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problems, housing demolitions pushes the evicted deeper into poverty, impacting negatively on the social and economic life of the region. In addition, demolitions of this nature have been found to be socially and economically disruptive to communities, ecosystems, while further straining civil-military relations in the volatile states. Mounting public opposition to the presence of military forces in the violence-ridden states and communities, more visibly manifested by the persistent calls for the withdrawal of armed security forces continue to cast doubts on the efficacy of using house demolitions to effectively tackle terrorism and the enormous security challenges posed by the Boko Haram violent activities. Unlike in Israel where house demolitions was substituted with a deliberate strategy to increase the IDF’s intelligence operations, acquire more superior technological might and warfare to counter the Palestinian campaign of terror, Nigerian security forces are known to operate in bomb-infested climes without a corresponding strategy for development of formidable military capabilities. As corroborated by a video40 of a policeman in Northern Nigeria that attempted to disarm an IED without any equipment or safety precautions, JTF’s anti-bomb squad unit lacks the basic equipments and infrastructure that guarantee the health and safety of officials undertaking such dangerous and difficult assignments. Major equipments that facilitate the discovery, detection and detonation of explosive devices with a higher degree of precision are unavailable. For the JTF to reduce the proliferation of IEDs with deliberate promptness and accuracy, superior firepower and machinery must be made available to soldiers such as the explosive vapor detector 3500 0r 3000; Jammers: used to neutralize every electrical equipment within reach of the instrument; Mines Sweepers for detecting mines on the ground; Bomb Suits: usually worn to disarm IEDs, and protects the wearer from risk of any serious injury during detonation exercise.

Terror-linked Demolitions in Northern Nigeria: An Overview Kano State has witnessed the most deadliest-ever terrorist attacks, with a record high death toll and human casualties. On January 20, 2012, a series of coordinated attacks on security institutions and federal establishments41 left nearly 200 persons dead. The Boko Haram sect claimed responsibility for these condemnable attacks – and is believed to be also responsible for another attack in April that killed scores of Christian worshippers at the Bayero University, including two professors. Nigerian security forces have responded to these attacks with more brutality and violent destruction of houses and communities suspected as a base for the extremists. Justifying one such demolition in Jos, Plateau State, the spokesman of the Special Task Force, Capt Markus Mdahyelya stated that “the house was demolished because it was discovered to be a terrorist hideout. Four improvised explosive devices, including arms and ammunition were recovered from the house. Such houses must be demolished42”. Corroborating the view, a senior JTF official told SPACES FOR CHANGE that “the owners and occupiers of buildings 40

http://www.liveleak.com/view?i=733_1329400319 The places attacked were the police headquarters, the office of the immigration service, and the State Security Service. 42 Interview granted to Daily Trust’s Onimisi Alao & Lami Sadiq, in Jos, published on Wednesday, 23 May 2012 41

DEMOLISHING FOUNDATIONS OF PEACE

SPACES FOR CHANGE

Profile for SPACES FOR CHANGE

DEMOLISHING FOUNDATIONS OF PEACE  

This report critically examines the effectiveness and human rights implications of using house demolitions to deter terrorism in Northern N...

DEMOLISHING FOUNDATIONS OF PEACE  

This report critically examines the effectiveness and human rights implications of using house demolitions to deter terrorism in Northern N...

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