Page 1



THURSDAY, DEC. 12, 2013



or anxiety

Prescription stimulant use on the rise in college students LISA MARCHAND | HEAD NEWS EDITOR PHOTOS BY | MATAYA ARMSTRONG


ong before Emily* (who wishes to remain anonymous for confidentiality reasons) was diagnosed last spring with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, the senior public relations and advertising major said she knew she had problems with concentration. Focusing and finishing projects were difficult tasks, and it continued to get worse as she progressed in school. “I know there’s procrastination, but mine was terrible,” she said. “The biggest thing was (that) I would start things and then never finish them because I would get distracted.” Emily first began purchasing Adderall from her friends, or friends of friends, as a freshman. Like an increasing number of American college students, she said she typically purchased the stimulant around finals time—a time infamous for all-nighters and caffeine binges. But prescription drugs may be making their way into the mix as well. A 2011 study by the University of Maryland’s Center on Young Adult Health and Development revealed that approximately 31 percent of college students use stimulants like Adderall at some point in their college careers. “I never thought about it until I got to college and then it kind of seemed like everybody else did it,” Emily said. Once her junior year rolled around, she decided to see a doctor about what she suspected was an actual attention disorder. After extensive testing, Emily received her own prescription for Adderall. “Honestly when I went in there I was not expecting to come out with an Adderall prescription,” she said. “I just went in there to see what my options were (that were) not drug-related,” she said. Emily said her doctor explained the potential side effects of the stimulant and warned her of its potential addictiveness. However, her doctor did not

discuss sharing the prescription with others, which is a felony offense. NDSU police officer Chris Potter said prescription stimulants are federally regulated, therefore selling the pills is considered narcotics distribution. “I’ve heard it called ‘poor man’s meth,’’’ Potter said. Adderall and other stimulants like it are considered a scheduled controlled substance because of the potential for addiction. “Basically there’s this idea out there among young people that if it comes in a pill bottle from a pharmacy, then it’s safe,” Potter said, “and they don’t think that there’s a possibility of an overdose with it or becoming addicted to it.”


lady antebellum to come to fargo



Student inspires with yo-yos


meet a bison: miki Stephenson

2 THURSDAY, DEC. 12, 2013



The Spectrum

Events like the Fashion Apparel Business Organization Fashion Show take place during each year’s Spring Blast. This year’s festivities may include a big name musical artist.

NDSU student government allocates $75,000 to Spring Blast concert Colton Pool

Co-News Editor

NDSU student government, by a 29-1 vote, has decided approve a bill for a reserve request to provide $75,000 of reserve student funds to Spring Blast for the upcoming year. The Spring Blast planning committee is looking to make expansions to the event from last year. This would include a largerscale concert, which would have the potential to bring in thousands of students to the Fargodome, its target location. “That’s something I’ve wanted to do for a long time,” said Noah Engels, senator of agriculture, food systems and natural resources and who is a primary writer of the Spring Blast bill. “We have this extra money in the reserve right now.” Of that $75,000, anywhere from $35,000-$40,000 would be spent on bringing the talent to Fargo. However, not all of the $75,000 may be spent on the concert or even at all. When the committee submitted the bill, they decided on over a $10,000

Blasting Out Loud

cushion. “We just tried to brainstorm to how we can make Spring Blast more successful,” off campus senator Lucas Paper said. “Ultimately what it came down to was investing more in for the interest of the students.” While $75,000 may appear to be a staggering number, Engels said he is looking to ensure that the money that comes from this year’s student activity fees is spent on this year’s students. “Since it comes from a student fee and students are paying into it each year, especially the seniors this year, it’s very important for me to spend some of that money, especially now,” Engels said. “We have to be fiscally responsible, but at the same time some of these students who pay into it from their student fees then would graduate if we let it roll over into the next year. It wouldn’t be spent exactly on them.” The planning committee is shooting for 4,000 students to attend the concert. If that number is exceeded, NDSU student government may even turn a profit from the event. Students and other people would be charged a certain amount—around $10— which could bring in a certain amount of revenue used to make up for the money spent. Those funds would be used for various other projects by NDSU student government. The Spring Blast planning committee is looking at a few up-and-coming artists, however none of the sought-after bands or artists name can be released until they are

booked due to legal complications. “Obviously we won’t get someone $500,000 worth to get someone here in Fargo, but if we work with their tour dates, hopefully we can get someone pretty cool and popular,” said Josh Zetocha, College of University Studies senator who was a part of the committee that submitted the bill. “I know UND is trying to get something similar to this, but I think we’re a little ahead of them in that aspect.” Traditionally, Spring Blast is a weeklong event which entails a number of different attractions such as movies, concerts, guest speakers and fundraising events. Campus Attractions has already committed $22,000, which is a substantial amount of its budget, toward Spring Blast. However, the Spring Blast committee is looking to do much more with its feature concert. Paper, who was also one of the senators to submit the bill, saw a similar and successful concert at the University of NebraskaLincoln his freshman year. He said the event was highly successful, and NDSU has an opportunity to start a yearly tradition of these kinds of concerts. “There is a very, very good chance that with the amount of money that we are able to utilize, we will bring in a band that is fully capable of bringing students to the event,” Paper said. “I don’t think it’s going to be a problem at all. I think we might even be surprised by the outside interest that will bring in more money to the students.”

The Spectrum focusing on you


There were a handful of other locations considered for the event such as the Fargo Civic Center, the Bison Sports Arena, Churchill Field and Scheels Arena. However, none of those venues could seat the target number of fans and protect them from disadvantageous weather like the Fargodome could. “I definitely think that the Fargodome would be the best location for it,” Zetocha said. “If we want it to be a NDSU event, we want to make sure it’s close to campus. If students will want to go to a football game there, they’ll go to a concert there as well.” Though the event isn’t schedules until April 24, 2014, NDSU student government has been pressed to get the monetary commitment from NDSU by Fargodome officials. There will be a considerable amount of work required—the main reason for the Fargodome wanting an early commitment—to pull off the attraction that the Spring Blast planning committee is shooting for. While the future is hard to read, Engels hopes that this concert will not only be a successful event this year, but something that could start a yearly tradition. “It is a lot of money, but hopefully this will be something that is sustainable every spring,” Engels said. “We really want to make sure that we can get enough people there to make it sustainable and put some money into the (reserve) account for next year.”



Adderall from page 1 Now that Emily receives her own prescription, she said she is aware of the potential consequences of sharing medicine, both medically and legally. “I’ve had people approach me and ask me if they can buy it from me, and I’ve said absolutely not,” she said. “It’s a drug. It’s a prescription drug.” Alex* (who also wishes to remain anonmyous for reasons of confidentiality) is a junior majoring in finance. He is not prescribed Adderall but purchases the pills from friends for $2 each. Although he said he is aware of the legalities, he said he only uses the drug when he has multiple upcoming exams or a long paper to finish. “I know that it is illegal; I agree to an extent,” he said, “but taking an Adderall to help you with school never hurt anyone.”

But some politicians and universities are cracking down on what they deem “academic-doping.” U.S. Senator Chuck Schumer from New York and other advocates suggest that doctors, especially those located on college campuses, must monitor stimulant prescriptions tightly. Emily said the process to receive her Adderall prescription was no easy task. But she knows several people who have exaggerated symptoms in order to receive an ADHD diagnosis. “On one hand it kind of makes you wonder how easy it is to get (an Adderall prescription) through some doctors because mine wasn’t,” she said. NDSU Counseling Center Director Bill Burns said that depending upon where a student seeks treatment, the process of ADHD testing

differs. Some family doctors may prescribe a stimulant without any testing, while others will put a student through long hours of assessments. Burns said the Counseling Center is often able to spot when someone is exaggerating symptoms. “You can try to fake it with us, but we’re going to catch most of them because we’re really conservative when we diagnose,” Burns said. “If it’s anywhere near borderline (ADHD), we’re not going to diagnosis; we’re going to send someone on to get additional testing.” Burns said that the Counseling Center sees a surge in students near the end of the semester who think they have ADHD. He said they do not diagnose more than one-third of the students with the disorder. More times than not, the students have anxiety.

Report Names North Dakota the Best-run State Gov. Dalrymple cites state’s ‘sound fiscal policies’ Benjamin Norman Staff Writer

North Dakota is running better than the other 49 states, according to a survey released Nov. 25. For the second straight year, the financial news corporation 24/7 Wall St. has deemed North Dakota the best-run state in America. The nationwide survey took into account hundreds of statistics, including financial health, standard of living and government services in order to determine the wellbeing of a state. “This study recognizes hat North Dakota’s sound fiscal policies are working,” North Dakota Gov. Jack Dalrymple said in a press release reacting to the study’s findings. “We are in a strong position to provide tax relief, maintain a healthy reserve while also investing in statewide in-

have since fallen off, the oil boom out west continues to rage. In 2012, 10 percent of North Dakota’s GDP was attributed solely to the state’s mining sector, including crude petroleum and natural gas extraction, according to the 24/7 Wall St. report. The Bakken Oil Foundation, centered in the western part of the state, offers a vast amount of job opportunities— and with these opportunities come workers. Before the oil boom took off in the 2000s, North Dakota encountered a population decrease in the 1980s. After stagnant growth in the ’90s, the population grew by 4.7 percent in the 2000s, thanks in large part to the Bakken, and the number continues to grow. The U.S. Census has approximated that the population in North Dakota has grown another 4 percent from 2010 to 2012, the largest growth by a state in that span of time. The survey listed North Dakota, Wyoming, Iowa, Nebraska and Utah as the top five best-run states. California, with its massive budget shortfall and unemployment rate of 10.5 percent, has been dubbed the worstrun state.

254 Memorial Union North Dakota State University Fargo, ND 58105

Emma Heaton Editor in Chief Lisa Marchand Head News Editor Colton Pool Co-News Editor Connor Dunn Features Editor Steven Strom A&E Editor Samantha Wickramasinghe Opinion Editor Sam Herder Sports Editor

Alyssa Langaas Head Copy Editor Michaela Hewitt Co-Copy Editor Mataya Armstrong Photo Editor Nathan Stottler Design Editor Priyanka Manne Web Editor Whitney Stramer Graphic Designer

The Spectrum accepts both mail and email ( or Please limit letters to 500 words. Letters will be edited for clarity. They should include the writer’s name, telephone number, major and year in school.

The Spectrum is a student-run publication at North Dakota State University in print since 1896.The Spectrum is published Mondays and Thursdays during the academic year, except during holidays, vacations and exam periods. Each enrolled student is entitled to one copy of The Spectrum. Additional copies are available by prior arrangement with the Business Manager for $1.


that although the Counseling Center does not suggest caffeine, it is a safer alternative to stimulant medications for students who do not have an attention disorder. “While a stimulant medication…will help anybody focus, it’s a dangerous thing for someone who doesn’t have ADHD to be taking on a regular basis,” he said, “because a stimulant acts differently on somebody’s body who has ADHD than it does on somebody’s body who doesn’t.” Short-term effects on those without ADHD include sleeplessness and nausea, while long-term use could lead to depression and serious heart problems. Emily said her ADHD feels more managed now that she takes a proper prescription. She better understands the involved risks and benefits. Although she

doesn’t share medication with friends, she still sees some of her peers using Adderall improperly. “I knew people who had (ADHD) but when you see so many people abusing (Adderall) for fun or for studying, it kind of seems like it’s not that serious of an issue, but I changed my tune,” she said. The Anxiety and Depression Association of America claims that approximately 4 percent of American adults have ADHD, but less than 20 percent of them have been diagnosed or treated for the disorder. “ADHD is a real thing and if you honestly think that you have (it), the best way is to go get tested,” Emily said. “Self-medicating is never a good idea, and people should know that they can get caught and they can get in big trouble.”

Health Care Costs Rise International students’ insurance policies undergo change Caleb Werness Staff Writer

The passing of the Affordable Care Act has presented many changes on the national level. The Obama administration has set mandates for health care standards according to the new act. On the state level, NDSU was required to make changes to its health insurance policy for international students. The new requirements under the Af-

fordable Care Act include more benefits than before but have, in turn, caused the price of the policy to increase. As of right now the estimated cost of the new policy from now until August 2014 is approximately $1,300. For Girish Raj Uprety, a graduate student in geoscience, the change has been a source of financial worry. “The massive increase in the premium has been a huge concern for us,” Uprety said via email. “It is a big hit, especially for international students like me because we don’t qualify for subsidies. I understand where they are coming from though.” The cost of the student policies is due to the necessary addition of benefits that were not previously required. “I like the security of the new policies that are in

effect due to that Affordable Care Act,” Uperty said. “The coverage is definitely a good one and it feels good knowing that the loop holes are no longer there.” The plan was chosen through a provider who had worked with student policies before. In comparison to many other providers, the newly selected plan offers the most affordability. “I think the plan is too expensive, especially for international students. I don’t think it is affordable at all. I would like to have the option of choosing my own health insurance plan,” Uperty said. “I am young and I feel like I will be fine with a catastrophic plan under the Affordable Care Act. I personally would like to get my own health insurance through Unfortunately we don’t have that freedom at NDSU.” Main Office: 231-8929 Editor in Chief: 231-8629

Karla Young Office Manager Travis Jones Business Manager Travis Mack Advertising Manager Abby Bastian Advertising Executive Amy Larson Advertising Executive Chris Brakke Marketing Executive Ryan Petersen Circulation Manager



The Spectrum

frastructure improvements, education, enhancements to our quality of life and other priorities.” North Dakota’s numbers stood out in many deciding criteria, according to the 24/7 Wall St. report that accompanied the survey. With a billion-dollar budget surplus, the lowest unemployment rate in the nation at 2.7 percent, and a Gross Domestic Product growth in 2012 of 13.2 percent, the state is on a roll, mostly in part to the oil and agriculture industries. “The recent growth of GDP in North Dakota is mostly due to strong agriculture prices…and (the) oil boom in western North Dakota,” Stan Herren, a professor of economics at NDSU said. “Commodity prices have risen tremendously since 2007 and skyrocketed to record highs in 2012,” Andy Swenson, an agriculture economist at NDSU, told the Iowa Farmer Today in a recent interview. Yields have also been relatively strong across the state. Farmers have been cashing in on these bumper-crop years, stimulating North Dakota’s economy. Although crop prices

“We get a lot of people coming in because they’re looking for an answer to why they’re not able to focus and concentrate,” he said. “What we find is for lots of students thinking they have ADHD, they have anxiety instead. The symptoms are very similar.” To Burns, students’ real problems lie in their study habits. He said most students who come into the Counseling Center thinking they have ADHD simply have poor study habits. Burns recommends eating, sleeping and getting exercise to stay on task. He said aerobic activity is equally effective as taking a stimulant pill, if not more. But during high-stress times such as finals week, some students resort to other stimulants such as caffeine to get them through final projects and exams. Burns said

The First Amendment guarantees of free speech and free press. Opinions expressed on these pages are not necessarily those of the student body, faculty, staff, university administration or Spectrum managment. The Spectrum is printed at Page 1 Printers, 1929 Engebretson Ave., Slayton, MN 56172.

CLASSIFIEDS FOR RENT: Apartments for Rent. 1, 2 and 3 Bedroom apartments available. Small dog select units. Single or double car garage included. Heat paid, updated building, wood floors, ceramic tile, built in microwave, walk-in closet. Cats ok. Call Diane today at (701) 297-9500. EXP Date: 12/12/2013 Apartments for Rent. Northwood Commons 2 and 3 bedrooms near NDSU. Indoor pool, sauna, and workout room for $675-$1,025 monthly. Call (701) 280-2369. EXP Date: 12/12/2013

4 THURSDAY, DEC. 12, 2013



The Spectrum

John Narum, a student majoring in mechanical engineering, has a gift of performing outstanding moves with his yo-yos and inspiring others.


Yo-Yo Extraordinaire John Narum

NDSU sophomore uses yo-yo to inspire others Connor Dunn Features Editor

NDSU sophomore John Narum has amazed spectators, appeared on TV, won international events and inspired countless crowds, all with a small piece of plastic and metal. Thanks to Bill Cosby’s “Kids Say the Darndest Things,” the yo-yo has been a focal point of Narum’s life ever since age four. “Cosby had this kid guest who was doing what I thought were the most amazing yoyo tricks ever,” said Narum. “I didn’t know much about yo-yoing, but I tried doing it. It was a beginning experience to say the least, but I really wanted to learn more about it.” With help from his mother, Narum was able to find a yo-yo club down the road from his home in Minnetonka, Minn., which he proceeded to join in order to pursue his growing passion for yo-yoing.

It’s a little-known place where we can get together Emily Imdieke

Contributing Writer

I’m sorry. I’m so sorry for that title. It is horrible and not even funny, but “The Love Shack” song has been stuck in my head all day, and I really just wanted to share that misery with you all. The new adventure of the week dealt with the most important meal of the day: breakfast. The Shack is a fairly new restaurant north on Broadway that specializes in breakfast food. Although it is my first time being able to go there, I have been finding that it is not such a “little-known place.” I have been hearing from more and more people how good it is. They must not be the only one who think this way too because sure enough, when we arrived at The Shack one morning, it was packed full of people. This may also be due to the fact that it was a Sunday morning, and I think the tendency for people to eat out increases Sunday mornings, before or after church time? I added the question mark because I have done no studies on this matter, so please do not quote me on it. Anyway, The Shack was a bustling place

“I learned a lot of the basics and intermediate tricks from there,” said Narum. The club consisted of children ages four to 14. After many years of practice, Narum said he began to realize that his talent with the yo-yo was good enough to branch out and develop his own style of yo-yoing. “I wanted to keep getting better, so I kept practicing,” he said. “Ultimately, the goal was to be the best in yo-yoing out of everyone, and the time when I least expected it, it came true.” When Narum was 11 years old, he entered the World Yo-Yo Championships in Orlando, Fla., in the “off-string” division, which has been described as the most difficult division because the yo-yo is not attached to the string. Offstring allows Narum to perform his favorite trick where the yo-yo is spinning on his finger sideway providing a picture-perfect, still-frame shot to spectators. Based on technicalities and performance, Narum made it to the finals with the goal of having clean, mistake-free routines. That strategy paid off as Narum was named world champion of his division. “I’ve found out that once you’re at the

top, the biggest challenge is finding a new limit for yourself,” he said. “There’s more to yo-yoing than just competing.” Following his success at the World Championships, Narum found more outlets for his yo-yoing, with the most impressive of all being appearances on both The Tony Danza Show and The Martha Stewart Show. Narum has also done public and private shows whenever he can, balancing it with school. The NDSU community was informally introduced to the talents of John Narum during a halftime show of a Bison women’s basketball game against Northern Iowa on Nov. 20. “Overall, though, there’s nothing I take more pride in than volunteering at the children’s hospital back in Minneapolis,” said Narum. Narum tries to keep yo-yoing going in his life because he cites it as a big motivator in life and school knows providing any type of support or promoting motivation to children is so valuable. Narum also said he has aspirations to visit middle and elementary schools to express his message of talent awareness. “You can make a name for yourself with

Fargo Foodie: The Shack

what you love doing,” he said. Narum has made a name for himself, as he is currently an intern at YoYoJam, one of the premier yo-yo manufacturers in the United States. Involved in product design, Narum combines his knowledge of yo-yos and his major of manufacturing engineering to create new designs and structures for yoyos. “If some guy from Hungary wants us to make him a new yo-yo, I’ll know his style and given that he want to do these types of tricks,” Narum said. “I’ll also know he needs this type of shape and material because it will best suit his style.”. With aspirations to work at 3M, Narum likes the idea of manufacturing and mass production, as he said many of the applications behind making yo-yos could be applied to almost any other part of the manufacturing field. Narum, who presently owns around 400 or 500 yo-yos, says he would love to see more yo-yoing across North Dakota and the NDSU campus, but his main focus is to inspire. “We can make something as juvenile as a toy and transform it into something bigger than ourselves,” said Narum.

full of smiling people and busy waitresses trying to make sure that everyone was served comfortably, which I would say they succeeded at doing. The food was served in a timely manner with no issues, and everyone working seemed liked they enjoyed the challenge of the morning rush. The only downfall to the busyness was the build-up of people at the door. There is a lack of waiting area in the foyer of the restaurant, so most people are forced to North Fargo’s restaurant The Shack serves up pancakes reminiscent of Grandma’s own breakfasts. MATAYA ARMSTRONG | THE SPECTRUM crowd around each other while standing. I am to feel like for college students returning that is a good thing. all in favor of “Minnesota Nice,” but I am home for break. More helpful yet? For the cheap price, there were also not in favor of being close to many people This being said, I really wish it was deco- plenty of cheesy, delicious omelet and hash in the morning. (Even if it’s a Sunday mornrated more like a beaten up shack out in the browns to come home with me for later. And ing, and I have to stand close to people in woods somewhere, because what else comes with that nice, filling breakfast, I was ready church.) to mind when you hear “The Shack?” to seize the day. And by seize the day, I mean The Shack is decorated in a modern but The pancakes and omelet I had at The sing “The Love Shack” over and over again home-like feel: a home that is not too modShack were truly amazing. The pancakes until I died. ern, but more modern then your grandparliterally reminded me of exactly what my ent’s home. Poor description I know, but it is grandma’s pancakes taste like; you may what I imagine the inside of a parent’s house not know my grandma, but let me tell you,





Savvy Shopper

Christmas Presents $$


Stephanie Stanislao | Contributing Writer

‘Tis the season! The season of singing carols, baking goodies and building snowmen (or to be more inclusive, “snow-people”) is upon us. However, the merriment does not just stop there. There are parties to attend, ugly sweaters to adorn and of course fruit cakes (yuck!) to be eaten. All of these things consume each of us with excitement and the spirit of the holiday season (with the exception of that fruit “cake” that is). Along with the festivities, gift giving is an inevitable part of this time of year. For some, including myself, giving loved ones presents, to show just how much you care, is sometimes more fulfilling than receiving a gift yourself. But giving can get expensive. However, it does not have to be. By following a few helpful tips, you can still give

your friends and family presents that will warm their hearts with an abundance of warm-fuzzy feelings, while still sticking to a small budget. Look for sales. Do your homework and shop around for the best deals on each item on your shopping list. It can be easy to want to get all of your shopping out of the way in one day, but by shopping around for the best deals over a few days, or even weeks, you can save yourself a great deal of money. Make it yourself. Let out your inner “pinterester” and get crafty! A handmade present shows that you put a lot of thought into your gifts, and often times that means much more than an expensive and flashy item. Draw names. Have your group of friends or family draw names for who they will buy a present for this holiday season. Make sure

to set a spending limit, so the gift giving is fair for each individual. This way everyone gets a nice gift, and nobody has to spend a substantial amount of money. You might only receive one present, but receiving is not the meaning of the season anyway. Think about it. Serve. Give a present of service. Offer to shovel your friend’s driveway, cook a meal for your family or free babysitting for a friend or loved one. The gift of service is one of selflessness and is a very touching one. Service does not have to stop at just your family and friends though; service can reach those that you do not even know. Carol at a nursing home. Help an elderly neighbor. Volunteer at a local food pantry. Serving is free. This way you will stay in your budget and will not only make somebody’s day, but probably your own as well.

I personally love the change

well. However, there’s one

of seasons. Sometimes, I wish

activity I love that’s always a

they didn’t shift from one ex-

blast: snowmobiling. This past

treme to another, but I can en-

weekend, it was below zero

dure it. I think the change of

outside. If you were outside,

seasons brings things to look

you probably know how it felt.

forward to. In the summer, I

If you gulped a patch of fresh

look forward to sitting on the

air too fast your throat might

beach and the long days of sun-

have froze! However, we still

shine. In the winter, I look for-

took that snowmobile for a ride

ward to snuggling in my bed,

and that bitter, cheek-freezing

drinking hot tea and watching

weather! So if you’re a big

movies. Outdoor winter activi-

fan of snowmobiles, I hope

ties are a little limited for me

you enjoy this panorama, stay

because I don’t stay warm very

warm, and be safe.

Feeling Blue a Lot? You May Have Depression Mercedes Pitzer

Contributing Writer

With the recently fallen snow sticking around and temperatures dropping below zero, it is clear that winter is officially upon us. Not only does this cold and dreary season bring snow and freezing temperatures, but it also causes more people to experience depression. Occasionally, everyone feels sad, but according to the Mayo Clinic website, depression is different from usual mood fluctuations. It is a common medical illness that causes a persistent feeling of sadness, which can cause irritability, loss of interest, fatigue, indecisiveness, tiredness, feelings of worthlessness and even unexplained physical problems. While feelings of sadness are usually short-lived and pass within a couple of days, depression lasts a long time and interferes with daily life. As stated on the National Institutes of Health website, there are three categories of depression: major depression, dysthymia (moderate depression) and minor depression. Major depression is characterized by a combination of symptoms that disable or prevent a person from functioning normally. Dysthymia (moderate depression) is characterized by long-term (two or more years) symptoms that are not severe enough to disable a person but can prevent normal functioning or

feeling well. Finally, minor depression is characterized by having symptoms for two weeks or longer that do not meet the criteria for major depression. Under these broad categories, there are several specific types of depression including psychotic depression, postpartum depression and seasonal affective disorder. Psychotic depression occurs when a person has severe depression and is dealing with delusions and hallucinations. Postpartum depression occurs when a woman has recently given birth and is experiencing hormonal and physical changes. Lastly, SAD takes place when there is less natural sunlight during the winter month, thus there is an onset of depression during this time. According to the World Health Organization website, more than 350 million people of all ages suffer from depression. It is most common among young adults, and women are 70 percent more likely than men to experience depression during their lifetime. College students are particularly at risk and are more likely to experience depression than any other age group, especially during freshman year when freshmen are experiencing numerous and drastic life changes. As with any mental illness, there are many possible causes of depression such as genetic, biological, psychological and envi-

ronmental factors. With so many varying causes, there are also many different forms of treatment. Also affirmed on the Mayo Clinic website, treatment plans comprise of medications, psychotherapy, electroconvulsive therapy, light therapy and various home remedies. SAD is very common in North Dakota because people living in the state experience over 12 hours of darkness each day during the winter months. Light therapy is a widely used form of treatment for SAD. Not to mention, it is considered one of the cheapest treatment plans, which could make it a popular option for college students. According to the Mayo Clinic website, during light therapy people will sit next to a light therapy box, which emits a bright light that mimics natural outdoor light. By doing this, the light affects the brain chemicals that are linked to mood, thus reducing SAD symptoms significantly. If you are experiencing any of the previously mentioned symptoms of depression on a daily basis, it is important to get tested. Severe depression commonly leads to suicide, so not only can being tested improve your life, but it can potentially save it. If you are interested in learning more about depression or want to make an appointment, you are encouraged to visit the Counseling Center located in 212 Ceres Hall on campus.

6 THURSDAY, DEC. 12, 2013

Arts & Entertainment


The Spectrum


Golden, Lady Antebellum’s fourth studio album, dropped earlier this year. Their tour will hit Fargo this January.

Lady Antebellum Hits Fargo Next Month Group’s November show rescheduled to January in Fargodome Steven Strom A&E Editor

Those of you who bought Lady Antebellum tickets this year should hold onto them over the break. The show has since been re-

scheduled for 7 p.m. on January 18 of next year. Those of you who don’t have tickets already can still buy them, of course. The show is part of the band’s “Take Me Downtown Tour” with Kip Moore and Kacey Musgraves at the Fargodome. For those who don’t know, Lady Antebellum is a “country pop” music group from Nashville, Tennessee formed in 2006. The group is composed of Hillary Scott (lead vocals), Charles Kelley (also lead vocals), and Dave Haywood (background vocals, guitar, piano, and best of all – mandolin).

“We spent almost every day last year backstage writing for our album GOLDEN, so we were really focused on writing songs that would connect with the fans in these arenas,” Kelley stated in the show’s press release. “We definitely learned a lot about ourselves as live performers and the type of catalog we wanted to have so that we could go out and try to give the fans the best show they’ve ever experienced.” This year, the group is promoting their fourth studio album, the aforementioned “Golden.” Last year, however, they managed to host over a million fans worldwide

across 11 countries. That earned them the Billboard Touring’s “Breakthrough Award,” and several other awards for their trouble. If you’d like to see the incredibly popular group and don’t already have tickets, you can purchase them from the Fargodome’s website. Prices range between $75, $59.50, and $39.50 depending on seating. The show is open to all ages, and reserved seating is available. For more information, you can call 1-855-694-6367.

‘Nutcracker’ Combines Talent U.S., U.K. Spies Use Video Games From All Over to Watch Players Jack Dura

Staff Writer

Tchaikovsky’s timeless “Nutcracker Suite” scores come to life in ballet form this Friday and Saturday at Festival Concert Hall, put on by the FM Ballet. As one of the largest shows of the season for the company, this “Nutcracker” combines dancers, musicians, and a choir with many different abilities from many different backgrounds. A 28-piece orchestra comprised of various area professionals and college students is headed by Christina Yi-Ping Chen-Beyers, the orchestra director of the University Orchestra in Fargo-Moorhead. The Lake Agassiz Girls Choir backs the orchestra with vocals, while 17 dancers of the FM Ballet perform onstage. They are joined by 30 child dancers (the little mice) that hail from all over the area: Fargo-Moorhead, Detroit Lakes, Kindred and Casselton. “With everybody involved it makes it that much more magical and that much more of an experience for everybody,” artistic director/choreographer Matt Gasper said. Housed in Gasper’s School of Dance in downtown Fargo, the FM Ballet puts on a few productions each year. “Alice in Wonderland” will pop up in spring 2014 as the annual children’s ballet. Revenue from this “Nutcracker” will set up funding for this spring show, which can be a fickle business sometimes. “Every time we put on a production there’s always a risk that people won’t come and see it,” Gasper said. “If they don’t come and see it, then we’re done and our season’s over, so that’s the extremeness of that.” This is the second annual “Nutcracker” for Gaspers with the FM Ballet. Building

an audience base is vital for the company, and with three performances of “The Nutcracker” this Friday and Saturday, Gasper hopes they can win some fans going into the spring. The sheer size of this production is admirable from the get-go, as is the diversity of many of those involved. Gabriela Baierle-Atwood, playing the main part of Clara, is not only a professional dancer but an NDSU-alum architect. Other company and crew members range from a lawyer to a Concordia resident hall director to another architect. Gasper himself also has more than one role in reality, as he takes up the positions of nearly every conceivable design aspect of this show, from choreography to lighting. “Once we hit the theater, I become the stage manager, lighting director, set designer and a lot of stuff,” he said. “I am a man of many hats.” With a two-day run and just three opportunities to catch this show, community members have a nice little outing on their hands before the calendar comes to Christmas. A lot of effort in a short amount of time (under 60 hours of rehearsals) went into this show, which is a promising production to cap off 2013 in area theatre. “With fabulous volunteers and fabulous staff, we can pull this off,” Gasper said, “but we can’t pull it off without community support.” “The Nutcracker” is at 7 p.m. on Dec. 20 and 21 and 2 p.m. on Dec. 21 in Festival Concert Hall. Regular priced tickets are $25. Discounted student tickets are available at the box office.

Leaked documents show both governments pulled data from users and spied on players Steven Strom A&E Editor

It’s hardly a shock to learn that the government is trying to spy on you through your electronic and entertainment devices anymore. Now you can add one more method to the list alongside computers, phones, tablets, etc.—video games. Documents leaked by good old Edward Snowden dating back to 2008 show that intelligence agencies in the United States and Britain “infiltrated” online games to spy on users out of fear that they may be used for terrorist get-togethers. The story has since been picked up by ProPublica, The Guardian and the New York Times. The initiative doesn’t just include playing existing games, either. The documents indicate that in some cases mobile games were created by the agencies for the express purpose of collecting user data. None of the documents indicate any successful findings in the years since the program started, despite the excitable language used in the documents, which describes spying on unknowing online game players as a “target-rich communication network” and “an opportunity!”

The Spectrum

“World of Warcraft is one with an impressive following of gaming enthusiasts. With over 10 million users worldwide, may be providing SIGINT (signals intelligence) targets a way to hide in plain sight,” the document points out. Experts tend to disagree, however. Peter W. Singer, author of “Cybersecurity and Cyberwar: What Everyone Needs to Know,” said in an interview with the New York Times: “For terror groups looking to keep their communications secret, there are far more effective and easier ways to do so than putting on a troll avatar.” The search for video game insurgents does start somewhere. Reports indicate Al Qaida “terrorist target selectors,” Chinese hackers, an Iranian nuclear scientist, Hizballah and Hamas have all had network traffic associated with Xbox Live (or XboxLive! as the document calls it), Second Life and World of Warcraft. Similarly, I suspect each of these groups has read a book, watch television, and perhaps even gone to the movies at one point or another. With 82 pages of documents, years of work and no results what we appear to have here is the CIA, NSA and British intelligence spying on citizens for no better reason that they fear video games—proof that our government is paying your Fox Newswatching grandparents in taxpayer money to misunderstand video games. They could have saved themselves the trouble and just watched The O’Reilly Factor. Blizzard, the developer of “World of Warcraft,” stated that it never granted the agencies permission to pull data or spy on users. According to video game website Polygon, Microsoft and Second Life are remaining silent at the time of this writing.



No Man’s Sky Steals the Show at VGX Steven Strom A&E Editor

Among the VGX award ceremony hosted by SpikeTV over the weekend, there were many segments masquerading as “world exclusives.” Most of them were just trailers for games announced six months ago (“Titanfall”), or official announcements of games that were leaked weeks ago (“Telltale’s Game of Thrones game”). However, there was one game that stood out. Hello Games’ “No Man’s Sky” absolutely floored audiences, and even got me to stop tweeting snarky remarks about host Joel McHale’s boredom. The trailer started with a first-person view of a procedurally generated ocean. Jokes about “Endless Ocean 3” were quickly cut short as the view pulled out of the water to reveal a massive,

alien world with orange grass and spaceships dotting the sky. The real surprise came when the person belonging to this first-person perspective hopped in a starfighter of their own and launched directly into space: no load times, no cut-scenes, no transition trickery. They went from ocean to planet to space in five seconds flat. The developers have since explained that the game is “true sci-fi.” It’s all about beauty, exploration and adventure with nary a space marine or post-apocalyptic society to be found. There will still be combat, as we saw in the trailer, but it seems the real draw here is just how much there is to see. The scope of the project is even more impressive when you consider that Hello Games is comprised of four people. Up to now, their most impressive franchise

“Procedurally generated science fiction” was the biggest announcement of Spike’s video game award ceremony.

was “Joe Danger,” a cartoony time trial game about a goofy stuntman. The “Joe Danger” games are certainly enjoyable for what they are, but they never

hinted at this kind of scale. Despite whatever ire the viewing audience may have for VGX and Spike, Hello Games made a bold, intelligent move to debut its game

over the three-hour show. With little noteworthy news coming out of the award ceremony, this four-person team now has the world’s attention, and everything to


gain. To check out the game yourself, check out http://

Special Effects, Choreography Highlight ‘Oz’ Jack Dura

Staff Writer

From books to film to onstage, L. Frank Baum’s “The Wizard of Oz” has delighted countless people the world over. Immortalized by the 1939 film starring Judy Garland, this story sprang up at The Stage at Island Park last week and runs through Dec. 21. FMCT faced a challenge from the start in translating this movie to the stage. For starters, the numerous special effects of the film (the tornado sequence, melting the witch, Professor Marvel’s balloon, etc.) had to be alternatively recreated. To tackle this, FMCT relied heavily on pyrotechnics, lights and choreography. Fire and smoke are found all over in the film, most notably in Oz’s chamber. Setting the Scarecrow on fire and melting the Witch rely on fire and smoke as well, and FMCT had a couple creative solutions for this. Using fireworks and fog machines worked well for a couple scenes; however, seeing a bit more of a blaze in Oz’s chamber would be nicer, visually. Lights too come into play all throughout this show, particularly in the

The Spectrum focusing on you

scenes staged in Oz. Blue, yellow and green lights set the stage nicely for the lands of the Munchkins, Winkies and Emerald City. This one-color focus dramatically changes each scene, all of which in Oz rely on the same superstructure as a set. Emerald City in particular is cast in a wonderful light, as anyone who has seen the movie will remember that it is entirely green from top to bottom. With Munchkinland in blue and the Winkies’ world in yellow, the overall design of this show is lighted in a way that is complementary to each locale and pleasing to the eye. Another aspect of this show (though not necessarily a special effect) that helps in mirroring the movie is its choreography. Dancing plays a role in not only the show’s musicality but also in scenes that rely on weather and wildlife. For example, the tornado and poppy field scenes are played out with young dancers as the tornado’s winds and the field’s flowers. One of the best dance scenes in the whole show is by its youngest performers. The Munchkins’ welcoming songs feature about a dozen children under 10 who pull

off their dancing and dialogue without a hitch. The Lullaby League and Lollipop Guild highlight these sequences. Some of the finer parts of the cast are the Witch and the Scarecrow, two roles very well-suited for their actors. The Witch has her laugh down pat; however, her dialogue is delivered much more slowly than Margaret Hamilton in the film. As for the Scarecrow, a lanky teenager who is light on his feet definitely fit the bill for this part. As an added casting bonus, FMCT was able to bring in a live dog to portray Toto with the help of artistic director Scott Brusven’s mixed-breed terrier. Altogether, this “Wizard of Oz” is a respectable, remarkable recapturing of the original. Voices are rather average in this show, but the choreography seems to be where the real talent is at. Every actor, old and young, brings something to the table here, and seeing it all unfold is exciting and enjoyable. “The Wizard of Oz” continues at 7:30 p.m. Dec. 1214, 19 & 20 and 2 p.m. Dec. 15 and 21 at The Stage at Island Park at 333 4th St. S. Advanced tickets are $16 for adults, $12 for students and seniors and $6 for children.

8 THURSDAY, DEC. 12, 2013



The Spectrum

Student Health Insurance Changes with Affordable Care Act

Samantha Wickramasinghe

dents enrolled at all North Dakota University System schools. However, the information did not include any specific details about the cost components of this upcoming change. It only stated that further information regarding the progress would be provided for international students in the future.

In early October, international students received an email from the Office of International Programs saying that health insurance provider Blue Cross Blue Shield will stop its plan with students by the end of this year. The email also indicated that a state-level committee was researching for a new health care insurance provider for international stu-

Abot two months after this email, international students received another email stating that nation wide changes have occurred in health insurances due to the Affordable Care Act and the amount that they have to pay will increase. This email was shocking to many international students because it indicated that, supposedly, for the next year they have to pay $1300 for their health insurance. The particular insurance provider that the committee selected was said to be “more reason-

New plan discriminates against international students Opinion Editor

When 2 Comes After 3 Caleb Werness Staff Writer

The Nintendo Game Boy systems have had a long and successful life. Since its introduction to North America in 1989, it has become one of the most popular handheld gaming systems. It has evolved from a black-and-white screen of the original to a colorful screen introduced through the Game Boy Color. The Game Boy Advance stepped up the graphics and color quality from the Color. In 2004, Nintendo released the Nintendo DS, “DS” being short for “dual-screen.” The handheld was a success and has spawned numerous incarnations. Nintendo decided to release a three-dimensional version of the system in 2011 called the 3DS. A year after the creation of the 3DS, Nintendo saw to upgrade the system and make the 3DS XL. It features a larger screen that is 90 percent bigger than its predecessor. In my opinion, everything was going quite well for the franchise. Then they released the Nintendo 2DS. Rather than folding and opening like the 3DS and the DS before it, the 2DS is a large awkward block. It is bulky and the dual screens on a flat system make it look strange. Developers of the system say it was geared toward a younger audience. I find this odd because of the obtuse shape of the 2DS.

It is quite large to be designed for smaller children. Another reason the 2DS is more of a bust than a breakthrough is the parents. I work retail and find myself assisting in the electronics department more often than not. Many parents I have assisted are not up to date or tech-savvy. A lot of confusion is caused when they see the 2DS next to the 3DS. I have had people ask me where the 2DS games are or if the 3DS games will work on the 2DS. To clarify for those not familiar, the games for the 3DS work for the 2DS. The 2DS is designed for 3DS games specifically. It is just another platform to play on. Developers also stated that the system is meant for smaller children because the 3D feature on the 3DS is not recommended for children under age seven. I don’t find that a valid reason, because the 3DS allows you to turn of the 3D. I never play with 3D on, because after a while it feels way too trippy. I think Nintendo needs to re-evaluate the system and stick with the success of the 3DS. The 2DS is oversized and underpowered. It doesn’t make sense to have two come after three. Caleb is a sophomore majoring in English.

able in rates in comparison to others.” Most of the local students have the option of joining with their parents’ accounts but the international students have to accept decisions that are made for them by the authorities. The point here is not to argue that the new health insurance is unequally applied to different groups of people but to say that it does not recognize the necessities of certain groups of people who do not have the privileges that American citizens do. While many of the international students remain uneducated of the legislative process that lead to this decision, one thing is clear and that is the state-level committee could not take a decision that recognized special needs of international students. The new health insurance may extensively cover areas such as dental and eye care, which were not covered in the past, but it does not recognize other genuine concerns international

students have. On our campus international students do most of the jobs in the service sector. They work hard like everybody else and they pay taxes and tuition. They contribute to the growth of the economy. They bring new perspectives to the NDSU community and they enrich the diversity of our campus. Most of them survive college through careful spending. This rapid increase is a great blow to them and it adds additional pressure to their lives. America is a nation with laws and certainly international students respect its laws as well. Perhaps the rapid increase of cost was inevitable, but who speaks for international students? Do they have to accept whatever decisions are made for them? Samantha Wickramasinghe is a senior majoring in journalism.

Minimum Wage: The Least of Our Worries? Amber Zolondek Contributing Writer

College students rely on jobs such as retail, food and other service industry employers that offer minimum wage. Although we are in the process of getting a degree, there are many others in the U.S. not on said track and rely on it as their income for potentially the rest of their life. The struggle on Capitol Hill lies in between the choices of raising minimum wage to $8.25 or keeping it at the rate of $7.25. The average person earning that for a fulltime position could expect to bring home around $870 a month after taxes. That’s barely over $10,000 a year. However, for college students not relying on much other than groceries, rent and tuition, that doesn’t faze us as alarming or worrisome. With that said, making $8.25 an hour could lead into adding another dollar every year or so and inflating our economy in a not-so-healthy way. Although it has been said that those who are working for minimum wage barely live above poverty, everyone has to start from somewhere. As I had mentioned before, college students work for that paycheck just the same as everyone else. The only difference is that hopefully in four years or so, they can trade that type of pay stub into a salary. Increasing minimum wage has a few

dangerous elements that could affect not only the workers but consumers as well. Prices will be increased to satisfy that excess payment in employment and HR. Raising the minimum wage could also devalue the college degree. Although some do not wish to go to college or further their education after a certain point, there are some who do, specifically for financial reasons. Do not get me wrong or mistake my opinion for churlish behavior. I have worked many minimum-wage jobs myself, and I certainly appreciate the hard work and long hours that are put in such establishments. It just seems that we have lost focus as to why we are raising wages. Is it for purposes other than rent, groceries or utilities? Perhaps we have to take a step back and realize we may have to work these kinds of jobs in order to make our way up a ladder, whether it be social, corporate or even personal. Maintaining a minimum wage is certainly a hard decision since many struggle to make ends meet by the end of the month, our economy is still a bit rocky from its first pitfall in 2008, and college degrees are expected in the professional world. But it puts a value on many things in hindsight as well. Hard work, studying, time and effort all equal a priceless equation that will never be solved by a mere minimum wage. Amber is a sophomore studying public relations and advertising.

The 4-Hour Chef: A Ridiculous Guide of Learning Fun Things (Including Cooking) Michael Zastoupil Contributing Writer

Are you interested in cooking, but not that interested in cooking? Maybe you are more interested in mastering a new language or two, and you really only cook because you don’t have a meal plan anymore. Or maybe you just like to read interesting books, and to hell with cooking or speaking anything but English. I picked up “The 4-Hour Chef” by Timothy Ferriss last December because I was kind of interested in cooking, and I had just graduated (although now I’m back in school) and I had a lot of free time. And by that, I mean I was unemployed and looking for work. So I picked up “The 4-Hour Chef,” thinking it would be a book that could teach me how to cook some things. But it’s really not a book about how to cook. It’s more of

this wild collection of life hacks that will teach you how to cook, learn new languages quickly, or learn anything quickly (like that cumulative chemistry final coming up next week). Some of the things Ferriss shows you how to do, you probably shouldn’t do. But it’s sure fun to read about, anyway. So I learned some neat cooking tricks that I can whip out anytime now. For example, have you ever thought of putting parsley and lemon juice on your scrambled eggs? I hadn’t either, and now it’s my new favorite way to make eggs in the morning. Apparently parsley does something more than look good on the side of your plate. Or do you love the taste of roasted garlic mashed potatoes or cheesy bread like I do? But have you ever actually stuck some garlic in the oven and just roasted it? You’ll be scarfing down clove after clove like they’re cheese curds from the Turf.

I also loved that the book is (for the most part) really health-oriented. Most of the recipes in the book comply with the Slow Carb Diet, focusing on grass-fed beef and other quality meats, legumes and veggies. And there are just some neat tricks to learn like using mashed cauliflower instead of mashed potatoes (it tastes pretty much the same). Or if you want to eat something “fast carb,” like one of those gigantic muffins from the coffee shop, just sprinkle some cinnamon on it. Did you know that cinnamon improves insulin sensitivity in the body, preventing the blood sugar spikes that usually accompany “fast carbs?” And cinnamon goes pretty well with muffins anyway (extra bonus!) And of course, there are several cooking “adventures” throughout the book in case you get bored. Ever wondered what one of those squirrels on campus would taste like? Ferriss will show you the best way to catch,

prepare and cook one. Like the taste of bacon or bourbon whiskey? You can actually infuse the two into one delicious drink. Or have you always wanted to cook bacon inside of a duck inside of a turkey inside of a pig? Maybe not, but just in case you get the urge, all of the instructions are there. Timothy Ferriss’ “4-Hour Chef” is a million times more fun than any other cookbook you’ve ever picked up. In fact, it’s not really a cookbook; it’s more of a ridiculous guide to learning fun things. And cooking happens to be one of them. If you get bored over Christmas break, or you still haven’t bought any Christmas presents for your friends and family yet, check it out. Michael is a senior majoring in crop and weed sciences.

LETTER TO THE EDITOR As a child, I grew accustomed to seeing the harassments our elders were subjected to on a daily basis. It was very common to see heavily armed soldiers storming your house to search for anything they deemed ‘illegal.’ I still remember a day they stormed my house while we were having breakfast.They were arresting male teens and adults. You did not have to be involved in any “illegal activities”; they wanted to eliminate any threats. As they stormed in (I was probably 7 years old at the time), I got so scared I blacked out. All I remember was looking for the food I was eating as soon as they left (which was on the floor by the way). They wore these boots with metal padding on the toes. If you got caught, they would kick you until you were out. They always had one black officer who knew the neighborhood. I also remember how my sisters boarded a bus with many others to stage a march in the city. All these were peaceful marches. They would march to the government offices demanding the release of those that were arrested for no reason, and that of Madiba and others. On their way, military vehicles stopped them. They jumped off the moving busses and ran for their lives. Those days, they rarely used teargas; they would use live rounds to disperse off gatherings. For days, my sister was nowhere to be found. We looked for her until we started coming to terms with the fact that we may never see her again. I remember asking my little sister not to cry while I was crying at the same time. Weeks later, my sister showed up. She was able to make it to another village with some other people and luckily for her, strangers took care of them for days. Those days we had no phones so it was nearly impossible for her to let us know that, besides a big cut on her leg, she was all right. Right around those times the world, particularly the U.S., was putting more pressure

on our government to end the apartheid treatment. Our sporting codes were banned from international competitions. In 1994 our lives changed in a way that no one ever imagined. Mandela became the first black president. Still, there were fears. There were fears that the man would be out to revenge. He never did. Remember June 16 of 1976? When the police killed even 10 year olds? Remember Hector Pieterson, the 13 year old? Remember the 27 years Mandela stayed in prison? When he was only allowed a single visit a year? When all the letters he wrote or received were deprived of any sense? The man could have come out with so much anger. But not Madiba. He was a giant with a special purpose. For those who were not aware, he was always offered immunity and a better life abroad with his family if he agreed to stop fighting for justice. He rejected those offers. Ask one of the white prison guards who was tasked with watching him. The man did not understand how a man who was being treated the way Mandela was would keep asking him every morning how his family was. He told of how he eventually lost it and told Mandela of his family troubles. Mandela offered his advise. They became very good friends. Immediately after he became the president, he visited a school that only had white children. He wasn’t about revenge. He fought so that we can coexist. He fought for human dignity. He fought for a better world. I look at him as a fighter for the world’s freedom, not just us as Africans. He sacrificed his life just so we can all have a better life. Anger solves nothing. It was because of




FROM THE EDITOR’S DESK | A student-run newspaper Emma Heaton | Editor-in-Chief

“I’m going to go read all the newsworthy and important things in The Spectrum.” A couple weeks ago a group was having a discussion on the couch opposite of myself in the Memorial Union. One person was leaving the group and was holding the latest issue of The Spectrum. As he walked away he made this comment about the paper, dripping in sarcasm. During the fall semester, The Spectrum has undergone staff changes, design changes and circulation changes. We have broken news stories before other Fargo media, even as a bi-weekly newspaper competing against dailies. And, of course, we have “graced” the “Overheard at NDSU” Facebook page a few times for editorial errors. One thing that seems to remain the same is that some readers still do not view The Spectrum at “newsworthy” or “important. Which confuses me. That has been editors’ main goal since we began in

1896. Although The Spectrum has a base staff of section editors, copy editors, designers and an advertising staff, The Spectrum is, as it has been since the beginning, a student-run newspaper. We take submissions from all students regardless of major or minor, age, race, ethnicity, gender, beliefs or any other differences one may think they have. Students (and other community contributors) determine the content in our paper. If students do not like the story coverage, it is up to them to speak up—a staff as small as The Spectrum’s cannot do it all. That being said, we have had a few instances where students have spoken up this semester, especially recently surrounding Rhianna LaValla’s opinion articles about her atheist beliefs. Although some people questioned whether we should have published those articles, they evoked discussion from people

that may not have spoken up without them. All students with strong opinions are not speaking up, however. In another instance, I was, again, sitting in the Union and overheard a Bible study group discussion. They brought up how the media misrepresents some Christian faiths and the controversy with LaValla’s articles was commented on. The women had interesting discussion points and were able to form valid arguments against the previous articles published in The Spectrum. It is those students that we hope to see more contributions from next semester and for years to come. This all goes back to the very first editorial that was published in the summer issue of The Spectrum when I told students that it was their paper, and I had high hopes with what we could do with it this year. I hope the upcoming semester is one that we can only add to what we have accomplished—and to learn from our past mistakes.

A Farewell to The Spectrum

Samantha Wickramasinghe Opinion Editor

T h i s edition of The Spectrum is the last one I will work on as Opinion Editor. Therefore, I want to write a note of gratitude to the wonderful people who helped me do my job in this essential student-run publication. I started writing for The Spectrum in 2009 when I came to the United States as an international student from Sri Lanka. Ever since, I have written opinion, features and news articles for The Spectrum on an irregular basis. At the beginning of this semester I was hired as Opinion Editor. As Opinion

Editor, I have learned many aspects of opinion writing and journalism in a professional work environment. I used to think that opinion writing was a personal way of expressing emotions and a point of view on a certain issue. I believed that even though some opinions could be compelling, at the end of the day they are only “opinions” that anybody could disagree with. But I have evolved and learned about the significance of opinion writing and the role it has in journalism. Everybody may have an opinion, but not all these opinions are fact-based or supported by legitimate and extensive research. I have also learned that opinion writing should be based on primary sources. Opinions should not be written based on another person’s opinion. Opinion journalists cre-

ate news in their columns and open up new perspectives to the readers. They have an obligation to bring out compelling issues and voice against injustices and inequities that happen in society. Opinions should not be written for the sake of disagreeing with someone. If you disagree, the compelling arguments should be genuine to your heart. Some disagree with certain opinions just because they do not like the writer, their political party or their religion. The Spectrum staff consists of an amazing group of people who genuinely care for what they do. I’m thankful to all of them even though I cannot name them all in here. I specially want to thank Emma Heaton, the editor-inchief of The Spectrum for having confidence in me and

To pay for books and tuition.

Jordan Peterson, Joe Lutofsky and Steven Strom

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Contributing Writers

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of these readers have personally commented on my articles and I hope you do the same for future opinion writers too. My writers helped me put out a good section and I’m thankful to them. I understand that sometimes my section was not in its best form, but I want to you to know that along with The Spectrum staff, I tried. As Opinion Editor, I never encountered any interference to writing my opinions and expressing my views. I could confidently say what I wanted, if my opinions were fact-based and well articulated. I want readers to know how incredibly privileged Americans are with the liberties that they may take for granted every day. I came to America from another country and I had the opportunity to become the Opinion Editor of The Spectrum and voice my opinions with the qualifications I had. America holds that

promise of opportunity. If you work hard, you won’t be judged for who you are. I hope Americans will continue to protect this promise for the people who will come after me. I do not want to idolize America and say it always protects rights of is citizens. I feel like America has a long way to go. But I want Americans to remember that there are places in this world where people do not enjoy freedoms that you enjoy. There are nations where journalists and ordinary people are beaten, killed, threatened and humiliated for expressing their beliefs and opinions. Please give value to these liberties and continue to protect the American promise and for now farewell! Samantha is a senior majoring in journalism. Follow him on Twitter @SamanthaWic.

Media’s Portrayal of Video Games Creates Misunderstanding

My one reason?

(218) 287-2700

hiring me for this position. Thanks to Steven Strom and Whitney Stramer for making drawings and graphics for me, and thanks to Mataya Armstrong for collaborating with me in cartoons. Mataya does not have any compelling political views whatsoever, but so interestingly she is a great person to work with because of her apolitical, objective stance in understanding opinions and putting them in to cartoons. I would also like to thank Karla Young the office manager, one of the few people in this world who understands my humor and always encourages me with kind words. I would also like to thank my past editors Nadine Aljerts and Linda Vasquez who gave me great advice and Dain Sullivan and Nathan Stottler for encouraging me to write. Finally I want to thank readers who encouraged me with kind words and those who disagreed with me and voiced dissent. Some

A recent article titled “Time to Rethink the Video Games and Violence Debate” was published on the CNN World website by Julia Shaw, a lecturer in forensic psychology at the University of Bedfordshire, U.K. Shaw explained that many psychological studies in the past showed children who were exposed to violent video games experienced more desensitization than that of other children. However, there is another side to the argument. According to Shaw, “Defenders of video games have a seemingly compelling counter argument—the vast majority of individuals who play violent videogames do not actually en-

gage in real world, criminal violence of any kind,” Shaw said. Furthermore she said, “In fact, despite the growing global popularity and engagement with incredibly violent videogames and extreme media portrayals of violence, violent crime rates in many Western countries have actually been falling over the last decade.” Starting from events such as the Columbine shooting in 1999 and leading up to the Sandy Hook shooting in 2012, the media has not hesitated to stress the direct link between video games and these violent shootings. The media portrays the majority of these shooters as avid video gamers above any other characteristics they may have had, such as mental illnesses or emotional duress. A misunderstanding, or perhaps willful ignorance,

of the differences between causation and correlation might be to blame in reporting on “video game-related” violence. Media violence, whether it is movies, video games or anything else, it is wrongly blamed for violent crimes. There can be no single cause for violent crimes. A mixture of factors such as education, culture, law policies, mental health issues and others are more immediately relevant factors to consider. Maybe if the media started touching on these other factors, they would stop blaming violent crimes on video games so much. Jordan is a senior majoring in journalism, Joe is a senior
majoring in new media and web design, and Steven is a senior majoring in journalism.

LETTER from page 6 him that people like me got opportunities to study abroad. Before, most of the people from my neighborhood worked in farms. Some vanished without a trace for “petty crimes.” Mandela was a once in a generation force. His heart was bigger than anything. He was not a saint, but his giant did leave a legacy we would do better embracing even half of it. Mandela was a world citizen. Today, the world lost a giant but not his message. Let us all fight for a better world. Let us all unite to make for a better human kind. As a South African, I see how the

U.S. public has reacted to his passing, and I just cant help but to be amazed at how beautiful humanity has become. God bless you all for what you have shown us. You are a symbol of compassion. To Tata, thank you very much for your life. While we will miss you, we surely will work harder to uphold your dream. It is a challenge, but we have learned patience from you. R.I.P. Hamba kahle Madiba.


10 THURSDAY, DEC. 12, 2013



The Spectrum

Senior center Miki Stephenson stands over 6 feet tall and recently traveled to Los Angeles with her team for the DoubleTree LA Westside Thanksgiving Classic.


Meet-A-Bison: Miki Stephenson Taylor Kurth

Contributing Writer

An adrenaline junkie whose pregame ritual consists of going to the dining center and eating a bowl of cereal before every home game, Miki Stephenson is one of two seniors on the very young Bison women’s basketball team. Miki Stephenson is a senior center from Moorhead. She came to NDSU via the AAU summer circuit. NDSU noticed Stephenson at a camp and offered her on the spot. Stephenson has been a three-time Summit League Winter/Spring All Academic honor roll student. She is averaging seven points and six rebounds this year for the 3-6 Bison team. On being the savvy leader of the team, Stephenson said, “I just feel like I have to lead by example. I realize that this is my fi-

nal year and I want it even more. We have to get after it every day.” At 3-6, the Bison are looking to make a strong playoff push and Stephenson is aware: “We need to focus in on doing the little things right, having fun and not overthinking too much.” Stephenson is not your typical 6-foot-2inch center. She is a sharpshooter from the perimeter and in her opinion, an underrated passer. Her passing skills could be attributed to her favorite player being Rajon Rondo of the Boston Celtics. Stephenson, is scheduled to graduate next winter with a degree in Physical and Health Education. She wants to be a gym teacher. “In school, gym was my favorite subject,” Stephenson said. “It’s a big part of my life being active, doing the whole healthy lifestyle. I had really good experiences with health and gym. In high school, one of my

Flipping the Bird to Expected Boo Bird Fans Sam Herder Sports Editor

Hurricane Bohl hit Fargo suddenly and violently, but things have calmed down since the infamous Twitter freak out Saturday night. Bison fans are in the acceptance stage now. And with acceptance comes gratitude. Yet, there still seems to be expected scattered thunder storms in the Fargodome on Saturday when the NDSU football team hosts Coastal Carolina in the FCS quarterfinals. Of course, I am referring to said thunder as boos. Yes, a percentage of fans say they plan to voice their displeasure Saturday. Head coach Craig Bohl will still lead the Bison out of the locker room and onto the field despite being Wyoming’s new head coach. Logical Bison fans have accepted this fact and have voiced their appreciation and respect for Bohl and what he has done for NDSU, Fargo and North Dakota. Other fans have their tails tucked in between their legs still and can’t hide their disgust … as if accepting a million-dollar contract was an irrational thing for Bohl to do. And if that disgust isn’t resolved by Saturday, it will be an embarrassing day in NDSU history. ESPN is coming to town, again, for the 11 a.m. game. If boo birds directed towards Bohl are heard, it shows how arrogant some fans can be. This is a man who took the NDSU job in 2003, a year after a 2-8 season that included losses to St. Cloud State and Augustana, and was told to transition this program into a successful Division I team. All while not

having any head coaching experience. This is the man that’s now become NDSU’s all-time wins leader, holds a 7-3 record over FBS teams and has brought three conference championships and two national titles to Fargo. This is the man that couldn’t say five sentences about NDSU at his Wyoming press conference Sunday without choking up, twice. And you people want to boo him? Yeah, maybe Bohl broke up with NDSU for an uglier girlfriend. At least he is sticking around to hopefully take us to the Frisco prom. But let us remember that we’re not in high school anymore. Maybe the maturity level of fans should rise with the realization that Bohl is a legend. He didn’t turn his back on NDSU. Many of you are bashing the timing of his decision. Wyoming waiting until Jan. 5 to announce its new head coach is like going Black Friday shopping late afternoon: you’re going to miss out on a lot of stuff. In Wyoming’s case, that stuff is recruits. This was coming eventually. It just happened to be in the middle of this magical run the Bison are on. Don’t hate on Bohl. Many don’t like the fact that he’s going to Wyoming of all places, including this writer right here. But booing is the ultimate disrespect of the man who took this program we love to new heights. The players allowing Bohl to continue coaching until they finish their ultimate goal of a three peat is your sign right there. No hard feelings. Anger and frustration is understandable from the fans’ perspective. But if fans boo Bohl, that means they have no respect for him. And there’s no justification


health teachers was one of my favorite, so I thought it would be kind of cool to follow in her footsteps.” Stephenson has to wait until next December to graduate because she is not allowed to do student teaching and basketball at the same time. Something about not being present for five days a week during the thick of basketball season is frowned upon. Stephenson had one of the best Thanksgivings of her life this past month. She was able to leave the glorious Fargo heat and travel with the team out west to Los Angeles for the DoubleTree LA Westside Thanksgiving Classic. The Bison won both games to win the tournament, which is the first time they have won a Thanksgiving tournament in the six years that Carolyn DeHoff has been coaching. “First, it was just awesome being out in LA with your best friends,” Stephenson said. “It was cool to say that we made it to the

championship and brought it home.” In a perfect twist of fate, with transfer guard Brooke LeMar being from California, they were able to celebrate Thanksgiving with her family at LeMar’s house. On pregame rituals, “I have a lot of country, I like a little bit of everything, though. I have some rap and some Bob Marley.” For food purposes, she has to stick with Fruit Loops or Lucky Charms. However, she does not drink the remaining milk. Unless, it is Reese’s Puffs, then she has to finish the milk. Stephenson is an “adrenaline junkie.” She recently went skydiving with her dad and wants to do it again. She has also been scuba diving, which was surprisingly more nerve racking to her than skydiving. She has been to Hawaii and owns 14 pairs of swimsuits.

The Art of Moving Forward Joe Kerlin Staff Writer

Scene: (Peggy Olson lays weak in her hospital bed with a look of despair and confusion. Beside her is Don Draper, the advertising guru, the maddest of mad men at the foot of his pupil’s bed. He knows what he has to do next, but waits for Peggy to break the silence.) “I’m sorry,” Peggy softly says after finally mustering up the courage to speak. “What’s wrong with you?” Don snaps back in a quiet, but in an oh-so powerful tone. “I don’t know,” Peggy responds shamefully with a hint of confusion lingering. “What do they want you to do?” Don asks, knowing the answer. Silence follows and again Peggy mutters truthfully, “I don’t know.” Don sternly gazes into Peggy’s eyes, not to comfort or romanticize, but as if he was a captain, leading a troop into battle. “Yes you do… Do it,” Don commands. Peggy stares at him with minor angst. “Do whatever they say,” urges Don. Don leans towards the bed as the old chair creaks with age. “Peggy, listen to me. (Classic Jon Hamm pause) Get out of here, and move forward.” Don stares deep into Peggy’s soul, before speaking again, “This never happened.” Peggy looks deep into her mentor’s eyes. “It will shock you how much it never happened.” End scene. Mad Men has been one of my favorite television shows during my Netflix-collegewatching career, and this exact scene came

to mind as the news broke Saturday night. Craig Bohl was leaving NDSU and it’s time to move forward. No, Bison fans aren’t moving forward from an accidental pregnancy or moving forward from an identity swap, Bison fans and players will be moving forward because there is still work to be done. Thankfully, the Bison have 24 seniors that can hold the ship steady during the most important time of the year. One of the challenges that lie ahead for the Bison is Coastal Carolina, who will be coming to the Fargodome in the quarterfinals this Saturday. Led by a ferocious offensive attack, the Chanticleers (pronounced: SHON-ti-clears) are led by quarterback Alex Cross and 1,600-yard running back Lorenzo Taliaferro. Cross and Taliaferro have led Coastal to six games scoring 50 points or more, creating the most balanced offensive attack the Bison have faced all season. It doesn’t stop there. If the Bison continue to move forward, they will have another challenger licking their chops to take out the mighty Herd at home. Southeast Louisiana is coming off a spectacular come from behind victory and New Hampshire is red hot, coming off a beat down of their own against rival, Maine. Offensively, Brock Jensen needs to be on point to exchange blows with these two East Coast schools. Moving forward in the hypothetical playoff scenario, the Bison will most likely meet up against one of the nation’s top offenses in Eastern Illinois or Eastern Washington (assuming they both take care of business in the quarterfinals). I asked Brandon Lawrence,




Coastal Carolina at No. 1 NDSU

Chanticleers bring highpowered offense to quarterfinal game Sam Herder Sports Editor

The big storyline surrounding the NDSU football team is its head coach, Craig Bohl, leaving the school for Wyoming. But the main storyline on the field Saturday will be Coastal Carolina’s explosive offense versus NDSU’s stout defense in the 11 a.m. FCS quarterfinal playoff game. ESPN will capture the intriguing matchup for a national audience to see. The Chanticleers, winners of the Big South Conference, have scored more than 40 points in both of their playoff wins against Bethune-Cookman and Montana. Meanwhile,

the Bison limited Furman to seven points last week and have only allowed 13 touchdowns all season. “I think they’re offense is obviously very, very affective and prolific,� NDSU head coach Craig Bohl said. “They’ve got great weapons, but the schemes are not things that make them so dangerous, it’s those guys operating those schemes.� Coastal Carolina’s success is led by a successful man himself. Head coach Joe Moglia is the Chairman of the Board for TD Ameritrade. While the wealth has stacked up from his business, Moglia has plenty of wealth when it comes to talent on his team. Big South Offensive Player of the Year Lorenzo Taliaferro has rushed for 1,676 yards and 26 touch-

downs. The 6-foot-2-inch, 230-pound senior has also added two touchdowns on 114 yards receiving. “They have a big running back ‌ who I think is No. 1 or 2 in the country,â€? Bohl said. “That presents a big challenge right away. Anytime you’ve got somebody that can run the football in whatever offensive forma-

Chanticleer’s third leading rusher with 526 yards rushing and six touchdowns. “The challenging part playing Coastal Carolina is they also have the ability to throw,� Bohl said. “Quarterback is very gifted, skilled wide receivers. As you look through, a lot of strong, big offensive linemen. They score a lot of points. Now


#15 lorenzo taliaferro, sr. rb 1,676 yards rushing, 26 TDS, 6.3 yards per attempt #4 ALEX ROSS, SO. QB 219-332 passing, 2,908 yards passing, 25 TDs, 7 INT, 6 rushing TDs #30 quinn backus, jr. lb 136 tackles, 83 solo, 10.5 TFL, 3 INT tion they deploy, that poses problems because it puts your defense in a run-pass conflict.� His partner in crime is dual-threat sophomore quarterback Alex Ross. Ross, completing 66 percent of his passes, has thrown for 2,908 yards and 25 touchdowns. On the ground, Ross is the

the good news is we’ve been really good on scoring defense.� Coastal Carolina will face its toughest challenge yet against the fierce Bison defense. While the Chanticleers average 42.9 points per game and 491.5 total yards per game, NDSU’s defense has held its opposi-

FANS from page 10 for that. Boos are meant for a coach that decides to pass on third-and-inches when you have an MVP running back on a 3-9-1 team. Not for a coach that’s in the midst of

a dynasty. Bohl decided it’s time to take his talents elsewhere and turn a different program into a successful one. The frustration and anguish is hard to hide, but now it’s

time for Bison fans to accept the facts and appreciate Bohl’s last few games with the respect he deserves.

a writer from The Sports Network, what type of opponent will give the Bison defense fits, and he confirmed my suspicions tweeting, “I say high-powered offense. Only team NDSU faced that averaged over 30 ppg was YSU. I give EIU best shot in





Stephanie Stanislao

(NFL) Philadelpha (NFL) Green Bay at Minnesota at Dallas

T2 is Coming!








yards allowed on defense. Moving forward—it’s something Bison fans need to do quickly, because the toughest challenges still lie ahead for their beloved football team.

62 58


Army vs. Navy




Football Pick-em’s

New Hampshire No.7 Towson Jacksonville St. at No.4 Southeastern La. at No.3 E. Washington at No.2 Eastern illinois

Colton Pool

Sam Herder

at No.1 NDSU

ru m


Coastal Carolina


Total Points

News. AE. Features . Opinion.Sports.

champ game.� EIU averages just less than 600 yards of total offense a game and with Walter Peyton Award favorite Jimmy Garoppolo under center. An interesting matchup for a Bison team that averages around 250



ment like the Fargodome, which hit 115 decibels last week. How the Chanticleers performed last week with the cruel weather conditions is something that stood out most to Bohl in watching film. “Their ability to mentally stay focused,� Bohl said. “I

think that tells a great deal about how their head coach prepared that football team. They executed very well and that was the overwriting factor right there. I said, ‘you know what, they’re going to be able to deal with adversity.’� Offensively, NDSU will have its opportunities to score. Coastal Carolina allows 29.2 points per game. Of the seven Chanticleer players on the Big South allconference teams, only one player is on defense. That’s conference Defensive Player of the Year in linebacker Quinn Backus. The Bison have averaged 42.9 points per game this season. But when shootouts have occurred, the Chanticleer’s offense is a tough one to exchange blows with. “That’s not been our M.O. to get into a shootout,� Bohl said. “That’s not our mindset. We’re going to need to score points. We’re not equipped for a shootout.�

FORWARD from page 10

Th eS pe ct


tions to 11.2 points per game and 250 yards per game. Coastal Carolina is no stranger to adversity. Traveling from the warm beaches of South Carolina, the Chanticleers headed to Montana last week in negative-degree temperature. They persevered in a 42-35 win. That tough-mindedness is crucial when playing in an environ-



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