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Manteo High School MAY 2018 VOL. 37, ISSUE 4


Sound to Sea I News Features

Year in Review: 2017-2018 Highlights New Assistant Principal

Olivia Hines Staff Writer

A+ Report Card As students and staff returned for the start of a new school year in August 2017, they learned that Manteo High School had earned an “A+” school for the 2016-2017. It was the first “A” rating a school in Dare County had ever received. With this rating the school, ranked with the top three percent of high schools in the state. “I’m excited for the community, the staff and the students [that we got the rating Sarah Pritchard A+],” principal John Luciano said. “It’s incredible really. Very few public schools have it.” To obtain an A+ grade, the school’s combination of academic growth and achievement must equal 85 percent. The school earned a “B” with a school performance grade of 81 during the 2015-2016 school year. The goals for the 20162017 school year were made from those results.

New College Advisor Recent UNC-Chapel Hill graduate Sophia Figueroa joined the school’s faculty as the near peer college counselor. Figueroa replaced Seth Rose, who finished his two years in the position in June. Dare County was her first choice because of her love for the coastal landscape and home-town feel. “Once I got the offer for Dare Staff Photo County out of the other 57 possible locations, I was ecstatic,” she said. “The job perfectly fit what I was looking for in a job right after graduation.”

Chinese Exchange Students Chinese students spent the day in the life of an American high school student for the second year in a row. There were 26 exchange students who came over from China, 8 of them visited Manteo while the other 18 of went to First Flight. The exchange students stayed with local families and students. “I got to learn about Staff Photo the Chinese culture and customs, even some Chinese phrases. It was a whole new experience and I hope to do it again,” junior Katherinne Rabanal said. While in America, the students had the opportunity to experience a day in the life of an American student, even attending the homecoming dance. Before going home the students also explored landmarks and attractions like the Wright Memorial and the aquarium.

Although assistant principal Drew Hudspeth may have a new role here at MHS, she is not an unfamiliar face to the school. Hudspeth attended Manteo High School before moving to Wilmington for college. Before becoming an administrator she taught high school math. Hudspeth returned to the school Sarah Pritchard in December, replacing assistant principal Meldine Lee, who retired after almost 17 years at this school. “Both of my parents are educators and [I was always] playing school when I was little, Hudspeth said, “[so] I have always known that I wanted to be a teacher and that it was my calling.”

10 Years of AVID Over the last 10 years, the school’s AVID program has graduated 104 students. All the graduates were invited back Wednesday, Nov. 22 to celebrate the program and the success it has seen. While the graduates were visiting they had the chance to catch up with each other over breakfast. “It was a chance for graduates to come back to school to share and discuss their current station in Sarah Pritchard life,” AVID teacher Ralph Cleaver said, “It also provided an opportunity for our AVID staff to receive vital information in regards to how the AVID Program helped them in college, as well as what we could have done better in terms of preparing them for life outside of MHS.”

SnOBX After an early release on Jan. 4, students went home not expecting to receive more than small snow flurry. But this time the meteorologists predicted right. Jan. 5 the first flurries came and so did the snow making it the beginning of SnOBX 2018. Snow fall varied, with some areas receiving over 8 inches. Although the snow only fell for a day, the cold temperatures kept it around for days. Two weeks Courtesy of Camryn Creef later, on Jan. 17, students went home early again to prepare for another snow storm. This snow brought close to 10 inches of snow and kept students out of school another four days. While out of school, students spent time playing and exploring in the snow with friends and family “I went to my friends house and we explored the frozen swamp. We found a frozen pond that was the perfect shape for a hockey rink, so we used sticks and pine cones to play a game of hockey,” sophomore Adam Reed said.


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One Man, One Mat Senior Jonathan Zafra came in second in the state for the 195 weight class on Feb. 2 at the Greensboro Coliseum. After eight years, the Manteo wrestling team was represented at the state competition again. “Going to states was definitely the best feeling ever, placing was definitely a dream come true,” Zafra said. Zafra’s wrestling career began in middle Courtesy of Jonathan Zafra school. He wrestled all throughout high school and can be found in the weight room year-round. Outside of practice, Zafra often also watches his wrestling matches. In doing so, he improved. Through this film, he would see what he did wrong. Constantly training and competing has encouraged him to stay motivated and committed to being the best he can be in the sport.

Dancing in the Moonlight

Up, Up and Away The varsity football team took the field Oct. 6 to face off against Gates County. The team came out on top, winning the game 34-7. The game marked the culminating event of the week long Homecoming festivities. During the week students participated in spirit days- Millionaire Monday, Take Down Tuesday, Western Wednesday, Class Color Day, Elizabeth Wheless and Black and Gold Friday. “My costume [Take Down Tuesday] was Michelangelo, either because I’m ginger or the radical one. I’m not sure who thought of the idea for the [ninja] turtles but it was a great one and I am glad I got to be a turtle,” said senior Caleb Jones. Students participated in a superhero themed pep rally on Friday before being dismissed for the Homecoming parade and tailgate. The previous Saturday, students gathered at the Dare Center for the Homecoming dance.

A Calculated W in

Students gathered at Jennette’s Pier on the evening of April 14 for this year’s prom. An arch of magnolias greeted the promgoers, representing this year’s theme “Moonlight and Magnolias.” Inside, gold accents and soft lighting helped continue the theme. During the night, students enjoyed Sarah Pritchard each other’s company on the dance floor and outside on the pier’s large balcony and captured many moments at the new photo booth. At the end of the night, seniors Joseph Lewter and Brinli Clark were crowned prom king and queen. Students were then invited to After Prom where they had the chance to play games and win prizes. “[Being crown prom king] was really exciting,” Lewter said. “I can’t explain the rush it felt to have all your friends that helped you along the way cheering for you on something you really wanted!”

G oing for G old Three students participated in the Special Olympics at First Flight High School April 28 sophomore Diamond Hansen, junior Zarreia Liverman and senior ‘Dereia White. Liverman was one of four students to run the torch in the opening ceremonies, and all three girls brought back medals. Liverman received three silver medals, one for long jump, javelin Courtesy of Jessica Witter and the 100 meter relay, as well as one gold medal for the 100 meter run. Hansen received two bronze medals for the standing long jump and javelin throw as well as one silver medal in the 50 meter. White received one gold in the 50 meter dash, a sliver for the softball throw and a bronze in the tennis ball throw. The three girls practiced for over two months before the event and were very excited to participate. “I was extremely proud of their bravery to compete against their peers in Dare County and Gates County,” teacher Jessica Witter said. “The girls love social interaction and the positive feedback from everyone made them feel proud and loved!”

Senior Everett Meekins earned an honorable mention at the State Math Contest held at At the North Carolina School of Science and Math Thursday April 26. This achievement put Meekins in the top 40 math students in the state for public, private and home schooled students. “It felt amazing for me to receive that honor,” he said. “I have been trying to do that Courtesy of Liz Brown for a while now, and finally being in the top 40 was a great way for me to top off my senior year! It is almost surreal.” Everett is top of his senior class and is currently the president for the Mathletes, where he leads his team in math competitions and other activities.

Metaphors Be W ith You After winning the school Poetry Out Loud competition in December, senior Elizabeth Wheless went on to win the district competition Jan. 11 with the poems “When I Heard the Learn’d Astronomer” by Walt Whitman and “One Art” by Elizabeth Bishop. The district win secured her a place at the state competition in Greensboro, Staff Photo N.C. Wheless represented the school March 3 at the state competition. “It was something fun for me and I really enjoy poetry,” Wheless said. “I was definitely nervous to go to the state competition because I thought I might forget my poem...thankfully I didn’t.” School Poetry Out Loud coordinator Stephen Nichols and his wife, Gillie, traveled with Wheless to Greensboro. Wheless was the only student from a 1A school to make it to the state Poetry Out Loud level. At the state level, Wheless made her way into the top nine. “I loved my poems, especially ‘One Art’ by Elizabeth Bishop,” Wheless said. “It was a very emotional poem about losing someone you love but having to pretend you’re okay. It just made me so happy that I won using that poem, because it meant a lot to me.”

Sound to Sea I Features 4 New vaporizer will US-B concealed through design, dimensions Grace Cobb Staff Writer It is the new trend, the new “flashdrive”, the new tobacco product. Juuling is the latest craze to hit teenagers. Though similar to a vape, juuls emerged as the smaller, easily disguisable, vaporizer that can fit into a pocket or a computer case. Juuls are a type of vaporizer designed so discreetly that most people don’t recognize them as an e-cigarette. “It’s just easier for kids to get away with [juuls than] a big vape, so more and more people get them,” an anonymous 15-year-old boy said. Unlike a heavy vape, a juul includes two small parts: the shell and the pod. The shell is made of aluminum, encasing a lithium ion battery, a circuit board, and a pressure sensor. Most vapes consist of a replaceable battery, a tank, and a tip. “The juul is so appealing to more people because it’s more accessible in almost every aspect. It’s small, powerful, and comes in many different flavors, it simply has everything a kid wants,” an anonymous 17-year-old boy said. The other piece is the replaceable pod, which comes in many different flavors including mango, mint, fruit, cucumber, and even creme brulee. The flavors are so appealing because they actually taste like what they are called. “I feel like the creme brulee flavor is so popular because when I first got the creme brulee flavor, I was worried it wasn’t going to actually taste like creme brulee but it does,” an anonymous 16-yearold boy said. There are more choices of flavors with a vape than there are with a juul. Flavors of juice with a vape come in almost any flavor you could think of: fruity, food, cocktails, and the regular tobacco blends. Although the choices with a vape exceed those of a juul, this does not deter teens from using a juul. Although a juul does not contain the chemicals in conventional cigarettes such as tar and carbon monoxide, the pods within the juul’s contain approximately 200 “hits” that

Richard B. Levine/Sipa USA/TNS

have a concentration of nicotine that is equivalent to a pack of cigarettes. Those “hits” are why the teens are using juul’s to get head buzzes. No matter the pod flavor, they all contain nicotine. “It takes more than a couple hits from the juul to get a head buzz like you would get from a regular cigarette,” an anonymous 17-year-old girl said. “If you take in a lot at one time and keep hitting it for a straight five minutes you will get the buzz.” The juul is being seen more in schools where students are able to get away with them because of the sleek design and quickly disappearing smoke that creates for simple and sneaky use. “The juul’s disguise allows it to blend in to a school setting with Chromebooks and other technology. And, if need be, a juul is small enough to be quickly concealed in pockets and waistbands,” science teacher Chad Leary said. The latest e-cigarette creator, Pax Labs, describes the juul as an “intensely satisfying closed system vapor experience.” “There are tons of places where students can get away with hitting them that teachers don’t know about,” an anonymous 18-year-old girl said. Due to a juul being easily accessible, the device is more

attractive to teens despite the juul being marketed to those who want to stop smoking. According to Juul’s chief administrative officer, Ashley Gould, “The juul is safer than regular cigarettes, but no e-cigarette is considered ‘safe’ and it’s never just vapor that you’re inhaling,” “A juul might have nicotine in it, but I don’t believe that they are as harmful as cigarettes because there are so many more harmful things added to the nicotine in normal cigarettes”, an anonymous 18-year-old boy said. Despite the fact that the legal age to buy a juul is 18, teens have found alternative ways to acquire one. Teens as young as 13 have found ways of getting a juul, either through paying an older teen to buy one for them or taking one from older siblings. The multiple vape and tobacco shops around the Outer Banks can supply juuls and pods indirectly to teenagers. A juul starter kit is around $35 and a pack of pods, which includes four, is around $20. A vape depending on the size can range from $20 to $70 and can sometimes be even higher when including all the parts within the vaporizer. Although the vape itself is more expensive, after continually buying packs for a juul, the price of maintaining the juul can make the overall

investment much higher than that of a vape. “Yes a vape will eventually be less expensive but you don’t see vaping that often anymore so everyone is juuling”, an anonymous 16-year-old girl said. Although the juul is harmful and can “develop addiction” according to Dr. Donna Shanley, director of NYU Langone Medical Center’s Tobacco Cessation Program, it will continue to be used as long as the young generation thinks it’s “cool” to juul. Just like any fad, there will soon be something that is latest and greatest to replace the juul but until e-cigarettes are not being marketed anymore, there won’t be an end to the appeal of juuling or vaping. “Many younger consumers prefer electronic delivery systems, like juuls, for multiple reasons including: discreet design, portability, flavor choice, and the false belief that vapor is healthier than traditional smoked cigarettes,” school nurse Jennifer Gilbert said. “It took the world multiple decades to realize cigarettes were bad for people, provide documentation to prove it, make recommendations to fix it and actually institute policy to lead to a decrease in use. I certainly hope our society can move more rapidly in reducing juul use.”

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Surf’s up...but not for cold, wet, unprotected ears Sophia Farrow Staff Writer One of the most popular Outer Banks sports endangers its participants with the possibility of hearing loss. Surfing or swimming in cold water consistently can cause exostosis of the ear. Exostosis has become more prevalent in the Outer Banks over the past few years, due to the cold water that surfers frequently surf in. Exostosis of the ear is the thickening of the bone surrounding the ear canal. This is caused by the ear canal repeatedly being exposed to cold water or cold wind. The thickening restricts the ability of sound to reach the eardrum, causing hearing loss; sometimes to the point of total deafness. “Exostosis of the ear canal or ‘surfer’s ear’ are benign bony growths in the ear canal associated with exposure to cold water and wind. Water colder than 63.5 degrees Fahrenheit has been shown to stimulate this abnormal bone growth,” local audiologist Krista Follmer said. “These growths can make people more prone to ear infections and wax

build-up. They can cause hearing loss if they grow large and prevent sound from traveling to the inner ear.” The surfing season can start as early as the end of the winter season and cold water temperatures prevail throughout the spring season. With this being the case, many surfers are exposed to cold water temperatures and should wear ear protection. “This formation of bone on top of preexisting bone is essentially a defense mechanism the body is attempting to protect the more sensitive eardrum by constricting the size of the ear canal. Theoretically, narrowing the ear canal will decrease the likelihood of the eardrum being exposed to the elements,” said registered nurse Jodi Wyant. Once exostosis of the ear has reached a certain point surgery may be needed to once again hear normally. There are two different types of surgical procedures to remove the bone growth inside the ear. The first procedure calls for an incision to be made behind the ear and then a surgical drill is used to clear away the bone growth. The second procedure does not

use an incision behind the ear, but the drill is instead used to remove the growth through the ear canal. “Once exostosis of the ear is present and narrowing of the ear canal has occurred, there is no reversal except through an invasive surgical procedure that requires several post-surgical weeks of healing,” Wyant said. The surgery for exostosis repairs the ear canal to nearly 100 percent pre-exostosis. However, it does not prevent exostosis recurrence. As long as precautions against cold waters and winds are taken then exostosis should not reoccur. Multiple companies now sell advanced ear plugs for surfers. The company SurfEars designed a pair of state of the art, comfortable surfing and swimming ear plugs in 2011 that allow a person to hear but prevent water from getting in their ear. “It is important to protect ears from cold water and options include non-custom ear plugs and custom ear plugs. Inexpensive wax ear plugs can be purchased at any drug store but have some safety considerations as they will also block sound,” Follmer said.


“You can find non-custom molds that allow sound to enter through the mold while preventing water from entering the ear canal at some local surf stores. The fit and effectiveness of non-custom molds depends on the shape of an individual’s ear canal.” The neoprene hoods of wetsuits also work to block cold water from reaching the inner ear. The small amount of water that is trapped by the wetsuits warms near the ear and also prevents wind from reaching the ear. “In the cold water I do not wear earplugs but I do where the wetsuit hood. The wetsuit hood is uncomfortable at first but I get use to it pretty quick, sometimes when I fall it will fill up with water and that kind of sucks,” said senior Tommy Tillett. “I wear it because it keeps me super warm in the wind and when I duck dive or fall.” If exostosis of the ear is diagnosed early, wearing earplugs while in cold water can prevent it from worsening. Taking cautionary steps such as wearing wetsuits and earplugs when in cold water will lead to healthy ears and no surgery.

Unusual fears: Lighthouses, spiders, ice skating, oh my! Chloe Griffiths Staff Writer Everyone has that one thing that makes their knees a little weak or their skin crawl. Something that makes their mouths let out an ear piercing sheik and eyes get huge. Fear of spiders, clowns and heights are a some of the more common fears but there can be some fears that are unusual. Oftentimes, these fears stem from unpleasant experiences, vivid nightmares or a horror movie gone wrong. “I am mostly afraid of spiders because they can be anywhere like in your room and you won’t even know they’re there. Also, they could be poisonous and you won’t even realize it,” junior Ryan Braswell said. “It all started when I was little and I saw a black widow in my room and it freaked me out. Since then, I have been scared of spiders.” These fears can also result from watching a parent experience the same fear. These fears can be “inherited” or shared within a family and cause the fear to be heightened. For English teacher Kassie Mount, the fear of birds has followed her throughout life. “My mom has always had a fear of birds so

I just got the idea that they were dangerous,” Mount said. “They are just to many sharp objects on them and if they fly around me I have a little panic attack and cry, and when I was little my babysitter has some vicious chickens. Also in college I was chased by a goose around a pond.” However, in the world there are people who are scared of the most unusual things like, bubbles, rain, trees and even falling asleep. “I fear ice skating,” senior Colby Gold said. “I’m just not with it. It’s dangerous, you have two blades that you have to balance on and if you fall somebody can easily run over you and hurt you because the blades are basically knives.” Fears can be defined as an exaggerated reaction to a particular object or living thing. Witnessing or hearing about a tragedy can cause fears to form, especially if the individual feels out of control. For instance, hearing about a shark attack may trigger a fear of the ocean. “I’ve been scared of the ocean for a about two years now after that one day where I got caught in a rip current and being saved about 30 minutes later by a lifeguard,” freshman Kaitlyn Midgett said. Not all fears stem from traumatic

artwork by Taylor Cahoon

experiences. Sophomore Blake Gard’s “crippling fear” of lighthouses came from a sudden realization of a lighthouse’s shortcomings. “It’s everything about them. I’m okay in planes and on other tall buildings, it’s just lighthouses. I guess it’s because you can see through the floor and it’s enclosed so you can’t get out,” he said. “Lighthouses aren’t kept up to the same high standards of other structures.” Whether it be the occasional insect or a winter activity, weird fears will cause a scare.


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Annual AVID field trip lets students learn, have fun Rena Casey Staff Writer Three days, two teachers, 31 students, six colleges, one educational field trip. AVID teacher Ralph Cleaver along with First Flight AVID teacher Cindy McNeil and the two college advisors, Sophia Figueroa and Sophie Shaw, departed with students on April 19 for the annual AVID field trip. Selected sophomores and juniors visited six colleges throughout the course of the trip: North Carolina State University, Wake Technical Community College, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, North Carolina A&T State University and University of North Carolina at Charlotte. “The three day AVID college trip is a great opportunity for AVID students to get first hand experience on six different college campuses,” Cleaver said. “The experience is invaluable for students in terms of helping them make more informed decisions in regards to the type of college they will attend in the future.” NC State, Wake Tech, and UNC Chapel Hill were the first stops on the trip. While at NC State, 2016 graduate Columbus Dong toured students around the university and gave them an inside look at college life. Graduate of 2017 Josh Pack met up with the group at UNC Chapel Hill to give them a guide of the requirements he had to meet to go to that school and the adjustment from attending a 1A high school to a large university. “I think that [Columbus and Josh] did a good job representing what life is like after high school and how hard work and determination can get you anywhere,” sophomore Uma Perry said. “It was nice that they were our tour guides because they were from Manteo and they could really relate with us on that, especially since they go to such large schools.” Later on in the day, the students went to go visit the only community college seen on the trip, Wake Tech. From visiting two major universities before, seeing the difference between a four and two year college was an interesting transition for them. The tour guide

Rena Casey

1. Sophomore Catherine Crabtree “holds”the Deese Clock Tower in her hand at NC A&T. 2. Junior Kayli Tinsley poses at Wolf Plaza at NCSU. 3. AVID classes from MHS and FFHS take a group photo at UNC-G. 4. AVID teacher Ralph Cleaver and junior Claveon Rice cheer on WFU at a baseball game.

there, Kevin, talked to the students about transferring and attending a smaller college. “Even though AVID has told us a lot about transferring, it was cool to hear it from someone who is actually going through the process,” junior Claveon Rice said. “It’s cool that NC State is partnered up with Wake Tech too, so you can kinda experience both types of colleges.” The next day, students were toured by another former MHS student, Idasia Brickhouse, and former First Flight alumni, Jack Konstanzer, while at UNC Greensboro. Brickhouse explained to the students more about her own experience on campus and daily activities, while Konstanzer talked about the athletic program, with the help of their athletic counselor, Jennifer LePore. Following the tours of the colleges, the group

ended the day watching a Wake Forest baseball game against Clemson. “I’m glad that we had Jack come talk to us, he really helped me figure out what I want to do, and that’s something related to sports,” sophomore Thomas Orgsbon said. “I think that it didn’t just helped me, but other students too.” As the trip came to an end, the students last destination was UNC Charlotte. Here, the tour guides gave the students a chance to hang out in their student center as well as inform them on how the students can be involved with their school. As they walked around campus, they were shown buildings that were created by students who were studying in that major. “I think it’s great that students can be involved with their school and can make themselves feel more at home,” junior Kayli Tinsley said.

“I think it’s important because it helps them feel more comfortable and focused.” The Dare Education Foundation annually provides the program with a donation to enrich the program at each school. This year, DEF put $1,300 toward the trip.. Alex Chandler of the Dare County Bus Garage and Dare County Schools also sponsored the trip, which allowed it to become possible. “What I hope students take away from the trip is a better idea of the type of college they want to attend and additional or reinforced college information, but, most importantly, I want them to feel the excitement of being on a college campus,” Cleaver said. “Hopefully, they take that excitement back home with them and allow it to motivate them through their remaining time at MHS.”

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Leary takes the field as head coach of varsity softball Dakota Meekins Sports Editor Science teacher Chad Leary stepped up to the plate as the head varsity softball coach this season. Leary has been a member of the school’s faculty for 15 years and decided this was year to take a swing at a new opportunity. Leary has been around baseball his entire life. From growing up in a baseball family to wanting to playing at UNCWilmington, Leary knew he wanted to stay near the sport. After his years of playing and enjoying the sport, he decided to coach because he wanted to make the same impact on young athletes that his coaches made on him when he was growing up. “It’s a great feeling knowing that I have an opportunity to help kids learn to how to handle these life situations,” he said. “I started coaching because I had several coaches that were wonderful influences to me as I grew up and I hope that I can have a similar influence on the athletes.” Leary brings years of experience to the team. With a 13-year-old daughter and a

11-year-old son, Leary has spent much of his free time coaching their activities. Leary began coaching his own children’s teams when his daughter was just 5 years old. Since then, he has coached baseball and softball through Dare County Parks and Recreations and he has also been involved with AllStars. “I love being with my kids and coaching them. It’s been a lot of time but so worth it. The time spent on the field with my kids has been responsible for so many wonderful memories,” He said. While this is his first time coaching softball at the high school, it’s not his first time coaching position here. During 2010, he served as the head coach for track. He has also helped coach football at MHS for over 14 years. From 2005 to 2009, he was the assistant baseball coach for the school and from 2012 to 2014 he coached baseball at Manteo Middle School. Being a teacher for multiple science courses means he knows most of the students before he meets them on the field. This is important for him to have strong chemistry with the athletes and allow coaching the team to be that


Chad Leary huddles with the varsity softball team between innings March 7 against First Flight.

much easier. “I enjoy softball and thought I was ready to be a coach,” he said. “I finally had the opportunity to do it.” Being head coach for a varsity softball team wasn’t a curve-ball for Leary. As a previous travel softball and parks and recreation coach, he knew how to lead the team. Coaching and teaching has become a big part of Leary’s life. To him, coaching is more than just telling the athletes what to do and how to play. Leary believes coaching helps keep a positive attitude in the students and in the community.

“I enjoy coaching because I enjoy kids and being around them being a positive role model for them while positively influencing their lives,” Leary said. “I like trying to help them find a way to be better than they ever thought they could be at something.” The varsity team ended its season with an 11-11 overall record and the JV ended with a 2-4 record. Varsity team won against Rocky Mount Preparatory during first round of the state playoffs with a score of 21-1, but ended its season in the second round with a 2-1 loss to Camden.

Gorham retires after 37 years in health, childhood education Brenna Muir Staff Writer After 10 years of working at the school, eight of which took place between 1995 and 2003 and the last two beginning in 2016, childhood development and health team relations teachers Jann Gorham will be retiring. Sept. 1, 2018. Gorham grew up on a farm in Edgecombe County, NC before attending Nash Community College to become a neonatal and pediatric nurse. In 1991, she moved to the Outer Banks due to a professional relocation. After starting out working as a nurse for a traveling pediatrician, Gorham’s love of children influenced her to change her profession. She then became a childhood development and health relations teacher. “Everyone travels a different journey in life and some may be more challenging than others,” Gorham said. “I have been happy here at Manteo High knowing that I have been with a student body and faculty that embraces what I call a ‘caring family’ way of thinking, demonstrating this through activities and a learning environment that promotes this

concept.” Gorham has taught allied health sciences, parenting and childhood development, early childhood education, and health team relations. Gorham attended ECU in 1975 and knew she wanted to start on her teaching career her sophomore year. She had decided to concentrate on childhood development and family relations in her college years. She has been teaching since 1981 and throughout her career has taught at First Flight High School, Cape Hatteras Secondary School as an online teacher, Tarboro Senior High School, and Manteo High School. Her longest time was at First Flight, where she taught parenting and childhood development and health team relations. “The first thing that comes to my mind when asked what I will miss the most is the students,” Gorham said. “My favorite memories here at MHS include student ‘a-ha’ moments I have seen and experienced in and outside of my classroom. [I’ll miss] pep rallies, sports, teachable moments and student support. And, as always, the ‘Good morning, Ms. Gorham’ or ‘Hey, Ms. G’ [I hear].” When Gorham retires she plans on

Liz Hodgson

Jann Gorham prepares flashcards for her fourth period parent and child development class.

spending more time with her family and friends. She has goals of going on more camping trips and spending more time on her farm in Edgecombe County. She intends on advocating the things close to her heart like pet therapy and prevention of domestic violence. “When I reach my ‘retirement’ I plan to continue to learn and grow, pursuing areas that will be defined in other ways during my life,” Gorham said.


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Connie Francis prepares for goodbye after 31 years at MHS Chrissy Dooley Staff Writer “Where Atlantic’s Mighty waters…”. Each Friday during second period, the voice of the Manteo Alma Mater fills classrooms with pride. After 31 years at Manteo High School, the woman behind the Alma Mater, Connie Francis, is saying goodbye. Francis will officially retire July 1, 2018. Francis was originally hired as a teacher’s assistant in Dare County in January of 1987 but was only in that position for 6 months, after which, she traveled to all Dare County Schools as an EC Data Manager for one year. In 2000, she was placed at Manteo High School when the position of guidance secretary was first created. She was in that position for 11 years before being transferred to her current position, administrative assistant. “I was a little nervous transferring from guidance secretary to administrative assistant because it is a whole different job description, there wasn’t a lot of interaction with the students but it was fairly easy and I enjoyed it,” Francis said. Since 1989, Francis has been a member of the school’s Improvement Team, which is a committee composed of administrators, teachers, staff, and parents that meet monthly to discuss ways to improve the school in the best interest of the students. “I have been a member of this team for many years during which I have taken minutes, expressed ideas to the group, and each month I submit a schedule of upcoming events,” Francis said. She has worked closely with the PTO Board, meeting monthly with principal John Luciano and the MHS Teacher of the Year, taking minutes and keeping up the board apprised of upcoming events. She has also been a member of the Dare County Association of Educational Office Professionals and North Carolina Association of Educational Office Professionals for over 20 years. “This is a group of office professionals that meet regularly to learn from each other and for staff development, I have also been a local president and a

Lara Cate Wright

district officer numerous times,” she said. Francis spends her days involved in more than administrative affairs. Francis has been very active in supporting the students by attending sports games, academic ceremonies and other events. “I have lost count of how many sporting events and plays I have attended but, I thoroughly enjoyed all of it,” Francis said. What Francis does in her current position changes from day to day, but her primary responsibility is working alongside Luciano, doing whatever he needs her to do on a daily basis. Whether it is scheduling appointments with parents and staff members, typing correspondence, searching data, and many more tasks that come throughout the school day, Francis is on top of the workload and there to help. “Mrs. Francis has become a really close friend of mine, somebody who I can always bounce ideas off of and tell me what I need to hear, she keeps me grounded, her presence has always been a very calming influence,” Luciano said. “I can always count on her to take care of me and know my moods, she

has guided me to be much more patient and to not react as quickly as I would have in the past, she has given me a different view on life in the south that I would have never have without her, it is much more family oriented.” Interview, meetings, activities and other activities and responsibilities, Francis puts it in the master calendar for the school and goes over it daily to make sure that each event is scheduled correctly. Francis also keeps everything updated for Josten’s on all senior related issues. “What I do for Josten’s is scheduling what day they are coming to the school, making sure all the students are well aware what time and day they are coming and especially making sure all of the seniors have ordered and received a cap and gown for graduation,” Francis said. Those who have worked closest with Francis know her to be a hard worker and friend to all. “I have know Ms. Francis since 1991 when she was the guidance secretary here at MHS when my oldest son was a freshman. After years of knowing her she has impacted my life in many, many ways,” school receptionist Pam Buscemi said. “Ms. Francis has

shown me, through her everyday example, how to be compassionate even when circumstances may tempt us to act otherwise; how to deal with parents in a kind and understanding manner when they’re here at MHS to deal with a student disciplinary matter; her Christian faith is first and foremost in every aspect of her life and she has been the role model I bring to mind many times during my daily routine.” Outside of the school Francis enjoys reading, watching her grandkids play and she also sings with a gospel group at her church. She plans to continue this all after retirement. Also after retirement she plans to spend more time with her family and hopes to travel within the United States. “I am incredibly thankful for the 31 years I have been here, I have never had a period of time that I hated coming to work. Even though it is not what I anticipated doing going into school, I have loved and enjoyed every part of it, I am going to miss getting to spend time with all the students, and the people I work with,” Francis said. “I have loved every day of this job and have never been able to think of anything I would rather do. It has been a pleasure for me.”


Sound to Sea I News

Mark McKay retires as SRO, SADD club sponsor Elizabeth Hodgson Staff Writer Every morning, school resource officer Mark McKay walks into work, says hello to incoming students, sits in his office and works to keep students and faculty educated and safe. After 15 years of doing so, McKay will be leaving his desk, walking out of work and saying goodbye to the students he’s grown to know. On May 31, McKay retires. McKay became a police officer in 1992 for the Town of Manteo. In 1997, he worked for Dare County Sheriff’s Office on bicycle patrol. While working in the field, McKay felt something was missing. “When I was younger and worked the road I felt that I was helping the public by arresting the bad guy and getting him off the street and putting him behind bars to keep him away from the innocent citizens,“ McKay said. “As an SRO, I feel that I am now helping in a different way and in a way that I much prefer.”

As a child, McKay moved from town to town and did not find a place to call home until he came to Manteo. “Manteo is my home. I love it here. There is no place on earth that I would rather live. When I was young my father moved our family several different times while I was growing up...” McKay said. “That is a big reason why when I was getting started on my own I wanted to find a place that I could call my permanent home and would want to raise my family at.” In 2003, McKay became the school’s resource officer. Through the years, he not only worked to protect the school and its students and staff, he worked to educate those students on the law and how their decisions affected their lives. “I will sometimes have students come to me and tell me that they have received a traffic ticket or have been charged for something like possessing marijuana or alcohol,” McKay said. “I can then explain how the court system works and if they are qualified I can help them divert their case to driving school or

Elizabeth Hodgson

School resource officer Mark McKay enjoys his last days at the school before his retirement.

Teen Court. Sometimes it’s the little things like letting them know that they left their car lights on, helping to change a flat tire, or just offering a snack from my snack drawer in my office.” As sponsor of the SADD club, McKay reached out to students and welcomed them in through the club’s dedication to positive decision-making and acceptance of all people.

“He has definitely helped me greatly throughout the years,” senior Angela Anacleto said. “He has given me food, he has made me laugh countless times with all his jokes, and he has overall made my life better. I was in 9th grade when I joined the SADD club and met Mr. McKay, from that time till now I have had a place to call like a second home.”

Adiós, Profa, gracias por enseñar; Sumrell se jubila

Lara Cate Wright

Foreign language teacher Rachel Sumrell helps students correct their homework in Spanish II.

Laura Kitching Staff Writer On July 1, 2018, foreign language teacher Rachel Sumrell will be retiring. After 12 years of teaching at this school, and 28 years overall, Sumrell’s love of teaching and her students followed her throughout her career and will continue to follow

her into retirement. “I love teaching Spanish because it is a beautiful language rich in culture and history,” Sumrell said. “I plan to take a month out of my year to visit Spain. I love Spain; the culture, the language. I plan to go to the south of Spain and take in a bullfight each year.” Sumrell moved from

Panama, where she first learned Spanish, to the USA when she was only 14 years old. She lived in Greensboro for over 20 years and moved to Dare County in the fall of 2007. Sumrell taught the majority of her 28 years at Western Guilford High School. Here, Sumrell taught Spanish to the 30 percent of Spanish-speaking students in her classes. Students came from almost 60 different countries. “The students were from many different countries in Latin America and I learned the vocab associated with each country and their different accents,” Sumrell said. “Of course I spoke only Spanish to them and had to make home visits to talk to parents.” Throughout her career, Sumrell taught various levels of Spanish and AP English classes. She was highly involved in her career at all schools she taught at and her involvement influenced her students. “She taught me optimism to a greater degree and perseverance,” junior Andrew Mallory said.

“No matter the moment, she appeared optimistic and did not let circumstances control her. This ultimately inspired me to be more positive in life and to not give up.” Foreign language teacher Regina Cecil got to know and befriend Sumrell over their years of teaching together. Both bonded over their shared love of Spanish, their students, and their generous spirits. “I will miss her friendly smile and kindness to me and my family; especially when we lost our home to a hurricane and I got cancer in the same year,” Cecil said. “She provided food for us and helped [my substitute] the last month of school that year. Rachel has a very generous spirit. She has also modeled for me how to finish with grace. She will truly be missed.” After Sumrell’s retirement, she plans on selling real estate here on the Outer Banks, traveling and becoming a “foster mom” to Maltese puppies. “I will miss the students, other teachers and keeping up with my Spanish,” Sumrell said.

10 Summer schedules filled with academic opportunity Willa Brown Staff Writer With the end of school in sight, students are making summer plans. For a handful of students, these plans include enriching and educational endeavors at colleges and research institutes across the country. Before the school year ends, five students will attend Project Uplift on the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill campus. Juniors Rena Casey, Carson Creef, Topanga Daniels, Raechelle Eller and Leslie Estrada will be at the university from May 24 to 26. Project Uplift allows high-achieving high school students to experience the school’s academic rigor and social climate. “I am most excited about staying on the Carolina campus overnight, and the experience of spending the night on a college campus because I had never done that,” Creef said. “I am excited to see what college life is really like and to try the food,” Daniels said. Project Uplift has benefited rising high school seniors for almost 50 years. While in Chapel Hill these students will have the opportunity to attend classes and talk with professors as well as learn about admission procedures and how to afford college. The students will also be challenged and encouraged to become a leader within their school and community. In June, junior Sophia Farrow will be attending Johns Hopkins University in Maryland to participate in the colleges summer medical program. During her 10 days in Maryland, Farrow will perform medical procedures through virtual simulations, designed to train participants with the same cutting-edge technology used by medical schools around the world. She will interact in career lectures and demonstrations that will provide skills and education needed to be successful in a healthcare career. “I want to be an emergency medical doctor, so going to one of the top shock trauma centers in the nation (R. Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center) is really exciting,” Farrow said. “I chose to attend this program because I felt that it would benefit me most out of all the programs I was interested in, the Johns Hopkins program is more extensive and will provide me with more knowledge to gain.” Junior Katherinne Rabanal was accepted into The Summer Student Program at the Jackson

Research Lab in Maine. Rabanal will be there for 10 weeks this summer, where she will be conducting research on diet induced diabetes. “I wanted to attend this program because I’m interested in conducting research on such an interesting topic and I figured this would be a onein-a-lifetime opportunity so I had to take it,” she said. “While I’m there I will be researching diet-induced obesity, but in my free time I will be able to hike Acadia National Park and explore Bar Harbor Island. This program relates to my interests because I am intrigued by the different diseases that affect the brain, I am really interested in neuroscience so I thought this program would be a great way to make a connection.” Junior Eden Buchert was accepted into the Rising Star program at Savannah College of Art and Design. Rising Star is for rising seniors only and is a five week course that gives students actual college credit. Successful completion of Rising Star is also acceptance to SCAD. Attendees live in the dorms and eat at the dining halls; students get the full college experience. “The program is five weeks and I’ll take two courses, introduction to psychology and camera exploration,” Buchert said. “I chose the camera course because I am planning on doing something with photography in the future and it will help me improve.” Buchert competed with other juniors from around the world for a spot in the program. Buchert submitted a portfolio with current photography work as well as letters of recommendation and her transcript. After her acceptance, she learned she’d also receive scholarships for the program based on her photography work as well as her academic achievements. According to guidance counselor Marie White, these academic activities are wonderful opportunities for students. “It is great for students to take part in these opportunities because it enables them to meet students from other schools and get to interact with them. That is a great learning experience in itself,” White said. “Our students can pick up ideas and learn things that they can bring back to MHS and share. These summer opportunities are experiences different from what we offer here at MHS so the students are learning brand new concepts that will enhance their academic experiences.”

Sound to Sea I News

make the most of your summer Manteo Farmer’s Market Takes place every Saturday, MayOctober, from 8 a.m. until 12 p.m. downtown at George Washington Creef Park. There is fresh, locally grown produce, teas, lemonade, pastries, jewelry, artwork, and handmade decor. Soundside Funfair The Carnival will be Thursday, June 14th - Wednesday, June 20 on the waterfront in Nags Head. There will be all of the classic Carnival games, food, and rides. Floatchella A Coachella themed pool party at Village Beach Club June 16. Run a 5k Storm the Beach is one of many runs taking place this summer. It is an adventure course on the beach in Nags Head on Sunday, June 17. Fireworks Downtown Manteo, Nags Head, and Avon all have firework celebrations on July 4. Surf Competitions Rip Curl Grom Search is Thursday Aug. 16- Saturday Aug. 18 in Nags Head. WRV Outer Banks Pro Surf Contest will start Wednesday, Aug. 29 and end on Monday, Sept. 3 at Jennette’s Pier. Boat Boating around the island can be fun with friends. There are many sand islands to spend the day on. Fishing Go fishing on an offshore charter, or on one of the many piers along the beach. Travel When it’s not a good beach day, a day trip to Virginia is an option. There are many different stores to shop at. Jockey’s Ridge Enjoy the sunrise over the ocean and sunset over the sound.

(252) 305-2194


Sound to Sea I Opinion


Sound Story loading...I’m 100 percent done Sea 2017-2018 Staff Dylan Berry Editor-in-Chief Dakota Meekins Sports Editor Lara Cate Wright Features Editor Sophia Spinella Social Media Manager Bella Bartell Staff Photographer Sarah Pritchard Adviser Staff Members Willa Brown Rena Casey Grace Cobb Ella Corbett Averi Creef Chloe Griffiths Olivia Hines Liz Hodgson Laura Kitching Teresa Mejia Brenna Muir Ashtyn Wescott Elizabeth Wheless

Sound to Sea is the official student news magazine of Manteo High School. The staff strives to provide informative and accurate coverage of individuals and events within the school and the Dare County community. Opinion pieces serve as a forum for the voices of the newspaper, its staff members and the community it serves. Views expressed in the Sound to Sea and the Sound to Sea on-line do not represent the opinions of the school’s faculty or administration or the Dare County School Board or its administration. You can reach the staff by mail at 829 Wingina Ave., Manteo, N.C. 27954, by phone at (252) 473-5841 extension 1081 or by e-mail at mhspublications@ Sound to Sea is a member of the North Carolina Scholastic Media Association and the Southern Interscholastic Media Association. Target Printing and Distribution of the Fayetteville Observer prints our publication. Approximately, 4500 copies are printed. Of those, 4000 are inserted into the Outer Banks Sentinel. The other 500 are distributed to students. Sound to Sea is printed four times a year.

Dylan Berry Editor

My civics project is nearly complete. I hit “submit” and with five minutes left in class, the cursor on my computer is...frozen. Great. The deadline has quickly passed; the assignment is now late. The internet. Specifically, the school internet. I hear nearly every day the frustrated smacking of keyboards and the sighs of assignments turned in too late because of our faulty wifi. Chromebooks are now handed out at the beginning of every school year. Since the school hands these out to each student, I believe they should supply sufficient internet to go along with it. For seven hours a day, computers are out and students continually work on them. We submit assignments, make corrections and work on projects. The computers are used for all types of work throughout the school day. E d u c a t i o n technology has grown significantly in the last two to three years. Laptops have been handed to the students instead of pencils and paper. Though the internet is spotty, I can’t say the school hasn’t tried to improve it. In 2016 the school upgraded the wifi to 5ghz to try and improve the signal. In 2017 they doubled the number of routers and they also replaced all the switches. The circular devices on each classrooms ceiling are called Access Points, which are attached to switches that all feed in

artwork by Taylor Cahoon

to the Core switch in the back of the library. From there it travels over fiber optic cable to First Flight High School, then out to the state of NC, and then exits to the internet. T h o u g h improvements were made, the internet is still inconsistent. Assignments will be turned in late if the internet is not always available. Not having reliable internet means more work needs to be done at home than at school despite the fact that class time is given to work on those assignments. Work is work no matter where it gets done, the right choice would be where the reliable internet is. There are 497 students in this school and we all have some sort of work to do online. Students do group projects on a shared drive, conduct experiments, and work in their online classes. With all these connections, the internet is just not able to keep up. Websites that involve streaming videos use up a lot of bandwidth, which is the amount of data that can be transmitted in a given amount of

time. But while paper and pencil are being forgotten, the students have no choice but to deal with the internet. On another note, tests, quizzes, and the English II EOC are now given online. As time goes on, there will be more and more EOC’s given online through the Chromebooks. While completing an online test, a student could be almost done and the computer freezes, what happens then? These circumstances all come from the poor internet connection throughout a school. Internet problems jeopardizing a student’s ability to complete their final exam is not fair to those who worked the entire year towards that exam. There are a lot of students and faculty members using the internet at the same time, the internet should be prepared for this type of traffic. Teachers even teach with the internet! Kahoot and Quizlet help students to learn in a fun way but how are they supposed to teach if their computers were to freeze up or the internet crashes? They can’t. Teachers and students

would be able to achieve more if the internet would keep up with us. Online classes have grown rapidly throughout the past couple of years. When students are scheduled for online classes, they are scheduled for a period at school to work on that either in the media center or in a classroom. The internet opens up many opportunities for learning outside of what the school offers. COA classes give students a chance to earn college credit while still in high school. They also get the experience of how the college life will go while working in that type of environment. But, they can’t do any of that if the internet won’t connect to their virtual teachers or classrooms. The internet does not go out for a whole day, but every second it is out, students are losing their education. If the school would work out a budget to make for better internet, the students and staff could get through the day without their computers freezing. Until then, the frustration is rising and that cursor is still frozen.

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Proudest Moments of 2017-2018

“Getting my Pilot license,” senior Alec Lounder l “Getting all A’s in BC Calculus, which is really unheard of and extremely difficult,” senior Savannah Midgette l “Winning the basketball game against Perquimans in overtime,” senior Whitney Butler l “Getting coach’s award for all conference for volleyball” senior Janae Julien l “Being accepted into all of the colleges I applied to,” senior Christian Simpson l “Running a 4:55 mile and being 2 seconds away from beating the school record,” senior Marcos Aguirre Gomez l “My final performance with Stage Left,” senior Warren Brown l “A softball game where I busted my knuckle while at bat and I continued to play,” senior Marriah Maqueda l “Getting a 90 on my current event in AP Language,” junior Rena Casey l “Going to States for cross country. It was a big goal for the whole girls team,” junior Caroline Mode l “Running a 6:23 mile,” junior Hunter Duprey l “Scoring a goal in the playoffs against Voyager Academy,” junior Landon Taylor l “Diving for a ball at center and catching it,” sophomore Maiya Ribeiro l “Coming in to a baseball game to pitch bases loaded, 2 outs, and not allowing anyone to score and eventually winning the game,” sophomore Wolfie Schultz l “Scoring 30 points against Perquimans in their own gym during basketball,” sophomore Darren Saunders l “Preforming in Rock of Ages,” sophomore Blake Gard l “When I won a writing contest for a short story I wrote,” sophomore Kiersten Frazee “Winning a playoff game in football,” sophomore Kyle Soles l“Cheering with my squad and Mr. Luciano’s granddaughter at a basketball game this season,” freshman Ciarra Jackson l “Going to Regionals for the math 3 contest,” freshman Caleb Maher l “Winning conference for golf,” freshman Daniel Tillett l “Being able to be the pitcher and being a part of the JV softball team,” freshman Maddie Stetson l “When I had a successful block playing offensive line in football,” freshman Dylan Sharp l “Cutting 10 seconds of my time on the swim team,” freshman Caylo Seals l Reporting by Ashtyn Wescott

Profile for Sound to Sea

Issue 4 - May 2018  

Issue 4 - May 2018