


“ Realm Of Nature” The concept of evolution “Web of Life” The living organism, plants and animals bound together forming a cosmic system that interlinked with independency. He projected on Organic Life “The house that Jack Built” Remember: The cow with the crumpled horn, That tossed the do, That worried the cat, That killed the rat, That ate the malt, That lay in the house that jack built. WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED

Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

Population Territorially organized Individual units living in a relationship of mutual interdependence Human ecology cannot be at the same time: geography and economics. One of the reasons is that: Man is the only animal that


Rene Peralta | Spring 2014 | Denisse Lora

â&#x20AC;&#x153;Population by migrationâ&#x20AC;?

Population is more complex in human societies than in plants and animals communities, but they exhibit extraordinary similarities.

Competition: operates in the

human, plants and animals giving equilibrium

Dominance and Succession: Depends upon competi-

WOODBURY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE | ARCH 692 STUDIO MAQUILOPOLIS REVISITED

Human Communities (Society) A body of costumes and beliefs A corresponding body of artifacts Technological devices These three factors turn into: Competition Conflict Adaptation Assimilation Dominance Succesion Balance

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