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SAVE UP TO £200 WHEN YOU PAY IN FULL OR £199 DEPOSIT BRAND NEW - Seven tours revealing the heroism

and horror of the Second World War and the Cold War

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ÂŁ199 low deposit or discount on tours paid in full at the time of booking To welcome in the New Year, we have launched two very special offers that will make your dream Historical Trip even better value. For bookings made between January 2nd and February 2nd, you can choose to either pay a low deposit of just ÂŁ199 per person, or you can pay for your tour in full at the time of booking and benefit from a tiered discount on the total cost of the holiday.

Contents Andalus Moorish Spain 711-1492

We Happy Few 1337 - 1453

Darts of Love 1509 - 1547

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12

16

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Medieval England 1066 - 1485 2

First Impressions 1860 - 1905 20

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18

22

Richard III 1483 - 1485

Malta 1565 & 1940 - 1942

Face of Evil 1919 - 1945


WELCOME At Historical Trips, we have been working hard on our programme for 2019 and are delighted to present a collection of tours that have been designed in-house by our dedicated team of experts. Along with a selection of our existing trips, we are proud to share a host of brand new itineraries that will delve into the fascinating world of military history. Explore the world of secret wartime Britain on our Second World War on the Home Front tour, discover tales about the occupation of Jersey or learn how the Second World War was fought from the air. 2019 will also be a year of anniversaries. June will mark the 75th anniversary of D-Day and in November it will be 30 years since the fall of the Berlin Wall. Included in our tour programme for the New Year are two new Historical Trips experiences – D-Day & the Liberation of Normandy and The Spying Game: Peek Behind the Iron Curtain – that will explore the captivating stories of both in unique and interesting ways. So, which part of the past will you go back to?

www.historicaltrips.com

Second World War on the Home Front 1939 - 1945

Poland at War 1939 - 1945

Jersey 1940 - 1945

Second World War in the Air 1943

Spying Game 1945 - 1989

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32

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40

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The Holocaust 1939 - 1945

Women of the SOE 1940 - 1945

Operation Dynamo 1941

D-Day & Liberation 1944

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NEW FOR 2019 THE SECOND WORLD WAR AND BEYOND

Our brand new selection of Historical Trips for 2019 focuses on the military campaigns, human cost and aftermath of the Second World War. From D-Day to Dunkirk and the Dambusters, many of the iconic British military engagements of the 1940s are represented in enthralling European tours, as well as itineraries encompassing the Home Front, the occupation of Jersey and the Holocaust. Also new is a fascinating tour of Berlin and Vienna, led by a former Soviet-trained operative, revealing the key sites of the Cold War. Packed with unique experiences, these Historical Trips add an extra dimension of appreciation of the courage, tragedy and paranoia that so characterised 20th century Europe.

We are constantly working on creating new tours so please check the website regularly or sign up to our mailing list to keep up to date with all the latest history www.historicaltrips.com

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Anti-aircraft machine gun firing at a German observation plane at Plateau Chemin des Dames, France


Operation Dynamo: Dunkirk • Meet a Dunkirk veteran, who will share first-hand experiences of these legendary events with you • Join Colonel Paul Beaver and author Joshua Levine, who advised on the Dunkirk blockbuster, on this tour See the full tour on page 34

The Holocaust Berlin & Kraköw • A sobering visit to the world’s most notorious historic site, the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp • Tour Oskar Schindler’s factory, now a museum devoted to his heroic actions that saved Jews from persecution See the full tour on page 26

Saint-Pol fire in Dunkirk

Second World War on the Home Front Secret Wartime Britain

Second World War in the Air: The Dambusters

• Experience a day at Bletchley, where you’ll get a firsthand glimpse into the life of a codebreaker • Discover the Hillingdon Battle of Britain Bunker as well as the Churchill War Rooms on this fascinating tour

• A special dinner guest, Mary Stopes-Roe, whose father Barnes Wallis invented the “bouncing bomb” • Meet the Lancaster Bomber on a privileged, private visit to a Lincolnshire airfield

See the full tour on page 24

See the full tour on page 36

D-Day & the Liberation Normandy

Jersey: Occupation & War Tunnels

• Special guest Adrian Cox, former member of the Arromanches Town Council will meet us at the beach to show us his memorabilia • Visit the spectacular Bayeux Tapestry in Normandy

• Stay at the Pomme d’Or hotel, used as the German Naval HQ during the occupation • Now home to exhibitions about the occupation, we take a tour of the evocative War Tunnels

See the full tour on page 38

See the full tour on page 32

The Spying Game Peek Behind the Iron Curtain • Visit sites in Berlin and Vienna and discover what it would have been like to work as a spy in the Cold War • This unique, multi-centre European tour is led by former Soviet-trained operative, Dr. Boris Volodarsky See the full tour on page 40 Normandy landing beach

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Why travel with Historical Trips?

What can you expect from your tour? New for 2018 - Guaranteed Departures! Based on feedback from you, our valued guests, we have made the decision to guarantee a selection of our departures. So now, you can book your Historical Trip with confidence. If your chosen tour isn’t yet showing as guaranteed, don’t worry – it just means that your booking will take us one step closer to guaranteeing it! Expert Guide Lecturers Historians, authors and even broadcasters make up our roster of expert Guide Lecturers. At the heart of every tour, our guides add both a fascinating new dimension of understanding and unique insight into your chosen trip’s period of history. Special Access Our little black book allows us to secure privileged access to museums and sites alike, so your chosen tour may just include an experience you simply won’t be able to find elsewhere. Personal encounters, private entry and more await.

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Peace of mind When you choose to travel with Historical Trips, you can rest assured that every detail is taken care of so that you can lose yourself in the stories of the past. From meals and hotels, to transport throughout – we’ve got it all covered.


Meet our Guides Paul Beaver Join Paul on Malta......................................................... pg 18 World War II on the Home Front..... pg 24 Operation Dynamo............................... pg 34 Second World War in the Air.............. pg 36 D-Day & Liberation............................... pg 38

Roger Moorhouse Join Roger on Face of Evil............................................... pg 22 The Holocaust........................................ pg 26 Poland at War......................................... pg 28

Clare Mulley Join Clare on Women of the SOE.............................. pg 30

Military fort at night, Jersey

Elizabeth Norton Join Elizabeth on Darts of Love.......................................... pg 16

What’s included on my tour? Here, at Historical Trips, history is something that never gets old. We are always searching for new ways to tell iconic stories through immersive site visits, captivating lectures given by leading experts in their filed, and the chance to walk in the footsteps of important figures throughout time – no matter how revered or infamous. From comfortable, hand-picked accommodation and the expertise of our fantastic Guide Lecturers, to all transport throughout your tour, we take care of the details so that you can experience history, uninterrupted. What’s more, we also strongly believe that experiencing the culture of a destination enhances your understanding of it, so we have worked to include a number of authentic encounters along the way that will showcase the true flavour of the place you’re visiting. • Hand-picked accommodation • Expert Guide Lecturers • All travel throughout the tour

Rafael Anderson Join Rafael on Andalus .................................................... pg 08

Dr. Ailsa Mainman Join Ailsa on Medieval England.................................. pg 10

Boris Volodarsky Join Boris on The Spying Game.................................. pg 40

John Peaty Join John on Jersey......................................................... pg 32

Our price promise This brand new programme is extra special because we have reworked a few things to ensure that we provide optimum value. We also promise that when we launch our new tours, our lowest prices are made available to you from the beginning. It pays to book early as prices may increase as the departure approaches.

Michael Jones Join Michael on We Happy Few...................................... pg 12 Richard III................................................. pg 14

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Andalus

Moorish Spain (711 - 1492) 8 Days | 8th - 15th May £2,495 | Single Supp: £495

The Alcázar of Seville, Spain

• Spend time wandering around the beautiful Alcázar of Seville, with its rich Islamic artistic legacy • Discover the magnificent Alhambra palace and fortress complex • Enjoy a taste of authenticity with a traditional flamenco performance For over 500 years, Moorish Spain – Al-Andalus – was the most culturally advanced corner of Europe, an engine-room of science, philosophy, mathematics, astronomy, poetry, architecture and agriculture that outstripped anything comparable within Christendom at the time. German writers of the 10th century described Cordoba as ‘the ornament of the world’, so in awe were they of its sophistication. While London was still a collection of mud huts by the Thames, Moorish cities enjoyed street-lighting and sanitation, and their inhabitants ate exotic foods such as artichokes, rice, spinach, oranges and saffron that were unknown north of the Pyrenees. Much of what we consider part of our own cultural identity – anything from superstitions about the number 13 to the higher mathematics that helped men to land on the moon – stems from Al-Andalus. 8


Day 1 We fly to Málaga and drive to Ronda. In the evening, we have an introductory lecture followed by dinner as a group. Hotel: Overnight in Ronda Meals: Dinner included Day 2 In the morning, we head out for an exciting exploration of Moorish Ronda, taking in the city walls, the Moorish Bath House and the Casa del Rey Moro, which was built in the 18th century. Here, we see an Islamic stairway of over 300 steps carved into the rock that lead down to a river at the bottom of the gorge. This structure allowed Ronda’s water supplies to remain available during attacks. In the afternoon, we drive to Córdoba, where we stay overnight. Hotel: Overnight in Córdoba Meals: All meals included Day 3 A leisurely stroll through the old city gets our day off to a glorious start. We take in the outside of the Great Mosque, the Convivencia Museum, the bridge and finally the remains of the Moorish water wheel. Situated next to a Roman bridge, this wheel was once used to carry river water up to the Emir’s palace. In the afternoon, we are treated to a tour of the Great Mosque’s stunning interior and iconic archways. Building began in 784 under the Caliph, Abd al-Rahman, and continued for two centuries. At the heart of Córdoba, ‘the beauty of the mosque was so dazzling that it defied any description.’ Hotel: Overnight in Córdoba Meals: All meals included

Spain

Córdoba

Seville

Granada Ronda Malaga

Led by Rafael Anderson An architect, writer and historian, Rafael runs an architectural practice in Granada that specialises in the preservation of historic building fabric. He has also lectured widely on Spanish history and the Islamic legacy of al-Andalus.

Day 4 Today, we take a walk around the Jewish quarter, stopping off first at the famous Averroes statue. We then visit the old synagogue and Jewish House before moving on to the spectacular Alcázar. In the afternoon, we visit the impressive ruins of a fortified Arab Muslim medieval palace city known as Madinat al-Zahra (Medina Azahara), ‘the shining city’, and have a tour of the site, which is located to the west of Córdoba. We then travel onwards to Seville, where we stay for the night. Hotel: Overnight in Seville Meals: All meals included Day 5 In the morning, we visit the legendary Alcázar, a spectacular Moorish style royal palace built by a Christian king at the same time that the Alhambra was being constructed in Granada. We hear about the Islamic artistic legacy that survived the Reconquest and was continued by those Moors, the Mudejars, who remained in what became Christian lands. In the afternoon, we visit the Torre del Orro, which is a dodecagonal military watchtower that served as a prison during the Middle Ages. Later, we take a tour of the cathedral, which was built on the site of the old Almohad Mosque, and we climb the Giralda Tower, previously known as the Almohad minaret, which is now a bell tower. In the evening, we experience an authentic taste of the ancient culture here with a flamboyant Flamenco show. Hotel: Overnight in Seville Meals: All meals included Day 6 Our day starts with a journey to Granada and upon arrival, in the afternoon, we pay a visit to the magnificent Alhambra palace and fortress complex. Built towards the end of the Moorish rule of Spain, poets described this structure as “a pearl set in emeralds,” an obvious allusion to the colour of its buildings and the woods that surround them. As part of our tour of the iconic Alhambra, we also spend some time at the adjoining Generalife Palace – the summer residence and country estate of the Nasrid Kings. The gardens here are especially beautiful. Hotel: Overnight in Granada Meals: All meals included Day 7 We spend our penultimate day exploring more of this region’s wonderful sites. We begin at Carmen de los Mártires, situated behind the Alhambra and where Christian captives were held during

Statue of Averroes the battle for Granada. Here, we see its spectacular gardens and admire views over the Sierra Nevada mountains. After lunch, we visit the Corral del Carbon – the oldest Moorish monument in Granada. Built in the 14th century by Yusuf I, it served as a coal yard and warehouse. Finally, we tour the cathedral, whose Royal Chapel is the final resting place of Ferdinand and Isabella, who conquered Granada and brought Moorish Spain to an end. In the evening, we enjoy a traditional Moorish dinner. Hotel: Overnight in Granada Meals: All meals included Day 8 We take a stroll around the old Moorish quarter of Albaicín, walking up to the Mirador de San Nicolás, where we look towards the Alhambra. We then head for Málaga Airport, from where we catch our return flight home. Meals: Breakfast included

www.historicaltrips.com/qms

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Medieval England

Joint Tour With Andante Travels

The Abbeys of Medieval England (1066 - 1485) 7 Days | 17th - 23th June £2,005 | Single Supp: £395

PARTURE

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GUARAN

Beverley Minster

• Visit Beverley Minster, often referred to as one of England’s most beautiful churches • Explore the impressive ruins of Rievaulx Abbey • Walk through the remains of a medieval village at Wharram Percy From castles and great abbeys to peasant villages, the Medieval period has left a lasting mark on the English landscape. Discover a world where displays of extravagance and power dominated the English countryside, and where a focus on religion led to spectacular places of worship. Walk among magnificent monasteries and ragged ruins, being transported back to the Middle Ages. Our brand new Medieval England tour offers an exploration of life in all echelons of society. Stand before the iconic Whitby Abbey and wander the remains of a deserted Medieval village in Wharram Percy. 10


Whitby

UK

Scarborough Ripon

Wharram Percy

York Fulford

Whitby Abbey

Day 1 We meet in York and after an independent lunch, we check into our hotel and meet the group. Before dinner this evening, there will be an introductory talk by our Guide Lecturer. Hotel: The Grange Hotel Meals: Dinner included Day 2 In the morning, we head to Pickering to visit the Church of St. Peter and St. Paul, as well as the castle. Later, we visit Whitby Abbey. Upon arrival, we tour the evocative site, made famous by Bram Stoker’s legendary work of literary fiction, ‘Dracula’. During our visit, we also explore the town and after lunch, we head to Pickering church and castle. Next, en route to Scarborough Castle, we take a scenic drive through the North York Moors. Later, we return to York and sit down to a group dinner at a local restaurant, before returning to our hotel for the remainder of the evening. Hotel: The Grange Hotel Meals: All meals included Day 3 Our day begins with a walking tour of York to see the impressive medieval remains here, including a visit to York Minster. Following lunch at a restaurant, we drive out to the deserted medieval village of Wharram Percy, where we walk around the remains and then return to York for our evening meal. After dinner, there will be time to relax at the hotel. Hotel: The Grange Hotel Meals: All meals included Day 4 After breakfast, we visit Fountains Abbey. We have lunch in Ripon and then we visit Ripon Cathedral and Monastic Ruins, which began life as a 7th century church, thought to have been built by Saint Wilfrid and then both developed and demolished periodically over time. This afternoon, we visit the childhood home of Richard III at Middleham. Wander among the 13th century walls and admire the architecture of a truly English castle. Hotel: The Grange Hotel Meals: All meals included

Beverly Hull

Led by Dr. Ailsa Mainman Specialising in the early medieval period, Ailsa is an Honorary Research Associate at the University of York, an archaeologist and member of the York Archaeological Trust. She contributed to the acclaimed Historic Town Atlas of York.

Day 5 Today we drive out to Fulford to view the site, which is now just a field, of the Battle of Fulford Gate. Later, we explore one of the largest parish churches in all of the UK, Beverley Minster, which is bigger than some cathedrals and claimed to be one of the most beautiful in England. The church was originally built in the 7th century and later had Norman additions, before it was completed in 1420. In the afternoon, we drive to Britain’s City of Culture for 2017, Hull, where we can admire exhibits in the Hull and East Riding Museum, which showcases amazing ancient Roman mosaics. Hotel: The Grange Hotel Meals: All meals included Day 6 The most spectacular abbey in England awaits our visit this morning - Rievaulx. This was once a powerful Cistercian monastery and the first of its order to be found in the north of England. At one time, it was home to 650 monks, but was demolished under the rule of Henry VIII, falling into the romantic ruins we can see today. We can compare this to Byland Abbey, which is on the itinerary for this afternoon, the community of which was heavily hampered by the Black Death of 1348-9. Hotel: The Grange Hotel Meals: All meals included Day 7 Our time in the north of England comes to an end this morning. After breakfast, we check out of our hotel, say our farewells and travel back home. Hotel: The Grange Hotel Meals: Breakfast included

www.historicaltrips.com/med

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We Happy Few:

A Short Tour of the Long 100 Years War (1337 - 1453) 7 Days | 1st - 7th June £1,995 | Single Supp: £370

Statue of Joan of Arc

• Tour a range of iconic battlefields, from Agincourt and Crecy, to Patay • Enjoy the many delights of Bordeaux, with free time to sample wine or wander its charming streets • Visit sites associated with the iconic Joan of Arc in Rouen

“We few, we happy few, we band of brothers...” Shakespeare has King Henry V exhort his troops ahead of their victory over the French at Agincourt in 1415. But that battle, romanticised by the Bard, was just one clash in the savage, century-long struggle for supremacy between England and France, in which the English won most of the battles, but finally lost the war. In this wide-ranging tour across some of France’s most beautiful countryside, staying in her historic cities, top medieval historian Dr. Michael Jones leads us through the main events and major battlefields of the 100 Years War: Crecy, Patay, Poitiers, Agincourt and Castillon; explaining what happened and why, and considering both the causes and consequences of the conflict. We also meet some of the fascinating characters whose exploits in the war have since become legendary: Edward III and his French Queen Eleanor, as well as their son, Edward, the Black Prince; Henry V himself; and Joan of Arc, among others. For lovers of both France and history alike, this tour is simply unmissable.

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DAY 1 Meeting at St. Pancras station in London, we take the Eurostar to Calais where we visit Rodin’s sculpture of the Seven Burghers of Calais, and hear Dr. Jones explain their role in England’s siege and seizure of the City early in the war. Calais remained in English hands as her last possession in France right up until the reign of Mary I in the 1550s. We then travel to the nearby battlefield of Crecy. Here, in 1346, Edward III inflicted a decisive defeat on a numerically superior French army and the English longbow proved its worth as a weapon of war. Here too, the King’s young son, Edward, the Black Prince, ‘won his spurs’ for his courage and precocious military ability. We then check into our nearby hotel. Hotel: Overnight in Abbeville Meals: Lunch & dinner included DAY 2 After breakfast, we drive to the battlefield of Agincourt, immortalised by Shakespeare in `Henry V’ where in 1415 the warrior king, leading a bedraggled, starving and outnumbered army, nevertheless utterly defeated a far larger French force; once again utilising the longbow to achieve this famous victory. Guiding us over the remarkably unchanged field of battle, Dr. Jones will explain where Shakespeare got his history right – and wrong. After lunch, we drive to Rouen, capital of Normandy and the centre of English power in France for much of the war, and check into our central hotel. Hotel: Overnight in Rouen Meals: All meals included DAY 3 Today is devoted to exploring the Medieval centre of Rouen, concentrating on sites associated with Joan of Arc, who was tried and burned at the stake here for heresy in 1431. We visit the contemporary church built on the site of her martyrdom, the Joan of Arc interpretation centre and the city’s cathedral, which contains the heart of King Richard the Lionheart. Hotel: Overnight Rouen Meals: All meals included

Calais Abbeville Rouen

Orléans

Poitiers

Bordeaux

France Led by Dr. Michael Jones With an interest in battle psychology and French history, Michael was a consultant for Channel 4’s ‘Agincourt’ and is also the author of ‘24 Hours at Agincourt’.

DAY 4 Leaving our Rouen hotel, we drive to the ancient city of Orleans, which, like Rouen, was fiercely contested during the war. In 1429, after a six month siege, Orléans was on the point of falling to the English and their Burgundian allies when a teenage girl, Joan of Arc, claiming to be instructed by angels, arrived at the head of a revitalised French army and lifted the siege. We visit the sites in the city associated with the `Maid of Orléans’ including the cathedral, the old city hall and the Hotel Groslot. Hotel: Overnight in Orléans Meals: All meals included DAY 5 We drive to Poitiers, via the battlefield of Patay. Here, inspired by Joan, the French cavalry swept through the demoralised English to achieve a rare French victory in 1429, though soon afterwards Joan herself was captured at Compeigne. Arriving in Poitiers, we tour the battlefield where in September 1356, Edward, the Black Prince, achieved a sweeping victory over a pursuing French army led by King John II. The King was taken prisoner and died in London years later. Hotel: Overnight in Poitiers Meals: All meals included

Historic Rouen street DAY 6 Leaving Poitiers, we drive through the increasingly beautiful countryside of Aquitaine to the city of Bordeaux, long the capital of English-ruled Gascony. After lunching in the city, we drive to Castillon, scene in 1453 of the final battle of the war. Here the aged English commander John Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury, was defeated and killed by a revitalised French army using a new weapon of war – cannons with gunpowder – which finally overcame the long dominance of the English longbow. Hotel: Overnight in Bordeaux Meals: All meals included DAY 7 After a last chance to explore, shop and sightsee in Bordeaux, we fly back to London from the city’s airport. Meals: Breakfast included

Stained Glass in Rouen Cathedral-Joan of Arc

www.historicaltrips.com/qyw

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Richard III

Hero or Villain? (1483 - 1485) 8 Days | 6th - 13th July £1,995 | Single Supp: £495

PARTURE

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GUARAN

Richard III of England (1452-1485), engraved by Bocquet

• Journey into the beautiful Yorkshire Dales in search of sites connected with a young Richard III • Admire the interior of the legendary Westminster Abbey • Take an all-encompassing tour of the Tower of London, discovering dark tales along the way

The dramatic discovery of the skeleton of Richard III – England’s most controversial King – beneath a Leicester council car park in 2012 was the most exciting archaeological find of the 21st century (so far!) and made news around the world. This incredible find also reignited the great debate about Richard’s personal character: was he a murderer who slew his own nephews, the ‘little princes’, in the Tower of London, or an honourable man who did his duty in an age of unprecedented conflict and upheaval, known to us as the Wars of the Roses. This wide-ranging tour of all the significant surviving sites linked with Richard takes in battlefields, castles, cathedrals and churches – culminating with a visit to the King’s striking new tomb, and a public debate on the burning question: Richard III – Hero or Villain? 14


DAY 1 We meet at our hotel in York, Richard’s power-base, where he ruled as viceroy for his brother Edward IV and which mourned his ‘piteous murder’. After lunch, a walking tour of the city takes in the Richard III Museum and Micklegate Bar, where his father and brother’s decapitated heads were displayed by Lancastrian enemies. Hotel: Overnight in York Meals: Lunch & dinner included DAY 2 After breakfast, we go to Sheriff Hutton to view its castle’s impressive ruins. Previously owned by Richard Neville, Earl Warwick ‘the Kingmaker’, it fell into Richard’s hands after Warwick’s death at the Battle of Barnet. We also visit the Grade I listed parish church where a cenotaph may possibly have been that of Richard’s son, Edward of Middleham. Before dinner in York, we visit the castle of Middleham, where Richard and his brother George spent their childhood under the guardianship of Warwick the Kingmaker, who imprisoned their elder brother, Edward IV, there. Hotel: Overnight in York Meals: All meals included DAY 3 This morning, visit the remains of Sandal Castle and the battlefield of Wakefield, where Richard’s father, the 3rd Duke of York, and his brother Edmund, the Earl of Rutland, were defeated and slaughtered in 1460. Nearby, we visit the grim battlefield of Towton, where Edward IV, avenging Wakefield, defeated the Lancastrians in March 1461 and cemented the House of York’s hold on the throne. Next, we head south, stopping for lunch en route. Later, we arrive at Fotheringhay, Richard’s birthplace in 1452. The fine Church is the mausoleum of the House of York, and the last resting place of Richard’s parents and his brother Edmund. Fotheringhay Castle was the scene of the trial and execution of Mary, Queen of Scots. Hotel: Overnight in Fotheringhay Meals: All meals included DAY 4 Today we travel into London, stopping on the way to visit Stony Stratford, where Richard took control of Edward V after the death of Edward IV, and at the two battlefields of St. Albans, where the Wars of the Roses began in 1455, and where Warwick the Kingmaker was defeated in 1461. After lunch, we visit Westminster Abbey, scene of the coronations of all the monarchs involved in the Wars of the Roses. Here too is the urn, designed by Christopher Wren, in which the bones believed to be those of the ‘little princes’, Edward V and his brother Richard, were interred after their discovery during the reign of Charles II. We also see the site of the Sanctuary where Elizabeth Woodville sought shelter after Richard III’s seizure of power, and where her son Richard was taken from her to the Tower. Hotel: Overnight in London Meals: Breakfast & lunch included DAY 5 Today is devoted to a tour of the Tower of London. This site has a central place in Richard’s story and that of the Wars of the Roses, for it was here in the Wakefield tower that King Henry VI was murdered in 1471 as he knelt in prayer - possibly by the hand of Richard himself. Here too, in the Bowyer tower, Richard’s brother George, Duke of Clarence, was drowned in a butt of Malmsey wine in 1478 on the orders of his brother Edward IV. It was also here that Richard ordered the execution of his former ally, William – Lord Hastings – in 1483. And here, finally, the ‘little princes’ were held in the infamous Bloody tower and disappeared from history. On our way back to the hotel, we see Crosby Hall, where Richard planned the coup that brought him the crown in 1483. Hotel: Overnight in London Meals: All meals included DAY 6 Today we drive to Tewkesbury, stopping to visit the impressive St George’s Chapel, Windsor castle and the tombs of the rival Roses kings Henry VI and Edward IV. We lunch in Salisbury, visiting the scene of the execution by Richard of his former henchman Henry Stafford, Duke of Buckingham, in 1483, and viewing

Middleham Castle

York Sandal Castle

UK Leicester Bosworth

Fotheringhay Castle

Tewkesbury Abbey

St Albans Windsor Castle

London

Led by Dr. Michael Jones With a life-long interest in the Wars of the Roses, Michael was a consultant for Channel 4’s ‘Richard III: Fact or Fiction’ and is the author of ‘Bosworth 1485: Psychology of a battle’.

Roses laid in remembrance the Duke’s tomb. In Tewkesbury, we visit the nearby battlefield’s ‘bloody meadow’, where in 1471 Henry VI’s feisty queen, Margaret of Anjou, was crushed by Edward IV and Richard, and her son and heir, Edward of Lancaster, was killed. Our day ends at Tewkesbury Abbey, where Prince Edward and Richard’s brother George are buried. Hotel: Overnight in Tewkesbury Meals: All meals included DAY 7 We drive from Tewkesbury to Bosworth, where on August 22nd, 1485, Richard III was killed by the invading army of Henry Tudor. After touring the interactive Bosworth Battlefield Centre we visit the actual site of the battle. We then head to nearby Leicester, where we visit the superb Richard III centre, before paying our respects at his magnificent modern tomb in Leicester cathedral. Hotel: Overnight in Leicester Meals: All meals included Day 8 Before the tour ends, we visit the nearby atmospheric ruins of Kirby Muxloe castle, which local lad William, Lord Hastings, best friend of Edward IV, was building as his splendid residence when he was arrested and executed by Richard at the Tower. A return coach to York is included for those who prefer to end the tour there. Meals: Breakfast included

www.historicaltrips.com/qhv

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Darts of Love

The Lives and Wives of Henry VIII (1509 - 1547) 8 Days | 4th - 11th June £1,995 | Single Supp: £395

PARTURE

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GUARAN

Henry VIII and Jane Seymour at Hampton Court

• Be treated to a private tour of the home of Sir Thomas Wyatt, rumoured lover of Anne Boleyn • Discover the Tower of London’s history and visit the graves of Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard • Exclusive tours of Hever Castle and Kimbolton Castle in Cambridgeshire Everyone knows the popular rhyme: `divorced, beheaded, died, divorced, beheaded, survived’, which refers to the six wives of Henry VIII. The second Tudor king is rightly famous as England’s most married monarch. The lives of the six women who had the misfortune to marry Henry VIII are less well known than their ultimate fates, but many of the sites most associated with the six wives survive. This tour tells the story of Henry’s unfortunate queens through the places most associated with them. 16


Day 1 After meeting at London’s Victoria station, we board our coach and drive to Rochester Castle in Kent, where Henry VIII met his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves, for the first time. Rumour has it that he declared that he had been brought a ‘Flanders Mare’ instead of a woman, when he first met his bride. We then stop for lunch on the way to Allington Castle, where we enjoy a private tour in the home of Sir Thomas Wyatt, who was rumoured to be a lover of Anne Boleyn’s. Wyatt was imprisoned in the Tower, but escaped the deaths inflicted on other men in Anne’s close circle. We then drive over to Hever Castle, Anne’s childhood home with its delightful gardens, where we spend the night. Hotel: Hever Castle Meals: Lunch & dinner included Day 2 In the morning, we enjoy a private tour of Hever Castle, Anne Boleyn’s family home, as well as that of her elder sister Mary, who had been Henry’s mistress. We then head over to nearby Penshurst Place, one of England’s largest and most palatial stately homes, which was granted to Anne of Cleves following the annulment of her marriage to Henry VIII. The house was later home to the quintessential Elizabethan poet and courtier Sir Philip Sidney. Hotel: Overnight in Teddington Meals: All meals included Day 3 Travelling through the Thames Valley, we will spend the day in the splendid surroundings of Hampton Court, one of Henry VIII’s favourite palaces after he wrested it from the reluctant grasp of the man who built it: his chief minister Cardinal Thomas Wolsey. Henry spent time there with all of his six wives, with his last five particularly associated with the palace. In the palace, we will tour the spectacular Tudor state apartments, including the haunted gallery which the screaming ghost of the doomed Catherine Howard is reputed to haunt. We will also visit the chapel royal, where the King received confirmation of Catherine’s infidelity and where Prince Edward son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour - was christened. We return to Teddington for the night. Hotel: Overnight in Teddington Meals: All meals included Day 4 This morning will be spent at Windsor Castle, the oldest continuously occupied castle in the world, and home of Britain’s Royal family to this day. Henry VIII is buried here with Jane Seymour, probably his favourite wife, while he also spent time with his other spouses in the castle. We will then drive to Great Bedwyn in Wiltshire, a few miles from the Seymour family home of Wolf Hall. The tombs of Jane Seymour’s father, Sir John Seymour, and her brother, another John, can be viewed, as can stained glass from the original Wolf Hall. Hotel: Overnight in Cheltenham Meals: All meals included

UK Bosworth Battlefield Heritage Centre

Sudeley Castle Great Bedwyn

Lincoln

Kimbolton Castle

Windsor Castle

Peterborough Cathedral

London

Hampton Court

Rochester Allington

Hever Castle

Led by Elizabeth Norton With 13 books to her name, Elizabeth is known for her expertise on the Tudor queens of England. She is a frequent contributor to historical publications, such as Who Do You Think You Are? and BBC History magazines. Day 5 We will spend the morning exploring Sudeley Castle, the final home of Henry VIII’s sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr. She died there in September 1548, after the birth of her only child. We will then drive to Lincoln, stopping at the Bosworth Battlefield Centre, which witnessed the birth of the Tudor dynasty in 1485 after Henry’s father, Henry VII, killed and defeated Richard III here. Hotel: Overnight in Lincoln Meals: All meals included Day 6 We will drive over to Gainsborough Old Hall in the morning, the well-preserved home of Catherine Parr during her first marriage to Edward Burgh. In the afternoon, we visit the ruins of the Bishop’s Palace at Lincoln, where Henry VIII and Catherine Howard stayed in 1541. This was one of the places where Catherine secretly met with her lover, Thomas Culpeper. There will also be time to explore Lincoln Cathedral. Hotel: Overnight in Lincoln Meals: All meals included Day 7 In the morning, we drive southwards to Peterborough Cathedral, to visit the final resting place of Henry VIII’s first and most long-lasting wife, Catherine of Aragon. We will then enjoy a private tour of Kimbolton Castle in Cambridgeshire, which was Catherine’s final residence. She died there in January 1536, according to an autopsy, her heart consumed by a black tumour. Hotel: Overnight in Kimbolton Meals: All meals included Day 8 After driving to London, we end our tour at the Tower of London, where both Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard were detained and executed. We will visit the scaffold site, as well as the graves of the two decapitated queens in the Chapel of St Peter ad Vincula in the Tower. We will then return to London Victoria in the afternoon to make our farewells. Meals: Breakfast included

Only have time for a taster - check out our Hampton Court study day www.historicaltrips.com/xhc The Tower of London

www.historicaltrips.com/qdl

17


Malta

The Two Sieges (1565 & 1940 - 1942) 5 Days | 20th - 24th May £1,695 | Single Supp: £180

Picturesque Valletta, Malta’s capital city

• Experience the charm and atmosphere of 2018’s European Capital of Culture, Valletta • See the largest cannon in the world and have the chance to fire muskets and rifles • Spend a delicious lunch time at the Meridiana Wine Estate, a former RAF ops building

The Mediterranean island of Malta – then a British colony – was famously awarded a collective George Cross for its heroism in enduring a long siege by German and Italian aircraft and ships in the Second World War. Our tour highlights the island’s bravery in that struggle, but reveals that Malta had been besieged before, in 1565, when Ottoman Turks attacked in a bid to oust the military order of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem, who were holding the island. The subsequent siege lasted three months, three weeks and three days before the 2,000 Knights, aided by at least 500 Maltese civilians, were victorious. 18


Day 1 We fly to Malta from London’s Gatwick Airport. Upon our arrival, we drive across the island to our hotel in Valletta, Malta’s historic capital and 2018’s European Capital of Culture, with its churches, grid layout, and enormous and beautiful harbour – a central point of contention in both sieges. After settling in and freshening up, we meet up for drinks and hear an introductory pre-dinner talk from our guide, Paul Beaver, who will set the scene by telling the thrilling and tragic story of the two sieges. Hotel: Overnight in Valletta Meals: Dinner included Day 2 Our day begins with a visit to Fort St. Elmo, the imposing fortress that guards the mouth of Valletta’s Grand harbour, which was built within six months to prepare for the Great Siege, but reduced to rubble by cannon fire during the course of it. It was eventually captured by the Ottomans, who slaughtered 1,500 members of the garrison - though at the cost of some 6,000 of their best troops, including their commander, Dragut. From here, we move on to the National War Museum, which has a large range of pictures and artefacts from both sieges. After lunch, we treat ourselves to a boat trip around the huge harbour, with Paul giving an informed commentary on the fortifications that we pass. In the evening, we drive on to Mdina, the island’s ancient capital in the centre of Malta. Built by the Arabs, Mdina wears its antiquity lightly and is a crossroads of the different cultures that make up Malta’s heritage. We dine here and later make our return to Sliema. Hotel: Overnight in Sliema Meals: All meals included

Sliema

Malta

For Saint Elmo Mdina

Valletta Fort Rinella

Led by Paul Beaver A leading military and political historian, fundraising in the 20th century. He has worked as a broadcaster covering major events and anniversaries. He is also a popular lecturer and was an army aviator for 27 years.

Day 3 Our first visit is to the heritage site of Fort Rinella, the Victorian Fort which was a major deterrence to a 19th Century siege. We will see the largest cannon in the world and have an opportunity of firing muskets, rifles and a smaller cannon from the period. The knowledgeable guides in period uniform will also show us how would-be besiegers would have been foiled. We will have a picnic lunch at the Fort before moving on the Lascaris War Rooms in Valletta for a conducted tour. This facility was masterminded by Air Vice-Marshal Park, putting Malta on the offensive after so many days of withstanding Axis bombing. Our day ends with seeing and feeling the firing of the afternoon cannon at the saluting Battery. At dinner, we will be joined by local historian Colonel David Vassallo, a former surgeon in the British Army of Maltese extraction. He will talk about Malta as a Nurse of the Mediterranean from the Crimean war to mid-20th Century. Hotel: Overnight in Sliema Meals: All meals included

Medieval Knights’ helmets in Mdina, Malta Day 4 Following a drive to the newly upgraded craft village at Ta’qali, we hear the dramatic story of the Air War over Malta and see a restored Spitfire and Hurricane at the Aviation Museum. A stop for lunch at the delightful Meridiana vineyard breaks up our day and it will be accompanied by a talk on the veranda on Air Operations over Malta, which were conducted from the former RAF Ops Building – the very site that now houses the winery. Our farewell dinner comes later tonight at our hotel and we can look back at the experiences this great week has afforded us. Hotel: Overnight in Valletta Meals: All meals included Day 5 We have a relaxing morning to ourselves to enjoy the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Valletta. There will be some free time available to us for either lunch or further discovery before we head to the airport at about 2pm for our flight back to London, landing in the early evening. Meals: Breakfast included The view from Fort St. Elmo

www.historicaltrips.com/qim

19


First Impressions

Lives & Landscapes of the Impressionists (1806 - 1905) 7 Days | 22nd - 28th September £2,299 | Single Supp: £595

Joined by guest lecturer Andrew Graham-Dixon

PARTURE

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GUARAN

Monet’s gardens at Giverny, France

• Lose yourself in the beauty of Monet’s magnificent gardens at Giverny • Trace the final days of Vincent Van Gogh in the village of Auvers-sur-Oise • Discover the site of Renoir’s studio along with cafés beloved by renowned artists in Montmartre

This new groundbreaking tour will tell us all we need to know (and more!) about the most revolutionary painters in the history of art: the French Impressionists. Ranging from the actual landscapes they painted in Normandy and the Seine valley, to visits to the Parisian galleries where their immortal works are shown; to the restaurants where they ate and the cafés where they drank, and informed by talks delivered by top TV art historian Andrew Graham-Dixon, this tour will make you an expert on the best-loved artists in history. Derided at first for their loose ‘impressionistic’ use of colour and their realistic scenes of everyday life and ordinary people, artists like Monet, Manet, Renoir, Degas, Pissarro and Berthe Morisot, with their post-impressionist successors Cezanne and Van Gogh, utterly transformed classical western art and set the scene for the artistic upheavals of the 20th century. 20


Day 1 We meet early in London to travel to the south coast near Newhaven in Sussex, where our guest celebrity speaker, Andrew Graham-Dixon, will deliver an introductory talk. We then board our Club Class ferry to Dieppe, enjoying a buffet lunch on board. On our arrival in Normandy we drive west along the coast and make our first sketching stop at Etretat, the chalk coastline immortalised by Claude Monet, who painted its dramatic arches and needles. We continue to our hotel in the tiny charming port of Honfleur, an ancient town much favoured by the Impressionists, who were encouraged to abandon their studios for the great outdoors by Eugene Bodin, an artist native of Honfleur. Hotel: Overnight in Honfleur Meals: Lunch & dinner included Day 2 After exploring Honfleur we turn inland and, following the River Seine, arrive in the great city of Rouen, the capital of Normandy. We visit and can sketch the city’s cathedral, painted by Monet almost thirty times in all weathers and at all times of day. Camille Pissarro was another artist fascinated by Rouen’s teeming street life, and Paul Gauguin also worked here. We see their pictures in the city’s Musee des Beaux Arts. The afternoon is free to explore Rouen, the city where Joan of Arc was burned at the stake, immortalised in paint by the Impressionists, and in print by their contemporaries, the Normandy writers Gustave Flaubert and Guy de Maupassant. Hotel: Overnight in Rouen Meals: All meals included Day 3 Today is devoted to our visit to Giverny, the home and gardens of the Impressionist leader Claude Monet. We visit the house where Monet, his wife, and eight children lived, and the churchyard where he is buried. But the glory of the visit is the Clos Normand flower garden, and the Japanese water garden with its bridges, weeping willows and lilies, so obsessively painted by this most perfectionist of all artists. We break our visit with lunch at the Ancien Hotel Baudy in the village, which is festooned with paintings and had two artists’ studios in the grounds. We conclude our Giverny visit by viewing the village’s modern Museum of Impressionism. Hotel: Overnight in Rouen Meals: All meals included

London

UK Newhaven

Dieppe Étretat Rouen

Honfleur

Auvers-sur-Oise

Paris

France

Led by Dr. Jennifer Mundy A curator of exhibitions, including ‘Surrealism: Desire Unbound and Duchamp’, Jennifer has worked at the Tate for most of her professional career. She published ‘Man Ray: Writings on Art’.

Guest Lecturer Andrew Graham-Dixon A former art critic for The Independent and the Sunday Telegraph, Andrew is best known for the numerous television programmes on art that he has presented. He is a graduate of Oxford University and the Courtauld Institute of Art.

Day 4 We say Au revoir to Rouen and drive a short distance to the village of Auvers-sur-Oise where Vincent Van Gogh spent his final months in July 1890, painting the village church, portraits of his physician, Dr Gachet, and the ominous wheat fields with crows depicted in his last pictures. We visit the site of his lodgings where he died from a gunshot wound, and the Chateau d’Auvers, which has a permanent exhibition on Impressionism, before paying our respects at the graves of Vincent and his devoted brother Theo Van Gogh. We then enter Paris, picking up a riverboat on the River Seine to get our bearings by water. Hotel: Overnight in Paris Meals: All meals included Day 5 On the morning of our first day in Paris we take a walk through the artists’ quarter of Montmartre where many of the Impressionists lived and worked as young men. We visit the sites of the studios of Renoir, Degas and Monet, as well as their favourite cafes such as the Moulin de la Galette, painted by Renoir; the Musee de Montmartre located in Renoir’s former house; and the legendary Lapin Agile artists’ cafe. After lunch, we visit the incomparable collection of Impressionist art in the Musee d’Orsay. Hotel: Overnight in Paris Meals: All meals included

Bal du Moulin de la Galette by Renoir Day 6 In the morning we tour the Orangerie, a smaller and quieter annexe of the Louvre, and a treasure house of Impressionist Art. For those who wish, the afternoon is free to explore nonImpressionist sites in Paris but for hard-core Monet addicts, we visit the little-known Musee Marmottan, which houses 100 of the Master’s works. In the evening we return to our hotel for dinner and a concluding lecture by Andrew Graham-Dixon. Hotel: Overnight in Paris Meals: All meals included Day 7 We check out of our hotel early in the morning to begin the long return to London. Meals: Breakfast & lunch included

www.historicaltrips.com/qfi

21


Face of Evil

Rise & Fall of the Third Reich (1920 - 1945) 9 Days | 18th - 26th May & Guaranteed 8th - 16th June £2,695 | Single Supp: £575

PARTURE

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GUARAN

Hitler’s mountain-top hideaway, the Eagle’s Nest

• Let Hitler’s lift whisk you to the summit of Kehlstein mountain for lunch at the notorious “Eagle’s Nest” • Tour the remains of the Berghof, Hitler’s home, and the court where Nazism was condemned • Visit Dachau, the first Nazi concentration camp This groundbreaking, ever-popular tour charts the dark and disturbing history of National Socialism in Germany, from genesis to hubris and nemesis, Bavarian roots to ignominious demise in the ruins of Berlin. We visit infamous sites such as the first concentration camp at Dachau, Hitler’s mountain retreats the Berghof and Eagle’s Nest, the great rally grounds of Nuremberg, the villa at Wannsee where the ‘Final Solution’ was agreed and the site of Hitler’s Berlin bunker, amongst myriad other absorbing, disquieting places. To make this journey is to truly understand modern history’s greatest tragedy. 22


Day 1 Fly from London to Munich. We transfer to the Platzl Hotel, situated just a few minutes’ walk from Marienplatz Square and the Hofbräuhaus. After welcome drinks and a talk introducing our tour and the fascinating sights that await us, we enjoy dinner at the hotel. Hotel: Overnight in Munich Meals: Dinner included Day 2 Just a short drive from Munich, the Bavarian town of Dachau bears a grimly familiar name. Here was established the first Nazi concentration camp and the model for all that followed. Of the 200,000 mostly political prisoners incarcerated here between 1933 and 1945, over 40,000 were murdered. Harrowing exhibits chart the birth of Nazi medical experimentation and Dachau’s role as a ‘school of violence’ for the SS. A visit here reveals the full depravity of the regime even in its early days. After lunch on site, we return to Munich to visit the striking Documentation Centre for the History of National Socialism, constructed on the site of the ‘Brown House’, the former headquarters of the NSDAP, which chronicles the rise of the Nazis from their foundation in 1919. A brief walking tour follows, then we dine at the world-famous Hofbräuhaus, the huge beer hall where Hitler declared the Nazi agenda in 1920. Hotel: Overnight in Munich Meals: All meals included Day 3 This morning we transfer by coach to Berchtesgaden and on by shuttle bus to the Eagle’s Nest, Hitler’s mountain-top retreat. The breathtaking beauty of the panoramic Alpine views seem at odds with the history of this district – this was where many of the decisions leading to war and mass extermination were made. We ride the ‘golden elevator’ to the peak and take lunch here. In the afternoon, we check in to Berchtesgaden’s excellent Kempinski Hotel, where dinner follows another enthralling lecture. Hotel: Overnight in Berchtesgaden Meals: All meals included Day 4 Like the Eagle’s Nest, the Berghof – The Third Reich’s second seat of power – was a place for Hitler to muse on Teutonic legend and determine Nazi policy. The rooms of this over-sized Alpine chalet, partly designed by Hitler, were intended to reflect National Socialism’s monumental style and to impress foreign dignitaries. Indeed, this was where some of the1938 negotiations with Neville Chamberlain were held. Today the Berghof lies in ruins, but the Obersalzberg Documentation Centre built close to its remains is one of the most comprehensive Third Reich museums. The vast bunker complex which sits beneath the Berghof is currently closed, though we will visit if it reopens in time.This afternoon, we drive on to Nuremberg and check in to the centrally located Maritim Hotel, where dinner is served this evening. Hotel: Overnight in Nuremberg Meals: All meals included Day 5 Hitler understood the power of spectacle, and vast parade grounds in Nuremberg played host to a series of astonishing political gatherings in the 1930s. These annual propaganda events drew hundreds of thousands of participants – party members, youth groups and armed forces – to demonstrate the might of Nazism. We walk the grounds, today in disrepair, and visit the information centre. Lunch is in the Documentation Centre Cafe. We then proceed to the Nuremberg Trials Memorial, a permanent exhibition on the top floor of the Palace of Justice where leading members of the Nazi regime stood before an international tribunal to answer for their crimes. Courtroom 600 is still in use today, and we visit this auspicious chamber. Dinner this evening is at the Albrecht Durer Stube. Hotel: Overnight in Nuremberg Meals: All meals included Day 6 We break up a lengthy journey to Berlin with a stop in Bayreuth, a Bavarian town home to an annual festival of Wagnerian opera. The Richard Wagner Museum, formerly the composer’s home,

Wannsee

Berlin

Germany

Nuremberg

Dachau Munich Berchtesgaden

Led by Roger Moorhouse Co-founder of Historical Trips and one of the world’s leading experts on Nazi Germany, Roger is Visiting Professor at the College of Europe in Warsaw, where he lectures on Totalitarianism. introduces visitors to the life, loves and music of a controversial figure much admired by Hitler. Our base in the German capital is the four-star Arcotel John F Berlin, and dinner is provided. Hotel: Overnight in Berlin Meals: All meals included Day 7 The House of the Wannsee Conference on the outskirts of Berlin has a devastating story to tell. In this incongruously idyllic lakeside location in January 1942, senior German civil servants gathered to discuss the ghettoisation, mass deportation and genocide of European Jews. This villa now stands as a memorial to those who lost their lives as a result of decisions made within its walls. An excellent permanent exhibition presents the detail of the conference and its aftermath. After lunch at a nearby restaurant, we return to Berlin and The Topography of Terror, an outstanding museum detailing the history of Nazi repression and European atrocities on the site of the Gestapo and SS headquarters. Dinner at our hotel follows. Hotel: Overnight in Berlin Meals: All meals included Day 8 Berlin suffered fearful bombardment throughout the Second World War and its people sought refuge in air raid shelters such as Gesundbrunnen in the heart of the city’s underground transport system. We visit this restored shelter, with its old triple bunk-beds, lavatories and other war era relics. In the afternoon, we visit the Memorial to the German Resistance, a relatively new permanent exhibition commemorating the men and women who risked (and lost) their lives openly resisting Nazism and fighting Hitler. Dinner is provided this evening. Hotel: Overnight in Berlin Meals: All meals included Day 9 A short walking tour of Berlin takes in the site of Hitler’s bunker, where the Führer directed the increasingly desperate war effort and where, as Red Army troops overran the German capital, he took his own life. We also visit the Brandenburg Gate, Berlin’s most famous landmark, before departing for the airport and our flight home. Meals: Breakfast included

www.historicaltrips.com/qfe

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Second World War on the Home Front:

Secret Wartime Britain (1939 - 1945) 3 Days | 6th - 8th August & 12th - 14th November £995 | Single Supp: £250

UR

NEW TO

Statue of Robert Clive standing above the Churchill War Rooms in London

• Spend the day at Bletchley and get a glimpse into the life of a codebreaker • Learn about the role of code-breakers in the Battle of Britain at Bentley Priory Museum • Explore the bunker hidden beneath Westminster, from which Churchill and his inner circle directed the war While Britain’s Armed Forces fought tirelessly in defence of our homeland, a secret war raged on at home. Intelligence gatherers intercepted messages and fed them back to a top team of code-breakers at Bletchley park, in turn feeding information back to those in command to direct Britain’s defences. We learn about the life of a codebreaker and how their work was used to influence battles and policy, changing the course of the war. 24


Milton Keynes Bletchley Park

UK Bentley Priory Museum London Churchhill War Rooms

Battle of Britain Bunker

Enigma, the German cipher machine used during World War 2 Day 1 We meet in central London to drive to Bletchley Park for a full day visit. The nineteenth-century mansion became the home of British code-breaking in the Second World War and the birthplace of modern information technology. The work done here changed the course of the war and we spend the day exploring the lives of those who worked here, the skills and methods they used, and of course see the iconic Enigma machine. In the evening we check in to our nearby hotel and enjoy our first group dinner together, with the company of a special guest. Hotel: Overnight in Milton Keynes Meals: Lunch & dinner included Day 2 We check out this morning and begin our journey towards London, stopping first at Bentley Priory Museum. Famous as the nerve centre of the Battle of Britain, the site also has connections to

Led by Paul Beaver A leading military and political historian, fundraising in the 20th century. He has worked as a broadcaster covering major events and anniversaries. He is also a popular lecturer and was an army aviator for 27 years. the GC&CS. After lunch, we continue on to the Hillingdon Battle of Britain Bunker, where, again, we learn how the use of code-breaking to anticipate bombers was crucial to the battle. Upon arrival in London we check into our hotel and have dinner. Hotel: Overnight in London Meals: All meals included Day 3 With our final morning we visit the Churchill War Rooms. In the underground nerve centre where Winston Churchill and his inner circle directed the Second World War, we learn more secrets and tactics of wartime Britain. After our final lunch together, we make our farewells. Meals: Breakfast & lunch

Bletchley Park, Buckinghamshire

www.historicaltrips.com/qwu

25


The Holocaust:

Berlin & Kraków (1939 - 1945) 7 Days | 29th July - 4th August £2,295 | Single Supp: £415

UR

NEW TO

Memorial to the Murdered Jews, Berlin

• Visit Wannsee villa, the mansion where senior Nazis planned the Final Solution • Learn about the heroes who tried to protect victims of the Holocaust, including Oskar Schindler and Otto Weidt • Learn about Jewish culture at the Galicia Museum, with the chance to meet a witness to the persecution One of the most infamous tragedies of the twentieth century, the Holocaust was a wicked plan carefully organised and coldly executed by the Nazis. On this tour we follow the tragedy, from the conference at Wannsee to plan the Final Solution, to the final fate of the victims in the extermination camps. In between, we hear a few stories of human kindness and bravery of those who tried to protect the victims. This is a tough but enlightening journey through two fascinating cities in Germany and Poland. 26


Day 1 We fly from London to Berlin, arriving in the early afternoon. After checking in at our hotel, our Guide Lecturer takes us on a walking tour of the local sites before a welcome lecture and dinner at our hotel. Hotel: Overnight in Berlin Meals: Dinner included Day 2 We start the day with a drive out of town to the Wannsee villa. It was here, in 1942, that the Final Solution was planned out by senior members of the Nazi administration and SS. Now a museum and educational centre, we explore the mansion and learn about how the Holocaust was planned and put into action. After lunch we visit the Holocaust Memorial and its museum beneath, where personal stories of those persecuted are highlighted. Particularly moving is the Room of Names, where a short biography of each victim is projected on the walls and read aloud. To complete all 6 million of the biographies takes 6 years, 7 months, and 27 days. Before dinner this evening there is time to visit the Otto Weidt Museum, dedicated to Otto Weidt and his heroic efforts to save the Jewish workers in his factory. Hotel: Overnight in Berlin Meals: All meals included Day 3 This morning, we follow the journey made by many of the 55,000 Berlin Jews who were murdered in the Holocaust, visiting the site of the transit camp where they were processed before making a moving visit to the “Gleis 17” memorial, the railway siding from which they were deported to their fate. In the afternoon, we visit the Topography of Terror, formerly the location of the SS and Gestapo headquarters, which is now an excellent museum. There, we will learn about the planning of the persecution and extermination of Europe’s Jews. Hotel: Overnight in Berlin Meals: Breakfast & lunch included

Berlin Wannsee

GERMANY

POLAND Auschwitz-Birkenau

Kraków

Led by Roger Moorhouse Co-founder of Historical Trips and one of the world’s leading experts on Nazi Germany, Roger is Visiting Professor at the College of Europe in Warsaw, where he lectures on Totalitarianism.

Day 4 Berlin has so much to offer, so there is free time this morning to explore. We meet back up in the early afternoon for our connecting flight to Kraków. Hotel: Overnight in Kraków Meals: Breakfast & dinner included Day 5 Today is dedicated to the world’s most notorious historic site; the concentration and extermination camp of Auschwitz-Birkenau. Here, over a million Jews from all over Europe were exterminated in the gas chambers, worked to death, or driven to succumb to disease and starvation. We will tour the site with our expert guide. Hotel: Overnight in Kraków Meals: All meals included Day 6 We spend the day in the Jewish quarter of Kraków, first at Oskar Schindler’s factory, which is now a museum devoted to his heroic actions to save over a thousand Jews from persecution. After lunch we spend time in the Podgórze Ghetto and Hero’s Square before heading out to Płaszów, the site of a lesser known concentration camp on the outskirts of Kraków. Hotel: Overnight in Kraków Meals: All meals included Day 7 We start the morning at the Galicia Museum in the Jewish district of Kraków. The photo exhibition here documents the Jewish culture and life in Polish Galicia, which used to thrive in this area. We also have the chance to meet a “witness to history” who can share their memories with us. There will be free time to explore the beautiful city of Kraków before our evening flight home. Meals: Breakfast included A chair at the Ghetto Heroes Square in Kraków, Poland

www.historicaltrips.com/qbk

27


Poland at War

Invasion, Resistance & Holocaust (1939 - 1945) 8 Days | 24th June - 1st July £2,195 | Single Supp: £405

PARTURE

TEED DE

GUARAN

Wawel Castle in Kraków with the Tatra mountains in the distance

• Visit historic Gdańsk, where World War Two began • Enter the haunting site of the Treblinka death camp and feel the weight of its dark history • Spend time in Oskar Schindler’s former factory in Kraków If any country experienced the Second World War to its full murderous extent, it was Poland. Fought over and occupied by the totalitarian regimes of Hitler’s Germany and Stalin’s Soviet Union, its people endured the most brutal war possible, registering the highest per capita death toll of any combatant nation. It would be in occupied Poland that Nazi Germany would launch its systematic extermination of Europe’s Jews, carried out at extermination camps, such as Auschwitz-Birkenau, Treblinka and Majdanek. Poland became the unwilling stage for the Nazis’ “Final Solution of the Jewish Question”. Alongside the wholesale murder of Europe’s Jews, the Germans also carried out the diabolical persecution of Poland gentile population, thereby spawning the Polish “Home Army” one of the war’s most effective resistance organisations. The Home Army’s Warsaw Rising against the Germans, in 1944, lasted for two months before the insurgents were defeated and much of the capital was razed. We follow the story of this brave attempt to derail one of the most devastating occupations in history. This tour is a cross-country journey that begins with the war’s opening shots at Gdańsk’s Westerplatte, visits the nation’s capital, Warsaw, and culminates at its cultural heart, Kraków. It provides a much-needed overview of a complex, searing, and murderous period.

28


Day 1 We arrive in the beautiful, historic city of Gdańsk. And after checking in to our comfortable hotel, we enjoy introductory drinks and a fascinating lecture on Poland’s wartime story, familiarising ourselves with many of the themes that we will encounter on the tour. Guest have a little free time to stroll through the city’s beautiful Old Town, including its impressive Gothic cathedral. Hotel: Overnight in Gdańsk Meals: Dinner included Day 2 Our first full day of the tour has arrived. We begin this morning with a visit to the Westerplatte, the fortified peninsula in the Bay of Gdańsk, where the first shots of World War Two in Europe were fired. We follow that with a visit the to city’s excellent World War Two museum before repairing for lunch by the waterside. In the afternoon, we will have a short walk through the Old Town before departing for Kętrzyn. Hotel: Overnight in Kętrzyn Meals: All meals included Day 3 Today we visit one of the war’s most infamous sites: The “Wolf’s Lair” just outside Kętrzyn (the former East Prussian Rastenburg) is the former headquarters of Adolf Hitler, from where he directed the war against the Soviet Union. This purpose-built complex, deep in the forest, was also the scene of the famous assassination attempt, on 20 July 1944, when Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg planted a bomb in Hitler’s conference room. After lunch, we drive on to the notorious site of the Treblinka death camp, north-east of Warsaw, where hundreds of thousands of Jews were murdered, giving the camp a death toll second only to that of Auschwitz-Birkenau. Hotel: Overnight in Warsaw Meals: All meals included

Gdańsk Kętrzyn

Poland

Treblinka Warsaw

Auschwitz-Birkenau

Kraków

Led by Roger Moorhouse Co-founder of Historical Trips and one of the world’s leading experts on Nazi Germany, Roger is Visiting Professor at the College of Europe in Warsaw, where he lectures on Totalitarianism.

Day 4 Today we examine Poland’s wartime military story, and one of its deepest scars. In the morning, we visit the National Military Museum for a tour of the many exhibits relating to Poland’s wartime military exploits; including the defensive war in 1939, the story of those Poles who fought in exile in the RAF and British Army, and the fascinating story of the Polish Underground. After lunch, we then travel to the remarkable Katyń Museum, where we learn of Poland’s suffering at Soviet hands, focusing particularly on the massacre of 22,000 Polish officers in the spring of 1940. Hotel: Overnight in Warsaw Meals: All meals included Day 5 When the Warsaw Rising broke in August 1944, Hitler gave orders that the city should be razed to the ground, and by war’s end some 90% of it had been destroyed by bombing and urban warfare. An estimated 200,000 of the city’s population died. On this day we will examine the Warsaw Rising in more detail, visiting the Rising Museum, as well as the Rising Memorial and the statue of the Little Insurgent. After lunch, we depart for Kraków. Hotel: Overnight in Kraköw Meals: All meals included Day 6 After a leisurely breakfast, we explore the ancient heart of Poland’s second city, Kraków. Though it largely escaped the destruction visited upon Warsaw during the war, Kraków was nonetheless witness to many significant events; not least being the capital of the Nazis’ brutal occupation regime, the so-called “General Government”. We visit the seat of that occupation; the Wawel Castle, as well as the iconic Cloth Hall and the stunning St Mary’s cathedral. Hotel: Overnight in Kraköw Meals: All meals included

Monument of The Second World War and the defence of Gdańsk Day 7 Today is a truly challenging day, as it is devoted to the world’s most notorious historic site; the concentration and extermination camp of Auschwitz-Birkenau. Here, over a million Jews from all over Europe were exterminated in the gas chambers, worked to death, or driven to succumb to disease and starvation. We will tour the site with our expert guide. Hotel: Overnight in Kraköw Meals: All meals included Day 8 Our final morning focuses on one of the more uplifting stories from Poland’s war: that of Oskar Schindler and his rescue of over a thousand Jews. We visit his former factory in Kraków, now an excellent museum. After lunch in the Old Town, we transfer to the airport for our return home. Meals: Breakfast & lunch included

www.historicaltrips.com/qpo

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The Women of SOE

Female Agents and the French Resistance (1940 - 1945) 5 Days | 20th - 24th September £1,599 | Single Supp: £370

PARTURE

TEED DE

GUARAN

Women involved in the Special Operations Executive programme

• Discover the former SOE headquarters in Baker Street and learn about its history • Meet friends and family of the brave women of the SOE at significant sites connected to their stories • Travel alongside award-winning author, Clare Mulley, an expert on this tour’s subject Churchill famously launched SOE, the secretive Special Operations Executive, in June 1940, with his rousing injunction to ‘set Europe ablaze’. The first agent was dropped into France the next year and over 400 would follow, 39 of whom were women. Their role was to support local resistance with the supply of arms and explosives, expertise and radio communications, and prepare for the Allied liberation. 91 of the men, and 13 women, would not return. From 1943, there was increasing demand for female agents to act as couriers and wireless transmitters in France, where their movements were less conspicuous. Three would be awarded the George Cross, Britain’s highest civilian decoration. One was Noor Inayat Khan, a Sufi Princess, who, for a while in 1944, provided the only wireless communications with Paris. We will discover where she was arrested, before visiting the infamous Avenue Foch - Gestapo HQ - where she was interrogated, before being sent to her death. Pearl Witherington initially served as a courier in Valencay, our last destination. When her circuit leader was captured, Pearl stepped up to command over 2,000 men. When, as a woman, she was offered civil rather than military honours, Pearl commented there had been nothing remotely ‘civil’ about her work. The dramatic and often tragic stories of female agents in France have attracted huge interest and this tour tells their brave story. 30


London

UK

Paris

France

Valençay Trendu

Pont Neuf, Paris Day 1 We meet in central London and begin our tour with a visit to the South Bank to see the SOE memorial, topped by a bust of Violette Szabo. We then travel to Stockwell to see Szabo’s old house, now proudly sporting a blue plaque. In South Kensington, we visit sites associated with Krystyna Skarbek – also known as Christine Granville – including the Polish Hearth Club, the Polish Museum that houses her medals and the Hotel Shelbourne where she was murdered after the war. After lunch we see Krystyna’s grave and memorial plaque at Kensal Green Roman Catholic cemetery. We then travel to the former SOE Headquarters on Baker Street. In Bloomsbury, we see Noor Inayat Khan’s former home and visit her statue in Gordon Square Gardens. In the evening, we have an introductory lecture from Clare on the Women of SOE. Hotel: Overnight in London Meals: Lunch & dinner included Day 2 In the morning, we travel from St Pancras to Paris by Eurostar and have lunch on board. In the afternoon, we visit the Inayat Khan family home before continuing on to Grignon, where the radio transmitter for the Bricklayer circuit was based and where Noor Inayat Khan narrowly escaped capture. We return to Paris to visit the Rue Erlanger, near the Bois du Boulogne, which was the base of the Cinema SOE network. We go to the Rue de Faisanderie and see the apartment above the bakery where Noor was arrested after betrayal. Our final stop of the day is the Avenue Foch, the location of the infamous Gestapo Headquarters where many female agents were interrogated before their deportation to concentration camps. Hotel: Overnight in Paris Meals: All meals included Day 3 In the morning, we visit Pont Neuf, where Eileen Nearne met her contact at the King Henri IV statue. We go to the Boulevard St Michel, her first Paris radio transmitter base, and 11 Rue de Saussaies, the former Gestapo headquarters that has original cells. Eileen was interrogated and tortured here, before being sent to Ravensbruck concentration camp. After lunch we concentrate on Lilian Rolfe, including a visit to the safe house where she was arrested. We travel to Chateauroux, arriving at our next hotel in the early evening for a lecture on Krystyna Skarbek before dinner. We stay here overnight. Hotel: Overnight in Chateauroux Meals: All meals included

Led by Clare Mulley The award-winning author of three books on remarkable women responding to war, including ‘The Women Who Flew for Hitler’. Clare is an expert on the female agents of the SOE and frequently lectures at museums and festivals. Day 4 In the morning we drive to Tendu, near Chateauroux, to see the parachute site where Pearl Witherington was dropped in September 1943 to serve as a courier for Maurice Southgate, leader of the Stationer network. We hear how Pearl served as the Wrestler network leader from May 1944 onwards. We stop in Blois for lunch and a visit to the Museum of Resistance before continuing on to the site of Chateau des Souches, the network Headquarters, east of Valencay. Later, we visit sites associated with the Maquis resistance army as, commanded by Pearl, they fought pitched battles against the Germans in the aftermath of D-Day. Hotel: Overnight in Chateauroux Meals: All meals included Day 5 In the morning we visit the Chateauroux sites associated with the first SOE agent dropped into France. We then visit the Valencay SOE Memorial to the 104 SOE F Sections agents who died in France and pay our respects. After lunch, we return to Paris for an early evening Eurostar train back to London. Meals: Breakfast & lunch included

The Valencay SOE Memorial

www.historicaltrips.com/qch

31


Jersey

Occupation & War Tunnels (1940 - 1945) 4 Days | 16th - 19th September £1,295 | Single Supp: £275

UR

NEW TO

La Corbière lighthouse, Jersey

• Visit the War Tunnels, the underground complex built by the Germans which is now home to exhibits about the occupation • Visit a selection of bunkers at night, and get the chance to handle wartime weapons and equipment • Stay at the Pomme d’Or hotel, which was used as the German Naval HQ during the occupation and where the Union Jack was raised on Liberation Day The German occupation of Jersey lasted for most of the Second World War. After Churchill demilitarised the island, considering it of little strategic importance and aiming to avoid the loss of life in any conflict, the Germans took hold from 30th June 1940 and remained until defeat on 9th May 1945. Cut off from the mainland, islanders had little news from the front, especially as Germans outlawed the use of radios. As the war progressed, shortages in supplies, such as food and petrol, made life increasingly difficult, worsening after D-Day cut off German supply lines. Lead by our expert guide, we learn about life in the only British territory to fall to the Germans during the Second World War, from Nazi fortifications to citizens coping with life under the occupation. 32


Channel Islands Military Museum

Jersey Trinity

Jersey War Tunnels

Saint Helier Corbiere Lighthouse

Led by John Peaty International Secretary and Committee Member of the British Commission for Military History, John holds a PhD in War Studies from King’s College London and knows Jersey well. WWII Fortress at night

German WWII coastal observation bunker complex at Noirmont Point Day 1 We fly from London to Jersey, arriving in time for lunch at our hotel, followed by an introductory lecture and orientation tour of St Helier. There will be some free time before dinner this evening. Hotel: Overnight in St Helier Meals: Lunch & dinner included Day 2 We start the morning with a visit to the War Tunnels. This underground complex built by the Germans now houses exhibits on life in Jersey during the occupation and is unmissable on any visit to the island. After lunch, we continue to the Channel Islands Military Museum, which displays weaponry and medical equipment as well as other wartime objects inside a restored German bunker. We have an early dinner this evening as we venture out afterwards on a night-time bunker tour. Including at least three bunker sites after dark, there will also be a chance to handle authentic Second World War weaponry, mines, and artefacts. Hotel: Overnight in St Helier Meals: All meals included

Day 3 This morning our Guide Lecturer takes us on a tour to uncover some of the personal stories of islanders during the occupation. We learn how locals learned to live with their occupiers, particularly as the war progressed and food and supplies became ever scarcer. We enjoy lunch at a cafĂŠ on our way to Corbiere lighthouse. It is here that one of the strongest Infantry Strongpoints in Jersey was based, and we spend the afternoon exploring the fortifications. Hotel: Overnight in St Helier Meals: All meals included Day 4 Today is free to explore independently. Take an excursion to Mont Orgueil Castle, visit the Maritime Museum in St Helier, or simply relax at the hotel. We meet back in the late afternoon to transfer back to the airport and fly home. Meals: Lunch & dinner included

www.historicaltrips.com/qjw

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Operation Dynamo: Dunkirk (1941)

3 Days | 14th - 16th May £1,195 | Single Supp: £170

UR

NEW TO

A poignant reminder that not all came home

• Meet a veteran of Dunkirk and hear about the experience first hand • Follow the mission from the creation of the corridor to the dramatic rescue on the beaches • Enjoy lunch aboard the Princess Elizabeth, which was used in the rescue

Lauded as a miracle, it’s no surprise that the Dunkirk evacuation — codenamed Operation Dynamo — is still capturing our imaginations today, most recently in Christopher Nolan’s blockbuster Dunkirk. But the silver screen is no substitute for the real thing, as we’re sure to find on this exclusive tour of solemn memorials, bunkers-turned-museums, and the very dunes from where troops waited to be rescued. Join expert Guide Lecturer Paul Beaver and historian and author Joshua Levine for an educational and affecting look at one of the greatest tales of the Second World War. 34


Dunkirk Museum & the mole Calais

Wormhoudt Cassel

Fort Des Dunes

Vimy Duisans

France

Paul Beaver A leading military and political historian, fundraising in the 20th century. He has worked as a broadcaster covering major events and anniversaries. He is also a popular lecturer and was an army aviator for 27 years.

Dunkirk, Hauts-de-France

Day 1 We meet in London for our coach journey to Dover, where we make the ferry crossing to Calais in Club Class. Upon arrival mid-afternoon, we make our way to Dunkirk for the first glimpse of the beaches. Housed in a 19th century fort, the museum at Fort des Dunes tells the history of the site, including the Battle of Dunkirk and Operation Dynamo. After our tour here, we continue on to Cassel to check into our hotel and enjoy a lecture before dinner. Hotel: Overnight in Cassel Meals: Lunch & dinner included

Joshua Levine A barrister and bestselling author, Joshua has written seven acclaimed popular histories, as well as a number of documentaries for BBC Radio 4. He also worked as a historical consultant on Christopher Nolan’s ‘Dunkirk’.

Day 2 From the outskirts of Arras we begin the morning with some context to the evacuation. Following the route of Frankforce Right Column, our Guide Lecturer explains the plan of attack of the Franco-British troops. At Rommel’s Hill, we learn about the British counter attack. Despite hundreds of German soldiers captured and tanks destroyed, the ‘Frankforce’ was forced to retreat, or risk encirclement. After lunch nearby, we return to Cassel and explore the town. Hotel: Overnight in Cassel Meals: All meals included Day 3 After check out this morning we head north to Wormhoudt, where the Waffen SS slaughtered scores of British Prisoners-of-War. We pay our respects at the site of the massacre and at the cemetery where many of the victims were buried, before continuing to the perimeter at Dunkirk where heroic troops held off their attackers during the final, vital week of the evacuation. We examine the docks, mole, and Bastion 28, and then enjoy lunch aboard the Princess Elizabeth. This paddle-steamer assisted in the rescue of the stranded soldiers, saving 1673 soldiers in four crossings. Now it remains in the Estacade quay, having been converted into a restaurant. After lunch we visit the Dunkirk Museum and Bray Dunes beaches before returning to Calais for our journey home. We arrive back in London this evening. Meals: All meals included

Military evacuation of Dunkirk during WWII

www.historicaltrips.com/qdu

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Second World War in the Air: The Dambusters (1943) 5 Days | 6th - 10th September £1,695 | Single Supp: £360

UR

NEW TO

Lancaster Bombers in formation during the Second World War

• Meet the Lancaster Bomber on a private visit to RAF Coningsby • Special dinner guest Mary Stopes-Roe, daughter of Barnes Wallis • Visit the dams that were targeted on the mission in Germany Featured in the film The Dam Busters, Operation Chastise was a raid on German dams in May 1943, and an iconic part of the Second World War. No. 617 Squadron used the purpose-built “bouncing bomb” to attack the Möhne, Eder, and Sorpe dams. Sorpe dam sustained severe damage, but Möhne and Eder were both breached causing catastrophic flooding of the Ruhr and Eder valleys. Follow the Dam Busters’ story, from development of the bomb by Barnes Wallis, to preparations in Lincolnshire, and finally the raid on the dams. Led by Colonel Paul Beaver, a former trustee of the International Bomber Command Centre, and with special guest Mary Stopes-Roe, daughter of Barnes Wallis, we get a deep insight into the squadron and their mission behind the film. 36


Day 1 We meet at The Petewood hotel for lunch before our first visit to RAF Coningsby. Here the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight introduce us to the Lancaster Bomber during a private visit. On return to our historic hotel, we have our first group dinner together, joined by an officer from the BBMF. Hotel: Woodhall Spa Meals: Lunch & dinner included Day 2 This morning we head to the nearby International Bomber Command Centre. This world-class facility is dedicated to the recognition and remembrance of the Bomber Command and it is here that we learn about the aircraft and their crew. After lunch on site we continue on to the Avro Heritage Museum near Manchester. Built on the site of the old Woodford Airfield, it is now a museum dedicated to history of A V Roe and his aircraft. At dinner this evening we are joined by Mary Stopes-Roe, daughter of Barnes Wallis, the inventor of the bouncing bomb. Hotel: Overnight in Manchester Meals: All meals included Day 3 Today we make our way to Germany, flying from Manchester to Düsseldorf. We land in the afternoon and check into our hotel before making our first visit to Möhne Dam, and the Möhneseekatastrophe memorial. We enjoy a short lecture before dinner by the lake. Hotel: Overnight in Möhnesee Meals: Breakfast & dinner

The Petwood Hotel Avro RAF Coningsby Heritage Museum

UK

Rheinberg

Möhnesee Sorpe Dam Eder

Germany

Paul Beaver A leading military and political historian, fundraising in the 20th century. He has worked as a broadcaster covering major events and anniversaries. He is also a popular lecturer and was an army aviator for 27 years.

Day 4 This morning we drive to Eder Dam and visit the Eder Museum, which is dedicated to the history of the dam and of the war in the air. After lunch nearby, we head to Sorpe Dam for our third and final visit to the dams. Hotel: Overnight in Möhnesee Meals: All meals included Day 5 After check out this morning we visit the Ostönnen Memorial to the crew of “M for Mother” and finally pay our respects at their graves in the Rheinberg Cemetery. We then enjoy a final lunch together before our afternoon flight back to Manchester. Meals: Breakfast & lunch included Germany’s Möhne Dam

The Eder Dam

www.historicaltrips.com/qdb

37


D-Day & The Liberation Normandy (1944)

5 Days | 19th - 23rd August & 14th - 18th October £1,595 | Single Supp: £300

UR

NEW TO

Pointe du Hoc, the battlefield memorial for the D-Day invasion on the coast of Normandy

• Visit Southwick House and see the famous wall map where the invasion was planned • Enjoy lunch with special guest Adrian Cox, the resident Arromanche historian • Visit the Bayeux Tapestry and enjoy local cuisine and calvados Operation Overlord, or the D-Day landings , saw the beginning of the end of German-occupied Western Europe. The invasion landings were a turning point in the Second World War, launched by Operation Neptune – D-Day – on 6th June 1944. The largest seaborn invasion in history took months of planning and involved nearly 5,000 landing and assault craft, and 1,200 aircraft. 132,000 men were transported by sea, and 24,000 by air. We follow their journey, from planning in southern England, to landing on the beaches, and beyond. 38


UK

Southwick House Portsmouth

Omaha Beach Point du Hoc Crepon Bayeux Pegasus Memorial

France Paul Beaver A leading military and political historian, fundraising in the 20th century. He has worked as a broadcaster covering major events and anniversaries. He is also a popular lecturer and was an army aviator for 27 years.

Pegasus Bridge Day 1 We meet in Portsmouth in the morning and drive out of town to nearby Southwick House, where the landings were planned. Here, the wall map used to plot the course of Operation Overlord can still be seen. We lunch at the nearby village pub, frequently visited by Eisenhower and Montgomery, before returning to Portsmouth to visit The D-Day Story. This is an impressive museum that tells the story of D-Day through personal accounts of those who were there. We check in to our hotel before dinner. Hotel: Overnight in Portsmouth Meals: Lunch & dinner included Day 2 We have an early start today as we board a ferry for the crossing from Portsmouth to Caen. We follow the journey of the operation (although in much more comfort) to arrive in Caen in the mid-afternoon. En route to the hotel we visit the Pegasus Bridge and its museum, learning of the mission to capture the bridge intact in the early hours of 6th June 1944. We continue on to our hotel for a lecture and dinner. Hotel: Overnight in Crépon Meals: All meals included Day 3 We spend the morning at Arromanches-les-Baines, where we learn about Mulberry Harbour and pay a visit to The Landings Museum. Adrian Cox, former member of the Arromanches Town Council and Ambassador for Remembrance, meets us here to show us his own collection of memorabilia. We then journey to Bayeux to pay our respects at Bayeux War Cemetery, the largest British Cemetery on French territory. No trip to Normandy is complete without a viewing of the Bayeux Tapestry, so we pause our story of the landings to view this piece. We have another lecture before dinner this evening, where Adrian Cox will join us once again. Hotel: Overnight in Crépon Meals: All meals included

A field gun at the D-Day Museum in Arromanches-les-Bains Day 4 Today we focus on the American efforts, beginning with Omaha beach and the Omaha Beach Memorial Museum. We enjoy a picnic on the beach before continuing on to Pointe du Hoc for a view over the beaches and a perspective on the scale of the operation. On the way back to the hotel there is free time in Bayeux. Hotel: Overnight in Crépon Meals: All meals included Day 5 On our final morning we make our way to the Lounges-sur-Mer battery and visit Gold Beach. Before our ferry home, we have time for a final visit to “Le Grand Bunker”, also known as The Atlantic Wall Museum. Housed in a German Bunker, this museum displays equipment and memorabilia telling the story of those who had awaited the invasion in France, and of Hitler’s Atlantic Wall. Meals: Breakfast included

www.historicaltrips.com/qdn

39


Spying Game

Peek Behind the Iron Curtain (1945 - 1989) 8 Days | 3rd - 10th May £2,695 | Single Supp: £485

UR

NEW TO

Hats at Checkpoint Charlie, Berlin

• Visit both sides of the Berlin Wall to learn about intelligence operations and techniques in both East and West • Hear real stories from a trained Soviet operative, our Guide for the duration • Watch “The Third Man” in Vienna and follow the story in the city where it is set

As the Second World War drew to a close, the Allies raced to carve up Germany and re-draw the boundaries between Eastern and Western Europe. Central to this, Berlin was divided into 4 sections – French, British, and American territories combining to become West Berlin, and Russian territory becoming East Berlin. As tensions and distrust grew between the two sides, the Cold War was fought not in battle, but in secret and clandestine activities, by spies and secret agents. Led by former Soviet operative turned espionage historian Boris Volodarsky, this tour lifts the Iron Curtain to examine the life of a spy during the Cold War. 40


Day 1 We fly from London to Berlin, arriving in the early afternoon. After checking in at our hotel, our Guide Lecturer takes us on a walking tour of the local sites before a welcome lecture and dinner at our hotel. Hotel: Overnight in Berlin Meals: Dinner included Day 2 We spend today in West Berlin, looking at how the Allies approached Berlin and the border after WWII. We start just outside of the city at Teufelsberg, the former U.S. listening station on the hill, and continue to the Allied Museum, which tells the story of the Western powers in Berlin from 1945 to 1994. After lunch we return to the city centre to visit the German Spy Museum and Checkpoint Charlie. Now a tourist trap, this was once the main gateway for diplomats between East and West, and the nearby museum makes it worth a visit. Symbolic of the division and tensions between East and West, the checkpoint is now surrounded by commercial outlets and colourful advertising, a juxtaposition that reminds us just how much has changed in Berlin. Hotel: Overnight in Berlin Meals: All meals included Day 3 Today we cross the Iron Curtain and explore East Berlin. Starting at Karlhorst, the KGB operations base East of Berlin, we learn about German-Russian relations during and following WWII. On our way back towards the city, we visit the Stasi Museum, located in the former headquarters of the Stasi, where we gain an insight to the operations of the State Security and how they affected the lives of GDR citizens. After lunch we visit the East Side Gallery, a remaining stretch of the Berlin Wall which is now a protected landmark covered in murals, including the famous “kiss” between Brezhnev and Honecker. Hotel: Overnight in Berlin Meals: All meals included

Berlin Teufelsberg

Stasi Museum Karlshorst

Germany

Excalibur City

Austria

Dürnstein Vienna

Boris Volodarsky He spent seven years training as a GRU agent in Soviet spy schools, destined for an espionage career in the West. Boris is an expert in modern Russian intelligence methods and operations, on which he has written a number of books.

Day 4 With so much to see and do in Berlin, today is free to explore as you wish. Continue your dive into life in East Berlin at the DDR Museum, contemplate a dark period in Germany’s history at the Holocaust Memorial, or indulge in some retail therapy at KaDeWe, the second largest department store in Europe. Hotel: Overnight in Vienna Meals: Breakfast & dinner included

A watchtower along the Berlin Wall

Day 5 Today we continue our journey with a flight to Vienna. Arriving at our hotel in the afternoon, we have time for a tour of the local area with our Guide Lecturer, setting the scene for our next few days. This evening’s lecture introduces the story of Nikolai Artamonov, alias “Nicholas Shadrin”, a former Soviet naval officer who defected to the United States in 1959. Hotel: Overnight in Vienna Meals: Breakfast & dinner included

Day 6 This morning we drive towards the Czech border, stopping at Dürnstein on the Danube. A place where “treffs” (meetings) often took place, our Guide Lecturer explains how spies operated here before we enjoy lunch at the Schloss Dürnstein. At the Czech border, the story of Artamonov continues at the spot where KGB operatives waited to smuggle him to Russia. Hotel: Overnight in Vienna Meals: All meals included Day 7 We start the day at the cinema – the Burg Kino – with a viewing of “The Third Man”. Set in post-war Vienna, this film follows the story of a man returning to his hometown to discover his childhood friend, Harry Lime, has died in mysterious circumstances. Following the viewing, we discuss the themes and visit the locations, including lunch at the Café Mozart. Although the café itself did not allow filming to take place here, a replica of it appears in the film and the real café happily accepts the glory. After lunch, the tour continues, following the path of Harry Lime. Hotel: Overnight in Vienna Meals: All meals included Day 8 As our tour draws to a close there is some free time to explore Vienna independently. After our last lunch together, we transfer to the airport for our flight home. Meals: Breakfast & lunch included

The medieval town of Dürnstein in the UNESCO-listed Wachau Valley

www.historicaltrips.com/qsg

41


2019 Timeline May

The Spying Game- Peek Behind the Iron Curtain

3rd - 10th.................................................................................... pg 40

Andalus - Moorish Spain

8th - 15th.................................................................................... pg 08

Operation Dynamo - Dunkirk

14th - 16th.................................................................................. pg 34

Face of Evil - Rise & Fall of the Third Reich 18th - 26th.................................................................................. pg 22

Malta - The Two Sieges

20th - 24th.................................................................................. pg 18

June

We Happy Few - A Short Tour of the Long 100 Years War

1st - 7th....................................................................................... pg 12

Darts of Love - The Lives & Wives of Henry VIII

4th - 11th.................................................................................... pg 16

Face of Evil - Rise & Fall of the Third Reich

8th - 16th.................................................................................... pg 22

Medieval England - The Abbeys of Medieval England

17th - 23rd ................................................................................. pg 10

Poland at War - Invasion, Resistance & Holocaust

24th June - 1st July................................................................... pg 28

July

Richard III - Hero or Villain?

6th - 13th.................................................................................... pg 14

The Holocaust - Berlin & Krakow

29th July - 4th August............................................................... pg 26

August

Second World War on the Home Front - Secret Wartime Britain 6th - 8th...................................................................................... pg 24

D-Day & the Liberation - Normandy

14th - 18th.................................................................................. pg 38

September

Second World War in the Air - The Dambusters

6th - 10th.................................................................................... pg 36

The Women of SOE - Female Agents & the French Resistance

20th - 24th.................................................................................. pg 30

Study Days 2019 Henry VIII

16th May with Dr. Suzannah Lipscomb Join Suzannah Lipscomb, a former Hampton Court Palace curator, for a day atg “the English Versailles”.Visit key parts of the palace associated with Henry VIII, such as the Tudor kitchens. www.historicaltrips.com/xch

Everything You Need to Know About Castles

3rd June with Dr. Marc Morris Discover all there is to know about the origins and development of castles in Britain as Dr. Marc Morris, presenter of the TV series “Castle”, leads us on a fascinating tour around Dover Castle. www.historicaltrips.com/xdo

Spitfire Study Day

11th June with Colonel Paul Beaver Experience a day at Biggin Hill and see an aviation legend up close. Colonel Paul Beaver will lead this captivating handson tour, which offers you the chance to sit in the cockpit and more. www.historicaltrips.com/xsp

Arthur & Alfred Monarchs & Myths

12th July with Dr. Andrew Fear Two of Britain’s most iconic kings, dispel the myths and discover the truths surrounding them.Visit the key parts of Winchester associated with them both and go behind-the-scenes. www.historicaltrips.com/xaa

First Impressions - Lives & Landscapes of the Impressionists

22nd - 28th................................................................................. pg 20

Jersey - Occupation & War Tunnels

16th - 19th.................................................................................. pg 32

October

D-Day & the Liberation – Normandy

14th - 18th.................................................................................. pg 38

November 42

Second World War on the Home Front - Secret Wartime Britain 12th - 14th.................................................................................. pg 24

A Masterpiece in stone: Salisbury Cathedral

2nd August with Dr. Emma Wells Starting at Old Sarum, trace the movement of the cathedral to the ground it now stands on. From the Magna Carta to the cloisters, see it all. www.historicaltrips.com/xsc


Booking Conditions Your holiday contract When you make a booking you guarantee that you have the authority to accept and do accept on behalf of your party the terms of these booking conditions. A contract will exist as soon as we issue our confirmation invoice. Once you have received your confirmation invoice, it is your responsibility to check that the information and booking details, including the spelling of all passenger names, as stated on your invoice are correct and match the passport details. If any of the details on the confirmation invoice are incorrect, you must notify us immediately. We will pass on any additional charges incurred as a result of these details not being correct. We reserve the right to refuse to accept and/or not proceed with any booking at any time at our sole discretion. Book by phone, by email or online For bookings made by telephone or email, payment can be made by card or cheque (payable to Historical Trips).You can pay securely via our website, in either sterling or dollars. We accept Visa, MasterCard and Visa Debit cards (American Express accepted for all payments in $). There is no credit card fee for guests. We do not accept post-dated cheques, nor do we keep your card details. Our price promise It is our principle that the earlier you book, the lower the price you pay. When we launch our new holidays our lowest prices are made available to give you the very best value for money. It pays to book early as prices can increase as the departure date approaches. Programme changes For the vast majority of our tours, the program will be exactly as described in the brochure. Occasionally we do make changes to the order or number of visits. This is usually due to opening hours, or in order to include a re-opened site or museum. We always tell guests in advance of any changes. Insurance We strongly recommend that all travellers are covered by comprehensive travel insurance and do not travel against medical advice.You should organise it immediately when you book, to ensure you have cover against possible cancellation charges, medical treatment and repatriation. Balance payment Balance payments will be requested 12 weeks before you depart for all tours and we will then send you practical information regarding the tour, flights, hotel and joining instructions. Cancellation by you In the event of cancellations the charge which will be made varies with the amount of time between Historical Trips receiving your written cancellation and the tour departure date. The charges made for our tours are as follows: • Up to 84 days before departure date: deposit • 83 – 63 days before departure date: 35% of tour cost • •62 – 42 days before departure date: 55% of tour cost • 41 – 21 days before departure date: 75% of tour cost

• 21 days before departure date: 100% of tour cost. Penalties are also levied on the single supplement. Insurance is recommended. Cancellation by us If we have to cancel your holiday before the date of departure, you will have the choice of taking an alternative holiday (and paying or receiving a refund/credit in respect of any price difference) or accepting a full refund of all monies paid. Financial protection Flight inclusive tours: we hold an Air Travel Organiser’s Licence issued by the CAA (ATOL No. 3552) which provides for your protection in the event of Andante’s insolvency. The price of your air holiday packages includes the ATOL Protection Contribution (APC) we pay to the CAA. This charge is included in our advertised prices. the ATOL Protection Contribution (APC) we pay to the CAA. This charge is included in our advertised prices. When you buy an ATOL protected flight or flight inclusive holiday from us you will receive an ATOL Certificate. This lists what is financially protected, where you can get information on what this means for you and who to contact if things go wrong. Not all holiday or travel services offered and sold by us will be protected by the ATOL scheme as explained below. Tours without flights arranged by us: The Association of Bonded Travel Organisers Trust Limited (ABTOT) provides financial protection under the Package Travel, Package Holidays and Package Tours Regulations 1992 for Historical Trips, and in the event of their insolvency, protection is provided for the following: 1. non-flight packages commencing in and returning to the UK; 2. non-flight packages commencing and returning to a country other than the UK; and 3. flight inclusive packages that commence outside of the UK, which are sold to customers outside of the UK. 1, 2 and 3 provides for a refund in the event you have not yet travelled. 1 and 3 provides for repatriation. Please note that bookings made outside the UK are only protected by ABTOT when purchased directly with Historical Trips. ABTOT cover provides for a refund in the event you have not yet travelled or repatriation if you are abroad. Please note that bookings made outside the EU are only protected by ABTOT when purchased directly with Andante Travels Ltd trading as Historical Trips. In the unlikely event that you require assistance whilst abroad due to our financial failure, please call our 24/7 helpline on 01702 811397 and advise you are a customer of an ABTOT protected travel company. You can access the The Package Travel and Linked Travel Arrangements Regulations 2018 here: https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ ukdsi/2018/9780111168479/contents AITO quality charter Historical Trips is a member of the Association of Independent Tour Operators. The Association represents Britain’s leading independent tour operators and encourages high standards of quality and service. Historical Trips abides by the

Association’s Code of Conduct and adheres to the AITO Quality Charter which can be viewed on www.aito.com.Visit the website to find out more about the Association or call 020 8744 9280. What’s included • Expert Guide Lecturer • Tour Manager (with all groups of 15+) • 3 - 5* Accommodation • Tips, entrance to all sites in the program Data protection/privacy To process your booking and to ensure that your travel arrangements run smoothly and meet your requirements we need to use the information you provide (such as name, address, passport information, email address, mobile number any special needs/dietary requirements, etc.).Any such personal data that you provide will be held securely and for the purpose you have provided it, in accordance with both the Data Protection Act 2018 and the General Data Protection Regulation 2016/679. We take full responsibility for ensuring that proper security measures are in place to protect your information. We must pass the information on to the relevant suppliers of your travel arrangements such as airlines, hotels, transport companies, etc. We will not however, pass any information on to any person not responsible for part of your travel arrangements. This applies to any sensitive information that you give to us such as details of any disabilities, or dietary/religious requirements. In making a booking, you consent to this information being passed on to the relevant persons only. We may need to disclose personal data to a third party within countries outside the European Economic Area (EEA) for the purpose of providing your holiday. Controls on data protection in your destination may not be as stringent as in the UK. In addition, your data may be disclosed to regulatory bodies or public authorities such as customs or immigration for the purposes of monitoring and/or enforcing compliance with any regulatory rules/codes. We will only send you information about special offers, brochures, new holidays and competitions if you have ‘opted in’ to receive news from Historical Trips. If you do not wish to receive this information, you can use the ‘unsubscribe’ function at the bottom of any email communication or just let us know. For full details of how we may use your personal information and your rights in relation to your personal information, please see our see our Privacy Policy on our website: www.historicaltrips.com/privacy By booking online, or over the phone, you are stating that you have read and agreed to our Privacy Policy. A copy of which can be found here: www.historicaltrips.com/privacy A copy can also be requested and supplied via email during the booking process. We are HISTORICAL TRIPS, registered limited company no. 1969761. Registered offices: The Clock Tower, Unit 4 Oakridge Office Park, Southampton Road, Whaddon, Salisbury, SP5 3HT. New York Office: 271 Madison Avenue, Suite 904, New York, NY 10016. 5009

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Historical Trips Second Edition 2019  
Historical Trips Second Edition 2019