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As a direct result of these terror-induced challenges, prices of foodstuffs have skyrocketed, especially in the southern part of the country. The influx of migrants to the less volatile northern states and the south has made rental accommodation expensive, just as several families have been rendered homeless, and without medical assistance. The forced movements and relocations have devastated communities and disintegrated key social ties and networks. Though difficult to measure, communal support networks and social capital lost as a result of the forced disintegration of communities also comes into reckoning.

Impact on Women, Children and Vulnerable Groups Women, children, youth, older persons, indigenous people, ethnic and other minorities, and other vulnerable individuals and groups have all suffered disproportionately from the terror-linked forced evictions. SPACES FOR CHANGE received reports of rapes, torture and assaults by both soldiers and other unknown persons in Maiduguri. Fear of stigma, compounded by religious prejudices has encouraged a culture of silence and unwillingness of victims to speak out and name culprits. The hostilities, worsened by the tactical demolitions and the resulting homelessness continue to increase women’s vulnerability to acts of violence. The nondiscrimination provisions of articles 2.2 and 3 of the Covenant impose an additional obligation upon Governments to ensure that, where evictions do occur, appropriate measures are taken to ensure that no form of discrimination is involved. Dusk to dawn curfews imposed on some northern states such as Maiduguri and Kano has severely limited women’s access to healthcare and productive economic opportunities. Reports received from Kano disclosed how pregnant women could not access healthcare at night when they suddenly went in labour, forcing them to have homebirths manned by unskilled neighbours and attendants. Mothers are able to take sick children to hospital only during the daytime, totally depriving the sick and wounded of their rights to access emergency assistance at all times of the day. In Maiduguri metropolis, nearly all the privately-owned heath institutions have closed down, leaving residents with the only option of accessing the university teaching hospital. SPACES FOR CHANGE confirmed that several women, young persons and children either shot or wounded during the routine gun battles between the extremist sect and the JTF died needlessly as a result of inadequate access to emergency medical services. In Kano, frequent bomb explosions have led to a situation whereby most hospitals are constantly filled to capacity, while morgues have no more spaces to accommodate the increasing number of dead bodies. In Jos, SPACES FOR CHANGE met a wounded man in Rikkos community who sustained life-threatening injuries receiving treatment at home. He was being treated by a local drug store owner, popularly known as chemist. Such local chemists are often untrained in either drug administration or management of complex injuries. Fearing possible arrests or being branded as supporters of extremist activities, wounded persons, especially gun-shot victims in Maiduguri and Jos, refrain from visiting hospitals, preferring to receive medication at home. Possibly influenced by widespread religious practices, most women operate businesses located near their homes, mainly in front of their private residences. Frequent raids and punitive demolitions by security forces and the bomb explosions masterminded by the Islamic sect primarily affect these female-owned businesses and properties. Compensation schemes are likely to exclude women due to the inferior status accorded to women and girls. Prevailing polygamous practices impose additional burden on women to raise their children DEMOLISHING FOUNDATIONS OF PEACE

SPACES FOR CHANGE

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DEMOLISHING FOUNDATIONS OF PEACE  

This report critically examines the effectiveness and human rights implications of using house demolitions to deter terrorism in Northern N...

DEMOLISHING FOUNDATIONS OF PEACE  

This report critically examines the effectiveness and human rights implications of using house demolitions to deter terrorism in Northern N...

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