Hydrothermal vents are hot vents.
Hydrothermal vents can have white or black smokers.
Pictured Left: white smoker vent
They are NOT underwater volcanoes, because they do not explode lava. They explode hot water.
Pictured Right: black smoker vent
DID YOU KNOW? Crust
Outer Mantle Inner Mantle
The Earth has four main layers, which are: the core, inner mantle, outer mantle, and the crust.
Above: Earthâ€™s layers
Hydrothermal vents happen when there is a crack in the Earthâ€™s surface, and then it gets really hot in the mantle. Then, it explodes back into the bottom of the ocean. Pictured above: hydrothermal vent
DID YOU KNOW?
Many different kind of unique animals like to live near the hydrothermal vents. First, there is the octopus. Then, there is the eelpout fish, scale worm, and Pompeii worm. Last, there are shrimp, spider crab, and giant clams.