Franciscan Volume 2.4 â&#x20AC;˘ SPRING 2013
Cheryl Aughton Executive Editor
Sister Lorraine Wesolowski Contributors
Cheryl Aughton Sister Alicia Damien Lau Sister Lorraine Wesolowski Graphic Design
Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions photo by Matthew Barrick Catholic New York newspaper Children’s Illustrations by Augusta Curreli Darlene Dela Cruz, Hawaii Catholic Herald Gerianne Dobmeier Patrick Downes, Hawaii Catholic Herald Knights of Columbus Craig Kojima, Honolulu Star-Advertiser Sister Alicia Damien Lau L’Osservatore Romano Sts. Francis and Marianne by Sister Anne Marie Saphara Shrine & Museum of Saint Marianne Cope Charles Wainwright Sister Lorraine Wesolowski Circulation
Sister Rose Marie Colasurdo Kelli Cavo Sister Alicia Damien Lau Sister M. Norise Kaiser Sister Donna Zwigart Editorial Office
Sisters of St. Francis of the Neumann Communities 146 Hawthorne Road, Pittsburgh, PA 15209 412.821.2200, email@example.com www.sosf.org If there is a change that needs to be made, we want to do so. Please return your correct address to us, or contact Kelli Cavo by email at firstname.lastname@example.org or phone 716.632.2155, ext. 685.
The poet Robert Louis Stevenson visited the settlement at Kalaupapa, Hawai‘i during Mother Marianne’s years there. Responding to his impressions of the place and of the people he had seen, Stevenson composed a poem and addressed it to “Reverend Sister Maryanne, Matron of the Bishop Home.” To see the infinite pity of this place, The mangled limb, the devastated face, The innocent sufferers smiling at the rod, A fool were tempted to deny his God. He sees, and shrinks; but if he look again, Lo, beauty springing from the breast of pain! — He marks the sisters on the painful shores, And even a fool is silent and adores. Kalawao, May 22, 1889
Directional Statement Rooted in the Gospel and energized by the Spirit of St. Francis and St. Clare, we seek to be women of vision living in right relationship with God, one another and with all creation.
Franciscan Volume 2.4 • Spring 2013
Mission Statement Rooted in the Gospel we are sisters to all, serving with reverence, justice and compassion.
We gratefully acknowledge the following sources. Text content and photo captions from previous page through page 15 taken from: Pilgrimage & Exile, Mother Marianne of Moloka‘i, by Sister Mary Laurence Hanley, OSF and O.A. Bushnell, ©2009 Mother Marianne of Moloka’i Valiant Woman of Hawai‘i, by Sister Mary Cabrini Durkin, OSU with collaboration of Sister Mary Laurence Hanley, OSF, ©1999
Award Winning t Sister Mary Laurence Hanley, OSF
Aug. 4, 1925 – Dec. 2, 2011
Dedication We dedicate this publication to Sister Mary Laurence Hanley, OSF, who for 37 years championed the cause of Mother Marianne Cope. As director of the Cause for Canonization, she brought the process from “venerable” to “blessed” and finally to “saint.” Just days before Pope Benedict XVI proclaimed Mother Marianne a saint, Sister Mary Laurence went to her eternal reward saying, “My work is done.” The Sisters of St. Francis will be ever grateful to her for her tireless work and prayers that led to sainthood for our Mother Marianne.
Franciscan Spirit is winner of the 2012 best in show, and best publication with a gift envelope awards from the National Catholic Development Conference.
On the Cover St. Peter’s Square in Rome, Italy on the day of the canonization of Mother Marianne and six other saints, Oct. 21, 2012.
q Bishop Home and St. Elizabeth Convent, Kalaupapa, Hawai‘i.
Franciscan Spirit is published quarterly. Printed on recycled paper using soy-based inks.
SUMMER 20 13 1
Immigrant Roots Barbara Koob was born Jan. 23, 1838, the daughter of Peter and Barbara Witzenbacher Koob in the town of Heppenheim, in the Grand Duchy of Hessen-Darmstadt, Germany. Her family came to America so her father could seek new opportunities. They became part of the German American congregation of St. Joseph Parish in Utica, N.Y., and lived in a modest home on Schuyler Street.
p In 1840, Peter and Barbara Koob and their four small children emigrated from the district of Heppenheim, Germany to the United States and were welcomed by the congregation of St. Joseph Parish in Utica.
u Utica, circa 1855
u For more than 30 years, the Koob family lived on Schuyler Street in Utica, in a home similar to this one.
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Fulfilling Her Desire When Barbaraâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s family no longer needed her support, she fulfilled her desire of becoming a Catholic sister. She entered what was then the Sisters of the Third Franciscan Order of Syracuse, N.Y., when she was 24 and as a novice received the name Sister Mary Anna. Along with other novices, she spent a year learning the spirit of St. Francis, the ways of prayer and community life.
p Barbara received the name Sister Mary Anna when she became a novice. Variations of her name soon emerged with Marianne becoming the most common. The Americanized spelling of her last name Cope was also adopted.
p Mother M. Bernardina Dorn advised and encouraged Barbara Koob in her vocation. In 1862, Barbara entered the Sisters of St. Francis at St. Anthony Convent in Syracuse. t Mother M. Bernardina Dorn
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Sister Marianne Sister Marianne professed her vows on Nov. 19, 1863 in the Franciscan Church of the Assumption in Syracuse, N.Y., Because of her talents and gifts she was often sent to where the need was the greatest. The page in “The Record of Perpetual Vows” that preserves the notice of her profession adds one further interesting detail: “Sister Marianna has the intention of doing school work for the Order.”
p Sister Marianne, mid-1860s
p Church of the Assumption in Syracuse
t After professing her vows, Sister Marianne was assigned to teach at Assumption Parish School.
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A Faith-filled Pioneer and Forward Thinker p Mother Marianne learned how to compound many apothecary concoctions and how to relate them to the illnesses for which they should be employed. In Hawai‘i she was regarded as a “professional druggist;” however, she never claimed that degree of competence.
Mother Marianne was instrumental in the establishment of two of the first hospitals in the central New York area: St. Elizabeth’s in Utica and St. Joseph’s in Syracuse. These two hospitals were among the first 50 general hospitals in the entire U.S. At St. Joseph’s, patients were welcomed who might have been excluded elsewhere: unwed mothers, alcoholic priests, and people with venereal diseases. It was through her foresight that a cooperative arrangement with the Medical College of Geneva in Geneva, N.Y., occurred and brought the latest medical knowledge to St. Joseph Hospital. Mother Marianne became aware of the importance of cleanliness and handwashing as a way of controlling disease. She adopted the latest professional developments in equipment, pharmacology and facilities. Despite her many duties, Mother Marianne was often found at a patient’s bedside, bringing quiet comfort late at night.
p St. Elizabeth’s Hospital in Utica, established in 1866.
u St. Joseph’s Hospital in Syracuse, was the first hospital opened to the public in the city, circa 1870.
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Called to Lead Mother Marianne was called to lead the Sisters of St. Francis as provincial superior in 1877. During her tenure and unanimous re-election in 1881, she oversaw the expansion of a full novitiate, two more schools, hospital additions and a new chapel at St. Anthony Convent.
p The convent chapel was renovated in 2010 and houses the reliquary of St. Marianne Cope.
u St. Anthony Convent in Syracuse, 2013.
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p St. Anthony Convent chapel built during Mother Marianneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s time as provincial superior of the congregation.
“We Will Cheerfully Accept the Work” On May 28, 1883, Mother Marianne received a letter that would change her life. The letter came from Father Leonor Fousenel, SS.CC. on behalf of King Kalākaua of Hawai‘i . Reverend Mother Superior: I have passed 29 years of my life as a missionary in the Sandwich Islands. At present I am in America. My Bishop, Right Rev. Hermann [Koeckemann] requested by the King of the Archipelago and his government sent me to this country to look for sisters, who would take charge of our Hospitals, and even of our schools, if it were possible. ... I take, therefore, Reverend Mother, the liberty of addressing myself to you and begging you to assist us in our work. Yes, help us to procure the salvation of souls and to promote the glory of God. ... If you give me some hope to get the sisters I will at once pay you a visit, and explain verbally the matters to you. ... F. Leonor Fouesnel
p Father Leonor Fouesnel, vice provincial of the Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary (SS.CC.) in the Hawai‘i Province came to the U.S. and Canada to search for sister-nurses at the request of the Hawaiian government.
On June 4, 1883, Mother Marianne responded, “My interest is awakened and I feel an irresistible force drawing me to follow this call ...” She was the only one out of 50 congregations to respond to the letter in which the word ‘leprosy,’ or Hansen’s disease as we know it today, was never mentioned. Spring 2013 7
A Risk-taker q The steamship Mariposa carried the sisters on the open seas to their destination in Honolulu, Hawaiâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC;i.
The sisters chosen for this mission along with Mother Marianne were the first to leave for the faraway islands. They boarded a train for San Francisco, Calif. and then the steamship Mariposa for their 2,200 mile journey across the Pacific Ocean. Mother Marianne expected to return to Syracuse after a few weeks. However, the weeks stretched into 35 years and into eternity.
Mother Marianne Cope
Sister M. Bonaventure Caraher
Sister Crescentia Eilers
Sister M. Renata Nash
Sister M. Rosalia McLaughlin
u Of the 35 sisters who volunteered, Mother Marianne chose these six sisters to go with her to the Sandwich Islands: Sister M. Bonaventure Caraher Sister Crescentia Eilers Sister M. Renata Nash Sister M. Rosalia McLaughllin Sister M. Ludovica Gibbons (photo unavailable) Sister M. Antonella Murphy (photo unavailable)
On Oct. 22, 1883, they set forth on their journey.
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Welcoming the “Sisters of Charity” to Hawai‘i On Nov. 8, 1883, the Mariposa with the sisters aboard docked in Honolulu, Hawai‘i. The sisters were met by Queen Kapi‘olani’s lady-in-waiting, Father Leonor Fouesnel, Walter Murray Gibson and five state carriages that welcomed the “sisters of charity.” The impressive procession moved to the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace where Bishop Hermann Koeckemann, SS.CC., and many others awaited them. p Walter Murray Gibson was president of the board of health and supported the hopes of King Kalākaua and Queen Kapi‘olani to bring sister-nurses to Hawai‘i. He was among those waiting to welcome the “sisters of charity” to Honolulu. He often responded to the sisters with concern and fondness and tried to ease their poverty by sending them gifts such as food and flowers as proofs of his attention and appreciation. By 1886, Gibson was prime minister of the kingdom.
u King Kalākaua and Queen Kapi‘olani visited Mother Marianne and the sisters the day after their arrival in Honolulu. They called in person to thank the sisters for taking up the burden that no one else would assume.
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p Branch Hospital for patients with Hansen’s disease in Kaka‘ako, Honolulu, circa 1886.
The hospital was established in 1881 as a receiving station for people suspected of having Hansen’s disease. Mother Marianne worked to improve the surroundings. In an 1887 report to the congregation, Mother Marianne noted the ordeal at the Kaka‘ako Branch Hospital. “They met with many trials and difficulties the first few months.”
u Patients with Sister Elizabeth Gomes
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Branch Hospital was located at Kaka‘ako, a coastal swamp area outside Honolulu where those “suspected” of having Hansen’s disease were detained. If declared “clean” they returned home. If not, they were segregated at Kalaupapa on Moloka‘i. The sisters were horrified at the conditions: overcrowding, filth, stench of open and untreated sores, swarms of flies. Once settled in their convent, the sisters took action. They set out to work cleaning, scrubbing, performing degrading chores. They also took care of the patients by applying soothing ointments to raw wounds and binding them with clean cloths. The patients at the Kaka‘ako Branch Hospital never again lived in the squalor as the sisters found when first they saw the hospital. Their gentle care for the sick began to win the patients’ respect and raise morale.
An Innovator of Preventative Care Founded by Mother Marianne in 1885, the Kapi‘olani Home for Girls was built to accept only healthy girls whose parents were afflicted with Hansen’s disease. King Kalākaua and Queen Kapi‘olani joined Walter Murray Gibson in appealing to the Hawaiian community for funds. Members of the royal family and residents of Honolulu contributed to the project. The facility was located west of the convent and within the same enclosure. Sister M. Martha Kaiser served as director.
At the dedication ceremony, King Kalākaua decorated Mother Marianne with the Order of Kapi‘olani. She received recognition and appreciation “for services in the cause of humanity, science, art and services rendered to the state or sovereign.” No other country in the world at that time even conceived of such a plan of separating patients from their healthy children. During the 53 years in which Kapi‘olani Home functioned, very few of the children developed Hansen’s disease.
p Kapi‘olani Home at Kalihi, Hawai‘i
The home moved from Kaka‘ako to Kalihi and other locations. When no longer needed, the home closed in 1938.
t Royal Order of Kapi‘olani medal awarded to Mother Marianne
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Called to Serve on Maui and Moloka‘i Changes great and small occurred during the 35 years that Mother Marianne and the sisters ministered in Hawai‘i.
p Men’s ward at Malulani Hospital
p At St. Anthony’s parish school, the pastor and parents recognized the need for proficiency in English for their students. Sister Antonella Murphy was put in charge of the school, however, when she became ill, Sister Benedicta Rodenmacher and then Sister Antonia Brown continued to successfully develop this educational ministry.
u Charles R. Bishop Home for women and girls with Hansen’s disease at Kalaupapa, Moloka‘i, circa 1900
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Shortly after their arrival in 1884, Mother Marianne accepted an additional responsibility of establishing Malulani Hospital on the island of Maui, where she also established a school at St. Anthony Parish. Mother Marianne’s focus on those affected by Hansen’s disease was one that stood for quality of life and a moral order worthy of human dignity. The sisters arrived at Kalaupapa, Moloka‘i on Nov. 14, 1888, which also marked the beginning of the Bishop Home for women and girls with Hansen’s disease, named in honor of philanthropist Charles Bishop. The home consisted of a convent and four cottages, two dormitories, a kitchen, dining room and a small chapel. Over the years, Bishop Home offered shelter and protection to the frightened women and girls who were simply deposited at Kalaupapa’s landing place. Even though they may have been facing death, Bishop Home was a place of life for these women and girls.
Bringing Life to Kalaupapa p Mother Marianne made dresses for the girls in the latest fashion and taught them crafts. This sample of her stitchery is an example of the needlework she taught the women and girls.
Kalaupapa was a lonely barren place, but Mother Marianne transformed it. Not only did she do landscaping and gardening, but she took on building projects. Recognizing the dignity and gifts of each person, she sewed dresses for the girls and taught them how to create crafts to beautify their bedrooms. Daily, she and the sisters cared for patients and dressed their sores. Mother Marianne once wrote, “What little good we can do in this world to help and comfort the suffering, we wish to do it quietly and so far as possible unnoticed and unknown.”
p Kalaupapa is a remote peninsula of Moloka‘i where the Hawaiian government decided to isolate the victims of Hansen’s disease in 1866. The peninsula slopes to a rocky beach and the Pacific Ocean. Sister Leopoldina described it as a “lonely barren place … Not a tree nor a shrub … Cliffs reaching 2,000 feet.”
p Caught unaware in the backyard of St. Elizabeth Convent, Mother Marianne is surrounded by the beauty of trees, bushes and flowers she brought to life in Kalaupapa. Spring 2013 13
q A newly constructed compound which opened in 1894 was named in honor of Henry P. Baldwin, its chief benefactor.
Taking Care of the Boys Mother Marianne was a contemporary of St. Damien de Veuster. However, there is nothing known about the conversations between Mother Marianne and Father Damien in Honolulu. According to Sister Leopoldina Burns, Father Damien probably dwelled upon his two greatest worries: the need for someone to take care of “the orphan children” at the Boys’ Home he maintained for those with Hansen’s disease at Kalawao on the island of Moloka‘i; and his hope that Mother Marianne would send a few Franciscan sisters to the Kalaupapa Settlement to care for those with Hansen’s disease. He shared with her how much the boys in Kalawao would need the sisters’ care when he was gone. She heard his message, “Take care of my boys.”
p Father Damien died early in the morning on Easter Monday, April 15, 1889. Mother Marianne quietly organized the funeral arrangements for Father Damien de Veuster, SS.CC. She came to do him honor and did not mourn because she knew that he had gone to claim his reward. She saw that the more able-bodied girls and women from Bishop Home would come as mourners. After his requiem Mass was sung at his church of St. Philomena, Father Damien was laid beneath his old hala tree.
u Father Damien de Veuster, SS.CC. with his “boys” in 1889.
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When Father Damien contracted Hansen’s disease, he sought refuge under the care of the sisters. Mother Marianne remembered her promise to Father Damien that she and the sisters would take care of the boys just as she and the sisters watched over the girls. When Father Damien died on April 15, 1889, Mother Marianne and Sister Leopoldina prepared his coffin and laid him to rest. Mother Marianne succeeded Father Damien as supervisor of the Boys’ Home. Later a new facility, Baldwin Home for Boys was erected. At Mother Marianne’s suggestion, the Brothers of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary took over this work and Father Damien’s ministry continued.
“I Do Not Expect a High Place in Heaven” p Mother Marianne’s letters and journal writings were done at this small desk which is now on display at the Shrine & Museum of Saint Marianne Cope in Syracuse, N.Y.
The few letters that remain from Mother Marianne indicate that “she had found her place in life, in relation to God and the work she was doing for him.” In a letter to her nephew, Paul Cope, she wrote, “Should I live a thousand years I could not in ever so small a degree thank Him for His gifts and blessings ... I do not expect a high place in heaven ... I shall be thankful for a little corner where I may love God for all eternity.” On Jan. 23, 1918, Mother Marianne celebrated her 80th birthday with the sisters in Kaulapapa. In the summer of that year it became clear that death was imminent for her. On the morning of Aug. 8 she was administered the sacraments. The next day as the sisters prayed, Mother Marianne breathed peacefully and with a slight movement of her shoulders she was gone. All of Kalaupapa joined the funeral procession and laid Mother Marianne to rest on a small rise of land crowned with orange trees which she had planted.
p This memorial to Mother Marianne at the Kalaupapa Settlement was erected by patients whose donations made the monument site possible.
u Mother Marianne is pictured here a few days before her death on Aug. 9, 1918. With her are Sisters M. Albina Sluder, M. Benedicta Rodenmacher, and M. Leopoldina Burns along with Miss Adelaide Bolster, a patient and teacher at Bishop Home.
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The Journey to It was not long after her death that the Sisters of St. Francis began collecting materials for Mother Marianne’s eventual canonization. The congregation officially petitioned Pope Paul VI to open the cause for her canonization in 1974. Sister Mary Laurence Hanley was given the task of serving as director for the Cause of Mother Marianne. In Rome, Rev. Father Ernesto Piacentini, OFM Conv, was named postulator to represent the congregation in the stages of the process. Sister Marion Kikukawa served as vice-postulator followed by Sister Grace Ann Dillenschneider who was vice-postulator until the time of the canonization. Because of Mother Marianne’s heroic virtue, along with testimonies and extensive research presented to the theologians, cardinals and bishops at the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, she was declared heroically virtuous.
p Mother Marianne’s grave in 1918, the year of her death.
u Onlookers who surround Mother Marianne’s grave kept watch as the exhumation team led by Vincent J. Sava, M.A. did their work. 10 Franciscan Spirit 16
Sainthood On April 19, 2004, Pope John Paul II issued the decree officially naming her venerable. A miracle was needed to advance Mother Marianne to the next step toward canonization which would name her blessed. This happened in the same year, 2004. As the process towards beatification was moving forward, an official identification of Mother Marianne’s remains was required. On April 27, 2004, Sariava Cardinal Martins, the cardinal prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints authorized the process for the exhumation of Mother Marianne’s remains for identification. In January 2005 the continued on page 18
p The remains of Mother Marianne, draped with the symbolic crossed arms of Christ and St. Francis of Assisi, began the journey of returning to Syracuse. Carrying the remains left, from front: Sisters Francis Cabrini Morishige, Theresa Chow and Francine Gries; right from front: Sisters Marie Jose Romano, Geraldine Ching, Davilyn Ah Chick. The remains are seen here leaving St. Elizabeth’s Convent in Kalaupapa to be put onto a truck and taken to St. Francis Church, also in Kalaupapa, for Mass, and the final aloha. After Mass a procession of cars accompanied the remains to the airport. p Sister Mary Laurence Hanley holds the remains of Mother Marianne Cope. The exhumation of Mother Marianne Cope’s remains was virtually complete and brought back to Syracuse, N.Y. A miniscule amount of her remains cannot be quantified and rests in Kalaupapa, Moloka‘i. Spring 2013 17
t From left:
remains of Venerable Marianne Cope were exhumed from her burial site at Bishop Home, Kalaupapa, Moloka‘i and were officially welcomed on Feb. 2, 2005 at the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception in Syracuse, N.Y., by Bishop James M. Moynihan of the Diocese of Syracuse. Already the Congregation for the Causes of Saints unanimously ruled that the miraculous cure of 14-year-old Katherine (Kate) Dehlia Mahoney from multiple organ failure in Syracuse, N.Y., was due to the intercession of
p Kate Mahoney met with Pope Benedict XVI and Bishop James M. Moynihan in Rome during the beatification of Mother Marianne Cope in May 2005.
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Beatification ceremony in St. Peter’s Basilica on May 14, 2005.
A group of 40 singers, including sisters and lay people from Hawai‘i and New York, sang before and after the beatification Mass of Mother Marianne.
Venerable Marianne Cope. Pope John Paul II proclaimed her “blessed” at the beatification ceremony on May 14, 2005. The miracle of Sharon Smith moved the canonization process forward. Sharon was diagnosed with pancreatitis and the extreme infection was literally destroying her organs. Her inexplicable medical recovery from near death was affirmed by the Vatican Medical Board, the Board of Theologians, and the Congregation for the Causes of Saints.
p Second miracle recipient Sharon Smith of Chittenango, N.Y., whose healing cleared the way for St. Marianne’s canonization, presented a relic of St. Marianne to Pope Benedict XVI during the canonization ceremony on Oct. 21, 2012.
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q Father Ernesto Piacentini, OFM Conv (center) postulator of the Cause of Mother Marianne stood with the other postulators as the request for canonization was made by Cardinal Angelo Amoto.
We Have a Saint!
“Most Holy Father, holy Mother Church earnestly beseeches you to enroll the blessed among the saints.” This request is made three times. Between each of the three requests the Holy Father prays asking all to lift up prayers to God and asking the Holy Spirit to guide his decision. After the pope proclaims the canonization Cardinal Amoto responds. “Most Holy Father, in the name of holy church I thank your holiness for making this proclamation and humbly request that you decree the apostolic letter concerning the act of canonization be drawn up.”
p Canonization Mass on October 21, 2012. St. Peter’s Square, Rome, Italy q Dr. Richard Hehir, who reviewed the medical evidence for the miracle cases and Sister Michaeleen Cabral, who recognized Sharon Smith’s cure as a miracle, accompanied Sharon as she presented the relic of St. Marianne to the pope.
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Pope Benedict XVI proclaimed the canonization of new saints. “For the honor of the Blessed Trinity, the exultation of the Catholic faith and the increase of the Christian life, by the authority of Our Lord Jesus Christ and of the holy apostles Peter and Paul and of us, after due deliberation and frequent prayer for divine assistance and having sought the council of many of our brother bishops, we declare and define these saints to be blessed and enrolled among the saints and to be venerated among the whole church in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.”
p Dr. Paul DeMare, great-great grandnephew of Mother Marianne, presented offertory gifts to Pope Benedict during the canonization Mass.
p Sister Grace Anne Dillenschneider received communion from the pope.
t From left:
St. Peter’s Square, site of the canonization ceremony.
Thousands of names noted in the Book of Names were carried to the canonization. The names represented the Sisters of St. Francis, Franciscan Associates, relatives, benefactors and friends who wanted to have a presence at the canonization. Although not physically present, the Book of Names was a way of being connected to the canonization event in Rome.
Countless thousands filled the Vatican on Oct., 21, 2012, as Pope Benedict XVI canonized seven new saints, including St. Marianne Cope. Banners picturing each of the saints hung high above the plaza for all to see. Cardinal Angelo Amoto, prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints approached Pope Benedict, along with the postulators, and three times solemnly requested the canonization for each of the seven new saints. This ritual is a repetition of what took place at the consistory when the pope affirmed the canonization of these saints.
p Sister Davilyn Ah Chick offered the first petition in English during the Universal Prayers of the Faithful.
Speaking about St. Marianne in his homily, Pope Benedict said that at a time when very little could be done to treat people with Hansen’s disease “Marianne Cope showed the highest love, courage and enthusiasm.” He went on to say, “She is a shining example of the tradition of Catholic nursing sisters and of the spirit of her beloved St. Francis.” She will forevermore be known as St. Marianne Cope, with the title “beloved mother of outcasts.”
u Patients from Kalaupapa and their caregivers gathered for the canonization ceremony.
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t On Oct. 22, 2012, a Mass of Thanksgiving was celebrated at the Basilica Dei Santi Apostoli in Rome with Bishop Robert J. Cunningham of the Diocese of Syracuse presiding. This was an opportunity for all the pilgrims to join together in giving praise and thanksgiving for the canonization Our Lady of Perpetual of Mother Marianne. Help School, HI/SW
Mount Alvernia, WPA p Sister Geraldine Ching, left, was honored to be part of President Obama’s presidential delegation to the canonization. With her are the Honorable Miguel Humberto Diaz, U.S. Ambassador to the Holy See and Sister Kateri Mitchell, Sister of Saint Ann (Mohawk Nation), executive director of the Tekakwitha Conference.
q The Sisters of St. Francis pilgrimage tour gathered for a group photo at the Vatican.
St. Anthony Convent, CNY
St. Francis Hospital and Health Centers, East Coast
We have a saint!
In prayerful gratitude
Sisters of St. Francis of the Neumann Communities St. Marianne Cope Canonization Pilgrimage October 2012
Eye-catching banners in all regions of the congregation share the good news that Mother Marianne has been proclaimed a saint. St. Mary of the Angels, WNY
St. Joseph Hospital Health Center, CNY
S. Shirley Peace, East Coast
alaupapa, HI/SW p Banners and flags announcing the canonization of Mother Marianne hold a place of prominence in various locations throughout the congregation. “We have a saint!”
p From left, Sisters Grace Anne Dillenschneider, Helen Hofmann and Patricia Burkard wait for the ceremony to begin. For Sister Grace Anne who served as vice-postulator, this day had finally come. “Rome, in and of itself, filled me with awe,” she said, “as I marveled at its mixture of antiquity and modernism, the history of Rome, of our church and history that is still being lived. As I waited for the canonization to begin, I was deeply moved, felt very excited and truly blessed to be in Rome to honor a saint who was so close to us, one of our foremothers, and to know that watching alongside St. Marianne was Sister Mary Laurence (Hanley), rejoicing with all her heart that this day had come.”
22 Franciscan Spirit Mount Alvernia, WPA
Our Lady of Perpetual Help School, HI/SW
Beatification to Canonization and Beyond Hawaiian Island Relic Tour The hope for sainthood for Blessed Marianne was evident during an island pilgrimage tour in May 2011. Sister Patricia Burkard, general minister of the congregation at that time, brought the relic of Mother Marianne from Syracuse, N.Y., to seven churches on the five main Hawaiian Islands for veneration. It was then enshrined in the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace in Honolulu. Amidst the pageantry of the liturgy celebrated by Bishop Clarence “Larry” Silva of the Diocese of Honolulu, he said, “Today we bring in her bone fragments with heavenly assurance that she is forever alive and that Jesus has touched her soul forever.” In her comments, Sister Patricia said that she was the “human face” of the Gospel’s mandate to care for the hungry, the sick and the impoverished. Six months later, on Dec. 19, 2011, Pope Benedict XVI proclaimed Marianne Cope as a saint in the Catholic Church.
q Makia Malo, a patient from Kalaupapa venerates Mother Marianne’s relic at the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace in Honolulu, Hawai‘i.
q A relic of Mother Marianne has a place of honor in Sacred Hearts Church in Lanai City, Hawai‘i on the island of Lanai.
p Sister Agnes Vera Hino shows the Mother Marianne Cope relic to Ho Kyong Kim, and Bo Kyong Hong at St. Francis School in Honolulu.
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Beatification to Canonization and Beyond
Hawai‘i’s Pilgrims Visit Mother Marianne’s Home A contingency from Hawai‘i including nine patients from Kalaupapa and their nurses, sisters and many devotees of Marianne Cope visited Syracuse and Utica, N.Y., on their way to the canonization of Mother Marianne in October 2012. This trip provided the pilgrims the opportunity to visit places that were significant in the life of Mother Marianne. For the nine patients especially this was a once in a lifetime
p Pilgrims from Hawai‘i visited St. JosephSt. Patrick Church in Utica, N.Y. The original St. Joseph’s Church was the parish to which the Koob family belonged. A prayer service was followed by an informational overview of the church.
experience. Liturgies honoring Mother Marianne were celebrated in the Franciscan Church of the Assumption and at St. Anthony Convent chapel, both in Syracuse, N.Y. A special prayer service was held at St. Joseph-St. Patrick Church in Utica, N.Y., the Koob’s family parish. Pilgrims also visited other sites significant in the life of Mother Marianne. At St. Anthony Convent, the patients were able to reconnect with some of the
p Sister Marie Jose Romano venerates the relic of St. Marianne enshrined at the Church of the Assumption in Syracuse.
p Patients from Kalaupapa spent some quiet time at the reliquary of St. Marianne Cope in St. Anthony Convent chapel.
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t This marker on Schuyler Street in Utica indicates the site of St. Marianne’s family home.
October 2012 Presented to St. Anthony Chapel in commemoration of Most Reverend Clarence “Larry” Silva’s pilgrimage to Syracuse and Utica, New York accompanied by nine Hansen’s disease patients and residents of Kalaupapa John Aruda, Pauline Chow, Sabastiana Fernandez, Winifred Harada, Clarence Kakilihawa, Ivy Kakilihawa, Barbara Marks, Gloria Marks, Meli Watanuki. In recognition of the 8,000 patients banished to the Our Common Heart ~ November 2012 Volume 5, Issue 8 p Plaques were given as a gift to the parishioners Hawaiian Island of Moloka‘i. of St. Joseph-St. Patrick Church in Utica, N.Y., the Franciscan Church of the Assumption and the sisters at St. Anthony Convent, both in Syracuse, N.Y. The plaques were given in remembrance of the patients in Kalaupapa who visited these sites on their way to the canonization in Rome.
This plaque honors their memory and that of Saint Marianne Cope who selflessly dedicated her life to caring for the unfortunate victims of this disease. Their plight shall not be forgotten and their strength and devotion will forever inspire us.
sisters who ministered to them as youngsters in congregation. There was extensive coverage by Sisters Catherine Michael Napier, E.J. Timson and Helen Pilgrims celebrate Mass in the chapel at Greccio. Hofmann near the Basilica of St. Francis. Kalaupapa many years ago. The group also visited the press, TV and radio. All were eager to share the Shrine & Museum of Saint Marianne Cope. their story and love of Mother Marianne. While this was a wonderful experience for the visitors from Hawai‘i, it provided an excellent occasion for the various local media to talk with the patients and get their impression of what the canonization means to them as well as to the Father Ernesto, (center) postulator of the cause of Mother Marianne and others stand together during the canonization ceremony.
q Clarence “Boogie” Kakilihawa and his wife Ivy, shared the spotlight with Bishop Robert J. Cunningham and Bishop Clarence “Larry” Silva after the blessing of the St. Marianne Cope Garden outside St. Anthony Convent chapel.
A sea of news reporters interview sisters and patients p Hansen’s A sea ofdisease news reporters interviewed sisters with at St. Anthony Convent.
and patients from Kalaupapa at St. Anthony Convent.
Sisters of St. Francis of the Neumann Communities
Dr. Richard Hehir, who reviewed the medical evidence for the miracle cases, and S. Michaeleen Cabral present a relic to the pope accompanied Sharon Smith who presented the relic to the pope.
Sisters, pilgrims and patients with Hansen’s disease
p celebrate Bishop Clarence “Larry” SilvaConvent. spent a moment in prayer at Mass at St. Anthony St. Joseph’s Cemetery in Utica.
The inscription on the monument reads: “In 1915 this venerable memorial was transferred from its former position of honor to its present site and was reverently re-erected by the trustees of St. Joseph Cemetery Association in pious memory of two former pastors and of the 788 deceased parishioners whose remains were religiously removed from the old St. Joseph’s Cemetery and were devoutly reinterred in this plot.”
The remains include the parents and siblings of St. Marianne Cope.
u After more than 40 years, Sister Mary Christopher Dixon was reunited with Clarence “Boogie” Kakilihawa.
“Boogie, you’ve grown up,” she said remembering him as a mischievous boy in Kalaupapa.
Spring 2013 25
Beatification to Canonization and Beyond
u “Always in My Heart” is a one woman play performed by Jackie Albarella, written by Joan Albarella along with Pam Timmel. Together, they are known as the Spiritus Sanctus Players and have helped spread knowledge and devotion to St. Marianne through theater. They have performed for hundreds of people in Syracuse and Buffalo, N.Y., as well as in Pittsburgh, Pa.
Jackie Albarella as Mother Marianne reads the letter from Father Leonor inviting her to consider sending sisters to Hawaii.
ab room Hea
The tech Will Oct espe spec emp
The the 2012 ovati
Most book Hanley, Joan Albarella, the author of the play, created at times, takes on the role of other key persons in the sisters commented on the excellence of the play.
Celebrations Continue Throughout the United States
S. Grace Anne Dillenschneider and S. Fran Gangloff especially on sensitive issues and with appropriate ph
It is with humble pride that the Sisters of St. Francis of the Neumann Communities have celebrated and given honor to St. Marianne Cope through liturgies and events following the canonization ceremony. One of the events was a liturgy celebrated by Bishop Robert J. Cunningham of the Diocese of Syracuse at the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception in Syracuse. In addition, throughout every region of the congregation, liturgies were celebrated, and events of all kinds gave sisters, Franciscan
26 Franciscan Spirit
Associates, benefactors, family Schools and friends wayshave of scheduled sharing performances o and parishes interested may contact Joan Albarella at together a saint we can claim as our own. 716.656.5043.
Following the canonization, the relic of St. Marianne Cope once again revisited the Hawaiian islands for veneration by the people whose home was home to the saint for 35 years. Bishop Silva then received the relic of the second saint of Hawai‘i at the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace in Honolulu. Along with St. Damien de Veuster, St. Marianne Cope now holds a place of honor for veneration by all. Jackie Albarella as Mother Marianne examines Adding to the festivities, 2013 acknowledged the 175th bottles of medicine as she prepares an ointment anniversary of the birth of St. for Marianne. There is no doubt that the patients. the legacy of Mother Marianne Sisters will continue. Tributes, honors, of St. Francis of the Neumann Communities shrines, murals, memorabilia, merchandise, books and DVDs abound that tell her story. They present to us a model of faith and selfless giving to imitate.
canonization in Rome, Bishop Robert Cunningham, of the Diocese of Syracuse, celebrated a liturgy honoring St. Marianne. t Sisters provided the music The liturgy took place at the Cathedral of for the liturgy celebrating the Immaculate Conception in Syracuse, the canonization of N.Y. on Oct. 28. Several hundred people St. Marianne at the Cathedral of the attended the event which gave those who Immaculate Conception were not able to attend the canonization an in Syracuse on opportunity to celebrate Mother Marianne. Oct. 28, 2012. Three choirs, the diocesan choir, the choir from St. Joseph/St. Patrick in Utica and the sisters’ choir, directed by S. Terri Laureta, sang in praise of our new saint. After t Sister Shirley Peace and Father Michael Connelly, communion, S. Michaleen Cabral danced to isters provide music during the liturgy celebrating St. Marianne Terri’s p Hymn In 2007, Mother Marianne was the first American citizen to be honored with a to St. Marianne. The Knights OFM Cap, at the April 20, permanent banner raised in the basilica at Lourdes, France. It hangs in the e cathedral in Syracuse, N.Y. and Dames Malta also added theM. Moynihan of the Diocese of 2013 liturgy honoring St. Piusof X underground basilica. Bishopto James Volume 5, Issue 8 St. Marianne in Yonkers, N.Y.presented Syracuse at that time, officially requested that her banner be represented among mnity of the event. A first class relic of Mother Marianne was to the bishop by S. Roberta Smith the saints and blessed. While ministering with Hansen’s disease patients, Mother h will remain in the cathedral for public veneration. Marianne would tell the sisters to pray with the women and girls when they were
depressed and dying and to sprinkle them with the water from Lourdes.
q Mother Marianne, as played by
q A Mass of Thanksgiving was held at
Eva Andrade, looks for the marks the National Shrine of the Immaculate oon after pilgrims returned from the of Hansen’s disease on a child in a Conception in Washington, D.C. on Jan. canonization in Rome, Bishop Robert scene from the play “November Song” 26, 2013 honoring St. Marianne Cope and ishop DavidCunningham, Zubik of theofDiocese the Diocese of Syracuse, performed in Hawai‘i. St. Kateri Tekakwitha. Among the 1,000 in of Pittsburgh, along with Gervase attendance were Sisters Margaret Christi celebrated a liturgy honoring St. Marianne. Karwowski, Grace Anne Dillenschneider genhart, OFM WPA TheCap, liturgy tookregional place at the Cathedral of and Mediatrice Hutchinson representing e chaplain, the celebrated a liturgy honoringin Syracuse, Immaculate Conception the Sisters of St. Francis. Marianne Cope Mount Alvernia N.Y.aton Oct. 28. Several hundred people attended the which gave those who Nov. 4. An estimated 250event attended were not able toinvited attend the turgy. Those present were to canonization an opportunity celebrate Mother Marianne. rate a first class relic andtowrite petitions Three choirs, the diocesan Mother Marianne’s intercession which choir, the choir St. Joseph/St. be taken to from Syracuse, N.Y. to bePatrick placedin Utica and the sisters’ choir, directed by S. Terri Laureta, r shrine. Merchandise and memorabilia sang in praise of our new available for sale during this time saint. After communion, S. Michaleen many visitors took advantage of the Cabral danced to Marianne Terri’s Hymn to St. Marianne. The Knights to purchase items. While enjoying andguests Dames of Malta also added toMarianne the Cope on the p Sisters in Hawai‘i gathered around of St. refreshments, could view a the statue day of its dedication, Jan.bishop 23, 2010. The six foot bronze statue was created arianne was presented to the by S. Roberta Smith erPoint presentation on Rosaire the life of a SisterFriends, by sculptor, Sister Kopczenski, of St. Francis, who resides Associates, relatives and sisters join together in Franciscan n. in Pittsburgh, Basin Park in Honolulu. her Marianne. Pa. St. Marianne stands in the Kewalo celebrating St. Marianne. She is posed looking out to the Pacific Ocean in the direction of Moloka‘i. Sister Rosaire is to the left of the statue wearing the lei.
rs of St. Francis of the Neumann Communities
t From left:
Clergy, religious, dignitaries and the faithful gathered outside Iolani Palace on Nov. 4, 2012 to give special recognition to Hawai‘i’s second saint and “beloved mother of outcasts,” Mother Marianne Cope.
Iolani Palace in Honolulu was decorated in honor of St. Marianne.
The Royal Society carried the relic of Mother Marianne in procession to Iolani Palace.
Bishop David Zubik celebrated a liturgy on Nov. 4, 2012 honoring St. Marianne Cope at Mount Alvernia chapel in Pittsburgh, Pa.
p The movement of liturgical dance added beauty to the liturgy celebrating St. Marianne’s canonization at St. Mary Church in Swormville, N.Y. Bishop Richard Malone of the Diocese of Buffalo presided at the Feb. 10, 2012 liturgy where nearly 500 people were in attendance to honor St. Marianne. Spring 2013 27
A shrine honoring St. Marianne Cope is located at St. Anthony Convent chapel in Syracuse, N.Y. Mother Marianne’s remains were moved to this place of honor on her Jan. 23, 2009 feast day.
p Visitors are encouraged to pray and meditate at the St. Marianne Cope shrine which is located at St. Anthony Convent chapel in Syracuse. Requests for prayer through the intercession of St. Marianne Cope may be submitted at the shrine.
The adjacent museum provides information about the historical impact and legacy of St. Marianne Cope
ine and museum are open Wednesdays and Saturdays to 5 p.m. Please call to confirm hours and your plans visiting.
come group tours, however reservations are requested we may accommodate your needs. Longer-term visits eats or conferences may be planned through the Maris Retreat and Conference Center, 315.685.6836 @stellamaris.org.
p From left, Sisters Margaret Antone Milho, Stephen Marie Serrao and Frances Cabrini Morishige assemble kahilis.
nthony Convent • 1024 Court Street, Syracuse, N.Y. 13208-1797 315.422.7999 • email@example.com www.blessedmariannecope.org
28 Franciscan Spirit
Her reliquary is crafted from ribbon mahogany procured from the Memphis Hardwood Lumber Company of Memphis, N.Y. The center of the reliquary features a replica of the monument dedicated to Mother Marianne in Kalaupapa, Moloka‘i. Douglas Williams, a woodcarver in Hawai‘i carved a replica of the monument which is featured in the center of the reliquary. It is surrounded by maile leaves in koa wood, a wood native to Hawai‘i. Steven Hale, a woodcarver from Baldwinsville, N.Y. carved the plumeria flowers that serve as a decorative accent on the reliquary. The reliquary holds a zinc container in which the remains of Mother Marianne are sealed. The zinc container is required by the church to protect the integrity of her remains. Kahili, feathered standards of honor used for Hawaiian royalty in ancient times, adorn the reliquary. Each kahili is made of 10,000 feathers, and each feather symbolizes a prayer in honor of the one for whom the kahili was made. The colors of the kahili, red, black and gold, signify royalty in Hawai‘i. These colors also happen to be the colors of the flag of Germany, Mother Marianne’s country of birth. For more information, visit www.saintmariannecope.org.
Her Legacy Continues The legacy of this noble woman, a Franciscan sister, who answered a call to alleviate the suffering of those regarded as the least among us has received her reward. As a saint in the church she is a model for our lives. As a Franciscan, Mother Marianne was a true follower of St. Francis of Assisi who with her life lived the words of Francis who said, “I have done what is mine to do. May Christ teach you what is yours.” She realized what was hers to do as the “beloved mother of outcasts” caring for patients with Hansen’s disease on the desolate peninsula of Kalaupapa, today a sacred place. Now Mother Marianne’s words hold a message for us.
“Let us make best use of the fleeting moments. They will not return.” St. Marianne Cope
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Lord Jesus, you who gave us your commandment of love of God and neighbor, and identified yourself in a special way with the most needy of your people, hear our prayer. Faithful to your teaching, St. Marianne Cope loved and served her neighbor, especially the most desolate outcast, giving herself generously and heroically for those afflicted by leprosy. She alleviated their physical and spiritual sufferings, thus helping them to accept their afflictions with patience. Her care and concern for others manifested the great love you have for us. Through her merits and intercession, grant us the favor which we confidently ask of you so that the people of God, following the inspiration of her life and apostolate, may practice charity towards all according to your word and example. Amen. Through the intercession of St. Marianne Cope, I ask for the grace of (mention your request). With ecclesiastical approval Bishop Robert J. Cunningham, Bishop of Syracuse, N.Y., 2012