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Sound Sea 2017-2018 Staff Dylan Berry Editor-in-Chief Dakota Meekins Sports Editor Lara Cate Wright Features Editor Sophia Spinella Social Media Manager Bella Bartell Staff Photographer Sarah Pritchard Adviser Staff Members Willa Brown Rena Casey Grace Cobb Ella Corbett Averi Creef Chloe Griffiths Watson Harvey Olivia Hines Liz Hodgson Laura Kitching Teresa Mejia Brenna Muir Ashtyn Wescott Elizabeth Wheless

Sound to Sea is the official student news magazine of Manteo High School. The staff strives to provide informative and accurate coverage of individuals and events within the school and the Dare County community. Opinion pieces serve as a forum for the voices of the newspaper, its staff members and the community it serves. Views expressed in the Sound to Sea and the Sound to Sea on-line do not represent the opinions of the school’s faculty or administration or the Dare County School Board or its administration. You can reach the staff by mail at 829 Wingina Ave., Manteo, N.C. 27954, by phone at (252) 473-5841 extension 1081 or by e-mail at mhspublications@ daretolearn.org. Sound to Sea is a member of the North Carolina Scholastic Media Association and the Southern Interscholastic Media Association. Target Printing and Distribution of the Fayetteville Observer prints our publication. Approximately, 4500 copies are printed. Of those, 4000 are inserted into the Outer Banks Sentinel. The other 500 are distributed to students. Sound to Sea is printed four times a year. Visit us online: mhssoundtosea.com.

Anxiety and anxiousness: two things that should not be confused Lara Cate Wright Features Editor *Editor’s Note: To protect the anonymity of our students, names have been changed in this story.

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ands sweat, eyes race, breathing stops. According to the National Institute of Mental Health in 2015, for 6.3 million teenagers in America, this is a daily experience. Anxiety is a mental illness. It is a feeling of worry or fear so strong that it causes someone not to be able to carry out his or her day. Anxiety is often confused with the feeling of being anxious, but the two are not the same. “[Anxiety] can get to the point where it’s difficult to function. Even just going to the store or school-normal things,” guidance counselor Pam Yelle said. “Severe anxiety means you can’t function. It means you can’t compute required tasks for living. It’s nothing to joke about, it’s very serious.” As a mental illness, anxiety cannot be physically seen, so it’s easy to fabricate a set of characteristics for what anxiety is. However, anxiety is often not what people make it out to be. Anxiety is being petrified to speak for fear that what is said will be wrong. Anxiety is having a panic attack and feeling as if there is no way to breath or move. “For me, most of my panic attacks come from sensory overload. It’s basically where there is so much going on around me that I cannot focus on anything but I can focus on everything. I can hear people talking and it becomes a muddled roar. The ground often shakes when I look at it, and after that I just shut down,” Sophie* said. Anxiety doesn’t go away after finishing a math test. Anxiety doesn’t go away when that risky text to the

cute guy is sent. Anxiety doesn’t go away when the butterflies stop after giving a speech for English class. “People can easily assume that on my happy days that’s how I am everyday because that’s what I want people to see. When it does come about that I am in an anxiety state it’s confusing for them to think about how I can have two contrasting attitudes within hours but that’s just what I live with. It’s been that way for three years,” Sophie* said. Feeling anxious is different, it is an emotion that everyone has. When the feeling of being anxious starts to impact and disrupt an individual’s life, anxiety may be the culprit. Within the realm of anxiety comes Generalized Anxiety Disorder, OCD, PTSD, Panic Disorder and Social Anxiety Disorder. There is a world of difference between feeling butterflies in your stomach before an exam and feeling the world stop when your trigger word is spoken. Romanticism means to describe something as being better that it actually is. Think of the quintessential Disney movie ending. That’s not how life works. Today, students are glamorizing the idea of anxiety by making it seem appealing to have. Its increase can be found in the rise in teenage anxiety since 2012, which makes it easier to romanticize since more people are diagnosed with it. “I feel like anxiety is an emotion, but when people abuse the word, it makes me angry because they make it seem as if it’s not a big deal,” Stella* said. The use of the word “anxiety” is being used as a trend, a buzz word that captures attention within a conversation, an excuse by students when they are not putting forth their maximum effort and a way to make someone seem special though they are not diagnosed. It’s

When people continually use [anxiety] as an excuse, it gets a negative connotation because people are going to get tired of hearing it. Then, when somebody actually needs help, people won’t want to listen. - Harriott*

becoming “cute” and “quirky” to have anxiety. This is not right. If you do have diagnosed anxiety, that is not a weakness. It’s not something that is bad to have. What is bad is that non-diagnosed people are taking this illness that can mar a person and are creating it into a trend for personal gain. “When people continually use [anxiety] as an excuse, it gets a negative connotation because people are going to get tired of hearing it. Then, when someone actually needs help, people won’t want to listen,” Harriet* said. The use of the word “anxiety” is not an adjective to throw around. Statements like “this English project is giving me anxiety” or “I have so much homework I’m going to have a panic attack” should not be used in jest. Each time the disease is used in a “casual” manner, its importance and its impact are lessened. Anxiety is a serious illness and should be treated as such. “I think it diminishes the legitimacy of when people actually have the mental illness when people say that they have one,” Debbie* said. The glamorization of the illness causes people to view those who are suffering from anxiety as being over-dramatic and like they are “putting on” for the attention. Pretending to have anxiety for kicks can turn around and hurt those who need the help because society is so used to a false alarm. People are using anxiety to set themselves apart and to be different, but when having the illness isn’t “cool” anymore what will people turn to next? With an increase in diagnosed cases of anxiety, this is a reality for the future. “I’m afraid to speak up about how I feel because I never know if someone will actually help me or tell me to get over it,” Harriet* said. “It’s like I’m alone in these situations when I should have people actually help me. There’s such a large stigma around it that I don’t know what to do.” If you or someone you know is suffering from anxiety, you should never feel embarrassed. There are many ways that you can handle the situation. If you do not have the illness, please have sympathy for those who do. If everyone works together, the romanticism that surrounds anxiety can be lessened. Be an ally not an aspirant.


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Social media, gaming sites create unlikely friendships Teresa Mejia Staff Writer Through the click of a button, unlikely friendships have been created. With the power of the online world, people have been able to establish friendships with distant friends. These “friends” can extend to people all around the world, and it all started with the power of social media and online gaming. As more social media and gaming sites are being created, the possibility of obtaining new friends increases. “I stay in touch with most [online friends] via social media. I don’t really have that many online friends that I talk to on the regular but to me it’s just [an] addition to the friends that I already have in real life,”sophomore Kammy Adams said. Although these new friendships may occur through a phone or an online gaming site, it

does not diminish the value of the them. These friendships can began with a simple comment on Instagram or responding to their Instagram stories. By initiating the conversation, a person can learn more about the other person’s character and can develop the friendship. “I met this dude from Indiana. He added me on SnapChat through quick add, so I added him back,” sophomore Bri Landazuri said. “This was two years ago, and now we FaceTime almost every night. I consider him just as good [of] a friend as the friends I met in [the] traditional ways. I actually talk to him more than I talk to my friends here.” By having the means to communicate with others who live far away, people have the ability to meet other people with similar interests. Online gaming systems, such as Xbox and PlayStation, enable people to meet others through entering a random

online gaming party or by selecting people they have played with before. By choosing to play with previous players, players end up talking more and friendships are built. “[Online friends are] fun to play with and you make memories with them even if you don’t see them,” senior Warren Brown said. According to a national survey conducted by Pew Research Center in 2014, 57 percent of teenagers across the nation have online friends. Based on the survey, it was concluded that around 64 percent of teens who have online friends have met them through the means of social media applications such as Instagram and Facebook. These types of online websites are changing the dynamic of how teenagers today interact with one another and have made it easier to meet new people who have similar interests. “I met a girl who I think similarly to and

Teens, technology and friendships For today’s teens, friendships can start digitally – 57% of teens have met a new friend online. Social media and online gameplay are the most common digital venues for meeting friends The number of friends teens % who have met in have met online person Refused

3%

1%

29%

43%

More than 5 friends

No friends

Refused

77%

Have not met any online friend in person

20%

Have met an online friend in person

22% 2-5 friends

6% 1 friend

Source: Pew Research Center Graphic: Staff, Tribune News Service

we share many hobbies. I met her through the communication app called Bottled, and I speak to her everyday,” junior Bodan Harrington said. “She lives in New York and I am going to visit her this summer. Although we met on Bottled, we now talk everyday, but usually on SnapChat.” Although meeting

new friends through social media might seem unconventional to some, to others it is a better way to meet people with similar interests. Social media applications have provided many teens with the opportunity to expand their interests and hobbies as well as the people who they share those experiences with.

SnapChat update makes app features confusing, frustrates users

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Chrissy Dooley Staff Writer The latest updates on SnapChat have users upset and requesting that the app return to its old form. Prior to this recent update, SnapChat had its features laid out on different pages. It was either a swipe to the left or a swipe to the right. With the swiping motion, it made for more of a simpler app. “How the old SnapChat was, was so much easier to use because it had a place when you text people and then where you could see what

everyone posted on the other side, it was just more organized,” junior Rhianna Sears said. SnapChat stories received one of the biggest changes with the update. Stories now show up on the same page as someone’s recent Snaps, creating confusion. “SnapChat is difficult to use now because the stories and SnapChats reorganize by themselves every time I go on the app and people I don’t even talk to are at the top of the list and my friends are at the bottom, it just doesn’t make sense,” junior Wyatt Fox said. The app has received complaints about the change, and their response is: “It is going to take time for people to get use to it.” “This update has made it very confusing and hard to use because I was so used to the old one and it’s such a big change,” junior Jazmine Casanova said.

Once of the biggest complaints about the new version of app is how difficult it is now to tell whether or not a SnapChat is received or somebody is posting to his or her story. Before the update, the two actions were separate. However, now the two are together on one page and stories are no longer in chronological order. “I don’t like how your stories are mixed with the snaps you receive because I don’t always get to see all the stories,” junior Blaise Bozarth said. Students are dealing with the update in different ways. While some students have deleted the app, others have found a way to reverse the update on the on their phone. “I hated the update, so when I found out how to reverse it I did but it only lasted a few days then went back to the new one,” junior Allecia Rategan said. Although SnapChat refuses

to revert to their previous version, it has made some improvements to the update. This is the result of over 1.2 million people signing a petition that said the “new SnapChat update has felt uncomfortable for many” and called for the SnapChat company to reverse the update. As a result of this petition, the app changed the layout, again. This update to the update reorganizes a user’s SnapChat groups, stories and recent Snaps into different categories. Since the second update, there have been less complaints about the app. “I personally prefer the second update rather than the first because everything is bigger and it’s more organized,” junior Aaliyah Elliott said. “I’m happy with how it is now.” SnapChat continues to work through these growing pains, hoping to get back in the good graces of its loyal fan-base.


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Cell phones now used for everything but making calls Olivia Hines Staff Writer She types out her homework assignments, texts her friends non-stop, records herself for reminders, listens to music with her friends, and posts frequently on her Snapchat and Instagram stories. One thing she does not do use her phone for: making phone calls. “Usually we use our phones more for casual texting/snap or as entertainment but for actually talking to people I’d rather Facetime/call them. It’s just easier to text people and social media is good entertainment and fun,” senior Pallas Kenyon said. According to Pew Research Center in 2014, 46 percent of people stated that they could not live without their cell phones. Smartphones have come a major part of people’s lives. This is because the internet keeps people connected in ways a standard telephone cannot. Internet access on phones allows users to search the web with the click of a button. Doing so is often more convenient than using a computer because users can do it from any location. “I think it’s easier through cell phone to communicate with people than a computer because most interaction between people is through popular social media apps like SnapChat, Instagram and Twitter,” junior Kayli Tinsley said. Smartphones also now come with state of the art cameras. These cameras allow users to quickly snap pictures and videos and even offer editing features. These pictures can be shared by text message and email or posted on social media. Social media apps have even been updating the themselves frequently, giving the users new fonts, filters and designs. “Phone cameras are fairly decent cameras,” senior Chloe Givens said. “They are great for on the go so you don’t have to carry a big camera around.” Access to social media apps on cell phones also appeals to users. Many of the hours spent on phones include these popular apps. Most teenagers have

multiple social media accounts. These accounts are frequently used throughout the day to communicate because they allow users to send quick messages, videos and photos. Short message service (SMS), or text messaging, is another popular pastime. The first text message was sent over 25 years ago; however, the action has evolved since then. Initially, the grown for SMS was slow. One of the first major changes to texting came in 1999 when the messages could finally be exchanged among networks. By 2007, Americans were sending and receiving more text messages per month than phone calls. “I feel like students are losing social skills, they don’t know how to alter their communication to address teachers then code switch to address their friends. They even include text format in their essays,” said English teacher Anna Thomas. Social media apps have helped the popularity of text messages because many of these apps use short character format, encouraging users to be concise and character-conscious writers. Additionally, new phone features like speak-to-text ability and iMessage games have helped text message use increase. “I use my phone constantly to text my friends, all the new updates are convenient and easy to use,” junior Hannah Ambrose said. Smartphones also offer uses many options when it comes to music. From Spotify to Pandora to iRadio, smartphone owners have choices when they want to listen to music. Many music apps offer free versions or users can be for ad-free versions. These apps allow users to make playlists, and they can be streamed from the phone to bluetooth speakers in rooms and cars. Music plays an important role in many students’ routines. From walking down the hall to eating lunch to doing homework, students enjoy having music at the tip of their fingers. “I kind of need music to get through my day at school, it helps me calm down and focus. It drowns out all of the noise out and my focus is solely on one thing,”

Artwork by Taylor Cahoon

junior Wyatt Fox said. The same is true for other entertainment. Smartphones offer a multitude of apps for games and movie streaming. With these apps, users can watch movies and play games anywhere they want right from our phone. “I like being able to watch movies and play games on my phone especially on long drives or road trips. It makes it very accessible to stay entertained, I use Netflix on my phone almost every night,” senior Tessie Dough said. In today’s fast-paced world, online classes are commonplace. Through COA, the Virtual Public School and the North Carolina School of Science and Math, students have the ability to take various courses without a traditional classroom and supplies. These classes depend on the internet to connect. Whether it’s the class website’s discussion

forum or communicating with the teacher via a text, students can complete portions of their online classes from their phone. “I like online classes but with them you have to have good time management skills or you won’t be able to succeed in them,” said senior Janae Julien. Smartphones and their technology continue to be updated and improved. Their features are already ingrained in most people’s daily lives and will remain a part of everyday activity. As a result, smartphones have replaced the need for traditional landlines and internet service in some homes. “We basically have a mobile computer in our pockets,” senior Warren Brown said. “We can do almost whatever on it for free.” In today’s digital world, smartphones have many purposes and calling is no longer at the top of the list.


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V2: Are forgotten apps making a comeback? Sophia Spinella Social Media Manager Vine, a once popular short video app, is set to make a comeback. Fans of the now defunct app couldn’t contain their excitement after a cryptic tweet from one of the app’s three original founders, Dom Hofmann, popped up in December. “I’m excited, but at the same time I feel like [V2] is not going to live up to the hype of the original vine,” senior Warren Brown said. According to Hofmann, he plans to relaunch the app as “V2.” The app will include many of the same characteristics as the original Vine. There haven’t been many details revealed about the relaunch, but he has indicated he will be working on the app on his own time and funding it with his money. Hofmann Tweeted, “I’m funding it myself as an outside project, so it doesn’t interfere with

the (quite exciting) work we’re doing at the company, which is my first priority.” The original Vine was a place where videos, which lasted up to six seconds, could be created and posted. Vine first gained popularity in the summer of 2012. The following fall, it was then bought by Twitter for $30 million. Four years later, Vine was taken off the app store. Vine was quite popular until new apps started showing up. Apps like Snapchat and Instagram contributed to the destruction of Vine. Twitter, along with Instagram became a place where videos, short or long, could be posted. The videos that started to appear on Instagram and Twitter were not much different from Vine’s content. Most social media apps update often, adding new technology and new features. Vine, however, did not do too many updates. The changes that were made in their updates were very minor.

Within the past few years, “GIFs”, which are moving images that are on a constant loop, also gained momentum. GIFs began to be posted on social media. Videos on Vine shared a similarity with GIFs, being that they were both videos in a similar format. It became apparent that Vine wasn’t unique enough to survive, and Twitter, the app’s mother company, shut it down in October 2016. Despite the apps with similar and better features, users were still surprised when Vine went away. ”I think the Instagram stories replaced Vine,” senior Kelsea Sexton said. “The fact that videos could be posted on Instagram ruined the platform of Vine.” Although Vine was shut down, the app was renamed, and was available for users in the form of Vine Camera. This allows the creation of six second looping videos. The videos made from here can only be saved or posted on Twitter, and Vines were made

in the past were also available to view on the internet. For Vine users, the only way to keep their posted vines were to download them. Vine Camera still remains on the app store, with a rating of 1.4. According to Hofmann, the launch of V2 will come this summer. Those looking forward to the app can expect the same features that the original Vine had. Although, there will be no filters, no face filters and no geofilters. There will be stricter rules on copyright, so reposting other vines as someone’s own will not be allowed. “I’m really excited about the new vine coming out because I love watching them on Twitter, but it’ll be easier watching them on V2,” junior Camryn Creef said. Awaiting the release of V2, users should expect to see more information coming out via Twitter. Hoffman will be tweeting more about the upcoming features and details about the app.

Spring break means time for travel, work and family Liz Hodgson Staff Writer Students are getting ready for more time off from school. The week of April 2, students will get another break, and this one won’t be caused by snow or bad weather. Spring break is right around the corner and students are finalizing their plans. Travel will be a popular pastime this spring break. From jet setting across the Atlantic to traveling within the states, students have full itineraries. Vacations extend to Puerto Rico, Ireland, Scotland, A group of four students and theater teacher Connie Rose will visit Ireland and Scotland. They depart March 29, and they will return April 8. While on the adventure, they will visit popular cities like Dublin and Belfast in Ireland and Loch Ness in the Scottish Highlands. “While in Scotland and Ireland, we plan on visiting famous landmarks, I’m hoping we see the sword of William Wallace,” senior Warren Brown said. “My family’s heritage is from Scotland and Ireland, and I’ve always wanted to visit there. When I heard about this opportunity I instantly took it.” Rose has been doing these trips for several years, and it’s just as much as an experience for her as it is for the students.

“I am excited to go on this trip because I haven’t been to Ireland or Scotland before.” theater teacher Connie Rose said. “ I will be sharing this first time experience with my students and I hope that it will inspire the students.” Students will also be traveling to places within the country. From the west coast to New England, students will also be traveling to other states and other places. While out of state, students plan on shopping, visiting family and friends, and going to the beach if they are going to a warm place. “I am pretty excited to go to Connecticut to visit my great grandma,” sophomore Kamaaron Adams said. “I plan on spending time with her because I haven’t seen her in a while.” Students journeying across the country have similar plans in mind. “ I am very excited that I might be going to California,” sophomore Elizabeth Harvey said. “I plan on spending time with my sister and her kids. The kids and I will most likely be playing video games.” Not all students will travel over the break, some will stay here and work. The students that work plan to get as many hours as possible so they’ll make more money. “Personally, I don’t mind working over spring break because I know I’m not going anywhere over break.” freshman Cassidy Sadler

Bay Area News Group/TNS

said. “I can also get a lot of hours in so I can make more money.” Weather in April can be questionable, especially with an early break; however, students who are staying put hope the week will bring warm weather and opportunities to go to the beach. “I plan on staying in town because I want to,” senior Austin Smith said. “All of my friends are staying here and I plan on going to the beach with my girlfriend and friends.” Most spring break activities aren’t based on the weather, they are based on what the students plan to do. Students are ready to spring into the break that is just around the corner.


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What do you meme? Images with catch phrases become popular way to communicate Ella Corbett Staff Writer It’s time for Kermit to put down the tea and Arthur to unclench his fist, because memes are becoming one of the largest fads to ever hit the internet. A “meme” is an image, video or set of texts that become popular and spread rapidly via the internet. Memes have become a part of most young people’s lives. “I see memes everyday when I open up my social media [accounts],” junior Caroline Mode said. “ It’s something nice to look at during the day because they are the light of my life and it takes me away from all of the depression in the world. Memes are like babies. They are innocent and make you smile.” Memes can even be a fun spin on response to people on social media or via texting. “When I don’t know what to text someone, I’ll send a meme as an icebreaker. This is really helpful because it helps me keep a conversation going,” sophomore Rebbekkah Eller. The term “meme” originated from evolutionary biologist and author Richard Dawkins. Dawkins used the term to show how information can spread in his book, The Selfish Gene, which was published in 1976. Dawkins created what is called “the Meme Theory.” This is when elements from different cultures catch on and are passed on in a non-genetic way. Examples Dawkins provided were catchphrases, fashion items and architectural designs. Since Dawkins’s original discovery of the word, the meaning has shifted in a few ways. While memes still share information, it’s not as much about culture and human habits as it is providing silly and laughable entertainment. “Memes don’t really provide much information anymore, they’re mainly just about being funny and getting likes,” sophomore Lizzy Rotchford said. Memes spread quicker than ever now due to social media. Because of the advance

Ella Corbett

Junior Topagna Daniels recreates the popular Arthur fist meme. “I like this meme because it’s something I can easily relate to,” Daniels said. “There are times when people say things or do certain things to me and it literally makes me want to clench my fist like Arthur to hold back from calling them out.”

in technology, apps such as Twitter, Snapchat, Instagram and Tumblr help these memes gain popularity quickly. Many students use these apps every day, so since so many students are utilizing these apps and may be on them at the same time, memes can be sent at a rapid speed. With memes being sent around so quickly, often times there can be memes that become an overnight sensation. “Memes don’t live long, they typically live about a week. For example, the ‘do you know da wae’ memes lasted for a long grueling three weeks during February [of 2018],” junior Hunter Duprey said. Overtime, memes have become more offensive. In the beginning, memes were used more as a way to be silly or funny and were often harmless jokes. Today, memes often feature more rude or offensive jokes. It is not uncommon to come across memes that make fun of the Holocaust or suicide or attack people’s personal views on religion and politics. “Memes should be funny, but when people make them offensive then they’re no longer funny and people shouldn’t do that,” junior Chloe Roy said. Now a very popular yet dangerous meme involves Tide Pods. Tide Pods are small pods of laundry detergent that have been making headlines in the meme culture as well as in the news. The “Tide Pod Challenge,” which encourages somebody to bite into a Tide Pod, has inspired suicidal behavior and actions,

making this meme dangerous to those who see or make it. The challenge originated on Twitter and has been making headway ever since. Due to this meme, over 100 people have had to call poison control and have had to be hospitalized after eating a Tide Pod. The meme started out as a funny joke, but it has quickly turned into a serious matter. “What’s the point of eating Tide-Pods when you can just eat French fries? They’re full of chemicals and can cause people to die. It’s not safe and not smart,” freshman Mikalee Gibbs said. A few insensitive or dangerous memes shouldn’t spoil the idea of memes altogether. While there are some memes that can cause harm, there are plenty that are harmless fun. “Memes are an art form. One does not simply understand the science of it,” Duprey said. “There are legendary memes such as ‘Bad Luck Brain,’ ‘Never Gonna Give You Up,’ ‘One Does Not Simply’ and ‘Pepe.’ The best of the best.” Memes have become a large part of most teens and young adults lives in the last 10 or so years. They are used as a way of expression when one might just not have the words. Memes can even bring people together. “I find them [memes] funny, they can also bring friends together by sharing them,” sophomore Joselyn Jimenez said. “I post memes on my SnapChat story often and people slide up and respond to them sometimes. You can form a bond with some people because they think memes are funny too.”


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Trifecta: three coaches named conference coach of year Dakota Meekins Sports Editor The fall and winter sports have come to an end, and three head coaches have been named as a conference coach of the year. This includes coach Sport Sawyer (varsity football), coach Ralph Cleaver (varsity soccer) and coach Jillion Schuler (swimming). “Being nominated by your peers is special in a way that shows other programs are looking at your program and believe you are doing a good coaching job,” Sawyer said. “When other schools say that about your program, it gives you a sense of pride.” In his first year as head coach of the varsity football program, Sawyer’s team finished the season 9-4. Sawyer is constantly trying new things and new ways for the student-athletes to improve and become better players. By finding camps and programs for the students to attend, he constantly wants to help the athletes become stronger, faster, and more athletic to improve the team overall. “Being selected as coach of the year is an honor. You work hard in your profession and to

be recognized in that is always a positive feeling,” Sawyer said. “But being coach of the year should really be coaching staff of the year. It’s a team effort. Last season, here at Manteo, we had a very good coaching staff that we all together made Manteo Redskins be the best they could be in football.” After two years as the assistant coach for varsity boys’ soccer, Cleaver moved into the head coach position this season. His team ended with a 19-4-1 record. Along with previous head coach Curtis Price, Cleaver has built up a strong program. For the past five years, the team has made it to deep into the state playoffs. This season, the team ended its season in the fourth round of the state playoffs. However, the team didn’t go down without a fight. Raleigh Charter beat the team 4-3 in overtime. The past five years reflects how Cleaver has contributed to helping the team improve and be consistent in the postseason. “It is always a great honor to be recognized by your peers for all the hard work that goes into a program,” Cleaver said. “However, the credit is certainly

Sport Sawyer

Jilli Schuler

not mine alone, as I have two great assistants in Michael Goetsch and John Eric Cleaver, and players that work tirelessly to execute the given tactics.” Jilli Schuler has been assistant coach for the swim team for the last two years. This marked her first year as head coach. She is also the head varsity volleyball coach and she has assisted with the girls’ soccer team in the past. At swim practice, Schuler and her coaching staff frequently switch up the routine with long distance, sprints, and other sorts of training activities. Under Schuler, six swimmers went to regionals and two made it to the

Ralph Cleaver

state competition. “It was an honor being selected as coach of the year and I’m proud of the kids, they worked hard this season and at the swim meets,” Schuler said To to these coaches, the staffs, and the school, these recognitions mean a lot. The time and commitment these coaches and their staffs put in show how much they care for each program and the school as a whole. “This says a lot about the dedication and commitment of these three individuals; however, it would not happen without the athletes. Go Redskins!” principal John Luciano said.

Senior wrestler makes an appearance at state competition Dakota Meekins Sports Editor After an eight year absence, Manteo wrestling was once again represented at the state competition. Senior Jonathan Zafra came in second in the state for the 195 weight class Feb. 2 at the Greensboro Coliseum. “Going to states was definitely the best feeling ever, placing was definitely a dream come true,” Zafra said. Zafra’s wrestling career began in middle school in seventh grade. He wrestled all throughout high school and can be found in the weight room year-round. Constantly training and competing has encouraged him to stay motivated and committed to being the best he can be in the sport. “During the season I lift at least four times a week and my top goal for this year was to get to states and wrestle on the big stage,” Zafra

said. “I didn’t care how I qualified, as long as I was there to compete and wrestle.” Outside of practice, Zafra often also watches his wrestling matches. In doing so, he improved. Through this film, he would see what he did wrong. The following practice, he would try to improve by fixing his mistakes. “Outside of practice I watch my wrestling matches and see what I did wrong and try to improve,” Zafra said, “and what I still think I need to work on are the little things like finishing on my take downs.” Wrestling wasn’t the only sport Zafra played while in high school. He also played football, which helped him stay fit and in shape for wrestling. The same goes for wrestling. The sport helped him become a better football player by being able to stay low and have better movement. “Wrestling has helped me with football by helping me with

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Senior Jonathan Zafra takes down an opponent during a home match Dec. 6.

my hip movement and getting use to staying low,” Zafra said. “I think more football players should try to wrestle as it could greatly improve their performance in both sports.” After high school, Zafra plans to enlist in the military. There are wrestling teams in the Navy, and he hopes he’ll be able to a part of one.

“It will depend on what I do, but if it works out, I’d like to be on it,” Zafra said. “My attitude toward wrestling has changed. Wrestling has made me reach my goals in all things. I’m really glad I decided to start in middle school. At the time, it wasn’t a conscious decision. I just started going it, and it’s changed my life.


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Why you shouldn’t use the R-word Ella Corbett Staff Writer “Oh my gosh, this class is so retarded.” How many times each day do you hear this sentence or something close to it? Do you actually even realize the impact this word may have on the people that are around you? The word “retard” is a noun. As defined by Merriam Webster, the word retarded means “slow or limited in intellectual or emotional development.”The majority of people who use this word, use it incorrectly and offensively. In the hallways and classrooms of almost every high school, including this one, the word can be heard as an insult to someone who isn’t identified with any type of a disability. The word is now surrounded by such negative connotation, that instead of being a diagnosis the word is most commonly used as an insult. This word isn’t something to say when

your friend knocks over a drink. The word isn’t something you say if your waiter forgets to bring you extra ketchup. It’s not a synonym for “annoying” or “nuisance,” so don’t use it like it is. Although it’s rude to insult anyone at all, by using this word as an insult, it can bring down those who actually deal with any kind of disability, and disabilities do not and should not define anyone. By using the word like it’s some kind of bad thing or a setback makes it negative, thereby, putting negative labels on people who don’t deserve that kind of treatment. There are thousands of words that can be used to express how one feel about things he or she is not fond of, so why choose this word? Why say something completely rude that not only offends other people around you, but also makes you look both ignorant and belligerent? It doesn’t make sense. Find other words that describe your feelings better than “retarded.” Or make up your own word that has the same gravitas. But no, the “R word” has become a staple for many teenager’s vocabulary because despite its heavy usage, they know it’s wrong to say. That’s what makes it “fun” to say. It’s rebellious. It “goes against what society tell us.” Maybe society can

editorial

be right sometimes. It’s right about the usage of the “R word.” It isn’t funny, it isn’t rebellious, it isn’t “so teenager.” It’s mean, it’s derogatory and it’s hurtful. The usage of this word has became so flippant that it doesn’t hold its meaning anymore. It’s just a thing that is. Well, something that just is doesn’t mean it’s acceptable. The incorrect usage of the “R word” is unacceptable. Pick up a thesaurus and expand your vocabulary. It’s not hard and it will benefit those who are hurt daily by their condition being used as an insult. Most people who are correctly and medically characterized by the word do not have control over their condition. Come to think of it, most uncontrollable aspects of people are used as insults. Calling someone a “girl” or “short.” The people that are insulted by their preexisting conditions didn’t choose to be that way. So why make fun of that? Everyone is different, but just because they’re not the same as you doesn’t mean they don’t deserve the same respect that you do. A word doesn’t define a person, especially one as negative as “retarded.” There is already too much negativity in the world, don’t spread more by using rude and insensitive word choices.

Homework? Nah. Not feeling it, maybe I’ll do it later Averi Creef Staff Writer It’s 10 p.m. and you just finished a few episodes of your favorite Netflix show. You remember that you put off your homework, but you don’t feel like working on it. It’s also not the first time you’ve found yourself in this situation. Homework is a basic responsibility of students. The importance of homework is significant because the whole point is for the teacher of the specific class to see if the student understands the material and can practice it on their own. Traditional homework might include a math worksheet or an assigned reading. However, today’s homework is more complex than that and it comes in many shapes and forms. Homework ranges from writing a 2,000 word essay to creating a video on a given concept. Today, homework is often long-term. Students are given the assignments in advance and they are expected to pace themselves in order to meet the deadline. Unfortunately, many students do not do well with this.

Time management is difficult, and many students feel they were never taught how to be successful at it. Students arrive before 8 a.m., and as the day goes on, the works piles up. And not just any work stressful work. Once students get in the mindset that they shouldn’t have to do anymore work, they think, what’s the point in learning and practicing more? Although the work can be stressful, it will always be crucial for students to understand the lessons taught in class, which is part of the reason why homework is vital to a student’s personal and educational growth. Student schedules after school are full. Full of sports, play rehearsals, dance class, jobs and more. To students, this time is for their extracurricular activities. When they walk out the door at 3:00 p.m., they want to be done with the school work. Extracurricular activities are only some of the activities taking place after school. During this time, students also want to make time for friends, play video games and pursue other hobbies and interests. There are many other activities most students would

editorial

rather do than homework. There are some students who will manage to juggle these hectic schedules and complete their homework, but this is not the majority. Students who do not will use every excuse in the book. These students constantly tells teachers, “I didn’t have time,” which seems like a valid excuse until students realize that they had the same amount of time as everyone else. Many students have become lazy when it comes to doing work outside of school. These students prefer not to do it and sometimes even attempt to copy from a classmate, or in other words, cheat. At this point, the work becomes pointless because students are completely missing out on the intended purpose - reinforcement of what was taught in class and enrichment. While some students hustle to get the work done at the last minute no matter the cost, others will put it off and turn it in late. Although there is a penalty for late work in most classrooms, students know the grade they receive will still be better than a zero. There are a few teachers who do not have take off for late work which only enables students to slack off.

Unfortunately, this does not help prepare high school students for the real world or college where deadlines aren’t extended multiple times and late work isn’t accepted. Smartphone distractions also play a role in students not doing work. While students put off school work, they do not put off social media. They find time to check our feeds and maintain Snapchat streaks. When given a choice between binge watching their favorite show until they fall asleep or finishing homework, homework doesn’t always win. Social media and streaming apps account for a lot of missed due dates. Since many students settle in to do homework late in the evening, laziness and mindless distractions often take precedence. Only well disciplined students succeed in not succumbing to the appeal of social media and Netflix. While students are often just being “kids,” there are not many valid enough excuses for not completing homework. Teachers have been assigning homework for decades, so it is not a new task. Completing the given assignments will not only benefit the student, but it benefits the teachers, class and school as well.


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With proper training, armed teachers will make schools safer Dakota Meekins Sports Editor Almost four months into 2018 and there have been around 20 school shootings in the United States. The most recent major shooting took place in Parkland, Fla., which resulted in the death of 17 students. As a result, citizens across the country are now begging for a change in the current gun control laws and improved security in schools. One way to improve security: arm teachers. In asking for increased security in schools, people are asking for metal detectors, more school resource officers, and stricter, more intense background checks for people wishing to obtain weapons. President Donald Trump has also suggested the country arms any teachers who are willing to go through the proper training to carry a gun. Any teacher who is willing to be trained and carry a firearm, should have the right to do so. Allowing teachers to carry a gun would provide extra protection in the classroom. This is especially true in high schools. Students in high school are old enough to know where to go and hide. They don’t need a teacher to hold their hand in a corner. Instead, the teacher could prepare to defend and protect students if and when an attacker enters the classroom. Schools have been “Gun Free Zones” since 1990 thanks to the The Gun-Free School

Zones Act. However, this has not stopped individuals from entering schools carrying a weapon. Technology is not the only thing that could be improved but also the training of resource officers. Resource officers aren’t in every classroom, but teachers are. If some teachers are able to be armed then they can do the job the officer can’t while in a classroom setting and also allows for more ground to be covered than just a single resource officer. In North Carolina, according to the 2015 Census, 185 resource officers were assigned while the other 95 were assigned to more than one school. In rural communities, it can take minutes or even longer for police to arrive. According to sheriffs.org, the average time for police to arrive is 12.5 minutes. Depending on how rural the area is, it can take up to an hour for police to arrive on scene. Every minute and second is crucial in these type of situations and in most cases, law enforcement arrive too late. If anybody, especially parents, want something to be done, teachers need a way to protect their students. This way they do not have to rely on a law enforcement or hoping that their resource officer comes to “save the day.” The teacher should have the ability to step in to protect the students. The fact that these school shootings are happening in a “Gun Free Zone,” should be a wake up call to people. No matter how strict

the gun laws are or how many signs are put up on school grounds, it will not stop a shooter. It is simply an easy target for people wanting to cause havoc and create chaos. How many shootings have happened at a police station? How about a gun store? There aren’t very many, if any, because the attacker knows that the people inside are armed. This is another viable reason why a qualified and trained teacher should be allowed a concealed carry. It will make the shooter think twice before walking in the building. In 2017, Florida House Speaker Richard Corcoran argued that “People who commit mass shootings say they chose those areas because they knew nobody had guns.” Corcoran stated this after the shooting at the nightclub in Florida and also after the shooting at the Fort Lauderdale airport. As of March 9, Florida passed a bill into law which allows teachers to be armed but also restricted gun control in some ways. This program arms teachers if the school district and sheriff’s department agree, and this should be implemented in all states. The program is voluntary and teachers must have training to be able to carry. Teachers who want training must take 144 hours of training. The training and teachers volunteering allow more protection and safety at schools. This same law should be passed in every state to provide extra security in school.

Gun reform, not armed teachers, will make schools a safe place Rena Casey Staff Writer With the recent events in Parkland, Fla., the controversy over gun control has been brought to the forefront once again. Seventeen innocent lives were taken far too soon with dozens more injured. This is only one of the 18 gun incidents on a campus since the start of 2018. Over 186 school shootings have occurred nationwide since the Sandy Hook massacre in 2012. Six years later, people expected major change to have occurred. But nothing has. However, change could be imminent. President Trump has proposed that teachers be armed in schools, and this strategy has been gaining acceptance among citizens. But will arming teachers be the best, or even safest, solution to this problem? After listening to six students who survived this tragedy, President Trump suggested that select teachers become highly trained so that they can thwart the

attacker. This is not the solution. Teachers come to school to teach. They should not have to worry about whether they are safe or to have guard their students from danger. Scot Peterson, the SRO at the Florida high school, waited outside of the building four to six minutes while hearing gunshots being fired, and did nothing to save anyone’s lives. How does the president expect teachers to defend a student’s life when a deputy can not do their job properly? This proposal comes with additional expenses for school districts and states. Even with only 20 percent of school staff being armed, the cost will be expensive, ranging from $251 million to $1 billion. How will this be funded? Public schools already struggle with the arts, teacher pay and more, so will the funding for teachers with guns help dwindle down the money for other current programs or issues? Fighting guns with guns does not help the situation. It is essentially the same as trying to fight fire with fire; it does not work.

Instead of addressing the issue with guns, President Trump deemed that this atrocity was a mental health problem. A day after the shooting, President Trump tweeted “So many signs that the Florida shooter was mentally disturbed, even expelled from school for bad and erratic behavior. Neighbors and classmates knew he was a big problem. Must always report such instances to authorities, again and again!”. After many of these school shootings, mental health is cited as the reason for the individual’s actions. However, in early 2017, he used HJ Res 40 to repeal an Obama regulation where it would make it difficult for a mentally ill person to purchase a gun. The focus is now on mental health, and it is a distraction from where the real issue lies: guns kill people. While mental health does play a role, the president has not mentioned any resolutions for gun issues. Instead, he has only blamed mental illness itself, leading to a cycle where the topic is discussed but changes are not made.

The events in Las Vegas, Sutherland Springs, Texas, and Parkland, are examples of what needs to change in this country. Easy access to these weapons make these events happen frequently, and mental illness is not the entire issue. President Trump’s proposal on arming teachers is not the answer to the gun violence that is going on across the nation. His job is to protect the American people, and what he wants to do is the exact opposite.


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Why we do it: the truth behind overachievers Elizabeth Wheless Staff Writer Hello, I am an overachiever. For the last 17 years of my life, I have been “extra.” I have “done the most.” I’ve been “that girl.” For seemingly no reason, I go above and beyond in all aspects of life. Well, after much introspection and selfreflection, there is a reason, but it’s not a very good one. The truth behind overachievers is that we have absolutely no idea why we do as much as we do. Filling my days and nights with activities is just something I’ve done since I was a kid. I can remember when I was around 7 years old questioning why I did so much. I’d hear about sleepovers I couldn’t go to because of dance, movies people would see together that I couldn’t join...because of dance. You know what? Let’s just establish that nearly everything I couldn’t do was because of dance. It wasn’t fun knowing that your friends were out having fun without you. I don’t blame my childhood friends at all, please understand that. It gets tiring inviting someone out just to be shot down every time, so I get why they stopped asking. As I stood by the barre at 8 p.m. on Friday nights, I told myself I was doing something to better my future. Funny thing is, I never wanted to be a professional ballet dancer when I grew up. I knew it was unrealistic for me and yet, I still went to dance three days a week, four hours a day for “my future.” It wasn’t until I joined marching band that I got a break from dance. Having to leave early from the hot, sweaty dance room every Tuesday and Thursday night was refreshing, but I didn’t get to relax afterward. Nope, it was right to hot, sweaty band rehearsal for two hours. It may sound like I’m complaining about this and saying that I didn’t have fun at dance or marching band rehearsals, but that is incorrect. I love dancing and I love band, which is why I still do both to this day. Adding in extracurriculars, clubs and outside activities adds a layer of spontaneity to my day

and breaks up the uniformity of my 8-3 school day. Ironically, now I’ve gotten to the point where I run like a machine. I barely feel myself making conscious decisions because I haven’t got the time to do so. I even procrastinated writing this because I just didn’t have time. Between scholarship applications that need to be turned in at different times, my job shadow, senior project, theater rehearsal, St. Patrick’s Day parade, spelling bee, yearbook proofs that were due a week ago, homework and National Honor Society service hours, I have been on autopilot basically my entire senior year. I’m 17 years old and I have a master calendar for everything I need to do. What I’m trying to get across is that I don’t know why I can’t say “no.” I guess that’s what this boils down to. My inability to disappoint someone by saying “no.” I’ve been asked multiple times to choose between dance and theater, or band and theater, or band and dance, or SGA and Interact, or Yearbook and SGA and my answer is never one or the other, it’s always “I can do both.” I stretch myself in every direction to please everyone. It kills me when I see teachers or adults look disappointed in me, so I just do everything to never see that expression again. Since my life is just full of irony, you’ll probably already realize that doing everything does more harm than good. I did this all to myself. I’m fully aware of that. However, there is a sort of joy I derive from being able to do this much. It makes me feel that I can conquer anything life throws at me. If I’m under this much stress and I haven’t cracked yet (let me stress YET) I’m pretty sure I can handle real life. Especially since I’ve chosen the easy-breezy profession of journalism for myself. But, what if I can’t? I wish I could sit here and tell you that the reasons behind my stress and need to be validated by adults all stemmed from one drastic childhood event, but that wouldn’t be true. So, I’ve had to

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Casanova/MCT Campus

look elsewhere for answers. I’ve talked to many people about a possible reason behind my overachiever-ness but to no avail. By now I think that I should go through life without a reason at all. I mean, I’ve done it for this long, why start now? Well, one, I was assigned this story, and two, there is a small part of me that wants to know. Now, maybe I’m not ready to know why. It is scary to think about. It’s like opening a locked box that makes creepy noises and cries incessantly; not exactly exciting. What if I find there’s this untapped source of sadness I’ve been harboring all my life? That would be a pleasant surprise. But what if I wait for another 17 years and build the reason up in my head so much that it becomes this inner enigma that is so elusive that the day I finally decide to fling open the box and face my fears, I find that it’s...empty. What would I do then? I’d have wasted my life looking towards this answer that doesn’t exist, this reason behind everything I do and love to do. What if it’s not what I expected? It’s actually terrifying to me

to think that when I go to college, I’ll have to stop doing as much. I know that I cannot sufficiently do theater, band, dance, yearbook and all of my other activities on top of my schoolwork. I don’t want to imagine a day where I don’t play my saxophone, or write a story for the newspaper like this one, or dance with my best friends. I’ll have to face my fear of saying “no.” Maybe not right now, but really, really soon. Okay, so you want the truth? The truth is....I don’t know. I know that I can’t say “no.” I know that I love every single activity I throw myself in to. I know that they cause me stress and are probably the root of most of my problems. But, I also know that they make my life worth living. I know that I’ve met my best friends because of them and I know I will miss them when I have to give them up. That’s a lot to know without actually knowing. I’m an overachiever. I have been all my life without a clear reason. But, honestly, I don’t really need one. I know myself. And that’s the truth.


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Former student returns as new assistant principal Lara Cate Wright Features Editor Although assistant principal Drew Hudspeth may have a new role, she is not in an unfamiliar place. Hudspeth attended Manteo High School as a student and has returned as assistant principal. While in high school, Hudspeth was an active member of the SGA, interact club, tennis team, cheerleading squad and yearbook staff. “[Manteo] is much smaller now, First Flight had not opened when I was in high school so there were over a thousand kids,” Hudspeth said. “The building is pretty much the same though.” Having both parents in education, Hudspeth felt as if a career in education was in her blood. Hudspeth’s mom was a teacher at MHS and her dad was principal at both MMS and MHS. “Both of my parents as educators and [I was always] playing school when I was little,” Hudspeth said, “[so] I have always known that I wanted to be a teacher and that it was my calling.” Hudspeth graduated from the school in 2003. After graduation, Hudspeth went to the University of Carolina Wilmington. At UNC-W Hudspeth received her Bachelor of Arts in Mathematics with a concentration in secondary education in 2007. After college, Hudspeth’s career started as a high school math teacher at New Hanover County Schools in Wilmington. While teaching, Hudspeth served as a mentor and enjoyed being

Lara Cate Wright

Drew Hudspeth, the school’s new assistant principal, is happy to be back at her alma mater. Hudspeth graduated from the school in 2003. After college and working in schools in Wilmington, NC, Hudspeth returned Dec. 4.

able to help other teachers. Hudspeth taught high school math for nine years. Hudspeth returned to UNC-W in 2015 and earned her masters in school administration. After receiving her masters, she worked at South Brunswick Middle School as an assistant principal for a year and a half. “I enjoyed helping students and teachers as a mentor,” she said, “In administration I can work with every student.” Hudspeth returned to Manteo Dec. 4 and worked with former assistant principal,

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Meldine Lee for a week before taking on her new position. “Things have come around in a full circle, Mrs. Brown and Mr. Vrablic were my math teachers, Mrs. Lee was assistant principal, and Mr. Houston was my tennis coach,” Hudspeth said. “It’s nice to be back and for things to be familiar.” While teaching in Wilmington, Hudspeth coached cheerleading. Her squad took home the state championship in 2009. With a background in cheerleading, Hudspeth was excited to help basketball

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cheerleading coach Stephanie McKoy with the basketball cheerleaders this season. “[Ms. Hudspeth] helped one of our new stunt groups work together and taught the flyer a little bit more on how to fly properly,” sophomore Kaitlyn Burchette said. “She also helped Ms. McKoy make everyone focus to work harder for our competition.” Although Hudspeth is in a new position at Manteo High School, she is no stranger to the school or the community and she plans to be involved with both.


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Spring musical will rock the stage Stage Left steps back in time to visit the LA Sunset Strip in the 80s Rena Casey Staff Writer Big hair, big vocals and big dreams define the cast of “Rock of Ages,” and for two weekends in April, the stars of Stage Left will rock the stage with its spring musical. “Rock of Ages” premiered on Broadway in 2009. Stars like “American Idol’s” Constantine Maroulis, Amy Spangler and Mary J. Blige donned the stage as main characters Drew, Sherrie and Justice Charlier, respectively. During its span of eight years on Broadway, theater teacher Connie Rose got the opportunity to experience the 80s wonder first hand. “I did see ‘Rock of Ages’ and loved it. The music is a bit risqué, so when I heard that there was a high school version, I jumped on it,” Rose said. Set in the 1980s, the story revolves around the demure Sherrie Christian (senior Elizabeth Wheless) moving to Los Angeles and meeting Drew Boley (junior Kyle Logan), a wanna-be rocker. “Drew is very passionate about one thing and he’ll really do whatever it takes to ensure he gets it. At first, he believes that one thing is rock and roll, but later realizes that one thing is Sherrie,” Logan said. “He’s a good guy at heart and I think that really comes to light in the second act.” Add in an intense German mother and her son trying to take over the Sunset Strip, two club owners who fear for their business and a rocker with an ego bigger than his hair, and Rock of Ages is born. Rock of Ages is a “jukebox musical” meaning all of its music is derived from other artists. Music by Whitesnake, REO Speedwagon, Journey, Pat Benatar and many more make up the score for the show. With the inclusion of 80s music, the cast has to perform a precise rendition to exceed people’s expectations. This not only poses a challenge for the singers and actors of “Rock of Ages,” but also its live pit. The ensemble made up of sophomore Avery Herom, junior William Pendleton, senior Eric Williams, music teacher Becki Rae and her husband, Bill, have to fill the large shoes of iconic 80s rockers. “The difference between this show and the others I have done is the rock music that is involved,” Williams said. “The music has to be exact and I’m going to be on stage, so I don’t want to mess up.” Songs from the decade exemplify the hard rock feel of the musical and increase audience involvement. For Rose, the music is personal, as she grew up listening to “We’re

Artwork by Alyse Stewart

Not Gonna Take It”, “Harden My Heart” and various others. “Everyone loves 80s music,” Rose said. “Feet are tapping, people sing along, and it’s popular, so the cast has to be spot on.” Along with the music, dance choreography intertwines and amplifies the themes of the show. Rose recruited local dance teacher Simone Endres to help with dance numbers for the musical. Additionally, junior Alexis McCallum and sophomore Rebbekkah Eller served as dance captains and helped the cast with their dance moves. Both girls have a background in dance and for McCallum her balletic background was a contrast from the contemporary dances needed. “The hardest part about helping to choreograph ‘Rock of Ages’ was probably the

transition from studio dance, which I’m used to and have done for 10 years, to musical theater dance,” McCallum said. “It’s been a lot of fun working with everyone and seeing the show come together, I’m really proud of it.” With opening night a few weeks away, the cast is making final touches to the performance. With a dynamic set built by Beau Barber’s carpentry students and parents, costumes created and pieced together by students and supporters, sound design and lighting to match the gritty 80s feel and a show sure to rock, the musical will run the weekends of April 20-22 and 27-29. “It’s great music, great dancing, great fun and the audience will be singing along,” assistant director Gillie Nichols said. “Come out and support Stage Left!”

Profile for Sound to Sea

Issue 3 - March 2018  

Issue 3 - March 2018  

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