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CHAPTER FOUR

Impact of the Violence on Social and Economic Rights Where the blame should lie for the increasing violence perpetrated by both the sect and security agents have deeply polarized social, ethnic, religious, academic and political discourses aimed at finding lasting solutions to the crisis, and the resulting human rights abuses. Punitive house demolitions and forced evictions perpetrated by Nigeria’s security forces have left residents vulnerable to further human rights denials, particularly social and economic rights violations, incompatible with the norms espoused in a plethora of human rights treaties that the Nigerian government is a signatory to. On the other hand, the Boko Haram onslaught has completely broken, terrorized and shattered lives of the inhabitants of most northern states, claimed hundreds of lives and destroyed incalculable amounts of valuable properties, forcing many survivors to flee to the southern part of the country. The continuing hostilities has triggered a wave of civil, political, social and economic rights violations, including the human rights to adequate standard of living, housing, work, food, health, private and family life and to be protected from forced eviction and relocation. The accurate number of people displaced by the demolitions could not be ascertained as no survey of the casualties is being undertaken. From the records of the National Emergency Management Authority (NEMA), more than 200,ooo persons have been displaced as a result of the crisis, while millions have been forced to relocate to the south. The scale and intensity of the conflict has created a climate of fear and utter hopelessness that have resulted in the inability of the affected populations to seek justice. The growing insecurity has also hindered any deliberate monitoring and assessment of the impacts of both the terrorism and anti-terrorism actions. We have seen dramatic budget increases for diverse security agencies under the 2012 budget, while existing human rights institutions that play critical investigative and watchdog roles struggle with frozen or cut budgets. The property market is worst hit by the security crisis. Heightened insecurity in the region has seen demand for properties falling sharply, causing prices to fall by between 30 and50 percent in many of the affected states. This has forced the prices and rental costs of commercial properties in highbrow districts such as Murtala Mohammed Way and Ibrahim Taiwo Road in Kano to fall sharply, just as the prices of residential properties in the Government Reservation Areas (GRAs) have also dropped significantly. With no end in sight to the violence, fleeing residents are not likely to return as they have redirected their investments and resources to new areas. Business owners have been compelled to relocate to the due in large part to colossal material losses and declining fortunes. Many hospitals in the state remain shut, limiting the access of the wounded to healthcare.

Food Crisis Looms A countrywide food crisis looms considering the NEMA’s disclosure that about 65 per cent of northern farmers had migrated to the South because of the insecurity they faced. Most of the foodstuffs consumed and traded in Nigeria are grown in the North. The agency warned about an impending famine by the end of this year because most of the small-scale farmers and big-time farmers in the North were threatened by terrorist attacks. Incessant bombings and other violent attacks on local markets carried out by both the sect and armed forces pose grave risks to farmers, cattle rearers and marketers in the north, forcing farmers to migrate to new locations far from their farmlands, while placing additional burden on the transportation of food and farm produce to other states. DEMOLISHING FOUNDATIONS OF PEACE

SPACES FOR CHANGE

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DEMOLISHING FOUNDATIONS OF PEACE  

This report critically examines the effectiveness and human rights implications of using house demolitions to deter terrorism in Northern N...

DEMOLISHING FOUNDATIONS OF PEACE  

This report critically examines the effectiveness and human rights implications of using house demolitions to deter terrorism in Northern N...

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