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WHOLE EARTH CATALOG 1968 Understanding Whole Systems Buckminster Fuller Cosmic View Full Earth Earth Photographs The World From Above Surface Anatomy Geology Illustrated Sensitive Chaos A Year From Monday

General Systems Yearbook Synthesis of Form On Growth and Form Tantra Art Psychological Reflections The Human Use of Human Beings The Ghost in the Machine The Year 2000 The Futurist

Shelter and Land Use The Dymaxion World of Buckminster Fuller Space Structures Tensile Structures, Volume One Dome Cookbook Good News Architectural Design The Japanese House Audel Guides Alaskan Mill

Village Technology The Indian Tipi Tipis Aladdin Kerosene Lamps Man's Role in Changing the Face of the Earth Two Mushroom Books Organic Gardening ABC and XYZ of Bee Culture Universal Mill

Industry and Craft The Way Things Work Introduction to Engineering Design The Measure of Man Thomas Register of American Manufacturers New Scientist Scientific American Industrial Design Product Engineering Clearinghouse

Science and Civilization in China, Volume IV, Part 2 Silvo Catalog Brookstone Tools Jensen Tools Miners Catalog Blasters' Handbook Direct Use of the Sun's Energy Structure, Form and Movement

Van Waters & Rogers Bookmaking Zone System Manual A Sculptor's Manual Creative Glass Blowing Buckskin Cut Beads Melrose Yarns

Communications Human Biocomputer The Mind of the Dolphin Information 91OOA Computer Cybernetics Eye and Brain Design for a Brain

Education Automation Intelligent Life in the Universe The McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Space Lafayette and Allied Catalogs Heathkit Modern Business Forms American Cinematographer

American Cinematographer Manual The Technique of Documentary Film Production The Technique of Television of Production Auto Repair Manual Books Subject Guide to Books in Print Art Prints

Community The Modern Utopian The Realist Green Revolution Kibbutz: Venture in Utopia Dune Groups Under Stress

The Merck Manual Land for Sale Consumer Reports Government Publications The Armchair Shopper's Guide How to Get 20% to 90% off on Everything You Buy

Nomadics Innovator The Retreater's Bibliography The Book of Survival The Survival Book Survival Arts of the Primitive Paiutes Camping and Woodcraft Light Weight Camping Equipment and How to Make It Backpacking L.L. Bean

Recreational Equipment Gerry Outdoor Equipment Kaibab Boots Hot Springs The Explorers Trademark Log National Geographic Sierra Club The Narrow Road to the Deep North Trout Fishing In American

Learning Toward a Theory of Instruction The Black Box THIS Magazine is about Schools Cuisenaire Rods ITA LIFE Science Library Kaiser Aluminum News 700 Science Experiments for Everybody

Edmund Scientific WFF 'N PROOF Dr. Nim We Built Our Own Computers American Boys Handy Book Pioneer Posters Sense Relaxation Zen Flesh, Zen Bones

Meditation Cushions and Mats Self Hypnotism Psycho-Cybernetics A Yaqui Way of Knowledge Fundamentals of Yoga The Act of Creation The I Ching

WHOLE EARTH CATALOG 1968 PURPOSE l/l/e are as gods and might as well get used to it. So far, remotely done power and glory—as via government, big business, formal education, church—has succeeded to the point where gross obscure actual gains. In response to this dilemma and to these gains a realm of intimate, personal power is developing—power of the individual to conduct his own education, find his own inspiration, shape his own environment, and share his adventure with whoever is interested. Tools that aid this process are sought and promoted by the WHOLE EARTH CATALOG.

FUNCTION The WHOLE EARTH CATALOG functions as an evaluation and access device. With it, the user should know better what is worth getting and where and how to do the getting. An item is listed in the CATALOG if it is deemed: 1) Useful as a tool, 2) Relevant to independent education, 3) High quality or low cost, 4) Not already common knowledge, 5) Easily available by mail. This information is continually revised according to the experience and suggestions of CATALOG users and staff.

USING THE 1968 CATALOG WARNING: Using the access information from the 1968 C 11 drive you nuts. Publishers begged us not to reprint the Catalog with their names anywhere near books they no longer carry Please don't call a publisher and as a book because you saw it here.


The LIVE TURTLE indicates that a book or tool, or its worthy replacement, lives on. Not surprisingly, access has changed over thirty years. See new access on page 62. If the 1968 item is no longer available, but we have found a successor we think is worth noting, the replacement is also found on p. 62.


The DEAD TURTLE means that the tool or book is essentially not available. Maybe an antiquarian bookstore or gizmo collector has it. Check a library. As far as we can tell, nothing of equal excellence has replaced it. If you know of an outstanding successor, tell us.

Buckminster Fuller


The insights of Buckminster Fuller are what initiated this catalog.


I :

Of the four books reviewed here, Nine Chains to the Moon is his earliest and most openly metaphysical, Ideas and Integrities his most personal, No More Secondhand God the most recent, World Design Science Decade the most programmatic.

- : :


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People who beef about Fuller mainly complain about his repetition - the same ideas again and again, it's embarrassing. It is embarrassing, also illuminating, because the same notions take on different uses when re-approached from different angles or with different contexts. Fuller's lectures have a raga quality of rich nonlinear endless improvisation full of convergent surprises. Some are put off by his language, which makes demands on your head like suddenly discovering an extra engine in your car - if you don't let it drive you faster, it'll drag you. Fuller won't wait. He spent two years silent after illusory language got him in trouble, and he returned to human communication with a redesigned instrument.

I. Nine Chains to the Moon

With that, empirical curiosity, and New England perseverance Fuller has forged one of the most original personalities and functional intellects of the age.

Buckminster Fuller 1963; 163 pp.



The revolution has comeset on fire from the top. Let it burn swiftly. Neither the branches, trunk, nor roots will be endangered. Only last year's leaves and the parasite-bearded moss and orchids will not be there when the next spring brings fresh growth and free standing flowers. Here is God's purposefor God, to me, it seems, is a verb not a noun, proper or improper; is the articulation not the art, objective or subjective; is loving, not the abstraction "love" commanded or entreated; is knowledge dynamic, not legislative code, not proclamation law. not academic dogma, not ecclesiastic canon. Yes, God is a verb, the most active, connoting the vast harmonic reordering of the universe from unleashed chaos of energy. And there is born unheralded a great natural peace, not out of exclusive pseudo-static security but out of including, refining, dynamic balancing. Naught is lost. Only the false and nonexistent are dispelled. And I've thought through to tomorrow which is also today. The telephone rings and you say to me Hello Buckling this is Christopher; or Daddy it's Allegra; or Mr. Fuller this is the Telephone Company Business Office; and I say you are inaccurate. Because I knew you were going to call and furthermore I recognize that it is God who is "speaking." And you say aren't you being fantastic? And knowing you I say no. All organized religions of the past were inherently developed as beliefs and credits in "second hand" information. Therefore it will be an entirely new era when man finds himself confronted with direct experience with an obviously a priori intellectually anticipatory competency that has interordered all that he is discovering. [No More Secondhand God]

Ideas and Integrities Buckminster Fuller 1963; 318 pp.


from: Pre-* Ne or


-Mall Inc. 1 Cliffs '07631 ARTH CATALOG

Standing by the lake on a jump-or-think basis, the very first spontaneous question coming to mind was, "If you put aside everything you've ever been asked to believe and have recourse only to your own experiences do you have any conviction arising from those experiences which either discards or must assume an a priori greater intellect than the intellect of man?" The answer was swift and positive. Experience had clearly demonstrated an a priori anticipatory and only intellectually apprehendable orderliness of interactive principles operating in the universe into which we are born. These principles are discovered but are never invented by man. I said to myself, "I have faith in the integrity of the anticipatory intellectual wisdom which we may call 'God.'" My next question was, "Do I know best or does God know best whether I may be of any value to the integrity of universe?" The answer was, "You don't know and no man knows, but the faith you have just established out of experience imposes recognition of the a priori wisdom of the fact of your being." Apparently addressing myself, I said, "You do not have the right to eliminate yourself, you do not belong to you. You belong to the universe. The signifi cance of you will forever remain obscure to you, but you may assume that you are fulfilling your significance if you apply yourself to converting all your experience to highest advantage of others. You and all men are here for the sake of other men."


both frr n: Sou"' ' '' ! nois Univesity Press 600 rand Car; Illinois 62903 WHf

I see God in the instruments and the mechanisms that work reliably, more reliably than the limited sensory departments of the human mechanism. And God says observe the paradox of man's creative potentials and his destructive tactics. He could have his new world through sufficient love for "all's fair" in love as well as in war which means you can junk as much rubbish, skip as many stupid agreements by love, spontaneous unselfishness radiant.

No More Secondhand God

Buckminster Fuller 1938, 1963; 375 pp.


[Ideas and Integrities] Thinking is a putting-aside, rather than a putting-in discipline, e.g., putting aside the tall grasses in order to isolate the trail into informative viewability. Thinking is FM - frequency modulation-for it results in tuning-out of irrelevancies as a result of definitive resolution of the exclusivity turned-in or accepted feed-back messages' pattern differentiatability. ["Omnidirectional Halo" No More Secondhand God] Common to all such "human" mechanisms - and without which they are imbecile contraptions - is their guidance by a phantom captain. This phantom captain has neither weight nor sensorial tangibility, as has often been scientifically proven by careful weighing operations at the moment of abandonment of the ship by the phantom captain, i.e., at the instant of "death." He may be likened to the variant of polarity dominance in our bipolar electric world which, when balanced and unit, vanishes as abstract unity I or O. With the phantom captain's departure, the mechanism becomes inoperative and very quickly disintegrates into basic chemical elements. This captain has not only an infinite self-identity characteristic but, also, an infinite understanding. He has furthermore, infinite sympathy with all captains of mechanisms similar to his . . . . An illuminating rationalization indicated that captains - being phantom, abstract, infinite, and bound to other captains by a bond of understanding as proven by their recognition of each other's signals and the meaning thereof by reference to a common direction (toward "perfect") - are not only all related, but are one and the same captain. Mathematically, since characteristics of unity exist, they cannot be non-identical.

WDSD Document 1 World society has throughout its millions of years on earth made its judgements upon visible, tangible, sensorially demonstrable criteria. We may safely say that the world is keeping its eye on the unimportant visible 1 percent of the historical transformation while missing the significance of the 99 percent of overall, unseen changes. Forms are inherently visible and forms no longer can "follow functions" because the significant functions are invisible . . . . There are very few men today who are disciplined to comprehend the totally integrating significance of the 99 percent invisible activity which is coalescing to reshape our future. There are approximately no warnings being given to society regarding the great changes ahead. There is only the ominous general apprehension that man may be about to annihilate himself. To the few who are disciplined to deal with the invisibly integrating trends it is increasingly readable in the trends that man is about to become almost 100 percent successful as an occupant of universe.

Our Air Force Redomes were installed in the arctic mostly by eskimos and others who had never seen them before. The mass production technology made assembly possible at an average rate of 14 hours each. One of these radomes was loaned by the U.S. Air Force to the Museum of Modern Art in New York City for an exhibition of my work in 1959-1960. It took regular building trades skilled labor one month to assemble the dome in New York City. WDSD Document 2 I define 'synergy' as follows: Synergy is the unique behavior of whole systems, unpredicted by behavior of their respective subsystems' events. [Ideas and Integrities] selfishness (self-preoccupation pursued until self loses its way and self generates fear and spontaneous random surging, i.e., panic, the plural of which is mob outburst in unpremeditated wave synchronization of the individually random components). [No More Secondhand God]


To start off with it is d e m o n s t r a t e d in the array of events w h i c h w e have t o u c h e d on that w e d o n ' t have t o "earn a living" anymore. The " l i v i n g " has all been earned for us forever. Industrialization's wealth is cumulative in contradistinction to the inherently terminal, d i s c o n t i n u o u s , t e m p o r a r y wealth of t h e craft eras of civilization s u c h as t h e Bronze A g e or Stone A g e . If w e only u n d e r s t o o d h o w that cumulative industrial wealth has c o m e about, w e c o u l d s t o p playing o b s o l e t e g a m e s , but that is a task that cannot be a c c o m p l i s h e d by political and social reforms. Man is so deeply c o n d i t i o n e d in his reflexes by his millenniums of slave function that he has t o o many inferiority c o m p l e x e s to yield to political reformation. The obsolete g a m e s will b e a b a n d o n e d only w h e n realistic, happier a n d more interesting g a m e s c o m e along to displace the obsolete g a m e s . [WDSD D o c u m e n t 3] Tension and C o m p r e s s i o n are c o m p l e m e n t a r y f u n c t i o n s of structure. Therefore as f u n c t i o n s they only co-exist. W h e n pulling a tensional rope its girth c o n t r a c t s in c o m p r e s s i o n . W h e n w e load a c o l u m n in c o m p r e s s i o n its girth t e n d s t o e x p a n d in t e n s i o n . W h e n w e investigate tension a n d c o m p r e s s i o n , w e find that c o m p r e s s i o n m e m b e r s , as you all k n o w as architects, have very limited lengths in relation to their cross sections. They get t o o long a n d t o o slender and will readily break. Tension m e m b e r s , w h e n you pull t h e m t e n d to pull, approximately, (almost but never entirely), straight instead of trying t o curve more a n d more as d o t o o thin compressionally loaded c o l u m n s . T h e c o n t r a c t i o n of t h e tension m e m b e r s in their girth, w h e n tensionally l o a d e d , brings its a t o m s closer t o g e t h e r w h i c h makes it even stronger. There is no limit ratio of cross section t o length in tensional m e m b e r s of structural systems. There is a fundamental limit ratio in c o m p r e s s i o n . Therefore w h e n nature has very large t a s k s t o d o , such as cohering t h e solar s y s t e m or the universe she arranges her structural systems b o t h in t h e m i c r o c o s m a n d m a c r o c o s m in t h e following manner. Nature has c o m p r e s s i o n operating in little remotely positioned islands, as high energy c o n centrations, such as the earth a n d other planets, in the m a c r o c o s m ; or as islanded electrons, or protons or other a t o m i c nuclear c o m p o nents in the m i c r o c o s m while cohering the whole universal system, b o t h m a c r o a n d micro, of mutually remote, c o m p r e s s i o n a l , and oft n o n - s i m u l t a n e o u s , islands by comprehensive t e n s i o n ; - c o m p r e s s i o n islands in a non-simultaneous universe of t e n s i o n . T h e Universe is a tensegrity. [WDSD D o c u m e n t 2]

The Honeywell edition of Fuller's w o r l d m a p (more brightly c o l o r e d than previous editions) is available.


Used Cabin air




Carbon Dioxide


I a m c o n v i n c e d that neither I nor any other h u m a n , past or present, w a s or is a genius. I a m convinced that what I have every physically normal child also has at birth. We c o u l d , of c o u r s e , hypothesize that all babies are b o r n geniuses a n d get swiftly d e - g e n i u s e d . Unfavorable c i r c u m s t a n c e s , shortsightedness, frayed nervous s y s t e m s , a n d ignorantly articulated love and fear of elders t e n d to shut off many of t h e child's brain capability valves. I as lucky in avoiding t o many d i s c o n n e c t s .

Urine Carbon


There is luck in everything. My luck is that I w a s born c r o s s - e y e d , w a s ejected so frequently f r o m the establishment that I w a s finally f o r c e d either t o perish or to e m p l o y s o m e of t h o s e faculties with w h i c h w e are all e n d o w e d - t h e use of w h i c h c i r c u m s t a n c e s had previously so frustrated as t o have t o put t h e m in t h e d e e p freezer, w h e n c e only to hellishly hot situations c o u l d provide e n o u g h heat t o melt t h e m b a c k into usability. [WDSD D o c u m e n t 5]




' J po''.paid

fro p.<; C-i

Total C 0 2 « 4.2 lbs.




N 2 & NaCl etc. > 0 lbs.


Unfinished Epic of Industrialization T i s t e r Fuller

1963; 227 pp

.,[, Tom World Resources Inventory ^ r i, Carbondale, Illinois 62901

C o n c e p t Twelve - SELF DISCIPLINES Working a s s u m p t i o n s , cautions, e n c o u r a g e ments, a n d restrains of intuitive formulations a n d s p o n t a n e o u s actions. My o w n rule: " D o not m i n d if I a m not u n d e r s t o o d as long as I am not m i s u n d e r s t o o d . "

Food - 1 . 3 lbs. (Dehydrated)

Personal Self Disciplining. In 1927 I gave u p forever t h e general e c o n o m i c d i c t u m of society, i.e. that every individual w h o w a n t s to survive must earn a living. I s u b s t i t u t e d , therefore, the finding m a d e in c o n c e p t one, i.e., an individual's antientropic responsibility in universe. I sought for t h e tasks that n e e d e d to be d o n e that no one else w a s d o i n g or a t t e m p t i n g t o d o , w h i c h if d o n e w o u l d physically a n d e c o n o m i c a l l y a d v a n t a g e society a n d eliminate pain.

JllllIIJiliJkiiiiJiiLiiiiijj, Water • 7.0 lbs.

Sources: (1) E. S. Kills, R. L. Butterton, Douglas Missile & space Systems Development Interplanetary Mission Life Support System, 1965. (2) NASA; ASO Report TR 61-363.

[WDSD D o c u m e n t 1]

09 e, Illinois 62901


2.1 lbs. ||nH= 2.4 lbs

In lieu of the after-the-fact curative reform, trending to highly s p e cialized individual offender case histories, my philosophy urged t h e anticipatory avoidance of the a c c i d e n t potentials t h r o u g h invention of generalized highway dividers, grade separaters, clover leafing a n d adequately b a n k e d curves a n d a u t o m a t i c traffic c o n t r o l s t o p - l i g h t i n g s y s t e m s . I saw no reason w h y the problem shouldn't be solved by preventative design rather than a t t e m p t e d reforms. My resolve: Reshape environment; d o n ' t try to reshape m a n .



Breathing jIIMI Exhaled

In t h e 1920's with but little o p e n c o u n t r y highway mileage in o p e r a t i o n , a u t o m o b i l e a c c i d e n t s were c o n c e n t r a t e d a n d frequently o c c u r r e d within our urban a n d s u b u r b a n presence. Witnessing a number of a c c i d e n t s , I o b s e r v e d that w a r n i n g signs later grew up along the roads leading to danger points and that more traffic and m o t o r c y c l e police were put on duty. The authorities tried t o cure t h e malady by reforming the motorists. A relatively f e w special individual drivers with m u c h experience, steady t e m p e r a m e n t , g o o d coordination a n d natural t e n d e n c y t o anticipate and understand the p s y c h o l o g y of o t h e r s e m e r g e d as " g o o d " a n d a p p r o x i m a t e l y accident-free drivers. Many others were accident prone.

However, man u n c o n c e r n e d l y sorting mail on an express train with unuttered faith that t h e engineer is c o m p e t e n t , that t h e s w i t c h m e n are not asleep, that t h e t r a c k walkers are d o i n g their j o b , that t h e t e c h n o l o g i s t s w h o d e s i g n e d t h e train and the rails k n e w their stuff, that the t h o u s a n d s of others w h o m he may never k n o w by face or name are collecting tariffs, paying for repairs, a n d so handling assets that he will be paid a w e e k f r o m t o d a y a n d again t h e w e e k after that, a n d that all the t i m e his family is safe a n d in well being w i t h o u t his personal protection constitutes a w h o l e new era of evolutiont h e first really ' n e w " since t h e beginning of the s p o k e n w o r d . In fact, out of the understanding innate in the s p o k e n w o r d w a s Industrialization w r o u g h t after millenniums of seemingly whitherless s p a d e w o r k . [The Unfinished Epic of Industrialization]

Clean Cabin air

I w a s born c r o s s - e y e d . Not until I w a s four years old w a s it discovered that this w a s c a u s e d by my being abnormally farsighted. M y vision w a s thereafter fully c o r r e c t e d with lenses. Until four I c o u l d see only large patterns, houses, trees, outlines of people with blurred c o l o r i n g . While I saw t w o dark areas on h u m a n faces, I d i d not see a h u m a n eye or a teardrop or a h u m a n hair until I w a s four. Despite my new ability t o a p p r e h e n d details, m y c h i l d h o o d ' s s p o n taneous d e p e n d e n c e only u p o n big pattern clues has persisted. . . .


WDSD Document 6

As a c o n s e q u e n c e , it w a s necessary for m e to discipline my faculties to d e v e l o p technical and scientific capabilities to invent t h e physical innovations a n d their service industry logistics. Mv R e c o m m e n d a t i o n s for a Curriculum of Design Science


; v, a, > OMAM «MMMf§



Grams Proteins • 80 Carbohydrates » 270 Fats « 150


Other solids & minerals =

in closed environment system

with **~**\J|E a s p i r a t i o n

j—v<j q u o t i e n t of II 0.82 HI [till I

•* T'..~"



sennet mmm

INPUT - 100% 3585 gms.



3. Theory of Games (Von Neuman)

Dioxide (CO,) 27,4% 982 gms.




2. General S y s t e m s Theory


Water (H 2 0) 70.9 % 2542 gms.

-•-Solids 5 urea & minerals 1.7% 61 gms.

4. Chemistry a n d Physics 5. Topology, ProjectiveGeometry 6.








10. Biology

Metabolic 9.5%

1 1 . Sciences of Energy

OUtPOT - 100? 3585 gms. Calories Apogee, Dou<jlas Missile & Space Source: nation No. 4, 1961. p. 8.

12. Political Geography


13. Ergonomics 14. Production Engineering


[WDSD D o c u m e n t 5] The World Design Science


Decade d o c u m e n t s contain

s o m e that is in t h e other b o o k s and m u c h that isn't.

$10.50 p o s t p a i d to s t u d e n t s $30.00 p o s t p a i d to others.

The 6 v o l u m e set c o s t s (formal a n d informal);

This is a very g o o d d e a l . •




Order frv..n W c r ' d F « c o i Y c e s Inventory Office BoxT Carb llinois 62901 or'*.V


Size: 35 x 20 inches.

We find that original question asking is a c o n s e q u e n c e of interferences, whethter in t h e c o m p u t e r or t h e h u m a n brain. We find then that original q u e s t i o n s are s e c o n d derivative events in the c o m p u t e r lif.e [WDSD D o c u m e n t 2]

The will of history reads "for everybody or for nobody," a n d since w e balk at "for n o b o d y " it has to be "for everyb o d y " . A n d that's the w a y it is g o i n g , lickety-split a n d t h e world around. [WDSD D o c u m e n t 3]

Whole Earth catalog

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