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SOUTH DAKOTA

125

A PICTORIAL HISTORY


South Dakota

125 Creative Director: Andrea Maibaum Photography Coordinator: Rebecca Johnson Editor: Katie Hunhoff Printed & published in the USA by SOUTH DAKOTA MAGAZINE 410 E. Third Street Yankton, S.D. 57078 (605) 665-6655 www.SouthDakotaMagazine.com

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a pictorial history Written by Bernie Hunhoff, John Andrews & Roger Holtzmann

Copyright Š 2013 South Dakota Magazine ISBN 978-0-9744044-4-8 All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means without the prior written permission of South Dakota Magazine, except for purposes of review by academia, publications or broadcast.

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Table of Contents

Introduction 1 Palatial Beginnings: 1889-1900

4

A State Takes Flight: 1901-1910

22

Homesteaders & Grabbers: 1911-1920

36

Wet and Wild Years: 1921-1930

56

Too Poor to Leave: 1931-1940

72

Suffering Madness: 1941-1950

86

Roads & Water: 1951-1960

98

Our Riot-less Sixties: 1961-1970

112

Return to Wounded Knee: 1971-1980

126

Wins & Losses: 1981-1990

141

Heartaches by the Number: 1991-2000

156

The 21st Century Onward

173

Full captions for photographs

196

Index 218 Acknowledgments 220

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Dedicated to South Dakota’s photographers of yesterday and today, unsung and often forgotten heroes of the history profession.

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Introduction

S

outh Dakota is one big family.

The inclination was to collect photos of

We might not agree on everything (what

major historical events and important people,

family does?). But we have a shared

but something unexpected happened as

past that shapes our people and our

pictures began to fill the tables and walls of our

places. And just as photo albums record the

conference room in Yankton; using one picture

highs and lows of your blood family, pictures of

from each year was about the only idea that

our people and places offer a snapshot of who

didn’t change as the book progressed.

we are as South Dakotans. Photographers have always been attracted

As our staff sat together to sort through photos, we often found ourselves thumbing past

to South Dakota — from wild prairie to dark

the pictures of those big events and important

mountains to grand, sweeping river valleys

people, and stopping for images of lesser-

­­— but our scenery is only a backdrop for the

known South Dakotans, even anonymous men

brave, adventurous men and women who are the

and women, who seem to better characterize

heart and soul of this state.

the hardy life in South Dakota. Sometimes it

In observance of South Dakota’s 125th

was what they were doing — mining for gold,

anniversary of statehood, we decided to

herding sheep, or trick-riding on a racing horse

publish a book (a family album, you might

— and other times it was just a glint in the

say) illustrating the challenges, triumphs and

eyes of a rancher, or the straight spine of a man

tribulations of our people. The plan was to

enduring a horrific winter blizzard.

choose one photograph to represent each of

Yes, this is a history book written by the

the 125 years, and so we spent many months

hands, the eyes and the body language of your

searching for pictures, old and new; it was a

fellow South Dakotans.

summer to remember.

Our photographic quest began at home, so to

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speak. South Dakota Magazine has been telling South Dakota’s stories since 1985, so our own

Western Studies in Sioux Falls. We also reached out to local museums. Some

office files were a rich storehouse of photos.

sent us a photo or two from their archives.

But we wanted the broadest possible search,

Others invited us to pore through boxes and

so we asked for submissions and suggestions

boxes of material. We spent a late afternoon

from notable newspaper and professional

with Darby Nutter at Fort Pierre’s Verendrye

photographers. Then we hit the phones and

Museum. There, among historic spurs and

the Internet in an effort to track down, “that

saddles, is stored the world’s best collection

guy … you remember … he was a long-time

of pictures from the Scotty Philip ranch, a

photographer at … he was really good.”

refuge for some of the last living buffalo at the

The book project gave us an opportunity to reconnect with some of the very first

beginning of the 20th century. Then, just before we sent the book to the

photographers we worked with when South

printers, Ellen Welch of Sioux Falls emailed

Dakota Magazine was in its infancy, including

a picture of her dad, Harrison Dudley, using

Joel Strasser and his wife Lavonne. Joel

his Studebaker to pull a farm wagon through a

provided some of the magazine’s first cover

Hamlin County hay field. How could we leave

shots, and also gave us editorial encouragement

that out? So we bumped the photo of Cleo Ann

and advice when we needed it most.

Harrington, Miss South Dakota in 1954 and the

Our task was also aided by the generous cooperation of local and state history associations that have collected photos down

bride-to-be of rodeo star Casey Tibbs. Cleo Ann would understand. Your book does include a few famous

through the decades. South Dakota State

characters and some historical events, but they

Historical Society is the mother lode, but there

are bit players, and only a small part of South

are also extensive collections at the Adams

Dakota 125. Everyday life and everyday people

Museum in Deadwood, Minnilusa Pioneer

are the leading characters, as it is with real life

Museum in Rapid City and the Center for

in South Dakota.

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Mike Reagan

Finally, allow me to explain how the book

The unhappiest part of publishing this book

works. We wrote brief histories for each decade

is the simple fact that we could only print

of life in South Dakota. Following the histories

125 of the thousands of photos we considered

are 10 photos for that decade. Complete

(plus a few extra pictures we squeezed into the

captions and credits for each photo are all

decade histories). But we’ll find other ways to

printed in the back of the book (pp. 196-217)

use the picture of Ms. Harrington and many

because we didn’t want the visual images to be

others. Maybe they’ll find their way into South

muddled by verbiage. I’m a writer, but I will

Dakota Magazine, our state’s bimonthly family

admit that words can get in the way. As I noted

newsletter.

earlier, look at the eyes, the hands and the body language of your fellow South Dakotans.

Bernie Hunhoff, Publisher South Dakota Magazine

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1890 the baby girl who survived wounded knee

8

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1891 memorial to a brave deadwood preacher

9

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1895 herding sheep in butte county

14

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15

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1903 the fastest walker in hand county

26

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1904 buffalo hunt ON The philip ranch

27

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1973 Location Name

64

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1925 UNION COUNTY DEPUTIES CELEBRATE A MOONSHINE BUST

65

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1938 A.M. JACKLEY, RATTLESNAKE EXTERMINATOR EXTRAORDINAIRE

82

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1939 AUGUST KLINDT, THE FRIENDLY GANN VALLEY GIANT

83

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1958 ATTRACTING attention TO REPTILE GARDENS

108

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1959 CAVEBLAZERS HERB AND JAN CONN

109

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2009 belvidere cowboy colter carlson and his daughter

188

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2010 a czech lass serves kolaches at tabor

189

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Index A Aberdeen 5, 16, 91, 120, 197, 204 Adams Museum 2 Adee Honey Farm 181, 215 Anderson, Sigurd 99 Argus Leader 100, 205, 208 Aurora 22 Austad, Oscar 159, 213 Avon 173 B Badlands 28, 198 Bad River 166 Beadle County 56, 73 Belle Fourche 197, 200, 204 Belvidere 33, 188, 199 Beran, Brenda 189, 216 Berry, Tom 79, 203 Bestgen, Christine 190, 217 Big Foot Ride 154, 212 Big Sioux River 18 Black Elk, Ben 132, 209 Blue Cloud Abbey 191, 217 Blunt 170, 214 Bonesteel 204 Borglum, Gutzon 79, 203 Borsch, Fred 102, 206 Bowdle 5, 99 Brandon 5 Brookings 24, 40, 146, 199, 211 Bruce 181, 215 Burke 87, 184, 216 Bushfield, Harlan 84 Butte County 14, 197 C Calamity Jane Canton Carlson, Colter Carter, Curt Case, Francis Castlewood Cecil, Chuck

23 60, 86, 116, 201, 207 188, 216 147, 211 98 147, 211 22, 56

Center for Western Studies 2 Chamberlain 57, 205 Clark, Badger 93, 205 Conn, Herb & Jan 109, 207 Crazy Horse Mt. 96 Custer 101, 105, 125, 201, 206 D Dakota Dunes 174 Deadwood 9, 84, 102, 141, 186, 196, 204, 206 Dedrick, Dave 118, 208 Didier, Tom 148, 211 Dudley, Harrison 2, 103, 206 Dyce, Grady 205 E Evans, Rod

5

F Fast Walker, Tommy 26, 198 Fischer Quints 120, 208 Fiscus, Al 88, 204 Flandreau 150, 212 Forestburg 165 Forest City 57 Fort Pierre 20, 29, 166, 186, 216 Fort Randall 99 Foss, Joe 90, 99, 204 Foster, Harriet 36 G Gann Valley Gettysburg Goff, Mattie Granger, Stewart Green Grass Gregory Gubbrud, Archie Gunsmoke H Haakon County

72, 83, 204 19, 34, 197 68, 202 105, 206 213 77, 203 113 125, 208

172, 214

Hamlin County 103, 206 Hand County 26 Harrington, Cleo Ann 2 Hart, Two Gun 52, 200 Harrison, Benjamin 4, 196 Hazel 134, 209 Hecla 44 Heintz, Henry 22 Hill City 167, 214 Hot Springs 161, 213 Howe, Oscar 137, 149, 210, 211 Humphrey, Hubert 117, 207 Huron 66, 117, 144, 201, 207, 210, 214 Hustead, Ted 145, 211 Hyde, Dayton 161, 213 I Ipswich Irene J Jackley, A.M. Jensen, Spc. Dennis Johnny, Potato Creek Jones, Clyde

5, 86 138, 210

82, 203 217 84, 204 61, 201

K KELO-TV Kirkham, John Klindt, August Knobe, Rick Koehler, Theron & Elaine Kones Korner Kribell, S. Blanche

114, 118 57 83, 204 209 172, 214 211 97, 205

L Ladd, Cheryl Lake County Lake Kampeska Lancaster, Harvey LaRoche, Paul Larson, Arne

144, 210 10 6 105, 206 178, 215 146, 211

218

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Larson, Peter Lawrence, Ernest LeBeau Lemmon Lewis, Randy Linton, Sherwin Loocke, Rev. Carl Lower Brule Lost Bird

167, 214 60, 86, 201 23 76, 202 140, 210 134, 209 101, 206 37, 178 8, 196

M Madison 10, 115, 128, 196, 209 Manchester 114, 207 Marvin 191, 217 MacKenzie, Murdo 23 McIntosh 72 McMaster, William 57 Meade County 56 Means, Russell 136, 210 Meier, Josef 204 Meleen, Gene 170, 214 Mellette, Arthur 6, 196 Mellette County 37 Mendel, Smokey Joe 74, 202 Mews, Ray 208 Milbank 50 Mickelson, Geo. 152, 156-158, 162 Miller 26 Miller, Verne 56 Minnehaha County 95 Minnilusa Pioneer Museum 2 Missouri River 57 Mitchell 5, 205 Mitchell, Marcia Donnan 125, 208 Mobridge 57 Montgomery, Maggie 33, 199 Mount Rushmore 75, 79, 132, 176, 203, 215 Mundt, Karl 113 Myron Lee & the Caddies 110, 207 N Nation, Carrie Nisland Norbeck, Peter

34 87 57, 67

Norman, Seth Nowlin Nutter, Darby O O’Harra, Cleophas Onida O’Rielly, George

192, 217 172, 214 2

202 74 36

P Parish, Ethel 36 Penn, Bob 149, 211 Philip 32 Philip, Scotty 2, 27, 30, 32, 198 Pierre 20, 29, 36, 57, 162, 194, 217 Pine Ridge 11, 23, 124, 182, 216 Plankinton 5 Ploof, Dave 151, 212 Q Quammen, Ole

76, 202

R Rapid City 5, 38, 78, 108, 122, 130, 151, 179, 199, 203, 208-210, 212, 214 Red Cloud 23 Red Cloud, Oliver 182, 216 Reifel, Ben 113 Reptile Gardens 108 Robinson, Doane 36 Rosebud Reservation 37 S Seaman, Berlye 166 St. Francis 5 S.D. State Historical Society 2 Shindler 46 Shinneman, Perry 208 Sioux Falls 18, 57, 88, 90, 100, 110, 119, 133, 141, 159, 180, 205, 213 Smith, Lt. Don 89, 204 Smith, Preacher 9, 196 Speece, Wynn 104, 206

Spencer Springfield Strasser, Joel Sturgis Sutton, Billie Sylvan Lake T Tabor Tallent, Annie Thurman, Jack Tibbs, Casey Tipperary Tootsie (coyote) Toronto Truman, Harry

168, 214 142 2, 208 80, 190, 203, 217 184, 216 58

189, 216 23 205 94, 205 54 102 86 37

V Van Sickle, Kory 180, 215 Vérendrye, Louis-Joseph 36 Vermillion 86, 137, 146, 149, 211, 212 Voigt, George 173 W WNAX Radio 104, 206 Wall Drug 145, 211 Watertown 6, 48, 147, 196, 200, 211 Welch, Ellen 2 Welk, Lawrence 71, 202 Weron, Sharon 99 White River 73 White Owl 68 Winner 37, 42, 199 Wounded Knee 8, 126, 196, 212 Y Yankton 47, 62, 71, 97, 104, 106, 142, 174, 200, 201, 205, 206 Yost, Ed 135, 210 Z Ziolkowski, Korczak

96, 205

219

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