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AZORES

Lands of Priolo East of S達o Miguel island

life-laurissilva.spea.pt/en


Contents 004 Location 007 Background 011 Ecological Importance 015 Conservation 022 Flora 035 Fauna 051 Geotourism 055 Walking Trails 073 Birdwatching 081 Geocaching 085 Places to visit 98 Itineraries

Information 106 Where to sleep 111 Where to eat 118 What to do 125 Regional products and handicraft 128 Other information

Appendixes 138 Check-list | Endemic plants 139 Check-list | Avifauna 140 Check-list | Places to visit 141 Notes


1. Location

Azores

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São Miguel

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Nordeste

Lands of Priolo

Ribeira Grande Ponta Delgada

Povoação

Lagoa Vila Franca do Campo

The archipelago of Azores is located in the North Atlantic, far from the nearest continents (1,500 km from Europe and approximately 3,900 km from America). The islands of the Azores are divided into three groups based on their proximity to one another: the Western Group (Flores and Corvo); the Central Group (Terceira, Graciosa, São Jorge, Pico and Faial) and the Eastern Group (São Miguel and Santa Maria). 0

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The island of São Miguel is the largest of the archipelago, with an area of 746.82 km2 and 138.092 inhabitants (2001), the majority of whom live in or around the biggest city of the island, Ponta Delgada. Known as the Green Island, São Miguel offers fabulous natural landscapes, particularly around the great lakes of Sete Cidades, Fogo and Furnas, and in its coastal areas such as the islet of Vila Franca do Campo. The municipalities of Nordeste and Povoação, in the extreme eastern part of the island of São Miguel, cover a total area of 211.30 km2 and have a low population density. Both have stunning scenery and are ideal places to enjoy nature tourism. The Special Protection Area (SPA) of Pico da Vara/Ribeira do Guilherme, located in the region, is the only place in the world where one can see the mysterious Azores Bullfinch, “Priolo” in Portuguese (Pyrrhula murina). The climate is temperate and mild with small daily oscillations in temperatures, with means around 10 ºC and 14 ºC in the winter and 22 ºC - 25 ºC in the summer.

Nordeste The municipality of Nordeste, as the name suggests, is located in the northeastern coast of São Miguel. The many mountains and rivers of this municipality offer the perfect conditions for those looking for nature tourism. It is considered one of the most verdant municipalities of the Azores and contains stunning landscapes and gardens of great beauty. Pico da Vara Mountain, on the border between Nordeste and Povoação municipalities, is the highest peak of São Miguel (1,105 m), giving its name to the SPA in which it’s integrated: Pico da Vara/Ribeira do Guilherme. 5


Povoação Povoação, in the southeastearn part of São Miguel, is described as the place where the first settlers of the island disembarked, in the late 1440’s. The villages of this municipality are surrounded by steep mountains, inter-spaced by deep valleys opening to the sea or, in other places, closing inland, forming a unique landscape. The volcanic complex of Furnas is also located in this municipality. Secondary volcanism manifestations can be observed near the Furnas Lake, where the hot water of the boilers is traditionally used for cooking, as well as in the centre of the village in the natural hot springs of the Terra Nostra Park and D. Beija Pool, where you can enjoy a nice hot bath.

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2. Background In geological terms, the area covered by Nordeste and Povoação is formed by three distinct volcanic complexes: • The volcanic complex of Nordeste, which extends from Algarvia to Faial da Terra and corresponds to the oldest part of the island of São Miguel, whose volcanic activity started about 4 million years ago, and it is considered extinct. This is an area composed exclusively of basaltic fissural volcanism, where some small volcanic cones are located. • Also extinct, the volcano of Povoação corresponds to a huge silicic volcano with a caldera, with about 6.4 km in diameter and nowadays opened to the south. The caldera displays the famous “7 lombas da Povoação” (7 hills), carved in volcanic rocks called ignimbrite and popularly known as “stone of Lomba”. • Younger and with less than 1 million years, the Furnas volcano

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is also a silicic polygenetic volcano, which is truncated at the top with a set of summit calderas complex, with 8 x 5.6 km diameter. The caldera includes a lake and several fumarolic fields (in the parish, near to the lake and along the valley of Ribeira Quente stream), testimony of the remnant secondary volcanism of this dormant but active volcano. The last eruption of the Furnas volcano dates back to the year of 1630. In biogeographical terms, the Azores is included in the Macaronesia region, which also includes the archipelagos of Madeira, the Canary islands and Cape Verde. This region is formed by islands that were never connected to the continents and therefore the species found here colonized the islands either by air or by sea. Consequently, these islands have a low diversity of species but a high percentage of endemics making their flora and fauna highly valuable. The Laurel Forest is particularly noteworthy. During the Tertiary Period, this forest covered the Mediterranean region but disappeared almost entirely from the continent after the last ice age. Remnants are found in the archipelagos of Madeira, the Canary islands and in the Azores. The Azores were first populated between 1430 and 1943, the island of Santa Maria being the first to be settled. Around 1944, the settlement of the island of São Miguel began, in what is now the Povoação Village. This event is commemorated by a monument dedicated to the first settlers:

“Arriving here on the islands, the new discoverers made land at the place now called Povoação Velha […] and, disembarked between two rivers of clear, sweet, cold water (Ribeira de Além and Ribeira de Pelames) between rocks and high lands (Morro de Santa Bárbara and Lomba dos Pós) covered with thick groves of juniperus, laurel, plum, faya, and others […]” 8


On arrival, the first settlers began to cut down trees for wood and to clear land for cultivation, resulting in a significant loss of the native plant species and in the degradation of the remaining vegetation. The “Priolo” was described by Gaspar Frutuoso (1591) in “Saudades da Terra” as a bird found only on the island of São Miguel, though there was no mention of its distribution. In the 19th century, oranges were the main product of the southern coast of the island of São Miguel and farmers saw the flowers of this tree being ‘devoured’ by this bird. A reward was introduced for each head of a “Priolo” presented to the Agricultural Services. Then collectors arrived, attracted by this enigmatic bird and looking to collect specimens for museums. This was how naturalists first gathered information about the distribution, behaviour and classification of this species. Godman (1866) was the first to correctly classify this species as Pyrrhula murina. He also reported that, although the birds invaded the orchards when the orange trees were flowering, they were predominantly birds of the mountains. As the number of settlers increased, so did the demand for resources and, consequently, the degradation of native vegetation. This lead to serious problems of soil erosion which had to be quickly remedied. In the middle of the 20th century, the solution found was to plant species of rapid growth, in this case Cryptomeria japonica. Together with the over exploitation of the natural vegetation of the Azores another phenomenon arose and would reveal itself as the greatest threat yet to the native vegetation of the Azores (and therefore for the “Priolo”): the introduction of exotic invasive species. The new settlers and later the emigrants brought new plant species to the island for agricultural purposes and as ornamental plants also. Some of these found the climate of the Azores ideal and soon began to take over areas of degraded natural forest making its auto-regeneration almost impossible. Currently, this is the greatest problem to the conservation of the “Priolo” and the Laurel Forest in the area of the SPA Pico da Vara/Ribeira do Guilherme. However, attempts have been made to eradicate the exotic invasive species and 9


recover the habitat of the “Priolo”. It is our primary responsibility and that of all visitors of this protected area, to ensure the conservation of the natural habitats and the species that are found there. Therefore, we ask that you follow the Code of Conduct for Visitors.

Code of conduct Do not drop litter. Place it in the appropriate bins. Do not disturb the animals nor destroy nests, even when empty. Do not destroy nor collect plant species or geological formations. Do not camp nor light fires. Do not practice sports that may cause pollution or disturbance. Follow the trails and paths indicated to avoid trampling the vegetation. Drive only where permitted and park in appropriate areas. Do not assist in the introduction of exotic or unusual plants or animals. (Adaptation from SRAM (2004) Áreas Ambientais dos Açores)

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3. Ecological importance The SPA Pico da Vara/Ribeira do Guilherme is located within the São Miguel Island Natural Park and is a protected area designated for the conservation of the “Priolo” and its habitat, the Laurel Forest of Azores. This area covers almost half of the municipalities of Nordeste and Povoação, located on the eastern side of the island. This Natural Park includes other protected areas within the municipalities of Nordeste and Povoação, which are of great importance to the conservation of unique habitats.

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01 - Natural Reserve of Pico da Vara 08 - Protected area for the management of habitats and species of Tronqueira and Planalto dos Graminhais 11 - Protected area for the management of habitats and species of Faial da Terra 12 - Protected area for the management of habitats and species of Ponta do Arnel 17 - Protected Landscape of Furnas 22 - Protected area for the management of resources of the East Coast

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A Special Protection Area (SPA) is an EU classified area with the objective of protecting threatened species and their habitats, as well as migratory birds which regularly visit or occur in the national territory. (Directive 79/409/CEE) A Site of Community Importance (SCI) is an EU classified area which aims to preserve priority habitats found there. (Directive 92/ 43/CEE). SPA and SCI are part of the Natura 2000 network. The SPA Pico da Vara/Ribeira do Guilherme currently covers 6,067 ha, corresponding to the area of the distribution of the “Priolo� identified in 2005, the year in which the enlargement of the area was approved.

Other Protected Areas Protected areas

Area (ha)

- Protected area for the management of habitats and species of Faial da Terra

205.9

- Protected Landscape of Furnas

3,149

- Natural Reserve of Pico da Vara

786

- Protected area for the management of habitats and species of Tronqueira and Planalto dos Graminhais

5,373

- Protected area for the management of habitats and species of Ponta do Arnel

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- Protected area for the management of resources of the East Coast

362.8

- SPA Pico da Vara/Ribeira do Guilherme

6,067

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The natural habitats of the Azores, such as the Laurel Forest and the Peatlands of Planalto dos Graminhais, are ecosystems rich in native and endemic species that are unique and only found in these areas. The “Priolo” of the high altitude Laurel Forest deserves special mention, since it can only be found in the SPA Pico da Vara/Ribeira do Guilherme. There are endemic plants in here too, such as the Azorean Plum, once considered extinct, but of which 400 specimens were recently located in the SPA. These natural habitats are also highly valuable for the human population, improving air quality, carbon fixation, quantity and quality of water, attracting visitors and tourists, and also providing protection against floods and landslides.

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Legend zpe_habitats HABITAT Cryptomeria Exotic forest Graminhais Plateau Native Native invaded Pasture

Parque Natural da Ilha de Sã

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Cryptomeria Forest 0 Exotic and Invasive Forest Peatlands Laurel Forest Laurel Forest with invasive species Pastures Protected areas of São Miguel Island Natural Park

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Threats to Biodiversity The ecosystems and habitats of the SPA are under serious threat due to the rapid expansion of exotic invasive plants. These species, brought to the island for various reasons (often as ornamental species), contributed to the degradation of natural habitats of the SPA. Species such as the Yellow Ginger-lilly, the Lilly-of-the-valley Tree, the Australian Cheesewood, the Chilean Rhubarb and the Australian Blackwood can be seen in abundance in the protected area and threaten its biodiversity. A great effort from several organizations has been made for the adequate management of these habitats, so that they can achieve a healthy conservation status.

Lilly-of-the-valley Tree

Yellow Ginger-lilly

Chilean Rhubarb

Australian Cheesewood

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4. Conservation Several conservation projects aiming to protect the population of “Priolo” and its habitat, have already been carried out in the SPA Pico da Vara/Ribeira do Guilherme, with funds from the EU LIFE programme: LIFE “Priolo Conservation” (1994-1996); LIFE “Study and Conservation of the Natural Patrimony of the Azores” (1997-2000); LIFE “Priolo” (2003-2008); LIFE “Sustainable Laurel Forest” (2009-2012). The LIFE “Sustainable Laurel Forest” project was developed to continue the work initiated by the LIFE “Priolo” project with the general aim of preserving the Laurel Forest, by recovering and defining the best way to preserve it. The areas targeted by the LIFE “Sustainable Laurel Forest” project were chosen to halt the degradation process of the natural habitats of the SPA Pico da Vara/Ribeira do Guilherme. The three main habitats of this area are the Macaronesian Laurel Forest, the Macaronesian endemic heaths and the Peatlands of the Planalto dos Graminhais.

Conservation actions visible in the SPA Pico da Vara/ Ribeira do Guilherme Restoration of an area of Cryptomeria plantation The conversion of around 10 ha of Cryptomeria forestry plantation back to natural forest was an experimental action with no precedents in the region. More than 30,000 plants of 11 different native species were planted, primarily those with an important role in the diet of 15


the “Priolo” (Azorean Blueberry, Azorean Cherry and Azorean Holly). In addition to increasing the area of Laurel Forest habitat and food availability for the “Priolo”, this action was a practical demonstration of the possibilities and problems that arise in the process of restoring degraded forest areas.

Clearing of exotic plants in the area of the viewpoint of Serra da Tronqueira The area of forest visible from the viewpoint of Serra da Tronqueira has the largest pocket of native forest in São Miguel. Over recent decades, this area has been progressively taken over by invasive plant species, such as the Yellow Ginger-lilly and the Lilly-of-the-valley Tree. The actions of the LIFE “Sustainable Laurel Forest” project allowed the recovery of a significant area of Laurel Forest by the removal of these exotic invasive species. Restoration of the Garden of Endemic Plants of the Recreational Forest Reserve of Cancela do Cinzeiro In the Recreational Forest Reserve of Cancela do Cinzeiro (managed by the Nordeste Forestry Service), one can find a Garden of Endemic Plants with a circular walking trail. Visitors can easily see the diversity 16


of species of the Azorean Laurel Forest, such as the Azorean Holly, Azorean Juniper, Azorean Laurel, Cape Myrtle, Azorean Cherry, Azorean Blueberry and Hawkbit. Restoration of the Laurel Forest at Pico Bartolomeu A continued intervention is necessary in areas of Laurel Forest, including newly recovered areas in order to reduce the pressure from invasive exotics. The removal of the invasive Australian Cheesewood, Australian Blackwood and Chilean Rhubarb will complement the eradication of Yellow Ginger-lilly and Lilly-of-the-valley Tree, carried out by the LIFE “Priolo” project. The plantation of native species will then conclude the recovery of the area. Conservation of the Peatlands of the Planalto dos Graminhais The Peatlands are a priority habitat because, in addition to its rarity and biodiversity, they are fundamental for guaranteeing the water resources of the region. The Peatlands extend over around 100 ha of the Planalto dos Graminhais, but some areas are already degraded by exotic invasive species, namely Chilean Rhubarb, Lilly-of-the-valley Tree and the Tree Fern. For the municipalities of Nordeste and Povoação, the conservation of this habitat is vital for the quality of life of the population, since it guarantees the quality and quantity of water in this area. Therefore, invasive species are being eradicated and native plants encouraged, improving the quality of the habitat and ensuring its effective ecological function. 17


Plant Nursery and Greenhouse for the production of Endemic Plants The production of native plants is fundamental to the restoration and extension of areas of priority habitats. In the 1990’s, DRRF (Regional Management of Forests), through the Forestry Services of Nordeste, started the production of endemic woody species. Trial and improvement of the infrastructures allowed the increase in production and in the quality of the species produced. Near the headquarters of the Services, the plant nursery which is included in the Recreational Forest Reserve of Nordeste can be visited, as well as the plant nurseries of the Recreational Forest Reserve of Furnas. With respect to biodiversity, the plants produced are later used in reforestation projects, in management plans for watersheds and in road embankments, among others. As part of the LIFE “Sustainable Laurel Forest” project, a plant nursery and greenhouse was built, in the village of Povoação, to produce thousands of endemic plant specimens to be used in the restoration of the forest, such as the Azorean Holly, Azorean Cherry, Azorean Blueberry, Azorean Laurel, Picconia azorica, Faya Tree, Azorean Heather, Buckthorn and Azorean Laurustinus. Interpretation Centre of Priolo The Interpretation Centre of Priolo was created as part of the LIFE “Priolo” project; as a centre for environmental education located within the Recreational Forest Reserve of Cancela do Cinzeiro (Pedreira). It acts as a point of orientation for visitors to the SPA Pico da Vara/ Ribeira do Guilherme, increasing the knowledge and awareness of

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locals and visitors about the “Priolo” and its natural habitat. This Centre can be visited all year long, for futher information please visit page centropriolo. spea.pt.

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Povoação

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Other Conservation Actions in the Lands of “Priolo�

Environmental Requalification of the River Basin of the Furnas Lake The Management Plan for the River Basin of the Furnas Lake (POBHLF) is a management tool for the territory with the major goal of restoring the water quality of the Furnas Lake. It has several intervention actions which aim, not only to reduce the tributary loads to the lake, but also to increase the biodiversity, to contribute to the sustainable income, to diversify and strengthen local economy, to promote local values and to minimize geotechnical risks. These objectives are achieved by promoting nature tourism through economically sustainable activities that return income revenue for local communities, contributing also to raise the value and awareness on the natural resources, such as the Furnas Lake. To accomplish these goals, the Regional Secretariat for the Environment and the Sea through the Environmental Management and Nature Conservation Society – Azorina SA, has been developing partnerships with several institutions (Military Zone of Azores, Nurseries of Lagoa Seca of the Regional Directorate for Agricultural Development, University of Azores, PT Azores and Foundation PT, SATA, among others) in order to undertake small projects like the following:

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Prevent Soil Erosion The erosion lines are “tears” in pastures where the soil is eroded by the action of the water that flows to the Furnas Lake, leading to its eutrophication. After the removal of the invasive plant species, the introduction of native plant species in these areas will support the soil with its roots, thus reducing erosion.These plantations are efficient seed dispersion nucleus for native species which were extinct in these areas. Natural based engineering structures are applied to dissipate water velocity and disperse it, thus avoiding its concentration. These are built using wood from the removed invasive plants and then strengthened with barriers of reeds that will stay in place after the wood rots. Recovery of an Old Orchard in Furnas The Lands of “Priolo”, particularly Furnas, were once an important area for the production of fruit. However, few are the orchards that still remain. The recovery of an old orchard in Furnas is one of the projects created to promote local values. This will be a place that locals and tourists can visit and where they can get to know a little more about this period in the history of Furnas, when these cultures thrived. It aims to promote not only traditional fruit production but also local gastronomy and the particular use of geothermic heat to cook. Azorean Blueberry Orchards The creation of orchards of Azorean Blueberry (Vaccinium cylindraceum) aims to study the economic viability of the production of endemic blueberries. Two orchards were planted, one in a good quality soil and another in a lower quality soil in order to compare different individuals and determine which ones are most productive. Each one had 800 plants with a wide genetic biodiversity and are managed to grow this fruit for commercialization. From this orchard, a first selection of productive plants will be carried out and will be used for genetic improvement of a once economic relevant fruit for the local gastronomy (jam and liquors). 21


5. Flora The SPA Pico da Vara/Ribeira do Guilherme contains around 15% of all plant species found in Azores archipelago. However, in terms of endemics its value is much greater, as it includes almost half (44%) of the species endemic to the Azores. The majority of these endemic species can be found in the high altitude Laurel Forest, particularly in restored areas free from invasive exotic plants. The Peatlands of the Planalto dos Graminhais also contain a high number of endemic species, as do areas that have only recently been invaded and still retain some native and endemic species.

Endemic species Animal or plant species that can only be found in a specific location in the world. Azorean Holly Ilex perado azorica Description: Evergreen bushes or small trees, dioecious (with different male and female plants), smooth bark. Leaves are simple, pointed, to 6 x 5 cm. Flowers have white petals and fruits are round and red, to 8 mm. Found dispersed in ravines and in forests of Laurel, Azorian Juniperus and Australian Cheesewood; 250 to 570 m. Taxonomic Status: Subspecies Endemic to the Azores Conservation Status: Non evaluated

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Hawkbit Leontodon rigens Description: 20-50 cm, with erect stalk, highly branched in the upper part. Leaves of the basal rosette are simple, toothed, measuring to 30 x 10 cm. Flowers are yellow with up to 40 per capitulum. Achene measures around 4-5 mm, pappus to 7 mm, in two rows. Taxonomic Status: Endemic to the Azores except Santa Maria and Graciosa Conservation Status: Non evaluated Azorean Blueberry Vaccinium cylindraceum Description: Tall deciduous shrub or small tree to 3.5 m with oblong, sharply pointed, serrated leaves of 3-5 cm. Flowers have white, pink or red petals, making a bell shaped corolla to 1.5 cm wide. Edible fruit is oval and dark blue. It is found on steep hillsides and in forests of Laurel and Azorean Juniperus, over 300 m. Taxonomic Status: Endemic to the Azores except Graciosa Conservation Status: Near Threatened Azorean Cherry Prunus azorica Description: Small tree or shrub, to 6 m. Young shoots brownish-red, with simple, sharply pointed elliptic leaves, to 12 x 6 cm. Flowers with 5 white petals up to 5 mm. Black fruit fairly pointed. It’s an almost extinct plant of the remaining Laurel Forest, found in very shaded ravines and craters from 500 to 600 m. Taxonomic Status: Endemic to the Azores except Santa Maria, Graciosa, 23


Flores and Corvo Conservation Status: Critically endangered Azorean Laurustinus Viburnum treleasei Description: Small evergreen shrub with more or less pubescent shoots. Leaves are simple, oval opposites; to 8 x 5 cm. Corolla is pinkish-white with 5 lobes to 1 cm in diameter. Fruit is a dark-blue drupe with 1 seed. Dispersed to rare on steep hillsides, ravines and craters, from 400 to 800 m. Taxonomic Status: Endemic to the Azores except Graciosa Conservation Status: Near Threatened Azorean Heather Erica azorica Description: Evergreen shrub or small tree, to 6 m. Simple needle-like leaves. Flowers in terminal panicles with green petals tinged with purple forming a belled corolla of 1.5-1.75 mm. Fruit is a dry capsule. It’s common on coastal cliffs, dry hillsides, recent lava flows and hedges, to 1,500 m. Old plants are rare due to illegal removal. Taxonomic Status: Endemic to the Azores Conservation Status: Near threatened Azorean Juniperus Juniperus brevifolia Description: Evergreen dioecious tree or shrub, to 12 m. Dark green needle-like leaves, to 10 x 2 mm. Oval seeds, 3 per cone. In the past this was the dominant tree of the azorean native forest from 600 24


to 900 m. Currently, only a few individuals in untouched areas remain. Taxonomic Status: Endemic to the Azores except Graciosa Conservation Status: Endangered Buckthorn Frangula azorica Description: Small dioecious tree or bush, to 6 m. Simple elliptic sharply pointed leaves, to 15 x 8 cm. Axillary flower clusters. 4 to 5 petals of pale yellow. Black pulpy berries, with 2 to 3 seeds, of 1 cm diameter. Dispersed to rare in ravines, hedgerows, Laurel and Azorean Juniperus forests, generally from 500 to 700 m. Taxonomic Status: Endemic to the Azores except Graciosa Conservation Status: Endangered Picconia azorica Description: Evergreen tree or shrub, to 8 m, with pale, smooth bark. Leaves are opposite, simple and lanceolate, to 6 x 3 cm. Short axillary flower clusters, white corolla with 4 lobes. Dark blue oval berries, to 1.5 cm. Locally common, but threatened due to cutting and creation of pastures for cattle. Found on cliffs, in ravines and forests of Faya Trees and Australian Cheesewood, to 750 m. Taxonomic Status: Endemic to the Azores except Graciosa Conservation Status: Endangered Azorean Dwarf Misteletoe Arceuthobium azoricum Description: Dioecious hemiparasite of Azorean Juniperus. Yellow-green stem, of 5-9 mm. Paired conical leaves, scale-like, to 5 mm. Oval green fruit, 1-3 mm. 25


Taxonomic Status: Endemic to the Azores except S達o Miguel, Santa Maria, Graciosa, Corvo and Flores Conservation Status: Endangered Azorean Ivy Hedera azorica Description: Evergreen climber, to 20 m, densely hairy stem with simple alternate leaves. Flowers in umbels with 5 petals. Dark blue berries with 2-3 seeds. Common on cliffs, ravines and forests of Australian Cheesewood, Laurel and Azorean Juniperus, to 900 m. Taxonomic Status: Endemic to the Azores Conservation Status : Non evaluated Azorean Laurel Laurus azorica Description: Dioecious shrub or small tree, to 13 m. Young stems and leaves densely hairy. Elliptic, oblong or obovoid, slightly pointed leaves, aromatic, to 15 x 6 cm. Actinomorphic flowers, pale yellow. Black elipsoidal berries, 1-2 cm. Dispersed in ravines, steep hillsides and forests of Faya Trees and Australian Cheesewood, to 850 m. Taxonomic Status: Endemic to the Azores Conservation Status: Near Threatened

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Native Species Species that naturally belong to a location, but that are not exclusive to it. Common Heather Calluna vulgaris Description: Small, highly branched evergreen bush, small leaves more or less triangular and opposite. Flowers in terminal racemes, pink petals form a bell shaped corolla. Fruit is a dry capsule. Common on dry hillsides and recent lava flows, to 2,300 m. Taxonomic Status: Native to Macaronesia Conservation Status: Non evaluated Cape Myrtle Myrsine retusa Description: Dioecious highly branched evergreen shrub with alternate, simple, toothed leaves to 10 x 8 mm. Flowers in groups of 3-9, with petals forming a corolla of 4 to 5 lobes, to 1.5 mm diameter. Pulpy red fruit with 1 seed. Abundant in hedges, steep hillsides and forests of Azorean Juniperus, from 300 to 900 m. Taxonomic Status: Native Conservation Status: Non evaluated Faya Tree Myrica faya Description: Dioecious evergreen tree or shrub, to 10-16 m. Pale green oblanceolate leaves, slightly pointed to 10 x 3 cm, with some toothed glands and margins. Yellow-green flowers, each with 4 stamens. Fruit 27


is a pulpy drupe of 4-6 mm. In the past this was the dominant tree of the low altitudinal forest; although it has been replaced by the Australian Cheesewood in extensive areas, still common below 600 m. Taxonomic Status: Native to Macaronesia Conservation Status: Least concern Tree Fern Culcita macrocarpa Description: Rhizome densely covered in reddish-brown scales. Leaves in tufts. Marginal sori covered by the apex of the segment and by the two valve indusium, 2-4 mm. Tetrahedral spores. Dispersed in natural meadows, ravines, old Cryptomeria plantations and forests of Juniperus and Laurel, above 300 m. Taxonomic Status: Native to Macaronesia Conservation Status: Non evaluated Rooting Chainfern Woodwardia radicans Description: Ascendant rhizome. Pendent leaves. Lamina pinnate, ovate-lanceolate. Segments are scythe-shaped, serrulate. Oblong sori, to 3 mm. Elliptic spores. Vegetative propagation is frequent. Locally common in ravines, hillsides, old forests of Laurel or Australian cheesewood, from 50 to 950 m. Taxonomic Status: Native species Conservation Status: Non evaluated Royal Fern Osmunda regalis Description: Short stem, upright leaves in dense tufts with grouped 28


sporangia. Homosporous with green spherical spores. Common on steep hillsides, ravines and forests of Juniper, sometimes on coastal cliffs, from 500 to 1,000 m. Taxonomic Status: Native to Macaronesia Conservation Status: Non evaluated

Exotic Species Animal or plant species that is not natural from a location, having been introduced by man. Cryptomeria Cryptomeria japonica Description: Conical evergreen tree to 50 m. Branches in an irregular spiral. Bark reddish-brown. Leaves from 6 to 15 mm, subulate and curved. Cultivated in monocultures for wood and naturalised from sea level to 900 m. Taxonomic Status: Invasive in all the islands of Azores. Native to Japan and China. Azalea Rhododendro indicum Description: Highly branched evergreen shrub, to 3 m. Alternate leaves, elliptic to lanceolate, 3-4 x 2 cm, pointed and ciliate. Solitary flowers in racimes, forming an umbel. Red to pink corolla with 5 lobes, to 5 cm diameter. 5 stamens, purple anthers, fruit is a dry capsule. Escaped ornamental. Well established in some high altitude ravines, on hillsides and in plantations of Cryptomeria, from 300 to 600 m. 29


Taxonomic Status: Present in Santa Maria, S達o Miguel, Faial and Flores. Native to Japan. Hydrangea Hydrangea macrophylla Description: Highly branched dioecious shrub, to 3.5 m. Numerous shoots, ascendant and erect. Opposite leaves, simple, oval and serrulate. 4 large sepals, blue, white or pink. 5 petals, generally blue, narrow and oval, to 4 mm. Fruit a capsule. Escaped ornamental. Plant naturalised and invasive in most habitats to 1,000 m, absent only from coastal areas. Taxonomic Status: Present in all the islands of the Azores. Native to Asia. Himalyan Honeysuckle Leycesteria formosa Description: Small dioecious bush, from 1.5-2.5 m. Stem erect and hollow. Leaves simple, ovate to lanceolate and sharply pointed, to 15 x 6 cm. Pendant flowers with pink-white corolla of 5 lobes, to 2 cm. Fruit a purple fleshy berry, sub-spherical, with many seeds, to 1 cm diameter. Escaped ornamental, common on hillsides and roadsides, in plantations of Cryptomeria, Australian Cheesewood and Laurel forests, from 500 to 800 m. Taxonomic Status: Introduced in S達o Miguel. Native to India and East Asia. Pinkhead Smartweed Polygonum capitatum Description: Pubescent stem, creeper, with rooting at the nodes forming a mat. Ochre is brown and ciliate. Leaves yellow to green, ovate, 30


pointed, 2-5 x 1-2.5 cm, with glandular hairs. Flowers white to pink, capitate, 5-10 mm diameter. Seeds trigonous, brownyblack. Escaped ornamental, common and invasive, especially on young lava flows and roadsides, to 800 m. Taxonomic Status: Present in all islands of Azores, except Graciosa and Corvo. Native to the Himalayas.

Invasive Species Animal or plant species that after being introduced in a location, threatens the survival of other species. Lily-of-the-Valley Tree Clethra arborea Description: Evergreen bush or small trees, hairy branches, to 8 m. Leaves are simple and serrulate, oblanceolate, sharply pointed, to 15 x 5 cm. Flowers in terminal panicles, simple or branched. 5 ovate sepals and 5 obovoid petals, white, to 8 x 5 mm. Fruit is a dry, hairy capsule, to 3.5 mm, with many seeds. Very common in forests of Laurel, in ravines and hillsides, from 500 to 800 m. Taxonomic Status: Introduced in S達o Miguel. Endemic to Madeira. Yellow Ginger-Lilly Hedychium gardneranum Description: Robust simple stems with leaves, more or less erect. Thick rhizome and sharply pointed oblong leaves, to 50 x 20 cm. Flowers perfumed, corolla to 5 cm. Petals yellow, red filaments, 5-6 cm. Anthers 1-1.5 cm, yellow. Fruit is a fleshy capsule, orange coloured 31


inside. Introduced as ornamental but escaped, very common, invasive throughout the archipelago, absent only from some coastal areas and above 950 m. Taxonomic Status: Introduced, present in all islands of Azores. Native of the Himalayas and Nepal. Australian Cheesewood Pittosporum undulatum Description: Evergreen tree, to 25 m. Leaves simple, lanceolate, to 15 x 4 cm, pointed, highly aromatic, undulate margins. White petals, 10-15 mm. Fruit, an orange obovoid capsule. Escaped ornamental, invasive and fast spreading, dominant on all the islands, from 50 to 650 m. Taxonomic Status: Introduced, present in all islands of the Azores. Native to Australia. Chilean Rhubarb Gunnera tinctoria Description: Robust creeping rhizome. Giant leaves, with petiole up to 1.5 m and coriaceous lamina to 2 m. Leaf margins serrulate. Flowers in dense, highly branched panicles; 2 sepals and 2 petals. Fruit is a small fleshy drupe. Escaped ornamental, extremely invasive in wet meadows, ravines and hillsides in the region of Furnas, from 500 to 700 m. Taxonomic Status: Introduced in S達o Miguel. Native to South America. Australian Blackwood Acacia melanoxylon Description: Evergreen tree, to 25 m. Young leaves bipinnate, later reduced to 3-5 veined phillodes, to 13 x 2 cm. Small flowers, pale yellow. Fruit in a compressed pod, to 12 x 1 cm. Seeds surrounded by 32


a red funicle. Cultivated for wood. Perfectly adapted and spreading in ravines and forests to 700 m. Taxonomic Status: Introduced present in all islands of the Azores except Corvo. Native to Australia.

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6. Fauna The archipelago of the Azores, being far from the mainland of any continent, does not have a large number of species. However, because of its isolation, the existing species are in many cases endemic to the islands. The most important group of the archipelago are the birds, of which two are endemic to the Azores: the Azores Bullfinch, or “Priolo”, in Portuguese, (Pyrrhula murina) and Monteiro’s Stormpetrel (Oceanodroma monteiroi). There is also a bird species endemic to Macaronesia region - the Canary, and several other subspecies endemic to the Azores. The majority of mammals and reptiles found on the islands were introduced, with the exception of the Azorean Noctule bat which is the only endemic mammal.

The “Priolo” The “Priolo” is a species of bird endemic to the island of São Miguel. More specifically, its distribution is limited to the mountainous area in the east of the island in the municipalities of Nordeste and Povoação - the SPA Pico da Vara/Ribeira do Guilherme. The current population is estimated to be around 500-800 pairs and is restricted to the remaining fragments of the native vegetation of the Azores. 35


It is a small, plump bird measuring from 15 to 17 cm and weighing around 30 g. The head, wings and tail are black; the mid-wing bar and upper tail are tinged brown. The sexes are identical. However, the juveniles differ from the adults in the colour of the head that is brown in juveniles and black in the adults. The change in head coloration occurs around October and in November all juveniles resemble the adults. During the 19th century, this bird was considered a pest of orange trees as it ate the flowers of what was then an economically important product. Having almost reached extinction, it became a protected species, and is now classified as Endangered by BirdLife International and in the Red Book of Vertebrates of Portugal. This special bird breeds in the Laurel Forest from June to the end of August. In the summer, it feeds mainly in open areas and in winter it can be found in the native high altitude forest. Generally, it feeds on seeds, flower buds and ferns. Currently, the greatest threat to the conservation of “Priolo� is the degradation of its habitat by the advance of several exotic invasive species. Consequently, several projects were carried out and others are being developed to restore the Laurel Forest, thus ensuring the conservation of this species.

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Resident / breeding bird species of the SPA Common Quail Coturnix coturnix conturbans Description: Ground nesting bird that breeds in meadows and fields. Resembles a miniature quail. Plumage is essentially brown, varying from dark brown on the upper parts to light, reddish-brown on the chest. Throat and under parts are white (males with black stripe in the centre). Legs are short and grey. Beak is small and dark. Females are similar to males but have lighter plumage. Taxonomic Status: Subspecies endemic to Azores Phenological Status: Resident Conservation Status: Classified as Data Deficient in the Red Book of Vertebrates of Portugal for the archipelago of the Azores. At the European level, classified as category SPEC 3, though provisionally. Woodcock Scolopax rusticola Description: Ground nesting in native woods. This wader is of the same family as the snipe, which it resembles. However, its size is closer to a Wood pigeon. Reddish-brown plumage provides perfect camouflage in its habitat. Long, straight beak around 7 cm, short tail and long rounded wings. Taxonomic Status: Monotypic species. The Azorean birds are very similar to those of continental Europe. Phenological Status: Resident Conservation Status: Classified as Vulnerable on the island of Madeira and Data Deficient on the archipelago of the Azores in the Red Book of Vertebrates of Portugal. At the European level, classified as category

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SPEC 3 since European populations have generally shown a slight decline tendency in recent years. Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago gallinago Description: Ground nesting in high meadows. Feeds on worms and insects. Body size is similar to a Common blackbird and plumage is brown with white under parts. Has a long beak, somewhat disproportionate, of around 7 cm, a short tail and long, pointed wings. The Peatlands of the Planalto dos Graminhais are the only place in São Miguel island where this species breeds and there are only 3-5 breeding pairs. Taxonomic Status: The Azorean birds belong to a nominal subspecies which breeds on continental Europe. Phenological Status: Resident/Overwinters Conservation Status: Classified as Data Deficient on the archipelago of the Azores in the Red Book of Vertebrates of Portugal. At the European level, classified as category SPEC 3, since European populations in general have exhibited a slight decrease in recent years. Yellow-legged Gull Larus michaellis atlantis Description: Ground nesting on islets, lakes and cliffs. It’s about the size of a Shearwater. In adults, plumage of the back and wings is generally grey (wing tip is black with white spots) and throat, breast and under parts are white. The strong, medium sized beak is yellow with a red tip. Legs are yellow. Taxonomic Status: Subspecies endemic to Azores Phenological Status: Resident Conservation Status: Data on the abundance of this species is not 38


available in the Red Book of Vertebrates of Portugal. At the European level, listed as SPEC 3, with population numbers increasing. Common Buzzard Buteo buteo rothschildi Description: Breeds in forests or wooded areas close to fields and meadows. Feeds on mice, birds, rabbits, reptiles, amphibians, insects and worms. Nests in trees and on cliffs. The general appearance of the plumage is brown on the upper parts; light brown with streaks on the lower parts, with white on the interior of the wings; a striped, square tail; strong, hooked yellow and black beak; yellow legs. Taxonomic Status: Subspecies endemic to the Azores Phenological Status: Resident Conservation Status: The species is not listed in the Red Book of Vertebrates of Portugal. At the European level, classified as SPEC 3, with the situation considered Safe. Rock Dove Columba livia domestica Description: Breeds in caves on steep cliffs, mainly on the coast but also in mountainous areas. Medium sized bird, well known to the general population. Plumage is grey with black wing bars, black on the extremities of the tail, and a white rump patch. Beak is short and fine, black and white. Taxonomic Status: Subspecies endemic to the Azores Phenological Status: Resident Conservation Status: Classified as Data Deficient on the archipelago of the Azores in the Red Book of Vertebrates of Portugal. At the European level, classified as SPEC 3, with its situation considered Safe, though there is some confusion due to feral populations. 39


Wood Pigeon Columba palumbus azorica Description: Breeds in woods, parks and urban gardens. Forages in fields and meadows. Nest is a simple structure of twigs, built in trees. Large white patch on neck, white transversal wing bars, relatively long square tail. Plumage of upper parts is essentially grey, with pinkish tinge to throat and breast. Beak is short, fine and reddish. Legs are short and red. Taxonomic Status: Subspecies endemic to the Azores Phenological Status: Resident Conservation Status: Classified as Insufficient Information on the archipelago of the Azores in the Red Book of Vertebrates of Portugal. At the European level, classified as Not Threatened, with the situation considered Safe. Long-eared Owl Asio otus otus Description: Breeds in small woods, parks and urban gardens. Although the silhouette and posture is very different it is a little bigger than a dove. Plumage of the upper parts is yellow to brown, sometimes finely streaked; throat, breast and belly a similar colour and pattern; head easily identifiable by ear tufts, reddish cheeks and orange eyes; beak is black and hooked, legs are yellowish-brown. Taxonomic Status: The Azorean birds are similar to the European subspecies. Phenological Status: Resident Conservation Status: Classified as Insufficient Information on the archipelago of the Azores in the Red Book of Vertebrates of Portugal. At the European level, classified as Not Threatened, with the situation considered Safe.

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Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea patriciae Description: Breeds along tree lined rocky watercourses, also close to lakes, meadows, coastal areas, among others. Nests in rock cavities, stone bridges, walls, among others. Upper parts grey, wings black and white. Throat is black in males and breast and belly are yellow. Females are distinguishable by the white throat. Beak is black and short. Legs are pinkish. Taxonomic Status: Subspecies endemic to the Azores Phenological Status: Resident Conservation Status: The species is not listed in the Red Book of Vertebrates of Portugal. At the European level, classified as Not Threatened, with its situation considered Safe. European Robin Erithacus rubecula Description: Breeds in woods, gardens, parks and on the edge of forests, generally in dense vegetation on the edge of open areas. Feeds on insects, snails, worms. Nests in tree hollows, crevices, among others. Upper parts brown, belly white, but distinguishable by its reddish breast, cheeks, and throat; legs brown; brown beak is short and fine. Taxonomic Status: Native Phenological Status: Resident Conservation Status: The species is not listed in the Red Book of Vertebrates of Portugal. At the European level, classified as Not Threatened, with the situation considered Safe. 41


Blackbird Turdus merula azorensis Description: Breeds in woods, parks and gardens. Feeds on worms, insects, berries and nests in bushes, hedgerows and stone walls. Plumage is black, the tail square and relatively long. Legs are black. Ocular ring and beak are yellow. Females’ plumage is a more subtle brown with the breast and belly slightly speckled, sometimes with a reddish hue. Beak is brownish. Taxonomic Status: Subspecies endemic to the Azores Phenological Status: Resident Conservation Status: The species is not listed in the Red Book of Vertebrates of Portugal. At the European level classified as Not Threatened, with the situation considered Safe. Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla gularis Description: Breeds in shady woods with dense shrubby vegetation, in parks and gardens with luxuriant shrubs. Nests at the base of shrubs. Upper parts brownish-grey to the tail; throat and breast greyish-white and belly white; legs black; beak black, short and fine. Female and male individuals are distinguishable by the colour of the cap: black in the male and rusty-brown in the female. Taxonomic Status: Subspecies endemic to the Azores Phenological Status: Resident Conservation Status: The species is not listed in the Red Book of Vertebrates of Portugal. At the European level, classified as Not 42


Threatened, with the situation considered Safe. Goldcrest Regulus regulus azoricus Description: Breeds in areas of native forest, mixed woodland and Cryptomeria forests. It is the smallest bird in Europe. Very small and active. Plumage essentially greenish-brown, wings black with white margins on the upper side; white throat; breast and abdomen brownish-white; legs black; beak black, short and fine. Has a head crest the width of the crown (similar to the hoopoe) which is yellow in the females and orange in the male individuals. Taxonomic Status: Subspecies endemic to the Azores Phenological Status: Resident Conservation Status: The species is not listed in the Red Book of Vertebrates of Portugal. At the European level, classified as Not Threatened, with the situation considered Safe. Starling Sturnus vulgaris granti Description: Nests in holes in bridges, walls, houses, etc. Resembles a Blackbird, mostly in its size and colour. However, differs in its posture (long, pointed beak more visible), in flight (you can see the short tail and short pointed wings in comparison to the Blackbird) and on the ground. Plumage is variable, black with white speckles (winter) or purplish green metallic sheen. Legs are pinkish-brown. Taxonomic Status: Subspecies endemic to the Azores 43


Phenological Status: Resident Conservation Status: The species is not listed in the Red Book of Vertebrates of Portugal. At the European level, classified as SPEC 3 In Decline. House Sparrow Passer domesticus Description: Breeds mostly in residential areas, walls, ruins, among others. A little smaller than the “Priolo”. Plumage of the males is streaked brown and black, the crown is grey; throat and part of breast are black; belly is white; beak is brown, strong and short; legs are pinkish. Females are a lighter brown and upper parts are more uniform; beak is yellowish. Taxonomic Status: Exotic species, originally from Europe, introduced/ escaped from captivity in the 1960’s. Phenological Status: Resident Conservation Status: The species is not listed in the Red Book of Vertebrates of Portugal. At the European level, classified as SPEC 3 In Decline reflecting the recent decrease in numbers seen in some countries. Common Waxbill Estrilda astrild Description: Breeds in riparian vegetation and reeds. Slightly smaller than a Canary. Plumage is greyish-brown with a red stripe on the belly. Short, strong beak is bright red, as is the stripe across the eyes. Commonly flies low, almost always 44


in small groups, at times in large flocks. Taxonomic Status: Exotic species, originally from sub-Saharan Africa, introduced/escaped from captivity Phenological Status: Some birds have been observed in the SPA, but there is no confirmation of its breeding there. Conservation Status: This is a non-European exotic species and therefore it has no European conservation status. Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs moreletti Description: Breeds in all types of woodland, in parks and gardens. Builds a neat nest in the fork of tree branches, exterior camouflaged with lichen and moss. Head and part of the back are blue to grey, rest of the back is greenish; wings and tail are black and white; throat and breast are pinkish. Beak is lead coloured. Legs are pinkish-brown. Females’ plumage is more subtle, mainly in browns. Taxonomic Status: Subspecies endemic to the Azores. Phenological Status: Resident Conservation Status: The species is not listed in the Red Book of Vertebrates of Portugal. At the European level, classified as Not Threatened, with the situation considered Safe. Canary Serinus canaria Description: Nests in bushes or dense trees. Plumage of the upper parts and sides is grey and light brown, with streaks on the back and flanks; some yellow mixed in. Throat, breast and belly are yellow. Beak is 45


short, thick and rose coloured. Tail has a characteristic bevelled edge. Female is similar, but less colourful. Taxonomic Status: Endemic to the Azores, Madeira and the Canary Islands Phenological Status: Resident Conservation Status: The species is not listed in the Red Book of Vertebrates of Portugal. At the European level, classified as Not Threatened, with the situation considered Safe. Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis parva Description: Breeds in mixed and deciduous woodland at low altitude, in pine forests, orchards and gardens. Nests in the crown of trees, usually among fine external branches. Plumage is brown on the back; wings black (with white tips to the primaries and secondaries) with a central yellow wing bar; breast is light brown and belly white; tail is bevelled, black with white tips; legs are light brown and bill is whitish and strong. Taxonomic Status: Exotic species of European origin, introduced/ escaped from captivity Phenological Status: Resident Conservation Status: The species is not listed in the Red Book of Vertebrates of Portugal. At the European level, classified as Not Threatened, with the situation considered Safe.

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Mammals of the SPA Pico da Vara/Ribeira do Guilherme Azorean Noctule Bat Nyctalus azoreum Description: This bat is the only mammal endemic to the archipelago. It is the smallest species of Nyctalus in Europe, with a body length of 54 mm and tail length 35 mm. Fur is generally very dark, with a slightly lighter ventral region. This is one of the few bat species worldwide that are highly active during the day, probably due to the absence of predators. Its distribution is restricted to the central and eastern groups of the archipelago, although it is uncommon on the island of Santa Maria. Currently, is classified as Endangered by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals and its populations are declining. The geographical isolation of this species is one of the main threats to its survival, making it more sensitive both to natural disasters and to other threats such as disturbance of colonies or destruction of shelters. Taxonomic Status: Endemic to the Azores European Hedgehog Erinaceus europaeus Description: Easily identified by the long, sharp spines covering its back, which are brown with dark bands at the tips. Body length is from 18 to 20 cm and maximum weight around 1 kg. Its tail is very small, ears also small, and its head sticks out clearly from its body. Solitary and

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territorial, essentially nocturnal, seen at dawn or dusk. Feeds mostly on invertebrates. Taxonomic Status: Introduced European Rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus Description: Hunted species, introduced to the Azores by the Portuguese navigators. Has grey-brown fur, darker on the head than the back, but ventral and external area of hips are white. Hind legs are long and light grey-brown, with a RC wide white stripe. Nails are long and sharp, indispensable tools for digging burrows and to help it escape quickly. Taxonomic Status: Introduced European Polecat Mustela furo Description: Small carnivore, generally light brown, with light brown to pale yellow flanks. One of its most distinctive characteristics is the black or dark brown eye mask bordered by a light stripe across the eyebrows and between the eyes and ears. Taxonomic Status: Introduced Brown Rat Rattus norvegicus Description: Rodent of around 25 cm in length, and a similar tail length, small ears, rough fur, feet with interdigital membranes. It is 48


originally from Southeast Asia, but has been spread by humans across the world. It lives in small groups of one male with several females. Taxonomic Status: Introduced Black Rat Rattus rattus Description: Slender rodent of 16 to 21 cm in length, weighing from 80 to 300 g. Black or grey back, teeth and eyes are large in relation to the head. Feet have striated calluses, but lack interdigital membranes. Tail is fine, whip-like, with few hairs, measuring 19 to 25 cm. Nocturnal can climb easily. Taxonomic Status: Introduced

Reptiles and Amphibians of the SPA Pico da Vara/ Ribeira do Guilherme Lizard Lacerta dugesii Description: Adults measure normally from 10 to 15 cm, although some can reach the 20 cm in length. Colour varies from light brown to dark grey. There is sexual dimorphism, as the males have a yellow nuptial pad on the lower part of the hind legs and the females don’t. As with all lizards, it is able to detach its tail when threatened. Taxonomic Status: Introduced

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Iberian Frog Rana perezi Description: Dorsal colouration varies from green to brown, with dark spots in the posterior area. Ventral area is white. Robust individuals ranching from 5 to 7 cm, however males are slightly larger than females. Big eyes and a visible thympanus. Can easily be seen in forests near river basins, temporary lakes or wetlands also in agriculture and urban areas. Very common in all main land despite being introduced in the islands as an ornamental pet in small ponds. Taxonomic Status: Introduced in Madeira and Azores Northern Crested Newt Triturus cristatus Description: Cylindrical body with a laterally compressed tail of the same size or bigger than the rest of the body. Adults can reach 16 cm. Male has a dark brown or black colouration with irregular green spots along the body and a crest in the breeding season. Female exhibits an orange line along the body. Depends mainly on wetlands with some vegetation. This species was introduced as an ornamental pet in private gardens. Taxonomic Status: Introduced in Madeira and Azores

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7. Geotourism

The Azores archipelago has a rich and vast geodiversity, and an important geological heritage composed by several sites of scientific, educational and touristic interests. Volcanoes, calderas, lakes, lava fields, fumaroles, hot springs and thermal waters, volcanic caves, “fajĂŁsâ€?, fault scarps and marine fossil deposits, among many others, are characteristic elements of the Azorean geological heritage. The Azores Geopark is an area with a well defined territorial expression and boundaries, where the existence of an exceptional Geological Heritage is the basis for a strategy that promotes the well-being of the population while maintaining the respect for the environment.

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Given the insular nature of the region, the Azores Geopark is supported on a geosites network dispersed by the nine islands and the surrounding seafloor, i) that ensures the representativeness of the geodiversity that characterizes the Azorean territory, ii) that reflects its geological and eruptive histories, iii) with common conservation and promotion strategies, and iii) based on a decentralized management structure with support in all the islands. Learn more about the Azores Geopark in www.azoresgeopark.com.

Geosites The main geosites identified in the Lands of “Priolo” are: Furnas volcano caldera

SMG 1

Furnas volcano is a silicic polygenetic volcano with a summit calderas complex, the older with 8 x 5.6 km diameter and aged about 34,000 years. The geodiversity associated includes a volcanic lake, domes and tuff rings, and a diversified hydrothermal system, with fumaroles, thermal and mineral waters. Faial da Terra and Fajã do Calhau Valley

SMG 10

The Faial da Terra fluvial valley establishes the boundary between the basaltic fissural volcanism of Nordeste complex (east, with dykes and scoria deposits) and the trachytic rocks of Povoação’s polygenetic volcano (west, with domes and pumice deposits). “Fajã do Calhau” is the major slope deposit of the island. Povoação volcano caldera

SMG 11

Povoação volcano is a silicic polygenetic volcano with semicircular shaped caldera, open to south. Intracaldera there are some scoria cones and domes. Most part of the caldera is covered by ignimbrite, associated with the formation of the caldera of the Furnas volcano, which is contiguous. 52


Pico da Vara and Planalto dos Graminhais

SMG 17

Pico da Vara, the highest point of São Miguel island (1,105 m), with a mountain character cut by deep ravines, where torrential and permanent streams run. The Planalto dos Graminhais develops along the northern edge of the Povoação volcano caldera, between 900 and 950 m in altitude. Salto da Farinha

SMG 22

Salto da Farinha corresponds to a waterfall, with about 40 meters high, which marks the lower and middle sections of the Ribeira das Coelhas stream. At the top, it displays a thick basaltic lava flow, at the base there is a puddle and at the mouth of the stream there is a pebble beach. In the Salto da Farinha’s viewpoint a spheroidal jointing of the basalt is disposed, testimony of its antiquity and, in general, of the geological formations of the eastern part of the island. Ribeira Quente valley

SMG 24

The Ribeira Quente stream springs in the caldera of the Furnas volcano and has several affluents of thermal and mineral waters that drain out on the south coast of the island, in the village of Ribeira Quente. Embedded in this valley are fumaroles and springs of ferreous rich-waters, thermal and gaseous carbonic. The slopes overlooking the village scarred ancient mass movements and floods.

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® SMG 22

Nordeste 0

SMG 17

SMG 11 SMG 1

SMG 10

Povoação SMG 24 0

2

Geosites Prioritary geosites São Miguel Island Natural Park SMG 1 - Furnas Volcano Caldera SMG 10 - Faial da Terra Valley and Fajã do Calhau SMG 11 - Povoação’s Volcano Crater SMG 17 - Pico da Vara Mountain and Planalto dos Graminhais SMG 22 - Salto da Farinha Viewpoint SMG 24 - Ribeira Quente Valley

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4 km

0

2


8. Walking trails For centuries the easiest way to get somewhere in Azores was by sea, even between places on the same island: in fact, there were few tracks suitable for carriages or oxcarts. Generally, people would travel about their daily business on tracks accompanied by horses, donkeys or mules. These old tracks were also used to take cattle to and from the pastures, to attend neighbouring village parties and to take agricultural products, fish, coal and other products to trade. Anything larger would go by sea. This network, composed of old tracks, has been renovated and now provides an excellent way in which to enjoy the scenery of the Azores. All of these trails pass through areas of exceptional beauty, connecting almost all corners of each of the islands, some on the coast and others in the mountains. The trails of the Azores are a network of walks defined by the Regional Government of the Azores to ensure the safety and enjoyment of hikers. All the approved trails are sign-posted, using the following signs:

right way

wrong way

turn left

turn right

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Safety and ethics Although the islands are small, walking on the trails is not free from the risks of a fall or of bad weather. Before anything else, check the trails website www.trails-azores. com, because some trails may be temporarily closed. Always check the weather forecast before starting a walk. Inform someone before you leave, where you are heading and when you plan to return. Check that you have the correct equipment and sufficient provisions: depending on the season you may need a raincoat, hat, sun cream, and always carry water cans and perhaps some food e.g. fruit. Sturdy footwear is highly recommended. Do not take short cuts, keep to the marked path. Do not over-estimate your fitness: the times indicated for each

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walk are based on average values for an uninterrupted walk. Read the map carefully and pay attention to the additional information (gradient, length, degree of difficulty), adjust the time to your fitness. You have all the time in the world! Carry any rubbish with you and dispose it off correctly, and not in the trail. Do not collect geological or botanical samples, and do not pick fruit from the orchards. Do not disturb the cattle. Close any gates you have opened. In most cases these are used to keep the cattle in the pastures and so are indispensable. Greet any locals you meet while passing by. Everyone appreciates a pleasant hello and a little conversation. Adapted from www.trails-azores.com

Walking trails - Lands of “Priolo” PR10SMI Praia da Amora - Lobeira Type: Linear Difficulty: This trail begins next to the access track of Amora beach in the parish of Ponta Garça, finishes in the area of Lobeira in the parish of Ribeira Quente and takes around 2½ hours. It is a walk with many ups and downs along the coast, and crosses various streams. It starts along an unpaved track that descends to the sea. Half way down you will find a detour to the right with steps down to the Amora beach. After visiting the beach return up the steps and continue along the sea, passing two small beaches. You will then reach an area with a small house and a traditional vineyard. From here, the trail continues along a path for around 5 km. Having passed the traditional ”adega”, or wine store, take the cement steps to Lobeira in Ribeira Quente, where the trail ends. 57


! Ribeira Quente Praia da Amora

!

0

1

2 Km

PR11SMI River of Faial da Terra Type: Linear Difficulty: This trail starts at the Recreational Forest Park of à gua Retorta and finishes at Faial da Terra, taking around 1½ hours. Follow the trail down between meadows until you arrive at an abandoned mill. Here you will see the old bridge that crosses the river of Faial da Terra.

!

Faial da Terra

0

58

1

2 Km


The trail then passes through a wood of Cryptomeria and Australian Cheesewood, crossing several wooden bridges over small streams that feed the main river. The trail continues up a stairway to a fork in the path where it crosses the trail PRC9SMI Salto do Prego. You can take the left fork and make a detour to see the Salto do Prego waterfall, returning the same way to rejoin the main trail. Then follow the PRC9 trail, turning right at Sanguinho, continuing down to the finish at Faial da Terra. PRC9SMI Faial da Terra - Salto do Prego Type: Circular Difficulty: This is a circular trail that starts and finishes at Faial da Terra, taking around 1½ hours. The first part of the trail is along the bank of a stream, which has water all year long; then, rises steeply to the first fork where you should take the path to Salto do Prego, a waterfall in a wood of Cryptomeria and Australian Cheesewood. Return by the same path to the main trail, turning right to Sanguinho where there is a settlement of around 20 uninhabited houses that are being renovated. It is thought that the name of this place comes from the abundance of the ‘Sanguinho’ tree (Frangula azorica), which is endemic

!

0

Faial da Terra

2

4 km

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to the Azores. From Sanguinho, the trail continues back down to Faial da Terra. PR12SMI Agrião Type: Linear Difficulty: This trail starts in Ribeira Quente and finishes in the village of Povoação, taking around 3 hours. Follow the trail steeply down alongside a stream, and then continue along the coast on an unpaved track until you get to a wooden bridge. Continue on the trail until you reach a fork with a larger track on the right. Take it, and go down through a wood of Australian Boxwood (Pittosporum undulatum), Acacia sp. and Persea (Persea indica), to a stream. After crossing the stream, continue on the track between pastures until you reach the main road. Follow the road for about 600 m until you find a track of cement on the right that leads to the centre of Lomba do Cavaleiro. A little further on, join an old track with excellent views of the Planalto dos Graminhais, Pico da Vara, Pico Bartolomeu and continue towards the seven hills (“lombas”) of Povoação. This old track ends at the main road, and you can then follow a sign-posted old track to the sea. In this area on the edge of the village of Povoação, you can see the ruins

!

Ribeira Quente

! 0

60

Povoação

2

4 km


of an old mill, a magnificent old bridge, Ponte do Ferro, which crosses the river Ribeira de Pelanes, and several endemic plants including Pericallis malvifolia and Festuca petraea. After visiting this bathing area, you can return to the trail and continue along the main road or, if the sea is calm, you can venture across the pebbles to the small port of Povoação. PRC6SMI Furnas Type: Circular Difficulty: This is a circular trail that starts and finishes close to the boilers of the Furnas Lake, taking you along the lakeside and past the hermitage of Our Lady of Victories. After 1½ hours along the trail, you can take a detour towards Lagoa Seca/Vila das Furnas, and continue on this higher, more challenging trail for around 2 hours before returning to the starting point. Alternatively, you can continue along the lakeside reaching the boilers in about half an hour.

Furnas !

Lagoa das Furnas

0

2

4 km

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PR13SMI Lombo Gordo Type: Linear Difficulty: This trail starts in Lombo Gordo and finishes in the parish of Água Retorta, taking about an hour. It starts along an unpaved track through a pasture. After about 500 m, turn right down to a track through a wood of Cryptomeria and Australian cheesewood. At the lowest point, there is a stream, which is usually dry. The trail continues to the end of this old track, then turn right to a track between fields that will take you to the parish of Água Retorta. Here you can visit a traditional mill. The trail continues through the parish, ending at the church.

Lombo Gordo

!

! Água Retorta

0

2

4 km

PR14SMI Pico da Água Retorta Type: Linear Difficulty: This trail starts at the church in the parish of Água Retorta and finishes in the parish of Faial da Terra, taking around 2 hours. The trail starts on an unpaved track that offers a panoramic view of Água Retorta, Pico Bartolomeu and Pico da Vara. On clear days, you can also see the island of Santa Maria. After about 4 km, take the left turning 62


Ă gua Retorta

!

Faial da Terra !

0

2

4 km

to an unpaved track to Faial da Terra. After descending 2 km, you will reach asphalted steps. Continue ahead to Rua da Lapa street, then into the centre of Faial da Terra. PR16SMI Redondo Type: Linear Difficulty:

Ribeira Quente

!

0

2

4 km

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This trail starts at the main road in an area called Redondo and finishes in the parish of Ribeira Quente, taking about an hour. Early in the walk there is a magnificent view across Salto do Cavalo. Then, the trail passes through an area of pasture where it is bounded by a wooden fence, with views over the volcanic cone of Pico dos Bodes. It then descends alongside of a river, in several places crossing little streams that feed it. Along the way, you can see several large Tree Ferns. The trail ends a little further in the parish of Ribeira Quente. PR18SMI Vigia da Baleia Type: Linear Difficulty: The trail starts in the village of Povoação and finishes in the parish of Faial da Terra, taking around 3 hours. It starts on the road that goes up to Lomba dos Pós, at the end of which you turn right to an asphalt road. The road becomes the old track that continues up to Pico dos Bodes, becoming a dirt road that passes through a forest of Australian Cheesewood, Yellow Ginger-lilly and Cryptomeria. At the end, there is a crossroad turn left to visit the viewpoint of Pico dos Bodes for a panoramic view across a great part of the island of São Miguel. After enjoying the view, return to the main track and continue down to Faial

Povoação Faial da Terra

!

!

0

64

2

4 km


da Terra. Initially, the track is in asphalt, then turn left to a dirt track lined with Box tree shelters and pasture. This old track ends at the main road, which you follow for about 300 m, then turn right down to an old sign-posted track to Vigia da Baleia, from where whales are often seen. After this continue down to Faial da Terra with a beautiful view over the Fajã do Calhau. This old track ends at the main road. About 100 m ahead, turn right to the old track to Faial da Terra. Here you can visit the old port, Porto da Baleia. PR22SMI Pico do Ferro - Boilers of Furnas Lake Type: Linear Difficulty: The trail begins at the viewpoint of Pico do Ferro and ends at the boilers of Furnas Lake, taking around 1½ hours. The trail starts along the tarmac track that leads down from the viewpoint and after 200 m turns right to an old track of dirt that descends the cliff. A small path branches off the main trail along a watercourse and is recommended for bird watching. Common Buzzards, Goldcrests and Herons are easily seen, as is the only endemic mammal – the diurnal bat Nyctalus azoreum. At the end of the trail, turn right to the boilers of the Furnas Lake. Pico do Ferro

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! Lagoa das Furnas

0

2

4 km

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PR23SMI Povoação - Pico da Vara Type: Linear Difficulty: This trail begins in Povoação and finishes at Pico da Vara – the highest point of the island of São Miguel, at 1,103 m. The whole trail takes about 5 to 6 hours to complete, and it’s considered difficult. After reaching the summit of Pico da Vara mountain, you can descend to Algarvia trail (PR7SMI), Lomba da Fazenda trail (PR8SMI) or return down the same trail. After leaving Povoação, take the old dirt road on the right and follow until you reach the stream Ribeira de Purgar. Just before you reach the stream, there is a waterfall on the right. Return to the main trail, crossing the stream to the other bank, and continue until you reach the main road. Here, turn left towards the ridge, Lomba de Nossa Senhora dos Remédios. The ridge trail goes along a dirt road flanked by Plane trees (Platanus hispanica) as far as Monte Simplício. Continue by an old track flanked by large trees, through a pasture. The trail then enters into a forest and continues up to Planalto dos Graminhais. From here it is only 3.5 km to Pico da Vara. This part of the trail crosses boggy areas so you will need to wear appropriate footwear. Follow the trail to the top of the peak marked by a geodesic ! Pico da Vara

Povoação

!

66

0

2

4 km


mark. Here you can rest, then follow your chosen route down: Algarvia – 7 km; Lomba da Fazenda – 8 km or Povoação – 15 km. PR7SMI Algarvia - Pico da Vara Type: Linear Difficulty: This trail begins in Algarvia, at Bardinho. It takes around 2 hours and is approximately 3 km long. The start can be very windy and the soil mossy. Before reaching Pico da Vara, it takes you past Pico Redondo. The climb continues to Pico da Vara, which gives a superb panoramic of the island, in particular southwards, like Planalto dos Graminhais, Pico Verde, Serra da Tronqueira and Lombas da Povoação. The return is by the same route. It is a linear path and of average difficulty. Algarvia !

! Pico da Vara

0

2

4 km

PR8SMI Lomba da Fazenda - Pico da Vara Type: Linear Difficulty: This trail begins at Lomba da Fazenda, next to the local church, and crosses the SPA Pico da Vara/Ribeira do Guilherme. It takes around 4 67


hours and is approximately 6.2 km long. The trail first goes along a road through a forest of Cryptomeria until it reaches a clearing. It then follows a footpath with views over Pico Verde and Pico Bartolomeu. As you reach Pico da Vara, you can see how the vegetation and landscape have been shaped by the strong winds of the higher altitudes. You Lomba da It Fazenda must return down by the same route. is a linear path and of average ! difficulty.

Pico da Vara ! 0

2

4 km

PRC31SMI Lomba da Fazenda Type: Circular Difficulty: This circular trail starts in the public gardens of Lomba da Fazenda takes around 1½ hours and is approximately 7 km long. Follow the road down to the campsite, Parque de Campismo da Feira, where you can see water mills. Then continue to the Foz da Ribeira (a bathing area) and take the trail up to the endemic plants garden, Parque EndÊmico. This park is on the coast and has a collection of native flora and magnificent views over the coast of Nordeste. From here the trail continues to another park, Parque da Morgada, and then finishes in the area of Barreiros. 68


Lomba da Fazenda

!

0

2

4 km

Other possible walks There are also other walking trails which tourists can enjoy, that are not currently included in the network of Azores Trails for various reasons. Nossa Senhora do Pranto Type: Linear Difficulty: This walk starts by the main road at Estações da Vila Sacra in the parish of São Pedro de Nordestinho. It takes around 1¼ hours and is approximately 2 km long. Walk towards the Ermida de Nossa Senhora do Pranto (a hermitage built in 1895). Follow a track through a pasture until you see a house. A little further on, you will find a stone building and the spring of Pocinho (which has religious associations with the hermitage). Continue along the narrow track, across a small bridge into a field. You can continue on the track to finish next to the Casa da Lazeira (rural tourism). If you prefer to extend the walk, continue through the field and a few metres ahead you will find a

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path to a wooden bridge over a small river. Continue along this track up a small hill. On the left is a short detour to where you can see a small spring. Continue a little further and you will arrive to Assomada. Fajã do Araújo Type: Linear Difficulty: This walk starts at the churchyard of the church Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Luz, in Pedreira in the parish of Nordeste. It takes around 2 hours and is approximately 5.13 km long. Along the track, you will pass by several stunning places to stop, such as Portas da Fajã with beautiful view over the sea through a narrow track carved in the rock. Continue until you reach the small river Ribeira do Tosquiado, and then go on to the beach of Lombo Gordo. Take the Lombo Gordo track to climb to the main road, finishing at the viewpoint of Ponta da Madrugada. Salto do Cavalo/Planalto dos Graminhais/Pico da Vara Type: Linear Difficulty: The trail up to Pico da Vara follows a marked forestry track. It takes around 4 hours and is approximately 8.2 km long. The summit of Pico da Vara has magnificent views across the island, particularly to the south, of the Planalto dos Graminhais, Pico Verde and Serra da Tronqueira, and to the west of the hillsides of the volcano crater of Furnas, Serras de Água de Pau and Devassa. To return, follow the same track until the first crossroads. Here, head towards the viewpoint of Salto do Cavalo, opposite to Pico da Vara. Continuing by this trail, you will arrive at a dirt track that takes you to the geodesic mark of Sebastião Alves. Continue along the edge of the Planalto until you reach the viewpoint of Salto do Cavalo.

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Fajã do Rodrigo/Ribeira do Guilherme Type: Linear Difficulty: This trail starts next to the Recreation Forest Reserve of the Nurseries of Nordeste and ends at the small river Ribeira do Guilherme. It takes around 2 hours and is approximately 4.5 km long. Fajã do Rodrigo is right on the river bank where an enormous pool of fresh, clear water is formed and in which you can take a refreshing bath. There is also a garden of endemic plants and a park where you can picnic or rest. Return by the same route. Terras de Nosso Senhor (Achadinha) Type: Linear Difficulty: This walk starts at Cogumbreiro in Achadinha and passes by several waterfalls. The walk finishes by the sea, and you then return by the same track. It takes around 2 hours and is approximately 4 km long. Serra da Tronqueira Type: Linear Difficulty: The walk starts in the road of Tronqueira and crosses the Serra da Tronqueira to finish at the viewpoint of Tronqueira. It takes around 3 hours and is approximately 11 km long. From the viewpoint, you can enjoy the views of the Azorean Laurel Forest and the scars left by the river Ribeira do Guilherme in the uneven relief of the Serra da Tronqueira. During the walk you will also have the opportunity to see the “Priolo”, an endemic bird found only in this area. Whilst walking this route, look out for occasional road traffic. Source: CM Nordeste (2008) Guia de Percursos Pedestres do Nordeste.

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9. Birdwatching Birdwatching is increasing in popularity worldwide because it offers a healthy and recreational activity, bringing people into contact with nature. The Azores are an exceptional place for sightings of marine birds and of rare and accidental species originating from America that are seen during migration and also to see unique endemic species, in particular, the “Priolo�. Because birds are one of the main indicators of the health of many ecosystems, birdwatching and the exchange of information among observers (even within amateurs), provides information on the habitats and conservation status of its bird life. You can register your sightings on the databases PortugalAves, www. worldbirds.org/v3/portugal.php and http://azores.avesdeportugal. info/

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Potential for Birdwatching in the area In the case of the SPA Pico da Vara/Ribeira do Guilherme, the “Priolo” (Pyrrhula murina) is the target species for most birdwatchers, since this is the only place where it can be seen in the world. In addition to the “Priolo”, there are several birds typical of the region, worth to look out for. Especially, Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs moreletti), Grey Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea patriciae), European Robin (Erithacus rubecula), Goldcrest (Regulus regulus azoricus), Canary (Serinus canaria), Wood Pigeon (Columba palumbus azorica), Common Buzzard (Buteo buteo rothschildi), Long-eared Owl (Asio otus otus) and Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola). Most of these birds are easily observed. However, there are some aspects that can make bird identification more difficult, such as: the behaviour of the birds, especially of those which are more cautious; the local conditions may difficult to see and hear (water courses, roads, wind, etc); seasonal variations; periods of activity of the birds - the observation of nocturnal species is not easy. In the case of the “Priolo”, sightings are not always guaranteed. The rarity and behaviour of this bird makes some preparation necessary to be certain of a sighting. For example, you will need a good knowledge of its behaviour and area of distribution, together with appropriate equipment (binoculars and telescope, a plus). The municipalities of Povoação and Nordeste offer other potential areas for birdwatching, besides the SPA Pico da Vara/Ribeira do Guilherme. In particular, there are good places for sightings of marine birds, migratory species and rarities from continental Europe and America. 74


Area SPA Pico da Vara/ Ribeira do Guilherme

Observation point

Planalto dos Graminhais

Road to Serra da Tronqueira

Viewpoint of Serra da Tronqueira

Grotas Fundas

Main species Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago) Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola) Fieldfare (Turdus pilaris) Snow Bunting (Plectrophenax nivalis) Crossbill (Loxia curvirostra) “Priolo” (Pyrrhula murina) Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola) Canary (Serinus canaria) Goldcrest (Regulus regulus azoricus) Crossbill (Loxia curvirostra) Blackcap (Sylvia atricapila gularis) “Priolo” (Pyrrhula murina) Goldcrest (Regulus regulus azoricus) Grey Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea patriciae) “Priolo” (Pyrrhula murina) Wood Pigeon (Columba palumbus azorica)

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Area SPA Pico da Vara/ Ribeira do Guilherme

Observation point

Grotas Fundas

Pico Bartolomeu

Viewpoint of Salto do Cavalo

Nordeste

Boca da Ribeira

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Main species Goldcrest (Regulus regulus azoricus) Canary (Serinus canaria) Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs moreletti) “Priolo” (Pyrrhula murina) Common buzzard (Buteo buteo rothschildi) Grey Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea patriciae) Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs moreletti) “Priolo” (Pyrrhula murina) Common buzzard (Buteo buteo rothschildi) Goldcrest (Regulus regulus azoricus) Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs moreletti) Cory’s Shearwater (Calonectris diomedea borealis) Great Shearwater (Puffinus gravis) Northern Gannet (Morus bassanus) Skua (Stercorarius skua)


Area

Observation point

Nordeste

Lighthouse of Ponta do Arnel

Viewpoint of Vigia da Baleia (Algarvia)

Povoação

Port of Povoação

Furnas Lake

Main species Cory’s Shearwater (Calonectris diomedea borealis) Great Shearwater (Puffinus gravis) Macaronesian Shearwater (Puffinus assimlis baroli) Northern Gannet (Morus bassanus) Skua (Stercorarius skua) Cory’s Shearwater (Calonectris diomedea borealis) Little Egret (Egretta garzetta) Ruddy turnstone (Arenaria interpres) Sanderling (Calidris alba) Hudsonian whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus) Cory’s Shearwater (Calonectris diomedea borealis) Common tern (Sterna hirundo) Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea) Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) Coot (Fulica atra)

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Area

Observation point

Furnas Lake

American Coot (Fulica americana) Pied-billed grebe (Podilymbus podiceps) Eurasion wigeon (Anas penelope) Common Teal (Anas crecca) Ring-necked duck (Aythya collaris)

Achada das Furnas

Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea) Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago) Wilson’s Snipe (Gallinago delicata) Ruff (Philomachus pugnax) Pectoral Sandpiper (Calidris melanotos) Common Teal (Anas crecca) Eurasian Wigeon (Anas penelope) Blue-winged Teal (Anas discors)

Cova da Burra (Furnas)

Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola)

Port of Ribeira Quente

Cory’s Shearwater (Calonectris diomedea borealis)

Povoação

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Main species


Area

Observation point

Povoação

Main species Cory’s Shearwater (Calonectris diomedea borealis)

Fajã do Calhau

®

Miradouro da Vigia da Baleia

!

Boca da Ribeira

! Nordeste

Farol da Ponta do Arnel Grotas Fundas Planalto dos Graminhais

! Achada das Furnas

!

!

!

Miradouro da Tronqueira

Miradouro do Salto do Cavalo

!

! ! Pico Bartolomeu

!

!

Cova da Burra

Povoação

Lagoa das Furnas Porto da Povoação

!

! Fajã do Calhau

! Porto da Ribeira Quente

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4 km 0

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Useful Equipment For birdwatching, you will need the following equipment: Binoculars/telescope; Field guide: currently there are two guides available for the Azores: Aves dos Açores and Observação de Aves nos Açores, the latter also has an english version; Note-book: useful for recording your sightings; Check-list: a list of birds that may be seen (included in the annex). In addition, we suggest comfortable clothes and walking boots as this activity often involves walking or hiking along all sorts of terrain. Due to the variable weather of the Azores it is always recommended to carry a raincoat. A visit to see the species of the Planalto dos Graminhais requires warm clothes and waterproof boots.

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10. Geocaching

Geocaching is a high-tech treasure hunting game played worldwide by adventure seekers equipped with GPS devices. The basic idea is to locate hidden containers, called geocaches, outdoors and then share the experience online. A geocacher can place a geocache anywhere in the world, pinpoint its location using a GPS and then share its existence and location online. Anyone with a GPS device can then try to locate the geocache. Geocaching is appreciated by people from all age groups since it is an activity with a strong sense of cooperation and community, besides promoting good opportunities for raising environmental awareness and nature conservation. Often, players are asked to remove any rubbish from the areas of the cache (“Cache In, Trash Out� - CITO). Anyone with GPS equipment can try to find the caches hidden all over the world. For further information about geocaching, please visit www.geocaching.com. 81


Geocaches in the Lands of “Priolo” These are the geocaches in the municipalities of Nordeste and Povoação. Find the location at www.geocaching.com, by entering the GC Code and have fun finding them in the beautiful countryside. Nordeste Municipality Cache Name

GC Code

Ribeira dos Caldeirões Recantos de Encanto Vigia da Baleia Miradouro do Pesqueiro XII Jamboree Açoriano Nordeste Boca da Ribeira Endémicas do Pelado Pico da Vara Serra da Tronqueira Pico Bartolomeu Cancela do Cinzeiro Forest Park Á descoberta do Priolo Moinhos da Ribeira do Guilherme Ponta da Madrugada Ponta do Sossego Fajã do Araújo Praia do Lombo Gordo

GC1BQ3W GC379XV GC1C9EA GC379VZ GC1VBV7 GC3669Y GC34X8H GCKC67 GCK9AJ GC34X8P GC2AMPF GC34X8K GC34X6D GC370ZV GC370ZQ GC379W1 GC366A0

Povoação Municipality Cache Name

GC Code

Salto do Cavalo Caldeira das Furnas Upside Down House Sanguinho

GC1T0XZ GC1DZDW GC2M2FT GC21NEE

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Cache Name

GC Code

Pico dos Bodes XII Jamboree Açoriano Povoação Pico da Areia Lusitani Açores Pico do Ferro The Big Araucaria O segredo de Avalon Ribeira Quente Miradouro do Pico Longo Salto do Prego Ermida do Faial da Terra Cú de Judas Trilho do Salto do Cavalo

GC1GKC3 GC1VBVK GC1P1X4 GC1YDVJ GC1HM62 GC1N4DC GC33NB5 GC3C4JD GC36696 GC2EBHF GC2EBHN GC2M2FW GC35AD5

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11. Places to visit Salga This parish is one of the newest settlements of the council of Nordeste and soon showed the great dynamism of its people in the most various areas. From Salga arose several scholars, entrepreneurs and interested people that contributed in the past and continue doing so to develop this quiet location. The baking industry is one of the most productive of this municipality and supplies the entire island with traditional breads and sweets, such as the rustic bread highly appreciated. The handicraft store “Folha de Milho” is a reference in both the parish and council. Here you can find the well known “bonecas de milho” (wheat dolls), flowers made out of fish scales and onion and garlic skins, garlic and chestnut paste and papyrus. Ingenious rush mats, raffia hats, Christmas cribs made out of gourds are just some of the handmade products on sale in this shop. Churches represent the most important part of the architectural heritage of the parishes of the municipality of Nordeste, and are strongly connected to the religious nature of its people. The Saint Joseph Church (“Igreja de São José”), in Salga, is one of the most recent churches of the council and dates back to 1903. The council of Nordeste has lots of viewpoints over the coast and forests with beautiful landscapes to offer to the visitor and Salga is not an exception. The viewpoints of Salto do Cavalo and Salto da Farinha are compulsory stopping points. 85


Achadinha It was in the small village of Achadinha that the liberal troops landed coming from the island of Terceira, in the final assault against the last Miguelist redoubt in Azores. This took place on the 1st of August 1831. It is said that the population of the village was hostile to the “liberal” forces. A monument, known as “Padrão das Almas”, was raised in 1957 in memory of the victims of this historic event, and it contains a tile taken from a small chapel dedicated to Saint Benedict (“Ermida de São Bento”). This chapel existed previously on the site that houses today the Church of Our Lady of the Rosary (“Igreja da Nossa Senhora do Rosário”). This church was built in the 16th century and as most of the religious buildings of this council was remodelled several times, most recently in 1882. It has a main body divided into three naves. The altarpiece of the main altar is gilded and was carved in 1734. Though humble, it’s carved garland graces this beautiful temple. Achadinha was also the crib for several renowned names of literature, such as João de Melo and Adelaide Freitas. This parish has even restored an old family house in honour to the great novelist João de Melo making it a Cultural Centre. One of the old rural paths that connected this to the neighbouring parishes, is now recovered and is a very sought-after walking trail known as “Terras de Nosso Senhor” (Lands of Our Lord). These are some of the many touristic offers that can be found in this locality, adding to the traditional gastronomy that you can appreciate in the local restaurants, such as the “Restaurante Amaral”.

Achada Achada is one of the most economically relevant parishes of the council of Nordeste. It was also the house of known literature personalities, starting with the poet Virgílio de Oliveira, honoured by a bust in the central garden of this small village. Like in other parishes, the Temple of Our Lady of Annunciation (“Templo de Nossa Senhora da Anunciação”) is the greatest part of the architectural 86


heritage of Achada. The previous temple dedicated to this saint dates to the year of 1526. The contemporary building is a result of several alterations being the last restoration done in 1984. It is a small and very simple temple, consisting of a single bell tower. Its churchyard, serving as a viewpoint, is a scenic area where one can contemplate a bucolic landscape embellished by the blue sea. The customs and traditions of this village are on display in the Museum of the Village (Achadinha), opened in 2006, in a building near the church. Riberia dos Caldeirões Park In Ribeira dos Caldeirões we can find the largest nucleus of restored watermills in the region: five mills and two miller residences that survived the storm of 1986. One of these is still working, and daily, a miller recreates the traditional methods of grinding corn for the visitors. These mills date to the 16th century and like many others throughout Nordeste were the source of livelihood and income of many families. This park also has a Support Centre for Handicrafts, where traditional handmade products of the municipality are on sale. Further information, please visit www.cmnordeste.pt.

Santana The municipality of Santana owes its name to the old Temple of Saint Ana (“Templo de Santa Ana”) which was built in Feteira Pequena for the spiritual needs of its inhabitants. In the 19th century, this temple became manifestly insufficient and much degraded, and so it was remodelled and widened into a new building in 1869. Raw materials, like roof tiles and lime, were frequently used in the 87


construction of houses in the past and are symbols of this parish today. An example of this heritage is a private lime oven, located near the church and still very well preserved. Another one is the roof tiles oven which remaining ruins can be visited in the regional road near the milk deposit.

Algarvia Algarvia, probably because it was almost uninhabited in the 16th century, is not mentioned by the greatest historian of the Azores, Gaspar Frutuoso, who lived in this century. The original church of Our Lady of Perpetual Help (“Igreja da Nossa Senhora do Amparo”) of the village was built in the 17th century by Captain Francisco Costão, so that residents of Algarvia could attend Mass on Sundays and Holy days. With the years the population grew and it was necessary to build a larger temple. The present church was built in the 19th century and it’s a small temple with a single bell tower, body and a simple but attractive altar. Vigia da Baleia Viewpoint In the old days whaling was one of the most important economical activities connected to Algarvia, here in the past there was a lookout. In this old post there is now a picnic park, from which one gets a magnificent view over the island’s north coast.

Santo António do Nordestinho Santo António is a synonymous of magnificent views over the north coast of the island, starting by the viewpoint of Borda da Ladeira next to the regional road. Besides the beautiful landscape, this is a great location to watch the sunset. 88


In addition, one can find several activities that encourage the development of this locality, from gastronomy to arts and crafts. Here we can find examples of the latter on sale in the Cultural Centre Padre Manuel Raposo. The church of the parish is one of the most beautiful religious gothic and manueline monuments of the island of São Miguel. It was built by the Priest Manuel Raposo and the locals between 1898 and 1906. Another reference is the Church of Our Lady of Fatima (“Ermida da Nossa Senhora de Fátima”), built by one local in the Lugar do Espigão, being the first church dedicated to this saint. In the celebrations of the 13th of May, a big mass is celebrated in this church, which is attended by many locals and islanders of the nearby parishes.

São Pedro do Nordestinho São Pedro do Nordestino has a temple of great religious devotion to the inhabitants of São Miguel. This is the Church of Our Lady of Sorrow (“Ermida de Nossa Senhora do Pranto”), located in a green pasture near the sea. This building has a long history of at least five centuries, dating its last reconstruction to the year of 1895. According to the legend, after the famous earthquake of 1522, the Virgin Mary appeared to a young shepherd, announcing that Ponta Delgada would be punished with a plague and asked him to build a chapel dedicated to her. The scared population then raised a temple to the Virgin Mary in the invocation of the Our Lady of Sorrow. Proven fact or not, the truth is that this small temple has survived over time and continues to be the subject of pilgrimages.

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Lomba da Fazenda Located right after the village of Nordeste, Lomba da Fazenda parish has the biggest settlement and economical development of the council of Nordeste. For a long time, the inhabitants of Lomba da Fazenda took their income from the cultivation of the lands, especially with wheat and corn. In fact, this parish owes its name to a private farm owned by an important family of São Miguel located in this area (“fazenda” means farm, in Portuguese). One can still see the remnants of the traditional agriculture in the form of subsistence farming, with the growing of potatoes, beans and vineyards, a knowledge passed on from generation to generation. Nowadays, the livestock and milk production support most of the local economy. Long extensions of wild and old agriculture fields are today large areas of pasture for cattle. Nevertheless, the traditions of agriculture and cultural heritage are present in another kind of industry. In the baking industry, the bread production was one of the traditions recovered here. Laborious hands give continuity to the old ways of making wheat bread and corn, sweet bread (“massa sovada”), oven bread and cookies, turning this activity into a positive addition to the parish of Lomba da Fazenda. Regarding the architectural heritage of the parish, one can visit the existing temple built over the original Chapel of Our Lady of Conceição (“Capela da Nossa Senhora da Conceição”) dated to 1918. Rural tourism is another sector that bridges old traditions with modern ages. The Lomba da Fazenda was one of the first parishes to recover old housing patrimony for rural guest-houses with a relevant quality offer in this area.

Nordeste Village In the main parish of the council of Nordeste, one can find the most relevant monuments of its architectural heritage. The centenary bridge of Sete Arcos, the Main Church of Saint Jorge (“Igreja Matriz de São Jorge”), the Lighthouse of Arnel (“Farol do Arnel”, the first built in Azores) and several other old façade houses constitute its invaluable estate. 90


Lighthouse of Ponta do Arnel The Lighthouse of Arnel is located in a small fishing settlement of the parish called Lugar da Nazaré, which is one of the most picturesque areas of the council. Located at Ponta do Arnel, this lighthouse has a height of 15 m and a range of 25 miles. Guided tours are available, allowing people to get to know how it works and to visit a permanent exhibition about the lighthouses of the Azores. For further information, see page 132. The Main Church of Saint Jorge, located near the City Hall of Nordeste, is the most important and beautiful church in the council. This church was built in the 15th century and has undergone several restoration works, either by need of expansion or due to natural disasters, as was the case of the earthquake of 1522. This temple has an interesting façade, the main altar is gilded over white, and a highlight is deserved to the alternating colours of the basalt pilasters of the three naves. It also has pictures of the former Franciscan convent and a picture of a sixteenth-century patron saint. In the village of Nordeste there are two other chapels: the Chapel of Rosário near the bathing area of Foz da Ribeira and the Chapel of Nazaré in the fishing settlement, near the lighthouse of Ponta do Arnel. Forestry Interpretation Centre of Nordeste In Azores, the existing forests at the time of the colonization influenced the settlement and expansion of villages, providing them with some essential supplies. The intensive use of this resource lead to the installation, in 1948, of the Forestry Services in the Region, with the mission of applying the Forestry Restocking Plan, through special projects of afforestation of common lands. The circustances under which this work was accomplished deserve 91


to be remembered due to the lack of resources, hard conditions of work and the large scale of action. The main objective of this Centre, located in the municipality with the biggest forest area of São Miguel, included in a Recreation Forestry Reserve and near to a forestry nursery, is to pay tribute to all, that one way or another, contributed with their work and dedication to the forests of Azores, divulge the work developed by the Forestry Services in all interventioned areas and promote forest resources.

Pedreira The early chroniclers do not make reference to this place, which suggests that it had long been the grove virgin field that it was belched out by the years. Pedreira owes its name to a quarry (pedreira, in Portuguese) that existed in this place, since it was the site from which large amounts of raw materials such as rocks were extracted for the construction of the village of Nordeste. Then, little by little, houses were built for the quarry’s workers, followed by the construction of a church, where Mass was only celebrated on Sundays and holy days. In the 19th century, the size of the village demanded a new temple that was completed in 1872. It is this temple, dedicated to Our Lady of Light (“Igreja da Nossa Senhora da Luz”) that still exists nowadays, embellishing this parish. Also in Pedreira, one can find some of best viewpoints of Nordeste: Ponta do Sossego and Ponta da Madrugada, the beach of Lombo Gordo and Fajã do Araújo. Regarding walking trails, there is a very soughtfor walk once used by locals that had big extensions of vineyards. It starts in the back of the church of Our Lady of Light and follows on until Fajã do Araújo. One can still find old houses used by vineyard farmers and more recently built summer houses. Interpretation Centre of Priolo It is an environmental interpretation centre for the “Priolo”, a bird species endemic to this region of the island of São Miguel, once one of the most threatened bird species of the world. This centre includes 92


an interactive exhibition about the “Priolo” and its habitat, the Laurel Forest, as well as on the conservation actions that have been developed to preserve the species. This centre is open all year long for visitation, but in some months, especially in winter, only under appointment. For further information visit http://centropriolo.spea. pt/en/ and see page 132.

Água Retorta According to Gaspar Frutuoso, the name of the village Água Retorta (curvy water, in English) comes “out of respect to the water of the fountain that by the rocks falls on turns”. This picturesque town is located 75 km from Ponta Delgada and 14 km from the council centre. Who visits Água Retorta finds beautiful natural landscapes, a delightful Recreation Forest Park and a rich built heritage, including the church dedicated to the patron saint: “Nossa Senhora Penha de França”. In the summer, the Fajã do Calhau is a delightful place where many people own houses they inhabit temporarily, especially in the time of the vineyards harvest. In the winter, there are many villagers who still gather for the traditional slaughter of a pig. Hence, the gastronomy of the village is closely linked to products from pork, especially the liver sauce, the broken (“desfeito”), the smoked sausage (“chouriço”), the blood sausage on the barbecue, and the famous fried liver. Visit this village and taste the local cuisine. Believe that you will not regret.

Faial da Terra Located between two mountains, with the ocean almost kissing the streets, and the river dividing it in the middle, this so picturesque village is considered the “Christmas crib of the island”. This idyllic village, named after the abundance of Faya trees once found there, it’s an excellent place to visit. With 391 inhabitants, Faial da Terra mainly subsists of agriculture and cattle raising. However, it was not always so. In the early 16th 93


century, the fertility of the land and the beauty of the valley attracted the first inhabitants, who quickly made the land to produce, creating their own means of subsistence. The sea was also a valuable ally for this community since this was one of the villages with major whaling activity in the island of São Miguel. Time could not erase all traces of this activity. The well known ghost village named “Sanguinho” is a perfect place for tourists due to the suis generis beauty of its endemic plants and the attractiveness of the site.

Nossa Senhora dos Remédios Situated on the slopes of Povoação, the parish of Nossa Senhora dos Remédios consists of Lomba Loução and Lomba Alcaide and was elevated to the status of parish in 1957. The place name “Loução”, attributed to this “Lomba” (hill), had its origin in the name of João Loução, a mid-sixteenth century personality, who built a caravel in the entrance of Povoação. In turn, the name of the other hill, Lomba do Alcaide, indicates the place where the Ferreira de Azevedo’s family - the “alcaides” (mayors, in English) in the 17th century – lived. With 1,072 inhabitants, Nossa Senhora dos Remédios is the third most populous village of the municipality of Povoação and depends mainly on agriculture and cattle raising. With regards to the local cuisine, we can highlight the bean soup, pork rinds, fennel soup with broad beans, potatoes and corn thick porridge and bread with beans and salty peppers. Whoever passes through this village will have to visit some touristic attractions, such as the viewpoints of Pico Longo and Pôrdo-sol, Museum of Wheat and Herdade do Monte Simplício, though, the latter is a private property. 94


Museum of Wheat The Povoação municipality had a great historical tradition in cereal production, which granted it the nickname “barn of the island”. The Museum of Wheat is an old watermill that was reconstructed, where the tools used in the wheat harvest are preserved, as well as a permanent exhibition consisting of panels depicting the cultivation of cereals in São Miguel. It is open all year long; for further information please see page 132.

Povoação Village The village of Povoação was the place where the first settlers set foot on the island of São Miguel. It is located in the largest parish of the municipality of Povoação with 2,424 inhabitants. It is formed by the centre, surroundings - Comissão and Morro - and by several hills: Lomba do Cavaleiro, Lomba do Carro, Lomba do Botão, Lomba do Pomar and Lomba dos Pós. The festivities in honour of its patron saint, “Nossa Senhora Mãe de Deus” (Our Lady Mother of God), are held in the first weekend of September, when many emigrants visit the land to spend the holidays with their family. Delicacies are part of the village also, like the “fervedouro” (a kind of cabbage soup) and liver sauce with yams or sweet potatoes. Local artisans are dedicated primarily to create corn dolls, paper flowers, rag quilts, lace, embroidery, fish scale works and stonemasonry. Mandatory visits are to the Garden Hall, the church of Nossa Senhora Mãe de Deus and the church of Nossa Senhora do Rosário, the latter classified as property of public interest, as it was the first church of the island of São Miguel, the Park Zoo, the monument Portas da Cidade and the various viewpoints from where one can enjoy breathtaking panoramic views.

Furnas The parish of Furnas is one of the most beautiful places of the archipelago, commonly known as the “Visitors’ Room of the Azores”. Its name is related to several secondary volcanism phenomena active 95


in the Furnas Valley, known as boilers or fumaroles and hot springs. However, some say that the greatest wealth of the Furnas Valley is the diversity of its waters and springs and is considered by experts as the biggest hydropolis of the World. In this idyllic paradise, one can see the Furnas lake with its green banks and where one can find in one side of its margins the church of “Nossa Senhora das Vitórias” (Our Holly Mother of Victories) and on the other, the area where the famous ”Cozido das Furnas” (Furnas stew) is cooked - the natural boiling waters of Furnas. Povoação is also known for its magnificent parks and gardens. Here, we can find a vast and diverse number of parks, of which we highlight the José do Canto, the Dona Beatriz, the Fonte Bela (owned by the family M. Perrina), the António Borges (owned by the family Gomes da Câmara) and the one of the Forestry Services. However, without taking away the beauty and importance of all these, we must give special attention to the Terra Nostra Park, where one can find a wide variety of shrubs and trees, some over 200 years old, as well as a pool/lake of natural ferruginous hot water, dominated by the grand main house of the Park, which was the former summer residence of its founder Thomas Hickling, an Englishman. Microbial Observatory of Azores The fumaroles have a microbial life of great scientific interest, since its bacterial community is resistant to high temperatures. The Microbial Observatory of Furnas (OMIC) displays an exhibition on the numerous microscopic beings that inhabit the hot springs and organizes activities to discover these organisms. This Centre is open all year long; for further information please see page 132. Monitoring and Research Centre of Furnas The Monitoring and Research Centre of Furnas (CMIF), located in the southern margin of the Furnas Lake, was created in 2011 to promote the recovery actions developed to restore de water quality and the ecosystem of this lake. 96


CMIF has a welcoming area for visitors with information on the project and an interactive exhibition that allows a better understanding of the natural heritage of Furnas Valley and its lake including also its geology and volcanism, ecosystem, hydrology, fauna and flora. In addition, the external surrounding area has a picnic area and bathrooms, parking and a wide green area with a privileged view over the lake. This centre is open all year long; for further information please see page 132.

Ribeira Quente Among the mountains, near the sea, is the beautiful Ribeira Quente, a seemingly quiet place where Mother Nature insists on showing her will. This locality is composed of two distinct zones: Fogo, where a core of farmers, representing 21% of the active population of the parish, practice subsistence farming, exploring the waste land of the location; and Ribeira, where the fishing community is concentrated around the port, representing about 42% of the active population. In this community, 27% are young people, showing the importance of the fishing activity for this parish. A strong bet in the present and future with prospects of improvement was placed, since there have been large investments in the port of this town, making it one of the best of Azores. Geographically, the port of Ribeira Quente is one of the best located in the south coast of the island of S達o Miguel, not only for the sheltered conditions, but especially by the proximity to important fishing grounds, with about 100 fishing permits issued. This port is also an important mark for tourism development in the parish, sought-after nautical activities like whale watching and sport fishing. The village also has a boulevard facing the sea with more than 1 km, and one of the most pleasant areas of the village, and a precious beach, which every year attracts thousands of tourists and visitors.

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12. Itineraries (by car) 1 DAY Ponta Delgada – Povoação – Nordeste – Ponta Delgada

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Sto. António de Nordestinho Salga

Achadinha

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Santana

Lomba da Fazenda

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! Algarvia

S. Pedro de Nordestinho

Achada

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! Estrada da Tronqueira

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Nossa Senhora dos Remédios

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Lagoa das Furnas

! Água Retorta

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! Ribeira Quente 0

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4 km

1 - Furnas (Microbial Observatory of Azores, Monitoring and Research Centre of Furnas, Hot springs of Furnas, Terra Nostra Park, Recreational Forest Reserve of Furnas Nurseries) 2 - Povoação Village (Museum of Wheat, Sustainable Laurel Forest LIFE Project Plant Nursery) 3 - Recreational Forest Reserve of Cancela do Cinzeiro (Interpretation Centre of Priolo, Endemic Plants Park) 4 - Pico Bartolomeu 5 - Recreational Forest Reserve of Nordeste 6 - Nordeste Village (Museum of Nordeste) 7 - Planalto dos Graminhais

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Arriving at the municipality of Povoação from the south side of the island (around 47 km), you will find the stunning Furnas Lake. Continue a little further on to Furnas village (1.5 km), and there you can visit the Hot springs of Furnas, the Microbial Observatory and the Nurseries of the Recreational Forest Reserve of Viveiros das Furnas (1), where you can see endemic plants and the trout nursery. Then, continue about 13 km towards Povoação village, and visit the Museum of Wheat and the plant nurseries of the Sustainable Laurel Forest LIFE Project (2). Follow the main road towards the municipality of Nordeste for about 7 km, then turn right to the road of Tronqueira. Follow this road with its views of the Serra da Tronqueira until you reach the Recreational Forest Park of Cancela do Cinzeiro, where you can visit the Interpretation Centre of Priolo (“Centro Ambiental do Priolo”) (3) and the Endemic Plants Park. We suggest that you follow this road and make a quick stop at Pico Bartolomeu (4), about 11 km further on. Then continue to Nordeste village and stop for a break, appreciating the historical centre of Nordeste (6), visiting the Museum or the Recreational Forest Reserve of Nordeste (5). Make your journey back to Ponta Delgada via the north side of the island, where you can make a detour to visit the Planalto dos Graminhais (7) (about 27 km).

2 DAYS Ponta Delgada – Nordeste – Povoação – Ponta Delgada Arriving at the municipality of Nordeste from the north side of the island, you will find the parish of Salga, where we suggest you to make a detour to Salto da Farinha (1). Drive in the direction of Nordeste for about 5 km, and then you will arrive at the Park Ribeira dos Caldeirões (2), where you can see the amazing Waterfall of Ribeira dos Caldeirões and the ruins of several water mills. Continue by the national road (about 1 km), then turn right following for 7 km towards Planalto dos Graminhais (3). Here you find a priority habitat rich in peatlands that extends over an area of approximately 80 ha. After returning to the main road, we suggest a stop at the viewpoint of Vigia da Baleia (4) in the parish of Algarvia (6 km ahead), which has 99


Achadinha

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Achada

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Sto. António de Nordestinho

Santana

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Lomba da Fazenda

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S. Pedro de Nordestinho

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! Estrada da Tronqueirs

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Nossa Senhora dos Remédios

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Lagoa das Furnas

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4 km

1 - Salga (viewpoint of Salto da Farinha) 2 - Park of Ribeira dos Caldeirões 3 - Planalto dos Graminhais 4 - Algarvia (viewpoint of Vigia da Baleia) 5 - Nordeste village 6 - Recreational Forest Reserve of Nordeste 7 - Recreational Forest Reserve of Cancela do Cinzeiro (Interpretation Centre of Priolo, Endemic Plants Park) 8 - Pico Bartolomeu 9 - Viewpoint of Tronqueira 10 - Recreational Forest Reserve of Água Retorta 11 - Povoação village (LIFE Sustainable Laurel Forest Project Plant Nursery, Museum of Wheat) 12 - Furnas (Microbial Observatory of Azores, Monitoring and Research Centre of Furnas, Hot springs of Furnas, Terra Nostra Park, Recreational Forest Reserve of Furnas Nurseries, Furnas Lake)

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a great panoramic view. Then, head towards Nordeste village, which offers a range of accommodation for the night, either along the route or in the village itself. On the following day, start your journey along the main road and after 7 km. We suggest you to stop at the Recreational Forest Reserve of Nordeste (6), where you have a playground for children, the endemic plants nursery, and an area where you can exercise and picnic . Afterwards, go to the Recreational Forest Reserve of Cancela do Cinzeiro and visit the Interpretation Centre of Priolo (7). Here you can find out about the actions developed under the LIFE “Priolo” Conservation Project, and explore the park of endemic and native plants of the Azores. The signs in the car park will lead you by a 4.5 km track, to the viewpoint of Pico Bartolomeu (8), which offers marvellous views of the Povoação hills and Furnas, and of the surrounding countryside. Return along the same track and head towards the Tronqueira road. After about 6.5 km (from Pico Bartolomeu), you will find an unpaved track which marks the start of the Tronqueira. Follow this for 16.5 km to the viewpoint of Tronqueira (9), and enjoy the spectacular views of the impressive mountain of Pico da Vara. This route also takes you past several areas restored by the actions of the LIFE “Priolo” and LIFE “Sustainable Laurel Forest” projects, and – with a little luck – you may have a sighting of the rare “Priolos” which are found only in this area of the island of São Miguel, and nowhere else in the world. Follow the Tronqueira road to the main road, and visit the Recreational Forest Reserve of Água Retorta (10), that has a playground for children, a picnic area and a camping site. Continuing on the main road for more 7 km will take you to the Museum of Wheat (11). Here you can see the tools used in the harvesting of wheat, and the permanent exhibition on the cultivation of cereals on São Miguel. A little further on, we suggest you to pay a visit to the LIFE “Sustainable Laurel Forest Project” (11), where you will be able to see how Azorean plants are raised in the plant nursery. After this, follow the main road for about 13 km until you reach the Furnas Valley, where we suggest a stop at the Hot springs 101


of Furnas and a visit to the Microbial Observatory of the Azores (12). About 1.5 km further on, visit the stunning botanical garden of the Terra Nostra Park, where you can take a break and bathe in the pool of volcanic ferruginous waters. Since you are in Furnas, enjoy a visit to the Recreational Forest Reserve of Furnas, where you can see the plant and trout nursery. Continue on to Furnas Lake (approximately 3 km) and enjoy its luxurious landscape and fumaroles. There, you can also visit the Monitoring and Research Centre of Furnas. You can then return to Ponta Delgada, either by the road along the north of the island, or along the south.

3 DAYS Ponta Delgada – Povoação – Nordeste – Ponta Delgada Arriving at the municipality of Povoação from the south of the island (around 47 km), you will find the stunning Furnas Lake where you can walk and enjoy the nature and also visit the Monitoring and Research Centre of Furnas (1). Continue a little further on (1.5 km) to Furnas and see the Hot springs of Furnas and visit the Microbial Observatory of the Azores (1). Then, continue for about 13 km towards Povoação village, to visit the Museum of Wheat, the Cooperative Celeiro da Terra and the nurseries of the LIFE “Sustainable Laurel Forest Project” (2), and spend the night in one of the several lodgings that this municipality offers. On the following day, start your journey heading towards the municipality of Nordeste. After about 7 km, turn right to the road of Tronqueira. Follow this road, enjoying the scenery of the Tronqueira mountains, until you reach the Recreational Forest Reserve of Cancela do Cinzeiro, where you can visit the Interpretation Centre of Priolo (3). Afterwards we suggest a stop at Pico Bartolomeu (4), about 11 km further on and to take a rest in Nordeste village (5) . Continue your journey along the main road, towards Povoação, but make a detour to the parish of Faial da Terra (about 23 km) where you can visit by foot the ghost village of Sanguinho and dive in the waterfall Salto

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do Prego (6). Return to the main road and continue to Povoação for a second night. On the third day, start your journey in the direction of Furnas, heading to Salto do Cavalo (7). We suggest you to follow this road to return to the municipality of Nordeste. Once on the main road, continue for about 13 km, climbing up to the Planalto dos Graminhais (8). Finally, you can return to Ponta Delgada across the north side of the island, taking a break at the viewpoint of Salto da Farinha, at Salga (9).

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Achadinha

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Sto. António de Nordestinho Achada Santana

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Algarvia

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Lomba da Fazenda

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S. Pedro de Nordestinho

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! Estrada da Tronqueirs

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Nossa Senhora dos Remédios

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! Água Retorta

Lagoa das Furnas

! ! ! Ribeira Quente 0

2

4 km

1 - Furnas (Microbial Observatory of Azores, Monitoring and Research Centre of Furnas, Hot springs of Furnas) 2 - Povoação village (Museum of Wheat , Cooperative Celeiro da Terra, LIFE Sustainable Laurel Forest Project Plant Nursery) 3 - Recreational Forest Reserve of Cancela do Cinzeiro (Interpretation Centre of Priolo, Endemic Plants Park) 4 - Pico Bartolomeu 5 - Nordeste village 6 - Faial da Terra (Sanguinho village, waterfall of Salto do Prego) 7 - Viewpoint of Salto do Cavalo 8 - Planalto dos Graminhais 9 - Salga (viewpoint of Salto da Farinha)

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Information


13. Where to sleep HOTELS Povoação Village Hotel do Mar Rua Gonçalo Velho 9650 Povoação Phone: 296 550 010 Fax: 296 550 015 hoteldomar@hoteldomar.com  www.hoteldomar.com Furnas Terra Nostra Garden Hotel Rua Padre José Jacinto Botelho 5 9675-061 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 549 090 Fax: 296 549 099 recepcao.htnl@bensaude.pt www.bensaude.pt

Furnas Lake - Villas Estrada Regional do Sul, Lagoa das Furnas 9675-090 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 584 107 | 912 525 656 Fax: 296 584 108 reservas@furnaslakevillas.pt www.furnaslakevillas.pt Hotel Vista do Vale Open from 01/04 to 31/09 Rua da Palha 56 9675-042 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 549 030 Fax: 296 549 039 geral@vistadovale.com www.vistadovale.com

RURAL ACCOMMODATION Algarvia Casa de Campo da Algarvia Rua D. David Dias Pimentel 32 9630 Algarvia | Nordeste Phone: 296 283 630 917 890 395 | 918 704 974

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carlosabotelho@sapo.pt www.casadecampoalgarvia.com Casa da Fonte Rua da Canada 17 9630-227 Algarvia | Nordeste Phone: 296 491 303 | 966 025 812


Fax: 296 491 303 geral@tradicampo.pt www.tradicampo.pt São Pedro de Nordestinho Casa do Outeiro Rua do Outeiro 3 9630-248 São Pedro de Nordestinho | Nordeste Phone: 296 285 090 | 966 828 933 luis.dutra@sapo.pt Casa da Lazeira Estrada Regional de São Pedro 9630-248 São Pedro do Nordestino | Nordeste Phone: 296 486 541 | 960 305 287 acasadalazeira@gmail.com acasadalazeira.no.sapo.pt Casa do Pátio Rua José Sousa Cavaco 5 9630 São Pedro de Nordestinho | Nordeste Phone: 296 491 303 | 966 025 812 Fax: 296 491 303 geral@tradicampo.pt www.tradicampo.pt Casa da Talha Rua Padre Diniz da Luz 38 9630-247 São Pedro de Nordestinho | Nordeste Phone: 966 025 812 Fax: 296 491 303

Lomba da Fazenda Casa D´Alfaias Rua Almas de Baixo 10 9630-120 Lomba da Fazenda | Nordeste Phone: 296 287 958 Fax: 296 287 958 alfaias@mail.pt www.casadalfaias.com.sapo.pt Casa do Açor Rua do Convento, Lomba da Cruz 9630-084 Lomba da Fazenda | Nordeste Phone: 296 382 365 | 962 488 701/3 Fax: 296 382 353 casas.do.frade@mail.pt www.geocities.com/casasdofrade Casas do Pinheiro Alto: Casa da Bilha Rua do Triato 17-A 9630 Lomba da Fazenda | Nordeste Phone: 296 382 365 | 962 487 001/3 Fax: 296 382 353 casas.do.frade@mail.pt www.geocities.com/casasdofrade

Casas do Pinheiro Alto: Casa da Figueira Rua do Convento 3, Lomba da Cruz 9630-084 Lomba da Fazenda | Nordeste Phone: 296 382 365 | 962 487 001/3 Fax: 296 382 353 casas.do.frade@mail.pt www.geocities.com/casasdofrade

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Casas do Pinheiro Alto: Casa do Forno Rua do Triato 19 9630 Lomba da Fazenda | Nordeste Phone: 296 382 365 | 962 487 001/3 Fax: 296 382 353 casasdofrade@mail.pt www.geocities.com/casasdofrade Casas do Frade: Casa da Pedra Rua do Triatro 11, 13, 15 9630 Lomba da Fazenda | Nordeste Phone: 296 382 365 | 962 487 001/3 Fax: 296 382 353 casas.do.frade@mail.pt www.geocities.com/casasdofrade Casas do Frade: Casa do Mirante Rua do Triatro 11, 13, 15 9630 Lomba da Fazenda | Nordeste Phone: 296 382 365 | 962 487 001/3 Fax: 296 382 353 casas.do.frade@mail.pt www.geocities.com/casasdofrade Casas do Frade: Casa dos Barcos Rua do Triatro 11, 13, 15 9630 Lomba da Fazenda | Nordeste Phone: 296 382 365 | 962 487 001/3 Fax: 296 382 353 casas.do.frade@mail.pt www.geocities.com/casasdofrade Casa da Tamanca Rua do Convento, Lomba da Cruz 9630-084 Lomba da Fazenda | Nordeste Phone: 296 382 365 | 962 488 701/3 Fax: 296 382 353

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casas.do.frade@mail.pt www.geocities.com/casasdofrade Casa do Traje Rua do Convento - Lomba da Cruz 9630-084 Lomba da Fazenda | Nordeste Phone: 296 382 365 | 962 488701/3 Fax: 296 382 353 casas.do.frade@mail.pt www.geocities.com/casasdofrade Água Retorta Casa do Recato Lomba das Fagundas 57 9650 Água Retorta | Povoação Phone: 966 201 266 Fax: 296 630 233 casadorecato@gmail.com www.casadorecato.com.pt Moinho do Passal Rua da Avenida 35 9650 Faial da Terra | Povoação Phone: 919 256 102 Fax: 919 256 102 elias5206@gmail.com Povoação Village Quinta Atlantis Lomba do Botão, n° 87 9650-310 | Povoação Phone: 916 256 055 | 691 742 088 info@quintaatlantis.com


Faial da Terra Sanguinho - Turismo de Natureza nos Açores, Lda 9650-160 Faial da Terra Phone: 961 555 648 www.sanguinho.com admin@sanguinho.pt Furnas

9650 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 285 895 | 968 039 165 Fax: 296 285 895 info@casadosbarcos.com www.casadosbarcos.com Quinta da Mó Rua da Água Quente 66 9650 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 653 299

Casa dos Barcos - Lagoa das Furnas Margem Sul da Lagoa das Furnas

PRIVATE ACCOMMODATION Salga Maria Duarte Almeida Ramal da Salga 5 9630 Salga | Nordeste Phone: 296 624 478 Achadinha Filomena Maria A. e C dos Santos Rua da Canada 11 9630 Achadinha | Nordeste Lomba da Fazenda Álvaro Rodrigues Cabral de Melo Rua das Almas de Baixo 10 9630 Lomba da Fazenda | Nordeste Phone: 296 287 958 Nordeste Village Moinho da Ribeira do Guilherme Estrada Regional

9630 Nordeste Phone: 296 488 337 Casa da Madrinha Estrada Regional - Erva-Má 9630 Nordeste Phone: 296 488 436 www.casadamadrinha.com reservas@casadamadrinha.com Hospedaria de São Jorge Rua Debaixo da Ponte 9630 Nordeste Phone: 296 488 337 TURNOR - Turismo do Nordeste, Lda. Estrada Regional Tronqueira 9630 Nordeste Phone: 296 488 253 | 919 534 093 www.turnor.net turnor@mail.telepac.pt

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Pedreira Quinta das Queimadas Queimadas 9630 Nordeste Phone: 296 488 578 www.quintadasqueimadas.com Faial da Terra Casa de Santa Rita Rua do Burguete, Beco A 1 9650-101 Faial da Terra | Povoação Phone: 915 172 738 ruaburguete1@gmail.com

Ana Beatriz Teixeira Rego Rua da Palha 56 9650 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 549 030 | 913 846 962 Margarida da Graça S. T. de Sousa Rua Padre Afonso Quental 9650 Furnas | Povoação José Guilherme do Couto Ponte Rua Padre José Botelho 10 9650 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 584 603

Furnas Silvestre Cordeiro Carreiro Rua dos Moinhos 52 9650 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 584 569

CAMPING Nordeste Village Camping Park of Nordeste Only from May to September Foz da Ribeira do Guilherme 9630 Nordeste Phone: 296 488 680

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Furnas Camping Park of Furnas Queimadas 9650 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 549 010 | 296 549 015 parquecampismovaledasfurnas@ gmail.com


14. Where to eat SNACK-BAR / RESTAURANTS Salga Restaurant Madrugada (Only with reservation) Rua Direita 24 9630-282 Salga Phone: 296 462 274   Restaurant Moagem Estrada Regional 9630 Salga | Nordeste Phone: 296 462 544 Achadinha Restaurant Pub Amaral Rua do Caminho Fundo 14 9630-049 Achadinha | Nordeste Phone: 296 452 151 Achada Snack-bar dos Caldeirões Estrada Regional 9630-040 Achada | Nordeste Phone: 296 452 117 | 918 971 940 Fax: 296 452 472 apartsnackbarcaldeiroes@ gmail.com Restaurant Debbie Rua Nova 84 9630-040 Achada | Nordeste Phone: 296 452 111

Santo António do Nordestino Snack-bar Pico da Vara Rua Padre Moniz 1 9630-236 Santo António do Nordestino | Nordeste Phone: 296 486 426 | 916 730 454 Nordeste Village Restaurant Esplanada Rua Jorge M. R. Machado 9630-162 Nordeste Phone: 296 488 286   Restaurant Tronqueira Rua do Poceirão 0630-171 Nordeste Phone: 296 488 292 Snack-bar e Pastelaria O Forno Rua Dª Maria do Rosário 9630 Nordeste Phone: 296 488 200   Snack-bar Jarrinha Rua Erva Má 1-A 9630 Nordeste Phone: 296 488 156 Faial da Terra Snack-bar Faialense Rua da Ribeira 29

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9650 Faial da Terra Phone: 296 586 050 Nossa Senhora dos Remédios Snack Bar Convívio Rua João Loução 10 9650-248 Nossa Senhora dos Remédios | Povoação Phone: 296 559 522 Vila da Povoação Restaurant Toronto à Noite Avenida Padre João de Medeiros 3B 9650-403 Povoação Phone: 296 585 850 Restaurant Jardim Largo de D. João 3/5 9050-412 Povoação Phone: 296 585 413 Restaurant Cantinho do Churrasco, Piano Bar e Grill Largo de Gonçalo Velho 9650 Povoação Phone: 296 559 880 Snack-bar Aquário Rua M João de Medeiros 35 9650 Povoação Phone: 296 559 980 | 961 274 540 Snack-bar Brisa do Mar Rua 3 Julho 37 9650 Povoação Phone: 296 559 927

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Snack-bar Pic-Nic Largo Jardim Municipal 9650 Povoação Phone: 296 585 586 Toronto Night’s Karaoke nights / Disco Closed in the Summer Avenida Padre João de Medeiros 3B 9650-403 Povoação Phone: 296 585 850 Furnas Restaurant Águas Quentes Rua das Águas Quentes 15 9675 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 584 482 Restaurant O Miroma Rua Dr. Frederico Pereira 15 9675 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 584 422 Restaurant Tony’s Largo do Treato 5 9675 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 584 290 962 487 895 | 962 487 893 Fax: 296 584 604 restaurante.tonys@mail.telepac.pt  www.restaurantetonys.pt Restaurant O Bocage Rua das Caldeiras 3 9675-045 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 584 578


Restaurant O Padrinho Avenida Pereira Ataíde 11 9675 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 584 332

Snack-bar Cantinho da Poça Lomba das Barracas 9675-012 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 584 903 | 296 584 902

Restaurant Hotel Terra Nostra Rua Padre José Botelho 9675 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 549 090

Snack-bar Atlântida Rua Padre José Botelho 9675 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 584 251

Restaurant Summer Breeze Rua das Caldeiras (ER 2-1), 18 9675-045 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 584 741

Snack-bar King Burger Largo Marquês da praia 9675 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 584 921

Restaurant Oliver Banhos Rua Maria Eugénia 1 9675-Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 584 504 Restaurant, Bar e Esplanada do Parque de Campismo Queimadas 9675 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 584 058 Snack-bar Restaurant Kaldeiran Rua Formosa 21 9675 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 584 058

Ribeira Quente Restaurant Costaneira Rua do Castelo 9675 Ribeira Grande | Povoação Phone: 296 584 123 Restaurant Garajau Rua Dr. Frederico Moniz Pereira 9675 Ribeira Grande | Povoação Phone: 296 584 678 Fax: 296 584 679

Snack- bar 3 Bicas Rua Padre Jacinto Botelho 19 9675 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 584 222

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BARS - COFFEES – PASTRIES Salga Café Madrugada Rua Direita 26 9630 Salga | Nordeste Phone: 296 462 274   Café Moagem Estrada Regional 9630 Salga | Nordeste Phone: 296 462 544   Café Girassol Rua Direita 81-83 9630 Salga | Nordeste Phone: 296 462 136   Café Priolo Rua Direita 9630 Salga | Nordeste Phone: 296 462 100 Achadinha Snack-bar Amaral Rua do caminho Fundo 14 9630 Achadinha | Nordeste Phone: 296 452 151   Café Tavares Rua Direita 80 9630 Achadinha | Nordeste Phone: 296 452 311   Café Os Melos Rua do Caminho Fundo 14 9630 Achadinha | Nordeste Phone: 296 452 477

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Achada Café Debbie Rua Nova 84 9630 Achada | Nordeste Phone: 296 452 111   Café de Horácio João da Silva Rua do Ramal 9630 Achada | Nordeste Phone: 296 452 181 Santana Café Estrela do Norte Rua do Calço 1 Feteira Grande 9630 Santana | Nordeste Phone: 918 455 389   Cervejaria Boa Gente Rua de Santana 18 Feteira Pequena 9630 Santana | Nordeste Phone: 296 452 184 Algarvia Café Sonho do Norte Manager: Carlos António Arruda Rua Nova 1 9630 Algarvia | Nordeste Phone: 296 452 132   Café Dutra Rua do Atalho 7-C 9630 Algarvia | Nordeste Phone: 296 452 165


Santo António do Nordestinho Snack-bar Pico da Vara Rua Padre Moniz 1 9630 Santo António do Nordestino | Nordeste Phone: 296 486 428 São Pedro do Nordestinho Café Rajá Rua Padre Dinis da Luz 23-B 9630 São Pedro do Nordestino | Nordeste Phone: 296 486 078    Lomba da Fazenda Casa de Pasto / Café O Cardoso Estrada Regional 9630 Lomba da Fazenda | Nordeste Phone: 296 486 138   Café Mendonça Rua Vale de Paiva 9630 Lomba da Fazenda | Nordeste Phone: 296 486 343 Energie Bar Estrada Regional 9630-103 Lomba da Fazenda | Nordeste Phone: 296 486 156 Pipas Bar Estrada Regional 9630-103 Lomba da Fazenda | Nordeste Phone: 296 486 396

Nordeste Village Café Esplanada Rua Jorge Maria Reis Machado 9630 Nordeste Phone: 296 488 286 Café Sete Arcos Rua Jorge Maria Reis Machado 9630 Nordeste Phone: 296 488 180   Lomba da Pedreira Café Janus Largo da Igreja 9630 Pedreira | Nordeste Phone: 914 113 304 Água Retorta Café Alvorada Canada do Rebelo 4 9650-011 Água Retorta | Povoação Phone: 296 586 188 Taberna Raposo Rua Direita 9650-018 Água Retorta | Povoação  Phone: 296 586 257 Faial da Terra Grupo Desportivo do Faial da Terra Rua Direita 9650 Faial da Terra | Povoação

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Nossa Senhora dos Remédios Bar Luserbruno Rua 3º Visconde Botelho 80 9650-250 Nossa Senhora dos Remédios | Povoação Bar Juventude Rua João Loução 34 A 9650-248 Nossa Senhora dos Remédios | Povoação Arco-Íris Bar Karaoke nights Rua 3º Visconde Botelho 35 9650-250 Nossa Senhora dos Remédios | Povoação Phone: 917 983 245

9650 Povoação Phone: 296 559 731 Pastelaria Alegre Família Largo do Jardim Municipal 10 9650 Povoação Phone: 296 099 223 Furnas Bar Caldeiras Rua das Caldeiras 36 9675 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 584 724 Bar do Além  Rua dos Pasteis 9675 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 584 250

Povoação Village Bar Sociedade Povoação Rua Padre Ernesto Jacinto 52 9650 Povoação

Café Palmeira Largo da Estrela 9675 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 584 253 | 918 108 957

Ceaser’s Bar Manager: Paulo César Pimentel Araújo Largo do Jardim 20 9650 Povoação Phone: 296 585 474

Padaria e Pastelaria Simas e Furtado, lda. Rua Vasco Bensaúde 9675 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 584 940

Pastelaria Guida Largo do Jardim Municipal 9650 Povoação Phone: 296 559 324 Panificação e Pastelaria Anjo Doce Lomba do Cavaleiro

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A Quinta - Furnas Karaoke nights | Bar Avenida Manuel de Arriaga 9675-061 Furnas Phone: 296 584 430 | 917 261 119 https://www.facebook.com/pages/AQuinta-Furnas/161188620592945


3 Bicas Pub Karaoke nights Rua Padre Jacinto Botelho 19 9675 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 584 222 Ribeira Quente Café Adelino Rua Além Ribeira 4 9675 Ribeira Quente | Povoação Phone: 296 584 204 Snack-bar Eduarda Braga Rua dos Moinhos 9675 Ribeira Quente | Povoação Phone: 296 584 582 Café Mar e Sol Rua do Castelo 9675 Ribeira Quente | Povoação Phone: 296 584 662 Café Caravela Rua da Trincheira 9675 Ribeira Quente | Povoação Phone: 296 584 372 Snack-bar, Pub Café Quente Rua do Castelo 9675 Ribeira Quente | Povoação

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15. What to do MOUNTAIN BIKING Azores Ocean Land Marina Pero de Teive 9500 Ponta Delgada Phone: 919 176275 | 912 806860 Fax: 296 385 980 geral@azoresoceanland.com www.azoresoceanland.com ANC Praia dos Santos 30 9500 São Roque | Ponta Delgada Phone: 296 630 300 967 309 909 | 963 765 055 motorent.anc@gmail.com Picos de Aventura - Rota das Baleias Avenida Infante D. Henrique 9500 Ponta Delgada Phone: 296 283 288 919 555 685 | 912 525 249 Fax: 296 283 291 geral@picosdeaventura.com Quinta d’ Água Lagoa das Furnas 9650 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 919 256 102

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elias5206@gmail.com www.moinhopassal.com Trilhos da Natureza Estrada da Ribeira Grande 9500-702 Ponta Delgada Phone: 296 381 628 | 919 020 506 info@trilhosdanatureza.com www.trilhosdanatureza.com Trilhogia Rua Gonçalo Velho 6 9650-423 Povoação Phone: 968 559 414 9650-423 Povoação mail@trilhogia.com www.trilhogia.com Cresaçor Phone: 296 281 554 www.cresaçor.org msoeirocresacor@gmail.com


CANOEING Picos de Aventura - Rota das Baleias Avenida Infante D. Henrique 9500 Ponta Delgada Phone: 296 283 288 919 555 685 | 912 525 249 Fax: 296 283 291 geral@picosdeaventura.com

Geo Fun - Animação Turística Lda. Avenida D. João III 47 6ª dir/sul 9500-310 Ponta Delgada Fax: 296 098 470 Phone: 919 931 562 www.geo-fun.com

HORSE RIDING EquiAçores Rua Direita do Ramalho 118 Phone: 966 210414 | 962 701064 9500-180 Ponta Delgada Fax: 296 281 372 hiperlight@mail.telepac.pt

Quinta das Raiadas Estrada Regional 54 Phone: 296 295 428 | 917 782 836 9555-066 Ginetes | Ponta Delgada geral@quintadasraiadas.com www.quintadasraiadas.com

Quinta da Água Lagoa das Furnas 9675 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 919 256 102 www.quintadagua.com

GOLF Azores Golf Islands (Verdegolf, SA Campos de Golfe dos Açores)  9575 Achada das Furnas | Povoação  

Phone: 296 498 559 Fax: 296 498 284  www.azoresgolfislands.com

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Verdegolf Country Club Rua do Bom Jesus - Aflitos 9545-234 Fenais da Luz | Ponta Delgada

Phone: 296 498 559 / 60 Fax: 296 498 284 info@azoresgolfislands.com www.azoresgolfislands.com

BIRDWATCHING Picos de Aventura - Rota das Baleias Avenida Infante D. Henrique 9500 Ponta Delgada Phone: 296 283 288 919 555 685 | 912 525 249 Fax: 296 283 291 geral@picosdeaventura.com Geo Fun - Animação Turística Lda. Avenida D. João III, 47 6ª dir/sul 9500-310 Ponta Delgada Phone: 919 931 562

Fax: 296 098 470 www.geo-fun.com GerbyBirding Phone: 296 917 444 info@gerbybirding.com www.gerbybirding.com TurisVerde Phone: 915 172 738 www.turisverde.com turisverde@hotmail.com

WHALE WATCHING Futurismo - Ocean Safari Marina Pero de Teive Loja A 9500 Ponta Delgada Phone: 296 628 522 | 967 808 666 Fax: 296 628 524 reservations@azoreswhale.com www.azoreswhale.com Moby - Dick Tours Marina Pero de Teive

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9500 Ponta Delgada Phone: 296 583 643 | 919 942 831 j.f.costa@iol.pt www.mobydick-tours.com Atlanta Tours Grota dos Novais BI - H-3º 9500 Ponta Delgada Phone: 962 504 440 rodrigues.lh@gmail.com


Picos de Aventura - Rota das Baleias Hotel Marina Atlântico 9500 Ponta Delgada Phone: 296 283 288 919 555 685 | 912 525 249 Fax: 296 283 291 geral@picosdeaventura.com www.picosdeaventura.com Azores Ocean Land Marina Pero de Teive 9500 Ponta Delgada Phone: 91 9176275 |

912 806860 Fax: 296 38 59 80 geral@azoresoceanland.com www.azoresoceanland.com Bluezone - Observação de Cetáceos e Animação Turística Rua da Igreja 52 9500-509 Fajã de Cima | Ponta Delgada Phone: 966 078 829 www.bigblue-adventures.com info@bigblue-adventures.com

HIKING Trilhos da Natureza Phone: 919 020 506 | 968 687 473 info@trilhosdanatureza.com www.trilhosdanatureza.com Trilhogia Rua Gonçalo Velho 9650 Povoação Phone: 296 559 937 967 478 577 | 968 559 414 www.trilhogia.com Picos de Aventura Hotel Marina Atlântico Av. Infante D. Henrique 9500 Ponta Delgada Phone: 296 283 288 Fax: 296 283 291 www.picosdeaventura.com

Geo Fun - Animação Turística Lda. Avenida Infante D.Henrique 9500-150 Ponta Delgada Phone: 919 931 562 info@geo-fun.com www.geo-fun.com Futurismo - Ocean Safari Marina Pero de Teive Loja A 9500 Ponta Delgada Phone: 296 628 522 | 967 808 666 Fax: 296 628 524 reservations@azoreswhale.com www.azoreswhale.com Fora da Estrada Phone: 968 517 981 | 914 288 801 fernando.cabido@sapo.pt

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TurisVerde Phone: 915 172 738 www.turisverde.com turisverde@hotmail.com

Cresaçor Phone: 296 281 554 www.cresaçor.org msoeirocresacor@gmail.com

CRUISES Moby - Dick Tours Marina Pero de Teive 9500 Ponta Delgada Phone: 296 583 643 | 919 942 831 j.f.costa@iol.pt www.mobydick-tours.com

Quinta d’Água Lagoa das Furnas 9650 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 919 256 102

JEEP AND 9 SEAT CAR TOURS 100% Aventura Rua Amorim 30 9500 Ponta Delgada Phone: 296 654 508 | 912 698 414 geral@cemporcentoaventura.com www.cemporcentoaventura.com Amazing Tours (9 seat car) Rua António Moniz Barreto 9560 Lagoa Phone: 296 965 807 | 962 526 603 ra@amazingtours.se www.amazingtours.se Azores Ocean Land Rua do Laureano 233 9500-313 Ponta Delgada

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Phone: 912 806 860 | 919 176 275 Fax: 296 385 980 Festitour Rua Santa Rosa 66 B 9500 Ponta Delgada Phone: 916 064 334 geral@festitour.net www.festitour.net Geo Fun - Animação Turística Lda. Avenida D. João III 47 6ª dir/sul 9500-310 Ponta Delgada Phone: 919 931 562 Fax: 296 098 470 www.geo-fun.com


Picos de Aventura Hotel Marina Atlântico Av. Infante D. Henrique 9500 Ponta Delgada Phone: 296 283 288 Fax: 296 283 291 geral@picosdeaventura.com www.picosdeaventura.com Agência de Viagens Melo Phone: 296 205 381 www.melotravel.com catarina.cymbron@melo-lda.pt TurisVerde Phone: 915 172 738 www.turisverde.com turisverde@hotmail.com Cresaçor Phone: 296 281 554 www.cresaçor.org msoeirocresacor@gmail.com Futurismo - Ocean Safari Marina Pero de Teive Loja A 9500 Ponta Delgada Phone: 296 628 522 | 967 808 666 Fax: 296 628 524 reservations@azoreswhale.com www.azoreswhale.com Fora da Estrada Phone: 968 517 981 | 914 288 801 fernando.cabido@sapo.pt

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QUAD BIKING Trilhogia Rua Gonçalo Velho 9650 Povoação Phone: 296 559 937 967 478 577 | 968 559 414 www.trilhogia.com

BIG-GAME FISHING F.R.B. - Sport fishing Manager: Sr. Fernando Phone: 296 919 147 965 831 213 | 964 789 464 frb-galeus@hotmail.com www.frb-fishing.com

THERAPY - MASSAGE Oliver Banhos Rua Maria Eugénia Oliveira 9580 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 968 180 164

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ANC Praia dos Santos 30 9500 São Roque | Ponta Delgada Phone: 296 630 300 967 309 909 | 963 765 055 motorent.anc@gmail.com


16. Regional Products and Handicraft REGIONAL PRODUCTS Salga Associação Sol Nascente Biscuits and Traditional Pastry Schedule: Open Monday to Friday from 8.30am to 5.30pm Rua Direita 79 9630 Salga | Nordeste Phone: 296 462 500 Mãos de Fada Home-made bread, Biscuits and other pastry Rua Direita 32 9630 Salga | Nordeste Phone: 296 462 366 Lomba da Fazenda Cooperativa Alegria e Paz Homemade bread, Sweet bread, Traditional Oven Cake and other Pastry Schedule: Monday to Friday from 8am to 8pm Saturdays from 8am to10am ( Only by order) Rua dos Arreiros 1 9650 Lomba Fazenda | Nordeste Phone: 296 486 083

Faial da Terra Cozinha d’Avó Manager: Lúcia Botelho Leaven Cake, Dough Biscuits and Cakes Schedule: Open from 8am to 5pm 9650 Faial da Terra | Povoação Phone: 296 586 181 Fax: 296 586 190 Nossa Senhora dos Remédios Cooperativa Celeiro da Terra Liquors, Jams and Biscuits Schedule: Open from 8am to 5pm Estrada Regional da Lomba do Alcaide 9650 Povoação Phone: 296 559 244 Furnas Emanuel Casado Traditional Pastry and Sweets Caramels, Candies, Honey, Honey Cakes Phone: 296 584 351 | 916 411 816 ecasado@iol.pt 

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Bolos Lêvedos das Furnas Os Genuínos Manager: Maria da Conceição Quental Furnas Leaven Cake, Biscuits, Coconut Bread, Sand Cookies and Sweet Bread Rua de Sant’ Ana 16 A 9675-046 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 584 548 | 919 837 688 Pastelaria Nélia Furtado Furnas Leaven Cake and other Pastry Rua dos Moinhos 14 9650 Furnas Povoação Phone: 296 584 920 | 914 502 963

Furnas Leaven Cake, various Caramels, Toasted Almond, Toasted Corn, Traditional Oven Cake, Homemade Biscuits Avenida Victor Manuel Rodrigues 16 9650 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 584 570 Artesanato e Moagem em Povoação Regional products Rua Maria Eugénia Moniz Oliveira 9675-059 Furnas | Povoação Mercado das Caldeiras Regional products Largo das Caldeiras 9675-045 Furnas | Povoação

Bolos Lêvedos típicos das Furnas Manager: Maria da Glória Moniz

HANDICRAFT Salga Associação Sol Nascente Lace, Embroidery and Weaving Schedule: Open Monday to Friday from 8.30am to 5.30pm Rua Direita 79 9630 Salga | Nordeste Phone: 296 462 500    Folha do Milho Traditional Cornleaf figures and flowers 9630 Salga | Nordeste Phone: 296 462 415  afolhademilho@net.sapo.pt

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Achada Municipal Support Center of Handicraft Traditional Cornleaf figures and flowers, Lace, Embrodery Parque da Ribeira dos Caldeirões 9630 Achada | Nordeste Phone: 961 225 226 Santo António do Nordestinho Community Center for Social Insertion of Nordestino Lace, Embroidery,Patchwork, Religious Banners, Linen crafts


Centro Cultural Padre Manuel Raposo 9630 Santo António do Nordestinho | Nordeste Phone: 296 486 092 Nordeste Village Casa do Trabalho do Nordeste Weaving, Lace, Embroidery, Linen crafts and Folcloric Wardrobe Schedule: Open from 9am to12am and from 1pm to 5pm 9630 Nordeste Phone: 296 488 448   Nossa Senhora dos Remédios Cooperativa Celeiro da Terra Cornleaf Figures Schedule: Open from 8am to 5pm Estrada Regional da Lomba do Alcaide 9650 Povoação Phone: 296 559 244

Furnas Três Bicas Handicraft Largo das Três Bicas (ER 1-1) 9650 Furnas | Povoação Artesanato e Moagem Handicraft Rua Maria Eugénia Moniz Oliveira 9675-059 Furnas | Povoação Mercado das Caldeiras Handicraft Largo das Caldeiras 9675-045 Furnas | Povoação Ribeira Quente Fish Scale Handicraft Manager: Albino Silva 9650 Ribeira Quente | Povoação Phone: 296 584 403

Povoação Village Casa dos Moinhos da Povoação Handicraft Estrada Municipal 522 9650 Povoação Povoação Tourist Office Lace, Embroidery, Weaving and Fish Scale Handicraft Schedule: Open daily from 10am to 5pm 9650 Povoação Phone: 296 559 050

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17. Other information TOURIST OFFICES Povoação Tourist Office Rua Infante Sagres S/N 9650 Povoação Phone: 296 559 050 info.turismo@cm-povoacao.pt

Nordeste Tourist Office Rua D. Maria do Rosário, 11 9630-144 Nordeste Schedule: Monday to Friday from 9 am to 12 am and 1pm to 4.30 pm Phone: 296 488 432

Furnas Tourist Office Rua Dr. Frederico Moniz Pereira14 9675-055 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 584 525 Fax: 296 584 525

BUSES 105 | 107 Nordeste > Ponta Delgada Stops at all vilages in Nordeste council. Working days - 6.45 am | 11.30 am | 4.15 pm. Saturdays - 6.45 am | 2.30 pm. Sundays and Holidays - 6.45 am | 4 pm 105 | 106 Ponta Delgada > Nordeste Stops at all vilages in Nordeste council. Working days - 6.45 am | 11 am | 4.15 pm | 6.30 pm (d) Saturdays - 6.45 am | 4.15 pm Sundays and Holidays - 6.45 am | 4.15 pm

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(d) Only on Fridays 110 Ponta Delgada > Furnas Every day - 7.15 am | 3.15 pm 110 | 111 Furnas > Ponta Delgada Every day - 9.10 am | 5.10 pm 115 Povoação > Salga Only Tuesdays and Thursdays Stops at all vilages in Nordeste council and Água Retorta, Faial da Terra, Lomba do Alcaide and Povoação. 4 pm


115 Salga > Povoação Only Tuesdays and Thursdays Stops at all vilages in Nordeste council and Agua Retorta, Faial da Terra, Lomba do Alcaide and Povoação. 7.25 am 318-P Ponta Delgada (Via Pópulo) > Povoação Several stops Working Days - 1.45 pm | 4 pm | 6.10 pm (a) | 6.30 pm (b) Saturdays - 10.30 am (b) | 3 pm Sundays and Holidays - 9 am | 10.30 am (b) | 3 pm 318-P Povoação > Ponta Delgada (Via Pópulo) Several stops Working Days - 6.40 am | 8.30 am | 10.15 am | 4 pm Saturdays, Sundays and Holidays - 11 am | 12.30 am (b) | 5 pm 318-L Ponta Delgada (Via Livramento) > Povoação Several Stops Monday to Saturday - 9 am 317 Furnas > Ribeira Quente Several stops Working Days - 7.15 am (a) | 7.40 am (b) | 12.10 am | 1.50 pm (b) | 4.20 pm (b) | 6.05 pm Saturdays, Sundays and Holidays 10.40 am (b) |12 am (b) | 4.40 pm (b) 317 Ribeira Quente > Furnas Several stops

Working Days - 7.40 am (a)| 8 am (b) |12.30 am (b) | 2.15 pm (a)| 4.45 pm (a)| 6.30 pm (a) Saturdays Sundays and Holidays 11am (b)|12.30 am (b) | 5 pm (b) 319 Furnas > Povoação Several stops. Only Working Days - 8 am (a) | 8.30 am (b) | 1 pm 319 Povoação > Furnas Several stops. Only Working Days 7.15 am (a) | 11.45 am | 1.30 pm (a) | 5.30 pm (b) | 5.45 pm (a) 321 Povoação > Lomba do Alcaide Direct. Only Working Days - 7.30 am (a) | 12 am (b) |12.30 am (a) | 1.30 pm (a) | 4 pm (b) | 4.10 pm (a) | 6.10 pm 321 Lomba do Alcaide > Povoação Direct. Only Working Days - 7.50 am (a) | 8.10 am (a) | 8.15 am (b) | 12.45 am (a) (c) | 1.45 pm (c) | 1.30 pm (a) (a) from 15th September to 15th June (b) from 15th June to 15th September (c) Through Lomba do Loução 322 Povoação > Lomba do Loução Direct. Only Working Days - 7.25 am | 8.45 am | 9.10 am (b) | 12.30 am (c) | 1.30 pm (a) (c) | 4 pm (b)(c) | 4.10 pm (a) | 6.10 pm (a) | 6.35 pm (b) 322 Lomba do Loução > Povoação Direct. Only Working Days - 7.45 am

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| 9 am (a)| 9.30 am (b)|1 pm (a)| 1.30 pm (b) | 1.45 pm (a)| 4.20 pm (b) | 4.45 pm (a) | 6.25 pm (a) (c) Through Lomba do Alcaide 323 Povoação > Lomba do Botão/ Lomba do Pomar (Circular) Stops at Lomba do Botão and Lomba do Pomar Only Working Days - 8.05 am | 11.50 am | 1.30 pm | 4.10 pm | 6.10 pm 324 Povoação > Lomba do Carro Direct. Only Working Days - 8 am (a)| 1.30 pm (a) | 4.10 pm (a) 324 Lomba do Carro > Povoação Direct. Only Working Days - 8.10 am (a) | 1.40 pm (a) | 4.20 pm (a) 325 Povoação > Lomba do Botão Direct. Only Working Days - 7.30 am (a) | 1.50 pm (a) | 4.30 pm (a)

325 Lomba do Botão > Povoação Direct. Only Working Days - 7.40 am (a) | 2 pm (a) | 4.40 pm (a) 326 Povoação > Água Retorta Stops at Lomba do Alcaide and Faial da Terra Only Working Days - 12 am (b) | 1.30 pm (a) | 4.10 pm (a) | 6.10 pm 326 Água Retorta > Povoação Stops at Faial da Terra and Lomba do Alcaide Only Working Days - 7.30 am | 12 am (b) | 2 pm (a) | 4.40 pm (a) (a) from 15th September to 15th June (b) from 15th June to 15th September View detailed schedules at www.smigueltransportes.com

TAXIS Nordeste Taxi Stop Praça da República 9630 Nordeste Phone: 296 488 183 António Mota Costa (Taxi driver) Phone: 918 823 050

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António Cabral (Taxi driver) Phone: 962 421 407 José Francisco de Melo (Taxi driver) Phone: 962 407 485


Algarvia José Manuel Martins Couto (Taxi driver) Phone: 296 452 121 | 962 374 591 Fazenda Gilberto Cabral (Taxi driver) Phone: 296 488 199 | 964 322 478

Salga José Melo (Taxi driver) Phone: 296 462 440 | 916 101 726 Santana Jeremias Lázaro (Taxi driver) Phone: 296 452 162 | 914 220 365 Povoação

Dinis Medeiros (Taxi driver) Phone: 296 488 439 | 962 525 933 Pedreira João Cabral Furtado (Taxi driver) Phone: 296 488 221 | 967 082 412

Taxi Stop Largo Luís de Camões 9650 Povoação Phone: 296 585 180

Santo António do Nordestinho Alcides Pacheco (Taxi driver) Phone: 296 486 287 | 962 374 389

RENT-A-CAR 7 Lombas Rent-a-Car Rua 25 de Abril, Edifício Hotel do Mar 9650 Povoação Phone: 296 559 560 Fax: 296 559 562

MUSEUMS Ethnographic Museum of Achada Schedule: Working days from 8 am to 12 am | 1 pm to 4 pm Contact the Culture and Communication Office of the City

Council of Nordeste to schedule visits Rua da Igreja 9630 Achada | Nordeste Phone: 296 480 060 / 917 267 368

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Museum of Nordeste Ethnography Schedule: October to May - Mondays to Fridays from 8.30 am to 12.30 am | 1.30 pm to 4.30 pm June to September - Wednesdays to Fridays from 8.30 am to12.30 pm | 1.30 pm to 4.30 pm Weekends - 11 am to 4 pm Rua Dª Maria do Rosário 9630 Nordeste Phone: 296 480 065 Wheat Museum Schedule: October to April - 9am to 4pm | 11 am to 2.30 pm Weekends - 11 am to 2.30 pm April to October - 9 am to 5 pm Closed at holidays Lomba do Alcaide 9650 Nossa Senhora dos Remédios | Povoação Phone: 296 585 549 Fax: 296 585 374 Lighthouse of Arnel Schedule: Wednesdays from 2 pm to 5 pm. Guided Visits - Wednesdays at 2 pm | 3 pm | 4 pm On the other days only by appointment Ponta do Arnel 9630 Nordeste Phone: 296 488 103 Forestry Interpretation Centre of Nordeste Rua do Poceirão 9630-171 Nordeste Visitation only by appointment

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Phone: 296 480 570 info.SFN@azores.gov.pt Interpretation Centre of Priolo Schedule: December to January Open only by appointment February to April and October to November only on Weekends and Holidays from12 am to 5 pm Rest of the days only by appointment May to September - Tuesday to Sunday from 10 am to 6 pm Phone: 91 853 61 23 Fax: 296 488 455 Apartado 14 9630 Nordeste 37°48’5.38”N 25° 9’47.48”W centropriolo@spea.pt http://centroprio.spea.pt Monitoring and Research Center of Furnas (CMIF) Schedule: 16th September to 14th May: Tuesdays to Sundays from 9 am to 5 pm Weekends and holidays from 9 am to 5.30 pm 15th September to15th September Open daily from 10am to 6.30 pm Rua da Lagoa das Furnas 1489 9675-090 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 206 745 pif-cmif@azores.gov.pt Microbiological Observatory of Azores Schedule: September to June -


Tuesday to Friday from 10 am to 5 pm. Sundays and Holidays from 2.30 pm to 6 pm. July to August Wednesday to Friday from 10 am to 5 pm. Weekends and Holidays from

2.30 pm to 6 pm. Antigo Chalé de Misturas, Caldeiras 9675-045 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 584 765 aguiar@vidaemebulicao.com

INTERNET ACCESS Achadinha   Informatic Center | Cultural House of João de Melo Schedule: Mondays to Friday from 1 pm to 7 pm. Saturdays from 9 am to 2 pm Rua Direita 9630 Achadinha | Nordeste Phone: 296 452 026 axadinha.nossocentro@hotmail.com Santana Informatic Center of Feteira Grande Schedule: Monday to Friday from 1 pm to 7 pm Saturdays from 9 am to 2 pm Estrada Regional (old building of the School) 9630 Santana | Nordeste Phone: 296 452 011 Ei.santana@hotmail.com Algarvia Informatic Center of Algarvia Schedule: Monday to Friday from 1 pm to 7 pm

Saturdays from 9 am to 2 pm Rua D. David Dias Pimentel 9630 Algarvia | Nordeste Phone: 296 452 206 eialgarvia@sapo.pt Lomba da Fazenda Cultural Center of Padre Jacinto F. Amaral Schedule: Monday to Friday from 4 pm to 8 pm. Saturdays from 9 am to 1 pm. Rua dos Barreiros 9630 Lomba da Fazenda | Nordeste Phone: 296 486 697 Lilia_paiva@hotmail.com Nordeste Village EInternet Space of Nordeste Schedule: Monday to Friday from 10 am to 12.30 am and from 1.30 pm to 6 pm Saturdays from 9 am to 1 pm Praça da República (Same building as Montepio Geral)

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Pedreira Informatic Center of Pedreira Schedule: Monday to Friday from 4 pm to 7 pm. Saturdays from 9 am to 2 pm. Estrada Regional (Old Building of the school) 9630 Pedreira | Nordeste Phone: 296 488 147 eipedreira@sapo.pt Água Retorta

9650-018 Água Retorta | Povoação Phone: 296 586 130 jfaguaretorta@mail.telepac.pt www.jfaguaretorta.com Faial da Terra Informatic Space of the Municipal Council of Faial da Terra Rua Avenida 5 - A 9650-107 Faial da Terra | Povoação Phone: 296 586 010

Center InfoJovem of the Municipal Council of Água Retorta Rua Direita

ENVIRONMENT Nordeste Village Nordeste Forestry Service Rua do Poceirão 9630-171 Nordeste Phone: 296 488 157 Fax: 296 488 633 sfn@mail.telepac.pt Povoação Village Portuguese Society for the Study of Birds Schedule: Working days 9 am to 5 pm. Old building of the school of Lomba do Carro 9650 Povoação Phone/Fax: 296 559 224 life-laurissilva.spea.pt joaquim.teodosio@spea.pt

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Ponta Delgada Environmental Services of São Miguel Building of the Post Offices - CTT Avenida Antero de Quental 9C, 2nd floor 9500-160 Ponta Delgada Phone: 296 206 785 Fax: 296 206 787 sram-sasm@azores.gov.pt Regional Service of Forestry Resources Rua do Contador, 23 9500-050 Ponta Delgada Phone: 296 204 600 Fax: 296 286 745 drrf.caca@riac.gov.pt


FIRE BRIGADES Nordeste Village Headquarters Rua do Topo 9630-166 Nordeste Phone: 296 480 080 | 966 647 590 Fax: 296 488 126

Povoação Village Headquarters Largo do Jardim Municipal Ramalho 9650-430 Povoação Phone: 296 550 050 Fax: 296 550 052

POLICE STATIONS Nordeste Village Police Station Largo da Choca 9630 Nordeste Phone: 296 480 112

Furnas Police Station Avenida Victor Manuel Rodrigues 9650 Furnas | Povoação Phone: 296 549 040

Povoação Village Police Station Rua 25 de Abril 9650 Povoação Phone: 296 550 050

HEALTH CENTER AND PHARMACIES Achada Pharmacy of Achada Rua do Ramal 9630 Achada | Nordeste Phone: 296 452 187

Nordeste Village Health Center of Nordeste Estrada Regional 7 9630 Nordeste Phone: 296 480 090

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Pharmacy of Nordeste Village Schedule: Mondays and Tuesdays from 9 am to 7.30 pm Wednesdays, Thursdays and Fridays from 9 am to 7 pm Saturdays from 9 am to 1 pm Praça da República 12 9630 Nordeste Phone: 296 488 276

Povoação Village Health Center of Povoação Rua Monsenhor João Maurício Amaral 9650 Povoação Phone: (+351) 296 550 150 Pharmacy of Povoação Rua Bairro das Laranjeiras, 7/9 9650 Povoação

POST OFFICES Nordeste Village Post Office Praça da República 9630 Nordeste Phone: 296 488 101 | 296 488 090

Povoação Village Post Office Rua do 1º Barão das Laranjeiras 9650-418 Povoação

CITY COUNCILS City Council of Povoação Largo do Município 1 9650-411 Povoação Phone: 296 585 200 Fax: 296 585 374 www.cm-povoacao.pt geral@cm-povoacao.pt

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City Council of Nordeste Praça da República 9630 Nordeste Phone: 800 207 119 (linha verde) 296 480 060 Fax: 296 488 519 www.cmnordeste.pt geral@cmnordeste.pt


Appendixes Check-lists


Plants of the Azores Azorean Laurel (Laurus azorica) Azorean Blueberry (Vaccinium cylindraceum) Azorean Heather (Erica azorica) Azorean Holly (Ilex perado azorica) Azorean Ivy (Hedera azorica) Azorean Juniperus (Juniperus brevifolia) Azorean Laurustinus (Viburnum trileasei) Azorean Cherry (Prunus azorica) Buckthorn (Frangula azorica) Cape Myrtle (Myrsine retusa) Common Heather (Calluna vulgaris) Faya Tree (Myrica faya) Hawkbit (Leontodon rigens) Picconia azorica Rooting Chainfern (Woodwardia radicans) Royal Fern (Osmunda regalis) Tree Fern (Culcita macrocarpa)

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Birds of the Azores Blackbird (Turdus merula azorensis) Blackcap (Sylvia atricapilla gularis) Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs moreletti) Common Quail (Coturnix coturnix conturbans) Wood Pigeon (Columba palumbus azorica) Canary (Serinus canaria) Common Buzzard (Buteo buteo rothschildi) Common Crossbill (Loxia curvirostra) Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago gallinago) Common Waxbill (Estrilda astrild) European Robin (Erithacus rubecula) Fieldfare (Turdus pilaris) Goldcrest (Regulus regulus azoricus) Goldfinch (Carduelis carduelis parva) Grey wagtail (Motacilla cinerea patriciae) House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) Long-eared Owl (Asio otus otus) “Priolo�/Azores Bullfinch (Pyrrhula murina) Rock Dove (Columba livia atlantis) Snow Bunting (Plectrophenax nivalis) Starling (Sturnus vulgaris granti) Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola) Yellow-legged Gull (Larus michaellis atlantis)

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Places to visit Salga Planalto dos Graminhais Achadinha Achada Santana Algarvia Santo António de Nordestinho São Pedro de Nordestinho Lomba da Fazenda Nordeste village Arnel Lighthouse Pedreira Interpretation Centre of Priolo Água Retorta Faial da Terra Nossa Senhora dos Remédios Museum of Wheat Povoação village Furnas Microbial Observatory of Azores Monitoring and Research Centre of Furnas Ribeira Quente Serra da Tronqueira Pico da Vara

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Furnas Lake Salto do Cavalo

Notes

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Technical Information Title: Azores | Lands of Priolo | East of S. Miguel Island Texts: Azucena de la Cruz, Carlos Pereira, Cláudia Furtado, Eva Lima, Gabinete de Apoio ao Turismo de Natureza e em Espaço Rural, Natália Melo, Câmara Municipal de Nordeste and Câmara Municipal da Povoação Photos: AC - Azucena de la Cruz, AG - Ana Gonçalves, AM - Ana Mendonça, CMN - Câmara Municipal do Nordeste, CMP - Câmara Municipal da Povoação, CV - Carla Veríssimo, CR - Carlos Ribeiro, DJ - Daniel Jareño, FF - Filipe Figueiredo, PM - Pedro Monteiro, JT - Joaquim Teodósio, LF - Luis Ferreira (www.luis-ferreira.com), NC - Nuno Castanheira, RB - Rui Botelho, RC - Rúben Coelho Maps: Ana Gonçalves, Ana Meirinho and Susana Costa Translation: Alison Lang, Ana Gonçalves, Ana Mendonça, Nigel Agar and Vanessa Oliveira Graphic design: Susana Costa Edition: SPEA - Sociedade Portuguesa para o Estudo das Aves. Avenida João Crisóstomo, 18 - 4.º Dto. 1000-179 Lisboa - Portugal Printing: Nova Gráfica, Lda. Copies: 250 Depósito legal: 331693/11 2nd edition, 2013


Azores | Lands of Priolo | 2nd edition  

Lands of mystery and mist. Lands of tradition and culture. The Nature in an unforgettable experience. Lands of Priolo - A secret to be disco...

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