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Manteo High School MARCH 2017 VOL. 36 , ISSUE 3


Sound Sea

Sound to Sea 2 School, community welcome Sawyer as new head football coach

Freddie “Sport” Sawyer joined the Manteo faculty Jan. 20 as the new weight training coach and head football coach. He replaced Eddie Twyne who retired at the end of 2016. Prior to coming to Manteo, Sawyer worked as the head coach for Washington high school’s football team in Beaufort County. Coming to Manteo at the start of the new semester allowed for an easy adjustment and transition into the community, not only for Sawyer, but also the students and players. “Getting the new coach in January has been nice,” athletic director Alfie Wheeler said. “It allowed him to get settled in the community, learn names, and get adjusted and organized for football season and organize summer workouts.” To help football players, families, and the community get to know Sawyer, Liz Brown and Tara Wheeler organized and held a meet and greet on Feb. 8 at the Dare County community center. During the meet and

greet, Sawyer met players and their parents. Sawyer talked about his expectations for the upcoming season and the summer schedule for the team. “The meet and greet was a good way to get to meet him and hear about what he wants to do with the team and learn about what his expectations for us as players to do and work on during the season and off season,” freshman Armani Pledger said. Sawyer had an overall record of 94-70 before leaving Washington, where he played against 2A, 3A, and 4A schools. In 2013, he lead his team to three consecutive conference championship games and he was named conference coach of the year several times. “Some teams were tough to beat, and he’s been coaching for around 20 years and I believe he has the experience and determination to make Manteo better and make the players work harder and better like how he made me a better player,” said Bryson Sawyer, who is Sawyer’s son. Sawyer’s teaching schedule includes weight training classes.

ON THE COVER: Seniors Devon Hollins and Grace Davis prepare for their roles in “The Phantom of the Opera.” Stage Left will perform the play two weekends in a role, starting March 24. For more information about the production see page 4. Joseph Lewter

in this issue...

Updates to sport facilities...3 Boy’s tennis is back...3 Superintendent retires after 17 years...4 “Phantom of the Opera” comes to Manteo...4 Model UN takes shape at Manteo..5 Odyssey of the Mind wins at regionals...5 Trump’s first few months in office...6 Cooper takes office...7 Alumni returns for breakfast, advice...7 The age of fake news...8 The President and the press...9 Teacher’s first jobs...10 Is “C” the best answer?...11 Making spring break productive...12 Style trends making a comeback..13 Circus ends after 146 years...14 Hooping around...15 Certifiable classes...15 Talent show highlights...16

This may give him some advantages when it comes to recruiting for football. Getting players in the weight room is a major part of football, and gives him an opportunity to recruit new players for the upcoming season. “In weight training it’s a player vs the weights and if they are willing to fight to lift weight they are willing to fight on the playing field,” Sawyer said. “There are a lot of people in the community who want Manteo Football to do well so we are going to work as hard as we can to make it happen.” Sawyer plans to make a few minor changes to the football team without interfering with the traditions and customs around campus and the community. One change already in the works involves the helmets. They’ll have a slightly new design to show that Manteo is a different team than previous seasons. Planning for the upcoming football season is already underway. Sawyer is currently working on a practice schedule for the team to get ready for the upcoming season. Sawyer is getting players and students in the

Hannah Anglin Editor-in-Chief Katie Gruninger Web Editor Brittany Nieman Managing Editor Joseph Lewter Graphics Editor Sarah Pritchard Adviser Staff Writers Bella Bartell Dylan Berry Willa Brown Grace Cobb Ella Corbett Averi Creef Camryn Creef Topanga Daniels Dana Davenport Chrissy Dooley Brittany Farence Sophia Farrow Watson Harvey Caroline Haywood Olivia Hines Dakota Meekins Caroline Mode Maiya Ribeiro Lizzy Rotchford Catherine Saunders Bailey Southard Ashtyn Wescott Lara Cate Wright

weight room as much as he can while also giving them free time. Sawyer is also working to build the confidence of his players, as well as the confidence of the team as a whole.

Sport Sawyer addresses the crowd of football players, parents and community members at a meet and greet Feb. 8. “I really liked the meet and greet,” Sawyer said. “I saw more people than I expected to come it was really great. I’m glad I got to meet a lot of these people.”

Sound Sea to

Dakota Meekins Staff Writer

Sound to Sea is the official student news magazine of Manteo High School. The staff strives to provide informative and accurate coverage of individuals and events within the school and the Dare County community. Opinion pieces serve as a forum for the voices of the newspaper, its staff members and the community it serves. Views expressed in the Sound to Sea and the Sound to Sea on-line do not represent the opinions of the school’s faculty or administration or the Dare County School Board or its administration. You can reach the staff by mail at 829 Wingina Ave., Manteo, N.C.

27954, by phone at (252) 473-5841 extension 1081 or by e-mail at mhspublications@ Sound to Sea is a member of the North Carolina Scholastic Media Association and the Southern Interscholastic Media Association. Target Printing and Distribution of the Fayetteville Observer prints our publication. Approximately, 4500 copies are printed. Of those, 4000 are inserted into the Outer Banks Sentinel. The other 500 are distributed to students. Sound to Sea is printed four times a year. Visit our on-line site at


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School’s sports facilities receive needed upgrades Dylan Berry Staff Writer Although students might not always notice it, improvements are always being made to the school’s athletic facilities. Keeping up with the facilities involves more than just mowing the grass on the fields, and this year, several major changes have taken place. One of the upgrades was made by the athletic booster club, and it included new seating for its members at home basketball games. New and old members of the athletic booster club were given the opportunity to sit in reserved cushioned seats in front of the first row of bleachers. “The athletic booster club is trying to incorporate ideas to help create awareness to students, parents and teachers to get involved with our athletic programs,” booster club president Missy McPherson said. “By adding the booster club seating it gave fans a way to support athletics with their donation and a comfortable chair to enjoy the games.” The addition of backboard lights to the basketball backboards were made to meet high school and college specifications. The backboard lights will also help the referees get a better idea of when the ball leaves the shooters hand. Once these lights were added, they then met game requirements for lighting.

“The backboard lights installed by Mr. Wheeler and Mr. Metzinger are just one of the many upgrades they have made to our overall athletic facilities over the past year,” boy’s basketball coach Ralph Clever said. “The backboard lights allow for the referees, players, and coaches to better determine when, and if a shot is released in the time before the buzzer goes off. They also look good!” The renovation of the softball and soccer field surfaces took place late last year to make a safer playing field for our athletes. Athletic Director Alfie Wheeler and assistant athletic director Jimmy Metzinger were the ones that made the decision to fill in the holes on the fields. “We want our athletes to play on nice surfaces so they will take pride in playing for Manteo,” Metzinger said. “In the past 4 years since Wheeler and I have been working on the facilities, other schools in our conference are starting to improve theirs. I spent countless hours in the month of June working on resurfacing and shoveling the fields. A lot of changes have happened in the past few years and there are a lot more in the works.” The last major change was to the school’s tennis courts. Back in 1983, when the school moved to its current location, the new facility included five new tennis courts;

Katie Gruninger

Lights go up on the school’s tennis courts Nov. 7.

however, lights were not part of the plan. Principal John Luciano helped push for lights when he first became principal in the fall of 2006, but there was never enough money in the budget to do it until this year. “It [has been] a priority,” Luciano said. “Capital Improvement money, which is money for a permanent structural change or the restoration of some aspect of a property, [was needed to] pay for the lights.” The lights were installed in November, and the newly formed men’s tennis team will be the first school team to enjoy them. In addition to the school’s athletic teams, community members will be able to take advantage of the new lights. The lights will be put on a timer so that people only have to

hit a button to cut them on and they will cut off automatically. They will stay on for about 30 minutes. In addition to the new lights, the tennis courts also added a new hitting wall. It was installed after the women’s season last year, so the men’s tennis team will be the first group to use it. “Lots of courts have them because it is a good way to practice alone,” former women’s tennis coach Lindsay Daniels said. “I am very excited that they are there for the tennis program. I think it will really help it grow. Now that [the school] has a boys and girls team, the players can go practice by themselves in the off season.” These upgrades benefit more the school and the community, and more improvements are in the works for the future.

Boy’s tennis team returns to courts after long hiatus Lizzy Rotchford Staff Writer For the first time in almost 10 years the school has a boy’s tennis team. A few boys were interested in playing, and went to athletic director Alfie Wheeler about starting a team. “We have had some interest from several students for starting the team back,” Wheeler said. “If the student athletes involved in tennis this spring commit to the sport, and participate fully, I think it is something we would like to continue into the future.” Science teacher Emily DiNoto is coaching the tennis team. She has been playing tennis

since she was 5 years old. She has helped out at tennis camps, and she gave lessons while she was in college. She has never coached a high school tennis team before, but she has previously coached cross country and cheerleading at Manteo. She volunteered to coach because she loves tennis and wants to get back on the courts. “Any spring sport is a great way to get out and get some exercise,” DiNoto said. “I like tennis because it’s a sport you can play for the rest of your life.” Official try-outs began Feb. 13. Seven boys came out. All seven made the team, so it includes four seniors, two juniors and one freshman.

The seniors said that most of them decided to play tennis because their time in high school is coming to an end and many of them have not yet played a sport. “I wanted to play tennis because I had not played a sport in high school yet and I wanted to experience that,” senior Albert Hurley said. “Tennis seemed the least competitive and the most enjoyable option.” Although the team is dominated by seniors, the younger players hope this season will attract future players. “I decided to try out for tennis to experience something different,” freshman Riley Gibbs said. “I am excited to play a new

sport and learn new skills. I hope that next year there will be lots of new people.” Currently, Gates County is the only other school with a tennis team in the school’s conference. However, next year Edenton will join Manteo’s conference, and they also have a boy’s tennis team. This year’s schedule includes matches against Currituck, First Flight, Edenton and Gates County. The team played its first match Thursday, March 2 at Currituck. It lost 1-8. “The first match was a blow out, but it was fun,” junior Max Allison said. “It helped us figure out what we need to work on to prepare for the rest of the season.”


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Superintendent to retire after 45 years in education Olivia Hines Staff Writer D a r e County Schools superintendent Dr. Sue Burgess made a shocking announcement Jan. 11 when she made public her decision to retire at the end of the 2016-2017 school year. Dr. Sue F. Burgess B u r g e s s received her undergraduate degree at Ohio University. She went on to earn a master’s in curriculum and instruction from Virginia Tech and her doctorate from the University of North Carolina at Greensboro in educational leadership and administration. She began teaching in 1974 at North Davidson Junior High School in Welcome, NC. As a teacher, Burgess was frequently called on to lead school

projects and pursue leadership roles. She went on to serve as an assistant principal and to work in central office prior to becoming a superintendent. Burgess served as the superintendent of schools in two Virginia districts, King William County and Spotsylvania County before her move to Dare County. She began her tenure here July 1, 2000. “It gives me immense satisfaction to have had the opportunity, afforded only to a few, to provide an uncommon continuity of leadership while at the helm of one of North Carolina’s best school systems,” Burgess said. “That satisfaction makes my retirement bittersweet.” At 65 years old, Burgess is the longest serving superintendent in the state of North Carolina. This marks her 17th year in her current position. Upon retirement, she will have completed 45 years in the education profession, 30 of which took place in North Carolina. “I am very happy for her,” principal John Luciano said. “Seventeen years is a long run for sure.” To fill the open superintendent position,

the Dare County Board of Education has decided to conduct a national search. “One of the strongest attributes of Dare County Schools is the quality of its teachers, support staff and administrators. These leaders are exceptionally well-equipped to continue the excellent instructional programs already in place for our students,” Burgess said. “The Dare County Board of Education has decided to conduct a national search to select its news superintendent. I have full confidence that they will choose an outstanding educator under whom Dare County Schools will soar to even greater heights.” For the remaining five months of her contract, she plans to focus on helping the school system transition to new leadership. She then plans to discover what lies ahead in her retirement. Burgess envisions living in Nags Head, serving as a community volunteer and possibly working as a consultant. “We feel she has done an outstanding job in all her 17 years and we will be very sad to see her go,” Dare County Board of Education member David Twiddy said.

Stage Left to debut “The Phantom of the Opera” as spring production Bailey Southard Staff Writer “The Phantom of the Opera,” the famous musical which was first shown on Broadway in 1988, is now making it’s musical debut in Manteo. Chosen as this year’s spring musical, “The Phantom of the Opera” takes a different approach than the fall play. The fall play, “Leaps and Laughs,” consisted of several dances and skits. In contrast, “The Phantom of the Opera” is one of the most intense musicals to have ever been on Broadway. From the ranges of voices needed to the set design, the play is a big commitment and large undertaking. “Mr. Luciano [has] wanted us to do [Phantom] for a long time, but it is the kind of show that you have to have the kind of voices and the cast commitment to do it,” director Connie Rose said. The musical was selected right after the fall play finished and auditions soon followed. “Thankfully [we] had a couple weeks to relax and recuperate before we started auditions for Phantom. We purposefully chose a show that wasn’t as taxing in the fall so we would be ready to work hard in the spring. During those weeks we had off, some of us were searching for voice teachers and preparing music and monologues for the audition,” senior Grace Davis said. “I personally could not wait to jump into rehearsals for this show considering it’s one of my all time favorites. We spent numerous Saturdays and late days of the week hauling wood and building the

set, spending hours brainstorming how in the world we could put this thing together. It was a lot of work, but now looking at everything we’ve already accomplished, it’s definitely worth it.” Starting on the first week back from winter break, cast members were asked to come to the first rehearsal. During the first rehearsals, the cast went over the script and practiced its lines. Since then, the cast has had rehearsals nearly every night to get ready for the show. “Rehearsals are going great. We are so excited to do this show. The set is coming together and is absolutely amazing,” senior Jenna Zottoli said. The set was designed so that there is a large staircase, which will be used for several songs, and two levels. They designed the set so that it felt like a opera house, with boxes and balconies. They also built a lair for the Phantom and a boat. Carpentry teacher Beau Barber’s class designed the boat, help build the lair and are also helping with another project which will be seen during the musical. “Somebody donated the motorized wheelchair and then we had to figure out how to turn it into a boat,” senior Walker Parks said. “We also built a garage for the boat to stay in and helped with some other parts. This project was a lot of fun because it was different from what we normally do in class.” Although this is a large production, larger than what had been done over the past few years, cast and crew members are having a blast putting it together. This production has

Stage Left t-shirts for the show combine the school’s name and the iconic mask associated with Broadway’s longest running play.

been all hands on deck from the moment it began. “I helped build and paint the set on Saturday work calls and during theatre class,” senior Katelyn Medlin said. “It’s almost magical that first opening night. I think that that’s something the audience doesn’t get. In the end we have this big set, and the lights, and costumes, and hair and makeup, which is normal for the audience. But the cast started with an empty stage and a black background. We transformed it into something amazing. And that’s really rewarding.” With opening night only days away, the cast and crew are working harder than ever to make the musical the best it can be. They have been working on this production for weeks and are determined to put on the best show that they can. The play will open March 24 and run for two weekends. Friday and Saturday night shows are at 7 p.m. and Sunday matinées are at 2 p.m. Tickets are $10 for orchestra seats, $8 for general seating and $6 for students. Come out and support Stage Left and it’s spring production, “The Phantom of the Opera.”


Sound to Sea

New club provides students with global perspective Sophia Farrow Staff Writer This is the first year that the Model UN club has been offered. Model UN is a scaled down, mock version of the United Nations. The club simulates committees where students have to represent the country they are assigned and work to solve problems they are given for their country. Teacher leaders of the Model UN were history teachers John Pouchot Emile Cumpston. “[Model UN] was started in an attempt to help our students better understand the world around them, to open their eyes to the issues that are currently affecting people outside of their country and comforts, and encourage them to think critically in an attempt to solve those problems,” Pouchot said. The club teaches students how to apply a global world view to a specific topic area, such as rebellions and political affairs. Students have an assigned country, and they represent that country based off of its beliefs and values. It provides students with a broader viewpoint of the world, students can now view issues with a more global perspective. “Model UN taught me a lot about the clockwork of global relations,” sophomore Watson Harvey said. “I learned a lot about the way countries interact with each other and how to be an excellent diplomat. It really is a unique and challenging simulation of the theatre that is global politics. It was enjoyable learned to work with other delegations.” Students began studying their countries at the beginning of the year. The students along with the teacher leaders would go to First Flight High School once a week to meet with the team there. At these practices students would practice debate and work on their country’s positions. This year, the school only had five students join the club. These

Courtesy of Emile Cumpston

Juniors Angela Anacleto and Rosa Garcia, sophomore Katherinne Rabanal, junior Alyssa Brantley and sophomore Watson Harvey represent the school at the Model UN at Old Dominion University.

Model UN students competed at Old Dominion University Feb. 16. The Model UN sessions were managed by a panel of people called the Dias, led by the Chair. The longest session was four hours long. “Attending the ODU Model UN was nerve wracking at first but amazing towards the end, I learned so many life lessons during the conference,” sophomore Katherinne Rabanal said. “It has become one of the best experiences this school year and I can’t wait to do it next year.” Model UN will start back up in the Fall of 2017. The hope for next year is that many other students will think to join this club that will allow them to learn information that they may not have previously known.

Odyssey of the Mind teams brings home top honors from regionals Katie Gruninger Wed Editor Odyssey of the Mind groups have been working on two different long term group projects since the start of the year. Their work culminated with two first place wins at the regional competition in Jacksonville, North Carolina March 4. The teams were led by technology coordinator Mike Phelan, math teacher Suzanne Pack and English teacher Joanne Juco. To compete, the students presented their long term projects and solved a spontaneous project on the day of competition. The group “Ready, Set, Balsa,” led by Phelan, included juniors James Craddock, Angela Anacleto, Teresa Mejia and Everett Meekins, and senior Joshua Pack. The group worked on a balsa wood project that had to do with the how much weight the structure could hold. The balsa wood structure held 157 pounds of weight during the skit. The OM members had to perform a skit about a man was

in the middle of a highway with a broken down truck, and as the main character was trying to fix the truck everything was falling apart. To tie in the balsa wood structure to the skit, the group had a tree as a prop with a branch that was about to break. As more weight was added, the branch became closer and closer to breaking, until the branch fell on the truck when the balsa wood structure collapsed. “I think we did well because our structure was built through a lot of trial and error and because our group as a whole got along very well,” Mejia said. The second group “It’s Time, Omer,” led by Pack and Juco, is made up of students sophomores Andrew Mallory, Noah Gross, Ryan Braswell, Hunter HoganSchaible, Zach Fisher and Aiyanna Mourino. The students focused on a long term project that involved time travelers visiting two classical artists to discover that the OM mascot, Omer the raccoon, inspired the works of art. “We were able to use the 3D printer to make the piece of art that would be used for the future

Katie Gruninger

Students and teachers involved with the Odyssey of the Mind competition show of their awards to school principal John Luciano after the regional competition March 4.

piece,” Braswell said. “Having the 3D printer was helpful because 3D art is futuristic itself.” The students painted Van Gogh’s “Sunflower” and Rachel Ruysch’s “Fruit and Insects” for the two classical pieces of art. “Our problem was fairly unique in that it involved a raccoon going through time to inspire art,”

Mallory said. “We chose to do art because we thought it would make the skit look much more interesting and unique. We did not want the skit to be bland.” Both teams claimed first at the regional competition, qualifying them for the state competition April 1 at North Carolina A&T University in Greensboro.


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President Trump begins quest to “make America great again” Watson Harvey Staff Writer President Donald Trump was sworn into office Jan. 20 and began his new job: filling the most important position in the nation. Since this date, America has watched as Trump’s campaign promises have become law, some more notable than others. Here are some of the important highlights of his time in office and areas the nation needs to continue to watch as Trump wraps up his third month in office. New Supreme Court Justice Trump announced his pick to fill the vacancy on the Supreme Court on Jan. 31, just 11 days after his inauguration. After the late Justice Antonin Scalia died early last year, former President Barack Obama nominated Judge Merrick Garland. The approval process was delayed by Republican leaders, hoping a Republican president would be elected and able to make his pick for the court. Their prayers were answered when Trump announced Judge Neil Gorsuch as his nominee. “Judge Gorsuch has outstanding legal skills, a brilliant mind, tremendous discipline and has earned bipartisan support,” Trump said following the announcement at the White House. While the latter was true, support for Gorsuch is now limited to the Republican Party. Don’t expect the approval process to be any faster this time. Congressional Democrats are expected to hold up Gorsuch for as long as possible. An effort to get back at Republicans and their actions last year, many say, further proving that no one can seem to play nice in the battle between parties. “The Supreme Court, while they have a lot of power, are balanced out by the other branches,” sophomore Sophia Farrow said. “The court decides on matters that have a larger effect on the public than the President.” Affordable Care Act Promises to repeal “Obamacare” were mentioned in early 2016, and Trump’s plan resembled other conservative plans to alter the Affordable Care Act. Now, almost a year later, Trump is running out of time to solidify his healthcare policy. Republicans are ready to go, but Democrats are concerned for the 60 million Americans with preexisting conditions not covered under Trump’s plan. Only time will tell if it will work out for all Americans. “I have to tell you, it’s an unbelievably complex subject,” Mr. Trump said at a press conference about his budget, “Nobody knew that health care could be so complicated.” And he’s right. Author Ian Millhiser for ThinkProgress, reports that if the ACA were repealed, nearly 36,000 Americans would die annually as a result of lacking health insurance, which is currently provided by the Affordable Care Act. Repealing the ACA would have a tremendous impact on North Carolinians, as

Chip Somodevilla/Pool/Sipa USA/TNS

U.S. President Donald Trump displays one of the executive orders he signed during a visit to the Department of Homeland Security on Wednesday, Jan. 25, 2017 in Washington, D.C. Trump signed executive orders related to domestic security and to begin the process of building a wall along the U.S.-Mexico border.

550,000 residents in the state would lose health care. The repeal would affect your neighbors, teachers, and classmates. “I would lose health care,” an anonymous 18-year-old anonymous girl said, “I’ll still be able to see a doctor if I need to, but it’s going to be a lot more expensive. I had bronchitis and a sinus infection and I was prescribed $100 worth of medicine. We only had to pay $20 of that. [Obamacare] is a huge help to me and my family.” Executive Orders At press time, Trump had already 16 executive orders. Arguably, the most mentioned has been the ban on immigration from seven Muslim-majority nations. Enforcing the ban, however, proved to be difficult as airline officials across the globe were left without warning of the ban. Protesters rallied outside of several large, US airports, calling the ban unjust. The cries of the affected were heard, but only somewhat. A revision to the order, signed March 6, removed Iraq from the list of banned countries and allowed permanent US residents to reenter the states. White House Enemies President Trump has already managed to make some very major enemies in his first few months in office. In his first public speech following his inauguration, he spoke at the CIA headquarters in Washington. Standing in front of a memorial commemorating agents

lost in the battle to defend our country, Trump spoke of the media and the election results. His words disappointed those expecting to hear an apology from Trump concerning his bashing of the international intelligence community. Trump now has problems with the FBI, CIA, and MI6 - three organizations that have tremendous power over those they favor. Aside from intelligence, Trump has also made it clear that he despises the media. More specifically, agencies like CNN, The New York Times and Buzzfeed. “As you know, I have a running war with the media.” Trump said at his CIA headquarters speech, “They are among the most dishonest human beings on Earth.” What’s next? All of this may seem a little overwhelming, but rest assured you’re not alone. Republicans and Democrats alike are involving themselves and fighting for the preservation of Democracy. Trump is a wild card and one of the most controversial men to hold his position; so expect the unexpected. He’s been a Democrat and a Republican, he’s been a millionaire and bankrupt, and he’s loved and hated. Whichever side you’re on, fight for what you believe is right. Get involved, attend rallies, and volunteer. Call your representatives, share your thoughts, even run for office! Whatever you do, just don’t complain about something you can change. In Trump’s words: “We are one people, with one destiny.”


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Democrat Roy Cooper takes state’s top office Watson Harvey Staff Writer Although the Nov. 8 gubernatorial election pointed to a win for Democrat Roy Cooper, it wasn’t until a month later that his win became official. While democrats celebrated the election of Cooper as the 75th governor of North Carolina, previous governor Pat McCrory and his supporters were quick to fight the results, demanding recounts across the state. McCrory conceded to Cooper Monday, Dec. 5, releasing a video announcement promising a smooth and swift transition of power. The day following McCrory’s announcement, Cooper held a victory rally at North Carolina State University in Raleigh. North Carolina’s new attorney general, Josh Stein, also spoke. The feel in the room was cheery and positive, and Cooper spoke of the hard work to come in the next four years. Minutes after the clock struck on midnight on Jan. 1, Cooper took the oath of office and plans were made to for a bigger inaugural celebration later in the month. Some have been curious about Cooper’s desire to get into office so quickly, but a spokesperson for the Cooper Transition Team stated that Cooper was “just eager to get to work.”

There is a lot of work ahead for Cooper and his team, work made especially difficult by the fact that the majority of North Carolina’s government is under Republican control. With the passage of highly controversial House Bill Two (HB2) last March and McCrory’s decision to stand by it, North Carolina lost millions in consumer and corporate dollars. The NCAA even pulled seven championships and the 2017 All-Star game from the state following the bill. Cooper is promising to get this money back, and then some. Plans to persuade some large business contenders to set up shop in the state and higher taxes for richer citizens have been rumored. Most importantly, Cooper is trying to repair North Carolina’s damaged reputation. Apart from planning significant gains for NC’s economy, Cooper has high hopes for North Carolina’s education; promising that it will lead the nation in educational reform by the end of his term. Cooper stated that he believes in “the limitless power of education” and prioritizes education over all else. Educators can also rejoice, because Cooper wants to give “more pay and respect to teachers,” pay that is well deserved considering that North Carolina is 41st in the nation in teacher’s salaries. On energy and climate

Ethan Hyman/Raleigh News & Observer/TNS

Roy Cooper greets supporters during an election party hosted by the North Carolina Democratic Party at the Raleigh Marriott City Center in downtown Raleigh, N.C., on Tuesday, Nov. 8, 2016

issues, Cooper takes great pride in North Carolina’s initiatives and leadership in renewable energy in the US. “A strong economy and a healthy environment go hand-in-hand,” Cooper said while discussing energy companies in N.C. and steps they’ve taken to reduce fossil fuel emissions and pursue Earth-friendly energy. Cooper’s two-year budget, released March 1, received bipartisan support when it was announced that he had no plans to add or raise taxes and fees. Some are wary of the $1.1 billion budget increase (more than 5 percent), but many are excited about seeing that money go into expanding Medicaid and raising the wages of state employees,

specifically teachers. The main focus of Cooper’s proposal is to make NC a leader in education by 2025. He hopes to skyrocket the percentage of N.C. adults with higher education degrees from 38 percent to 55 percent, also. While these are just some of Cooper’s plans, there are many more still being put into action. Although Cooper and his team are working hard to improve North Carolina for all people, they have their fair share of resistance in almost all other state offices. Republican Senator Richard Burr took the Senate and the Democratic:Republican ratio is 3:10 in the House, providing Cooper with an uphill battle for the next four years.

Alumni return to offer advice, tell of college experiences Grace Cobb Staff Writer

Katie Gruninger

Former Manteo student Tommy Henderson addresses the current junior and senior classes following the alumni breakfast. Henderson graduated from Manteo in 2014, and he is currently a student at Wesleyan University in Rocky Mount, NC.

Juniors and seniors caught a glimpse of what life was like after their high school career by hearing what past students had to say on Thursday, Jan. 5. During a School Improvement Team meeting earlier in the year, the group decided it wanted to collect information from past students on their postsecondary schooling experiences. From this idea, came the one for an alumni breakfast. “We wanted to give our current students an opportunity to hear from alumni about their life after high school and where they had gone after graduating,” guidance counselor Pam Yelle said. Students from the classes of 2014, 2015, and 2016 were invited. The three most recent graduating classes were asked to fill out a survey, eat a pancake breakfast and catch up with some of their former teachers before addressing the current junior and

senior classes. In all, 30 former graduates attended. “I learned a lot from the past graduates, and seeing some familiar faces helped me feel more prepared for the future,” junior Lauren Daniels said. After breakfast, juniors and seniors gathered in the auditorium and the alumni shared their postsecondary experiences, both the good times and bad, what they’ve learned, and gave advice to give to the upperclassmen. Yelle initiated this at her previous high school and found it very successful in gathering data and providing a fun opportunity for alumni to gather to share their experiences. “We think it’s helpful for our students to hear from recent graduates so that they have realistic expectations of life after high school,” Yelle said. Through this opportunity, students got some insight of what the future was like after graduating. They learned of the many places to go and what was expected of them after their high school career.


Sound to Sea

Wait, what? Did you hear... The age of fake news By Bella Bartell & Hannah Anglin Staff Writer & Editor in Chief


hanks to the 2016 presidential election the term “fake news” has become a common term for political figures and American citizens alike. Whether people realize it or not, they have probably come across fake news at some point. Faux news sites and articles have been around for years, but the 2016 election caused the occurrence of them to skyrocket. Thanks to social media, fake stories were easily spread to millions of people, with many of them not even realizing the information they were reading wasn’t true. “I think teens are so enamored with social media today that it becomes difficult to sift through what is true and what is not; it’s not just teens though, I think the ever quickening rate at which news is produced it makes it hard for anyone to know. It just takes due diligence and checking several sources before we can be sure,” history teacher John Pouchot said. One article that was shared on Facebook over half a million times had the headline: “FBI Agent Suspected In Hillary Email Leaks Found Dead In Apparent Murder-Suicide.” The story was completely false, and the website it was found on had no credibility. The website, DenverGuardian. com, has the look of a local newspaper, but the only story on the sight was the fake one. The owner of the website was traced back to Jestin Coler, listed as the CEO of a company called Disinfomedia, which owns many fake news sites. Coler first started in fake news in 2013, and was immediately amazed by how quickly fake news would spread. He wrote one story for about people in Colorado using food stamps to buy marijuana. The story actually caused a state representative to propose legislation to prevent people from using food stamps to buy marijuana. The legislation proposed was based off of a problem that didn’t even exist.

Coler makes money from the ads on his sites. Many fake news site owners make between $10,000 to $30,000 per month, giving them incentive to continue producing it. Readers are often drawn to these stories because it’s something they’ve never heard about before or because they want to believe what they read. This was often the case with the fake news stories circulation during the most recent election. During the election, Trump supporters wanted to believe every bad thing they heard about Hillary and vice versa, and opportunists decided to take advantage of the situation. One of those opportunists was Cameron Hill. A recent college graduate with student loans to pay, he didn’t hesitate to write the story “BREAKING: ‘Tens of thousands’ of fraudulent Clinton votes found in Ohio warehouse” for profit. According to him, he knew he would be a hit based on the severe distrust Trump supporters had for the media. And he was correct. He concocted his story and even ran it with an image he found on Google. He posted it on an abandoned web domain be purchased for $5, and it was hit. He estimates the article brought in over $100,000 based on ad revenue and website traffic. “I think it’s unfortunate that the general public doesn’t know how, or don’t care, to look at credible [news] sources,” media specialist Lisa Duke said. “I think that people are inclined to believe anything they read on the internet, so it’s going to impact how they feel about not only the election, but every government agency.” The effects of fake news aren’t going unnoticed. Studies are showing that many teens are struggling with figuring out how to tell the difference between real and fake news. It has been proven in a study conducted by researchers at Stanford’s Graduate School of Education that the majority of students weren’t able to tell the difference between true and untrue news. In the study, Stanford asked over 7,800 students to assess different news

sources and articles online. Their results found that a large group, sometimes between 80-90%, of the students that couldn’t tell how credible the news that they were reading was. The study “shocked” researchers with the number of students who weren’t able to evaluate the credibility of information. When shown pictures, articles, and advertisements, the students didn’t check for credibility or verification. They just accepted the information as fact. “A lot of people, not just teens, have a tough time distinguishing real from fake news,” college adviser Seth Rose said. “I think part of that is a general distrust of facts as associated with elite media organizations, like CNN, The New York Times, and The Washington Post, which are concentrated in large cities and written for college educated audiences.” Not being able to decipher fake news from real isn’t only a problem seen in students, however. Fake news stories are causing confusion over basic facts of current events for all ages. According to a survey by Pew Research Center, 64 percent of US adults believe that false news causes confusion over basic information. Instead of questioning something that sounds suspicious or checking to see the source, news consumers in today’s digital society share it. Sharing on social media is what gives so many of these made-up stories momentum. With just the click of a button, hundreds of people quickly gain access to the story. “On social media, people from all sides of the political spectrum share poorly sourced content, and most people consume that material without much discernment,” Rose said. “It certainly doesn’t help that our President labels real news as fake news. Ultimately, I am less concerned by the rise of fake news as I am with the quality of journalism that most people enjoy, which is partisan, and low on rigor. Hopefully, my generation will gravitate towards better informational sources.”

Based on 167 responses


Sound to Sea


Dear Trump, let us do our job while you do yours Views expressed in the Sound to Sea editorials do not represent the opinions of the staff, the school’s faculty or administration or the Dare County School Board or its administration.

Katie Gruninger Web Editor Tension between the White House and the media is at an all time high. These tensions make student journalists like myself question what the journalism field will be like after graduating from college. Since newspapers originated, the media has had an implied role of serving as a fourth branch of government. America’s press serves as a watchdog of our government and a protector of the American people by letting the world know what the government does. The United States is a democracy, and because of the First Amendment and the freedom of the press, the government is accountable to the people. Free media is intended to investigate and report to the public any government wrongdoing. Historically, this is what the media has done. And it is what it is continuing to try and do today. While the American people want to trust the president, they also want the press to cover what he does, both the good and bad. Traditionally, past presidents met with the press often, informing them of their agendas and plans. Trump is taking a new approach. Oftentimes, he makes these posts on his personal Twitter account and then re-tweets from his official POTUS account. An example is a Feb. 12 tweet. @realDonaldTrump said “The crackdown on illegal criminals is merely the keeping of my campaign promise. Gang members, drug dealers & others are being removed!” These actions have many Americans concerned about the direction of our country and its security. Without having the media reporting on what the government is doing, who knows what the three branches of government could get away with. Journalists have a track record of exposing the public to government issues that people would not otherwise know of. One of the most famous examples is the Watergate scandal. Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, reporters from the Washington Post, exposed former president Richard Nixon’s connection to a break in at the Democratic National Headquarters during the 1970s. The two journalists investigated the story beyond what most reporters did because something seemed off. When Nixon was pushing the media to stop investigating him it only fueled Woodward and Bernstein to follow through and ultimately expose the to the American public who the president really was. The ability of the press to get behind the scenes is what sometimes causes the president and the media to have a complicated relationship. As a reaction,

presidents speak out about the media and cast a negative light on them. The influx of “fake news” is not helping the relationship either. President Trump has used the term to refer to stories the president doesn’t like or feel make him look bad. He tends to favor the traditionally conservative news outlets while calling out others for their “fake news,” even when the news is accurate. Trump’s top advisors also use the term regularly, and White House counselor Kellyanne Conway even used the term “alternative facts” during an interview on Meet the Press Jan. 22 after she was questioned on something press secretary Sean Spicer said. It seems President Trump and his top advisors continue to use the term in an effort to discredit the media with the American people. On Feb. 17, President Trump tweeted from his personal account @realDonaldTrump, “The fake news media is not my enemy, it is the enemy of the American people!” His tweet included the handles for several mainstream media outlets, CNN, NBC News, New York Times, ABC and CBS. Days later, on Feb. 24, Trump banned several media outlets from attending an informal, non-televised briefing. Spicer, banned reporters from CNN, The New York Times, The Los Angeles Times and others while welcoming others, especially those representing conservative outlets. “Fake” and “dishonest” are regular insults thrown at media by Trump, and he’s even gone so far as to label them as the “opposition party.” In an interview with the Christian Broadcasting Network, he said “the dishonesty, the total deceit and deception makes them certainly partially the opposition party, absolutely.” This name-calling and these accusations are a huge insult to journalists who are only doing their job by reporting on the president to the American people. His actions and claims from the White House of “fake news” and “alternative facts” have left Americans confused and misinformed. Many don’t even know who to believe anymore, which is what he seems to want. This directly influences student journalists who want to pursue a career in this field. When a president tells people not to trust the press it’s discrediting all journalists. Trump’s recent remarks about the media have even led to other members of the Republican speaking out against them. In an interview with “The Today Show” Feb. 27, former president George W. Bush fully backed up the press and its job of relaying the news of government to the American people. During his interview, he said, “I consider the media to be indispensable to democracy. We need an independent media to hold people like me to account. Power can be very addictive. And it can be corrosive. And it’s important for the media to call to account people who abuse their power, whether it be here or elsewhere.” As student journalists, it’s challenging

and disheartening to have a president tell the public not to believe the press or what they are reporting. A true journalist reports the facts to the people. In my high school journalism classes, I’ve been taught to tell every side of the story and to only report on news that can be proven factual. We are taught about the first amendment, which guarantees freedom of the press and the important cases in history that helped shape scholastic journalism into what it is today. This echoes what we learn in our history classes. Watching President Trump attack the press and ruin its credibility with the American public is hard to watch. It’s disheartening to a young girl who has worked hard in her high school journalism courses and who plans to pursue a career in journalism after college. The fear is we are going back to a time when journalists weren’t respected and newspapers were suppressed for reporting news the higher ranking officials didn’t like or agree with. The relationship between the president and the press doesn’t have to be complicated. Although Trump is not the first to have issues with the press, his relationship with it might be the most complex. While Franklin D. Roosevelt opted for his famous fireside chats in order to directly talk to the American people, Teddy Roosevelt viewed the press as a way to promote his agendas while in the White House and regularly invited them to his negotiations. The presidency is the most important leadership role in our country. As president, Trump has the ability to affect many and this includes the public’s opinion of the press. If he continues down the road he’s currently on, the reputation of the media will soon be ruined and the people will no longer have a source of news. One of the major factors affecting the relationship between President Trump and the press is social media. Although former president Obama also used social media, Trump’s reputation on Twitter preceded his presidency. He has never hesitated to speak out against somebody with differing opinions or call people out for actions or comments he dislikes or disagrees with. He’s been in many well-known Twitter feuds and is known for is late night and early morning rants on Twitter. This behavior has continued into his presidency, with the media being his main target. The combination of social media and the presidency has definitely been a challenge for journalists. Our current and previous president have both used it as a way to connect with the public. While using social media as a president can be good for relating to Americans on a personal level, it’s still important to recognize the importance of the media. Hopefully, Trump can have a better relationship with the media in the future and realize that the media isn’t the opposition. Journalists are just doing their job, holding the president accountable for his actions. Trump should follow suit and do his.


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Your favorite faculty members: then and now Dylan Berry Staff Writer It’s hard to imagine your math teacher flipping burgers or your English teacher waiting tables, but many of your teachers got their start in the workforce in something other than a school. Just like students today, teachers had jobs during the summer and after school while growing up. And they worked for the same reasons we do today: spending money, car payments and college tuition. Working at hometown restaurants and stores were popular options for current teachers when they were young. These businesses were often close to home and in need of young help. “I got my first job when I was 14 as a bus-girl at Fisherman’s Wharf restaurant in Wanchese,” English teacher Kassie Mount said. “I really enjoyed seeing tourists’ reactions to local kids jumping off the restaurant’s roof into ‘The Creek’ (Wanchese Harbor). Later, I worked my way up to waitressing.” As teachers worked through their jobs they created many memories with their coworkers, their customers, and the business in general. Some of these memories may even be funny or embarrassing. “Because of my short height, when I would hold a tray up on my shoulder, it would be eye-level to seated customers,” Mount said. “Once, I accidentally hit a customer in the back of the head with a tray! I apologized, and, luckily, he found the situation to be so

funny that he gave me a tip anyway. Want to know the best part? I wasn’t even his waitress! He literally tipped me for hitting him in the head. I guess it goes to show that a sincere apology will go a long way!” Scooping ice cream was another popular job for teenagers growing up. The stores often stood alone, but they could also be found inside of small restaurants. “I was a waitress at Friendly’s,” biology teacher Patricia Holland said “ I scooped a lot of ice cream! We had to wear navy blue dresses that made us look like maids because it had a white apron. Before they let us work we had to use special safety pins to hold our apron bow up.” While some teachers went back to the same job each summer, others explored their options. Not everyone kept the same job while they were growing up. Some switched from job to job each summer while others returned to the same place year after year. “My first job, at age 14, was working a mobile concession stand at Roanoke Island Festival Park,” AVID teacher Ralph Clever said. “The following year, I moved on to busing tables at Clara’s Restaurant in downtown Manteo and then onto Lone Cedar Cafe.” Not all jobs were inside. Depending on where teachers grew up, they had work options outside too. Working outside in the different conditions each day was something they may have enjoyed rather than being inside. “My first job in high school was as a

lifeguard at a local apartment complex pool,” history teacher John Pouchot said. “The pool was in an elderly community and had very few visitors, because of this my job consisted mostly of taking naps and occasionally checking the chlorine levels.” Many teachers continued working into their college years. When some teachers couldn’t decide if college was for them, they returned home and took some time off. While they eventually went back to school, they took up jobs in their time away from school. “When I dropped out of college my dad had something interesting and challenging for me to do,” math teacher John Houston said. “My father had me build a house for him. It all started when he gave me a chainsaw with some gas and oil along with the owner’s manual and said don’t hurt yourself because that would make me feel bad. Through this process I learned how to operate a chainsaw, shovel stones, do electric work, put up drywall and install windows.” Although it might be hard to imagine your teachers outside the classroom, most of them started out somewhere else. After all the amazing opportunities that they have had, it has led them to the career that they are in now. “My previous jobs definitely prepared me for the classroom,” English teacher Joanne Juco said. “Teaching toddler swim lessons definitely taught me patience and how to coach people through something they don’t want to do. After all, high schoolers and crying toddlers aren’t all that different at times!”

Teachers and faculty members reflect on their first jobs in their current profession and what they've learned over the years:

“This was taken in my early career when I was involved with the radio, which I began when I was a junior in high school.” - Hunt Thomas

“Thirty years ago I began my career at Manteo High School as the guidance secretary. Then in 2000, I became the secretary to the principal. I have been fortunate to have a job I love and enjoy.”

“If only I knew then what I know now. I might do things a little bit differently.” - Marie White

“I enjoyed teaching physical education because it gave me the opportunity to relate to my students in a much different way than in the classroom.” - Meldine Lee


Sound to Sea

When in doubt, is choice “C” really the best answer? Sophia Farrow Staff Writer It used to be said that if someone did not know what answer to pick on a test then they should pick answer “C.” In today’s standardized testing world, this is no longer correct. Instead, students must search within for the answer. If they turn up empty after this, they then should apply common test-testing practices taught by their teachers. “Hopefully students will be able to choose the best response to a question without having to guess, but...if they have no idea and must guess, especially on standardized testing when there is no penalty for incorrect answers, I tell them to choose one letter choice and use that same letter choice for all of the questions they are guessing on for that test,” biology teacher Pat Holland said. “Statistically, by sticking to the same letter choice for guessing they will increase the odds that it may be correct.” Teachers may be onto something when they say this. Studies, such as those done by, have shown that on tests that have been randomized there is no “most common” answer choice. Humans, on the other

hand have been proven to not be able to make randomized tests. “On multiple choice I usually try to eliminate choices that are ridiculous or I know aren’t right. Then, I work through problem and I usually find the answer, if not I skip the problem and come back to it later,” junior Elizabeth Wheless said. When humans make a test they typically think, even when they think that they are not doing this, in terms of not leaving out an answer choice and not repeating an answer choice three times in a row. This is why it is best to look back around four answers ahead if the answer is not known and check to see which answer choice has not been used recently. This is not the best strategy to use, but it is better than just making a random guess. There is no telling what the exact answers on a test are, but people can look at the previous answers to see a pattern. “The best way to guess on a multiple choice test is to start by eliminating any answers using your knowledge,” guidance counselor Pam Yelle said. “Once you have eliminated at least one or two answers, you have greatly improved your odds of guessing correctly. Then you can use your

Get to know Mrs. Duke, our new media coordinator

Maiya Ribeiro

Name: Lisa Duke Position: Media Coordinator Previous teaching/school experience: “I taught at Manteo Elementary School, Cape Hatteras Secondary School, First Flight

intuition to help you make an educated guess.” The best strategy is to try to rationalize answers out of the choices given, if the time is not close to running out. Answer choices that have “universal qualifiers” such as never or always are usually not correct. The answer choices that have very similar or the same meaning can be ruled out, giving a 50-50 chance to get the answer correct. Last, but not least, is using what knowledge is known and making an educated guess. “You have limited time and students can rush through question which leads to them missing the qualifiers that show the wrong answers. So they need to pace themselves instead,” college advisor Seth Rose said. Other strategies can help students do well on standardized tests too. Instead of looking to the answer choices for your answers, students should attempt to answer on their own first. This answer acts as a compass, pointing them in the right direction. Additionally, if students see two answers which are very close in meaning, treat them both with suspicion. Don’t automatically eliminate them, but if students are down to three answers and two of them are

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essentially saying the same thing, then it’s probably best to go for the odd one out. “It is important to have test taking strategies as well as test content knowledge when preparing for standardized testing because it helps you to optimize your performance (accuracy and speed) thereby increasing your chances of earning a better score that also indicates a higher academic proficiency,” Holland said. When in doubt as to what answer to pick on a test, it is best to make an educated guess and then stick to one choice for guessing. Technically speaking the there is no “best” answer to pick for a randomized test, not even C.

High School [over the last] 10 years, and I taught History and AVID.” Education background: “I have a bachelor degree in History and my Masters in Library Science.” Why did you decide to leave the classroom for the media center: “I got a full scholarship to East Carolina University for Library Science and this is the first position that came up.” How would you like to see the media center utilized here: “I would like more students to come in and study and tutor each other, I also want a cooperative learning space.” What were you like in high school: “I was voted most involved, I was in every club you could think of, I also did a lot of community service and I was very active in Church.” Hobbies: “I love to read, obviously. I love to go to the beach and read. And I’m obsessed with home decorating, that would be my next hobby if it could be.” Fun fact: “When I was in second grade, we were in the library and while the librarian was talking to us, I was spinning a book around on the table and the librarian came up to me, pulled me by my pony tail and spun me around like I was spinning the book and she said, “How would you like to be that book?” So this inspired her to be a nice librarian! Manteo v. First Flight: “I actually love them both, but I will say, I miss my students. I love it here because everything runs smooth and it’s very calm. Everybody has been nice to me so far.” Reporting by Caroline Haywood & Maiya Ribeiro


Sound to Sea

Spring break: how to make the most of your time off Sophia Farrow Staff Writer Some people may go on vacations during spring break while others may hang out at home. Whatever is being done over spring break and wherever the week may take you, there are productive activities that can be done. People who are going to college within the next year can start researching colleges that they are interested in or start filling out scholarship applications. Those who are not going to college within the next year can also research which colleges they might be interested in, but mainly they can prepare for tests that may be coming up after the break. For a person who knows what schools they are interested in, they can tour the campuses of those schools during spring break. “My family and I are going to visit schools I was accepted to in the North. We’ll be riding up through Philly to Worcester, over to Boston and then down through New York and Baltimore,” senior Daniel Mitchum said. If someone is on vacation they can make sure to walk to most of the places that they want to see. Waking up in the morning and getting a workout in the hotel gym is a great way to start off a vacation day. If someone leaves a few days before spring break to go on vacation, they can make time to complete assignments so they will be caught up when classes start back up. People going on vacation are already being productive in some way. Visiting new places

allows for new sights to be seen and a chance to learn about new different cultures. Whether it is someplace in the states or out of the country, there are always new historical facts to learn, landmarks to explore and food to out. If vacationing, make sure to not sleep the day away. Get up and get a move on to make the most of the trip. “I think it’s important to visit other countries so you can learn about their culture and to get a bigger perspective on life, learn how other civilizations and people work and become culturally advanced in knowledge,” sophomore Bryce Kamp said. “The world is so enlightening to learn about it, and it really helps you to find who you are and have fun while doing it.” While people on vacation have it harder in finding ways to be productive, there are still ways that they can get work done. When someone leaves to go on vacation they can bring the materials they need to get whatever it is that needs to be done with them. The best way to make sure they stick to the goal of getting it done while on vacation is to designate a set amount of time in the morning or at night to work on it. This would be a school friendly way to be productive over spring break. There are also ways to be productive while staying home for spring break. Everyone has heard about spring cleaning, but who has the time to clean when there is school to go to and homework to do. Well over spring break there is none of that to get in the way of a spotless room.

If you are traveling over Spring Break, Where are you going?

Based on 167 responses

“Read some good books, clean out drawers and closets to get rid of clothes you don’t or can’t wear anymore, research colleges and start gathering information, pick up a new hobby and have fun learning how to do it, and traveling. These are all good ways to spend your spring break productively,” guidance counselor Marie White said. Those who do not have a job and need to get one this summer or sooner can start scoping out the options and looking for a place that is hiring or potentially needs help. They can then make sure that they meet all the work requirements and fill out an application. “While some businesses hire students before break, it is still a good time to drop by a business and request an application. Be mindful of how busy they may be during break and be willing to come back with your application if they don’t have time to see you then,” career coordinator Rosamond Rankin said. “A good rule of thumb is take a resume

with all the information that you will need on your application so that you can be both quick and accurate in completing it.” Job shadowing is a great way to spend a day of spring break too. This provides an opportunity for students to see if they really want to pursue that profession. Another idea would be to volunteer at places like the SPCA or Food Pantry. This would allow someone to see if they like the field that they are thinking about going into. “Spring break is a good time for an informal job shadow. It is always a good idea to try a career on for size. Everything, of course, should be arranged in advance,” Rankin said. “It can certainly help you to decide if this is what you want to do when you finish high school and move on the next level.” There are many ways to be productive over spring break, or any break for that matter. Think ahead about what to do over spring break and what to do to be able to get it done.

“Make money!” - Aaron Osborne

“Do some spring cleaning.” - Kiersten Frazee

How do you plan to make your spring break productive?

“Have fun with my friends as much as I can.” - Josie Fry

“Get caught up on sleep.” - Loyda Herrara


Sound to Sea

Blast from the past: old style trends make comeback Lara Cate Wright Staff Writer They say history repeats itself, and 90s fashion trends are proving that saying true. There are many of fashion trends that have made a comeback from the 90s in recent months. Trends and styles that were once considered “modern and daring” quickly changed to “ugly and out of style” as the style faded. However, more than a decade later the styles have been reborn. Celebrities were the style icons of the 90s and not much has changed from then. Everyone wanted to look like their favorite musician or actress. Whether it was Britney Spears, Cher from Clueless, Gwen Stefani, or one of the Spice Girls, they were all inspiration for fashion in the 90s. The clothes that the celebrities wore is what everyone else started to buy. “I got my inspiration from

music,” English teacher Lea Dixon said. “Nirvana and Lemonhead were definitely big inspirations to me.” There are countless trends and styles that are coming back, but why? Designers, and celebrities are all embracing the comeback of 90s fashion. Celebrities like Kendall Jenner, Rihanna, Gigi Hadid and Selena Gomez have all been spotted wearing these trends with modern and chic pieces. These trends are being reintroduced in various ways. There are a lot of clothing brands that are recreating trends from the 90s. Look at Brandy Melville, a store that is gaining popularity in teen retail. It sells clothes inspired by popular 90s looks such as offthe-shoulder shirts, crop tops and high waisted jeans. People are also finding these trends at thrift stores and in their parents’ closets. “I always find vintage clothing that is making a comeback and is ‘trendy’ now. I like the

distressed look of the clothing that I find at thrift stores,” freshman Isabel Roy said. Clothing such as flannels, jean skirts, and mom jeans were all part of the 90s “grunge” and “too cool to care” style. The “grunge” style has definitely made a comeback, especially with the new interest in mom jeans. Birkenstocks, slip dresses, and body glitter revisit the minimalism side of the 90s. In today’s fashion, Birkenstocks have made a huge comeback, while other pieces of fashion from the minimalism side of the 90s have stayed in the 90s. Other styles that were popular were the casual streetwear which included plaid, layering and low-rise, and ripped jeans. The “Britney Spears” trend was also in style with things such as mini-skirts, knee high socks and platform shoes. “I saw that other girls look good in clothes from the 90s so I figured I would wear them too and now I like them,” sophomore

Peyton Cooper said. Hairstyles in the 90s were anything but boring. These hairstyles were youthful and playful. Popular looks were the half-up-half-down look, layers and space buns. Hair accessories such as colored hair streaks, scrunchies, butterfly clips and bandanas were also common. Some of these hairstyles have made a comeback, while others have not...yet. “Space buns are quick, easy and creative,” freshman Averi Creef said, “When my mom first saw them, she really liked them and assumed I got the idea from the Spice Girls. I really didn’t though, I model mine after Ariana Grande.” The saying “what goes around comes around” explains the fashion cycle perfectly. All of these trends have been popular, gone out of style, and then have made a comeback. In less than 20 years later, fashion from the 90s has made major comebacks.


close fitting necklace worn around the neck

shirt knot

loose fitting t-shirt with bottom front tied in a knot

high-low top

shorter in front, longer in the back

distressed ripped jeans intentionally torn jeans with a washed look


casual sneakers that can be worn with any outfit

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choker neck line shirt

v-neck style shirt with a choker attached at the top

crop top

flirty and fun, shows midriff

jean jackets

lightweight denim coat, sometimes oversized

Converse very versatile sneakers, debuted over 100 years ago

Sound to Sea 14 Ladies and gentlemen, girls and boys, children of all ages prepare to say their final goodbye to a 146 year tradition Hannah Anglin Editor in Chief


fter more than 100 years of putting on “The Greatest Show on Earth,” the Ringling Bros. and Barnum and Bailey Circus is coming to an end. The show was started in 1919 when Barnum & Bailey’s Circus combined with Ringling Bros. World’s Greatest Shows, but the two had operated separately for years prior to that. CEO Kenneth Feld made the announcement Jan. 14. The last performance will be held in May of this year. According to Feld there has been a decline in ticket sales, with a sharp drop in sales following the removal of elephants from the show. This combined with high operating costs and expensive legal battles lead the company to make the decision to end the show. The company started phasing elephants out of their shows due to changing public interests and after receiving repeated criticism from animals rights groups. Groups such as People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, or PETA, are rejoicing over the decision, calling it “the end of the saddest show on earth,” over Twitter. PETA first spoke out against the show in 1998 following the death of a 3-year-old Asian elephant, and members have been protesting against it ever since. “In my opinion, the circus ending is good,” freshman Nautalia Arteaga said. “I believe that because, more or less, all of the animals are wild animals and should not have to live their lives in a cage, being forced to do things for someone’s entertainment. It is great that more people are realizing that these poor animals are living horribly and need to be freed.” The former circus elephants have been moved to Ringling’s Center for Elephant Conservation in Polk City, Florida. The rest of the animals from the show, such as tigers, kangaroos, lions, and donkeys, will go to suitable homes. The end of the show will leave 500 employees without work. Some of the workers will be transferred to the company’s other shows such as Disney on Ice, Marvel Live! and Monster Jam. “The circus has been a cornerstone of American industry since its incorporation in 1871,” history teacher John Pouchot said. “It was a place where we could all unite under the banner of dancing elephants, strong men, and bearded ladies. It is truly a tragedy for the up-andcoming generations to not experience the feelings of anticipation brought on by the proposition of someone being shot out of a cannon.” Since its beginning in 1871 the circus has been a family favorite, bringing exotic animals, exciting acts and entertainment to people all over the United States. “I am sad the circus is ending because my parents would take me when we went to visit family in Virginia,” junior Kelsea Sexton said. “My fondest memory of the circus is watching the elephants walking around.” While the circus may be a controversial topic, students and teachers alike have fond memories of attending the circus. “[M]y fondest memory would be the expressions on my children’s faces!” administrative secretary Connie Francis said. “I remember the bikers riding in the circular cage as being fascinating and, of course, the lions and elephants were amazing. I think it is sad that it is closing. I understand the concerns about training the animals, but there are so many other things associated with the circus that could still be used, i.e., the clowns, the trapeze artists, the unicyclists, the bike riders in the circle, etc. The vibrant colors and costumes were just awesome!”

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After hearing the news, many people booked tickets to see the final shows of the circus. Tickets for the final show in Uniondale, N.Y. on May 21 sold out almost immediately online, with ticket prices hiking for the final shows. “The circus is another American lost tradition,” English teacher Lea Dixon said. “I understand about the animals, but there are so many other cool sights to see at the circus. I want my child to hear someone yelling, ‘Peanuts. Popcorn.’ I want to see his face when he sees the clowns and the death defying acts. I also want him to have a personal experience to connect to what he reads and understands as an adult. I could not imagine my child having to ask what a circus is.” Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey will hold their Final Farewell Circus Xtreme show in Norfolk, Va. Mar. 23-26, and in Hampton Va. Mar. 29-31.


Sound to Sea

Hula hooping: a trend that’s getting around Averi Creef Staff Writer Hula hooping can be a difficult skill to master, but not for senior Grace Davis. From dancing to fire, she’s got it all down. Her interest in hula hoping started after she watched videos online and gained inspiration from her friends. Davis started hula hooping two years ago, at age 16. Although the hula hoop has been around since 1958 and many people can do it, Davis does it a little differently than most. She mainly does dance hooping. Davis wasn’t a dancer as a child, but she found that hula hooping helped her find her own rhythm and balance. She mainly “hoops” with day hoops, which are polypropylene plastic. She does it with the hoop bare or with colored tapes, which are added for extra grip.

“There is dance hooping (which is what I mainly do) and then there are people who do circus hooping. That contains doing more with multiple hoops (sometimes 5 or 6) and involving acrobatics like bending over backwards or hooping on their foot while their leg is extended above their head,” Davis said. Davis’s hooping doesn’t stop with dance. She also adds fire. Parents and adults always say “don’t play with fire,” but this rule doesn’t apply to Davis. Hula hooping appears simple with just one hula hoop, but when fire is added, there’s a lot more to it. “The fire scared me the first time I tried it, but after a little bit you realize as long as you respect the flame it won’t hurt you. I’ve never been burned. And of course we take lots of safety precautions which make you feel safer as well,” Davis said. Hula Hoopers that use fire

have to take precautions against getting burned. They have to be careful to not catch fire and they have to use caution when they are surrounded by the fire. There are certain types of protection that Davis likes to use, like Kevlar sleeves and natural materials when adding fire to her performance. “We use Kevlar sleeves on our arms and parts of our hands to keep the flame from burning our arms. It’s also very important to wear all natural materials because anything synthetic can melt into your skin if it comes in contact with the flame. There is always a safety person on watch with a fire blanket or extinguisher,” Davis said. Hula hooping isn’t known much as a sport, but seeing somebody do it can be entrancing. Hooping is a full body workout that takes practice, energy and passion. Davis plans to continue to hoop and perform at local venues,

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Senior Grace Davis performs with her hula hoop in the school’s talent show Feb. 25. Davis tries to practice eight to nine hours a week, and she likes to practice out in public. ”I like to practice in public because sometimes it catches people’s fancy, and they stop and talk to me about it,” Davis said. “Getting time into practice helps me let out any frustrations and it allows me to focus better when I go to tackle difficult tasks.”

so keep an eye out for this super hooper out in the community.

Are you certifiable? Classes offer students real certification Chrissy Dooley Staff Writer Students have the chance to earn multiple certifications through classes offered by the school. The majority of them are in the Career and Technical Education (CTE) department. These classes are taught by the school’s teachers and students must receive a designated score on the post-assessment to be eligible for the course’s credentials. Classes with certification offered through the CTE department include personal finance, Microsoft Word and PowerPoint, Foods II, Introduction to Culinary Arts and Hospitality, Carpentry I, II and III, Core and Sustainable Construction and Adobe Visual Design. Mike Twigg teaches the personal finance and Microsoft Word and PowerPoint classes. Through the Microsoft and PowerPoint classes students learn and develop basic computer skills and become proficient in Microsoft programs. Twigg also teachers personal finance, a course that prepares students to understand economic activities and challenges of individuals and families. “Students gain an understanding of financial institutions, saving, investing, budgeting, credit, planning and paying for college, along with some of the things young adults should find useful like learning about insurance, buying or leasing a car, buying or

renting a house or apartment, and topics like calculating cost of living while taking personal finance,” Twigg said. The Adobe Visual class is taught by Connor Butler. While taking this class students learn how to use Photoshop, Illustrator and InDesign software from Adobe. For students interested in graphic design, this course helps lay the foundation for any future work. “This class gives students an opportunity to learn how to use some fun software and is a nice change up to your normal high school courses,” Butler said. “ [And] also, because I teach it!” Foods II-Enterprise and Introduction to Culinary Arts are taught by Tara Wheeler. Through these class students have the opportunity to receive their ServSafe Food Protection Managers Certification. In Foods II-Enterprise, students learn. In Introduction to Culinary Arts, students learn basic safety and sanitation practices, as well as how to use equipment and culinary math that can be applied to the commercial food-service industry. “These classes give hands on learning and real world experience,” Wheeler said. While taking Carpentry I, II and III and Core and Sustainable Construction with Beau Barber, students learn how to be safe around construction sites and equipment and they are introduced to construction math, hand tools and power tools. They also learn about

blueprints and material handling by going through these courses. “I encourage students to take these classes because if you wanted to be a homeowner in the future, you already know how to put your house together,” Barber said. “It helps you as a home buyer too and it teaches you basic tool skills and safety. It translates to the rest of your life plus we have fun!” As freshmen, students take health and physical education. In this class, students learn about CPR and other life saving measures. When finished with this unit, students can opt to pay for the CPR certification if they pass the test. Students interested in this field can also continue their studies in it through Athletic Training I. At the completion of this course, students will obtain American Red Cross Certification in First Aid/CPR/AED. “You learn about basic athletic training, how to treat injuries, and how to assist someone when needed,” athletic trainer Darana Ruhle said. “This certification looks good when applying for a job because you can assist customers and employees.” Through these elective classes students are able to gain real world experience and earn special certificates. “Taking CTE classes can help you both in school and help you to get a job,” career counselor Rosie Rankin said. “The certificates show that you not only learned the curriculum but you picked up the skills to pass that test.”


Sound to Sea

Manteo’s Got Talent highlights

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Katie Gruninger

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Katie Gruninger

1. Junior Mary Marchitelli takes the stage to sing “Bottom of the River” a cappella. This is one of the many shows in which Marchitelli has performed. “I spend a lot of my free time singing and trying out new songs,” she said. 2. Teacher Melissa Hand sings “When You Say Nothing at All” by Allison Krauss. “The show was a lot of fun,” Hand said. “There are so many talented students at this school and I felt blessed to be included with them!” 3. Sophomore Alexis McCallum performs an Italian song called “Caro Mio Ben.” Earlier that day, McCallum attended MPA, a choral competition. “I choose this particular song to sing because I received an ‘Excellent’ rating for it at the chorus competition earlier that day,” McCallum said. 4. Teacher Chad Leary plays his guitar to his favorite song “HOLY” by Florida Georgia Line. This is Leary’s second year in a row performing at the talent show. 5. Teacher John Pouchot presents a stand-up comedy routine. Pouchot intentionally made his jokes cringe worthy to entertain the crowd. “I attempted stand-up comedy because I really have no talents to perform but I wanted to be involved and be engaged with students that I don’t usually see outside the classroom,” Pouchot said. 6. Senior Gracie Deichler strums her guitar while singing “Dreams” by Fleetwood Mac. Deichler has a band named Grace and The Boys and has been into music her whole life. 7. Senior Josh Pack, teacher Melissa Hand and senior Grace Davis sing along to the school’s alma mater. This is a tradition for the end of each year’s talent show. “Singing the alma mater was a great way to bring everyone together and end the show,” Pack said. 8. Freshman Rebbekkah Eller and senior Jenna Zottoli perform a song from Broadway’s “RENT.” Both students are active in the school’s theater program. “We choose to do “ Take Me Or Leave Me” because we really like this songs and are also big fans of RENT,” Eller said.

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Issue 3 March 2017  

Issue 3 March 2017