Page 1


TOXIC ENVIRONMENT

The Clearview and Folcroft Landfills are an unhealthy part of the urban fabric both ecologically and culturally.

WATERSHED

Persistent flooding and pollutants are pervasive problems due to downstream run-off, tidal action, upstream and adjacent land uses, and increasing storm systems.

Improve the Environment

POOR HABITAT QUALITY

What is the human history of this area? How has the land been affected? What is this land? Where does the water come from? Where does the water go? What will happen in the future? When it rains - where does the water go? What are the rains washing down the streams? What is happening in the our environment? What is the vegetative cover?

Urban development within surrounding townships and SW Philadelphia have resulted in habitat fragmentation.

POOR QUALITY OF LIFE

Toxic chemicals, flooding and limited access to resources plague residents of Eastwick. Improve quality of life

CONNECTIVITY

The confluence of major transporation routes provides opportunities for increased linkages between Eastwick and the surrounding community.

Who lives here? Where do they live? What are their needs? What is missing in the community? Why is this important? What is going on here? What is missing? What is next door? Where could there be healthy green spaces? How do they go from place to place?

NEED FOR LOCAL CHAMPION

Strong leadership is needed to coordinate and implement plans toward holistic solutions.

LACK OF CULTURAL IDENTITY

Layers of cultural heritage that stem from 350 years of history need to be integrated into the design.

Tackling the Issues

Foster ownership of project and connection to the community.

Who cares? What are they interested in? How do you know that you are here?


TOXIC ENVIRONMENT

The Clearview and Folcroft Landfills are an unhealthy part of the urban fabric both ecologically and culturally.

WATERSHED

Persistent flooding and pollutants are pervasive problems due to downstream run-off, tidal action, upstream and adjacent land uses, and increasing storm systems.

Improve the Environment

POOR HABITAT QUALITY

What is the human history of this area? How has the land been affected? What is this land? Where does the water come from? Where does the water go? What will happen in the future? When it rains - where does the water go? What are the rains washing down the streams? What is happening in the our environment? What is the vegetative cover?

Urban development within surrounding townships and SW Philadelphia have resulted in habitat fragmentation.

POOR QUALITY OF LIFE

Toxic chemicals, flooding and limited access to resources plague residents of Eastwick. Improve quality of life

CONNECTIVITY

The confluence of major transporation routes provides opportunities for increased linkages between Eastwick and the surrounding community.

Who lives here? Where do they live? What are their needs? What is missing in the community? Why is this important? What is going on here? What is missing? What is next door? Where could there be healthy green spaces? How do they go from place to place?

NEED FOR LOCAL CHAMPION

Strong leadership is needed to coordinate and implement plans toward holistic solutions.

LACK OF CULTURAL IDENTITY

Layers of cultural heritage that stem from 350 years of history need to be integrated into the design.

Tackling the Issues

Foster ownership of project and connection to the community.

Who cares? What are they interested in? How do you know that you are here?


TOXIC ENVIRONMENT

The Clearview and Folcroft Landfills are an unhealthy part of the urban fabric both ecologically and culturally.

WATERSHED

Persistent flooding and pollutants are pervasive problems due to downstream run-off, tidal action, upstream and adjacent land uses, and increasing storm systems.

Improve the Environment

POOR HABITAT QUALITY

What is the human history of this area? How has the land been affected? What is this land? Where does the water come from? Where does the water go? What will happen in the future? When it rains - where does the water go? What are the rains washing down the streams? What is happening in the our environment? What is the vegetative cover?

Urban development within surrounding townships and SW Philadelphia have resulted in habitat fragmentation.

POOR QUALITY OF LIFE

Toxic chemicals, flooding and limited access to resources plague residents of Eastwick. Improve quality of life

CONNECTIVITY

The confluence of major transporation routes provides opportunities for increased linkages between Eastwick and the surrounding community.

Who lives here? Where do they live? What are their needs? What is missing in the community? Why is this important? What is going on here? What is missing? What is next door? Where could there be healthy green spaces? How do they go from place to place?

NEED FOR LOCAL CHAMPION

Strong leadership is needed to coordinate and implement plans toward holistic solutions.

LACK OF CULTURAL IDENTITY

Layers of cultural heritage that stem from 350 years of history need to be integrated into the design.

Tackling the Issues

Foster ownership of project and connection to the community.

Who cares? What are they interested in? How do you know that you are here?


Regional Context


DARBY CREEK COBBS CREEK

MUCKINIPATTIS CREEK STONY CREEK

HERMESPROTA CREEK SCHUYLKILL RIVER

LITTLE CRUM CREEK

DELAWARE RIVER

0

Legend Framework Boundary Existing streams Folcroft Clearview Hydrology

Watershed

0.3

0.6

1.2

1.8

Miles 2.4

j


Framework Context


Lenni Lenape Indians

American Dike Settlers Construction 1770s in Tinicum Agricultural Marsh British Soldiers Lands breaking 1700s down dikes. 1770s

pre colonial

Historical Timeline

Underground Slave Tunnel 1800s

Mosquito Ditching 1930s

I-95 Constructed 1970s

Trolley Line 1930s Dredge Spoils & Ditching

Flooding Darby Creek Area Folcroft & Clearview Landfills 1950s onward Present Day

[What is the human history of this area?]


Historical Streams

[How has the land been affected?]


A

B

C

Geology

[What is this land?]


Piedmont Province

A

Wissahickon and Bryn Mawr Formations

Transition Zone P and B

B

P and B

Wissahickon Formation

Coastal Plain Province

C

Trenton Gravel

A B C

Stream Bed Cross-Section

[What is this land?]


Heavy Rain

[When it rains where does the water go?]


Impervious Surfaces

[When it rains where does the water go?]


Hydrology

[Where does the water come from?]


100 Year Floodplain

[Where does the water go?]


2100 Projected Floodplain

[What will happen in the future?]


Fecal Coliform

Zinc

Selenium (Se)

PCBs

PAH

Mercury (Hg)

Lead (Pb)

Iron (Fe)

DDT

Copper (Cu)

Cobalt (Co)

Chromium (Cr)

Cadmium (Cd)

Benzene

Arsenic (As)

Antimony (Sb)

Locations

Aluminum (Al)

Found Contaminants

Lower Darby Creek Upstream Cobbs Creek Upstream Clearview Landfill Active Business Clearview Landfill Clearview Seeps City Park Eastwick Neighborhood Folcroft Landfill

Evaluation Not Complete

Tinicum Marsh JHNWR Impoundment

Contaminants

Additional Chemicals: Dieldrin, Heptachlon, Epoxide

[What are the rains washing down the streams?]


Fragmented Fragmented Vegetation Vegetation

High High Risk Flood Risk Flood ZoneZone 0.2% 0.2% Annual Annual Chance Chance of Flooding of Flooding OpenOpen Water Water ForestForest OpenOpen Area Area

Folcroft

Existing Vegetation

Clearview

[What is happening in our environment?]


Existing Habitat

[What is the vegetative cover?]


Folcroft

Clearview

2 miles

80 ft

A’ A

A’ Clearview

Folcroft

Existing Vegetation Cross-Section

A

[What is the vegetative cover?]


Children vs. Adults Age below 18

19 and up

27%

73%

Owner vs. Renter Owner

Renter

38% 62%

Households With children

Households without children

32%

68%

Framework Boundary Half Mile Buffer

Community

acreage 17,166

acreage 2,836

population 168,194

population 16,758

10 persons/acre

6 persons/acre

[Who lives here?]


Framework Boundary Black

White

Asian

3% 1%

Hispanic

Half Mile Buffer

Other

Black

White

Asian

Hispanic

1% 2% 1%

1% 32%

35% 61%

63%

Half Mile Buffer

Framework Boundary

Age under 5

Age 5 - 17

18 - 21

22 - 29

Age under 5

Age 5 - 17

18 - 21

22 - 29

30 - 39

40 - 49

50 - 64

65 and up

30 - 39

40 - 49

50 - 64

65 and up

12% 7% 16% 15% 14%

•

Other

14%

21%

7%

14% 15%

10% 5%

20% 10%

15%

5%

There are significant differences in the demographic data for the Half Mile Buffer area and the Framework area in regards of ethnicity.

Community

[Who lives here?]


Population Density

[Where do they live?]


Area Landuse

[What is going on in this area?]


Utility ROW

Landuse Buffer - 1 mile buffer

[What is missing here?]


Industrial

Schools, Open Space and Industrial Zoning

[What is next door?]


Suitability: Green Network Potential

[Where could there be healthy green spaces?]


Suitability: Green Network Potential

[Where could there be healthy green spaces?]


Eastwick Septa Stop

Circulation

[How do you go from place to place?]


US Fish & Wildlife John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) City of Philadelphia

Folcroft Township

Philadelphia Airport

Darby Township

Tinicum Township

Delaware County Clean Air Council

y Association

Citizens for Cleanup of Lower Darby Creek by Creek Valley Association

Delaware Conservation Corp

Darby Creek Valley Association

Southwest CDC

(former Eastwick Project Area Committee and Neighborhood Advisory Committee)

City of Philadelphia* *Not yet a player

Stakeholders *not yet a player

[Who cares about this area?]


Property Buyouts

Job Growth

Industrial Growth

Commercial Urban Farm

Historical Significance

Waste water

Stormwater Management

Creek Cleanup

Greenway Trail Connections

Environmental Education

Walking Trails

Viewing Aeas

Deer Managment

Native Restoration

Bird Watching

Wildlife Habitat

StakeHolders Matrix

US Fish & Wildlife Service John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge Philadelphia Airport City of Philadelphia Delaware County DELCORA Wastewater Treatment Plant Delaware County Conservation District DCCD Darby Township (Clearview Landfill) Tinicum Township Clean Air Council Southwest CDC - Community Development Corporation Darby Creek Valley Association DCVA Citizens for Clean up of Lower Darby Creek Eastwick Neighborhood

Stakeholder Matrix

[What are they interested in?]


Sense of Place

[How do you know you are here?]


TOXIC ENVIRONMENT

The Clearview and Folcroft Landfills are an unhealthy part of the urban fabric both ecologically and culturally.

WATERSHED

Persistent flooding and pollutants are pervasive problems due to downstream run-off, tidal action, upstream and adjacent land uses, and increasing storm systems.

Improve the Environment

POOR HABITAT QUALITY

What is the human history of this area? How has the land been affected? What is this land? Where does the water come from? Where does the water go? What will happen in the future? When it rains - where does the water go? What are the rains washing down the streams? What is happening in the our environment? What is the vegetative cover?

Urban development within surrounding townships and SW Philadelphia have resulted in habitat fragmentation.

POOR QUALITY OF LIFE

Toxic chemicals, flooding and limited access to resources plague residents of Eastwick. Improve quality of life

CONNECTIVITY

The confluence of major transporation routes provides opportunities for increased linkages between Eastwick and the surrounding community.

Who lives here? Where do they live? What are their needs? What is missing in the community? Why is this important? What is going on here? What is missing? What is next door? Where could there be healthy green spaces? How do they go from place to place?

NEED FOR LOCAL CHAMPION

Strong leadership is needed to coordinate and implement plans toward holistic solutions.

LACK OF CULTURAL IDENTITY

Layers of cultural heritage that stem from 350 years of history need to be integrated into the design.

Framework Plan

Foster ownership of project and connection to the community.

Who cares? What are they interested in? How do you know that you are here?


De

la

w

ar

e

Ex

py

Constraints Industrial Wetland Floodplain Airport extension

De

la

w

ar

e

Opportunities Ex

py

Openspace Floodplain Vacant land Basin and wetland Gateway Airport extension

Opportunities and Constraints


Program


In

te

rst

at

e

95

Existing Bike and pedestrian Wetland Stream corridor

Existing Conditions


Existing School Greenway

Existing Conditions


Existing School Greenway Roads

Existing Conditions


In

te

rst

at

e

95

Proposed Water trail Proposed trail Basin and wetland Gateway Greenway

Repair Connectivity


Proposed School Gateway Greenway Existing roads

Greenways and Gateways


Proposed School Gateway Greenway Proposed trail Water trail

Proposed Circulation


Community Center

Community Center

Proposed School Gateway Greenway Proposed trail Water trail Community center

Proposed Framework Plan


Appropriate Plant Associations


Sug g e st e d Vegeta tion*

Clearview Folcroft

A

A’

Quercus-Liquidambar Forest Nuphar Pontederia Marsh* Typha-Hibiscus Marsh* Typha Marsh Vegetation* Phragmites Donimated Marsh* Mixed Forb High Marsh* Wild Rice Marsh*

Marsh

Upland

Pin Oak Forest Salix nigra* Typha -Hibiscus Marsh*

Marsh

Salix nigra Forest* Acer rubrum Forest* Acer-Elymus Forest* Acer-Fraxinus-Ulmus Forest Acer-Ulmus-Populus Forest* Quercus-Liquidambar Forest

Riverine

Quercus-Liquidambar Forest

Upland

Riverine

* These plant communities are under management by the Wildlife Refuge; The study area includes the upland areas of Clearview and Folcroft landfill as well as the riverine communities surrounding and within Eastwick.

Proposed Vegetation Cross-Section


Red Bellied Turtle

Proposed Habitat


Clearview

Folcroft

Folcroft

0

Legend Framework Boundary Existing streams Folcroft Clearview Historic Streams Hydrology

Historical Streams

0.15

0.3

0.6

0.9

Miles 1.2

j


Cleansing Plan


Character of Spaces


Landfill Cross-Section Hardwood forest

Burr oak

Pin oak

Black gum

Red maple

Silver maple


Character of Spaces


LEACHATE COLLECTION & TREATMENT SYSTEMS PIPING SYSTEM

REED BED LINER

Clearview Leachate Containment


Darby Creek Area: Folcroft (70 acres) & Clearview (60 acres) : 1984 - ? - Years to Date Superfund Sites

Remedial PADOH & Adaptive Investigation Residents ATSDR Site a Record of EPA begins Reuse & completed for request help Public Health Decision consideration Available for Clearview from EPA Risk Folcroft Clearview Clearview & of Landfills use Remedial active active EPA access for Superfund Folcroft on Investigation Landfill Landfill to site for Superfund designation Remediation underway for assessment NPL of Site Folcroft 1950s 1950s - 1984 1999 2001 2006tion of 2006di1972 2000 2010 Site ????????????????????????????

26 Years

Stearns Quarry: Chicago, IL 2002 - 2010 - 7 years : 75 acres Superfund Site

Limestone Quarry

1830 1970s

Municipal Landfill

1974 2002

Landfill closed

2002

Planning & Design for Remediation & Reuse

Remediation of Site

2002 - 2003

2003 - 2006

Adaptive Reuse and Vegetation 2006 - 2009

2009 Open to the Public

7 Years Northala: London, UK 2000 - 2008 - 8 years: 45 acres

Military Use, Racetrack, Playing Fields 1930s 1990s

Designated for new use Design & Planning

Construction

2000 2000 - 2004

2004 - 2008

8 Years

Time

2008 Open to the Public


Economic Growth Areas

0

Chester Corridor, Philadelphia Airport, Philadelphia Navy Yard, Lower Schuykill Expansion Area

0.5

Major Transportation Routes

1

1.5

3 3 miles miles

2 mile

Possible Soil Profile Clearview Landfill

Folcroft Landfill Airport Expansion & Proposed Growth

Opportunity

Crushed Stone needed for Remediation for Site

10 cu yards/ tons per truck Clean Construction Fill

Clearview Folcroft Total

92,600 cubic yards 94,000 cubic yards 186,000 cubic yards

9,260 truck loads 9,400 truck loads 18,660 truck loads

3 3 miles miles

0

0.5

1

1.5

2 mile

Charge $40/ ton for clean construction fill

Monies that could be generated by accepting clean fill into the site as part of the remediation.

$200/truck

$3.7 Million

Precedents: Northala, London, UK; Stearns Quarry, Chicago, IL

Money


Resources: _____. “What is Phytoremediation”. Accessed October 7. http:// arabidopsis.info/students/dom/mainpage.html. _____. Toxic Waters. Michael Thomas Productions. 2000. _____. “Agency Scoping Meeting Identified Issues Summary”. John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge Comprehensive Conservation Plan (CCP). March 31, 2010. Barber, Josh. February 23, 2011 “Lower Darby Creek Area Superfund Site Community Update”. Environmental Protection Agency. Cohen, Michelle and J. Johnson. “Phase I Conservation Plan Summary”. John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge Comprehensive Conservation Plan (CCP). May, 2004. Conservation Fund. December 2010. “Determining Mitigation Needs for NiSource Natural Gas Transmission Facilities: Implementation of the Multi Species Habitat Conservation Plan (MSHCP) Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission, Select Greater Philadelphia and Ben Franklin Technology Partners. September 2009. “Greater Philadelphia Economic Development Framework”. Accessed October 12. http://www.dvrpc.org//reports/09008.pdf. Delaware County Planning Department. May 2010. “Greenway Plan for the Darby Creek Watershed, Delaware County, 2010”. Delaware Riverkeeper Network. May 2006 “Restoration Management Plan for the Lower Darby Creek with recommendations for the John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge at Tinicum”. Darby Creek Valley Association. “Executive Summary”. Darby Creek Watershed Conservation Plan. 2005. Cahoon, Donald R., etal. “Coastal Sensitivity to Sea-Level Rise: A Focus on the Mid-Atlantic Region”. The U.S. Climate Change Science Program. City of Philadelphia. June 2011. “Citywide Vision 2035”. Accessed October 1. http://phila2035.org/home-page/city/. E2 Inc. 2011. March 2011 “Lower Darby Creek Area Superfund Site: Reuse Assessment”. Assessed October 11. E² Inc. March 2011. ” Reuse Assessment for the Lower Darby Creek Area Superfund Site“. as part of U.S. EPA Superfund Redevelopment Initiative.accessed http://www.epa.gov/ reg3hwmd/super/sites/PASFN0305521/reports/LDCA_Phase_1_ Reuse_Assessment_FINAL_3-20-11O.pdf. Field Operations. March 2006. “Fresh Kills Park: Lifescape”. Accessed October 12. www.nyc.gov/freshkillspark.

Resources

Licht, Louis, Aitchison, E., and Rock, S. A. “Evapotranspirative Tree Caps: Research prototype results, full-scale case histories, and possible future designs”. Prepared for the SWANA Landfill Symposium, Monterey, CA. June 21-25, 2004. NatureServe. 2011. “Explorer Database”. Accessed October 24. http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/servlet/ NatureServe?init=Ecol Phildelphia International Airport. 2011. “Philadelphia Airport Master Plan”. Accessed October 9. http://www.phl.org/master_ plan.html. Partnership for the Delaware Estuary. Zoctober 2005. “Concepts in Delaware Esturary science and Mangement”. Accessed October 17. http://www.delawareestuary.org/pdf/CDESM_05-02. pdf Philadelphia Planning Commission. March 2006. “Eastwick Bilght Recertification”. Philadelphia Water Department and Darby-Cobbs Watershed Partnership. June, 2004. “Cobbs Creek Integrated Watershed Management Plan”. Tetra Tech NUS, Inc. March 2011. “Phase I Archeological Report”. Tetra Tech NUS, Inc. May 2010. “Remedial Investigation (RI) for Lower Darby Creek Area Site”. Tetra Tech NUS, Inc. June 2001. “Phase I Archaeological Survey Cultural Resource Investigation”. Tetra Tech NUS, Inc. July 2011. “ Sampling and Analysis Plan”. As part of the Removal Site Evaluation Sampling Investigation Lower Darby Creek Area Site Clearview Landfill Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. United States Environmental Protection Agency. 2011.“Revegetating Landfills and Waste Containment Areas Fact Sheet”.Accessed October 12. http://www.epa.gov/tio/ download/remed/revegetating_fact_sheet.pdf. United States Environmental Programme. 2011. “Phytoremediation: An Environmentally Sound Technology for Pollution Prevention, Control and Remediation: An Introductory Guide To Decision Makers”. Accessed October 17. http://www.unep.or.jp/ietc/publications/freshwater/fms2/1.asp United States Fish and Wildlife Service. July 2009. “John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge at Tinicum Habitat Management Plan”. Accessed Ocober 3. http://www.fws.gov/northeast/ planning/John%20Heinz/pdf/31Aug2009_Heinz_Habitat%20 Management%20Plan.pdf

Lower Darby Creek Restorative Framework Plan  

Framework plan for Lower Darby Creek Communities in Philadelphia and Delaware Co., PA

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