AU SOUNG HUI
PORTFOLIO OF WORKS (MARCH – JULY 2012)
ARCHITECTURE DESIGN STUDIO 1 – ARC 1116
ARCHITECTURE CULTURE AND HISTORY 1 – ARC 1313
ARCHITECTURE BUILDING MATERIALS 1 – ARC 1513
DESIGN COMMUNICATION – ARC 1713
ARCHITECTURE DESIGN STUDIO 1
Self-expression through Object THE OBJECT OF MYSTERY: 3X3X3
Self-expression in an Architectural Space THE ARCHITECTURAL SPACE: OBJECT > FORM > SPACE A Space for Hide and Peep
1:1 Scaled Translation
Spaces for the Self THE GRAFTED SPACE
LEARNING OUTCOMES: I
Generate design concept and translate into architectural design.
Document, sketch and explain from personal experiences of the built and natural environment.
Apply the understanding of basic architectural design principles of scale, proportion and anthropometry which inform space and form.
Design simple architectural space with synthesis of site, form, materials and function.
Generate design through the process of drawing (graphical thinking).
Generate design through model-making.
Produce orthogonal drawings and models to visualize the architectural design.
BUILDING BLOCK : HOOPS TECHNIQUE
1. Self-expression through Object THE OBJECT OF MYSTERY 3X3X3 LEARNING OUTCOMES: I
Generate design concept/idea from self expressions
Generate design with considerations on materiality, form and function
Generate design through the technique-driven method
Produce model to communicate design
2. Self-expression in an Architectural Space THE ARCHITECTURAL SPACE: OBJECT > FORM > SPACE A. A Space for Hide and Peep LEARNING OUTCOMES: I
Document, sketch and explain from personal experiences of the built environment.
Apply the understanding of basic design knowledge which inform space and form (human dimensions & scale; design principles; the user experience).
2. Self-expression in an Architectural Space THE ARCHITECTURAL SPACE: OBJECT > FORM > SPACE B. 1:1 Scaled Translation LEARNING OUTCOMES: III
Construct a full-size space for oneâ€™s own habitation in real physical contexts.
Design simple architectural space with consideration of assembly techniques, materials and structure.
TOP VIEW - 1:20 SCALE
i.e. A SONG PIECE IN A SPONTANEOUS STYLE SUGGESTING FREE AND INSPIRED IMPROVISATION.
LET INSPIRATION FLOW THROUGH SOUND.
3. Spaces for the Self THE GRAFTED SPACE USER
: PROSPECTIVE STUDENT
I Loves music II Lazy, needs to be inspired to study
Generate and develop design through model-making (concept models & study models).
Apply the understanding of basic architectural design principles which inform space, form and function (anthropometry, scale and openings).
Produce models to visualize the architectural design.
Sketch internal expression of space to communicate design (light/shadow).
Produce simple orthographic projection of plan and section to communicate the design idea
MAIN ELEMENT: STICKS I Rods II Pipes FLUE PIPES
: PRODUCE SOUND FROM WIND I
Lower length (l),
lower frequency (f) [pitch] II 1/f ∝ 4l GRAFTED
: RODS AND PIPES MAINLY PLANTED ONTO PRE-EXISTING CONCRETE I
Floor texture varied – rods embedded lengthwise into ground II Several pipes slotted through ceiling
A SECTIONAL PERSPECTIVE
SITE PLAN & ANALYSIS
ARCHITECTURE CULTURE & HISTORY 1
PROJECTS: ARC 1313
LEARNING OUTCOMES: I
Recognize and recall appropriate verbal architectural vocabulary when referring to building types, styles and periods.
Exemplify the sequence of historical periods and how they are represented architecturally.
Classify the sequence of historical periods and how they are represented architecturally.
Compare the sequence of historical periods and how they are represented architecturally.
Differentiate the ways in which many varied factors contribute to the development of form.
Produce building analysis which document intentions, concepts, patterns, disciplines, architectural language and contextual relationships.
VILLA ROTONDA (ALMERICO-CAPRA), VICENZA
BY ANDREA PALLADIO
1. Precedent Study Balsa wood model (30cm x 30cm x 30cm):
Divided into 4 equal parts significant of villa’s symmetry. Inner border resembles villa’s axis’ of symmetry.
Effectively communicate information relevant to precedent study through essay with evidence of thorough research.
Analyse a building in-depth, producing thorough documentation of information/drawings and identifying key information, presenting it clearly.
Produce model to communicate important structural components, ideas, and concepts of precedent study.
From top left, clockwise: I
Section of dome half Shows significance of ecclesiastical dome used secularly; cupola and oculus present.
II Quarter of roof plan Can be rotated 90°repeatedly to produce entire roof plan; shows significance of symmetry. III Quarter of floor plan Can be rotated 90°repeatedly to produce entire floor plan; shows significance of symmetry. IV Ionic portico Shows significance of temple front image used secularly; ionic columns, pediment, grand stairs, and religious statues present.
PLAN CIRCULATION TO USE
Modeled after the Pantheon in Rome, Villa Rotonda was built mainly out of stucco-covered brick and a touch of stone, towards the end of the Renaissance period in 1567 by a mason and bricklayer – Andrea Palladio. However, due to Palladio’s unfortunate death in 1580, his pupil, Vicenzo Scamozzi, had taken over construction of the villa, finishing it in 1606, albeit a few adjustments were made especially to the dome.
UNIT TO WHOLE
REPETITIVE TO UNIQUE
CIRCLE & SQUARE
SYMMETRY & BALANCE
ADDITIVE & SUBTRACTIVE
ONE TO ONE-HALF
The Renaissance period had marked the rebirth of classical antiquity. Religious authority was highly concentrated at that time as well, clearly evident from the villa’s ionic porticos, ecclesiastical dome and a richly decored interior depicting religious beliefs. Palladio had daringly utilised the temple front façade secularly and induced evocations of antique, symmetry and patterns of geometric shapes. The villa primarily serves as a meeting place away from the heat for the aristocracy around Vicenza and the celebration of leisure activities. It was built atop a hill to avoid the hustle and bustle typical of a city, as well as allowing man to be closer to God. All in all, the harmonious proportions, balance, and classical ornamentation of the villa has timelessly captivated architects throughout the world.
ARCHITECTURE BUILDING MATERIALS 1
PROJECTS: I A B II
Material Catalog Mood Board: Experiencing and exploring space through materials Material Specification: Demonstration of knowledge and understanding of building material application and properties through material specification or proposal for final studio project
LEARNING OUTCOMES: I
Recognize and recall types and properties of materials.
Describe the general use of different materials in construction.
Explain the physical properties of building materials.
Explain the chemical properties of building materials.
Explain the effect of building materials on construction and structural qualities
Analyze problems associated with different materials used.
VII Recognize the environmental impact building materials have on inhabitants and the environment, and recycling issues. VIII Explain material compatibility with climatic, cultural, and aesthetic conditions. IX
Explain applicability of material to occupancy and size of building, durability and structural requirement.
FINISHES: CONCRETE FINISHES EXPOSED AGGREGATE FINISH
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS: FERROUS METALS
GROUND FINISH (TERAZZO)
A METHOD OF FINISHING CONCRETE WHICH WASHES THE CEMENT OR SAND MIXTURE OFF THE LAYER OF AGGREGATE.
A FLOOR OR WALL CONSISTING A COMMERCIAL IRON THAT OF SMALL PIECES OF MARBLE CONTAINS UP TO 1.7% CARBON OR GRANITE SET INTO MORTAR OR CEMENT AND GIVEN A HIGH POLISH.
PROPERTIES: -ROUGH -WEAR RESISTANT -WATER RESISTANT -GOOD FIRE RESISTANCE -HEAVY (DENSE) -BRITTLE
PROPERTIES: -SMOOTH -WEAR RESISTANT -WATER RESISTANT -GOOD FIRE RESISTANCE -HEAVY (DENSE)
USED FOR: -DRIVEWAYS, PATIOS, OTHER EXTERIOR SPACES
USED FOR: -WALKWAYS, FLOORS, PATIOS, PANELS
PROPERTIES: -STRONG -WEAR RESISTANT -HIGH CONDUCTIVITY -POOR FIRE RESISTANCE -HEAVY (DENSE)
USED FOR: -COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
AN ALLOY OF STEEL CONTAINING CHROMIUM AND SOMETIMES ANOTHER ELEMENT (NICKEL AND MOLYBDENUM)
PROPERTIES: -SMOOTH -WEAR RESISTANT -CORROSION RESISTANT -SHINY -PARTIALLY REFLECTIVE
USED FOR: -BRIDGES, JEWELLERY, STAINLESS FIXTURES
FLOAT GLASS MODERN METHOD OF PRODUCING HIGH-QUALITY GLASS BY ALLOWING MOLTEN GLASS TO HARDEN AS IT FLOATS ON LIQUID OF HIGHER DENSITY. PROPERTIES: -SMOOTH -UNIFORM THICKNESS (2 ~ 25mm) -NATURAL GREEN TINT -PARTIALLY REFLECTIVE -BRITTLE -DENSITY AROUND 2.5 -HIGH COMPRESSIVE STENGTH -NON-REACTIVE -ELECTRICAL INSULATOR USED FOR: -WINDOWS, DOORS, WALLS
1 A. Material Catalog LEARNING OUTCOMES:
GROUND FINISH (TERAZZO)
EXPOSED AGGREGATE FINISH
Recognize different types of materials and their properties.
Identify and describe the findings.
FLOOR PLAN - 1:50 SCALE
DELICIOUS, Dua Residency, Jalan Tun Razak, K. L.
1 B. Mood Board: Experiencing and exploring space through materials LEARNING OUTCOMES: I
Produce a complete documentation and analysis of materials in respect of physical and chemical properties.
Identification of various types of building materials (finishes and structural).
Understand the effects of building materials on aesthetics and structural qualities of a space or building.
Understand the appropriateness of material used in context of several factors: occupancy, concept, and climate.
Acquire analytical skill in understanding the selection of building materials for a building/design.
Understanding of application/installation of materials as finishes or structural materials (simple construction).
COMMON BURNT CLAY BRICKS:
-MADE OF CEMENT, AGGREGATE (SAND, GRAVEL), AND WATER. -WORKABLE BEFORE HARDENING. -HIGH COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH -STAYS STRONG FOR EXTREMELY LONG TIMESCALES -LOW TENSILE STRENGTH -DURABLE -GOOD FIRE RESISTANCE -ECONOMICAL
-FERROUS METAL ALLOY CONTAINING IRON, WITH TRACES OF CARBON, CHROMIUM, AND NICKEL. -HARD AND STRONG -MALLEABLE -CORROSION RESISTANT -SMOOTH AND SHINY
-MADE OF PLATE OR FLOAT GLASS WHICH IS REHEATED THEN COOLED SUDDENLY. -DISINTEGRATES, WHEN BROKEN, INTO SMALLER FRAGMENTS WITH NO SHARP EDGES -CANNOT BE CUT ONCE TEMPERED -SMOOTH AND TRANSPARENT -DURABLE -ALLOWS ENTRY OF NATURAL LIGHT -LIMITS THE OCCUPANTS PRIVACY -POOR THERMAL INSULATION -HIGH INITIAL AND OPERATING COST
-MADE UP OF MOSTLY CELLULOSE AND LIGNIN. -DURABLE -EASY INSTALLATION -ECO-FRIENDLY -RECYCLABLE -HIGH AESTHETIC VALUE -RENEWABLE RESOURCE -GOOD THERMAL INSULATION -ENERGY EFFICIENT
-USED IN MASONRY CONSTRUCTION -CLAY BLOCK MOLDED UNDER PRESSURE THEN DRIED AND FIRED IN A KILN -USED FOR GENERAL WORK -NO SPECIAL APPEARANCES -HIGH COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH -POROUS -GOOD FIRE RESISTANCE -GOOD SOUND INSULATION -GOOD THERMAL INSULATION -WEAR RESISTANT
PLASTER LIME PLASTER: -MIXTURE OF CALCIUM HYDROXIDE AND SAND. -CARBON DIOXIDE IN THE ATMOSPHERE CAUSES PLASTER TO SET BY TRANSFORMING CALCIUM HYDROXIDE INTO CALCIUM CARBONATE (LIMESTONE). -USED FOR COATING WALLS AND CEILINGS, ITS MIXED WITH WATER TO FORM A PASTE WHICH LIBERATES HEAT AND THEN HARDENS. -PLASTER REMAINS QUITE SOFT AFTER SETTING. -EASILY MANIPULATED WITH METAL TOOLS OR EVEN SAND PAPER.
STONE QUARRY-FACED LIMESTONE: -STONE WITH A ROUGH, UNPOLISHED SURFACE. -HIGH COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH -WEAR RESISTANT -GOOD FIRE RESISTANCE -POROUS -POOR THERMAL INSULATION -DURABLE
GALVANIZED STEEL: -COATED IN ZINC TO PREVENT CORROSION (SACRIFICIAL PROTECTION) -CORROSION RESISTANT -MALLEABLE -DURABLE -GOOD FIRE RESISTANCE ALUMINUM ALLOY: -METAL ALLOY CONTAINING ALUMINUM WITH TRACES OF MANGANESE, MAGNESIUM AND SILICON. -LIGHTWEIGHT -HIGH STRENGTH TO WEIGHT RATIO. -CORROSION RESISTANT -DUCTILE AND MALLEABLE -ELECTRICAL CONDUCTOR -HIGH THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY -QUITE CHEAP AND ECONOMICAL -RECYCLABLE ALUMINUM COMPOSITE PANEL: -COMPOSED OF A NON-TOXIC AND LOWDENSITY POLYETHYLENE CORE BETWEEN TWO SHEETS OF ALUMINUM. --THE SURFACE OF ALUMINUM COMPOSITE PANEL IS COATED WITH EITHER FLUOROCARBON RESIN OR PE RESIN. PANEL IS PRODUCED WITH VARIOUS CORE THICKNESSES IN A CONTINUOUS LAMINATION PROCESS.
REDESIGNING A SPACE
2. Material Specification: Demonstration of knowledge and understanding of building material application and properties through material specification or proposal for final studio project LEARNING OUTCOMES: I
Apply the understanding of various types of building materials which affect the tactile and chemical properties of a design/building/space.
Exploration and identification of various types of building materials and technology.
Understand the effects of building materials on occupancy, aesthetics and structural qualities of a space or building, environment and etc.
Produce drawings to visualize the architectural effects of proposed materials (spatial quality).
On-site Sketching Tonal Values
A B C
Orthographic Projections Axonometric Projections Perspectives
LEARNING OUTCOMES: I
Describe and identify the different types of architectural design communication and their roles in conveying architectural ideas, forms, and space.
Illustrate architectural forms and spaces through visualization and expression of space in the form of freehand drawing.
Analyse visual information using 2D and 3D technical drawings and architectural model which demonstrate the ideas of space and form.
Produce architectural ideas and designs through 2D and 3D technical drawings.
Produce an architectural model which demonstrates the ideas of space and form.
1. Sketching A. On-site Sketching LEARNING OUTCOMES: I
To understand the notion of space in architecture.
To develop skills in the visualizing of space through observation and perception of a given site.
To develop skills in sketching as a mode of communication.
B. Tonal Values LEARNING OUTCOMES: IV
Four variations of sketching techniques based on the ‘object of mystery’ (Project 1 of Architecture Design Studio 1).
GROUND FLOOR PLAN
FIRST FLOOR PLAN
ROOF FLOOR PLAN
2. Drawing A. Orthographic Projections
NORTH-WEST ELEVATION (FRONT)
SOUTH-EAST ELEVATION (BACK)
LEARNING OUTCOMES: I
Demonstrate drafting skills in modern and traditional methods of architectural drawing.
Record and present clear and legible architectural information manually.
Identify and apply architectural conventions and symbols.
Demonstrate in pencil and ink examples of: line types, line weights, line quality, and hand lettering.
2. Drawing B. Axonometric Projections LEARNING OUTCOMES: I
Ability to express spatial ideas and architectural detail in three-dimension, in the format of an axonometric projection.
Understanding of what axonometric projections are, how to generate them and how to apply them in the design process and presentation.
Ability to produce legible architectural drawings.
C. Perspectives LEARNING OUTCOMES: I
Ability to express spatial ideas and architectural detail in three-dimension, in the format of one-point and two-point perspectives.
Understanding of what perspectives (and its different types) are, how to generate them and how to apply them in the design process and presentation.
Ability to produce legible architectural drawings with strong creative intent.